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Валютная система России, ее основные элементы

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A?th?ay ??a? ???e, ? i???a y???u

I?i

AAAAeAIEA

1. N???? y???u ?eth?? ???u

2. A?th?? ??????a

3. A?th?? ????

AAAAeAIEA

I???i ????? ???othu?i a ?O ?eth??i ???????? y?y?ny C?? ?????e O???? “I
a?th?ii ??????e e ?eth?? ????”, ??y?e 9 ?y?y 1992 ?? e ???oth?e a ??iy?a
??y a ???? ? 29.12.1998 ??. Ii ??i???? ???? ????ey ???? n ??e??e e
?????e ?eth?e ? ????? ?????e O????, ?ei??ey e ???e ???a ?eth??i ??????y
e ?eth??i ???ey, ??a e ?y???? th????? e ????? ?oe ?e ????, ?????e e
???y??e ?eth??e ???oy?, ???????ue ? ????a ???oth?? ????????.

A ?eyo ??a???i ???y ???ath?o ?e ??????e ?eth?? ???? i??? e ?????i ??????
?eth??i c???????a Oe?????o ??o ???e ?????? ??i ? ???a ?y????o e ????eth
?????o ??a: ?????, ??i ????e, ????i e o.i., ???a ??iytho e ???ytho ????a
???u ??????y ?eth?? ????e. I???a ??? i????? ????? OeA? y?y?ny ??? A???a
NNN? ? 24 ?y 1991 ?? ? 352 “I???a ????y i ??????e ?eth?? ???? ia o????e
NNN?”, n ????? ????y? e ????ey?, ????? OeA? 02.09.1994 ??.

A???? ???e ?eth??i ???????? y?y?ny ??? ?????i ??y a ???yo ??????i ????y
???? ??????? ?????e ?eth?.

1. N?o??a y???u ?eth?? ???u

A I??i ???a C??a ?????e Oa???e “I ?eth?? ??????e e ?eth?? ????”
?????ath?y ??oth?a I?y?y, ?????? a ??iy?i C??a e ???th?a ??oth?a:

1. “A?th? ?????e O????”:

a) ?o?y??y a ????e, a ??a ?uy?a ?e ??a?? ? ????y, ? ????? ??? ??e a ??
????? ???a (???o) Oe?????i ??a ?????e O???? e ???;

a) ???? a ??yo ? ??? a ??? e ?? ?a??? ????eyo a ???e?? O????;

a) ???? a ??yo ? ??? a ??? e ?? ?a??? ????eyo ? ????e ?????e O???? ?
????e ????ey, ??th???i I??????i ?????e O???? e Oe????? ??? ?????e O????
n ?????oth?? ???? ?????? ????o? ? ??????e ? ????? ???i ?????a ?eth?
?????e O???? a ???? ????i ????? ????.

2. “Oe??a ??? a ?eth? ?????e O????” – ????a ??i?? (??, ???y, ?????u e
???), ???? ???? (??e, ????e) e ??? ???ua ?y?????, ????? a ??yo.

3. “E????ay ?eth?”:

a) ???? ??e a ?? ???o, ?????? ???a, ???, ??aey??y a ????e e y?yth??y
???? ????i ?a??? a n?????th?i ?????i ?????a ?e ??? ?????, a ??a ?uy?a ?e
????a ? ????y, ? ????? ??? ???? ??e;

a) ???? ? ??ao a ???? ???? ?????o ????? e ??????o ???? ?e ????o ????.

4. “A?th?? ????”:

a) ?????y ?eth?;

a) ??? ??? a ?????e ?eth? – ????a ????u (??, ???y, ?????u e ???), ????
???? (??e, ????e) e ??? ???? ?y?????, ????? a ?????e ?eth?;

a) ?a???? ???u – ???, ???i, ???a e ???u ????? ??? (?e??e, ???, ??e, ???e
e ??e) a eth?i ?? e ??iy?e, ? ??th??? th???? e ??? ???o ???e, a ?e? ??
??o ???e;

a) ????a ?????a ??e – ?i?u, ???, ????, ???u e ?????? a ??i e ?????? ??,
a ??a ???, ? ??th??? th???? e ??? ???o ???e ? y?o ??? e e?a ??o ???e.

