The South Ural State University
The paper work:
TOURISM IN GERMANY
Shamanova Nadejda Andreevna
Kovaleva Olga Ivanovna
2004Contents TOC \o «1-3» \h \z \u
HYPERLINK \l «_Toc73690398» Introduction. PAGEREF _Toc73690398 \h
HYPERLINK \l «_Toc73690399» 1. Germany PAGEREF _Toc73690399 \h 5
HYPERLINK \l «_Toc73690404» 2. Getting there PAGEREF _Toc73690404
HYPERLINK \l «_Toc73690407» 3. Accommodation in Germany. PAGEREF
_Toc73690407 \h 10
HYPERLINK \l «_Toc73690408» 4. Where to go. PAGEREF _Toc73690408 \h
HYPERLINK \l «_Toc73690409» 4.1.Festivals PAGEREF _Toc73690409 \h
HYPERLINK \l «_Toc73690411» 4.2. National Parks PAGEREF
_Toc73690411 \h 15
HYPERLINK \l «_Toc73690413» 4.3. Routs in Germany. PAGEREF
_Toc73690413 \h 20
HYPERLINK \l «_Toc73690414» 5. A Journey to Berlin PAGEREF
_Toc73690414 \h 24
HYPERLINK \l «_Toc73690415» 5.1. Accommodation in Berlin PAGEREF
_Toc73690415 \h 24
HYPERLINK \l «_Toc73690416» 5.2. Sightseeing in Berlin PAGEREF
_Toc73690416 \h 28
HYPERLINK \l «_Toc73690417» 5.3. Eat, Drink, Nightlife PAGEREF
_Toc73690417 \h 32
HYPERLINK \l «_Toc73690418» Conclusion. PAGEREF _Toc73690418 \h 34
HYPERLINK \l «_Toc73690419» Literature PAGEREF _Toc73690419 \h 35
HYPERLINK \l «_Toc73690420» Sites PAGEREF _Toc73690420 \h 35
Germany is rich by its tourist recourses. Each land has a lot of various
places of interest. «Come and be enchanted by the HISTORIC HIGHLIGHTS OF
GERMANY!» — This is the motto chosen by thirteen historic German cities
that have joined together to offer you some truly incomparable travel
experiences. They will all fascinate and delight you — HYPERLINK
«http://www.germany-tourism.de/e/metropole_augsburg.html» Augsburg ,
Bonn and HYPERLINK
«http://www.germany-tourism.de/e/metropole_bremen.html» Bremen ;
HYPERLINK «http://www.germany-tourism.de/e/metropole_erfurt.html» Erfurt
, HYPERLINK «http://www.germany-tourism.de/e/metropole_freiburg.html»
Freiburg , HYPERLINK
and HYPERLINK «http://www.germany-tourism.de/e/metropole_luebeck.html»
Luebeck ; Muenster and HYPERLINK
«http://www.germany-tourism.de/e/metropole_potsdam.html» Potsdam ;
Regensburg and HYPERLINK
«http://www.germany-tourism.de/e/metropole_rostock.html» Rostock ; Trier
«http://www.germany-tourism.de/e/metropole_wuerzburg.html» Wuerzburg .
Each of these many-faceted cities is steeped in history. At every turn
you will encounter the great names of the past and enjoy the
architectural and artistic heritage of great eras. Deep in the heart of
Europe, Germany has had a seminal impact on Continental history. From
the Holy Roman Empire to Otto Von Bismarck’s German Reich, Nazism and
the rise and fall of the Berlin Wall, no other nation has moulded Europe
the way Germany has — for better or worse.
Here, history really comes to life. And life comes to life too- in every
season the calendars are jam-packed with events for every taste: Top
quality concert series, art exhibitions, outstanding theatre, major
international sporting events, colourful street festivals and
traditional Christmas Markets sparkle with lights. This rich, interwoven
tapestry of the past and the modern is also the key to the charm and
dynamism of the historic highlights.
Fairy-tale castles, medieval towns, boisterous beer halls, breathtaking
landscapes and a cutting-edge arts scene — the land of Beethoven and
Bratwurst delights, excites and inspires.
The lowlands in the north of Germany stretch from the Netherlands to
Poland, skimming southern Denmark where it bridges the North and Baltic
seas. The industrialised central belt cinches Belgium and Luxembourg to
the Czech Republic’s western prong. The Rhine and Main Rivers, long
crucial for inland shipping, power through the troughs and gorges which
cut through the Central Uplands. To the south, the Danube River drains
the Bavarian highlands from the Black Forest, near the French and Swiss
borders, to Munich. The southern reaches of the Bavarian Alps give way
Germany is not prey to dramatic climatic extremes, although there are
regional differences. The most reliably good weather is from May to
October, with high summer a good bet for shorts and T-shirt, even in the
north. Autumn is a good time to visit Germany. As the tourist scrum
disperses and the forests turn golden, it’s not too stifling to be
active but still thirsty enough to end the day with a few well-deserved
steins. Winter is wet, especially in the south, with snow rarely
settling for long except in the high country.
