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Финансовое состояние предприятия

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4

IEAI:

Aaaaeaiea

1.Iniiaiua oiiaeu i?aaei?eyoey: eo no?oeoo?a, iieacaoaee eniieueciaaiey
e aeaeaeaiey.

2.Iai?ioiua n?aaenoaa i?aaei?eyoey: ii?ie?iaaiea, iieacaoaee
eniieueciaaiey e iooe iiauoaiey eo yooaeoeaiinoe.

3.Aiaeec i?eaueueiinoe e ?aioaaaeueiinoe i?aaei?eyoey.

4.Aeaiaaeiia ia?auaiea ia i?aaei?eyoee. Aiaeec eeeaeaeiinoe.

5.I?iaiic aeayoaeueiinoe i?aaei?eyoey.

Caeeth/aiea.

I?eeiaeaiea.

Nienie eniieuecoaiie eeoa?aoo?u.

Aaaaeaiea

A nayce n ia?aoiaeii ?anioaeeee Iieaeiaa e ?uii/iui ioiioaieyi
iiyaeeenue iiaua /a?ou a aeayoaeueiinoe i?aaei?eyoey.

A ianoiyuaa a?aiy, a nayce n iiauie oneiaeyie, aiciee ?yae aii?inia:

n eae ?aoeeiiaeueii i?aaieciaaoue i?ioeann i?iecaiaenoaa e ?aaeecaoeee
i?iaeoeoeee;

n niaaaeaiea oiaa?ii-iaoa?eaeueiuie oeaiiinoyie;

n yooaeoeaii eniieueciaaoue iniiaiua i?iecaiaenoaaiiua oiiaeu e
iai?ioiua n?aaenoaa, a oaeaea

n naiaa?aiaiii inouanoaeyoue ?an/aou n iinoaaueeaie, ?aai/eie e
neoaeaueie, oeiainiauie i?aaiecaoeeyie e aaieianeie nenoaiie.

Aeey oiai, /oiau ioaaoeoue ia ?yae iinoaaeaiiuo aii?inia e iiiyoue eaeea
eciaiaiey i?iecioee ca iineaaeiea ianeieueei eao a no?oeoo?a oicyenoaa,
iaiaoiaeei oeiainiaue aiaeec i?aaei?eyoey. Ianoiyuay ?aaioa niaea?aeeo
eiiiaeoiia eceiaeaiea aiaeeca, i?eiaieoaeueii e nouanoaothuei oneiaeyi
oicyenoaa e ia?niaeoeaai eciaiaiey yoeo oneiaee a nayce n ?anoe?aieai
noa?u aeaenoaey ?uii/iuo ioiioaiee e aaaaeaieai iiaiai ieaia n/aoia.

Oiaiea aiaeece?iaaoue oeiainiaoth io/aoiinoue iaiaoiaeeii ?oeiaiaenoao e
niaoeeaeenoai i?aaei?eyoey i?aaeaea anaai i?e ii?aaeaeaiee nianoaaiiie
oeiainiaie no?aoaaee. Yoi icia/aao, /oi i?e iaee/ee naiaiaeiuo
oeiainiauo n?aaenoa ?aoaaony caaea/a iaeaieaa auaiaeiiai eo aeiaeaiey ia
?acaeoea nianoaaiiiai i?iecaiaenoaa, ia iieoieo aeoeee eee iaeeaaoeee
ae?oaiai i?aaei?eyoey, ia nicaeaiea aei/a?ieo i?aaei?eyoee, a aaie e
o.ae.

E iaiai?io, anee nouanoaoao iaiaoiaeeiinoue i?eaea/aiey aeiiieieoaeueiuo
n?aaenoa aeey ?anoe?aiey naiae aeayoaeueiinoe, ii?aaeaeythony iaeaieaa
i?eaieaiua enoi/ieee oeiaine?iaaiey (auionoeoue aeoeee eee iaeeaaoeee,
acyoue aeieain?i/iue eee e?aoein?i/iue e?aaeeo a aaiea e o.i.)

E a oii, e a ae?oaii neo/ayo aeey i?eiyoey iainiiaaiiiai oi?aaeai/aneiai
?aoaiey a iaeanoe eiaanoeoeeiiiie iieeoeee i?aaeaa?eoaeueii neaaeoao
ioeaieoue oeiainiaua iieiaeaiey nianoaaiiiai i?aaei?eyoey.

A i?ioeanna inouanoaeaiey oicyenoaaiiie aeayoaeueiinoe o i?aaei?eyoey
iiiaie?aoii aicieeaao iaiaoiaeeiinoue aiaeece?iaaoue ia oieueei naia
oeiainiaia ninoiyiea, ii e ioeaieaaoue oeiainiaia iieiaeaiea naieo
eiio?aaaioia.

Nouanoaoao ?yae caaea/(ieacaiea eiiia?/aneiai e?aaeeoiaaiey ae?oaiai
i?aaei?eyoey, ii?aaeaeaiea ?aioaaaeueiinoe e oeiainiaie onoie/eainoe
iioaioeeaeueiiai iauaeoa aeiaeaiey n?aaenoa, ii?aaeaeaiea noaiaie
ieaoaaeaniiniaiinoe e o.ae.),eioi?ua aaeaaeiaaii aicieeatho ia?aae
niaoeeaeenoaie e ?oeiaiaeeoaeyie ?acee/iiai o?iaiy. Oniao iiaeao auoue
aeinoeaioo a oii neo/aa, anee iaiaaeaea?u, e?aaeeoi?u, aeoeeiia?u e
ae?. o/anoieee ?uii/iuo ioiioaiee niiniaiu i?aaeeueii ioeaieoue
oeiainiaua ?acoeueoaou e oeiainiaia ninoiyiea, eae naiaai i?aaei?eyoey,
oae e i?aaei?eyoey eiio?aaaioa.

Aeaiiay ?aaioa niaea?aeeo aeinoiaa?iua aeaiiua oicyenoaaiiie
aeayoaeueiinoe Eeoeiaaneiai oaaa/iiai eiiaeiaoa, yaeythueany oeeeaeii
A.I.”Ooooi”, eae y iaaeathnue, niiaoo auyaeoue oa?aeoa?enoeee, i?enouea
aio, e yaeythony ie/ai eiui, eae ioeaieie oeiainiaiai ninoiyiey E.O.E.

1. Iniiaiua oiiaeu i?aaei?eyoey : eo no?oeoo?a, iieacaoaee
eniieueciaaiey e aeaeaeaiey.

Iniiaiua oiiaeu – niaieoiiinoue iaoa?eaeueii-aauanoaaiiuo oeaiiinoae,
eioi?ua eniieuecothony aeeeoaeueiue ia?eiae a?aiaie e ia?aiinyo naith
noieiinoue ia aiiaue nicaeaiiue i?iaeoeo ii /anoyi, ii ia?a eciina.

Iniiaiua oiiaeu aeaeyony ia aeaa a?oiiu:

I. Iniiaiua i?iecaiaenoaaiiua oiiaeu – oa eioi?ua o?aaieaatho a
i?iecaiaenoaa

A. aeoeaiua (iai?oaeiaaiea, eiaanoeoeee)

B. ianneaiua (caeaiey, nii?oaeaiey)

II. Iniiaiua iai?iecaiaenoaaiiua oiiaeu – eioi?ua ia naycaiiu n
i?iecaiaenoaaiiui i?ioeannii.

Ana iniiaiua oiiaeu o/eouaathony a aeaiaaeiii au?aaeaiee, i?e yoii
?acee/atho

n ia?aiia/aeueioth noieiinoue iniiaiuo oiiaeia – yoi aeaiaaeiuo cao?ao
naycaiiuo n i?eia?aoaieai eee eo no?ieoaeuenoaii .

n ainnoaiiaeoaeueioth noieiinoue iniiaiuo oiiaeia – noieiinoue eo
aini?iecaiaenoaa ia ii?aaeaeaiiue iiiaio yenieoaoaoeee a oeaiao
aeaenoaeoaeueiuo ia aeaiiue iiiaio. Aeaiiay noieiinoue iicaieyao
o/eouaaoue noieiinoue ?acee/iuo ii n?ieo aaiaea iniiaiua oiiaeu a
iaeeiaeiauo oeaiao.

Inoaoi/iay noieiinoue iniiaiuo oiiaeia – au?aaeaao eo noieiinoue ca
au/aoii oie /anoe, eioi?ay ia?aianaia ia aioiaoth i?iaeoeoeeth , o.a.
eciina.

Ia i?aaei?eyoee iniiaiua oiiaeu o/eouaathony

Ii aaeainiaie noieiinoe. ?acee/atho aeaa aeaea eciina

n oece/aneee – oo?aoa iniiaiuie oiiaeaie oaoie/aneeo naienoa a
?acoeueoaoa eo yenieoaoaoeee, a oaeaea iiae aicaeaenoaeai i?e?iaeiuo
nee. A a/o aaniethoiay aaee/eia ii?aaeaeyaony iaeiieaiiuo
aii?oecaoeeiiiuo io/eneaiee ia iieiia ainnoaiiaeaiea iniiaiuo oiiaeia

n iaoa?eaeueiue – nieaeaiea noieiinoe iaoneiaeaiiia oaeaoaaeaieai
noieiinoe aini?iecaiaenoaa aeaenoaothueo eee nicaeaiey aieaa i?inouo
iniiaiuo oiiaeia aeaiiiai aeaea. eciina ii ioaeaeueiui aeaeai iniiaiuo
oiiaeia onoaiaaeeaaaony ia iniiaaiee niaea?aeaaoeony a
eiaaioa?ecaoeeiiiuo ea?oi/eao aeaiiuo i ia?aiia/aeueiie noieiinoe, i
a?aiaie iaoiaeaeaiey a yenieoaoaoeee e onoaiiaeaiiuo ii?iao
aii?oecaoeee. Yoio aeae eciina ia iaoiaeeo io?aaeaiey a oaeouae
aooaaeoa?neie io/aoiinoe i?e ioeaiea iniiaiuo oiiaeia. I?e yoii
?acee/atho :

a) Iieiue ii?aeueiue eciin – aeaeueiaeoaa i?eiaiaiea noaiiaeony
yeiiiie/anee ia auaiaeiui .

a) *anoe/iue ii?aeueiue eciin – i?ienoiaeeo nieaeaiea yooaeoeaiinoe
a n?aaiaiee n iiauie aeaeaie.