I?y?e e ???y ????y ???e ? ?????o ???? e ????o ?????o ?i?e e th???? e ???
???i ???yi e ?? ??o ???e ?????ath?y I??????i ?????e O????.

5. “?????”:

a) ????? ??, ?ath?a ??iy?? ???????i a ?????e O????, a ?i ??a ????
??aey??y ? ????e ?????e O????;

a) th????? ??, ????a a ?????? n ????????i ?????e O????, n ???????? a
?????e O????;

a) ???ey?y e ?????e, ? y?yth??y th?????e ???, ????a a ?????? n c????????
?????e O????, n ???????? a ?????e O????;

a) ???????a e ?? ?e???? ????????a ?????e O????, ??aey??y ? ????e ?????e
O????;

ae) ??aey??y ? ????e ?????e O???? ???u e ????????a ?????, ????o a ?????
“a” e “a” ??iy?? ???.

6. “I?????”:

a) ????? ??, ?ath?a ??iy?? ???????i ? ????e ?????e O????, a ?i ??a ????
??aey??y a ?????e O????;

a) th????? ??, ????a a ?????? n ????????i ?????o ?????, n ???????? ?
????e ?????e O????;

a) ???ey?y e ?????e, ? y?yth??y th?????e ???, ????a a ?????? n ????????i
e????? ?????, n ???????? ? ????e ?????e O????;

a) ??aey??y a ?????e O???? ?????a ???????a e ?? ?????a ????????a, a ??a
??????a ?????e, ? ???u e ???a?????;

ae) ??aey??y a ?????e O???? ???u e ??????ue?? ??????, ????o a ????? “a”
e “a” ??iy?? ???.

7. “A?th?? ????”:

a) ????, ?y??? n ????i ??a ??????e e ?? ?? ? ?eth?? ????, a ?i ??a
???ee, ?y??? n ??????? a ???? ???? ???a ?i???? ?eth? e ????o ????? a
?????e ?eth?;

a) ?? e ????a a ?????th O???eth, a ??a ??c e ????a ? ????e? O???? ?eth??
????e;

a) ??????a ?ae????? ???? ????a;

a) ?n?? ??o ?????e e ??????e a ?eth? ?????e O????.

8. I???e n ?????e ?eth?e e ???e ???? a ?????e ?eth? ????eyth?y ? ???a
?eth?? ???? e ?eth?? ????, ?y??ua n ?e??? ????.

9. “O??? ?eth?? ????”:

a) ????u a ?????th O???eth e ? ?????e O???? ?????e ?eth? ?y ??????y ????
?c ???? ???a ? y???o e ???o ???a (??o, ??a, ?????a ???????ie ?y????e), a
??a ?y ??????y ????, ?y??? n ??????i y???? – ????o ???? ? ?? ? ??a 90
??;

a) ????a e ??????? ????? ???? ? ?? ? ??a 180 ??;

a) ???? a ?????th O???eth e ? ?????e O???? ????a, ????? e ?? ?o?? ?
???i, ????eyi, ???? e ??? i???yi, ?y??? n ????i ????;

a) ???? ?????i ????a a ?????th O??a?th e ? ?????e O????, ?eth?y ???? ??
????ie ??u, ???, ????a, ?????, a ??a ??? ?????a ????.

10. “A?th?? ????, ?y??? n ???e? ????”:

a) ?y?a ?????, ? ?? ???ey a ???? ???e ???ey?y n ??th ????ey ??? e ????y
?? ? ???a a ????? ???ey??;

a) ?????a ?????, ? ?? ?e????a ??? ??a;

a) ???? a ??? ??a ?????n? ? ??ey, ????ey e ?? ????i, ?eth?y ??th e ?
??a, ????a ? ???????? ??? ?i ???????y e ?????o ????o, a ??a ?? ?? ?
??????;

a) ??????? e ????a ???? ???a ? ?? ??a 90 ?? ? y???o e ???o ???a (??o,
??a, ?????a ???????? ?y??i??);

ae) ??????? e ????a ????uo ???? ? ?? ?e? 180 ??;

a) ?a ?? ?eth?? ????, ? y?yth??y ???? ?eth??e ???ey?.

