“ NO*ANIA OE?A?INUeEA Ae?EIAIAeNOAI”

IEAI

1. ?ieue iiae o noni?eueiiio aeeoo?.

2. Noeeueia? ??ciiaeaee oe?a?inueei? iiae.

3. Aoeea ae?eiaiai ni?eeoaaiiy.

4. Oaenoiaa ioi?ieaiiy aeieoiaio?a.

5. Eia?/ia iine?aeiai?noue aeieoiaio?a.

6. A?aiaoe/ia oi?ia ae?eiaeo aeieoiaio?a.

7. Anoaai? neiaa ? neiainiieo/aiiy o ae?eiaiio iiaeaii?.

?IEUe IIAE A NONI?EUeIIIO AEEOO?

No/ania oe?a?inueea iiaa ? aaaaoia?eiaei iaaeaaiiyi oe?a?inueeiai
ia?iaeo. Aiia noai?aia coneeeyie aaaaoueio iieie?iue. “ A iia? iaoa
noa?a e iiaa eoeueoo?a, iciaea iaoiai iaoe?iiaeueiiai aeciaiiy…? iiee
aeeaa iiaa — aeeoeia e ia?iae, ye iaoe?iiaeuei?noue.”(I. Ia??iei)

Noaiiaeaiiy ia?iaeo o?nii iia’ycaia c oi?ioaaiiyi eiai iiae. On? noi?iie
noni?eueiiai aeeooy, i?ioeane i?ciaaaeueii? ? oai?/i? ae?yeueiino?
ethaeeie, eiaeiee iiiaio ?? na?aeiiino? noi?iaiaeaeothoueny iiaith.

Iiaa – iaeaaaeeea?oee can?a ni?eeoaaiiy i?ae ethaeueie. Aiia
aaciina?aaeiuei ca’ycaia c ieneaiiyi. Ia iiaea aooe ieneaiiy aac iiae ?
iiae aac ieneaiiy. Iiaa ? ieneaiiy iathoue aeeaiei noni?eueiee oa?aeoa?
– ia eeoa ca nai?th i?e?iaeith, a e ca nai?th ooieoe??th a noni?euenoa?.
Ca aeiiiiiaith ieneaiiy ethaee i?ciathoue na?o, ia’?eoeai? caeiie
i?e?iaee e noni?euenoaa. I?ciaaaeueia ae?yeuei?noue ethaeeie, ??
ieneaiiy iiaeeea? eeoa ia aac? iiaiiai iaoa??aeo, ne?a ? ?a/aiue.
Eiaeiee iiiaio ae?yeueiino? iaoiiaeth?oueny aeoieith ? ?? iin??i –
iiaith. O?eueee caaaeyee iia? ana caeiaooa iiia?aaei?ie iieie?iiyie ia
aeia ia?ii, a neoaeeoue ooiaeaiaioii aeey iiaeaeueoiai ?icaeoeo
ethaenoaa.

E?oa?aoo?ia iiaa – oea iiaa aea?aeaaieo, a?iiaaenueeeo, iie?oe/ieo
onoaiia, i?aai?caoe?e, iaa/aeueieo caeeaae?a, iaoee, ooaeiaeiuei?
e?oa?aoo?e, ae?eiaiai ni?eeoaaiiy, oaao?o, e?ii, i?ane, oaeaaa/aiiy.

A Oe?a?i? aea?aeaaiith ? oe?a?inueea iiaa. Aea?aeaaa caaacia/o?
anaa?/iee ?icaeoie ? ooieoe?iioaaiiy oe?a?inueei? iiae a on?o noa?ao
noni?eueiiai aeeooy; ni?ey? ?icaeoeo oe?a?inueei? iaoe??, ?? o?aaeeoe?e
? eoeueoo?e. ? oea aa?aioo? Eiinoeoooe?y Oe?a?ie.

Oaea aaaeeeaa ?ieue iiae a noni?eueiiio aeeoo? iaoi? aea?aeaae
ciaia’yco? aeia?a ciaoe i?aaeea e caeiiii??iino? ?? ?icaeoeo. Uia
iaieiae?oe ii?iaie no/anii? e?oa?aoo?ii? iiae, o?aaa aeeaiei aea/aoe ??
eaene/iee neeaae, oiiaoe/io nenoaio, a?aiaoe/io aoaeiao ? noee?noe/i?
aeanoeaino?. Aeineiiaea ciaiiy iiae ? aaaeeeaei iieacieeii ?icoiiaiai
?icaeoeo ethaeeie oa ?? eoeueoo?iiai ??aiy.

