IAOe?IIAEUeIA AEAAeAI?ss IAOE OE?A?IE

A?AeAe?EAIIss II?NUeEI? AAIEIA?? OA INAAeI*IIAI ?OAeIOOAI?AIIss

IAOe?IIAEUeIIAI IAOEIAI-I?E?IAeIE*IAI IOCATH

OAeE 551.241:551.462.32](262.5)

Iieiaea Na?a?e A?eai?iae/

Ca’ycie no/anieo ii?oino?oeoo? (no/aniiai ?aeue?oo) aeia
i?ai?/ii-cao?aeiiai oaeueoo *i?iiai ii?y c aeeaeiieie no?oeoo?aie
oaeoiiinoa?e

04.00.10. — aaieia?y ieaai?a ? ii??a

Aaoi?aoa?ao ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa aaieia?/ieo iaoe

Ee?a – 1999

Aeena?oaoe?y ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia o a?aeae?e? no/aniiai ii?nueeiai naaeeiaioiaaiaco
?inoeooo? aaieia?/ieo iaoe IAI Oe?a?ie (i. Ee?a)

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi? aaieiai-i?ia?aeia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Ieo?iiieuenueeee Ieaen?e TH??eiae/

(caaa?ae?eii)

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? aaieiai — i?ia?aeia?/ieo iaoe , i?ioani?

Ua?aaeia ?ai? Ai?eniae/

(?inoeooo aaio?i??, i?ia?aeia?? ?
?oaeiooai?aiiy IAI oa Aea?aeeiiaaieia?? Oe?a?ie, caaa?ae?eii)

eaiaeeaeao aaieiai-i?ia?aeia?/ieo iaoe

Aeaiaaethe TH??e Ieeiea?ae/

(?aaea Iaoe?iiaeueii? aaciaee Oe?a?ie,
aenia?o)

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa — aaieiau/iee oaeoeueoao Ee?anueeiai Iaoe?iiaeueiiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. O. Oaa/aiea

Caoeno aeena?oaoe?? a?aeaoaeaoueny “ 16” /a?aiy 1999 ?ieo i 10
aiaeei? ia can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? ?aaee Ae. 26. 164. 01
A?aeae?eaiiy ii?nueei? aaieia?? oa ?oaeiooai?aiiy IIII IAI Oe?a?ie ca
aae?anith:

252054, i. Ee?a, aoe. Aii/a?a, 55-a.

C aeena?oaoe?eiith ?iaioith iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o A?aeae?eaii?
ii?nueei? aaieia?? oa inaaei/iiai ?oaeiooai?aiiy IIII IAI Oe?a?ie.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaii “ 22 “ ea?oiy 1999 ?ieo

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii?

a/aii? ?aaee, eaiaeeaeao aaieiai-

i?ia?aeia?/ieo iaoe
?aaiieeia I. A.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue ?iaioe coiiaeaia iaiao?aei?noth i?iaaaeaiiy aeaoaeueiiai
aiae?co aaiaeeiai?/ii? ianoaiiaee ye i?ai?/ii-cao?aeiiai oaeueoo, oae ?
an??? *i?iiii?nueei? caiaaeeie o ca`yceo c iio?aaith
ia?iaeiiainiiaea?nueeiai inai?iiy iaooiaaciaiai iioaioe?aeo oaeueoiai?
ciie. *i?ia ii?a, ye oi?eaeueia i?e?iaeia eaai?aoi??y, aea
niinoa?eaathoueny ??ciiiai?oi? o?ce/i?, o?i?/i?, aaieia?/i?,
a?ae?iaaieia?/i?, aaio?i?/i?, a?ae?ia?ieia?/i? oa ?i. i?ioeane,
aea/a?oueny aaea ai?iaeiaae a?eueoa noa ?ie?a o an?o iai?yieao, aea
aeooaeuei?noue eiai iiaeaeueoiai aea/aiiy caeeoa?oueny. Aei n?iaeanyoeo
?ie?a iaoiai noie?ooy ?nioaaei oeaia oyaeaiiy i?i “ieinea” aeii *i?iiai
ii?y oa aeae?eueeio eaiueeii?a ia no?aeiiio oaeueo?. ?iaioe ?icii/ao?
?AI IAI Oe?a?ie i?ae iaoeiaei ea??aieoeoaii aeaaeai?ea ?. O. Oitheiaa
aeaee ciiao a?eueo aeaoaeueii aea/eoe aaieia?th oaeueoo *i?iiai ii?y
(1981 — 1987). Oe? ?iaioe noaee iniiaith iiaeaeueoeo aeine?aeaeaiue
aeaoae?caoe?? oa iiaeeaeaiiy. Aiie a oeueiio iai?yieo aeaee ?aaeueio
ea?oeio neeaaeiino? ?aeue?oo aeia *i?iiii?nueei? caiaaeeie, ia yeiio
eaiueeiie oa i?aeaiaei? iaeaiaeieeie ?iciianthaeaeai? aeoaea oe?iei. A.
?. Iaeueiee o ni?aae?oaeiino? c *i?iiii?nueeith a?ae?ia?ao?/iith
neoaeaith i?iaeiaaeea ?iaioo a oeueiio iai?yieo. O n?iaeanyo? ?iee
aeoaea aaaaoi ?ia?o aoei i?enay/aii aea/aiith aeeaeiii? aoaeiae
(naeni?/i?, a?aa?oaoe?ei?, iaai?oiiao?e/i?, oaieia? oa ?io? aeenoaoe?ei?
iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy) Caaaeyee ocaaaeueiaiith aaeeei? e?eueeino?
aaio?ce/ieo oa aaieia?/ieo iaoa??ae?a A. ?. Eaey?aei aoa iiaoaeiaaiee
noaiaoe/iee oi?iae?ciaaiee ?ic??c caiii? ei?e E?eio, *i?iiai ii?y oa
Iiio?ae. Aea na?aae ii?aoeueiaaieo iaie e?oa?aoo?ieo oa oiiaeiaeo
aeaea?ae iaia? ?ia?o, ye? a noaaeee nai?th iaoith i?inoaaeoaaiiy
niaaeei?iiino? aeeaeiii? aoaeiae aeia o no/anieo oi?iao ?aeue?oo.
Iaeaea, aeooaeuei?noue iaoiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aecia/a?oueny a?aenooi?noth
ia nueiaiaei?oi?e aeaiue ?aeeii? aeoiee i?i ?noi??th aaiethoe??
aaiaeeiai?/ieo i?ioean?a, ye? oi?iothoue *i?iiii?nueeo caiaaeeio e
ioi/oth/ee ?? nooiae?e.

Iaoith ?iaioe ? ni?iaa anoaiiaeoe ca`ycie aeeaeiii? aoaeiae oaeueoo
(oaeoiii-iaaiaoe/i? no?oeoo?e) c i?ioeanii no/aniiai ?aeue?oiooai?aiiy
(iaioaeoii?ea, naaeeiaioiaaiac, e?oiaeeiai?ea) oa no/anieie oi?iaie
?aeue?oo (eaiueeiie, i?aeaiaei? aeieeie, oiui). Aeey aeinyaiaiiy oe???
iaoe o?aaa aoei ae??oeoe oae? caaaeaiiy:

1. I?iaanoe a?o?aiee iiooe oa ia?ainieneeoe aanue aeinooiiee oaeoe/iee
aaieiai-aaio?ce/iee iaoa??ae (ye e?oa?aoo?iee, oae ? oiiaeiaee) c iaoith
?aeiino?oeoe?? aaiaeeiai?/ieo i?ioean?a o iaae?ao *i?iiii?nueei?
caiaaeeie oa i?eeaaeiai nooiaeieo.

2. Ii??aiyoe oa?aeoa? aoaeiae caiii? ei?e *i?iiii?nueei? caiaaeeie a
?aeii? i?ai?/ii-cao?aeiiai oaeueoo *i?iiai ii?y oa i?eeaaeiai nooiaeieo
(i?aaeaiiee noee I?e/i?iiii?nueei? caiaaeeie No?aeii-?a?iiaenueei?
ieaooi?ie) c iaoith aeyaeaiiy ca`yceo no/anieo oi?i ?aeue?oo c
aeeaeiieie no?oeoo?aie.