Iaania/aiiinoue i?aaei?eyoey iniiaiua oiiaeaie io?aaeaaony a oi?ia ? 11.
A aeaiiie ?aaioa oaeaea /anoe/ii eniieueciaaeenue iaoa?eaeu oi?i ?5 “I
cao?aoao ia i?iecaiaenoai e ?aaeecaoeeth i?iaeoeoeee i?aaei?eyoey” e ?
22 “Oaaeeoea iniiaiuo iieacaoaeae i?aaei?eyoey”

Aiaeec no?oeoo?u aeaeaeaiey e ninoiyiey iniiaiuo oiiaeia inouanoaeyaony
ii aeaiiui ?acaeaeia I e II oi?iu ? 11oa?aeoa?ecothueo , aeaeaeaiea e
ninoaa iniiaiuo oiiaeia i?aaei?eyoey ii eo ia?aiia/aeueiie noieiinoe .
Aeey ioeaiee aeaeaeaiey e ninoiyiey iniiaiua oiiaeia i?aaei?eyoey
?ann/eouaaaony e aiaeece?othony neaaeothuea iieacaoaee:

a) eiyooeoeeaio auauoey (Ea), iieacuaathuee eaeay /anoue iniiaiuo
oiiaeia auauea ca aiaeece?oaiue ia?eiae e ii?aaeaeyaony eae ioiioaiea
auauaoeo ca io/aoiue ia?eiae iniiaiuo oiiaeia e eo noieiinoe e ia/aeo
ia?eiaea

a) eiyooeoeeaio eciina (Ee), iieacuaaao noaiaiue eciina iniiaiuo oiiaeia
i?aaei?eyoey e ii?aaeaeyaony eae ioiioaiea noiiu eciina IO i?aaei?eyoey
e eo ia?aiia/aeueiie noieiinoe.

?ann/eoaai aeaiiua eiyooeoeeaiou ii eiathueiny aeaiiui:

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a@???&??yyyy?????Ayyy?yyy?????? ???&? ?MathType??°?
???u?????????”????-?????ue|???ue$ ???u?th??????

wmetafile8? ??G???????????
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aa???&??yyyy?????Ayyy?yyy ????? ???&? ?MathType??°?
???u?????????”????-?????ue–???ueq ???u?th??????

wmetafile8? ??H???????????
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aA???&??yyyy?????Ayyy?yyy?????? ???&? ?MathType??°?
???u?????????”????-?????ue|???ueW ???u?th??????

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aA???&??yyyy?????Ayyy?yyy?????? ???&? ?MathType??°?
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Iieo/ei oaaeeoeo ?1.1

Iaeiaiiaaiea

iieacaoaey1993199419951996Eiyooeoeeaio
eciina0,020,0030,012,7Eiyooeoeeaio auauoey1,910,010,020,08

?ann/eoaa auoa ia?a/eneaiiua iieacaoaee, iu aeaeei , /oi eiyooeoeeaio
eciina eioi?ue a 93 aiaeo ninoaaeye 0,02 a 96 ?aaai 2,7 – yoi aiai?eo i
cia/eoaeueiii oooaeoaiea oaoie/aneiai ninoiyiey iniiaiuo oiiaeia .

Eiyooeoeeaio auauoey a 1993 aiaeo ?aaiyeny 1,91, a 94 ?acei nieceeny aei
0,01 a caoai iaiiiai oaaee/eeny aei 0,08 a 1996 aiaeo. Iiaeii naeaeaoue
auaiae – ia i?aaei?eyoee i?aeoe/anee ia i?ienoiaeeo iaiiaeaiey iniiaiuo
oiiaeia.

I?iaiaeece?iaaa yoe iieacaee a niaieoiiinoe iu iaaethaeaai neooaoeeth ,
eiaaea noa?i iai?oaeiaaiea eciaoeaaaony e i?e yoii i?aeoe/anee ia
iaiiaeyaony.

Aeey aeaeueiaeoaai aiaeeca iino?iei oaaeeoeo 1.2

Iaeiaiiaaiea 1993199419951996iieacaoaeaeIa ia/aei aiaeaIa eiiaoe aiaeaIa
ia/aei aiaeaIa eiiaoe aiaeaIa ia/aei aiaeaIa eiiaoe aiaeaIa ia/aei
aiaeaIa eiiaoe aiaeaIniiaiua n?aaenoaa
(anaai)56325332535141451414528825288257556I?iecaiaenoaaiiua IO
50319331935067150671520355203553508Iai?iecaiaenoaaiiua
IO660607437438478474048 ?anniao?eaay 1993a. Iu aeaeei, /oi ?acieoea IO
ia ia/aei aiaea e ia eiiaoe ninoaaeyao 3197 oun. eae ec eioi?uo
aeiioeaiea iniiaiuo n?aaenoa ninoaaeyao 2576 oun eae. Oaeay aea
neooaoeey e a 1994 aiaeo – yoi iauyniyaony oai , /oi i?e ia?aoiaea
i?aaei?eyoey ia ?uii/iua ioiioaiey auea i?iecaaaeaia eiaeaenaoeey
noieiinoe iniiaiuo oiiaeia. A 1995 aiaeo eo noieiinoue oaaee/eeanue ia
15468 oun. eae ca n/ao iinooieaiee. A 1996 aiaeo oaeay aea neooaoeey e
iinooieaiey ninoaaeee 4674 oun. eae .

Aiaeece?oy ninoaa iniiaiuo oiiaeia i?aaei?eyoey ii?aaeaeyai neieueei
i?ioeaioia ninoaaeytho iniiaiua i?iecaiaenoaaiiua oiiaeu e neieueei
i?ioeaioia iniiaiua iai?iecaiaenoaaiiua oiiaeu.

Oaaeeoea 1.3

Iaeiaiiaaiea iieacaoaeae1993199419951996i?iecaiaenoaaiiua
oiiaeu98,298,598,493iai?iecaiaenoaaiiua oiiaeu1,81,51,67Ec oaaeeoeu 1.3
iu aeaeei /oi ca ia?eiae 1993-95 aiaea i?iecaiaenoaaiiu oiiaeu a
n?aaeiai ninoaaeytho 98,4% e iai?iecaiaenoaaiiua 1,6%, yoi aiai?eo i
iaeioi?ie noaaeeueiinoe o.e. iniiaiua i?iecaiaenoaaiiua oiiaeu aeieaeiu
ninoaaeyoue aieueooth aeieth a iauae noiia iniiaiuo n?aaenoa, a
iai?iecaiaenoaaiiua neaaeiaaoaeueii iaiueooth. Ii neaaeoao ia?aoeoue
aieiaiea ia oaaee/aiea iai?iecaiaenoaaiiuo n?aaenoa aei 7% a 1996 aiaeo.
Yoi i?iecioei ca n/ao oaaee/aiey aeeeeuiiai oicyenoaa, aaaaeaiey a
yenieoaoaoeeth aeeeiai aeiia.

3) Aiaeec eniieueciaaiey iniiaiuo i?iecaiaenoaaiiuo oaeoi?ia.

Iieacaoaeue yooaeoeaiinoe eniieueciaaiey iniiaiuo i?iecaiaenoaaiiuo
oaeoi?ia (oiiaeiioaea/a) caaeneo io noaiaie aiaea/aiey n?aaenoa o?oaea a
i?iecaiaenoaaiiue i?ioeann.

Oiiaeiioaea/a iaeaieaa iaiauathuee noieiinoiie iieacaoaeue,
i?aaenoaaeythuee niaie ioiioaiea iauaia aaeiaie i?iaeoeoeee e
n?aaeiaaiaeiaie noieiinoe i?iecaiaenoaaiiuo oiiaeia.

O?iaaiue iaiauathuaai iieacaoaey oiiaeiioaea/e cia/eoaeueiie noaiaie
caaeneo io oaoie/aneiai niaa?oainoaa i?iecaiaenoaaiiuo IO o.a. /ai
niaa?oaiiaa yoe oiiaeu oai auoa eo ioaea/a.

Oiiaeiioaea/a n iaeiie noi?iiu caaeneo io ninoaaa, no?oeoo?u, ea/anoaa,
oaiiia ?inoa e yooaeoeaiinoe eniieueciaaiey IO n ae?oaie noi?iiu io
oaiiii auionea i?iaeoeoeee e i?eauee. *ai ieaea noieiinoue IO, iaiueoa
eciin e aieueoa eo aeiey a aeoeaiie /anoe oai auoa oiiaeiioaea/a.

Oiiaei?ieinoue ?ann/eouaaaony eae ioiioaiea n?aaeiaaiaeiaie noieiinoe
i?iecaiaenoaaiiuo IO e iau?io aaeiaie i?iaeoeoeee. Oiiaei?ieinoue
ia?aoii i?iii?oeeiiaeueia oiiaeiioaea/a e oa?aeoa?ecoao noieiinoue
iniiaiuo i?iecaiaenoaaiiuo oiiaeia i?eoiaeyueony ia 1 eae i?iecaaaeaiiie
i?iaeoeoeee .

Oiiaeiioaea/a e oiiaei?ieinoue oa?aeoa?ecotho ?acee/iua noi?iiu
yeiiiie/aneiai i?ioeanna. Oae anee ia?aue iieacuaaao yooaeoeaiinoue
eniieueciaaiey aeaenoaothueo oiiaeia oi aoi?ie – iio?aaiinoue a
i?iecaiaenoaaiiuo IO aeey iieo/aiey ia iaoiaeeiiai iauaia i?iaeoeoeee.

Oiiaeiaii?oaeaiiinoue – noieiinoue iniiaiuo oiiaeia a n?aaeiai ia
iaeiiai ?aaioieea i?aaei?eyoey.

Enoi/ieee aiaeeca – aeaiiua ec oi?iu ?22:

n iau?i i?iaeoeoeee(?aaio, oneoa) a aeaenoaothueo iioiauo oeaiao
i?aaei?eyoee niioaaonoaothuaai aiaea (aac IAeN e aeoeeca);

n n?aaeianieni/iay /eneaiiinoue i?iecaiaenoaaiiiai ia?niiaea

n n?aaeiaaiaeiaay noieiinoue i?iecaiaenoaaiiuo iniiaiuo oiiaeia e

oi?iu ? 11 – i?iecaiaenoaaiiua iniiaiua n?aaenoaa.

Ia iniiaaiee aeaiiuo ?ann/eoaai yoe iieacaoaee e caianai a oaaeeoeo.

?ann/eouaaai ii oi?ioeai:

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Oaaeeoea 1.4

Iaeiaiiaaiea
iieacaoaeae1993199419951996Oiiaei?ieinoue0,050,10,50,3Oiiaeiioaea/a20,21
02,013,4Oiiaeiaii?oaeaiiinoue2,75254,150,3

?ann/eoaa iieacaoaeue oiiaeiioaea/e iaaethaeaai aeeiaieeo eciaiaiey n
1993 ii 1996 aiae. Oae anee a 93 oiiaeiioaea/a ninoaaeyea 20,2 yoi
iieacuaaao /oi ia/aea ?aoi?i IO auee aieaa niaa?oaiiuie e niioaaonoaaiii
aeaaaee aieueooth ioaea/o. A 94 yoio iieacaoaeue nieaeaaony aei 10 o.a.
ioaea/a IO nieaeaaony, a 95 aiaeo iaaethaeaai ooaea ea?oeio. A 1996 a.
I?ienoiaeeo iaeioi?ue ?ino oiiaeiioaea/a aei 3,4, /oi icia/aao ?ino
ioaea/e oioy e iacia/eoaeueiue.

Anee aea, i?iaiaeece?iaaoue iieacaoaee oiiaei?ieinoe e
oiiaeiaii?oaeaiiinoe.

N 1993 ii 95 aiae iaaethaeaaony ?ino, a n 95-96 niaae eiyooeoeeaioa
oiiaei?ieinoe. ?ino aeaiiiai iieacaoaey ia aeaeaoaeai oae eae yoi
oeacuaaao ia oi , /oi inouanoaeythony eeoiea cao?aou ia i?iecaiaenoai
aaeeieoeu i?iaeoeoeee, neaaeiaaoaeueii iiauoaaony e a? noieiinoue.

