Anooi

Inoaii?i /anii iia?eueia ia?aaea ii/aea no??iei ?icaeaaoeny.
?iciianthaeaeaiiy iia?eueieo oaeaoii?a oaeaeei i?oei a ai?o. I oea
i?iyaey?oueny ia o?eueee ia Caoiae?, aea e o ian ia Oe?a?i?, aea
iia?eueiee ca’ycie, ia?aoo?, ia?aeoia a eaoaai??th «oiaa??a ia?iaeiiai
niiaeeaaiiy». A ?a?ii?, e?euee?noue «iia?eueieo» ei?enooaa/?a ca
inoaii?e ??e ca?eueoeeanue aaea?/?. ?, ca?nii, noaea c’yaeyoeny caa?ica
caei?ia’th c? noi?iie ?aae?i- aei?ii?ithth/eo i?eeaae?a.

Iciaeiieaoenue c oai?aoe/iei iaoa??aeii y aecia/eea oaio iiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy: «Aeieeiaiiy iia?eueieo oaeaoii?a ? ?o aieea ia caei?ia’y
ethaeeie».

Iaoith iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ?: » Aea/eoe aieea iia?eueieo oaeaoii?a ia
iaaeieeoi? na?aaeiaeua».

I?iaeaia iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy: «Iaaeinoaoiy ?ioi?iiaai?noue ianaeaiiy i?i
iia?eueiee ca’ycie».

A?iioaca:»?nioaaiiy iaaaoeaiiai aieeao aei?ii?ithaaiiy iia?eueieo
oaeaoii?a ? aaae iia?eueiiai ca’yceo ia caei?ia’y ethaeeie».

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy nai?? iaoe y iinoaaeea ia?aae niaith oae? caaaeaiiy:

1. Aea/eoe aieea aei?ii?ithaaiiy;

2. Aeine?aeeoe i?ioeaaeo?o aoae?aieoeoaa aaciai? noaioe?? iia?eueiiai
ca’yceo»

3. Noai?eoe aoeeao: «I?eioeei ooieoe?iioaaiiy aaae no?eueieeiaiai
ca’yceo oa aieea aei?ii?ithaaiiy ia caei?ia’y ethaeeie».

Ia?aaeaa/oaai? iiceoeai? ?acoeueoaoe:

1. ?icoe?eoe ciaiiy ii aeai?e oai?;

2. C’ynoaaoe oiiae i?e yeeo aieea iia?eueieo oaeaoii?a ia caei?ia’y
ethaeeie aoaea i?i?iaeueiei.

?noi??y aeieeiaiiy oa ?icaeoie iia?eueiiai ca’yceo

A 1888?. i?iaoeueeiio o/aiiio Aai??oo Aa?oeo aaeaeiny ca aeiiiiiaith
onoaiiaie aeiaanoe oaeo ?nioaaiiy aeaeo?iiaai?oieo oaeeue ? ciaeoe
iiaeeea?noue ?o aeyaeaiiy. Iie?ath/enue ia ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue A.
Aa?oea, ?in?enueeee o?cee A.N. Iiiia noai?ea i?eno??e aeey cana?ae/aiiy
aeaeo?e/ieo eieeaaiue – i?eeia/. [1]

O 1897?. A. Ia?eii? io?eio? iaoaio ia i?eno??e, noiaeee ia i?eno??e A.N.
Iiiiaa. O 1901?. A?i anoaiiaea ?aae?i ia ai?o ia?iaiai aaoiiia?ey, ?
oaeei /eiii noai?thth/e ia?oee iacaiiee iia?eueiee ca’ycie.

17-ai /a?aiy 1946?. o Naio-Eo?c?, NOA, neoaeaa iia?eueii? oaeaoii??
i?aaenoaaeee ia?o? ?aae?ioaeaoiii? iineoae i?eaaoiei ee??ioai.

