Инвентаризация товарно-материальных ценностей и отражение ее результатов в учете

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Eiaaioa?ecaoeey. Eacaeinue au, ana i?inoi a yoii i?ioeanna: i?inoaaee
eiaaioa?iua iiia?a, naeaeae eiaaioa?ecaoeeiiioth iienue – e ana. Ii yoi
oieueei ia ia?aue acaeyae ana auaeyaeeo oae eaaei. Ia naiii aeaea – yoi
i/aiue aeeeoaeueiue, iiiioiiiue i?ioeann, ioieiathuee iiiai a?aiaie, nee
e ia?aia o aooaaeoa?ia, iaoa?eaeueii-ioaaonoaaiiuo eeoe, ?oeiaiaeeoaeae
i?aaiecaoeee. O/aiui – yeiiiienoai eiaaioa?ecaoeey eaaeaony ianoieueei
i?inoie, /oi, ii eo iiaieth, ia noieo o?aoeoue a?aiy ia auione
niaoeeaeueiie eeoa?aoo?u ii i?iaaaeaieth eiaaioa?ecaoeee e io?aaeaieth
aa ?acoeueoaoia a o/aoa, iiyoiio eeoa?aoo?u ii aeaiiie iaeanoe
i?aeoe/anee iao, aooaaeoa?ai i?eoiaeeony iieueciaaoueny eeoue
iaoiaee/aneeie oeacaieyie ii i?iaaaeaieth eiaaioa?ecaoeee. A nayce n /ai
oaea ia yoaia ninoaaeaiey eiaaioa?ecaoeeiiiie iiene aicieeaao iiiaeanoai
e?eaioieeia. Aiiaua, eiaaioa?ecaoeey – iia?aoeey i/aiue ioaaonoaaiiay,
iioiio /oi ii aeaiiui i?iaaaeaiiie eiaaioa?ecaoeee ieaie?oaony ?aaioa, a
iaoai neo/aa, n oiaa?ii- iaoa?eaeueiuie oeaiiinoyie ia aanue aiae,
aaaeue i?inoi iaiaoiaeeii ciaoue, /oi a i?aaiecaoeee anoue a iaee/ee e a
eaeii eiee/anoaa. Eee acyoue, e i?eia?o, neo/ae, eiaaea iaia?oaeeaathony
iaaeinoa/e oiaa?ii-iaoa?eaeueiuo oeaiiinoae, i?e/eiu eioi?uo a
iaeii/anuea iaeuecy ii?aaeaeeoue. Oiaaea ia?aae ?oeiaiaeeoaeai noaaeony
neiaeiay caaea/a, eioi?ay, a ?acoeueoaoa iai?aaeeueiiai ?aoaiey, iiaeao
iiaea/ue ca niaie oeiainiaoth e oaieiaioth ioaaonoaaiiinoue,
ii?aaeaeeoue aeiiaieea iaaeinoa/e, nienaoue oiaa?ii-iaoa?eaeueiua
oeaiiinoe a i?aaeaeao ii?i anoanoaaiiie oauee eee nienaoue ia ecaea?aeee
i?iecaiaenoaa.

Oeaeueth ?aaiou noaaeth eco/aiea eiaaioa?ecaoeee aiiaua eae i?ioeanna,
i?aaeea io?aaeaiey aa aeaiiuo a aooaaeoa?neii o/aoa. E?iia oiai,
iinoa?athnue auyaeoue i?aeoe/anee aeiiouaiiua ioeaee e iaaei/aou.
Iaiaoiaeeii ii?aaeaeeoue iaeanoue i?eiaiaiey iieo/aiiuo a ?acoeueoaoa
eiaaioa?ecaoeee aeaiiuo.

Ia iie acaeyae, i?eaaaeaii aeinoaoi/ii i?e/ei, /oiau eae neaaeoao
eco/eoue i?ioeann eiaaioa?ecaoeee e ii?yaeie io?aaeaiey aa ?acoeueoaoia
a o/aoa. Yoi e i?iecieaeao a oiaea iaoae ?aaiou.

1 YEIIIIE*ANEAss OA?AEOA?ENOEEA EIAAIOA?ECAOeEE OIAA?II-IAOA?EAEUeIUO
OeAIIINOAE E AA ?IEUe A YEIIIIE*ANEIE AeAssOAEUeIINOE I?AAIECAOeEE

1.1 Nouiinoue, oeaee, ii?yaeie e n?iee i?iaaaeaiey eiaaioa?ecaoeee a
o/aoa

Eiaaioa?ecaoeey – i?iaa?ea iaee/ey e ninoiyiey iaoa?eaeueiuo oeaiiinoae.
Eiaaioa?ecaoeey – iaeei ec aaaeiaeoeo i?e?iia eiio?iey nio?aiiinoe
nianoaaiiinoe, ea/anoaaiiiai ninoiyiey nu?uey, iaoa?eaeia, aioiauo
ecaeaeee, i?aaeeueiinoe aaaeaiey neeaaeneiai oicyenoaa e oaeouaai o/?oa.
?acee/atho eiaaioa?ecaoeee iieiua e /anoe/iua, ieaiiaua e aiacaiiua.
Iieiay eiaaioa?ecaoeey aeeth/aao i?iaa?eo anao aeaeia n?aaenoa
i?aaei?eyoey e anao aai ?an/?oiuo ioiioaiee. Oeaeue iieiie
eiaaioa?ecaoeee – iaania/eoue ?aaeueiinoue aooaaeoa?neeo aaeainia ia
eiiaoe aiaea e oai naiui ?aaeueiinoue iieacaiiuo a ieo oeiainiauo
?acoeueoaoia ?aaiou i?aaei?eyoey. Iia i?iaiaeeony oaeaea i?e
i?aaiecaoeee e eeeaeaeaoeee i?aaei?eyoee. *anoe/iua eiaaioa?ecaoeee
i?iaiaeyony aeey i?iaa?ee iaee/ey oaeeo aeaeia n?aaenoa, eioi?ua ii eo
oece/aneei naienoaai iiaoo eiaoue anoanoaaiioth oaueue i?e o?aiaiee; i?e
nienaiee oiaa?ia, i?eoaaeoeo a iaaiaeiinoue; i?e i?e?ia ia ?aaioo
iaoa?eaeueii ioaaonoaaiiuo eeoe. Ieaiiaua eiaaioa?ecaoeee i?iaiaeyony a
oa/aiea anaai aiaea ii eaeaiaea?iiio a?aoeeo, ooaa?aeaeaaiiio
?oeiaiaeeoaeai i?aaei?eyoey. Aiacaiiua eiaaioa?ecaoeee i?iaiaeyony aeey
i?aaeoi?aaeaeaiey ?ano?ao e oeuaiee iaoa?eaeueiuo e aeaiaaeiuo n?aaenoa
e aeey onoaiiaeaiey ?acia?ia iioa?ue, anee oeuaiea niaa?oaii. N?iee
eiaaioa?ecaoeee e eo eiee/anoai a oa/aiea aiaea onoaiaaeeaatho
i?eiaieoaeueii e ioaeaeueiui aeaeai n?aaenoa. [5, n. 143]

Eiaaioa?ecaoeey oiaa?ii-iaoa?eaeueiuo oeaiiinoae i?iecaiaeeony ii eo
ianoiiaoiaeaeaieth e iaoa?eaeueii ioaaonoaaiiiio eeoeo. [2, n.1] Eae
i?aaeei, iia aeieaeia i?iaiaeeoueny a ii?yaeea ?aniieiaeaiey oeaiiinoae
a aeaiiii iiiauaiee.

I?e o?aiaiee oiaa?ii-iaoa?eaeueiuo oeaiiinoae a ?aciuo eciee?iaaiiuo
iiiauaieyo o iaeiiai iaoa?eaeueii-ioaaonoaaiiiai eeoea eiaaioa?ecaoeey
i?iaiaeeony iineaaeiaaoaeueii ii ianoai o?aiaiey. Iinea i?iaa?ee
oeaiiinoae aoiae a iiiauaiea ia aeiioneaaony (iai?eia?,
iieiiae?iauaaaony) e eiienney ia?aoiaeeo aeey ?aaiou a neaaeothuaa
iiiauaiea. [2, n. 5]

Iniiaiuie oeaeyie eiaaioa?ecaoeee yaeythony: auyaeaiea oaeoe/aneiai
iaee/ey oiaa?ii-iaoa?eaeueiuo oeaiiinoae; niiinoaaeaiea oaeoe/aneiai
iaee/ey oiaa?ii-iaoa?eaeueiuo oeaiiinoae n aeaiiuie aooaaeoa?neiai
o/aoa.

A i?ioeanna eiaaioa?ecaoeee i?iaa?ythony:

– nio?aiiinoue oiaa?ii-iaoa?eaeueiuo oeaiiinoae;

– i?aaeeueiinoue eo o?aiaiey, ioionea;

– ninoiyiea aaniaiai e ecia?eoaeueiiai eino?oiaioa;

– ii?yaeie aaaeaiey o/aoa aeaeaeaiey oiaa?ii-iaoa?eaeueiuo oeaiiinoae.

A niioaaonoaee n Iieiaeaieai i aooaaeoa?neii o/aoa e io/aoiinoe a
?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee i?iaaaeaiea eiaaioa?ecaoeee iaycaoaeueii:

i?e ia?aaea/a eiouanoaa i?aaiecaoeee a a?aiaeo, aueoia, i?iaeaaea, a
oaeaea a neo/ayo, i?aaeoniio?aiiuo caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaii i?e
i?aia?aciaaiee ainoaea?noaaiiiai eee ioieoeeiaeueiiai oieoa?iiai
i?aaei?eyoey;

ia?aae ninoaaeaieai aiaeiaie aooaaeoa?neie io/aoiinoe, e?iia eiouanoaa,
eiaaioa?ecaoeey eioi?iai i?iaiaeeeanue ia ?aiaa 1 ieoya?y io/aoiiai
aiaea;

i?e niaia iaoa?eaeueii ioaaonoaaiiuo eeoe (ia aeaiue i?eaiee – ia?aaea/e
aeae);

i?e onoaiiaeaiee oaeoia oeuaiee eee ceioiio?aaeaiee, a oaeaea ii?/e
oeaiiinoae;

a neo/aa noeoeeiuo aaaenoaee, iiaea?a, aaa?ee eee ae?oaeo /?acau/aeiuo
neooaoeee, aucaaiiuo yeno?aiaeueiuie oneiaeyie;

i?e eeeaeaeaoeee (?ai?aaiecaoeee) i?aaiecaoeee ia?aae ninoaaeaieai
eeeaeaeaoeeiiiiai (?acaeaeeoaeueiiai) aaeaina e a ae?oaeo neo/ayo,
i?aaeoniao?eaaaiuo caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaii ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee eee
ii?iaoeaiuie aeoaie Ieienoa?noaa oeiainia ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee. [1,
n.7]

I?e eieeaeoeaiie (a?eaaaeiie) iaoa?eaeueiie ioaaonoaaiiinoe
eiaaioa?ecaoeee i?iaiaeyony i?e niaia ?oeiaiaeeoaey eieeaeoeaa
(a?eaaaeu), aieaa iyoeaeanyoe i?ioeaioia aai /eaiia, a oaeaea ii
o?aaiaaieth iaeiiai eee ianeieueeeo /eaiia eieeaeoeaa (a?eaaaeu). [2, n.
2]

Ianiio?y ia oi, /oi ii?yaeie i?iaaaeaiey eiaaioa?ecaoeee
oiaa?ii-iaoa?eaeueiuo oeaiiinoae i?aaiecaoeee ii?aaeaeyaony Iieiaeaieai
i aooaaeoa?neii o/aoa e Iaoiaee/aneeie oeacaieyie ii eiaaioa?ecaoeee
eiouanoaa e oeiainiauo iaycaoaeuenoa, ooaa?aeaeaiiuie i?eeacii Ieioeia
?innee io 13 ethiy 1995 aiaea ? 49, i?aaiecaoeey ai?aaa oaeaea
naiinoiyoaeueii onoaiiaeoue, a eaeeo neo/ayo eiaaioa?ecaoeee iiaoo
i?iaiaeeoueny a oa/aiea aiaea, ia?eiaee/iinoue eo i?iaaaeaiey, a oaeaea
eaoaai?ee oiaa?ii-iaoa?eaeueiuo oeaiiinoae, eioi?ua iiaeeaaeao
eiaaioa?ecaoeee. [19, n. 178 – 179]

Aeey i?iaaaeaiey eiaaioa?ecaoeee a i?aaiecaoeee nicaeaaony iinoiyiii
aeaenoaothuay eiaaioa?ecaoeeiiiay eiienney.

