Seven Wonders of the World (реферат)

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Seven Wonders of the World


HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/” \l
“Seven_Wonders_of_the_Ancient_World” 1 Seven Wonders of the Ancient

HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/” \l
“Seven_Wonders_lists_about_the_Middle_Ages” 2 Seven Wonders lists about
the Middle Ages

HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/” \l “Modern_lists” 3 Modern

HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/” \l “Modern_wonders” 3.1
Modern wonders

HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/” \l “Tourist_travel_wonders”
3.2 Tourist travel wonders

HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/” \l “Natural_wonders” 3.3
Natural wonders

HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/” \l “Underwater_wonders” 3.4
Underwater wonders

HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/” \l “New_Seven_Wonders” 3.5
New Seven Wonders

HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/” \l “See_also” 4 See also

HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/” \l “References” 5

HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/” \l “Further_reading” 6
Further reading

HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/” \l “External_links” 7
External links

HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/” \l “Seven_Ancient_Wonders”
7.1 Seven Ancient Wonders

HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/” \l “Other_wonders” 7.2
Other wonders

Seven Wonders of the Ancient World

The Seven Wonders of the Ancient World (from left to right, top to
bottom): HYPERLINK
“http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_Pyramid_of_Giza” \o “Great Pyramid
of Giza” Great Pyramid of Giza , HYPERLINK
“http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hanging_Gardens_of_Babylon” \o “Hanging
Gardens of Babylon” Hanging Gardens of Babylon , HYPERLINK
“http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Temple_of_Artemis” \o “Temple of Artemis”
Temple of Artemis , HYPERLINK
“http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Statue_of_Zeus_at_Olympia” \o “Statue of
Zeus at Olympia” Statue of Zeus at Olympia , HYPERLINK
“http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mausoleum_of_Maussollos” \o “Mausoleum of
Maussollos” Mausoleum of Maussollos , HYPERLINK
“http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Colossus_of_Rhodes” \o “Colossus of
Rhodes” Colossus of Rhodes and the HYPERLINK
“http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lighthouse_of_Alexandria” \o “Lighthouse
of Alexandria” Lighthouse of Alexandria .

The Seven Wonders of the World (or the Seven Wonders of the Ancient
World) is a widely-known list of seven remarkable constructions of
HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Classical_antiquity” \o
“Classical antiquity” classical antiquity . It was based on guide-books
popular among HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ancient_Greece”
\o “Ancient Greece” Hellenic sight-seers and only includes works
located around the HYPERLINK
“http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mediterranean” \o “Mediterranean”
Mediterranean rim. Later lists include those for the Medieval World and
the Modern World.

The historian HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Herodotus” \o
“Herodotus” Herodotus and the scholar HYPERLINK
“http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Callimachus” \o “Callimachus” Callimachus
of HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cyrene” \o “Cyrene”
Cyrene (ca HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/305_BC” \o “305
BC” 305 – HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/240_BC” \o “240 BC”
240 BC ) at the Museum of HYPERLINK
“http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alexandria%2C_Egypt” \o “Alexandria,
Egypt” Alexandria , made early lists of “seven wonders” but their
writings have not survived, except as references. The earliest extant
version of a list of seven wonders was compiled by HYPERLINK
“http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Antipater_of_Sidon” \o “Antipater of
Sidon” Antipater of Sidon , who described the structures in a poem
around HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/140_BC” \o “140 BC”
140 BC :

I have set eyes on the wall of lofty Babylon on which is a road for
chariots, and the statue of Zeus by the Alpheus, and the hanging
gardens, and the Colossus of the Sun, and the huge labour of the high
pyramids, and the vast tomb of Mausolus; but when I saw the house of
Artemis that mounted to the clouds, those other marvels lost their
brilliancy, and I said, ‘Lo, apart from Olympus, the Sun never looked on
aught so grand.’

