Dnipropetrovsk Region (реферат)

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Dnipropetrovs’k region is located in the South-East part of Ukraine, in
the basin of middle and low flow of Dnipro River. And borders with such
regions as Kharkiv, Donets’k, Zaporizhzhya, Poltava, Kirovograd,
Mykolaiv and Kherson. Total area is 31,9 thousand sq. km, including
forest land which is 190,8 thousand sq. km. The population of the region
comprises 3532,8 thousand persons (on 01.01.2003). Dnipropetrovs’k
region is divided into 22 administrative localities. The largest cities
are Dnipropetrovs’k, Kryvyy Rig, Dniprodzerzhinsk, Nikopol’, Pavlograd.

The surface is basically flat. In the West there is Prydniprovs’ka
eminence (height up to 209 м). In the South-East part there are cliffs
of Prydniprovs’ka eminence. In the central part there is Prydniprovs’ka
lowland. Mainly territory consists of rich black top soils and has
well-developed river system.

Climate is moderate continental. Average temperature in January is over
-5°С in the South-West and up to -6,5°С in the North-East; corresponding
in July – +23,5°С and +22°С. Annual precipitation is from 450 mm in the
South and up to 400 mm in the North. Vegetative period is 210 days.

The main water-way is river Dnipro which divides Ukraine into two
approximately equal parts. Its right inflows are Bazavluk, Mokra Sura,
Ingulets (with inflow Saksagan’); left ones are Оril’, Samara (with
inflow Vovcha). Dnipro and low part of Samara are floatable.

On the territory of region there are 144 kinds of animals, which are
brought to the Red Book of Ukraine. 38 regional kinds are in European
Red List.

Dnipropetrovs’k region is unique in its variety of mineral reserves.It
has been discovered 302 deposits and about 950 ore-bearing indications
in its depths. In the region it is being explored 39 kinds of mineral
raw materials iron, manganese, uranium, titanium-zirconium, tungsten and
nickel ores, as well as fire-proof kaolin, flux limestone,granite,
building stone, coal.


Dnipropetrovs’k region is one of the biggest industrial regions in
Ukraine. It is characterized by a highly developed heavy industry.

34% of iron and steel industry output of Ukraine is produced in
Dnipropetrovs’k region. 49,5% of the total volume of gross product of
industrial complex belongs to metallurgy. This branch started its
development in the second half of XIX century. Nowadays the structure of
iron and steel industry includes 57 enterprises. They are: 7 ore-bearing
plants, 3 mining enterprises, 3 metallurgical plants, 9 tube producing
and 3 chemical-recovery carbonization plants, 2 enterprises of
non-ferrous metallurgy.

Enterprises of mountain-metallurgical complex of region produce 100% of
marketable manganese ore, approximately 80% of iron ore, 75% of pipes,
35% of rolled stock, 37% of cast iron, 32% steel, 28% of coke of the
total amount made in Ukraine. The large part of this production is
certified and it corresponds to world level of quality.

Machine-building complex (including space engineering) has received
development in the 40-th. Machine-building production compounds 5,0% of
production of the whole industrial complex. Its structure contains 194
enterprises. The base of branch is heavy agricultural,
electromechanical, chemical machine manufacturing and machine-tool

30% of tractors are produced in this region by Production Association

During 50 years this Production Association has been working at
expansion of production range for military and agro-industrial
complexes. But in connection with conversion volumes of rocket
manufacture have been reduced. Having big manufacture capacities, the
plant began to produce modern comfortable trolley buses and street cars.
The plant produces equipment for agricultural complex, mini transport
for municipal services. The Ukrainian part of international space
projects is executed at this plant.

The State Joint-Stock Holding Company “Dniprovs’ky Machine-Building
Plant” develops and produces composite radar-tracking complexes,
systems, composite electronic equipment, and is one of the leaders in
modern radio instrument engineering. Also they produce different home

Chemical industry. Output of the branch amounts 4,9% of total production
volume. Chemical branch consists of 38 enterprises. They produce 12% of
synthetic ammonia, 16% of sulfuric acid, 32% of caustic soda, 16% of
fertilizers, 9% of synthetic resins and plasmas, 38% of tyres of all
quantity which is made in Ukraine.

OJSC “Dniproshyna” is one of the biggest tyre plants in Ukraine. The
enterprise produces over 120 kinds of tyres. Approximately 40% of
production is sold in Ukraine, and 18% is sold abroad. The enterprise
has received a certificate of conformity for many kinds of tyres in
international European system “E”.