?aae?ioaeaoiie, ye? aoee aeei?enoai? a oe?e nenoai?, aeei?enoiaoaaee
cao?eniaai? eaiaee. sseui eaiae ca’yceo aoa caeiyoee, oi aaiiaio a?o/io
ia?aeeth/aany ia ae?oaee — a?eueiee. Ooieoe?y aaoiiaoe/iiai aeai?o
a?eueiiai eaiaeo c’yaeeany i?ci?oa.

1 aa?aciy 1948?. ia?oa iiai?noth aaoiiaoe/ia neoaeaa ?aae?ioaeaoii??
ii/aea ae?yoe o ??/iiiae?. O ?a?ii? a oeae /an e?aea?aie aoee «A??enii»
? «Ia?eii?».

Iiaee aoai o ?icaeoeo nioiai? nenoaie eiioi?eaoe?e ca’ycaiee c
eiiiai??th «Iioi?iea». O eiiiai?th a 1954?. i?eeoia iiaee ?iaeaia?,
Ia?o?i Eoia?. Ia ii/aoeo 1970-o ??. I. Eoia? caeiaa aaea iino a?oea —
i?aceaeaioa eiiiai??. Eoea ?iaioa ii noai?aiith ia?oiai i?i?aoth?iiai
iia?eueiiai oaeaoiio.

Aei?iaoaaiiy aoee i?ecia/ai? ia 3 ea?oiy 1973?. Aei oeueiai aeiy ia
aa?oei? 50-iiaa?oiaiai Alliance Capital Building o Iueth-Ei?eo aoea
c?iaeaia aaciaa noaioe?y.

Ia?oee i?ioioei AN i?a ianeoaiaoaaoe ia a?eueoa, ye 30 aaiiaio?a ?
c’?aeiaoe ?o c iacaiieie e?i?yie ca’yceo. Nai nioiaee oaeaoii iaa iacao
Dyna-TAC.

O a?oaei? 1979?. a Oie?i ii/aea ?iaioo ia?oa nioiaa ia?aaea ca’yceo c 88
aaciaeo noaioe?e. Ia?aaea aoea noai?aia eiiiai??th NTT (Nippon Telegraph
and Telephone). Oaeaoiii? ianeoaiaoaaiiy cae?enithaaeeny a 23 ?aeiiao
i?noa. Iaeaaeiaiiy aoei aeaioiaeaii eaiiai??th Matsushita ? NEC (Nippon
Electric Company).

Ia?o? ia?aae? iia?eueiiai ca’yceo aoee iiaoaeiaai? c aeei?enoaiiyi
aiaeiaiaeo noaiaea?o?a – noaiaea?o?a ia?oiai iieie?iiy. Iaea?eueo
?iciianthaeaeaiei ?c ieo ? NMT. Ia?aaea ia iniia? noaiaea?oo NMT (Nordic
Mobile Telephone) – ia?oiai noaiaea?oo iia?eueiiai ca’yceo – ii/aea
i?aoethaaoe a e?a?iao I?ai?/ii? ?a?iie a 1981. Oaeiae NMT aoa ia?oei
noaiaea?oii iia?eueiiai ca’yceo, ui aeei?enoiaoaaany a ?in?? ? a
Aia?eoe?.