Facts for the Traveler
Visas: EU citizens can enter on an official identity card. Americans,
Australians, Canadians, New Zealanders and Japanese just need a valid
passport (no visa). Unless you’re a citizen of a developing country, you
can probably stay up to three months.
Time Zone: GMT/UTC +1 (Central European Time)
Dialling Code: 49
Electricity: 230V, 50Hz
Weights & measures: Metric
When to Go
The German climate is variable so it’s best to be prepared for all types
of weather throughout the year. That said, the most reliable weather is
from May to October. This coincides, naturally enough, with the standard
tourist season (except for skiing). The shoulder periods can bring fewer
tourists and surprisingly pleasant weather. There is no special rainy
Germans love to party, and kick up their heels at everything from pagan
harvest romps to black tie opera galas. The Winter Carnival (Fasching)
season occurs throughout Germany, with big cities such as Cologne
(Koeln), Munich and Mainz erupting into commotion just before Ash
Wednesday. Germany’s rich musical heritage is showcased in a plethora of
festivals. Some towns concentrate on a particular composer, such as the
Thuringian Bach Festival in March or the Richard Wagner Festival in
Bayreuth each July, whereas others focus on a particular style. The jazz
festivals in Stuttgart (April) and Berlin (November) are lively and
popular. Autumn is a great time for harvest-inspired mayhem, especially
in the Rhineland, where the Rhine in Flames frolics feature barges laden
with fireworks. Mention must be made of Oktoberfest, Munich’s annual
lager frenzy, but it’s a bit like being stuck in a nightmarish soccer
crowd and is more an example of tourism at its lowest ebb than a display
of German culture. Christmas fairs are embraced wholeheartedly by German
families; they occur in Munich, Nuremberg, Luebeck, Berlin, Muenster and
Heidelberg, amongst other places.
2. Getting there
Getting There & Away
The main arrival/departure points for flights in Germany are
Frankfurt-am-Main, Munich and Duesseldorf. Frankfurt is Europe’s busiest
airport after Heathrow. An airport departure tax of around US$5 is
included in ticket prices. If you’re already in Europe, it’s generally
cheaper to get to and from Germany by train or bus. While train travel
is often more expensive than catching a bus, it’s generally faster, more
comfortable (particularly for overnight travel) and more efficient.
Germany is served by an excellent highway system connected to the rest
of Western Europe. Roads from Eastern Europe are being upgraded but some
border crossings are a little slow, especially from Poland. To enter
Germany with a car or motorbike, you must have third-party insurance.
Ferries run between Germany’s northern coast and Scandinavia and the UK.
By train. Getting around Germany is easy. Domestic air travel is
extensive but unless you’re in an awful hurry, you might as well save
your money — the German train network is wonderful. The railway system
enables everyone to travel comfortably to their destination. There are
good connections to both distant and local areas. Airports (Berlin
Schoenefeld, Duesseldorf, Munich and Stuttgart) are also merged into
this system. There are 60 different connections to the neighboring
European countries that originate daily in Germany. The customs
clearance usually takes place on the train once it has left the station.
The eastern and western train systems have now been fully merged,
although fares in the east are still cheaper. Numerous fares and ticket
passes are available. There is usually a surcharge for the InterCity
Express (ICE) trains but it’s worth it to travel 250km/h (155mph)
through the German countryside. Forget about buses until you’re in
By bus. A European bus service completes the railway system. It offers
special connections on particularly interesting routes to tourists.
Information regarding the bus system is also available in each travel
A journey by bus will guarantee comfortable travelling. Enjoy and
experience towns and landscapes in a relaxing way. Lean back and enjoy
the view of diverse landscapes from large bus windows or visit one of
Germany?s famous towns.Get on and relax — once you are comfortably
seated, your well-earned holidays will begin. Besides, you have chosen
an environmentally friendly way of travelling.
Internationaler Bustouristik Verband e.V. ( HYPERLINK
RDA ), the international federation of bus tour operators, has set up a
list of operators offering bus journeys. The list is set up according to
the Lands of the Federal Republic of Germany and is available. Here you
will find numerous journeys based on particular themes, sightseeing
tours and club tours. It is also possible to set up your own journey in
co-operation with the operator. HYPERLINK
Touring GmbH offers attractive journeys on public service buses along
Germany?s touristic holiday routes. Today Deutsche Touring is one of the
most important bus companies in Europe. In cooperation with foreign
partners, it provides regular international services linking over 700
cities throughout Europe. Regional and urban public transportation
operators and associations offer a rich network of short distance bus
By car. If you are travelling by car, an ultra-modern and efficient
freeway network awaits you. Over 700 restaurants, gas stations, motels
and kiosks are open day and night to travellers driving across the
approximately 11,000 km freeway network of the Federal Republic.
German roads are excellent, and motorised transport can be a great way
to tour the country, although most towns have problems with car-parking.
The national and famous motorway network known as autobahn can be
wonderful and nightmare.
Bicycle touring in Germany is very popular. There are often separate
cycling routes in the cities, towns and in the countryside, but cycling
on the autobahn is strictly not allowed.
