E?einueeee aea?aeaaiee aa?a?iee oi?aa?neoao

Iieuaiei Einoyioei Ieeieaeiae/

OAeE 33:664 (477.75)

C?INOATH*A ?IEUe OA?*IAI? I?IIENEIAINO?A AEIIII?Oe? E?EIO OA OEssOE
I?AeAEUAIIssAOAEOEAIINO? ?IAIOE ?? I?AeI?E?INOA

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 08.07.02 – aeiiii?ea n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa ? AIE

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii?/ieo iaoe

N?ioa?iiieue — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? i?aai?caoe?? oa oi?aae?iiy a i?aei?e?inoaao
AIE E?einueeiai aea?aeaaiiai aa?a?iiai oi?aa?neoaoo, I?i AIE Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?, caneoaeaiee ae?y/
iaoee ? oaoi?ee Oe?a?ie Iiaeeia TH??e Ieeieaeiae/, E?einueeee
aea?aeaaiee aa?a?iee oi?aa?neoao, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e i?aai?caoe?? oa
oi?aae?iiy a i?aei?e?inoaao AIE

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Ea?aiai Ieoaeei
I?iiae/, E?einueeee aea?aeaaiee aa?a?iee oi?aa?neoao, caa?aeoaa/
eaoaae?e aeiiii?ee n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa;

eaiaeeaeao aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, Iaoae/oe THe?y Na?ao?i?aia, I?i?noa?noai
aeiiii?ee aaoiiiiii? ?anioae?ee E?ei, ia/aueiee a?aeae?eo ?aa?iiaeueii?
iie?oeee.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Aei?i?iiao?ianueeee aea?aeaaiee aa?a?iee oi?aa?neoao
I?i?noa?noaa AIE Oe?a?ie (i. Aei?i?iiao?ianuee), eaoaae?a aeiiii?/ii?
oai??? oa aeiiii?ee n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 15 aeiaoiy 1999 ?. i 14 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
a/aii? ?aaee E. 52.805.01 ca aae?anith: 333030, Oe?a?ia, E?ei, i.
N?ioa?iiieue-30, nae. Aa?a?ia, EAeAO, ei?i. 1, aoae. 501.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? E?einueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai aa?a?iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ca aae?anith: 333030, Oe?a?ia, E?ei,
i.N?ioa?iiieue-30, nae. Aa?a?ia, EAeAO.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “10” aa?aniy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii?

a/aii? ?aaee A.TH. ?oaeaiei

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Iaeiei c aaaeo/eo iai?yie?a aeoiaeo c aeiiii?/ii?
e?ece Oe?a?ie ? oaeaeeee, ?ioaineaiee ?icaeoie oa?/iai? i?iieneiaino?,
i??i?eoaoii? aaeoc? ia?iaeiiai ainiiaea?noaa, i?iaeoeoe?y yei?
ei?enoo?oueny aaeeeei iiieoii, a aeeaaeaiiy a yeo oaeaeei ieoiathoueny.
?icaeoie oa?/iai? i?iieneiaino? caaacia/o? i?iaeiaieue/o aaciaeo e?a?ie
? neeaaea? nooo?ao /anoeio a aenii?o?, caaacia/o? i?eieea aaethoieo
eioo?a.

Aiae?c noaio, oeyoe ?icaeoeo a?o/eciyii? oa?/iai? i?iieneiaino?, ??
?ioaa?aoe?? c n?euenueeei ainiiaea?noaii a ?aeeiee aa?ii?iieneiaee
eiiieaen ?icaeyaeaee a nai?o o?oaeao: A.?.Aieei, I.I. Ai?uaanueeee, A.I.
Aa?aneiaiei, I.I. Aa?anei/oe, I.O.Aii/a?, I.A. Ai?aoiia, E.I. Aeiea?e,
A.?. Canueei, I.I. Ee?eeaiei, A.I. Eo?aei??, A.I. Inoaiaiei,
A.A. Ienueiaiia, I.I. ?onae, ?.?. Necaiei oa ?io?.

?acii c oei o no/ani?e aeiiii?/i?e e?oa?aoo?? iaaeinoaoiuei aea/ai? ?
i?iaiae?ciaai? ieoaiiy noaio aaeocae oa?/iai? i?iieneiaino? a ?iee
ia?aoiaeo aei ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei ? oeyoe aeoiaeo ?? c aeiiii?/ii? e?ece,
ia aeaia ioe?iea i?ioeano aeaeiioeaio?aoe?? ae?iaieoeoaa ? ia
ia??oioiaai? iioeiaeuei? ?ici??e i?aei?e?inoa aeey iiaeo oiia
ainiiaea?thaaiiy. Ana oea noaei iniiaith aeai?o oaie aeena?oaoe??.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Oaia
aeena?oaoe?? aoiaeeea aei ieaio IAe? Oaa??enueeiai ?inoeoooo
i?aei?e?iieoeoaa oa i?aaa c 1996 ?., iia’ycaia c i?iaeaiith
“Noaa?e?caoe?? ? ?icaeoeo aeiiii?ee oa i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino?
oi?aae?iiy i?aei?e?inoaaie E?eio”, a c 1998 ?. aei ieaio IAe?
E?einueeiai aea?aeaaiiai aa?a?iiai oi?aa?neoaoo c i?iaeaie
“Iaoeiai-iaa?oioiaaia nenoaia aaaeaiiy ainiiaea?noaa E?eio”.

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoith ? aeine?aeaeaiiy noaio aaeocae
oa?/iai? i?iieneiaino? E?eio oa iaoeiaa ia??oiooaaiiy ?aca?a?a
i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? ?iaioe ?? i?aei?e?inoa o iiaeo oiiaao
ainiiaea?thaaiiy.

O a?aeiia?aeiino? c iinoaaeaiith iaoith a ?iaio? ?ica’ycothoueny oae?
caaea/?:

— aeaoe ioe?ieo e?eciai? neooaoe?? a Oe?a?i? ? i?iiiio?iei oeyoe
noaa?e?caoe?? aeiiii?ee;

— ?icaeyiooe ae?aeaeoeeo ia?iaeaeaiiy ? ?icaeoeo aaeocae oa?/iai?
i?iieneiaino? c 1929 ?. aei 1998 ?.;

— aeyaeoe c?inoath/o ?ieue a aenii?o? i?iaeoeoe?? aaeocae oa?/iai?
i?iieneiaino? ca 1994-1997?. ?.;

— oaeineiiaeeoe iaoiaeeeo ?ic?aooieo iioeiaeueii? eiioeaio?aoe??
i?aei?e?inoa ??cieo aaeocae oa?/iai? i?iieneiaino? aeey oiia ia?aoiaeo
aei ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee;

— ia??oiooaaoe iaiao?aei?noue aea?aeaaiiai caiiaeaiiy aeey aaeocae
oa?/iai? i?iieneiaino? ? nenoaia aeiiii?/ieo ca’yce?a,
ye? caaacia/othoue aea?aaeaioi?, ia?eoaoi? a?aeiineie i?ae
n?euenueeei ainiiaea?noaii ? oa?/iaith i?iieneia?noth;

— ?aeiiaiaeoaaoe iia? oi?ie aa?ii?iieneiaeo ia’?aeiaiue, a?aeiia?aeii
aei ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee;

— ia??oiooaaoe ?aoe?iiaeueio eiioeaio?aoe?th ae?iaieoeoaa iiei/ii?,
i’ynii?, eiina?aii?, oe?aiiaea?ii? aaeocae AIE.

I?aaeiaoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? ?ice?eooy ?aca?a?a i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino?
aaeocae oa?/iai? i?iieneiaino? a oiiaao ia?aoiaeo aei ?eieiai?
aeiiii?ee. Ia’?eo aeine?aeaeaiiy – aaeoc? ? i?aei?e?inoaa oa?/iai?
i?iieneiaino? E?einueei? Aaoiiiiii? ?anioae?ee Oe?a?ie.

Oai?aoe/iith iniiaith aeine?aeaeaiiy ? iinooeaoe ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee e
?ic?iaee a?o/eciyieo oa ?iicaiieo a/aieo. A ?iaio? canoiniaaia
noeoii?noue aeiiii?ei-iaoaiaoe/iiai, iiiia?ao?/iiai oa
aeiiii?ei-noaoenoe/iiai iaoiae?a, ye? aeathoue iiaeeea?noue aeiaeaaoeny
aeniei? aeinoia??iino? aeniiae?a ? i?iiiceoe?e.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a aecia/a?oueny, ia?o ca ana,
i?aaenoaaeaiiyi oa?/iai? i?iieneiaino? a yeino? aaaeo/i? eaiee i?aeeiio
an??? aeiiii?ee AIE Oe?a?ie e aeieacii, ui ?? ?icaeoie cae?enith?
i?iaeiaieue/o aaciaeo aea?aeaae, a ?iaanoeoe?? a ia? oaeaeei
a?aeoeiaeiaothoueny caaaeyee aenieiio iiieoo ia oa?/iao i?iaeoeoe?th e
iioaioe?ei? iiaeeeaino? c?inoaiiy aenii?oo. Aeine?aeaeai? caeiiii??iino?
?icaeoeo oa?/iai? i?iieneiaino? ? anoaiiaeaii, ui aeniea eiioeaio?aoe?y
ae?iaieoeoaa ia ?? i?aei?e?inoaao a?aeiia?aeaea aeeeoaoo aea?aeaaii?
ia?a?iaii? i?iieneiaino? ? aoea caniiaaia ia iie?oeoe? noai?aiiy aaeeeeo
i’ynieo oa iiei/ieo eiiieaen?a, cia/ieo aaeocae i?iaeiaieuenoaa oa
iai/aaiaenoaa aac i?aai?caoe?? ia?a?iaee i?iaeoeoe?? aaciina?aaeiuei a
ainiiaea?noaao. Oea aeicaieyei ia i?aenoaa? iaaea?aaeaioiiai iai?io
aeeo/aoe c n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa aaeeeo aeieth iaoe?iiaeueiiai
i?eaooeo. Ia?ao?ae aei ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei c?oeioaaa oeth nenoaio
aeiiii?/ieo ca’yce?a oa i?eca?a aei ??ceiai nei?i/aiiy ae?iaieoeoaa
oa?/iaeo i?iaeoeo?a. Ia??oioiao?oueny iaiao?aei?noue a?aeiiaeaiiy
aea?aecaiiaeaiiy, eiai ianya, a oaeiae iiaa nenoaia aca?iia?aeiinei i?ae
eieaeoeaieie n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeie i?aei?e?inoaaie ?
i?aei?e?inoaaie oa?/iai? i?iieneiaino?, caniiaaieo ia ??aiino? ?ioa?an?a
ia?oia??a o ca?eueoaii? ae?iaieoeoaa. Aeyaeai? iia? ooieoe?? ia’?aeiaiue
(ia?eaoeia, eiio?ieue ca nenoaiith aea?aaeaioiiai iai?io), ia??oioiaaia
aeiiii?ei-iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue oa iaoiaeeea ?ic?aooieo iioeiaeueii?
eiioeaio?aoe?? ae?iaieoeoaa, yea aea? ciiao aecia/eoe ?aoe?iiaeuei?
?ici??e i?aei?e?inoa on?o aaeocae oa?/iai? i?iieneiaino?.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a ie?aneth?oueny
?aeiiaiaeaoe?yie ? i?iiiceoe?yie, ni?yiiaaieie ia c?inoaiiy aeiiii?/ii?
aoaeoeaiino? ?iaioe i?aei?e?inoa oa?/iai? i?iieneiaino? ?, cie?aia,
aaeineiiaeaiiyi aeiiii?/ieo ia?oia?nueeeo ca’yce?a i?ae iinoa/aeueieeaie
ne?iaeie oa ia?a?iaieie i?aei?e?inoaaie, ?o ?ici??aie oa
?aoe?iiaeueiei ?aae?onii ne?iaeiii? ciie. Iiaeaii i?iiiceoe?? uiaei
ci?ie ooieoe?iiaeueieo iaia’yce?a ia’?aeiaiue, ye? eii?aeeiothoue ?iaioo
oa?/iaeo i?aei?e?inoa c ae?yeuei?noth ENI. ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? i?eeiyo?
i?i?noa?noaii AIE E?eio aeey ai?iaaaeaeaiiy.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a a ?ic?iaoe? iaoeiai? i?iaeaie iieyaa? o:

— aecia/aii? c?inoath/i? aeiiii?/ii? ?ie? oa?/iai? i?iieneiaino?, yea
ni?ey? noaa?e?caoe?? aeiiii?ee AIE Oe?a?ie oa ?? i?aeeiio;

— ?icaeyaeaii? caeiiii??iinoae ?icaeoeo aaeocae oa?/iai? i?iieneiaino?
ca ia??iae c 1920 ?. aei 1990 ?. a Oe?a?i? oa oaiaeaioe?e ?? iaae?iiy ca
1991-1997 ??. o E?eio;

— aaeineiiaeaii? iaoiaeeee oa aeiiii?ei-iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeae?
iioeiaeueii? eiioeaio?aoe?? a ??cieo aaeocyo oa?/iai? i?iieneiaino? ?
i?aeoe/ieo ?ic?aooie?a ?aoe?iiaeueieo ?ici???a i?aei?e?inoa ? ne?iaeiieo
cii oa?/iai? i?iieneiaino?;

— ooi/iaii? oiia ia?oia?noaa i?ae n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeie oa
ia?a?iaieie i?aei?e?inoaaie ? i?aaeeueii? ioe?iee i?aenoie?a ni?eueii?
ainiiaea?nueei? ae?yeueiino? e onoaiiaeaii? ainiiaea?nueei? ooieoe??
ia’?aeiaiue, ye? eii?aeeiothoue ?iaioo i?aei?e?inoa.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe?? . Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy
aeeeaaeai? ia iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo Oaa??enueeiai ?inoeoooo
i?aei?e?iieoeoaa ? i?aaa o 1997 — 1998 ?. ?., oa E?einueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai aa?a?iiai ?inoeoooo o 1999 ?.

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca oaiith aeena?oaoe?? iaae?oeiaaii i’youe noaoae
caaaeueiei ianyaii 1,9 ae. a.

Ianya ? no?oeoo?a ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio, o?ueio
?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a oa i?iiiceoe?e, aeiaeaoe?a.

?iaioa ia? 129 noi??iie iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo, ?ethno?iaaieo 38
oaaeeoeyie, 3 iaethieaie, 33 oi?ioeaie, iiaea?oueny ia?ae?e 189
aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

A 1 ?icae?e? “Eiioeaioe?? aeoiaeo Oe?a?ie c caoyaeii? aeiiii?/ii? e?ece
? iineeaiiy ?ie? i??i?eoaoo oa?/iai? i?iieneiaino?” aea?oueny ioe?iea
aeiiii?/ii? neooaoe?? a Oe?a?i? ? i?iiiiiaaiei oeyoai noaa?e?caoe??
aeiiii?ee, ?ice?eaa?oueny ae?aeaeoeea ?icaeoeo oa?/iai? i?iieneiaino? ?
iaa?oioiaothoueny iaoiaee/i? i?aeoiaee ?ic?aooieo iioeiaeueii?
eiioeaio?aoe?? ae?iaieoeoaa ia i?aei?e?inoaao oa?/iai? i?iieneiaino?.

Oa?/iaa i?iieneia?noue yaey? niaith eiiieaenio aaeocue, yea ae?iaey?
oa?/ia? oa niaeia? i?iaeoeoe. Aeiiii?/ia nai???aei?noue aaeocae oa?/iai?
i?iieneiaino? aecia/a?oueny, ia?o ca ana, aeeoo?ai aaaeeeaei cia/aiiyi
ae?iaeyth/i? i?iaeoeoe??, ?? niiaeeaaoeueeith oe?ii?noth. Ni?aaa a
oiio, ui o?eueee i?iieneiaa oaoiieia?y ia?a?iaee aea? ciiao io?eiaoe
??ciiiai?oi?noue niaeiaeo aeae?a i?iaeoeoe??, ui caaeiaieueiythoue
aoaeue-ye? niiaeeaaiiy ianaeaiiy. O?eueee oeyoii ?iaeono??aeueii?
ia?a?iaee iiaeia aeaioiaeyoe o aaeeeeo ianooaaao iaiao?aeio e?euee?noue
i?iaeoeoe?? aeey i?nueeeo aeeoae?a.

Ae?oaith iniaeea?noth oa?/iai? i?iieneiaino? ? oa, ui ca iioiaeaeaiiyi
aaeeaath/eo o ae?iaieoeoa? ne?eo iaoa??ae?a, oey aaeocue o?nii
iia’ycaia (? caniiaaia) c n?euenueeei ainiiaea?noaii ? ? noa?ith
ia?a?iaee noai?thaaii? a aa?a?iiio naeoi?? i?iaeiaieue/i? ne?iaeie.
Cae/aeii, ui oa?/iaa i?iieneia?noue i?aai?/ii aoiaeeoue aei
aa?a?ii-i?iieneiaiai eiiieaeno. Naia n?euenueea ainiiaea?noai oaeiae ?
ae?iaieeii oiaa?ii? oa?/iai? i?iaeoeoe??, iath/e a nai?io neeaae?
oe?aiiaea?i?, oeaoe ii aeaioiaeaiith eiina?a?a c iai/?a oa o?oeo?a,
ne?iaa?i?, aeicaaiaee oa ?ioa.

Ca aeaeaie ia?a?iaeyth/i? ne?iaeie oa i?aai?caoe?eii-oaoiieia?/ieie
iniaeeainoyie ae?iaieoeoaa, oa?/iao i?iieneia?noue iiaeia iiae?eeoe ia
o?e a?oie:

1. Ia?a?iaea ne?iaeie aaeocae ?ineeiiino? (oa?/iniaeiaa aaeocue);

2. Ia?a?iaea ne?iaeie aaeocae oaa?eiieoeoaa (i’ynia oa iiei/ia aaeocue);

3. Caeiaeaath/? oa ia?a?iaeyth/? ian?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeo ne?iaeio
(?eaia oa nieyia aaeocue).

Anueiai oa?/iaa i?iieneia?noue ia?aoiao? a?eueo 30 a?aeie?aieaieo
aaeocae. I?ioean noni?eueiiai ? oa?eoi??aeueiiai ?iciiae?eo i?aoe?,
niaoe?ae?caoe?y ae?iaieoeoaa ni?eyee c?inoaiith aeioneo i?iaeoeoe??,
iiya? aaeeei? ??ciiiai?oiino? i?iaeoeoe??, cieaeaiith nia?aa?oino? ?, ye
iane?aeie, cieaeaiith niiaeeaaoeueeeo oe?i.

A ieaiia?e oioae?oa?i?e aea?aeaa? caaino?eeanue iio?aaa oaeineiiaeaiiy
aaeocaai? no?oeoo?e oa?/iai? i?iieneiaino?. A?aenooi?noue eiieo?aioe??
i?ecaiaeeea aei oaoiieia?/ii? oa oaoi?/ii? a?aenoaeino?. ?eiie oa?/iai?
i?iaeoeoe?? aoa cia/ii a?aei?oei a?aeiinii ?eieo caei?aeiiieo aea?aeaa
ca ani?oeiaioii i?iaeoeoe??, yeino? oa, aacia?a/ii, oiaeiaaiith,
ioi?ieaiith.

C?icoi?ei, cae?enithaaany aeeeoao ia?a?iaiee?a iaae ae?iaieeaie
ne?iaeie.

I?e oeaio?ae?ciaai?e ieaiia?e nenoai? an? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nuee?
i?aei?e?inoaa i?ieoee noaae?th ?icaeoeo a?ae oi?aa?naeueieo aei
aaaaoiaaeocaaeo oa aeae? aei ainiiaea?noa c iiaeeaeaiith
niaoe?ae?caoe??th. Oaeoe/ii, neeaaeaeenue iaai? oeie oa nenoaie
aaaeaiiy ainiiaea?noaa, eiaeiiio ae?iaie/iio oeio ainiiaea?noaa, yea
neeaeany i?ae aieeaii aaeaioaoe?? aei iaaieo caiaeueii-ee?iaoe/ieo oiia,
aeaaaeiny aea?aecaiiaeaiiy.