Ia?niiaeueiue ninoaa iinoiyiii aeaenoaothueo e ?aai/eo
eiaaioa?ecaoeeiiiuo eiiennee ooaa?aeaeaao ?oeiaiaeeoaeue i?aaiecaoeee.
Aeieoiaio i ninoaaa eiiennee (i?eeac, iinoaiiaeaiea, ?anii?yaeaiea – yoi
oieoeoee?iaaiiay oi?ia ? EIA – 22 (ni. I?eeiaeaiea 1)) ?aaeno?e?otho a
aeo?iaea o/aoa eiio?iey ca auiieiaieai i?eeacia i i?iaaaeaiee
eiaaioa?ecaoeee – yoi oieoeoee?iaaiiay oi?ia ? EIA – 23 (ni. I?eeiaeaiea
2).

A ninoaa eiaaioa?ecaoeeiiiie eiiennee aeeth/athony i?aaenoaaeoaee
aaeieieno?aoeee i?aaiecaoeee, ?aaioieee aooaaeoa?neie neoaeau, ae?oaea
niaoeeaeenou (eiaeaia?u, yeiiiienou, oaoieee e o.ae.).

A ninoaa eiaaioa?ecaoeeiiiie eiiennee iiaeii aeeth/aoue i?aaenoaaeoaeae
neoaeau aioo?aiiaai aoaeeoa i?aaiecaoeee, iacaaeneiuo aoaeeoi?neeo
i?aaiecaoeee.

Ionoonoaea oioy au iaeiiai /eaia eiiennee i?e i?iaaaeaiee
eiaaioa?ecaoeee neoaeeo iniiaaieai aeey i?eciaiey ?acoeueoaoia
eiaaioa?ecaoeee iaaeaenoaeoaeueiuie.

Aei ia/aea i?iaa?ee oaeoe/aneiai iaee/ey oiaa?ii-iaoa?eaeueiuo
oeaiiinoae eiaaioa?ecaoeeiiiie eiiennee iaaeeaaeeo iieo/eoue iineaaeiea
ia iiiaio eiaaioa?ecaoeee i?eoiaeiua e ?anoiaeiua aeieoiaiou eee io/aou
i aeaeaeaiee oiaa?ii-iaoa?eaeueiuo oeaiiinoae. [2, n. 2]

1.2 ?ieue eiaaioa?ecaoeee oiaa?ii-iaoa?eaeueiuo oeaiiinoae a
yeiiiie/aneie aeayoaeueiinoe i?aaiecaoeee

?ieue eiaaioa?ecaoeee oiaa?ii-iaoa?eaeueiuo oeaiiinoae a aeecie
i?aaiecaoeee aiiaua o?oaeii ia?aioeaieoue. Aeaiiua eiaaioa?ecaoeee
yaeythony aaaeiaeoae ninoaaeythuae ooieoeeiie?iaaiey i?aaiecaoeee,
iioiio /oi oyaeaei i?aaenoaaeoue naaa neaaeaiioth ?aaioo i?aaei?eyoey,
anee iii ia ?aniieaaaao naaaeaieyie i oii, eaeeie oiaa?ii-iaoa?eaeueiuie
oeaiiinoyie iaeaaeaao. Aeey oiai eiaaioa?ecaoeey e i?iaiaeeony, /oiau
aaeaaiaeii i?aaeinoaaeyoue aeaiiua i oaeoe/aneii iaee/ee
oiaa?ii-iaoa?eaeueiuo oeaiiinoae, a oaeaea aeey n?aaiaiey eo n aeaiiuie
aooaaeoa?neiai o/aoa, /oiau aiineaaenoaee ociaoue, ?anoiaeiaaeenue ee
iie, inoaeenue ee iaeciaiiuie eee aea auee iaia?oaeaiu oaeou oeuaiey.

Eiaaioa?ecaoeey aeaao i?aaenoaaeaiea i ?aniieaaaaiuo ?ano?nao
i?aaei?eyoey. Eiaiii aeaaiaea?y ae e aeaiiui aooaaeoa?neiai o/aoa
i?aaiecaoeey iiaeao ieaie?iaaoue e eii?aeeie?iaaoue naie aeaenoaey a
ii?aaeaeaiiuo iai?aaeaieyo. I?e ionoonoaee yoeo aeaiiuo, i?aaiecaoeey
?aaioaao ayei, ia iiaeao ieaie?iaaoue naith ?aaioo ia aeieain?i/ioth
ia?niaeoeao.

E?iia oiai, eiaaioa?ecaoeey eiaao e naieoa?iua ooieoeee. Aac niiiaiey, a
eaaeaeie i?aaiecaoeee eiathony enii?/aiiua eee iaioaeiua
oiaa?ii-iaoa?eaeueiua oeaiiinoe, i?i eioi?ua ana caauee. Aeaaiaea?y
eiaaioa?ecaoeee iie iiaoo auoue auyaeaiu, a a iineaaenoaee nienaiu.

Eiaaioa?ecaoeey i?inoi iaiaoiaeeia, eiaaea auyaeythony oaeou oeuaiey e
ii?/e oiaa?ii-iaoa?eaeueiuo oeaiiinoae. Iin?aaenoaii eiaaioa?ecaoeee iie
oaeoe/anee iiaeoaa?aeaeathony, ia iniiaaiee /aai iiaeii i?iaiaeeoue
?anneaaeiaaiea.

Eiaaioa?ecaoeey – yoi aua e eiio?ieue ca aeayoaeueiinoueth iaoa?eaeueii
ioaaonoaaiiiai eeoea, oi anoue eiaaioa?ecaoeey ianao aua e eiio?ieueioth
ooieoeeth. Anee au eiaaioa?ecaoeey ia i?iaiaeeeanue, iaoa?eaeueii
ioaaonoaaiiia eeoei iiaei au a naieo eioa?anao eniieueciaaoue
oiaa?ii-iaoa?eaeueiua oeaiiinoe, a a yoii neo/aa iii /oanoaoao iaae
niaie eiio?ieue.

Eee acyoue aeey aiaeeca naiue aeeoaeneee i?eia?, n eioi?ui noaeeeaaaony
ii/oe aaeaaeiaaii oaeoe/anee eaaeaeue ?yaeiaie a?aaeaeaiei, i?eoiaey ia
?uiie ca i?iaeoeoaie. Yoi ia?ani?oeoea. Ie ?ac eaaeaeue ec ian
oaaaeaeaeny a oii, /oi i?iny o i?iaeaaoea acaaneoue eeeia?aii ioee
aunoaai ni?oa, i?eaey aeiiie, caia/ae oi, /oi ioea yoa aeaeaei ia oaeiai
ea/anoaa, eioi?iai au i?ineee. Ia naiii aeaea, i?iaeaaaoe iaiaioe aan,
auaeaa ioeo ieceiai ni?oa ca aunoee. Anoanoaaiii, /oi eiaaea aoaeao
i?iaiaeeoueny eiaaioa?ecaoeey, auyayony iaaeinoa/e ioee ieceiai ni?oa e
eceeoee ioee aunoaai ni?oa. Ii /anoiui i?aaei?eieiaoaeyi yoi oieueei ia
?oeo, aaaeue n yoiai iie iieo/atho aeiiieieoaeueiue aeioiae. Acaeiica/ao
eceeoeia e iaaeinoa/, naycaiiuo n ia?ani?oeoeae, naeaeaoue eaaei, iioiio
/oi aeey yoiai anaai eeoue ioaeii ?aoaiea ?oeiaiaeeoaey, a aeaiiii
neo/aa, /anoiiai i?aaei?eieiaoaey. E ii n oaeiaieuenoaeai aeano oaeia
?ac?aoaiea, iioiio /oi a ?acoeueoaoa yoiai ii iieo/eo i?eaueue.

Ii yoi iu acyee iaaaoeaiue i?eia?, oioy e ?aaeueiue.

Anee aea eiaaioa?ecaoeeth, e i?eia?o, aoaeoo i?iaiaeeoue aiaoiea
iacaaeneiua aoaeeoi?u, acaeiica/ao ?ac?aoai ia aoaeao, oae eae
noieiinoue ni?oia cia/eoaeueii ioee/aaony.

Oi anoue eiaaioa?ecaoeey e ia yoio ?ac iiaeao iiii/ue auyaeoue
ia?ooaiey, naycaiiua n ia?ani?oeoeae. Caeanue iiyoue ?ane?uaaaony
eiio?ieueii-?aaeceiiiia cia/aiea eiaaioa?ecaoeee.

Ia neaaeoao caauaaoue e ia aaeieieno?aoeaiie ooieoeee eiaaioa?ecaoeee.
Iia caeeth/aaony a oii, /oi a neo/aa auyaeaiey iaaeinoa/e ia
iaoa?eaeueii ioaaonoaaiiia eeoei a aaeieieno?aoeaiii ii?yaeea
iaeeaaeuaaaony oo?ao eee iooai au/aoa ec ca?aaioiie ieaou, ecuiaaony
noiia, ?aaiay noieiinoe oeaiiinoae, ii eioi?ui iaia?oaeaia iaaeinoa/a. A
neo/aa ii?/e oeaiiinoae oaeaea aoaeao auiea/ai oo?ao eee iauyaeai
aaeieieno?aoeaiue auaiai?.

Noaia 1.2.1 Ooieoeee eiaaioa?ecaoeee e eo niaea?aeaiea

Iaeiaiiaaiea ooieoeeeNiaea?aeaiea ooieoeee1. Eioi?iaoeeiiiayAeaao
iaiaoiaeeioth eioi?iaoeeth i iaee/ee e aeaeaeaiee oeaiiinoae a
i?aaiecaoeee2. Naieoa?iayIiiiaaao nienaoue iaioaeiua eee enii?/aiiua
oeaiiinoe3. Eiio?ieueii-?aaeceiiiayAuyaeyao iaaeinoa/e, eceeoee,
ia?ani?oeoeo oeaiiinoae, ia iniiaaiee /aai auyaeythony aeiiaieee4.
Aaeieieno?aoeaiayIaeeaaeuaaao oo?ao eee au/eoaao ec ca?aaioiie ieaou
noiio iaaeinoa/ o iaoa?eaeueii ioaaonoaaiiiai eeoea5.
Iaoiaeeei-ei??aeoe?othuayIa iniiaa auyaeaiiuo ioeaie a oiaea i?iaaaeaiey
eiaaioa?ecaoeee, ?ac?aaaouaathony iaoiaeu eo eni?aaeaiey e iaaeiiouaiey
a aoaeouai

Iaaacucaanoii, /oi a ii?yaeea i?iaaaeaiey eiaaioa?ecaoeee auyaeyaony
iiiaeanoai ioeaie, aeiiouaiiuo i?e o?aiaiee oeaiiinoae, io?aaeaiea a
o/aoa eo aeaeaeaiey. E?iia oiai, ia nae?ao, /oi iinea eiaaioa?ecaoeee
i?e i?iaa?ea iaia?oaeeaathony ioeaee a eiaaioa?ecaoeeiiiuo iienyo e
nee/eoaeueiuo aaaeiiinoyo. Yoi oiaea iaeia ec ooieoeee eiaaioa?ecaoeee,
eioi?oth y iacaaea iaoiaeeei-ei??aeoe?othuae, ii i?e iiiiue iaa, eae
aeaeii ec iacaaiey, ia oieueei iiaeii auyaeoue ioeaee, ii e ?ac?aaioaoue
i?eaiu e iaoiaeu eo ei??aeoe?iaee, eni?aaeaiey, a oaeaea ?ac?aaioaoue
no?aoaaeth ii i?aaeioa?auaieth iiaeiaiuo ioeaie a aoaeouai.

Caieoai ana ooieoeee eiaaioa?ecaoeee a naiaeioth noaio 1.2.1

Oaia?ue iaiauei ana neacaiiia auoa. Eoae, auaeaeei iniiaiua ooieoeee
eiaaioa?ecaoeee oiaa?ii-iaoa?eaeueiuo oeaiiinoae – yoi eioi?iaoeeiiiay,
naieoa?iay, eiio?ieueii-?aaeceiiiay, aaeieieno?aoeaiay e
iaoiaeeei-ei??aeoe?othuay. Eaaeaeay ec yoeo ooieoeee i/aiue aaaeia. Ii
aeaaiay ?ieue eiaaioa?ecaoeee oiaa?ii-iaoa?eaeueiuo oeaiiinoae
?ane?uaaaony eeoue oiaaea, eiaaea ?anniao?eaathony ana ooieoeee a
niaieoiiinoe.