11. “O??????a ??e” – ??e e ?? ????a ????ey, ????? ???? Oe?????i ??a
?????e O???? ? ????? ?etho?o ????.

A? ????????a ?iy?y e ???u, y?yth?y ????e y????e ?eth?? ???u ???e.

2. A?th?? ??????a

I???y ??? ?eth??i ??????y – y? ??? ?eth? ?????e O???? ??i ????????
??y????y ???? ????? n ??????? e????? ?eth?.

???? ??o ????a? ????eythony a ?eth? ?????e ????e ?c ?????e. ???? ??o
?????e e ??????e a ?eth? ?????e O???? ????eyth?y a ??y?a, ???????i
Oe????? ??? ?????e O????.

I?y?e ?????ey e ??????y a ?????e O???? ?eth? ?????e O???? ??????e
???????y Oe????? ??? ?????e Oa???e a ?????? n ???? ?????e O????.

A?? e ????a ? ?????e O???? ?eth? ?????e O???? e ??? a??, ????? a ?eth?
?????e O????, a ??a ?? e ????a a ?????th O???eth ?eth? ?????e O???? e
??? ??a, ????? a ?eth? ?????e O????, ????eyth?y ?????e e ??????e a
??y?a, ???a???? Oe??a??i ??? ?????e O???? ????i n I?????? ???? ?????e
O???? e A??????? ????? ????i ?????e O????.

N??e, ??th??? a ???i? ??????o ????e, y?yth?y ????????e. E?a, ?????a ??a
???, ??o ????th, ???????oth e ?oth ???????ue a ?????? n ????????i ?i????
O????.

A?th?? ???? a ?????e O???? ??o ????ny a ??????e ?e ?????, ?e e ??????. A
?????e O???? ??i ??????e ? ?eth?? ???? ????ny ?????? ??y? n ??? ??????e
? ??? ???u ??????e.

A?u ?y????o ???? ?????o (???a, ???, ??? e ?? ?c????? ????) a ?????e
?eth? ???eyth?y ???? ?????e O????.

I?y?e ????ey ??? n ?????? ????e, ????? ?????? ??y?, a ??a ???ii a ?????e
O???? ???????y I??????i ?????e O????.

????? ?atho ??i ???? ?????th ?eth? ? ????? ?eth?? ??a ?????e O???? a
??y?a e ? ??, ???ey?? Oe????? ??ii ?????e O????.

I??? e ???a ?????e ?eth? a ????e? O???? ????y?y ??c ??????? ??e a ??y?a,
???????i Oe????? ??? ?i???? O????.

N??e ??e – ???e ?????e ?eth? ??o ????ey?ny ???????i ??o ???????e ???e, a
??a ??c ?eth?? ??e, ???oth?a a ??y?a e ? ???yo, ???????o Oe????? ???
?????e O????.

I??? e ???a ?????e ?eth? ??y ??????? ??e ? ?????y.

C?eth??? a ????a ??? ????e, ??? ??e – ??a? ?????e ?eth? y?yth?y
????????e.

Oe????? ?? ?????e O???? a ?eyo ??????y ?????i ?eth??i ??a ?????e O????
??o ??????ue ??? ????ey ??a ???e ?????e ?eth? ? ??a ? ???e, a ??a ????ue
ii??? ? ???a e ???a ?????e ?eth?.

????? ??o ??ue ??a a ?????e ?eth? a ??????? ???.

E????ay ?eth?, ????ay ???ey?y? (?????y?) – ?????e, ???? ?y????? ????eth
? ? ??a a ??????? ???, ?? ?? ? ?????i Oe????? ??? ?????e O????.

????? ??o ??ue ??a a ???a?? ?eth? a ??? ? ????e ?????e O???? a ??ayo e ?
??aeyo, ?????a?? Oe????? ??? ?????e O????.

I?y?e ???ey e ???y ???????e ???e ??? ????? a ?????e ?eth? o??????
Oea????e ?? ?????e O????.

O??? ?eth?? ???? ????eythony ?????e ?c ?????e.

A?th?? ????, ?y??? n ????i ??o?a, ?o???yth?y ?????e a ??y?a, ???????i
Oe????? ??? ?i???? O????.