O iieacaoaey oiiaeiaii?oaeaiiinoe iaaethaeaaony oa aea oaiaeaioeey
?inoa n 95 ii 96 aiae e niaae 95-96 /oi e n iieacaoaeai oiiaei?ieinoe.
Yoi iauyniyaony oai /oi aei 95 aiaea oaaee/eeanue noieiinoue iniiaiuo
oiiaeia e nie?aoeeny ooao ?aai/eo. Niioaaonoaaiii nieaeaiea naycaiii n
oaaee/aieai ?aai/eo e oaeaoaaeaieai IO.

2. Iai?ioiua n?aaenoaa i?aaei?eyoey: ii?ie?iaaiea , iieacaoaee
eniieueciaaiey e iooe iiauoaiey eo yooaeoeaiinoe

Iai?ioiua i?iecaiaenoaaiiua oiiaeu ii aauanoaaiiiio niaea?aeaieth
i?aaenoaaeytho niaie i?aaeiaou o?oaea, a oaeaea i?oaeey o?oaea,
o/eouaathueany a IAI. Iai?ioiua i?iecaiaenoaaiiua oiiaeu ianeoaeeaatho
noa?o i?iecaiaenoaa e iieiinoueth ia?aiinyo naith noieiinoue ia aioiaoth
i?iaeoeoeeth, eciaiyy i?iecaiaenoaaiioth oi?io a i?ioeanna iaeiiai
i?iecaiaenoaaiiiai oeeeea.

Iai?ioiua n?aaenoaa – yoi niaieoiiinoue aaaine?iaaiiuo aeey nicaeaiey e
eniieueciaaiey iai?ioiuo i?iecaiaenoaaiiuo oiiaeia e oiiaeia ia?auaiey
aeey iaania/aiey iai?a?uaiiai i?ioeanna i?iecaiaenoaa e ?aaeecaoeee
i?iaeoeoeee.

A caaeneiinoe io ianoa a i?ioeanna e?oaiiai?ioa iai?a/eaaaiua n?aaenoaa
ia iai?ioiua i?iecaiaenoaaiiua oiiaeu e oiiaeu ia?auaiey, a caaeneiinoe
io enoi/ieeia oi?ie?iaaiey – ia nianoaaiiua e caaiiua.

I?e oi?ie?iaaiee onoaaiiai oiiaea i?aaei?eyoea naiinoiyoaeueii
onoaiaaeeaaao ieaiiaia ?aciauaiea iai?ioiuo n?aaenoa , iaiaoiaeeiuo aeey
aai i?iecaiaenoaaiiie aeayoaeueiinoe , a aeaea ii?iaoeaia. Ca n/ao
nianoaaiiuo enoi/ieeia iai?ioiua n?aaenoaa oi?ie?othony a ?acia?a
iinoiyiiuo ia nieaeathueony caiania e cao?ao, ca n/ao caeia – i?e
iiauoaiiie iio?aaiinoe a n?aaenoaao. Iio?aaiinoue i?aaei?eyoey a
iai?ioiuo n?aaenoaao eieaaeaony a oa/aiea aiaea a neaaenoaee naciiiinoe
i?iecaiaenoaa, ia?aaiiia?iinoe iinoaaie,

ianaiaa?aiaiiinoe iinooieaiey aeaiaa ca ioa?oaeaiioth i?iaeoeoeeth.

Yooaeoeaiia eniieueciaaiea iai?ioiu n?aaenoa ai iiiaii caaeneo io
i?aaeeueiiai ii?aaeaeaiey iio?aaiinoe iai?ioiuo n?aaenoa. Aei iieo/aiey
au?o/aiiuo io ?aaeecaoeee i?iaeoeoeee iai?ioiua n?aaenoaa yaeythony
enoi/ieeii oeiaine?iaaiey oaeoueo i?iecaiaenoaaiiuo cao?ao i?aaei?eyoey.
Ia?eiae a?aiaie io iiiaioa iio?aaeaiey i?iecaiaenoaaiiuo caiania, ec
i?aa?auaiey a aioiaoth i?iaeoeoeee aei aa ?aaeecaoeee iiaeao auoue
aeinoaoi/ii aeeeoaeueiui. Iinooieaiey au?o/ee io ?aaeecaoeee i?iaeoeoeee
/anoi ia niaiaaeaao ni a?aiaiai iio?aaeaiey iaoa?eaeueiuo ?ano?nia. Yoi
i?aaeii?aaeaeyao iaiaoiaeeiinoue oi?ie?iaaiey iai?ioiuo n?aaenoa a
ii?aaeaeaiiii ?acia?a. Aeey i?aaei?eyoey aaaeii i?aaeeueii ii?aaeaeeoue
iioeiaeueioth iio?aaiinoue iai?ioiuo n?aaenoa, /oi iicaieyao n
ieieiaeueiuie ecaea?aeeaie iieo/eoue i?eaueue, ca ieaie?iaaiioth i?e
aeiiieieoaeueiii iau?ia i?iecaiaenoaa. Ii?aaeaeaiea aaee/eiu iai?ioiuo
n?aaenoa, iaiaoiaeeiuo aeey ia?aciaaiey caiania aioiaie i?iaeoeoeee ia
neeaaea oanii naycaiia n i?iaiice?iaaieai iau?iia ?aaeecaoeee.

Aiai?y ia iai?ioiuo n?aaenoaao aaaeii auaeaeeoue eo eeanneoeeaoeeth. Oae
, iai?ioiua n?aaenoaa iiae?acaeaeythony ia :

n ii?ie?oaiua;

n iaii?ie?oaiua;

E ii?ie?oaiui ioiinyony iai?ioiua i?iecaiaenoaaiiua oiiaeu e aioiaay
i?iaeoeoeey ia neeaaea i?aaei?eyoey. Iaii?ie?oaiua iai?ioiua n?aaenoaa
ia ieaie?othony e eo ?acia?u ?aaoee?othony a iia?aoeaiii ii?yaeea.

Ii?ie?iaaiea iai?ioiuo n?aaenoa – iao/ii iainiiaaiiia ii?aaeaeaiea
iio?aaiinoe a ieo n o/aoii ?aaeueiuo oneiaee oicyenoaiaaiey. Iii
caeeth/aaony a ?ac?aaioea ii?i e ii?iaoeaia iai?ioiuo n?aaenoa.

Ii?ia oa?aeoa?ecoao ioiioaiea iaiaoiaeeiiai inoaoea iaoa?eaeueiuo
oeaiiinoae e ii?aaeaeaiiiio iieacaoaeth i?aaei?eyoey e au?aaeaaony a
ioiineoaeueiuo aaee/eiao.

Ii?iaoea – aeaiaaeiia au?aaeaiea ieaiiaiai ieieiaeueiiai inoaoea
iaoa?eaeueiuo oeaiiinoae e cao?ao, iaiaoiaeeiuo aeey ii?iaeueiie ?aaiou
i?aaei?eyoey. ?ann/eouaaaony ii neaaeothuae oi?ioea: I=?*Ae, aaea ? –
iaeiiaeiaaiue ?anoiae iaoa?eaeueiuo oeaiiinoae (ii nu?ueth, iaoa?eaeo,
oiieeao); iaeiiaeiaaiua cao?aou (ii iacaaa?oaiiiio i?iecaiaenoao);
iaeiiaeiaaiue auione (ii aioiaie i?iaeoeoeee). Ae – ii?ia caiana
iai?ioiuo n?aaenoa.

?anniio?ei ii?iaoeau aeey ?acee/iuo a?oii iai?ioiuo n?aaenoa aeey
eco/aaiiai i?aaei?eyoey, eioi?ua i?aaenoaaeaiu a oaaeeoea 2.1.

Oaaeeoea 2.1. Ii?iaoeau iai?ioiuo n?aaenoa (eae)

Ii?iaoea1993199419951996ii nu?ueth, iaoa?eaeai e iieoiiui
iieooaa?eeaoai51718275501482001339076ii oiieeao10242415055084243231ii
iacaaa?oaiiiio i?iecaiaenoao24628101281138432120082ii aioiaie
i?iaeoeoeee48061198904273023245500niaieoiiue
ii?iaoea134649617191944298747889

Aaaeiie ninoaaiie /anoueth iai?ioiuo i?iecaiaenoaaiiuo oiiaeia yaeythony
i?iecaiaenoaaiiua caianu. Iie aeeth/atho nu?ue?, iniiaiua e
aniiiiaaoaeueiua iaoa?eaeu, oiieeai, oa?o e o.ae.

iio?aaiinoue a iai?ioiuo n?aaenoaao, aeiaeaiiuo a nu?ue? e iaoa?eaeu,
ii?aaeaeyaony ioo?i ?an/aoa eo ii?iaoeaia a aeaiaaeiii au?aaeaiee.
Ii?iaoea ?ann/eouaaaony oiiiaeaieai noieiinoe eo iaeiiaeiaaiiai
?anoiaea ia ii?io caiana a aeiyo caiana ii oi?ioea: In=?o*Iae, aaea In
ii?iaoea nianoaaiiuo iai?ioiuo n?aaenoa ii nu?ueth, iniiaiui iaoa?eaeai
e iieooaa?eeaoai.

Iaeiiaeiaaiue ?anoiae ia?a/eneaiiuo iaoa?eaeia a aeaiaaeiii au?aaeaiee
onoaiaaeeaaaony iooai aeaeaiey ia 360 yoeo oeaiiinoae ii niaoa cao?ao ia
i?iecaiaenoai.

Ii?ia iai?ioiuo n?aaenoa ii aeaeai nu?uey e iniiaiuo iaoa?eaeia
aeeth/aao a?aiy i?aauaaiey iaoa?eaeueiuo oeaiiinoae a iooe (o?ainii?oiue
caian); a?aiy iiaeaioiaee nu?uey e iaoa?eaeia e i?iecaiaenoao
(oaoiieiae/aneee caian); a?aiy i?aauaaiey iaoa?eaeia a oaeouai
(neeaaeneii) e aa?aioeeiii (no?aoiaii) caianao. Ia eco/aaiii
i?aaei?eyoee aeaiiay ii?ia ninoaaeyao 15 aeiae.

Ii?iaoea ii noaouea “nu?ue?, iniiaiua iaoa?eaeu e iieoiiua
iieooaa?eeaou”, eae aeaeii ec oaaeeoeu aic?anoaao ia i?ioyaeaiee anao
/aou?ao eao. Iniiaiie i?e/eiie ?inoa aeaiiiai iieacaoaey yaeyaony
oaaee/aiea iau?ia auionea i?iaeoeoeee.

Ii?iaoea iai?ioiuo n?aaenoa ii oiieeao onoaiaaeeaaaony ii anai aeaeai
oiieeaa e en/eneyaony oae aea eae e ii nu?ueth, iniiaiui iaoa?eaeai.
Ii?ia aeey aeaiiie a?oiiu iai?ioiuo n?aaenoa ninoaaeyao aeanyoue aeiae.
Eae iiaeai caiaoeoue ec oaaeeoeu aeeiaieea aeaiiiai iieacaoaey
aiaeiae/ia i?aaeuaeouaio, ca eneeth/aieai 1994 aiaea, oae eae oaeoi?u,
aeeythuea ia yoio ii?iaoea oa aea, eioi?ua aeeytho ia ii?iaoea ii
nu?ueth e iaoa?eaeai.

