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?aoa?ao

Aeeea?neay e a?iea?neay aeayoaeueiinoue

Ieai

Aaaaeaiea

1. Iiiyoea e nouiinoue aeeea?neie aeayoaeueiinoe

2. Iiiyoea e nouiinoue a?iea?neie aeayoaeueiinoe

Aaaaeaiea

Aeeea?neie aeayoaeueiinoueth i?eciaaony niaa?oaiea naeaeie eoiee-
i?iaeaaee oeaiiuo aoiaa io naiaai eiaie e ca naie n/ao iooai ioaee/iiai
iauyaeaiey oeai iieoiee e i?iaeaaee ii?aaeaeaiiuo oeaiiuo aoiaa n
iaycaoaeuenoaii iieoiee e i?iaeaaee yoeo oeaiiuo aoiaa ii iauyaeaiiui
oeaiai. I?e yoii aeeea? eiaao i?aai iauyaeoue eiua nouanoaaiiua oneiaey
aeiaiai?a eoiee- i?iaeaaee oeaiiuo aoiaa: ieieiaeueiia e iaeneiaeueiia
eiee/anoai iieoiaaiuo e i?iaeaaaaiuo oeaiiuo aoiaa, a oaeaea n?ie, a
oa/aiea eioi?iai aeaenoaotho iauyaeaiiua oeaiu. I?e ionoonoaee eiuo
nouanoaaiiuo oneiaee aeeea? iaycai caeeth/eoue aeiaiai? ia nouanoaaiiuo
oneiaeyo, i?aaeeiaeaiiuo aai eeeaioo. A oii neo/aa, anee aeeea?
oeeiiyaony io caeeth/aiey aeiaiai?a, aio iiaeao auoue i?aaeuyaeai ene i
i?eioaeeoaeueiii caeeth/aiee oaeiai aeiaiai?a eee i aiciauaiee
i?e/eiaiiuo eeeaioo oauoeia.

Oao, eoi caieiaaony aeeea?neie aeayoaeueiinoueth ia ?uiea, /anoi
iacuaatho niaeoeyioaie eee ia?eao – iyeea?aie (oa, /oi oi?ie?otho
?uiie).

?ieue aeeea?ia ia oiiaeiaii ?uiea caeeth/aaony a oii, /oi iie aiinyo
cia/eoaeueiue aeeaae a iaania/aiea eeeaeaeiinoe e noaaeeueiinoe ?uiea.
*?acia?iua oeaiiaua eieaaaiey, eioi?ua iiaee au eiaoue ianoi,
niya/athony n iiiiuueth iia?aoeee, eioi?ua i?iaiaeyony ia ?uiea
aeeea?aie. Eiaiii aeeea?u anaaaea aioiau i?iaeaoue ioaeiua eiaanoi?ai
oeaiiua aoiaae e aueoieoue eo a neo/aa iaiaoiaeeiinoe. Inouanoaeyy
iia?aoeee ia ?uiea, aeeea?u oiaiueoatho eieaaaiey oeai e iaania/eaatho
eeeaeaeiinoue ?uii/iuo oeaiiuo aoiaa.

A?iea?neie aeayoaeueiinoueth i?eciaaony i?ioanneiiaeueiay
aeayoaeueiinoue, inouanoaeyaiay ca n/ao e ii ii?o/aieth ii?aaeaeaiiiai
eeoea (eeeaioa), eioi?ay iiaeao caeeth/aoueny:

a) a niaeaenoaee caeeth/aieth naeaeie iaaeaeo eeeaioii e o?aoueeie
eeoeaie (iin?aaeie/anoai);

a) a niaa?oaiee naeaeie aeey eeeaioa;

a) a niaa?oaiee aeey eeeaioa eiuo th?eaee/aneeo eee oaeoe/aneeo
aeaenoaee a ii?aaeaeaiiie noa?a i?aaei?eieiaoaeueneie aeayoaeueiinoe.

Oa?iei «a?iea?» aiciee eae iaicia/aiea eeoea, aeaenoaothuaai a ?aieao
iaeioi?uo ?aciiaeaeiinoae aaaioneeo aeiaiai?ia, ?aaoee?oaiuo
i?aoeaaeaioiui i?aaii Aiaeee e NOA. Aaaio niaa?oaao ii?aaeaeaiiua
aeaenoaey ii ii?o/aieth e ca n/ao eeeaioa, eioi?ua iiaoo iineoue eae
th?eaee/aneee (caeeth/aiea naeaeie), oae e oaeoe/aneee oa?aeoa?. Naeaeee
niaa?oathony aaaioii, eae io naiaai eiaie, oae e io eiaie eeeaioa.