3. Accommodation in Germany.
There is a wide variety of accommodation possibilities in Germany
ranging from a private room to a vacation home up to a luxury hotel.
There are also lower priced lodgings available. Either way, standards
are set and checked so that you can expect a comfortable place to stay
in every case. HYPERLINK «http://www.dehoga.de/index-englisch.htm»
Hotel corporations and regional and local HYPERLINK
«http://www.d-navigator.de/» tourism organisations publish their own
accommodation directories. You can make room reservations directly
through the hotel chain reservation systems, hotel corporations, the
airports and tourism organisations. Travel agencies also work closely
More and more hotels and hotel chains in Germany are including youth
specials into their programs. Special youth hostels and youth hotels
have dedicated and specialised themselves to tourists needs. They can
even be accommodated close to the city centers. HYPERLINK
«http://www.germany-tourism.de/e/1592.html» Vacation villages and
vacation apartments are a good idea for spending more than one night
somewhere. Tourists can also spend the night at one of more than 2000
HYPERLINK «http://www.germany-tourism.de/e/1592.html» camping sites or
in one of over 600 HYPERLINK «http://www.djh.de/» youth hostels .
HYPERLINK «http://www.bed-and-breakfast.de/» Bed & Breakfast is not
just a British speciality. Almost all tourist information points can
find you a private room on arrival and can sometimes even make advance
Hotel rooms in Germany have a wide selection of price ranges. You
can stay overnight in luxury suites, rooms in middle class hotels or
very inexpensive accommodation in smaller hotels. From Flensburg to
Munich, from Aachen to Dresden, you can find hotels to fit your needs
according to HYPERLINK
«http://www.hotelsterne.de/englisch/index-englisch.html» German hotel
classification standards. Hotels are classified based on a uniform
criteria and are categorised by a certain number of HYPERLINK
«http://www.dehoga.de/sterne/index-englisch.htm» stars (i.e. **** =
luxurious). Some of Germanys` finer hotels are HYPERLINK
«http://www.accorhotels.com/» Accor , HYPERLINK
«http://www.arabellasheraton.de/» ArabellaSheraton and HYPERLINK
Camping & Caravaning
Whether staying in an RV trailer, motorhome or within the four walls of
your tent, you can be right at home in any beautiful setting. For a few
days or several weeks, delightful landscapes can be directly outside
your front door. Relax in nature and recover from the hectic pace of
everyday life. Germany offers an abundance of camp sites in areas chosen
for the incredible scenery they possess, and their gates are open to
everyone. For your vacation, you can choose from sites located in more
tourist areas or, for longer stays, get away to more remote locations in
the middle of the most gorgeous surroundings.
Guesthouses & inns
Besides hotels in all categories, there is naturally also a variety of
guesthouses and inns which can be found almost everywhere in Germany.
They offer a good opportunity for enjoying a low-priced vacation in a
The youth hostels in Germany are open to all people, whether young or
old. Suitable for short visits or longer stays, hostels are ideal for
many different types of people and activities. Guests can include single
people, families, tour groups, sport teams and youth groups. They come
for everything from vacation camps to ski trips as well as conferences
and seminars. The only requirement is that one must be a member of the
German Youth Hostel Association.
Vacation on a farm
The most beautiful time of the year is awaiting you right outside your
door. Vacation farm areas can provide with peaceful, unencumbered
days. Out in the country, you will find elements of life that you
otherwise may not experience. Instead of the hectic pace of everyday
life that makes you feel unacknowledged, you encounter real hospitality
in a warm, personal atmosphere.
You will find yourself rejuvenated in such a natural setting
whether just HYPERLINK «http://www.germany-tourism.de/e/2407.html»
walking outside , fishing, HYPERLINK
«http://www.germany-tourism.de/biking/» biking or HYPERLINK
«http://www.germany-tourism.de/e/5689.html» horseback riding . There’s
no end to the new experiences and discoveries you can make. The hosts of
the farm will spoil you with regional delicacies like fragrant fresh
breads, home-made sausages and cheeses as well as wine and juices from
own vineyards. Diverse leisure activities for both young and old round
off the whole experience in the country.
HYPERLINK «http://www.bed-and-breakfast.de/» Bed and Breakfast
A HYPERLINK «http://www.bed-and-breakfast.de/» Bed and Breakfast is
typically a lower-priced alternative to hotels and inns. Instead of
staying in anonymous hotel beds, you sleep in cosy, private guest rooms.
You are welcomed cordially by your hosts who offer a pleasant atmosphere
in which to enjoy your stay. In the morning, breakfast is prepared just
for you according to your taste. Your hosts take a personal interest in
helping you with providing tips and information about the area, the
country and the people.
4. Where to go.
A) The Berlinale.
From its beginning in post war Berlin, the Berlinale was designed to be
an international rather than a national film festival.
Over the years the festival has cemented its status as major European
film festival and is easily as important as its competitors in Venice
The Golden and Silver Berlin bear and many honorary awards are much
B) Love parade in Berlin
German techno guru Dr. Motte and 150 of his closer friends started the
rave in 1989. They met at Berlin’s ‘Ku’damm’ to celebrate a party and to
demonstrate for tolerance and love.
