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Рынок ценных бумаг

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Ieienoa?noai ia?aciaaiey e iaoee ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee

Oaaea?aeueiia aaaionoai ii ia?aciaaieth

Ainoaea?noaaiiia ia?aciaaoaeueiia o/?aaeaeaiea aunoaai
i?ioanneiiaeueiiai ia?aciaaiey

«Eiiniiieueneee-ia-Aio?a ainoaea?noaaiiue oaoie/aneee oieaa?neoao»

Einoeooo iiauo eioi?iaoeeiiiuo oaoiieiaee

AIOAII «EiAAOO»

Eaoaae?a «Yeiiiieee e oeiainia»

?AN*AOII-A?AOE*ANEIA CAAeAIEA

Ii aeenoeeieeia: «?uiie oeaiiuo aoiaa»

Nooaeaioea a?oiiu 7AO3a-1

I.I. ?aciaoieia

I?aiiaeaaaoaeue:

?.A. Iaaeia

2009

Caaea/a ? 1

Ii?aaeaeeoa ieieiaeueioth noieiinoue aeoeee CAI, ia?aciaaiiiai a yiaa?a
1996 aiaea, anee ecaanoii, /oi eaaeaeue aeoeeiia? iauanoaa aeaaeaao 1
aeoeeae.

Ioaao: Ieieiaeueiue ?acia? eaieoaea CAI ninoaaeo 100 I?IO. Iaeneiaeueiia
/enei o/anoieeia CAI – 50 /aeiaae. Ieieiaeueiay iiieiaeueiay noieiinoue
aeoeee CAI ninoaaeo 100 / 50 = 2 I?IO.

Caaea/a ? 2

IAI, eiaaoaa ieieiaeueii aiciiaeiue onoaaiue eaieoae (OE), oaaee/eaaao
aai a 3 ?aca, ?acianoea aanue auione n?aaee aeoeeiia?ia. Aeoeeiia? iinea
oaaee/aiey OE, ia i?eia?aoay iiauo aeoeee, nio?aiee ca niaie i?aai
eiaoue eioi?iaoeeth i ninoaaa IAI. Eaeiaa ieieiaeueiay noiia?iay
noieiinoue aeoeee, eioi?uie aeieaeai iaeaaeaoue yoio aeoeeiia?, i?e
oneiaee, /oi OE ninoieo oieueei ec iaueiiaaiiuo aeoeee.

?aoaiea:

Ieieiaeueiue OE IAI = 1000 I?IO. Aeoeeiia? eiaao i?aai aeinooia
eioi?iaoeee, anee ii aeaaeaao ia iaiaa 1% aeoeee.

1 000 * 3 = 3 000 ?oa. – OE iinea oaaee/aiey

3 000 * 1% = 30 I?IO

Ioaao: Ieieiaeueiay noiia?iay noieiinoue aeoeee, eioi?uie aeieaeai
iaeaaeaoue yoio aeoeeiia? – 30 I?IO.

Caaea/a ? 3

AI inouanoaeyao aeiiieieoaeueiia ?aciauaiea naieo iaueiiaaiiuo aeoeee
iiieiaeueiie noieiinoueth 1000 ?oa. ii ?uii/iie oeaia 1200 ?oa.
Ii?aaeaeeoue ieieiaeueioth oeaio, ii eioi?ie aeoeeiia?u – aeaaeaeueoeu
iaueiiaaiiuo aeoeee iiaoo eo i?eia?anoe a neo/aa inouanoaeaiey eie
i?aeiouanoaaiiiai i?aaa ia i?eia?aoaiea aeoeee.

?aoaiea:

Niaeanii OC io 26.12.95a. ? 208 «Ia Aeoeeiia?iuo iauanoaao» iauanoaa
ai?aaa inouanoaeyoue ?aciauaiea aeoeee ii oeaia ia ieaea 905 io eo
?uii/iie noieiinoe.

1200 * 90% = 1080 ?oa.

Ioaao: Ieieiaeueiay noieiinoue aeoeee 1080 ?oa.

Caaea/a ? 4

Eiaanoi? i?eia?ae ca 1200 ?oa. i?eaeeaae?iaaiioth aeoeeth iiieiaeii a 1
000 ?oa. e oeene?iaaiiie noaaeie aeeaeaeaiaea, ?aaiie 10% aiaeiauo.
Ii?aaeaeeoa oaeouee aeioiae ii yoie aeoeee.

?aoaiea:

? = Ae / R * 100% Ae = PR / 100%

1 000 * 0.1 / 100% = 100 ?oa.

Ioaao: oaeouee aeioiae ii yoie aeoeee ?aaai 100 ?oaeae.

Caaea/a ? 5

Iiieiae aaieianeie aeoeee ninoaaeyao 1 000 ?oa., oaeouay ?uii/iay oeaia

2 500 ?oa. Aaie auiea/eaaao eaa?oaeueiue aeeaeaeaiae a ?acia?a 250 ?oa.
ia iaeio aeoeeth. Ii?aaeaeeoa oaeouoth aeioiaeiinoue aeoeee.

?aoaiea:

Oaeouay aeioiaeiinoue aeoeee ?aaia:
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picscalex1000100090000035a01000003001c0000000000050000000902000000000500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Ioaao: Oaeouay aeioiaeiinoue aeoeee ?aaia 4%.

Caaea/a ?6

Ii i?eaeeaae?iaaiiie aeoeee, eiathuae oeene?iaaiiue aeeaeaeaiae,
iiauoaaony oaeouay aeioiaeiinoue. Eae eciaieony eo?niaay noieiinoue
aeaiiie aeoeee?