*aua anaai iiiyoea a?iea?neie aeayoaeueiinoe eniieuecoaony a nayce n
iienaieai i?ioanneiiaeueiie aeayoaeueiinoe ii niaa?oaieth naeaeie ii
ii?o/aieth eeeaioia ia oiaa?iuo ae?aeao, a oaeaea ia ?uiea oeaiiuo
aoiaa. A?iea?neay aeayoaeueiinoue ia ?uiea oeaiiuo aoiaa i?aeoe/anee ai
anao no?aiao iiaeeaaeeo niaoeeaeueiie ?aaeno?aoeee eeai
eeoeaice?iaaieth.

A caaeneiinoe io noa?u inouanoaeaiey a?iea?neoth aeayoaeueiinoue iiaeii
?acee/aoue ii neaaeothuei aeaeai: ae?aeaaoth (ia ae?aeao oiaa?iuo), ia
?uiea oeaiiuo aoiaa, a no?aoiaaiee, ii o?aooiaaieth noaeia e
oaiiaeaiioth.

Oaiiaeaiiay a?iea?neay aeayoaeueiinoue i?aaenoaaeyao niaie niaa?oaiea io
nianoaaiiiai eiaie ethauo iia?aoeee ii oaiiaeaiiiio ioi?ieaieth e
auiieiaiea ae?oaeo iin?aaeie/aneeo ooieoeee a noa?a oaiiaeaiiiai aeaea
ca n/ao e ii ii?o/aieth eeeaioa.

A?iea?neay aeayoaeueiinoue ii o?aooiaaieth noaeia i?aaenoaaeyao niaie
iin?aaeie/aneoth aeayoaeueiinoue, eioi?ay inouanoaeyaony th?eaee/aneeie
eee oece/aneeie eeoeaie n oeaeueth caeeth/aiey naeaeie iaaeaeo
ia?aaic/eeaie e a?ociaeaaeaeueoeaie ia iaaeaeoia?iaeiua ii?neea
ia?aaicee a?ocia eee iannaaee?ia eee a?aiaeo noaeia aeey ?aaiou a
iaaeaeoia?iaeiii ii?neii niiauaiee. Eeoeaice?iaaiea a?iea?neie
aeayoaeueiinoe ii o?aooiaaieth noaeia inouanoaeyaony Ieio?ainii Oe?aeiu.

A?iea?neay aeayoaeueiinoue ia ?uiea oeaiiuo aoiaa i?aaenoaaeyao niaie
niaa?oaiea a?aaeaeainei-i?aaiauo naeaeie n oeaiiuie aoiaaaie a ea/anoaa
iiaa?aiiiai eee eiienneiia?a, aeaenoaothuaai ia iniiaaiee aeiaiai?a
ii?o/aiey eee eiiennee. Iaeiaei, a iaeioi?uo neo/ayo a?iea?neay
aeayoaeueiinoue n oeaiiuie aoiaaaie iiaeao cai?auaoueny, a eiaiii: a)
anee o ?aaeno?aoi?a, inouanoaeythuaai aaaeaiea ?aano?a aeaaeaeueoeaa
oeaiiuo aoiaa, ionoonoaoao eeoeaicey ia aeayoaeueiinoue ii aaaeaieth
?aano?a aeaaeaeueoeaa eiaiiuo oeaiiuo aoiaa; a) anee ?aaeno?e?othuee
i?aai i?einoaiiaee ?aciauaiea auionea yoeo oeaiiuo aoiaa. Eeoea,
inouanoaeythuea a?iea?neoth aeayoaeueiinoue ia ?uiea oeaiiuo aoiaa,
iiaoo i?aaeinoaaeyoue eeeaioai aeaiaaeiua n?aaenoaa ii aeiaiai?o caeia
aeey i?eia?aoaiey oeaiiuo aoiaa, eioi?ua i?iaeathony /a?ac i?aaiecaoi?ia
oi?aiaee e eiatho i?eciaiiua eioe?iaee, iiae caeia yoeo oeaiiuo aoiaa.
Iaeiaei, a ianoiyuaa a?aiy oaeoe/anee nouanoaoao cai?ao ia aaaeaiea a
?aieao a?iea?neie aeayoaeueiinoe aeaiaaeiuo n/aoia eeeaioia
iaaaieianeeie no?oeoo?aie. A neo/aa anee a?iea? aeaenoaoao a ea/anoaa
eiienneiia?a, aeiaiai? eiiennee iiaeao i?aaeoniao?eaaoue iaycaoaeuenoai
a?iea?a o?aieoue aeaiaaeiua n?aaenoaa, i?aaeiacia/aiiua aeey
eiaanoe?iaaiey a oeaiiua aoiaae eee iieo/aiiua a ?acoeueoaoa i?iaeaaee
oeaiiuo aoiaa, e i?aai eo eniieueciaaiey a?iea?ii aei iiiaioa aica?aoa
yoeo aeaiaaeiuo n?aaenoa eeeaioo. Neaaeoao ioiaoeoue, /oi aeaaea ?aciaia
niaa?oaiea naeaeee n oeaiiuie aoiaaaie a ea/anoaa iiaa?aiiiai eee
eiienneiia?a i?eciaaony a?iea?neie aeayoaeueiinoueth e iioiio o?aaoao
iaee/ey niioaaonoaothuae eeoeaicee.