– Antipater, Greek Anthology IX.58

A later list, under various titles like De septem orbis spactaculis and
traditionally misattributed to the engineer HYPERLINK
“http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Philo_of_Byzantium” \o “Philo of
Byzantium” Philo of Byzantium , may date as late as the fifth century
AD, though the author writes as if the Colossus of Rhodes were still

These are given in the table below:

Wonder Date of construction Builder Notable features Date of destruction
Cause of destruction

HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_Pyramid_of_Giza” \o
“Great Pyramid of Giza” Great Pyramid of Giza 2650-2500 BC HYPERLINK
“http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ancient_Egypt” \o “Ancient Egypt”
Egyptians Built as the tomb of HYPERLINK
“http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fourth_dynasty_of_Egypt” \o “Fourth
dynasty of Egypt” Fourth dynasty HYPERLINK
“http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ancient_Egypt” \o “Ancient Egypt”
Egyptian pharaoh HYPERLINK
“http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Khufu_%28pharaoh%29” \o “Khufu (pharaoh)”
Khufu . Still standing –

HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hanging_Gardens_of_Babylon” \o
“Hanging Gardens of Babylon” Hanging Gardens of Babylon 600 BC
HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Babylonia” \o “Babylonia”
Babylonians HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Herodotus” \o
“Herodotus” Herodotus claimed the outer walls were 56 miles in length,
80 feet thick and 320 feet high (although some archaeological findings
suggest otherwise). After 1st century BC HYPERLINK
“http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Earthquake” \o “Earthquake” Earthquake

HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Temple_of_Artemis” \o “Temple
of Artemis” Temple of Artemis at Ephesus 550 BC HYPERLINK
“http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lydia” \o “Lydia” Lydians , HYPERLINK
“http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Achaemenid_Empire” \o “Achaemenid Empire”
Persians , HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ancient_Greece” \o
“Ancient Greece” Greeks Dedicated to the HYPERLINK
“http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Greek” \o “Greek” Greek HYPERLINK
“http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Goddess” \o “Goddess” goddess
HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Artemis” \o “Artemis” Artemis ,
it took 120 years to build. HYPERLINK
“http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Herostratus” \o “Herostratus” Herostratus
burned it down in an attempt to achieve lasting fame. 356 BC
HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arson” \o “Arson” Arson

HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Statue_of_Zeus_at_Olympia” \o
“Statue of Zeus at Olympia” Statue of Zeus at Olympia 435 BC
HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ancient_Greece” \o “Ancient
Greece” Greeks Occupied the whole width of the aisle of the temple
that was built to house it, and was 40 feet (12 meters) tall. 5th-6th
centuries AD HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fire” \o “Fire”

HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mausoleum_of_Maussollos” \o
“Mausoleum of Maussollos” Mausoleum of Maussollos at Halicarnassus 351
BC HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Seleucid_Empire” \o
“Seleucid Empire” Persians , HYPERLINK
“http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ancient_Greece” \o “Ancient Greece”
Greeks Stood approximately 45 meters (135 feet) tall with each of the
four sides adorned with sculptural reliefs. Origin of the word
mausoleum. by AD 1494 HYPERLINK
“http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Earthquake” \o “Earthquake” Earthquake

HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Colossus_of_Rhodes” \o
“Colossus of Rhodes” Colossus of Rhodes 292-280 BC HYPERLINK
“http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hellenistic_Greece” \o “Hellenistic
Greece” Hellenistic Greece A giant HYPERLINK
“http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Statue” \o “Statue” statue of the
HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Greek_mythology” \o “Greek
mythology” Greek HYPERLINK
“http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/God_%28male_deity%29” \o “God (male
deity)” god HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Helios” \o
“Helios” Helios roughly the same size as today’s HYPERLINK
“http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Statue_of_Liberty” \o “Statue of Liberty”
Statue of Liberty in HYPERLINK
“http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_York_City” \o “New York City” New
York . 224 BC HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Earthquake” \o
“Earthquake” Earthquake

HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lighthouse_of_Alexandria” \o
“Lighthouse of Alexandria” Lighthouse of Alexandria 3rd century BC
HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ptolemaic_Egypt” \o “Ptolemaic
Egypt” Hellenistic Egypt Between 115 and 135 metres (383 – 440 ft)
tall it was among the tallest man-made structures on Earth for many
centuries. AD 1303-1480 HYPERLINK
“http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Earthquake” \o “Earthquake” Earthquake

The Greek category was not “Wonders” but “theamata”, which translates
closer to “must-sees”. The list that we know today was compiled in the
HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Middle_Ages” \o “Middle Ages”
Middle Ages —by which time many of the sites were no longer in
existence. Since the list came mostly from ancient Greek writings, only
sites that would have been known and visited by the ancient Greeks were
included. Even as early as 1600 BC, tourist HYPERLINK
“http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Graffiti” \o “Graffiti” graffiti was
scrawled on monuments in the Egyptian HYPERLINK
“http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Valley_of_the_Kings” \o “Valley of the
Kings” Valley of the Kings .