Ioaao: Eo?niaay noieiinoue aeoeee iiieceony, o.e.oaeouay aeioiaeiinoue
aeoeee (r oa) ii?aaeaeyaony ii oi?ioea:
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Eiaanoi? i?eia?ae i?eaeeaae?iaaiioth aeoeeth (iiieiaeueiie noieiinoueth
250 ?oa.) ii oeaia 300 ?oa., n oeene?iaaiiui aeeaeaeaiaeii – 10%
aiaeiauo. *a?ac aeaa aiaea eiaanoi? i?iaeae aeoeeth ca 280 ?oa.
Ii?aaeaeeoa eiia/ioth aeioiaeiinoue aeoeee(a ia?an/aoa ia aiae), anee
ecaanoii, /oi a oa/aiea yoeo aeaoo eao aeeaeaeaiaeu auiea/eaaeenue
iieiinoueth.

?aoaiea:

picscalex100010009000003c401000003001c0000000000050000000902000000000500
0000020101000000050000000102ffffff00050000002e0118000000050000000b020000
0000050000000c02a004a0101200000026060f001a00ffffffff000010000000c0ffffff
b9ffffff60100000590400000b00000026060f000c004d617468547970650000f0000800
0000fa0200001000000000000000040000002d0100000500000014026002e60205000000
130260022f0c1c000000fb0280fe0000000000009001000000cc0402001054696d657320
4e657720526f6d616e00d4f0120010dadf76c060e276f91166b0040000002d0101000800
0000320ac002290f01000000257909000000320ac002e90c03000000313030651c000000
fb0280fe0000000000009001000000020402001053796d626f6c0076a90d0add306c3000
d4f0120010dadf76c060e276f91166b0040000002d01020004000000f001010008000000
320ac002770c01000000d73008000000320aec03ce0701000000d73008000000320a9501
0408010000002b3008000000320a9501ef04010000002b3008000000320ac002a8010100
00003d301c000000fb02c0fd0000000000009001000000020402001053796d626f6c0076
29110a00506b3000d4f0120010dadf76c060e276f91166b0040000002d01010004000000
f001020008000000320aee01270901000000e5301c000000fb0280fe0000000000009001
010000cc0402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e00d4f0120010dadf76c060e276
f91166b0040000002d01020004000000f001010008000000320aec036a08010000006e30
08000000320aec03fd0501000000d03008000000320a9501010b01000000443008000000
320a9501210601000000d03008000000320a95010c0301000000d03008000000320ac002
160001000000d3301c000000fb0220ff0000000000009001010000cc0402001054696d65
73204e657720526f6d616e00d4f0120010dadf76c060e276f91166b0040000002d010100
04000000f001020008000000320a4c04ed0601000000ed3008000000320af50111070100
0000ed3008000000320af501fc0301000000ea300a00000026060f000a00ffffffff0100
000000001c000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc0102022253797374656d00b0
f91166b000000a0047008a010000000002000000f0f21200040000002d01020004000000
f0010100030000000000,
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A ia?an/aoa ia aiae : 20,17% / 2 = 10,085%

Ioaao: Eiia/iay aeioiaeiinoue aeoeee ?aaia 10,085%

Caaea/a ? 8

Eiaanoi? i?eia?ae i?eaeeaae?iaaiioth aeoeeth (iiieiaeueiie noieiinoueth
500 ?oa.) ii oeaia 1300 ?oa., n oeene?iaaiiui aeeaeaeaiaeii – 20%
aiaeiauo. *a?ac o?e aiaea eiaanoi? i?iaeae aeoeeth ca 1580 ?oa.
Ii?aaeaeeoa eiia/ioth aeioiaeiinoue aeoeee(a ia?an/aoa ia aiae), anee
ecaanoii, /oi a oa/aiea yoeo o?ao eao aeeaeaeaiaeu auiea/eaaeenue
iieiinoueth.

?aoaiea:
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,

picscalex99010009000003c901000003001c00000000000500000009020000000005000
000020101000000050000000102ffffff00050000002e0118000000050000000b0200000
000050000000c02e00320201200000026060f001a00ffffffff000010000000c0ffffffb
8ffffffe01f0000980300000b00000026060f000c004d617468547970650000c00008000
000fa0200001000000000000000040000002d0100000500000014020002e602050000001
3020002a2141c000000fb0280fe0000000000009001000000cc0402001054696d6573204
e657720526f6d616e00a8df120010dadf76c060e276d80a6688040000002d01010008000
000320a6002921e01000000257908000000320a6002121d02000000343508000000320a6
002ac1c010000002c3509000000320a6002721a030000003736396508000000320a60029
c1701000000253609000000320a60025c15030000003130306509000000320a8c03350a0
40000003133303008000000320a6e01e01301000000333308000000320a6e01f61201000
0002a3308000000320a6e01421201000000293309000000320a6e0102100300000035303
03008000000320a6e01180f010000002a3008000000320a6e01280e01000000323008000
000320a6e01c20d010000002c3008000000320a6e01080d01000000303008000000320a6
e01840c01000000283008000000320a6e01980a01000000293009000000320a6e0198070
40000003133303009000000320a6e015a03040000003135383008000000320a6e01fa020
100000028351c000000fb0280fe0000000000009001000000020402001053796d626f6c0
076bc0a0a07a0032f00a8df120010dadf76c060e276d80a6688040000002d01020004000
000f001010008000000320a60024019010000003d3508000000320a6002ea1401000000d
73508000000320a6e01640b010000002b3508000000320a6e01a206010000002d3508000
000320a6002a801010000003d351c000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000cc04020
01054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e00a8df120010dadf76c060e276d80a668804000
0002d01010004000000f001020008000000320a6002160001000000d3350a00000026060
f000a00ffffffff0100000000001c000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc01020
22253797374656d0088d80a668800000a0047008a010000000002000000c4e1120004000
0002d01020004000000f0010100030000000000