Oi?aiaoeaa oeaiiuie aoiaaaie, eioi?ua i?iaiaeyo iia?aoeee n aieueoeie
iaeaoaie oeaiiuo aoiaa eae io naiaai eiaie, oae e a eioa?anao eeeaioia,
iacuaatho o?yeaea?aie. Eae i?aaeei, o?yeaea?u inouanoaeytho e
a?iea?neea, e aeeea?neea ooieoeee ia ?uiea.

1. Iiiyoea e nouiinoue aeeea?neie aeayoaeueiinoe

Aeeea?neay aeayoaeueiinoue- yoi aeayoaeueiinoue ii caeeth/aieth naeaeie
io naiaai eiaie e ca naie n/ao iooai ioaee/iiai iauyaeaiey oeai iieoiee
eee i?iaeaaee oeaiiuo aoiaa n iaycaoaeuenoaii iieoiee e i?iaeaaee yoeo
oeaiiuo aoiaa ii iauyaeaiiui oeaiai.

Iniiaiui aeioiaeii aeeea?ia yaeyaony ?acieoea iaaeaeo oeaiaie i?iaeaaee
e iieoiee oeaiiuo aoiaa. ?acieoea a oeaiao eoiee-i?iaeaaee anoue iieaoie
aeeea?ai ca n?i/iinoue e o?aaiiaaoeaaiea a?aiaiiiai aeenaaeaina iaaeaeo
ni?inii e i?aaeeiaeaieai ia ii?aaeaeaiiua aeaeu oeaiiuo aoiaa,
iaoiaeyueony a iai?ioa ia ?uiea.

E?iia oiai, /oi aeeea?u aeatho aiciiaeiinoue eiaanoi?o a eaeia-eeai
a?aiy eoieoue eee i?iaeaoue oeaiiua aoiaae, niinianoaotho oeaiiaie
noaaeeecaoeee e iaania/eaatho eeeaeaeiinoue ?uiea, iie oaeaea
i?aaeinoaaeytho eioi?iaoeeiiiua oneoae o/anoieeai ?uiea, a ia iaeioi?uo
?uieao aunooiatho a ?iee aaaeoueo aoeoeeiiia ia ae?aeao.

Aeeea?u iiaoo oi?ie?iaaoue e inouanoaeyoue ia ?uiea eae i?inoua, oae e
neiaeiua niaeoeyoeaiua no?aoaaee. I?inoua no?aoaaee aace?othony ia
i?iaiica iiauoaiey eee iaaeaiey oeai ia aeoea, n eioi?ui oioyo
inouanoaeoue niaeoeyoeaioth iia?aoeeth.

I?eia?: oaeouay ?uii/iay oeaia aeeneiioiie iaeeaaoeee ninoaaeyao 983
aeie. NOA. Iaeeaeay iaaeaiea i?ioeaioiuo noaaie, eioi?ua i?eaaaeoo e
iiauoaieth oeai ia iaeeaaoeee, aeeea? iieoiaao 50 iaeeaaoeee. *a?ac 2
ianyoea oeaia ia iaeeaaoeee iiauneony aei 986 aeie. NOA. e aeeea?
cae?uaaao naith ia/aeueioth iiceoeeth, i?iaeaaay iaeeaaoeee e iieo/ay
i?eaueue a ?acia?a 150 aeie. NOA. I?eaueue = 50 (986 – 983) = 150 aeie.
NOA.

