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Государственное управление конфликтными ситуациями в республике Беларусь

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AAEI?ONNEEE AINOAeA?NOAAIIUE OIEEAA?NEOAO

Eaoaae?a yeiiiieee

?AOA?AO

Ia oaio:

«AINOAeA?NOAAIIIA OI?AAEAIEA EIIOEEEOIUIE NEOOAOeEssIE A ?ANIOAEEEA
AAEA?ONUe»

IEINE, 2008

OO aae ooae a enoi?eth ia oieueei eae aae aoiia, einiina, ie?iauo aiei,
eaoano?io e noeoeeiuo aaaenoaee. I?ia?ann iaoee e ?acaeoea
oaoiieiae/aneie noa?u nicaeaee ?yae na?ueaciuo oa?ic /aeiaaeo e n?aaea
aai iaeoaiey. Aianoa n oai ?acaeoea oaoiinoa?u naaiaeiy aunooiaao eae
iaiaoiaeeiia oneiaea auaeeaaiey /aeiaa/anoaa.

Aeieacaii, /oi /aeiaa/anoai aeey ?acaeoey iaeaaeaao ia?iiiuie ?ano?naie.
Aeaaea i?e nouanoaothueo naeueneioicyenoaaiiuo oaoiieiaeyo Caiey iiaeao
i?iei?ieoue aieaa 10 ie?ae /aeiaae. E oi, /oi /aoaa?oue ianaeaiey Caiee
a ii?aaeaeaiiua aiaeu aieiaeaao, /oi nioie ouny/ ethaeae no?aaeatho io
/?acau/aeiuo neooaoeee, naycaiu ia n ii?ieaie oaoiinoa?u eae oaeiaie, a
n aua?aiiui aa?eaioii no?aoaaee e i?eiyoie iauanoaii oeaeie oeaiiinoae.

Aiaeec ie?iaie aeeiaieee iicaieyao auaeaeeoue aeaa eeth/aaua
oaiaeaioeee:

1) ac?ua /aeiaa/aneie aeoeaiinoe, eciaieaoee ie?;

2) aeiaaeecaoeey i?iaeai e iiene niiniaia eo ?aoaiey a ?aieao ie?iaiai
niiauanoaa.

Aieaa 10 eao iacaae Iaaeaeoia?iaeiay eiienney ii io?aia ie?oaeathuae
n?aaeu e ?acaeoeth ii?aaeaeeea eiioeaioeeth onoie/eaiai ?acaeoey eae
iooue nioeeaeueiiai, yeiiiie/aneiai e iieeoe/aneiai i?ia?anna,
iicaieythuee oaeiaeaoai?eoue ioaeaeu ianoiyuaai iieieaiey, ia iiae?uaay
niiniaiinoe aoaeoueo iieieaiee oaeiaeaoai?youe eo ioaeaeu. Aeaiiay
eiioeaioeey yaeyaony a ianoiyuaa a?aiy iniiaie Aeaeea?aoeee ii
ie?oaeathuae n?aaea e onoie/eaiio ?acaeoeth (au?aaioaia e iiaeienaia ia
Anaie?iii oi?oia ii ie?oaeathuae n?aaea a ?ei-aea-AEaiae?i a 1992a.,
nicaaiiii ii eieoeeaoeaa III), aeeth/athuae iniiaiua i?eioeeiu
oi?aaeaiey yeiiiie/aneie aeayoaeueiinoueth e iiaaaeaiey a iaeanoe io?aiu
ie?oaeathuae n?aaeu n oeaeueth aeinoeaeaiey aeiaaeueiie onoie/eainoe.
Ea?a?oey oeaeae, i?aneaaeoaiuo i?e iaania/aiee aaciianiiai ?acaeoey
nioeeaeueiie nenoaiu, auaeyaeeo neaaeothuei ia?acii (?en.1)

Onoie/eaia ?acaeoea

Ea/anoai aeecie Aaciianiinoue

Yeiiiieea Ia?aciaaiea I?aaa Caei?iauea
Nioeeaeue- I?e?iaea

/aeiaaea iay n?aaea

?en. 1. Ea?a?oey oeaeae, i?aneaaeoaiuo i?e iaania/aiee aaciianiiai
?acaeoey nioeeaeueiie nenoaiu

?acaeoea oeeaeeecaoeee oa?aeoa?ecoaony eciaiaieyie a aeaaininoiyiee
/aeiaaea, a i?iecaiaenoaaiiie, nioeeaeueiie, eioaeeaeooaeueiie e
aeooiaiie noa?ao, a oaeaea a i?e?iaeiie n?aaea iiae aeeyieai
/aeiaa/aneie aeayoaeueiinoe. I?e ia?aoiaea e onoie/eaiio ?acaeoeth
aaaeiaeooth ?ieue i?ecaaiu nua?aoue ana ia?a/eneaiiua oaeoi?u.

A ?anioaeeea Aaea?onue — ia?aie ec no?ai NIA — ?ac?aaioaia
Iaoeeiiaeueiay no?aoaaey onoie/eaiai ?acaeoey (INO?), eioi?ay auea
iaeia?aia a ia?aii eaa?oaea 1997a. Iaoeeiiaeueiie eiienneae ii
onoie/eaiio ?acaeoeth e I?aceaeeoiii Niaaoa Ieieno?ia ?anioaeeee
Aaea?onue.

A INO? ii?aaeaeaiu iiaeaeue onoie/eaiai ?acaeoey iaoae no?aiu,
iaoeeiiaeueiua ?ano?nu e nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneee iioaioeeae,
iai?aaeaiey, iaoaieciu e n?aaenoaa inouanoaeaiey onoie/eaiai ?acaeoey.
Iniaia aieiaiea oaeaeaii nio?aiaieth e ?aoeeiiaeueiiio eniieueciaaieth
i?e?iaeiuo ?ano?nia e io?aia ie?oaeathuae n?aaeu.