The volume of agriculture gross product ompounds 3,7 milliard hryvnyas.
That means the second place among the other regions. The structure of a
farm is following plant growing – 67%, animal husbandry – 33%.

Agricultural activity is performed by 1100 agricultural enterprises of
different forms of ownership and 3534 farming enterprises.

Plant growing. The land resouses comprise about 3 thousand hectares and
are considered to be of very high quality. In grain and sunflower seed
manufacture Dnipropetrovs’k region is on the first place in Ukraine.

The grain growing is strategic and main branch of national economy.
Climate conditions and ground fertility assist cultivation of all grain
crops and allow to receive a high-quality bread grain.

Animal husbandry. Strategic direction of work concerning productivity
improvement is genetic improvement of breeding qualities of animals.

In dairy cattle breeding exist 12 breeding factories. In pigstry exist 9
breeding factories. Parameters and quality of the best reproducers of
agricultural production of such farms as “Agro-Oven”, “Chumaky” and
“Samars’kyy”, “Horizont” are well known abroad. There are also 2
horse-breeding factories.


The region is one of the main exporters of Ukraine. Just like in the
previous year, the region ranks the second according to the total volume
of export and import of goods and services.

1.117 enterprises have performed foreign economic transactions in the
field of export and 1.842 enterprises and organizations – in the field
of import

The enterprises of our region have cooperative trading activity with
enterprises of 137 countries.

The greatest volumes of foreign trade contracts were performed with
European countries (29.6%), Asia (28.4%), the CIS (25.6%). Russia
remains the main foreign partner of Dnipropetrovs’k region in export and
import trading.

ОАЕ and Nepal) increased. Bilateral trade with Iran, Philippines,
Taiwan, Singapore, Republic Korea, Israel, Pakistan is characterized
with increasing export and import volumes.

Export and Import Structure of Goods

Export structure of goods remains practically the same. Products of
mining-metallurgical complex (83,8%), machine-building (5,42%), chemical
industry (4,26%), food manufacturing and food processing industry
(3,1%), agriculture complex (0,84%) stand as its basis.

Deliveries of mineral fuel (petroleum and petroleum, natural gas) –
17,31%, production of machine-building – 21,31%, paper industry –
11,52%, production of a chemical industry – 18,4% and other dominate in
import structure of goods.

Regional Industrial and Investment Policy.

The investment regional policy is performed according to the Decree of
the President of Ukraine from July, 12 2001 № 512 “About measures
according to improvement of an investment climate in Ukraine”, programs
“Investment image of Ukraine”, approved from August, 17 2002 № 477

Mport operations must be payed by investors
only by money but not bill of exchange. That’s why many enterprises did
not registered their foreign investments at the statistics department
during the first part of this year. So a number of investnents in region
increased but they did not registered statistically.

During the first part a number of foreign investments were increased in
such districts of the region as: 26,4% – Dnipropetrovs’k, twice in
Kryvorozhskyy, 1,12% – Krynychansky, 1,7% – Novomoskovs’ky; in such
towns as: Pavlograd – 11,4%, Krivyi Rig – 4,6%, Zhovty Vody – 3,5%,
Volnogorsk – 4,9%, Dnipropetrovs’k – 17,1%. As to the informatiom of
statistics department a volum of foreign investments was reduced in such
districs as: Verhnedneprovskiy – 0,44%, Nikopolskiy – 0,72%; in such
towns as: Dniprodzerzhinsk – 4,3%, Nikopol – 0,57, Novomoskovs’k –
19,1%, Ordzhonikidze –79%, Synelnikovo –12,5%. The enterprises of the
region did not inform about their investments to statistics department
and thay partly repurchase shares at the non-residents that’s why a
volum of investments was reduced. The biggest investments into the
region economy came from enterprises of Ausria, Cyprus, USA, Turkey,
Great Britain, and Malta.

The enterprises of a mountain – metallurgical complex prepared many
investment projects with the purpose of manufactures remodeling and

Machine-building and a chemical industryis also preparing many
investment projects, which you can find at our web-site.


The region has big tourist potential:

unique water and forests resources;

cultural-historical inheritance;

cultural and ethnography potential (national crafts and handcrafts).

In the region There are 114 nature reserves, 8 parks of garden art, 3
protected woodlands. There are 84 hotels, 130 bases for leisure time

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