Neaaeoao ioiaoeoue, /oi i?inoua no?aoaaee aeiaieueii ?eneiaaiiua, e
naycaiu n iieo/aieai cia/eoaeueiie i?eauee i?e i?aaeeueiii i?iaiica oeai
eee aea iieo/aieai cia/eoaeueiuo oauoeia i?e ioeai/iii i?iaiice?iaaiee.
Aieaa neiaeiua niaeoeyoeaiua no?aoaaee – iaiaa ?eneiaaiiua e
aa?aioe?otho aieaa ieceee o?iaaiue aeioiaea i?e aeaaii?eyoiie
eiiuthieoo?a ?uiea e iaiueoea oauoee i?e iaaeaaii?eyoiie neooaoeee ia
iai. Oa?aeoa?iui i?eia?ii neiaeiuo niaeoeyoeaiuo no?aoaaee anoue
niaeoeyoeaiua no?aoaaee ia ?uiea n?i/iuo niaeaoaiee, eioi?ua aeeth/atho
eoieth-i?iaeaaeo n?i/iuo eiio?aeoia ?aciiai aeaea n ?aciuie n?ieaie e
oeaiaie eniieiaiey.

E?iia niaeoeyoeaiuo iia?aoeee aeeea?u inouanoaeytho ia ?uiea ?acee/iua
aeaeu ?eneiaaiiiai e aac?eneiaiai a?aeo?aaea. Inouanoaeaiea a?aeo?aaea
i?eaiaeeo e au?aaieaaieth oeai ia aeoeau ia ?aciuo ?uieao e e
onoaiiaeaieth ia?eoaoiuo oeai ia acaeiinaycaiiua aeoeau. A?aeo?aae ai
iiiaeo neo/ayo aeaao aiciiaeiinoue aeeea?ai iieo/eoue i?eaueue aac ?enea
e ia ioaeaeaaony a ia/aeueiuo eiaanoeoeeyo.

I?eia?ii aac?eneiaiai a?aeo?aaea iiaeao auoue iieoiea aeoeee
iaaeiaoeeiiaeueiie ei?ii?aoeee a iaeiii ?aaeiia ii ieceie e i?iaeaaea a
ae?oaii ?aaeiia ii aieaa aunieie oeaia.

?eneiaaiiue a?aeo?aae i?aeiouanoaaiii naycai n o?ainoi?iaoeeyie
aeoeeiia?iiai eaieoaea: aaie?ionoaii, neeyieai, ?ai?aaiecaoeeae e
i?eniaaeeiaieai.

A caaeneiinoe io oiai, eaeoth no?aoaaeth ?aaeecotho aeeea?u ia ?uiea, eo
?acaeaeytho ia «aueia», oa, eioi?ua ea?atho ia iiauoaiea oeai e
«iaaeaaaeae», eioi?ua ea?atho ia iiieaeaiea oeai. «Ea?a» ia iiauoaiea
caeeth/aaony a iieoiea oeaiiuo aoiaa e a aoaeouai eo i?iaeaaea. I?e
i?aaeeueiii i?iaiica ioiineoaeueii iiauoaiey oeai yoi iieoiea ii ieceie
oeaia, i?iaeaaea ii aieaa aunieie e iieo/aiea i?eauee. I?e iai?aaeeueiii
i?iaiica yoi iieoiea ii aunieie oeaia, i?iaeaaea ii aieaa ieceie e
iieo/aiea oauoeia.

«Ea?a» ia iiieaeaiea oeai caeeth/aaony a caeia oeaiiuo aoiaa e n?i/iie
eo i?iaeaaea ia ?uiea. I?e neaaeothuai nieaeaiee oeai oaeea aea oeaiiua
aoiaae iieoiathony aeaoaaea e aica?auathony eo nianoaaiieeo. Eae e ea?a
ia iiauoaiea, ea?a ia iiieaeaiea i?e i?aaeeueiii i?iaiica i?eaiaeeo e
iieo/aieth i?eauee, a i?e iai?aaeeueiii – e iieo/aieth oauoeia.

