I?i?noa?noai ina?oe Oe?a?ie

Oe?a?inueeee o?ainii?oiee oi?aa?neoao

I?oii Ia?eia Aanee?aia

OAeE 621.434-629.113

CIEAEAIIss AEO?AOE IAEEAA OA OE?AeEEAEO AEEEAe?A

?OOIIEI NEEAAeII AAOIIIA?EUeIIAI O?AINII?OO ?AOe?IIAEUeIEI AEAI?II
AENIEOAOAOe?EIEO OAEOI??A

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 05.22.10 — “Aenieoaoaoe?y aaoiiia?eueiiai o?ainii?oo”

Aaoi?aoa?ao aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe

Ee?a – 1998

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Aaoiaei?iaeiueiio ?inoeooo? Aeiiaoeueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ia eaoaae?? “Oaoi?/ia aenieoaoaoe?y aaoiiia?e?a”
oa Oe?a?inueeiio o?ainii?oiiio oi?aa?neoao? (OOO) ia eaoaae??
“Aeaeaoie ? oaieioaoi?ea”.

Iaoeia? ea??aieee: caneoaeaiee ae?y/ iaoee ? oaoi?ee Oe?a?ie,

aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Aooa?aae/ TH??e Oaiaein?eiae/,

caa. eaoaae?e “Aeaeaoie ?
oaieioaoi?ea” OOO

eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Aiae?onaiei Na?a?e ?aaiiae/

i?ioani? eaoaae?e “Ae?iaie/? nenoaie
? na?a?n ia

o?ainii?o? ” OOO

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Eo?i?eia ?aai Iao?iae/

caa.eaoaae?e “Ae?iaie/? nenoaie ?
na?a?n ia o?ainii?o? ”

OOO

eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio

?oaoeia A?oae?e Ieaenaiae?iae/

caa. a?aeae?eii
Aea?aeaaoio?ainIAe?i?iaeo

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee aaoiiia?eueii-aei?iaei?e
oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “30” aeiaoiy 1998 ?.

i 10 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.059.03
i?e

Oe?a?inueeiio o?ainii?oiiio oi?aa?neoao? ca aae?anith:

252010, i. Ee?a, aoe. Noai?iaa, 1.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny o a?ae?ioaoe? oi?aa?neoaoo.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “ 25 ” aa?aniy 1998 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee,

i?ioani?
Aeieo???a I.I.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. ?icaeoie no/aniiai noni?euenoaa iaiiaeeeaee aac
?icaeoeo aaoiiia?e?caoe??. Aaoiiia?eueiee o?ainii?o a?a? aeeeth/ii
aaaeeeao ?ieue a ia?iaeiiio ainiiaea?noa? iaoi? e?a?ie ? eiai i?ia?an a
cia/i?e i??? aecia/a? oni?oe an?o ?ioeo aaeocae.

??no o?aai?caoe?? ? ca?eueoaiiy ia?eo o?ainii?oieo cania?a c aeaeaoiaie
aioo??oiueiai cai?aiiy (AeAC) ii?iaeaeothoue iaaaciaeo cia/iiai
caa?oaeiaiiy iia?o?yiiai aanaeio, a ia?oo /a?ao aonoiianaeaieo ?aeii?a.

A iao?e e?a?i? i?iaeaia ioi?iie iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua ia?
caaaeueiiaea?aeaaia cia/aiiy. Iaea?eueo iaiao?aei? i?eioeeie a?aeiioaiiy
aei i?e?iaee ae?aceea Eiinoeoooe?y Oe?a?ie.

A i?noao, aea eiioeaio?aoe?y o?ainii?oieo cania?a iaeneiaeueia,
o?ainii?o, ye i?aaeei, ? iaeiei ?c iniiaieo aeaea?ae caa?oaeiaiiy.

Oaeei /eiii, ciaioaiiy oe?aeeeaeo aeeeae?a ?ooiiei neeaaeii
aaoiiia?eueiiai o?ainii?oa ? aeooaeueiith ia?iaeiiainiiaea?nueeith ?
nioe?aeueiith i?iaeaiith. Cieaeaiiy oe?aeeeaeo aeeeae?a, ye i?aaeei,
noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny aeiiii??th iaeeaa, ui aaaeeeai, i?e iaiaaeaiiio
caian? iaeeaa a Oe?a?i?.