3. C?noaaeoe ia ??cieo no?oeoo?ii-???a?o?/ieo ??aiyo:

a) eiioeiaio — ieaai?/ia caiia ei?a;

a) aeaaiy ieaooi?ia — iieiaea ieaooi?ia neeaae/anoi? ciie ieaai?/ii?
caiaaeeie;

a) oaeoiii-iaaiaoe/i? ? eiioeiaioaeuei? no?oeoo?e iaci-eaeiicienueeiai
/ioea — no/ania ia?aaea eaiueeii?a ? i?aeaiaeieo iaeaiaeieei;

4. Ii??aiyoe iniaeeaino? n?oee a?ae?iia?aae? no/anieo ??e c n?oeith
i?aeaiaeieo iaeaiaeieei oa eaiueeii?a i?ai?/ii-cao?aeii? /anoeie *i?iiai
ii?y.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a:

Aia?oa aeey i?ai?/ii-cao?aeiiai oaeueoo *i?iiai ii?y a ?acoeueoao?
eiiieaenieo aaieiai-aaio?ce/ieo ocaaaeueiaiue noai?aii iiaeaeue
aca?iica`yceo i?eiiaa?oiaaeo oa aeeaeiieo no?oeoo? ??cieo ???a?o?/ieo
??ai?a: a) aainoa?e, a) oei?a caiii? ei?e, a) ?aa?iiaeueieo oa
eieaeueieo no?oeoo?.

Ae?noaea iiaeaeueoiai ?icaeoeo ?aeay ca`yceo i?ia?ae?ia?ao?/ii? n?oee
nooiaeieo c i?aeaiaeieie iaeaieaiueeiiaie oa iaeaiaeieeiaie, ?o
caeaaei?noue a?ae iaioaeoii?/ieo ?oo?a oa i?iya?a oaeoii?/ii?
ae?yeueiino?.

Cai?iiiiiaaia ?iaioa ? ia?oith a Oe?a?i? ni?iaith anoaiiaeoe ?nioaaiiy
ca`yceo i?ae aeeaeiieie oaeoiii-iaaiaoe/ieie no?oeoo?aie oa no/anieie
oi?iaie ?aeue?oo aeia i?ai?/ii — cao?aeiiai oaeueoo *i?iiai ii?y.

Oaeineiiaeaia iaoiaeeea eiiieaenii? ioe?iee oniaaeeiaaieo oi?i ?aeue?oo
ca aeiiiiiaith neaioaaiiy ea?o ?aeue?oo, ?a/iaeiiiai neeaaeo,
iiooaeiinoae inaaei/iiai oa?o, aaio?ce/ieo oa no?oeoo?ieo ea?o aeicaiey?
i?iaiicoaaoe iaea?eueo aacia/i? oa ?aoe?iiaeuei? ??oaiiy i?e
i?iaeooaaii? i?aeaiaeieo eiioi?eaoe?e oa o?oaii?iaiae?a.

I?aeoe/ia oe?ii?noue ?iaioe iieyaa? a oiio, ui cai?iiiiiaaiee aaoi?ii
iiaee i?aeo?ae a?aooaaiiy i?e i?iaeooaaii? i?aeaiaeieo iaooi- oa
i?iaeoeoii?iaiae?a ia o?eueee iiaa?oiaaiai ?aeue?oo, aea eiai ca`yceo c
aeeaeiiith aoaeiaith aeicaieeoue ia eeoa cia/ii ciaioeoe eiooe i?e
i?iaeooaaii?, aea e caiia?aoe iaeaooi?i aaa??yi oa iiaeeeaiio
caa?oaeiaiith iaaeieeoiuei? aeaaoi???. Naia oaeee i?aeo?ae eiiieaeniiai
a?aooaaiiy ?aeue?oo oa eiai ca`yceo c aeeaeiiith aoaeiaith iiaea aooe
cai?iiiiiaaiee i?e i?iaeooaaii? oa iiaoaeia? aa?aaicaoenieo nii?oae,
i?aeaiaeiiio aoae?aieoeoa? ii?aainiiaea?noa, i?aeaiaeieo ?ic?iaeao
ei?enieo eiiaeei oiui.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? iaaiai?aii ia nai?ia?? ‘’I?eiaiaiea
yeni?aniuo iaoiaeia i?e auiieiaiee yeieiae/aneeo enneaaeiaaiee‘’ (12 —
13 aeiaoiy 1996 ?., i. Ee?a?).

Ia iaoeiai – i?aeoe/i?e ia?aae? ‘’Aeieia?/i? i?iaeaie ? ia?niaeoeae
?icaeoeo iaa?no?aeueieo o?oaii?iaiae?a’’ (14-16 aeiaoiy 1997 ??eo, i.
Oaeai?iae).

Ia I?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai — oaoi?/i?e ia?aae? «Aeieia?y a iaooiaacia?e
i?iieneiaino?» (14 — 17 a?oaeiy 1998 ?., i. Ee?a).

Ia caoeno aeiinyoueny oae? iieiaeaiiy:

1. Aeeaeiia aoaeiaa caie?, ye ia nooiaeie?, oae ? a cii? oaeueoo oa
eiioeiaioaeueiiai noeeo i?ai?/ii-cao?aeii? /anoeie *i?iiai ii?y ia?
/?oeee aieea ia ?aeue?o iiaa?oi?.

2. Oniaaeeoaaiiy aeeaeiii? aoaeiae (oaeoiii-iaaiaoe/ieo no?oeoo?,
?iceii?a oiui) a iiaa?oiaaeo oi?iao ?aeue?oo ia nooiaeie? a?aeaeaa?oueny
a i?ia?ae?ia?ao?/i?e ia?aae?, a a cii? oaeueoo oa eiioeiaioaeueiiai
noeeo — a iaeaiaeieeiao, iaeai?oneao oa eaiueeiiao.

3. Oa?aeoa?iith iniaeea?noth neeaae/anoeo oa ?ic?eaieo aeaoi?iaoe?e
i?ai?/ii-cao?aeiiai oaeueoo ? oa, ui a?ae iie??ae? e?enoae?/iiai
ooiaeaiaioo aaa?o ii ?ic??co inaaeiaiai /ioea ?ioaineai?noue ?o i?iya?a
neaaia, aea ia caana?.

Ia`?i ?iaioe.

Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa ia`?iii 182 noi??iie iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo
neeaaea?oueny c? anooio, 5 ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a oa nieneo e?oa?aoo?e, ui
i?noeoue 134 iaeiaioaaiiy, aeeth/a? 1 oaaeeoeth oa 46 ?enoie?a.

?iaioa aeeiioaaeanue o a?aeae?e? no/aniiai ii?nueeiai naaeeiaioiaaiaco
i?ae iaoeiaei ea??aieoeoaii aeieoi?a aaieiai-i?ia?aeia?/ieo iaoe,
i?ioani?a I. TH. Ieo?iiieuenueeiai oa aeieoi?a aaieiai-i?ia?aeia?/ieo
iaoe A. ss. ?aaec?a?ea, yeee i?aaeinoaaea iaiioae?eiaai? iaoa??aee ii
oaeoiii-iaaiaoe/ieo no?oeoo?ao i?ai?/ii-cao?aeii? /anoeie *i?iiai ii?y.
Aaoi? aeneiaeth? ?i aeeaieo aaey/i?noue ca oaaao oa anaa?/io i?aeo?eieo.
Aaoi? aaey/iee oaeiae i?ia?aeiei iaoeiaei ni?a?ia?oieeai, eaiaeeaeaoai
aaieiai — i?ia?aeia?/ieo iaoe A. ?. Iaeueieeo oa N. I. Ieueooeinueeiio
ca eiinoeueoaoe?? oa ii?aaee. Aaoi? aeneiaeth? iiaeyeo ni?a?ia?oieeai oa
eieaaai, aeiiiiiaith yeeo a?i ei?enooaaany i?ae /an ?iaioe iaae
aeena?oaoe??th.

CI?NO ?IAIOE

?NOI??ss AeINE?AeAEAIIss OA INIAEEAINO? AAIEIAI – OAEOII?*II?
AOAeIAE *I?IIII?NUeEIAI ?AA?IIO

Oaeoii?ea oa aeeaeiia aoaeiaa *i?iiii?nueei? caiaaeeie ciaeoee
a?aeia?aaeaiiy o i?aoeyo I. ?. Aiae?oniaa (1893, 1926), I. Ae.
A?oaiaaeuenueeiai oa I. I. No?aoiaa (1938), I. A.
Io?aoiaa (1960), ss. I. Iaeiaeoeueeiai (1967), A. A. *aeoiiaa (1972), A.
I. Aii/a?iaa, TH. I. Iai?i/iiaa (1972), TH. A. Ii?aoiiaa (1973), A. A.
Nieeiaoaa (1984), Ae. A. Ooaie?niaa oa ?i (1985),
?. ?. *aaaiaiea, TH. I. Aeiaaaey (1985), ?. O. Oitheiaa oa ?i (1981 —
1987).