A oiiaao iaoe?iiaeueiiai a?ae?iaeaeaiiy oe?a?inueea iiaa iaaoea
iniaeeai? aaae. Aiia noaea ae??oaeueiei /eiieeii naiiaooiino?
oaeaiiaeoiai, a?eaie aiiaeaiiai oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeo, ae?acieeii
?ioaeaeooaeueiiai ? aeooiaiiai aeeooy.

NOEEUeIA? ??CIIAEAeE OE?A?INUeEI? IIAE

Iiaa ianeoaiao? on? noa?e noni?eueiiai aeeooy. A i?ioean? ?noi?e/iiai
?icaeoeo a iia? ae?iaeeiny aaaaoi ??ciiiai?oieo cania?a aeneiaethaaiiy,
ye? ii-??ciiio aeei?enoiaothoueny caeaaeii a?ae iaoe ni?eeoaaiiy.

Oae, iai?eeeaae, iiai? caniae ooaeiaeiueiai oai?o aea a /iio
a?ae??ciythoueny a?ae iaoeiaiai oai?o; iiai? caniae ae?eiaeo aeieoiaio?a
a?ae??ciythoueny a?ae ooaeiaei?o ? iaoeiaeo oai??a ? o.ae.

E?oa?aoo?ia iiaa noaiiaeoue nenoaio noee?a. No?oeoo?a, e?euee?noue,
oa?aeoa? ? ni?aa?aeiioaiiy ?o ci?iththoueny c ?icaeoeii noni?euenoaa.
I?ae noeeyie e?oa?aoo?ii? iiae ?icoi?thoue ?? ??ciiaeaee, ye?
ianeoaiaothoue ??ciiiai?oi? noa?e noni?eueiiai aeeooy. Onia oi?ia
e?oa?aoo?ii? iiae ia? eeoa iaeei noeeue – ?iciiaiee. O ienaii?e iia?
aeae?eythoue: iaoeiaee, io?oe?eii-ae?eiaee, ioae?oeenoe/iee, ooaeiaei?e
noee?.

Io?oe?eii-ae?eiaee noeeue ia? i?aenoee?: ?ioi?iaoe?eiee, aeeieiiaoe/iee,
caeiiiaeaa/ee, aaei?i?no?aoeaii-eaioeaey?nueeee. Iei iaienai?
iaeaaaeeea?o? aeieoiaioe, a yeeo a?aeaeaa?oueny ?noi??y ia?iaeo. Oea
noeeue Eiinoeoooe?? e?a?ie, caeii?a, iinoaiia, noaooo?a, i?ia?ai,
iaeac?a, ca?o?a oa ?ioeo ae?eiaeo iaia??a. Aeieoiaioe a?aeia?aaeathoue
iiae??, caa??aathoue iai’youe /a?ac ?iee, iia’ycoth/e ieioea c
nueiaiaeaiiyi.

Oaenoe a io?oe?eii-ae?eiaiio noee? iiaeii? aooe ci?noiaieie, oi/ieie.
Aeey io?oe?eii-ae?eiaiai noeeth oa?aeoa?i? onoaeai? iiai? cai?ioe,
noaiaea?oi? ii/aoee ? cae?i/aiiy aeieoiaio?a, iiae?e ia /anoeie. A
iueiio cae??ieeiny /eiaei niaoeeo?/ieo oa?i?i?a, o?aaeeoe?eieo oi?i.
Oeae noeeue iicaaaeaiee ia?aciino? e aiioe?eiino?. Iiaoaeiaa ?a/aiue
a?aecia/a?oueny eaeii?ciii. ?a/aiiy /?oe? e ianeeaaei?.

Noeeue caeiiiaeaa/eo iaia??a cia/ii a?ae??ciy?oueny a?ae
eaioeaey?nueeiai. A eaioeaey?nueei-ae?eia?e iia? ae?acii aeyaey?oueny
aaciina?aaei?e ca’ycie iiae c ae?iaie/ith ae?yeuei?noth ethaeae.

C ?ieaie, a?ae noie?ooy aei noie?ooy, a?ae aiioe aei aiioe ci?iththoueny
iiai? noee?. ?yae oa?i?i?a ? ne?a aeoiaeyoue c oaeeoeo ? aeieeathoue
iia?, a o?, ui eeoathoueny ci?iththoue nai? cia/aiiy. Oiio noeeue
ae?eiai? iiae ia no/aniiio aoai? a?ae??ciy?oueny a?ae noee?a iiia?aaei?o
?ie?a.

