Parliament of Canada

The Parliament of Canada (in HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/French_language» \o «French language»
French : le Parlement du Canada) is on the HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Parliament_Hill» \o «Parliament Hill»
Parliament Hill in HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ottawa» \o
«Ottawa» Ottawa , HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ontario» \o
«Ontario» Ontario . The future of the country is decided in this
building.

Niagara Falls

The CANADIAN PART of the Niagara Falls in width about 800 m and height
48 m through which passes about 90 % of a drain of the river of Niagara.

History

Aboriginal people (they call them First Nations) lived on the territory
of Canada at least 10,000 years ago. At HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1000» \o «1000» 1000 , HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Viking» \o «Viking» Vikings settled for
a short time at L’Anse aux Meadows. The French settled the HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/St._Lawrence_River» \o «St. Lawrence
River» St. Lawrence and HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Atlantic_Canada» \o «Atlantic Canada»
Atlantic Canada regions in the HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/16th_century» \o «16th century» 16th and
HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/17th_century» \o «17th
century» 17th centuries .

France surrendered to HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Britain»
\o «Britain» Britain nearly all of HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_France» \o «New France» New France ,
including HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Acadia» \o «Acadia»
Acadia and what comprises present-day HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quebec» \o «Quebec» Quebec and
HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ontario» \o «Ontario» Ontario
in the HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Treaty_of_Paris» \o
«Treaty of Paris» Treaty of Paris of HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1763» \o «1763» 1763 . Britain
established the colonies of HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nova_Scotia» \o «Nova Scotia» Nova Scotia
, HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lower_Canada» \o «Lower
Canada» Lower Canada , and HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Upper_Canada» \o «Upper Canada» Upper
Canada . New colonies were soon formed.

During and after the HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/American_Revolution» \o «American
Revolution» American Revolution , many HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_Empire_Loyalists» \o «United Empire
Loyalists» British Loyalists left the Thirteen Colonies to settle in
Canada. Other settlers during this time came from Europe, in particular
the HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/British_Isles» \o «British
Isles» British Isles .

On HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/July_1» \o «July 1» July 1
, HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1867» \o «1867» 1867 three
colonies — Canada, Nova Scotia, and New Brunswick received from Britain
constitution. This may the Dominion of Canada was formed. It consisted
of the provinces of Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Quebec (formerly Canada
East), and Ontario (formerly Canada West).

Other British colonies and territories soon joined Canada: by
HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1880» \o «1880» 1880 , Canada
included all of its present area except for HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Newfoundland_and_Labrador» \o
«Newfoundland and Labrador» Newfoundland and Labrador , which joined in
HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1949» \o «1949» 1949 .

In the second half of the HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/20th_century» \o «20th century» 20th
century , some there were citizens of the mainly French-speaking
province of HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quebec» \o
«Quebec» Quebec demanded independence there were two HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Referendum» \o «Referendum» referendums
in 1980 and 1995. In the HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1980_Quebec_referendum» \o «1980 Quebec
referendum» 1980 referendum the vote against independence was 60%; in
the HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1995_Quebec_referendum» \o
«1995 Quebec referendum» 1995 Quebec referendum the vote against
independence was 50.6%.Many think that in future there must take place
another referendum.

Placement and Neighbors

Official languages HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Canadian_English» \o «Canadian English»
English & HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/French» \o «French»
French , federally

Capital HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ottawa» \o «Ottawa»
Ottawa

Largest city HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Toronto» \o
«Toronto» Toronto

Political system HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Confederation» \o «Confederation»
Confederation with HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Parliamentary_democracy» \o «Parliamentary
democracy» parliamentary democracy

Population

 — July 2005 est.

