Great Britain(реферат)

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Great Britain.

The United Kingdom and Northern Ireland is situated on the British
Isles. The British Isles consist of two large islands, Great Britain and
Ireland, and about five thousand small islands. Their total area is over
244 000 square kilometers. The United Kingdom is made up of four
countries: England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. Their capitals
are London, Edinburgh, Cardiff and Belfast respectively. Great Britain
consists of England, Scotland and Wales and does not include Northern
Ireland. But in everyday speech Great Britain is used to mean the United
Kingdom. The capital of UK is London.

London is political, economic, culture and commercial center of the
country. It’s one of the largest cities in the world and the largest one
in Europe. The population of the city is over 8 million. London is also
one of the oldest and most interesting cities in the world. The British
isles are separated from the European continent by the North Sea and the
English channel. The western coast of Great Britain is washed by the
Atlantic Ocean and the Irish Sea. The surface of the British Isles is
varies very much. The north of Scotland is mountainous and is called
Highlands, while the south, which has beautiful valleys and plains, is
called Lowlands. The north and west of England are mountainous, but all
the rest – east, center and southeast – is a vast plain. Mountains are
not very high. There are a lot of rivers in GB, but they are not very
long. The Severn is the longest river, while the Thames is the deepest
and most important one. The UK is one of the world’s smaller countries.
The population of the country is over 57 million and about 80% of it is
urban. The UK is highly developed industrial country. It’s known as one
of world’s largest producers and exporters of machinery, electronics,
textile, aircraft and navigation equipment. The UK is constitutional
monarchy. In law, the Head of State is the Queen, but in practice, the
Queen reigns, does not rule. The country is ruled by the elected
government with the Primer Minister at the head. The British Parliament
consists of two chambers : the House of Lords and the House of Commons.
Now the Primer Minister of the United Kingdom is Tony Blair.


1. The United Kindom of Great Britan and Nothen Island is situated on
the British Iles not far from Europe. It consists of the island of Great
Britan, the north-easten part of Irland and a great number of small
islands. Such as: the Orkney, the Hebrides, the Isle of White and many

2. If you look at the map of europe you will see that Great Britan is
not large. It takes 6 hours to trevel in a fast train, from London, the
capital of England, to Edinburgh, the capital of Scotland. And the June
from London to Plemouth takes a little over 4 hours by train.

3. There are 4 part of Great Britain England, the capital is London,
Scotland the capital is Edinburg, Walles the capital is Cardif and
Northen Island the capital is Belfast. Griat Britan lies not far from
continent. It is siparated from europe by the North Sea and England
Channel. The channel in it’s narrowest part The Strate of Dover is only
32 kilometres.

4. Great Britan has a very good geographical position, as it lies on
the crossways of the sea routes from Europe to other parts of the World.

The sea connects Britain with most European countrys such as:Belgium,

Holland, Denmark, Norway, Russia and some other countrys. The main sea
route from Europe to America also passed throught the channel.

5. British climet is miled and damp. It often rains frogs are quit
requent espeacially in the West and south-west. The Gulf Stream a warm
ocean current warms to seas around the British coast moderating the
climet, giving it cold Summers milds winters. The tempirature in winter
seldom folls below zero and the field and meadow are green all year

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