2 II?ssAeIE IO?AAEAIEss ?ACOEUeOAOIA EIAAIOA?ECAOeEE
OIAA?II-IAOA?EAEUeIUO OeAIIINOAE A AOOAAEOA?NEII O*AOA

2.1 Ii?yaeie aeieoiaioiiai?ioa. I?aaeea e noaiaea?ou ninoaaeaiey
eiaaioa?ecaoeeiiiuo iienae e nee/eoaeueiuo aaaeiiinoae

I?aaenaaeaoaeue eiaaioa?ecaoeeiiiie eiiennee aece?oao ana i?eoiaeiua e
?anoiaeiua aeieoiaiou, i?eeiaeaiiua e ?aano?ai (io/aoai), n oeacaieai
«aei eiaaioa?ecaoeee ia «______________» (aeaoa)», /oi aeieaeii
neoaeeoue aooaaeoa?ee iniiaaieai aeey ii?aaeaeaiey inoaoeia
oiaa?ii-iaoa?eaeueiuo oeaiiinoae e ia/aeo eiaaioa?ecaoeee ii o/aoiui
aeaiiui.

Iaoa?eaeueii ioaaonoaaiiua eeoea aeatho ?anienee i oii, /oi e ia/aeo
eiaaioa?ecaoeee ana ?anoiaeiua e i?eoiaeiua aeieoiaiou ia
oiaa?ii-iaoa?eaeueiua oeaiiinoe naeaiu a aooaaeoa?eth eee ia?aaeaiu
eiiennee ana oeaiiinoe, iinooieaoea ia eo ioaaonoaaiiinoue,
ii?eoiaeiaaiu, a auauaoea nienaiu a ?anoiae. Aiaeiae/iua ?anienee aeatho
e eeoea, eiathuea iiaeio/aoiua noiiu ia i?eia?aoaiea eee aeiaa?aiiinoe
ia iieo/aiea oiaa?ii-iaoa?eaeueiuo oeaiiinoae.

Naaaeaiea i oaeoe/aneii iaee/ee oiaa?ii-iaoa?eaeueiuo oeaiiinoae
caienuaathony a eiaaioa?ecaoeeiiiua iiene eee aeou eiaaioa?ecaoeee ia
iaiaa, /ai a aeaoo yecaiiey?ao. [2, n. 2]

Eiaaioa?ecaoeeiiiay iienue oiaa?ii-iaoa?eaeueiuo oeaiiinoae (ni.
I?eeiaeaiea 3) i?eiaiyaony aeey io?aaeaiey aeaiiuo oaeoe/aneiai iaee/ey
oiaa?ii-iaoa?eaeueiuo oeaiiinoae (i?iecaiaenoaaiiua caianu, aioiaay
i?iaeoeoeey, oiaa?u, i?i/ea caianu e ae?.) a ianoao o?aiaiey e ia anao
yoaiao eo aeaeaeaiey a i?aaiecaoeee. Eiaaioa?ecaoeeiiiay iienue
ninoaaeyaony a aeaoo yecaiiey?ao e iiaeienuaaaony ioaaonoaaiiuie eeoeaie
eiiennee ia iniiaaiee ia?an/aoa, acaaoeaaiey, ia?aia?eaaiey
oiaa?ii-iaoa?eaeueiuo oeaiiinoae ioaeaeueii ii eaaeaeiio ianoo
iaoiaeaeaiey e iaoa?eaeueii ioaaonoaaiiiio eeoeo eee a?oiia eeoe, ia
ioaaonoaaiiii o?aiaiee eioi?uo iaoiaeyony oeaiiinoe.

Iaeei yecaiiey? ia?aaeaaony a aooaaeoa?eth aeey ninoaaeaiey
nee/eoaeueiie aaaeiiinoe, aoi?ie – inoaaony o iaoa?eaeueii
ioaaonoaaiiiai (uo) eeoea (eeoe).

Aei ia/aea eiaaioa?ecaoeee, eae oaea auei iienaii auoa, io eaaeaeiai
iaoa?eaeueii ioaaonoaaiiiai eeoea eee a?oiiu eeoe aa?aony ?anienea,
eioi?ay aeeth/aia a caaieiai/ioth /anoue oi?iu.

Ia auyaeaiiua i?e eiaaioa?ecaoeee iaaiaeiua eee enii?/aiiua iaoa?eaeu e
aioiaua ecaeaeey ninoaaeythony niioaaonoaothuea aeou.

I?e aaoiiaoece?iaaiiie ia?aaioea aeaiiuo ii o/aoo ?acoeueoaoia
eiaaioa?ecaoeee oi?ia ?EIA – 3 auaeaaony eiiennee ia aoiaaeiuo eee
iaoeiiuo iineoaeyo eioi?iaoeee n caiieiaiiuie a?aoaie n 1 ii 9. A iiene
ioaaonoaaiiua eeoea eiiennee caiieiytho a?aoo 10 i oaeoe/aneii iaee/ee
oiaa?ii-iaoa?eaeueiuo oeaiiinoae a eiee/anoaaiiii au?aaeaiee. A?aoa 9
«Iiia? ianii?oa» caiieiyaony ia iaoa?eaeueiua oeaiiinoe, niaea?aeauea
ae?aaioeaiiua iaoaeeu e eaiie.

I?e auyaeaiee iaoa?eaeueiuo oeaiiinoae, ia io?aaeaiiuo a o/aoa, eiienney
aeieaeia aeeth/eoue eo a eiaaioa?ecaoeeiiioth iienue. [4, n. 8]

?oeiaiaeeoaeue i?aaiecaoeee aeieaeai nicaeaoue oneiaey , iaania/eaathuea
iieioth e oi/ioth i?iaa?eo oaeoe/aneiai iaee/ey oiaa?ii-iaoa?eaeueiuo
oeaiiinoae a onoaiiaeaiiua n?iee (iaania/eoue ?aai/ae neeie aeey
ia?aaaoeaaiey e ia?aiauaiey a?ocia, oaoie/anee eni?aaiui aaniaui
oicyenoaii, ecia?eoaeueiuie e eiio?ieueiuie i?eai?aie, ia?iie oa?ie).

Ii iaoa?eaeai e oiaa?ai, o?aiyueiny a iaiia?aaeaeaiiie oiaeiaea
iinoaaueea, eiee/anoai yoeo oeaiiinoae iiaeao ii?aaeaeyoueny ia
iniiaaiee aeieoiaioia i?e iaycaoaeueiie i?iaa?ea a iaoo?a (ia auai?eo)
/anoe yoeo oeaiiinoae. Ii?aaeaeaiea aana (eee iauaia) iaaaei/iuo
iaoa?eaeia aeiioneaaony i?iecaiaeeoue ia iniiaaiee iaia?ia e oaoie/aneeo
?an/aoia.

I?e eiaaioa?ecaoeee aieueoiai eiee/anoaa aaniauo oiaa?ia aaaeiiinoe
ioaania aaaeoo ?acaeaeueii iaeei ec /eaiia eiaaioa?ecaoeeiiiie eiiennee
e iaoa?eaeueii ioaaonoaaiiia eeoei. A eiioea ?aai/aai aeiy (eee ii
ieii/aiee ia?aaanee) aeaiiua yoeo aaaeiiinoae nee/atho, e auaa?aiiue
eoia aiinyo a iienue. Aeou iaia?ia, oaoie/aneea ?an/aou e aaaeiiinoe
ioaania i?eeaaathony e iiene.

Eiaaioa?ecaoeeiiiua iiene iiaoo auoue caiieiaiu eae n eniieueciaaieai
n?aaenoa au/eneeoaeueiie e ae?oaie i?aaiecaoeeiiiie oaoieee, oae e
?o/iui niiniaii.

Iiene caiieiythony /a?ieeaie eee oa?eeiaie ?o/eie /aoei e ynii, aac
iiia?ie e iiae/enoie.

Iaeiaiiaaiea eiaaioa?ecoaiuo oiaa?ii-iaoa?eaeueiuo oeaiiinoae, eo
eiee/anoai oeacuaatho a iienyo ii iiiaieeaoo?a e a aaeeieoeao ecia?aiey,
i?eiyouo a o/aoa.

Ia eaaeaeie no?aieoea iiene oeacuaatho i?iienueth /enei ii?yaeeiauo
iiia?ia oiaa?ii-iaoa?eaeueiuo oeaiiinoae e iauee eoia eiee/anoaa a
iaoo?aeueiuo iieacaoaeyo, caienaiiuo ia aeaiiie no?aieoea, aia
caaeneiinoe io oiai, a eaeeo ecia?aieyo (oooeao, eeeia?aiiao, iao?ao e
o.ae.) yoe oeaiiinoe iieacaiu.

Eni?aaeaiea ioeaie i?iecaiaeeony ai anao yecaiiey?ao iienae iooai
ca/a?eeaaiey iai?aaeeueiuo caienae e i?inoaaeaiey iaae ca/a?eioouie
i?aaeeueiuo caienae. Eni?aaeaiey aeieaeiu auoue iaiai?aiu e iiaeienaiu
anaie /eaiaie eiaaioa?ecaoeeiiiie eiiennee.

A iienyo ia aeiioneaaony inoaaeyoue iacaiieiaiiua no?iee, ia iineaaeieo
no?aieoeao iacaiieiaiiua no?iee i?i/a?eeaathony.

Ia iineaaeiae no?aieoea iiene aeieaeia auoue naeaeaia ioiaoea i i?iaa?ea
oeai, oaene?iaee e iiaen/aoa eoiaia ca iiaeienyie eeoe, i?iecaiaeeaoeo
yoo i?iaa?eo.

Iiene iiaeienuaatho ana /eaiu eiaaioa?ecaoeeiiiie eiiennee e
iaoa?eaeueii ioaaonoaaiiua eeoea. A eiioea iiene iaoa?eaeueii
ioaaonoaaiiua eeoea aeatho ?anieneo, iiaeoaa?aeaeathuoth i?iaa?eo
eiienneae oiaa?ii-iaoa?eaeueiuo oeaiiinoae a eo i?enoonoaee, ia
ionoonoaee e /eaiai eiiennee eaeeo-eeai i?aoaicee e i?eiyoee
ia?a/eneaiiiai a iiene eiouanoaa ia ioaaonoaaiiia o?aiaiea.

I?e i?iaa?ea oaeoe/aneiai iaee/ey oiaa?ii-iaoa?eaeueiuo oeaiiinoae a
neo/aa niaiu iaoa?eaeueii ioaaonoaaiiuo eeoe i?eiyaoee
oiaa?ii-iaoa?eaeueiua oeaiiinoe ?anienuaaaony a iiene a iieo/aiee, a
naeaaoee – a naea/a yoeo oiaa?ii-iaoa?eaeueiuo oeaiiinoae.

Ia oiaa?ii-iaoa?eaeueiua oeaiiinoe, iaoiaeyueany ia ioaaonoaaiiii
o?aiaiee, a?aiaeiaaiiua eee iieo/aiiua aeey ia?a?aaioee, ninoaaeythony
ioaeaeueiua iiene.

Oiaa?ii-iaoa?eaeueiua oeaiiinoe, iinooiathuea ai a?aiy i?iaaaeaiey
eiaaioa?ecaoeee, i?eieiathony iaoa?eaeueii ioaaonoaaiiuie eeoeaie a
i?enoonoaee /eaiia eiaaioa?ecaoeeiiiie eiiennee e i?eoiaeothony ii
?aano?o eee oiaa?iiio io/aoo iinea eiaaioa?ecaoeee.

Yoe oiaa?ii-iaoa?eaeueiua oeaiiinoe caiinyony a ioaeaeueioth iienue iiae
iaeiaiiaaieai «Oiaa?ii-iaoa?eaeueiua oeaiiinoe, iinooieaoea ai a?aiy
eiaaioa?ecaoeee». A iiene oeacuaaaony aeaoa iinooieaiey, iaeiaiiaaiea
iinoaaueea, aeaoa e iiia? i?eoiaeiiai aeieoiaioa, iaeiaiiaaiea oiaa?a,
eiee/anoai, oeaia e noiia. Iaeiia?aiaiii ia i?eoiaeiii aeieoiaioa ca
iiaeienueth i?aaenaaeaoaey eiaaioa?ecaoeeiiiie eiiennee (eee ii aai
ii?o/aieth /eaia eiiennee) aeaeaaony ioiaoea «iinea eiaaioa?ecaoeee» ni
nnueeie ia aeaoo iiene, a eioi?oth caienaiu yoe oeaiiinoe.