A ia?an/aoa ia aiae : 769,45% / 3 = 256,48%

Ioaao: Eiia/iay aeioiaeiinoue aeoeee ?aaia 256,48%

Caaea/a ? 9

Eiaai aeeaeaeaiae ii aeoeeyi – 20%, nnoaeiue i?ioeaio – 10%.
Iiieiaeueiay noieiinoue aeoeee – 1 000 ?oa. *aio ?aaai eo?n e ?uii/iay
noieiinoue?

?aoaiea: ?uii/iay oeaia aeoeee ?ann/eouaaaony eae ioiioaiea aeeaeaeaiaea
(a aaniethoiii cia/aiee) e nnoaeiiio i?ioeaioo niouie aeieyie, o.a.

Oeaia aeoeee = 1 000 * 0,2/ 0,1 = 2 000 ?oa.

Eo?n aeoeee ?ann/eouaaaony eae ioiioaiea ?uii/iie oeaiu e iiieiaeueiie
oeaia, o.a. Eo?n aeoeee = (2 00 / 1 000) * 100% = 200%

Ioaao: Eo?n aeoeee ?aaai 200%, ?uii/iay noieiinoue ?aaia 2 000 ?oa.

Caaea/a ? 10

Iiieiaeueiay noieiinoue aeoeee ninoaaeyao 1 000 ?oa., iaeeaeaaiue ?acia?
aeeaeaeaiaea – 20%. Ii?aaeaeeoa i?eaioe?iai/ioth eo?niaoth noieiinoue
aeoeee, anee noaaea aaieianeiai i?ioeaioa ?aaia 12%.

?aoaiea:

Eo?n = 20/12 * 100% = 167%

Eo?niaay oeaia = 1 000 * 1,67 = 1 670 ?oaeae

Ioaao: I?eaioe?iai/iay eo?niaay noieiinoue aeoeee ?aaia 1 670 ?oaeae.

Caaea/a ? 11

Eiaanoi? A eoiee aeoeee ii oeaia 500?oa., a /a?ac ianyoe i?iaeae eo n
i?eaueueth eiaanoi?o A, eioi?ue nionoy ianyoe iinea iieoiee oaeaea
ia?ai?iaeae yoe aeoeee eiaanoi?o N, ii ii oeaia, ?aaiie 1000 ?oa.
Ii?aaeaeeoa, ii eaeie oeaia eiaanoi? A eoiee aeoeee o eiaanoi?a A, anee
ecaanoii, /oi iaa eiaanoi?a iieo/eee iaeeiaeiaoth aeioiaeiinoue
(aeeaeaeaiaeu i?e yoii ia auiea/eaaeenue)?

?aoaiea:

AAOA = OA?i500o?eo1000

Aeioiaeiinoue eiaanoi?a
picscalex1000100090000033e01000003001c0000000000050000000902000000000500
0000020101000000050000000102ffffff00050000002e0118000000050000000b020000
0000050000000c02e003e00b1200000026060f001a00ffffffff000010000000c0ffffff
b8ffffffa00b0000980300000b00000026060f000c004d617468547970650000c0000800
0000fa0200001000000000000000040000002d0100000500000014020002da0205000000
1302000264071c000000fb0280fe0000000000009001000000cc0402001054696d657320
4e657720526f6d616e00d4f0120010dadf76c060e276041066ff040000002d0101000800
0000320a60025e0a01000000257909000000320a60021e08030000003130306509000000
320a8c03ff03030000003530306509000000320a6e01160503000000353030651c000000
fb0280fe0000000000009001000000020402001053796d626f6c0076330b0ac220c43300
d4f0120010dadf76c060e276041066ff040000002d01020004000000f001010008000000
320a6002ac0701000000d73008000000320a6e010204010000002d3008000000320a6002
9c01010000003d301c000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000cc0402001054696d65
73204e657720526f6d616e00d4f0120010dadf76c060e276041066ff040000002d010100
04000000f001020008000000320a6e01060301000000783008000000320a600258000100
000041300a00000026060f000a00ffffffff0100000000001c000000fb02100007000000
0000bc02000000cc0102022253797374656d00ff041066ff00000a0047008a0100000000
02000000f0f21200040000002d01020004000000f0010100030000000000,

Aeioiaeiinoue eiaanoi?a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,
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,

( o – 500) * o = 500 * (1000 – o),

o?- 500 * o = 500 000 – 500 * o,

o? = 500 000,

o = 707 ?oa.