E?euee?noue oe?aeeeaeo aeeeae?a aaoiiia?eyie a aenieoaoaoe?eieo oiiaao
caeaaeeoue a?ae aaaaoueio aenieoaoaoe?eieo oaeoi??a. ?aoe?iiaeueiee
aea?? oeeo oaeoi??a ? iaeiei ?c iai?yie?a cieaeaiiy aeo?aoe iaeeaa ?
oe?aeeeaeo aeeeae?a ?ooiiei neeaaeii aaoiiia?eueiiai o?ainii?oo.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie. Aeine?aeaeaiiy, ye? aeeiiai? a
aeena?oaoe??, ni?yiiaai? ia ae??oaiiy iaei??? ?c caaea/ Aea?aeaaii?
iaoeiai-oaoi?/ii? i?ia?aie “Aeiiii?y iaeueiiai oa ?aoe?iiaeueia
aeei?enoaiiy iaeueii-ianoeeueieo iaoa??ae?a” (iaeac ?42 AeEIO Oe?a?ie
a?ae 13.10.92 ?.), cie?aia “?ic?iaeoe eiioeaioe?th ?icaeoeo
aaoiiia?eueiiai o?ainii?oo Oe?a?ie ia aac? aeecae?caoe??, ciaioaiiy
ieoiieo aeo?ao iaeeaa ? caa?oaeiaiiy ioi/oth/iai na?aaeiaeua”. ?iaioa
oaeiae aeeiioaaeanue ca?aeii ieaio iaoeiaeo ?ia?o eaoaae?e “Oaoi?/ia
aenieoaoaoe?y aaoiiia?e?a” Aaoiaei?iaeiueiai ?inoeoooo Aeiiaoeueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo.

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoith aeaii? ?iaioe ? cieaeaiiy aeo?aoe
iaeeaa ? oe?aeeeaeo aeeeae?a ?ooiiei neeaaeii aaoiiia?eueiiai o?ainii?oo
a aenieoaoaoe?eieo oiiaao oeyoii ?aoe?iiaeueiiai aeai?o aenieoaoaoe?eieo
oaeoi??a.

Caaea/aie aeine?aeaeaiiy aenooiathoue:

— ?ic?iaea iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeae? ?ooo iaeeii/iiai aaoiiia?ey a ??cieo
?aaeeiao;

— ?ic?iaea iaoiaeeee ? iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeae? aecia/aiiy aeo?aoe iaeeaa ?
oe?aeeeaeo aeeeae?a iioieii aaoiiia?e?a;

— i?iaaaeaiiy aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue c aecia/aiiy
oa?aeoa?enoee iioiea aaoiiia?e?a ? caa?oaeiaiith i?eaei?iaeiueiai
na?aaeiaeua;

— ia?aa??ea iiaeeeaino? canoinoaaiiy iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeae? aeey
?ic?aooieo aeo?aoe iaeeaa ? aeeeae?a oe?aeeeaeo ?a/iaei iioieii
aaoiiia?e?a;

— aecia/aiiy iioeiaeueieo (aeioe?eueieo) cia/aiue aenieoaoaoe?eieo
oaeoi??a oa ?ic?iaea ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e ii ?o aeei?enoaiith .

Iaoeiaa iiaecia io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Iaoeiao iiaecio ?iaioe
neeaaeathoue:

1. Iaoiaeeea ?ic?aooieo iaeeaii? aeiiii?/iino? ? aeieia?/ieo iieaciee?a
?ooiiiai neeaaeo, yeee neeaaea? o?ainii?oiee iio?e, ui ?ooa?oueny ii
i?nuee?e aoeeoe?.

2. Eiiieaeni? aeine?aeaeaiiy aieeao iniiaieo aenieoaoaoe?eieo oaeoi??a
ia iaeeaio aeiiii?/i?noue ? oiene/i?noue ?ooiiiai neeaaeo a
aenieoaoaoe?eieo oiiaao.

3. Aeine?aeaeaiiy aieeao ia?aiao??a ? neeaaeo o?ainii?oiiai iioieo ia
iaeeaio aeiiii?/i?noue ? oiene/i?noue ?ooiiiai neeaaeo, yeee ?ooa?oueny
a o?ainii?oiiio iioioe?.

4. Aeine?aeaeaiiy aieeao aeaeo iaeeaa, yea aeei?enoiao?oueny ?ooiiei
neeaaeii, ia aeiiii?/i? ? oiene/i? iieacieee o?ainii?oiiai iioieo.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a. I?aeoe/io oe?ii?noue ?iaioe
neeaaeathoue:

1. Iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue, aeai?eoi ? i?ia?aia aeey ?ic?aooieo ia AII
iaeeaii? aeiiii?/iino? ? aeieia?/ieo iieaciee?a iioieo aaoio?ainii?oo c
a?aooaaiiyi iaonoaeaieo ?aaeei?a ?iaioe aeaeaoi?a aaoiiia?e?a.