Successfully: the mobile party attracts en-vogue DJs and an enthusiastic
Some facts: In 2000, the loveparade’s busiest year to date, 250 DJs on
53 wagons partied together with over a million guests.
Recently, Austria, Israel, South Africa and Mexico have joined the craze
and organised their own love parades.
C) Frankfurt’s Bookfair
Frankfurt is a big player in global trade fair business. An annual
average of 80 fairs and exhibitions attract numerous visitors from all
over the world.
One of the highlights is Frankfurt’s book fair. The biggest book fair
worldwide dates back to the 15th century. Its popularity has increased
Today, more than 250,000 annual visitors flood the fair.
The aim: information on a selection of the almost 400,000 books which
are being presented. Readings, talks, interviews and other side events
offer additional incentives for an interested public. Book industry,
publishers, critics, readers and writers alike are under the spell of
the biggest book fair world wide.
D) Carnival in Germany
In Germany Mardi Gras (‘Fasching’) is also referred to as the fifth and
foolish season (‘die naerrische Zeit’). It is a time of elaborate
parades, masks, balls and election of Carnival king and queen and
The exact time of celebration and the traditions vary from county to
county, but it generally takes place in early spring. Munich, Cologne,
Mainz are strongholds of Mardi Gras celebrations.
Switzerland and HYPERLINK «http://www.aboutaustria.org/» Austria , too,
join the party with enthusiasm following their own traditions.
E) Munich’s ‘Oktoberfest’
Even though it is called ‘Oktoberfest’, the festival actually takes
place in September, as Bavarian autumn can be tricky and surprise with
early cold and snow. Today, the ‘Oktoberfest’ is the largest festival
worldwide attracting a multitude of visitors. Apart from beer tents the
festival offers amusements as diverse as roller coasters, circus
appearances, festive parades and live brass bands.
The ceremonial opening happens at noon. The mayor arrives in a festive
coach followed by a decorated horse-drawn brewer’s cart. Guests, staff
and the numerous brass bands are all wearing traditional costumes
(lederhosen and dirndls) for the occasion. At the end of the parade the
major taps the first keg of beer and shouts, «o’zapft is!» (The keg is
It takes good nerves and a solid stomach to survive the festivals 16
days of intensive partying. However, the festival is a huge success:
Apart from attracting a multitude of visitors the festivals brand name
‘Oktoberfest’ has been exported all over the world.
4.2. National Parks
A) The Jasmund National Park
The Jasmund National Park offers many different landscapes within a very
small area. Come and visit a cretaceous landscape with numerous bogs,
wet grasslands and dry meadows. The most renowned attraction are the
chalk cliffs surrounding the Koenigsstuhl which have been captured in
paintings by the famous artist Caspar David Friedrich.
Apart from the Koenigsstuhl, the highest point on the chalk coastline,
the whole length of the chalk coastline is impressive. It stretches over
a length of 10 km, reaches a height of 117 m and consists of both active
and inactive cliffs, illustrating the dynamics of an active steep
The national park offers a wide range of activities, such as hiking and
bicycle tours, excursions and seminars which give the opportunity to
explore the most beautiful hiking trails through the region?s forested
The Stubnitz area is not just worth a visit because of its magical chalk
landscape, it is also the home of mythical figures.
On guided tours, organised on a regular basis by the national park
administration, you will find out everything about Hertha, a Germanic
goddess, and Stoertebecker, a pirate who is said to have buried treasure
somewhere in this area.
— Cape Arkona with the little town of Vitt
— the fishing port of Sassnitz with its fishing museum
— «Piratenschlucht» (pirate?s gorge) in Sassnitz
— Greifswald’s museum with an exhibition of paintings by Caspar David
— historic craftsmen’s dwellings in Gingst
— Gruembke lookout tower near Neuenkirchen
Jasmund offers a wide range of guided tours (daily tours take place from
April — September, both from the parking lot in Hagen to the
Koenigsstuhl and from Sassnitz to the bizarre rock formations of
Furthermore, you can visit numerous exhibitions (at the national park
visitors? center at the Koenigsstuhl and also at the Granitz hunting
lodge near Sellin).
The biosphere reserve «South East Ruegen» organises further hiking and
bicycle tours, as well as excursions.
B) The Wadden Sea of Hamburg National Park
The Wadden Sea of Hamburg National Park, which is the smallest of three
mud-flats national parks, is characterized by three islands:
«Neuwerk», widely covered with meadows and with a population of 40,
«Scharhoern», with its sand dunes, and «Nigehoern» which has been
created artificially. The island group is located directly at the mouth
of the river Elbe near Cuxhaven in northern Germany and protects a
landscape of approximately 12,000 hectares of wadden sea.
On guided tours you not only have the opportunity to learn about the
region?s landscape but also about the islands? historical background.
On the way from Neuwerk to Scharhoern you will walk along trails
leading across seemingly endless mud-flats. Scharhoern, which used to be
a sandbank, is a tourist attraction mainly for its sea bird colonies. On
a visit to the ornithological station you will see one of the largest
colonies of sea swallows.