Aeioiaeiinoue eiaanoi?a
picscalex1120100090000035701000003001c0000000000050000000902000000000500
0000020101000000050000000102ffffff00050000002e0118000000050000000b020000
0000050000000c02e00320101200000026060f001a00ffffffff000010000000c0ffffff
b8ffffffe00f0000980300000b00000026060f000c004d617468547970650000c0000800
0000fa0200001000000000000000040000002d0100000500000014020002da0205000000
13020002de081c000000fb0280fe0000000000009001000000cc0402001054696d657320
4e657720526f6d616e00d4f0120010dadf76c060e2765d0f660b040000002d0101000800
0000320a6002320f01000000347908000000320a6002cc0e010000002c7908000000320a
6002700d02000000343109000000320a60029809030000003130306509000000320a8c03
bc04030000003530306509000000320a6e019006030000003530306509000000320a6e01
ee0203000000373037651c000000fb0280fe000000000000900100000002040200105379
6d626f6c00765e0e0a26f8062100d4f0120010dadf76c060e2765d0f660b040000002d01
020004000000f001010008000000320a6002380c010000003d3008000000320a60022609
01000000d73008000000320a6e017c05010000002d3008000000320a60029c0101000000
3d301c000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000cc0402001054696d6573204e657720
526f6d616e00d4f0120010dadf76c060e2765d0f660b040000002d01010004000000f001
020008000000320a600258000100000041300a00000026060f000a00ffffffff01000000
00001c000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc0102022253797374656d000b5d0f
660b00000a0047008a010000000002000000f0f21200040000002d01020004000000f001
0100030000000000 ?oa.

Aeioiaeiinoue eiaanoi?a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 ?oa.

Aeioiaeiinoue eiaanoi?a A = aeioiaeiinoe eiaanoi?a A.

Ioaao: eiaanoi? A eoiee aeoeee o eiaanoi?a A ii oeaia ?aaiie 707 ?oaeae.

Caaea/a ? 12

Eoiiiiay noaaea ii iaeeaaoeee, ni n?ieii iiaaoaiey – 1 aiae, ninoaaeyao
15%.

Iiieiaeueiay noieiinoue iaeeaaoeee – 1 oun. ?., ?uii/iay – 1,1 oun. ?.
Eaeiaa oeaia naeaeee eoiee – i?iaeaaee aeaiiie iaeeaaoeee?

Ioaao: oeaia naeaeee eoiee – i?iaeaaee aeaiiie iaeeaaoeee ?aaia ?uii/iie
oeaia iaeeaaoeee, o.a. = 1100 ?oaeae.

Caaea/a ? 13

Eiaanoi? i?eia?ae aeaa iaeeaaoeee iiieiaeii a 1 000 ?oa. eaaeaeay.
Aeioiae ii iaeiie ec ieo ninoaaeyao 10%, ii ae?oaie – 8%. Ii?aaeaeeoa
?aciinoue aiaeiaiai aeioiaea ii yoei iaeeaaoeeyi.

?aoaiea:

Iaeeaaoeey 1 = 1000 * 10% = 100 ?oa.

Iaeeaaoeey 2 = 1000 * 8% = 80 ?oa.

?aciinoue ?aaia 100 – 80 = 20?oa.

Ioaao: ?aciinoue aiaeiaiai aeioiaea ?aaia 20 ?oaeae.

Caaea/a ? 14

?ann/eoaoue noiio aeioiaea, i?e/eoathuaainy ii iaeeaaoeee n iiieiaeueiie
noieiinoueth 1500 ?oa. ca 1 eaa?oae, anee aeioiae ii eoiiio 15%
aiaeiauo.

?aoaiea:

1500*15% = 56,25 ?oa.

Ioaao: Noiia aeioiaea = 56,25 ?oa.

Caaea/a ? 15

Iaeeaaoeey i?eia?aoaia ii oeaia 400 ?oa. Iiieiae iaeeaaoeee 1000 ?oa.
Eaeie aeiiieieoaeueiue auea?uo a iiiaio iiaaoaiey iieo/eo aeaaeaeaoe
iaeeaaoeee, anee aiaeiaie aeioiae ii eoiiio 15%?

?aoaiea:

Aiaeiaie aeioiae ii eoiiio:

1000 * 15% / 100% = 1500 ?oa.

Eoiiiiua iaeeaaoeee iaania/eaatho aeaaeaeueoeo iaeeaaoeee iieo/aiea
?aaoey?iuo eoiiiiuo auieao, o.ae. iieo/aiea iiieiaea a n?ie iiaaoaiey
iaeeaaoeee.

Neaaeiaaoaeueii, a iiiaio iiaaoaiey iaeeaaoeee, aeaaeaeaoe iieo/eo
aeiiieieoaeueiue auea?uo a ?acia?a:

1000 – 400 + 1500 = 2100 ?oa.

Ioaao: Aeaaeaeaoe iaeeaaoeee a iiiaio iiaaoaiey iieo/eo aeiiieieoaeueiue
auea?uo ?aaiue 2100 ?oa.

Caaea/a ? 16

Iaeeaaoeey n eoiiiii, ?aaiui 10%, eiaao ?uii/ioth noieiinoue 95%.
Ii?aaeaeeoa oaeouoth aeioiaeiinoue iaeeaaoeee.

?aoaiea:

Oaeouay aeioiaeiinoue aeoeee ii?aaeaeyaony
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Aeioiaeiinoue = (0,1/0,95) * 100% = 10,5%

Ioaao: Oaeouay aeioiaeiinoue ?aaia 10,5%.