A caaeneiinoe io oiai, ia eaeii i?iiaaeooea a?aiaie aeeea?u i?iaiaeyo
naie iia?aoeee, eo ?acaeaeytho ia: neaeueia?ia, iaeiiaeiaaiuo e
iiceoeeiiiuo o?yeaea?ia.

Neaeueia?aie – iacuaatho i?ioanneiiaeueiuo oi?aiaoeaa, eioi?ua «ea?atho»
ia ieieiaeueiuo eieaaaieyo oeai e iieo/atho aeioiae ca n/ao aieueoiai
eiee/anoaa naeaeie. Eae i?aaeei, neaeueia?u ?aaeecotho ae?aeaaua
eiio?aeou /a?ac ianeieueei ieioo eee /ania iinea eo iieoiee. *aua anaai
yoi iioiaua oi?aiaoeu, eioi?ua caeeth/atho naeaeee n ae?oaeie a?iea?aie.
Neaeueia?u ?aaeei ia?aiinyo naia i?aaeeiaeaiea ia neaaeothuee aeaiue e
ea?atho ia eieaaaieyo oeai ia i?ioyaeaiee iaeiie oi?aiaie nannee.

Iaeiiaeiaaiue o?yeaea?, eae e neaeueia?, oaea?aeeaaao ?uii/ioth
iiceoeeth ia i?ioyaeaiee oi?aiaie nannee e ?aaeei inoaaeyao iiceoeeth
aei neaaeothuaai ?aai/aai aeiy. Aieueoeinoai iaeiiaeiaaiuo oi?aiaoeaa –
/eaiu ae?aee. Iaeiaei oaea?aeeaaoue iiceoeeth ia i?ioyaeaiee aeiy iiaoo
e eiaanoi?u, eioi?ua ia i?eieiatho iaiin?aaenoaaiiia o/anoea a oi?aao, a
inouanoaeytho iia?aoeee /a?ac oeiainiauo iin?aaeieeia.

Iiceoeeiiiue o?yeaea?- caieiaao iiceoeeth ii n?i/iie naeaeea e iioii
oaea?aeeaaao aa ia i?ioyaeaiee ianeieueeeo aeiae, iaaeaeue eee ianyoeaa.
A neo/aa i?aaeeueiiai i?iaiica aeaeaeaiey oeai ia ?uiea iiaeao iieo/aoue
cia/eoaeueioth i?eaueue.

Oao, eoi no?ieo naie no?aoaaee ia iniiaa a?aiaiiuo eciaiaiee oeai ia
aeoeau, iacuaatho ni?aaey?aie. Ni?aaey?u eco/atho caeiiiia?iinoe e
acaeiinaycue oeai ia aeoeau a ?aciua ia?eiaeu aiaea e i?iaiice?otho eo
ia aoaeouea ia?eiaeu. N iiiiuueth aiaeeca e i?iaiica ni?aaey?u ioia/atho
iaeneiaeueioth ?acieoeo a oeaiao e a neo/aa iiauoaiey yoie ?acieoeu
anooiatho a ae?aeaaoth ea?o. I?eia?aie no?aoaaee, eioi?ua ?aaeecothony
ni?aaey?aie ia ?uiea, iiaoo auoue eoiey-i?iaeaaea eiio?aeoia ia iaeei
aeoea, ii ia ?aciua n?iee iinoaaee.

2. Iiiyoea e nouiinoue a?iea?neie aeayoaeueiinoe

A?iea?neay aeayoaeueiinoue – yoi aeayoaeueiinoue ii caeeth/aieth naeaeie
n oeaiiuie aoiaaaie ia iniiaa aeiaiai?ia eiiennee eee ii?o/aiey. A?iea?
aunooiaao a ea/anoaa iin?aaeieea eee aaaioa eiaanoi?a, eioi?ue
aeaenoaoao io eiaie eeeaioa e ii aai ii?o/aieth e iieo/aao
aiciaa?aaeaeaiea a aeaea eiienneiiiuo. Neaaeoao ioiaoeoue, /oi a?iea?
iaycai ee/ii eniieiyoue ii?o/aiey eeeaioia, ca eneeth/aieai neo/ay
ia?aaeiaa?ey niaa?oaiey naeaeie ae?oaiio a?iea?o, anee yoa aiciiaeiinoue
i?aaeoniio?aia a aeiaiai?a n eeeaioii eee a?iea? auioaeaeai e yoiio
neeie ianoiyoaeuenoa aeey io?aiu eioa?ania naiaai eeeaioa n
oaaaeiieaieai iineaaeiaai.