E iacaaa?oaiiiio i?iecaiaenoao ioiinyony cao?aou ia iacaeii/aiioth
i?iaeoeoeeth ia ?acee/iuo noaaeeyo oaoiieiae/aneie ia?aaioee – io
iiiaioa caionea nu?uey a i?iecaiaenoai aei i?eiyoey i?iaeoeoeee neeaaeii
aioiauo ecaeaeee, a oaeaea iieooaa?eeaou nianoaaiiiai ecaioiaeaiey.
Ieaiiaay iio?aaiinoue iai?ioiuo n?aaenoa ii iacaaa?oaiiiio i?iecaiaenoao
(Ii) ?ann/eouaaaony iooai oiiiaeaiey iaeiiaeiaaiuo cao?ao ii auioneo ia
ii?io caiana a aeiyo: Ii=Ic*Iae. Ii?ia aeey ?an/aoa yoiai ii?iaoeaa a
aeiyo ninoaaeyao /aou?a aeiy . Enoiaey ec aeaiiuo iieo/aiiuo ii iaoaio
i?aaei?eyoeth iiaeii neacaoue, /oi ii?iaoea n 1993 ii 1995 aiae
oaaee/eeny a 2,4 ?aca, a nayce n?inoii cao?ao ia i?iecaiaenoai
i?iaeoeoeee. Caoai n 95 i?ienoiaeeo niaae ii?iaoeaa , /oi naycaiii n
oiaiueoaieai iauaia i?iecaiaenoaa n 64348 aei 58270 eae.

Ii?iaoea nianoaaiiuo iai?ioiuo n?aaenoa ii aioiaie i?iaeoeoeee
en/eneyaony eae i?iecaaaeaiea ii?iu caiana ia neeaaea e a ioa?oaeaiiuo
oiaa?ao, ?an/aoiua aeieoiaiou ii eioi?ui ia naeaiu a aaie, ia
iaeiiaeiaaiue auione oiaa?iie i?iaeoeoeee ii i?iecaiaenoaaiiie
naaanoieiinoe.

Aeey aeaiiiai ii?iaoeaa oa?aeoa?ai eae niaae oae e ?ino.

Anee n 1993 aiaea ii 1994 yoio ii?iaoea oaaee/eeny a 5 ?ac, /oi auei
naycaiii n oaaee/aieai iauaia auionea aioiaie i?iaeoeoeee, oi iioii
i?ienoiaeeo niaae n 42292 aei 26025 eae ii ia?aoiie i?e/eia.

Naiaeiue ii?iaoea ii iai?ioiui n?aaenoaai ?ann/eouaaaony eae noiia anao
auoa ia?a/eneaiiuo ii?iaoeaia, iiyoiio aai aeeiaieea aiaeiae/ia eo
eciaiaieth ai a?aiaie , neaaeiaaoaeueii ii?iaoea oaaee/eaaeny aei 1996
aiaea e yoi oaaee/aiea ii/oe aeaaaeoeaoee?aoiia , a neaaenoaee
oaaee/aiey auionea i?iaeoeoeee.

A aini?iecaiaenoaa iai?ioiua n?aaenoaa iaoiaeyony a iinoiyiiii
ia?auaiee, iie aeaaaeaeu auaatho a noa?a ia?auaiey, eiaaea caeoiathony
i?aaeiaou o?oaea e ?aaeecoaony aioiaay i?iaeoeoeey, e iaeei ?ac a noa?a
i?iecaiaenoaa, eiaaea ec i?aaeiaoia o?oaea ecaioaaeeaaaony iiaue oiaa?.
A?aiy, a oa/aiea eioi?iai iai?ioiua n?aaenoaa i?ioiaeyo noaaeee
e?oaiiai?ioa, ninoaaeyao ia?eiae iai?ioa.

Iai?a/eaaaiinoue iai?ioiuo n?aaenoa yaeyaony aaaeiui iieacaoaeai
?aoeeiiaeueiinoe eo eniieueciaaiey. Iia ii?aaeaeyaony a?aiaiai,
iaiaoiaeeiui aeey eo iineaaeiaaoaeueiiai i?ioiaeaeaiey /a?ac ana
noaaeee e?oaiiai?ioa. Iai?a/eaaaiinoue caaeneo io ?acia?ia iai?ioiuo
n?aaenoa, a oaeaea io iauaiia i?iecaaaeaiiie e ?aaeeciaaiiie
i?iaeoeoeee e au?aaeaaony neaaeothueie acaeiinaycaiiuie iieacaoaeyie ,
i?eaaaeaiiuie a oaaeeoea.

Oaaeeoea 2.2 Iieacaoaee iai?a/eaaaiinoe iai?ioiuo n?aaenoa

Iieacaoaeue1993199419951996Eiyooeoeeaio
iai?a/eaaaiinoe1120157Aeeeoaeueiinoue iaeiiai iai?ioa
(aeie)33182451Eiyooeoeeaio caa?ocee iai?ioiuo
n?aaenoa0,10,050,070,16Eiyooeoeeaio iai?a/eaaaiinoe, eee
eiee/anoai iai?ioia, niaa?oaaiuo iai?ioiuie n?aaenoaaie ca ii?aaeaeaiiue
ia?eiae, ?ann/eouaaaony eae ioiioaiea iauaia ?aaeeciaaiiie i?iaeoeoeee e
n?aaeiaio inoaoeo iai?ioiuo n?aaenoa.

Aeaiiua i?eaaaeaiiua a oaaeeoea naeaeaoaeuenoaotho i oii, /oi eiee/anoai
iai?ioia aic?inei a 1994 aiaeo n 11 aei 20. Yoa oaiaeaioeey
oa?aeoa?ecotho aeayoaeueiinoue i?aaei?eyoey n iieiaeeoaeueiie noi?iiu,
aiai?y ia yooaeoeaiinoe eniieueciaaiey iai?ioiuo n?aaenoa. Ia/eiay n
1995 i?ienoiaeeo oiaiueoaiea cia/aiey yoiai iieacaoaey aei 7. Yoi
oiaiueoaiea iaoneiaeaii oaaee/aieai inoaoeia iai?ioiuo n?aaenoa i?e
oiaiueoaiee iau?ia ?aaeecaoeee.

Aeeeoaeueiinoue iaeiiai iai?ioa ?ann/eouaaaony ii oi?ioea Iae=Ae/Ei,
aaea

Ae – eiee/anoai aeiae a ia?eiaea;

Ei – eiyooeoeeaio iai?a/eaaaiinoe n?aaenoa.

Eiyooeoeeaio caa?ocee iai?ioiuo n?aaenoa yaeyaony iieacaoaeai ia?aoiui
eiyooeoeeaioo iai?a/eaaaiinoe. Ii oeacuaaao, neieueei iai?ioiuo n?aaenoa
i?eoiaeeony ia eae oiaa?iie i?iaeoeoeee e ii?aaeaeyaony ii oi?ioea:
Ec-Ni/?, aaea Ni – n?aaeiee inoaoie iai?ioiuo n?aaenoa, a ? – iauai
?aaeeciaaiiie i?iaeoeoeee. Oae eae yoio iieacaoaeue yaeyaony ia?aoiui
aeey ia?aiai, oi e eciaiaiea aai i?ioeaiiieiaeii . Iaeaieueoay caa?ocea
iai?ioiuo n?aaenoa auea caoeene?iaaia ia i?aaei?eyoee a 1996 aiaeo,
eiaaea aeaiiue eiyooeoeeaio ninoaaee 0.16. Iaeiaiueoaa eiee/anoai
iai?ioiuo n?aaenoa, i?eoiaeeony ia 1 eae oiaa?iie i?iaeoeoeee ninoaaeei
0,05 a 1994 aiaeo.

Iooe onei?aiey iai?a/eaaaiinoe ?acee/iu aeey ?aciuo noa? aeayoaeueiinoe.
A noa?a i?iecaiaenoaa iii aeinoeaaaony ca n/ao: oeo/oaiey i?aaiecaoeee
niaaaeaiey iaoa?eaeueiuie oeaiiinoyie, nie?auaiey aeeeoaeueiinoe
i?iecaiaenoaaiiiai oeeeea iooai aiaae?aiey
aunieii?iecaiaeeoaeueiuo oaoiieiae/aneeo i?ioeannia, caiaiu aei?iaeo
iaoa?eaeia aieaa aeaoaauie, ii ia a oua?a ea/anoao i?iaeoeoeee. A
?acoeueoaoa onei?aiey iai?a/eaaaiinoe aunaiaiaeaeathony iai?ioiua
n?aaenoaa, eioi?ua iiaoo auoue eniieueciaaiu i?aaei?eyoeai ia ae?oaea
ioaeaeu

3. Aiaeec i?eaueueiinoe e ?aioaaaeueiinoe i?aaei?eyoey

Yeiiiie/aneay aeayoaeueiinoue i?aaei?eyoey i?aaeiieaaaao nouanoaaiiua
cao?aou. Yoe cao?aou iiaeii iiae?acaeaeeoue ia a?oiiu. Eoae yoi:

1)?anoiaeu, naycaiiua n i?iecaiaenoaii e ?aaeecaoeeae i?iaeoeoeee.

2)Cao?aou ia ?anoe?aiea aini?iecaiaenoaa iniiaiuo oiiaeia

3)Iia?aoeeiiiua ?anoiaeu.

Cao?aou ia i?aai e ?aaeecaoeeth i?iaeoeoeee naycaiu n eniieueciaaieai a
i?ioeanna i?iecaiaenoaa nu?uey, iaoa?eaeia, oiieeaa, yia?aee, n auieaoie
ca?ieaou, aii?oecaoeeiiiuo io/eneaiee e o.ae. Cao?aou aeaiiie a?oiiu
aica?aoyony a iai?io i?aaei?eyoey a aeaea au?o/ee io ?aaeecaoeee
i?iaeoeoeee. Aua iaeiie ioee/eoaeueiie eo /a?oie yaeyaony oi, /oi iie
ninoaaeytho naaanoieiinoue i?iaeoeoeee eioi?ay iiaeao auoue
i?iecaieueiie(aeeth/ay oieueei ?anoiaeu ia i?iecaiaenoai)e
iieiie(aeeth/aao oaeaea ?anoiaeu, naycaiiua n ?aaeecaoeeae).

Iieiay naaanoieiinoue ?aaeecoaiie i?iaeoeoeee en/eneyaony ii oi?ioea:

Ni=Ni?+A?, aaea

Ni? – i?iecaieueiay naaanoieiinoue,

A? – iai?iecaiaenoaaiiua ?anoiaeu.

?anniio?ei cia/aiey yoiai iieacaoaey aeey eco/aaiiai i?aaei?eyoey.