O ieaiiaiio noni?euenoa? i?ae anoaiiaeaia aea?aecaiiaeaiiy
caaacia/oaaeenue oiiaee ia i?eaeaaiiy oaoi?ee, iaiao?aeieo iai?ioieo
cania?a, e?i?ooaaeenue oiiaee iieaoe i?aoe?. Ca aeeiiaiiy ieaiiaiai
caaaeaiiy ainiiaea?noaa caioi/oaaeenue. Aee?aeoeai?noue
aea?aecaiiaeaiiy i?aeo?eioaaeanue i?ecia/aiiyi aai ca?eueiaiiyi
ea??aiee?a ainiiaea?noa, eio?? iiaeii? noai?i cae?enithaaoe i?iaeaae
iaaieo ianya?a i?iaeoeoe?? ca anoaiiaeaieie caeoiieie oe?iaie.

Aea?aeaai? caeoii? oe?ie aoee cia?yaeaeyi aeeo/aiiy neeaaeaii? aa?oino?
(iaoe?iiaeueiiai aeioiaeo) c n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa.

Aaeee? iane i?iaeoeoe??, iaea?aeai? ca aea?aecaiiaeaiiyi ii oe?iao, ye?
aoee aeecuee? aei nia?aa?oino? i?iaeoeoe?? a n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo
i?aei?e?inoaao, cina?aaeaeoaaeenue a ?oeao aea?aeaae ? aeaaaee ciiao
iinoa/aoe aaeeeei ia?a?iaiei i?aei?e?inoaai iane ne?iaeie ca iecueeeie
oe?iaie.

Ia ii/aoie ?aoi?i, neanoaaiiy aea?aecaiiaeaiiy, e?aa?ae?caoe?? oe?i,
aaeee? i?aei?e?ionaa oa?/iai? i?iieneiaino? aeyaeeenue ia a ciic?
oo?eiaoe eiei iinoa/aeueiee?a, ia aeeaey/enue ia oa, ui a
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo i?aei?e?inoaao ?nioaaee aaeee? oiaa?i? oa?ie
oa aaeoc? ae?iaieoeoaa. A?eueo oiai, aaciina?aaeiuei a
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo ae?iaieoeoaao ooai?ththoueny oeaoe c ia?a?iaee
i?iaeoeoe??, eio?? noathoue eiieo?aioaie c ?ai?o noai?aieie
i?aei?e?inoaaie oa?/iai? i?iieneiaino?. A oeeo oiiaao aeoaea aaaeeeai
ciaeoe iaae? iioeiaeueii? eiioeaio?aoe?? ae?iaieoeoaa, aeyaeoe
aeiiii?/ii-aoaeoeai? oi?ie i?aai?caoe?? ia?a?iaee i?iaeoeoe?? oa
aecia/eoe nenoaio aeiiii?/ieo ca’yce?a i?ae ia?a?iaieeaie oa
iinoa/aeueieeaie n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueei? ne?iaeie, yea caaacia/o?
aenie? aeiiii?/i? iieacieee a oiiaao ca?iaeaeaiiy ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei.

I?iaeaia iioei?caoe?? eiioeaio?aoe?? ae?iaieoeoaa i?eaa?oa? oaaao
aeiiii?no?a aaea a?eueoa noa ?ie?a.

Ca i??ith eiioeaio?aoe?? ae?iaieoeoaa, iinooiiai ca caeiiii a?ia?aiee,
cieaeothoueny aeo?aoe ia iaeeieoeth ae?iaeaii? i?iaeoeoe?? (oae?
aeaiaioe, ye aii?oecaoe?y, ca?ia?oia ieaoa, iai?ioi? caniae oa ?ioa).
Aiie ooai?ththoue ia?aiao? “a” oi?ioee cieaeaiiy aioo??oiueiae?iaie/eo
aeo?ao Ocaa, (O – ianya ae?iaieoeoaa):

wmetafile8? ?????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
aa???&??yyyy?????Ayyy?yyy ????? ???&? ?MathType??A?
???u?????????»????-??????i????`???u?th??????Cieaeaiiy
oeeo aeo?ao ia? iaaio iaaeo (a), yea aecia/a?oueny ??aiai ?icaeoeo
i?iaeoeoeaieo nee noni?euenoaa.

Ca i??ith c?inoaiiy ianya?a ae?iaieoeoaa c?inoathoue o?ainii?oi? aeo?aoe
ia ia?aaacaiiy ne?iaeie oa aioiai? i?iaeoeoe??. Ia?aiao? “n” – i??a
cieaeaiiy o?ainii?oieo aeo?ao ca i??ith eiioeaio?aoe?? ae?iaieoeoaa:

wmetafile8? ??-???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
`????&??yyyy?????Ayyyµyyy@???? ???&? ?MathType??P?
???u?????????»????-?????ee???I ???u??
???????»????-????Q????a???-??????i???S?C???S
?C???S?8???u?th??????? a?oia aeo?ao, eio?? ia ci?iththoueny a
?ic?aooieo ia iaeeieoeth i?iaeoeoe??.

Iioeioi aecia/a?oueny i?i?iaeueiith noiith cieaeaiiy aeo?ao ia
ia?a?iaeo i?iaeoeoe?? oa c?inoath/ith /anoeie aeo?ao.
I?i?iaeuei? noia?i? aeo?aoe ia iaeeieoeth i?iaeoeoe??, a?aeiia?aeath/?
iaaiiio ianyao ae?iaieoeoaa i?iaeoeoe??, a?aeia?aaeathoue iioeiaeueio
eiioeaio?aoe?th ae?iaieoeoaa, eiai iioeiaeueiee ?ici??.

Iioeiaeuei? ?ici??e i?aei?e?inoa oa?/ia? i?iieneiaino? – oea
cina?aaeaeaiiy oaeiai ianyao ae?iaieoeoaa ia iaeiiio i?aei?e?inoa?, i?e
yeiio aeinyaathoueny i?i?iaeuei? aeo?aoe i?aoe? oa cania?a ia eiai
aeeiiaiiy oa caaacia/o?oueny iaeaeua ?aioaaaeuei?noue aiane?aeie
ainiiaea?nueei? ae?yeueiino?. Oi?ioea ia/enethaaiiy iioeiaeueiiai
?ici??o aeioneo i?iaeoeoe?? i?aei?e?ionaii oa?/iai? i?iieneiaino? ia?
aeaeyae:

wmetafile8? ??????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? ?
???&??yyyy?????Ayyy?yyya????? ???&? ?MathType????
???u?????????»????-?????Au???A2 ???A???o
???u?? ???????»????-????
o???¦9???-?????¦A???V?????V?????V?A???u
y??????Aeey eiaeii? aaeoc? oa?/iai? i?iieneiaino?, c?icoi?ei, ia?aiao?e
“a”, “a” oa “n” nai?, eio?? a?aeiia?aeathoue niaoeeo?oe? aaeoc?.

Aca?iica’ycie i?ae ?aae?onii ne?iaeiieo cii oa ?ici??ii ia?a?iaieo
i?aei?e?inoa aeicaiey? ae??ooaaoe aecia/aiiy aeniei? aeiiii?/ii?
aoaeoeaiino? ia?a?iaieo i?aei?e?inoa.

O 2 ?icae?e? “Ioe?iea oa?/iai? i?iieneiaino? ia ??cieo aoaiao
?noi?e/iiai ?icaeoeo Oe?a?ie” ?icaeyaea?oueny ae?iaieea ?icaeoeo
oa?/iai? i?iieneiaino? Oe?a?ie ca 1920-1990 ?. ?., iniaeeaino? ?icaeoeo
oa?/iai? i?iieneiaino? E?eio oa ?? noai o ia?ao?aeiee ia??iae aei
?eieiai? aeiiii?ee, ?ieue oa?/iai? i?iieneiaino? a aenii?o? i?iaeoeoe??
c E?eio.

Oe?a?ia aoea o 1990 ?. iaei??th c iaea?eueo caaacia/aieo aea?aeaa ca
ae?iaieoeoaii i?iaeoeoe?? ia aeooo ianaeaiiy, caeiaea ia?oa i?noea o
na?o? ca ae?iaieoeoaii oeoe?o, ea?oiie?, y?oeue; ae?oaa i?noea – ca
ae?iaieoeoaii iieiea; o?ao? i?noea – ca ae?iaieoeoaii ca?ia, ?eae,
iai/?a oa aaooaiieo. Niinoa??aaeanue oaiaeaioe?y nei?i/aiiy niiaeeaaiiy
aoaeaaiaeiai?uoth/eo i?iaeoeo?a, oaeeo ye oe?a, ea?oiiey; oa c?inoaiiy
niiaeeaaiiy a?eeiaiai?uoth/eo (i’yna, ?eae, iieiea, y?oeue).Iaeiae, ii
niiaeeaaiith ia aeooo ianaeaiiy Oe?a?ia a?aeiineeanue aei na?aaeiuei
caaacia/aieo aea?aeaa.

Ca ia??iae c 1940 ?. aei 1990 ?. a Oe?a?i? niinoa??aa?oueny oaeaeea
c?inoaiiy ae?iaieoeoaa oa?/iai? i?iaeoeoe??, oae ae?iaieoeoai ne?a
c?inei a 36 ?ac?a, ia?aa?eio – a 21, oaa?eiiiai ianea oa eiaaanieo
ae?ia?a – a 7,9, ? oaea ?ioa.

C?inea e?euee?noue i?aei?e?inoa oa?/iai? i?iieneiaino?. O 1990 ?. ?o
aoei 1462, c na?aaei?i ianyaii ae?iaieoeoaa iaeiei i?aei?e?inoaii 17,2
iei. ea?aiaaioe?a i?iaeoeoe??.

O no?oeoo?? ia?a?iaee /anoea oa?/iniaeiai? aaeoc? neeaaea? 47,3 %,
i’ynii? oa iiei/ii? – 32,4 %, ioeiieeii-e?oi’yii-eiia?ei?iiai? – 13,5 %.

O 1987 ?. aaeoc? ia?a?iaee Oe?a?ie noai?thaaee 36,4 % an??? i?iaeoeoe??
AIE, a ieo aoei caeiyoi 9,7 % ?ia?oiee?a, eio?? aeei?enoaee 14 %
ae?iaie/eo oiiae?a.