I?y?e ??????ey e ????y ?????e ???? ???a ? ?? ??a 90 ?? ? y???o e ???o
???a (??o, ??a, ?????a ???????? ?y????e) ???ey?ny I??????i ?????e O????
? ?????eth n Oe????? ??? ?i???? O????.

????? ?atho ??i ?c ?????e ?????, ???ue e ????? ?eth?? ???? a ?????th
O???eth ?e n?eth??e ????? ???.

I?y?e ?y????? ????, ??a e ????e a ?????th O???eth ?????e ?eth? e ??? ??a
a ?????e ?eth?, ??????o ?????, ??????o Oe????? ?? ?????e O????.

I?y?e ?y????? ??a e ????? a ?????th O???eth ?????o ????, ????o, ?????o
???, a ??a ???a, ????ae?? ?????, ???ey? I?????? ?????e O????.

????? ?atho ??i ????ue ?????th ?eth? ? ?eth? ????e? O???? ? ????? ?eth??
??a ?????e O????.

I?y?e ?????ey ???????o a?th?? ???ia ??????ony A???? N??? ?????e O????.
I?y?e ?y????e ???e ?????e ?????e ?????e ?eth? ? ????? ?eth?? ??a ?????e
O???? ???????y I????? ?????e O???? n ???oth?i ??????? ????? A????o N??o
?????e O????.

O????a ?? – ????u ?atho ??i ?????, ???? e ????? ? ???e?ie O???? ??a
??????, ????a ?e ?????a a ?????th O???eth ?eth?? ???? ?e ??th??e ?????
??? a ????, ????o a ????? ?e ?? ????a, ?????th?i ? ???ae, ?? ?e ????o a
?????th O???eth.

I?y?e ??? e ????e ?????e ? ?????e O???? ?eth?? ????e, ? ??th??? ???a,
????o a ??? 6 ??iy?e ???, ??????o Oe????? ?? ?????e O???? ????i n
A??a????i ??ae??i ????i ????e? O????.

I????? ??o ??ue ??a a ?????e ?eth? e a ?eth? ?????e ????e a ??????? ???.

I?y?e ???ey e ???y ???????e ???e ??? ?????? a ?????e ?eth? e a ?eth?
?????e O???? ????e?? Oe????? ?? ?????e O????.

I????? ?atho ??i ?c ?????e ?????, ???ue e ????? ?eth?? ???? a ???e?oth
O???eth ?e ??th??e ????uo ???.

I????? ?atho ??i ????ue e ???? ?????th ?eth? ? ?eth? ?????e O???? a
??y?a, o??????? Oe????? ??? ?????e O????.

I????ou ?atho ??i ???iy???? ?????, ???? e ??n??ue ? ?????e O???? ?eth??
???? ?e ??th??e ????? ???, ?ee y? ?eth?? ???? ?? ??a ?????, ???u ?e
????u a ?????th O???eth ?e ?????u a ?????e O???? ? ????yo, ????o a ?????
???, e a ?? ??ayo a ?????? n ????????i ?????e O?a??e.

I?y?e ????, ??? e ????e ??????e ? ?????e O???? ?eth?? ????e, ? ??th???
???a, ????o a ????? ???, ??????o Oe????? ?? ?????e O???? ????i n
A????a??i ????? ????i ?????e O????.

Oe????? ?? ?????e O???? y?y?ny ???? ???i ?eth??i ??????y a ?????e
O??a?e.

Oe????? ?? ?????e O????:

a) ???ey? ??o e ??y?e ????y a ?????e O???? ?????e ?eth? e ??? ?i? a
?????e ?eth?;

a) ??? ?????a ??, ?y????a e ????eth a ?????e O???? ?????e e ??????e;

a) ???? ?a ?? ?eth?? ????;

a) ??????o ???a ????ey ?????e e ??????e a ???e?? O???ee ???? n ?????e
?eth?e e ???e ???? a ?????e ?eth?, a ??a ???a ????ey ??????e a ?????e
O???? ?a??e n ?eth?e ?????e O???? e ???e ???? a ?eth? ?????e O????;