*i?ia ii?a ? oeiiaei aioo??oiueieiioeiaioaeueiei aanaeiii, ui
ciaoiaeeoue a?aeia?aaeaiiy o aoaeia? eiai aeia. Ca aeaieie A. I.
Aii/a?iaa (1972), ?. O. Oitheiaa, I. A. A?eai?`?aa (1995) oa
?i., aeae?eythoueny iniiai? no?oeoo?i? aeaiaioe: oaeueo,
eiioeiaioaeueiee noee, eiaea oa aea?oueny iien ?aeue?oo eiaeiiai ?c ieo.

Aaieia?/ia iaiaeii??aei?noue aoaeiae *i?iiii?nueeiai ?aa?iio iaoiiaeaia
ciaoiaeaeaiiyi eiai ia eiioaeo? Na?aaecaiiiii?nueei? aeuei?enueei?
neeaae/anoi? iaeano? oa aei?eoaenueei? No?aeii – ?a?iiaenueei?
ieaooi?ie. I?noea i?ae aeaaiueith ieaooi?iith oa aeeaieiaiaeiith
oeiaiaeiith caeia? Ne?onueea iaeaicienueea ieeoa. I?aaeaiia iaaea
No?aeii – ?a?iiaenueei? ieaooi?ie, ca aeaieie aaio?ce/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue
( O. E. Aaeaeia, ?. I. Aa?eaeaiei, A. I. Aii/a?ia oa ?i., 1974),
i?ioiaeeoue ii aeeaeiiiio ?iceiio, yeee c`?aeio? aeieaia??enueeee
ooiaeaiaio ieaooi?ie c iaeaicienueeei eiiieaenii Ne?onueei? ieeoe.
I?aaeaiia iaaea Ne?onueei? ieeoe, yea caeia? iniiaio /anoeio i?ai?/ii –
cao?aeiiai /i?iiii?nueeiai oaeueoo, oiiaii i?iaiaeeoueny ii i?aei?aeaeth
aa?oiueiai onooio eiioeiaioaeueiiai noeeo ( A. I. Aii/a?ia, TH. I.
Iai?i/iia, A. O. Iai?i/iiaa 1972).

Aeeaeiia aoaeiaa *i?iiii?nueei? caiaaeeie iaoiiaeth?oueny aaieia?/iith
aoaeiaith ?? o?ueio aaino?oeoo?ieo cii: oaeueoo c ei?ith
eiioeiaioaeueiiai oeio, eiioeiaioaeueiiai noeeo c ei?ith “ia?ao?aeiiai”
oeio oa eiaeai ii?y c noaieaai?/iith ei?ith. Ca?aeii aeaiiei
A. I. Aii/a?iaa, TH. I. Iai?i/iiaa (1960, 1972) oa ?i. anoaiiaeaii,
ui ei?a eiioeiaioaeueiiai oeio c “a?ai?oii-aiaeniaei” oa?ii ?icaeiooa a
iaaeao oaeueoo, a “ia?ao?aei?e” cii? iaoa?eeiaiai noeeo oeae oa?
aeeeeith?oueny ? iiai?noth cieea? i?ae eiaeai ii?y, ia?aoiaey/e a ei?o
ieaai?/iiai oeio.

Oaeei /eiii, niinoa?eaa?oueny ciiaeueia aoaeiaa *i?iiii?nueei?
aeeaieiaiaeii? caiaaeeie, iia`ycaia c ??cii??aei?noth caiii? ei?e, ui ??
i?aenoaeth?.

*i?ia ii?a ? ?aeiiii aeniei? oaeoii?/ii? aeoeaiino?. A. A. Nieeiaoa, A.
A. *aeoiia, I. A. Nieeiaoa (1984) aeae?eythoue aeaa oeie oaeoii?/ieo
ii?ooaiue, ye? ?icaeioo? a i?ai?/i?e /anoei? *i?iiii?nueeiai ?aa?iio:
noaia?eae?aiaeuei? aeeaeii? ?iceiie aeieaia??enueeiai caeeaaeaiiy oa
noaoe?ioi? – i?ioa?icienueeiai. Iaea?eueo oaeoii?/ii aeoeaiith
aaaaea?oueny ciia eiioeiaioaeueiiai noeeo, i?i ui na?ae/aoue caieao?one,
ai?oeaio?e yeeo ?icoaoiaai? a oe?e cii?.

C 1965 ?ieo ?inoeoooii aaieia?/ieo iaoe IAI Oe?a?ie, a a inoaii? ?iee
oaeiae ? A?aeae?eaiiyi ii?nueei? aaieia?? oa inaaei/iiai ?oaeiooai?aiiy
IIII IAIO i?ae ea??aieoeoaii aeaaeai?ea Oitheiaa ?. O. i?iaiaeyoueny
eiiieaeni? aeine?aeaeaiiy eiioeiaioaeueiiai noeeo ?acoeueoaoe yeeo
aeeeaaeai? a na??? iaoeiaeo i?aoeue «Aaieiaey oaeueoa ONN?» a 8 oiiao
(1981 — 1987 ??.). A inoaii? ?iee aeniaaeeoe?yie i?ae iaoeiaei
ea??aieoeoaii aeaaeai?ea ?. O.Oitheiaa ia aeine?aeiiio noaei? «Ee?a»
(1996 — 1998 ??) aoei ua a?eueo aeaoaeueii aea/aii aaieia?th oaeueoo oa
eiioeiaioaeueiiai noeeo *i?iiii?nueeiai ?aa?iio..

?icae?e 1. AAIO?CE*I? IAOIAeE AeINE?AeAEAIIss *I?IIII?NUeEI?
CAIAAeEIE

?icae?e aeeth/a? /ioe?e i?ae?icae?ee, ia?oee ?c ieo i?enay/aiee
naeni?/iei aeine?aeaeaiiyi *i?iiii?nueei? caiaaeeie. Inoaii?ie
aeine?aeaeaiiyie aoea i?eeiyoa oaea no?aoea?ao?/ia i?ea`ycea ai?eciio?a:

1) Ai?eciio A1: iniiaa aa?oiueiai /aoaa?oeiiiai;

2) Ai?eciio A2 : iniiaa /aoaa?oeiiiai;

3) Ai?eciio A3: aa?oiy a?aieoey aa?oiueiai ie?ioeaio;

4) Ai?eciio A4 : iniiaa ie?ioeai — /aoaa?oeiiiai;

5) Ai?eciio N: aa?oiy a?aieoey ie?aioeaio (iniiaa i?ioeaio);

6) Ai?eciio A: aa?oiy a?aieoey aioeaio (aai iniiaa ie?aioeaio);

7) Ai?eciio E: aa?oiy a?aieoey iacicith, aa?oiy a?aieoey e?aeaee, aa?oiy
a?aieoey aei eaeiicith, aeonoe/ia iniiaa aai aeeeeithth/? aei iueiai
inaaei/i? oa?e a aeeaieiaiaeiiio aanaei? *i?iiai ii?y;

8) Ai?eciio J: aa?oiy a?aieoey th?e;

9) Ai?eciio O: aa?oiy a?aieoey o?eano;

10) Ai?eciio Z: aeonoe/ia iniiaa aae?a Oaonueeiai ? Aiae?oniaa,
cao?aeiiai aanaeio *i?iiai ii?y.

O ae?oaiio i?ae?icae?e? aiae?co?oueny iaai?oia iiea aeine?aeaeoaaiiai
?aa?iio. Aeae?eythoueny ciie c a?ae`?iieie ? aeiaeaoi?ie aiiiae?yie.
I?aaenoaaeaia noaia iaai?oiiai iiey *i?iiai ii?y.

O o?aoueiio i?ae?icae?e? aeaia oa?aeoa?enoeea a?aa?oaoe?eiiai iiey
*i?iiii?nueei? caiaaeeie, c ?? i?i?ioiaie ? iaeneioiaie iiey neee
oyae?iiy. I?aaenoaaeaia noaia a?aa?oaoe?eieo aiiiae?e *i?iiai ii?y a
?aaeoeoe?? Aoaa, noaia ?cinoaoe/ieo aiiiae?e neee oyae?iiy
*i?iiii?nueeiai ?aa?iio.

