Sandro Botticelli

Alleged self-portrait of Botticelli, in his Adoration of the Magi.
HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Santa_Maria_Novella» \o «Santa
Maria Novella» Santa Maria Novella , HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Florence» \o «Florence» Florence .

Alessandro di Mariano Filipepi, better known as Sandro Botticelli
(«little barrel») ( HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/March_1» \o
«March 1» March 1 , HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1445» \o
«1445» 1445 – HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/May_17» \o
«May 17» May 17 , HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1510» \o
«1510» 1510 ) was an HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Italy»
\o «Italy» Italian HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Painter»
\o «Painter» painter of the Florentine school during the Early
HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Renaissance» \o «Renaissance»
Renaissance ( HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quattrocento» \o
«Quattrocento» Quattrocento ). Less than a hundred years later, this
movement, under the patronage of HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lorenzo_de%27_Medici» \o «Lorenzo de’
Medici» Lorenzo de’ Medici , was characterized by HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Giorgio_Vasari» \o «Giorgio Vasari»
Giorgio Vasari as a » HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Golden_age» \o «Golden age» golden age «,
a thought, suitably enough, he expressed at the head of his Vita of
Botticelli.

Contents

HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/» \l «Biography» 1 Biography

HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/» \l «Anthology_of_works» 2
Anthology of works

HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/» \l
«References_in_popular_culture» 3 References in popular culture

HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/» \l «References» 4
References

HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/» \l «See_also» 5 See also

Biography

Born in HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Florence» \o
«Florence» Florence in the working-class rione of Ognissanti,
Botticelli was first apprenticed to a goldsmith, then, following the
boy’s wishes, his doting father sent him to HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fra_Filippo_Lippi» \o «Fra Filippo Lippi»
Fra Filippo Lippi who was at work frescoing the Convent of the Carmine.
Lippo Lippi’s synthesis of the new control of three-dimensional forms,
tender expressiveness in face and gesture, and decorative details
inherited from the late Gothic style were the strongest influences on
Botticelli. A different influence was the new sculptural monumentality
of the HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Antonio_Pollaiuolo» \o
«Antonio Pollaiuolo» Pollaiuolo brothers , who were doing a series of
Virtues for the Tribunale or meeting hall of the Mercanzia, a
cloth-merchants’ confraternity, and Botticelli contributed to the set
the HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fortitude_%28Botticelli%29» \o «Fortitude
(Botticelli)» Fortitude , dated HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1470» \o «1470» 1470 in the HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uffizi_Gallery» \o «Uffizi Gallery»
Uffizi Gallery . He was an apprentice too of HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Andrea_del_Verrocchio» \o «Andrea del
Verrocchio» Andrea del Verrocchio , where HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leonardo_da_Vinci» \o «Leonardo da Vinci»
Leonardo da Vinci worked beside him, but he made his name in his local
HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Church_of_Ognissanti&action=e
dit» \o «Church of Ognissanti» Church of Ognissanti , with a
HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=St._Augustine_%28Botticelli%2
9&action=edit» \o «St. Augustine (Botticelli)» St. Augustine that
successfully competed as a pendant with HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Domenico_Ghirlandaio» \o «Domenico
Ghirlandaio» Domenico Ghirlandaio ‘s Jerome on the other side «the head
of the saint being expressive of profound thought and quick subtlety»
(Vasari). In HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1470» \o «1470»
1470 he opened his own independent studio.

HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Birth_of_Venus_%28Botticelli%29» \o
«The Birth of Venus (Botticelli)» The Birth of Venus : a revived Venus
Pudica for a new view of pagan HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ancient_history» \o «Ancient history»
Antiquity (Uffizi, Florence)

Botticelli came of age in the time of Cosimo de’ Medici. He lived to
become the favorite painter of Cosimo’s eminent grandson, Lorenzo il
Magnifico. Lorenzo de’ Medici was quick to employ his talent. The
artist’s paintings chronicle the triumphs of Lorenzo and the destruction
of his enemies on the walls of Florence. Botticelli is representative of
the Medicean age, his art is as extensive as the culture of the
Renaissance itself. Always politically aware, the artist recorded the
struggles between the Medici and the Pazzi and the Arrabbiati and the
Piagonni. Botticelli made consistent use of the circular HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tondo» \o «Tondo» tondo form and did
many beautiful female nudes, according to Vasari. The Birth of Venus was
at the Medici villa of Castello.

Botticelli’s Venus graces the first of the HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Italian_euro_coins» \o «Italian euro
coins» Italian euro coins (2002)

He was influenced by HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fra_Filippo_Lippi» \o «Fra Filippo Lippi»
Fra Filippo Lippi and HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Antonio_Pollaiuolo» \o «Antonio
Pollaiuolo» Antonio Pollaiuolo . HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Neoplatonism» \o «Neoplatonism»
Neoplatonism , with its fusion of pagan and Christian themes and its
elevation of estheticism as a transcendental element of art, was deeply
influential in his artwork, as it was with his patrons, the Medicis.

