Exploration Christopher Columbus(реферат)

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Christopher Columbus

300-400 years ago a great deal of the world was undiscoveried. But
now there seems little more to explore, the wild north was conquered,
the jungle was conquered too. And it seems that all the pages of the
great book called “The Earth” has been filled in, but exploration still
goes on.

In the 15th century people knew only 3 continents: Europe, Asia and
Africa. They knew nothing about America. The man who was thought to be
the discoverier of America was born in 1451 in Italy. His name was
Cristopher Columbus.

Knowing that the earth was round he desided to reach India by
sailing to the west. It was very difficult for him to organize an
expedition as nobody wanted to help him. At last the Spanish government
gave him some money. In the 1492 he sailed with 3 small ships in to the
Atlantic ocean. They had been sailing for more than 2 months and at last
they saw land. Columbus was certain that the lands he discoveried were
part of India and he called these islands “The West Indias”. He made 3
voyagers to America. His last voyage was made in 1502-1504. After that,
seriously ill, he remained in Spain until his death. He died believing
that Cuba was part of Asia. Colum-buse’s voyagers gave Europe first
important knowledge of the new world. Many places have been named in his
honour. America however was named after another explorer Amerigo

Americus Vespucius (or Amerigo Vespucci, as the name is spelled in
Italian) was born in Florence, Italy, in 1454. He was in Spain at the
time of Columbus’ first and second voyages. In a letter, written in 1504
and printed in 1505, he claimed to have made four voyages, on the first
of which, in 1497, he explored the South American coast. This would make
him the first European to land on the American continent, for at that
time Columbus had only reached the outlying islands. Most scholars
reject Vespucius’ version of this voyage. Vespucius perhaps did
accompany a Spanish expedition that of Alonzo de Ojeda to South America
in 1499, and in 1501 and 1503 he probably went with Portuguese
expeditions. Probably he never commanded an expedition himself and, of
course, was not the first person to set foot on the continents to which
his name is given. Vespucius died in Seville, Spain, in 1512.

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