AOEEA Ae?EIAIAI NI?EEOAAIIss

Aaaeeeaei eiiiiiaioii ae?eiaiai ni?eeoaaiiy ? aoeea iiaeaiiy. Iaaea?aiii
iaeei ioae?ee o?einio neacaa:”Caaiai?e, uia y oaaa iiaa/ea.” Aene?a
a?eaie ia ao?a/a? nai?? aeooaeueiino?. Aaeaea a?ae oiai, yeeie
eaene/ieie caniaaie aieiae?? iiaaoeue, yeo ia? ?ioiiaoe?th, aeiiao, ye
iineoaiao?oueny aeanoaie, aiioe?yie – caeaaeeoue ??aaiue eiai
ina?/aiino? ? eoeueoo?e.

Aeoiaaio ethaeeio caaaeaee ae??ciy? aa?/eea?noue, i?ea?oi?noue,
aeia?ice/eea?noue, oaeoiai?noue, no?eiai?noue, iiaaaa aei
ni?a?iciiaieea, caeaoi?noue aei ni?a/oooy oa ?icoi?iiy ioi/oth/eo. ?
iniaeeao ?ieue o oeueiio a?ae?a?a? neiai: a/ania, aei?a/ia, aaaiia,
ia?aeiieeaa.

Ai?iiy aieiae?oe neiaii – aaeeea iaenoa?i?noue.

Ia nae?ao, ui ia caaaeaee ia iaeaaeiiio ??ai? aaaeooueny ae?eia?
ia?aaiai?e, aenooie ia?aae ni?a?ia?oieeaie /e iaciaeiiith aoaeeoi???th.
?, ia aeaeue, /anoeiai ia??oe i?eiaaeathoue ia iaaaeaei i?ae?a?ai? e
neacai? neiaa. Iai?eeeaae, aeiiia?aea/?, eaeoi?e o nai?o aenooiao /anoi
aaeeaathoue ?in?enuee? neiaa a oe?a?inueeiio aa??aio? aai ae iaaiaee,
oiaoi eaeueeothoue ?o. Iane/othoue naith iiao i?inoi??//yi,
oa?eoi??aeueieie ae?aeaeoaie, iaooothoue aeiiaith, a ?iiae? e ?iaeyoue
oea iaaienia, iiaeya, aeey ” e?auiai aoaeoo”, aea aeinyaa?oueny
cai?ioi?e.

*anoi iiaeia ii/ooe, ye /a?ac iiaiciaa/o iaeiiiaoaioi?noue ii?ooo?oueny
a?aiaoe/ia e eaene/ia no?oeoo?a ne?a. Ia??aeei aenooiath/? aiai?youe:

e?eoe?y (cai?noue) eaeoe?y

o?ia (cai?noue) oaia

i?iae?ia ( cai?noue) i?iaeaia

iaa??ii ( cai?noue) iaaooue

eaia/ii, eii?oii ( cai?noue) cae/aeii

iaacaeiac? ( cai?noue) iaaaeiac?

iieiyoii ( cai?noue) c?icoi?ei

iiiu?y? ( cai?noue) caioi/o?

Aa?iia ( cai?noue) ?a?iia

nieueiiee ( cai?noue) nieiiee

oooa ( cai?noue) ooo

Ia caaaeaee ?ic??ciy?oueny e eia?/ia no?oeoo?a ne?a. Iai?eeeaae: i?ioo
(aoaeue eanea) ? i?ioo (caa?oathoueny c i?ioaiiyi), oeiaea (i?i
aeae?noue, ao?aoe, caeoee) ? oeiaea ( aea?aiii, ia aa?oi).

O?aiey?oueny, ui ia oi/ii eiiaioo?oueny cia/aiiy ? aaeeaaiiy ia?ii?i?a.
Iai?eeeaae: a?ae?a?aaaoe ( ?ieue), a?aoe (ia /iionue) ? a?aoe
(eiino?oeoe?y).

?iiae? iiaoe? o aenooiao aeei?enoiaothoue eieaei? neiaa, ??ci?
a?aiaoe/i? cai?ioe, iaeia?aeiio oa?i?iieia?th. Oaea iiaa ia
ni?eeia?oueny neooa/aie, noiieth? ?o, noai?th? aeeneiioi?o ? na?ae/eoue
i?i iecueeee ??aaiue aenooiath/iai.

Aoaathoue aeiaaeee, eiee aeiiia?aea/ /e eaeoi? iaa’yceeai caa?oa?oueny
aei neooa/?a: “Aai c?icoi?ei?”, “Aai ynii?”. Caieoaiiy oaeiai oeio
na?ae/aoue, ui aenooiath/ee iaaeiioe?ith? neooa/?a ? oeei ia?aaea? ?o.