Sandro was intensely religious. In later life, he was one of HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savonarola» \o «Savonarola» Savonarola ‘s
followers and burned his own paintings on pagan themes in the notorious
» HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bonfire_of_the_Vanities» \o
«Bonfire of the Vanities» Bonfire of the Vanities «. Botticelli
biographer Ernst Steinman searched for the artist’s psychological
development through his Madonnas. In the deepening of insight and
expression in the rendering of Mary’s physiognomy, Steinman discerns
proof of Savonarola’s influence over Botticelli. This means that the
biographer needed to alter the dates of a number of Madonnas to
substantiate his theory. Specifically, they are dated ten years later
than before. Steinman disagrees with Vasari’s assertion that Botticelli
produced nothing after coming under the influence of Girolamo
Savanarola. Steinman believes the spiritual and emotional Virgins
rendered by Sandro follow directly from the teachings of the Dominican
monk.

Earlier, Botticelli had painted an Assumption of the Virgin for Matteo
Palmieri in a chapel at San Pietro Maggiore in which, it was rumored,
both the patron who dictated the iconic scheme and the painter who
painted it, were guilty of unidentified HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Heresy» \o «Heresy» heresy , a delicate
requirement in such a subject. The heretical notions seem to be
HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gnosticism» \o «Gnosticism»
gnostic in character:

   

By the side door of San Piero Maggiore he did a panel for Matteo
Palmieri, with a large number of figures representing the Assumption of
Our Lady with zones of patriarchs, prophets, apostles, evangelists,
martyrs, confessors, doctors, virgins, and the orders of angels, the
whole from a design given to him by Matteo, who was a worthy and learned
man. He executed this work with the greatest mastery and diligence,
introducing the portraits of Matteo and his wife on their knees. But
although the great beauty of this work could find no other fault with
it, said that Matteo and Sandro were guilty of grave heresy. Whether
this be true or not, I cannot say. (Giorgio Vasari)    

This is a common misconception based on a mistake by Vasari. The
painting referred to here, now in the HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/National_Gallery%2C_London» \o «National
Gallery, London» National Gallery in HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/London» \o «London» London , is by the
artist HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Botticini&action=edit» \o
«Botticini» Botticini . Vasari confused their similar sounding names.

HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Primavera_%28Botticelli%29» \o
«Primavera (Botticelli)» Primavera ( HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1478» \o «1478» 1478 ): icon of the
springtime renewal of the Florentine Renaissance, also at the summer
palazzo of Pierfrancesco de’ Medici, as a companion piece to the Birth
of Venus and Pallas and the Centaur. Left to right: Mercury, the
HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charites» \o «Charites» Three
Graces , Venus, HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flora_%28goddess%29» \o «Flora (goddess)»
Flora , HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chloris» \o «Chloris»
Chloris , HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zephyrus» \o
«Zephyrus» Zephyrus . Notice the Venus figure at center resembles a
Madonna, the tree branches about her head acting as a subtle halo —
thereby demonstrating the neoplatonic fusion of paganism and
Christianity — but faces are real portraits: for instance, the Grace on
the right side is HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Caterina_Sforza» \o «Caterina Sforza»
Caterina Sforza . Though comparatively few of Botticelli’s mythological
paintings survive, Primavera epitomises his use of classical mythology
as a vehicle to illustrate sentiments actually derived from medieval
courtly love. ( HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jean_Seznec» \o
«Jean Seznec» Jean Seznec ‘s book on the survival and new uses of pagan
Antiquity in the Renaissance explores these themes.) Primavera can also
be read as political allegory: Love (Amor) would be HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rome» \o «Rome» Rome («Roma» in
Italian); the three Graces HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pisa» \o «Pisa» Pisa , HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Naples» \o «Naples» Naples and
HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Genoa» \o «Genoa» Genoa ;
Mercury HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Milan» \o «Milan»
Milan ; Flora HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Florence» \o
«Florence» Florence ; May HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mantua» \o «Mantua» Mantua ; Cloris and
Boreas HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Venice» \o «Venice»
Venice and HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bozen-Bolzano» \o
«Bozen-Bolzano» Bozen-Bolzano (or HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arezzo» \o «Arezzo» Arezzo and
HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Forl%C3%AC» \o «Forli» Forli ).

The Adoration of the Magi for Santa Maria Novella, c. 1476, contains
portraits of HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cosimo_de%27_Medici» \o «Cosimo de’
Medici» Cosimo de’ Medici («the finest of all that are now extant for
its life and vigour»), his grandson HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Giuliano_di_Piero_de%27_Medici» \o
«Giuliano di Piero de’ Medici» Giuliano de’ Medici , and Cosimo’s son
HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Giovanni_di_Cosimo_de%27_Medi
ci&action=edit» \o «Giovanni di Cosimo de’ Medici» Giovanni , were
effusively described by Vasari:

«The beauty of the heads in this scene is indescribable, their attitudes
all different, some full-face, some in profile, some three-quarters,
some bent down, and in various other ways, while the expressions of the
attendants, both young and old, are greatly varied, displaying the
artist’s perfect mastery of his profession. Sandro further clearly shows
the distinction between the suites of each of the kings. It is a
marvellous work in colour, design and composition.»

In HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1481» \o «1481» 1481 ,
HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Sixtus_IV» \o «Pope Sixtus
IV» Pope Sixtus IV summoned him and prominent Florentine and Umbrian
artists who had been summoned to fresco the walls of the HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sistine_Chapel» \o «Sistine Chapel»
Sistine Chapel . The iconological program was the supremacy of the
Papacy. Sandro’s contribution was moderately successful. He returned to
Florence, and «being of a sophistical turn of mind, he there wrote a
commentary on a portion of HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dante_Alighieri» \o «Dante Alighieri»
Dante and illustrated the HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Divine_Comedy» \l «Inferno» \o «The
Divine Comedy» Inferno which he printed, spending much time over it,
and this abstension from work led to serious disorders in his living.»
Thus Vasari characterized the first printed HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dante_Alighieri» \o «Dante Alighieri»
Dante (1481) with Botticelli’s decorations; he could not imagine that
the new art of HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Printing» \o
«Printing» printing might occupy an artist. As for the subject, when
Fra HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Girolamo_Savonarola» \o
«Girolamo Savonarola» Girolamo Savonarola began to preach hellfire and
damnation, the susceptible Sandro Botticelli became one of his
adherents, a piagnone left painting as a worldly vanity, burned much of
his own early work, fell into poverty as a result, and would have
starved but for the tender support of his former patrons.

Anthology of works

HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Madonna_and_Child_with_an_Angel_%28Bottice
lli%29» \o «Madonna and Child with an Angel (Botticelli)» Madonna and
Child with an Angel (1465-1467) -Tempera on panel, 87 x 60 cm, Spedale
degli Innocenti, HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Florence» \o
«Florence» Florence

HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Madonna_and_Child_with_an_Ang
el_%28Ajaccio%29&action=edit» \o «Madonna and Child with an Angel
(Ajaccio)» Madonna and Child with an Angel (1465-67) — Tempera on
panel, 110 x 70 cm, Musee Fesch, HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ajaccio» \o «Ajaccio» Ajaccio

HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Madonna_della_Loggia_%28Botti
celli%29&action=edit» \o «Madonna della Loggia (Botticelli)» Madonna
della Loggia (c. 1467) — Tempera on panel, 72 x 50 cm, HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uffizi» \o «Uffizi» Uffizi , HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Florence» \o «Florence» Florence

HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=The_Virgin_and_Child_with_Two
_Angels_and_the_Young_St._John_the_Baptist_%28Botticelli%29&action=edit»
\o «The Virgin and Child with Two Angels and the Young St. John the
Baptist (Botticelli)» The Virgin and Child with Two Angels and the
Young St. John the Baptist (1465-1470) — Tempera on panel, 85 x 62 cm,
Galleria dell Accademia, HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Florence» \o «Florence» Florence

HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Adoration_of_the_Magi_of_1467
_%28Botticelli%29&action=edit» \o «Adoration of the Magi of 1467
(Botticelli)» Adoration of the Magi (1465-1467) -Tempera on panel, 50
x 136 cm, HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/National_Gallery%2C_London» \o «National
Gallery, London» National Gallery , HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/London» \o «London» London

HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Portrait_of_a_Young_Man_of_Pitti_%28Bottic
elli%29» \o «Portrait of a Young Man of Pitti (Botticelli)» Portrait of
a Young Man (c. 1469) — Tempera on panel, 51 x 33,7 cm, HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Palazzo_Pitti» \o «Palazzo Pitti» Palazzo
Pitti , HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Florence» \o
«Florence» Florence

HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Madonna_in_Glory_with_Seraphim_%28Botticel
li%29» \o «Madonna in Glory with Seraphim (Botticelli)» Madonna in
Glory with Seraphim (1469-1470) — Tempera on panel, 120 x 65 cm,
HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uffizi» \o «Uffizi» Uffizi ,
HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Florence» \o «Florence»
Florence

HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Madonna_of_the_Rosegarden_%28
Botticelli%29&action=edit» \o «Madonna of the Rosegarden (Botticelli)»
Madonna of the Rosegarden (Madonna del Roseto) (1469-1470) — Tempera on
panel, 124 x 65 cm, HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uffizi» \o
«Uffizi» Uffizi , HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Florence»
\o «Florence» Florence

HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Madonna_and_Child_and_Two_Angels_%28Bottic
elli%29» \o «Madonna and Child and Two Angels (Botticelli)» Madonna and
Child and Two Angels (c. 1468-1470) — Tempera on panel, 100 x 71 cm,
HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Galleria_Nazionale_di_Capodimonte» \o
«Galleria Nazionale di Capodimonte» Galleria Nazionale di Capodimonte ,
HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Naples» \o «Naples» Naples

HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Portrait_of_a_Esmeralda_Brand
ini&action=edit» \o «Portrait of a Esmeralda Brandini» Portrait of a
Esmeralda Brandini (1470-1475) — Tempera on panel, 65,7 x 41 cm,
HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Victoria_and_Albert_Museum» \o
«Victoria and Albert Museum» Victoria and Albert Museum , HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/London» \o «London» London

HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fortitude_%28Botticelli%29» \o
«Fortitude (Botticelli)» Fortitude (c. 1470) — Tempera on panel, 167 x
87 cm, HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uffizi» \o «Uffizi»
Uffizi , HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Florence» \o
«Florence» Florence

HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Sant%27Ambrogio_Altarpiece_%2
8Botticelli%29&action=edit» \o «Sant’Ambrogio Altarpiece (Botticelli)»
Madonna and Child with Six Saints (Sant’Ambrogio Altarpiece) (c. 1470)
— Tempera on panel, 170 x 194 cm, HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uffizi» \o «Uffizi» Uffizi , HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Florence» \o «Florence» Florence

HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Madonna_and_Child_with_an_Ang
el_of_Boston_%28Botticelli%29&action=edit» \o «Madonna and Child with an
Angel of Boston (Botticelli)» Madonna and Child with an Angel (c.
1470) — Tempera on wood, 84 x 65 cm, HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Isabella_Stewart_Gardner_Museum» \o
«Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum» Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum ,
HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boston» \o «Boston» Boston

HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=The_Return_of_Judith_to_Bethu
lia_%28Botticelli%29&action=edit» \o «The Return of Judith to Bethulia
(Botticelli)» The Return of Judith to Bethulia (1470- 1472) — Oil on
panel, 31 x 24 cm, Uffizi, Florence

HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=The_Discovery_of_the_Murder_o
f_Holofernes_%28Botticelli%29&action=edit» \o «The Discovery of the
Murder of Holofernes (Botticelli)» The Discovery of the Murder of
Holofernes (1470-1472) — Tempera on wood, 31 x 25 cm, Uffizi, Florence

HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Adoration_of_the_Magi_of_1470
_%28Botticelli%29&action=edit» \o «Adoration of the Magi of 1470
(Botticelli)» Adoration of the Magi (1465-1467) -Tempera on panel,
diameter 131,5 cm, HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/National_Gallery%2C_London» \o «National
Gallery, London» National Gallery , HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/London» \o «London» London

HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Portrait_of_a_Young_Woman_of_
Uffizi_%28Botticelli%29&action=edit» \o «Portrait of a Young Woman of
Uffizi (Botticelli)» Portrait of a Young Woman (c. 1475) — Tempera on
panel, 61 x 40 cm, HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Palazzo_Pitti» \o «Palazzo Pitti» Palazzo
Pitti , HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Florence» \o
«Florence» Florence

HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Adoration_of_the_Magi_of_1475
_%28Botticelli%29&action=edit» \o «Adoration of the Magi of 1475
(Botticelli)» Adoration of the Magi (1465-1467) -Tempera on panel, 111
x 134 cm, Uffizi, Florence

HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/St._Sebastian_%28Botticelli%29» \o «St.
Sebastian (Botticelli)» St. Sebastian ( HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1474» \o «1474» 1474 ) — Tempera on
panel, 195 x 175 cm, HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Staatliche_Museen» \o «Staatliche Museen»
Staatliche Museen , HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Berlin» \o
«Berlin» Berlin

HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Portrait_of_a_Man_with_a_Medal_of_Cosimo_t
he_Elder» \o «Portrait of a Man with a Medal of Cosimo the Elder»
Portrait of a Man with a Medal of Cosimo the Elder (c. 1474-1475) —
Tempera on panel, 57,5 x 44 cm, Uffizi, Florence

HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Portrait_of_Giuliano_de%27_Me
dici_of_Bergamo_%28Botticelli%29&action=edit» \o «Portrait of Giuliano
de’ Medici of Bergamo (Botticelli)» Portrait of Giuliano de’ Medici
(c. 1475) — Tempera on panel, 54 x 36 cm, HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Accademia_Carrara» \o «Accademia Carrara»
Accademia Carrara , HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bergamo»
\o «Bergamo» Bergamo

HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Madonna_and_Child_%28Botticel
li%29&action=edit» \o «Madonna and Child (Botticelli)» Madonna and
Child (c. 1475) — Tempera on panel, HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chicago_Art_Institute» \o «Chicago Art
Institute» Art Institute , HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chicago» \o «Chicago» Chicago

Catherine of Alexandria, portrait of HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Caterina_Sforza» \o «Caterina Sforza»
Caterina Sforza (c. 1475), Lindenau-Museum, Altenburg (De)

HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Portrait_of_Giuliano_de%27_Me
dici_of_Washington_%28Botticelli%29&action=edit» \o «Portrait of
Giuliano de’ Medici of Washington (Botticelli)» Portrait of Giuliano
de’ Medici (1476-1477) — Tempera on panel, 75,6 x 36 cm, HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/National_Gallery_of_Art» \o «National
Gallery of Art» National Gallery of Art , HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Washington» \o «Washington» Washington ,
HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/District_of_Columbia» \o
«District of Columbia» D.C.

HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=The_Birth_of_Christ_%28Bottic
elli%29&action=edit» \o «The Birth of Christ (Botticelli)» The Birt of
Christ , (1476-1477) — Fresco, 200 x 300 cm, HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Santa_Maria_Novella» \o «Santa Maria
Novella» Santa Maria Novella , HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Florence» \o «Florence» Florence

HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Portrait_of_Giuliano_de%27_Medici_of_Berli
n_%28Botticelli%29» \o «Portrait of Giuliano de’ Medici of Berlin
(Botticelli)» Portrait of Giuliano de’ Medici ( HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1478» \o «1478» 1478 ) — Panel, 54 x 36
cm, HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Staatliche_Museen» \o
«Staatliche Museen» Staatliche Museen , HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Berlin» \o «Berlin» Berlin

HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Madonna_and_Child_with_Eight_
Angels_%28Botticelli%29&action=edit» \o «Madonna and Child with Eight
Angels (Botticelli)» Madonna and Child with Eight Angels (c. 1478) —
Tempera on panel, diameter 135 cm, HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Staatliche_Museen» \o «Staatliche Museen»
Staatliche Museen , HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Berlin» \o
«Berlin» Berlin

HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=St._Augustine_%28Botticelli%2
9&action=edit» \o «St. Augustine (Botticelli)» St. Augustine , (
HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1480» \o «1480» 1480 ) —
Fresco, 152 x 112 cm, HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Church_of_Ognissanti&action=e
dit» \o «Church of Ognissanti» church of Ognissanti , HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Florence» \o «Florence» Florence

HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Madonna_of_the_Magnificat_%28
Botticelli%29&action=edit» \o «Madonna of the Magnificat (Botticelli)»
Madonna of the Magnificat (Madonna del Magnificat) (1480-1483) —
Tempera on panel, diameter 118 cm, Uffizi, Florence

HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Madonna_of_the_Book_%28Botticelli%29» \o
«Madonna of the Book (Botticelli)» Madonna of the Book (Madonna del
Libro) (c. 1480-1483) — Tempera on panel, 58 x 39,5 cm, HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Museo_Poldi_Pezzoli» \o «Museo Poldi
Pezzoli» Museo Poldi Pezzoli , HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Milan» \o «Milan» Milan

HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Portrait_of_a_Young_Woman_of_Frankfurt_%28
Botticelli%29» \o «Portrait of a Young Woman of Frankfurt (Botticelli)»
Portrait of a Young Woman (1480-85) — Tempera on wood, 82 x 54 cm,
HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Stadelsches_Kunstinstitut&act
ion=edit» \o «Stadelsches Kunstinstitut» Stadelsches Kunstinstitut ,
HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frankfurt» \o «Frankfurt»
Frankfurt

HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Portrait_of_a_Young_Woman_of_
Berlin_%28Botticelli%29&action=edit» \o «Portrait of a Young Woman of
Berlin (Botticelli)» Portrait of a Young Woman (after 1480) — Oil on
panel, 47,5 x 35 cm, HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Staaliche_Museen&action=edit»
\o «Staaliche Museen» Staaliche Museen , HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Berlin» \o «Berlin» Berlin

HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Annunciation_of_1481_%28Botti
celli%29&action=edit» \o «Annunciation of 1481 (Botticelli)»
Annunciation ( HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1481» \o «1481»
1481 ) — Fresco, 243 x 550 cm, HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uffizi» \o «Uffizi» Uffizi , HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Florence» \o «Florence» Florence

HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sistine_Chapel» \o «Sistine
Chapel» St. Sixtus II ( HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1481»
\o «1481» 1481 ) — Fresco, 210 x 80 cm, HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sistine_Chapel» \o «Sistine Chapel»
Sistine Chapel , HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vatican_City»
\o «Vatican City» Vatican City

HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Adoration_of_the_Magi_of_1481
_%28Botticelli%29&action=edit» \o «Adoration of the Magi of 1481
(Botticelli)» Adoration of the Magi (1481-1482) — Tempera on panel, 70
x 103 cm, National Gallery of Art, Washington, HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/District_of_Columbia» \o «District of
Columbia» D.C.

HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pallas_and_the_Centaur» \o
«Pallas and the Centaur» Pallas and the Centaur (1482-1483) — Tempera
on canvas, 207 x 148 cm, HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uffizi» \o «Uffizi» Uffizi , HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Florence» \o «Florence» Florence

HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Venus_and_Mars_%28Botticelli%29» \o «Venus
and Mars (Botticelli)» Venus and Mars ( HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1483» \o «1483» 1483 ) — Tempera on
panel, 69 x 173 cm, HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/National_Gallery%2C_London» \o «National
Gallery, London» National Gallery , HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/London» \o «London» London

HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Portrait_of_a_Young_Man_of_London_%28Botti
celli%29» \o «Portrait of a Young Man of London (Botticelli)» Portrait
of a Young Man (c. 1483) — Tempera on panel, 37,5 x 28,2 cm, National
Gallery, London

HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Portrait_of_a_Young_Man_of_Wa
shington_%28Botticelli%29&action=edit» \o «Portrait of a Young Man of
Washington (Botticelli)» Portrait of a Young Man (c. 1482-1483) —
Tempera on panel, 41 x 31 cm, HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/National_Gallery_of_Art» \o «National
Gallery of Art» National Gallery of Art , HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Washington» \o «Washington» Washington ,
HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/District_of_Columbia» \o
«District of Columbia» D.C.

HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=The_Story_of_Nastagio_degli_O
nesti_%28Botticelli%29&action=edit» \o «The Story of Nastagio degli
Onesti (Botticelli)» The Story of Nastagio degli Onesti (c. 1483) —
Tempera on panel, 83 x 138 cm, HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Museo_del_Prado» \o «Museo del Prado»
Museo del Prado , Madrid]]

HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Bardi_Altarpiece_%28Botticell
i%29&action=edit» \o «Bardi Altarpiece (Botticelli)» The Virgin and
Child Enthroned (Bardi Altarpiece) ( HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1484» \o «1484» 1484 ) — Tempera on
panel, 185 x 180 cm, HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Staatliche_Museen» \o «Staatliche Museen»
Staatliche Museen , HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Berlin» \o
«Berlin» Berlin

HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Birth_of_Venus_%28Botticelli%29» \o
«The Birth of Venus (Botticelli)» The Birth of Venus (1484-1486) —
Tempera on canvas, 184,5 x 285,5 cm, Uffizi, Florence

HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Annunciation_of_1485_%28Botti
celli%29&action=edit» \o «Annunciation of 1485 (Botticelli)»
Annunciation ( HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1485» \o «1485»
1485 ) — Tempera and gold on wood, 19,1 x 31,4 cm, HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Metropolitan_Museum_of_Art» \o
«Metropolitan Museum of Art» Metropolitan Museum of Art , HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_York» \o «New York» New York

HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Madonna_of_the_Pomegranate_%28Botticelli%2
9» \o «Madonna of the Pomegranate (Botticelli)» Madonna of the
Pomegranate (Madonna della Melagrana) (c. 1487) — Tempera on panel,
diameter 143,5 cm, Uffizi, Florence

HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=San_Barnaba_Altarpiece_%28Bot
ticelli%29&action=edit» \o «San Barnaba Altarpiece (Botticelli)» The
Virgin and Child with Four Angels and Six Saints (Pala di San Barnaba)
(c. 1487-1488) — Tempera on panel, 268 x 280 cm, HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uffizi» \o «Uffizi» Uffizi , HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Florence» \o «Florence» Florence

HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Vision_of_St._Augustine_%28Bo
tticelli%29&action=edit» \o «Vision of St. Augustine (Botticelli)»
Vision of St. Augustine (c. 1488) — Tempera on panel, 20 x 38 cm,
Uffizi, Florence

HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Christ_in_the_Sepulchre_%28Bo
tticelli%29&action=edit» \o «Christ in the Sepulchre (Botticelli)»
Christ in the Sepulcre (c. 1488) — Tempera on panel, 21 x 41 cm,
Uffizi, Florence

HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Salome_%28Botticelli%29&actio
n=edit» \o «Salome (Botticelli)» Salome with the Head of St. John the
Baptist (c. 1488) — Tempera on panel, 21 x 40,5 cm, Uffizi, Florence

HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Extraction_of_St._Ignatius%27
_Heart_%28Botticelli%29&action=edit» \o «Extraction of St. Ignatius’
Heart (Botticelli)» Extraction of St. Ignatius’ Heart (c. 1488) —
Tempera on panel, 21 x 40,5 cm, Uffizi, Florence

HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cestello_Annunciation_%28Botticelli%29» \o
«Cestello Annunciation (Botticelli)» Cestello Annunciation (1489-1490)
— Tempera on panel, 150 x 156 cm, HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uffizi» \o «Uffizi» Uffizi , HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Florence» \o «Florence» Florence

HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=The_Virgin_Adoring_the_Child_
%28Botticelli%29&action=edit» \o «The Virgin Adoring the Child
(Botticelli)» The Virgin Adoring the Child (c. 1490)- Tempera on
panel, diameter 59,6 cm, National Gallery of Art, Washington

HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lamentation_over_the_Dead_Christ_with_Sain
ts_%28Botticelli%29» \o «Lamentation over the Dead Christ with Saints
(Botticelli)» Lamentation over the Dead Christ with Saints (c. 1490) —
Tempera on panel, 140 x 207 cm, HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alte_Pinakothek» \o «Alte Pinakothek»
Alte Pinakothek , HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Munich» \o
«Munich» Munich

HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Portrait_of_a_Man_%28Botticel
li%29&action=edit» \o «Portrait of a Man (Botticelli)» Portrait of a
Man (c. 1490) — Tempera on canvas transferred from wood, 49 x 35 cm,
Private collection

HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=San_Marco_Altarpiece_%28Botti
celli%29&action=edit» \o «San Marco Altarpiece (Botticelli)» San Marco
Altarpiece (1490-1492) — Tempera on panel, 378 x 258 cm (pala) and 21 x
269 cm (entire predella) Uffizi, Florence

HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=St._Augustine_in_His_Cell_%28
Botticelli%29&action=edit» \o «St. Augustine in His Cell (Botticelli)»
St. Augustine in His Cell (1490-1494) — Tempera on panel, 41 x 27 cm
cm, HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uffizi» \o «Uffizi»
Uffizi , HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Florence» \o
«Florence» Florence

HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Madonna_and_Child_and_the_You
ng_St_John_the_Baptist_%28Botticelli%29&action=edit» \o «Madonna and
Child and the Young St John the Baptist (Botticelli)» Madonna and Child
and the Young St John the Baptist (1490-1495) — Tempera on canvas, 134
x 92 cm, HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Palazzo_Pitti» \o
«Palazzo Pitti» Galleria Palatina (Palazzo Pitti) , Florence]]

HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Portrait_of_Lorenzo_di_Ser_Pi
ero_Lorenzi&action=edit» \o «Portrait of Lorenzo di Ser Piero Lorenzi»
Portrait of Lorenzo di Ser Piero Lorenzi (1490-1495) — Tempera on
panel, 50 x 36,5 cm, HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Philadelphia_Museum_of_Art» \o
«Philadelphia Museum of Art» Philadelphia Museum of Art , HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Philadelphia» \o «Philadelphia»
Philadelphia

HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Holy_Trinity_%28Botticelli%29»
\o «Holy Trinity (Botticelli)» Holy Trinity (Pala delle Convertite)
(1491-1493) — Tempera on panel, 215 x192 cm, HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Courtauld_Institute_Galleries» \o
«Courtauld Institute Galleries» Courtauld Institute Galleries ,
HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/London» \o «London» London

HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Madonna_del_Padiglione_%28Bot
ticelli%29&action=edit» \o «Madonna del Padiglione (Botticelli)» The
Virgin and Child with Three Angels (Madonna del Padiglione) (c. 1493) —
Tempera on panel, diameter 65 cm, HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Pinacoteca_Ambrosiana&action=
edit» \o «Pinacoteca Ambrosiana» Pinacoteca Ambrosiana , HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Milan» \o «Milan» Milan

HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Calumny_of_Apelles_%28Botticelli%29» \o
«Calumny of Apelles (Botticelli)» Calumny of Apelles (1494-1495) —
Tempera on panel, 62 x 91 cm, HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uffizi» \o «Uffizi» Uffizi , HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Florence» \o «Florence» Florence

HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Lamentation_over_the_Dead_Chr
ist_%28Botticelli%29&action=edit» \o «Lamentation over the Dead Christ
(Botticelli)» Lamentation over the Dead Christ (c. 1495) — Tempera on
panel, 107 x 71 cm, HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Museo_Poldi_Pezzoli» \o «Museo Poldi
Pezzoli» Museo Poldi Pezzoli , HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Milan» \o «Milan» Milan

HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Last_Communion_of_St_Jerome_%
28Botticelli%29&action=edit» \o «Last Communion of St Jerome
(Botticelli)» Last Communion of St. Jerome (c. 1495) — Tempera on
panel, 34,5 x 25,4 cm, Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York

HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Portrait_of_Dante_%28Botticel
li%29&action=edit» \o «Portrait of Dante (Botticelli)» Portrait of
Dante (c. 1495) — Tempera on canvas, 54,7 x 47,5 cm, Private collection

HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=The_Story_of_Virginia_%28Bott
icelli%29&action=edit» \o «The Story of Virginia (Botticelli)» The
Story of Virginia (1496-1504) — Tempera on panel, 85 x 165 cm,
HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Accademia_Carrara» \o «Accademia
Carrara» Accademia Carrara , HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bergamo» \o «Bergamo» Bergamo

HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Story_of_Lucretia_%28Botticelli%29» \o
«The Story of Lucretia (Botticelli)» The Story of Lucretia (1496-1504)
— Tempera on panel, 83,5 x 180 cm, HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Isabella_Stewart_Gardner_Museum» \o
«Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum» Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum ,
HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boston» \o «Boston» Boston

HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Crucifixion_%28Botticelli%29&
action=edit» \o «Crucifixion (Botticelli)» Crucifixion (c. 1497) —
Tempera on canvas, 73,5 x 50,8 cm, HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fogg_Art_Museum» \o «Fogg Art Museum»
Fogg Art Museum , HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/University_of_Harvard» \o «University of
Harvard» University of Harvard , HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cambridge» \o «Cambridge» Cambridge

HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Christ_Crowned_with_Thorns_%2
8Botticelli%29&action=edit» \o «Christ Crowned with Thorns (Botticelli)»
Christ Crowned with Thorns (c. 1500) — Tempera on panel, 47,6 x 32,3
cm, HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Accademia_Carrara» \o
«Accademia Carrara» Accademia Carrara , HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bergamo» \o «Bergamo» Bergamo ,
HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Italy» \o «Italy» Italy

HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Transfiguration_%28Botticelli
%29&action=edit» \o «Transfiguration (Botticelli)» Transfiguration, St
Jerome, St Augustine (c. 1500) — Tempera on panel, 27,5 x 35,5 cm,ah,
and i just got bit by a lestat, HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Galleria_Pallavicini&action=e
dit» \o «Galleria Pallavicini» Galleria Pallavicini , HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rome» \o «Rome» Rome

HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Judith_Leaving_the_Tent_of_Ho
lofernes_%28Botticelli%29&action=edit» \o «Judith Leaving the Tent of
Holofernes (Botticelli)» Judith Leaving the Tent of Holofernes
(1495-1500) — Tempera on panel, 36,5 x 20 cm, HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rijksmuseum» \o «Rijksmuseum» Rijksmuseum
, HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amsterdam» \o «Amsterdam»
Amsterdam

HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Agony_in_the_Garden_%28Bottic
elli%29&action=edit» \o «Agony in the Garden (Botticelli)» Agony in the
Garden (c. 1500) — Tempera on panel, 53 x 35 cm]], HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Capilla_Real&action=edit» \o
«Capilla Real» Capilla Real , HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Granada» \o «Granada» Granada

HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Mystical_Nativity_%28Botticelli%29» \o
«The Mystical Nativity (Botticelli)» The Mystical Nativity (c. 1500) —
Tempera on canvas, 108,5 x 75 cm, National Gallery, London

HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Baptism_of_St._Zenobius_%28Botticelli%29»
\o «Baptism of St. Zenobius (Botticelli)» Baptism of St. Zenobius and
His Appointment as Bishop (1500-1505) — Tempera on panel, 66,5 x 149,5
cm, HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/National_Gallery%2C_London» \o «National
Gallery, London» National Gallery , HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/London» \o «London» London

HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Three_Miracles_of_St._Zenobiu
s%2C_London_%28Botticelli%29&action=edit» \o «Three Miracles of St.
Zenobius, London (Botticelli)» Three Miracles of St. Zenobius
(1500-1505) — Tempera on panel, 65 x 139,5 cm, HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Metropolitan_Museum_of_Art» \o
«Metropolitan Museum of Art» Metropolitan Museum of Art , HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_York» \o «New York» New York

HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Three_Miracles_of_St._Zenobiu
s_%28Botticelli%29&action=edit» \o «Three Miracles of St. Zenobius
(Botticelli)» Three Miracles of St. Zenobius (1500-1505) — Tempera on
panel, 67 x 150,5 cm, Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York

HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Last_Miracle_and_the_Death_of_St._Zenobius
_%28Botticelli%29» \o «Last Miracle and the Death of St. Zenobius
(Botticelli)» Last Miracle and the Death of St. Zenobius (1500-1505) —
Tempera on panel, 66 x 182 cm, HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gem%C3%A4ldegalerie» \o «Gemaeldegalerie»
Gemaeldegalerie , HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dresden» \o
«Dresden» Dresden

References in popular culture

Botticelli’s name surfaced in popular culture in connection with the
2003 bestselling novel HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Da_Vinci_Code» \o «The Da Vinci Code»
The Da Vinci Code , which made a claim that a secret society known as
the HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Priory_of_Sion» \o «Priory
of Sion» Priory of Sion was a factual society. In actuality, the
Priory was a hoax concocted in the 1950s by a French HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pretender» \o «Pretender» pretender to
the throne, who had caused a large quantity of medieval documents to be
forged and planted in different locations around France. One set of
these documents, HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Les_Dossiers_Secrets» \o «Les Dossiers
Secrets» Les Dossiers Secrets , planted in the French National Library,
listed Botticelli as one of the Grand Masters of the Priory, and this
claim was repeated in the 1982 HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pseudohistory» \o «Pseudohistory»
pseudohistory book HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Holy_Blood_and_the_Holy_Grail» \o «The
Holy Blood and the Holy Grail» The Holy Blood and the Holy Grail ,
which was used as source material for The Da Vinci Code. Because of the
novel’s popularity and resulting confusion about its «facts», many
debunking books and documentaries were created, which again brought up
Botticelli’s name to try and clear things up. It is true that Botticelli
and HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leonardo_da_Vinci» \o
«Leonardo da Vinci» Leonardo da Vinci (also listed as a Grand Master
of the Priory of Sion) were both students at the Florence workshop of
HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Andrea_del_Verrocchio» \o
«Andrea del Verrocchio» Andrea del Verrocchio , but they had no
association with any «Priory of Sion», which is nothing but a 20th
century hoax.

In the popular TV sitcom HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frasier» \o «Frasier» Frasier ,
Botticelli is mentioned along with other notable artists. In the episode
To Tell the Truth, Niles compliments Roz’s baby pictures by declaring
«Botticelli himself couldn’t have painted a more perfect angel.»

References

Knackfuss H., Monographs On Artists, VI. Botticelli by Ernst Steinman,
Translated by Campbell Dodgson, New York, Lemcke & Huachner, 1901, Pg.
112.

HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_York_Times» \o «New York
Times» New York Times , Life of Botticelli, November 19, 1904, Page
BR783.

Da Vinci Declassified, 2006 HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Learning_Channel» \o «The Learning
Channel» TLC documentary

Ullman, H., Sandro Botticelli, 1893

Yashiro, Y., Sandro Botticelli and the Florentine Renaissance, 1929

Lightbown, R., Sandro Botticelli: Life and Work, 1989

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