— carriage ride across mud-flats from Sahlenburg to the island of
— voyage with the MS «Flipper» from Cuxhaven to the island of Neuwerk
— guided walks across the Wadden sea
— guided tours to the bird colonies, salt marshes and wadden sea of
— guided tours to Scharhoern, the bird sanctuary
— searching for amber on the «Kleiner Vogelsand»
— amber exhibition on the island of Neuwerk
We recommend national park visitors on day trips to take a walk along
the main dyke, from which you can see the foreshore with its bird
colonies but also the island?s interior. Cars are banned on the islands.
For this reason tours, for example, to the fortified tower of the island
of Neuwerk, through the salt marshes of the foreshore with their
abundance of flora and fauna, or to the «Ostschleuse» lock, can either
be made on foot or by horse-drawn carriage.
C) The Wadden Sea of Lower Saxony National Park
Make a trip to one of the most impressive wadden sea landscapes. High
up, in northern Germany, at the North Sea coast of Lower Saxony, the
Wadden Sea of Lower Saxony National Park is located. It protects the
wadden seas landscape between the river Ems and the river Elbe,
including the offshore East Frisian Islands. The national park offers
amazing natural spectacles and various landscapes, such as salt-marshes,
which are typical of this region, the steep coast near Dangast and the
«swimming bog» near Sehestedt, Germany’s only remaining bog landscape
located outside the country’s dykes
— Wadden Sea House in Wilhelmshaven
— Norddeich seal station
— Lightship and whale-bone fence on the island of Borkum
— Fisherman’s House Museum on the island of Norderney
— Dornumsiel Castle, surrounded by water
— German Shipping Museum in Bremerhaven
— Old lighthouse on the island of Wangerooge
The surrounding area offers a wide range of sightseeing opportunities,
such as the East Frisian islands of Juist and Norderney. Whether you
want to go swimming and enjoy the broad beaches, take a ride in a
carriage across the island or a walk through the salt-marshes, the
national park?s recreation and leisure program will guarantee a lot of
fun and relaxation.
D) The Wadden Sea of Schleswig-Holstein National Park
Welcome to the Wadden Sea of Schleswig-Holstein National Park, the
largest national park in central Europe. One third of Schleswig-Holstein
belongs to the world?s largest uninterrupted wadden sea landscape, which
reaches from the North Sea coast of the Netherlands up to Denmark. The
wadden sea, a stretch of land affected by tides, are flooded by sea
water during high tide and remain dry during low tide, a unique
phenomenon worldwide. Experience an oceanic landscape as near to nature
as it can be, with dunes, beaches, salt-marshes and «Halligen», small
islands which are not protected by dykes and therefore become flooded
whenever there is a spring tide or a heavy storm.
Experienced guides will show the amazing spectacle of low and high tide.
You can watch how, after six hours of low tide, the wadden sea become
flooded again and the deep, artificially constructed furrows — called
‘Priele’ — fill with water. Whether you go swimming in the sea, take a
walk along the beach or over the mud-flats, join a boat tour or watch
the birds in the salt-marshes — your holiday in the Wadden Sea of
Schleswig-Holstein National Park will definitely be relaxing, for both
body and soul.
— HYPERLINK «http://www.multimar-wattforum.de/» Multimar Wattforum in
Toenning, a national park center
— Husum, with its old river port and museums
— ride in a carriage to the Suedfall Hallig
— guided hiking tour across the mud-flats
— Nordstrand tourist information center with its aquarium
— Friedrichskoog seal station
One of many possible sightseeing opportunities is a trip to the small
fishing villages which belong to the national park. You can also go on a
boat tour to the seal banks and observe a unique and fascinating animal
4.3. Routs in Germany.
Germany’s first “Vacation Routes” and “Scenic Routes” date back to
1927, each carving a path dedicated to a particular cultural or scenic
theme. Today, some 150 such routes exist, and millions of people travel
them annually. Discover Germany along the “German Castle Road,” “German
Fairytale Road,” or the most famous, the “Romantic Road.” Whatever your
interest, our Scenic Routes will guide you on a fun and exciting
The “Romantic Road.”
Wuerzburg Residence Palace
In every traveler’s life, there are never-to-be-forgotten moments. One
of them is the transformation that begins at the exit from the A-7
Autobahn, where you enter the Romantic Road. One of the most famous of
the German Vacation Routes wends its way from Wuerzburg to Fuessen.
The Romantic Road is a 220-mile journey from the River Main to the Alps
that offers the traveler what is simply one of the most beautiful and
most engaging melange of scenery, cuisine and ambience Germany can
It’s all gorgeous — the stunning HYPERLINK
Residence Palace, the centuries-old panorama and magical atmosphere of
Rothenburg-ob-der-Tauber and Dinkelsbuehl, the Roman remains in
Augsburg, Bavarian King Ludwig II’s unforgettable dream- HYPERLINK
«http://www.germany-tourism.de/e/2765_2818.html» castle of
Castle of Neuschwanshtein
Wherever travellers find themselves on the Romantic Road, exceptional
cuisine, delicious wines, glorious land- and city-scapes, HYPERLINK
«http://www.germany-tourism.de/e/2765.html» castles , churches and
HYPERLINK «http://www.germany-tourism.de/e/2765.html» fortresses
inspire the appetite and the soul. Here, in one of the most charming and
beautiful sections of Germany, even the most cynical and unromantic
traveler cannot help but be seduced.