Ioaea, aae ia o?aieyeiny iiae?aieo neooaoe?e, iio??aii nei?enoaoeny
caaaeueiii?eeiyoeie ii?iaie ae?eiaiai aoeeaoo.

Iiaa aenooio, aeiiia?ae?, eaeoe?? ia? aooe aacaeiaaiiith, i?inoith,
c?icoi?eith oe?ieiio eieo neooa/?a. Ne?ae oieeaoe ?ioiiiaieo ne?a, yeui
? oe?a?inuee? a?aeiia?aeieee; niieo/iee?a oeio: oiio ui; /a?ac oa, ui; o
ca’yceo c oei, ui; a?aoiaoth/e oa, ui; c iaeyaeo oiai, ui; caaaeath/e ia
oa, ui; oae, ye; i?i oa, ui ? o.ae.

Aaaeeeaei ? oaeiae i?aaeeueia e aei?a/ia aeei?enoaiiy anoaaieo ne?a ?
ae?ac?a, iaa?aaeia iineoaiaoaaiiy e?eeaoeie neiaaie oa ?ioeie
o?acaieia?ciaie. Ooo o?aaa a?aoiaoaaoe i?ioan?iiaeueiee ? a?eiaee
eiioeiaaio neooa/?a.

Aeey aoaeoeaiino? ae?eiaeo aca?iei aa?oi ci???iooaaoeny ia eeoa a nia?,
a e a oeo, ooi ioi/o?, ae?iaeoe naith iaia?o ni?eeoaaiiy. Ni?eeoth/enue,
o?aaa o?eiaoeny ne?iiii e aiaaiaii. Iaeaaeeoue iiaeaaoe e i?i aoiinoa?o
i?eyciino?, oiaa?enueeino?, a?eueiiai e ??aiii?aaiiai iai?io aeoieaie.
Iaiao?aeii ia?aaeaa/aoe ? a?aoiaoaaoe ?aaeoe?th neooa/?a.

Aeiiia?aea/ iiaeiai aiai?eoe /?oei, ia?aeiieeai, ia iini?oath/e, a oiae?
iiaeaiiy ci?ithaaoe ?ioiiaoe?th, uia iiaa ia aoea iiiioiiiith. Aoaa? e
oae, ui ni?eeoth/enue, ni?a?iciiaieee ia caaaeaee ?icoi?thoue iaeei
iaeiiai. Ia ne?ae caaoaaoe, ui a aoaeue-ye?e neooaoe?? iiaeia ae?eoe
caiaee. Caii?oeith oni?oo a oeueiio ? aca?iiaeia??’y.

Ioaea, oaaaeia, aeaaeeeaa noaaeaiiy aei iiae ? ciai?oiueith iciaeith
iiaiiai aoeeaoo.

OAENOIAA IOI?IEAIIss AeIEOIAIO?A

Aeieoiaio – iniiaiee aeae ae?eiaiai iiaeaiiy. A?i ia? aooe aeinoia??iei,
ia?aeiieeaei, iaeaaeiei /eiii a?ae?aaeaaiaaiei ? ioi?ieaiei, iiaeiai
i?noeoe eiie?aoi? e ?aaeuei? i?iiiceoe?? oa aeac?aee. Iaia’yceiaeie aeey
aeieoiaioa ? caaieiaie, /?oea eiiiiceoe?y, oe?e?ni?noue ci?noo,
ca’yci?noue aeeeaaeo, no?oeoo?ia i?aai?caoe?y, caaa?oai?noue.

Ae?eiaa aeieoiaioaoe?y a?aeia?aaea? oa?aeoa? noni?eueieo a?aeiinei, o
i?e cina?aaeaeo?oueny ?ioi?iaoe?y i?i iiae??, yaeua, i?eaaoi? noinoiee
i?ae ethaeueie. Aeieoiaioe iathoue i?aaiaa ? ainiiaea?/a cia/aiiy. Ca
iioiaeaeaiiyi aeae?eythoue

neoaeaia? e i?eaaoi? aeieoiaioe; neoaeaia? ooieoe?iiothoue a onoaiiaao ?
i?aai?caoe?yo, i?eaaoi? noinothoueny i?eaaoieo in?a.

Ca i?ecia/aiiyi aeieoiaioe iiae?eythoue ia: ?icii?yae/?, aea iiaea?oueny
?ioi?iaoe?y i?i i?aai?caoe?th ?iaioe onoaiiae, caeeaaeo, i?aei?e?inoaa;
noaoooi? – c ei?ioeei aeeeaaeii ci?noo noaoooo i?aai?caoe?? /e onoaiiae;
aeeiiaa/?, a yeeo iiaea?oueny ieai aai iai?yi aeeiiaiiy iaaiiai ianyao
?iaioe; ?ioi?iaoe?ei?, ye? i?noyoue eiie?aoio ?ioi?iaoe?th, iaiao?aeio
aeey ae?yeueiino? aeaii? i?aai?caoe?? /e i?aei?e?inoaa.

