Реферат на тему:
Lina Kostenko — the contemporary Ukrainian writer
The famous Ukrainian poet Lina Vasylivna Kostenko was born on the
19th of March, 1930 in the town of Rzhyshchev in Kyiv region in the
teachers’ family. Since 1936 she lived in Kyiv where she graduated from
the secondary school. Lina Kostenko continued her education in the Kyiv
Pedagogical Institute. As a matter of fact she did not want to stop at
this level and in 1956 she graduated from the Moscow Literary Institute.
Such Ukrainian outstanding writers as Taras Shevchenko and Lesya
Ukrainka, I. Karpenko-Kary and M. Kotsubinsky, M. Rylsky and A.
Dovzhenko influenced the creative works of Lina Kostenko. The leading
theme in her poems is the role of an artist and art in the society, its
close connection with the people’s life.
Lina Kostenko belongs to the generation that is usually called
“the children of the war”. That is why the problems of war and peace are
very often raised in her works.
The Chornobyl tragedy did not leave Lina Kostenko careless. The
new topic became interesting for her — the problem of ecology.
Nevertheless I would like to admit that the majority of Lina
Kostenko’s works are dedicated to the historical life of Ukraine.
The most famous Lina Kostenko’s creation is the novel in verses
“Marusya Chury”. In this work the political, philosophical and esthetic
problems are raised against the national background. In the centre of
the novel is the image oflegendary Marusya Chury — the poet and the
author of many Ukrainian folk songs. In the novel the accent is made on
Marusya’s love to people, her motherland, and her patriotic feelings are
underlined as well. The action takes place in the period of the
liberation war of the Ukrainian people that was headed byBogdan
Khmelnitsky. In this context Lina Kostenko depicted the tragic love
story of Marusya and Grits Bobrenko. It was difficult for Marusya to
forgive her beloved for betraying their feelings, because Grits decided
to marry another girl for the reason she was rich. Marusya made up her
mind to commit the suicide. Accidentally Grits drank the poison prepared
by Marusya for herself.
Lina Kostenko managed to create the perfect picture of
psychological, heroic and romantic life of Marusya Chury and to depict
the historical events in Ukraine in the mid of the 17th century.
That is why it is just to say that Lina Kostenko is the daughter of her
epoch who completely belongs to the contemporaries.
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