B) The Classic route.
Whether we pass through Erfurt, Weimar, Jena or Gotha, names such as
Goethe, Schiller, Wagner and Strauss always linger on any trip through
the «green heart of Germany».
The town of Eisenach is known as the home of the «Wartburg», the
castle once inhabited by the famous Martin Luther. It is also, however,
the city of minstrels and birthplace of Johann Sebastian Bach, whose
history can be traced in the local «Bach House» museum. Eisenach is a
medieval town which both Goethe and Wagner liked to visit, and it is a
joy to wander through the splendid forest landscapes of this area.
Along the classic route, Gotha is also worth a visit. The «Friedenstein
Palace» and annual events such as the «Ekhof Festival» all contribute to
give the town a unique touch. In Arnstadt, we reach «the gateway to the
Forest of Thuringia «.
Excursions to the «Wachsenburg Fortress», «Gleichen Castle Ruins» and
«Muehlburg Ruins» are highly recommended.
Next stop is Weimar, «European Cultural City 1999», which links to
Goethe and Schiller. Besides «Goethe’s residence», his «summer-house on
the Ilm» and the «German National Theater», the «Goethe National Museum»
represents a special attraction in the city. Not far from Weimar is a
town called Jena, known foremost for the work and life of Friedrich
Schiller and which has therefore become a popular destination.
С) The Castle Road
Historical places and charming countryside with many romantic fortresses
and fairy tale castles make the 975 km long castle route from Mannheim
to Prague a varied route. The glory of time’s past still has an effect
today on many towns and villages.
The countryside is as varied as the history. The river Neckar
winds its way through the Odenwald, the Hohenloher Ebene seems to
stretch endlessly into the distance, next the rolling Frankenhoehe and
then the northern part of so-called Franconian Switzerland. The legacy
of the artloving Electors of the Palatinate can still be admired in
towns such as Mannheim, Heidelberg or Schwetzingen.
Ludwigsburg Castle Schwerin Castle
On the tracks of the Palatinate Earls, Mosbach, Neckarzimmern or Bad
Wimpfen are certainly well worth a visit, with their picturesque old
town centres and romantic halftimbered houses. Near Heilbronn the route
passes through winegrowing areas, the medieval free city of Nuremberg
and the vererable towns of Rothenburg o. d. Tauber, Coburg, Kronach,
Kulmbach, Bayreuth right through to Karlsbad and Marienbad, the famous
spa towns, to eventually reach Prague, the capital of the Czech
All these towns with their 70 fortresses, ruins and castles line the
castle route like many pearls in a row and present themselves as
impressive witnesses to the past. Medieval towns, monasteries, historic
buildings and cultural treasures make sure the journey along the castle
route becomes a special and varied experience.
5. A Journey to Berlin
The might and scope of Prussian achievement is manifest in Berlin, one
of the world’s most fascinating and troubling cities. Of strategic
importance since it first straddled the Spree River in the 13th century,
Berlin never hogged centre stage quite like it did this century. This is
the heart of Germany, its stoic beat echoing through grand public
buildings, glorious museums and theatres, and its urbane restaurants,
bustling pubs and raucous nightclubs. Today, the city, restored as the
nation’s capital, is the focus of the mammoth project of reunification
and readings of Germany’s mood are taken most accurately here.
Berlin is a good city to explore on foot. Take time to stroll from
Alexanderplatz to the Brandenburg Gate along Unter den Linden. The
nearby Kulturforum is a cluster of museums and concert halls on the
south-eastern side of Tiergarten that can take days to explore.
5.1. Accommodation in Berlin
During the cultural festivals? Trade fairs and conferences? Hotels are
totally booked up. The flood of tourists has increased since the opening
of the wall. Unless you have alternative accommodation, a
spur-of-the-moment trip to Berlin can be marred by an unpleasant or
futile search for a hotel room. Reservations made several weeks in
advance are definitely recommended.
Bristol Hotel Kempinski (Kurfurstendamm 27) – The epitomy of traditional
2. Grand Hyatt Berlin
In the new heart of Berlin at Potsdamer Platz, the modern design hotel
Grand Hyatt Berlin is adjacent to restaurants, shopping arcades, a
casino and the city’s main musical theatre. The Philharmonic Theatre,
New National Gallery and Picture Gallery are located in the immediate
neighbourhood; the Government District, the city park Tiergarten and
Berlin’s greatest cultural treasures are within walking distance. The
city train and subway stations at Potsdamer Platz are nearby, and Tegel
International Airport is 9.4 miles/15 kilometres from the hotel.
