THE PRIDE OF THE NATION.
(Famous People of Russia).
Much was done by people to reach the present state of human
development. It is necessary to say that great contribution to the
development of the world science and culture, literature, music and
painting was made by the Russian people. The names of Russian scientists
and writers, poets, composers and painters are world-famous-Pushkin,
Lermontov, Chehov, Levitan. This chain can be endless. It is almost
impossible to name a branch of science in the development of which the
Russian scientists haven’t played the greatest role. Lomonosov, the
founder of the Moscow University was an outstanding innovator both in
the humanities and sciences. Mendeleev’s greatest discovery was the
Periodic System of Elements. Popov invented radio. Sechenov and Pavlov
were the world’s greatest physiologists. Russia is rightly called the
mother of aviation and cosmounatics. Names of Tsiolkovsky, Korolov and
Gagarin are symbols of new space era.
People in many countries admire paintings, portraits and landscapes
Surikov, Levitan, Repin works of our Russian writes and poets are
translated into many languages.
I want to tell about one of the greatest Russians. Pyotr Ilyich
Tchaikovsky, an outstanding Russian composer, was born in Votkinsk in
1840. He was fond of music since his early childhood. His mother sang
him beautiful songs and taught him to play the piano. He graduated from
the Petersburg Conservatoire only in 1866 because of his poor living
conditions. He was the best pupil of Anton Rubinstein. Wen the Moscow
Conservatoire was founded Pyotr Ilyich became a professor there.
He created wonderful music: 10 operas, 3 ballets, 6 symphonies, 7
large symphonic poems and many other musical pieces.
«Eugene Onegin», a new type of opera, was a great success all over
the world «His Swan Lake», «The Nutckracker», «The Sleeping Beauty are
musical masterpieces. In his music he used folk melodies for the musical
descriptions of Russian nature and life. His compositions are full of
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