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Linkin Park

Linkin Park live in Prague in 2007

Background information

Also known as Xero (1996–1998)[1]

Hybrid Theory (1998–1999)[1]

Origin Agoura Hills, California, USA

Genre(s) Nu metal, rapcore, alternative rock

Years active 1996 onward

Label(s) Warner Bros., Machine Shop

Associated acts Dead by Sunrise, Fort Minor, Jay-Z

Website www.linkinpark.com


Chester Bennington

Rob Bourdon

Brad Delson


Joe Hahn

Mike Shinoda



Band history

Early years (1996–1999)

Hybrid Theory (2000–2002)

Meteora (2002–2004)

Side projects (2004–2006)

Minutes to Midnight (2006–2008)

Future direction (2008 onward)

Musical style


Studio albums

Remix albums



Band members



Further reading

External links


Linkin Park is an American rock band from Agoura Hills, California.
Since its formation in 1996, the band has sold more than 50 million
albums and won two Grammy Awards. It achieved mainstream success with
its debut album, Hybrid Theory, which was certified Diamond by the RIAA
in 2005. Its following studio album, Meteora, continued the band’s
success, topping the Billboard 200’s album charts in 2003, and was
followed by extensive touring and charity work around the world. In
2003, MTV2 named Linkin Park the sixth greatest band of the music video

Having adapted the nu metal and rapcore genres to a radio-friendly yet
densely-layered style in Hybrid Theory and Meteora, the band explored
other genres in their next studio album, Minutes to Midnight. The album
topped the Billboard charts and had the third best debut week of any
album that year. They have also collaborated with several other artists,
most notably with rapper Jay-Z in their mashup album Collision Course,
and many others on Reanimation.

Band history

Early years (1996–1999)

Originally consisting of three high school friends, Linkin Park’s
foundation was anchored by Mike Shinoda, Brad Delson, and Rob Bourdon.
After graduating from high school, the California natives began to take
their musical interests more seriously, recruiting Joe Hahn, Dave
“Phoenix” Farrell, and Mark Wakefield to perform in their band, Xero.
Though limited in resources, the band began recording and producing
songs within Shinoda’s make-shift bedroom studio in 1996. Tensions and
frustration within the band grew after they failed to land a record
deal.[1] The lack of success and stalemate in progress prompted
Wakefield, at that time the band’s vocalist, to leave the band in search
for other projects. Farrell also left to tour with Tasty Snax and other

After spending a considerable time searching for Wakefield’s
replacement, Xero recruited Arizona vocalist Chester Bennington. Jeff
Blue, the vice president of Zomba Music, had referred him to the band in
March 1999. Bennington, formerly of Grey Daze, became a standout among
applicants because of his unique singing style. The band changed its
name from Xero to Hybrid Theory. The newborn vocal chemistry between
Shinoda and Bennington helped revive the band, inciting them to work on
new material. The band’s renaissance culminated with a change in name;
from Hybrid Theory, the band changed its name to Linkin Park, a play on
and homage to Santa Monica’s Lincoln Park. However, despite these
changes, the band still struggled to sign a record deal. After facing
numerous rejections from several major record labels, Linkin Park turned
to Jeff Blue for additional help. After failing to catch Warner Bros.
Records on three previous reviews, Jeff Blue, now the vice president of
Warner Bros. Records, helped the band sign a deal with the company in
1999. The band released its breakthrough album, Hybrid Theory, the
following year.

Hybrid Theory (2000–2002)

Linkin Park released Hybrid Theory on October 24, 2000. The album, which
represented half a decade’s worth of the band’s work, was edited by
music producer Don Gilmore. Hybrid Theory was well received by music
fans; the band sold more than 4.8 million records during its debut year,
earning it the status of best-selling album of 2001, while singles such
as “Crawling” and “One Step Closer” established themselves as staples
among alternative rock radio play lists during the year. Additionally,
other singles from the album were featured in movies such as Dracula
2000, Little Nicky, and Valentine. Hybrid Theory was also nominated for
three Grammy Awards, including best new artist, best rock album, and
best hard rock performance (for “Crawling”). MTV awarded the band their
Best Rock Video and Best Direction awards for “In the End”. Through the
winning of the Grammy for best hard rock performance, Hybrid Theory’s
overall success had catapulted the band into the mainstream’s attention.