*aoaa?oee i?ae?icae?e i?enay/aii aea/aiith oaieiaiai iioieo
i?ai?/ii-cao?aeiiai oaeueoo Oe?a?ie ? i?ioeanai, ye? aieeaathoue ia
?iciiae?e oaiia?aoo?. O oeueiio i?ae?icae?e? iaaaaeaia noaia ?iciiae?eo
oaieiaiai iioieo a *i?iiii?nueeiio ?aa?ii?.

?icae?e 2. CAAAEUeI? ?ENE AAIEIA?*II? AOAeIAE

*I?IIII?NUeEIAI ?AA?IIO

?icae?e aeeth/a? aeaa i?ae?icae?ee, ia?oee c yeeo i?enay/aiee aiae?co
aaieia?/ii? aoaeiae *i?iiii?nueei? caiaaeeie a oe?eiio. O oeueiio
?icae?e? iaaiaeyoueny no?oeoo?i? eiiieaene, ye? a?aee o/anoue o
aaieia?/i?e aoaeia? caiaaeeie.

A?aoiaoth/e aoaeiao caiii? ei?e ? iiooaei?noue inaaei/iiai iaiiaiaiiy
*i?iiii?nueei? oeiaiaeie, ?? ?icae?eythoue ia cao?aeio ? no?aeio.
Oa?aeoa?eco?oueny aeeaeia caio?aiiy e?enoae?/iiai ooiaeaiaioo,
oaeaee?noue ?iciianthaeaeaiiy naeni?/ieo oaeeue, ?iciiae?e
a?aa?oaoe?eieo aiiiae?e a ?aaeoeoe?? Aoaa.

Iaei??th c aieiaieo iniaeeainoae *i?iiii?nueei? caiaaeeie ? iaaaeeea
iiooaei?noue caiii? ei?e ? a?aenooi?noue “a?ai?oiiai” oa?o a iaea?eueo
caio?aieo /anoeiao, ui aea? i?aenoaao aeey ii??aiyiiy ?? ?ic??co c
noaieaai?/iei oeiii caiii? ei?e. Iaaiaeeoueny no?oeoo?ia noaia i?aeioae
/ioea *i?iiii?nueei? caiaaeeie ? ?? ia?aieaiiy, aaieiai-aaio?ce/i?
i?io?e?, noaia oaeoii?/ieo no?oeoo? *i?iiii?nueei? caiaaeeie ? ??
ieiioo?aiiy, noaia ?aeiioaaiiy *i?iiii?nueei? caiaaeeie ? ?? ia?aieaiiy
ca a?eii ooiaeaiaioo.

Ae?oaee i?ae?icae?e i?enay/aii niaoeeo?/i?e iniaeeaino? aaieia?/ii?
aoaeiae i?ai?/ii-cao?aeii? /anoeie *i?iiai ii?y. Iiaea?oueny ?noi??y
aea/aiiy aaieia?/ii? aoaeiae *i?iiii?nueei? oeiaiaeie. Aeae?ey?oueny
iniiaiee no?oeoo?iee aeaiaio — Ea?e?i?onueei — I?ai?/ii — E?einueeee
i?iaei oa aea?oueny eiai oa?aeoa?enoeea. Aeae?eythoueny eieaeuei?
i?aeiyooy, ?iceiie, neeai?iiy, aeai?an?? oiui. Iaaaaeaia ea?oa aieiaieo
no?oeoo?ieo aeaiaio?a i?ai?/ii-cao?aeiiai oaeueoo *i?iiai ii?y.

?icae?e 3. OAEOII?EA *I?IIII?NUeEI? CAIAAeEIE

Oeae ?icae?e i?enay/aiee aiae?co oaeoiii? aoaeiae *i?iiii?nueei?
caiaaeeie. Iaaaaeaia ia?oa oaeoii?/ia noaia Eaaeoeueei? ? Io?aoiaa,1959.

A i?ae?icae?e? a?eueo aeaoaeueii ?icaeyiooa oaeoii?/ia aoaeiaa
i?ai?/ii-cao?aeii? /anoeie *i?iiai ii?y. Iienaia no?oeoo?ii-oaeoii?/ia
?aeiioaaiiy aeaaoi???. Iiaeaia no/ania ea?oa no?oeoo?ii-oaeoii?/iiai
?aeiioaaiiy, oaeoii?/ia ea?oa i?ai?/ii-cao?aeii? /anoeie *i?iiai ii?y.

?icae?e 4. AAIII?OIEIA?ss OA ?AEUe?O AeIA I?AI?*II-CAO?AeII?
*ANOEIE *I?IIAI II?ss

?icae?e aeeth/a? aeaa i?ae?icae?ee. A ia?oiio i?ae?icae?e? iaaaaeaii
aiae?c aaiii?oieia?? aeia i?ai?/ii-cao?aeiiai oaeueoo *i?iiai ii?y,
i?aaenoaaeai? ?enoiee iaeyaeieo i?io?e?a, aaoeiao?e/ia ea?oa,
aaiii?oieia?/ia ea?oa, noaia ?ici?uaiiy i?ii??ieo ?ia?o ?inoeoooo
ieaaiieia?? AI N?N? a *i?iiio ii??.

Ia?oee i?ae?icae?e oaeiae i?noeoue oa?aeoa?enoeee i?aeaiaeieo eaiueeii?a
? iaeaiaeieei *i?iiii?nueeiai ?aa?iio. ?icaeyiooi ?noi??th a?aee?eooy
oeeo a?ae`?iieo ii?oino?oeoo? i?aeaiaeiiai ?aeue?oo. Iaaaaeai? i?eeeaaee
eeaneo?eaoe??, oeie oa oiiae aeieeiaiiy i?aeaiaeieo iaeaiaeieei oa
eaiueeii?a. Iaaaaeaia ea?oa IAeEN ? IIAe *i?iiai ii?y ( ca A. ?.
Iaeueieeii (?AI)). Aeae?eai? iniiai? IAeEN i?ai?/ii-cao?aeiiai oaeueoo
Oe?a?ie, i?ae?icae?e i?enay/aiee ?iciianthaeaeaiith, ii?oieia?? e
aeayeei ii?oiiao?e/iei iniaeeainoyi i?aeaiaeieo iaeaiaeieei ? eaiueeii?a
i?ai?/ii-cao?aeiiai iaoa?eeiaiai noeeo *i?iiai ii?y.

O ae?oaiio i?ae?icae?e? aea?oueny aiae?c ca`yceo i?aeaiaeieo iaeaiaeieei
? eaiueeii?a c nenoaiith ??e nooiaeieo i?ai?/ii-cao?aeii? /anoeie
*i?iiai ii?y. Iaaaaeai? aeai? na?ae/aoue i?i oa, ui iaea?eueo aaeee?
IAeEN (aieiai? aeieeie) aacoiiaii iia`ycai? c aaeeeeie ??/eaie
nooiaeieo. Aeeeaaeaiee iaoa??ae aea? iiaeeea?noue c?iaeoe oae? aeniiaee:

1. ??ee nooiaeieo, i?aeaiaei? iaeaiaeieeie oa eaiueeiie ? ?aeeiei
“i?aai?ciii” ?aeeii? a?ae?iiaeainenoaie.

2. A?ic?eia n?oea i?aeaiaeieo iaeaiaeieei oa eaiueeii?a o?nii iia`ycaia
c aaieia?/iith no?oeoo?ith, yea aeoaea /ooeeaa aei oaeoii?/ieo ?oo?a. ??
aiae?c aeicaiey? ?aeiino?othaaoe iai?yiie i?ioean?a ?icaeoeo ?aeue?oo a
i?inoi?? oa /an?.

3. Aiae?coth/e oe?eio oa iiia?a/iee ?ic??c iaeaiaeieei oa eaiueeii?a,
iiaeia io?eiaoe ea?oe iaeaioaeoii?/ieo ?oo?a, ui a?aeaoaaeeny ai?iaeiaae
“aeeooy” eaiueeiio.

4. ??ee nooiaeieo, i?aeaiaei? iaeaiaeieeie oa eaiueeiie neoaoaaee
o?ainii?oieie a?oa??yie aeey inaaeiaiai iaoa??aeo ianoie, ui ae?aiothoue
iieeaaee iaooe oa aaco.