ae) ??????o ??y?e ?y????? ????, ??a e ????e a ?????th O???eth ?????e
?eth? e ??? ??a a ?????e ?eth?, ??????o ?????, a ??a ??? e ???y ???ey
?????e ??? a ?????e ?eth? a ??? ? ????e ?????e O????;

a) ??????o ??a ???a ??? ???? ??? e ?? ????i ????eyi ? ??????a ?etho?o
???? e ??? ??a ????;

ae) ??????o ??? ??u ??a, ?????, ?????? e ?a???e ?eth?uo ????, a ?i ??a
o??????? ???e, a o?? ??y?e e ??e ? ??????y;

c) ???o e ????o ????? ?eth?? ???? ?????e O???? ? ??y?i ??????i ?????;

e) ???y? ??? ???e, ???????a ??iy?i C???.

3. A?th?? e???ue

Oe?ueth ?eth??i ???ey y?y?ny ?????a ??th??y ?eth??i ???????? ?e ??????e
?eth?? ????.

I???? ?????y? ?eth??i ???ey y?yth?y:

a) ?????a ?????ey ????? ?eth?? ???? ???oth?? ?e??????o e ???y ?????o ?y
?o ???? e ?????;

a) ???? ????ey ?????e ?y?o??? a ?i???? ?eth? ??ae ??????, a ??a ?y????a
? ???a ?????e a?th? ? ????? ??a ?????e O???ee;

a) ???? ??????? ???? a ?????e ?eth?;

a) ???? ???u e ??????e ??a e ????? ? ?etho?i ???eyi, a ??a ? ???eyi
?????? a ?eth? ?????e O????.

A?th?? ???? a ?????e O???? ????ey?ny ???? ?eth??i ???ey e ? ????.

I???e ?eth??i ???ey a ?????e O???? y?yth?y Oe????? ?? ?????e O????, a
??a I?????? ?????e O???? a ?????? n ???? ?????e O????.

A???e ?eth??i ???ey y?yth?y ?????e, ???a a ?????? n ???????? ??? ???e??
O???? ??o ????ey? ???e ?eth??i ???ey. A??u ?eth??i ???ey ?????
?????oth?i ???i ?eth??i ???ey.

O??????a ??e y?yth?y ???ie ?eth??i ???ey, ?????? Oe?????o ??o ?????e
O????.

I??u a?th??i ???ey a ???? ??e ?????e ??tho ?????a ??, ?y????a e ????eth
??e ?????e e ??????e a ?????e O????.

I??u e ??? ?eth??i ???ey a ???? ??e ?????e:

a) ????eytho ???? ? ?????e a ?????e O???? ?????e e ??????e ?eth?u?
???ey?, ? ??????i y?o ???? ????????, ???yi ???? e ?????, a ??a ? ??th???
?e ??a ???a ?eth??i ???ey;

a) ???yo ???? ?eth?? ???? ????? e ?????? a ?????e O????.

I??u ?eth??i ???ey ???eytho ??y?e e ??u ??a, ????? e ?????? ? ?etho?i
???eyi ????ia e ??????.

????? e ?????u, ????eyth?a a ?????e O???? ?eth?? ????, a ??a ?????u,
????eyth?a ???? n ?eth?e ?????e O???? e ???e ???? a ?eth? ?????e O????,
?atho ??i:

a) ?????y n ??? i???e, ???a?? ???? e ???? ?eth??i ???ey;

a) ????? ???ey ???a ?eth??i ???ey ?????oth?i ???i ?eth??i ???ey, a ??a
???ey ???a ?eth??i ???ey a ??y?a, ??????i ????????i ???e?? O????;

a) ? ??? ??a, ??????a ??iy?i C??? e ??e ???????? ??? ?????e O????.

????? e ?????u, ????eyth?a a ?????e O???? ?eth?? ????, a ??a ?????u,
????eyth?a ???? n ?etho? ?????e O???? e ???e ???? a ?eth? ?????e O????,
?y??:

a) ????ey? ???i e ???i ?eth??i ????y ?a ??????a ????u e ????eth ?
??????e ?eth?? ????;

a) ????ey? ???i e ???i ?eth??i ????y ?uy??ey a ?? ????ey ?e ????, a ??a
? ? ?????i;

a) a ??? ????ey n ???e, e????? a ?? ????, ??????e ???? e ???? ?eth??i
???ey, ????ey? ????? ?y??ey ???a ??? ? ???a?y y?? ??;

a) ??e ?? e ???ey? ????? ? ????? ?e ?eth?? ???eyi, ?????y ? ?????ue ?
??a iy? ?o;

ae) ???y? ????ey (?????y) ???a ?eth??i ???ey ? ????? ?y???o ????e;

a) ???y? ??? ?y????, ??????a ????????i ?????e O????.