2. E?euee?ni? caeaaeiino? uiaei aieeao oaeaeeino? ?ooo iioieo
aaoiiia?e?a a ??cieo aenieoaoaoe?eieo oiiaao, canoiniaoaaiiai aiae?yie
iaoiaeo aiae?iiy, neeaaeo o?ainii?oiiai iioieo ca oeiii aeaeaoia ?
i?ecia/aiiyi, aeei?enoaiiy ??cieo aeae?a iaeeaa aaoiiia?eyie, ye?
neeaaeathoue iio?e, ia?aiao??a o?ainii?oiiai iioieo ia aeo?aoo iaeeaa ?
e?euee?noue oe?aeeeaeo aeeeae?a ?ooiiei neeaaeii.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Iniaenoi caeiaoaa/ai aeeiiai?:

— ?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea ? iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue aecia/aiiy aeo?aoe iaeeaa
? oe?aeeeaeo aeeeae?a ?ooiiei neeaaeii, yeee ?ooa?oueny a
o?ainii?oiiio iioioe?;

— i?iaaaeai? aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy ii aecia/aiith
oa?aeoa?enoee iioieo aaoiiia?e?a ? caa?oaeiaiiy i?eaei?iaeiueiai
na?aaeiaeua ? iieacaia iiaeeea?noue aeei?enoaiiy ?ic?iaeaii?
iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeae?;

— i?iaaaeai? ?ic?aooiee aoaeoeaiino? ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ??cieo caoiae?a ii
cieaeaiith oe?aeeeaeo aeeeae?a ? aeo?aoe iaeeaa ?ooiiei neeaaeii
aaoiiia?eueiiai o?ainii?oo;

— ?ic?iaeai? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? ii cieaeaiith caa?oaeiaiiy iaaeieeoiueiai
na?aaeiaeua aaoiiia?eueiei o?ainii?oii oeyoii ?aoe?iiaeueiiai aeai?o
aenieoaoaoe?eieo oaeoi??a.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe
aeine?aeaeaiue aeiiia?aeaeenue ia eiioa?aioe?yo
i?ioani?nueei-aeeeaaeaoeueeiai neeaaeo OOO (1997, 1998), ia
i?aeia?iaeieo iaoeiai-oaoi?/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo “I?iaeaie o?ainii?oo oa
oeyoe ?o ae??oaiiy” (1997 ?.) ? “Oaeineiiaeaiiy eiino?oeoeaieo oa
aenieoaoaoe?eieo iieaciee?a aaoiiia?e?a ? aei?iaei?o iaoei” (1998 ?.) a
i. Ee?a?.

Ioae?eaoe??. Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe iioae?eiaai? a aeaa’yoe
ioae?eaoe?yo: a o?ueio noaooyo a iaoeiaeo aeo?iaeao, a aeaio ca??ieeao
iaoeiaeo i?aoeue, a aeaio iaoa??aeao i?aeia?iaeieo eiioa?aioe?e, aea?
noaoo? aeaiiiiaai? a AeIOA Oe?a?ie.

No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c anooio, 4
?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae, yeee iae?/o? 99
iaeiaioaaiue, ? aeiaeaoe?a. Iiaiee ia’?i aeena?oaoe?? noaiiaeoue 195
noi??iie, c ieo 123 noi??iee iniiaiiai oaenoo, 41 ?enoiie ia
31noi??ioe?, 13 oaaeeoeue ia 8 noi??ieao ? 11 aeiaeaoe?a ia 33
noi??ieao.

INIIAIEE CI?NO

O anooi? iaa?oioiao?oueny aeooaeuei?noue oaie, oi?ioeththoueny iaoa ?
caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiue.

Ia?oee ?icae?e i?enay/aiee iaeyaeo ? aiae?co i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue
uiaei cieaeaiiy aeo?aoe iaeeaa oa oe?aeeeaeo aeeeae?a ?ooiiei neeaaeii
aaoiiia?eueiiai o?ainii?oo.

?iceyiooi ieoaiiy i?i ?ieue aaoiiia?eueiiai o?ainii?oo, ye ooo/iiai
aeaea?aea caa?oaeiaiiy i?no ? ianaeaieo ioieo?a. I?iaaaeaii aiae?c
?nioth/eo ?caeiaeo oeeee?a c iaoith iaa?oiooaaiiy ? ia?aoiaeo aei oeeeeo
?ooo aaoiiia?ey a aeine?

aeaeoaai?e nenoai?.

Iienai? ? i?iaiae?ciaai? ?nioth/? iaoiaee, a?aeii? a iao?e e?a?i? ? ca
ei?aeiiii, aecia/aiiy oe?aeeeaeo aeeeae?a, ye iaeeii/ieie aaoiiia?eyie,
oae ? aaoiiia?eyie, ye? ?ooathoueny a o?ainii?oiiio iioioe? ii i?nueeeo
aoeeoeyo. I?iaiae?ciaai? oeyoe cieaeaiiy oe?aeeeaiai aieeao
aaoiiia?eueiiai o?ainii?oo ia iaaeieeoi? na?aaeiaeua.