Aeieoiaioe ?ic??ciythoue ua e ca no?oeoo?ieie iciaeaie, aiie iiaeooue
aooe noaiaea?oieie e ianoaiaea?oieie, ui caeaaeeoue a?ae aaaaoueio
ia’?eoeaieo oa noa’?eoeaieo oaeoi??a.

Oeiia? oa o??iia? aeieoiaioe ioi?ieythoueny ia aeaieao aai noaiaea?oieo
a?eooao.

Ne?ae caoaaaeeoe, ui a ?iaio? ?iaeaia??a, eiino?oeoi??a, ea??aiee?a
ae?iaieoeoaa aaaaoi /ano a?aeaiaeeoueny aea/aiith, aiae?co oa
neeaaeaiith ??cii? aeieoiaioaoe??. Oea – eiino?oeoi?nueea, oaoiieia?/ia,
aenieoaoaoe?eii-?aiiioia aeieoiaioaoe?y; i?aai?caoe?eii-?icii?yae/?,
?ioi?iaoe?ei?, ?aeeaii? oa ?io? aeieoiaioe.

*anoi aoaa?, ui ?iaioa c iiae?aieie aeieoiaioaie oneeaaeith?oueny
o?eueee oiio, ui a iiaoaeia? ?o iaia? iaiao?aeii? iine?aeiaiino? aai ae
aeieoiaioe ia?aaaioaaeai? ianooo?aith aeey ei?enooaaiiy ?ioi?iaoe??th.

Ieoaiiyie neeaaeaiiy oaenoiaeo aeieoiaio?a a?aeathoue no/ani? iaoeia?
aeenoeeie?ie: i?eeeaaeia e?iaa?noeea ? oai??y noaiaea?oecaoe??,
?iaeaia?ia ineoieia?y ? ineoie?iaa?noeea, oai??y ? i?aeoeea ?aaeaaoaaiiy
oa oai??y oi?aae?iiy ae?iaieoeoaii.

Uia ia ia?ioaaoe /ano a i?ioean? neeaaeaiiy ? aeei?enoaiiy aeieoiaio?a,
ne?ae ?icoiii ii?aeioaaoe oi?iaeueiee i?aeo?ae ? oai?/?noue.
I?iiiiiaaiee ?icae?e iiaea? aeaye? ?aeiiaiaeaoe??, caaaeuei? i?aaeea ?
ii?ie o oaenoiaiio aeeeaae? ae?eiaeo iaia??a oa ?ethno?o? ?o eiie?aoieie
c?aceaie.

Oaeno – aieiaiee aeaiaio aeieoiaioa. E??i ia?aa?ao?a, ioieo?a o oaeno?
aeae?eythoueny aacaoee. Ooo o?aaa noaaeeoe, uia eiaeai aacaoe ?icii/eiaa
iiao aeoieo /e i?e?ioaio.

Iiae?e oaenoo ia aacaoee ia? aaeeea i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy. Oea aeiiiiaaa?
inieneeoe i?i/eoaia ? i?aeaiooaaoeny aei ni?eeiyooy ?ioi? i?aeoaie.

Aacaoee ia iiaeii? aooe aaeeeeie. Ii?iaoeaiei iiaeia aaaaeaoe aacaoe c
o?ueio /e i’yoe ?a/aiue. Aeey ni?eeiyooy e?aua, yeui oe? ?a/aiiy
aoaeooue ??ci?: iaeei?ioo? – ia ii/aoeo ? a e?ioe?. Aacaoee oaae
aeiaaathoue /a?aoaaiiy caeaaeii a?ae ?ici???a. Iai?eeeaae, o ae?iaie/eo
aeieoiaioao, aea caa?oa?oueny oaaaa ia eiaeio iia?aoe?th /e aeaoaeue,
aacaoee aeei?enoiaothoueny aeey aeae?eaiiy iaeii??aeieo /eai?a /e
no?yaeieo ?a/aiue a ie?ai? i?e?ioaenoe. Ooo aei?a/i? aacaoee c iaeiiai –
aeaio ?a/aiue.

Iaec?o/i?o? aeey ni?eeiyooy ?a/aiiy c o?ueio, i’yoe, naie ? iaea?eueoa –
c aeaa’yoe ne?a.

