The State Flag of Ukraine (реферат)

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“The State Flag of Ukraine”

The State Flag of Ukraine

Various types of flags were used in various periods of Ukrainian
history. The earliest mention of the modern national colors of Ukraine
dates back to the period of Hetman State and is found in the Lviv
Chronicle of the 17th century. Supposedly, the coat of arms of the city
of Lviv, in yellow and blue colors, was granted to the city by Prince
Lev. Yellow and blue also appeared in the coat of arms of the “Ruthenian
Voyevodstvo (Province)” which was part of Poland in the 14th and 15th
centuries. The description of some military flags from the times of the
Hetman State (after the Periaslav Council of 1654) mention azure as the
color of the flag cloth bearing different embroidered emblems and
mottoes. Along with azure, often in combination with yellow, the
favorite colors of the Kozak state were crimson and red.

The heraldic conception of national colors that had been passed down
from ancient times had been lost. Instead, blue was justified as being
the color of the sky and yellow as the color of the wheat fields. On
March 22, 1918 the Ukrainian Central Rada simultaneously adopted the
yellow-and-blue flag and the trident as the national coat of arms. On
November 12, 1918, the government of the Western Ukrainian National
Republic also adopted these colors for its state flag. In accordance
with the resolution of the Ukrainian National Rada of June 27, 1949, the
state flag of the Ukrainian National Republic consisted of two equal
horizontal stripes: blue at the top and yellow at the bottom.

When Ukraine declared its independence in 1991, it adopted a new
National Flag on January 28, 1992 – a horizontally 2-striped flag. The
upper stripe, blue, signifying the open sky and the bottom yellow
stripe, symbolizing the wheat fields of Ukraine.

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