Caaea/a ? 17

Iaeeaaoeey A, ni n?ieii iiaaoaiey 1 aiae, ?aciauaaony n aeeneiioii,
?aaiui 25%. Iaeeaaoeey A, ni n?ieii iiaaoaiey – 2 aiaea e i?e eoiiiiie
noaaea – 30%, eiaao ?uii/ioth oeaio, ?aaioth 90%. Iaeeaaoeey N, ni
n?ieii iiaaoaiey 3 aiaea e eoiiiiie noaaeie, ?aaiie 40%, ?aciauaaony ii
iiieiaeo. Ii?aaeaeeoa, iieoiea eaeie iaeeaaoeee i?eianao aa aeaaeaeueoeo
iaeaieueooth aeioiaeiinoue ca ia?aue aiae.

?aoaiea:
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,
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,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,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Ioaao: Iaeeaaoeey N eiaao iaeaieueooth aeioiaeiinoue, iiyoiio aa iieoiea
i?eianao aeaaeaeueoeo iaeaieueoee aeioiae ca ia?aue aiae.

Caaea/a ? 18

Iaeeaaoeey iiieiaeii a 1 000 ?oa. auiouaia a n?ie, ?aaiue iaeiiio aiaeo
n eoiiiii – 30, e ?aciauaia n aeeneiioii, ?aaiui 10%. Ai neieueei ?ac aa
eiia/iay aeioiaeiinoue aoaeao auoa oaeouae aeioiaeiinoe?

?aoaiea:

Oaeouay aeioiaeiinoue = (30% +10%) / 90% = 44,4%

Eiia/iay aeioiaeiinoue = (30% + 10%) / 90% = 44,4%

Ioaao: Eiia/iay aeioiaeiinoue ?aaia oaeouae aeioiaeiinoe = 44,4%.
?acieoea iaaeaeo ieie a iaeei ?ac.

Caaea/a ? 19

Eiaanoi? i?eia?ae ainoaea?noaaiioth aaneoiiiioth iaeeaaoeeth ia
aoi?e/iuo oi?aao ii oeaia 91,10% e iiieiaeo, ca 20 aeiae aei aa
iiaaoaiey. ?ann/eoaeoa aeioiaeiinoue AEI e iiiaioo aa iiaaoaiey n o/aoii
iaeiaiauo eueaio.

?aoaiea:
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,
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Ioaao: Aeioiaeiinoue AEI e iiiaioo aa iiaaoaiey n o/aoii iaeiaiauo
eueaio ?aaia 2,75%.

Caaea/a ? 20

Ia aoeoeeiia i?iaeaaaeenue cayaee a aeeaiaciia io 43,5 aei 89% io
iiieiaea (100 000). Aieueoa 90% cayaie auei neiioeaio?e?iaaii a
aeeaiaciia 81 – 87% e iiieiaeo. Ieieiaeueiay oeaia oaeiaeaoai?aiey
cayaie ninoaaeea 83,2% io iiieiaea, a n?aaeiaacaaoaiiay oeaia – 84,7%.
?ann/eoaoue aeioiaeiinoue iaeeaaoeee n o/aoii iaeiaiauo eueaio i?e
ieieiaeueiie oeaia i?iaeaaee e i?e noaaea iaeiaa ia i?iaeaaeo – 30%.

?aoaiea:
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,
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Ioaao: Aeioiaeiinoue iaeeaaoeee = 28,85%

Caaea/a ? 21

Ii?aaeaeeoa iaeiieaiiue eoiiiiue aeioiae ii iaeeaaoeee oaaea?aeueiiai
caeia n ia?aiaiiui eoiiiii e iiieiaeii a 1 iei. ?oa., n oaeouei eoiiiiui
ia?eiaeii – 92 aeiy e eoiiiiie noaaeie, ?aaiie 50%, anee iia i?eia?aoaia
ca 10 aeiae aei aeeaeaeoae auieaou.

?aoaiea:
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Aaea: C – aaee/eia aeeaeaeoaai eoiiia,

R – eoiiiiay noaaea (a % aiaeiauo),

T – oaeouee eoiiiiue ia?eiae,

N – iiieiae iaeeaaoeee.

C = (50 / 100) * (92 / 365) * 1 000 000 = 126 027,3 ?oa.

picscalex1000100090000034301000003001c0000000000050000000902000000000500
0000020101000000050000000102ffffff00050000002e0118000000050000000b020000
0000050000000c02e00300091200000026060f001a00ffffffff000010000000c0ffffff
b8ffffffc0080000980300000b00000026060f000c004d617468547970650000c0000800
0000fa0200001000000000000000040000002d0100000500000014020002da0205000000
1302000210041c000000fb0280fe0000000000009001000000cc0402001054696d657320
4e657720526f6d616e00a8df120010dadf76c060e276030b66d9040000002d0101000800
0000320a6002480801000000297908000000320a6002ee040100000028791c000000fb02
80fe0000000000009001010000cc0402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e00a8df
120010dadf76c060e276030b66d9040000002d01020004000000f001010008000000320a
6002c40701000000747908000000320a6002600501000000547908000000320a8c03eb02
01000000547908000000320a6e01e80201000000437908000000320a6002580001000000
41791c000000fb0280fe0000000000009001000000020402001053796d626f6c0076660f
0ae0c0f52000a8df120010dadf76c060e276030b66d9040000002d01010004000000f001
020008000000320a6002b006010000002d7908000000320a6002580401000000d7790800
0000320a60029c01010000003d790a00000026060f000a00ffffffff0100000000001c00
0000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc0102022253797374656d00d9030b66d90000
0a0047008a010000000002000000c4e11200040000002d01020004000000f00101000300
00000000

Aaea: A – aaee/eia iaeiieaiiiai aeioiaea,

C – aaee/eia aeeaeaeoaai eoiiia,

T – oaeouee eoiiiiue ia?eiae (a eaeaiae. aeiyo)

T – eiee/anoai eaeaiaea?iuo aeiae aei aeeaeaeoae auieaou eoiiia.