Antipater’s original list replaced the Lighthouse of Alexandria with the
HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ishtar_Gate” \o “Ishtar Gate”
Ishtar Gate . It wasn’t until the 6th century AD that the list above was
used. Of these wonders, the only one that has survived to the present
day is the Great Pyramid of Giza. The existence of the Hanging Gardens
has not been definitively proven. Records show that the other five
wonders were destroyed by natural disasters. The Temple of Artemis and
the Statue of Zeus were destroyed by fire, while the Lighthouse of
Alexandria, Colossus, and Mausoleum of Maussollos were destroyed by
earthquakes. There are sculptures from the Mausoleum of Maussollos and
the Temple of Artemis in the HYPERLINK
“http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/British_Museum” \o “British Museum”
British Museum in HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/London” \o
“London” London .

Seven Wonders lists about the Middle Ages

Seven Wonders lists about the HYPERLINK
“http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Middle_Ages” \o “Middle Ages” Middle Ages
are existing historical lists for which there is no unanimity of
opinion about origin, content or name. HYPERLINK
“http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/” \l “_note-carrington” \o “” [1] These
historical lists go by names such as “Wonders of the Middle Ages”
(implying no specific limitation to seven), “Seven Wonders of the Middle
Ages”, “Medieval Mind” and “Architectural Wonders of the Middle Ages”.
The lists are more properly seen as a continuing type or HYPERLINK
“http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Genre” \o “Genre” genre in the Seven
Wonders tradition than a specific list.

It is unlikely the lists originated in the Middle Ages. Brewer’s calls
them “later list[s]” HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/” \l
“_note-brewers” \o “” [2] suggesting the lists were created after the
Middle Ages. This is supported because the word HYPERLINK
“http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Medieval” \o “Medieval” medieval was not
even invented until the HYPERLINK
“http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Enlightenment” \o “Enlightenment”
Enlightenment -era, and the concept of a “Middle Age” did not become
popular until the HYPERLINK
“http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/16th_century” \o “16th century” 16th
century . Further, the HYPERLINK
“http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Romanticism” \o “Romanticism” Romanticism
movement glorified all things related to the Middle Ages, or more
specifically anything pre-Enlightenment era, suggesting such lists would
have found a popular audience in the late 18th and early 19th centuries.
Some items found on some of the lists are not technically from the
Middle Ages (according to modern historical standards), but we know the
lists were not created by modern medieval historians, so such standards
did not apply.

Typically representative of the seven: HYPERLINK
“http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/” \l “_note-carrington” \o “” [1]
HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/” \l “_note-latham” \o “” [3]
HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/” \l “_note-miller” \o “” [4]
HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/” \l “_note-brewers” \o “” [2]

HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stonehenge” \o “Stonehenge”

HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Colosseum” \o “Colosseum”

HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Catacombs_of_Kom_el_Shoqafa”
\o “Catacombs of Kom el Shoqafa” Catacombs of Kom el Shoqafa

HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_Wall_of_China” \o “Great
Wall of China” Great Wall of China

HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Porcelain_Tower_of_Nanjing” \o
“Porcelain Tower of Nanjing” Porcelain Tower of Nanjing

HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hagia_Sophia” \o “Hagia
Sophia” Hagia Sophia

HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leaning_Tower_of_Pisa” \o
“Leaning Tower of Pisa” Leaning Tower of Pisa

Other sites that have been mentioned include:

HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cairo_Citadel” \o “Cairo
Citadel” Cairo Citadel HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/” \l
“_note-0” \o “” [5]

HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ely_Cathedral” \o “Ely
Cathedral” Ely Cathedral HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/” \l
“_note-1” \o “” [6]

HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Taj_Mahal” \o “Taj Mahal” Taj
Mahal HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/” \l “_note-2” \o “”

HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cluny_Abbey” \o “Cluny Abbey”
Cluny Abbey HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/” \l “_note-3” \o
“” [8]

Modern lists

In the tradition of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, many other
lists of wonders have been proposed, including both human feats of
engineering and wonders of Nature. However, these lists are rather
informal, and there is no consensus on any particular list.