During this time, Linkin Park received many invitations to perform on
many high-profile tours and concerts including Ozzfest, Family Values
Tour and KROQ Almost Acoustic Christmas. The band also formed its own
tour, Projekt Revolution, which featured other notable artists such as,
Cypress Hill, Adema, and Snoop Dogg. Within a year’s stretch, Linkin
Park had performed at over 320 concerts. The experiences and
performances of the precocious band were documented in its first DVD,
Frat Party at the Pankake Festival, which debuted in November 2001. Now
reunited with former bassist Dave Farrell, the band began work on a
remix album, dubbed Reanimation, which would include works from Hybrid
Theory and Hybrid Theory EP. Reanimation debuted on July 30, 2002,
featuring the likes of Black Thought, Jonathan Davis, Aaron Lewis, and
many others. Reanimation claimed the second spot on the Billboard 200,
and sold nearly 270,000 copies during its debut week.

Meteora (2002–2004)

Following the success of Hybrid Theory and Reanimation, Linkin Park
spent a significant amount of time touring around the United States. The
band members began to work on new material amidst its saturated
schedule, spending a sliver of their free time in their tour bus’
studio. The band officially announced the production of a new studio
album in December 2002, revealing its new work was inspired by the rocky
region of Meteora in Greece, where numerous monasteries have been built
on top of the rocks. Meteora featured a mixture of the band’s previous
nu metal and rapcore styles with newer innovative effects, including the
induction of a shakuhachi (a Japanese flute made of bamboo) and other
instruments. Linkin Park’s second album debuted on March 25, 2003 and
instantly earned worldwide recognition, going to #1 in the US and UK,
and #2 in Australia.

Meteora sold more than 800,000 copies during its first week, and it
ranked as the best selling album on the Billboard charts at the time.
Music videos for some of the album’s singles, including “Somewhere I
Belong”, “Breaking the Habit”, “Faint”, and “Numb”, received significant
radio attention. By October 2003, Meteora sold nearly three million
copies. The album’s success allowed Linkin Park to form another Projekt
Revolution, which featured other bands and artists including, Mudvayne,
Blindside, and Xzibit. Additionally, Metallica invited Linkin Park to
play at the Summer Sanitarium Tour 2003, which included well-known acts
such as Limp Bizkit, Mudvayne and Deftones. The band released an album
and DVD, entitled Live in Texas, which consisted of audio and video
tracks of some of the band’s performances in Texas during the tour. In
early 2004, Linkin Park started a world tour titled the Meteora World
Tour, supporting bands on the tour include Hoobastank, P.O.D. and Story
of the Year.

Meteora earned the band multiple awards and honors. The band won MTV’s
awards for Best Rock Video (“Somewhere I Belong”) and the Viewer’s
Choice Award (“Breaking the Habit”). Linkin Park also received
significant recognition during the 2004 Radio Music Awards, winning the
Artist of the Year and Song of the Year (“Numb”) awards. Although
Meteora was not nearly as successful as Hybrid Theory, it was the third
best selling album in America during 2003. The band spent the first few
months of 2004 touring around the world, first with the third Projekt
Revolution tour, and later several European concerts.

Side projects (2004–2006)

Bennington appears on the band’s behalf at MTV Asia Aid

Following Meteora’s success, the band postponed working on a new studio
album for the next few years. Instead, Linkin Park continued to tour and
work on many side projects. Bennington appeared on DJ Lethal’s “State of
the Art” and other work with Dead by Sunrise, while Shinoda did work
with Depeche Mode. In 2004, the band began to work with Jay-Z to produce
another remix album, entitled Collision Course. The album, which
featured intermixed lyrics and background tracks from both artists’
previous albums, debuted in November 2004. Shinoda also formed a new
band, Fort Minor, as a side project. With the aid of Jay-Z, Fort Minor
released its debut album, The Rising Tied, to critical acclaim. At the
same time, the band’s relationship with Warner Bros. Records was
deteriorating rapidly on account of several trust and financial issues.
After months of feuding, the band finally negotiated a deal in December