A ia?aaeao ae?oaiai iieie?iiy aeai? i?ae aaciaeie noaioe?yie ?
iia?eueieie oaeaoiiaie ia?aaeathoueny a oeeo?iaiio aeaeyae?. Oaeei
/eiii, iaeia aaciaa noaioe?y iiaea ianeoaiaoaaoe aei aeae?eueeio nioaiue
oaeaoii?a iaeii/anii. A iiooaeiino? ia?aaeao/ee?a a iia?eueieo oaeaoiiao
ae?oaiai iieie?iiy aoee cieaeai?, oae ye aeo?aoe i?e ia?aaea/?
oeeo?iaaiiai caoeo iaaaaaoi iaio?. Iaeiiioey?i?oei noaiaea?oii
iia?eueiiai ca’yceo ? noaiaea?o ae?oaiai iieie?iiy GSM – Global System
for Mobile Communications (Aeiaaeueia nenoaia iia?eueiiai ca’yceo).
Iia?eueieie oaeaoiiaie oeueiai noaiaea?oo ca?ac ei?enoothoueny a?eueoa
i?euey?aeo ethaeae ii anueiio na?oo. Aieiaiei iane?aeeii ia?aoiaeo aei
oeeo?iai? oi?ie neaiaeo noaea iiaeeea?noue aeei?enoiaoaaoe iia?euei?
oaeaoiie aeey ia?aaea/? ia o?eueee aieino (caoeo), aea e ?ioeo
??ciiaeae?a ?ioi?iaoe??. Ia?oith iiae?aiith iineoaith, c?iaeaoith
iiaeeeaei ia?aaea/o oaenoo i?ae iia?eueieie oaeaoiiaie, aoa oae caaiee
«na?a?n ei?ioeeo iia?aeiieaiue» — Short Message Service (nei?i/aii SMS).
I?ci?oa, c aaeineiiaeaiiyi iia?eueieo oaeaoii?a ? ?icaeoeii
eiii’thoa?ecaoe??, a ia?aaeao GSM aoee aaaaeai? oaoiieia?? aeey
ia?aaea/? eiii’thoa?ieo aeaieo, aeinooio aei ia?aae? ?ioa?iaoo. Ia
iniia? oeeo oaoiieia?e ia?aaea/? aeaieo oaeiae aoee noai?ai? aeiaeaoeia?
na?a?ne aeey iia?eueieo oaeaoii?a – iai?eeeaae, MMS(Multimedia Messaging
System, nenoaia ia?aaea/? ioeueoeiaae?eieo iia?aeiieaiue).

Oaeaeeino? ia?aaea/? aeaieo a ia?aaeao ae?oaiai iieie?iiy iaaeinoaoiuei
aeey ?aae?caoe?? aaaaoueio iiaeo caaea/ iia?eueiiai ca’yceo, cie?aia,
ia?aaea/? aenieiye?niiai a?aeai a ?aaeueiiio /an? (a?aeaioii??),
no/anieo oioi ?aae?noe/ieo eiii’thoa?ieo ?ai? /a?ac ?ioa?iao ? ?ioeo.
Aeey caaacia/aiiy iaiao?aeieo oaeaeeinoae noai?ai? iia? noaiaea?oe.

Ieaioaaiiy 3G ii/aeiny ua a 1985 ?ioe?, eiee I?aeia?iaeiee nithc
aeaeo?ica’yceo ia?aaeaa/ea iio?aao a a?eueo ?ieeo ? neeaaeieo iineoaao,
i?ae o?, ui caeaoi? caaacia/eoe /eneaii? aiaeia?/i? oaoiieia??
iia?eueiiai ca’yceo oiai /ano. Caiaeii aa?n?y 3G a?ae 3GPP – UMTS
(Universal Mobile Telephone System) – noaea aeii?ioth/ei na?oiaei
noaiaea?oii. Ia?o? e?oeaic?? 3G — a 1999 ?ioe? aeaeaa o?yae O?ieyiae??,
ca yeith a 2000-2001 ?ieao iane?aeoaaee ?io? e?a?ie. I?ioa 3GPP oiae? ua
ia aeionoeea iaa?? i?eaeaoieo aei i?aeoe/iiai canoinoaaiiy
niaoeeo?eaoe?e ia onoaoeoaaiiy UMTS. Eeoa o aa?aci? 2002 ?ieo, eiee
caaa?oeany iaiao?aeiee o?eaaeee i?ioean aeinyaiaiiy ?iaeono???th
eiinainono, aeeoea niaoeeo?eaoe?y Release 99. ? eeoa i?ney oeueiai
aaaaoi iia?aoi??a ciiaee i?enooieoe aei noai?aiiy nai?o ia?aae 3G.

Oaeei /eiii, no/ani? oaoiieia?? iia?eueiiai ca’yceo – oea ia no?eueee
oaoiieia?? iia?eueii? oaeaoii??, ne?eueee oi?aa?naeuei? oaoiieia??
ia?aaea/? ?ioi?iaoe??.