I?e aeeeoaeueiii i?iaaaeaiee eiaaioa?ecaoeee a eneeth/eoaeueiuo neo/ayo
e oieueei n ienueiaiiiai ?ac?aoaiey ?oeiaiaeeoaey e aeaaiiai aooaaeoa?a
i?aaiecaoeee a i?ioeanna eiaaioa?ecaoeee oiaa?ii-iaoa?eaeueiua oeaiiinoe
iiaoo ioioneaoueny iaoa?eaeueii ioaaonoaaiiuie eeoeaie a i?enoonoaee
/eaiia eiaaioa?ecaoeeiiiie eiiennee.

Yoe oeaiiinoe caiinyony a ioaeaeueioth iienue iiae iaeiaiiaaieai
«Oiaa?ii-iaoa?eaeueiua oeaiiinoe, ioiouaiiua ai a?aiy eiaaioa?ecaoeee».
Ioi?ieyaony iienue ii aiaeiaee n aeieoiaioaie ia iinooieaoea
oiaa?ii-iaoa?eaeueiua oeaiiinoe ai a?aiy eiaaioa?ecaoeee. A ?anoiaeiuo
aeieoiaioao aeaeaaony ioiaoea ca iiaeienueth i?aaenaaeaoaey
eiaaioa?ecaoeeiiiie eiiennee eee ii aai ii?o/aieth /eaia eiiennee.

Eiaaioa?ecaoeey oiaa?ii-iaoa?eaeueiuo oeaiiinoae, iaoiaeyueony a iooe,
ioa?oaeaiiuo, ia iiea/aiiuo a n?ie iieoiaoaeyie, iaoiaeyueony ia
neeaaeao ae?oaeo i?aaiecaoeee, caeeth/aaony a i?iaa?ea iainiiaaiiinoe
/eneyueony noii ia niioaaonoaothueo n/aoao aooaaeoa?neiai o/aoa.

Ia n/aoao o/aoa oiaa?ii-iaoa?eaeueiuo oeaiiinoae, ia iaoiaeyueony a iooe
a iiiaio eiaaioa?ecaoeee a iiaeio/aoa iaoa?eaeueii ioaaonoaaiiuo eeoe (a
iooe, oiaa?u ioa?oaeaiiua e ae?.), iiaoo inoaaaoueny oieueei noiiu,
iiaeoaa?aeaeaiiua iaaeeaaeaua ioi?ieaiiuie aeieoiaioaie: ii iaoiaeyueiny
a iooe – ?an/aoiuie aeieoiaioaie iinoaaueeia eee ae?oaeie eo
caiaiythueie aeieoiaioaie, ii ioa?oaeaiiui – eiieyie i?aaeuyaeaiiuo
iieoiaoaeyie aeieoiaioia (ieaoaaeiuo ii?o/aiee, aaenaeae e o.ae.), ii
i?in?i/aiiui iieaoie aeieoiaioai – n iaycaoaeueiui iiaeoaa?aeaeaieai
o/?aaeaeaieai aaiea; iaoiaeyueiny ia neeaaeao noi?iiieo i?aaiecaoeee –
nio?aiiuie ?anieneaie, ia?aioi?ieaiiuie ia aeaoo, aeeceoth e aeaoa
i?iaaaeaiey eiaaioa?ecaoeee.

I?aaeaa?eoaeueii aeieaeia auoue i?iecaaaeaia naa?ea yoeo n/aoia n
ae?oaeie ei??aniiiaee?othueie n/aoaie. Iai?eia?, ii n/aoo «Oiaa?u
ioa?oaeaiiua» neaaeoao onoaiiaeoue, ia /eneyony ee ia yoii n/aoa noiiu,
iieaoa eioi?uo ii/aio-eeai io?aaeaia ia ae?oaeo n/aoao («?an/aou n
?aciuie aeaaeoi?aie e e?aaeeoi?aie» e o.ae.), eee noiiu ca iaoa?eaeu e
oiaa?u, oaeoe/anee iiea/aiiua e iieo/aiiua, ii /eneyueany a iooe.

Iiene ninoaaeythony ioaeaeueii ia oiaa?ii-iaoa?eaeueiua oeaiiinoe,
iaoiaeyueany a iooe, ioa?oaeaiiua, ia iiea/aiiua a n?ie iieoiaoaeyie e
iaoiaeyueany ia neeaaeao ae?oaeo i?aaiecaoeee.

A iienyo ia oiaa?ii-iaoa?eaeueiua oeaiiinoe, iaoiaeyueany a iooe, ii
eaaeaeie ioaeaeueiie ioi?aaea i?eaiaeyony neaaeothuea aeaiiua:
iaeiaiiaaiea, eiee/anoai e noieiinoue, aeaoa ioa?ocee, a oaeaea
ia?a/aiue e iiia?a aeieoiaioia, ia iniiaaiee eioi?uo yoe oeaiiinoe
o/oaiu ia n/aoao aooaaeoa?neiai o/aoa. [2, n.5]

A iienyo ia oiaa?ii-iaoa?eaeueiua oeaiiinoe, ioa?oaeaiiua e ia
iiea/aiiua a n?ie iieoiaoaeyie, ii eaaeaeie ioaeaeueiie ioa?ocea
i?eaiaeyony iaeiaiiaaiea oiaa?ii-iaoa?eaeueiuo oeaiiinoae, noiia, aeaoa
ioa?ocee, aeaoa auienee e iiia? ?an/aoiiai aeieoiaioa.

Oiaa?ii-iaoa?eaeueiua oeaiiinoe, o?aiyueany ia neeaaeao ae?oaeo
i?aaiecaoeee, caiinyony a iiene ia iniiaaiee aeieoiaioia,
iiaeoaa?aeaeathueo naea/o yoeo oeaiiinoae ia ioaaonoaaiiia o?aiaiea. A
iienyo ia yoe oeaiiinoe oeacuaathony eo iaeiaiiaaiea, ni?o, eiee/anoai,
noieiinoue (ii aeaiiui o/aoa), aeaoa i?eiyoey a?oca ia o?aiaiea, ianoi
o?aiaiey, iiia?a e aeaou aeieoiaioia.

A iienyo ia oiaa?ii-iaoa?eaeueiua oeaiiinoe, ia?aaeaiiua a ia?a?aaioeo
ae?oaie i?aaiecaoeee, oeacuaathony iaeiaiiaaiea ia?a?aaaouaathuae
i?aaiecaoeee, iaeiaiiaaiea oeaiiinoae, eiee/anoai, oaeoe/aneay
noieiinoue ii aeaiiui o/aoa, aeaoa ia?aaea/e oeaiiinoae a ia?a?aaioeo,
iiia?a e aeaou aeieoiaioia.

Iaeioeaiiua e auno?ieciaoeaathueany i?aaeiaou, iaoiaeyueany a
yenieoaoaoeee, eiaaioa?ece?othony ii ianoai eo iaoiaeaeaiey e
iaoa?eaeueii ioaaonoaaiiui eeoeai, ia o?aiaiee o eioi?uo iie iaoiaeyony.

Eiaaioa?ecaoeey i?iaiaeeony iooai iniio?a eaaeaeiai i?aaeiaoa. A iiene
iaeioeaiiua e auno?ieciaoeaathueany i?aaeiaou caiinyony ii iaeiaiiaaieyi
a niioaaonoaee n iiiaieeaoo?ie, i?eiyoie a aooaaeoa?neii o/aoa.

I?e eiaaioa?ecaoeee iaeioeaiiuo e auno?ieciaoeaathueony i?aaeiaoia,
auaeaiiuo a eiaeeaeaeoaeueiia iieueciaaiea ?aaioieeai, aeiioneaaony
ninoaaeaiea a?oiiiauo eiaaioa?ecaoeeiiiuo iienae n oeacaieai a ieo
ioaaonoaaiiuo ca yoe i?aaeiaou eeoe, ia eioi?uo ioe?uou ee/iua ea?oi/ee,
n ?anieneie eo a iiene.

Iaeioeaiiua e auno?ieciaoeaathueany i?aaeiaou, i?eoaaeoea a iaaiaeiinoue
e ia nienaiiua, a eiaaioa?ecaoeeiiioth iienue ia aeeth/athony, a
ninoaaeyaony aeo n oeacaieai a?aiaie yenieoaoaoeee, i?e/ei iaaiaeiinoe,
aiciiaeiinoe eniieueciaaiey yoeo i?aaeiaoia a oicyenoaaiiuo oeaeyo.

Oa?a caiineony a iiene ii aeaeai, oeaeaaiio iacia/aieth e ea/anoaaiiiio
ninoiyieth (iiaay, auaoay a oiio?aaeaiee, o?aaothuay ?aiiioa e o.ae.).

Ia oa?o, i?eoaaeooth a iaaiaeiinoue, eiaaioa?ecaoeeiiiie eiienneae
ninoaaeyaony aeo ia nienaiea n oeacaieai i?e/ei ii?/e. [2, n. 6]

Anee eiaaioa?ecaoeey oiaa?ii-iaoa?eaeueiuo oeaiiinoae i?iaiaeeony a
oa/aiea ianeieueeeo aeiae, oi iiiauaiey, aaea o?aiyony iaoa?eaeueiua
oeaiiinoe, i?e ooiaea eiaaioa?ecaoeeiiiie eiiennee aeieaeiu auoue
iia/aoaiu. Ai a?aiy ia?a?uaia a ?aaioa eiaaioa?ecaoeeiiiuo eiiennee (a
iaaaeaiiue ia?a?ua, a ii/iia a?aiy, ii ae?oaei i?e/eiai) iiene aeieaeiu
o?aieoueny a yueea (oeaoo, naeoa) a cae?uoii iiiauaiee, aaea i?iaiaeeony
eiaaioa?ecaoeey.

A oao neo/ayo, eiaaea iaoa?eaeueii ioaaonoaaiiua eeoea iaia?oaeao iinea
eiaaioa?ecaoeee ioeaee a iienyo, iie aeieaeiu iaiaaeeaiii (aei ioe?uoey
neeaaea, eeaaeiaie, naeoeee e o.i.) cayaeoue ia yoii i?aaenaaeaoaeth
eiaaioa?ecaoeeiiiie eiiennee. Eiaaioa?ecaoeeiiiay eiienney inouanoaeyao
i?iaa?eo oeacaiiuo oaeoia e a neo/aa eo iiaeoaa?aeaeaiey i?iecaiaeeo
eni?aaeaiea auyaeaiiuo ioeaie a onoaiiaeaiiii ii?yaeea. [2, n. 3]

Ii ieii/aiee eiaaioa?ecaoeee iiaoo i?iaiaeeoueny eiio?ieueiua i?iaa?ee
i?aaeeueiinoe i?iaaaeaiey eiaaioa?ecaoeee. Eo neaaeoao i?iaiaeeoue n
o/anoeai /eaiia eiaaioa?ecaoeeiiiuo eiiennee e iaoa?eaeueii
ioaaonoaaiiuo eeoe iaycaoaeueii aei ioe?uoey neeaaea, eeaaeiaie, naeoeee
e o.i., aaea i?iaiaeeeanue eiaaioa?ecaoeey.

?acoeueoaou eiio?ieueiuo i?iaa?ie i?aaeeueiinoe i?iaaaeaiey
eiaaioa?ecaoeee ioi?ieythony aeoii (ni. I?eeiaeaiea 4) e ?aaeno?e?othony
a aeo?iaea o/aoa eiio?ieueiuo i?iaa?ie i?aaeeueiinoe i?iaaaeaiey
eiaaioa?ecaoeee (ni. I?eeiaeaiea 5). [2, n. 3]

Nee/eoaeueiua aaaeiiinoe – oi?ia ?EIA-19 (ni. I?eeiaeaiea 6)
ninoaaeythony ii oiaa?ii-iaoa?eaeueiui oeaiiinoyi, i?e eiaaioa?ecaoeee
eioi?iai auyaeaiu ioeeiiaiey io o/aoiuo aeaiiuo.

A nee/eoaeueiuo aaaeiiinoyo io?aaeathony ?acoeueoaou eiaaioa?ecaoeee, oi
anoue ?anoiaeaeaiey iaaeaeo iieacaoaeyie ii aeaiiui aooaaeoa?neiai o/aoa
e aeaiiuie eiaaioa?ecaoeeiiiuo iienae.