3. Grand Hotel Esplanade ( Lutzowufer 15) — The modern, polished design
emphasises functional luxury. Centrally located between the
Kurfurstendammm, Unter den Linden and Potsdamer Platz, opposite the
Tiergarten Park, this designer hotel captures the spirit of contemporary
Berlin in a sophisticated setting. The hotel offers flexible and
attractive conference and banqueting rooms for up to 450 people. Hotel
room have bathroom, WC, telephone, fax, modem-connection, radio, TV,
safe, minibar, sound insulation, air conditioning, restaurants, 2 bars,
swimming pool, whirlpool, 3 saunas, solarium, beauty center, massage,
fitness center, hairdressing salon, 6 conference rooms for up to 450
persons, garage parking, and conference boat. The “Esplanade” is a
5-star boat available for conferences, parties and private celebrations.
Room facilities: Air conditioning, Minibar, Radio, Safe, Satellite TV,
Sound insulation, Telephone with modem-connection.
4. Inter-Continental (Budapester strasse 2) – the largest hotel in town.
Famous for its luxury.
5. Palace Hotel (Budapester strasse 45)
This luxury 5-star city hotel presents 282 individually decorated
rooms, including 32 suites about 55 — 225 sqm. Cable TV, refrigerated
mini bar, trouser press, soundproofed windows and further extras belong
to our standard. Its suites are appointed with marble bathrooms,
exclusive hifi, as well as whirlpool and large dressing rooms. The
elegant banqueting floors offer 12 different function rooms that can be
extended to accommodate 10 — 700 persons as well as 5 banquet rooms in
the adjoining Business Centre. Breakfast restaurant «Bon Dia», «Lounge»
and «Sam’s Bar» offering snacks and cocktails. Michelin-rated-Restaurant
«First Floor» with chef Mathias Buchholz, Cafe-Restaurant «Tiffany’s»
and the rustic restaurant «Alt- Nurnberg» in the bordering
Europa-Center. Money exchange, room service, laundry- and shoe cleaning
service. Admission free to the «Thermen am Europa-Center», a large
health spa with sauna and swimming pool.
Art hotel Sorat (Joachimstaler Strasse 28-29) – Art and accommodation:
the Wolf Vostell designer furniture sculptures make each room a unique
Avantgarde (Kurfurstendamm 15) – Neo-Baroque house with huge rooms
decorated with stucco mouldings.
Artemisia (Branderburgishe Strasse 18) – tiny, attractively decorated
hotel reserved exclusively for women.
Dom Hotel (Mohrenstrasse 30, Mitte) – fine modern hotel overlooking the
most beautifull square in the city: the Platz der Academy.
Mondial (Kurfurstendamm 47) – spacious rooms. The entire hotel is
designed for use by handicapped.
Hotels & Pensions.
Alpina (Trabener Strasse 3) – small villa with garden near the Grunewald
Kreuzberg (Grossbeerenstrasse 64) – for young, undemanding guests.
Savoy (Meinekestrasse 4) – Small but nice.
Terminus (Fasanenstrasse 48) – neither plush nor dingy.
Transit (Hagelberger Strasse 53-54) – Charming hotel for young people
who care more for atmosphere than luxury.
(youth hostel) – Bayernalee 36
Jugendgastehaus am Wannsee
(youth guest house) – Badeweg 1
(youth guest house) – Kluckstrasse 3
Jugendgastehaus am Zoo
(youth guest house) – Hardenbergstrasse 9a
(youth guest house) – Franz-Mett-Strasse 7
5.2. Sightseeing in Berlin
The Brandenburg Gate (Brandenburger Tor)
The Brandenburg gate is the unquestionable symbol of Berlin and is now
regarded as one of the greatest symbols of German unity. It is the last
remaining gate of the Berlin Wall and marks the western end of the
famous Unter den Linden Boulevard. The statue on top of the arch
represents Nike driving her chariot to victory towards the West.
B) Museum Island (Museumsinsel)
The Berlin Museumsinsel is a unique ensemble of museum buildings that
illustrate the evolution of modern museum design over more than a
century. The museums include The National Gallery, The Old Museum (Altes
Museum), The Pergamon Museum and The Bode Museum.
The National Galerie is an ultra-modern building built in the 1960s. The
museum collection specialises in works from the 19th and 20th centuries
as well as international contemporary art. The National Galerie is
famous for its collection of French impressionists.
The Old Museum houses an amazing collection of 18th, 19th and early
20th-century paintings and statues. Any prominent artist you can think
of it probably featured here.
The Pergamon Museum is immense. It is divided into five sections: the
Antiquities Collection, the Middle East Museum, the Islamic Museum, the
Far East Collection, and the Museum of Popular Art. A few days is needed
to properly explore it.
The Bode Museum’s original collection of Egyptian artifacts was very
badly affected by World War II. However, there are outstanding exhibits
of Byzantine and early Christian relics on show.
