Учет и анализ обеспеченности оборотными средствами на примере ОПХ ‘Целинное’

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Aaaaeaiea

A nenoaia oeiainiaiai o/aoa n/aoa ii o/aoo iai?ioiuo n?aaenoa
n/eoathony iaeaieaa aeaeeie n?aaenoaaie ?aaoee?iaaiey aeioiaea e
aeaaeoi?neie caaeieaeaiiinoe. Niioiioaiey a iauae noiia iia?aoeeiiiuo
?anoiaeia io/aoiiai ia?eiaea cao?ao, o/eouaaaiuo a ninoaaa noieiinoe
caiania e ecaea?aeae io/aoiiai ia?eiaea, iaiin?aaenoaaiii aeeyao ia
noiio aaeiaie i?eauee, a neaaeiaaoaeueii, e ia ?aioaaaeueiinoue
i?aaei?eyoey. Eiaiii caeanue ia n/aoao iai?ioiuo aeoeaia i?aaei?eyoey
niaa?oaaony i?eioeei ia/eneaiey.

Iai?ioiua n?aaenoaa e a iaiueoae noaiaie e?aoein?i/iay e?aaeeoi?neay
caaeieaeaiiinoue aunooiatho naycothuei caaiii iaaeaeo io/aoii i
aeaeaeaiee aeaiaaeiuo n?aaenoa. Oaaee/aiea aeaaeoi?neie caaeieaeaiiinoe
iieacuaaao, /oi aanue i?ecaaiiue aeioiae aue iieo/ai a aeaiueaao.
Niaoeeaeenou a iaeanoe oeiainiaiai aiaeeca n/eoatho, /oi /ai aieueoa
?anoiaeaeaiea iaaeaeo aeioiaeaie, ?aaeeciaaiiuie e ia?aaeeciaaiiuie a
aeaiueaao, oai ieaea ea/anoai yoeo aeioiaeia. Aieaa oiai, oaaee/aiea
noiiu caiania /anoi oeacuaaao ia caiaaeeaiea ?aaeecaoeee, ?aceee aea
?ino caiania iiaeao naeaeaoaeuenoaiaaoue i oii, /oi i?aaei?eyoea
noieeioeinue n na?ueaciuie o?oaeiinoyie. Aeaiueae auee cao?a/aiu ia
i?eia?aoaiea iaoa?eaeia, oiaa?ia, ii ia auee aica?auaiu, oae eae
i?iaeaaea ia ninoiyeanue.

Neaaeiaaoaeueii, iiieiaiea iiaaaeaiey iai?ioiuo n?aaenoa yaeyaony
eeth/aaui a ioeaiea ?acoeueoaoia aeayoaeueiinoe i?aaei?eyoey. Aiciiaeii,
oynieoue, eae ?acee/iua aeaeu aeioiaeia aeeytho ia enoi/ieee ia?aciaaiey
e aeaeaeaiey aeaiaaeiuo n?aaenoa. Oieueei oiaaea aoaeao nicaeaia iniiaa
aeey i?iaiice?iaaiey aaee/eiu n?ieia e noaiaie ii?aaeaeaiiinoe aoaeoueo
aeaiaaeiuo iioieia.

Oa?iei «iai?ioiua n?aaenoaa» ii?aaeaeyaony eae «aeaiaaeiua e ae?oaea
n?aaenoaa eee ?ano?nu, eioi?ua i?aaeiieaaaaony eee ia?aoeoue a aeaiueae
eee i?iaeaoue, eee iio?aaeoue a oa/aiea ii?iaeueiiai iia?aoeeiiiiai
oeeeea».

A 2002 aiaeo Aeaia?oaiaio yeiiiieee e oeiainia Ieinaeueoica ?innee
niaianoii n iao/iuie i?aaiecaoeeyie i?iaae aiaeec
i?iecaiaenoaaiii-oeiainiaie aeayoaeueiinoe 25 ouny/ e?oiiuo e n?aaeieo
naeueneioicyenoaaiiuo i?aaei?eyoee. Ana i?aaei?eyoey auee ?ani?aaeaeaiu
ia oanoue a?oii. A iniiao a?oiie?iaee iieiaeaii noaiaiue iaania/aiiinoe
iai?ioiuo n?aaenoa oicyenoa nianoaaiiuie enoi/ieeaie (eaieoaeii) ia
ia/aei 2002 aiaea. Yoio iieacaoaeue io?aaeaao o?iaaiue
ieaoaaeaniiniaiinoe oicyenoaa, neiaeeaoaeny ca ?yae eao, oi anoue
noiia?ioth iaeiieaiioth caaeieaeaiiinoue.

?acoeueoaou aiaeeca iieacaee, /oi iiaeaaeythuaa aieueoeinoai
naeueoici?aaei?eyoee iaoiaeyony a e?aeia oyaeaeii oeiainiaii iieiaeaiee.
Iieiinoueth oo?aoeee nianoaaiiua iai?ioiua n?aaenoaa e eiaee eo
io?eoeaoaeueiua cia/aiey ieiei 63% i?aaei?eyoee. Ii/oe a iaeiie o?aoe
oicyenoa noaiaiue iaania/aiiinoe nianoaaiiuie iai?ioiuie n?aaenoaaie ia
i?aauoaea 75% anae noiiu iai?ioiuo aeoeaia. Iauee iaaeinoaoie
nianoaaiiuo n?aaenoa, iaiaoiaeeiue aeey eo iieiiai iaania/aiey ninoaaeye
276 ie?ae. ?oaeae.

Aiaeec iieacae, /oi /ai ooaea i?aaei?eyoey iaania/aiu nianoaaiiuie
iai?ioiuie n?aaenoaaie, oai ieaea a ieo o?iaaiue eniieueciaaiey iaoie,
i?eiaiaiey ieia?aeueiuo oaeia?aiee e ae?oaeo ?ano?nia.

Ieceay iaania/aiiinoue nianoaaiiuie iai?ioiuie n?aaenoaaie, aieaa oiai
eo oo?aoa, i?eaaee e e?aeia aunieie caaeieaeaiiinoe
naeueoici?aaei?eyoee. Noiia?iua aeieae ii anai iaycaoaeuenoaai ca
1999-2002 aiaeu au?inee aieaa /ai a aeaa ?aca e ii ninoiyieth ia
01.01.03a. ninoaaeee 322 ie?ae. ?oaeae, a oi a?aiy eae any eo aiaeiaay
au?o/ea io ?aaeecaoeee i?iaeoeoeee (?aaio, oneoa) ia i?aauoaea 317
ie?ae. ?oaeae. Iauay e?aaeeoi?neay caaeieaeaiiinoue naeueoici?aaei?eyoee
ieacaeanue auoa iieo/aiiie a 2002 aiaeo i?eauee a 519 ?ac, a oi a?aiy
eae i?aaei?eyoee anaai ia?iaeiiai oicyenoaa – oieueei a 8 ?ac.

A ianoiyuaa a?aiy a aieueoeinoaa n/o i?aaiecaoeee ii/oe ana iai?ioiua
n?aaenoaa caiauaiu i?in?i/aiiie e ion?i/aiiie e?aaeeoi?neie
caaeieaeaiiinoueth. Ia ia/aei oaeouaai aiaea i?in?i/aiioth
e?aaeeoi?neoth caaeieaeaiiinoue eiaee 85% oicyenoa, a iauay aa noiia
ninoaaeyea 170,5 ie?ae. ?oaeae. I?in?i/aiiay e?aaeeoi?neay
caaeieaeaiiinoue i?aauoaea aeaaeoi?neoth a 8,4 ?aca. Oaeiai iieiaeaiey
iao ie a iaeiie ae?oaie io?anee yeiiiieee.

Iaoaaoea iai?ioiuo oiiaeia ?acei oaaee/eaaao ecaea?aeee i?iecaiaenoaa,
aeaeaao n/o i?iaeoeoeeth ia oieueei eiieo?aioiniiniaiie, ii e i?inoi
oauoi/iie. Iaaeinoaoie iai?ioiuo n?aaenoa iiaeao yaeyoueny neaaenoaeai
eae aiaoieo oneiaee (iaiiia?ii aunieiai o?iaiy aeenia?eoaoa oeai), oae e
aioo?aiieo oaeoi?ia (ieceiai o?iaiy iaiaaeaeiaioa ia i?aaei?eyoee).

Eae iieacae aiaeec aeaiiuo aeayoaeueiinoe n/o e?ay 450 ec 950 n/o
i?aaei?eyoee a Aeoaeneii e?aa – aaie?iou. Inoaeueiua 500 i?aaei?eyoee,
aiciiaeii, iioee au ia oeiainiaia icaei?iaeaiea, ia ieo i?eoiaeeony 900
iei. ?oa. caaeieaeaiiinoe ii iaeiaai e ieaoaaeai, eioi?ay iiaeao auoue
?ano?oeoo?eciaaia, ii iaycaoaeueii oiea/aia.

Oieueei iieiaeia ec 500 i?aaei?eyoee niiaeao ia yoi iieoe, iniiaiia
oneiaea – iieaoa oaeoueo ieaoaaeae – aeey aieueoeinoaa ia auiieieii.

Aieueoie i?iaeaiie yaeyaony auaic ca?ia ca i?aaeaeu e?ay. Ec-ca oeaiiaie
?acieoeu ia ca?ii inaiueth 2002 aiaea e aaniie 2003 aiaea e?ae eeoeeny,
ii naiui ne?iiiui iiaen/aoai, ii?yaeea 3 ie?ae. ?oaeae iai?ioiuo
n?aaenoa, ec ieo 600 iei. ?oaeae aeioiaeu athaeaeaoiie nenoaiu.

Neaaeoy ec anaai yoiai iiaeii neacaoue, /oi a no?aia e a e?aa ana n/o
i?aaei?eyoey ieioi iaania/aiu nianoaaiiuie iai?ioiuie n?aaenoaaie.

Oeaeueth yoie eo?niaie ?aaiou yaeyaony eco/aiea neiaeeaoaeny i?aeoeee
o/aoa iai?ioiuo oiiaeia IIO «Oeaeeiiia», aiaeec iaania/aiiinoe e
yooaeoeaiinoe eniieueciaaiey yoeo oiiaeia a aeaiiii oicyenoaa. Aeey
oiai, /oiau ?aoeoue iinoaaeaiiua caaea/e, auee eniieueciaaiu
aooaaeoa?neea aiaeiaua io/aou e aeieoiaiou oicyenoaa, niaoeeaeueiay
eeoa?aoo?a ii aooaaeoa?neiio o/aoo e aiaeeco oicyenoaaiiie
aeayoaeueiinoe i?aaei?eyoee.

Eo?niaay ?aaioa ninoieo ec 3 /anoae. A ia?aii ?acaeaea ?anniao?eaathony
iauea aii?inu i?aaiecaoeeiiii-yeiiiie/aneie oa?aeoa?enoeee IIO
«Oeaeeiiia»; ai aoi?ii – o/ao iai?ioiuo n?aaenoa; a o?aoueai – aiaeec
iaania/aiiinoe e yooaeoeaiinoe eniieueciaaiey iai?ioiuo n?aaenoa a
oicyenoaa.

1 ?acaeae: Iauay oa?aeoa?enoeea IIO «Oeaeeiiia»

1.1. Enoi?ey ia?aciaaiey oicyenoaa e aai ianoiiieiaeaiea

Iiuoii-i?iecaiaenoaaiiia oicyenoai «Oeaeeiiia» i?aaieciaaii ia iniiaaiee
i?eeaca ?270 io 21.10.63a. Aeoaeneiai IEENOICA e ca?aaeno?e?iaaii
Iinoaiiaeaieai Aaeieieno?aoeee Eeth/aaneiai ?aeiia Aeoaeneiai e?ay ?263
io 05.08.93a. Oicyenoai yaeyaony ainoaea?noaaiiui oieoa?iui
i?aaei?eyoeai, eioi?ia iaoiaeeony a iaiin?aaenoaaiiii iiae/eiaiee
ainoaea?noaaiiiai IOE caieaaeaeey e naeaeoeee naeueneioicyenoaaiiie
iiuoiie noaioeee Eoeoiaeeineie.

Oicyenoai yaeyaony th?eaee/aneei eeoeii, eiaao iainiaeaiiia eiouanoai,
?an/aoiue e eiua n/aoa a o/?aaeaeaieyo aaieia, ia/aoue ni naiei
iaeiaiiaaieai, aeaiee.

?aniieiaeaii oicyenoai a aaeieieno?aoeaiii iieiaeaiee a 3 ei io
aeaeaciiaei?iaeiie noaioeee Eeth/e – Neaaai?iaeneea e naea Eeth/e,
yaeythuaainy oeaio?ii ?aeiia. N ai?iaeii Aa?iaoeii – e?aaaui oeaio?ii
Aeoaeneiai e?ay, oicyenoai naycaii aei?iaie n oaa?aeui iie?uoeai.
TH?eaee/aneee aae?an IIO «Oeaeeiiia»: 658995 Aeoaeneee e?ae, Eeth/aaneie
?aeii, i. Oeaeeiiue, oe. Iooeeia, aeii 10.

Iniiaiay caaea/a oicyenoaa – iaania/aiea oniaoiiai i?iaaaeaiey
iao/ii-enneaaeiaaoaeueneeo ?aaio i?iecaiaenoaa ni?oiauo naiyi
naeueneioicyenoaaiiuo eoeueoo?, oaaee/aiea i?iecaiaenoaa
naeueneioicyenoaaiiie i?iiuoeaiiie i?iaeoeoeee, nieaeaiea aa
naaanoieiinoe, iiauoaiea ?aioaaaeueiinoe i?iecaiaenoaa. Naith
aeayoaeueiinoue oicyenoai inouanoaeyao a niioaaonoaee n onoaaii
i?aaei?eyoey.

1.2. I?e?iaeii-eeeiaoe/aneay e ii/aaiiay oa?aeoa?enoeea ciiu

Oicyenoai ?aniieiaeaii a noaiiie Eoeoiaeeineie ciia. Iniaaiiinoueth
i?e?iaeiuo oneiaee oicyenoaa yaeyaony ?aceay eiioeiaioaeueiinoue e
canooeeainoue eeeiaoa. Aunieea eaoiea e ieceea ceiiea oaiia?aoo?u
aicaeooa, ia?aie/aiiia eiee/anoai aoiinoa?iuo inaaeeia, aeiiieiythony
/anouie e neeueiuie aao?aie.

N?aaeiaaiaeiaia eiee/anoai inaaeeia auiaaeaao a caiaaeiie /anoe ieiei
230-250 ii, a ainoi/iie-300-320 ii. Ca ia?eiae aaaaoaoeee iieaauo
eoeueoo? auiaaeaao 100-180 ii, a oii /enea n iay ii etheue,
aeeth/eoaeueii ia aieaa 110 ii. ?ani?aaeaeaiea inaaeeia oeie/ii aeey
canooeeauo ?aeiiia Caiaaeiie Neae?e – iacia/eoaeueiia, a a ethea e a
aaaonoa auiaaeaao ii/oe 40% aiaeiaie ii?iu. Niaaiaie iie?ia iau/ii ia
auoa 10-15 ni. *enei aeiae a aiaeo ni nei?inoueth aao?a aieaa 15 i/n
eieaaeaony io 51 aei 100.

Eaaeea ii iaoaie/aneiio ninoaao ii/au a iniiaiii eaooaiiaua,
oaiii-eaooaiiaua e nieii/aeiaua. A ainoi/iuo, aieaa oaeaaeiaiiuo,
?aeiiao ciiu, iie niaiythony thaeiuie /a?iicaiiuie, ianoaie
nieii/aeiauie. Ii/aaiiue iie?ia ii iaoaie/aneiio ninoaao oa?aeoa?ecoaony
aieueoei eiee/anoaii y?iceeiiiianiuo /anoeoe, eaaei iiaeaa?aaaony
aao?iaie y?icee, iaeaaeaao iaeie iiuiinoueth ia?aaiieiiai ai?eciioa n
iaaieueoei niaea?aeaieai aoiona (2-3%), acioa (8-10i/ea ii/au) e oinoi?a
(10-15ia/100a ii/au). Oaeiaeaoai?eoaeueiua aiaeii-oece/aneea naienoaa.

1.3. Caieaiieueciaaiea IIO «Oeaeeiiia»

Caiey a n/o yaeyaony aeaaiui n?aaenoaii i?iecaiaenoaa. A ioee/ea io
ae?oaeo n?aaenoa i?iecaiaenoaa, eiee/anoai caiee ia iiaeao auoue
oaaee/aii ii oniio?aieth /aeiaaea, iiyoiio ?aoeeiiaeueiia eniieueciaaiea
caiee a eaaeaeii oicyenoaa yaeyaony eneeth/eoaeueii aeooaeueiie
caaea/ae.

Iniiaiia iai?aaeaiea IIO «Oeaeeiiia» – yeeoii-naiaiiaiae/aneia n.
Oicyenoai caieiaaony au?aueaaieai yeeoiuo ni?oia ioaieoeu,
iiaenieia/ieea, eoeo?ocu e i?i/eo ca?iiauo e ei?iiauo eoeueoo?.

No?oeoo?o caieaiieueciaaiey oicyenoaa ca iineaaeiea o?e aiaea iiaeii
?anniio?aoue a oaaeeoea 1.1.

Oaaeeoea 1.1.

?acia? e no?oeoo?a caiaeueiuo oaiaeee

IIO «Oeaeeiiia» ca 2000-2002 aa. (aa)

Iieacaoaee

2000

2001

2002Eciaiaiea 2002a. ii n?aaiaieth n (+;-)20002001Anaai caiaeue

a o./.10825

1082510825–n/o oaiaeee ec ieo:944694259425-21– iaoiy852684038403-123–
naiieinu31919160– ianoaeua88993193142– eonoa?ieee1962002004–
aieioa181818— aei?iae6160601-1-I?i/ea306304304-2-

Eae aeaeii ec oaaeeoeu, ca iineaaeiea o?e aiaea iauaa eiee/anoai caiaeue
oicyenoaa ia eciaieeinue, ii i?iecioee iaeioi?ua eciaiaiey a eo
no?oeoo?a. Iauay ieiuaaeue n/o oaiaeee nie?aoeeanue ia 21 aa. Oaeia
eciaiaiea n/o oaiaeee i?iecioei ca n/ao nie?auaiey iaoie ia 123 aa, oae
eae naiieinu oaaee/eeenue ia 60 aa., a ianoaeua ia 42 aa. Oaaee/eeanue
ieiuaaeue eonoa?ieeia ia 4 aa. Aieioa inoaeenue iaeciaiiuie, a aio
aei?iae nie?aoeeenue ia 1 aa. Eoae, iiaeii naeaeaoue auaiae, /oi
no?oeoo?a caiaeueiuo oaiaeee aeiaieueii onoie/eaa. Eciaiaiey a no?oeoo?a
n/o oaiaeee iiaeii iauynieoue oai, /oi a 2001 aiaeo iaeioi?ua eoeueoo?u
oicyenoai ia?anoaei i?iecaiaeeoue, i?iecaiaenoai ae?oaeo oaaee/eei, a
i?iecaiaenoai i?i/eo eoeueoo? nie?aoeei.

1.4. Niaoeeaeecaoeey IIO «Oeaeeiiia»

Aaaeiui ?aca?aii ?inoa i?iecaiaenoaa naeueneioicyenoaaiiie i?iaeoeoeee e
iiauoaiea ?aioaaaeueiinoe yaeyaony niaoeeaeecaoeey e eiioeaio?aoeey
i?iecaiaenoaa. Niaoeeaeecaoeey e io?aneaaay no?oeoo?a oicyenoaa
?acaeaathony iiae aicaeaenoaeai aeaoo aeeaiao?aeueii i?ioeaiiieiaeiuo
oaiaeaioeee. N iaeiie noi?iiu, oaeoaeythuaany iauanoaaiiia ?acaeaeaiea
o?oaea niinianoaoao ana aieaa oceie eo niaoeeaeecaoeee, n ae?oaie
iniaaiiinoe n/o i?iecaiaenoaa aucuaatho iaiaoiaeeiinoue iiiaiio?aneaaiai
i?aaei?eyoey.

IIO «Oeaeeiiia» iiaeii ioianoe e iiiaiio?aneaaui oicyenoaai. Iniiaiia
iai?aaeaiea oicyenoaa – yeeoii-naiaiiaiae/aneia n ?acaeoui
neioiaiaenoaii. *oiau ii?aaeaeeoue niaoeeaeecaoeeth IIO «Oeaeeiiia»,
ioaeii ?anniio?aoue no?oeoo?o oiaa?iie i?iaeoeoeee (oaaeeoea 1.2.).

Oaaeeoea 1.2.