A?iea?u iaycaiu eniieiyoue neaaeothuea aeaenoaey:

1. Aeiaiaeeoue aei naaaeaiey eeeaioia anth eioi?iaoeeth, naycaiioth n
ii?o/aieyie eeeaioia e eniieiaieai iaycaoaeuenoa ii aeiaiai?o
eoiee-i?iaeaaee oeaiiuo aoiaa, i?eieiaoue ia?u aeey oiai, /oiau eeeaio
iia iiiyoue oa?aeoa? ?eneia ii ?aeiiaiaeoaiie naeaeea.

2. Cai?auaaony iaieioee?iaaoue oeaiaie ia ?uiea oeaiiuo aoiaa e
iiioaeaeaoue e iieoiea eee i?iaeaaea oeaiiuo aoiaa iooai i?aaeinoaaeaiey
oiuoeaiii eneaaeaiiie eioi?iaoeee i oeaiiuo aoiaaao, yieoaioao oeaiiuo
aoiaa e oeaiao ia oeaiiua aoiaae, aeeth/ay eioi?iaoeeth,
i?aaeinoaaeaiioth a ?aeeaia.

3. A neo/aa aicieeiiaaiey eiioeeeoa eioa?ania, a oii /enea naycaiiiai n
inouanoaeaieai a?iea?ii aeeea?neie aeayoaeueiinoe, iaiaaeeaiii
oaaaeiieoue eeeaioa i aicieeiiaaiee oaeiai eiioeeeoa e i?eiyoue ana
iaiaoiaeeiua ia?u aeey aai ?ac?aoaiey a iieueco eeeaioa.

4. Niaa?oaoue naeaeee eoiee-i?iaeaaee oeaiiuo aoiaa ii ii?o/aieth
eeeaioia a ia?aii/a?aaeiii ii?yaeea ii ioiioaieth e aeeea?neei
iia?aoeeyi naiiai a?iea?a i?e niaiauaiee ei aeayoaeueiinoe a?iea?a e
aeeea?a.

5. Eniieiyoue ii?o/aiey eeeaioia a ii?yaeea eo iinooieaiey n o/aoii
nouanoaaiiuo oneiaee yoeo ii?o/aiee.

A?iea?neea eiioi?u nouanoaaiii ioee/athony eae niaeo?ii oneoa, eioi?ua
iie i?aaeinoaaeytho naiei eeeaioai, oae e ?acia?ii eiienneiiiuo.
Nouanoaotho a?iea?neea eiioi?u, eioi?ua i?aaeinoaaeytho ia?aie/aiiia
eiee/anoai oneoa ii aieaa ieceie oeaia. Oae, iai?eia?, eiaanoi?u,
eioi?ui ia ioaeiu eiinoeueoaoeee eee ae?oaea aeiiieieoaeueiua oneoae,
ia?auaynue e oaeei a?iea?neei oe?iai, iiaoo nyeiiiieoue naie n?aaenoaa.
A aieueoeinoaa neo/aaa a?iea?neea oe?iu i?aaenoaaeytho ec naay
aeiaieueii aieueoea i?aaiecaoeee. A oaeeo oe?iao einoeoooeeiiiuo e
eiaeeaeaeoaeueiuo eiaanoi?ia ianeoaeeaatho ?aciua niaoeeaeenou oe?iu.
Neaaeoao ioiaoeoue, /oi aeey eaaeaeiai eeeaioa a?iea?neay oe?ia
ioe?uaaao eeeaioneee n/ao, aeaeaeaiea n?aaenoa ia eioi?ii io?aaeaao
iia?aoeee iieoiee e i?iaeaaee ii caeaco eeeaioa oao eee eiuo oeaiiuo
aoiaa. Caeac eeeaioa ioi?ieyaony a aeaea eeeaioneie cayaee. Iniiaiie
eioi?iaoeeae, eioi?ay niaea?aeeony a eeeaioneie cayaea, anoue: iacaaiea
a?iea?neie oe?iu, aeae oeaiiie aoiaae, ?acia? cayaee, iaeneiaeueiue n?ie
eniieiaiey, oei cayaee.