?icae?e 5. AEEAEIIA AOAeIAA *I?IIAI II?ss ? I?EEAAEIAI
NOOIAeIEO

O ?icae?e? ?icaeyiooa aeeaeiia aoaeiaa *i?iiii?nueei? caiaaeeie ?
i?eeyaath/iai nooiaeieo. I?aaenoaaeai? ?ic??ce e?oinoa?e ca
aaio?aaa?naie: Ea?/ — Oa?oaieoonueeee i?aino??a — A?ai/a; *i?ia ii?a —
Neaaeianuee — Ia?aiiaenuee. Iieacaia noaia ?iceii?a caiaaeeie ?
i?eeyaath/eo ?aa?ii?a, iia? eieaeuei? iiooeia? ia`?eoe ca iaoa??aeaie
aeenoaioe?eieo aeine?aeaeaiue.

O ia?oiio i?ae?icae?e? aiae?co?oueny ca`ycie ?aeue?oo i?ai?/ii-cao?aeii?
/anoeie oaeueoo *i?iiai ii?y c aeeaeiiith no?oeoo?ith aeia i?eeyaath/iai
nooiaeieo. Iieacai? a?ao?ee ei?aeyoe?eii? caeaaeiino? i?ae iiooaei?noth
caiii? ei?e ? aiiiae?yie neee oyae?iiy ( a ?aaeoeoe?? Aoaa), a?ao?e
ei?aeyoe?eii? caeaaeiino? i?ae aeeaeiith caeyaaiiy ooiaeaiaioo ?
iiooaei?noth caiii? ei?e i?aaeiy ?a?iiaenueei? /anoeie N?N? ? *i?iiai
ii?y aenioith ?aeue?oo iiaa?oi? ?a?iiaenueei? /anoeie N?N? ? *i?iiai
ii?y, noaie ?ciiiooaeiinoae “aacaeueoiaiai” oa “a?ai?oiiai” oa??a, e?ea?
?iciiae?eo iiooaeiino? ie?aieo y?on?a ? ai?eciio?a a?aeiinii ni?eueii?
iiooaeiino? na?aaeiueiai-aa?oiueiai i?ioeaia ? ie?ioeaia aeey ?aeii?a,
ye? i?eeyaathoue aei i?ai?/ii-cao?aeii? /anoeie *i?iiai ii?y, a?ao?e
na?aaei?o oaeaeeinoae i?iaeio I?e/i?iiii?nueei? caiaaeeie, a?ao?e aei??o
iiooaeiinoae ie?aieo oa??a an??? caiii? ei?e a oe?eiio. Ia i?aenoaa?
aeeeaaeaiiai iaoa??aeo oa aiae?co noai ?cioiauei ? oaeaeeinoae i?iaeio
ia ??cieo aoaiao ?icaeoeo, ii/eiath/e c iacicienueeeo, iiaeia c?iaeoe
oae? aeniiaee:

1. Oa?aeoa? ci?ie oaeaeeinoae i?iaeio a cao?aei?e ? no?aei?e /anoeiao
I?e/i?iiii?nueei? caiaaeeie aoa i?ioeeaaeiei, yeui i?ney th?nueeiai
/ano oaii caio?aiiy Ia?aaeaeia?oaeaeeinueeiai (Iieaeaanueeiai) i?iaeio
??cei oiia?eueithaaany, oi Iaeanueei-Neaanueeiai — iaaiaee c?inoaa aei
i?ciueie?aeaeiai? aiioe, eiee cia/aiiy oaeaeeinoae ooo aoee
iaea?eueoeie.

2. Oaeoii?/ia aeeoa?aioe?aoe?y ia ?aii?o iacicienueeeo aoaiao ?icaeoeo
aoea iaeneiaeueiith, ui ciaoiaeeoue a?aeia?aaeaiiy a a?aae??ioao ci?ie
iiooaeiino? a?aeeeaae?a ? a?aeiia?aeii aei oaeaeeinoae i?iaeio. C /anii
oey aeeoa?aioe?aoe?y ciaiooaaeanue, i?iyaeaiiy ?iceii?a noaaaei ana iaio
ae?aciei, i?ioiaeeea i?aae??iaea oaeoii?/iiai ?aaeeio.

3. Iaea?eueoa ci?i ca aiie?ooaeith ? oaeaee?noth i?iaeio, aacoiiaii,
a?ae/oaaa Iaeanueeee aeie, yeee ?ici?uaiee ia cao?ae a?ae E?eio.

Ni?aa?aeiioaiiy iiooaeiino? aieiaieo oa??a caiii? ei?e ?icaeyaeoaaiiai
?aeiio ia? oae? iniaeeaino?:

a) ci?ia iiooaeiino? caiii? ei?e caeaaeeoue a?ae aa??aoe?? iiooaeiino?
“aacaeueoiaiai” ? “a?ai?oiiai” oa??a. A ??cieo i?noeyo ? iai?yieao oe?
ni?aa?aeiioaiiy iiaeooue ci?ithaaoenue. A noaoe?ioiiio ia?aoei?
?icaeyaeoaaiiai ?aeiio, ye ? o a?eueoino? ?ioeo ?aa?ii?a, aecia/aeueiith
? ci?ia iiooaeiino? “aacaeueoiaiai” oa?o. O oie aea /an ooai?aiiy caiii?
ei?e a iai?yieo c i?aii/? ia i?aaeaiue a?ae Oe?a?inueeiai e?enoae?/iiai
ueoa aei *i?iiii?nueei? caiaaeeie iia`ycaia c? ciaioaiiyi iiooaeiino?
iaio oa??a ye “aacaeueoiaiai”, oae ? “a?ai?oiiai”;

a) Iiooaei?noue caiii? ei?e a oe?eiio ? iiooaei?noue inaaeiaiai oa?o
ciaoiaeyoueny a cai?ioiueiio ca`yceo, oiaoi /ei oiioa ei?a, oei a?eueoa
iiooaei?noue inaaeiaiai /ioea ? iaaiaee. ?ioeie neiaaie, /ei aeeaoa
caio?aiee ooiaeaiaio, oei iaioa aeeaeia caeyaaiiy iiaa?oi? Iioi?iae/e/a;

a) Ci?ia iiooaeiino? inaaeiaiai oa?o caeaaeeoue a?ae iiooaeiino? ye
“a?ai?oiiai” , oae ? “aacaeueoiaiai” oa??a. I?e oeueiio ni?aa?aeiioaiiy
cai?ioi?: /ei oiioa “a?ai?o” ? “aacaeueo”, oei iiooaei?oee inaaeiaee
oa?. Ia iaeieo ae?eyieao ?icaeyaeoaaieo ?aeii?a ia iiooaei?noue
inaaeiaiai oa?o ia?aaaaeath/ee aieea ia? ci?ia iiooaeiino? «a?ai?oiiai»
oa?o, a ?ioeo — «aacaeueoiaiai» oa?o. Aieea “aacaeueoo” ia iiooaei?noue
inaaeiaiai /ioea, eiia??ii, ca?eueoo?oueny a i??o ciaioaiiy iiooaeiino?
“a?ai?oiiai” oa?o. I?e iaaeeaeaii? aei *i?iiii?nueei? caiaaeeie
“a?ai?oiee” oa? iiai?noth aeeeeith?oueny.

Oa?aeoa?iith iniaeea?noth neeaae/anoeo ? ?ic?eaieo aeaoi?iaoe?e
i?ai?/ii-cao?aeiiai oaeueoo ? oa, ui a?ae iie??ae? e?enoae?/iiai
ooiaeaiaioo aaa?o ii ?ic??co inaaeiaiai /ioea neaaia ?ioaineai?noue ?o
i?iyaeaiiy.

O eaiaeoaoo? neeaae/ano? no?oeoo?e ae?aaeai? aai o aeaeyae? i?aeaiaeieo
i?aeiyoue (Oa?oaieoonueea, Oaiae??anueea, Aie?oeeinueea, Iaeanueea oa
?i.), aai e?eueoeaaeie aa?aie c eaaoiaie ia neeai?ii? (Naeuenueeiai,
E?einueeiio, Aaiao?oeaaa, I?no?ianueeiio oa ?i.), aai aeiaeueiaothoueny
ia ?enoieo aeaaiuei? a?ic?eii? n?oee (Cao?aeii-Oa?oaieoonueea,
A?oaiaaeuenueeiai oa ?i.).