Iaa?oioiaaia iaiao?aei?noue eiiieaeniiai i?aeoiaeo aei ieoaiiy
cieaeaiiy aeo?aoe iaeeaa ? oe?aeeeaeo aeeeae?a ?ooiiei neeaaeii
aaoiiia?eueiiai o?ainii?oo.

Ae?oaee ?icae?e i?enay/o?oueny ?ic?iaoe? iaoiaeeee aecia/aiiy oe?aeeeaeo
aeeeae?a aaoiiia?eyie a o?ainii?oiiio iioioe? a caeaaeiino? a?ae
aenieoaoaoe?eieo oiia ? c a?aooaaiiyi ?aaeei?a ?iaioe aeaeaoi?a
iaeeii/ieo aaoiiia?e?a. I?eeiyo? i?e ?ic?iaoe? iaoiaeeee noaia ae?eyiee
i?nueei? aoeeoe? ? ?caeiaee oeeee ?ooo aaoiiia?e?a iieacai? ia ?en. 1.

Ia ia?oiio aoai? aoee aecia/ai? iieacieee iaeeii/ieo aaoiiia?e?a i?e
?on? ca aeacaiei ?caeiaei oeeeeii. sse aacia? aoee i?eeiyo? aaoiiia?e?
AAC-24, C?E-130, IAC-500, AAC-53-12. C ae-ei?enoaiiyi i?iaaaeaieo a OOO
aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue aoee aecia/ai? iieacieee oeeo
aaoiiia?e?a a ??cieo ?aaeeiao oeeeeo (i/?eoaaii? aeicaieyth/iai neaiaeo
na?oeioi?a, ?icaaiyiiy, onoaeaiiai ?ooo, niia?eueiaiiy).

Iai?eeeaae, iieacieee ?icaaiyi-iy (oeyo ?icaaiyiiy (S?), /an ?icaaiyiiy
(t?), aeo?aoa iaeeaa (gi) ? iania? aeeeaee ia iaeeieoeth oeyoo ieneaeo
aoaeaoeth (gCO), ieneae?a acioo (gNOo), aoaeaaiaei?a (gCH)) aeey
eiaeiiai oeio aaoiiia?e?a aecia/ai? o aeaeyae? iie?iii?aeueieo
caeaaeiinoae ae?oai? noaiai? a?ae ia?aiao??a ea?oaaiiy aeaeaoiaie ?
aaoiiia?eyie a i?ioean? ?icaaiyiiy (/anoioe iaa?oaiiy aaea a iiiaio
ia?aieeaiiy ia?aaea/ (naeei); aaee/eie a?aee?eooy ae?inaeueieo cane?iie
(ae?) (aaaeaey iaeeaiiiaea/? aeey aeecae?a ) ? e?ioeaai? oaeaeeino?
?icaaiyiiy (VP).

B=A0+A1VP+A2ae?+A3naeei+A11VP2+A22ae?2 +A33naeei2+A12VPae?+

+ A13VP naeei+A23ae? naeei .
(1)

Ia ae?oaiio aoai? ?ic?aoiaoaaeenue aeo?aoa iaeeaa ? oe?aeeea? aeeeaee
iioieii aaoiiia?e?a. Iaoiaeeea aaco?oueny ia ?ic?aooieo oe?aeeeaeo
aeeeae?a ? aeo?aoe iaeeaa iaeeii/iiai aaoiiia?ey c a?aooaaiiyi ??aiy
i?aai?caoe?? aei?iaeiueiai ?ooo ia ia?ao?ano?. I?eaaaeaiiy aaoiiia?e?a a
iioioe? aei aaciaeo aaoiiia?e?a cae?enith?oueny /a?ac eiao?oe??ioe
i?eaaaeaiiy, cia/aiiy yeeo aecia/aeenue, aeoiaey/e ?c ?nioth/eo
ii?iaoeaieo aeieoiaio?a, ye? anoaiiaeththoue aeiionoei? aaee/eie
aeeeae?a oe?aeeeaeo ?a/iaei aaoiiia?eyie ??cieo eaoaai??e.