A ea/anoaa aaaeiaeoeo eiiiiiaioia iiaeaee onoie/eaiai ?acaeoey
?anniao?eaathony neaaeothuea aeiee: aaiiieeoe/aneea e
nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneea iniaaiiinoe ?anioaeeee Aaea?onue;
yeieiae/aneee eiia?aoea e ae?oaea o?aaiaaiey onoie/eaiai ?acaeoey;
e?eoe/aneea yeaiaiou e iioaioeeaeueiua oa?icu onoie/eaiio ?acaeoeth;
no?aoaae/aneea e oaeoe/aneea oeaee onoie/eaiai ?acaeoey Aaea?one. Oae, a
niioaaonoaee n Iniiaiuie iai?aaeaieyie nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneiai
?acaeoey ?anioaeeee Aaea?onue aei 2000a. a ea/anoaa ia?niaeoeaiie auea
i?eiyoa iiaeaeue nioeeaeueii i?eaioe?iaaiiie ?uii/iie yeiiiieee.

Aaaeiaeoaa cia/aiea aeey ia?aoiaea e onoie/eaiio ?acaeoeth eiaao
yeieiae/aneee iioaioeeae, eioi?ue oa?aeoa?ecoao aiciiaeiinoue no?aiu a
nio?aiaiee i?e?iaeiuo eaiaeoaooia e ?aoeeiiaeueiii eniieueciaaiee anao
eiiiiiaioia aeinoa?u a eioa?anao /aeiaaea.

I?e ia?aoiaea e onoie/eaiio ?acaeoeth iauanoaa iaiaoiaeeii o/eouaaoue
neiaeeaoothny e i?iaiice?oaioth aeaiia?aoe/aneoth neooaoeeth a no?aia.
Ca iineaaeiea aiaeu a ?anioaeeea Aaea?onue ii?aaeaeeeny ?yae
iaaeaaii?eyoiuo aeaiia?aoe/aneeo oaiaeaioeee: nieaeaiea ?iaeaeaaiinoe,
?ino nia?oiinoe e eae neaaenoaea — nie?auaiea iauae /eneaiiinoe
ianaeaiey.

*a?iiaueueneay eaoano?ioa oneeeea e aac oiai iaaeaaii?eyoiua
aeaiia?aoe/aneea oaiaeaioeee, iiaeeyea ia caei?iauea e aini?iecaiaenoai
aoaeoueo iieieaiee, aianea na?ueaciua eciaiaiey a iea?aoeeiiiua
i?ioeannu. Auacae aieueoiai eiee/anoaa ianaeaiey ec cii caa?yciaiey
eciaiee oa?aeoa? ?annaeaiey ia oa??eoi?ee no?aiu, aeaoi?ie?iaae
neiaeeaoothny no?oeoo?o iea?aoeeiiiuo iioieia.

Ia?aoiae ?anioaeeee Aaea?onue e onoie/eaiio ?acaeoeth i?aaeii?aaeaeyao
iaiaoiaeeiinoue iaania/aiey noaaeeueiinoe e yooaeoeaiinoe
nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneiai ?acaeoey, ?inoa iaoeeiiaeueiiai aiaaonoaa
no?aiu e iiauoaiey aeaaininoiyiey ianaeaiey. I?e yoii aeieaeiu auoue
aa?aioe?iaaiu aunieay nioeeaeueiay caueuaiiinoue ianaeaiey, naaaeaiu e
ieieioio o?iaaiue e ianooaau aaaeiinoe.

Aeaaiay oeaeue nioeeaeueiie iieeoeee — iaania/aiea onoie/eaiai ?inoa
o?iaiy aeecie ianaeaiey. Iieeoeea aeioiaeia ianaeaiey aeieaeia auoue
iai?aaeaia ia nicaeaiea oneiaee, iicaieythueo yeiiiie/anee aeoeaiie
/anoe ianaeaiey ca?aaaouaaoue n?aaenoaa. Aeey yoiai iaiaoiaeeii
iiauneoue cia/aiea ca?ieaou a ninoaaa aeioiaeia ianaeaiey.

Aeey ?aoaiey aeeeeuiie i?iaeaiu iio?aaoaony ia?aueaaiea iauaiia
no?ieoaeuenoaa aeeeuey i?aeiouanoaaiii ca n/ao n?aaenoa ianaeaiey.
Neaaeoao onei?eoue oi?ie?iaaiea ?uiea aeeeuey, iaania/eoue ia?aoiae
aeeeeuii-eiiioiaeueiiai oicyenoaa ia aacoauoi/iia oeiaine?iaaiea.

Iineaaeiaaoaeueii inouanoaeythony ia?u ii ainoaea?noaaiiie iiaeaea?aeea
e nio?aiaieth nenoai ia?aciaaiey, eoeueoo?u, cae?aaiio?aiaiey,
aeeeeuii-eiiioiaeueiiai oicyenoaa. O?aaoaony aeaeueiaeoaa ?acaeoea naoe
o/?aaeaeaiee oi?aiaee, iauanoaaiiiai ieoaiey, noa?u ieaoiuo oneoa
aeaaiui ia?acii ca n/ao oaaee/aiey eiee/anoaa iaeeeo e n?aaeieo
i?aaei?eyoee, ioe?uoey i?aaei?eyoee n aunieei o?iaiai ianeoaeeaaiey.

