The political role of Great Britain in modern world (реферат)

Язык: английский
Формат: реферат
Тип документа: Word Doc
0 1035
Скачать документ

The political role of Great Britain

in modern world

by Timur Saatashvili, 11 “A” grade

English teacher:

Altynova Galina Anatolyevna

Ryazan, 2001

The political role of Great Britain in modern world.

Analyzing the current world political situation I wonder why since the
beginning of the twentieth century Great Britain, a colonial empire in
the past, been losing its influence in the world step by step and
nowadays it is worth speaking not about the British political but merely
about holding its own current stand? Why doesn’t it want Europe to be
united and independent of the US? This problem becomes more urgent
nowadays when the American influence’s weakening and the political
opponent which prevents us from being a full member of the European
society. The U.K. takes part in all international committees in
Chechnya. Its territory is used by lots of anti – Russian Wakhabbist
organizations that provides Chechen terrorists and separatists. Its
subversive activities have the only aim to isolate Russia. And I
couldn’t help taking such a theme where I will analyze the British
policy, explain it and try to find alternatives for the English foreign
political line.

After the Second World War England lost its political independence,
becoming an American satellite.

Forming the Anglo – American alliance was especially influenced by the
so – called Americanocentrist conceptions by Zbignev Bzhezinski and
Nicholas Spikesman.

According to Spikesman’s theory, the geographical authority of any state
takes shape by not its inland territories, but coastline. He emphasizes
three large centers of world power: the Atlantic Seashore of North
America and Europe and the Far East of Eurasia. These territories were
called a rimland. This way Great Britain and the US must from an
alliance and that was done soon.

Being an American ally, England has become a reliable Fifth Column in
the European Union. The British government has been trying its best to
prevent Europe from unifying processes, once protesting against founding
European Central Bank and the singe European currency “euro” and
attempting together with the US to quarrel the European states with one
another and to direct their aggression against the third one like
Yugoslavia. Due to its pro – American foreign policy, Great Britain has
become the second leader of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization.
right now the U.K. and the US are at the head of all NATO’s military
operations, like “The Shield of the desert”, “The Storm in the desert”,
in 1991, “The Fox in the desert” in 1998 and the anti – Yugoslavian
aggression in 1999. Speaking about the NATO’s last campaign, the U.K.
and the US destabilized an ethnic situation in Europe, because during
the NATO’s bombardments tens and thousands of thousands of Albanian
refugees poured into Germany, Albania and some other countries. That
needs no saying, the Albanians from Kosovo and Methokia complicated the
social – political situation in these states. Its result was the
criminal increase and the growth of unemployment among the immigrants.

This way we can make the only confusion: the foreign policy of Great
Britain (i.e. the US) in Europe has the aim to weaken the main
integrating power – Russia and Germany as much as possible.

As fro Germany, being a powerful state, it is spreading its economic
influence in Chechia, Slovakia and especially in Chernogoria where
President Milo Dzuganovich put DM in circulation instead of the
Yugoslavian dinar.

Of course, it has weakened the British authority in the Balkan region
very much, and the English government cannot ignore it. Unfortunately,
the U.K.‘s forgotten it’s not a world power. That is why its actions
against every anti – British demarche of European countries are
extremely hasty and asymmetrical. Remember Prime – Minister of Great
Britain Anthony Blair’s intention of liquidating Russian landing troops
in 1999 after having occupied Slatino airport in Prishtina. To my mind
it is clear what consequences would have taken place after that.

But why is the British foreign policy so anti – German – Russian? The
work “The Geographical Axis of History” by English scientist Halfrod
McKinder answers it. According to his theory the alliance of Russia and
Germany to struggle for the world power against Great Britain and the US
is extremely dangerous and fatal for the last ones. Well now it is clear
why the buffer of averagly developed countries between Russia and
Germany was formed and what “Truman’s doctrine” was based on.

Thus nowadays the Anglo – American alliance has achieved its aim,
dividing our states and making our relations rather difficult and cool.

Following the American foreign political way, England must carry the
mutal responsibility for their blunders. The same situation is taking
place in Kosovo and Metkhia now. Due to the Anglo – American pro –
Albanian and anti – Serbian policy the UCK becomes more and more
impudent, firing gat the KFOR’s patrols, occupying Macedonian territory
and assaulting tetovo while the NATO’s doing nothing to protect Kosovo
and Macedonia and to defeat the UCK because of being only very anxious
for its soldiers and nothing more. This way, after the Anglo – American
carrions crows’ triumphant air raids to Serbia the NATO cannot cope with
a small group of the UCK’s thugs (or does not want to do it) and has to
allow the Federal troops of Yugoslavia to patrol Kosovo’s part of
Yugoslavian – Macedonian boundaries near Preshevo. Such an embarrassing
and foolish situation, of course, has damaged the British authority in
the world.

The prospects of the British co – operation with other states.

As a matter of fact there are only two alternatives of the British
foreign political development. The first one is changing nothing but
England should know nowadays most political analysists agree that soon
playing the role of a sort of a oikumena, the US will exert itself to
the utmost. The American industry and production cannot compete with the
European ones not only in the world but even in its domestic American
market. It is the beginning of the political and economic degradation of
the USA without which the U.K. means nothing. And it is out of question,
no European state will want to deal with the former American satellite.
The British future is awful, I think.

But there is the second way: a very close both political and economic co
– operation with the Eurounion. Well, and what would Great Britain be
able to propose? firstly, the reorganization of the NATO’s troops into
the Eurounion’s ones, liquidation of the American military bases in
Europe; secondly, substituting dollars for “euros” in golden currency
reserves of the European states.

But what way will Great Britain prefer? Time will show.

Well, you see I have proved my hypothesis. In my work I have come to the
following conclusion unconsoling for Great Britain:

It does not run its own independent foreign policy, being the US’s

Its pro – American position antagonizes other European states;

The British government must change its foreign policy as quickly as it
is possible.

The list of used literature.

Encyclopedia for Children “Avanta +”, volume # 12 “Russia”, p. 640 –

Encyclopedia for Children “Avanta +”, volume # 1 “World History”, p. 610
– 613, 657 – 658.

Encyclopedia for Children “Avanta +”, volume # 13 “States, Peoples,
Civilizations”, p. 129, 246, 272, 276, 367, 369.

“Politicians and Rulers”. T. Varlamova, p. 506.

“Russia: the 20-th century. Politics and Culture”. N. Starikov, p. 410.

“The Geographical Axis of History”. H. McKinder.

“The Politology”. M. Marchenko, p. 375.

This way I have put forward the following hypothesis: the political
authority of Great Britain is nominal nowadays.

To prove it I have used the following methods of getting the material:

Case Study



Making Conclusions

Making Comparisons and Analogies.



Нашли опечатку? Выделите и нажмите CTRL+Enter

Похожие документы

Оставить комментарий

Уведомление о
Заказать реферат!
UkrReferat.com. Всі права захищені. 2000-2019