No?oeoo?a oiaa?iie i?iaeoeoeee IIO «Oeaeeiiia»

ca 2000-2002aa. (a oeaiao ?aaeecaoeee)

Iieacaoaee

2000

2001

2002Eciaiaiea no?oeoo?u a % ii ioiioaieth e
Noiia%Noiia%Noiia%20002001Anaai au?o/ea

a o./.151231001939910025482100–1)io i?iaeaaee i?iaeoeoeee
?anoaieaaiaenoaa

9065

59,94

10059

51,85

16822

66,03

6,09

14,18- ca?iiauo796452,66600830,971182746,46-6,2415,45-
iiaenieia/ieea9556,31350618,07436917,1510,18-0,92- i?i/ea eoeueoo?u

146

0,97

545

2,81

626

2,46

1,49

-0,352)io i?iaeaaee i?iaeoeoeee aeeaioiiaiaenoaa

2187

14,46

4036

20,81

3522

13,82

-0,64

-6,99- iieiei184412,19356618,38273610,74-1,45-7,64- iyni a aeeaie ianna

307

2,03

430

2,22

751

2,95

0,92

0,73- i?i/ay i?iaeoeoeey

36

0,24

40

0,21

31

0,12

-0,12

-0,093)i?iiuoeaiiay i?iaeoeoeey

581

3,84

600

3,09

661

2,59

-1,25

-0,5- ia?a?aaioea i?iaeoeoeee ?anoaieaaiaenoaa

249

1,65

147

0,75

144

0,56

-1,09

-0,19- ia?a?aaioea i?iaeoeoeee aeeaioiiaiaenoaa

332

2,19

453

2,34

517

2,03

-0,16

-0,31- i?i/ay i?iiuoeaiiay i?iaeoeoeey

-4) auiieiaii ?aaio, oneoa

1795

11,87

2441

12,85

2287

8,97

-2,9

-3,615) i?iaeaii oiaa?ia

1495

9,89

2263

11,67

2190

8,59

-1,3

-3,08

Ec oaaeeoeu aeaeii, /oi niaoeeaeecaoeeae IIO «Oeaeeiiia» yaeyaony
i?iecaiaenoai i?iaeoeoeee ?anoaieaaiaenoaa, i?e/ai ca?iiauo eoeueoo?, a
io?aneue aeeaioiiaiaenoaa yaeyaony aniiiiaaoaeueiie. Aeiey i?iaeoeoeee
?anoaieaaiaenoaa n eaaeaeui aiaeii oaaee/eaaaony ca n/ao oiaiueoaiey
aeieae i?iaeoeoeee i?i/eo io?aneae.

Aeiey au?o/ee io i?iaeaaee i?iaeoeoeee ?anoaieaaiaenoaa a no?oeoo?a
oiaa?iie i?iaeoeoeee oicyenoaa ninoaaeea a 66,03% 2002 aiaeo. Aeiey
i?iaeoeoeee aeeaioiiaiaenoaa io anao i?iaeaae ninoaaeea anaai 13,82%,
i?e/ai i?aeiouanoaaiii iieiea (10,74%). Aeiey au?o/ee a oeaeii ii
oicyenoao oaaee/eeanue ia 6083 oun. ?oa. a 2002 aiaeo ii n?aaiaieth n
2000 a. Aeiee i?i/eo io?aneae a no?oeoo?a i/aiue iacia/eoaeueiu. Oaeia
niioiioaiea e ii?aaeaeyao niaoeeaeecaoeeth oicyenoaa. Aieueoa iieiaeiu
anae au?o/ee io i?iaeaae i?eoiaeeony ia i?iaeoeoeeth ?anoaieaaiaenoaa.

1.5. Iniiaiua iieacaoaee aeayoaeueiinoe IIO «Oeaeeiiia»

I?aaeiinueeie i?aaiecaoeee e?oiiiai i?iecaiaenoaa a naeueneii oicyenoaa
yaeyaony nicaeaiea e?oiiuo oicyenoa, oioy «e?oiiia oicyenoai» e «e?oiiia
i?iecaiaenoai» ia yaeythony iiiyoeyie eaeaioe/iuie.

A e?oiiii oicyenoaa n eceeoia aieueoei eiee/anoaii io?aneae e
ia?aoeeiiaeueiie niaoeeaeecaoeeae i?iecaiaenoaaiiuo iiae?acaeaeaiee
aiieia iiaeao eiaoue ianoi iaeeia iaeiyooaeoeaiia i?iecaiaenoai.

?acia?u i?iecaiaenoaa IIO «Oeaeeiiia» iiaeii ?anniio?aoue,
i?iaiaeece?iaaa iniiaiua yeiiiie/aneea iieacaoaee, oaeea eae noieiinoue
aaeiaie i?iaeoeoeee, ieiuaaeue n/o oaiaeee, o?iaeaeiinoue ca?iiauo e
o.ae. (oaaeeoea 1.3.)

Oaaeeoea 1.3.

Iniiaiua iieacaoaee aeayoaeueiinoe IIO «Oeaeeiiia»

ca 2000-2002 aa.

? i.i.

Iieacaoaee

2000

2001

2002Eciaiaiea 2002a. ii n?aaiaieth n (%)200020011.Aaeiaay i?iaeoeoeey ii
naaanoieiinoe (oun. ?oa.) a o./.

16417

19565

23032

140,3

117,7a)i?iaeoeoeey ?anoaieaaiaenoaa

6785

9502

10001

147,4

105,3- ca?iiaua336055205316158,296,3- iiaenieia/iee6851019941137,492,3-
i?i/ea eoeueoo?u274029633744136,6126,4a)i?iaeoeoeey aeeaioiiaiaenoaa

5362

5711

8635

161,0

152,2- iieiei 218327964263178,9152,5- i?eaan E?N266525423777141,7148,6-
i?i/ay i?iaeoeoeey314373595189,5159,52.Aaeiaie nai? ca?ia (oe)

21106

45450

61830

292,9

136,03.Aaeiaie iaaeie iieiea (oe)

6412

9431

9735

151,8

103,24.Aaeiaie i?eaan (oe)507698766151,1109,75.Ieiuaaeue n/o oaiaeee
(aa) a o./.94469425942599,8100- iaoie85268403840398,61006.O?iaeaeiinoue
ca?iiauo (oe/aa)

6,0

1,3

15,1

251,7

133,67. N?aaeiaaiaeiaia iiaieiauea neioa (aie.)

791

847

862

109,0

101,88.Iaaeie ia 1 oo?aaeioth ei?iao (ea)

1973

2634

2704

137,1

102,69.Cao?aou o?oaea anaai (/ae./an.) a o./.65159851979,786,8- a
?anoaieaaiaenoaa176202188106,893,1- a
aeeaioiiaiaenoaa17914815184,4102,0- a i?iiuoeaiiii i?iecaiaenoaa

50

53

30

60

56,610.N?aaeiaaiaeiaay c/i (?oa.)

9053

10899

20216

223,3

185,5

11.Oeiainiaue ?acoeueoao (oun.?oa.)

+161

+1659

+3858

+2396,2

+232,5- io i?iaeaaee i?iaeoeoeee ?anoaieaaiaenoaa

2277

3065

225

405,1

301,0- io i?iaeaaee i?iaeoeoeee aeeaioiiaiaenoaa

-3161

-1597

-4400

-139,2

-275,5

?anniio?aa aeaiiua oaaeeoeu iiaeii naeaeaoue auaiae i ?acoeueoaoao
aeayoaeueiinoe oicyenoaa ca 2002 aiae. Aaeiaie nai? ca?ia oaaee/eeny ia
36,0%, yoi naycaii n aunieie o?iaeaeiinoueth (15,1 oe/aa, /oi ia 33,6%
auoa, /ai a 2001 aiaeo), o.e. ieiuaaeue n/o oaiaeee a oii /enea e iaoiy
inoaeenue iaeciaiiu. Oaaee/aiea aaeiaiai nai?a ca?ia iiaeeyei ia
nieaeaiea naaanoieiinoe ca?iiauo ia 3,7%. Ii oai ia iaiaa, ca n/ao
oaaee/aiey naaanoieiinoe i?i/eo eoeueoo? ia 26,4%, naaanoieiinoue
i?iaeoeoeee ?anoaieaaiaenoaa oaaee/eeanue ia 5,3%.

Aaeiaie iaaeie oaaee/eeny ii n?aaiaieth n 2001 aiaeii ia 3,2%. Oaeia
iacia/eoaeueiia oaaee/aiea naycaii, i?aaeaea anaai, n ieceeie iaaeiyie
ia iaeio oo?aaeioth ei?iao, ii n?aaiaieth n i?ioeui aiaeii yoe iaaeie
nieceeenue ia 34,5%. A aio oaaee/aiea n?aaeiaaiaeiaiai iiaieiauey neioa
ia 1,8% iiaeeyei eae ia iiauoaiea aaeiaiai iaaeiy, oae e ia aaeiaie
i?eaan. Oi?ioay ei?iiaay aaca e aieueoia iiaieiauea neioa iaania/eee
oaaee/aiea i?eaana ia 9,7% a 2002 aiaeo ii n?aaiaieth n i?ioeui.
Iacia/eoaeueiua oaaee/aiey a i?iecaiaenoaa i?iaeoeoeee aeeaioiiaiaenoaa
e aucaaee oaeia iiauoaiea naaanoieiinoe yoie i?iaeoeoeee.

Cao?aou o?oaea ii anai io?aneyi nieceeenue ia 13,2%, ca n/ao nieaeaiey
cao?ao o?oaea a ?anoaieaaiaenoaa ia 6,9% e i?iiuoeaiiii i?iecaiaenoaa ia
43,4%, o.e. cao?aou o?oaea a aeeaioiiaiaenoaa oaaee/eeenue ia 2%.

Iiauoaiea c/i ?aaioieeia oicyenoaa ia 85,5% naycaii i?aaeaea ia n
iiauoaieai naaanoieiinoe (ia 17,7%), a a aieueoae noaiaie n
iaiaoiaeeiinoueth. Ianiio?y ia oaaee/aiea iauaia i?iecaiaenoaa
i?iaeoeoeee aeeaioiiaiaenoaa i?eaueueiie yoa io?aneue ia yaeyaony, a
iaiai?io – oauoie oaaee/eeny ia 175,5% ii n?aaiaieth n i?ioeui aiaeii,
a aio i?iaeaaea i?iaeoeoeee ?anoaieaaiaenoaa i?eianea i?eaueue ia 201%
aieueoa, /ai a i?ioeii. Eiaiii n yoie io?aneueth naycai oi?ioee
oeiainiaue ?acoeueoao aeayoaeueiinoe IIO «Oeaeeiiia» – ii ieacaeny ia
132,5% auoa, /ai a 2001 aiaeo.

1.6. Iaania/aiiinoue IIO «Oeaeeiiia» ?aai/ae neeie

Iaeiei ec aaaeiaeoeo oneiaee iaania/aiiinoe auiieiaiey ieaia
i?iecaiaenoaa e ?aaeecaoeee i?iaeoeoeee yaeyaony iaania/aiiinoue
oicyenoaa ?aai/ae neeie e aa ?aoeeiiaeueiia eniieueciaaiea.

Iaania/aiiinoue oicyenoaa o?oaeiauie ?ano?naie oa?aeoa?ecoaony
/eneaiiinoueth ia?niiaea, aai ninoaaa ii a?oiiai, i?ioanneyi, ?ac?yaeai,
eeanneoeeaoeee e o.ae.

Anee iiniio?aoue ii aeaiiui Oi?iu ?5-AIE aiaeiaiai aooaaeoa?neiai io/aoa
IIO «Oeaeeiiia» (i?eeiaeaiea ?1), oi aeaeii, /oi n?aaeianieni/iay
/eneaiiinoue ?aaioieeia a 2002 aiaeo nie?aoeeanue, a a i?aaeuaeouea aeaa
aiaea auea aunieie. A 2000 aiaeo n?aaeiaaiaeiaay /eneaiiinoue
?aaioieeia ninoaaeyea 322 /aeiaaea, a 2001 – 326 /aeiaae, a 2002 – 268
/aeiaae, /oi ia 58 /aeiaae iaiueoa, /ai a i?ioeii aiaeo.

Oaeia oiaiueoaiea a n?aaeiaaiaeiaie /eneaiiinoe i?iecioei ca n/ao
nie?auaiey /eneaiiinoe ?aaioieeia, caiyouo a n/o i?iecaiaenoaa, a 2002
aiaeo ii n?aaiaieth n i?ioeui ia 52 /aeiaaea.

*eneaiiinoue neoaeaueo a 2000-2001 aa. ninoaaeyea 47 /aeiaae, a a 2002-
40 /aeiaae, /oi ia 7 /aeiaae iaiueoa /ai a i?aaeuaeouea aeaa aiaea. Ia
oaeia oiaiueoaiea neoaeaueo iiaeeyei oiaiueoaiea /eneaiiinoe
?oeiaiaeeoaeae ia 3 /aeiaaea e niaoeeaeenoia – ia 8 /aeiaae.

*eneaiiinoue ?aaioieeia, caiyouo a iiaeniaiuo i?iiuoeaiiuo i?aaei?eyoeyo
e i?iiuneao a 2000-2001aa. ninoaaeea 28 /aeiaae, a a 2002 – 22 /aeiaaea,
/oi ia 6 /aeiaae iaiueoa, /ai a 2000-2001 aa.

Ii inoaeueiui eaoaai?eyi ?aaioieeia ca iineaaeiea o?e aiaea
cia/eoaeueiuo eciaiaiee a /eneaiiinoe ia auei.

1.7. Iaania/aiiinoue iniiaiuie i?iecaiaenoaaiiuie oiiaeaie e iieacaoaee
eo eniieueciaaiey

Aeey oiai, /oiau ociaoue ianeieueei IIO «Oeaeeiiia» iaania/aii IIO,
ioaeii ?anniio?aoue oaaeeoeo 1.4.

Oaaeeoea 1.4.

Iaania/aiiinoue IIO e iieacaoaee eo eniieueciaaiey IIO «Oeaeeiiia» ca
2000-2002 a

? i.i.Iieacaoaee2000200120022002 a % e20002001

1.N?aaeiaaiaeiaay noieiinoue IIO (oun.?oa.)

74346,5

79331,5

79873

107,4

100,7

2.

Aaeiaay i?iaeoeoeey ii naaanoieiinoe (oun.?oa.)

16417

19565

23032

140,3

117,7

3. N?aaeianieni/iay /eneaiiinoue ?aaioieeia (/ae.)

322

326

268

83,2

82,24.Ieiuaaeue n/o oaiaeee (aa)94469425942599,7100

5.Oiiaeiiaania/aiiinoue ia 100 aa n/o oaiaeee (oun.?oa.)

787,07

841,71

847,46

107,7

100,76.Oiiaeiaii?oaeaiiinoue (oun.?oa.)

23089

243,35

298,03

129,03

122,57.Oiiaeiioaea/a ia 100 ?oa. IIO

22,08

24,66

28,84

130,6

117,0

8.Oiiaeiaieinoue ia 100 ?oa. aaeiaie i?iaeoeoeee (oun.?oa.)

452,86

405,48

346,79

81,4

85,5

Eae aeaeii ec oaaeeoeu, iaania/aiiinoue oicyenoaa IIO ia neeoeii auniea
e ?anoao ieceeie oaiiaie. Oiiaeiiaania/aiiinoue IIO oaaee/eeanue eeoue
ia 0,7%. Oaeia eciaiaiea naycaii n iiauoaieai n?aaeiaaiaeiaie noieiinoe
IIO ia 0,7%, o.e. ieiuaaeue n/o oaiaeee inoaeanue iaeciaiiie. Oaaee/aiea
oiiaeiaii?oaeaiiinoe ia 22,5% naycaii ni nieaeaieai n?aaeianieni/iie
/eneaiiinoe ?aaioieeia IIO «Oeaeeiiia» ia 17,8%. Iaania/aiiinoue
oicyenoaa IIO inoaeanue i?aaeiae, o.e. oaaee/aiea n?aaeiaaiaeiaie
noieiinoe IIO i/aiue ia cia/eoaeueiu, a aio yooaeoeaiinoue eo
eniieueciaaiey iiauoaaony.

Oiiaeiaieinoue oaaee/eeanue ia 4,1%, aneaaenoaea /aai oiiaeiioaea/a
nieceeanue ia 13,6%, yoi cia/eo, /oi IIO oicyenoai eniieuecoao
iayooaeoeaii.

1.8. I?aaiecaoeey ?aaiou oeiainiaie neoaeau IIO «Oeaeeiiia»

A IIO «Oeaeeiiia» aeaenoaoao oeaio?aeeciaaiiay aooaaeoa?neay neoaeaa. Ai
aeaaa neoaeau noieo aeaaiue aooaaeoa? Oeuaaiei Naaoeaia Ieeieaaaia. A
iiae/eiaiee o aeaaiiai aooaaeoa?a ninoieo caianoeoaeue aeaaiiai
aooaaeoa?a Eaauaiei Aaeaioeia A?eai?ueaaia e ana ae?oaea aooaaeoa?a
oicyenoaa.

Aooaaeoa?ey IIO «Oeaeeiiia» ninoieo ec /aou?ao ioaeaeia: ?an/aoiay
a?oiia – ninoieo ec o?ao aooaaeoa?ia: TH?/aiei Ethaiaue Aeieo?eaaia,
Aenaiiaa Aeaia Aeaenaiae?iaia e Oeuaaiei Iaoaeuey Ieeieaaaia;
iaoa?eaeueiay a?oiia – *eaeaeeia Ethaeieea Aiae?aaaia; i?iecaiaenoaaiiay
a?oiia – Ai?iaay Ethaiaue Ieoaeeiaia e Eaauaiei Aaeaioeia A?eai?ueaaia;
aooaaeoa?-eanne? – A?uneaiiaa Aaeeia Aeoaeaoeoeiaia.

Noaia 1.1.

Aooaaeoa?neay neoaeaa

Aeaaiue

aooaaeoa?

Caianoeoaeue

aeaaiiai

aooaaeoa?a

Eanne??an/aoiay

a?oiiaIaoa?eaeueiay

a?oiiaI?iecaiaenoaaiiay

a?oiia

Aeaaiue aooaaeoa? aaaeao aeo?iaeu-i?aea?a ?1; ?2; ?3 e ?6, aiaeiaie
aooaaeoa?neee io/ao e i?i/ea io/aou.

A oicyenoaa aaaeaony aeo?iaeueii-i?aea?iay oi?ia o/aoa, oaeaea a
oicyenoaa anoue eiiiuethoa?. Ia eiiiuethoa?a ?aaioaao Oeuaaiei Iaoaeuey
Ieeieaaaia, iia caiieiyao iaineiiiua ea?oi/ee, ia/eneyao iaeia ia
aeioiaeu oece/aneeo eeoe e ?aciineo ana iia?aoeee ii n/aoai.

Ieaiiaue ioaeae aue eeeaeaee?iaai, eae «ia eiathuee ia?niaeoea a
oneiaeyo ia?aoiaea ia ?uii/iua ioiioaiey». Ana aai caaea/e auee
ia?aaeaiu aeaaiiio yeiiiienoo.

N 1 yiaa?y 2002 aiaea ?aaioieee aooaaeoa?ee oicyenoaa ?aaioatho ii
iiaiio ieaio n/aoia, eioi?ue ?ac?aaioai ai eniieiaiea I?ia?aiiu
?aoi?ie?iaaiey aooaaeoa?neiai o/aoa a niioaaonoaea n iaaeaeoia?iaeiuie
noaiaea?oaie oeiainiaie io/aoiinoe.

O/eouaay oi, /oi ca iineaaeiaa a?aiy i?iecioee aieueoea eciaiaiey a
aooaaeoa?neii o/aoa e iaeiaiiaeiaeaiee, ia?aae ?aaioieeaie aooaaeoa?ee
noieo aieueoay caaea/a ii iiauoaieth naiaai i?ioanneiiaeueiiai o?iaiy,
eco/aiea iieiaeaiee ii AO Iaeiaiaiai eiaeaena ?O. Iaiaoiaeeii i?eia?anoe
aeey ?aaiou 2-3 eiiiuethoa?a, a ianoiyuaa a?aiy yoi e?aeia iaiaoiaeeii,
o.e. ana io/aou ii athaeaeaoo e aiaathaeaeaoiui oiiaeai naeathony no?iai
ia aeeneaoao.

Ia i?aaei?eyoee ooaa?aeaeai i?eeac ia o/aoiie iieeoeea oicyenoaa, ia
iniiaaiee eioi?iai inouanoaeyaony aooaaeoa?neee o/ao a oicyenoaa.

Ai a?aiy i?iaa?ee iaeiaiaie einiaeoeee a?oauo ia?ooaiee iaia?oaeaii ia
auei. Ii auea ia/eneaia iaiy ca ianaiaa?aiaiioth oieaoo, oae eae a
oicyenoaa ia oaaoaao n?aaenoa aeey ?an/aoia n e?aaeeoi?aie.