Noiiu eceeoeia e iaaeinoa/ oiaa?ii-iaoa?eaeueiuo oeaiiinoae a
nee/eoaeueiuo aaaeiiinoyo oeacuaathony a niioaaonoaee n eo ioeaieie a
aooaaeoa?neii o/aoa.

Aeey ioi?ieaiey ?acoeueoaoia eiaaioa?ecaoeee iiaoo i?eiaiyoueny aaeeiua
?aaeno?u, a eioi?uo iauaaeeiaiu iieacaoaee eiaaioa?ecaoeeiiiuo iienae e
nee/eoaeueiuo aaaeiiinoae. [2, n. 8]

Ia oiaa?ii-iaoa?eaeueiua oeaiiinoe, ia i?eiaaeeaaeauea i?aaiecaoeee, ii
/eneyueany a aooaaeoa?neii o/aoa (iaoiaeyueany ia ioaaonoaaiiii
o?aiaiee, a?aiaeiaaiiua, iieo/aiiua aeey ia?a?aaioee), ninoaaeythony
ioaeaeueiua nee/eoaeueiua aaaeiiinoe. [2, n. 9]

Nee/eoaeueiay aaaeiiinoue ninoaaeyaony a aeaoo yecaiiey?ao aooaaeoa?ii,
iaeei ec eioi?uo o?aieony a aooaaeoa?ee, aoi?ie – ia?aaeaaony
iaoa?eaeueii ioaaonoaaiiiio (ui) eeoeo (eeoeai). [4, n. 13]

Nee/eoaeueiua aaaeiiinoe iiaoo auoue ninoaaeaiu eae n eniieueciaaieai
n?aaenoa au/eneeoaeueiie e ae?oaie i?aaiecaoeeiiiie oaoieee, oae e
a?o/ioth.

2. 2 Ii?yaeie ?aaoee?iaaiey eiaaioa?ecaoeeiiiuo ?acieoe

Auyaeaiiua i?e eiaaioa?ecaoeee ?anoiaeaeaiey oaeoe/aneiai iaee/ey
eiouanoaa n aeaiiuie aooaaeoa?neiai o/aoa ?aaoee?othony a niioaaonoaee n
iieiaeaieai i aooaaeoa?neii o/aoa e io/aoiinoe a ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee
a neaaeothuai ii?yaeea:

Oiaa?ii-iaoa?eaeueiua oeaiiinoe, ieacaaoeany a eceeoea, iiaeeaaeao
ii?eoiaeiaaieth e ca/eneaieth niioaaonoaaiii ia oeiainiaua ?acoeueoaou o
i?aaiecaoeee eee oaaee/aiea oeiaine?iaaiey (oiiaeia) o athaeaeaoiie
i?aaiecaoeee n iineaaeothuei onoaiiaeaieai i?e/ei aicieeiiaaiey eceeoea
e aeiiaiuo eeoe [2, n. 9], /oi io?aaeaaony a aooaaeoa?neii o/aoa
neaaeothuei ia?acii:

Aeaaao 10 «Iaoa?eaeu» – E?aaeeo 99 «I?eauee e oauoee»; [19, n. 432]

Oaueue oeaiiinoae a i?aaeaeao ii?i, ooaa?aeaeaiiuo a onoaiiaeaiiii
caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaii ii?yaeea, nienuaaaony ii ?anii?yaeaieth
?oeiaiaeeoaey i?aaiecaoeee niioaaonoaaiii ia ecaea?aeee i?iecaiaenoaa e
ia?auaiey o i?aaiecaoeee eee ia oiaiueoaiea oeiaine?iaaiey (oiiaeia) o
athaeaeaoiie i?aaiecaoeee. Ii?iu oauee iiaoo i?eiaiyoueny eeoue a
neo/ayo auyaeaiey oaeoe/aneeo iaaeinoa/. A yoii neo/aa ninoaaeyaony
neaaeothuay i?iaiaeea:

Aeaaao 20 «Iniiaiia i?iecaiaenoai» – E?aaeeo 94 «Iaaeinoa/e e iioa?e io
ii?/e oeaiiinoae».

Oaueue oeaiiinoae a i?aaeaeao onoaiiaeaiiuo ii?i ii?aaeaeyaony iinea
ca/aoa iaaeinoa/ oeaiiinoae eceeoeaie ii ia?ani?oeoea. A oii neo/aa,
anee iinea ca/aoa ii ia?ani?oeoea, i?iaaaeaiiiai a onoaiiaeaiiii
ii?yaeea, ana aea ieacaeanue iaaeinoa/a oeaiiinoae, oi ii?iu
anoanoaaiiie oauee aeieaeiu i?eiaiyoueny oieueei ii oiio iaeiaiiaaieth
oeaiiinoae, ii eioi?iio onoaiiaeaia iaaeinoa/a. I?e ionoonoaee ii?i
oaueue ?anniao?eaaaony eae iaaeinoa/a naa?o ii?i;

Iaaeinoa/e oiaa?ii-iaoa?eaeueiuo oeaiiinoae, a oaeaea ii?/a naa?o ii?i
anoanoaaiiie oauee ioiinyony ia aeiiaiuo eeoe. A yoii neo/aa aeaeaaony
neaaeothuay i?iaiaeea:

Aeaaao 73 «?an/aou n ia?niiaeii ii i?i/ei iia?aoeeyi» / noan/ao 73-2
«?an/aou ii aiciauaieth iaoa?eaeueiiai oua?aa» – E?aaeeo 94 «Iaaeinoa/e
e iioa?e io ii?/e oeaiiinoae» ia noiio iaaeinoa/e.

Aeaaao 50 «Eanna» (51 «?an/aoiue n/ao», 70 «?an/aou n ia?niiaeii ii
iieaoa o?oaea») – E?aaeeo 73 «?an/aou n ia?niiaeii ii i?i/ei
iia?aoeeyi»/noan/ao 73-2 «?an/aou ii aiciauaieth iaoa?eaeueiiai oua?aa»
– iiaaoaiea oece/aneei eeoeii iaaeinoa/e aeaiaaeiuie n?aaenoaaie,
aianaiiuie a eanno, ia?a/eneaiiuie a aaciaee/iii ii?yaeea ia ?an/aoiue
n/ao eee au/aoii ec ia/eneaiiie ca?aaioiie ieaou. [19, n. 433]

A oao neo/ayo, eiaaea aeiiaieee ia onoaiiaeaiu eee ai acuneaiee n
aeiiaiuo eeoe ioeacaii noaeii, oauoee io iaaeinoa/ e ii?/e nienuaathony
ia ecaea?aeee i?iecaiaenoaa e ia?auaiey o i?aaiecaoeee eee oiaiueoaiea
oeiaine?iaaiey (oiiaeia) o athaeaeaoiie i?aaiecaoeee. A yoii neo/aa
ninoaaeyaony neaaeothuay i?iaiaeea:

Aeaaao 20 «Iniiaiia i?iecaiaenoai» – E?aaeeo 94 «Iaaeinoa/e e iioa?e io
ii?/e oeaiiinoae» [15, n. 9]

Anee iaaeinoa/a naycaia ni noeoeeiuie aaaenoaeyie, /?acau/aeiuie
neooaoeeyie e ae?oaeie i?e/eiaie, oi ninoaaeyaony i?iaiaeea:

Aeaaao 99 «I?eauee e oauoee» – E?aaeeo 94 «Iaaeinoa/e e iioa?e io ii?/e
oeaiiinoae» [19, n. 433]

A aeieoiaioao, i?aaenoaaeyaiuo aeey ioi?ieaiey nienaiey iaaeinoa/
oiaa?ii-iaoa?eaeueiuo oeaiiinoae e ii?/e naa?o ii?i anoanoaaiiie oauee,
aeieaeiu auoue ?aoaiey neaaenoaaiiuo eee noaeaaiuo i?aaiia,
iiaeoaa?aeaeathuea ionoonoaea aeiiaiuo eeoe, eeai ioeac ia acuneaiea
oua?aa n aeiiaiuo eeoe, eeai caeeth/aiea i oaeoa ii?/e
oiaa?ii-iaoa?eaeueiuo oeaiiinoae, iieo/aiiia io ioaeaea oaoie/aneiai
eiio?iey eee niioaaonoaothueo niaoeeaeece?iaaiiuo i?aaiecaoeee
(einiaeoeee ii ea/anoao).

Acaeiiue ca/ao eceeoeia e iaaeinoa/ a ?acoeueoaoa ia?ani?oeoeu iiaeao
auoue aeiiouai oieueei a aeaea eneeth/aiey ca iaeei e oio aea
i?iaa?yaiue ia?eiae, o iaeiiai e oiai aea i?iaa?yaiiai eeoea, a
ioiioaiee oiaa?ii-iaoa?eaeueiuo oeaiiinoae iaeiiai e oiai aea
iaeiaiiaaiey e a oiaeaeanoaaiiuo eiee/anoaao. A yoii neo/aa ninoaaeyaony
neaaeothuay i?iaiaeea:

Aeaaao 99 «I?eauee e oauoee» – E?aaeeo 94 «Iaaeinoa/e e iioa?e io ii?/e
oeaiiinoae»

I aeiiouaiiie ia?ani?oeoea iaoa?eaeueii ioaaonoaaiiua eeoea
i?aaenoaaeytho iiae?iaiua iauyniaiey eiaaioa?ecaoeeiiiie eiiennee.

A oii neo/aa, eiaaea i?e ca/aoa iaaeinoa/ eceeoeaie ii ia?ani?oeoea
noieiinoue iaaeinoathueo oeaiiinoae auoa noieiinoe oeaiiinoae,
ieacaaoeony a eceeoea, yoa ?acieoea a noieiinoe ioiineony ia aeiiaiuo
eeoe e ninoaaeyaony oaeay i?iaiaeea:

Aeaaao 73-2 «?an/aou ii aiciauaieth iaoa?eaeueiiai oua?aa» – E?aaeeo 94
«Iaaeinoa/e e iioa?e io ii?/e oeaiiinoae»

Anee eiie?aoiua aeiiaieee ia?ani?oeoeu ia onoaiiaeaiu, oi noiiiaua
?acieoeu ?anniao?eaathony eae iaaeinoa/e naa?o ii?i oauee e nienuaathony
a i?aaiecaoeeyo ia ecaea?aeee ia?auaiey e i?iecaiaenoaa, a a
athaeaeaoiuo i?aaiecaoeeyo – ia oiaiueoaiea oeiaine?iaaiey (oiiaeia).

Ia ?acieoeo a noieiinoe io ia?ani?oeoeu a noi?iio iaaeinoa/e,
ia?aciaaaoaeny ia ii aeia iaoa?eaeueii ioaaonoaaiiuo eeoe, a i?ioieieao
eiaaioa?ecaoeeiiiie eiiennee aeieaeiu auoue aeaiu en/a?iuaathuea
iauyniaiey i i?e/eiao, ii eioi?ui oaeay ?acieoea ia ioianaia ia aeiiaiuo
eeoe.

I?aaeeiaeaiey i ?aaoee?iaaiee auyaeaiiuo i?e eiaaioa?ecaoeee
?anoiaeaeaiee oaeoe/aneiai iaee/ey oiaa?ii-iaoa?eaeueiuo oeaiiinoae e
aeaiiuo aooaaeoa?neiai o/aoa i?aaenoaaeythony ia ?anniio?aiea
?oeiaiaeeoaeth i?aaiecaoeee. Ieii/aoaeueiia ?aoaiea i ca/aoa i?eieiaao
?oeiaiaeeoaeue i?aaiecaoeee.

?acoeueoaou eiaaioa?ecaoeee aeieaeiu auoue io?aaeaiu a o/aoa e
io/aoiinoe oiai ianyoea, a eioi?ii auea caeii/aia eiaaioa?ecaoeey, a ii
aiaeiaie eiaaioa?ecaoeee – a aiaeiaii aooaaeoa?neii io/aoa.