Iniaeeaino? E?eio, ye ?ae??aoe?eii? ciie Oe?a?ie, iaeeaaeathoue
a?aeaeoie ia eiai oa?/iao i?iieneia?noue, yea iiaeiia caaacia/eoe
niiaeeaaiiy 650 icaei?iaieoeue oa 2,5-5 iei. i?e?caeaeaeath/eo ia
a?aeii/eiie iaiao?aeieie aeieia?/ii /enoeie i?iaeoeoaie. ?acii c oeei
ooo ae?iaeythoueny ??aee?ni? aeia, ao??iianeyi? ?ineeie, oe?ii? ni?oe
othothio. ?eaieiai? i?aei?e?ionaa E?eio iathoue 80% anueiai neeaaeo
?eaieia/iai oeioo Oe?a?ie.

*anoea ia?a?iaieo aaeocae neeaaea? 43 % anueiai ianyao i?iieneiaino?
E?eio. C?inoaiiy i?iaeoeoe?? caaacia/oaaeinue oe?iith c?inoath/eo
aeo?ao. A?aeaoaaeiny noa??iiy iniiaieo oiiae?a. C?inoaee aeo?aoe ia
i?aeo?eiaiiy iniiaieo oiiae?a, ca 1985-1990 ?. ?. cia/ii cieceany
eiao?oe??io cai?iaaaeaeaiiy iniiaieo oiiae?a, iaa?iiaaeaeoaaeeny
ia’?eoeai? i?e/eie aeiiii?/ii? e?ece.

Ca ia??iae, i?ney ii/aoeo aeiiii?/ieo ?aoi?i (1991-1998 ?. ?.),
a?aeaoeiny ??cea nei?i/aiiy ae?iaieoeoaa oa?/iai? i?iaeoeoe??. O oe?eiio
aei ??aiy 1991 ?., o 1997 ?. ae?iaieoeoai oe?eueiiiiei/ii? i?iaeoeoe??
neeaei 8,1 %, eiiaeeoa?nueeeo ae?ia?a – 7,5 %, ne??a – 11,5 %,
aacaeeiaieueieo iaii?a – 11,9 %, eiaaanieo ae?ia?a – 18,3 %, ianea
oaa?eiiiai – 21,4 % ? o.?. (oaae.1).

Oaaeeoey 1

Ae?iaieoeoai aaaeeea?oeo aeae?a i?iaeoeoe?? ia?a?iaieo

aaeocae AIE a E?eio (aee. i. Naaanoiiieue) ca 1991-1997 ? ?.,

(aeeth/ath/e i?aei?e?inoaa iaeiai a?ciano)

Aeaee i?iaeoeoe??1991?1996?1997?1997? o % aei 1991 ?ieo12345I’yni, aee.
noai?iaeoeoe, oen. o124,532,320,816,7AEe?e oa?/ia? oiieai?,
o2209147703,2Ianei oaa?eiia, o121214285259721,4Oe?eueiiiiei/ia i?-y,
oen. o374,342,430,38,1Eiaaani? ae?iae, oen. o41,68,37,618,3Ne?e, aee.
a?eico, o172426619911,5Ioea, oen. o323,3216,9181,656,2E?oie, oen.
o45,530,513,329,2Oe?a oa oe?aiaoei/i? ae?iae, oen.
o280,8195,3166,859,4Iaea?iii? ae?iae, oen.
o25,817,114,255,0Eiiaeeoa?nuee? ae?iae, o32712251324757,5Ianei ?ineeiia,
oen. o13,86,56,950,0O o./. niiyoieeiaa, oen. o13,55,.66,850,4Eiina?ae,
anueiai, iei. oiia. aaiie742,1155,7142,719,2O o./. iyni?, iei. oiia.
aaiie8,74,82,427,6?eai?, iei. oiia. aaiie140,674,375,853,9Iai/aa?, iei.
oiia. aaiie203,916,111,95,8Oiiaoi?, iei. oiia. aaiie87,23,63,84,4O o./.
oii. n?e, iei. oiia. aaiie51,92,31,32,5O?oeoia?, iei. oiia.
aaiie272,052,739,514,5Iiei/i?, iei. oiia. aaiie1,6—Ieiaeiiai/aa?, iei.
oiia. aaiie574,076,364,411,2Niee iai/aa?, iei. oiia.
aaiie3,30,60,515,2Aacaeeiaieuei? iaii?, oen.
aeae6782105280811,9I?ia?aeuei? aiaee, oen. aeae2379600122751,6Iaeiiac,
o3520148276621,7Ai??eea oa e?e. ai?. ae?., oen.
aeae129815231636126,0Oaiiainueea, iei. ieyoie417445421100,9Eii’ye, oen.
aeae243225294120,9Ieai, oen. aeae101862264222121,8Aeii aeiia?aaeia, oen.
aeae52864231388373,5Aeii ieiaeiai-ya?aeia, oen.
aeae475218564118,6Eiia?ei?ia, oen. o916,4231,583,99,1

Nei?i/aiiy ae?iaieoeoaa oaeaeei iiiiaieee caei?aeiii? e?a?ie,
caiiaithth/e nai?ie oiaa?aie iaaaceie oa ?eiee. Niinoa??aa?oueny
oaiaeaioe?y c?inoaiiy ?iii?oo, a a aeayeeo iaaaceiao ?iii?oi?
i?iaeoiaa?e neeaaeathoue ia?aaaaeio e?euee?noue. C?inoaiiy /anoeie
?iii?oo noai?th? caa?ico iaoe?iiaeuei?e i?iaeiaieue/?e aaciaoe?.

Ia oeueiio oii? ?icai?ioeanue iiaoaeiaa ia?a?iaieo i?aei?e?inoa a
i?noeyo ae?iaieoeoaa ne?iaeie – a n?eueainii?aei?e?inoaao, a oaeiae
iaeeo i?aei?e?inoaao. A oe?eiio, e?euee?noue i?aei?e?inoa c?inea c 663
(1991 ?.) aei 996, (1997 ?.) iniaenoi a oe?aiiaea?i?e (o 5 ?ac?a),
iaea?iii?e (o 12 ?ac?a) oa ianeiaee?ia?e aaeocyo? (a 3 ?ace). ?ici??
ae?iaieoeoaa ii aaeocyo aoa ??ciiiai?oiei. Iaea?eueo cia/i? – a ?eai?e,
oae ye aiie neeaaeathoueny c aeanyoe?a noaeai. Aaeeeeie ? oe?aiiaea?i?,
iaea?iii?, aeii?iai?, oa ae?iaieoeoai ii aeaioiaeaiith ioee. Ia? i?noea
aeaeiioeaio?aoe?y ae?iaieoeoaa. Aeae?eythoueny ca ?ici??aie ieaiaa?i?
oa e?ea?iai??eeia? ae?iaieoeoaa.

Aaeoc? oa?/iai? i?iieneiaino? E?eio caeiathoue i?ia?aeia i?noea a
aenii?o?, ?o ieoiia aaaa neeaaea? 38 % onueiai aenii?oo, a oie /an,
ye aenii?o i?iaeoeoe?? a o?i?/ii? i?iieneiaino? – 18,8 %, a
iaoeiiaoae?aieoeoai – o 1994 ?. — 22,9 %, a o 1996 ?. – o?eueee 7,2 %.
Ca inoaii? ?iee c?inea /anoea ?iii?oo aei aenii?oo: yeui o 1994 ?. oey
/anoea neeaaeaea 6,3 %, oi o 1996 ?. – 42,1 %. Iaea?eueo aaeeeei
iieoioeai ? ?in?y (33,2 % anueiai aenii?oo), a i?iaeoeoe?th ?eaii?
aaeoc? eoiothoue Aaeeeia?eoai?y, Iaa?ee?e, Iaa?eoai?y, Ia?ieei. Iaeiae,
iniiaia /anoea aenii?oii? aaethoe caeeoa?oueny ca ei?aeiiii ? eaea ia
nieaoo aenieoaoaoe?eieo caeoe?a noaeai. Iaea?eueoo ieoiio aaao a
aenii?o? caeiathoue ?eaa oa ii?nuee? i?iaeoeoe, iaii? aeeiaieuei? oa
aacaeeiaieuei?, eiina?ae o?oeoia? oa iai/aa?. Iniiai? aenii?oa?e
?icoaoiaai? a i?noao Naaanoiiieue oa Ea?/ue (67,8 % oa 20,2 % anueiai
aenii?oo a?aeiia?aeii). Oea i?aei?e?inoaa ?eaii? aaeoc?.

O 3 ?icae?e? “I?iaeaie i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? aaeocae oa?/iai?
i?iieneiaino? a oiiaao ia?aoiaeo aei ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee” ?icaeyaea?oueny
i?iiiceoe?y a?aeiiaeaiiy aea?aeaaiiai caiiaeaiiy aeey oa?/iai?
i?iieneiaino? eieaeoeaiei n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeei i?aei?e?inoaai a
iia?e oi?i?, yea a?aeiia?aea? anoaiiaeaiith ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei,
?icaeyaea?oueny iiaee oei aa?ii?iieneiaeo ia’?aeiaiue ia aeoe?iia?i?e
iniia?, iaa?oioiaothoueny iaae? iioeiaeueii? eiioeaio?aoe?? aeey
i?aei?e?inoa ??cieo aaeocae oa?/iai? i?iieneiaino?.

Na?oiaee aeina?ae na?ae/eoue, ui eai?oae?noe/i? aea?aeaae acyee ia naaa
ooieoe?? iiiyeoaiiy noia?a/iinoae, i?enooi?o ?eieia?e aeiiii?oe? ca
aeiiiiiaith aeiiii?/ieo oa aaei?i?no?aoeaieo cania?a, na?aae yeeo ? ?
aea?aecaiiaeaiiy ia ae?iaieoeoai i?iaeoeoe??. Iai?eeeaae, o NOA a?i
neeaaea? 15 % an??? oiaa?ii? i?iaeoeoe??. No/ani? i?iaeiaieue/?
i?aei?e?inoaa ?icaeiaieo e?a?i aacothoueny ia aaca?aeoiaeieo
oaoiieia?yo, iaeaaeiaiiy aeaioiaey?oueny c ia?aeaa?th/eo iaoa??ae?a,
iniiai? i?ioeane aaoiiaoeciaai? oa aeiaaathoue i?i?iaeueieo aeo?ao
i?aoe?, oi?aaeythoueny eiii’thoa?aie, ?eieiaa ?io?ano?oeoo?a
aeniei?icaeiaia. A?aecia/eii, ui a e?a?iao ?a?iiaenueeiai noni?euenoaa
i?ae aea?aeaaia ?aaoethaaiiy iio?aiey? aei 90 % oe?i ia
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeo i?iaeoeoe?th.