?acia? cayaee iiaeao auoue au?aaeai a iieiuo eioao, ?aaiyoueny iaiieiiio
eioo eee auoue eiiaeiaoeeae iieiiai e iaiieiiai eioa. A caaeneiinoe io
n?iea eniieiaiey ?acee/atho iaeiiaeiaaiua, ia ii?aaeaeaiiue n?ie e
ioe?uoua cayaee.

Iaeiiaeiaaiay cayaea aeieaeia auoue eniieiaia ia i?ioyaeaiee aeiy. Anee
ia eiiaoe aeiy cayaea inoaeanue iaauiieiaiiie – aa aiioee?otho.

Cayaea ia ii?aaeaeaiiue n?ie (iaaeaeth, ianyoe)- aeaenoaoao ia
i?ioyaeaiee onoaiiaeaiiiai a iae n?iea, ii ieii/aiee eioi?iai iia
aaoiiaoe/anee aiioee?oaony.

Ioe?uoay cayaea – aeaenoaeoaeueia aei aa eniieiaiey eee ioiaiu eeeaioii.
*anoi oaeea cayaee o?aaotho io eiaanoi?a ?aaoey?iiai iiaeoaa?aeaeaiey
oiai, inoaaony ee cayaea aeaenoaeoaeueiie. Eiaanoi? iiaeao aeaoue oaeia
iiaeoaa?aeaeaiea ia iaaeaeth eee ianyoe, oiaaea a?iea? ianao
ioaaonoaaiiinoue ca ioiaio cayaee ii ieii/aieth oeacaiiiai a?aiaie.

Iniiaiua oeiu cayaie ii?aaeaeythony ec o?aaiaaiee eiaanoi?ia
ioiineoaeueii ia?aie/aiey oeai eoiee-i?iaeaaee oeaiiuo aoiaa e
eeanneoeoee?othony oae:

?uii/iay – cayaea ia iieoieo eee i?iaeaaeo ii?aaeaeaiiiai aeaea oeaiiie
aoiaae ii iaeaieaa auaiaeiie oaeouae oeaia. Eae i?aaeei, oaeay cayaea –
iaeiiaeiaaiay. Aieueoeinoai naeaeie ia ae?aeao caeeth/athony eiaiii ia
iniiaa ?uii/iuo cayaie;

eeieoiay – cayaea n ia?aie/aieai oeaiu. A yoii neo/aa eiaanoi?
ii?aaeaeyao eiia/ioth oeaio, oi anoue ieieiaeueioth oeaio i?iaeaaee eee
iaeneiaeueioth oeaio iieoiee oeaiiie aoiaae. Anee yoio eeieo ia aue
aeinoeaioo, oi anoue oaeouay oeaia i?iaeaaee ieaea /ai eiia/iay eee
oaeouay oeaia iieoiee auoa eiia/iie, oi a oaeii neo/aa cayaea a?iea?ii
ia eniieiyaony;

«noii»-cayaea – cayaea a?iea?o inouanoaeoue iieoieo eee i?iaeaaeo aeoeee
a oio iiiaio, eiaaea oeaia aeinoeaiao iaoneiaeaiiiai a cayaea o?iaiy, oi
anoue eoieoue aeoeee, eiaaea oeaia iiauneony aei iaicia/aiiiai a cayaea
o?iaiy eee i?iaeaoue, eiaaea oeaia oiaaeao aei iaicia/aiiiai o?iaiy. Eae
i?aaeei, iacia/aiea oaeeo cayaie – yoi no?aoiaea io aiciiaeiuo oauoeia e
iaania/aiea ieieiaeueiiai o?iaiy i?eauee;

eeieoiay «noii»-cayaea – cayaea, eioi?ay aaoiiaoe/anee i?aa?auaaony a
eeieoioth ii aeinoeaeaiee eaeie-eeai aooa?iie oeaiu. I?e i?aaeinoaaeaiee
oaeie cayaee eiaanoi? ii?aaeaeyao aeaa oeaiu: aooa?ioth eee «noii»-
oeaio e eiia/ioth oeaio eniieiaiey. Anee eeieoiay cayaea iiaeao auoue
eniieiaia ii iaiaicia/aiiie oeaia ii aeinoeaeaieth oeaiie ii?aaeaeaiiiai
o?iaiy, oi eeieoiay «noii»-cayaea iiaeao auoue ia auiieiaia aiiaua,
iineieueeo ii aeinoeaeaiee aooa?iie oeaiu iiaeao n?aco noaoue
iaaeinoeaeeiie eiia/iay oeaia eniieiaiey.