Aeaiiua ?acoeueoaoia i?iaaaeaiiuo a io/aoiii aiaeo eiaaioa?ecaoeee
iaiauathony a aaaeiiinoe ?acoeueoaoia, auyaeaiiuo eiaaioa?ecaoeeae – yoi
oi?ia ?EIA-26 (ni. I?eeiaeaiea 7). [2, n. 9]

2.3 Eiaaioa?ecaoeey oiaa?ii-iaoa?eaeueiuo oeaiiinoae ia OAOI «IAEE
«Ii?aeiaeani?ii» e io?aaeaiea aa ?acoeueoaoia a aooaaeoa?neii o/aoa

Iauaeoii enneaaeiaaiey eo?niaie ?aaiou yaeyaony OAOI «IAEE
«Ii?aeiaeani?ii», ia?aciaaaoaany a 1994 aiaeo. I?aaei?eyoea caieiaaony
caaioiaeaieai eana, ecaioiaeaieai ec iaai ieeiiaoa?eaea e eo i?iaeaaeae.
Aieiaiie ioen «Ii?aeiaeani?iia» iaoiaeeony a ai?iaea Na?ainea, a ana
aei/a?iea i?aaei?eyoey ?ann?aaeioi/aiu ii oa??eoi?ee ?anioaeeee
Ii?aeiaey, iaeaieueoaa eo eiee/anoai iaoiaeeony a naaa?i-caiaaeiie e
naaa?i-ainoi/iie /anoyo iaoae ?anioaeeee, a eiaiii, a Coaiai –
Iieyineii, Oaiueaooaaneii, Oi?aaaaneii, E/aeeianeii, A?aeaoianeii
?aeiiao, oi anoue a oao ?aeiiao, aeey eioi?uo oa?aeoa?ii iaee/ea eaniie
aacu.

?anoeo?iauaay oi?ioee?iaeo iacaaiey i?aaei?eyoey OAOI – yoi
oaaea?aeueiia ainoaea?noaaiiia oieoa?iia i?aaei?eyoea, noaiiaeony yniui,
/oi aeaiiia i?aaei?eyoea yaeyaony ainoaea?noaaiiui e oieoa?iui. Iaoiaey
ii ioaeaeueiui aniaeoai ?aaioo i?aaei?eyoey eiiaaea iaauaiaeiie,
Ieienoa?noai i?iiuoeaiiinoe, iaoee e oaoiieiaee i?eoei e auaiaeo, /oi
iaiaoiaeeii i?eaaoece?iaaoue i?aaei?eyoea e naeaeaoue aai aeoeeiia?iui
iauanoaii. A nayce n iiaeaioiaeie e aeaiiiio ia?ii?eyoeth, i?eoei
?anii?yaeaiea Ieienoa?noaa eiouanoaa i i?iaaaeaiee eiaaioa?ecaoeee – yoi
e yaeeinue i?e/eiie eiaaioa?ecaoeee.

Ii iauaio i?iaa?ee aeaiiay eiaaioa?ecaoeey ioiineony e nieioiie, oae eae
iia ioaaoeea ana iiae?acaeaeaiey i?aaei?eyoey, a ii a?aiaie – e
ieaiiaie, iioiio /oi iniiaaieai aeey i?iaaaeaiey eiaaioa?ecaoeee
yaeyeinue ia onoaiiaeaiea oaeoia oeuaiee e ceioiio?aaeaiee, a oaeaea
ii?/e oeaiiinoae (eiaiii a yoii neo/aa eiaaioa?ecaoeey n/eoaaony
aiacaiiie), a ?anii?yaeaiea ieieiouanoaa.

Eniieiyy i?eeac Ieienoa?noaa eiouanoaa, aaia?aeueiue aee?aeoi?
«Ii?aeiaeani?iia» iiaeienuaaao i?eeac i iacia/aiee ?aai/ae
eiaaioa?ecaoeeiiiie eiiennee, a ninoaaa eioi?ie ooaa?aeaeaao:
i?aaenaaeaoaeai eiiennee – caianoeoaey aaia?aeueiiai aee?aeoi?a, /eaiaie
eiiennee – eniieiythuaai iaycaiiinoe aeaaiiai aooaaeoa?a, ia/aeueieea
eaniiai o/anoea, aooaaeoa?a. Eae oaea auei iienaii a ia?aie aeaaa,
i?eeac – yoi oieoeoee?iaaiiay oi?ia ?EIA-22, eiieth eioi?ie iiaeii
?anniio?aoue ia neaaeothuae no?aieoea. Yoio aeieoiaio ioi?ieai a?o/ioth,
ii eaeeo-eeai iaaei/aoia a iai iao, ana naeaeaii aeeo?aoii, i?aaeeueii,
aac iiia?ie. Yoio i?eeac n?aco aea aue ca?aaeno?e?iaai a aeo?iaea o/aoa
eiio?iey ca auiieiaieai i?eeacia i i?iaaaeaiee eiaaioa?ecaoeee – yoi
oieoeoee?iaaiiay oi?ia ?EIA-23, /enoue aeaie eioi?ie i?aaenoaaeai a
I?eeiaeaiee 2.

A niioaaonoaee n ioieoii i?eeaca «E eiaaioa?ecaoeee i?enooieoue « »
__________ a.» ?aai/ay eiaaioa?ecaoeeiiiay eiienney i?enooieea e
eiaaioa?ecaoeee a no?iai iaicia/aiiue n?ie, a iaoai neo/aa – yoi 3
ai?aey 2003 aiaea.

E ia/aeo eiaaioa?ecaoeee iaoa?eaeueii ioaaonoaaiiua eeoea aeatho
?anienee i oii, /oi e ia/aeo i?iaaaeaiey eiaaioa?ecaoeee ana ?anoiaeiua
e i?eoiaeiua aeieoiaiou ia oiaa?ii-iaoa?eaeueiua oeaiiinoe naeaiu a
aooaaeoa?eth e ana oiaa?ii-iaoa?eaeueiua oeaiiinoe, iinooieaoea ia eo
ioaaonoaaiiinoue, ii?eoiaeiaaiu, a auauaoea nienaiu a ?anoiae. Eiieth
aeaiiie ?anienee iu iiaeai oaeaeaoue ia neaaeothuae no?aieoea, a eioi?ie
?acai?/eai oeacaiu, oae eae ana naeaeaii a?o/ioth, aeieaeiinoue
iaoa?eaeueii ioaaonoaaiiiai eeoea, iiaeienue, ?anoeo?iaea iiaeiene.

Iinea yoiai naaaeaiey i oaeoe/aneii iaee/ee oiaa?ii-iaoa?eaeueiuo
oeaiiinoae caienuaathony a eiaaioa?ecaoeeiiiua iiene – oi?ia ?EIA-3,
eiieth eioi?ie iiaeii ?anniio?aoue /a?ac no?aieoeo. Eoae, a ea/anoaa
oiaa?ii-iaoa?eaeueiuo oeaiiinoae «Ii?aeiaeani?iia» ?anniao?eaathony
i?iecaiaenoaaiiua caianu, oiaa?u, aioiaay i?iaeoeoeey, iaoiaeyuayny a
nianoaaiiinoe i?aaiecaoeee.

Ia yoie no?aieoea, ioi?ieaiiie a?o/ioth, ana naeaeaii i?aaeeueii, ia
aeaiiii yoaia i?iaaaeaiey eiaaioa?ecaoeee ian aieueoa eioa?anoao 2-y
no?aieoea oi?iu ?EIA-3. Ia iae i?aaenoaaeaii o?e ii?yaeeiauo iiia?a e
iie oi/ii ioia?aaeaiu a eoiaao ii no?aieoea. Ana o?e iiia?a ioiinyony ia
10 n/ao «Iaoa?eaeu» noan/ao 3 «Oiieeai». Eieiiea ? 3 oiaea caiieiaia
aa?ii: a iae io?aaeaii iaeiaiiaaiea oiaa?ii-iaoa?eaeueiuo oeaiiinoae.
Eieiiee ? 4 e 5 ia caiieiaiu. I?e auyniaiee eieiiea ?4 ieacaeinue
iacaiieiaiiie a neeo iaecaanoiuo i?e/ei. A aio ionoua a?aou a eieiiea ?5
naycaiu, ii neiaai i?aaenaaeaoaey eiaaioa?ecaoeeiiiie eiiennee n
o?oaeiaieie ?aaioie ii iieneo niioaaonoaothueo eiaeia ii IEAE a
noaoenoe/aneie eeoa?aoo?a. «Ana aoaeao caiieiaii aei eiioea io/aoiiai
aiaea», – caaa?ee i?aaenaaeaoaeue eiaaioa?ecaoeeiiiie eiiennee.
Aiciiaeii, aeaenoaeoaeueii, ca 7 aeiae o?oaeii naeaeaoue oaeie iauai
?aaiou, ii iaiieiaeio iacaiieiaiiua aeieoiaiou oiaea ia aeieaeiu auoue
naeaiu e i?iaa?ea e ia aeieaeiu auoue iiaeienaiu i?aaenaaeaoaeai
eiaaioa?ecaoeeiiiie eiiennee, ia iie acaeyae, yoi a?oaia ia?ooaiea.

Eieiiea ? 6 aeey noieaoea aaeeieoeu ecia?aiey caiieiaia iieiinoueth,
aeey anao o?ao neo/aaa iaeiaiiaaieai yaeyaony eeeia?aii. Eieiiea ?7
oiaea caiieiaia i?aaeeueii: oeaeoth /anoue /enea ninoaaeytho ?oaee, a
iinea caiyoie, ae?iaioth – eiiaeee. A noieaoea «Iiia?» eieiiee 8, 9 ia
caiieiaiu aiiaua. Eieiiea ? 8 «Iiia? eiaaioa?iue» ia caiieiaia, ii
neiaai i?aaenaaeaoaey eiaaioa?ecaoeeiiiie eiiennee, iioiio /oi oeaeueth
eiaaioa?ecaoeee yaeyeinue oaeoe/aneia iaee/ea oiaa?ii-iaoa?eaeueiuo
oeaiiinoae, a eiaaioa?ecaoeeiiiue iiia? iie i?enaaeaaee
oiaa?ii-iaoa?eaeueiui oeaiiinoyi iinea i?iaaaeaiey eiaaioa?ecaoeee. Ia
iie acaeyae, yoi a?oaaeoay ioeaea, ioaeii n?aco i?inoaaeyoue
eiaaioa?ecaoeeiiiue iiia?, iioiio /oi iinea eiaaioa?ecaoeee aeaiiay
oiaa?ii-iaoa?eaeueiay oeaiiinoue iiaeao auoue caiaiaia ia
ianiioaaonoaothuoth oneiaeyi eniieueciaaiey, a nayce n /ai, i?aaiecaoeey
iiianao oauoee, a anee au ia oiaa?ii-iaoa?eaeueiuo oeaiiinoyo noiye
eiaaioa?iue iiia?, aa au a?yae ee eoi caoioae caiaieoue. Oaeaea e a
neo/aa n e?aaeae. Aeiionoei, iaeaeaia i?iiaaoay ec «Ii?aeiaeani?iia»
oiaa?ii-iaoa?eaeueiay oeaiiinoue, ii ia iae iao eiaaioa?iiai iiia?a,
iiyoiio iaecaanoii, eoi aa aeaaeaeaoe. Iai?eyoiuo neooaoeee n
ionoonoaeai eiaaioa?iiai iiia?a iiaeao auoue iiiai, /oiau eo ecaaaeaoue,
neaaeoao a i?ioeanna eiaaioa?ecaoeee n?aco aea i?inoaaeyoue eiaaioa?iue
iiia?.

Iiia? ianii?oa ionoonoaoao ii aiieia iauaeoeaiie i?e/eia: ia aeaiiue
aeae oiaa?ii-iaoa?eaeueiuo oeaiiinoae ianii?o ia auaeaaony, ii, ia iie
acaeyae, a oaeii neo/aa a yoie eieiiea aeieaeai noiyoue i?i/a?e. Eae
aeaeii ec eieiiie ? 10 – 13, aeaiiua oaeoe/aneiai iaee/ey niioaaonoaotho
aeaiiui aooaaeoa?neiai o/aoa, e eieiiee yoe caiieiaiu aa?ii.

Ia?aoeiny a ieaeithth /anoue no?aieoeu 2 iiene, no?iee Eoiai caiieiaiu
aa?ii, aeeo?aoii, a niioaaonoaee n o?aaiaaieyie.