Modern wonders

“http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/American_Society_of_Civil_Engineers” \o
“American Society of Civil Engineers” American Society of Civil
Engineers compiled another list of wonders of the modern world:
HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/” \l “_note-4” \o “” [9]

Wonder Date Started Date Finished Locations

HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Channel_Tunnel” \o “Channel
Tunnel” Channel Tunnel HYPERLINK
“http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/December_1” \o “December 1” December 1 ,
HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1987” \o “1987” 1987
HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/May_6” \o “May 6” May 6 ,
HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1994” \o “1994” 1994
HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Strait_of_Dover” \o “Strait of
Dover” Strait of Dover , between England and France

HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CN_Tower” \o “CN Tower” CN
Tower HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/February_6” \o
“February 6” February 6 , HYPERLINK
“http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1973” \o “1973” 1973 HYPERLINK
“http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/June_26” \o “June 26” June 26 ,
HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1976” \o “1976” 1976
HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Toronto” \o “Toronto” Toronto ,
HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ontario” \o “Ontario” Ontario
, HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Canada” \o “Canada” Canada

HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Empire_State_Building” \o
“Empire State Building” Empire State Building HYPERLINK
“http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/January_22” \o “January 22” January 22 ,
HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1930” \o “1930” 1930
HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/May_1” \o “May 1” May 1 ,
HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1931” \o “1931” 1931
HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_York_City” \o “New York
City” New York , HYPERLINK
“http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_York_State” \o “New York State” New
York , HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/USA” \o “USA” USA

HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Golden_Gate_Bridge” \o “Golden
Gate Bridge” Golden Gate Bridge HYPERLINK
“http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/January_5” \o “January 5” January 5 ,
HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1933” \o “1933” 1933
HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/May_27” \o “May 27” May 27 ,
HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1937” \o “1937” 1937
HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Golden_Gate_Strait” \o “Golden
Gate Strait” Golden Gate Strait , north of HYPERLINK
“http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/San_Francisco%2C_California” \o “San
Francisco, California” San Francisco, California , HYPERLINK
“http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/USA” \o “USA” USA

HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Itaipu” \o “Itaipu” Itaipu
Dam January 1970 HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/May_5” \o
“May 5” May 5 , HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1984” \o
“1984” 1984 HYPERLINK
“http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paran%C3%A1_River” \o “Parana River”
Parana River , South America

HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Delta_Works” \o “Delta Works”
Delta Works HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1953” \o “1953”
1953 HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/May_10” \o “May 10” May
10 , HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1997” \o “1997” 1997
HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Netherlands” \o “Netherlands”
Netherlands , Europe

HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Panama_Canal” \o “Panama
Canal” Panama Canal HYPERLINK
“http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/January_1” \o “January 1” January 1 ,
HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1880” \o “1880” 1880
HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/January_7” \o “January 7”
January 7 , HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1914” \o “1914”
1914 HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Isthmus_of_Panama” \o
“Isthmus of Panama” Isthmus of Panama , HYPERLINK
“http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Central_America” \o “Central America”
Central America

Tourist travel wonders

The following list of the top seven tourist travel wonders (not
including pilgrimages) was compiled by Hillman Wonders: HYPERLINK
“http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/” \l “_note-5” \o “” [10]

HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_Pyramids_of_Giza” \o
“Great Pyramids of Giza” Great Pyramids of Giza

HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_Wall_of_China” \o “Great
Wall of China” Great Wall of China

HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Taj_Mahal” \o “Taj Mahal” Taj

HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Serengeti” \o “Serengeti”
Serengeti Migration

HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Galapagos” \o “Galapagos”

HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Grand_Canyon” \o “Grand
Canyon” Grand Canyon

HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Machu_Picchu” \o “Machu
Picchu” Machu Picchu

Natural wonders

Similar to the other lists of wonders, there is no consensus on a list
of seven natural wonders of the world, as there has been debate over how
large the list should be. One of the many lists was compiled by
HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CNN” \o “CNN” CNN : HYPERLINK
“http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/” \l “_note-6” \o “” [11]

HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Grand_Canyon” \o “Grand
Canyon” Grand Canyon

HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_Barrier_Reef” \o “Great
Barrier Reef” Great Barrier Reef

Harbor of HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rio_de_Janeiro” \o
“Rio de Janeiro” Rio de Janeiro

HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mount_Everest” \o “Mount
Everest” Mount Everest

HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aurora_%28astronomy%29” \o
“Aurora (astronomy)” Polar Aurora

HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Par%C3%ADcutin” \o “Paricutin”
Paricutin volcano

HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Victoria_Falls” \o “Victoria
Falls” Victoria Falls