A iaania/aiee onoie/eaiai ?acaeoey Aaea?one aaaeiia cia/aiea i?eaeaaony
?aaeiiaeueiui e ianoiui eieoeeaoeaai. E /eneo iai?aaeaiee
no?aoaae/aneiai oa?aeoa?a, i?aaeaea anaai, ioiinyony: ?ac?aaioea e
inouanoaeaiea ia? ii aeinoeaeaieth ?aoeeiiaeueiiai i?e?iaeiiieueciaaiey
a ?aaeiiao, i?aia?aciaaiea ai?iaeneeo e naeueneeo iinaeaiee a
iai?aaeaiee iaania/aiey iieiioeaiiie n?aaeu iaeoaiey a ?aieao aaeeiie
a?aaeino?ieoaeueiie iieeoeee no?aiu; nicaeaiea th?eaee/aneeo, i?aaiauo,
yeiiiie/aneeo e eiuo oneiaee, ?aaeaiaioe?othueo ?acaeoea a ?aaeiiao
yeieiae/anee iianiuo aeaeia aeayoaeueiinoe; oe?ieia i?eaea/aiea
ianaeaiey aeey naiinoiyoaeueiiai e iiae naith ioaaonoaaiiinoue ?aoaiey
aii?inia ianoiie aeecie.

Aeey ?aaeecaoeee Iaoeeiiaeueiie no?aoaaee onoie/eaiai ?acaeoey Caeiiii
?anioaeeee Aaea?onue «I ainoaea?noaaiiii i?iaiice?iaaiee e i?ia?aiiao
nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneiai ?acaeoey ?anioaeeee Aaea?onue»
i?aaeoniio?aii, /oi INO? aoiaeeo a nenoaio ainoaea?noaaiiuo i?iaiiciuo e
i?ia?aiiiuo aeieoiaioia nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneiai ?acaeoey ?anioaeeee
Aaea?onue ia aeieain?i/ioth ia?niaeoeao e ?ac?aaaouaaaony eaaeaeua iyoue
eao ia 15-eaoiee ia?eiae.

Ia iniiaa INO? ?ac?aaaouaathony Iniiaiua iai?aaeaiey
nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneiai ?acaeoey ?anioaeeee Aaea?onue ia 10 eao,
no?ieony ainoaea?noaaiiay aeaiia?aoe/aneay iieeoeea, iieeoeea ?aciauaiey
i?iecaiaeeoaeueiuo nee e eniieueciaaiey i?e?iaeiuo ?ano?nia,
ninoaaeythony ?anioaeeeaineea e ?aaeiiaeueiua i?ia?aiiu.

Oi?aaeai/aneay aeayoaeueiinoue ainoaea?noaa ii naiae i?e?iaea iai?aaeaia
ia ?aaoee?iaaiea e ?ac?aoaiea iauanoaaiiuo i?ioeai?a/ee e eiioeeeoia
iaaeaeo iaueie e /anoiuie eioa?anaie. Iiyoiio a oai?ee ainoaea?noaaiiiai
oi?aaeaiey eiioeeeoieiae/aneee iiaeoiae yaeyaony iauaeoeaii
iaoneiaeaiiui.

Eiioeeeo neoaeeo oi?iie au?aaeaiey aeeciaiiuo i?ioeai?a/ee e i?iyaeyaony
a noieeiiaaiee, i?ioeaiai?noaa noi?ii. Eiioeeeoiay neooaoeey aicieeaao a
?acoeueoaoa iaeaieeaaiey a oa/aiea aeeeoaeueiiai a?aiaie ia?ac?aoaiiuo
yeiiiie/aneeo, nioeeaeueiuo oi?i iauanoaaiiuo i?ioeai?a/ee.

Eiioeeeo aeeth/aao ianeieueei noaaeee — io ca?iaeaeaiey aei ?ac?aoaiey.
A neo/aa aicieeiiaaiey eiioeeeoa iaeuecy ?ann/eouaaoue ia aai
naii?ac?aoaiea — caii?aaeeaaiea neooaoeee nicaeaao oa?ico iiaiai
iaino?aiey, ac?uaa e iiauoaao aa?iyoiinoue aicieeiiaaiey /?acau/aeiie
neooaoeee, i?aiaeieaoue iineaaenoaey eioi?ie anaaaea iaiiiai o?oaeiaa.
Aiaoaoaeuenoai ia i?aaeeiioeeeoiie noaaeee iicaieyao aai i?aaeoi?aaeeoue
e nieceoue aiciiaeiua iaaaoeaiua iineaaenoaey. Eiioeeeo n/eoaaony
o?aaoee?iaaiiui, anee noi?iiu aeinoeaee ii?aaeaeaiiiai aaeaina
eioa?ania.

Iaeiaei /anoi, i?e ii?aaeaeaiiuo oneiaeyo (iai?eia?, i?e iaiaaeeaaeauai
?oeiaiaenoaa) eiioeeeoiay neooaoeey iaino?yaony e ia?a?anoaao a
/?acau/aeioth. Oi?aaeaiea /?acau/aeiuie neooaoeeyie — aaaeiaeoay
ooieoeey ainoaea?noaa, oae eae iaania/aiea aaciianiinoe /aeiaaea,
iauanoaa e i?e?iaeiie n?aaeu i?aaenoaaeyao niaie neiaeioth nioeeaeueioth
i?iaeaio. ?aoaiea iineaaeiae o?aaoao aunieie iiaeeecaoeeiiiie
niiniaiinoe, eioi?ay iaania/eaaaony oieueei ia o?iaia ainoaea?noaa.

Niaeanii Caeiio ?anioaeeee Aaea?onue «I caueoa ianaeaiey e oa??eoi?ee io
/?acau/aeiuo neooaoeee i?e?iaeiiai e oaoiiaaiiiai oa?aeoa?a»,
/?acau/aeiay neooaoeey — yoi «ianoaiiaea, neiaeeaoayny a ?acoeueoaoa
aaa?ee, eaoano?iou, noeoeeiiai eee eiiai aaaenoaey, eioi?ua iiaeaeee eee
iiaoo iiaea/ue ca niaie /aeiaa/aneea aea?oau, a?aae caei?iaueth ethaeae
eee ie?oaeathuae n?aaea, cia/eoaeueiua iaoa?eaeueiua iioa?e e ia?ooaiea
oneiaee aeeciaaeayoaeueiinoe ethaeae».