Oaia?ue ?anniio?ei aeeaaeiie eeno e oi?ia?EIA-3, ii i?aaenoaaeyao niaie
i?iaeieaeaiea 2-ie no?aieoeu oi?iu ?EIA-3. caeanue i?aaenoaaeaiu n 4 ii
31 ii?yaeeiaua iiia?a e io?aaeaiu neaaeothuea n/aoa n noan/aoaie: 10/3
«Oiieeai», 10/4 «Oa?a e oa?iua iaoa?eaeu», 10/8 «No?ieoaeueiua
iaoa?eaeu», 43 «Aioiaay i?iaeoeoeey», 41 – «Oiaa?u». Eieiiea ? 3
caiieiaia /aoei e aeeo?aoii, aac ia?aeaiee. Eieiiee ? 4 e 5 ia caiieiaiu
eae e a i?aaeuaeouai neo/aa ii oai aea i?e/eiai. Eieiiea ? 6 niaea?aeeo
neaaeothuea iaeiaiiaaiey aaeeieoe ecia?aiey: eeeia?aiiu, oooee,
eoae/aneea iao?u.

Ia?aoea aieiaiea ia ena?ieiieth aeaiiie no?aieoeu, iu caiaoei, /oi
eieiiea ? 7 caiieiaia aeeo?aoii, ca eneeth/aieai 22 ii?yaeeiaiai iiia?a,
aaea ia/aoei, ianeieueei ?ac eni?aaeaii, noieo oeeo?a 15.

Eieiiee ? 8, 9 ia caiieiaiu eae e a i?aaeuaeouai neo/aa ii oai aea
i?e/eiai, oioy a aeaiiuo iaeiaiiaaieyo oiaa?ii-iaoa?eaeueiuo oeaiiinoae
i?enoonoaotho e oa, o eioi?uo iaycaoaeueii aeieaeai auoue a iaee/ee
ianii?o, e i?eia?o, 19 ii?yaeeiaue iiia? – iaiaoooeoaeue, 20 ii?yaeeiaue
iiia? – yeaeo?e/aneee ?aaeeaoi?, 21 ii?yaeeiaue iiia? – aaoiiiaeeue
«CEE». Ii a eieiiea ii iiaiaeo yoeo oiaa?ii-iaoa?eaeueiuo oeaiiinoae ia
cia/eony ie/aai. I?aaenaaeaoaeue eiaaioa?ecaoeeiiiie eiiennee
a?aoiaioe?iaae yoi oai, /oi aeaiiua oiaa?ii-iaoa?eaeueiua oeaiiinoe
iinooieee a i?aaiecaoeeth ianoieueei aeaaii, /oi ianii?o e ianoiyuaio
a?aiaie ooa?yi.

Eieiiea ? 10 ia ia?aue acaeyae caiieiaia aa?ii, ii i?e ouaoaeueiii
iniio?a iiaeii iaia?oaeeoue, /oi a no?iea Eoiai ia i?inoaaeaii
eiee/anoai, oioy ii Eino?oeoeee aeieaeai noiyoue «Iauee eoia eiee/anoaa
a iaoo?aeueiuo iieacaoaeyo», aia caaeneiinoe io oiai, a eaeeo ecia?aieyo
(oo., ea, i e o.ae.) yoe oiaa?ii-iaoa?eaeueiua oeaiiinoe iieacaiu.

Eieiiea ? 11 niaea?aeeo iaaieueoia ioeeiiaiea io onoaiiaeaiiuo ii?i a
nayce n oai, /oi a 29 ii?yaeeiaii iiia?a eni?aaeaiea aianaii i?yii ia
iai?aaeeueiue aa?eaio, oioy «eni?aaeaiea ioeaie i?iecaiaeeony ai anao
yecaiiey?ao iienae iooai ca/a?eeaaiey iai?aaeeueiuo caienae e
i?inoaaeaiey iaae ca/a?eioouie i?aaeeueiuo caienae. Eni?aaeaiey aeieaeiu
auoue iaiai?aiu e iiaeienaiu anaie /eaiaie eiaaioa?ecaoeeiiiie
eiiennee», a ?acoeueoaoa iaaiciiaeii oi/ii ii?aaeaeeoue oeeo?o noiiu.

Eieiiea ? 12 – oi/iay eiiey 10 eieiiee, aieioue aei iaaei?aaioie: oaeaea
ia i?inoaaeaii a eoiaiaie no?iea eiee/anoai.

Ii eieiiea ? 13 caia/aiey eaeaioe/iu eieiiea ? 11.

Neaaeoao ioiaoeoue, /oi oaeoe/aneia eiee/anoai e noiia
oiaa?ii-iaoa?eaeueiuo oeaiiinoae ?aaiu eiee/anoaaiiui e noiiiaui aeaiiui
aooaaeoa?neiai o/aoa. yoi iaaeyaeii iiaeii i?iiaaethaeaoue ii no?iea
Eoiai.

Ia?aoiaeei e aacaoeo EOIAI ia no?aieoea: eiee/anoai ii?yaeeiauo iiia?ia
ionoonoaoao – yoi ia?ooaiea. I?aaenaaeaoaeue eiaaioa?ecaoeeiiiie
eiiennee iauyniee yoi oai, /oi ana i?iecaiaeeeinue a niaoea. Ii yoi, ia
iie acaeyae, ia i?e/eia, /oiau iiaeienuaaoue ia ioi?ieaiiua aei eiioea
aeieoiaiou.

Iauaa eiee/anoai aaeeieoe oaeoe/anee oiaea ionoonoaoao.

A aio ioieo «Ia noiio oaeoe/anee» aeaiiua aeaiu aa?iua.

Ia?aoeiny e neaaeothuae no?aieoea. Ia iae i?aaenoaaeaiu n 32 ii 49
ii?yaeeiaue iiia?, e oieueei aaeeinoaaiiue n/ao ? 41 «Oiaa?u». Eieiiea ?
3 «Iaeiaiiaaiea, oa?aeoa?enoeea» caiieiaia ?acai?/eai, i?aaeeueii.
Eieiiea ? 4 ia caiieiaia ii iaecaanoiui i?e/eiai. Eieiiea ? 5 ia
caiieiaia ii i?e/eia iaoaaoee a?aiaie aeey iienea a noaoenoe/aneeo
ecaeaieyo eiaea ii IEAE aeey eaaeaeiai iaeiaiiaaiey. A eieiiea ? 6
i?aaenoaaeaiu neaaeothuea iaeiaiiaaiey aaeeieoe ecia?aiey: oooee, iao?u,
eoae/aneea iao?u, oiiiu, oeaioia?u, eeeia?aiiu. Eieiiea ? 7 «Oeaia»
caiieiaia aa?ii e aeinoaoi/ii aeeo?aoii. Eiaaioa?iue iiia? ia i?inoaaeai
a neeo iienaiiuo ?aiaa i?e/ei. A iiia? ianii?oa aeieaeai noiyoue oioy au
aeey neaaeothueo iaeiaiiaaiee: aeae?iiaieioeyoi? II-70-01, ianin IO
66-63/85, aaoioeiu 14-00-200 425, iaoaeeieiino?oeoeey AENI, aaoioeiu
1400-20, aaoioeiu 205/65 R – 15. Aeey inoaeueiuo aea iaeiaiiaaiee
aeieaeiu noiyoue i?i/a?ee.

Eieiiee ? 10-13 caiieiaiu aeeo?aoii e aac iiia?ie, aaeeinoaaiiue
iaaeinoaoie – yoi ii/oe ionoay no?iea EOIAI.

E aua iaeei ithain: oae eae aienaiiia /enei ii?yaeeiauo iiia?ia ai?acaei
iaiueoa, /ai ioaaaeaii aeey ieo no?i/ae ia yoie no?aieoea, a
iacaiieiaiiuo no?i/eao aeieaeai noiyoue cia/ie Z. Yoi aeieaeii auoue
naeaeaii, /oiau i?aaeioa?aoeoue neo/ae aienuaaiey iioii ii?yaeeiauo
iiia?ia e iaeiaiiaaiee oiaa?ii-iaoa?eaeueiuo oeaiiinoae, anee aea noieo
cia/ie Z, cia/eo, iienue caeii/aia.

Eae e a i?aaeuaeoueo neo/ayo, a aacaoea EOIAI ii no?aieoea iaaethaeaaony
ionoonoaea iacaiieiaiiuo no?ie «Eiee/anoai ii?yaeeiauo iiia?ia» e «Iauaa
eiee/anoai aaeeieoe oaeoe/anee».

?anniio?ei 4-th no?aieoeo oi?iu ?EIA-3. N?aco a?inaaony a aeaca
iaaei?aaioea a 1 ioieoa: iao aeaiiuo ii aacaoeo: «Eoiai ii iiene», a
/anoiinoe, eiee/anoaa ii?yaeeiauo iiia?ia, iauaai eiee/anoaa aaeeieoe
oaeoe/anee. A, ia iie acaeyae, i?enoonoaea yoeo aeaiiuo i/aiue aaaeii,
aaaeue anaaaea iiaeii iioii /oi-oi eiia aienaoue a ionoua no?iee, ai
ecaaaeaiea yoiai neaaeoao ana a iienue aiineoue aia?aiy.

Ioieo «Ia noiio oaeoe/anee» caiieiai i?aaeeueii, anee ie neacaoue, /oi
aeaaea n /?acia?iie inoi?iaeiinoueth e ouaoaeueiinoueth: iinea noiiu
i?iienueth inoaeinue ianoi, iii i?i/a?eiooi.

Ana oeaiu, iiaen/aou eoiaia ii no?ieai, no?aieoeai e a oeaeii ii
eiaaioa?ecaoeeiiiie iiene oiaa?ii-iaoa?eaeueiuo oeaiiinoae i?iaa?aiu (ia
aoiaaa, ii, eae iu noiaee oaaaeeoueny, ia oaeoe/anee) e caaa?aiu
iiaeienyie i?aaenaaeaoaey eiaaioa?ecaoeeiiiie eiiennee e /eaiia eiiennee
e ia/aoueth i?aaiecaoeee.

Oaeaea aeaiu iiaeiene eeoe, ioaaonoaaiiuo ca nio?aiiinoue
oiaa?ii-iaoa?eaeueiuo oeaiiinoae, i?inoaaeaia aeaoa.

A no?iea ieaea «Oeacaiiua a ianoiyuae iiene aeaiiua e ?an/aou i?iaa?ee»
ia oeacaiu aeieaeiinoue e ?anoeo?iaea iiaeiene, noieo eeoue iiaeienue.
Yoi a?oaia ia?ooaiea. Oi/ii oaeaea ia i?inoaaeaia aeaoa i?iaa?ee.

?acoeueoaou eiio?ieueiuo i?iaa?ie i?aaeeueiinoe i?iaaaeaiey
eiaaioa?ecaoeee auee ioi?ieaiu aeoii e ca?aaeno?e?iaaiu a aeo?iaea o/aoa
eiio?ieueiuo i?iaa?ie i?aaeeueiinoe i?iaaaeaiey eiaaioa?ecaoeee.

Oae eae a oiaea eiaaioa?ecaoeee ?anoiaeaeaiee iaaeaeo oaeoe/aneei
iaee/eai oiaa?ii-iaoa?eaeueiuo oeaiiinoae iaia?oaeaii ia auei, oi
nee/eoaeueiay aaaeiiinoue ia ninoaaeyeanue.

Aua ia oeacaii i?i oiaa?ii-iaoa?eaeueiua oeaiiinoe ioa?oaeaiiua e
i?eiyoua ia o?aiaiea. A iaieo neo/ayo ioi?ieyaony aeo ii oi?ia ?EIA-4 n
iieiinoueth caiieiaiiie aa?oiae oaieie, eioi?ay aeeth/aao iacaaiea
i?aaiecaoeee, iniiaaiea aeey i?iaaaeaiey eiaaioa?ecaoeee, oi?io ii
IEOAe, ii IEII, aeae aeayoaeueiinoe, aeaoo ia/aea e ieii/aiey
eiaaioa?ecaoeee.

Naia aea oaaeeoea oi?iu aeoa ninoieo ec 16 a?ao, a eioi?uo ai anth
aeeeio oaaeeoeu noieo cia/ie Z, /oi icia/aao, /oi oiaa?ii-iaoa?eaeueiuo
oeaiiinoae ioa?oaeaiiuo a nianoaaiiinoe IAEE «Ii?aeiaeani?ii» ia
iaia?oaeaii. Aeieoiaio caaa?ai iiaeienyie i?aaenaaeaoaey
eiaaioa?ecaoeeiiiie eiiennee e /eaiia eiiennee.

Oi/ii oaeaea ianoieo aeaei e n oiaa?ii-iaoa?eaeueiuie oeaiiinoyie,
i?eiyouie ia ioaaonoaaiiia o?aiaiea, iaoiaeyueieny a iooe, iienue ii
eioi?ui ninoaaeyaony ii oi?ia ?EIA-5 e EIA-6 niioaaonoaaiii. Oaeeo
oiaa?ii-iaoa?eaeueiuo oeaiiinoae oaeaea iaia?oaeaii ia auei.

