PROMINENT SCIENTISTS AND PHYSICIANS OF UKRAINE
A well-known Ukrainian scientist О.М. Shumiyansky was the prominent
anatomist-microscopist of the i8 th century. He was the first who
discribed the -kidney texture.
O.M. Shumlyansky was born in 1748 ‘in the village Yakivtsi of Poltava
region. His father was an Ukrainian Cossack-peasant. He graduated from
the medical school in Petersburg and worked as a surgeon. Then he went
abroad where he improved his education in the field of obstetrics and
received his doctor’s degree.
After his returning to Russia О.М. Shumlyansky became a professor of the
medical surgical school in Moscow. He was the author of many research
works in the fields of surgery and obstetrics.
The prominent surgeon and scientist M.V. Skliphosovsky (1836-1904) was
born in Moldova and was brought up in a charity-school in Odcsa. After
successful graduating from the University he wrote his thesis and became
a professor of the Medical Academy in Petersburg. He was one of the
organizers of the surgical school in Russia.
M. V. Skliphosovsky liked Ukraine and often visited Odesa and other
Ukrainian towns. In 1871 he bought an estate in the outskirt of Poltava
and rested there in summer. Then he removed to Poltava and worked as a
physician at the regional hospital. It should be noted that, he took
care about poor people. He treated them free of charge and tried to
create favourable conditions in the hospital. A new school was built for
poor children on his initiative and his daughter was a teacher there.
In his estate he cultivated his orchard and worked there; being in -old
The outstanding clinicist and scientist of Ukraine M.D. Strazhesko
(1876-952) was an initiator in establishing Kyiv Institute of Clinical
Medicine and worked there as the academician during a long period. Under
the supervision of his teacher prof. V. P. Obraztsov he was the first to
differentiate and describe the clinical picture of myocardial
M.D. Strazhesko was the author of many, classical works describing the
heart and abdominal diseases. He used Pavlov’s scientific-ideas in his
clinic. In his research work he used the scientific, data from
biochemistry, microbiology, physiology and other sciences. He paid much
attention to the clinical researches of his patients.
In common with his teacher V.P. Obraztsov they worked out a new method
of sliding palpation of abdominal cavity organs that won the world
1. What was O.M. Shumlyansky? 2. When and where was he born? 3. What
school did he graduate from? 4. Where did1 he receive his doctor’s
degree? 5. Was he the. author of many research works? 6. What was M. V.
Skliphosovsky? 7. Where was he brought up? 8. When did he become a
professor of the Petersburg Academy? 9. Where did he remove then. 10.
What did he do in Poltava? 11. What was M.D. Strazhesko? 12. Who was an
initiator in establishing Kyiv Institute of Clinical Medicine? 13.
Was he the author of many classical works? 14. What method did M.D.
Strazhesko and his teacher V.P. Obraztsov work out?