Kirovohrad Region (реферат)

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Kirovograd Region is situated in the center of Ukraine, between the
rivers of the Dnieper and the Southern Bug.

The history of the Region begins in IV-III millennium B. C.: the
trypilska culture was developed in the Region’s territory. The
settlements of chornoliska, chernyakhivska cultures and Scythian tribes
have been discovered. In the late 1st millennium A. D. the northern
parts of the Region formed a part of the Kyiv Rus. Later on the
territory of the Region was under the rule of Lithuania, Poland. Our
ancestors have domesticated a horse, they were engaged in farming and
stock-breeding, they defended their land from aggressors.

In the 2nd half of the 15th century this territory became a part of the
lands where the Zaporizhia Cossacks community was organized.

Later, during almost three centuries, the lands belonged mostly to the
“Zaporizhia Army Liberties”. Cossacks worked and fought for their
independence there.

The first battle of the Cossacks’ Liberation War (1648-1654) near Zhovti
Vody took place on the territory of modern Kirovograd Region. In the
middle of the 18th c. A. D. the colonization of this territory by the
people from Russia, Bulgaria and Serbia began. In 1752 the New Serbia,
and in 1754 – the fortress of Saint Elizabeth were founded, which later
became the town of Elizabethgrad (modern Kirovograd) – the district
center in Kherson province.

The present borders of Kirovograd Region were formed in 1939. Nowadays
the territory of Kirovograd Region is 24,6 thousand square km (4,1% of
the total territory of Ukraine). The population is 1115,7 thousand
people (2,3% of the population of Ukraine). The density of the
population in Kirovograd Region is 45,3 people per square km (in Ukraine
it is 80 people per square km).

60,2% of the Kirovograd Region population (673,4 thousand inhabitants)
is urban; 39,8% (442,3 thousand inhabitants) is rural. The
representatives of more than 98 ethnic groups live in Kirovograd Region:
90,1% – Ukrainians, 7,5% – Russians, 0,7% – Moldavians and others.

Kirovograd Region consists of 21 administrative districts, 12 cities (4
of them are under regional authority), 26 urban villages, and 1024

The mild and warm climate of Kirovograd Region, radon and mineral water
deposits (about 150 000 cu. m per year), forests, valleys, rivers,
create favorable conditions for organization of short and long-term
recreation and entertainment, as well as a system of health resorts.

The position of the Region in the center of the Ukrainian crystalline
massif causes the formation of large rare metal deposits. The
characteristic feature of Kirovograd metallogenic zone is the whole
range of ore-bearing rocks: tungsten, copper, molybdenum, apatite,
uranium, gold and silver, bismuth, tin, lead, beryllium, stibium,
tantalum and niobium.

Kirovograd Region potential of mineral resources and sources of raw
materials is more than 340 deposits of minerals; 107 of them are being
developed: among them deposits of coal, iron ore, nickel ore, raw
materials for atomic power engineering (uranium), non-metallic minerals.

During the last decade deposits of gold were discovered in Kirovograd
Region. In future it can favor the development of gold-mining industry.
According to the geological survey information, there is a possibility
of discovering new deposits of platinum, diamonds, chromium and rare
metals on the territory of Kirovograd Region.

The economy of Kirovograd Region is agrarian – industrial.

The structure of the gross output is the following:

agriculture – 32,1%

industry – 28,1%

transport and communication – 11,6%

municipal economy – 5,1%

other branches of material and non-material production – 23,1%

Kirovograd Region is known as the region of a well-developed

Plant cultivation takes the leading place in the agricultural gross
output (73%) of Kirovograd Region; livestock farming has 27%.

The main grain crops grown in the Region are winter wheat, barley,
maize, leguminous plants, buckwheat and millet. The leading position
among the industrial crops is occupied by sunflower and sugar beet.

The main sectors of gardening are growing of apples, pears, plums,
cherries and berries.

The livestock farming is represented by sheep-breeding, cattle, poultry
and pig raising.

The share of the main types of agricultural products within their total
production in Ukraine is as follows: sunflower – 10%; grain and
leguminous crops – 6,7%; sugar beet (industrial) – 5,2%; meat – 3,0%;
milk – about 2,8%.

There are 4 stud farms in the Region dealing with stud-horse breeding
and improvement of breeding abilities. The main breeds raised on these
stud farms are thoroughbred saddle-horse and Ukrainian saddle-horse.

The irrigated area in Kirovograd region is 51,3 thousand hectares,
including 21,2 thousand hectares of inter-farm systems.

The industrial complex of Kirovograd Region includes 12 branches; 292
industrial enterprises work in the region. The food industry occupied
33,9%, machine-building and metal-working industry – 22,7%,
power-engineering – 17,7%, building materials industry – 5,3%, fuel
industry – 3,1%, non-ferrous metallurgy – 2,1%, light industry – 1,6%.

The food-processing industry in the region is represented by 93
processing enterprises. The milk-processing sector includes 12
enterprises, flour-milling and groats-making – 13, sugar-refining –11,
meat-processing – 8. The fat-and-oil industry is represented by 11
enterprises producing 35% of total food industry output in the Region.

Kirovograd Region is famous for the production of nearly all types of
sowing and harvesting machines, electrical lifting cranes, brown coal
briquettes, nickel, graphite, mineral wax, etc.

The economy of Kirovograd Region is mainly specialized in agriculture.
That’s why the goal of the machine building industry is meeting the
requirements of agriculture and processing industry in necessary
machines and spare parts.

The enterprises of the Region produce ready-made garments, hosiery, soft
and cabinet furniture, household appliances, horticultural sundry,
medical products, chinaware, faience, glassware, chemical goods, etc.

The Region has experience in foreign economic co-operation.

Welcome to co-operation!

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