1.9. Auaiaeu e i?aaeeiaeaiey

Eoae, ca 2002 aiae IIO «Oeaeeiiia» a naiai ?acaeoee aeinoeaei iaieioeo
?acoeueoaoia. Eiee/anoai caiaeue oicyenoaa ia eciaieeinue, ii i?iecioee
iaeioi?ua eciaiaiey a eo no?oeoo?a. Nie?aoeeanue iauay ieiuaaeue n/o
oaiaeee (21aa) ca n/ao nie?auaiey iaoie (123aa). A aio naiieinu e
ianoaeua oaaee/eeenue (ia 60 e 42aa). Iiaeii neacaoue, /oi no?oeoo?a
caiaeueiuo oaiaeee IIO «Oeaeeiiia» aeiaieueii onoie/eaa.
Niaoeeaeecaoeeae IIO «Oeaeeiiia» yaeyaony i?iecaiaenoai i?iaeoeoeee
?anoaieaaiaenoaa, a io?aneue aeeaioiiaiaenoaa yaeyaony aniiiiaaoaeueiie.
Aeiey i?iaeoeoeee ?anoaieaaiaenoaa n eaaeaeui aiaeii oaaee/eaaaony,
o.e. aieueoa iieiaeiu anae au?o/ee io i?iaeaae i?eoiaeeony ia
i?iaeoeoeeth ?anoaieaaiaenoaa. Aeiey i?iaeoeoeee aeeaioiiaiaenoaa io
anao i?iaeaae iacia/eoaeueii oaaee/eeanue (ia 13,82%), i?e/ai
i?aeiouanoaaiii iieiea (ia 10,74%). A oeaeii ii oicyenoao au?o/ea
au?inea (ia 6083 oun. ?oa.) a aieueoae noaiaie ec-ca oaaee/aiey aeiee
i?iaeoeoeee ?anoaieaaiaenoaa. ?anniio?aa aeaiiua i ?acoeueoaoao
aeayoaeueiinoe IIO «Oeaeeiiia» iiaeii neacaoue, /oi a 2002 aiaeo aue
iieo/ai iaieioie ?acoeueoao. Aaeiaie nai? ca?ia oaaee/eeny (ia 36%) a
nayce n aunieie o?iaeaeiinoueth (15,1 oe/aa). Aaeiaie iaaeie oaaee/eeny
(ia 3,2%) yoi oaaee/aiea naycaii n ieceeie iaaeiyie ia 1 oo?aaeioth
ei?iao. Oaaee/aiea n?aaeiaaiaeiaiai iiaieiauey neioa iiaeeyei ia
iiauoaiea aaeiaiai iaaeiy e ia aaeiaie i?eaan. Cao?aou o?oaea ii anai
io?aneyi nieceeenue (ia 13,2%) ca n/ao nieaeaiey cao?ao o?oaea a
?anoaieaaiaenoaa (6,9%) e i?iiuoeaiiii i?iecaiaenoaa (43,4%), o.e.
cao?aou o?oaea a aeeaioiiaiaenoaa oaaee/eeenue (2%). Iaeiei ec
aaaeiaeoeo oneiaee iaania/aiiinoe auiieiaiey ieaia i?iecaiaenoaa e
?aaeecaoeee i?iaeoeoeee yaeyaony iaania/aiiinoue oicyenoaa ?aai/ae neeie
e aa ?aoeeiiaeueiia eniieueciaaiea. Iaania/aiiinoue oicyenoaa o?oaeiauie
?ano?naie oa?aeoa?ecoaony /eneaiiinoue ia?niiaea, aai ninoaaii ii
a?oiiai, i?ioanneyie, ?ac?yaeai, eeanneoeeaoeee e o.ae. A 2002 aiaeo
/eneaiiinoue ?aaioieeia nie?aoeeanue. *eneaiiinoue neoaeaueo e
?oeiaiaeeoaeae oiaea nie?aoeeanue. Iaania/aiiinoue IIO «Oeaeeiiia» IIO
ia neeoeii auniea e ?anoao ieceeie oaiiaie. Oiiaeiiaania/aiiinoue
oaaee/eeanue (ia 0,7%). Oaaee/aiea oiiaeiaii?oaeaiiinoe (ia 22,5%)
naycaii ni nieaeaieai n?aaeianieni/iie /eneaiiinoe ?aaioieeia oicyenoaa
(ia 17,8%). Oaaee/aiea oiiaeiaieinoe (4,1%) iiaeeyei ia oaaee/aiea
oiiaeiioaea/e (13,6%). Iiaeii neacaoue, /oi IIO «Oeaeeiiia» ia i/aiue
oi?ioi iaania/aii IIO. N 1 yiaa?y 2002 aiaea ?aaioieee aooaaeoa?ee
ia/aee ?aaioaoue ii iiaiio ieaio n/aoia. Ia?aae ?aaioieeaie aooaaeoa?ee
noieo aieueoay caaea/a ii iiauoaieth naiaai i?ioanneiiaeueiiai o?iaiy,
eco/aiea Iieiaeaiee ii AO Iaeiaiaiai eiaeaena ?O. Ai a?aiy i?iaa?ee
iaeiaiaie einiaeoeee a?oauo ia?ooaiee iaia?oaeaii ia auei. Ii auea
ia/eneaia iaiy ca ianaiaa?aiaiioth oieaoo, oae eae a oicyenoaa ia
oaaoaao n?aaenoa aeey ?an/aoia n e?aaeeoi?aie.

2 ?acaeae: O/ao iai?ioiuo n?aaenoa

IIO «Oeaeeiiia»

2.1. Iauaa iieiaeaiea e eeanneoeeaoeey iai?ioiuo n?aaenoa IIO
«Oeaeeiiia»

Aeey i?iecaiaenoaaiiie aeayoaeueiinoe oicyenoai aeieaeii eiaoue a
iaiaoiaeeiuo ?acia?ao iai?ioiua n?aaenoaa, o.a. n?aaenoaa eioi?ua
ianeoaeeaatho i?ioeann e?oaiiai?ioa, iieiinoueth iio?aaeythony e
ainnoaiaaeeaathony ec au?o/ee iinea eaaeaeiai oeeeea. A ninoaaa
iai?ioiuo n?aaenoa aaaeiia ianoi caieiatho aeaiaaeiua n?aaenoaa.
Aeaiaaeiua n?aaenoaa iaiaoiaeeiu aeey i?eia?aoaiey ?acee/iuo
i?iecaiaenoaaiiuo caiania, iieaou o?oaea e anaaiciiaeiuo oicyenoaaiiuo
?anoiaeia, ieaoaaeae oeiainiaui i?aaiai, aaieo e i?i/ei o/?aaeaeaieyi.

Iai?ioiua n?aaenoaa a oicyenoaa niaa?oatho iai?a?uaiue e?oaiiai?io: ec
aeaiaaeiie oi?iu iie ia?aoiaeyo a oiaa?ioth, ec oiaa?iie – a
i?iecaiaenoaaiioth, caoai iiyoue a oiaa?ioth e aeaiaaeioth. Noaiaoe/anee
i?ioeann e?oaiiai?ioa a oicyenoaa ecia?aaeaaony neaaeothuae oi?ioeie:

Ae – O…I…O| – Ae|.

Aeaiaaeiua n?aaenoaa a oie eee eiie noaiaie eniieuecothony ia anao
noaaeeyo e?oaiiai?ioa, a oii /enea e i?iecaiaenoaaiiie. Ia ia?aie
noaaeee (Ae – O) n iiiiuueth aeaiaa i?eia?aoatho iaiaoiaeeiua aeey
i?iecaiaenoaaiiie aeayoaeueiinoe iaoa?eaeueiua oeaiiinoe. Ia aoi?ie
noaaeee (…I…) a aeaiaaeiie oi?ia inouanoaeythony ?acee/iua ieaoaaee a
noa?a i?iecaiaenoaa. Ia o?aoueae noaaeee (O| -Ae|) ?aaeecoaony
iieo/aiiay io i?iecaiaenoaa i?iaeoeoeey e oicyenoai iieo/aao ca iaa
iieaoo a aeaiaaeiie oi?ia. Ia yoie aea noaaeee i?iecaiaeyony ?acee/iua
aeaiaaeiua ieaoaaee ii ?ani?aaeaeaieth nicaeaiiie noieiinoe a
ainoaea?noaaiiue athaeaeao e o.ae.

Iaiaoiaeeii oaeaea ioiaoeoue, /oi a oicyenoaa iai?ioiua n?aaenoaa
ieeiaaea ia iaoiaeyony oieueei ia iaeiie noaaeee e?oaiiai?ioa.
Iineieueeo e?oaiiai?iou i?ienoiaeyo iai?a?uaii, oi e n?aaenoaa oicyenoaa
iaeiia?aiaiii iaoiaeyony ia anao noaaeeyo e?oaiiai?ioa. Ionthaea
neaaeoao auaiae, /oi a oicyenoaa iinoiyiii aeieaeai auoue a iaee/ee
eaeie-oi caian iai?ioiuo n?aaenoa, a oii /enea e a aeaiaaeiie oi?ia.

2.2. Aeieoiaioaeueiia ioi?ieaiea aeaeaeaiey iaoa?eaeia, aioiaie
i?iaeoeoeee e oiaa?ia IIO «Oeaeeiiia»

Ia?ae/iua o/aoiua aeieoiaiou ii iinooieaieth e ?anoiaeo
iaoa?eaeueii-i?iecaiaenoaaiiuo caiania yaeyaony iniiaie aooaaeoa?neiai
o/aoa. Ia?ae/iua o/aoiua aeieoiaiou ii aeaeaeaieth iaoa?eaeueiuo
oeaiiinoae ouaoaeueii ioi?ieytho, iaycaoaeueii niaea?aeao iiaeiene eeoe,
ioaaonoaaiiuo ca niaa?oaiea oicyenoaaiiuo iia?aoeee, e ae?oaea
iaycaoaeueiua ?aeaeceou.

I?e iinooieaiee iaoa?eaeia io iinoaaueeia caaaaeothuee neeaaeii
i?iaa?yao niioaaonoaea ec oaeoe/aneiai eiee/anoaa aeieoiaioaeueiui
aeaiiui iinoaaueea e, anee ?anoiaeaeaiee iao, auienuaaao i?eoiaeiue
i?aea? ia ana eiee/anoai iinooieaoaai a?oca a iaeiii yecaiiey?a a aeaiue
iinooieaiey iaoa?eaeia.

Aeo i i?eaiea iaoa?eaeia i?eiaiyaony aeey ioi?ieaiey iinooieaoeo
iaoa?eaeueiuo oeaiiinoae aac ieaoaaeiuo aeieoiaioia (iaiooaeoo?iaaiiua
iinoaaee) e a neo/aa ?anoiaeaeaiee (eiee/anoaaiiuo, ea/anoaaiiuo) n
aeaiiuie nii?iaiaeeoaeueiuo aeieoiaioia iinoaaueea.

Aeo ninoaaeyaony a aeaoo yecaiiey?ao: ia?aue ia?aaeaaony a aooaaeoa?eth
oicyenoaa eae iniiaaiea aeey aooaaeoa?neeo caienae ia n/aoao e ?an/aoao
noiiu iaaeinoa/e eee eceeoeia; aoi?ie – ia?aaeaaony a ioaeae ia?eaoeiaa
aeey i?aaeuyaeaiey i?aoaicee iinoaaueeo.

Anee ia?aaiceo inouanoaeytho aaoio?ainii?oii, oi a ea/anoaa ia?ae/iiai
aeieoiaioa i?eiaiytho oiaa?ii-o?ainii?oioth iaeeaaeioth.

Iaoa?eaeu, iieo/aiiua io ?ac?aaioee e aeaiiioaaea caeaiee e nii?oaeaiee,
i?eoiaeotho ia iniiaaiee aeoa ia ii?eoiaeiaaiee iaoa?eaeueiuo
oeaiiinoae. Ioione iaoa?eaeia noi?iiiei i?aaiecaoeeyi ioi?ieytho
iaeeaaeiie ia ioione iaoa?eaeia ia noi?iio. I?e ia?aaicea iaoa?eaeia
aaoio?ainii?oii ia noi?iio auienuaaaony oiaa?ii-o?ainii?oiay iaeeaaeiay.

?anoiaeiua aeieoiaiou io?aaeatho ioione iaoa?eaeia ia i?iecaiaenoaaiiua
ioaeaeu (ecaioiaeaiea i?iaeoeoeee), ia oicyenoaaiiua ioaeaeu
(niaea?aeaiea caeaiee, ?aiiioiua ?aaiou), ?aaeecaoeeth ia noi?iio
eceeoieo, iaeniieuecoaiuo a oicyenoaaiiie aeayoaeueiinoe i?aaiecaoeee
iaoa?eaeia. E iei ioiinyony eeieoii-caai?iua ea?ou (i?eeiaeaiea ?2).

Eeieoii-caai?iay ea?oa auienuaaaony ia iaeio eee ianeieueei iiceoeee
(aeaeia iaoa?eaeia), ioiinyueony e ii?aaeaeaiiiio eiaeo
i?iecaiaenoaaiiuo cao?ao (caeaco).

Auienuaathony ea?ou a aeaoo yecaiiey?ao: iaeei – oeaoo, ae?oaie –
neeaaeo. I?e ioionea oeaiiinoae ni neeaaea eeaaeiauee ?anienuaaaony
eeieoii-caai?iie ea?oa oeaoa, a i?aaenoaaeoaeue iieo/aoaey a
eeieoii-caai?iie ea?oa neeaaea. A iaaeo ea?oao iinea eaaeaeiai ioionea
auaiaeeony inoaoie iaeniieueciaaiiiai eeieoa. Ii eniieueciaaiee eeieoa e
ii ieii/aiee ianyoea eeieoii-caai?iua ea?ou naeathony a aooaaeoa?eth
oicyenoaa. Oaeei ia?acii, ia iniiaaiee eeieoii-caai?iuo ea?o ioi?ieyaony
ioione iaoa?eaeia e inouanoaeyaony oaeouee eiio?ieue ca niaethaeaieai
onoaiiaeaiiuo eeieoia ioionea iaoa?eaeia ia i?iecaiaenoaaiiua ioaeaeu.
E?iia oiai, ii eeieoii-caai?iie ea?oa aaaeaony o/ao iaoa?eaeia,
iaeniieueciaaiiuo a i?iecaiaenoaa (aica?ao). I?e yoii ieeaeeo
aeiiieieoaeueiuo aeieoiaioia ia ninoaaeyaony.

Aeey o/aoa iaoa?eaeia eniieuecotho n/ao 10 «Iaoa?eaeu» ii aeaaaoo n/aoa
io?aaeaaony iinooieaiea iaoa?eaeia:

1) io iinoaaueeia n e?aaeeoa n/aoa 60

2) io iiaeio/aoiuo eeoe n e?aaeeoa n/aoa 71

3) ec nianoaaiiiai i?iecaiaenoaa n e?aaeeoa n/aoa 20 eee n e?aaeeoa
n/aoa 43.

Ii e?aaeeoo n/aoa 10 io?aaeaaony ?anoiae iaoa?eaeia:

1) ia ioaeaeu iniiaiiai e i?i/eo i?iecaiaenoa aeaaao n/aoia 20, 23, 25,
26,29,44

2) ia i?iaeaaeo a ninoaa i?i/eo ?anoiaeia ii aeaaaoo n/aoa 91

3) i?e iaaeinoa/a e ii?/e a aeaaao n/aoa 94

4) i?e /?acau/aeiuo i?ienoanoaeyo a aeaaao n/aoa 99.

E n/aoo 10 «Iaoa?eaeu» a oicyenoaa ioe?uou neaaeothuea noan/aoa:

10-1 «Nu?uea e iaoa?eaeu».

10-2 «Ia?aaiae iieiaeiyea aeeaioiuo a iniiaiia noaaei».

10-3 «Oiieeai».

10-4 «Oa?a e oa?iua iaoa?eaeu».

10-5 «Caianiua /anoe».

10-6 «Eiaaioa?ue, oicyenoaaiiua i?eiaaeeaaeiinoe».

10-8 «No?ieoaeueiua iaoa?eaeu».

10-9 «Naiaia e iinaaei/iua iaoa?eaeu».

10-10 «Ei?ia».

Neioaoe/aneee o/ao iaoa?eaeia aaaeaony ia iniiaaiee ia?ae/iuo
aeieoiaioia, io/aoao iaoa?eaeueii-ioaaonoaaiiuo eeoe a aeo?iaea-i?aea?a
?10/1 e aaaeiiinoe ?10 (i?eeiaeaiea ?3).

A yoii ?aaeno?a ii eaaeaeiio n/aoo i?eaiaeyony aeaiiua i aeaeaeaiee e
inoaoeao oeaiiinoae ca ianyoe a ?ac?aca iaoa?eaeueii-ioaaonoaaiiuo eeoe
eee iano o?aiaiey.

O/ao aeaeaeaiey aioiaie i?iaeoeoeee a oicyenoaa aaaeoo n eniieueciaaieai
?acee/iuo ii oi?ia e niaea?aeaieth ia?ae/iuo aeieoiaioia.

Aeey ioi?ieaiey ioi?aaee ca?ia e ae?oaie n/o i?iaeoeoeee n iiey ia oie,
a eeaaeiaua e ae?oaea ianoa o?aiaiey i?iaeoeoeee i?eiaiytho ?aano?
ioi?aaee ca?ia e ae?oaie i?iaeoeoeee n iiey (i?eeiaeaiea ? 4).

I?iaeoeoeeth ?anoaieaaiaenoaa n iiey i?eieiaao aaniauee e caiieiyao
?aano? i?eaia ca?ia aaniaueeii (i?eeiaeaiea ? 5). ?aano? i?eaia ca?ia
aaniaueeii caaiaeeony ia iaeei aeaiue, a iai oeacuaaaony, ioeoaea e
eoaea ioi?aaeaia eoeueoo?a eee ni?o i?iaeoeoeee ?anoaieaaiaenoaa,
oeacuaaaony oaieeey aiaeeoaey e oaieeee eiiaaeia?ia, a?aiy i?eaica
i?iaeoeoeee. Oaeaea oeacuaaaony aan a?oooi, oa?a e ?ann/eouaaaony aan
iaooi (a?oooi – oa?a).

Aeey o/aoa i?iaeoeoeee ?anoaieaaiaenoaa iieo/aiiie io o?iaeay a
oicyenoaa i?eiaiyaony neaaeothuee niinia: eiiaaeia?ai e aiaeeoaeyi
auaeathony niaoeeaeueiua oaeiiu. I?e aua?ocea ca?ia ec aoiea?a
aiaeeoaeue ioaeaao naie oaeii eiiaaeia?o, a eiiaaeia? – naie aiaeeoaeth.
I?e naea/a ca?ia ia oie, aiaeeoaeue ioaeaao aaniaueeo oaeii eiiaaeia?a e
?anienuaaaony a ?aano?a i?eaia ca?ia aaniaueeii. Eiiaaeia? a eiioea
niaiu ioaeaao ana oaeiiu, iieo/aiiua io aiaeeoaeae, aaniaueeo e iieo/aao
ia ?oee auieneo ec ?aano?a i?eaia ca?ia aaniaueeii i iaiiei/aiiii ca?ia.

Ca?ii, iinooieaoaa ia oie io eiiaaeia?ia, o?aaoao aeiiieieoaeueiie
iiaenooee, ni?oe?iaee. Eaaeaeay ia?oey ca?ia ia?aae iiae?aaioeie
i?ioiaeeo /a?ac aanu; iinea aei?aaioee iieo/aiiia ca?ii e iooiaeu
aeieaeiu acaaoeaaoueny. ?acoeueoaou io?aaeatho a aeoa ia ni?oe?iaeo e
nooeo i?iaeoeoeee (i?eeiaeaiea ? 6).

Iinea oai?ee /anoue ca?ia ioi?aaeyaony ia oeaaii?eaiiua i?aaei?eyoey,
i?e yoii caiieiyaony oiaa?ii-o?ainii?oiay iaeeaaeiay (ca?ii)
(i?eeiaeaiea ? 7). A iae ii eaaeaeie ia?oee ca?ia oeacuaatho ia oieueei
aan ioi?aaeaiiiai ca?ia, ii e aeaiiua eaai?aoi?iiai aiaeeca
i?iaaaeaiiiai ia yeaaaoi?a.

Ia iniiaaiee oiaa?ii-o?ainii?oiie iaeeaaeiie oeaaii?eaiiua i?aaei?eyoey
ioi?ieytho eaeoaioeeth ia i?eai ca?ia. A eiioea ianyoea ia ana naeaiiia
ca?ii auienuaaaony n/ao-oaeoo?a (i?eeiaeaiea ? 8) (ii aeaiiui
oiaa?ii-o?ainii?oiie iaeeaaeiie e eaeoaioeee ia i?eai ca?ia).