 — Density HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_countries_by_population» \o «List
of countries by population» Ranked 35th

32,805,041

4/km? ( HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_countries_by_population_density»
\o «List of countries by population density» 222nd )

GDP (2004)

 — Total (PPP)

 — Total

 — GDP/head (PPP)

 — GDP/head

$1.056 trillion ( HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_countries_by_GDP_%28PPP%29» \o
«List of countries by GDP (PPP)» 11th )

$0.834 trillion ( HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_countries_by_GDP_%28nominal%29» \o
«List of countries by GDP (nominal)» 9th )

$32,463 ( HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_countries_by_GDP_%28PPP%29_per_cap
ita» \o «List of countries by GDP (PPP) per capita» 6th )

Canada is the second-largest country in the world (9 970 610 km2.) which
is surpassed in the sizes only by Russia. Canada is located on the north
from the USA, between Atlantic and Silent oceans. From the West on the
east it reaches 7700 km, and from the north on the south — 4600 km.
Almost 90 % of all population of Canada live within the limits of 160 km
from border from the USA.

Canada is divided into ten provinces and three territories, each of
which has own capital (in brackets): Albert, British Columbia, Island
Prins-Eduard, Manitoba, Fredericton, Nova Scotia, Nunavut, Ontario,
Quebec, Saskatchewan, New Land, North-West territories and Yukon.

Canada borders in the south and in the West on the USA. Extent of
borders (including Alaska) — 8893 km Extent of sea coast — 243 791 km.

The highest point of Canada is Mount Logan in height in 5950 m above sea
level.

Traditions

Canada Day is HYPERLINK «http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Canada» \o
«Canada» Canada ‘s national holiday. It is celebrated on HYPERLINK
«http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/July_1» \o «July 1″ July 1 .Since 1958
the government establishes annual ritual of carrying out of national day
of Canada. At festival it is possible to look multinational and
professional concerts on the Parliamentary Hill, including the
television show broadcast all over the country and with addition of
fireworks in 15 basic cities on all country.

Travel Preparations

Some norms of behavior of Canadians can seem to you more conservative in
comparison with to what you have got used in the country, others on the
contrary more liberal. Probably, it will be interesting to you to learn,
some of the accepted rules of behavior in Canada to not collide with
misunderstanding and censure from Canadians and to facilitate to itself
arrangement in the new country.

The standard rules of behavior:

All by turns — at Canadians it is not accepted to be pushed in turn and
to try to make the way without turn. All turns in Canada are under
construction by a principle » Who the first has come, that and is served
by the first «.

On a visit do not smoke — the most part of Canadians do not smoke. If
you pay a visit someone before smoking it is necessary to ask permission
of the owners. If owners do not smoke, you, most likely, will be
suggested smoking in the street.

Punctuality, first of all — you should come always in time for work, on
a meeting, to school. Those who often is late, can discharge from office
or exclude from school. The majority of Canadians more than 10 or 15
minutes of the one who is late for a business meeting will not wait. If
you are invited to action, it is meant, that you will arrive, a maximum
during half an hour from appointed time of a meeting.

The valid attitude to an environment — Canadians are respectful to an
environment and wait from you for the same. They hope that you will not
throw out dust under legs or from a window of your car.

The tender is not pertinent — in Canada it is not accepted to bargain in
occasion of the price, however there are exceptions. For example, almost
each Canadian will try to agree about the best price, doing very dear
purchase (the house, the machine, furniture).

Where to drive on skis in the big city?

At the Canadian city of Quebec which towers, similarly to the lock, on
coast of the river Sacred Laurent, — colorful and long history. Three
main resorts, hundreds kilometers of high-speed lines and miles of
descents for snowboarding surround this monumental city. Mont-Saint-Anne
and Stoneham as a magnet draw inhabitants and visitors of Quebec,
offering excellent lines and amazing descents. Le Massif, located
approximately in an hour of driving from Quebec, is unique mountain with
descents which come to an end directly in the river chained by an ice
Sacred Laurent. Except for skis and a snowboard, in city there is still
a set of interesting employment and sights. The oldest business street
of Northern America runs by ancient stone buildings and comes to an end
at the river. Along narrow streets Old Quebec majestic houses in which
hundreds restaurants and hotels now are located rise.

Transport: Canada is a huge country. The best type of transport between
the basic cities of the country — aircraft. The airports are in all
large and average cities. On long-distance bus lines two companies
«Greyhound» and «Voyageur» compete. To hitchhike on highway is not
recommended. In provinces of Ontario and Quebec special agencies which
connect passengers with drivers. It is cheap enough service there are.

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— PAGE 4 —

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