Linkin Park also participated in numerous charitable events. Linkin Park
helped raise money to benefit victims of Hurricane Charley in 2004 and
later hurricane Katrina in 2005. The band donated $75,000 to the Special
Operations Warrior Foundation in March 2004. They also helped relief
efforts for the 2004 tsunami victims by staging several charity concerts
and setting up an additional fund called “Music for Relief”. Most
notably, however, the band participated at Live 8, a series of
charitable benefit concerts set up to raise global awareness. Alongside
Jay-Z, the band performed on Live 8’s stage in Philadelphia,
Pennsylvania, to a global audience. The band would later be reunited
with Jay-Z at the Grammy Award Ceremony 2006, during which they
performed “Numb/Encore”, en route to winning a Grammy for Best Rap/Sung
Collaboration. They would later go on to play at the 2006 Summer Sonic
music festival, which was hosted by Metallica, in Japan.

Minutes to Midnight (2006–2008)

Linkin Park in Prague, 2007

Linkin Park returned to the recording studios in 2006 to work on new
material. To produce the album, the band chose producer Rick Rubin.
Despite initially stating the album would debut sometime in 2006, the
album was delayed until 2007. The band had recorded thirty to fifty
songs in August 2006, when Shinoda stated the album was halfway
completed. Bennington later added that the new album would stray away
from its previous nu metal sound. Warner Bros. Records officially
announced that the band’s third studio album, entitled Minutes to
Midnight, would be released on May 15, 2007 in the United States. After
spending fourteen months working on the album, the band members opted to
further refine their album by removing five of the original seventeen
tracks. The album’s title, a reference to the Doomsday Clock,
foreshadowed the band’s new lyrical themes. Minutes to Midnight sold
over 600,000 copies in its first week, making it one of the most
successful debut week albums in recent years. The album also took the
top spot on the Billboard Charts.

The album’s first single, “What I’ve Done” was released on April 2, and
premiered on MTV and Fuse within the same week. The single was acclaimed
by listeners, becoming the top-ranked song on the Billboard’s Modern
Rock Tracks and Mainstream Rock Tracks charts. The song is also used in
soundtrack for the 2007 action film, Transformers. Later in the year,
the band won the “Favorite Alternative Artist” in the American Music
Awards. The band also saw success with singles such as “Bleed It Out”,
“Shadow of the Day”, “Given Up”, and “Leave Out All the Rest”, which
were released throughout 2007 and early 2008. The band also collaborated
with Busta Rhymes on his single “We Made It”, which was released on
April 29.

Linkin Park’s touring and live shows have, among other things, included
a performance at Live Earth Japan on July 7, 2007. and headlining
Download Festival in Donington Park, England and Edgefest in Downsview
Park, Toronto, Canada. The band completed touring on its fourth Projekt
Revolution tour before taking up an Arena tour around the United
Kingdom, visiting Nottingham, Sheffield and Manchester, before finishing
on a double night at the O2 arena in London. Bennington stated that
Linkin Park plans to release a follow-up album to Minutes to Midnight.
However, he stated the band will first embark on a United States tour to
gather inspiration for the album. In an interview with Rolling Stone,
Bennington said that the band had already begun writing new material for
the album, and Shinoda too stated that the album could well be released
in late 2009. Mike Shinoda also announced a live CD/DVD entitled “Road
to Revolution: Live at Milton Keynes”, which is a live video recording
from the Projekt Revolution gig at the Milton Keynes Bowl the 29th June
2008, which was officially released on the 24th November, 2008.

Future direction (2008 onward)

In October 2008 Shinoda revealed on his blog that he, Phoenix and Hahn
had begun working on two song ideas at Hahn’s home, with studio
recording to begin in earnest soon. In 2008, Bennington announced that
Linkin Park’s fourth studio release will be a concept album. The band
has not released many specific details about the album.[1] In an
interview with MTV in November 2008, Bennington stated, “It sounds a
little daunting to me, so, I think my confidence level will drop, but
when it was presented to us by this friend of ours, we liked the idea.
It was an inspiring idea, and it was something we could relate a lot of
the things we like to write about to”.[2] He also added that the band
planned to begin recording in December for a six-week session. The album
was expected in mid 2009, but in late March, Mike Shinoda wrote on his
blog saying “We’re hoping to have Chester’s Dead By Sunrise album out
this fall, and the new LP album out early next year.”