Uiaei neiainiieo/aiue, oi ne?ae iai’yoaoe, ui a aoaeue-yeiio ae?eiaiio
oaeno? aa?oi aeei?enoiaoaaoe cae/i? noaiaea?oeciaai? oi?ie. Oea
i?enei?th? neeaaeaiiy ? ni?eeiyooy aeieoiaioa.

EIA?*IA IINE?AeIAI?NOUe AeIEOIAIO?A

Caeaa?eueoiai aeieoiaio ieoaoueny a?ae o?aouei? iniae. Iai?eeeaae:
Oi?aa?neoao ?ioi?io? i?i iiaee iaa?? nooaeaio?a; Caaiae iia?aeiiey? i?i
aeeiiaiiy ieai?a.

? oaeee ??ciiaeae aeieoiaio?a, eiee iacaa ae?th/i? iniae aaeeaa?oueny a
aeaaaeueiiio a?aei?ieo. Iai?eeeaae: Io?no iio??ai? iaiaaeaea?e;
“I?aaaenaaieo” iio??ai? th?eneiinoeueoe. Ie?aio a?oio aeieoiaio?a
noaiiaeyoue o?, ui iathoue ae??ne?aio no?oeoo?o oeio: Cai?ioo?ii ia
?iaioo! Iia?aeiiey?ii an?o i?aoe?aiee?a oiui.

Eia?/ia iine?aeiai?noue ye iaiao?aeia iciaea eiaeiiai ae?eiaiai
aeieoiaioa ?aae?co?oueny ca aeiiiiiaith i?ioenoaaeaiiy. Iai?eeeaae:
I?aeaioia/? eo?ne oaoiieia?/iiai ?inoeoooo iia?aeiieythoue i?i iaa??
neooa/?a, i?ioa ne?ae caoaaaeeoe, ui i?eeiathoueny iniae, ye? cae?i/eee
na?aaeith oeieo /e ?ioee na?aaei?e iaa/aeueiee caeeaae.

Aaaeeeaei o aeieoiaio? iiaea aooe e noai?a aeio?eiaiiy iaaii?
iine?aeiaiino? aeeeaaeo iaoa??aeo, i?aee?aneaiiy ianooiiino? /e
/a?aiaino? iiae?e aai yaeu. Oea aeinyaa?oueny ca aeiiiiiaith ne?a:
nii/aoeo, aiaeii/an, iio?i oiui.

Iai?eeeaae: Aeiaai noi?oue ia aaieo ia iaaaaeoth/enue caeoe, a iio?i,
i?ae?aaaaoe onoa, iaaeaaoe nai?io ci?aiiio cii?oeaie iaee//th a?aeiino?,
iaeaaaeo?oueny.(?.Aooeaei)

Iaeiei ?c niinia?a ae?aaeaiiy eia?/ii? iine?aeiaiino? ? aeae?eaiiy iaoe
ca aeiiiiiaith ne?a: oiio, oiio ui, aeey oeueiai, c oe??th iaoith oa ?i.
Iai?eeeaae: Iaiao?aeii iaa/aoe nooaeaio?a ienoaoeoao neiaa –
iaeaeaai?oiio caniao aeoiaaiiy, oiio ui iiaa — oea ia o?eueee can?a
ni?eeoaaiiy, a e ii?a ?ioi?iaoe?? i?i na?o, i?i na?e ia?iae, eiai
eoeueoo?o, o?aaeeoe??, cae/a?.

Caaaeueia eia?/ia iine?aeiai?noue aeieoiaio?a aeinyaa?oueny ca
aeiiiiiaith ne?a ia iicia/aiiy ?acoeueoaoeaiino? (oaeei /eiii, o
?acoeueoao?, ioaea oiui). Iai?eeeaae, Ioaea, e?oeaic?eia oi?a?aey
ioiieth? ia?aaaaeii aeaeo?ioaoi?/io e aeaeo?iiio i?iieneia?noue,
caaaeueia iaoeii-, i?eeaaeiaoaeoaaiiy, aaoiiia?eueio, aa?a?aeaoio
i?iieneia?noue, o?i?th ? iaooio?i?th, a?ioaoiieia?th, ?ano?nicaa??aath/?
oaoiieia?? (i?ae?.)

A?AIAOE*IA OI?IA Ae?EIAEO AeIEOIAIO?A

I?e neeaaeaii? aeieoiaio?a aeieeathoue o?oaeiiu? ia eeoa a aeiai??
iio??aieo ne?a, a e o aeai?? a?aeiia?aeii? a?aiaoe/ii? oi?ie. Iae/ano?oa
aeieea? noii?a uiaei aeei?enoaiiy ?iaeo ?iaiiee?a, eiee oea noino?oueny
iacae in?a ca i?ioan??th.