Acaaae? a?eueo?noue aeiaeaoi?o no?oeoo? i?iaeiaaeothoue i?aei?iaoeny ia
iiaiio aoai? oaeoiaaiaco, aiie /?oei o?enothoueny o ?aeue?o?
aeoioeyoeaieie oi?iaie oeio aa??a; iaea?eueo aeoeai? iathoue ia
neeai?ii? eaaoio, i?ee? iaeiaiie?ooaei? no?oeoo?e ?iaeeeothoueny
i?e?ioi?iaie i?aeaiaeiiai ?aeue?oo.

Oaeee aca?iica`ycie no?oeoo?e ? eaioaooo aeicaiey? a a?eueoino?
aeiaaee?a ae??oeoe cai?ioith caaea/o — ca eaiaeoaooieie ?iaeeeaoi?aie
aeyaeoe iia? eieaeuei? iiooeia? ia`?eoe ii iaoa??aeao aeenoaioe?eieo
aeine?aeaeaiue.

O ae?oaiio i?ae?icae?e? aeaii oa?aeoa?enoeeo aaino?oeoo?ieo aeaiaioa?a
i?ai?/ii-cao?aeiiai oaeueoo *i?iiai ii?y, eieaeueieo no?oeoo? oa ?o
ca`yceo c no/aniei ?aeue?oii oa iaooiaaciiini?noth. Ia i?aenoaa?
aeeeaaeaiiai iaoa??aeo iiaeia c?iaeoe oae? aeniiaee:

1) a?eueo?noue neeaae/aoeo no?oeoo? ? oniaaeeiaaieie ? oaeoii?/ii
aeoeaieie ia nueiaiaei?oi?e /an;

2) ooai?aiiy iaooiaaciiinieo no?oeoo? o?nii iia’ycaii c ?icoaooaaiiyi
aeeaeiieo ?iceii?a ye oe?ioiiai oae ? ia?eae?aiaeueiiai iai?yieo, ?
oaeoiii-iaaiaoe/ieie ina?aaeeaie oae aoeeai?ciii;

3) aeeaeii? iaio?ei? ?iceiie ? o?anaie iaaeoiaeaeaiiy, ia?a?iciiae?eo
iaooe oa aaco c aeeaei Caie?;

4) oaeoii?/ia aeoeai?noue cieco aaa?o ciaioo?oueny, aea ia? nooo?aee
aieea ia oi?ioaaiiy no/aniiai ?aeue?oo;

5) a i?e?iae? ?nio? caeiiii??i?noue ? /?oea aeo?eiai?noue iine?aeiaiino?
aaieia?/ieo i?ioean?a, ye? a?aeaoaathoueny ia Caii?e eoe? oa a ??
iaae?ao.

O?ao?e i?ae?icae?e i?enay/aii aaino?oeoo?iiio iieiaeaiith ? aieiaiei
iniaeeainoyi aaieia?/ii? aoaeiae, iaooiaaciiiniino? i?ai?/ii-cao?aeiiai
oaeueoo *i?iiai ii?y. ?icaeyiooa ?ieue iniiaieo aeeaeiieo iaio?eieo
?iceii?a. Iaaaaeai?, ye i?eeeaae no?oeoo?e, ia?niaeoeai? a
iaooiaaciiiniiio a?aeiioaii?.

Ia iniia? oeueiai iaoa??aeo c?iaeaii oae? aeniiaee:

1) caiaaeeia i?ai?/ii-cao?aeiiai oaeueoo *i?iiai ii?y a noaoe?ioiiio
iai?yieo ooai?eeany aiane?aeie caio?aiiy ca nenoaiith neeae?a, a a
ia?eae?aiaeueiiio — ye a?aaai neiee?iaeue; ie?ai? aeiee caiii? ei?e a
iaaeao aeeaeiieo iaio?eieo ?iceii?a iiaeooue ia?ai?uoaaoeny ia o?eueee
ii aa?oeeae?, aea ? ii ai?eciioae?;

2) no/ania o?aina?an?y *i?iiai ii?y a?aeaoaa?oueny ca ?aooiie cii
c/eaioaaiiy i?ae No?aeii-?a?iiaenueeith ? Ne?onueeith ieeoith, ?ioeie
neiaaie aiai?y/e, ?iceii?a noaoe?ioiiai ?iciianthaeaeaiiy, ye? iathoue
ei?ai? a iaio??, oiaoi ca ?aooiie i?aeiyooy ?? aei iiaa?oi? caiii? ei?e;

3) i?aeaiaei? iaeaiaeieeie oa eaiueeiie i?ai?/ii-cao?aeiiai oaeueoo
*i?iiai ii?y ? inoaii?ie ‘’ei?ioeiaeeao/eie’’ iacioi?iaie eiai aeia; ?o
a?aeie?aiiy ye aeoeaieo a?oa??e iia’ycaia c /aoaa?oeiiith o?aina?an??th
*i?iiai ii?y;

4) yeui eieaeoi? ia? aeanoeaino? a?aee?eoi? ii?enoino?, oi aeeaeii?
iaio?ei? ?iceiie ye noaoe?ioiiai, oae ? noaia?eae?aiaeueiiai iai?yieo
iiaeooue aeeiioaaoe ?ieue i?ia?aeieo eaiae?a i?aeaeeaeaiiy eieaeoi?a
aoaeaaiaeiyie c iaae??a Caie?; iaea?eueo ia?niaeoeaiei a
iaooiaaciiiniiio a?aeiioaii? ? Ea?e?i?onueei-I?ai?/ii-E?einueeee i?iaei,
c eiai o?ean-th?nueeeie ? e?aeaeiaeie a?aeeeaaeaie.

A E N I I A E E

Aiae?c ca`yceo aeeaeiii? oaeoiiinoa?e c no/anieie ii?oino?oeoo?aie aeia
*i?iiai ii?y aeicaieea c?iaeoe ne?aeoth/? aeniiaee.

1. I?aeiyooy iaio?eii? ?a/iaeie ii aeeaeiieo ?iceiiao i?eaiaeeoue aei
ci?ie ?aeue?oo naii? iiaa?oi? iaio??, a aiia a naith /a?ao /a?ac
“aacaeueoiaee” oa “a?ai?oiee” oa?e aieeaa? ia ?aeueao iiaa?oi?
inaaeiaiai oa?o. Oaeoii?/ia aeoeai?noue cieco aaa?o ciaioo?oueny, aea
ia? nooo?aee aieea ia oi?ioaaiiy no/aniiai ?aeue?oo.

2. Oa?aeoa? ci?ie oaeaeeinoae i?iaeio a cao?aei?e ? no?aei?e /anoeiao
I?e/i?iiii?nueei? caiaaeeie aoa i?ioeeaaeiei, yeui i?ney th?nueeiai
/ano oaii caio?aiiy Ia?aaeaeia?oaeaeeinueeiai (Iieaeaanueeiai) i?iaeio
??cei oiia?eueithaaany, oi Iaeanueei-Neaanueeiai — iaaiaee c?inoaa aei
i?ciueie?aeaeiai? aiioe, eiee cia/aiiy oaeaeeinoae ooo aoee
iaea?eueoeie. Oaeoii?/ia aeeoa?aioe?aoe?y ia ?aii?o iacicienueeeo aoaiao
?icaeoeo aoea iaeneiaeueiith, ui ciaoiaeeoue a?aeia?aaeaiiy a
a?aae??ioao ci?ie iiooaeiino? a?aeeeaae?a ? a?aeiia?aeii aei oaeaeeinoae
i?iaeio. C /anii oey aeeoa?aioe?aoe?y ciaiooaaeanue, i?iyaeaiiy ?iceii?a
noaaaei ana iaio ae?aciei, i?ioiaeeea i?aae??iaea oaeoii?/iiai ?aaeeio.
Iaea?eueoa ci?i ca aiie?ooaeith ? oaeaee?noth i?iaeio, aacoiiaii,
a?ae/oaaa Iaeanueeee aeie, yeee ?ici?uaiee ia cao?ae a?ae E?eio.