I?e ?anoiaea aioo?e oicyenoaa auienuaathony oaaea aeieoiaiou, /oi e ii
aeaeaeaieth iaoa?eaeia. A eiioea eaaeaeiai ?aai/aai aeiy ai a?aiy oai?ee
caaaaeothuee oieii ninoaaeyao aaaeiiinoue aeaeaeaiey ca?ia. A iae
niaea?aeaony ana aeaiiua ii aeaeaeaieth ca?ia ca aeaiue, aianoa n
ia?ae/iuie aeieoiaioaie iia naeaaony a aooaaeoa?eth. A eiioea ianyoea
ninoaaeyaony iaoa?eaeueiue io/ao ii aeaeaeaieth i?iaeoeoeee
?anoaieaaiaenoaa.

Ia aeeaioiiaiae/aneie oa?ia oicyenoai iieo/aao ?acee/ioth i?iaeoeoeeth:
iieiei, iyni e ae?. Aeey o/aoa yoie i?iaeoeoeee i?aaeoniio?aiu
niaoeeaeueiua aeieoiaiou.

Ia?ae/iui aeieoiaioii ii o/aoo iieiea yaeyaony aeo?iae o/aoa iaaeiy
iieiea (i?eeiaeaiea ? 9). Yoio aeieoiaio aaaeoo caaaaeothuee oa?iie,
a?eaaaee?, ianoa? iaoeiiie aeieee eee noa?oay aeiy?ea. A iai caienuaatho
oaieeee aeiy?ie, aoiaeyueo a ninoaa a?eaaaeu, n oeacaieai eiee/anoaa
ianeoaeeaaaiuo ei?ia. Aeaiiua i eiee/anoaa iieo/aiiiai iieiea
i?inoaaeytho iinea eaaeaeie aeieee, nenoaiaoe/anee ii?aaeaeytho i?ioeaio
niaea?aeaiey aee?a. Eaaeaeue aeaiue aeiy?ea eee ianoa? iaoeiiie aeieee
naiae iiaeienueth iiaeoaa?aeaeatho i?aaeeueiinoue naeaeaiiuo caienae.
AEo?iae o/aoa iaaeiy iieiea aaaeaony a iaeiii yecaiiey?a e a oa/aiea 15
aeiae o?aieony ia oa?ia. Iinea iiaeiene caa.oa?iie ii enoa/aiee yoiai
n?iea aai naeatho a aooaaeoa?eth.

*anoue iaaeiaiiiai iieiea ioi?aaeytho ia caaioiaeoaeueiua ioieou eee
?aaeecotho ae?oaei iooai, aoi?oth /anoue eniieuecotho a oicyenoaa e
ia?a?aaaouaatho. I?e aeinoaaea iieiea ia i?eaiiua ioieou, ioieou
ia?a?aaioee, ianeiaeaeueiua e nu?iaa?aiiua caaiaeu a ea/anoaa
nii?iaiaeeoaeueiiai aeieoiaioa i?eiaiyaony oiaa?ii-o?ainii?oiay
iaeeaaeiay (iienu?uea) (i?eeiaeaiea ? 10).

I?e ioi?aaea iieiea a aeaoneea o/?aaeaeaiey, ia iauanoaaiiia ieoaiea e a
ae?oaea ioieou aioo?e oicyenoaa auienuaatho iaeeaaeioth eee
eeieoii-caai?ioth aaaeiiinoue. ?anoiae iieiea ia auiieeo iieiaeiyea
aeeaioiuo io?aaeatho a aaaeiiinoe ?anoiaea ei?iia (i?eeiaeaiea ? 11). Ia
iniiaaiee aeieoiaioia ia iinooieaiea e ?anoiaeiaaiea iieiea ia oa?ia
ninoaaeytho a aeaoo yecaiiey?ao naiaeiue aeieoiaio – aaaeiiinoue o/aoa
aeaeaeaiey iieiea.

Aeaiiua i aeaeaeaiee iieiea caienuaatho a aaaeiiinoue aaeaaeiaaii, a ii
ieii/aiee io/aoiiai ia?eiaea iaeei yecaiiey? aaaeiiinoe aianoa n
aeo?iaeii o/aoa iaaeiy iieiea (ii i?eoiaeo), iaeeaaeiuie,
eeieoii-caai?iuie aaaeiiinoyie e ae?oaeie aeieoiaioaie (ii ?anoiaeo)
i?aaenoaaeytho a aooaaeoa?eth. Aoi?ie yecaiiey? aaaeiiinoe neoaeeo
iniiaaieai aeey io?aaeaiey iinooieaiey e ?anoiaeiaaiey iieiea o
caaaaeothuaai oa?iie, a?eaaaee?a eee i?eaiueea iieiea ia oa?ia.

I?e ioi?aaea aeeaioiuo ia iynieiiaeiao ninoaaeyaony oiaa?ii-o?ainii?oiay
iaeeaaeiay (aeeaioiua), a iai oeacuaaaony ii eaaeaeie a?oiia eiee/anoai,
oieoaiiinoue, aeaoa iineaaeiaai ei?ieaiey, iiia? aaoa?eia?iie neoaeau
?aeiia ii eioi?iio neio auaiceony ca i?aaeaeu ?aeiia.

I?eoiae e ?anoiae i?iaeoeoeee ii ei??aniiiaeaioeee n/aoia io?aaeatho a
aeo?iaea-i?aea?a ? 10/1 e aaaeiiinoe ? 10-a ii n/aoai i?iecaiaenoaaiiuo
caiania. A oa/aiea aiaea aioiaoth i?iaeoeoeeth o/eouaatho ii ieaiiaie
naaanoieiinoe, a a eiioea aiaea ?ann/eouaatho oaeoe/aneoth
naaanoieiinoue.

I?iaeoeoeey o/eouaaaony ia n/aoa 43 «Aioiaay i?iaeoeoeey». E yoiio n/aoo
a oicyenoaa ioe?uou neaaeothuea noan/aoa:

43-1 «Aioiaay i?iaeoeoeey ?anoaieaaiaenoaa».

43-2 «Aioiaay i?iaeoeoeey aeeaioiiaiaenoaa».

43-3 «Aioiaay i?iaeoeoeey i?iiuoeaiiiai i?iecaiaenoaa».

Ii Ae43 a oa/aiea aiaea io?aaeaaony iinooieaiea i?iaeoeoeee io
i?iecaiaenoaa, ii E43 io?aaeaaony ?anoiae i?iaeoeoeee.

2.3. I?aaiecaoeey neeaaeneiai oicyenoaa e o/ao
iaoa?eaeueii-i?iecaiaenoaaiiuo caiania a ianoao eo o?aiaiey

Neeaaeu, a eioi?uo o?aiyony iaoa?eaeueii-i?iecaiaenoaaiiua caianu a
oicyenoaa, iiae?acaeaeythony ia iauea, o.a. caeanue ia
i?aaeoniao?eaaaony iniauo oneiaee o?aiaiey
iaoa?eaeueii-i?iecaiaenoaaiiuo caiania.

Ca?iio?aieeeua ioaa/atho oneiaeyi o?aiaiey ca?ia, eiatho aaioeeyoeeth,
eni?aaiia aaniaia oicyenoai.

Neeaaeu aeey caianiuo /anoae iai?oaeiaaiu iieeaie, noaeeaaeaie. Ana
neeaaeneea iiiauaiey iaania/aiu i?ioeaiiiaea?iui eiaaioa?ai.

*anoue iaoa?eaeueii-i?iecaiaenoaaiiuo caiania o?aiyony ia ia neeaaeao:
naii, nieiia – a nee?aeao; neein, ei?iaieiaeu – a ao?oao; ca?ii – ia
oieao (iai?iaeieaeeoaeueiia a?aiy). Iaeiaei anaaaea
iaoa?eaeueii-i?iecaiaenoaaiiua caianu iaoiaeyony iiae iaoa?eaeueiie
ioaaonoaaiiinoueth ii?aaeaeaiiuo ?aaioieeia, n eioi?uie caeeth/aaony i
iaoa?eaeueiie ioaaonoaaiiinoe, i?aaeiieaaathuee nio?aiiinoue
iaoa?eaeueii-i?iecaiaenoaaiiuo caiania.

?oeiaiaenoai i?aaiecaoeee iaania/eaaao iaiaoiaeeiua oneiaey ?aaiou
iaoa?eaeueii-ioaaonoaaiiuo eeoe e i?aaieciauaaao io?aio neeaaeia e iano
o?aiaiey iaoa?eaeueii-i?iecaiaenoaaiiuo caiania ia?aai/aa a?aiy e ii/iua
/anu.

O/ao iaoa?eaeueii-i?iecaiaenoaaiiuo caiania a ianoao eo o?aiaiey
inouanoaeyaony ia ea?oi/eao neeaaeneiai o/aoa (i?eeiaeaiea ? 12),
eioi?ua auaeathony iiae ?anieneo a ?aano?a auaea/e ea?oi/ae. O?aiyo
ea?oi/ee a ea?oioaeao ii o/aoiui iiia?ai, a aioo?e a?oiiu – ii
iiiaieeaoo?iui iiia?ai. Ia eaaeaeue iiiaieeaoo?iue iiia? iaoa?eaeia,
i?iaeoeoeee caaiaeyo ioaeaeueioth ea?oi/eo.

A ea?oi/eao neeaaeneiai o/aoa ia eaaeaeue aeae
iaoa?eaeueii-i?iecaiaenoaaiiuo caiania ioe?uaaaony ioaeaeueiue n/ao,
o/ao aaaeoo a iaoo?aeueiuo ecia?eoaeyo. A caaieiaea n/aoia oeacuaatho:
aaeeieoeo ecia?aiey, iiiaieeaoo?iue iiia?, oeaio. Iineaaeiaaoaeueiinoue
ioe?uoey n/aoia aeieaeia auoue oaeie aea, eae a aooaaeoa?ee. Aeey
ioe?uoey iiauo n/aoia ?aca?ae?oaony ianoi. Caiene i?iecaiaeyo ia iniiaa
ia?ae/iuo o/aoiuo aeieoiaioia.

Caaaaeothuee neeaaeii eiaao ia?acoeu iiaeienae eeoe, oiieiiii/aiiuo
?anii?yaeaoueny iaoa?eaeueii-i?iecaiaenoaaiiuie caianaie. Caiene a
ea?oi/eao neeaaeneiai o/aoa i?iecaiaeeo iaoa?eaeueii ioaaonoaaiiia eeoei
ii eaaeaeiio aeieoiaioo, iauaaeeiaiea ianeieueeeo aeieoiaioia a iaeio
caienue ia aeiioneaaony.

I?e iinooieaiee iaoa?eaeia, i?iaeoeoeee, oiaa?ia, eiaaioa?y,
oicyenoaaiiuo i?eiaaeeaaeiinoae ii eaaeaeiio iaeiaiiaaieth i?iecaiaeeony
caienue a a?aoo «I?eoiae», a i?e ioionea – a a?aoo «?anoiae». I?e yoii
iaoa?eaeueii ioaaonoaaiiia eeoei ?anienuaaaony a nii?iaiaeeoaeueiuo
aeieoiaioao, i?e ioionea oaeaea ?anienuaaaony, iiaeoaa?aeaeay oaeo eo
ia?aaea/e (ioionea).

Aaeaiany/ii caaaaeothuee neeaaeii (iaoa?eaeueii ioaaonoaaiiia eeoei)
i?aaenoaaeytho a aooaaeoa?eth oicyenoaa io/aou i aeaeaeaiee
iaoa?eaeueiuo oeaiiinoae. Ii iaeiaiiaaieyi iinooieaoeo e auauaoeo
iaoa?eaeia, i?iaeoeoeee, oiaa?ia, eiaaioa?y, oicyenoaaiiuo
i?eiaaeeaaeiinoae oeacuaatho ?anoiae ii iai?aaeaieyi eniieueciaaiey ca
ianyoe e inoaoie ia eiiaoe ianyoea. Iaeiaiiaaiea iinooieaoeo e auauaoeo
iaoa?eaeueiuo oeaiiinoae a io/aoao a?oiie?othony ii noan/aoai e
ioaeaeueiui a?oiiai. Iaoa?eaeueii ioaaonoaaiiua eeoea a io/aoao
oeacuaatho, eae i?aaeei, eiee/anoaaiiua iieacaoaee, a noieiinoiua
ii?aaeaeytho ?aaioieee aooaaeoa?ee. Aeaiiua i iinooieaiee e auauoee
iaoa?eaeueiuo oeaiiinoae iiaeoaa?aeaeathony i?eeiaeaiiuie e io/aoo
ia?ae/iuie o/aoiuie aeieoiaioaie.

Iieiioo ii?eoiaeiaaiee iaoa?eaeueiuo oeaiiinoae i?iaa?ytho ii aeaiiui
niioaaonoaothueo ?aaeno?ia, a eioi?uo ?aaeno?e?othony ia?ae/iua o/aoiua
aeieoiaiou ia iaoa?eaeueiua oeaiiinoe, iinooieaoea ia neeaaeu a io/aoiii
ianyoea (aeo?iae-i?aea? ?6-AIE, ?7-AIE eee niioaaonoaothuea iaoeiia?aiiu
i?e eiiiuethoa?iie ia?aaioea).

2.4. O/ao iaoa?eaeia, aioiaie i?iaeoeoeee e oiaa?ia a aooaaeoa?ee IIO
«Oeaeeiiia»

A eiioea ianyoea iaoa?eaeueii ioaaonoaaiiua eeoea naeatho io/ao a
aooaaeoa?eth oicyenoaa aianoa n ia?ae/iuie aeieoiaioaie ii aeaeaeaieth
oeaiiinoae. Iaoa?eaeueiay a?oiia i?iaa?yao io/aou e ia iniiaaiee eo
ninoaaeytho ?aaeno?u aooaaeoa?neiai o/aoa. O/ao a aooaaeoa?ee iaoa?eaeia
i?aaieciaai Naeueaeiaui iaoiaeii o/aoa – ia iniiaaiee ia?ae/iuo
aeieoiaioia ii aeaeaeaieth oiaa?ii-iaoa?eaeueiuo oeaiiinoae e ea?oi/ae
neeaaeneiai o/aoa iaoa?eaeia (aaaeoueony a eiee/anoaaiiii au?aaeaiee e a
noiiiaii) ii eaaeaeiio iaoa?eaeueii ioaaonoaaiiiio eeoeo e a?oiia
iaoa?eaeia ninoaaeyaony naeueaeiaay aaaeiiinoue (i?eeiaeaiea ?13), o.a.
aaaeiiinoue niaea?aeauay inoaoee ia ia/aei, ia eiiaoe ianyoea e o.ae.

Aeey o/aoa cao?ao i?iecaiaenoaa e i?i/eo ?anoiaeia aooaaeoa?neay a?oiia
i?iecaiaenoaaiiiai ioaeaea (aooaaeoa?ey i?iecaiaenoaa, aeeaioiiaiaenoaa)
ii ia?ae/iui aeieoiaioai e iaoa?eaeueiui io/aoai aeaeaao auai?eo
?anoiaeia ia nu?uea e iaoa?eaeu ii naiei iiae?acaeaeaieyi.

Ia iniiaaiee anao aeaiiuo a eiioea ianyoea aooaaeoa?ii iaoa?eaeueiie
a?oiiu ninoaaeyao naiaeioth aaaeiiinoue aeaeaeaiey iaoa?eaeia ca ianyoe.
Ia iniiaaiee naiaeiie aaaeiiinoe ii aeaeaeaieth iaoa?eaeia, io/aoia
iaoa?eaeueii ioaaonoaaiiuo eeoe ninoaaeyaony aeo?iae-i?aea? ?10/1
ia?aiinyony a aeo?iae-i?aea? ?10 ii o/aoo cao?ao i?iecaiaenoaa e i?i/eo
?anoiaeia.

2.5. Iniaaiiinoe o/aoa aeeaioiuo ia au?aueaaiee e ioei?ia

A i?ioeanna ?aaiou ii au?aueaaieth aeeaioiuo caiieiyaony aieueoia
eiee/anoai ia?ae/iuo aeieoiaioia, eioi?ua io?aaeatho i?ienoiaeyuea
aeeaioiua eciaiaiey.

I?e iinooieaiee aeeaioiiai ninoaaeyaony aeo ia ii?eoiaeiaaiea i?eieiaea
aeeaioiuo (i?eeiaeaiea ?14). Aeo ninoaaeyao caaaaeothuee oa?iie eee
a?eaaaee?, a iai oeacuaatho aeaoo, io eaeie ei?iau iieo/ai i?eieiae,
aan, iie e noaayony ?iniene iaoa?eaeueii ioaaonoaaiiuo eeoe (aeiy?ee
caaaaeothuae oaeaieii e oaeyoieoeu i?eieiathuae oaeaiea).

A i?ioeanna au?aueaaiey aeeaioiua iaae?atho aan, aeey yoiai ia ?aaea
iaeiiai ?aca a eaa?oae i?iaiaeeony eiio?ieueiia acaaoeaaiea aeeaioiuo.
I?e yoii ioi?ieyaony aaaeiiinoue acaaoeaaiey aeeaioiuo. A aaaeiiinoe
oeacuaaaony, eaeay a?oiia aeeaioiuo acaaoeaaaony, eiaaioa?iue iiia? e eo
aan, noaayony iiaeiene eeoe i?iaiaeeaoeo acaaoeaaiea (a?eaaaee?,
aooaaeoa?, iaoa?eaeueii ioaaonoaaiiia eeoei).

AEeaioiuo a IIO «Oeaeeiiia» ioi?ieytho a a?oiiu ii aic?anoo e iieo, e
cae?aieythony ca iaoa?eaeueii ioaaonoaaiiuie eeoeaie. I?e ia?aaiaea
aeeaioiuo ec iaeiie a?oiiu a ae?oaoth ninoaaeyaony aeo ia ia?aaiae
aeeaioiuo (i?eeiaeaiea ?15), a eioi?ii oeacuaatho, ec eaeie a?oiiu, a
eaeoth ia?aaiaeyony aeeaioiua, eo eiaaioa?iua iiia?a, iie, aan, noaayony
?iniene iaoa?eaeueii ioaaonoaaiiiai eeoea naeathuaai e i?eieiathuaai
neio.

A i?ioeanna au?aueaaiey i/aiue /anoi aeeaioiua aeaioo eee i?e?acathony.
A yoii neo/aa ninoaaeyaony aeo ia auauoea aeeaioiuo e ioeoeu (caaie,
i?e?acea e iaaeaae) (i?eeiaeaiea ?16). A aeoa oeacuaatho, ii eaeie
i?e/eia auauaaao aeeaioiia, aai aan, eiaaioa?iue iiia?, iiaeiene
iaoa?eaeueii ioaaonoaaiiuo eeoe. Ia iai?ioa aeoa ii?eoiaeotho i?iaeoeou
io caaiy (iyni, oeo?a, noai?iaeoeou). Oeacuaatho iai?aaeaiea
eniieueciaaiey i?iaeoeoeee.

I?e ioi?aaea neioa ia iynieiiaeiao ninoaaeyaony oiaa?ii-o?ainii?oiay
iaeeaaeiay (aeeaioiua) niaoeeaeueiie oi?iu, a eioi?ie ia eaaeaeoth
a?oiio aeeaioiuo oeacuaatho aan, eiee/anoai aieia, iiia? aaoa?eia?iiai
naeaeaoaeuenoaa.

I?e ia?aaiaea aeeaioiuo ec iniiaiiai noaaea ia ioei?i ninoaaeyaony aeo
ia aua?aeiaeo aeeaioiuo ec iniiaiiai noaaea (i?eeiaeaiea ?17). A iai
oeacuaatho eiaaioa?iue iiia? aeeaioiuo, io eaeie a?oiiu ia?aaiaeeony
aeeaioiia, aan e noaayony ?iniene iaoa?eaeueii ioaaonoaaiiuo eeoe.

A eiioea ianyoea ia iniiaaiee aeaiiuo ii aeaeaeaieth aeeaioiuo ii
eaaeaeie a?oiia ninoaaeyaony ?an/ao ii?aaeaeaiey i?eaana (i?eeiaeaiea
?18). A yoii ?an/aoa ii eaaeaeie a?oiia ii?aaeaeytho i?eaan ca ianyoe.

Neioaoe/aneee o/ao iieiaeiyea aeeaioiuo, neioa ia ioei?ia aaaeoo ia
aaeainiaii n/aoa 11 «AEeaioiua ia au?aueaaiee e ioei?ia».

Yoio n/ao ii ioiioaieth e aaeaino aeoeaiue. Ia aeaaao a io?aaeatho
iaee/ea iieiaeiyea e neioa ia ioei?ia ia ia/aei aiaea, iinooieaiea eo a
oa/aiea aiaea, a oaeaea aeiioeaieo iieiaeiyea e ioei?ii/iiai iiaieiauey
aneaaenoaea i?e?inoa aeeaie iannu.