Caei?aeiii? e?a?ie, aiae?coth/e iae?iaeiiii?/i? i?ioeane i?ney Ae?oai?
Na?oiai? a?eie, a?aecia/athoue, ui aoa aeei?enoaiee iaeei niin?a:
aa?a?iee naeoi? aoa aeeeth/aiee c ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee. A?i aoa
canoiniaaiee o ooo/iiio na?o? aea?aeaaieo iei?a, aa?aioiaaieo oe?i oa
aeioaoe?e. Eiio ia i?eoiaeeeiny caoaa?aeaeoaaoe naaa a eiieo?aioe?? o
a?eueiiio ?eieo.

Caaaeaiiy ea??aiee?a aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie caeeth/a?oueny a oiio, uia
caa?aaoe ana oa iiceoeaia, ui iaea aea?aeaaia ieaiiaa nenoaia: aeaiaioe
oeaio?ae?ciaaiiai ieaioaaiiy, oi?aae?iiy nioe?aeueiith iie?oeeith ? o.
?i. Iio??aii i?aeo?eioaaoe i?eioeei iine?aeiaiino? oa iinooiiaiino?,
noai?i aeio?eioaaoeny aeiiii?/ii? iie?oeee iniaeeaiai ia?ao?aeiiai
aoaio aeiee aiia ia aoaea ci?iaia ?eieiaeie a?aeiineiaie. Ca?nii, ui
aaei?i?no?aoeaii-eiiaiaeia nenoaia iicaaaeaia i?eioeei?a
naii?aaoethaaiiy oa naii?icaeoeo. Iineaaeaiiy /e e?ea?aeaoe?y
eiiaiaeii-aaei?i?no?aoeaieo i?eeii?a aac ci?ie ?o a?aeiia?aeieie
?eieiaeie, aaaea aei aeiiii?/iiai oaino, iaae?iiy ae?iaieoeoaa,
cieaeaiiy aeeoo?aiai ??aiy ianaeaiiy.

Aeaye? eai?oae?noe/i? e?a?ie aaaaoi caiice/eee aeaiaio?a o ieaiiai?
aeiiii?ee oa aeei?enoaee ?o a i?ioean? aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy
?eieiaith aeiiii?eith. Caa??aoe on? iiceoeai? noi?iie eeane/ii? ?eieiai?
aeiiii?ee, aiie, ye ae “aiiiooaaee” a ?eieiao aeiiii?eo ia?eieia?
?aaoeyoi?e oa ?? nioe?aeueiee iai?yi.

Eeane/ia ?eieiaa aeiiii?ea caaacia/o? aaoue ia an?i aa?noaai ianaeaiiy
aeinoaoi?e aeeoo?aee ??aaiue. ?eiie nai ii nia? ia oi?io? nioe?aeueia
?eieiaa ainiiaea?noai. Oeae i?ioean cae?enith?oueny aea?aeaaith oa
?ioeie ia?eieiaeie ?inoeoooaie. No/ania aeiiii?ea e?a?i Caoiaeo
“caaaa/aia aea?aeaaiei ieaioaaiiyi oa iae?iaeiiii?/iei eiio?ieai,
ooieoe?iio? e?aua, i?ae eai?oae?ci ieioei? aiioe.”

A oiiaao Oe?a?ie, eiee aea?aeaaa ciyea c naaa ooeioe?th aa?aioo
cae?eniaiiy a?aeoai?thaaiiy, iaaea?aaeaioi?noue iai?io iaieio/a aaaea
aei ?oeioaaiiy i?iaeoeoeaieo nee. Iaoa e?a?ia iiaeeia? iane?aeee
e?ea?aeaoe?? nai?? ieioei? nenoaie aac a?aeiia?aeiiai ?icaeoeo
?eieiai?. Ona oea ia ni?ey? ia?aoiaeo aei nioe?aeueii-?eieiaiai
ainiiaea?noaa.

Ioaea, aei na?aaeeie 1998 ?. a Oe?a?i?, a oaeiae o E?eio, neeaeanue oaea
neooaoe?y a AIE:

a)o?ainoi?iiaai? i?aeoe/ii an? eieainie a eieaeoeai?
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nuee? i?aei?e?inoaa;

a) i?eaaoeciaaii a?eueo?noue ?aaeaini?a, eio?? a iniiai?e ian? iaaoee
noaoono ENI, ? o?eueee aeaye? noaee aeoe?iia?ieie oiaa?enoaaie;

a) caaa?oo?oueny i?eaaoecaoe?y a?eueoino? i?aei?e?inoa i?iieneiaino?,
eio?? ia?aoai?ththoueny a aeoe?iia?i? oiaa?enoaa. Iia?eueii i?ioiaeeoue
iioe?aiiy aeoe?e ia?a?iaieo i?aei?e?iona na?aae ne?iaeiii-iinoa/aeueieo
i?aei?e?inoa;

a) iaae?iiy ae?iaieoeoaa a aaeocyo ?ineeiieoeoaa neeaaea? 30-40 %, a a
oaa?eiieoeoa? – 50-60 %. I?e?iaeii, ui oea ia iiaea ia a?aeaeoeny ia
ianyc? ?aae?caoe?? i?iaeoeoe??;

ae) i?aei?e?inoaa oa?/iai? i?iieneiaino? ae?iaeythoue 10-20 % ??aiy
1990 ?. (aeea. oaae.1). Ia aaaaoueio i?aei?e?inoaao ia 40-60 % ciioai?
iniiai? ae?iaie/? oiiaee;

?) a oiiaao a?aee?eoi? aeiiii?ee iineaaeaiiy a?o/eciyiiai ?eieo
i?eaiaeeoue aei iane/aiiy eiai ?iii?oieie oiaa?aie, eio?? i?eoyaathoue
iiaeyae aa?iith ?aeeaiith, ioi?ieaiiyi, aea ia ye?noth i?iaeoeoe??.
*anoea ?iii?oo c?inoa?, ioiieth? ia o?eueee ia?a?iaeyth/e i?iaeoeoe, a e
iai/?, ea?oiieth, o?oeoe.

A oeeo oiiaao aeey caaacia/aiiy i?iaeiaieue/i? aaciaee oa a?yooaaiiy
a?o/eciyii? oa?/iai? i?iieneiaino? i?iiiio?oueny c 2000 ?. a?aeiiaeoe
nenoaio aea?aecaiiaeaiiy ia i?iaeoeoe?th n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa, a
ianyaao ia iaio ye 30-50 % ae?iaie/eo iiooaeiinoae iieieicaaiae?a,
i’nieiia?iao?a, oa?/iaeo eiia?iao?a.

Nenoaia aeiiii?/ieo aca?iia?aeiinei i?ae iinoa/aeueieeaie ne?iaeie, oa
ia?a?iaieeaie iiaeiia aooe iiaoaeiaaia ca i?eioeeiaie eiia?oe?eiiai
?ic?aooieo, aca?iii? aeaiaee ia?oia??a. Aeine?aeaeaiiy, i?iaaaeai? a
inoaii? ?iee i?aeoaa?aeaeothoue, ui c nenoaie aeiiii?/ieo iieaciee?a,
a?aeaeaath/eo iaeiaeiao caoe?eaaeai?noue ia?oia??a o ae?iaieoeoa?, oaeeo
ye ??aieoeoai iane i?eaooeo, ??aieoeoai /enoi? e?ioeaai? i?iaeoeoe??,
??aieoeoai aaeiaiai aeioiaeo ia iaeiiai ?ia?oieea oa ?ioeo, iaea?eueo
i?eeiyoei ? oioiaei?noue ??aiae ?aioaaaeueiino?, i?e/iio aeey
ia?a?iaiee?a aac iae?eo aa?oino? ne?iaeie.

*ei aoaea i?aee?aieaia neea aea?aecaiiaeaiiy? O aeiaiai?ao
ia?aaeaa/a?oueny, ui, o aeiaaeeo iaaeeiiaiy n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeei
i?aei?e?inoaii ianyao aea?aecaiiaeaiiy aac iiaaaeieo i?e/ei (iai?eeeaae,
?aae?co? i?iaeoeoe?th ia ?eieo), oi oea i?aei?e?inoai i?aeeyaa? oo?aoiei
naieoe?yi, ??aiei ?eieia?e aa?oino? ia i?iaeai?e ca aea?aecaiiaeaiiyi
i?iaeoeoe??.

Ai?iaeiaaeaiiy i?eioeeio, aea?aecaiiaeaiiy aa?aioo? n?euenueeei
ainiiaea?noaai noaa?eueio ?aae?caoe?th iaaieo ianya?a ii oe?iao,
aca?iicaoe?eaaeaieo ye aeey n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai i?aei?e?inoaa,
oae ? aeey ia?a?iaiee?a o aacia?a?aiiio c?inoaii? ae?iaieoeoaa.
C?icoi?ei, a?ae?iaeaeaiiy aea?aecaiiaeaiiy – oea ia iiaa?iaiiy aei
iaoiae?a eiiaiaeii-aaei?i?no?aoeaii? nenoaie, aea i?ooi ?aaeueii ia i?n
a?aeiia?aeaeueiino? ca ?acoeueoaoe ainiiaea?nueei? ae?yeueiino?.

Iniiaiei iai?yieii ?icaeoeo i?ioean?a ?eieiaeo ia?aoai?aiue aaeeeeo
i?aei?e?inoa ca?ac caeeth/a?oueny a oiio, ui a?aeaoaa?oueny ?o
o?ainoi?iaoe?y ia iniia? iiaiai i?eaaoiiaeaniiai a?ciano, caa??aaiiyi
ieie aaeeeiianooaaiiai ae?iaieoeoaa. Eiiieaeni? i?aei?e?inoaa ia
?iciaaeathoueny, a ?aea iia?eueiee i?ioean ci?ithaaiiy ?o i?e?iaee c
?icaeoeii i?yioaaiue aei i?eaeaaiiy iciae o??ie. sse i?aaeei,
i?aei?e?inoaa iaaoaathoue ?en aeoe?iia?iiai oiaa?enoaa /e ni?aaaei?o
eiiia?aoea?a. Oa, ui iia?eueii, aiey/a, /a?ac aaie?oonoai ae??aieo
ae?iaieoeoa, i?iaeiaaeaiiy aaiethoe?? i?aai?caoe?eieo oi?i aa?ia?ciano,
a?aeaoaaeinue a ia??iae iaa?iiaaeaeaiiy eai?oaeo a e?a?iao ?eieiai?
aeiiii?ee, a Oe?a?i? cae?enith?oueny oeyoii i?inoi? ci?ie aeaniino?,
oeyoii i?eaaoecaoe??. O oeueiio aaee/acia iioaioe?eia ia?aaaaa. Ia?o ca
ana, o?aaa ?icoiii aeei?enoiaoaaoe aenieo eiioeaio?aoe?th ae?iaieoeoaa
oeyoii noai?aiiy ia iniia? no/anieo i?aei?e?iona iiooaeieo,
eiieo?aioiicae?aieo oiaa?ieo ainiiaea?noa.