*?acau/aeiua neooaoeee iiaeii eeanneoeoee?iaaoue ii ?acee/iui
ia?aiao?ai:

a) ii ianooaaai noa?u aeaenoaey (iaaeainoaea?noaaiiua,
iauaainoaea?noaaiiua, ?aaeiiaeueiua e o.ae.);

a) ii a?aiaie, aeeiaieea ?acaeoey e eeeaeaeaoeee iineaaenoaee
(iaaeeaiiioaeouea, auno?ioaeouea e ae?.);

a) ii aeaeo iaianaiiiai oua?aa (/?acau/aeiua neooaoeee n i?yiui e
einaaiiui oua?aii);

a) ii i?e/eia aicieeiiaaiey (i?e?iaeiua, oaoiiaaiiua, yeieiae/aneea,
aeaiia?aoe/aneea, yeiiiie/aneea, nioeeaeueii-aeieiae/aneea,
nioeeaeueii-iieeoe/aneea, eoeueoo?iua, yoeei-ii?aeueiua e ae?.).

*?acau/aeiua neooaoeee, iniiaie eioi?uo yaeythony iauanoaaiiua
i?ioeai?a/ey, ia oieueei oiaiueoatho ?ano?niue iioaioeeae iauanoaa, ii e
oa?iaeatho nouanoaiaaieth ainoaea?noaaiiie nenoaiu, yeiiiie/aneiio e
nioeeaeueiiio ono?ienoao iauanoaa. Aeey i?aaeioa?auaiey /?acau/aeiuo
neooaoeee iiaeiaiiai ?iaea ainoaea?noai auyaeyao iaeaieaa aa?iyoiua
oa?icu iaoeeiiaeueiie aaciianiinoe; ia?acoao niaoeeaeueiua i?aaiu
oi?aaeaiey ainoaea?noaaiiie aaciianiinoueth; ?ac?aaaouaaao
eiee/anoaaiiua ia?aiao?u aaciianiinoe; iaania/eaaao onoie/eaia
ooieoeeiie?iaaiea iauaeoia, aa?aioe?othueo aaciianiinoue.

Ia?ainoaiaiiia cia/aiea oaeaeyaony yeiiiie/aneie e aiaiiie aaciianiinoe.
Oae, Ieienoa?noai yeiiiieee aaeaaiaeii aeiaiaeeo aei anao i?aaiia
eniieieoaeueiie aeanoe i?iaiicu nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneiai ?acaeoey
no?aiu e e?eoa?ee ii?iaiauo iieacaoaeae yeiiiie/aneie aaciianiinoe
(niiniaiinoue yeiiiie/anee ooieoeeiie?iaaoue a ?aaeeia ?anoe?aiiiai
aini?iecaiaenoaa, ninoiyiea eiii?oa, o?iaaiue aiaoiaai e aioo?aiiaai
aeieaa, aiciiaeiinoue aai iiaaoaiey e o.ae.).

Ia?u ii auoiaeo ec /?acau/aeiie neooaoeee i?eieiathony a caaeneiinoe io
aa neiaeiinoe, i?iaeieaeeoaeueiinoe, oa??eoi?eaeueiiai ioaaoa. Iaeaieaa
?aaeeeaeueiui niiniaii auoiaea ec /?acau/aeiie neooaoeee yaeyaony
aaaaeaiea /?acau/aeiiai iieiaeaiey a ea/anoaa a?aiaiiie ia?u. Ia
oa??eoi?ee, aaea aaaaeaii /?acau/aeiia iieiaeaiea, iiaoo i?eiaiyoueny
iniaua oi?iu oi?aaeaiey n iaaeaeaieai i?aaiia /?acau/aeiuie
iieiiii/eyie, oi?ie?iaaoueny niaoeeaeueiua a?aiaiiua i?aaiu e o.ae. I?e
iiaeeecaoeeiiiie yeiiiieea aeaaiia — noi?ie?iaaoue eiaanoeoeeiiiue
iaoaieci, aioo?aiiee ?uiie, iaania/eoue i?ei?eoao iauaiaoeeiiaeueiuo
eioa?ania iaae /anoiuie, ei?ii?aoeaiuie, oaaee/eoue ainoaea?noaaiiia
iio?aaeaiea.

Ainoaea?noaaiiay iieeoeea a iaeanoe caueou ianaeaiey e oa??eoi?ee io
/?acau/aeiuo neooaoeee i?e?iaeiiai e oaoiiaaiiiai oa?aeoa?a,
ii?aaeaeythuay oa?aeoa? aeayoaeueiinoe ainoaea?noaaiiuo i?aaiia,
ooaa?aeaeaaony caeiiaie, a /anoiinoe «I caueoa ianaeaiey e oa??eoi?ee io
/?acau/aeiuo neooaoeee i?e?iaeiiai e oaoiiaaiiiai oa?aeoa?a», e a naiii
iauai neo/aa aeeth/aao:

1) iieeoeeo ii eeeaeaeaoeee /?acau/aeiie neooaoeee, aeeth/athuoth
?ac?aaioeo ieaiia aaa?eeii-nianaoaeueiuo e ae?oaeo iaioeiaeiuo ?aaio,
i?iaiaeeiuo i?e aicieeiiaaiee /?acau/aeiie neooaoeee e iai?aaeaiiuo ia
nianaiea aeecie e nio?aiaiea caei?iauey ethaeae, nieaeaiea ?acia?a
oua?aa ie?oaeathuae i?e?iaeiie n?aaea e iaoa?eaeueiuo iioa?ue, a oaeaea
ia eieaeecaoeeth cii /?acau/aeiie neooaoeee, i?ae?auaiea aeaenoaey
oa?aeoa?iuo aeey ieo iianiuo oaeoi?ia;

2) iieeoeeo ii i?aaeoi?aaeaeaieth /?acau/aeiuo neooaoeee, aeeth/athuoth
?ac?aaioeo ?acee/iuo eiiieaenia ia?ii?eyoee, i?iaiaeeiuo caaeaaia?aiaiii
e iai?aaeaiiuo ia iaeneiaeueii aiciiaeiia oiaiueoaiea ?enea
aicieeiiaaiey /?acau/aeiie neooaoeee, a oaeaea ia nio?aiaiea caei?iauey
ethaeae, nieaeaiea ?acia?ia oua?aa ie?oaeathuae i?e?iaeiie n?aaea e
iaoa?eaeueiuo iioa?ue a neo/aa eo aicieeiiaaiey.