A = (12 027,3 / 92) * ( 92 – 10) = 112 328, 67 ?oa.

Ioaao: Iaeiieaiiue eoiiiiue aeioiae ninoaaee 112 328,67 ?oa.

Caaea/a ? 22

IOC – IE auea i?eia?aoaia th?eaee/aneei eeoeii ca 77 aeiae aei naiaai
iiaaoaiey ii oeaia 103% (n o/aoii iaeiieaiiiai aeioiaea). Aeioiaeiinoue
IOC – IE e iiaaoaieth a yoio iiiaio ninoaaeea 36% aiaeiauo. Ii?aaeaeeoa
?acia? iineaaeiaai eoiiia ii iaeeaaoeee (a i?ioeaioao aiaeiauo), anee
aeeeoaeueiinoue iineaaeiaai eoiiiiiai ia?eiaea ninoaaeyao 94 aeiy.
Iaeiaiiaeiaeaiea ia o/eouaaoue.

?aoaiea:

Y = (N+C) / (P+A) – 1 * 365/t * 100

Y = ((1 + C) / (1.03 – 1) * 365 / 77 = 0,76

365 * N – 365 * 0,03 = 1,03 * 77 * 0,76

N = 71,23 / 365 * 100 = 19,51

Ioaao: ?acia? iineaaeiaai eoiiia ii iaeeaaoeee ?aaai 19,51%

Caaea/a ? 23

IOC IE auea i?eia?aoaia th?eaee/aneei eeoeii ca 77 aeiae aei naiaai
iiaaoaiey ii oeaia 106% (n o/aoii iaeiieaiiiai eoiiiiiai aeioiaea).
Aeioiaeiinoue IOC – IE e iiaaoaieth n o/aoii iaeiaiiaeiaeaiey a yoio
iiiaio ninoaaeea 16% aiaeiauo. Ii?aaeaeeoa ?acia? iineaaeiaai eoiiia ii
iaeeaaoeee (a % aiaeiauo), anee aeeeoaeueiinoue iineaaeiaai eoiiiiiai
ia?eiaea ninoaaeyao 94 aeiy.

?aoaiea:

Aeioiaeiinoue iaeeaaoeee e iiaaoaieth n o/aoii iaeiaiiaeiaeaiey:
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A = 94 aei. – 77 aei. = 17 aei.

Iaeiieaiiue aeioiae A = N * 17 / 94

N – A = N – N * 17 / 94 = 1,06 N

N – 1,06 N – N * 17 / 94

(- 0,06N – C * 17 / 94) * 0,65 + C * 77 / 94 * 0,65 365

D = ————————————————————— * ——— = 1,76

1,06N 94

-0,06N + 0,65N C

1,76 = ——————— 1,76 = – 0,0566 + 0,61 ——

1,06N N

C C 365

— = 0,2978 —— * —— * 100% = 116%

N N 94

Ioaao: ?acia? iineaaeiaai eoiiia ii iaeeaaoeee ?aaai 116% aiaeiauo.

Caaea/a ? 24

Eiaanoi? i?eia?ae iaeeaaoeeth ainoaea?noaaiiiai aioo?aiiaai aaethoiiai
caeia ii oeaia 50% io iiieiaea e i?iaeae aa nionoy 72 aeiy ca 54% io
iiieiaea. Ii?aaeaeeoa niaieoiiue aeioiae eiaanoi?a io yoie iia?aoeee
(aac o/aoa iaeiaiiaeiaeaiey).

?aoaiea:

1) 54% – 50% = 4%

2) 0,03 * (72/365) * 100% = 0,59

3) 4% + 0,59% = 4,59%

Ioaao: niaieoiiue aeioiae eiaanoi?a ninoaaee 4,59%.

Caaea/a ? 25

Aeaiiceoiue na?oeoeeao aue eoieai ca 6 ian. Aei n?iea aai iiaaoaiey e ii
oeaia, ?aaiie 7000 ?oa., a i?iaeai ca aeaa ianyoea aei aai iiaaoaiey e
ii oeaia, ?aaiie 8000?oa. Ii?aaeaeeoa aeioiaeiinoue yoie iia?aoeee a
ia?an/aoa ia aiae.

?aoaiea:
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,
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Ioaao: Aeioiaeiinoue yoie iia?aoeee a ia?an/aoa ia aiae ?aaia 42,9%.

Caaea/a ? 26

I?aaei?eyoea i?eia?aei aeaiiceoiue na?oeoeeao noieiinoueth 10 000 ?oa.
(ieieiaeueiay noiia aeeaaea) n?ieii ia 6 ianyoeaa iiae 5% aiaeiauo. Eo?n
ninoaaee 26 ?oa. ca 1 aeieea? NOA. Auiieieoue eiaeaenaoeeth ?oaeaauo
naa?aaeaiee th?eaee/aneiai eeoea ii eo?no aeieea?a NOA /a?ac 6 ian.

?aoaiea:

10 000 / 26 = 384,6 $ – aeaiiceoiue na?oeoeeao a ia?a?an/aoa ia aeieea?u

10 000 * (0,05 / 365) * 180 = 246,57 – ?oaeaaua naa?aaeaiey
th?eaee/aneiai eeoea /a?ac 6 ian.