3. Ni?aa?aeiioaiiy iiooaeiino? aieiaieo oa??a caiii? ei?e
?icaeyaeoaaiiai ?aeiio ia? ne?aeoth/? iniaeeaino?. Ci?ia iiooaeiino?
caiii? ei?e caeaaeeoue a?ae aa??aoe?? iiooaeiino? “aacaeueoiaiai” ?
“a?ai?oiiai” oa??a. A ??cieo i?noeyo ? iai?yieao oe? ni?aa?aeiioaiiy
iiaeooue i?iyoeny. A noaoe?ioiiio ia?aoei? aeine?aeaeoaaiiai ?aeiio, ye
? o a?eueoino? ?ioeo ?aa?ii?a, aecia/aeueiith ? ci?ia iiooaeiino?
“aacaeueoiaiai” oa?o. O oie aea /an ooai?aiiy caiii? ei?e a iai?yieo c
i?aii/? ia i?aaeaiue a?ae Oe?a?inueeiai e?enoae?/iiai ueoa aei
*i?iiii?nueei? caiaaeeie iia`ycaia c? ciaioaiiyi iiooaeiino? iaio oa??a
ye “aacaeueoiaiai”, oae ? “a?ai?oiiai”. Iiooaei?noue caiii? ei?e a
oe?eiio ? iiooaei?noue inaaei/iiai oa?o ciaoiaeyoueny a cai?ioiueiio
ca`yceo, oiaoi /ei oiioa ei?a, oei a?eueoa iiooaei?noue inaaei/iiai
/ioea ? iaaiaee.

4. A?eueo?noue neeaae/anoeo no?oeoo? ? oniaaeeiaaieie ? oaeoii?/ii
aeoeaieie ia nueiaiaei?oi?e /an. Ooai?aiiy iaooiaaciiinieo no?oeoo?
o?nii iia’ycaii c ?icoaooaaiiyi aeeaeiieo ?iceii?a ye oe?ioiiai oae ?
ia?eae?aiaeueiiai iai?yieo, ? oaeoiii-iaaiaoe/ieie ina?aaeeaie oa
aoeeai?ciii. Aeeaeii? iaio?ei? ?iceiie ? o?anaie iaaeoiaeaeaiiy,
ia?a?iciiae?eo iaooe oa aaco c aeeaei Caie?;

5. Caiaaeeia i?ai?/ii-cao?aeiiai oaeueoo *i?iiai ii?y a noaoe?ioiiio
iai?yieo ooai?eeany aiane?aeie caio?aiiy ca nenoaiith neeae?a, a a
ia?eae?aiaeueiiio — ye a?aaai neiee?iaeue; ie?ai? aeiee caiii? ei?e a
iaaeao aeeaeiieo iaio?eieo ?iceii?a iiaeooue ia?ai?uoaaoeny ia o?eueee
ii aa?oeeae?, aea ? ii ai?eciioae?

6. ??ee nooiaeieo, i?aeaiaei? iaeaiaeieeie oa eaiueeiie ? ?aeeiei
“i?aai?ciii” ?aeeii? a?ae?iiaeainenoaie. A?ic?eia n?oea i?aeaiaeieo
iaeaiaeieei oa eaiueeii?a o?nii iia`ycaia c aaieia?/iith no?oeoo?ith,
yea aeoaea /ooeeaa aei oaeoii?/ieo ?oo?a. ?? aiae?c aeicaiey?
?aeiino?othaaoe iai?yiie i?ioean?a ?icaeoeo ?aeue?oo a i?inoi?? oa /an?.
Aiae?coth/e oe?eio oa iiia?a/iee ?ic??c iaeaiaeieei oa eaiueeii?a,
iiaeia io?eiaoe ea?oe iaeaioaeoii?/ieo ?oo?a, ui a?aeaoaaeeny ai?iaeiaae
“aeeooy” eaiueeiio. ??ee nooiaeieo, i?aeaiaei? iaeaiaeieeie oa eaiueeiie
neoaoaaee o?ainii?oieie a?oa??yie aeey inaaei/iiai iaoa??aeo ianoie, ui
ae?aiothoue iieeaaee iaooe oa aaco.

7. I?aeaiaei? iaeaiaeieeie oa eaiueeiie i?ai?/ii-cao?aeiiai oaeueoo
*i?iiai ii?y ? inoaii?ie ‘’ei?ioeiaeeao/eie’’ iacioi?iaie eiai aeia; ?o
a?aeie?aiiy ye aeoeaieo a?oa??e iia’ycaia c /aoaa?oeiiith o?aina?an??th
*i?iiai ii?y.

Ioae?eaoe??.

Ca iaoa??aeaie aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii 5 ?ia?o :

1) Iioei?caoe?y ii?nueeeo aaieia?/ieo, aaio?ce/ieo oa aeieia?/ieo
aeine?aeaeaiue ca oiia aeiiii?/ii? e?ece. A ca. iaoa?eae?a ia?aaee
‘’I?eiaiaiea yeni?aniuo iaoiaeia i?e auiieiaiee yeieiae/aneeo
enneaaeiaaiee‘’, Eeaa. 1996 ?. n. 79-80.

2) Oniaaeeoaaiiy aeeaeiii? aoaeiae a iiaa?oi? ?aeue?oo
i?ai?/ii-cao?aeii? /anoeie *i?iiai ii?y oa i?iaeaia a?aooaaiiy oeueiai
oaeoi?a i?e i?iaeooaaii? iaa?no?aeueieo o?oaii?iaiae?a. A
ca.‘’Aeieia?/i? i?iaeaie ? ia?niaeoeae ?icaeoeo iaa?no?aeueieo
o?oaii?iaiae?a’’, Oaeai?iae. 1997 ?. n.52-53.

3) Ca’ycie no/aniiai ?aeue?oo aeia i?ai?/ii-cao?aeii? /anoeie *i?iiai
ii?y c aeeaeiiith no?oeoo?ith aeia ? i?eeaaeiai nooiaeieo. Aaie. aeo?iae
? 3- 4 1997. n. 85 — 90.

4) Aaieia?/ia aoaeiaa, ?noi??y ?icaeoeo oa iaooiaaciiini?noue
i?ai?/ii-cao?aeiiai oaeueoo *i?iiai ii?y. A ca. “Aeiae?eey ? ie”,
Eooeuee 1998 ?. n. 161 – 166.

5) No?oeoo?ii — aaiii?oieia?/i? ia?aaeoiiae aeieia?/ii? aaciaee
aenieoaoaoe?? aacii?iieneiaeo ia`?eo?a ia i?ai?/ii — cao?aeiiio oaeueo?
*i?iiai ii?y. A?niee Oe?a?inueeiai Aoaeeieo aeiiii?/ieo oa iaoeiai —
oaoi?/ieo ciaiue. ?7, 1998 ?. n. 12 -13 (a ni?aaaoi?noa? c ?. N.
Iioai/oeii)

A I I O A Oe ? ss

Iieiaea N. A. ‘Ca’ycie no/anieo ii?oino?oeoo? (no/aniiai ?aeue?oo) aeia
i?ai?/ii-cao?aeiiai oaeueoo *i?iiai ii?y c aeeaeiieie no?oeoo?aie
oaeoiiinoa?e. — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa aaieia?/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 04.00.10 — aaieia?y ieaai?a ? ii??a. A?aeae?e
no/aniiai ii?nueeiai naaeeiaioiaaiaco ?inoeoooo aaieia?/ieo iaoe
Iaoe?iiaeueii? Aeaaeai?? iaoe Oe?a?ie, Ee?a, 1999.

Caoeuathoueny 5 iaoeiaeo i?aoeue, ui i?noyoue oai?aoe/i? ? i?aeoe/i?
?ic?iaee, ye? i?aeoaa?aeaeothoue ?aeath oniaaeeoaaiiy aeeaeiii?
oaeoiiinoa?e no/aniei ?aeue?oii aeia.

Anoaiiaeaii, ui i?aeeii iaio?eii? ?a/iaeie ii aeeaeiieo ?iceiiao
i?ecaiaeeoue aei ci?ie ?aeue?oo iiaa?oi? iaio??, a aiia a naith /a?ao
/a?ac “aacaeueoiaee” ? “a?ai?oiee” oa?e aieeaa? ia ?aeue?o iiaa?oi?
inaaei/iiai /ioea.