Ii e?aaeeoo n/aoa o/eouaatho oiaiueoaiey aeeaioiuo a nayce n ia?aaiaeii
iieiaeiyea a iniiaiia noaaei e auauoeai ec oicyenoaa ii ?aciui i?e/eiai
(i?iaeaaea, caaie e o.i.). iia?aoeee ii ia?aaiaeo iieiaeiyea ec iaeiie
aic?anoiie a?oiiu a ae?oaoth io?aaeatho ia aeaaaoa e e?aaeeoa yoiai
n/aoa. Aiaeeoe/aneee o/ao ii n/aoo 11 «AEeaioiua ia au?aueaaiee e
ioei?ia» a oicyenoaa aaaeoo ii noan/aoai:

11-1 «Iieiaeiye aeeaioiuo»

11-2 «AEeaioiua ia ioei?ia»

11-3 «Iieiaeiye aeeaioiuo ia?aaeaiiue a?aaeaeaiai ia au?aueaaiea ii
aeiaiai?ai»

11-4 «Neio, i?eiyoue io ianaeaiey aeey ?aaeecaoeee»

Ia iniiaaiee anao ia?ae/iuo aeieoiaioia ii aeaeaeaieth aeeaioiuo ia
oa?ia aaaeoo eieao o/aoa aeaeaeaiey aeeaioiuo e ioeoeu. Ia iniiaaiee
aeaiiuo eieae aaeaiany/ii ninoaaeytho io/ao i aeaeaeaiee neioa e ioeoeu
(i?eeiaeaiea ?19). A io/aoa ii eaaeaeie a?oiia i?eaiaeyo aeaiiua i
iaee/ee aeeaioiuo ia ia/aei e eiiaoe ianyoea; eo aan, i iinooieaiee
aeeaioiuo e auauoee ii anai iai?aaeaieyi.

Ia iniiaaiee io/aoia i aeaeaeaiee aeeaioiuo e ia?ae/iuo aeieoiaioia
ninoaaeytho aaaeiiinoue aiaeeoe/aneiai o/aoa aeeaioiuo e aeo?iae-i?aea?
?14. A aaaeiiinoe ii eaaeaeie iieiaic?anoiie a?oiia i?eaiaeyony aeaiiua
a iaoo?aeueiii e noieiinoiii au?aaeaiee i iaee/ee aeeaioiuo ia ia/aei
ianyoea, i iinooieaiee aeeaioiuo, auauoee e iaee/ee ia eiiaoe ianyoea. A
aeo?iaea-i?aea?a io?aaeai e?aaeeo 11 n/aoa, o.a. auauoea aeeaioiuo ii
anai iai?aaeaieyi a ei??aniiiaeaioeee ni n/aoaie:

1) Ae08 i?e ia?aaiaea aeeaioiuo a iniiaiia iiei/iia noaaei

2) Ae20-3 i?e caaia aeeaioiiai ia iyni a oicyenoaa

3) Ae90 i?e i?iaeaaea aeeaioiuo aeeaui aanii ia iynieiiaeiao

4) Ae91 i?e iaaeaaea aeeaioiuo a ?acoeueoaoa aieaciae eee iaaeiaaeaiey

5) Ae99 i?e aeaaee aeeaioiuo a aeaea /?acau/aeiuo ianoiyoaeuenoa

E?aaeeoiaue iai?io n/aoa 11 ec aeo?iaea-i?aea?a ?14 ia?aiinyo a Aeaaioth
eieao: iauay noiia – a e?aaeeo n/aoa 11, a aa ninoaaeythuea /anoiua
noiiu – a aeaaao niioaaonoaothueo ei??aniiiaee?othueo n/aoia.

Noaia 2.1.

Noaia aeieoiaioiiai?ioa ii n/aoo 11 «AEeaioiua ia au?aueaaiee e ioei?ia»

Ia?ae/iua aeieoiaiou

Eieaa o/aoa aeaeaeaiey aeeaioiuo e ioeoeu

Io/ao i aeaeaeaiee neioa e ioeoeu ia oa?ia

Aaaeiiinoue aiaeeoe/aneiai o/aoa

AEo?iae-i?aea? ? 14

Aeaaiay eieaa

2.6. Aeaiaaeiua n?aaenoaa IIO «Oeaeeiiia»

Aeaiaaeiua n?aaenoaa yaeythony iaeiei ec iaiaoiaeeiuo oneiaee
ii?iaeueiiai i?ioeanna ?anoe?aiey aini?iecaiaenoaa.

?an/aou i?aaenoaaeytho niaie nenoaio i?aaiecaoeee e ?aaoee?iaaiea
ieaoaaeae ii aeaiaaeiui o?aaiaaieyi e iaycaoaeuenoaai. Iie aicieeatho o
oicyenoaa n iinoaaueeaie ca i?eia?aoaiiua o ieo oiaa?ii-iaoa?eaeueiua
oeaiiinoe; iiae?yae/eeaie ca auiieiaiiua aeey i?aaiecaoeee ?aaiou e
ieacaiiua oneoae; iieoiaoaeyie ca ?aaeeciaaiioth ei i?iaeoeoeeth e
auiieiaiiua aeey ieo ?aaiou; no?aoiauie eiiiaieyie ca no?aoiaaiea
eiouanoaa; aaieaie ii iiaiaeo ?an/aoii-eanniaiai e e?aaeeoiiai
ianeoaeeaaiey i?aaei?eyoee; i?e auiieiaiee iaycaoaeuenoa ia?aae
oeiainiai-e?aaeeoiie nenoaiie, n ?aai/eie e neoaeaueie ii iiaiaeo iieaou
o?oaea e o.ae.

Aeey ?an/aoia oaeiai ?iaea oicyenoao iaiaoiaeeiu aeaiaaeiua n?aaenoaa.
Iie iaoiaeyony a eanna a aeaea iaee/iuo aeaiaa e aeaiaaeiuo aeieoiaioia,
ia n/aoao a aaieao, a aee?aaeeoeaao e o.ae.

Ieaoaaee ia oa??eoi?ee ?O inouanoaeythony iooai iaee/iuo e aaciaee/iuo
?an/aoia.

Iaee/iua ?an/aou – yoi ?an/aou iaee/iuie aeaiaaeiuie n?aaenoaaie.

OeA ?O onoaiaaeeaaao i?aaeaeueiue ?acia? ?an/aoia iaee/iuie aeaiueaaie a
?O iaaeaeo th?eaee/aneeie eeoeaie ii iaeiiio ieaoaaeo (a ianoiyuaa a?aiy
10 oun. ?oa.). ?an/aou ia noiio, i?aauoathuoth onoaiiaeaiioth, aeieaeiu
i?iecaiaeeoueny oieueei a aaciaee/iii ii?yaeea.

Aaciaee/iua ?an/aou i?iecaiaeyony iooai ia?a/eneaiey n?aaenoa ni n/aoa
ieaoaeueueea ia n/ao iieo/aoaey a e?aaeeoiie i?aaiecaoeee (aaiea).

Oicyenoai iaycaii o?aieoue naie aeaiaaeiua n?aaenoaa ia ?an/aoiuo,
niaoeeaeueiuo n/aoao, a a naiae eanna iiaoo eiaoue iaee/iua aeaiaaeiua
n?aaenoaa oieueei a i?aaeaeao eeieoia, eioi?ua onoaiiaeaiu
o/?aaeaeaieyie aaieia ii niaeaniaaieth n ?oeiaiaeeoaeai oicyenoaa.

Iniiaiuie caaea/aie o/aoa aeaiaaeiuo n?aaenoa yaeythony:

– naiaa?aiaiiia e iieiia io?aaeaiea a o/aoa iia?aoeee n aeaiaaeiuie
n?aaenoaaie i?e iaoeinieoaeueiii niaethaeaiee o?aaiaaiee aeaenoaothuaai
caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaa;

– i?aaeeueiia aeieoiaioaeueiia ioi?ieaiea iia?aoeee n aeaiaaeiuie
n?aaenoaaie a niioaaonoaee n onoaiiaeaiiuie i?aaeeaie aaaeaiey eanniauo
iia?aoeee;

– eiio?ieue ca nio?aiiinoueth aeaiaaeiuo n?aaenoa, aeieoiaioia a eanna e
eo oeaeaaui eniieueciaaieai;

– aania?aaieiia oaeiaeaoai?aiea aeaiaaeiie iaee/iinoueth iaioeiaeiuo
ioaeae oicyenoaa;

– naiaa?aiaiiia i?iaaaeaiea eiaaioa?ecaoeee aeaiaaeiuo n?aaenoa a eanna,
auyaeaiea aa ?acoeueoaoia e io?aaeaiea ia n/aoao aooaaeoa?neiai o/aoa.

2.7. O/ao iaee/iuo e aaciaee/iuo ?an/aoia

Ana naiaeiua aeaiaaeiua n?aaenoaa IIO «Oeaeeiiia» o?aiyony a
Naa?aaaoaeueiii aaiea ia ?an/aoiii n/aoa. Iaiaoiaeeiua aeey oaeouae
oicyenoaaiiie aeayoaeueiinoe noiiu iaee/iuo aeaiaa iaoiaeyony a eanna. A
eanna ?ac?aoaaony eiaoue ieieiaeueiua noiiu aeaiaaeiuo n?aaenoa ia
oaeiaeaoai?aiea iaioeiaeiuo oicyenoaaiiuo ioaeae. Aeey yoiai
Naa?aaaoaeueiue aaie onoaiiaee eeieo inoaoea n?aaenoa a eanna.
I?aauoaiea eeieoa aeiioneaaony oieueei a aeie auaea/e ca?aaioiie ieaou
io o?ao aei iyoe aeiae. Iaeniieueciaaiiua a oa/aiea yoeo aeiae noiiu
iiaeeaaeao naea/a a aaie ia ?an/aoiue n/ao.

I?eai iaee/iuo aeaiaa a eanno ioi?ieytho i?eoiaeiui eanniaui i?aea?ii
(i?eeiaeaiea ?20), a eioi?ii oeacuaatho: io eiai iinooiatho aeaiueae, ia
eaeea oeaee eee ca /oi eo aiinyo, noiio, aeaoo. I?eoiaeiue eanniaue
i?aea? caiieiyaony a aooaaeoa?ee, e iinooiaao a eanno i?e ioi?ieaiee
i?eaia aeaiaa. Iinea i?eaia aeaiaa a eanno ieaoaeueueeo auaeatho
eaeoaioeeth ca iiaeienueth aeaaiiai aooaaeoa?a e eanne?a. Eaeoaioeey
oaeinoiaa?yao, /oi aeaiueae aeaenoaeoaeueii aianaiu a eanno. I?e
iieo/aiee aeaiaa ec aaiea eaeoaioeeth e i?aea?o ia auienuaatho.

Auaea/o iaee/iuo aeaiaa ec eannu ioi?ieytho ?anoiaeiui eanniaui i?aea?ii
(i?eeiaeaiea ?21). A iai oeacuaatho eiio, ia eaeea oeaee eee ca /oi
auaeaiu aeaiueae, noiio, aeaoo.

A ioee/ea io i?eoiaeiiai a ?anoiaeiii eanniaii i?aea?a aeieaeia auoue
?ac?aoeoaeueiay iiaeienue ?oeiaiaeeoaey oicyenoaa. I?e auaea/a aeaiaa
eanne? ouaoaeueii i?iaa?yao i?aaeeueiinoue ioi?ieaiey ?EI: iaee/ea
iiaeienae ?oeiaiaeeoaey e aeaaiiai aooaaeoa?a, iaee/ea ia?a/eneaiiuo a
aeieoiaioa i?eeiaeaiee.

Eeoei, iieo/eaoaa aeaiueae noaaeo a ?EI iieo/aiioth noiio i?iienueth,
aeaoo iieo/aiey e iiaeienue. Anee aeaiueae auaeathony eeoeo, ia
?aaioathuaio a oicyenoaa, ieaea i?inoaaeyaony ianii?oiua aeaiiua.

Ana i?eoiaeiua e ?anoiaeiua eanniaua i?aea?a ?aaeno?e?othony a
aooaaeoa?ee a niaoeeaeueiii aeo?iaea ?aaeno?aoeee i?eoiaeiuo e
?anoiaeiuo eanniauo i?aea?ia. AEo?iae ioe?uaatho ?acaeaeueii ia
i?eoiaeiua e ?anoiaeiua eanniaua aeieoiaiou. I?e iaaieueoii /enea
eanniauo iia?aoeee ?aaeno?e?otho i?aea?a a iaeiii aeo?iaea, auaeaeytho
naiinoiyoaeueiua ?acaeaeu aeey i?eoiaeiuo e ?anoiaeiuo i?aea?ia. AEo?iae
eniieuecotho ianeieueei eao, ii ii?yaeeiaua iiia?a aeey eanniauo
i?aea?ia onoaiaaeeaatho n ia/aea aiaea.

Aeaeaeaiea aeaiaa a eanna eanne? o/eouaaao a eanniaie eieaa (i?eeiaeaiea
?22) oeiiaie oi?iu. A iae aaeaaeiaaii ?aaeno?e?othony ana iia?aoeee ii
iinooieaieth e ?anoiaeiaaieth aeaiaa. Caiene aeaeathony /a?ac eiie?eo. A
eiioea ?aai/aai aeiy eanne? iiaen/eouaaao a eieaa i?eoiae e ?anoiae
aeaiaa e auaiaeeo inoaoie. Caoai iieiaeia eenoa io?uaaaony e aianoa n
aeieoiaioaie ii i?eoiaeo e ?anoiaeo naeathony a aooaaeoa?eth, eae io/ao
eanne?a.

Aeey o/aoa iia?aoeee ii eanna eniieuecoaony n/ao 50 «Eanna». Ii Ae50
io?aaeaaony iinooieaiea aeaiaaeiuo n?aaenoa. Ii E50 io?aaeaaony auieaoa
aeaiaaeiuo n?aaenoa ec eannu.

Aeey o/aoa eanniauo iia?aoeee aeaaiue aooaaeoa? caiieiyao aeo?iae-i?aea?
?1 e aaaeiiinoue ?1 (i?eeiaeaiea ?23). A aeo?iaea-i?aea?a io?aaeaaony
?anoiae aeaiaa ec eannu ca ianyoe, o.a. E50, a aaaeiiinoe io?aaeaaony
i?eoiae, o.a. Ae50. Caiene a aeo?iaea-i?aea?a e aaaeiiinoe aeaeathony ia
iniiaaiee io/aoia eanne?a e i?eeiaeaiiuo e iei aeieoiaioia. Inoaoie
n?aaenoa a eanna iieacuaaaony a aaaeiiinoe ia ia/aei e ia eiiaoe
ianyoea. Eoiae e?aaeeoiauo iai?ioia ec aeo?iaea-i?aea?a ?1 aaeaiany/ii
ia?aiinyony a Aeaaioth eieao.

Noaia 2.2.

Noaia aeieoiaioiiai?ioa ii n/aoo 50 «Eanna»

?anoiaeiua e i?eoiaeiua eanniaua i?aea?a

AEo?iae ?aaeno?aoeee ?anoiaeiuo e i?eoiaeiuo eanniauo i?aea?ia

Eanniaay eieaa

AEo?iae-i?aea? ?1 e aaaeiiinoue ?1

Aeaaiay eieaa

Aaciaee/iuie iacuaatho ?an/aou, inouanoaeyaiua iooai ia?a/eneaiey noii
ni n/aoia ieaoaeueueea ia n/ao iieo/aoaey eee iooai ca/aoa acaeiiuo
io/aoia.

Iaycaoaeueiui o/anoeii ?an/aoia a aaciaee/iie oi?ia yaeyaony Naa?aaie.

Ioi?ieaieai aaciaee/iuo aeaiaaeiuo iia?aoeee yaeyaony ieaoaaeiia
ii?o/aiea (i?eeiaeaiea ?24). Iia caiieiyaony ia ia/aoiie iaoeiea eee
eiiiuethoa?a a o?ao yecaiiey?ao, aac iiia?ie n oeacaieai anao
iaiaoiaeeiuo ?aeaeceoia ieaoaeueueea e iieo/aoaey n?aaenoa n
?anoeo?iaeie iacia/aiey ieaoaaea. Eeoea ioaaonoaaiiua a oicyenoaa ca
niaa?oaiea aaieianeeo iia?aoeee ?anienuaathony ia ia?aii yecaiiey?a
ieaoaaeiiai ii?o/aiey, caeanue aea noaaeony ia/aoue oicyenoaa. Aooaaeoa?
oicyenoaa ioaeaao ieaoaaeiia ii?o/aiea a aaie. Ieaoaaeiia ii?o/aiea
aeaenoaoao a oa/aiea 10 aeiae.

O/ao aeaeaeaiey n?aaenoa a aooaaeoa?ee IIO «Oeaeeiiia» aaaeaony ia
aeoeaiii n/aoa 51 «?an/aoiua n/aoa». Ii aeaaaoo io?aaeaaony iinooieaiea
aeaiaaeiuo n?aaenoa ia ?an/aoiue n/ao a aaiea. A caaeneiinoe io
enoi/ieeia iinooieaiey aeaiaa ei??aniiiaee?othueie iiaoo auoue n/ao 50
«Eanna», n/aoa o/aoa ?an/aoia, n/aoa o/aoa e?aaeeoa aaiea e o.ae.

Ii e?aaeeoo n/aoa 51 io?aaeathony noiiu, iieo/aiiua ec aaiea eee
ia?a/eneaiiua ia ae?oaea n/aoa eee ae?oaei i?aaiecaoeeyi. A caaeneiinoe
io oiai, eoaea ia?a/eneaiu aeaiueae, ei??aniiiaee?othueie n/aoaie iiaoo
auoue: n/aoa o/aoa ?an/aoia ii e?aaeeoai aaiea; n/aoa o/aoa i?i/eo
aeaiaaeiuo n?aaenoa a aaiea; n/aoa o/aoa ?an/aoia n ?aciuie
i?aaiecaoeeyie; n/ao 50 «Eanna» e ae?.

Iniiaaieai aeey aooaaeoa?neeo caienae ii n/aoo 51 «?an/aoiua n/aoa»
yaeythony auienee aaiea n i?eeiaeaiiuie aeieoiaioaie (i?eeiaeaiea ?25).
A auienea oaeno caeiaee?iaai, iineieueeo a aaiea eeoeaaua n/aoa eeeaioia
ia?aaaouaathony ia au/eneeoaeueiuo iaoeiao.

Iieo/aiiua auienee aooaaeoa?ey oicyenoaa ouaoaeueii i?iaa?yao ii
niioaaonoaothuei aeieoiaioai, yaeythueiny iniiaaieai aeey ieaoaaeae.

Iinea ouaoaeueiie i?iaa?ee auienie ia iniiaaiee i?eeiaeaiiuo aeieoiaioia
aeaeaaony aooaaeoa?neay ?aciaoea noii, i?ioaaeoeo ii n/aoo. Aeey yoiai
i?ioea eaaeaeie noiiu a auienea noaaeony iiia? ei??aniiiaee?othuaai
n/aoa.

Ia iniiaaiee auienee e i?eeiaeaiiuo aeieoiaioia aeaaiue aooaaeoa?
caiieiyao aeo?iae-i?aea? ?2 e aaaeiiinoue ?2 (i?eeiaeaiea ?26).

Iai?io ii e?aaeeoo n/aoa 51 ec aeo?iaea-i?aea?a caiinyo a Aeaaioth eieao
ii n/aoo 51 iauae noiiie a a?aoo «Iai?io ii e?aaeeoo». Iaeiia?aiaiii ana
noiiu, ninoaaeaoea yoio iai?io, caienuaatho a aeaaao niioaaonoaothueo
ei??aniiiaee?othueo n/aoia a Aeaaiie eieaa a ?acaeae «Iai?iou ii
aeaaaoo» a a?aoo «N e?aaeeoa n/aoa 51 ii aeo?iaeo-i?aea?o ?2-AIE». Ia
iineaaeiae no?aieoea aeo?iaea-i?aea?a ?2-AIE oeacuaatho aaeaiany/ii
aeaoo niaa?oaiey caienae a aeo?iaea-i?aea?a e aeaoo ia?aiina iai?ioia a
Aeaaioth eieao.

Noaia 2.3.

Noaia aeieoiaioiiai?ioa ii n/aoo 51 «?an/aoiua n/aoa»

Ia?ae/iua aeieoiaiou

Auienea aaiea

AEo?iae-i?aea? ?2 e aaaeiiinoue ?2

Aeaaiay eieaa

2.8. O/ao ?an/aoia n aeaaeoi?aie

?an/aou ca ioa?oaeaiioth iieoiaoaeai i?iaeoeoeeth, oiaa?u, auiieiaiiua
?aaiou e ieacaiiua oneoae iiaoo i?iecaiaeeoueny iaee/iuie aeaiaaeiuie
n?aaenoaaie a i?aaeaeao onoaiiaeaiiiai eeieoa, iieiie eee /anoe/iie
i?aaeiieaoie (aaainii), aaciaee/ii /a?ac n/aoa a aaieao, aa?oa?ii.