Ae?oaee aeina?ae, eio?ei iaia’yceiai o?aaa ?icii?yaeeoeny – oea
noai?aiee oa aei?iaoaaiee o ieaiia?e aeiiii?oe? iaoai?ci ooieoe?iioaaiiy
aaeeeeo aaaaoieiiiiiaioieo i?aei?e?iona, eio?eo o e?a?iao ?eieiai?
aeiiii?ee iaia? (aea aoaea a?aei?aoeueiaoaaoeny a aaiethoe?eiiio
i?ioean? ?o ?icaeoeo) – oea aini?ic?aooiie.

Aeiiii?/iee ?ic?aooiie i?aei?e?inoaa a?aeia?aaea? eiai iieiaeaiiy, ye
a?aeie?aieaiiai oiaa?iae?iaieea ? ? iane?aeeii ?iciiae?eo i?aoe? o
noni?euenoa?. Cai?noue oeueiai i?aei?e?inoai ia? noeoii?noue no?oeoo?ieo
i?ae?icae?e?a. Aiie noathoue ia’?eoaie aeiiii?/ieo aca?iia?aeiinei, aea
i?aaenoaaeythoue ni?eueio anioe?aoe?th. Aeey i?aei?e?inoaa, ye oe?e?nii?
nenoaie, aecia/a?oueny nooi?iue aaoiiiiiino? (?iciiae?e i?aoe?) oa
eiiia?aoe?? (?ioaa?aoe?y coneeue ae?iaiee?a). Aeiiii?/iee iaoai?ci
aca?iia?aeiinei aioo??oiuei-ainiiaea?nueeeo i?ae?icae?e?a i?aei?e?inoa,
ye anioe?aoe??, – oea aioo??oiueiainiiaea?nueeee ?ic?aooiie.

A oiiaao ia?aoiaeo aei ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei aeei?enoiao?oueny
caeiiii??i?noue ?ioaa?aoe??, iaeiae ?ieue oa ooieoe?? ia’?aeiaiue
i?aei?e?inoa ci?iththoueny, oa aiie caniiaothoueny ia i?eioeeiao
eiia?oe?eiiai ?ic?aooieo. Aia?ao ?o oi?aae?iiy aoaea cina?aaeaeoaaoe o
nai?o ?oeao ia iniia? ia?eaoeiaiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue a?aeiiino? i?i
iinoa/aeueiee?a ne?iaeie (ianya, ye?noue, oa?i?i iinoa/aiiy,
nia?aa?o?noue ae?iaieoeoaa), oa aoaea ciaoe ana i?i iieoioe?a (iaaaceie,
e?inee, naiaoi?i? caeeaaee, ?aeaeuei?, eaoa, ?anoi?aie, oiui): yea ?o
iio?aaa a i?iaeoeoe??, ?o o?iainiaee noai, oa?i?i i?eaeaaiiy oa ?eieiaa
oe?ia i?iaeoeoe?? oa ?? eieeaaiiy.

Aia?ao oi?aae?iiy ia’?aeiaiiy ia ia? i?aaa eiiaiaeoaaoe i?aei?e?inoaaie,
aea iiaeiai eii?aeeioaaoe aeiiii?/iee aca?iica’ycie i?ae
iinoa/aeueieeaie oa ia?a?iaieeaie, aenooiaoe a?a?o?ii o noia?a/ieo
ieoaiiyo, aeacoaaoe ia iani?aaaaeeea?noue oa iaeeaaeaoe
a?aeiia?aeaeuei?noue ca ii?ooaiiy acyoeo iaia’yce?a.

C ?ioiai aieo, i?aenoiie cania?a ?ic?aooieiaeo oeaio??a i?aei?e?inoa
aeicaiey? ooai?eoe aaie, yeee i?aai?ciao? e?aaeeooaaiiy ca ?aooiie
iaaeeeoe?a cania?a a iaeieo i?aei?e?inoaao ia iio?aaoth/e ?io? ia
i?eueaiaeo oiiaao. A?oia niaoe?ae?no?a-oaoiieia?a aoaea iaa?oioiaoaaoe
?aeiiaiaeaoe?? a ??oaiiyo ii niaoe?ae?caoe??, eiioeaio?aoe??
ae?iaieoeoaa, i?aeainiiaea?nuee?e eiiia?aoe??, ii ?aoe?iiaeuei?e
oaoiieia?? oa nenoai? iaoei, ye? caaacia/othoue iaea?eueo aoaeoeaia
ae?iaieoeoai i?iaeoeoe??. A iniia? aia?aoo oi?aae?iiy iiaeiia iieyaaoe
?aeaieia?y ia?eaoeiao oa iioei?caoe?? aeo?ao i?e ia?a?iaoe? oa
?aae?caoe?? i?iaeoeoe??. Iia? ooieoe?? aa?ii?iieneiaiai
ia’?aeaiiy-eii?aeeiaoi?a, iioei?caoi?a ae?iaieoeoaa caniiaothoueny ia
eiii’thoa?ieo oaoiieia?yo, ia ?ic’ynithaaeuei?e i?aoe? c ea??aieeaie
ainiiaea?noa, ni?yiiaaieo ia i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? ?o ae?iaieoeoaa.

I?ae eiioeaio?aoe??th ae?iaieoeoaa ia i?aei?e?ionaao oa?/iai?
i?iieneiaino? ?, aacoiiaii, o?niee ei?aeyoe?eiee ca’ycie c ?ici??ii
ne?iaeiieo cii, ca?aeee iaaeoiaeeoue i?iaeoeoe?y. *ei a?eueoa ia?a?iaia
i?aei?e?inoai, oei c a?eueoiai ?aae?ono ne?iaeiii? ciie iiaeiia
iaaeoiaeeoe i?iaeoeoe?y, oei a?eueo aeo?ao ia? i?iieneia?noue ia
o?ainii?ooaaiiy ne?iaeie. Ioaea, iaiaaeaiiyi ?aae?ono ne?iaeiii? ciie oa
iaiaaeaiiyi ?ici??o ia?a?iaee ? ?ici?? c?inoath/eo o?ainii?oieo caeoe?a.

A aeena?oaoe?? iaa?oioiaai? iioeiaeuei? ?ici??e i?aei?e?inoa ??cieo
aaeocae. Oae ia i?eeeaae? N?ioa?iiieuenueeiai iiei/iiai caaiaeo iiaeaii
iioeiaeueio eiioeaio?aoe?th ae?iaieoeoaa iieiea. ??aiyiiy, yea
a?aeia?aaea? nooi?iue cieaeaiiy aioo??oiueicaaiaenueeeo caeoe?a ca
i??ith ci?ie ianya?a ae?iaieoeoaa ia oeueiio i?aei?e?inoa? ae?aaea?oueny
oae:

wmetafile8? ??0???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
a ???&??yyyy?????Ayyy?yyy`????? ???&? ?MathType??A?
???u?????????»????-?????????????u?th??????Ocaa –
aioo??oiueicaaiaenuee? aeo?aoe ia 1000 o iieiea, a?i.;

O – ianya ae?iaieoeoaa, o oeny/ao oii.

?acii c oeei, c eiioeaio?aoe??th ae?iaieoeoaa iieiea aeey ia?a?iaee
aeiaiaeeoueny aiceoe ana c a?eueoi? a?aenoai?, a?eueoiai ?aae?ono
ianeoaiaoaaiiy. Aeei?enoa?ii oi?ioeo ?ic?aooieo nooiaiy c?inoaiiy
o?ainii?oieo aeo?ao

wmetafile8? ??µ???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? `
???&??yyyy?????Ayyyµyyya???? ???&? ?MathType??P?
???u?????????»????-?????eA???Io ???u??
???????»????-????Qo????:???-??????B???S? ???S
? ???S????et???IY???-????QY????i???-????
??o???S?R???S?R???S?A???u?th??????
aai wmetafile8? ??-???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
` ???&??yyyy?????Ayyyµyyy`???? ???&? ?MathType??P?
???u?????????»????-?????e???I3 ???u??
???????»????-????Q3????z???-??????‚???S?a???S
?a???S?Q???u?th??????aeaOo?. – ?ici?? aa?oino? o?ainii?oieo
caeoe?a ia 1000 o iieiea;

O – ianya ae?iaieoeoaa, o oeny/ao oii;

0,38 – eiao?oe??io, yeee na?ae/eoue, ui iieieicaaiae ciaoiaeeoueny o
oeaio?? ieiu? ia?aaacaiue;

E? – eiao?oe??io e?eaie?i?eiino? oeyo?a ii a?aeiioaiith aei i?yii? (o
na?aaeiueiio 1,3);

Ae – e?euee?noue iieiea, yea ia?aaiceoueny (1000 o);

A – nia?aa?o?noue 1 oei ia?aaaaiue.

I?aenoaaeii aeai? aei oi?ioee ?ic?aooieo oa iaea?aeo?ii, ui ia 100 o
iieiea o?ainii?oi? caeoee neeaaeathoue

wmetafile8? ??*???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
`?(???&??yyyy?????AyyyµyyyA’???? ???&? ?MathType??P?
???u?????????»????-?????gu???K* ???u??
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?*???S?o???g@???Kq???-????Sq???O????-????
?OA???S?

???S?

???S?¶ ???u?th??????Nei?enoa?iiny oi?ioeith iioeiaeueiiai ?ici??o
iiei/iiai caaiaeo. I?aenoaaeii aeai? ia?aiao??a “a” oa “n” aei oi?ioee

wmetafile8?
?????????????? ???????????yyy????.????1??????
??????? ?? ???&??yyyy?????Ayyy¶yyyA??¶?? ???&? ?MathType????
???u?????????»????-?????A‰???AF ???