Aea?aeaaiee nai?oa?ii — ai?aeai?ieia?/iee iaaeyae ca aaciaeie noaioe?yie
no?eueieeiaiai ca’yceo

I?eeiyooy a aenieoaoaoe?th AN cae?enith?oueny niaoe?aeueiith
i?eeiaeueiith eii?n??th, aei neeaaeo yei? iaia’yceiai aoiaeeoue
i?aaenoaaiee aea?aeaaii? nai?oa?ii-ai?aeai?ieia?/ii? neoaeae. I?ney
i?eeiyooy AN a aenieoaoaoe?th aiia ciaoiaeeoueny i?ae iaaeyaeii
oa?eoi??aeueieo caeeaae?a aea?aenaiai?aeneoaeae, ye? ia??iaee/ii
ianoaaeothoue AN oa i?iaiaeyoue eiio?ieuei? aei??e ??ai?a
aeaeo?iiaai?oiiai aei?ii?ithaaiiy.

Oaeei /eiii, aacia? noaioe?? iia?eueiiai no?eueieeiaiai ca’yceo oa ?io?
?aae?ioaoi?/i? ia’?eoe, ia?aaoaathoue i?ae iino?eiei iaaeyaeii
aea?aenaiai?aeneoaeae Oe?a?ie.

A atheaoai? «Aeaeo?iiaai?oi? iiey oa ioi?iia a?iiaaenueeiai caei?ia’y.
Aacia? noaioe?? ? aacae?ioia? oaoiieia??» AIIC iia?aeiiey?, ui
a?aoiaoth/e aeoaea iecueeee ??aaiue aieeao oa io?eiai? ia nueiaiaei?oi?e
aeaiue ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue, iiaeia aaaaeaoe, ui iaia aoaeue-yeeo
ia?aeiieeaeo iaoeiaeo aeaieo, ye? na?ae/aoue, ui iaei ?ioaineaia
aeaeo?iiaai?oia aei?ii?ithaaiiy a?ae aaciaeo noaioe?e iia?eueiiai
no?eueieeiaiai ca’yceo oa aacae?ioiaeo ia?aae i?ecaiaeeoue aei
iaaaoeaieo iane?aee?a aeey caei?ia’y ethaeeie.

Aieea AII ia i?aai?ci ethaeeie. Aeoiea a/aieo c oeueiai i?eaiaeo

??/ o o?i, ui iia?eueiee oaeaoii — oea aeaea?aei iino?eiiai
iaaeaeniei/anoioiiai aei?ii?ithaaiiy, ca aeiiiiiaith yeiai ?
cae?enith?oueny ca’ycie. Oea aei?ii?ithaaiiy i?eai?/o? oiie?
aeaeo?iiaai?oi? ?iioeuene ee?oei aeeaeo i?aai?ci?a. Iaeiaaacia/i?oith
/anoeiith iia?eueieo oaeaoii?a ? aioaia, naia aiia i?iaeoeo? oaee?
iaaeaenieeo /anoio. Aiie oe?aeeea? oei, ui iaa??aathoue i?aai?ci
«cna?aaeeie» ia ee?oeiiiio ??ai?. Iniaeeai a?ae oeueiai iioa?iathoue o?
/anoeie o?ea, ye? ia iieaathoueny e?ia’th, a a?aeoae caeeoathoueny iica
nenoaiith oa?ii?aaoeyoe?? i?aai?cio. Cie?aia, e?eooaeee iea. A?ae
aioo??oiueiai ia?aa??aaiiy a?i ?oeio?oueny ? iooi??. Oea i?iyaey?oueny
??ccth a i/ao ? ooiii o aieia?. Ca aeaieie Anana?oiuei? i?aai?caoe??
ioi?iie caei?ia’y, ei?enooaaiiy iia?eueiei oaeaoiiii iiiaae 1 aiaeeio ia
aeaiue iii?oii iia??oo? c?? oa neoo.