I?e ioa?ocea aioiaie i?iaeoeoeee, oiaa?ia iieoiaoaeyi aac iieiie
i?aaeiieaou aicieeaao aeaaeoi?neay caaeieaeaiiinoue. Ii iae onoaiiaeai
i?aaeaeueiue n?ie eniieiaiey iaycaoaeuenoa – 4 ianyoea, ii enoa/aiee
eioi?iai aeaaeoi?neay caaeieaeaiiinoue nienuaaaony ia oauoee aac
oiaiueoaiey iaeiaiiaeaaaaiie i?eauee.

Nienaiiay a oauoie aeaaeoi?neay caaeieaeaiiinoue ia aiioee?oaony, a
io?aaeaaony ca aaeainii a oa/aiea 5 eao aeey aiciiaeiinoe acuneaiey n
iaieaoaaeaniiniaiiai aeaaeoi?a-iieoiaoaey aicieeoae caaeieaeaiiinoe.

Aeey o/aoa ?an/aoia n iieoiaoaeyie eniieuecoaony n/ao 62 «?an/aou n
iieoiaoaeyie e caeac/eeaie». N/ao aeoeaii-ianneaiue. Ia/aeueiia naeueaei
ii aeaaaoo io?aaeaao ?acia? caaeieaeaiiinoe iieoiaoaeae ca ioa?oaeaiioth
i?iaeoeoeeth, ?aaiou, oneoae ia ia/aei io/aoiiai ia?eiaea. Ia/aeueiia
naeueaei ii e?aaeeoo io?aaeaao aaee/eio caaeieaeaiiinoe iieoiaoaeyi e
caeac/eeai ii iieo/aiiui aaainai ia ia/aei io/aoiiai ia?eiaea.

Aiaeeoe/aneee o/ao ii n/aoo 62 «?an/aou n iieoiaoaeyie e caeac/eeaie»
aaaeaony ii eaaeaeiio i?aaeuyaeaiiiio iieoiaoaeai (caeac/eeii) n/aoo, a
?an/aoia ieaiiauie ieaoaaeaie – ii eaaeaeiio iieoiaoaeth e caeac/eeo.

I?e oaeii iino?iaiee aiaeeoe/aneiai o/aoa aeieaeia iaania/eaaoueny
aiciiaeiinoue iieo/aiey aeaiiuo:

– ii iieoiaoaeyi e caeac/eeai ii iaiiea/aiiui a n?ie ?an/aoiui
aeieoiaioai;

– aaainii iieo/aiiui.

O/ao ?an/aoia n iieoiaoaeyie e caeac/eeaie ii a?oiiai acaeiinaycaiiuo
i?aaiecaoeee, i aeayoaeueiinoe eioi?uo ninoaaeyaony naiaeiay
aooaaeoa?neay io/aoiinoue, aaaeaony ia n/aoa 62 «?an/aou n iieoiaoaeyie
e caeac/eeaie» iainiaeaiii.

Iiaeio/aoiuie iacuaatho eeoea, iieo/eaoea a eanna oicyenoaa aaain ia
oicyenoaaiiua, eiiaiaee?iai/iua ?anoiaeu.

Iiaeio/aoiay noiia – aeaiaaeiua aaainu, auaeaaaaiua ?aaioieeai oicyenoaa
ia oeacaiiua oeaee.

A i?aeoeea ?aaiou oicyenoaa iinoiyiii aicieeatho neooaoeee, eiaaea
ioaeii i?iecaiaeeoue ?an/aou iaee/iuie aeaiueaaie. A oicyenoaa anoue
nienie iiaeio/aoiuo eeoe, o.a. oao eioi?ui ?ac?aoaii a?aoue aeaiueae a
iiaeio/ao ec eannu. Iiaeio/aoiia eeoei, iieo/ea aeaiueae, i?iecaiaeeo
?anoiaeu ia iniiaaiee i?aaeeueii ioi?ieaiiuo aeieoiaioia. Ninoaaeyaony
aaainiaue io/ao (i?eeiaeaiea ?27) a oa/aiea o?ao aeiae, e iaio
i?eeeaaeuaathony ii?aaaeaoaeueiua aeieoiaiou (oiaa?iue e eanniaue /aee
eee n/ao-oaeoo?a e eaeoaioeey e IEI). Ia eniieueciaaiiue inoaoie
iiaeio/aoa aica?auaaony a eanno eee oaea?aeeaaaony ec ca?aaioiie ieaou
iiaeio/aoiiai eeoea.

Cai?auaaony auaeaaaoue a iiaeio/ao aeaiueae oiio eeoeo, eioi?ia
iaio/eoaeinue ii i?aaeuaeouaio iiaeio/aoo.

A aeayoaeueiinoe oicyenoaa /anoi aicieeatho neooaoeee, eioi?ua o?aaotho
auacaea ?aaioieea ca i?aaeaeu ianaeaiiiai ioieoa ia eaeia-oi a?aiy aeey
?aoaiey aicieeoae i?iaeaiu, o.a. nuacaeeoue a eiiaiaee?iaeo. A
eiiaiaee?iaeo iai?aaeythony oieueei ?aaioieee IIO «Oeaeeiiia». Ia?aae
iiacaeeie ?aaioiee iieo/aao a eanna aeaiaaeiua n?aaenoaa ia iieaoo
i?iacaea, i?iaeeaaiea e ieoaiea. Ii aica?auaiee ec eiiaiaee?iaee a
oa/aiea o?ao aeiae ?aaioiee ninoaaeyao aaainiaue io/ao e
eiiaiaee?iai/iia oaeinoiaa?aiea (i?eeiaeaiea ?28). E aaainiaiio io/aoo
i?eeeaaeuaathony ana ii?aaaeaoaeueiua aeieoiaiou (aeeaou, eaeoaioeee e
ainoeieoeu e ae?.). Ca eiiaiaee?iaeo nio?aiyaony ianoi ?aaiou, e aeie
eiiaiaee?iaee iiea/eaathony ii n?aaeiaio ca?aaioeo.

Aeey o/aoa iia?aoeee ii ?an/aoai n iiaeio/aoiuie eeoeaie eniieuecotho
n/ao 71 «?an/aou n iiaeio/aoiuie eeoeaie». Ii Ae71 io?aaeatho iieo/aiea
aeaiaa a iiaeio/ao. Ii E71 io?aaeatho i?iecaaaeaiiua ?anoiaeu,
iieo/aiiua oiaa?ii-iaoa?eaeueiua oeaiiinoe.

O/ao iia?aoeee ii n/aoo 71 aaaeaony a aeo?iaea-i?aea?a ?7 (i?eeiaeaiea
?29). A yoii aeo?iaea ii eaaeaeiio iiaeio/aoiiio eeoeo i?eaiaeyony
aeaiiua i caaeieaeaiiinoe ia ia/aei ianyoea, noiiu, iieo/aiiua a
iiaeio/ao ca ianyoe, noiiu ooaa?aeaeaiiiai ?anoiaea e inoaoie
caaeieaeaiiinoe ca iiaeio/aoiui eeoeii ia eiiaoe ianyoea.

E ?aciui aeaaeoi?ai e e?aaeeoi?ai ioiinyony: i?aaiecaoeee
iaeiiia?/aneiai oa?aeoa?a (o/aaiua caaaaeaiey, iao/iua i?aaiecaoeee e
o.i.), aeaiiiaiou ii noiiai ca?aaioiie ieaou, i?aiee e ae?oaeo
aiaeiae/iuo auieao; o?ainii?oiua i?aaiecaoeee (ae/ae e aiaeiua), n
eioi?uie aaaeoo ?an/aou ca oneoae; i?aaiecaoeee e eeoea, a iieueco
eioi?uo i?iecaiaeyony oaea?aeaiey ia iniiaaiee cayaeaiee ?aaioieeia eee
eniieieoaeueiuo aeieoiaioia; nuaiueee eaa?oe? e eeoea, i?iaeeaathuea a
iauaaeeoeyo; a?aiaeaoi?u iaaeeeuo iiiauaiee; ?iaeeoaee aeaoae, i?eiyouo
a aeaoneea o/?aaeaeaiey; a?aaeaeaia, au?aueaathuea neio e ioeoeo ii
aeiaiai?ai; i?aaei?eyoey e i?aaiecaoeee, eoieaoea eee i?iaeaaoea
iniiaiua n?aaenoaa; iin?aaeieee ii eniieiaieth iaycaoaeuenoa ii
i?iaeaaea aioiaie i?iaeoeoeee eee iieoiea oiaa?ia; i?aaiecaoeee ii
eiouanoaaiiiio e ee/iiio no?aoiaaieth; ii i?aoaiceyi; ii eeceiaiaui
iia?aoeeyi e ae?oaea.

Aeey iaiauaiey aeaiiie eioi?iaoeee i?aaeiacia/ai n/ao 76 «?an/aou n
?aciuie aeaaeoi?aie e e?aaeeoi?aie».

2.9. Auaiaeu e i?aaeeiaeaiey

A IIO «Oeaeeiiia» a ninoaaa iai?ioiuo n?aaenoa aaaeiia ianoi caieiatho
aeaiaaeiua n?aaenoaa. Iie niaa?oatho iai?a?uaiue e?oaiiai?io: ec
aeaiaaeiie oi?iu ia?aoiaeyo a oiaa?ioth, ec oiaa?iie a
i?iecaiaenoaaiioth, caoai iiyoue a oiaa?ioth e aeaiaaeioth. Iaiaoiaeeii,
oaeaea ioiaoeoue, /oi a oicyenoaa iai?ioiua n?aaenoaa ieeiaaea ia
iaoiaeyony ia iaeiie noaaeee e?oaiiai?ioa.

A oicyenoaa oi?ioi nieaie?iaai o/ao ii aeaeaeaieth iaoa?eaeia, aioiaie
i?iaeoeoeee e oiaa?ia. Neeaaeu, a eioi?uo o?aiyony IIC,
iiae?acaeaeythony ia iauea e niaoeeaeece?iaaiiua. Ia iaueo neeaaeao ia
i?aaeoniao?eaaaony iniauo oneiaee o?aiaiey IIC. Niaoeeaeece?iaaiiua –
yoi neeaaeu, i?eniiniaeaiiua aeey o?aiaiey niaoeeoe/aneeo IIC.
?oeiaiaenoa oicyenoaa iaania/eaaao iaiaoiaeeiua oneiaey ?aaiou
iaoa?eaeueii-ioaaonoaaiiui eeoeai e i?aaieciauaaao io?aio neeaaeia e
iano o?aiaiey IIC a ia?aai/aa a?aiy e ii/iua /anu.

A eiioea ianyoea iaoa?eaeueii-ioaaonoaaiiua eeoea naeatho io/aou a
aooaaeoa?eth oicyenoaa aianoa n ia?ae/iuie aeieoiaioaie ii aeaeaeaieth
oeaiiinoae. Aeieoiaiou i?iaa?yao iaoa?eaeueiay a?oiia e ninoaaeyao
?aaeno?u aooaaeoa?neiai o/aoa.

*oi eanaaony o/aoa aeeaioiuo ia au?aueaaiee e ioei?ia iiaeii neacaoue,
/oi a i?ioeanna ?aaiou caiieiyaony aieueoia eiee/anoai ia?ae/iuo
aeieoiaioia, eioi?ua io?aaeatho i?iecioaaeoea eciaiaiey a ninoaaa
aeeaioiuo.

Aeaiaaeiua n?aaenoaa yaeythony iaeiei ec iaiaoiaeeiuo oneiaee
ii?iaeueiiai i?ioeanna ?anoe?aiey aini?iecaiaenoaa. Oicyenoai iaycaii
o?aieoue naie aeaiaaeiua n?aaenoaa ia ?an/aoiuo n/aoao, a a naiae eanna
iiaoo eiaoue iaee/iua aeaiaaeiua n?aaenoaa oieueei a i?aaeaeao eeieoia,
eioi?ua onoaiiaeaiu o/?aaeaeaieyie aaieia ii niaeaniaaieth n
?oeiaiaeeoaeai oicyenoaa. A IIO «Oeaeeiiia» iaania/ai eiio?ieue ca
nio?aiiinoue aeaiaaeiuo n?aaenoa, aeieoiaioia a eanna e eo oeaeaaui
eniieueciaaieai.

Ieaoaaee ia oa??eoi?ee ?O inouanoaeyaony iooai iaee/iuo e aaciaee/iuo
?an/aoia. I?eai iaee/iuo aeaiaa a eanno ioi?ieytho i?eoiaeiui eanniaui
i?aea?ii. Auaea/o iaee/iuo aeaiaa ec eannu ioi?ieytho ?anoiaeiui
eanniaui i?aea?ii. A ioee/ea io i?eoiaeiiai eanniaiai i?aea?a a
?anoiaeiii eanniaii i?aea?a aeieaeia auoue ?ac?aoeoaeueiay iiaeienue
?oeiaiaeeoaey oicyenoaa. Aeaeaeaiea aeaiaa a eanna eanne? o/eouaaao a
eanniaie eieaa oeiiaie oi?iu. Aeey o/aoa iia?aoeee ii eanna
eniieuecoaony n/ao 50 «Eanna». Aeey o/aoa eanniauo iia?aoeee aeaaiue
aooaaeoa? caiieiyao aeo?iae-i?aea? ?1 e aaaeiiinoue ?1.

Aaciaee/iuie iacuaatho ?an/aou, inouanoaeyaiua iooai ia?a/eneaiey noii
ni n/aoia ieaoaeueueea ia n/ao iieo/aoaey eee iooai ca/aoa acaeiiuo
?an/aoia a aaciaee/iie oi?ia yaeyaony Naa?aaie. O/ao aaciaee/iuo
?an/aoia a IIO «Oeaeeiiia» aaaeaony ia n/aoa 51 «?an/aoiue n/ao», n/ao
aeoeaiue. Iniiaaieai aeey caienae ii n/aoo 51 «?an/aoiue n/ao» yaeyaony
auienea aaiea n i?eeiaeaiiuie aeieoiaioaie. Ia iniiaaiee yoeo
aeieoiaioia e auienee aeaaiue aooaaeoa? caiieiyao aeo?iae-i?aea? ?2 e
aaaeiiinoue ?2.

?an/aou ca ioa?oaeaiioth i?iaeoeoeeth, oiaa?u, auiieiaiiua ?aaiou e
ieacaiiua oneoae i?iecaiaeyony iaee/iuie aeaiaaeiuie n?aaenoaaie a
i?aaeaeao onoaiiaeaiiiai eeieoa. Aeey o/aoa ?an/aoia n iieoiaoaeyie e
caeac/eeaie eniieuecoaony n/ao 62 «?an/aou n iieoiaoaeyie e
caeac/eeaie», n/ao aeoeaii-ianneaiue. A i?aeoeea ?aaiou oicyenoaa
iinoiyiii aicieeatho neooaoeee, eiaaea ioaeii i?iecaiaeeoue ?an/aoa
iaee/iuie aeaiueaaie, i?e yoii ninoaaeyaony aaainiaue io/ao. Oaeaea
/anoi aicieeatho neooaoeee, eioi?ua o?aaotho auacaea ?aaioieea ca
i?aaeaeu ianaeaiiiai ioieoa ia eaeia-oi a?aiy aeey ?aoaiey aicieeoae
i?iaeaiu, o.a. nuacaeeoue a eiiaiaee?iaeo. Ia?aae iiacaeeie ?aai/ee
iieo/aao a eanna aeaiaaeiua n?aaenoaa ia iieaoo i?iacaea, i?iaeeaaiea e
ieoaiea. Aeey o/aoa iia?aoeee ii ?an/aoai n iiaeio/aoiuie eeoeaie
eniieuecotho n/ao 71 «?an/aou n iiaeio/aoiuie eeoeaie». O/ao iia?aoeee
ii n/aoo 71 aaaeaony a aeo?iaea-i?aea?a ?7.

Ana ?an/aou a IIO «Oeaeeiiia» e o/ao iaoa?eaeia, aioiaie i?iaeoeoeee e
oiaa?ia aaaeoony a niioaaonoaee n o?aaiaaieyie aooaaeoa?neiai o/aoa.
O/aoiua ?aaiou auiieiythony aia?aiy e aac caia/aiee.

3 ?acaeae: Aiaeec iai?a/eaaaiinoe iai?ioiuo n?aaenoa.

3.1. Aiaeec aeeiaieee e ninoaaa iai?ioiuo aeoeaia.

Iniaaiii ouaoaeueii iaiaoiaeeii i?iaiaeece?iaaoue eciaiaiey ninoaaa e
aeeiaieee iai?ioiuo aeoeaia, eae iaeaieaa iiaeeueiie /anoe eaieoaea, io
ninoiyiey eioi?uo a cia/eoaeueiie noaiaie caaeneo oeiainiaia ninoiyiea
IIO «Oeaeeiiia». I?e yoii neaaeoao eiaoue a aeaeo, /oi noaaeeueiinoue
no?oeoo?u iai?ioiiai eaieoaea naeaeaoaeuenoaoao ia onoie/eaii, oi?ioi
ioeaaeaiiii i?ioeanna i?iecaiaenoaa e nauoa i?iaeoeoeee e, iaiai?io,
nouanoaaiiua no?oeoo?iua eciaiaiey – i?eciae ianoaaeeueiie ?aaiou
oicyenoaa.

Oaaeeoea 3.1.

Aiaeec ninoaaa e no?oeoo?u iai?ioiuo aeoeaia IIO «Oeaeeiiia»

ca 2000 – 2002 aa.

Aeae n?aaenoaIaee/ea n?aaenoa (oun. ?oa.)No?oeoo?a n?aaenoa (%)Ia ia/aei
2002a.Ia

eiiaoe 2002a.

EciaiaieyIa ia/aei 2002a.Ia ia/aei 2002a.

EciaiaieyCaianu

a o./.1058913491+290279,473,5-5,9 nu?uea e
iaoa?eaeu18812961+108014,116,1+2iacaaa?oaiiia
i?iecaiaenoai330926+5962,55,0+2,5 aioiaay
i?iaeoeoeey51525589+43138,630,5-8,1aeeaioiua ia au?aueaaiee e ioei?ia

3226

4015

+789

24,2

21,9

-2,3Iaeiae ii i?eia?aoaiiui oeaiiinoyi

660

700

+40

5,0

3,8

-2,3Aeaaeoi?neay caaeieaeaiiinoue18594142+228313,922,6+8,7Aeaiaaeiua
n?aaenoaa2235-2181,70,1-1,6Eoiai13331183385007100100-Ii aeaiiui oaaeeoeu
aeaeii, /oi no?oeoo?a iai?ioiuo n?aaenoa ii iiiaei aeaeai ia
cia/eoaeueii eciaieeanue a eiioea 2002 aiaea ii n?aaiaieth n ia/aeii
yoiai aea aiaea.

Oiaiueoaiea caiania (ia 5,9%) i?iecioei ca n/ao oiaiueoaiey aioiaie
i?iaeoeoeee (ia 8,1%) e aeeaioiua ia au?aueaaiee e ioei?ia (ia 2,3%).

Oaaee/eeanue aeaaeoi?neay caaeieaeaiiinoue (ia 8,7%), a aio aeaiaaeiua
n?aaenoaa oiaiueoeeenue (ia 1,6%), /oi naeaeaoaeuenoaoao ia oooaeoaiee
oeiainiaie neooaoeee a IIO «Oeaeeiiia».

3.2. Aiaeec ninoiyiey caiania IIO «Oeaeeiiia»

Aieueoia aeeyiea ia oeiainiaia ninoiyiea oicyenoaa e aai
i?iecaiaenoaaiiua ?acoeueoaou ieacuaaao ninoiyiea i?iecaiaenoaaiiuo
caiania. A oeaeyo ii?iaeueiiai oiaea i?iecaiaenoaa e nauoa i?iaeoeoeee
caianu aeieaeiu auoue iioeiaeueiuie. Oaaee/aiea oaeaeueiiai aana caiania
iiaeao naeaeaoaeuenoaiaaoue:

– i ?anoe?aiee ianooaaia aeayoaeueiinoe oicyenoaa;

– i no?aieaiee caueoeoue aeaiaaeiua n?aaenoaa io iaanoeaieaaiey iiae
aicaeaenoaeai eioeyoeee;

– i iayooaeoeaiii oi?aaeaiee caianaie, aneaaenoaea /aai cia/eoaeueiay
/anoue eaieoaea caii?aaeeaaaony ia aeeeoaeueiia a?aiy a caianao,
caiaaeeyaony aai iai?a/eaaaiinoue.

E?iia oiai, aicieeatho i?iaeaiu n eeeaeaeiinoueth, oaaee/eaaaony ii?/a
nu?uey e iaoa?eaeia, ?anooo neeaaeneea ?anoiaeu, /oi io?eoeaoaeueii
aeeyao ia eiia/iua ?acoeueoaou aeayoaeueiinoe. Ana yoi naeaeaoaeuenoaoao
i niaaea aeaeiaie aeoeaiinoe oicyenoaa.