Oe??? ???u??
???????»????-????????N???-??????V???R?????R?
????R?»???u y??????a=9252,48 oen. a?i oa n=249,47 oen. a?i

Ia?ii:

wmetafile8? ??Z???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? @ 
???&??yyyy?????Ayyy©yyy` ??e?? ???&? ?MathType???
???u?????????»????-?????a????a…???BOe???&
???u??
???????»????-????.???YN???-?????YV???_?????_
?????_?u???·???ie???-????oee????/???-????
??7???O•???O•???O????u?th??????

Iioeiaeueiee ?ici?? iieieicaaiaeo aeey oaeeo oiia neeaaea? 17,66 oen. o
iiei/ii? i?iaeoeoe??. O 1997 ?ioe? caaiae ia?a?iaea o?eueee 14,5 oen. o.

Iiaeia ?icienaoe ?aae?on ia?aaacaiue (oaae. 2)

Oaaeeoey 2

?ic?aooiie ?aae?ono ia?aaacaiue iieiea ia N?ioa?iiieuenueeiio
iieieicaaiae?

Ianya ?aae?on ia?aaacaiue, eiia?aaacaiue, oEiee aeei?enoiao?oueny 30 %
ieiuei i?ae ei?iia? Eiee aeei?enoiao?oueny 20% ieiuei i?ae
ei?iia?10003,84,750008,510,81000012,014,71500014,718,03000020,825,550000
26,832,99000036,044,2

Aiaeia?/ii ?ic?aoiaaii iioeiaeueiee ?ici?? N?ioa?iiieuenueeiai
i’ynieiia?iaoo ye 6 oen. o (o 1997 ?. aoei ia?a?iaeaii 4169 o) ?
aecia/aii ?aae?on ia?aaacaiue aeey 3 oen o aei 44 ei, aeey 6 oen. o –
61,2 ei, aeey 9 oen. o – 75 ei, aeey 24 oen. o – 122 ei.

Iioeiaeueiee ?ici?? N?ioa?iiieuenueeiai eiina?aiiai caaiaeo aecia/aiee
3,4 iei. oiiaieo aaiie (o 1997 ? ae?iaeyeinue 1,1 iei. oi. aaiie), i?e
oiia?, ui o?ainii?oi? aeo?aoe neeaaeathoue 12 % ae?iaie/eo aeo?ao. sseoi
aiie aoaeooue neeaaeaoe 10%, oi iioeiaeueiee ?ici?? noaiiaeoue 3,9 iei.
oi. aaiie.

Iioeiaeueiee ?ici?? N?ioa?iiieuenueeiai oe?aicaaiaeo aecia/aiee ye 53
oen. o. oe?aiae?ia?a ca ??e.

AENIIAEE OA I?IIICEOe??

A ?acoeueoao? i?iaaaeaiiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy c?iaeaii oae? aeniiaee:

1. Oa?/iaa i?iieneia?noue, i?iaeoeoe?y yei? iaci?iii ei?enoo?oueny
iiieoii, a ?iaanoeoe?? oaeaeei ieoiothoueny, aenooia? i?ia?aeiith
eaieith i?aeeiio an??? aeiiii?ee AIE Oe?a?ie ? aeoiaeo c oyaeei?,
o?eaaei? aeiiii?/ii? e?ece.

2. Oe?a?ia caeiaea iaeia c ia?oeo i?noeue o na?o? ii ae?iaieoeoao
i?iaeoeoe?? ia aeooo ianaeaiiy. Oea iieiaeaiiy aoei caaacia/aii oaeaeeei
c?inoaiiyi ae?iaieoeoaa oa?/iai? i?iaeoeoe?? ca 1940-1990 ?. ?. Aaeoc?
ia?a?iaee noai?thaaee 36,4 % an??? i?iaeoeoe?? AIE (1990 ?.),
a ieo aoei caeiyoi 9,7 % e?eueeino? ?ia?oiee?a, ye? aeei?enoiaoaaee 14
% ae?iaie/eo oiiae?a AIE.

3. I?ney ii/aoeo aeiiii?/ieo ?aoi?i c 1991 ?. a?aeaoeiny ??cea
nei?i/aiiy ae?iaieoeoaa oa?/iai? i?iaeoeoe??. ??aaiue ae?iaieoeoaa o
1997 ?. neeaa aei 1991 ?. ? oe?eueiiiiei/ii? i?iaeoeoe?? 18,1 %,
eiiaeeoa?nueeeo ae?ia?a – 7,5 %, ne??a – 11,5 %, aacaeeiaieueieo iaii?a
– 11,9 %, eiaaanieo ae?ia?a – 18,3 % ? o. ?. Nei?i/aiiy ae?iaieoeoaa
iiiiaith?oueny ?iii?oii, ?eiie caiiaiaii i?iaeoeoaie caei?aeiiieo e?a?i.

4. ?icai?ioeanue iiaoaeiaa iaaaeeeeo i?aei?e?iona aaciina?aaeiuei a
i?noeyo ae?iaieoeoaa ne?iaeie. sseui o 1991 ?. i?aei?e?inoa oa?/iaai?
i?iieneiaino? aoei 663, oi o 1997 ?. ?o noaei 996. Iniaeeai aaaaoi
i?aei?e?inoa o oe?aiiaea?nueeee (ca?eueoeeinue o 5 ?ac?a), iaea?iii?e (o
12 ?ac?a) oa ianeiaee?ia?e aaeoc? (a 3 ?ace). ?ici?? i?aei?e?inoa iaaeoi
??ciiiai?oiee. A?aeaoaa?oueny aeaeiioeaio?aoe?y ae?iaieoeoaa.

5. Aaaeo/a i?noea ii aenii?oo i?iaeoeoe?? c E?eio caeia? oa?/iaa
i?iieneia?noue, ieoiia aaaa yei? 38 % onueiai aenii?oo, ui o 2 ?ace aeua
ca /anoeo o?i?/ii? i?iieneiaino? ? a 5 ?ac?a a?eueoa ca /anoeo
iaoeiiaoae?aieoeoaa. Iaea?eueo aaeeeei iieoioeai ? ?in?y (33,3 % anueiai
aenii?oo).

Ia iniia? i?iaaaeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ?aeiiaiaeo?oueny cai?iaaaeeoe
oae? i?iiiceoe??.

Eaa?iaoo I?i?no??a Aaoiiiiii? ?anioae?ee E?ei:

1.?icaeyiooe iiaeeea?noue a?aeiiaeaiiy iaia’yceiaiai aea?aeaaiiai
caiiaeaiiy eieaeoeaiei n?eueainii?aei?e?ionaai aeey caaacia/aiiy
ne?iaeiith i?aei?e?inoa oa?/iai? i?iieneia?no?. Iaaee aea?aeaaiiai
caiiaeaiiy ia 2000 ?. aeey Aaoiiiiii? ?anioae?ee E?ei iiaeii? neeanoe
(oen. o):

i?i?ioiiaeneioiCa?iia?170240Iai/?3050Ieiaee4570Niiyoiee
(ca?ia)310I’yni2030Iieiei120150

2. Aeiiii?/io iniiao aea?aecaiiaeaiiy iiaeii? neeaaeaoe ia?oia?nuee?
a?aeiioaiiy, iiaoaeiaai? ia iniia? iaea?aeaiiy ??aii? ?aioaaaeueiino?
ae?iaieoeoaa. (Aeey oa?/iai? i?iieneiaino? ??aaiue ?aioaaaeueiino?
?ic?aoiao?oueny aac iae?eo eoiiaaii? ne?iaeie).

I?i?noa?noao aa?ii?iieneiaiai eiiieaeno Aaoiiiiii? ?anioae?ee E?ei:

1. ?aoi?ioaaoe nenoaio ia’?aeiaiue oa?/iai? i?iieneiaino?, ci?ieoe ?o
ooieoe?e. Aiie iiaeii? noaoe eii?aeeiaoi?aie ?iaioe i?aei?e?inoa a
oiiaao ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei, eiioeaio?oth/e ooieoe?? ia?eaoeiao ?eieo
caooo i?iaeoeoe??, ?eieo iinoaaie ne?iaeie;

I?aei?e?inoaai oa?/iai? i?iieneiaino?:

1. Caa??aaoe niaaeie a ia?ao?aeiee ia??iae anueiai e?auiai, ui aoei a
ieioeiio, oa, ia?o ca ana, aini?ic?aooieiaeo a?aeiinei, ye? a oiiaao
noaoooo a?eueieo i?aei?e?ioe?a noathoue eiia?oe?eiei ?ic?aooieii,
iniiaiith nenoaiith aca?iia?aeiinei i?ae i?aei?e?inoaaie.

2. Aeei?enoiaoaaoe iaa?oioiaaio iaoiaeeeo, oi?ioee ?ic?aooieo aeey
anoaiiaeaiiy iioeiaeueii? eiioeaio?aoe?? ae?iaieoeoaa ia i?aei?e?ionaao
??cieo aaeocae oa?/iai? i?iieneiaino?, ?ic?aoiaai? iioeiaeuei? ?ici??e
i?aei?e?inoa iiei/ii?, i’ynii?, eiina?aii? oa oe?aiiaea?nueei? aaeocae.

3. Aeei?enoaoe iaoiaeeeo aecia/aiiy ne?iaeiieo cii i?aei?e?inoa.

CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe?? IAAe?OEIAAII OAE? ?IAIOE:

1. Iieuaiei E.I. Ia iioeiaeueiuo ?acia?ao iiei/iuo caaiaeia e
?aoeeiiaeueiii ?aaeeona ia?aaicie iieiea // I?eaei?i?ianueeee iaoeiaee
a?niee .- 1998. — ?94.- N.28-33.

2. Iieuaiei E.I. Ia iauaeoeaiie iaiaoiaeeiinoe aic?iaeaeaiey ieuaaie
i?iiuoeaiiinoe aaoiiiiiie ?anioaeeee E?ui e ainoaea?noaaiiiai caeaca a
iiauo yeiiiie/aneeo oneiaeyo. //O?oaeu o/aiuo E?uia. Nai?iee noaoae,
iinayuaiiue 80 eaoeth Iaoeeiiaeueiie Aeaaeaiee Iaoe Oe?aeiu.
I?eeiaeaiea e iao/ii – i?aeoe/aneiio aeeneonneiiii-aeaaeaie/aneiio
nai?ieeo “Aii?inu ?acaeoey E?uia”. – 1998. –o.i. – ?acaeae 5-10n.