Aiaeeiiee aeeeae i-? oe?aeeeai? ?a/iaeie ? aeo?aoa iaeeaa aaoiiia?eyie
k-ai oeio i?e ?on? ii aeacai?e ae?eyioe? i?nueei? aoeeoe? (?en. 1)
aecia/athoueny ca ae?acaie:

wmetafile8? ??????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
?`???&??yyyy?????Ayyy?yyy ??4?? ???&?
?MathType??p????u?th??????(2)

wmetafile8? ??????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
?a???&??yyyy?????Ayyy?yyy ??4?? ???&?
?MathType??p????u?th??????

aea Mi koo, Mikoo- aeeeae i-? oe?aeeeai? ?a/iaeie ? aeo?aoa iaeeaa
aaoiiia?eyie k-ai oeio a i?ioean? coieiee o na?oeioi?a i?e ?iaio? ?o
aeaeaoi?a a ?aaeei? oieinoiai oiaeo;

Mi k?, Mik? — aeeeae i-? oe?aeeeai? ?a/iaeie ? aeo?aoa iaeeaa
aaoiiia?eyie k-ai oeio a i?ioean? ?icaaiyiiy;

Mi ko, Miko — aeeeae i-? oe?aeeeai? ?a/iaeie ? aeo?aoa iaeeaa
aaoiiia?eyie k-ai oeio a i?ioean? onoaeaiiai ?ooo aaoiiia?eyie, ye?
coieieeenue a?ey ia?ao?anoy;

Mi ka, Mika — aeeeae i-? oe?aeeeai? ?a/iaeie ? aeo?aoa iaeeaa
aaoiiia?eyie k-ai oeio a i?ioean? niia?eueiaiiy;

M/i ko, M/iko — aeeeae i-? oe?aeeeai? ?a/iaeie ? aeo?aoa iaeeaa
aaoiiia?eyie, ye? i?i?oaee ia?ao?anoy aac coieiee.

Aeey i?eeeaaeo ?iaeyiaii aecia/aiiy aeo?aoe iaeeaa ? aeeeae?a
oe?aeeeaeo ?a/iaei aaoiiia?eyie, ye? coieieeenue a?ey ia?ao?anoy. *anoea
aaoiiia?e?a, ye? cao?eiaeeny a?ey ia?ao?anoy j aecia/a?oueny ca iaeiith
?c a?aeiieo a oai??? o?ainii?oieo iioie?a oi?ioeith:

wmetafile8?
?????????????? ???????????yyy????.????1??????
??????? ?`???&??yyyy?????Ayyyyyy ???? ???&?
?MathType??????uµy??????

aea J — aoaeoeaia /anoea j-? oace a oeeee? ?aaoethaaiiy;

yiJ — oaciaee eiao?oe??io j-? oace ?aaoethaaiiy.

Oaciaee eiao?oe??io aeey ?ic?aooieiaiai iai?yieo ?ooo ia
ia?ao?ano? a aeai?e oac? ?aaoethaaiiy aecia/a?oueny ca caeaaei?noth:

wmetafile8? ?????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
@@???&??yyyy?????Ayyy?yyy???o?? ???&? ?MathType??a?
???u?????????»????-?????!???a???u?th??????

aea NiJ, MHiJ — a?aeiia?aeii ?ioaineai?noue ?ooo ? iio?e iane/aiiy a
?ic?aooieiaiio iai?yieo aeaii? oace ?aaoethaaiiy, iae/aiae.

Aoaeoeaia /anoea j-? oace a oeeee? ?aaoethaaiiy aecia/a?oueny ca
caeaaei?noth:

wmetafile8?
??U??????????? ???????????yyy????.????1??????
???????  ????&??yyyy?????Ayyy®yyy@??N?? ???&?
?MathType???? ???u?????????»????-?????< ???<!???u?th?????? aea taoj -aoaeoeaia o?eaae?noue caeaii? oace c a?aooaaiiyi noa?oiaeo ao?ao, n; Toe - o?eaae?noue oeeeeo na?oeioi?iiai ?aaoethaaiiy, n. O?eaae?noue oeeeeo Toe aecia/a?oueny cai??ii ?aaeeio ?aaoethaaiiy. Iio?e iane/aiiy MHiJ aecia/a?oueny a caeaaeiino? a?ae oiia ?ooo. ?ioaineai?noue ?ooo NiJ aecia/ath?oueny aenia?eiaioaeueii. Aiaeeiiee aeeeae i-? oe?aeeeai? ?a/iaeie ? aeo?aoa iaeeaa aaoiiia?eyie k-ai oeio a i?ioean? coieiee a?ey na?oeioi?a i?e ?iaio? ?o aeaeaoi?a a ?aaeei? oieinoiai oiaeo ?ic?aoiao?oueny ca caeaaeiinoyie: wmetafile8? ??U??????????? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????  `???&??yyyy?????Ayyy©yyy ??E?? ???&? ?MathType??A? ???u?????????"????-?????@Ue???@u???uAy?????? wmetafile8? ??U??????????? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? a????&??yyyy?????Ayyy?yyy@????? ???&? ?MathType??A? ???u?????????"????-??????#????A???uAy?????? aea Gi koo ? Gikoo - aiaeeiiee aeeeae i-? oe?aeeeai? ?a/iaeie ? aeo?aoa iaeeaa aaoiiia?eyie k-ai oeio i?e ?iaio? aeaeaoia a ?aaeei? oieinoiai oiaeo; t- na?aaei?e /an coieiee aaoiiia?ey k-ai oeio a?ey na?oeioi?a, n; am - eiao?oe??io i?eaaaeaiiy aaoiiia?e?a aeaii? iiaeae? aei aaciaiai aaoiiia?ey k-ai oeio; bm - /anoea aaoiiia?e?a aeaii? iiaeae? o neeaae? aaoiiia?e?a k-ai oeio; Kk- /anoea aaoiiia?e?a e-ai oeio a iioioe?. Aiaeeiiee aeeeae i-? oe?aeeeai? ?a/iaeie Gi koo ? aeo?aoa iaeeaa Gikoo aeaeaoiaie aaoiiia?e?a k-ai oeio aecia/a?oueny aenia?eiaioaeueii. Na?aaei?e /an coieiee aaoiiia?ey t wmetafile8? ??O??????????? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? A????&??yyyy?????AyyyµyyyA ??u?? ???&? ?MathType?? ???u?????????"????-?????@th???@x ???@ ???@? ???u y??????aea tP __-na?aaei?e /an cao?eiee aaoiiia?ey, n. Na?aaei?e /an cao?eiee aaoiiia?ey, a?aeiinii on?o aaoiiia?e?a, ye? ?ooathoueny a aeaiiiio iai?yieo aecia/a?ii ca oi?ioeith O.Aaanoa?a: tP= wmetafile8? ??F??????????? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? ?`???&??yyyy?????Ayyy?yyy ??2?? ???&? ?MathType???? ???u?????????"????-?????@@????@???u?th?????? aea O - noai?iue iane/aiiy i?e iaaeeaeaii? aei ia?ao?anoy wmetafile8? ??a???????????? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? @a???&??yyyy?????AyyyAyyy ????? ???&? ?MathType??p????u?th??????aea t aoj – o?eaae?noue aoaeoeaii? oace na?oeioi?iiai ?aaoethaaiiy, n. I?ney coieiee a?ey ia?ao?anoy aaoiiia?e? ?icaaiythoueny. Oiio aoee ?ic?aoiaai? oeyo ?icaaiyiiy, aeo?aoa iaeeaa ? oe?aeeea? aeeeaee ia iaeeieoeth oeyoo ?icaaiyiiy c aeei?enoaiiyi iaoaiaoe/ieo iiaeaeae ?icaaiyiiy iaeeii/ieo aaoiiia?e?a, a yeeo a?aoiaothoueny iniaeeaino? ?iaioe aeaeaoia aaoiiia?ey a iaonoaeaieo ?aaeeiao, ao?aei? ia?aiao?e ea?oaaiiy aeaeaoiii, aei?iaei? oiiae ? ?io? aenieoaoaoe?ei? oaeoi?e. Aeeeaee i-? oe?aeeeai? ?a/iaeie ? aeo?aoa iaeeaa a i?ioean? ?icaaiyiiy aaoiiia?eyie k-ai oeio, ye? coieieeenue a?ey ia?ao?anoy, ?ic?aoiaothoueny ca caeaaeiinoyie: wmetafile8? ?????????????? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? ?????&??yyyy?????Ayyy°yyyA??0?? ???&? ?MathType??p????uAy?????? wmetafile8? ?????????????? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? ?????&??yyyy?????Ayyy°yyy@??0?? ???&? ?MathType??p????uAy?????? aea gi - na?aaei? aeeeaee i-? oe?aeeeai? ?a/iaeie a i?ioeann? ?icaaiyiiy, a/ei; gi - aeo?aoa iaeeaa aaoiiia?eyie k-ai oeio a i?ioean? ?icaaiyiiy, a/ei. Aoee ?ic?iaeai? iaoiaee ?ic?aooieo aeo?aoe iaeeaa ? aeeeae?a oe?aeeeaeo ?a/iaei aaoiiia?eyie, ye? i?i?caeaeathoue ia?ao?anoy aac coieiee c? cieaeaiiyi oaeaeeino? (M/i ko, M/iko ), a oaeiae i?e ?on? aaoiiia?e?a a ?ioeo oacao ?ooo oeeeeo. Aeeeaee oe?aeeeaeo ?a/iaei ? aeo?aoa iaeeaa aaoiiia?eyie, ye? ae?aeaeaeathoue ?c ae?oai?yaeii? ia aieiaio aei?iao ia ia?aaoeueiaaieo ia?ao?anoyo neeaaeathoueny ?c oe?aeeeaeo aeeeae?a ? aeo?aoe iaeeaa i?e ?iaio? aeaeaoia a ?aaeei? oieinoiai oiaeo i?ae /an cao?eiee aaoiiia?ey, aeeeae?a ? aeo?aoe iaeeaa a i?ioeanao ?icaaiyiiy ? onoaeaiiai ?ooo. Noia?i? aeeeaee oe?aeeeaeo ?a/iaei ? aeo?aoa iaeeaa aaoiiia?eyie, ye? ae?aeaeaeathoue ia aieiaio aei?iao: wmetafile8? ??„??????????? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? ?????&??yyyy?????Ayyy?yyyA??4?? ???&? ?MathType??p????u?th??????(13) wmetafile8? ??„??????????? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? ?@???&??yyyy?????Ayyy?yyy???4?? ???&? ?MathType??p????u?th??????Noia?i? aeeeaee oe?aeeeaeo ?a/iaei ? aeo?aoa iaeeaa aaoiiia?eyie k-ai oeio ia ae?eyioe? i?nueei? aoeeoe?, aei yei? i?aeoiaeyoue ae?oai?yaei? aei?iae, ??ai?: wmetafile8? ????????????? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? @ ???&??yyyy?????Ayyy?yyya ??o?? ???&? ?MathType??P????u?th??????(14) wmetafile8? ????????????? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? @A ???&??yyyy?????Ayyy?yyy? ??o?? ???&? ?MathType??P????u?th?????? Aeey i?aeoe/iiai canoinoaaiiy iaoiaeeee ?ic?aooieo aeo?aoe iaeeaa ? oe?aeeeaeo aeeeae?a iioieii aaoiiia?e?a aoea neeaaeaia i?ia?aia ia AII. Ia?aa??ea iiaeeeaino? aeei?enoaiiy ?ic?iaeaii? iiaeae? aeey ?ic?aooieo aeo?aoe iaeeaa ? oe?aeeeaeo aeeeae?a iioieii aaoiiia?e?a aecia/aeanue ne?aeoth/ei /eiii. Nii/aoeo c aeei?enoaiiyi ?ai?oa i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue, aecia/aeanue eiioeaio?aoe?y oe?aeeeaeo ?a/iaei ca caeaaeiinoyie: - aeey oi/eiaiai aeaea?aea ia ??ai? caie? ca caeaaei?noth: wmetafile8? ??E??????????? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? `a ???&??yyyy?????Ayyy©yyy  ?? ?? ???&? ?MathType???????utha????? aea Q - iiooaei?noue aeaea?aea aeeeae?a, oiaoi iana caa?oaeithaa/a, yea aeeeaea?oueny ca iaeeieoeth /ano, a/n; u - oaeaee?noue a?o?o, i/n; y, z - noaiaea?oi? a?aeoeeaiiy a iai?yieo inae y, z, i; - aeey aacia?a?aiiai e?i?eiiai aeaea?aea ca caeaaei?noth: wmetafile8? ??E??????????? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????   ???&??yyyy?????Ayyy¦yyya ??AE?? ???&? ?MathType??