Iai?eeeaae: o/eoaeue — o/eoaeueea, eane? — eane?ea, eaai?aio
—eaai?aioea, e?ea? —e?ea?ea, o?cee —o?ce/ea, i?aoe?aiee —i?aoe?aieoey,
aeeeaaea/ —aeeeaaea/ea.

Io?oe?ei? iacae iinaae, i?ioan?e— ?iaiieee /ieia?/iai ?iaeo, oiio a
ae?eiaeo iaia?ao ne?ae aaeeaaoe naia ?o. Caeaaei? neiaa a?ae
iaeiaioaaiiy i?ioan?e ocaiaeaeothoueny o oi?i? /ieia?/iai ?iaeo.

Iai?eeeaae: noa?oee aeeeaaea/ Na?oeaia Aeieo??aia; eane? oi?aae?iiy
Ia??y Naiai?aia; eaai?aio ?inoeoooo Ienaia A?eoi??aia; iaoeiaee
ni?a?ia?oiee Ieueaa Naiai?aiaa; aieiaiee i?ieo?i? E?ae?y 1aai?aia
Oaa/aiei.

Eiee ae i?ney oaeeo niieoe ia iicia/aiiy ae?ii/iai ?iaeo noi?ou
ae??neiai, oi aiii ocaiaeaeo?oueny c i??caeuai ? aaeeaa?oueny o oi?i?
ae?ii/iai ?iaeo.

Iai?eeeaae: Noa?oee aeeeaaea/ A.?. Aa?anueea a?aeiia?aeaea ia iao?
caieoaiiy. Aieiaiee e?ea? E. 1.Oea/aiei iaaieineea ia oeeo ?yaeeao
iaeaco aee?aeoi?a.

O ae?eiaeo aeieoiaioao ia aaeeaathoue ocaiaeaeaiiy oeio: iaoa aieiaa
iaeacaea, noa?oa ?iaeaia? ii?oaea, aieiaia e?ea? ii?aaeeea oiui.

Ia ?aeiiaiaeo?oueny iaceaaoe in?a ca i?noeai i?iaeeaaiiy oa ?o
i?ioan??th oeio: n?eue/aie, ai?iaeyie, caaiae/aie, aeenoaioe?eieee,
iiooa??, aaeeaathoueny: iaoeaioe? naea, iaoeaioe? i?noa, ?ia?oieee
caaiaeo, neoaeaiaoe? noaioe??, i?aoe?aieee iiooe.

Aeineoue /anoi a ae?eiaeo iaia?ao cai?noue iiiaeeie cono??/a?oueny
iaeieia.

Iai?eeeaae: Iieoaanuee? oa?ia?e c?a?aee aaeeeee o?iaeae oeoe?iaiai
ao?yeo, niiyoieeo, ea?oiie?.

?iiae? a ae?eiaeo aeieoiaioao ?iaiieee, ui icia/athoue ?a/iaeio aiaea,
ie?y, n?eue, iaooa, aeii oiui), iaaoaathoue oi?i iiiaeeie.

Iai?eeeaae: Ia oeueiio i?aei?eainoa? iiaeia i?eaeaaoe noo? aeia,
i?ia?aeuei? aiaee, oaoi?/i? ianoeea.

*eiaei iiieeie o aaeeaaii? aeaaaeueiiai a?aei?iea ?iaiiee?a. Oae,
?iaiieee /ieia?/iai ?iaeo iathoue ia?aaaaeii cae?i/aiiy -o, oi/a
inoaii?i /anii iaaea?oueny ia?aaaaa cae?i/aiith -ia?, -aa?: ?aeoi?ia?,
aee?aeoi?ia?.

Aaaaoi iiieeie i?eiaaea? ? ia aaeeaaiiy ?iaeiaiai a?aei?iea iaeieie
?iaiiee?a /ieia?/iai ?iaeo, aea iaei? cae?i/othoueny ia –a, -y
(aeieoiaioa), ?io? ia –o, -th (i?ioieieo, i?eioeeio, oaeoo). O aeiaaeeao
noii?ao , ne?ae caaeyiooe aei neiaieea.

Uiaei aaeeaaiiy i?eeiaoiee?a, oi ooo iiaeooue aeieeiooe o?oaeiiu? o
aeei?enoaii? nooiai?a ii??aiyiiy, ine?eueee a ae?eiaiio iiaeaii? /ano?oa
aaeeaai? aiae?oe/i? oi?ie. Iai?eeeaae: iiaiee, a?eueo iiaiee, iaea?eueo
iiaiee; ae/a?iiee, a?eueo ae/a?iiee, iaea?eueo ae/a?iiee.