In December 2008, Digidesign gave the band the opportunity to preview
the new Pro Tools 8 software. The experiment resulted in an instrumental
song performed by Shinoda and Bourdon. The song, entitled “Lockjaw”, was
made available to the band’s fan club as a free download.

In April 2009, Mike Shinoda revealed on his blog that Linkin Park will
be working on the score for Transformers: Revenge of the Fallen with
successful film composer Hans Zimmer. On May 7th, it was further
confirmed that the song recorded for the film is titled “New Divide,”
and was released as a single on May 18th. A clip from the song can be
heard 14 seconds into the new trailer.

In May, 2009, Linkin Park announced that they are working on their
fourth album which will be released in 2010, saying that it would be

Musical style

Both Hybrid Theory and Meteora combined the nu metal and rap rock sound
with influences and elements from hip-hop, alternative rock, and
electronica, utilizing programming and synthesizers. William Ruhlmann
from Allmusic regarded it as “a Johnny-come-lately to an already
overdone musical style,” whereas Rolling Stone called “Breaking the
Habit” “risky, beautiful art”.

In Minutes to Midnight the band experimented with their established
sound and drew influences from a wider and more varied range of genres
and styles, a process Los Angeles Times compares to a stage in U2’s
work. In it, only two of the songs feature rapping, and the majority of
the album can be considered alternative rock, rather than nu metal or
rap rock. It also is their first studio album to feature guitar solos.

In concert the band has covered songs by artists as varied as The Cure,
Deftones, Guns N’ Roses, and Nine Inch Nails.

Linkin Park’s use of two separate vocalists has become a large part of
their music. Chester Bennington is most known for using screaming vocals
common in various forms of metal and hardcore, while also using more
melodic singing, and was placed 46th in Hit Paraders list of “Heavy
Metal’s All-Time Top 100 Vocalists”.

Mike Shinoda is the group’s MC and does all of the rapping. Mike has
also done all of the backing vocals live, and in their latest album,
Minutes to Midnight, he sings lead vocals on “In Between”, “Hands Held
High”, and the B-side “No Roads Left”. Shinoda has also been placed in
Hit Parader’s list of “Heavy Metal’s All-Time Top 100 Vocalists” at
number 72.


Linkin Park rose to international fame in 2000 with their debut album
Hybrid Theory, which became a high commercial success and sold over 29
million copies worldwide, becoming one of the best-selling albums of all
time. Linkin Park is one of the most successful acts of the 2000s and
sold over 19 million albums in the United States alone (out of which 16
million were studio albums).They have sold 60 million albums worldwide
and are the best selling band of the 21st century. The band has achieved
three number-one Billboard 200 albums (Meteora, Collision Course and
Minutes to Midnight), seven number one singles on the Modern Rock Tracks
charts (“In The End”, “Somewhere I Belong”, “Faint”, “Numb”, “Lying From
You”, “Breaking The Habit” and “What I’ve Done”). Also, they are known
for the hit singles “One Step Closer”, “Crawling”, “Numb/Encore”, “Bleed
It Out”, “Shadow of the Day”, “Leave Out All The Rest”, “New Divide”,
and were featured in the X-Ecutioners’ song “It’s Goin’ Down” and Busta
Rhymes’s “We Made It”. Linkin Park has also won two Grammy Awards and as
well been nominated three times.Studio albums


Studio albums 3

Live albums 2

Extended plays 5

Singles 18

Video albums 6

Music videos 24

Remix albums 2

Collaborations 2

Demo 1

Fan Club albums 8


Hybrid Theory (2000)

Meteora (2003)

Minutes to Midnight (2007)

Remix albums

Reanimation (2002)

Collision Course (2004) – with Jay-Z


Xero (1996) – demo tape

Hybrid Theory EP (1999)

In the End: Live & Rare (2002)

Live from SoHo (2008)

Songs from the Underground (2008)


Frat Party at the Pankake Festival (2001)

Reanimation (2002) – (DVD-Audio)

The Making of Meteora (2003) – (limited release)

Live in Texas (2003)

Collision Course (2004)

Minutes to Midnight (2007) – (limited release)

Road to Revolution: Live at Milton Keynes (2008)

Band members

MTV Thailand interviews Mike Shinoda in 2006.