Iicie ethaeeie, ia uanoy, caoeuaiee /a?aiiith ei?iaeith ? aeia?a
iinoa/a?oueny e?ia’th, oiio ia?aa??aaiiy eiio ia caa?iaeo?. Aea… a/ai?
canoa??aathoue a?ae ?ioeo ?iia??ieo iaaaciae. Cie?aia, i?ae aieeaii
iiooaeieo aeaeo?iiaai?oieo oaeeue iia?eueiiai oaeaoiio iiaea a?aeaooeny
ca?e o i?iaeoeoaaii? eiai (iiceo) aeanieo aeaeo?i?iioeuen?a, /a?ac ye?
a?i ea?o? ?iaioith i?aai?cio. E?eueea ?ie?a oiio a ithioainuee?e
ee?i?oe? «A?inoaaea?i» ca aeiiiiiaith niaoe?aeueiiai oanooaaiiy aeiaaee,
ui iino?ei? neaiaee iia?eueieo aia?ao?a ci?iththoue aeaeo?i?iioeuene
aieiaiiai iiceo. Iaaeeee cai?iiiioaaee o/anieeai aenia?eiaioo i?iaanoe
o?eaae? ia?aaiai?e oaeaoiiii. Aei ?oi?o aie?a i?e?aeiaee aeaeo?iaee, ye?
caienoaaee ?iioeuene iiceo i?ae /an ?iciiae. C’ynoaaeiny, ui o aeaio
o?aoei i?aeaeine?aeieo aioeaoaeia?aia cana?ae/eea i?aeaeuaio aeoeai?noue
iiceo. ??/ o o?i, ui, i?eeeaaeath/e oaeaoii aei aooa, ethaeeia
ii?ii?ith? naaa c iiooaei?noth 25 000 i?e?aao/ni2, oiae? ye iaeneiaeueii
aeiionoeia ? cia/ii iaioith — 10 i?e?aao/ni2. I?aai?ci ethaeeie ae
i?aoeth? c? cia/ii iaioith iiooaei?noth — 0,001 i?e?aao/ni2.

E?ea?? a’thoue ia niieio

ssiiinuee? iaaeeee aenoioee i?eiouaiiy, ui aei?ii?ithaaiiy iia?eueiee?a
iiaea i?iaoaeeoe aioeaaie, ye? ni?e/eiththoue aea?a?ei? ?aaeoe??.
Iniaeeai oea noino?oueny ethaeae, noeeueieo aei aea?a??. Oaaaenuee?
a/ai? i?ney i?iaaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue ethaeae, ye? ei?enoothoueny
iia?eueiei oaeaoiiii iiiaae 10 ?ie?a, ae?eoee aeniiaeo, ui a ieo o 4
?ace aeuee ?ecee aeieeiaiiy iooeei aooa.

Iaao?oieie aeniiaeaie cae?i/eeeny e 4-??/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy 12 iaoeiaeo
eieaeoea?a c 7 ?a?iiaenueeeo e?a?i. O eaai?aoi?ieo oiiaao aea/aee
iane?aeee ae?? ia oaa?ei ? ethaeae aeaeo?iiaai?oieo iie?a, iiae?aieo aei
oeo, ye? aaia?othoue nioia? oaeaoiie. Aiie cao?enoaaee ??no aaiieo
iooaoe?e, aei oiai ae a oaeiio ianyc?, c yeei naia ee?oeia ia iiaea
aii?aoeny.

O?aaa a?aooaaoe ? oa, ui iino?ei? ?iciiae oaeaoiiii ni?e/eiththoue
oaeiae ia?aiai?oaeaiiy i’yc?a, caiaeaiiy nooiaeeeue, ci?uaiiy o?aaoe?a.
Aaeaea o?ei ia?aaoaa? a iai?e?iaeiiio aeey iueiai iieiaeaii?, o?enoth/e
o?oaeo a?ey aooa.