A neeo oiai ianoiyoaeuenoaa, /oi oeaeueth eo?niaie ?aaiou y noaaeea
eco/aiea i?iaaaeaiey eiaaioa?ecaoeee oiaa?ii-iaoa?eaeueiuo oeaiiinoae
OAOI «IAEE «Ii?aeiaeani?ii», oi a eo?niaie ?aaioa y eiie?aoii e
?anniao?eaaea oieueei oiaa?ii-iaoa?eaeueiua oeaiiinoe, ia naiii aea
aeaea, anee i?iaiaeeony eiaaioa?ecaoeey, oi ae iau/ii iiaeaa?aaaony ia
oieueei iaeei eaeie-oi aeae oeaiiinoae, a ana. Oae e a «Ii?aeiaeani?iia»
eiaaioa?ecaoeee a aeaenoaeoaeueiinoe iiaeeaaeaee iniiaiua n?aaenoaa,
aioiaay i?iaeoeoeey, oiaa?u, iaycaoaeuenoaa. A y a niioaaonoaee n oaiie
e oeaeyie eo?niaie ?aaiou aua?aea oieueei oiaa?ii-iaoa?eaeueiua
oeaiiinoe, iiyoiio a i?aaiecaoeee ii ieii/aiee eiaaioa?ecaoeee
iieo/eeanue oeaeay oienoay eieaa, eioi?ay iaycaoaeueii i?ioio?iauaaaony
e i?iioia?iauaaaony, eiaaea ana yoi naeaeaii, ia caaeithth /anoue eieae
ia ianoi oio?iaee i?eeeaeaaaony eenoi/ae, ia eioi?ii iaienaii:
i?ioio?iaaii e i?iioia?iaaii 43 eenoa, iiaeienue aaia?aeueiiai
aee?aeoi?a, iiaeienue eniieiythuaai iaycaiiinoe aeaaiiai aooaaeoa?a e
ia/aoue i?aaiecaoeee. A aeaiiii neo/aa yoio aeieoiaio yaeyaony
iia/aoaiiui, oi anoue ieeoi ia niiaeao ie auiooue /anoue eenoia, ie
aeiaeeoue. Yoi aeaeaaony ia iiiaio ieii/aiey anao iia?aoeee a eieaa,
oaia?ue iia iieiinoueth aioiaa.

Oae eae aeaiiay eiaaioa?ecaoeey ia auyaeea eceeoeia eee iaaeinoa/
oiaa?ii-iaoa?eaeueiuo oeaiiinoae, oi aaaeiiinoue ?acoeueoaoia,
auyaeaiiuo eiaaioa?ecaoeeae – oi?ia ?EIA-26, ia ninoaaeyeanue.

2.4 Iniaaiiinoe e aeaeu ioeaie, aeiiouaiiuo i?e eiaaioa?ecaoeee
oiaa?ii-iaoa?eaeueiuo oeaiiinoae ia OAOI «IAEE «Ii?aeiaeani?ii»

Eae oaea auei neacaii auoa, a oiaea eco/aiey eiaaioa?ecaoeee ia aeaiiii
i?aaei?eyoee, iiie auee auyaeaiu neaaeothuea ioeaee: iai?aaeeueiia
eni?aaeaiea ioeaie a iienyo, iaaeicaiieiaiea a?ao iienae, iaee/ea ionouo
iacaiieiaiiuo no?ie, ionoonoaea eoiaiauo aeaiiuo ii no?aieoea e iiene a
oeaeii, iai?inoaaeaiea eiaaioa?ecaoeeiiiuo iiia?ia oiaa?ii-iaoa?eaeueiuo
oeaiiinoae. Yoi ana i/aiue iaaaoeaiua iiiaiou. ss ninoaaeea iaaieueooth
noaio, a eioi?ie ioia?aceea aeaaiua e iaeaieaa oa?aeoa?iua ioeaee aeey
«Ii?aeiaaeani?iia». Yoi noaia 2. 4. 1

Noaia 2. 4. 1-Ioeaee, auyaeaiiua iinea i?iaaaeaiey eiaaioa?ecaoeee
oiaa?ii-iaoa?eaeueiuo oeaiiinoae

? i/iIaeiaiiaaiea ioeaeeI?e/eiaNiiniau eni?aaeaiey1Iai?aaeeueiia
eni?aaeaiea ioeaie a iienyoIaaeinoaoi/ii oi/iia iciaeiieaiea n i?eeacii
Ieioeia ?O io 13.06.95 ? 49Eni?aaeaiea ioeaie i?iecaiaeeony ai anao
yecaiiey?ao iienae iooai ca/a?eeaaiey iai?aaeeueiuo caienae. Eni?aaeaiey
aeieaeiu auoue iaiai?aiu e iiaeienaiu anaie /eaiaie eiaaioa?ecaoeeiiiie
eiiennee2Iacaiieiaiea ioaeaeueiuo a?ao a iienyoIonoonoaea oao eee eiuo
aeaiiuo; iaoaaoea a?aiaieI?e ionoonoaee aeaiiuo aeieaeai noiyoue
i?i/a?e. A neaaeothuai neo/aa, aeieaeia auoue nicaeaia ?aai/ay
eiaaioa?ecaoeeiiiay eiienney n aieueoei /eneii /eaiia3Iaee/ea ionouo
iacaiieiaiiuo no?ieIaaeinoaoi/ii oi/iia iciaeiieaiea n i?eeacii Ieioeia
?O io 13.06.95 ? 49Iacaiieiaiiua no?iee aeieaeiu
i?i/a?eeaaoueny4Ionoonoaea eoiaiauo aeaiiuo ii no?aieoea e iiene a
oeaeiiIaaieiaoaeueiinoue; aeaeaiea /oi-eeai aeiienaoue iioii

-5Iai?inoaaeaiea eiaaioa?ecaoeeiiiuo iiia?iaIaoaaoea a?aiaieAeieaeia
auoue nicaeaia ?aai/ay eiaaioa?ecaoeeiiiay eiienney n aieueoei /eneii
/eaiia

CAEETH*AIEA

Eiaaioa?ecaoeey ia OAOI «IAEE «Ii?aeiaeani?ii» caaa?oeeanue.
Aeaenoaeoaeueii, yoi i/aiue o?oaeiaieee i?ioeann, a oiaea eioi?iai y
iaia?oaeeea iiiaeanoai iaoi/iinoae, iaaei?aaioie e iaeioi?ia eiee/anoai
ia?ooaiee. Ana yoi y naycuaath n iaaeinoaoi/iui eiee/anoaii eeoa?aoo?u
ii i?iaaaeaieth eiaaioa?ecaoeee. *oi oa?aeoa?ii, ie a iaeiie eieaa iao
oi/iiai aeinooiiiai ii?aaeaeaiey eiaaioa?ecaoeee, a oae /oi aiai?eoue i
oiieinoyo!

Enneaaeoy eiaaioa?ecaoeeth ia OAOI «IAEE «Ii?aeiaeani?ii», y ?ac?aaioaea
aeey naay ?aai/ee ieai-noaio i?iaaaeaiey eiaaioa?ecaoeee, eioi?ue
i?aaenoaaeai ia ?enoiea 1.

?enoiie 1-Ieai eiaaioa?ecaoeee

picscalex1000100090000031602000002009601000000009601000026060f002203574d
464301000000000001001b4f000000000100000000030000000000000003000001000000
6c000000000000000000000011000000230000000000000000000000f94200004b3a0000
20454d460000010000030000100000000200000000000000000000000000000015060000
d2080000c60000001f0100000000000000000000000000006b0403002e60040016000000
0c000000180000000a000000100000000000000000000000090000001000000046050000
97040000520000007001000001000000e1ffffff00000000000000000000000090010000
000000cc04400022430061006c0069006200720069000000000000000000000000000000
000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000
0000110040ae110010000000a4b1110024af110052516032a4b111009cae110010000000
0cb0110088b1110024516032a4b111009cae11002000000049642f319cae1100a4b11100
20000000ffffffffcc10d300d0642f31ffffffffffff0180ffff01800fff0180ffffffff
000000000008000000080000d4fb7e030100000000000000c800000025000000372e9001
cc00020f0502020204030204ef0200a07b20004000000000000000009f00000000000000
430061006c00690062007200000000000000000064af1100dee32e31e88d0832c4b21100
d0ae11009c38273106000000010000000caf11000caf1100e87825310600000034af1100
cc10d3006476000800000000250000000c00000001000000250000000c00000001000000
250000000c00000001000000120000000c00000001000000180000000c00000000000002
54000000540000000000000000000000110000002300000001000000dc774b41a65d4b41
000000001c000000010000004c0000000400000000000000000000004605000097040000
50000000200000001200000046000000280000001c0000004744494302000000ffffffff
ffffffff4705000098040000000000004600000014000000080000004744494303000000
250000000c0000000e000080250000000c0000000e0000800e0000001400000000000000
10000000140000000400000003010800050000000b0200000000050000000c02fd014902
040000002e0118001c000000fb02f3ff0000000000009001000000cc0440002243616c69
62726900000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000040000002d010000
040000002d010000040000002d0100000400000002010100050000000902000000020d00
0000320a0c00000001000400000000004a02fe01209308001c000000fb02070003000000
0000bc02000000cc0102022253797374656d000000000000000000000000000000000000
0000000000000000040000002d010100040000002d010100030000000000

Yoi, eiia/ii, i/aiue i?eieoeaiay iiaeaeue, ii iia cao?aaeaaao e
iaaeyaeii iieacuaaao ana oaae i?iaaaeaiey eiaaioa?ecaoeee.

Neaaeoao ioiaoeoue iieiaeeoaeueiua iiiaiou, iai?eia?, a oiaea caiieiaiey
eiaaioa?ecaoeeiiiie iiene aeaiiua aooaaeoa?neiai o/aoa ia ?acioeenue n
oaeoe/aneeie aeaiiuie, a ?acoeueoaoa /aai ia i?eoeinue ninoaaeyoue
nee/eoaeueioth aaaeiiinoue, neaaeiaaoaeueii, iaoa?eaeueii ioaaonoaaiiua
eeoea aa?aaeii caaioeeenue ia io?aia e iaaeeaaeauai eniieueciaaiee
oiaa?ii-iaoa?eaeueiuo oeaiiinoae.

Aaeeinoaaiiia, i /ai iiaeao auoue i?eoiaeeony aeaeaoue, oae yoi i oii,
/oi o iaiy ia ninoiyeanue i?aeoeea ninoaaeaiey nee/eoaeueiuo
aaaeiiinoae.

Eco/ea i?ioeann eiaaioa?ecaoeee, noaiiaeony iiiyoiui, ia neieueei ii
o?oaeiaiie e neiaeai, ianeieueei ioaaonoaaiai. Iioiio /oi iieo/aiiua a
oiaea i?iaaaeaiey eiaaioa?ecaoeee aeaiiua, aoaeoo eniieueciaaoueny a
oa/aiea anaai aiaea, e aiiaua, i?aaiecaoeee aaaeii ciaoue, eaeeie
oeaiiinoyie iia ?aniieaaaao, eae ianoiyo aeaea n e?aaeae, ii?/ae
oeaiiinoae, eae neaaenoaea, ia ioaeii ee oneeeoue io?aio, eaeea ia?u
i?iaiaeyony ii i?aaeio?aiaieth io noeoeeiuo aaaenoaee e o.ae. Oae /oi,
eae aeaeii, aeaiiua eiaaioa?ecaoeee i/aiue aaaeiu.

A i?ioeanna ?aaiou y auiieieea ana oeaee, iinoaaeaiiua ia ia?aii yoaia
?aaiou: yoi iciaeiieeanue n i?ioeannii eiaaioa?ecaoeee aiiaua, auynieea,
/oi ii i?aaenoaaeyao ec naay; ociaea e caiiiieea i?aaeea io?aaeaiey
?acoeueoaoia eiaaioa?ecaoeee a o/aoa; auyaeea aeiiouaiiua ioeaee a oiaea
i?iaaaeaiey eiaaioa?ecaoeee ia OAOI «IAEE «Ii?aeiaeani?ii»; ii?aaeaeeea
iaeanoue i?eiaiaiey aeaiiuo, iieo/aiiuo iinea i?iaaaeaiey
eiaaioa?ecaoeee.

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