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The educational system of Great Britain.

The educational system of G.B. is extreamely complex and bewilder-
ing.It is very difficult to generalise about particular types of schools
as schools differ from one to the other. The departament of education
and science is responsible for national educational policy,but it
doesnOt employe teacher or prescribe corricular or text books. Each
school has itOs own board of governers consisting of teachers, parents,
local politicians, members of local community, businessmen and sometimes
pupils. According to the law only one subject is compulsary. Such as
religious instruction. Schooling for children is compulsary from 5 to
16, though some provision is made for children under 5 and some pupils
remain at school after 16 to prepare for higher education. The state
school system is usually devided into 2 stages (secondary and primary).
The majority of primary schools are mixed.They are subdevided into
infant schools(ages 5 to 7),and junior schools(ages 7 to11). In junior
schools pupils were often placed in A,B,C or D-streams, according to
their abilities. Under the pressue of progressive parents and teachers
the 11+ examination has now been abolished in most parts of the country.
There are some types of schools in G.B.Grammar schools provided an
academical cause for selected pupils from the age of 11 to 18. Only
those children who have the best results are admitted to these schools.
They give pupils a high level of academic education wich can lead to the
university. Technical Schools offer a general education with a techni-
cal bias and serve those pupils who are more mecanically minded. The
corricular includes more science and mathematics. Secondary modern
schools were formed to provide a non-academic education for children of
lesser attainment. The corricular includes more practical subjects. The
comprehensive schools brings about a general improvement in the system
of secondary education.

BRITISH EDUCATION

British education emas us to develop fully the abilities of

individuals, for their own benefit and of society as a whole.

Compulsory schooling takes place between the agers of 5 and

16, but some pupils remain at shool for 2 years more, to prepare

for further higher education. Post shool education is organized

flaxebly, to provide a wide range of opportunities for academic

and vacational education and to continue studying through out

life.

Administration of state schools is decentralised. The

department of education and science is responsible for national

education policy, but it doesn’t run any schools, if doesn’t

employ teachers, or prescribe corricular or textbooks. All shools

are given a considerable amount of freedom. According to the law

only one subject is compulsary. That is religious instruction.

Children recieve preschool education under the age of 5 in

nursery schools or in infant’s classes in primary schools.

Most pupils receive free education finenst from public fonds

and the small proportions attend schools wholy independent. Most

independent schools are single-sex, but the number of mixing

schools is growing.

Education within the mantained schools system usually

comprises two stages: primary and secondary education. Primary

schools are subdevided into infant schools (ages 5 — 7), and

junior schools (ages 7 — 11). Infant schools are informal and

children are encouraged to read, write and make use of numbers

and develop the creative abilities. Primary children do all their

work with the same class teacher exept for PT and music. The work

is beist upon the pupils interests as far as possible.

The junior stage extence over four years. Children have set

pirits of arithmetic, reading, composition, history, geography

nature study and others. At this stage of schooling pupils were

often placed in A, B, C and D streams according their abilities.

The most able children were put in the A stream, the list able in

the D stream. Till reccantly most junior shool children had to

seat for the eleven-plus examination. It usually consisted of an

arithmetic paper and an entelligent test.

According to the results of the exam children are sent to

Grammar, Technical or Secondary modern schools.

So called comprehansive schools began to appear after World

War 2. They are muchly mixed schools which can provide education

for over 1000 pupils. Ideally they provide all the courses given

in Grammar, Technical and Secondary modern schools.

By the law all children must receive full-time education

between the ages of 5 and 16. Formally each child can remain a

school for a further 2 or 3 years and continue his studies in the

sixth form up to the age of 18 or 19. The course is usually

subdevided into the lower 6 and the upper 6. The corricular is

narrowed to 5 subjects of which a pupil can choose 2 or 3.

The main examinations for secondary school pupils are

general certeficate of education (the GCE) exam and certificate

of secondary education (the CSE) exam. The GSE exam is held at

two levels: ordinary level (0 level) and advanced level (A

level).

Candidats set for 0 level papers at 15 — 16 years away. GCE

level is usually taken at the end on the sixth form. The CSE

level exam is taken after 5 years of secondary education by the

pupils who are of everage abilities of their age.

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