The Russian Federation(реферат)

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The Russian Federation.

The Russian Federation is the largest country in the world. It
occupies about one-seventh of the earth’s surface. It’s total area is
about 17 million square kilometers. The country is washed by 12 seas of
3 oceans : the Pacific, the Atlantic, the Arctic. Russia borders with
many country. They are : Korea, China, Mongolia, Kazakhstan, Georgia,
Azerbaijan, Norway, Finland, the Baltic states, Belorussia and the
Ukraine. It also has a sea border with the USA. The population of the
Russian Federation is nearly 250 million people. The capital of the
country is Moscow. It’s its largest political, scientific, cultural and
economical center. Russia is very rich in mineral resources. There is
gold, platinum, diamonds, coal, peat, oil, gas and wood. There are over
two million rivers in Russia. The Europe’s biggest river , the Volga ,
flows into the Caspian sea. Others main rivers are : the Ob, the
Yenisei, the Lena and the Amur. Russia is also rich in beautiful lakes.
The world biggest lake – the Caspian sea and the world deepest lake –
Lake Baikal are in it. Russia has one-six of the world’s forests. They
are concentrated in the European north of the country, in Siberia and in
Far East. On the vast territory of the country there are different types
of climate, from arctic in the north to subtropical in the south. In the
middle of the country the climate is continental. Russia has four
beautiful seasons : winter , spring , summer and autumn. They are very
different. The Russian Federation is a parliamentary republic. The Head
of State is the President. He is elected for 4 years and his powers are
limited by the Duma. At present Russia has some political and economical
problems. (The price are rising, the rate of inflation is very high,
people are losing their jobs and many factories are stopped). But I
believe that in the future the young generation of your country will
sold all these problems and they shall make “Great” Russia as strong and
powerful as it used to be.


Russia occupy a large territory. It strech almost 10 000 (ten
thousend) kilometres from east to west and nearly 5 000 (five thousend)
kilometres from north to south. It’s population is 150 000 000 (one
handred and fifty) million people.

From spring till autmn the sun never sets over Russia: in
Kaliningrad peole see it sitting in the Baltic, while in Kamchatka it
rises out of the Pasific Ocean at the some time. People in our country
see the New Year in eleven times in one night.

If you begin to trevell in the Far East by air and fly 8 000 (eight
thousend)kilometres towards the west, you will land in Moscow on thr
same hour same day that you left the Far East.

It is a wonderful sight yo see our country from the plane. One can
hardly imagine a country more interesting to trevellers whan Russia.

Siberia covers millions of square kilometres. You fly over mountain,
endless forests, large and small rivers, railways, motorways. You leave
behind the lights of young and small towns, plants and factories.
Siberia is a rigeon of untold riches.

Father West are the Ural Mountains the border between Asia and
europe. The Urals are riche in different minerals.

The country’s European part covers the territory from Urals to the
Baltic Sea. The largest cities of the Russia are situated between
theBlack Sea in the south and the Black Sea in the north. Such an our
country from East to West. There is no over countrys in which the climet
differs so much from one part to another. When it is still winter in the
northen regions of our country the first warm days arrive in the south.
In the central regions show storms and cold are still in power, while in
the south people begin to think of spring crops. In the same season
nature looks different in different parts of our country.

Russia is rich in oil, coul, iron, gold, silver and other minerals.

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