10 000 + 246,57 = 10 246,57 = 320,21

Ioaao: 320,21 – naa?aaeaiey th?eaee/aneiai eeoea ii eo?no aeieea?ia NOA
/a?ac 6 ian.

Caaea/a ? 27

Oicyenoaothuee noauaeo i?eia?ae ca 95 000 ?oa. aeaiiceoiue na?oeoeeao
iiieiaeueiie noieiinoueth 100 000 ?oa. e n?ieii iiaaoaiey /a?ac 6 ian.
*aio ?aaai aeeneiio? *a?ac 3 ian. Noauaeo ?aoaao ia?aaeaoue na?oeoeeao
o?aoueaio eeoeo. *aio a yoio iiiaio ?aaia ?uii/iay noaaea aeeneiioa7 Ii
eaeie oeaia aoaeao i?iaeai na?oeoeeao? Iaiaoiaeeii i?iaiaeece?iaaoue
?acoeueoaou ?an/aoia.

?aoaiea:

Aeey ?an/aoa ii?iu ioaea/e a i?ioeaioiii en/eneaiee eniieuecoai oi?ioeo:

1. Ae = 100 000 – 95 000 = 5 000 ?oa.

2. Ae ca o?e ianyoea = 5 000 / 2 = 2 500 ?oa. – ?uii/iay aeeneiioiay
noaaea.

3. 95 000 + 2 500 = 97 500 ?oa. – ii yoie oeaia aoaeao i?iaeai
aeaiaaeiue na?oeoeeao

Ioaao: ?uii/iay noaaea = 2 500 ?oa., a na?oeoeeao i?iaeai ii oeaia 57
500 ?oa.

Caaea/a ? 28

Oe?ia i?eia?aea a aaiea aaenaeue, ii eioi?iio /a?ac aiae aeieaeia
iieo/eoue 66 000 ?oa. (iiieiaeueiay noieiinoue aaenaey). A iiiaio
i?eia?aoaiey oeaia aaenaey ninoaaeea 30 000 ?oa. Ii?aaeaeeoue
aeioiaeiinoue yoie naeaeee, o.a. ?acia? i?ioeaioiie noaaee.

?aoaiea:

Ioeaiea aeioiaeiinoe aaenaey i?iecaiaeeony:

((66 000 – 30 000) / 30 000) * 100% = 120%

Ioaao: ?acia? i?ioeaioiie noaaee ?aaai 120%.

Caaea/a ? 29

Oeaia ?aciauaiey eiiia?/aneei aaieii naiaai aaenaey ninoaaeea 80 oun.
?oa. Aaenaeue aue auienai ia noiio 120 oun. ?oa., ni n?ieii ieaoaaea –
120aeiae. Ii?aaeaeeoa aiaeiaoth i?ioeaioioth noaaeo, onoaiiaeaiioth
aaieii.

?aoaiea: Eiia/iay noiia, eioi?oth iieo/eo aaenaeaaea?aeaoaeue i?e
i?aaeuyaeaiee aaenaey e iieaoa, ?ann/eouaaaony ii neaaeothuae oi?ioea:
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,
picscalex1000100090000035501000003001c0000000000050000000902000000000500
0000020101000000050000000102ffffff00050000002e0118000000050000000b020000
0000050000000c02e00380091200000026060f001a00ffffffff000010000000c0ffffff
b8ffffff40090000980300000b00000026060f000c004d617468547970650000c0000800
0000fa0200001000000000000000040000002d0100000500000014020002260205000000
1302000214030500000014020002020605000000130200024a071c000000fb0280fe0000
000000009001000000cc0402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e00d4f0120010da
df76c060e2767510667e040000002d01010008000000320a60029a080100000031790800
0000320a600210000100000031791c000000fb0280fe0000000000009001000000020402
001053796d626f6c0076d4100aa7f0203400d4f0120010dadf76c060e2767510667e0400
00002d01020004000000f001010008000000320a6002a407010000002d7908000000320a
6002c404010000003d7908000000320a60025c0301000000d77908000000320a6002fa00
010000002b791c000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000cc0402001054696d657320
4e657720526f6d616e00d4f0120010dadf76c060e2767510667e040000002d0101000400
0000f001020008000000320a8c03370601000000507908000000320a6e01280601000000
467908000000320a6002ec0301000000697908000000320a8c034002010000006e790800
0000320a6e015b020100000074790a00000026060f000a00ffffffff0100000000001c00
0000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc0102022253797374656d007e7510667e0000
0a0047008a010000000002000000f0f21200040000002d01020004000000f00101000300
00000000

Aaea: F – eiia/iay noiia,

P – ia/aeueiay noiia,

n – /enei aaeeieoe ia?eiaeia a?aiaie a aiaeo,

t – /enei aaeeieoe ia?eiaea a?aiaie,

I – i?ioeaioiay noaaea.
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,7%

Ioaao: Aiaeiaay i?ioeaioiay noaaea, onoaiiaeaiiay aaieii ?aaia 16,7%.

Caaea/a ? 30

*a?ac 1 aiae aeaaeaeaoe aaenaey, auaeaiiiai eiiia?/aneei aaieii aeieaeai
iieo/eoue ii iaio 220 000 ?oa. Eaeay noiia auea aianaia a Aaie a iiiaio
i?eia?aoaiey aaenaey, anee aeioiaeiinoue aaenaey aeieaeia ninoaaeoue 12%
aiaeiauo?