A oiaea a?aiy iaaeinoaoie caiania (nu?uey, iaoa?eaeia, oiieeaa) oaeaea
io?eoeaoaeueii neacuaaaony ia i?iecaiaenoaaiiuo e oeiainiauo
?acoeueoaoao aeayoaeueiinoe IIO «Oeaeeiiia». Iiyoiio oicyenoai no?aieony
e oiio, /oiau i?iecaiaenoai aia?aiy e a iieiii iauaia iaania/eaaeinue
anaie iaiaoiaeeiuie ?ano?naie, e a oiaea a?aiy e oiio, /oiau yoe ?ano?nu
ia caeaaeeaaeenue ia neeaaeao.

Aiaeec ninoiyiey i?iecaiaenoaaiiuo caiania iaiaoiaeeii ia/eiaoue n
eco/aiey eo aeeiaieee e i?iaa?ee niioaaonoaey oaeoe/aneeo inoaoeia eo
ieaiiaie iio?aaiinoe.

?acia? i?iecaiaenoaaiiuo caiania a noieiinoiii au?aaeaiee iiaeao
eciaieoueny eae ca n/ao eiee/anoaaiiiai, oae e ca n/ao noieiinoiiai
(eioeyoeeiiiiai) oaeoi?ia. ?an/ao aeeyiey eiee/anoaaiiiai (E) e
noieiinoiiai (Oe) oaeoi?ia ia eciaiaiea noiiu caiania (C) ii eaaeaeiio
eo aeaeo inouanoaeyaony niiniaii aaniethoiuo ?acieoe:

Ce = (E1 – E0)Oe0 Co = E1(Oe1 – Oe0)

Oaaeeoea 3.2.

Aeeiaieea ninoiyiey caiania IIO «Oeaeeiiia»

ca 2000 – 2002 aa. (oun. ?oa.)

Aeae caiania

2000

2001

2002Eciaiaiea 2002a. ii n?aaiaieth n 20002001Nu?uea, iaoa?eaeu e ae?oaea
aiaeiae/iua oeaiiinoe

1860

1881

2961

1101

1080AEeaioiua ia au?aueaaiee e ioei?ia

2670

3226

4015

1345

789Iacaaa?oaiiia i?iecaiaenoai

347

330

926

579

596Aioiaay i?iaeoeoeey e oiaa?u aeey i?iaeaaee

3151

5152

5589

2438

437Eoiai 8028105891349154632902Ec oaaeeoeu aeaeii, /oi noieiinoue iiiaeo
aeaeia caiania a 2002 aiaeo ii n?aaiaieth n i?ioeuie aiaeaie
oaaee/eeanue.

Nu?uey e iaoa?eaeia ia 21 o. ?oa. ii n?aaiaieth n 2001aiaeii. Noieiinoue
aeeaioiuo ia au?aueaaiee e ioei?ia oaaee/eeanue ia 556 o. ?oaeae.
Noieiinoue i?iaeoeoeee aeey i?iaeaaee aic?inea aei 5152 o. ?oa., /oi ia
2001 o. ?oa. aieueoa /ai a i?ioeii 2001 aiaeo. Iacaaa?oaiiia
i?iecaiaenoai n eaaeaeui aiaeii nie?auaaony, ii n?aaiaieth n 2001 aiaeii
ia 17 o. ?oaeae.

Ia?eiae iai?a/eaaaiinoe eaieoaea a caianao nu?uey e iaoa?eaeia ?aaai
a?aiaie o?aiaiey eo ia neeaaea io iiiaioa iinooieaiey aei ia?aaea/e a
i?iecaiaenoai. *ai iaiueoa yoio ia?eiae, oai iaiueoa i?e i?i/eo ?aaiuo
oneiaeyo i?iecaiaenoaaiii-eiiia?/aneee oeeee. Ii ii?aaeaeyaony
neaaeothuei ia?acii:

Ic = n?aaeiaa naeueaei ii n/aoai i?iecaiaenoaaiiuo caiania * aeie
ia?eiaea

Noiia ec?anoiaeiaaiiuo caiania ca io/aoiue ia?eiae

Caiaaeeaiea iai?a/eaaaiinoe eaieoaea a caianao iiaeao i?iecieoe ca n/ao
iaeiieaiey eceeoieo, iaoiaeiauo, caeaaeaeuo iaoa?eaeia, a oaeaea ca n/ao
i?eia?aoaiey aeiiieieoaeueiuo caiania a nayce n iaeeaeaieai ?inoa oaiiia
eioeyoeee e aeaoeoeeoa.

Iioiio neaaeoao auynieoue, iao ee a ninoaaa caiania ia iaoiaeiauo,
caeaaeaeuo, iaioaeiuo iaoa?eaeueiuo oeaiiinoae. Yoi eaaei onoaiiaeoue ii
aeaiiui neeaaeneiai o/aoa eee naeueaeiaui aaaeiiinoyi. Anee ii
eaeiio-eeai iaoa?eaeo inoaoie aieueoie, a ?anoiaea ia i?ioyaeaiee aiaea
ia auei eee ii aue iacia/eoaeueiui, oi aai iiaeii ioianoe e a?oiia
iaoiaeiauo caiania. Iaee/ea oaeeo iaoa?eaeia naeaeaoaeuenoaoao i oii ,
/oi iai?ioiue eaieoae caii?iaeai ia aeeeoaeueiia a?aiy a
i?iecaiaenoaaiiuo caianao a ?acoeueoaoa /aai caiaaeeyaony aai
iai?a/eaaaiinoue.

Aeey iia?aoeaiiai oi?aaeaiey caianaie aeaeaaony aieaa aeaoaeueiue aiaeec
eo iai?a/eaaaiinoe ii eaaeaeiio aeaeo, aeey /aai n?aaeiee inoaoie caiana
aeaeeony ia iaeiiaeiaaiue n?aaeiee aai ?anoiae.

A IIO «Oeaeeiiia» a iineaaeiaa a?aiy aieueoie oaeaeueiue aan a iai?ioiuo
aeoeaao caieiaao aioiaay i?iaeoeoeey. Yoi naycaii n ?inoii eiieo?aioeee,
iioa?ae ?uieia nauoa, nieaeaieai ni?ina ec-ca ieceie iieoiaoaeueiie
niiniaiinoe noauaeoia oicyenoaiaaiey e ianaeaiey, aunieie
naaanoieiinoueth i?iaeoeoeee, ia?eoie/iinoueth auionea e ioa?ocee e
ae?oaia. Oaaee/aiea inoaoeia aioiaie i?iaeoeoeee ia neeaaeao oicyenoaa
i?eaiaeeo e aeeeoaeueiiio caii?aaeeaaieth iai?ioiiai eaieoaea,
ionoonoaeth aeaiaaeiie iaee/iinoe, iio?aaiinoe a e?aaeeoao e oieaou
i?ioeaioia ii iei, ?inoo e?aaeeoi?neie caaeieaeaiiinoe iinoaaueeai,
athaeaeaoo, ?aaioieeai oicyenoaa ii iieaoa o?oaea e o.ae. A ianoiyuaa
a?aiy yoi iaeia ec iniiaiuo i?e/ei ieceie ieaoaaeaniiniaiinoe oicyenoaa.

I?iaeieaeeoaeueiinoue iaoiaeaeaiey eaieoaea a aioiaie i?iaeoeoeee (Iai)
?aaia a?aiaie o?aiaiey aioiaie i?iaeoeoeee ia neeaaeao n iiiaioa
iinooieaiey ec i?iecaiaenoaa aei ioa?ocee iieoiaoaeyi:

Iai = N?aaeiaa naeueaei ii n/aoo «Aioiaay i?iaeoeoeey» * Aeie ia?eiaea

Noiia e?aaeeoiaiai iai?ioa ii n/aoo «Aioiaay i?iaeoeoeey»

Aeey aiaeeca ninoaaa, aeeeoaeueiinoe e i?e/ei ia?aciaaiey
naa?oii?iaoeaiuo inoaoeia aioiaie i?iaeoeoeee ii eaaeaeiio aa aeaeo
eniieuecothony aeaiiua aiaeeoe/aneiai e neeaaeneiai o/aoa,
eiaaioa?ecaoeee e iia?aoeaiua naaaeaiey ioaeaea nauoa, neoaeau
ia?eaoeiaa. N oeaeueth ?anoe?aiey e iienea iiauo ?uieia nauoa
iaiaoiaeeii eco/aoue iooe nieaeaiey naaanoieiinoe i?iaeoeoeee, iiauoaiey
aa ea/anoaa e eiieo?aioiinoe, no?oeoo?iie ia?ano?ieee yeiiiieee
oicyenoaa e o.ae.

Cia/eoaeueiue oaeaeueiue aan a iai?ioiuo aeoeaao oicyenoaa caieiaao
iacaaa?oaiiia i?iecaiaenoai. Oaaee/aiea inoaoeia iacaaa?oaiiiai
i?iecaiaenoaa iiaeao naeaeaoaeuenoaiaaoue n iaeiie noi?iiu, i ?anoe?aiee
i?iecaiaenoaa, a n ae?oaie – i caiaaeeaiee iai?a/eaaaiinoe eaieoaea a
nayce n oaaee/aieai i?iaeieaeeoaeueiinoe i?iecaiaenoaaiiiai oeeeea.

I?iaeieaeeoaeueiinoue i?iecaiaenoaaiiiai oeeeea (Iioe) ?aaia a?aiaie, a
oa/aiea eioi?iai i?iecaiaeeony i?iaeoeoeey:

Iioe = N?aaeiea inoaoee iacaaa?oaiiiai i?iecaiaenoaa * Aeie ia?eiaea

Naaanoieiinoue auiouaiiie i?iaeoeoeee a io/aoiii ia?eiaea

Iaiaoiaeeii i?iaiaeece?iaaoue oaeaea i?iaeieaeeoaeueiinoue i?ioeanna
i?iecaiaenoaa ii eaaeaeiio aeaeo i?iaeoeoeee e onoaiiaeoue oaeoi?u aa
eciaiaiey. I?iaeieaeeoaeueiinoue i?iecaiaenoaaiiiai oeeeea caaeneo io
eioaineaiinoe, oaoiieiaee, i?aaiecaoeee i?iecaiaenoaa,
iaoa?eaeueii-oaoie/aneiai niaaaeaiey e ae?oaeo oaeoi?ia. Aai nie?auaiea
naeaeaoaeuenoaoao i iiauoaiee aeaeiaie aeoeaiinoe oicyenoaa.

3.3. Aiaeec ninoiyiey aeaaeoi?neie caaeieaeaiiinoe

IIO «Oeaeeiiia»

Aieueoia aeeyiea ia iai?a/eaaaiinoue eaieoaea, aeiaeaiiiai a iai?ioiua
aeoeau, a, neaaeiaaoaeueii, e ia oeiainiaia ninoiyiea IIO «Oeaeeiiia»
ieacuaaao oaaee/aiea eee oiaiueoaiea aeaaeoi?neie caaeieaeaiiinoe.
Eneonnoai oi?aaeaiey aeaaeoi?neie caaeieaeaiiinoueth caeeth/aaony a
iioeiecaoeee iauaai aai ?acia?a e iaania/aiee naiaa?aiaiiie aa
eieannaoeee.

?aceia oaaee/aiea aeaaeoi?neie caaeieaeaiiinoe e aa ?iee a iai?ioiuo
aeoeaao iiaeao naeaeaoaeuenoaiaaoue i iainiio?eoaeueiie e?aaeeoiie
iieeoeee oicyenoaa ii ioiioaieth e iieoiaoaeyi eeai ia oaaee/aiee iauaia
i?iaeaae, eeai i iaieaoaaeaniiniaiinoe e aaie?ionoaa /anoe iieoiaoaeae.
Nie?auaiea aeaaeoi?neie caaeieaeaiiinoe ioeaieaaaony iieiaeeoaeueii,
anee iii i?ienoiaeeo ca n/ao nie?auaiey ia?eiaea aa iiaaoaiey. Anee aea
aeaaeoi?neay caaeieaeaiiinoue oiaiueoaaony a nayce n oiaiueoaieai
ioa?ocee i?iaeoeoeee, oi yoi naeaeaoaeuenoaoao i nieaeaiee aeoeaiinoe
oicyenoaa.

Neaaeiaaoaeueii, ?ino aeaaeoi?neie caaeieaeaiiinoe ia anaaaea
ioeaieaaaony io?eoeaoaeueii, a nieaeaiea – iieiaeeoaeueii. Iaiaoiaeeii
?acee/aoue ii?iaeueioth e i?in?i/aiioth caaeieaeaiiinoue. Iaee/ea
iineaaeiae nicaeaao oeiainiaua cao?oaeiaiey, oae eae, oicyenoai aoaeao
iuouaoue iaaeinoaoie oeiainiauo ?ano?nia aeey i?eia?aoaiey
i?iecaiaenoaaiiuo caiania, auieaou ca?aaioiie ieaou e ae?oaia. E?iia
oiai, caii?aaeeaaiea n?aaenoa a aeaaeoi?neie caaeieaeaiiinoe i?eaiaeeo e
caiaaeeaieth iai?a/eaaaiinoe eaieoaea. I?in?i/aiiay caaeieaeaiiinoue
icia/aao ?ino ?enea iaiiaaoaiey aeieaia e oiaiueoaiea i?eauee. Iiyoiio
oicyenoai caeioa?aniaaii a nie?auaiee n?ieia iiaaoaiey i?e/eoathueony
aio ieaoaaeae.

Onei?eoue ieaoaaee iiaeii iooai niaa?oainoaiaaiey ?an/aoia,
naiaa?aiaiiiai ioi?ieaiey ?an/aoiuo aeieoiaioia, i?aaeaa?eoaeueiie
iieaou, i?eiaiaiea aaenaeueiie oi?iu ?an/aoia e o.ae.

A i?ioeanna aiaeeca ioaeii eco/eoue aeeiaieeo, ninoaa, i?e/eiu e
aeaaiinoue ia?aciaaiey aeaaeoi?neie caaeieaeaiiinoe, onoaiiaeoue, iao ee
a aa ninoaaa noii, ia?aaeueiuo aeey acuneaiey, eee oaeeo, ii eioi?ui
enoaeatho n?iee eneiaie aeaaiinoe. Anee oaeea eiathony, oi iaiaoiaeeii
n?i/ii i?eiyoue ia?u ii eo acuneaieth (ioi?ieaiea aaenaeae, ia?auaiea a
noaeaaiua i?aaiu e ae?.).

Oaaeeoea 3.3.

Aiaeec ninoaaa aeaaeoi?neie caaeieaeaiiinoe IIO «Oeaeeiiia»

Aeae aeaaeoi?neie caaeieaeaiiinoeInoaoie ia ia/aei aiaeaAicieeei
iaycaoaeuenoaIiaaoaii iaycaoaeuenoaInoaoie ia eiiaoe
aiaea200020012002200020012002200020012002200020012002E?aoein?i/iay116016
15185914803153001102571718161518594142I?iaeieaeaiea oaaeeoeu 3.3.

Aeae aeaaeoi?neie caaeieaeaiiinoeInoaoie ia ia/aei aiaeaAicieeei
iaycaoaeuenoaIiaaoaii iaycaoaeuenoaInoaoie ia eiiaoe
aiaea200020012002200020012002200020012002200020012002A oii /enea
i?in?i/aiiay1160719931-2742469441623407199313060Ec iaa aeeeoaeueiinoueth
nauoa 3 ianyoeaa

945

547

742

249

2450

398

54

287

547

742

2905

?anniio?aa aeaiiua oaaeeoeu iiaeii neacaoue, /oi aeaaeoi?neay
caaeieaeaiiinoue e eiioeo 2002ue aiaea aic?inea a 2 ?aca, o.a. ia 2283
o. ?oaeae. Anee n?aaieoue aeaaeoi?neoth caaeieaeaiiinoue ca o?e aiaea,
oi aeaeii, /oi n eaaeaeui aiaeii iia ana ?anoao, /oi i?eaiaeeo IIO
«Oeaeeiiia» e i/aiue aieueoie oeiainiaie o?oaeiinoe.

?aaioiee, caieiathueeny oi?aaeaieai aeaaeoi?neie caaeieaeaiiinoueth,
aeieaeai nin?aaeioi/eoue aieiaiea ia iaeaieaa noa?uo aeieaao e oaeaeeoue
aieueoa aieiaiey e?oiiui noiiai caaeieaeaiiinoe.

I?e yoii aaaeii ioeaieoue aa?iyoiinoue aaciaaeaaeiuo aeieaia, aeey /aai
eniieuecoaony iaeiieaiiue a oicyenoaa noaoenoe/aneee iaoa?eae eee
caeeth/aiea iiuoiuo yenia?oia.

Aaaeii eco/eoue oaeaea ea/anoai e eeeaeaeiinoue aeaaeoi?neie
caaeieaeaiiinoe. Iaeiei ec iieacaoaeae, eniieuecoaiuo aeey yoie oeaee,
yaeyaony ia?eiae iai?a/eaaaiinoe aeaaeoi?neie caaeieaeaiiinoe (Iaec),
eee ia?eiae eieannaoeee aeieaia. Ii ?aaai a?aiaie iaaeaeo ioa?oceie
oiaa?ia e iieo/aieai ca ieo iaee/iuo aeaiaa io iieoiaoaeae:

Iaec = N?aaeiea inoaoee aeaaeoi?neie caaeieaeaiiinoe * Aeie ia?eiaea

Noiia iiaaoaiiie aeaaeoi?neie caaeieaeaiiinoe ca ia?eiae

Aeey oa?aeoa?enoeee ea/anoaa aeaaeoi?neie caaeieaeaiiinoe e
ii?aaeaeyaony oaeie iieacaoaeue, eae aeiey ?aca?aa ii niiieoaeueiui
aeieaai a iauae noiia aeaaeoi?neie caaeieaeaiiinoe. ?ino o?iaiy aeaiiiai
eiyooeoeeaioa naeaeaoaeuenoaoao i nieaeaiee ea/anoaa iineaaeiae.

Yoe iieacaoaee niiinoaaeytho a aeeiaieea, ni n?aaeiaio?aneaauie,
ii?iaoeaiuie e eco/atho i?e/eiu oaaee/aiey i?iaeieaeeoaeueiinoe ia?eiaea
iaoiaeaeaiey n?aaenoa a aeaaeoi?neie caaeieaeaiiinoe (iayooaeoeaiay
nenoaia ?an/aoia, oeiainiaua cao?oaeiaiey o iieoiaoaeae aeeeoaeueiue
oeeee aaieianeiai aeieoiaioiiai?ioa e o.ae.).

Iniaoth aeooaeueiinoue i?iaeaia iaieaoaaeae i?eia?aoaao, a oneiaeyo
eioeyoeee, eiaaea i?ienoiaeeo iaanoeaiaiea aeaiaa. *oiau iiaen/eoaoue
oauoee oicyenoaa io ianaiaa?aiaiiie iieaou n/aoia aeaaeoi?aie,
iaiaoiaeeii io i?in?i/aiiie aeaaeoi?neie caaeieaeaiiinoe au/anoue aa
noiio, nei??aeoe?iaaiioth ia eiaeaen eioeyoeee ca yoio n?ie.

3.4. No?oeoo?a aeaiaaeiuo n?aaenoa IIO «Oeaeeiiia»

Oi?aaeaiea aeaiaaeiuie n?aaenoaaie eiaao oaeia aea cia/aiea, eae e
oi?aaeaiea, caianaie e aeaaeoi?neie caaeieaeaiiinoueth. Eneonnoai
oi?aaeaiey iai?ioiuie aeoeaaie ninoieo a oii, /oiau aea?aeaoue ia n/aoao
ieieiaeueii iaiaoiaeeioth noiio aeaiaaeiuo n?aaenoa, eioi?ay iaiaoiaeeia
oicyenoao, – yoi, ii nooe aeaea, no?aoiaie caian, i?aaeiacia/aiiue aeey
iie?uoey e?aoeia?aiaiiie ianaaeaine?iaaiiinoe aeaiaaeiuo iioieia; aai
aeieaeii oaaoeoue aeey i?iecaiaenoaa anao ia?aii/a?aaeiuo ieaoaaeae.
Iineieueeo aeaiaaeiua n?aaenoaa, iaoiaeyony a eanna eee ia n/aoao a
aaiea, ia i?eiinyo aeioiaea, a eo yeaeaaeaiou – e?aoein?i/iua oeiainiaua
aeiaeaiey – eiatho iaaunieoth aeioiaeiinoue, eo ioaeii eiaoue a iaee/ee
ia o?iaia aaciianiiai ieieioia (noaia 3.1.).

Noaia 3.1.