3. Iieuaiei E.I. Ninoiyiea ieuaaie i?iiuoeaiiinoe E?uia //Yeiiiieea e
oi?aaeaiea. – 1999.- ?1.-N.20-21.

4. Iieuaiei E. I. I ainnoaiiaeaiee ainoaeaa?noaaiiiai caeaca aeey
ieuaaie i?iiuoeaiiinoe eieeaeoeaiui naeueneioicyenoaaiiui i?aaei?eyoeyi
a iiaie oi?ia, niioaaonoaothuae noaiiaeaieth ?uii/iuo ioiioaiee. //
Aeaeiaia iaic?aiea NYC “Neaao”. -1999. -?10.

5. Iieuaiei E. I. Ninoiyiea ieuaaie i?iiuoeaiiinoe Aaoiiiiiie ?anioaeeee
E?ui a ia?aoiaeiue ia?eiae e ?uii/iie yeiiiieea. // Eoeueoo?a ia?iaeia
i?e/a?iiii?uey.- 1999.-? 5.-N 129-135.

AIIOAOe?ss

Iieuaiei E.I. C?inoath/a ?ieue oa?/iai? i?iieneiaino? a aeiiii?oe?
E?eio oa oeyoe i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? ?iaioe ?? i?aei?e?inoa. —
?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii?/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 08. 07. 02 – aeiiii?ea n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa ?
AIE.- E?einueeee aea?aeaaiee aa?a?iee oi?aa?neoao, eaoaae?a i?aai?caoe??
oa oi?aae?iiy a i?aei?e?inoaao AIE, N?ioa?iiieue, 1999.

O aeena?oaoe?? ocaaaeueiaii ?icaeoie oa?/iai? i?iieneiaino? Oe?a?ie ?
Aaoiiiiii? ?anioae?ee E?ei. ?ic?iaeai? i?iiiceoe?? ii i?aeaeuaiith
aoaeoeaiino? ?iaioe i?aei?e?inoa oa?/iai? i?iieneiaino?.

Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe:

— cai?iiiiiaaii a?aeiiaeoe aea?aecaiiaeaiiy aeey ENI oa ?ioeo
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo i?aei?e?inoa a ianyc? niiaeeaaiue oa?/iai?
i?iieneiaino?, aea ca oiiaaie aca?iii? caoe?eaaeaiiino? a io?eiaii?
??aii? ?aioaaaeueiino? ae?iaieoeoaa;

— ?aeiiaiaeiaai? iia? oi?ie ia’?aeiaiue c iaoith eii?aeeioaaoe ?iaioo
i?aei?e?inoa ia aac? ia?eaoeiaiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue;

— iaa?oioiaaia iaoiaeeea aecia/aiiy iioeiaeueii? eiioeaio?aoe??
ae?iaieoeoaa ia i?aei?e?inoaao oe?aiiaea?nueei?, iiei/ii?, i’ynii? oa
eiina?aii? aaeocae.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: oa?/iaa i?iieneia?noue, aea?aecaiiaeaiiy, ia?eaoeiaia?
aeine?aeaeaiiy, iioeiaeueia eiioeaio?aoe?y ae?iaieoeoaa, oa?/iaa
i?iaeoeoe?y.

AIIIOAOeEss

Iieuaiei E. I. Aic?anoathuay ?ieue ieuaaie i?iiuoeaiiinoe a yeiiiieea
E?uia e iooe iiauoaiey yooaeoeaiinoe ?aaiou aa i?aaei?eyoee. —
?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa yeiiiie/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 08.07.02 — yeiiiieea naeueneiai oicyenoaa e AIE.-
E?uineee ainoaea?noaaiiue aa?a?iue oieaa?neoao eaoaae?a i?aaiecaoeee e
oi?aaeaiey a i?aaei?eyoeyo AIE, Neioa?iiieue, 1999.

A aeenna?oaoeee e?eoe/anee ?anniio?aiu i?aaeeiaeaiey ii noaaeeecaoeee e
?acaeoeth yeiiiieee Oe?aeiu. Iainiiauaaaony, /oi ieuaaay i?iiuoeaiiinoue
a neeo a? iniaaiiinoae au?aaaouaaoue i?iaeoeou ia?aie aeeciaiiie
iaiaoiaeeiinoe, iieuecothueony iianaaeiaaiui ni?inii e, eae io?aneue,
iaeaaeathuay aunieie ioaea/ae ia aeiaeaiiua a ia? eiaanoeoeee, aunooiaao
i?ei?eoaoiui iai?aaeaieai a aeaea ainnoaiiaeaiey e ?acaeoey yeiiiieee
no?aiu.

Ieuaaay i?iiuoeaiiinoue i?aaenoaaeyao niaie eiiieaen aieaa 30
iainiaeaoeony io?aneae, i?iecaiaeyueo i?iaeoeoeeth aunieie
iio?aaeoaeueneie oeaiiinoe. Iooai eiaeono?eaeueiie ia?a?aaioee
auioneaaony a e?oiiuo ianooaaao ?aciiia?aciay i?iaeoeoeey aeey
iaania/aiey iio?aaiinoae ianaeaiey.

Ae?oaay iniaaiiinoue ieuaaie i?iiuoeaiiinoe ninoieo a oii, /oi iia ii
i?ienoiaeaeaieth iio?aaeyaiuo nu?uo iaoa?eaeia oanii naycaia n naeueneei
oicyenoaii. ssaeyaony noa?ie ia?a?aaioee aai i?iaeoeoeee. Aianoa n oai e
naii naeueneia oicyenoai inoaaony i?iecaiaeeoaeai oiaa?iie ieuaaie
i?iaeoeoeee, eiay a ninoaaa naeueneioicyenoaaiiuo i?aaei?eyoee
oeaaiiaea?ie, eiina?aiua e iyniua oeaoa, nu?iaa?ie, aeicaaiaeu e o. ae.

Iinea ia/aea ?aoi?i, ioiaiu aincaeaca, aaaaeaiey eeaa?aeecaoeee oeai,
e?oiiua i?aaei?eyoey ieuaaie i?iiuoeaiiinoe ieacaeenue ia a ninoiyiee
oaea?aeaoue e?oiiuo iinoaaueeia. Iaiin?aaenoaaiii a
naeueneioicyenoaaiiuo i?aaei?eyoeyo no?iyony e ?anoe?ythony oeaoa ii
ia?a?aaioea i?iaeoeoeee, eioi?ua ia/eiatho eiieo?e?iaaoue n
i?aaei?eyoeyie ieuaaie i?iiuoeaiiinoe. A yoeo oneiaeyo i/aiue aaaeii
ii?aaeaeeoue a?aieoeu iioeiaeueiie eiioeaio?aoeee i?iecaiaenoaa e
?aoeeiiaeueiua ?aaeeonu nu?ueaauo cii.

A aeenna?oaoeee iaiauaia aeeaeaeoeea aicieeiiaaiey e ?acaeoey ieuaaie
i?iiuoeaiiinoe Oe?aeiu, a? ?ieue a yenii?oa i?iaeoeoeee ec E?uia e
?ane?uou ?aca?au iiauoaiey yeiiiie/aneie yooaeoeaiinoe io?aneae ieuaaie
i?iiuoeaiiinoe a iiauo oneiaeyo oicyenoaiaaiey.

Iniiaiua ?acoeueoaou:

— iainiiaaia iaoiaeeea ?an/aoa iioeiaeueiie eiioeaio?aoeee i?iecaiaenoaa
a i?aaei?eyoeyo oeaaiiaea?iie, iiei/iie, iyniie e eiina?aiie
i?iiuoeaiiinoe, a oaeaea ?aoeeiiaeueiua ?aaeeonu nu?ueaauo cii;

— ?aeiiaiaeiaaii ainnoaiiaeoue aincaeac aeey ENI e ae?oaeo
naeueneioicyenoaaiiuo i?aaei?eyoee a iauaiao iio?aaiinoae ieuaaie
i?iiuoeaiiinoe ia oneiaeyo acaeiiie caeioa?aniaaiiinoe eae
ia?a?aaio/eeia, oae e iinoaaueeia nu?uey a iieo/aiee ?aaiie
?aioaaaeueiinoe i?iecaiaenoaa;

— i?aaeeiaeaiu iiaua ooieoeee iauaaeeiaiee naeueneioicyenoaaiiuo e
ieuaauo i?aaei?eyoee, iniiaaiiua ia aaca ia?eaoeiaiauo enneaaeiaaiee, e
eiathueo oeaeueth eii?aeeiaoeeth ?aaio ieuaauo i?aaei?eyoee.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: ieuaaay i?iiuoeaiiinoue, aincaeac, ia?eaoeiaiaua
enneaaeiaaiey, iioeiaeueiay eiioeaio?aoeey i?iecaiaenoaa, ieuaaay
i?iaeoeoeey.

ANNOTATION

Onischenko K.N. “The growing role of the food industry in the Crimean
economy and the ways of increasing the effectiveness of work of its
enterprises”.

The thesis stands for competition of scientific degree of candidate of
economic science on speciality 08.07.02 — the economy of agriculture and
agrarian-industrial complex.- The Crimean state agrarian university, the
department of organizing and managing in the enterprises of AIC.
Simferopol, 1999.

In the thesis it is summarized the development of food industry in
Ukraine and in Crimean Autonomous Republic. The methods have been worked
out on increasing the effectiveness of work of food industry
enterprises.

There are basic results as:

— It is proposed to restore the state order to the collective agrarian
enterprises and other agricultural ones in volume of needs of food
industry, but providing mutual interest in getting equal profitableness
of production.

— New forms of formations are recommended to coordinate the work of
enterprises on the basis of market research.

— It is grounded the method of calculation of optimum concentration of
production in the enterprises of bread, dairying, meat and canning
industries.

Key words: food industry, state order, market research, optimum
concentration of production, food products.

A?aeiia?aeaeueiee ca aeione: A. TH. ?oaeaiei

I?aeienaii aei ae?oeo 31. 08. 99. Oi?iao 60o90/16

Oe?aae 100 i?ei. Ianya 1 ae?oe. a?eoo.

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