Ainoaea?noaaiiay nenoaia i?aaeoi?aaeaeaiey e eeeaeaeaoeee /?acau/aeiuo
neooaoeee iauaaeeiyao ?anioaeeeaineea e ianoiua eniieieoaeueiua e
?anii?yaeeoaeueiua i?aaiu, a oaeaea i?aaei?eyoey, o/?aaeaeaiey e
i?aaiecaoeee iacaaeneii io eo i?aaiecaoeeiiii-i?aaiauo oi?i, a
iieiiii/ey eioi?uo aoiaeeo ?aoaiea aii?inia ii caueoa ianaeaiey e
oa??eoi?ee io /?acau/aeiuo neooaoeee.

Ainoaea?noaaiiia oi?aaeaiea e eii?aeeiaoeey aeayoaeueiinoe
?anioaeeeaineeo i?aaiia ainoaea?noaaiiiai oi?aaeaiey a iaeanoe caueou
ianaeaiey e oa??eoi?ee io /?acau/aeiuo neooaoeee inouanoaeythony
?anioaeeeaineei i?aaiii ainoaea?noaaiiiai oi?aaeaiey ii /?acau/aeiui
neooaoeeyi. ?anioaeeeaineea i?aaiu ainoaea?noaaiiiai oi?aaeaiey
i?aaiecotho ?aaioo a iaeanoe caueou ianaeaiey e oa??eoi?ee io
/?acau/aeiuo neooaoeee a naiae noa?a aeayoaeueiinoe e ii?o/aiiuo ei
io?aneyo yeiiiieee a niioaaonoaee n caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaii ?anioaeeee
Aaea?onue.

Eio?ano?oeoo?u ainoaea?noaa eii?aeeie?othony aieiaiui aaaeiinoaii —
Ieienoa?noaii /?acau/aeiuo neooaoeee ?anioaeeee Aaea?onue, iniiaiie
caaea/ae eioi?iai yaeyaony oi?ie?iaaiea e inouanoaeaiea ainoaea?noaaiiie
iieeoeee a iaeanoe caueou ianaeaiey e oa??eoi?ee io /?acau/aeiuo
neooaoeee. Nenoaiie ia?ii?eyoee ii caueoa ianaeaiey, iaoa?eaeueiuo e
eoeueoo?iuo oeaiiinoae, oa??eoi?ee no?aiu a /?acau/aeiuo neooaoeeyo
ie?iiai e aiaiiiai a?aiaie yaeyaony A?aaeaeaineay iai?iia (AI)
?anioaeeee Aaea?onue. A niioaaonoaee n Caeiiii «I a?aaeaeaineie
iai?iia», aa ninoaaeytho i?aaiu ainoaea?noaaiiiai oi?aaeaiey anao
o?iaiae, e eiiiaoaioeee eioi?uo ioianaiu ooieoeee, naycaiiua n
aaciianiinoueth e caueoie ianaeaiey, i?aaeoi?aaeaeaieai /?acau/aeiuo
neooaoeee e ?aaae?iaaieai ia ieo. AI i?aaiecoaony ia anae oa??eoi?ee
?anioaeeee ii oa??eoi?eaeueii-i?iecaiaenoaaiiiio i?eioeeio.

Ainoaea?noaaiiia ?aaoee?iaaiea a iaeanoe caueou ianaeaiey io
/?acau/aeiuo neooaoeee i?aaeoniao?eaaao inouanoaeaiea aeayoaeueiinoe
oaeaea e ia iaaeaeoia?iaeiii o?iaia. Aoaeo/e /eaiii ie?iaiai niiauanoaa,
?anioaeeea Aaea?onue auiieiyao iaaeaeoia?iaeiua iaycaoaeuenoaa a iaeanoe
i?aaeioa?auaiey aeiaaeueiuo e iaoeeiiaeueiuo eaoano?io, eeeaeaeaoeee eo
iineaaenoaee, iaania/aiey aaciianiinoe ianaeaiey e ie?oaeathuae n?aaeu,
aeieaia?aiaiiiai e onoie/eaiai ?acaeoey oeeaeeecaoeee.

Eeeaeaeaoeey /?acau/aeiuo neooaoeee inouanoaeyaony neeaie e
n?aaenoaaie i?aaiecaoeee, ianoiuo eniieieoaeueiuo e ?anii?yaeeoaeueiuo
i?aaiia, ?anioaeeeaineeo i?aaiia ainoaea?noaaiiiai oi?aaeaiey iiae
?oeiaiaenoaii niioaaonoaothueo eiiennee ii /?acau/aeiui neooaoeeyi.

Oaeei ia?acii, caueoa ianaeaiey io oa?ic /?acau/aeiuo neooaoeee ie?iiai
a?aiaie e aiaiiuo oa?ic inouanoaeyaony a ?aieao acaeiinaycaiiuo
eiiieaenia ia?ii?eyoee e ?aaeecoaony iino?iaieai nenoaiu i?aaiauo,
i?aaiecaoeeiiiuo, oaoie/aneeo, yeiiiie/aneeo e eioi?iaoeeiiiuo ioiioaiee
noauaeoia.

Nenoaia oi?aaeaiey /?acau/aeiuie neooaoeeyie eiaao ?yae iniaaiiinoae ii
n?aaiaieth n aeaenoaeai o?aaeeoeeiiiuo nenoai oi?aaeaiey (oaae. 1).