Underwater wonders

This list of underwater wonders is of unknown origin but has been
repeated sufficiently often to acquire a degree of notability:
HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/” \l “_note-7” \o “” [12]
HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/” \l “_note-8” \o “” [13]

HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Palau” \o “Palau” Palau

HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Belize” \o “Belize” Belize
Barrier Reef

HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_Barrier_Reef” \o “Great
Barrier Reef” Great Barrier Reef

HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hydrothermal_vent” \o
“Hydrothermal vent” Deep-Sea Vents

HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Galapagos_Islands” \o
“Galapagos Islands” Galapagos Islands

HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lake_Baikal” \o “Lake Baikal”
Lake Baikal

HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Red_Sea” \o “Red Sea”
Northern Red Sea

New Seven Wonders

Two “New Seven Wonders” lists have been promoted since 2000.

In 2001 an initiative was started by Swiss organization New Open World
Corporation (NOWC) to choose the HYPERLINK
“http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_Seven_Wonders_of_the_World” \o “New
Seven Wonders of the World” New Seven Wonders of the World from a
selection of 200 existing monuments (ongoing). HYPERLINK
“http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/” \l “_note-9” \o “” [14] HYPERLINK
“http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_Seven_Wonders_of_the_World” \l
“New_Seven_Wonders_contenders” \o “New Seven Wonders of the World”
Twenty-one finalists were announced HYPERLINK
“http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/January_1” \o “January 1” January 1 ,
HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2006” \o “2006” 2006 .
HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/” \l “_note-10” \o “” [15] The
results will be announced on HYPERLINK
“http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/July_7” \o “July 7” 7 July HYPERLINK
“http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2007” \o “2007” 2007 .

In November 2006 the American national newspaper HYPERLINK
“http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/USA_Today” \o “USA Today” USA Today in
conjunction with the American television show HYPERLINK
“http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Good_Morning_America” \o “Good Morning
America” Good Morning America revealed a list of “New Seven Wonders”
as chosen by six judges. HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/” \l
“_note-11” \o “” [16] The wonders were announced one per day over a
week on Good Morning America. An “eighth wonder” was chosen on
HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/November_24” \o “November 24”
November 24 from viewer feedback. HYPERLINK
“http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/” \l “_note-12” \o “” [17]

Number Wonder Location

1 HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Potala_Palace” \o “Potala
Palace” Potala Palace HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lhasa”
\o “Lhasa” Lhasa , HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tibet” \o
“Tibet” Tibet , HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/China” \o
“China” China

2 HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Old_City_of_Jerusalem” \o
“Old City of Jerusalem” Old City of Jerusalem HYPERLINK
“http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Israel” \o “Israel” Israel

3 HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Polar_ice_cap” \o “Polar ice
cap” Polar ice caps HYPERLINK
“http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Polar_region” \o “Polar region” Polar

ument” \o “Northwestern Hawaiian Islands National Monument”
Northwestern Hawaiian Islands National Monument HYPERLINK
“http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hawaii” \o “Hawaii” Hawaii , HYPERLINK
“http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States” \o “United States” United

5 HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Internet” \o “Internet”
Internet N/A

6 HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maya_civilization” \o “Maya
civilization” Mayan HYPERLINK
“http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maya_architecture” \o “Maya architecture”
ruins HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yucat%C3%A1n_Peninsula”
\o “Yucatan Peninsula” Yucatan Peninsula , HYPERLINK
“http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mesoamerica” \o “Mesoamerica” Mesoamerica

7 Great Migration of HYPERLINK
“http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Serengeti_National_Park” \o “Serengeti
National Park” Serengeti and HYPERLINK
“http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Masai_Mara” \o “Masai Mara” Masai Mara
HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kenya” \o “Kenya” Kenya and
HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tanzania” \o “Tanzania”

8 HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Grand_Canyon” \o “Grand
Canyon” Grand Canyon (viewer-chosen “eighth wonder”) HYPERLINK
“http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arizona” \o “Arizona” Arizona ,
HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States” \o “United
States” United States

See also

HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eighth_Wonder_of_the_World” \o
“Eighth Wonder of the World” Eighth Wonder of the World

HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Seven_Blunders_of_the_World”
\o “Seven Blunders of the World” Seven Blunders of the World — a list
by HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mahatma_Gandhi” \o “Mahatma
Gandhi” Mahatma Gandhi

“http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_Seven_Wonders_of_the_World” \o “New
Seven Wonders of the World” New Seven Wonders of the World


^ HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/” \l “_ref-carrington_0” \o
“” a HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/” \l
“_ref-carrington_1” \o “” b HYPERLINK
it” \o “Hereward Carrington” Hereward Carrington (1880-1958), “The
Seven Wonders of the World: ancient, medieval and modern”, reprinted in
the Carington Collection (2003) HYPERLINK
143783” ISBN 0-7661-4378-3 , HYPERLINK
D0o-qCquTofU” \o
4&lpg=PA14&d page 14 .

^ HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/” \l “_ref-brewers_0” \o “”
a HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/” \l “_ref-brewers_1” \o “”
b I H Evans (reviser), Brewer’s Dictionary of Phrase and Fable
(Centenary edition Fourth impression (corrected); London: Cassell,
1975), page 1163

HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/” \l “_ref-latham_0” \o “” ^
“http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Edward_Latham&action=edit” \o
“Edward Latham” Edward Latham . A Dictionary of Names, Nicknames and
Surnames, of Persons, Places and Things (1904), HYPERLINK
&lpg=PA280&dq=%22seven+wonders+of+the+middle+ages%22” \o
&lpg=PA280&dq=%22seven+wonders+of+the+middle page 280 .

HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/” \l “_ref-miller_0” \o “” ^
on=edit” \o “Francis Trevelyan Miller” Francis Trevelyan Miller ,
HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Woodrow_Wilson” \o “Woodrow
Wilson” Woodrow Wilson , HYPERLINK
“http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Howard_Taft” \o “William Howard
Taft” William Howard Taft , HYPERLINK
“http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Theodore_Roosevelt” \o “Theodore
Roosevelt” Theodore Roosevelt . America, the Land We Love (1915),
&lpg=PA201&dq=%22seven+wonders+of+the+middle+ages%22” \o
&lpg=PA201&dq=%22seven+wonders+of+the+middle page 201 .

HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/” \l “_ref-0” \o “” ^ The
Complete Idiot’s Guide to the Crusades (2001, page 153))

HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/” \l “_ref-1” \o “” ^ The
Rough Guide To England (1994, page 596))

HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/” \l “_ref-2” \o “” ^ Palpa,
as You Like it, HYPERLINK
world%22&pgis=1” \o
en+wonder page 67 )

HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/” \l “_ref-3” \o “” ^
HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Catholic_Encyclopedia” \o
“The Catholic Encyclopedia” The Catholic Encyclopedia , v.16 (1913),
lpg=PA74&dq=%22wonders+of+the+middle+ages%22&ie=ISO-8859-1” \o
lpg=PA74&dq=%22wonders+of+the+middle+a page 74

HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/” \l “_ref-4” \o “” ^
HYPERLINK “http://www.asce.org/history/seven_wonders.cfm” \o
“http://www.asce.org/history/seven_wonders.cfm” American Society of
Civil Engineers Seven Wonders

HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/” \l “_ref-5” \o “” ^
HYPERLINK “http://www.hillmanwonders.com/” \o
“http://www.hillmanwonders.com/” Hillman Wonders

HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/” \l “_ref-6” \o “” ^
HYPERLINK “http://www.cnn.com/TRAVEL/DESTINATIONS/9711/natural.wonders/”
\o “http://www.cnn.com/TRAVEL/DESTINATIONS/9711/natural.wonders/” CNN
Natural Wonders

HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/” \l “_ref-7” \o “” ^
ater_wonders_of_the_world/” \o
ater_wonders_of_the_world/” Underwater Wonders of the World

HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/” \l “_ref-8” \o “” ^
A” \o
A” 2nd list of Underwater Wonder

HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/” \l “_ref-9” \o “” ^
HYPERLINK “http://www.new7wonders.com/index.php?id=3&L=0” \o
“http://www.new7wonders.com/index.php?id=3&L=0” New Seven Wonders

HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/” \l “_ref-10” \o “” ^
HYPERLINK “http://www.new7wonders.com/index.php?id=306” \o
“http://www.new7wonders.com/index.php?id=306” Finalist Page

HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/” \l “_ref-11” \o “” ^
htm” \o
htm” New Seven Wonders panel

HYPERLINK “http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/” \l “_ref-12” \o “” ^
HYPERLINK “http://abcnews.go.com/GMA/7Wonders/” \o
“http://abcnews.go.com/GMA/7Wonders/” ABC Good Morning America “7 New
Wonders” Page

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