I?ioa ia an? iaeiaeiai ni?eeiathoue aei?ii?ithaaiiy a?ae iia?eueieo
oaeaoii?a. ? i?aeaeuaia, cieaeaia ? na?aaeiy ?aae?i/ooeea?noue.
A?eueo?noue ethaeae — aei 80%, iaeaaeaoue aei na?aaeiuei? a?oie. ?aooa
aai aei i?aeaeuaii? aai aei cieaeaii? /ooeeaino?. Ethaee c? cieaeaiith
?aae?i/ooeea?noth iiaeooue aeiaeiei /eiii ia ?aaaoaaoe ia iiooaeia
aei?ii?ithaaiiy, oiae? ye c i?aeaeuaiith — a?ae/ooe aoiio e
aieiaie?oae?iiy aaea i?ney iaei??? oaeaoiiii? ?iciiae.

«Aacniiiy»

A/ai? c oi?aa?neoaoo Oaeia a I?/eaai? (NOA) ni?eueii ?c oaaaenueeeie
eieaaaie i?iaaee aeine?aeaeaiiy e aeyaeee, ui aei?ii?ithaaiiy iia?eueieo
oaeaoii?a ni?e/eiy? aacniiiy e aieeaa? ia no?oeoo?o nio.

sse aaaaea? ea??aiee aeine?aeaeaiiy, a/aiee Aaiao A?iaooe,
aei?ii?ithaaiiy iia?eueieo aeoeao? no?anni?io nenoaio iiceo ?, ye
iane?aeie, ethaeei? noa? neeaaei?oa ?icneaaeoeny e caniooe.

E??i oiai, aenia?o cacia/ea, ui ?iciiaa ii iia?eueiiio ia?aae niii
oaeiae ia ? ei?eniith aeey i?aai?cio: iicie ia?aoiaeeoue o noai
caoaeaeaiiy aeiaeaoeiai aei caoaeaeaiiy a?ae ?aae?aoe??.

A yeui i?aeianoe iia?eueiee oaeaoii aei aieiae aeeoeie o a?oe? aei 5
?ie?a, oi oaiia?aoo?a aieiae i?aeiineoueny ia 2-4 a?aaeone.

«Aieea ia neoo»

*eiaei ethaeae nueiaiaei? caiaiiei?i? oei, yeee aieea iiaeooue iaoe
iia?euei? oaeaoiie ia ?oi? caei?ia’y. Aeine?aeaeaiiy iieacothoue, ui
/anoa aeei?enoaiiy nioiaiai ca’yceo iiaea i?ecaanoe aei iia??oaiiy
neooo, a oi e aei iiaii? eiai ao?aoe. A aeayeeo aeiaaeeao aeiith oeueiio
? iia?euei? oaeaoiie. Ca neiaaie ioiea?eiaieiaa Iaeeea Aiooa?a ethaee,
ye? aeei?enoiaothoue nioiaee ca’ycie aeecueei aiaeeie ia aeaiue, a??oa
/othoue aeniei/anoioi? caoee:

«Eiee ie ni?eeo?iiny, oi aiai?eii o iaaieo /anoioao. I?eaieini? caoee
cacae/ae ? ieae/eie, a aieini? iaaiaee cao/aoue o aeuiio ae?aiacii?. ?
yeui ae ia ?ic??ciy?oa aenieeo /anoio, oi ia iiaeaoa /ooe /?oei».

Ni?aaa o oiio, ui caeaoi?noue /ooe eiio?ieththoue iaeanaiuee? aieinee o
aon?. Iaaeoi neeueiee caoe i?ecaiaeeoue aei oiai, ui oe? aieinee
neaaoathoue ? a?aoo? a?aeie?athoue. Aeine?aeieee i?ioyaii 12 i?nyoe?a
i?iaiaeeee aenia?eiaio c nioiath ethaeae, ye? ei?enooaaeeny iia?eueieie
oaeaoiiaie, ? ii??aiyee ?acoeueoao c 50 ethaeueie, ye? ia ei?enooaaeeny
iia?eueieeaie. O ?acoeueoao? o?, ooi ei?enooaaany nioiaei ca’yceii,
a?eueoa ao?aoeee caeaoi?noue /ooe aenie? /anoioe.

