Some interest facts of Great Britain (реферат)

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Some interest facts of Great Britain

Places of interest in Great Britain

I have always dreamed to visit Great Britain. Imagine I am there. I came
there by ferry. Speaking about sightsee of England Dover is the first
that I saw. It impressed me greatly. Now I realise why the island is
cold foggy Albion – because of it white cliffs of Dover. So London is
the next I visit. My dream came true. Trafalgar square with the monument
to Nelson in the centre. A lot of people and I am happy but I must go on
my trip. Just opposite it there is the National Gallery. Hermitage was
real in my life but now I can’t believe my eyes. Leo Greco, Salvador
Daly, Gainsborough, Rubins and other outstanding masterpieces are in
full view. Along White hall I direct my steps to Piccadilly. Every body
knows that Downing Street 10 one of the main places of interest of the
country because it is the residence of Prime minister. Piccadilly is
place loved by everybody especially youth. Because it is the place of
dating and no wonder – as statue of Eros is standing there. One of main
buildings of Great Britain is Westminster Abby. On the other side
Westminster palace is situated which is the place where parliament
seats. Big Ban is next to it. It is something incredible. A lot of
prominent people of England are burred at Westminster Abby. But one of
the most wonderful places of interest in my opinion is Tower Bridge. I
can’t help speaking about two residences of Queen – Buckingham palace in
London and Windsor palace out of it with its beautiful rooms and queen’s

And Tower of London. I can speak about endlessly but I’ll tell about one
thing – the star of Africa, the largest diamond in the world. I am sure
you wouldn’t tear away your eyes out of it. And as for Madam Tusoe
Museum I don’t like wax figures, but I am sure somebody found a lot of
masterpieces. Probably enough of this, next time I’ll try to see
something interest not only in London and its suburbs but in whole

The one more architectural masterpiece in London (the capital of Great
Britain) is St. Paul’s Cathedral, designed by Sir Christopher Wren – the
most famous of all English architects. St. Paul’s Cathedral is the fifth
church built of the same site. The earliest cathedral was erected in
604. The second, built in stone in 675-685, was burned by Danes in 962,
and the third was destroyed by fire in 1087. The Normans rebuilt it in
1180. After its destruction in the Great Fire of London in 1666, it was
rebuilt by Sir Christopher Wren. It took hin 35 years to plan and built
St. Paul’s Cathedral, which was completed in 1710.

The most notable feature of it is the enormous dome. The Whispering
Gallery which fascinates all visitors is situated beneath the dome. In
this Gallery the slightest whisper is audible 100 feet away. In the
North Tower of the Cathedral there is a peal of 12 bells, while in the
South or Clock Tower there is the largest bell in England, the Great
Paul. Incide the cathedral one can see many monuments to generals and
admirals. Admiral Nelson is burried too. When Christopher Wren died he
was buried in the cathedral which his genius and toil had created. On
his tomb one can read the Latin inscrition “If you seek his monument
–look around.”

The Palace of Westminster ,usually known as the Houses of Parliament ,
dates only the 19th century , but it stands on the site of the palace
founded by Edward the Confessor.

The Palace of Westminster was used both as a royai residence and as a
parliament house until 1512. On Octoder 16,1834,the old Palace of
Westminter was almost destroyed by fire. After the fire,it was decided
to erect a new Palace of Westminster on the old historis site.

The foundation stone of the new buildinq , desiqned by Sir Ctarles
Barry and Auqustus Puqin, was lain in 1840, and Queen Victoria opened
First Parliament there in 1849.

The new Palace of Westminster extends over 8 acres on qround, contains
11 quadranqles, and includes 1,000 rooms and 100 staircases. There are
two towers inthe Palace of Westminste :the Victoria Tower and the Clok
Tower. The Victoria Tower holds the records of both the House – of
Lords and Commons. The British flaq (called the Union Jack)flyinq over
Victoria Tower shows that Parliament is in session. The liqht in the
Clock Tower also indicates that Parliament is in sesson.

The clock came into service in 1859 and was nicknamed Biq Ben. It
chimes the hours to the tune of Hande’s music. Biq Ben is the diqqest
clock dell in Britain. It weiqhs 13,5 tons. The Clock Tower is 318 feet
hiqh. You have to qo up 374 steps to reach the top. The clock dell was
called Biq Ben after Sir Benjamin Hall, who was qiven the job of havinq
the dell hoisted up. Benjamin was a very tall and stout man , whose
nickname was Biq Ben. One day he said in Parliament, “Shall we call the
dell St Stephen’s?” St Stephen is the name of the tower. But someone
joked,”Why not call it Biq Ben?” Not the dell is known all over the
world by that name.

Trafalqar Square is in the centre of the West End of London. It was
named so in commemoration of the victorious naval dattle of Trafalqar
in 1805 , in which Admiral – Lord Nelson was fatally wounded. The Nelson
Column was erected in the 1840s. On the top of the imposinq column, a
replica of one of the Corinthian columns in the Temple of Mars at
Rome, is a 17 feet-tall statue of Lord Nelson.

The total heiqht of the monument is 184 feet. On the pedestal are
dronze reliefs , made from the metal of captured French cannon
representinq Nelson’s four qreat naval victories. The four dronze
lions, added in 1867 are the work of the Enqlish architect of Landseer.

The whole of the north side of the Square is dominated by the National
Gallery. It was built in 1824 and houses one of the finest art
collections in the world.


David Mc Dowall. Britain in Close-up.Lonqman,1996.

W. Ellis Awi Stobbs. Tudor Enqland. Blackie London and Glasqow, 1968.

P. Bromhead. Life in Modern Britain. Lonqman Group UK Limited,1992.

V.F. Satinova. Read end Spear adout Britain and the British. Minsk
,”Vysshava Shkola”, 1997.

J.Keats,A. Hornak. Historis London. Letts Guides. Charles Leefts and
Company Ltd,London,Edinburqh, Munchen and New York, 1982.

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