David Guchua

Form 11 ‘A’

January 17, 1999



He, who commands the past, controls the future,

He, who controls the future, conquers the past.


In this composition I would like to discuss the conflicts of the modern
world and the consequences of the competitive society. Being asked about
this I usually start with competitive society. Because this is the thing
we face in every day life and always ask one question ourselves: ’Why
have we created the world full of troubles and problems whereas we
ourselves live in it?’ This sounds really paradoxical but it is true.
For instance, the taxes in our country bring so many troubles to people
who want to start their own business that the simply have to find ways
not to pay them. Thousands of examples all over the world can be given
here but the idea is that, understanding all this, we do not try even to
improve anything.

On the other hand competitive life exists even at school where pupils
are to participate in a so called ‘racing game’ which is based on
gaining better marks and results in everything. This idea is not new
that is why different people at different times tried to solve this
problem. The most famous is idea about social equality. The idea about
social equality is really silly, to my mind, because there will always
be one who will think that he is better than other and just only due to
this we will not ever get equality.

On the contrary, if there is no competitive society there is no
development. It is of no use of aspiring to best. Nothing but
competitive society made a man to make a fly to space. Besides, there
were a lot of other discoveries, which improved life and social
conditions, which happened only due to competitive society.

I believe, that there exists only one solution. It is nesessary to
develop the competitive society limited with strict law. Because we do
not realize that this competitive society reflects Darwin’s theory about
survival but on a higher level. Moreover, we do not realize that the
last level of such development is war.

From my point of view, the problem of war is the sharpest problem
nowadays due to invention of new high technological weapons and weapons
of massive destruction. It is extremely important to bear in mind that
the only horrible thing, which will ever happen, is third world war.

Wars are counterproductive and useless. War has no explanation. But
why do wars start? According to history wars can start because of the
territory division, problems of religion, envy, misunderstanding between
diplomats. However, there are many other reasons of war starts. The main
idea is that people do not usually understand the causes of war and do
not understand its reasons because politicians usually decide weather
the war starts or not. But let us pass over to the history of wars.

The main idea is that the first thousand male human beings were ever
gathered together, they belonged to an army, and large-scale slaughter
of people happened soon afterwards. Moreover, the first army carried
such weapons as spears, knives, axes, perhaps bows and arrows and its
strength did not lie in mere members but in discipline and organisation.
In addition, drill is what transforms a mob of individual fighters into
an army. Therefore, the basic forms of military drill are among the most
unchanging elements of human civilisation. Though every man died his own
death, what happened was quite impersonal during the battle of
well-drilled armies. The result is that thousands of men would die in
half an hour, in an area not bigger than a couple of two football
fields. Consequently, a question immediately comes to mind: ‘How could
men do this?’ The reason is that a formation of drilled men has a
different psychology, which tends to overpower the personal identity and
fears of the individuals. In conclusion, people will kill if they find
themselves in a situation where their own survival is threatened and due
to this anybody can be persuaded and manipulated in this way.

But the war has changed through the ages in some ways. First, the
reasons of war somehow differ. Besides, the scale of war has changed. In
addition the technology has greatly changed and plenty of new weapons
have appeared. But war has not changed in one thing. It is suffer it

If you want my opinion then I am sure that I will never fight in a war
if I do not understand the reasons and aims of this war. The only thing
I will fight is my family. May be, you are surprised because I haven’t
said motherland but I will not fight for my motherland if I find it’s
politic wrong or not suitable for me.

Besides, what really irritates me is that a lot of important facts are
neglected in our history books and, reading them, you get the impression
that Second World War for instance was nothing but set of dates and
battles. This makes younger generation misunderstand reality of war and
understand it thoughtlessly.

Finally, let’s hope that there will never ever happen any war and there
will be the time when people understand all the uselessness of war.

892 words.

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