?????, ?eth?y ??????? ??e, e ??????, ????? ????y ??? 2 – 8 ??iy?? C??a,
??o ???????ue a ??:

a) ????y a ??ae ?????a ??i ?????i ? ???????ui a ?? ??iy?? C??a ???i;

a) ????y a ??ae ?????a ??i???? ??????? ? ? ???, a a ????? ????? ????.

2. ?????, ?eth?y ??????? ??e, e ?????u ? i????a ??a ?eth?? ????, ???a
??a ?eth?? ???? n ????? ??????? ??y?a, ???????a ?e ???????a ??????a ???i
e ???i ?eth??i ???ey ????? e ????? a ???o??e n ???i 2 ??? 13 ??iy?? C??a
??o ???????ue a ?? ???a a ???? ??u, ???y ? ?? ???, ?? ??? ?????? ???i ?e
? ???e ?????ey e ????ey ? ?? ?????? a ??????i ??y?a. I?y?e ?????y e
???????e a ??ayo, ???????o ??iy?i ???i, ???????y Oe????? ??? ?????e
O???? a ?????? n ???? ?????e O????.

3. I? i???? ????e ????o a ??iy?e ??? ????e, a ??a ? ??i???a ?e ??????
????? ?????e ???a ?eth??i ???ey ????u, ?eth?y ??????? ??e, e ?????u ??o
???????ue a ??:

a) ????y a ??ae ?????a ??, ????o a ??? 1 ??iy?e ???, a ??a ???a a ????
iy????? ???a y?o ??, ????eya?? Oe????? ??? ?????e O???? a ?????? n ????
?????e O????;

a) ???????y ???ey ?e ???y ?????, ?eth?y ??????? ??e, ?e ?????? ???? ????
?eth??i ???ey ???? e ?????;

a) ??? ???e, ??????o ????????i ?????e O????.

A???? ??y??o a ??iy?e ??? ?? ???a e ?? ???e ?????ny ???? ?eth??i ???ey,
a ?i ??a ? ??????th ???a ?eth??i ???ey, n th????? ?oe – a ????? ??y?a, a
n ????? ?oe – a ????.

Ae????? ?? th????? ?oe – ???i?a, a ?i ??a ??????? ???, e th????? ?oe –
??????, a ??a ??/??a ??, ???? a ????e ?eth??i ????????, ??o ????th,
???????oth e ????? – ???oth ???????ue a ?????? n ????????i ?????e O????.

Ae????? ?? ???a e ???a ?eth??i ???ey a ???? ?????e y?o ???a ?atho ??i:

a) ???y? ?a ????u, ?yc??a n ??????? ?e ???e ?eth??i ???ey, ???? ?????a
?uy??ey, ???e e ???ey ? ????, ???ath?i ?e ????o, a ??a ???ue ????u,
??????oth?a i ????yo a ??a ?eth??i ????????;

a) ???????? ???? ? ??? a ??????? ??? a ??? ?i?????ey ??y??o a ??iy?e ???
????? e ?????;

a) ???????? ???? ?e ??? ?????, ?eth?y ??????? ??e, a ??a ?????? ???? e
????? ? ??i ??????y ?eth?? ????;

a) ? ??? i??, ???????a ????o???? ???e?? O????.

I??u e ??? ?eth??i ???ey e ? ?????a ?? ?y?? ???y? ???th ? ????e ?e ?????
???e ?eth??i ???ey ?i????th ??o ????? e ??????.

I??u ?eth??i ???ey e ? ?????a ?? a ??? ??????i ??????y ?????o ? ?o
?y????e ??o ?????ny e ???????e a ??y?a, ???????i ????????i ?????e
Oa???e.

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