Oaaeeoea 3.1 Naaanoieiinoe i?iaeoeoeee:

Iieacaoaeue1993199419951996Iieiay naaanoieiinoue
(eae)113478135406786385993238138428359Oaeaeueiue aan iieiie
naaanoieiinoe i?iaeoeoeee (%)40707881

Niio?y aieiaoaeueii ia oaaeeoeo naaanoieiinoe i?aaei?eyoey, iaeuecy ia
caiaoeoue /oi a 1994 aiaeo naaanoieiinoue i?iaeoeoeee ?acei aic?inea eae
a aaniethoiii(n 11347813 aei 54067863 eae),oae e a ioiineoaeueiii
au?aaeaiee(aa oaeaeueiue aan a noieiinoe i?iaeoeoeee oaaee/eeny ii
n?aaiaieth n i?aaeuaeouei aiaeii ia 30 i?ioeaioia).A 1995 aiaeo ?ino
iieacaoaeae aue iacia/eoaeueiui, ii iaiaoeeanue oaiaeaioeey oaaee/aiey
iieiie naaanoieiinoe i?iaeoeoeee a 1996 aiaeo(n 85993238 aei 138428359)
.Enoiaey ec auoaneacaiiiai iiaeii naeaeaoue auaiae, /oi aeioiaeiinoue
aeaiiiai i?aaei?eyoey a iineaaeiea 3 aiaea oiaiueoeeanue e nouanoaoao
iaiaoiaeeiinoue nieaeaiey naaanoieiinoe.

Iaeiei ec iniiaiuo aeaeia aeioiaeia i?aaei?eyoey yaeyaony au?o/ea io
?aaeecaoeee i?iaeoeoeee, eioi?ay i?aaenoaaeyao niaie noiio aeaiaaeiuo
n?aaenoa, iieo/aaioth ca ioa?oaeaiioth i?iaeoeoeeth. Oae eae
?anniao?eaaaiia iaie i?aaei?eyoea eniieuecoao aaciaee/ioth oi?io
?an/aoia, oi i?iaeoeoeey n/eoaaony ?aaeeciaaiiie n iiiaioa iinooieaiey
aeaiaa ia ?an/aoiue n/ao. *anoue au?o/ee iai?aaeyaony ia aiciauaiea
iaoa?eaeueiuo cao?ao, a inoaeueiay i?aaenoaaeyao niaie aaeiaue aeioiae,
eniieuecoaiue aeey auieaou ca?ieaou io/eneaiey ia nioeeaeueiia
no?aoiaaiea. Inoaoie au?o/ee ia?acoao i?eaueue io ?aaeecaoeee
i?iaeoeoeee, yaeythuaeny iaeiie ec ninoaaiuo /anoae aaeainiaie i?eauee.
Aaeainiaay i?eaueue iiieii ?acoeueoaoa io ?aaeecaoeee i?iaeoeoeee
aeeth/aao a naay ?acoeueoao io ?aaeecaoeee iniiaiuo oiiaeia e i?i/ae
?aaeecaoeee. Ec iaa inouanoaeythony ieaoaaee a athaeaeao. Iinea oiai eae
ana auieaou ec i?eauee auee inouanoaeaiu, iieo/aai /enooth i?eaueue
eioi?ay inoaaony a ?anii?yaeaiee i?aaei?eyoey e iiaeao eniieueciaaoueny
aeey auieaou aeeaeaeaiaeia eee aeey inouanoaeaiey eaieoaeueiuo
aeiaeaiee. Inoathuayny iinea yoiai i?eaueue iacuaaaony
ia?ani?aaeaeaiiie.

?anniio?ei cia/aiey auoaia?a/eneaiiuo iieacaoaeae iieo/aiiuo ia
eco/aaiii i?aaei?eyoee, i?eaaaeaiiua a oaaeeoea ”Aiaeec oeiainiauo
?acoeueoaoia”

Oaaeeoea 3.2 Aiaeec oeiainiauo ?acoeueoaoia
(eae):

Iieacaoaee1993199419951996Au?o/ea io ?aaeecaoeee
i?iaeoeoeee49541030118662821137606043199554356IAeN8366543180909289037782
11718752Aeoeecu12716731240921941772329317071119Naaanoieiinoue11347813540
6786385993238138428359?acoeueoao io
?aaeecaoeee17090353224118362485173032336126I?i/ea
aeioiaeu18540101941368015196582I?i/ea ?anoiaeu625253485941749Aaeainiaay
i?eaueue19032163225228522221856631644858Ieaoaaee a
athaeaeao55235407762033813587410122606*enoay
i?eaueue13508623147608191408269221522252

Enoiaey ec aeaiiuo oaaeeoeu iiaeii caiaoeoue /oi au?o/ea io ?aaeecaoeee
i?iaeoeoeee ia i?ioyaeaiee anao /aou?ao eao aic?anoaea.

A 1996 aiaeo ii n?aaiaieth n 1993aiaeii iia au?inea a 4 ?aca. Ia aeaiiii
i?aaei?eyoee i?i/ea aeioiaeu e ?anoiaeu oi?ie?othony ca n/ao nu?uo
oaaaeia, iia?aoeee n oa?ie e aeeaeaeaiaeia ,iieo/aiiuo io aeoeee aaiea.
Iieacaoaeue ”I?i/ea aeioiaeu” a 1993 aiaeo yaeyaony naiui aunieei ii
n?aaiaieth n inoaeueiuie aiaeaie, ca n/ao oaaee/aiey oeai ia aica?aoioth
oa?o.

?anniao?eaay iieacaoaee aaeainiaie e /enoie i?eauee iiaeii naeaeaoue
auaiae, /oi aaeiaay i?eaueue a 1996 aiaeo ii n?aaiaieth n 1993 aiaeii
aic?inea a 1,7 ?aca, a /enoay a 1,6 ?ac, /oi naeaeaoaeuenoaoao ia
oaaee/aiee ieaoaaeae a athaeaeao.

Oaeei ia?acii iu i?iaiaeece?iaaee aeeiaieeo oeiainiauo ?aca?aia
i?aaei?eyoey. Aeey ioeaiee i?eaueueiinoe ?anniio?ei a?oiio iieacaoaeae
?aioaaaeueiinoe n?aaee eioi?uo iiaeii auaeaeeoue neaaeothuea,
i?eaaaeaiiua a oaaeeoea, aaea i?eaaaeaiu iieacaoaee ?aioaaaeueiinoe
i?aaei?eyoey.

Oaaeeoea 3.3. Iieacaoaee ?aioaaaeueiinoe i?aaei?eyoey (eae)

Iieacaoaee1993199419951996?aioaaaeueiinoue
i?iaeoeoeee0,30,20,20,16?aioaaaeueiinoue ini.
aeayoaeueiinoe1,50,40,30,23?aioaaaeueiinoue ini.
eaieoaea40,20,140,2?aioaaaeueiinoue nianoaaiiiai eaieoaea0,90,20,20,4

?aioaaaeueiinoue i?aaei?eyoey ?ann/eouaaaony ii neaaeothuae oi?ioea:

?i = i?eaueue/au?o/ea io ?aaeecaoeee i?iaeoeoeee

Yoio iieacaoaeue iieacuaaao neieueei a n?aaeiai i?eauee i?eiineo
i?aaei?eyoeth eaaeaeue eae ?aaeeciaaiiie i?iaeoeoeee, iiyoiio enoiaey ec
iieo/aiiuo aeaiiuo iiaeii neacaoue, /oi iaeaieueooth i?eaueue
i?aaei?eyoea iaania/eaaei a 1993 aiaeo, eiaaea ia 1eae ?aaeueiie
i?iaeoeoeee i?eoiaeeeinue 30 aaiue. Caoai ?aioaaaeueiinoue oiaiueoaaony,
/oi naycaii n oai /oi naaanoieiinoue ?aaeueiie i?iaeoeoeee ?anoao
auno?aa, /ai au?o/ea io ?aaeecaoeee.

?aioaaaeueiinoue iniiaiie aeayoaeueiinoe i?aaei?eyoey ?ann/eouaaaony ii
oi?ioea:

?iae = i?eaueue io ?aaeecaoeee i?aaei?eyoey/cao?aou ia i?iecaiaenoai e
?aaeecaoeeth.

Yoio iieacaoaeue aeaao eioi?iaoeeth i oii neieueei i?eauee iieo/aao
i?aaei?eyoea a ?an/aoa ia 1 eae cao?ao, naycaiiuo n i?iecaiaenoaii e
?aaeecaoeeae i?iaeoeoeee. I?e ?anniio?aiee aai a aeeiaieea iiaeii
caiaoeoue, /oi iaeaieueoay ?aioaaaeueiinoue iniiaiie aeayoaeueiinoe
i?aaei?eyoey auea a 1993, eiaaea iia ninoaaeyea 1,5 eay ia 1 eae cao?ao.

Ia/eiay n 1994 aiaea ?aioaaaeueiinoue iniiaiie aeayoaeueiinoe
oiaiueoaaony, e a 1996 aiaeo ninoaaeyao 23 aaiue ia 1 eae ?aaeueiie
i?iaeoeoeee. Yoi iauyniyaony ?inoii cao?ao ia i?iecaiaenoai i?iaeoeoeee,
eioi?ay ii n?aaiaieth n 1993 aiaeii oaaee/eeanue a 12 ?ac. Iniiaiay
i?e/eia iia?aaeathuaai ?inoa cao?ao ii n?aaiaieth n iauaiii ?aaeueiie
i?iaeoeoeee naycaia n ?aceei oaaee/aieai noieiinoe nu?uey, iaoa?eaeia,
oiieeaii-yia?aaoe/aneeo ?ano?nia, a oaeaea aii?oecaoeee.

?aioaaaeueiinoue iniiaiiai eaieoaea iiaeao auoue ?ann/eoaia ii
oi?ioea:

?ie = /enoay i?eaueue/oicyenoaaiiua n?aaenoaa.

Eae e i?e ?anniao?eaaiee i?aaeuaeoueo iieacaoaeae iiaeai caiaoeoue, /oi
iaeaieueoay ?aioaaaeueiinoue i?eoiaeeony ia 1993 aiae, eiaaea iia
ninoaaeyea 90 aaiue ia 1 eae eiathueony a ?anii?yaeaiee i?aaei?eyoey
oic. n?aaenoa. Caoai aeaiiue iieacaoaeue ia/ae nieaeaoueny e
i?ienoiaeeei yoi nieaeaiea aei 1995aiaea,a ?acoeueoaoa /aai
?aioaaaeueiinoue oiaiueoeeanue a 4,5 ?aca.

Iniiaiua i?e/eiu yoiai yaeaiey yaeythony ia?aaiiia?iue ?ino /enoie
i?eauee a 1,25 ?aca e oic. n?aaenoa a 5,2 ?aca.

A 1996 aiaeo ?aioaaaeueiinoue oaaee/eeanue ii n?aaiaieth n 1995 aiaeii
ia 20 aaiue ca n/ao oaaee/aiey /enoie i?eauee n 14082692 eay aei
21522252 (o.a. a 1,5 ?aca).