Oaaeeoea 1

N?aaieoaeueiue aiaeec o?aaeeoeeiiiie nenoaiu oi?aaeaiey

e nenoaiu oi?aaeaiey a /?acau/aeiuo oneiaeyo

O?aaeeoeeiiiua

nenoaiu oi?aaeaieyNenoaiu oi?aaeaiey

a /?acau/aeiuo neooaoeeyoIinoiyiiue ?aaeei ooieoeeiie?iaaiey?aciua
?aaeeiu ooieoeeiie?iaaieyAEanoeay no?oeoo?a e /aoeia ?ani?aaeaeaiea
ooieoeee ia aeeeoaeueiue ia?eiaeIonoonoaea aeanoeie no?oeoo?u e /aoeiai
?ani?aaeaeaiey ooieoeee ia aeeeoaeueiue ia?eiaeOceay ooieoeeiiaeueiay
iai?aaeaiiinoue Oe?ieay e /anoe/ii iai?aaeneacoaiay iaeanoue
aeaenoaey?aaeaiaioe?iaaiiua eioi?iaoeeiiiua iioieeCaaeneiinoue
eioi?iaoeeiiiuo iioieia io neeaaeuaathuaeny neooaoeeeEcauoie
eioi?iaoeeeIaaeinoaoie eioi?iaoeeeI?aaeneacoaiinoue neooaoeee,
aiciiaeiinoue eniieueciaaiey i?ioeiai iiuoa a aiaeiae/iie
neooaoeeeIai?aaeneacoaiinoue neooaoeee, ia?aie/aiiay aiciiaeiinoue
eniieueciaaiey i?ioeiai iiuoa I?eioeei aaeeinoaa iieiiii/ee e
ioaaonoaaiiinoeNi/aoaiea i?eioeeiia aaeeiiia/aeey, ?ani?aaeaeaiiuo
iieiiii/ee e ioaaonoaaiiinoeOoieoeeiiaeueiue iioaioeeaeI?aaiecaoeeiiiue
iioaioeeaeI?aiaeaaeaiea a iniiaiii nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneeo oeaeae e
e?eoa?eaa ooieoeeiie?iaaieyOeaeue — ?acoeueoaoeaiinoue a eeeaeaeaoeee
i?e/ei /?acau/aeiuo neooaoeee e eo iineaaenoaee. E?eoa?ee — ieieioi
a?aiaie, ieieioi iioa?ue (aea?oa) i?e eeeaeaeaoeee /?acau/aeiie
neooaoeee

Nenoaia oi?aaeaiey a /?acau/aeiuo oneiaeyo iau/ii ooieoeeiie?oao a
?aaeeia iiauoaiiie aioiaiinoe e iaeaaeaao aunieie noaiaiueth
iiaeeueiinoe, aneaaenoaea /aai iaiaoiaeeia iinoiyiiay iiaeaea?aeea
aunieiai i?ioanneiiaeecia e ioaaonoaaiiinoe eniieieoaeae.

I?e?iaeiua e oaoiiaaiiua /?acau/aeiua neooaoeee aicieeatho, eae i?aaeei,
aiacaiii, e aeey eeeaeaeaoeee iineaaenoaee o?aaoaony a ei?ioeea n?iee
i?aaieciaaoue iaania/aiea iaiaoiaeeiuie ?ano?naie. Iiyoiio aaaeii
caaeaaia?aiaiii iaeaaeeoue e iiaeaea?aeeaaoue nayce n ae?oaeie
nenoaiaie. Iai?eia?, e?iia ?aca?aiuo caiania iaoa?eaeueiuo oeaiiinoae
i?e eeeaeaeaoeee /?acau/aeiuo neooaoeee e eo iineaaenoaee
iaania/eaathony yeno?aiiua iinoaaee iaoa?eaeueiuo ?ano?nia niaeanii
i?aaeaa?eoaeueii caeeth/aiiui aeiaiai?ai n i?aaei?eyoeyie (a naith
i/a?aaeue, ainoaea?noai oaeiio i?aaei?eyoeth i?aaeinoaaeyao iaeioi?ua
eueaiou). Aeey yoiai eniieuecothony n?aaenoaa aaieia iiae aa?aioeth
i?aaeoaeuenoaa. Io eiaie i?aaeoaeuenoaa aa?aioee ii aica?aoo n?aaenoa
aaieia i?aaeinoaaeyao Ieienoa?noai oeiainia ?anioaeeee Aaea?onue a
i?aaeaeao anneaiiaaiee ia yoe oeaee, i?aaeoniio?aiiuo a ?anioaeeeaineii
athaeaeaoa. A oeaeyo iiauoaiey iia?aoeaiinoe a i?iaaaeaiee iaioeiaeiuo
ia?ii?eyoee ii eeeaeaeaoeee /?acau/aeiuo neooaoeee, ia athaeaeaoiue n/ao
I*N ca/eneyaony iia?aoeaiue ?aca?a oeiainiauo n?aaenoa io onoaiiaeaiiiai
a ?anioaeeeaineii athaeaeaoa iauaia ?aca?aiiai oiiaea I?aaeoaeuenoaa
?anioaeeee Aaea?onue ii i?aaeoi?aaeaeaieth e eeeaeaeaoeee /?acau/aeiuo
neooaoeee e eo iineaaenoaee.