Iiaeeaeai? oyaeaiiy i?i oa, ui a?eueo?noue neeaae/aoeo ne?oeoo? ?
oniaaeeiaaieie ? oaeoii?/ii aeoeaieie o aeaiee /an. Ooai?aiiy
iaooiaaciiinieo no?oeoo? o?nii iia’ycaii ?c ?ici?uaiiyi aeeaeiieo
?iceii?a ye oe?ioiiai, oae ? ia?eae?iiaeueiiai iai?yie?a,
oaeoiii-iaaiaoe/ieie ina?aaeeaie ? aoeeai?ciii.

Caiaaeeia i?ai?/ii-cao?aeiiai oaeueoo *i?iiai ii?y o noaoe?ioiiio
iai?yieo ooai?eeany aiane?aeie caio?aiiy ii neeaeao, a a
ia?eae?iiaeueiiio — ye a?aaai-neiee?iaeue.

Cai?iiiiiaaia ?iaioa ? ia?oith a Oe?a?i? ni?iaith anoaiiaeoe iayai?noue
ca’yceo i?ae aeeaeiieie oaeoiii-iaaiaoe/ieie no?oeoo?aie oa no/anieie
oi?iaie ?aeue?oo. Iaea?aeaea iiaeaeueoee ?icaeoie ?aeay ca’yceo
i?ia?ae?ia?ao?/ii? n?oee c i?aeaiaeieie eaiueiiaie oa iaeaiaeieeiaie, ?o
caeaaei?noue a?ae iaioaeoii?/ieo ?oo?a ? i?iya?a aeeaeiii? oaeoii?/ii?
aeoeaiino?.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: aaieiai-aaiii?oieia?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy,
oaeoiii-iaaiaoe/i? no?oeoo?e, i?ia?ae?ia?ao?/ia n?oea, eaiueeiie,
iaeaiaeieeie.

Polovka S.G. Relationship between contemporary morphostructures
(contemporary relief) of northwestern shelf bottom of Black sea and deep
structures of tectonosphere. — Manuscript.

The dissertation on challenge of scientific degree of Philosophy Doctor
in Geology on specialty 04.00.10 –“Geology of Oceans and Seas”.
Department of Contemporary Marine Sedimentogenesis, Institute of
Geological Sciences of National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kiev,
1999.

5 scientific works are under defence. They contain theoretical and
practical workings confirming the idea that contemporary bottom relief
inherited deep tectonosphere.

It was found that lifting of mantle substance in deep faults results in
changes of mantle surface relief that, in turn, influences sedimentation
cover surface relief through “basaltic” and “granitic” layers.

Developed the concept that the majority of structures are derived and
tectonically active at the mean time. The formation of oil-and-gas
structures is tightly tied with the location of deep faults of both
latitudinal and meridional directions, tectono-magmatic chambers, and
volcanism.

The cave of northwestern shelf of Black Sea in sublatitudinal direction
was formed due to subsidence alongside to the faults and in meridional
direction – as graben-synckline.

The work under consideration is the first attempt in Ukraine to trace
the link between deep tectono-magmatic structures and contemporary
relief shapes. Developed the idea of links of the orohydrographic
network of earth with underwater canyons and paleovalleys, dependence of
them on neotectonic movements and deep tectonic activity.

Key words: geological-geomorphological researches, tectono-magmatic
structures, orohydrographic network, canyons, paleovalleys.

Iieiaea N. A. Naycue nia?aiaiiuo ii?oino?oeoo? (nia?aiaiiiai ?aeueaoa)
aeia naaa?i-caiaaeiiai oaeueoa *a?iiai ii?y n aeoaeiiuie no?oeoo?aie
oaeoiiinoa?u. — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa aaieiae/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 04.00.10 — aaieiaey ieaaiia e ii?ae. Ioaeae
nia?aiaiiiai ii?neiai naaeeiaioiaaiaca Einoeoooa aaieiae/aneeo iaoe
Iaoeeiiaeueiie Aeaaeaiee iaoe Oe?aeiu, Eeaa, 1999.

Caueuaaony 5 iao/iuo ?aaio, niaea?aeaueo oai?aoe/aneea e i?aeoe/aneea
?ac?aaioee, iiaeoaa?aeaeathuea eaeath oianeaaeiaaiey aeoaeiiie
oaeoiiinoa?u nia?aiaiiui ?aeueaoii aeia.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia enneaaeiaaieth aaiii?oieiaee e aeoaeiiiai
no?iaiey naaa?i-caiaaeiiai oaeueoa *a?iiai ii?y. I?aaeeiaeaiiay ?aaioa
yaeyaony ia?aie a Oe?aeia iiiuoeie onoaiiaeoue nouanoaiaaiea nayce
iaaeaeo aeoaeiiuie oaeoiii-iaaiaoe/aneeie no?oeoo?aie e nia?aiaiiuie
oi?iaie ?aeueaoa. Aeey naaa?i-caiaaeiiai oaeueoa *a?iiai ii?y a
?acoeueoaoa aaieiai-aaioece/aneeo iaiauaiee iino?iaia iiaeaeue
acaeiinayce iiaa?oiinoiuo e aeoaeiiuo no?oeoo? ?aciuo ea?a?oe/aneeo
o?iaiae a) aainoa?u; a) oeiia caiiie ei?u; a) ?aaeiiaeueiuo oa
eieaeueiuo no?oeoo?. Iieo/eea aeaeueiaeoaa ?acaeoea eaeay nayce
i?iaeae?ia?aoe/aneie naoe n iiaeaiaeiuie eaiueiiaie e iaeaiaeieeiaie, eo
caaeneiinoue io iaioaeoiie/aneeo aeaeaeaiee e i?iyaeaiey aeoaeiiie
oaeoiie/aneie aeoeaiinoe.

Ia no?oeoo?iuo yeaiaioao naaa?i-caiaaeiiai oaeueoa *a?iiai ii?y eae
i?eia?, auaeaeaiu eieaeueiua iiaeiyoey oaeoiie/aneiai e aeeoioeyoeaiiai
oeia, i?eaaaeai iaoaieci ?aniiciaaaiey eo a inaaei/iie oieua.

Onoaiiaeaii, /oi iiaeuai iaioeeiiai aauanoaa ii aeoaeiiui ?aceiiai
i?eaiaeeo e eciaiaieth ?aeueaoa iiaa?oiinoe iaioee, a iia a naith
i/a?aaeue /a?ac “aacaeueoiaue” e “a?aieoiue” neie aeeyao ia ?aeueao
iiaa?oiinoe inaaei/iiai /aoea.

Aeey oaeueoa *a?iiai ii?y iiaeoaa?aeaeaia ia?aoiay naycue iia?oaeaiey
ooiaeaiaioa e iiaeiyoey Iioi. Ninoaaeaiu noaiaoe/aneea ?ac?acu,
iiaeoaa?aeaeathuea naycue iaaeaeo iiaa?oiinoiuie e aeoaeiiuie
no?oeoo?aie.

Oaeoaeaiu i?aaenoaaeaiey i oii, /oi aieueoeinoai neeaae/aouo no?oeoo?
yaeythony oianeaaeiaaiiuie e oaeoiie/anee aeoeaiuie a nia?aiaiiia a?aiy.
Ia?aciaaiea iaooaaaciiiniuo no?oeoo? oanii naycaii n ?aciauaieai
aeoaeiiuo ?aceiiia eae oe?ioiiai, oae e ia?eaeeaiaeueiiai iai?aaeaiee,
oaeoiii-iaaiaoe/aneeie i/aaaie e aoeeaieciii.

Aiaaeeia naaa?i-caiaaeiiai oaeueoa *a?iiai ii?y a noaoe?ioiii
iai?aaeaiee ia?aciaaeanue a ?acoeueoaoa iia?oaeaiey ii na?inai, a a
ia?eaeeaiaeueiii — eae a?aaai-neieeeiaeue.

I?aeoe/aneia cia/aiea ?aaiou ninoieo a oii, /oi i?aaeeiaeai iiaue
iiaeoiae i?e i?iaeoe?iaaiee iiaeaiaeiuo iaooa — e i?iaeoeoii?iaiaeia,
eioi?ue caeeth/aaony a iaycaoaeueiii o/aoa ia oieueei iiaa?oiinoiiai
?aeueaoa, ii e nayce aai n aeoaeiiui no?iaieai, oaeoiieeie e
iaioaeoiieeie.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: aaieiai-aaiii?oieiae/aneea enneaaeiaaiey,
oaeoiii-iaaiaoe/aneea no?oeoo?u, i?iaeae?ia?aoe/aneay naoue, eaiueeiiu,
iaeaiaeieeiu.

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