Iaeaieueoaa cia/aiea aeaiiiai iieacaoaey i?aaei?eyoey naeaeaoaeuenoaoao
i iayooaeoeaiii eniieueciaaiee iniiaiiai eaieoaea i?aaei?eyoey. Iaeaieaa
yooaeoeaia eniieueciaaeny nianoaaiiue eaieoae i?aaei?eyoey a 1993 aiaeo,
eiaaea aai ?aioaaaeueiinoue ninoaaeea 90%.Caoai i?iecioei oiaiueoaiea
cia/aiey aeaiiiai iieacaoaey e i?iaeeeeinue yoi nieaeaiea aei 1995
aiaea, eiaaea ii ninoaaee 20%. Aeaaiie i?e/eiie niaaea aeaiiiai
iieacaoaey yaeyaony oaaee/aiea cao?ao ia i?iecaiaenoai e ?aaeecaoeeth
i?iaeoeoeee. A 1996 aiaeo ?aioaaaeueiinoue oaaee/eeanue aei 40%, a
neaaenoaee oaaee/aiey i?eauee.

A ?acoeueoaoa aiaeeca aeeiaieee iieacaoaey ?aioaaaeueiinoe iiaeii
naeaeaoue neaaeothuea auaiaeu:

1) Ia i?ioyaeaiee ?anniao?eaaaiiai ia?eiaea ?aaioa i?aaei?eyoey auea
iaeaieaa ?aioaaaeueiie a 1993 aiaeo, eiaaea auee caoeene?iaaiu
iaeaieueoea cia/aiey iieacaoaeae ?aioaaaeueiinoe .

2) A1994-1995 aiaeu oa?aeoa?eciaaeny eaeaioe/iinoueth a iieacaoaeyo
?aioaaaeueiinoe i?iaeoeoeee e iniiaiiai eaieoaea.

3) A1996 aiaeo i?ienoiaeeo iacia/eoaeueiay noaaeeecaoeey
?aioaaaeueiinoe nianoaaiiiai eaieoaea e iniiaiiai eaieoaea a ii
inoaeueiui aeaoi iieacaoaeyi ?aioaaaeueiinoe ioia/aaony niaae
?aioaaaeueiinoe.

4. Aeaiaaeiia ia?auaiea ia i?aaei?eyoee. Aiaeec eeeaeaeiinoe.

Oi?aaeaiea aeaiaaeiuie iioieaie ia i?aaei?eyoee aeeth/aao a naay ?an/ao
a?aiaie ia?auaiey aeaiaaeiuo n?aaenoa, aiaeec aeaiaaeiiai iioiea, aai
i?iaiice?iaaiea. ii?aaeaeaiea iioeiaeueiiai o?iaiy aeaiaaeiuo n?aaenoa,
ninoaaeaiea athaeaeaoia aeaiaaeiuo n?aaenoa e o.ae. O?aiaiea oeiainiauo
?ano?nia a aeaea aeaiaaeiuo n?aaenoa naycaii n ii?aaeaeaiiuie iioa?yie,
iiyoiio i?aaei?eyoea aeieaeii o/eouaaoue 2 acaeiieneeth/athueo
ianoiyoaeuenoaa:

n iiaeaea?aeaiea oaeouae ieaoaaeaniiniaiinoe

n iieo/aiea aeiiieieoaeueiie i?eauee io eiaanoe?iaaiey naiaiaeiuo
aeaiaaeiuo n?aaenoa.

Oeiainiaue oeeee eee a?aiy ia?auaiey aeaiaaeiuo n?aaenoa i?aaenoaaeyao
niaie a?aiy, a oa/aiea eioi?iai yoe n?aaenoaa ioaea/aiu ec iai?ioa.
?anniio?ei aaee/eio aeaiiiai oeeeea a aeeiaieea ia eco/aaiii
i?aaei?eyoee.

Oaaeeoea 4.1. Oeiainiaue oeeee ia i?aaei?eyoee (aeie)

Iieacaoaee1993a.1994a.1995a.1996a.Iai?a/eaaaiinoue n?aaenoa a
?an/aoao32,7182451,4Iai?a/eaaaiinoue i?iecaiaenoaaiiuo
caiania356,4156,59558,1Iia?aoeeiiiue
oeeee389,1174,5119109,5Iai?a/eaaaiinoue e?aaeeoi?neie
caaeieaeaiiinoe213,2109,568,675,5Oeiainiaue oeeee176,06550,434

Enoiaey ec iieo/aiiuo ?acoeueoaoia iiaeai caiaoeoue, /oi a 1994 aiaeo
oeiainiaue oeeee nie?aoeeny ii n?aaiaieth n 1993 aiaeii ia 111 aeiae.
Iniiaiuie i?e/eiaie yoiai yaeyaony onei?aiea iai?a/eaaaiinoe n?aaenoa a
?an/aoao, i?iecaiaenoaaiiuo caiania e e?aaeeoi?neie caaeieaeaiiinoe.
1996 aiae oa?aeoa?ecoaony naiui ei?ioeei iia?aoeeiiiui oeeeeii,
i?iaeieaeeoaeueiinoue eioi?iai ninoaaeea 109.5 aeiae.

A 1994 e 95 aiaeo ii i?aaeiaio eaeao oiaiueoaiea iieacaoaeae, a nayce n
i?e/eiaie iienaiiuie auoa.

Aiaeec aeaeaeaiey aeaiaaeiuo n?aaenoa iicaieyao iauynieoue ?anoiaeaeaiey
iaaeaeo aaee/eiie aeaiaaeiiai iioiea, eiaaoaai ianoi ia i?aaei?eyoee a
io/aoiii ia?eiaea e iieo/aiiie ca yoio ia?eiae i?eaueueth.
Inouanoaeyaony aeaiiue aiaeec i?yiui e einaaiiui iaoiaeaie.

I?yiie iaoiae iniiauaaaony ia en/eneaiee i?eoiea (au?o/ee io ?aaeecaoeee
i?iaeoeoeee, aaainu iieo/aiiua e o.ae.) e iooiea (iieaoa n/aoia
iinoaaueeia, aica?ao iieo/aiiuo e?aoein?i/iuo nnoae e caeiia e ae?.)
aeaiaaeiuo n?aaenoa, o.a. enoiaeiui yeaiaioii yaeyaony au?o/ea.

Einaaiiue iaoiae iniiauaaaony ia eaeaioeoeeaoeee e o/aoa iia?aoeee,
naycaiiuo n aeaeaeaieai aeaiaaeiuo n?aaenoa e iineaaeiaaoaeueiie
ei??aeoe?iaea /enoie i?eauee, o.a. enoiaeiui yeaiaioii yaeyaony
i?eaueue.

I?iaaaeai aiaeec aeaeaeaiey aeaiaaeiuo n?aaenoa ia eco/aaiii
i?aaei?eyoee einaaiiui iaoiaeii.

Oaaeeoea 4.2. Aeaeaeaiea aeaiaaeiuo n?aaenoa a ?ac?aca aeaeia
aeayoaeueiinoe (eae)

Iieacaoaeue1993 aiae1994 aiae1995 aiae1996 aiae1 .Oaeouay
aeayoaeueiinoue

1.1. i?eoie aeai. n?aaenoa

-au?o/ea io ?aae-oeee

49541030

118662821

137606043

199554356-eciaiaiea aeaaeo-eie caaeieae-noe
(oaae(-);oiai(+))-3934534-1250114-3645094-21763738Anaai
i?eoie4560649611741227071339609491777906181.2 iooie aeai. n?aaenoa

-cao?.ia i?iec-ai e ?aae-oeeth i?- oeee

11347813

54067863

85993238

138428359-eciai.i?-noa. caiania (oaae(+);oiai(-))

10784145

11852010

-486889

-352283-eciai.?an/aoia n e?a-aeeoi?. (oaae(-)oiai(+)

-868155

-82259

-163382

-6012906-eciai. e?aoein?i/. .e?aaeeoia (oaae(-);oiai(+))

-2160000

-2993999

1783999

-1254100ieaoaaee a athaeaeao55235407762033813587410122606Anaai
iooie24627343706056489526240140931676Eoiai aeai.n?-noa io oae.
aeayo-noe209791534680705938698109368589422. Eiaanoeoeeii.
aeayoaeueiinoue 2.1. I?eoie aeai.n?-noa -au?o/ea io ?aae-oeee ini.
n?aaenoa—–au?o/ea io ?aae-oeee iaiao aeoeaia e aeieain?. .oei.
aeiae-y

5783

91603

-166322

53899Anaai iinooieaiee578391603-166322538992.2. Iooie aeai.n?-a

-i?eia?ao.ini.n?-a e iaiao.aeoeaia

621114

536

1468

4674-aeieaian? .oei. aeiae-y200072900198250258310Anaai
iooie62311473436199718262984Eoiai aeai.n?-a io eiaano,
aeayo-noe-6173311816733396209085C.Oeiain.aeayo-noue 3.1. I?eoie
aeai.n?-noa -au?o/ea io i?iaeaaee aeoeee i?aaei?eyoey—–iieo/ai
.aeieain?.nno-aeu e caeiu—-Anaai iinooieaiee—-3.2.Iooie aeai.n?-a
-auieaoa aeeaeaeaiaeia; iiaao-a aeieain?.nnoae—-Anaai iooie—-Eoiai
aeai. n?-noa io oei. aeayo-noe—-Eoiai eciaia-iea aeai.
n?aaenoa20361822468252263873150536649857A ?acoeueoaoa aiaeeca aeaiiuo
i?eaaaeaiiuo a oaaeeoea iiaeii naeaeaoue neaaeothuea auaiaeu:

1. Iaeaieueoee aeioiae i?aaei?eyoeth i?eiineo iniiaiay aeayoaeueiinoue,
o.a. i?iecaiaenoai oaaa/iuo ecaeaeee e oa?iaioe?iaaiiiai oaaaea.

2. Eiaanoeoeeiiiay aeayoaeueiinoue, inouanoaeyaiay i?aaei?eyoeai a 1993
– 1996 aiaeao, yaeyaony oauoi/iie ia i?ioyaeaiee anaai ?anniao?eaaaiiai
ia?eiaea.

3. Oeiainiaay aeayoaeueiinoue ia i?ioyaeaiee ?anniao?eaaaiiai ia?eiaea
ionoonoaiaaea.

4. Iaeaieueoaa iinooieaiea aeaiaaeiuo n?aaenoa auei ioia/aii a 1994
aiaeo. Iniiaiie i?e/eiie yoiai yaeyaony aeiaieueii aieueoie aeioiae io
iniiaiie aeayoaeueiinoe e iacia/eoaeueiue io eiaanoeoeeiiiie
aeayoaeueiinoe.

5. Iaeaieaa aeioiaeiui aiaeii iiaeii i?eciaoue 1994 aiae, o.e.
aeaiaaeiua iinooieaiey a yoio ia?eiae ninoaaeyee 46825226 eae. Iniiaiie
i?e/eiie iinooieaiey yaeythony aeioiaeu io iia?aoeeiiiie aeayoaeueiinoe
e iacia/eoaeueiua aeioiaeu io eiaanoeoeeiiiie.

6. Aeioiaeu io ?aaeecaoeee i?iaeoeoeee aic?anoatho ec aiaea a aiae ,
/oi naeaeaoaeuenoaoao i ?inoa ?aaeecaoeee i?iaeoeoeee.