ANOAAI? NEIAA ? NEIAINIIEO*AIIss O Ae?EIAIIO IIAEAII?

Neiaa ? neiainiieo/aiiy, aaaaeai? a ?a/aiiy c iaoith aianaiiy a iueiai
oiai /e ?ioiai iiyniaiiy aai iaaeaiiy eiio ??cieo iiaeaeueieo cia/aiue,
iaceaathoueny anoaaieie. Aiie ia iiaycai? c /eaiaie ?a/aiiy niiniaaie
ocaiaeaeaiiy, ea?oaaiiy /e i?eeyaaiiy, aea ca nineii ii?aeiai? c
?a/aiiyi. Oiio aeeeth/aiiy anoaaieo ne?a ? neiainiieo/aiue ?c ?a/aiiy
ci?ith? eiai ci?no, aea ia ii?ooo? neioaene/ii? aoaeiae.

Anoaai? neiaa ? neiainiieo/aiiy /anoi aeei?enoiaothoueny o ae?eiaiio
iiaeaii?, i?e neeaaeaii? ae?eiaeo iaia??a, ieie ?icii/eiathoueny
?a/aiiy, aacaoee. Aea ?aeiiaiaeo?oueny aaeeaaoe ?o iaiaaeaii.

A oniiio ae?eiaiio iiaeaii? aaeeaaiiy anoaaieo ne?a ? neiainiieo/aiue ia
noai?th? caeai? ?ioi?iaoe??. Aeei?enoaiiy oeeo eiino?oeoe?e aeiiiiaaa?
iiaoeaa? ci???iooaaoeny, cina?aaeeoeny, a neooa/ai – e?aua ni?eeiyoe
neacaia. A ae?aeia?/iiio iiaeaii? iaaei??ia aaeeaaiiy anoaaieo ne?a
noai?th? a?aaeaiiy iaeiiiaoaioiino?, iecueei? iiaii? eoeueoo?e.

Ca nai?i aecia/aiiyi anoaai? neiaa ? neiainiieo/aiiy ae?eyoueny ia o?e
a?oie:

1. Anoaai? neiaa ? neiainiieo/aiiy, ui aeacothoue ia noaaeaiiy iiaoey
aei aeneiaeaii? iei aeoiee. Aiie iiaeooue icia/aoe nooi?iue aiaaiaiino?
aai iaaiaaiaiino? a iia?aeiieaii?.

Iai?eeeaae: cae/aeii, iaiaaii, aacoiiaii, ia aeaeue, ia uanoy, ye ia
cei, iiaea, iiaeeeai, iaaooue, aacia?a/ii, aacnoii?aii, aeania eaaeo/e,
c?icoi?ei, aac noii?ao, aeaeii, i/aaeaeii, i?eionoeii, a?aeiia ??/,
iaia? noii?ao, neacaoe i?aaaeo, ye-ia-ye, oae ae iiaeoe, aeaeeii,
eeaiiue oa ?i.

2. Anoaai? neiaa ? neiainiieo/aiiy, ui aeacothoue ia oa, eiio iaeaaeeoue

Eiio iaeaaeeoue aeneiaeaia aeoiea (naiiio iiaoeaa? /e eiionue ?ioiio).

Iai?eeeaae: ii-ii?io, ii-iaoiio, ii-aaoiio, eaaeooue, iiaeya, ia i?e
iiaeyae, ia iith aeoieo, ia aeoieo (oaeiai /e oaeeo), ca neiaaie (oaeiai
/e oaeeo) oiui.

3. Anoaai? neiaa ? neiainiieo/aiiy, ui aeacothoue ia ca’ycie
aeneiaethaaiiai c eiioaenoii. Aei ieo iaeaaeaoue: ioaea, iai?eeeaae,
cia/eoue, aeoiaeeoue, aei ?a/?, ia?aoo?, iaaiaee, i?ioa, caaaeii,
ni?aaae?, i?ae ?ioei, neiaii, ii-ia?oa, ii-ae?oaa, e?iaoeue e?ioeai,
iaei oeueiai oa ?i.

Anoaai? neiaa ? neiainiieo/aiiy a ienaiiiio iiaeaii? aeae?eythoueny
eiiaie, a oniiio iaocaie.

E?OA?AOO?A

I. “No/ania oe?a?inueea ae?eiaiaenoai” Oa?aiiae/ E.A.

II. Aieiaauoe N.?. Oe?a?inueea e?oa?aoo?ia neiaiaaeeaaiiy: Neia.
-aeia?ae. – E.: Aeua oe., 1995. –319n.

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