«Iia?euei? oaeaoiie ? ae?oe»

Aaaaoi aaouee?a eoiothoue a iiaea?oiie iaeiia?o? iiaeae? iia?eueieo
oaeaoii?a aeey nai?o ae?oae, aea iaei ooi caaeoio?oueny i?i aieea oaeiai
iiaea?oiea ia ?o caei?ia’y. Aeaye? ei?enooaa/? iia?eueieo oaeaoii?a, a
oiio /ene? ? ae?oe, eaaeooue, ui aeiaaa ?iciiaa aeeeeea? aieiaiee a?eue
/a?ac aei?ii?ithaaiiy aeaeo?iiaai?oieo oaeeue iaei? ?ioaineaiino?, ye?
caeaoi? i?iieeaoe a iaio ianeaiee oa a?eueo /ooeeaee /a?ai. Oe?
aei?ii?ithaaiiy aieeaathoue ia iiceia? ?iioeuene, iiaeooue iaianoe
oeiaeo ?ioii?e nenoai? aeeoeie, yea ia?aaoaa? a i?ioean? ?icaeoeo.

A aaoueee eoiothoue iia?euei? oaeaoiie nai?i ae?oyi aeey oiai, uia
ae?ciaoeny, ui c aeeoeiith ana aa?acae, ia ciath/e i?i oa, ui i?e
ia?oiio i?aeeeth/aii? i?e?ioaeey aei?ii?ithaaiiy aeoaea aaeeea.
I?ae?aooeoa ne?eueee ca aeaiue aaoa aeeoeia io?eio? aeca?ie?a oa
caaeoiaeoany i?i ?? caei?ia’y ? ia o?ooa naaa aeoieith i?i oa, ui
iia?eueiee oaeaoii – aeey aaoiai niieith.

A/ai? aaaaeathoue, ui ?ecee iiaea aooe caaaeaiee aei i?i?ioio oeyoii
nei?i/aiiy ia’?io ?iciia oa ?ai?, ae?oe iiaeooue ei?enooaaoeny nai?ie
iia?eueieie oaeaoiiaie o?eueee a iniaeeaeo, aeno?aiaeueieo neooaoe?yo.
?ecee aeey caei?ia’y aeoaea aaeeeee: /ei iieiaeo? ae?oe, oei a?eueoa
iaaaciaea.

«I?aaeea ei?enooaaiiy iia?eueiei oaeaoiiii»

Ine?eueee a?aeiii, ui ae?oe oa i?aee?oee iathoue oiioee /a?ai, /ooeea?oo
ia?aiao oa neaaoo ?ioiio nenoaie, caei?aeiii? niaoe?ae?noe ?ic?iaeee
niaoe?aeueii aeey ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? c ei?enooaaiiy iia?eueieie
oaeaoiiaie:

• aeei?enoiaoeoa iia?eueiee eeoa o ?ac? e?aeiuei? iaiao?aeiino? oa eeoa
ia ei?ioeee /an;

• ia o?eiaeoa oaeaoii aeecueei aei o?ea (e?aua a ii?ooae? /e noioe?);

• eiee iineea?oa NIN, o?eiaeoa oaeaoii yeiiiaa aeae? a?ae o?ea;

• ia i?/ aeieeaeoa oaeaoii aai ia o?eiaeoa eiai ii?o/ c aieiaith;

• ia aeei?enoiaoeoa iia?eueiee o o?ainii?o? (o?ieaeaon?, aaoiaon?,
aaoiiia?e?, iniaeeai iao?i), ine?eueee a oeueiio aeiaaeeo
aei?ii?ithaaiiy iia?eueiiai oaeaoiio c?inoa?;

• ia a?aeoa a ?a?e, aeei?enoiaoth/e oaeaoii;

• ia o?eiaeoa oaeaoii aeecueei aei aooa, iiee anoaiiaeoueny ca’ycie;

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