Aiaeec aeaiaaeiuo iioieia iicaieyao noaeeoue i eeeaeaeiinoe
i?aaei?eyoey, aeaoaeueii ?ane?uaay aeaeaeaiea aeaiaaeiuo n?aaenoa.
?anniio?ei a?oiio iieacaoaeae eeeaeaeiinoe, i?aaenoaaeaiiuo a oaaeeoea
4.3.

Oaaeeoea 4.3. Iieacaoaee eeeaeaeiinoe

Iieacaoaee1993 aiae1994 aiae199 5 aiae1996 aiaeEiyo-o
ieaoaaeaniiniaiinoe1,61,92,11,7Eiyo-o auno?ie
eeeaeaeiinoe0,60,30,50,8Eiyo-o aaniethoiie
eeeaeaeiinoe0,20,040,040,002Aae-ia nianoaaiiuo iai?ioiuo
n?aaenoa-133809672687417611101103-59251972I aiaa?aiiinoue
nianoa.iai?ioe.n?-noa-0,20,030,1-0,001Aeiey iai?ioe, n?-noa a
aeoeaao0,70,20,50,8Aeiey i?iecaiaenoaai. Caiania a oae.
aeoeaao0,91,60,80,6Eiyooeoeeaio ieaoaaeaniiniaiinoe i?aaei?eyoey eee
eiyooeoeeaio iauaai iie?uoey iieacuaaao neieueei eae oaeoueo aeoeaia
i?eoiaeeony ia 1 eae oaeoueo iaycaoaeuenoa e ?ann/eouaaaony ii
neaaeothuae oi?ioea:

Eie = oaeouea aeoeau/oaeouea iaycaoaeuenoaa.

Ii caiaaeiui noaiaea?oai aeaiiue iieacaoaeue aeieaeai auoue aieueoa eeai
?aaai aaeeieoea, eae iiaeai caiaoeoue ec oaaeeoeu, eco/aaiia
i?aaei?eyoea niioaaonoaiaaei noaiaea?oo a iniaaiiinoe a 1995 aiaeo. Ec
yoiai iiaeii naeaeaoue auaiae, /oi a yoe aiaeu i?aaei?eyoea oniaoii
ooieoeeiie?iaaei. Yoa oaiaeaioeey e ?inoo yaeyaony aeaaii?eyoiie.

Eiyooeoeeaio auno?ie eeeaeaeiinoe ?ann/eouaaaony ii neaaeothuae oi?ioea:

Eae = (aeaiaaeiua n?aaenoaa + aeaaeoi?neay caaeieaeaiiinoue)/oaeouea
iaycaoaeuenoaa.

Aeaiiue iieacaoaeue aiaeiae/ai i?aaeuaeouaio, iaeiaei ec aeoeaia
eneeth/aaony iaeiaiaa eeeaeaeiay /anoue – caianu. Cia/aiea iieacaoaey
oiaiueoaaony n 1993 ii 1994 aiae. Nieaeaiea eiyooeoeeaioa auno?ie
eeeaeaeiinoe iaoneaaeeaaaony ?inoii oaeoueo iaycaoaeuenoa
(i?eaeeceoaeueii a 2.1 ?aca). A 1995 aiaeo cia/aiea iieacaoaey
oaaee/eeinue e ninoaaeei 0.5, a a 1996 aiaeo aeinoeaei cia/aiey 0,8.
?ino i?ienoiaeeo a neaaenoaee oaaee/aiey aeaaeoi?neie caaeieaeaiiinoe (a
6,8 ?aca).

Eiyooeoeeaio aaniethoiie eeeaeaeiinoe ii?aaeaeyaony ii oi?ioea:

Eae =aeaiaaeiua n?aaenoaa/oaeouea iaycaoaeuenoaa.

Ii iieacuaaao, eaeay /anoue e?aoein?i/iuo caaiiuo iaycaoaeuenoa iiaeao
auoue i?e iaiaoiaeeiinoe iiaaoaia iaiaaeeaiii. Niaeanii eiino?aiiui
noaiaea?oai aeaiiue iieacaoaeue aeieaeai ninoaaeyoue ieiei 0.2, iaeiaei
ia eco/aaiii i?aaei?eyoee ii i?eaeeaeaeny e noaiaea?oo oieueei a 1993
aiaeo a iineaaeothuea aiaeu i?ienoiaeeo aai niaae, /oi oa?aeoa?ecoao aai
n io?eoeaoaeueiie noi?iiu. Iniiaiie i?e/eiie yoiai yaeyaony oiaiueoaiea
aeaiaaeiuo n?aaenoa a 8.5 ?aca i?e oaaee/aiee oaeoueo iaycaoaeuenoa a
1.9 ?aca.

Aaee/eia nianoaaiiuo iai?ioiuo n?aaenoa ?ann/eouaaaony neaaeothuei
ia?acii:

Anin = Nianoaaiiue eaieoae + aeieain?i/iua iaycaoaeuenoaa – oaeouea
aeoeau – oaeouea iaycaoaeuenoaa.

Yoio iieacaoaeue oa?aeoa?ecoao oo /anoue nianoaaiiiai eaieoaea
i?aaei?eyoey, eioi?ay yaeyaony enoi/ieeii iie?uoey oaeoueo aeoeaia
i?aaei?eyoey. Nianoaaiiua iai?ioiua n?aaenoaa a 1993 e 1996 aiaeao
yaeythony aaee/eiie io?eoeaoaeueiie, /oi aiai?eo i oii, /oi iniiaiay
aeiey eaieoaea i?aaei?eyoey – caaiiua n?aaenoaa. Aaniethoiay
eeeaeaeiinoue i?aaei?eyoey aic?anoaea , n 1994 ii 95 aiae ca n/ao
oaaee/aiey aeaiaaeiuo n?aaenoa i?eaeeceoaeueii a 5,2 ?aca, i?ioea 1993
aiaea.

Iaiaa?aiiinoue ooieoeeiie?othuaai eaieoaea iiaeii ?ann/eoaoue
neaaeothuei ia?acii:

Ioe = aeaiaaeiua n?aaenoaa/ooieoeeiie?othuee eaieoae.

Yoio iieacaoaeue oa?aeoa?ecoao oo /anoue nianoaaiiuo iai?ioiuo n?aaenoa,
eioi?ua iaoiaeyony a oi?ia aeaiaaeiuo n?aaenoa, o.a. n?aaenoa n
aaniethoiie eeeaeaeiinoueth.

A 1993 e 1996 aiaeao yoio iieacaoaeue yaeyaony aaee/eiie io?eoeaoaeueiie
a nayce n oai, /oi a yoe aiaeu nianoaaiiua iai?ioiua n?aaenoaa oaeaea
io?eoeaoaeueiu. N 1994 ii 1995 aiae iaiaa?aiiinoue aic?anoaao n 0.03 aei
0.1 ca n/ao ?inoa aeaiaaeiuo n?aaenoa a yoio ia?eiae.

Aeiey iai?ioiuo n?aaenoa a aeoeaao ?ann/eouaaaony eae ioiioaiea oaeoueo
aeoeaia e oicyenoaaiiui n?aaenoaai. Iaeaieueoaa cia/aiea aeaiiiai
iieacaoaey caoeene?iaaii a 1996 aiaeo, eiaaea ii ninoaaee 0.8.

Naiia ieceia cia/aiea iieacaoaeue ninoaaee a 1994 aiaeo – 0,2, ca n/ao
?inoa oicyenoaaiiuo n?aaenoa. A neaaeothuai aiaeo ii oaaee/eeny aei 0,5
a a 1996 – 0,8 a ?acoeueoaoa ?inoa oaeoueo aeoeaia.

Aeiey i?iecaiaenoaaiiuo caiania a oaeoueo aeoeaao i?aaenoaaeyao niaie
ioiioaiea caiania e cao?ao e oaeouei aeoeaai, iia oa?aeoa?ecoao oo
/anoue noieiinoe caiania, eioi?ay iie?uaaaony nianoaaiiuie iai?ioiuie
n?aaenoaaie.

Nieaeaiea yoiai iieacaoaey naeaeaoaeuenoaoao i oii, /oi ec aiaea a aiae
(1993-1996) oaeouea aeoeau oaaee/eaathony a 3,9 ?aca. Eneeth/aiea
ninoaaee eeoue 1994 aiae – 1,6, /oi naeaeaoaeuenoaoao i ?inoa caiania
i?ioea 1995 aiaea a 2,4 ?aca.

5.I?iaiic aeayoaeueiinoe i?aaei?eyoey.

I?iaiice?iaaiea – yoi i?ioeann, a ?aieao eioi?iai ?oeiaiaeeoaee
i?aaei?eyoey i?iecaiaeyo i?eaeeceoaeueiue ?an/ao aoaeoueo aeioiaeia e
?anoiaeia, oeiainiauo ?acoeueoaoia a oeaeii iooai ?ac?aaioee oeiainiauo
ieaiia. Ninoaaeaiea ieaiia eae /anoue i?ioeanna i?iaiice?iaaiey
niaeaniauaaao aeaoaee ?acee/iuo aeaeia aeayoaeueiinoe, iaiaoiaeeiuo aeey
inouanoaeaiey i?ia?aii i?aaei?eyoey.

I?e ninoaaeaiee i?iaiica iaiaoiaeeii niiinoaaeoue aeioiaeu n cao?aoaie
ia oaeouee ia?eiae e ia ia?niaeoeao. Yoi iicaieyao ii?aaeaeeoue
ieoiaaiinoue aeiaeaiee, oeaeaniia?aciinoue e yooaeoeaiinoue iaia/aiiuo
ia?ii?eyoee.

Oeiainiaua i?iaiicu iicaieytho ninoaaeyoue ia iniiaa iia?aoeeiiiuo
athaeaeaoia (athaeaeao i?iaeaae, niaoa i?iecaiaenoaa, eiaanoeoeeiiiue e
ae?oaea athaeaeaou i?aaei?eyoey) i?iaiic oeiainiauo iieacaoaeae
aeayoaeueiinoe i?aaei?eyoey e ii?aaeaeyoue iio?aaiinoe a aeaiaaeiuo
n?aaenoaao ia ii?aaeaeaiiue ia?eiae a?aiaie.

Iauea oeiainiaua i?iaiicu ii i?aaei?eyoeth ninoiyo ec i?iaiiciiai
aaeaina, i?iaiica oeiainiauo ?acoeueoaoia e i?iaiica aeaeaeaiey
aeaiaaeiuo iioieia. Oae eae iaeaieaa iauei aeieoiaioii, aeeth/athuei a
naay iieacaoaee ae?oaeo i?iaiicia, yaeyaony aaeain, oi iu ninoaaei aai
aeey eco/aaiiai i?aaei?eyoey.

Oeaeueth ninoaaeaiey i?iaiiciiai aaeaina yaeyaony ii?aaeaeaiea
ioaeaeueiuo noaoae aaeaina, a oaeaea ?an/ao iaeeaeaaiuo iio?aaiinoae a
aeaiaaeiuo n?aaenoaao ii ninoiyieth ia ii?aaeaeaiiue aeaiue
i?iaiice?oaiiai ia?eiaea e iieo/aiea eioi?iaoeee iaiaoiaeeiie aeey
aiaeeca oeiainiaiai ninoiyiey i?aaei?eyoey.