Cayaee iiaoo niaea?aeaoue ?acee/iua i?aaeinoa?aaeaiey, a eiaiii:

1) i i?aaa a?iea?a aeaenoaiaaoue ia naia oniio?aiea. Oaeia
i?aaeinoa?aaeaiea aeaao aiciiaeiinoue a?iea?o naiinoiyoaeueii
onoaiaaeeaaoue niaoeeoeeo cayaee – iieiinoueth ana aa ia?aiao?u eee
oieueei n?ie e oeaio eniieiaiey. *aua anaai oaeia i?aaeinoa?aaeaiea
ano?a/aaony a eeieoiuo cayaeao, ?aaea – a ?uii/iuo;

2) «eniieieoue eee ioiaieoue» icia/aao, /oi cayaeo ioaeii n?i/ii
eniieieoue a iieiii iauaia eee ioiaieoue.

3) «n?i/ii eniieieoue eee ioiaieoue» ioee/aaony io i?aaeuaeouae oai, /oi
cayaea iiaeao auoue eniieiaia /anoe/ii, a iaeniieiaiiay /anoue
aiioee?iaaia;

4) «oieueei a iieiii iauaia», eae i?aaeei, aeeth/aaony a cayaeo i?e
inouanoaeaiee iia?aoeee n aieueoie ia?oeae oeaiiuo aoiaa. A ioee/ea io
aeaoo i?aaeuaeoueo neo/aaa ooo ia i?aaeoniao?eaaaony n?i/iia eniieiaiea
cayaee;

5) «a iiiaio ioe?uoey eee cae?uoey» i?aaeoniao?eaaao, /oi cayaea
aeieaeia auoue eniieiaia a /enea ia?auo, n?aco iinea ioe?uoey ae?aee eee
a /enea iineaaeieo ia?aae cae?uoeai;

6) «oeaio ia iiauoaoue e ia iiieaeaoue» icia/aao, /oi oeaia,
iaicia/aiiay a cayaea, ia iiaeao ei??aeoe?iaaoueny.

I?e i?iaaaeaiee iia?aoeee ia oiiaeiaii ?uiea /a?ac iin?aaeie/anoai
a?iea?neie oe?iu eiaanoi? iiaeao ioe?uaaoue a oe?ia eee iau/iue
eeeaioneee n/ao, eee n/ao n eniieueciaaieai ia?aee. Ia?aea ioe?uaaao
ia?aae eiaanoi?ii e a?iea?neie oe?iie aieueoa aiciiaeiinoae ii
oi?aaeaieth aeaiaaeiuie iioieaie e oeaiiuie aoiaaaie eeeaioa. N/ao n
eniieueciaaieai ia?aee aeaao aiciiaeiinoue eiaanoi?o inouanoaeyoue
ia?aeeiaeueiua naeaeee e iieo/aoue a e?aaeeo oeaiiua aoiaae.

Ia?aeeiaeueiay naeaeea caeeth/aaony a oii, /oi eiaaea o eiaanoi?a ia
oaaoaao n?aaenoa aeey iieoiee oeaiiuo aoiaa, ii iiaeao i?aauneoue eeieo
ii n/aoo. Oaeei ia?acii, eeeaio iieo/aao acaeiu a a?iea?neie oe?ia, a
iia, a naith i/a?aaeue – a?iea?neee e?aaeeo a aaiea. Eae iaania/aiea
a?iea?neiai e?aaeeoa eniieuecothony oeaiiua aoiaae eiaanoi?a, eioi?ua
o?aiyony a a?iea?neie oe?ia.

Ia?aeeiaeueiua naeaeee caeeth/athony a oao neo/ayo, eiaaea iaeeaeaaony
iiauoaiey eo?na oeaiiuo aoiaa. I?e yoii i?eaueue eiaanoi?a i?aauneo
i?eaueue, iieo/aiioth ei n eniieueciaaiey iau/iiai n/aoa. Iaeiaei i?e
iaaeaiee ?uii/iuo oeai ia oeaiiua aoiaae eniieueciaaiea n/aoa n ia?aeae
i?eaaaeao e aieueoai oauoeai, /ai eniieueciaaiea iau/iiai n/aoa.

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