The Tiergarten is often referred to as Berlin’s green heart. Originally
a hunting reserve for royalty, landscape architect Peter Joseph Lenne
turned the Tiergarten into a beautiful city park in 1742. During World
War II many of the trees were cut for firewood and the pristine lawns
were turned into vegetable gardens to feed the populace of Berlin. Heavy
bombing then damaged much of the rest of the park. The present-day
plantings took place just after the war and today the beautifully lush
Tiergarten is a popular place with Berliners and, to the surprise of
many tourists, nude sunbathing is permitted throughout the park. The
park is over 412-acres and it stretches for 1.75 miles west from the
D) The Berlin Wall
If you want to see what remains of the infamous Berlin Wall head down
Charlottenstrasse and then west along Leipzigerstrasse. There you can
see one of the best examples of what remains of the Wall.
E) The Berlin Radio Tower
The Berlin Radio Tower was built in 1924 for the Third German
Broadcasting Exhibition. Standing at 138-meters high, this
steel-latticed tower is a fantastic viewing point with panoramic
bird’s-eye views of the city. An elevator takes you to the observation
deck at 125 meters to admire the vista. There is a restaurant at the
F) The Charlottenburg Palace (Schloss Charlottenburg)
The Charlottenburg Palace is the oldest surviving Prussian palace in
Germany. Building began in 1695 and was completed in 1790. There are 70
rooms and corridors crammed full of ornate furnishings and Watteau
paintings. The east wing houses an incredible collection of romanticist
paintings while the west wing houses a collection of ancient and
prehistoric art and artifacts. Take a guided tour of the royal
apartments and then stroll through the formal gardens that surround the
G) The Reichstag
The Reichstag, built in 1884-94, has witnessed many of the key moments
in 20th century German history. It has seen the Proclamation of the
German Republic in 1918, endured a burning in 1933, a storming in 1945
by Russian troops and German Reunification in 1990. Since its renovation
in 1999, it has housed the Bundestag (Parliament).
H) Soviet War Memorial (Treptower Park)
Treptower Park houses a very sobering monument to the Soviet soldiers
who died fighting Hitler. The park also contains a mass grave for the
5,000 soldiers killed in action. Walk the tree-lined avenue to see a
statue of Mother Russia crying for her dead children. There are huge
white stone reliefs set up in a manner not unlike the Stations of the
Cross. They bear quotations from Stalin and depict how the Soviets won
out against Fascism. At the far end of the park there is a massive
statue of a heroic Soviet soldier clutching a child in one arm and
smashing a swastika with the other.
I) The Jewish Quarter
The Scheunenviertel (Stable Quarter) is both Berlin’s newest hot spot
and one of its oldest areas. It was originally founded in the 17th
century outside the medieval city walls. It survived Allied bombing
raids and the Red Army’s assault on the city. Recently, the quarter’s
old buildings are being reincarnated as trendy bars, cafes, restaurants,
and galleries. It is lively, trendy and bohemian and well worth a visit.
5.3. Eat, Drink, Nightlife
Berlin offers a wide range of possibilities to go out. Restaurants, Pubs
and clubs of all kind and for every gusto invite you. Many places and
streets are perfect night walks because one restaurant is here next to
Many restaurants invite you to discover the delicacies of Berlin’s
cuisine. In a cosy ambiance you can savour the regional specialities and
discover the variety of typical food along the meetballs (Bouletten) and
Berliner Weisse (beer with juice).
The whole world is at home in Berlin. Restaurants offer food from around
the world, from Argentina to Zimbabwe, folkloristic or exclusive. You
are at the right place in Berlin to go on a culinary journey around the
world or to discover really particular food.
Night owls with stamina can also give their undivided attention to the
interesting range of pubs around Savignyplatz in Charlottenburg. The
area consist of a great number of restaurants and bars where everyone
can meet the stars of television or Berlin’s culture and political
scene. Here is the melting pot that combines symbolically the former
west and the new centre to a harmonic construction.
Pariser Strasse and Ludwigkirchplatz
Especially the younger crowd is attracted to the Pariser Strasse. At
this location you will find taverns, bars, American diners, Mexican
restaurants and very modern and stylish discos. During the summer life
concentrates on the street in form of many chairs and tables that invite
us to rest. In the middle of this street the well-maintained
Ludwigkirchplatz with its rich areas of green providing a relaxing
shadow is located.
arkt.html» Winterfeldtplatz and Schoeneber
arkt.html» Winterfeldtplatz is the location of a frequently visited
market. In the numerous taverns and bars, plenty of customers, tourists
and locals meet each other. The scene is uncomplicated and open minded,
also due to the presence of Berlin’s gay population.
In Goltzstrasse the Schoenebergers meet in places such as the Cafe M,
Lux or one of the numerous Indian snack bars. Between Schoeneberg and
Tiergarten the 90° is still an up-to-date party location. But the
Latinamerican Clubs El Barrio or the Caracas Bar invite for a visit as
Germany is among the most attractive countries for tourists because it
has developed tourist and hospitality industry. In every city or even in
the country tourists have an opportunity to find accommodation and to
taste the national dishes. And there are everywhere numerous places of
interest in Germany.
Every year a lot of tourists visit Germany to see its amazing and
outstanding sightseeing. There is no doubt that tourists visited Germany
wouldn’t be disappointed.
1.Western Europe on a shoestring.
2.Berlin. Insight pocket guide.