Chester Bennington – vocals, rhythm guitar, (1999–present)

Rob Bourdon – drums, percussion (1996–present)

Brad Delson – lead guitar (1996–present)

Dave “Phoenix” Farrell – bass guitar, backing vocals (1996–1998,

Joe Hahn – turntables, programming, samples (1996–present)

Mike Shinoda – MC, vocals, rhythm guitar, keyboards (1996–present)


Mark Wakefield – vocals (1996–1998)


Kyle Christener – bass guitar (1998–1999)

Scott Koziol – bass guitar (1999–2001)


Linkin Park released its debut album Hybrid Theory on October 24, 2000.
In 2001, the band won a Grammy Award for Best Rock Album. Linkin Park’s
second album Meteora sold more than 800,000 copies during its first
week, and it ranked as the best selling album on the Billboard charts at
the time. “Breaking the Habit”, a single from the album, won an MTV Asia
Award. “Somewhere I Belong”, also on Meteora, won a MTV Video Music
Award. After the success of Meteora, the band postponed working on a new
studio album for several years. Linkin Park continued to tour and work
on side projects; during the same period, Bennington appeared on DJ
Lethal’s State of the Art and worked with Dead By Sunrise, while Shinoda
worked with Depeche Mode. In 2004, the band worked with Jay-Z to produce
an album entitled Collision Course; “Numb/Encore”, a single from the
album, won a Grammy Award the next year. Linkin Park’s most recent album
Minutes to Midnight was released in 2007 despite initially stating the
album would debut in 2006. The album was nominated for a TMF Award in
2007, while “What I’ve Done”, a single from the album, was nominated for
an MTV Video Music Award. Linkin Park has recently won in the Favourite
International Artist of Asia category at the 2008 MTV Asia Awards.
Overall, Linkin Park has received 21 awards from 42 nominations.

Award Wins Nominations

American Music Awards 5 8

Grammy Awards 2 5

MTV Asia Awards 6 7

MTV Europe Music Awards 4 7

MTV Video Music Awards 4 13

TMF Awards 0 2


Awards won 21

Nominations 42


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

AskMen.com, Linkin Park – Biography Retrieved on March 20, 2007

Verrico, Lisa (January 30, 2008). “Linkin Park”. The Times.
live_reviews/article3271745.ece. Retrieved on February 20, 2009. 

Rock On The Net, Grammy Awards: Best Rap/Sung Collaboration, Retrieved
on June 9, 2007

Rock On The Net Grammy Awards: Best Hard Rock Performance, Retrieved on
June 14, 2006

Soundspike.com, Album Chart: Linkin Park’s ‘Meteora’ shoots to the top,
Retrieved on March 19, 2007

^ Negri, Andrea (October 10, 2003). “22 greatest bands? Something 2
argue about”. Houston Chronicle. 

MSN Music, Linkin Park: Biography, Retrieved on June 14, 2007

MacKenzie Wilson. “allmusic ((( Linkin Park > Overview )))”.
http://www.allmusic.com/cg/amg.dll?p=amg&sql=11:jxfoxqykld6e. Retrieved
on October 28, 2008. 

MTV.com, Mike Shinoda Says ‘No New Linkin Park Album In 2006 After All’,
Retrieved on June 9, 2007

Powers, Ann (May 15, 2007). “Minutes to Midnight (Warner Bros.)”. Pop
Album Review (Los Angeles Times).
2089411.story?coll=cl-calendar. Retrieved on October 19, 2007. 

Billboard.com, Linkin Park Scores Year’s Best Debut With ‘Midnight’,
Retrieved on May 28, 2007

“Linkin Park – band history and biography”.
http://www.popstarsplus.com/music_linkinpark_history.htm. Retrieved on
December 23 2007. 

^ MetaCritic, Minutes To Midnight. Retrieved on January 27, 2008.

Saulmon, Greg. Linkin Park. Contemporary Musicians and Their Music. New
York: Rosen Pub. Group, 2007. ISBN 1404207139.

Baltin, Steve. From The Inside: Linkin Park’s Meteora. California:
Bradson Press, 2004. ISBN 0960357416.

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