?aoaiea:

Eiia/iay noiia, eioi?oth iieo/eo aaenaeaaea?aeaoaeue i?e i?aaeuyaeaiee
aaenaey e iieaoa, ?ann/eouaaaony ii neaaeothuae oi?ioea:
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,
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 ?oa.

Ioaao: A iiiaio i?eia?aoaiey aaenaey a aaie auea aianaia noiia, ?aaiay
196428,6 ?oa.

Caaea/a 31

Eiaanoi? (oece/aneia eeoei) aiaeece?oao yooaeoeaiinoue naieo aeiaeaiee,
inouanoaeaiiuo 6 ianyoeaa iacaae. Eiaanoi? eiae 2000 ?oaeae e eoiee
aaenaeue aaiea, eioi?ue i?eian aio 700 ?oaeae aeioiaea. A ea/anoaa
aeueoa?iaoeaiuo aeiaeaiee, eioi?ua ii iia au naeaeaoue, ?anniao?eaathony
neaaeothuea aeaeu aeiaeaiee: aeaiiceoiue aeeaae a aaiea ia 6 ianyoeaa
iiae 16% aiaeiauo e iieoiea aeeneiioiie iaeeaaoeee ni n?ieii iiaaoaiey 6
ianyoeaa iiieiaeii 2000 ?oaeae ii oeaia 1905 ?oaeae. I?aaeeueiue ee
auai? naeaeae eiaanoi?, anee o/anoue aaeiaoth noiio iieo/aiiiai
aeioiaea?

?aoaiea

Aaeiaay noiia iieo/aia aeioiaea eiaanoi?a ninoaaeyao:

2000+700=2700

Aeioiaeiinoue AEI

Yn=picscalex1000100090000032b01000003001c0000000000050000000902000000000
5000000020101000000050000000102ffffff00050000002e0118000000050000000b020
0000000050000000c02e00360051200000026060f001a00ffffffff000010000000c0fff
fffb8ffffff20050000980300000b00000026060f000c004d617468547970650000c0000
8000000fa0200001000000000000000040000002d0100000500000014020002400005000
0001302000212051c000000fb0280fe0000000000009001000000000402001054696d657
3204e657720526f6d616e00d89ff377e19ff3772020f5773f0866aa040000002d0101000
8000000320a8c03d00201000000307908000000320a6e014404010000003079080000003
20a6e0138010100000031791c000000fb0280fe0000000000009001010000cc040200105
4696d6573204e657720526f6d616e00d89ff377e19ff3772020f5773f0866aa040000002
d01020004000000f001010008000000320a8c03da0101000000d07908000000320a6e014
e0301000000d07908000000320a6e01660001000000d0791c000000fb0280fe000000000
0009001000000020002001053796d626f6c000049080ae5a0f11200d89ff377e19ff3772
020f5773f0866aa040000002d01010004000000f001020008000000320a6e01220201000
0002d790a00000026060f000a00ffffffff0100000000001c000000fb021000070000000
000bc02000000cc0102022253797374656d00aa3f0866aa00000a0021008a01000000000
2000000bcf31200040000002d01020004000000f0010100030000000000*picscalex100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*100%

Yn=picscalex100010009000003f200000003001c0000000000050000000902000000000
5000000020101000000050000000102ffffff00050000002e0118000000050000000b020
0000000050000000c02e003e0071200000026060f001a00ffffffff000010000000c0fff
fffb8ffffffa0070000980300000b00000026060f000c004d617468547970650000c0000
8000000fa0200001000000000000000040000002d0100000500000014020002400005000
00013020002a0071c000000fb0280fe0000000000009001000000000402001054696d657
3204e657720526f6d616e00d89ff377e19ff3772020f577730866ad040000002d0101000
9000000320a8c036402040000003139303509000000320a6e01980404000000313930350
9000000320a6e015a0004000000323030301c000000fb0280fe000000000000900100000
0020002001053796d626f6c000015020a45a0f11200d89ff377e19ff3772020f57773086
6ad040000002d01020004000000f001010008000000320a6e01a203010000002d300a000
00026060f000a00ffffffff0100000000001c000000fb021000070000000000bc0200000
0cc0102022253797374656d00ad730866ad00000a0021008a010000000001000000bcf31
200040000002d01010004000000f0010200030000000000
*picscalex100010009000003bb00000003001c000000000005000000090200000000050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*100%=9,97%

Noiia aeioiaea ii iaeeaaoeee:

2000-1905 =95?.

2000*9,97%=199,4 ?oa.

2000+95+199,4=2294,4

Noiia aeioiaea ii aeaiiceoiiio aeeaaeo:

l=2700*0,5*0,16=216 ?oa.

S=2700+216=2916 ?oa.

Ioaao: noiia aeioiaea ii aeaiiceoiiio aeeaaeo auoa, /ai noiia aeioiaea
ii iaeeaaoeee.

1.Eiio?ieueiue eeno oanoa

AIOAII «EiAAOO»

A?oiia 7AOCa-1

Nooaeaio (O.E.I.) ?aciaoieia

Ieueaa Ieoaeeiaia

Aeenoeeieeia: ?uiie oeaiiuo aoiaa

Iiaeienue nooaeaioa

Aeaoa « » 200 a.

Eiee/anoai i?aaeeueiuo ioaaoia

Ioeaiea

I?aiiaeaaaoaeue (O.E.I.) Iaaeia ?.A.

262.273.284.295.306.317.328.339.3410.3511.3612.3713.3814.3915.4016.4117.
4218.4319.4420.4521.4622.4723.4824.4925.50

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