I?e ninoaaeaiee aeaiiiai aeieoiaioa iie?athony ia aeaiiua io/aoiiai
aooaaeoa?neiai aaeaina ia ia/aei i?iaiice?oaiiai ia?eiaea. Aaeain
i?aaenoaaeai a oaaeeoea 5.1.

I?e ninoaaeaiee i?iaiica auee o/oaiu neaaeothuea iiiaiou:

1. Aeey oaaee/aiey eeeaeaeiinoe i?aaei?eyoea ioaeaeaaony a oaaee/aiee
aeaiaaeiuo n?aaenoa, iiyoiio auei naeaeaii i?aaeiieiaeaiea i ?inoa
auionea e ?aaeecaoeee i?iaeoeoeee. I?e ?an/aoa aeaiiiai iieacaoaey
iaiaoiaeeii iie?aoueny ia niaoo i?iaeaae.

2. Iaeiie ec oeaeae i?aaei?eyoey yaeyaony oaaee/aiea
iai?a/eaaaiinoe iai?ioiuo n?aaenoa, eioi?ia oaeaea i?iecieaeao a
?acoeueoaoa oaaee/aiey iauaiia i?iecaiaenoaa e oiaiueoaiey caiania
iai?ioiuo n?aaenoa. ?an/ao yoiai iieacaoaey iniiauaaaony ia aeaiiuo
niaou i?iecaiaenoaa.

3. A 1997 aiaeo ieaie?oaony i?iecaanoe /anoe/ioth caiaio iai?oaeiaaiey
a neaaenoaee /aai aoaeao oaaee/eaaoueny ia?aiia/aeueiay noieiinoue e
aii?oecaoeey iniiaiuo n?aaenoa.

4. A ?acoeueoaoa auoaia?a/eneaiiuo eciaiaiee a noaoueyo aeoeaa
oiaiueoeony aaeainiaue eoia.

5. A ieaie?oaiii aiaeo i?aaei?eyoea a oeaeyo nie?auaiey oeiainiaiai
oeeeea aeieaeii oiaiueoeoue naith e?aaeeoi?neoth caaeieaeaiiinoue,
iaeiaei aeey i?eia?aoaiey iai?ioiuo n?aaenoa iaiaoiaeei aeiiieieoaeueiue
i?eeea aeaiaaeiuo n?aaenoa, eioi?ue aoaeao inouanoaeyoueny ca n/ao
acyoey iiauo e?aoein?i/iuo e?aaeeoia aaiea.

6. A 1997 aiaeo i?aaeiieaaaaony acyoue aeieain?i/iue e?aaeeo n?ieii ia
5 eao.

7. Nianoaaiiue eaieoae i?aaei?eyoey aoaeao oaaee/ai ca n/ao ?inoa
?aca?aiiai oiiaea e oiiaeia niaoeeaeueiiai iacia/aiey.

8. A eoiaa ianneaa iieo/aai noiio ?aaioth eoiao ii aeoeaai, oaeei
ia?acii iu iieo/eee ?aaiiaanea iaaeaeo aeaoiy /anoyie aaeaina.

Oaaeeoea 5.1. I?iaiiciue aaeain ia 1997 aiae (eae)

AeoeaNoiiaIanneaNoiia1 .Oaeouea aeoeau

1.Aeaiaaeiua n?aaenoaa

2.Aeaaeoi?neay caaeieaeaiiinoue

3.Caianu

• iaoa?eaeueiua

• iacaaa?oaiiia i?iecaiaenoai

• aioiaay i?iaeoeoeey

6090953

20223639

22791489

5730712

94845551 .Oaeouea iaycaoaeuenoaa

1. E?aaeeoi?neay caaeieaeaiiinoue

• ia?aae iinoaaueeaie

• ia?aae athaeaeaoii

• ii iieaoa o?oaea

• ae?oaea e?aaeeoi?u

2. E?aoein?i/iua iaycaoaeuenoaa ia?aae aaieii

12219795

5200620

4300800

218250

2500135

4250613Eoiai oaeouea aeoeau64321348

2.Aeieain?i/iua iaycaoaeuenoaa15198002.Iniiaiie eaieoae

1. Iniiaiua n?aaenoaa ii ia?aiia/aeueiie noieiinoe

2. aii?oecaoeey

3. inoaoi/iay noieiinoue

Eoiai iniiaiie eaieoae

60820340

44277208

16543132

1654311323. Nianoaaiiue eaieoae

1. Onoaaiue eaieoae e oiiaeu

54394072Anaai aeoeaia80864480Anaai ianneaia80864480CAEETH*AIEA

A ianoiyuaa a?aiy i?e nouanoaothueo oneiaeyo ,aucaaiiuo eciaiaieyie
iieeoe/aneeo e yeiiiie/aneeo iai?aaeaiee ?anioaeeee Iieaeiaa,
Eeoeiaaneee oaaa/iue eiiaeiao inoaaony oai ia iaiaa aaaeouei
i?aaei?eyoeai a io?anee. Neaaeoao ioiaoeoue, /oi a ?aaioa i?aaei?eyoey
i?enoonoaoao noaaeeueiinoue. Oae i?e noaaeeueiie ?aaioa i?aaei?eyoey a
ninoaaa iniiaiuo oiiaeia, i?iecaiaenoaaiiua oiiaeu aeieaeiu ninoaaeoue
aieueooth /anoue, /ai iai?iecaiaenoaaiiua, /oi e aeaeii ia i?eia?a
iaoaai i?aaei?eyoey, aaea i?iecaiaenoaaiiua ninoaaeytho i?eia?ii 97,5
i?ioeaioa. Oae aea ioiineoaeueii iaaaeee eiyooeoeeaio auauoey. Ia
i?eia?a oiiaeiioaea/e aeaeii, /oi i?e aa iaaeaiee /anoe/ii aic?anoaao
eciin iniiaiuo n?aaenoa. Yoi aiai?eo, /oi iai?oaeiaaiea ia i?aaei?eyoee
onoa?aaaao, i?e yoii ia iaiiaeyynue. ?ino oiiaeiaieinoe ia i?aaei?eyoee
n 1993 ii 1995 aa. yaeyaony iaaeaeaoaeueiui, oae eae yoi oeacuaaao ia
oi, /oi inouanoaeyaony eceeoiea cao?aou ia i?iecaiaenoai aaeeieoeu
i?iaeoeoeee, a neaaenoaeai yaeyaony iiauoaiea aa naaanoieiinoe e oeaiu.

Aiai?y i iai?ioiuo n?aaenoaao neaaeoao caiaoeoue, /oi iaiaoeeanue
aeaaii?eyoiay oaiaeaioeey, naycaiiay n ?inoii eiyooeoeeaioii
iai?a/eaaaiinoe e ii?iaoeaa ii nu?ueth, iaoa?eaeai e iieoiiui
iieooaa?eeaoai .Aeioiaeiinoue i?aaei?eyoey ia i?ioyaeaiee eco/aaiiai
ia?eiaea iaoneiaeaia, a /anoiinoe, ?inoii au?o/ee e /enoie i?eauee. Oae
aea i?aaei?eyoea oa?aeoa?ecoao n oi?ioae noi?iiu e oaeie oaeoi?, eae
?ino ieaoaaeae a athaeaeao.

?aioaaaeueiinoue i?aaei?eyoey yaeyaony iaiaeiaaaeiui iieacaoaeai. I?e
aiaeeca aeaiiiai i?aaei?eyoey aai iiaeii oa?aeoa?eciaaoue eae
auniei?aioaaaeueiia. Naiue aunieee iieacaoaeue ?aioaaaeueiinoe aue
caoeene?iaai a 1993 aiaeo. I?iaiaeece?iaaa aeaiaaeiia ia?auaiea
einaaiiui iaoiaeii iaiaoiaeeii auaeaeeoue, /oi iaeaieueoee aeioiae
i?aaei?eyoeth i?eiineo iniiaiay aeayoaeueiinoue, oi anoue i?iecaiaenoai
oaaa/iuo ecaeaeee e oa?iaioe?iaaiiiai oaaaea.

Eiaanoeoeeiiiay aeayoaeueiinoue, inouanoaeyaiay i?aaei?eyoeai a 1993 a.
e a 1996a. yaeyaony oauoi/iie, a oeiainiaay aeayoaeueiinoue, ca
?anniao?eaaaiue ia?eiae aiiaua ionoonoaiaaea.

1994 a. oa?aeoa?eciaaeny iaeaieueoei iinooieaieai aeaiaaeiuo n?aaenoa e
iaeaieueoae aeioiaeiinoueth. Neaaeoao ioiaoeoue, /oi ia i?aaei?eyoee
caia/ai ?ino ?aaeecaoeee i?iaeoeoeee.

Iaiaeiaaaeai aiaeec iieacaoaeae eeeaeaeiinoe, eioi?ue iiiiaaao iai
aeaoaeueii ?ane?uoue aeaeaeaiea aeaiaaeiuo n?aaenoa.

Eoae, enoiaey ec aeaiiuo, eiyooeoeeaio ieaoaaeaniiniaiinoe ia
i?ioyaeaiee anao /aou?ao eao, a ioee/ee io eiyooeoeeaioa aaniethoiie
eeeaeaeiinoe, niioaaonoaoao iauai?eiyoiio noaiaea?oo, /oi aiai?eo i
oniaoiii ooieoeeiie?iaaiee i?aaei?eyoey, iniaaiii a 1995 a.

Iiaeaiiui iieacaoaeyi, oa?aeoa?ecothuaai aaee/eio nianoaaiiuo iai?ioiuo
n?aaenoa, iiaeii naeaeaoue auaiae, /oi iniiaiay aeiey eaieoaea
i?aaei?eyoey – caaiiua n?aaenoaa, i /ai naeaeaoaeuenoaoao oio oaeo, /oi
a 1993 e 1996a. nianoaaiiua iai?ioiua n?aaenoaa yaeythony aaee/eiie
io?eoeaoaeueiie.

A naith i/a?aaeue aeiey iai?ioiuo n?aaenoa a aeoeaao a 1994a.auea ieceie
e ninoaaeyea 0,2 ,ca n/ao ?inoa oicyenoaaiiuo n?aaenoa. A a
1996a,aeaiiue iieacaoaeue oaaee/eeny e ninoaaee 0,8 ,a nayce n ?inoii
oaeoueo aeoeaia.

Iiaeaiaey eoiae ii oeiainiaiio ia?eiaeo i?aaei?eyoey, aeaaiaea?y
eioi?iio inouanoaeyeny i?iaiic oeiainiauo iieacaoaeae aeayoaeueiinoe
iaiaoiaeeii ioiaoeoue, /oi iu iiiuoaeenue i?iaiice?iaaoue iaeioi?ua
eciaiaiey a aeoeaa e ianneaa aeey ninoaaeaiey aaeaina ia 1997a.,eioi?ue
yaeyaony iiiaiiaauathuei, oi anoue i?iaiic aeaao i?aai i?aaeiieaaaoue,
/oi aeaiiia i?aaei?eyoea aoaeao e a aoaeouai aeioiaeiui e
auniei?aioaaaeueiui.

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