National FLAG OF UKRAINE.
NATIONAL EMBLEM OF UKRAINE
The combination of the blue and yellow colours – “Ukrainian colours” –
reaches far back into pre-Christian times. These colours predominated on
the flags of the medieval Kyivan State and were prominent during the
First accepted as the national Ukrainian flag by the Supreme Ukrainian
Council in Lviv in 1848, the blue-and-yellow flag met with popular
approval in all parts of Ukraine at the beginning of the 20th century.
On 22 March 1918 the blue-and-yellow flag was ratified as the national
flag of the independent Ukrainian National Republic, and with the
unification of all Ukrainian lands in 1919, it became the only Ukrainian
flag. With the trident, the blue-and-yellow flag for many years
symbolized the aspirations of the Ukrainian people for independence.
Following the Declaration of Independence, the blue-and-yellow flag
adopted as the national flag of Ukraine by an Act of Parliament on the
28th of January, 1992.
The trident is an ancient symbol of Ukrainian people dating back to more
than 3000 years. In the 10th century it became the dynastic coat of arms
of the Kyivan princes, including Volodymyr the Great and Yaroslav the
With the restoration of Ukrainian independence, the trident was adopted
as the official emblem of the Ukrainian National Republic in 1918.
The trident together with the blue-and-yellow flag have served for many
generations as the symbol of the Ukrainian struggle for independence.
By an Act of Parliament on the 19th of February, 1992, the trident once
again became the national emblem of Ukraine, symbolizing the united
historical development of Ukrainian people.
to predominate [pri’d mineit] – господствовать, преобладать – панувати,
to accept [ k’sept] – принимать; допускать – приймати, допускати;
to Supreme Ukrainian Council – Верховный Совет Украины – Верховна Рада
approval [ ’pru:v l] – одобрение, рассмотрение – схвалення, розгляд
unification – воссоединение — воз’єднання
trident [‘traident] – трезубец — тризуб
to symbolize [‘simb laiz] – символизировать — символізувати
aspirations [, sp ’rei n] – стремление; сильное желание – прагнення,
the Declaration of Independence – Декларация о независимости –
Декларація про незалежність
ancient symbol – древний символ – прадавній символ
restoration [,rest ’rei n] – реставрация, воостановление, реконструкция
– реставрація, відновлення, реконструкція
to adort [ ’d rt] – принимать — приймати
generation [,d en ’rei n] – поколение – покоління, генерація.
What colours predominated on the flags or the medieval Kyivan State and
were prominent during the Cossack age?
When was the blue-and-yellow flag met with popular approval in all parts
When was the blue-and-yellow flag ratified as the national flag or the
independent Ukrainian National Republic?
Is the trident an ancient an ancient symbol of Ukrainian people?
When did the trident become the dynastic coat of arms of the Kyivan
princes, including Volodymyr the Great and Yaroslav the Wise?
When was the trident adopted as the official emblem of the Ukrainian
What served as the symbol of the Ukrainian struggle for independence for