Aeaiaaeiua iioiee

(no?aeee iai?aaeaiiua aioo?ue, iieacuaatho i?eoie, a iai?aaeaiiua
ia?oaeo – iooie aeaiaaeiuo n?aaenoa)
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Oaaee/aiea eee oiaiueoaiea inoaoeia aeaiaaeiie iaee/iinoe ia n/aoao a
aaiea iaoneaaeeaathony o?iaiai ianaaeaine?iaaiiinoe aeaiaaeiuo iioieia,
o.a. i?eoieii e iooieii aeaiaa. I?aauoaiea iieiaeeoaeueiiai aeaiaaeiiai
iioiea iaae io?eoeaoaeueiui aeaiaaeiui iioieii oaaee/eaaao inoaoie
naiaiaeiie aeaiaaeiie iaee/iinoe, e iaiai?io, i?aauoaiea iooieia iaae
i?eoieaie i?eaiaeeo e iaoaaoea aeaiaaeiuo n?aaenoa e oaaee/aieth
iio?aaiinoe a e?aaeeoa.

A oeiainiaii aiaeeca e iaiaaeaeiaioa ?acee/atho oaeea iiiyoey eae
aaeiaie e /enoue aeaiaaeiua iioiee.

Aaeiaie aeaiaaeiue iioie – yoi niaieoiiinoue anao iinooieaiee e
?anoiaeiaaiey aeaiaaeiuo n?aaenoa a aiaeece?oaiii ia?eiaea.

*enoue aeaiaaeiue iioie – yoi ?aciinoue iaaeaeo iieiaeeoaeueiui e
io?eoeaoaeueiui iioieaie aeaiaaeiuo n?aaenoa.

Aeaiaaeiua iioiee ieaie?othony, aeey /aai ninoaaeyaony ieai aeioiaeia e
?anoiaeia ii iia?aoeeiiiie, eiaanoeoeeiiiie e oeiainiaie aeayoaeueiinoe
ia aiae n ?acaeaeie ii ianyoeai, a aeey iia?aoeaiiai oi?aaeaiey – ii
aeaeaaeai eee iyoeaeiaaeai. Anee i?iaiice?oaony iieiaeeoaeueiue inoaoie
aeaiaaeiuo n?aaenoa ia i?ioyaeaiee aeiaieueii aeeeoaeueiiai a?aiaie, oi
neaaeoao i?aaeoniio?aoue iooe auaiaeiiai eo eniieueciaaiey. A
ioaeaeueiua ia?eiaeu iiaeao aicieeiooue iaaeinoaoie aeaiaaeiie
iaee/iinoe. Oiaaea ioaeii nieaie?iaaoue enoi/ieee i?eaea/aiey caaiiuo
n?aaenoa.

Eae aeaoeoeeo, oae e ecauoie aeaiaaeiuo ?ano?nia io?eoeaoaeueii aeeytho
ia oeiainiaia ninoiyiea oicyenoaa. I?e ecauoi/iii aeaiaaeiii iioiea
i?ienoiaeeo iioa?y ?aaeueiie noieiinoe a?aiaiii naiaiaeiuo aeaiaaeiuo
n?aaenoa a ?acoeueoaoa eioeyoeee oa?yaony /anoue iioaioeeaeueiiai
aeioiaea io iaaeieniieueciaaiey aeaiaaeiuo n?aaenoa a iia?aoeeiiiie eee
eiaanoeoeeiiiie aeayoaeueiinoe; caiaaeeyaony iai?a/eaaaiinoue eaieoaea a
?acoeueoaoa i?inoiy aeaiaaeiuo n?aaenoa.

Iaee/ea ecauoi/iiai aeaiaaeiiai iioiea ia i?ioyaeaiee aeeeoaeueiiai
a?aiaie iiaeao auoue ?acoeueoaoii iai?aaeeueiiai eniieueciaaiey
iai?ioiiai eaieoaea. *oiau aeaiueae ?aaioaee a oicyenoaa, iaiaoiaeeii eo
ioneaoue a iai?io n oeaeueth iieo/aiey i?eauee:

– ?anoe?youe naia i?iecaiaenoai, i?ie?o/eaay eo a oeeeea iai?ioiiai
eaieoaea;

– iaiiaeyoue iniiaiua oiiaeu, i?eia?aoaoue iiaua oaoiieiaee;

– eiaanoe?iaaoue a aeioiaeiua i?iaeou ae?oaeo oicyenoaothueo noauaeoia n
oeaeueth iieo/aiey auaiaeiuo i?ioeaioia;

– aein?i/ii iiaaoaoue e?aaeeou aaiea e ae?oaea iaycaoaeuenoaa n oeaeueth
oiaiueoaiey ?anoiaeia ii ianeoaeeaaieth aeieaa e o.ae.

Aeaoeoeeo aeaiaaeiuo n?aaenoa i?eaiaeeo e ?inoo i?in?i/aiiie
caaeieaeaiiinoe oicyenoaa ii e?aaeeoai aaieo, iinoaaueeai, ia?niiaeo ii
iieaoa o?oaea, a ?acoeueoaoa /aai oaaee/eaaaony noiia oeiainiauo
?anoiaeia e nieaeaaony ?aioaaaeueiinoue eaieoaea oicyenoaa.

Oiaiueoeoue aeaoeoeeo aeaiaaeiiai iioiea iiaeii ca n/ao ia?ii?eyoee,
niinianoaothueo onei?aieth iinooieaiey aeaiaaeiuo n?aaenoa e
caiaaeeaieth eo auieao.

Onei?eoue iinooieaiea aeaiaaeiuo n?aaenoa iiaeii iooai ia?aoiaea ia
iieioth eee /anoe/ioth i?aaeiieaoo i?iaeoeoeee iieoiaoaeyie, nie?auaiey
n?ieia i?aaeinoaaeaiey eee oiaa?iiai e?aaeeoa, oaaee/aiea oeaiiauo
neeaeie eee i?iaeaae ca iaee/iue n/ao, i?eiaiaiey ia? aeey onei?aiey
iiaaoaiey i?in?i/aiiie aeaaeoi?neie caaeieaeaiiinoe, i?eaea/aiey
e?aaeeoia aaiea, i?iaeaaee eee naea/e a a?aiaeo iaeniieuecoaiie /anoe
iniiaiuo n?aaenoa e o.ae.

Caiaaeeaiea auieaou aeaiaaeiuo n?aaenoa aeinoeaaaony ca n/ao
i?eia?aoaiey aeieain?i/iuo aeoeaia ia oneiaeyo eeceiaa, ia?aioi?ieaiey
e?aoein?i/iuo e?aaeeoia a aeieain?i/iua, oaaee/aiey n?ieia
i?aaeinoaaeaieth oicyenoao oiaa?iiai e?aaeeoa ii aeiaiai?aiiinoe n
iinoaaueeaie, nie?auaiey iauaiia eiaanoeoeeiiiie aeayoaeueiinoe e ae?.

A i?ioeanna aiaeeca iaiaoiaeeii oaeaea eco/eoue aeeiaieeo inoaoeia
aeaiaaeiie iaee/iinoe ia n/aoao a aaiea e ia?eiae iaoiaeaeaiey eaieoaea
a aeaiiii aeaea aeoeaia.

Ia?eiae iaoiaeaeaiey eaieoaea a aeaiaaeiie iaee/iinoe (Iaei)
ii?aaeaeyaony neaaeothuei ia?acii:

Iaei = N?aaeiea inoaoee naiaiaeiie aeaiaaeiie iaee/iinoe * Aeie ia?eiaea

Noiia e?aaeeoiauo iai?ioia ii n/aoai aeaiaaeiuo n?aaenoa

A i?ioeanna aiaeeca iaiaoiaeeii ii?aaeaeeoue i?iaeieaeeoaeueiinoue
oeiainiaiai oeeeea, o.a. a?aiy ia?auaiey aeaiaaeiie iaee/iinoe, aeey
/aai eniieuecoaony neaaeothuay oi?ioea:

Iooe = Iioe – Iec,

aaea Iooe – i?iaeieaeeoaeueiinoue oeiainiaiai oeeeea;

Iioe – i?iaeieaeeoaeueiinoue iia?aoeeiiiiai oeeeea;

Iec – i?iaeieaeeoaeueiinoue iiaaoaiey e?aaeeoi?neie
caaeieaeaiiinoe.

Iia?aoeeiiiue oeeee aeeth/aao a naay ia?eiae io iiiaioa iinooieaiey ia
neeaae oicyenoaa i?eia?aoaiiuo OIOe aei iinooieaiey aeaiaa io
iieoiaoaeae ca ?aaeecaoeeth ei i?iaeoeoeeth. Neiaeea
i?iaeieaeeoaeueiinoue anao noaaeee e?oaiiai?ioa, iieo/ei iauoth
i?iaeieaeeoaeueiinoue iia?aoeeiiiiai oeeeea. Iineieueeo oicyenoai
iiea/eaaao n/aoa iinoaaueeia n iaeioi?ui a?aiaiiui eaaii, oi oeiainiaue
oeeee iaiueoa iia?aoeeiiiiai oeeeea ioeaieaaaony iieiaeeoaeueii. Yoi
naeaeaoaeuenoaoao i iiauoaiee eioaineaiinoe eniieueciaaiey aeaiaaeiuo
n?aaenoa. Eae aeaeii ec i?eaaaeaiiie oi?ioeu, yoiio aoaeao
niinianoaiaaoue ia oieueei nie?auaiea iia?aoeeiiiiai oeeeea, ii e
iaeioi?ua caiaaeeaiey iiaaoaiey e?aaeeoi?neie caaeieaeaiiinoe. Anee
oiaa?u i?eia?aoatho ia oneiaeyo i?aaeiieaou, oi oeiainiaue oeeee aoaeao
aieueoa iia?aoeeiiiiai ia ia?eiae io ia?a/eneaiey aeaiaa iinoaaueeii aei
iieo/aiey oiaa?ia.

Oaaeeoea 3.4.

No?oeoo?a aeaiaaeiuo n?aaenoa IIO «Oeaeeiiia»

Aeae aeayoaeueiinoe2001 aiae2002 aiaeIoeeiiaiey 2002a. io 2001a.2002
aiae a % e 2001a.Noiia (oun.?oa.) Oae. aan(%)Noiia (oun.?oa.)Oae.
aan(%)Noiia (oun.?oa.)Oae. aan(%)1. Inoaoie aeaiaaeiuo n?aaenoa ia
ia/aei aiaea

44

223

179

506,82. Iinooieei aeaiaaeiuo n?aaenoa – anaai

10674

100

17515

100

6841

164,1a o. /:

– au?o/ea io i?iaeaaee oiaa?ia, i?iaeoeoeee, ?aaio e oneoa

8421

78,9

11996

68,5

3575

-10,4

142,5- au?o/ea io i?iaeaaee IN e eiiai eiouanoaa

260

2,4

260

2,4

— athaeaeaoiua anneaiiaaiey e eiia oeaeaaia oeiaine?iaaiea

451

4,2

1499

8,6

1084

4,4

332,4- e?aaeeou iieo/aiiua150014,1400022,825008,7266,7- i?i/ea
iinooieaiey420,4200,1-22-0,347,63. Iai?aaeaii aeaiaaeiuo n?aaenoa –
anaai

10495

100

17733

100

7238

169,0a o. /:

– ia iieaoo i?eia?aoaiiuo oiaa?ia, ?aaio, oneoa

3894

37,1

8097

45,7

4203

8,6

207,9- ia iieaoo o?oaea181817,3251314,2695-3,1138,2- io/eneaiey a
ainoaea?noaaiiua aiaathaeaeaoiua oiiaeu

629

6,0

1033

5,8

404

-0,2

164,2- ia auaea/o iiaeio/aoiuo noii

1825

17,4

1645

9,3

-180

-8,1

90,1- ia iieaoo iaoei, iai?oaeiaaiey e o?ainii?oiuo n?aaenoa

234

2,2

366

2,1

132

-0,1

156,4- ia ?an/aou n athaeaeaoii5014,81961,1-305-3,739,1- ia iieaoo % e
iniiaiie noiiu ii iieo/aiiui e?aaeeoai, caeiai

1375

13,1

3489

19,6

2114

6,5

253,7- i?i/ea auieaou, ia?a/eneaiey e o.i.

219

2,1

394

2,2

175

0,1

179,94. Inoaoie aeaiaaeiuo n?aaenoa ia eiiaoe aiaea

233

5

-218

2,1

Ec oaaeeoeu aeaeii, /oi iinooieaoeo aeaiaaeiuo n?aaenoa a 2002 aiaeo
aieueoa, /ai a 2001ia 6841o. ?oa. yoi i?iecioei ca n/ao oaaee/aiey
au?o/ee io i?iaeaaee oiaa?ia, ?aaio e oneoa ia 3575 o. ?oa. ii
n?aaiaieth n 2002a. e 2001a. A oaeaea ca n/ao athaeaeaoiuo anneaiiaaiee
ia 1084 o. ?oa., ii a oiaea a?aiy iieo/aiiuo e?aaeeoia a 2002a. a 2,5
?aca aieueoa /ai a 2001a., a i?i/ea iinooieaiey nie?aoeeenue a 0,5 ?aca.

Aeaiaaeiuo n?aaenoa a 2002 aiaeo auei iai?aaeaii 17733 o. ?oa., /oi a
1,7 ?aca aieueoa /ai a 2001a. Aieueooth /anoue ninoaaeee io/eneaiey ia
iieaoo i?ioeaioia e?aaeeoia, eioi?ua ninoaaeee 3489 o. ?oa. a 2002 a.,
/oi ia 2,5 ?aca aieueoa 2001a. Oaaee/eeanue cao?aou ia iieaoo iaoei,
iai?oaeiaaiey e o?ainii?oiuo n?aaenoa a 1,5 ?aca a 2002 aiaeo ii
n?aaiaieth n 2001 aiaeii, ?an/aou n athaeaeaoii ninoaaeee a 2002 aiaeo
196 o. ?oa., oaeaea oaaee/eeenue i?i/ea auieaou a 1,8 ?aca. Ia iieaoo
i?eia?aoaiiuo ?aaio, oneoa e oiaa?ia auaeaeaii 8097 o. ?oa., /oi a 2
?aca aieueoa /ai a 2001 aiaeo, io/eneaiey ia iieaoo o?oaea ninoaaeee
2513 o. ?oa. a 2002 aiaeo, /oi a 1,8 ?aca aieueoa 2001a.

Inoaoie aeaiaaeiuo n?aaenoa a 2002 aiaeo ninoaaee 5 o. ?oaeae, a a 2001
aiaeo 233 o. ?oa., /oi ia 218 o. ?oa. aieueoa, yoi aiai?eo i oii, /oi a
2002 aiaeo auei aieueoa iio?a/aii aeaiaa, /ai a 2001 aiaeo.

3.5. Auaiaeu e i?aaeeiaeaiey

E oae, yeiiiie/aneay neooaoeey naeaeaoaeuenoaoao i oii, /oi IIO
«Oeaeeiiia» ieioi iaania/aii iai?ioiuie n?aaenoaaie. Yoi naycaii n
ieioie ?aaeecaoeeae aioiaie i?iaeoeoeee e ieceeie oeaiaie ia iaa.

I?iaiaeece?iaaa no?oeoo?o iai?ioiuo n?aaenoa a oicyenoaa iiaeii
neacaoue, /oi i?iecioei oiaiueoaiea caiania (ia 5,9%) ca n/ao
oiaiueoaiey aioiaie i?iaeoeoeee (ia 8,1%)e aeeaioiuo ia au?aueaaiee e
ioei?ia (2,3%). A aio aeaaeoi?neay caaeieaeaiiinoue oaaee/eeanue ia
8,7%, ii oiaiueoeeenue aeaiaaeiua n?aaenoaa (ia 1,6%), /oi
naeaeaoaeuenoaoao ia oooaeoaiee oeiainiaie neooaoeee oicyenoaa.

Iinoiyiii i?ienoiaeyo eciaiaiey a aeeiaieea ninoiyiey caiania.
Noieiinoue iiiaeo aeaeia caiania n eaaeaeui aiaeii ?anoao. Noieiinoue
nu?uey e iaoa?eaeia a 2002 aiaeo oaaee/eeanue ia 556 o. ?oa., oaeaea
aic?inea noieiinoue i?iaeoeoeee aeey i?iaeaaee aei 5152 o. ?oa.
Iacaaa?oaiiia i?iecaiaenoai n eaaeaeui aiaeii nie?auaaony.

N?aaieaay aeaaeoi?neoth caaeieaeaiiinoue iiaeii neacaoue, /oi n eaaeaeui
aiaeii oicyenoao aeieaeiu ana aieueoa e aieueoa aeaiaa, /oi i?eaiaeeo
IIO «Oeaeeiiia» e aieueoei oeiainiaui o?oaeiinoyi.

*oi eanaaony no?oeoo?u aeaiaaeiuo n?aaenoa, oi iiaeii ioiaoeoue, /oi a
2002 aiaeo auee aieueoea iinooieaiey aeaiaaeiuo n?aaenoa, ii ec-ca
aieueoeo cao?ao e eiioeo 2002 aiaea inoaoie ninoaaee anaai 5000 ?oaeae,
/oi ia 218000 ?oaeae iaiueoa /ai a 2001 aiaeo.

Ii eoiaai o?aoueaai ?acaeaea aeaeii, /oi oicyenoai n eaaeaeui aiaeii ana
aieueoa oeiainiauo o?oaeiinoae.

Caeeth/aiea

Ca iineaaeiea aeanyoue eao yeiiiieea no?aiu i?aoa?iaea iiiaea eciaiaiey,
/oi ieacaei iaaeaaii?eyoiia aicaeaenoaea ia i?aaei?eyoey
aa?ii?iiuoeaiiiai eiiieaena no?aiu. Ia yaeyaony eneeth/aieai e IIO
«Oeaeeiiia».

IIO «Oeaeeiiia» yaeyaony iaeiei ec oicyenoa a Eoeoiaeeineie ciia,
eioi?ia caieiaaony i?iecaiaenoaii e ?aaeecaoeeae naiaiiaiae/aneie
i?iaeoeoeee ca?iiauo e ca?iiaiaiauo, eoeo?ocu ia ca?ii, naiyi
iiiaieaoieo e iaeiieaoieo o?aa.

2002 aiae aeey oicyenoaa aue aiaeii aeaaii?eyoiui. Iieo/ai aunieee
o?iaeae ca?iiauo eoeueoo?, iiaenieia/ieea.

I?e ii?iaeueiie ?aaeecaoeee ca?iiauo, oicyenoai eiaei au aiciiaeiinoue
oeo/oeoue oeiainiaia ninoiyiea. Ii naiaia ioaieoeu aei ai?aey – iay 2003
aiaea, aoaeoo ia aino?aaiaaiu, iiyoiio ec-ca ieceie eeaeeiaeiu,
oicyenoaa ia eaeoo ia iaiai i?iaeiaieuenoaaiiiai ca?ia ia naiaia.

Naiaia iiaenieia/ieea ?aaeeciaaiu i?aeoe/anee ana. N?aaenoaa au?o/aiiua
iai?aaeaiu auee ia i?eia?aoaiea ANI, ?an/aou n e?aaeeoi?aie, auieaoo
ca?aaioiie ieaou.

Ii ?ano?oeoo?ecaoeee caaeieaeaiiinoe aiaathaeaeaoiuo oiiaeia ca 2002
aiae oicyenoai a nayce n oyaeaeui oeiainiaui ninoiyieai a?aoee iiaaoaiey
ia auiieieei, o.a. ieaoeee oieueei oaeouea ieaoaaee ii nioeeaeueiiio
iaeiao e ae?oaea iaeiae ca 2002 aiae.

A IIO «Oeaeeiiia» a ninoaaa iai?ioiuo n?aaenoa aaaeiia ianoi caieiatho
aeaiaaeiua n?aaenoaa. Iie niaa?oatho iai?a?uaiue e?oaiiai?io.

Aeaiaaeiua n?aaenoaa yaeythony iaeiei ec iaiaoiaeeiuo oneiaee
ii?iaeueiiai i?ioeanna ?anoe?aiey aini?iecaiaenoaa. Oicyenoai o?aieo
naie aeaiaaeiua n?aaenoaa ia ?an/aoiii n/aoa, a a naiae eanna eiaao
iaee/iua aeaiaaeiua n?aaenoaa oieueei a i?aaeaeao eeieoia. A oicyenoaa
iaania/ai eiio?ieue ca nio?aiiinoue aeaiaaeiuo n?aaenoa, aeieoiaioia a
eanna e eo oeaeaaui eniieueciaaieai.

Ana ?an/aou a oicyenoaa e o/ao iaoa?eaeia, aioiaie i?iaeoeoeee e oiaa?ia
aaaeoony a niioaaonoaee n o?aaiaaieyie aooaaeoa?neiai o/aoa. O/aoiua
?aaiou auiieiythony aia?aiy e aac caia/aiee.

Ia aeaiiue iiiaio ninoiyiea iai?ioiuo n?aaenoa IIO «Oeaeeiiia» inoaaeyao
aeaeaoue eo/oaai, e oicyenoai eae iiaeao, noa?aaony aueoe ec
neiaeeaoaeny neooaoeee.

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