Aei iaaeaaiaai a?aiaie iieeoeea NNN? a iaeanoe caueou ianaeaiey io
/?acau/aeiuo neooaoeee auea i?eaioe?iaaia aeaaiui ia?acii ia ?acaeoea e
niaa?oainoaiaaiea iieeoeee eeeaeaeaoeee iineaaenoaee aaa?ee e eaoano?io
i?e?iaeiiai e oaoiiaaiiiai oa?aeoa?a. Ooiaeaiaioaeueiuie oeaeyie oaeie
iieeoeee yaeyeenue nicaeaiea eiaeaia?iuo nenoai aaciianiinoe e i?eiyoea
niioaaonoaothueo i?aaiecaoeeiiiuo ia?, iicaieythueo eneeth/eoue a
i?ioeanna oicyenoaaiiie aeayoaeueiinoe ethaoth, neieue oaiaeii iaeoth
iianiinoue aeey caei?iauey /aeiaaea e ea/anoaa ie?oaeathuae n?aaeu.
Niioaaonoaaiii aicieeiiaaiea ethaie /?acau/aeiie neooaoeee
?anniao?eaaeinue eae ioeeiiaiea io «ii?iaeueiie aeecie». I?aaiu
ainoaea?noaaiiie aeanoe, ioaaonoaaiiua ca ieaie?iaaiea
nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneiai ?acaeoey no?aiu, ia i?eieiaee ai aieiaiea a
?ac?aaaouaaaiuo eie i?ia?aiiao i?e/eiii-neaaenoaaiioth naycue iaaeaeo
/?acau/aeiie neooaoeeae e nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneei ?acaeoeai n oi/ee
c?aiey aiciiaeiuo iineaaenoaee. A ?aieao iieeoeee aaniethoiie
aaciianiinoe ionoonoaotho noeioeu aeey i?iaaaeaiey iao/iuo enneaaeiaaiee
ii eiiia?/aneie ioeaiea ?enea aeey ianaeaiey e ie?oaeathuae n?aaeu io
oao eee eiuo aeaeia iianiinoae e i?eiyoey caaeaaia?aiaiiuo ia? aeey
nieaeaiey eo iineaaenoaee.

Eco/aiea o?ieia eeeaeaeaoeee iineaaenoaee /?acau/aeiuo neooaoeee, n
eioi?uie noieeioeenue iaoa no?aia e ae?oaea no?aiu ie?a ca iineaaeiea
aeaa aeanyoeeaoey, e iao/iua enneaaeiaaiey n ana aieueoae
i/aaeaeiinoueth naeaeaoaeuenoaotho, /oi, ianiio?y ia niaa?oainoaiaaiea
oaoie/aneeo e i?aaiecaoeeiiiuo ia?, eeeaeaeaoeey iineaaenoaee
/?acau/aeiuo neooaoeee, aeaeueiaeoea oneeey a yoii iai?aaeaiee
noaiiayony iaiaa yooaeoeaiuie. Eioaineoeeaoeey oicyenoaaiiie
aeayoaeueiinoe, oaoiieiae/aneeo i?ioeannia, ?ino iiuiinoae i?iiuoeaiiuo
i?aaei?eyoee, eo eiioeaio?aoeey ia n?aaieoaeueii iaaieueoeo oa??eoi?eyo
e niioaaonoaaiii ?ino ieioiinoe ianaeaiey, i?iaeeaathuaai a yoeo
?aeiiao, i?eaiaeyo e ?aceiio aic?anoaieth oua?aa io /?acau/aeiuo
neooaoeee oaoiiaaiiiai e i?e?iaeiiai oa?aeoa?a. N ae?oaie noi?iiu,
anaaaea eiaaony yeaiaio neo/aeiinoe, eioi?ue iiaeao i?eaanoe e
aicieeiiaaieth /?acau/aeiie neooaoeee. A neeo auoaneacaiiiai a 80-a
aiaeu a auniei?acaeouo no?aiao auea iniciaia iaiaoiaeeiinoue iai?aaeoue
aeoeaio ainoaea?noaaiiie iieeoeee a noi?iio ?aoaiey caaea/ ii
i?aaeoi?aaeaeaieth /?acau/aeiuo neooaoeee, iai?aaeaiiuo ia ioeaieo e
aiciiaeiia oiaiueoaiea ?enea eo aicieeiiaaiey, a oaeaea ia nieaeaiea
?acia?ia aiciiaeiiai oua?aa, o.a. aue naeaeai ia?aoiae io eiioeaioeee
aaniethoiie aaciianiinoe e eiioeaioeee i?eaieaiiai ?enea. Iineaaeiyy
o?aaoao ?anniao?eaaoue /?acau/aeioth neooaoeeth ia eae ioeeiiaiea io
«ii?iaeueiie aeecie», a eae aa io?aaeaiea.

Eiioeaioeey i?eaieaiiai ?enea iniiaaia ia ioeaiea ?eneia /?acau/aeiuo
neooaoeee e oi?aaeaiee eie. Iia iicaieyao o/anoue
i?e/eiii-neaaenoaaiioth naycue iaaeaeo /?acau/aeiie neooaoeeae e
oaiaeaioeeyie nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneiai ?acaeoey ?aaeiia e
?anniao?eaaoue *N eae /anoue aeieain?i/iie i?ia?aiiu ?acaeoey aeaiiiai
?aaeiia. Iaeiaei i?e yoii i?eieiaaony ai aieiaiea, /oi *N — ia
iianaaeiaaiia niauoea, iiyoiio o?aaoao niaoeeaeueiiai ?aaae?iaaiey.

Aeey i?aeoe/aneie ?aaeecaoeee iieeoeea i?eaieaiiai ?enea o?aaoao oaeaea
?ac?aaioee iaoiaeia ii?aaeaeaiey aaeaina iaaeaeo iianiinoyie e auaiaeaie
io oie eee eiie aeayoaeueiinoe; ia?ai?eaioaoeee nenoaiu eiio?iey ca
ninoiyieai aaciianiinoe — io eiio?iey, neiioeaio?e?iaaiiiai ia oaeoi?ao
iianiinoe, e eiio?ieth ca aicaeaenoaeai yoeo oaeoi?ia ia /aeiaaea e
ie?oaeathuoth n?aaeo, nio?aiyy i?e yoii eiio?ieue ca oaeoi?aie
iianiinoe. A no?aiao NIA neiaeeeanue aaeaa ee ia naiay neiaeiay a ie?a
yeieiae/aneay ianoaiiaea. A oii /enea e?eceniia ninoiyiea yeiiiieee
yaeeinue i?e/eiie e neaaenoaeai ianiaa?oainoaa nenoaiu caueou io
/?acau/aeiuo neooaoeee.

