Margaret Thatcher (Margaret Robins) was born in 1925. Her father had a
grocer’s shop but he was also very interested in local politics.
Margaret was a good student and won a scholarship to Oxford to study
chemistry. Then she worked as a research chemist until she met and
married Denis Thatcher, a successful businessman. Then she decided to
study law. She was already involved in politics and gave up law when she
was elected to the Parliament in 1959. From 1970 to 1974 she was
Secretary of State for Education. In 1975 she became leader of the
Conservative Party which was the Opposition. In 1979 she beat the Labour
Party and took office as Prime Minister, Britain’s first woman Prime
Thatcher privatized publicly-owned industries and made cuts in state
education, hospitals, and welfare benefits. In early 1980’s, Britain was
facing unemployment, inflation, problems of Northern Ireland. In 1982,
Britain became involved in an undeclared war against Argentina in the
Falkland Islands. After the victory in the Falklands, she had an image
of a strong, authoritative leader. In the 1983 election campaign, she
won with a large majority of votes. In 1987 she won her third term as
Prime Minister defeating the Labour Party which suffered from loss of
votes due to the newly formed alliance with Liberal.
On November 22,1990, Mrs.Thatcher resigned. The “Iron Lady” who believed
it was her destiny to reshape the British nation shed tears as she made
the historic announcement. Three men were candidates for the post of
Prime Minister. John Major was to win.
1. When was Margaret Thatcher born?
2. What did she study at the university?
3. What were the major steps on her way to the post of Prime Minister?
4 What policy did Margaret Thatcher conduct?
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