US Congress

The United States of America is a federal republic consisting of 50
states. Each of which has its own goverment («state
goverment»). In some ways the United States is like 50 small
countries. Each state has its own governor, its own police and its
own laws. The present constitution was proclaimed in 1787 in
Philadelphia, the President is the head of the whole country and the
goverment and «commandering chief» of the armed forces. He makes the
most important decisions and chooses the ministers, the members of his
cabinet. But the President cannot do just what he wants. The Congress
must agree first. Americans choose a new president every four
years. The residence of the President is the White House in Washington,
the Capital city. The goverment of the

whole country (the Federal goverment) works from Washington, this is
where the Congress is based. The Capitol is the seat of the US Congress.
Congress is the American parliament which consists of 2 chambers. The
Senate and the House of Representatives. The first Congress met in 1789
in New York city. The membership then consisted of 22 senators
and 59 representatives. Today the House of Representatives has 435
members. Elections to the house take place every 2 years. There are
100 senators (2 from each state), they are elected to serve for a
period of six years, but every two years elections to the senate took
place when one/third of its members must be changed or re-elected.
Election day is always in the month of November, on the first Tuesday,
after the first

Monday. Americans who aren’t yet 25 years old have no right to be
elected to the House of Representatives. Whose, who are under 30 can’t
be elected in the Senate. The main political parties in the United
States of America are the Democratic Party and the Republlican
Party.

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