Aa?iiie/iia e aaciianiia ?acaeoea iauanoaa noaiiaeony ia?aaeueiui aac
?aceiai iiauoaiey o?iaiy e yooaeoeaiinoe i?aaeoi?aaeeoaeueiuo ia?,
oiaiueoathueo iianiinoue, ianooaau e iineaaenoaey /?acau/aeiuo
neooaoeee. Cia/eoaeueiua oaae a iai?aaeaiee ia?ano?ieee nenoaiu
aaciianiinoe oaea naeaeaiu a ?innee. A ianoiyuaa a?aiy caaa?oaaony
ia?aue yoai nicaeaiey I*N ?O, ia eioi?ii ?aoaeenue caaea/e nianaiey
ianaeaiey io aaa?ee, eaoano?io e noeoeeiuo aaaenoaee, i?eaioe?iaaiiua ia
iia?aoeaiia ?aaae?iaaiea e eeeaeaeaoeeth *N. Aeaaiay caaea/a aoi?iai
yoaia — nieaeaiea ?eneia e niya/aiea iineaaenoaee *N, inouanoaeaiea
caaeaaia?aiaiiuo ia?ii?eyoee. I?eiyoea caeiiia ii caueoa ianaeaiey,
ooaa?aeaeaiea ia caeiiiaeaoaeueiii o?iaia noaoona nianaoaey — ana yoi ia
i?inoi caaioa i aeaaiiieo/ee ianaeaiey, ii i?aaeaea anaai i?iyaeaiea
iiauoaiey iaua/aeiaa/aneiai o?iaiy aioo?aiiae eoeueoo?u ainoaea?noaa.

Iino?iaiea yooaeoeaiie nenoaiu aaciianiinoe aeooaeueii e aeey ?anioaeeee
Aaea?onue: aaeaaiaeiue ?acia? oua?aa oieueei io i?iiuoeaiiuo aaa?ee
ninoaaeyao 1,2–1,5% AII, a i?e iaeaieaa oyaeeeo eaoano?ioao, oaeeo eae
*a?iiaueueneay — ii/oe ia ii?yaeie i?aauoaao aeaiiua oeeo?u.
Yeieiae/aneay neooaoeey a Aaea?one ineiaeiaia oe?ieei ?acaeoeai
oeie/aneie e iaooaoeie/aneie i?iiuoeaiiinoe, e?oiiuo iaoeiino?ieoaeueiuo
i?aaei?eyoee, a oaeaea iaee/eai aieueoiai eiee/anoaa aeeaioiiaiae/aneeo
eiiieaenia, eioi?ua ia iaania/aiu oaoie/aneeie aiciiaeiinoyie aeey
ooeeecaoeee iooiaeia. Iiiaea i?iiuoeaiiua i?aaei?eyoey (oeie/aneie,
iaoeiino?ieoaeueiie e ae?oaeo io?aneae), aace?othueany ia onoa?aaoeo
oaoiieiaeyo, i?aaenoaaeytho aieueooth iianiinoue aeey ie?oaeathuae
n?aaeu.

Oa??eoi?ey ?anioaeeee iiaeaa?aeaia aicaeaenoaeth oe?ieiai niaeo?a
iianiuo i?e?iaeiuo oaeoi?ia, ec eioi?uo iaeaieueooth iianiinoue
i?aaenoaaeytho iaaiaeiaiey, eaniua iiaea?u, oeaaeu e nia?/e, caii?icee a
iicaeiea (ethiue) e ?aiiea (aaaono) n?iee. E?iia oiai, o?aaoaony
nicaeaiea aaeaeaaoiie i?ia?aiiu e /aoeiai iaoaiecia eeeaeaeaoeee
iineaaenoaee aaa?ee ia *a?iiaueueneie AYN.

Ia i?aoa?iaaoay eciaiaiee ni a?aiai NNN? nouanoaothuay nenoaia a?yae ee
ioaa/aao nia?aiaiiui o?aaiaaieyi caueou. Iaiaoiaeeii i?eiyoea
iaioeiaeiuo ia? (a oa/aiea aeeaeaeoeo 5-10 e a iineaaeothuea aiaeu) ai
ecaaaeaiea iioa?e oneiaee aeey onoie/eaiai ?acaeoey no?aiu e niiniaiinoe
yeiiiieee e ?anoe?aiiiio aini?iecaiaenoao. Io ?aoaiey iiiaeo ec yoeo
i?iaeai caaeneo aoaeouaa iaoaai iauanoaa.

Eeoa?aoo?a

1. Caeii ?anioaeeee “I caueoa ianaeaiey e oa??eoi?ee io /?acau/aeiuo
neooaoeee i?e?iaeiiai e oaoiiaaiiiai oa?aeoa?a” ? 141-3 io 5.05.1998.

2. Aioiiiaa I.A. Ainoaea?noaaiiia ?aaoee?iaaiea yeiiiieee. O/aaiia
iiniaea. A 2 /. – Ii.: AOi?eI?A, 2007.

3. A?oeiiaa I.E., Eoeueaa A.A. Oi?aaeaiea a /?acau/aeiuo neooaoeeyo. –
I.: ?AAO, 2008. – 316 n.

4. Aoaiai/oe A.A. Ainoaea?noaaiiia oi?aaeaiea
(i?aaiecaoeeiiii-ooieoeeiiaeueiua aii?inu): O/aaiia iiniaea. – Ii.:
Yeiiiieea, 2007. – 302 n.

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