`???ueya?????aea g - iiooaei?noue aeaea?aea ia iaeeieoeth aeiaaeeie, a/(ni); x, y, z - a?aenoaiue a?ae aeaea?aea aeeeaeo a iai?yieo a?aeiia?aeieo inae, i. Aeey c?o/iino? aecia/aiiy aaee/ei y ? z , aeei?enoiaoth/e aeai? ?ia?o E.Oa?ia?a, aoee neeaaeai? iie?iii?aeuei? iiaeae? ae?oaiai ii?yaeeo aeey ?ic?aooieo aaee/ei y ? z o ooieoe?? a?ae a?aenoai? aei aeaea?aea aeeeae?a X ? eeano no?eeino? EN. Eiaeiee eean no?eeino? (a?ae A aei F ) oa?aeoa?eco? na?e ia?ae?e aoiinoa?ieo oiia. Io?eiai? iiaeae? iathoue aeaeyae: o=17,885 + 0,224O - 11EN - 0,739105O2 + 1,551EN2 - 0,0328OEN (17) Z=7,446 + 0,1586O - 6,357EN + 0,78610-4O2 + 1,196EN2 - 0,035OEN (18) A iaaaaeaieo ae?acao eean no?eeino? A a?aeiia?aea? EN=1; B - EN=2; C - EN=3; D - EN=4; E - EN=5. Eean no?eeino? F ( iaea?eueo no?eeee) ia ?icaeyaea?oueny. Oaeei /eiii, ae?eyieo i?nueei? aoeeoe? c ?ioaineaiei ?ooii o?ainii?oo iiaeia ?icaeyaeaoe ye aacia?a?aia e?i?eia aeaea?aei aeeeaeo oe?aeeeaeo ?a/iaei. Ciio ia?ao?anoy iiaeia ioe?ithaaoe ye oi/eiaa aeaea?aei aeeeaeo aai ye e?i?eia aeaea?aei iaiaaeaii? aeiaaeeie. Aeey i?aeoe/iiai canoinoaaiiy aoea neeaaeaia i?ia?aia ? aeai?eoi ?ic?aooieo ia AII eiioeaio?aoe?? oe?aeeeaeo ?a/iaei a aoiinoa??, ye? aeeeaeathoueny o?ainii?oiei iioieii ia ae?eyioe? i?nueei? aoeeoe?. O?ao?e ?icae?e ?ice?eaa? caaea/?, i?ia?aio ? iaoiaee aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue. I?ae /an aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue ?ica’ycoaaeenue oae? ieoaiiy: 1. I?aeaioiaea aeaieo i?i ee?iao i?noa ? i?e?iee?iao ie?aieo ?aeii?a, aiae?co caa?oaeiaiiy iia?o?yiiai aanaeio a ca’yceo c iaoai?ieia?/ieie oa?aeoa?enoeeaie, a iaoai?ieia?/ieo oiiaao ? neiiioe/ieo neooaoe?yo, i?e yeeo niinoa??aathoueny iaeneiaeuei? eiioeaio?aoe?? caa?oaeithth/eo ?a/iaei, ?o /anoioa ? o?eaae?noue; 2. Aecia/aiiy iniiaieo oa?aeoa?enoee ?aaeueiiai o?ainii?oiiai iioieo (?ioaineaiino? ?ooo, neeaaeo, aeiaaeeie ia?aaii?a, oaeaeeino? ?ooo, ia?aiao??a aaoiaei?iaeiueiai oeeeeo). 3. Aei?? caa?oaeiaiiy i?eiaa?no?aeueii? oa?eoi???. 4. Aecia/aiiy eiioeaio?aoe?e aeine?aeaeoaaieo eiiiiiaio?a (CO, CH, NOx, SOx, Pb) ca ?ic?iaeaiith iaoiaeeeith. A ?acoeueoao? aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue ii ?ic?iaeai?e iaoaiaoe/i?e iiaeae? ioe?ithaaeenue aeeeaee oe?aeeeaeo ?a/iaei o?ainii?oieie iioieaie a cii? eiie?aoiiai ia?ao?anoy (i. Ai?e?aea). Aecia/aee eiioeaio?aoe?? oe?aeeeaeo ?a/iaei a aoiinoa??, ye? noai?ththoueny aeeeaeaie o?ainii?oieo iioie?a ? ii??aithaaee ?o c eiioeaio?aoe?yie, cai??yieie a oeae aea /an aenia?eiaioaeueii. Ia?ao?anoy ?icaeyaeaeinue ye ae?eyiea oeyoo, aea oe?aeeea? ?a/iaeie aeeeaeathoueny a aoiinoa?o ?c aacia?a?aiiai e?i?eiiai aeaea?aea iaiaaeaii? aeiaaeeie. Iiooaei?noue aeaea?aea ca aiaeeio aecia/aeanue ye noia aeeeae?a ca aiaeeio ie?aieo o?ainii?oieo iioie?a, ye? i?ioiaeyoue /a?ac ia?ao?anoy c a?aooaaiiyi ?aaeueieo oac ?aaoethaaiiy. Aenia?eiaioaeueii aoee i?iaaaeai? cai??e eiioeaio?aoe?? oe?aeeeaeo ?a/iaei a aoiinoa?? iiaeeco aeine?aeaeoaaiiai ia?ao?anoy. Aeey aecia/aiiy CO a iia?o?? aeei?enoiaoaaany aaciaiae?caoi? “ Iaeeaaeee- 3 ”, a iniiao ?iaioe yeiai iieeaaeaii aeaeo?ie?c i?e iino?eiiio iioaioe?ae? , aeey aecia/aiiy NOx , CH aeei?enoiaoaaany niaeo?ioioiiao? NO-26 ,ui i?aoeth? ca iaoiaeii aeaeo?e/ii? aaoieiiiainaoe?? . Aeey aecia/aiiy SOo a aoiinoa??, aeei?enoiaoaaany iaoiae o?i?/iiai aiae?co, yeee aaco?oueny ia ieeneaii? n??/enoiai aaco a i?ioean? eiai aeiaethaaiiy ?c iia?o?y ?ic/eiii oei?eaeo eae?y aai ia?aieeno aiaeith c ianooiiei oo?a?aeeiao?e/iei aecia/aiiyi ooai?aiiai noeueoao-?iia c oei?eaeii aa??y. Aieea ieneae?a n??ee onoaaany oeiaethaaiiyi ?o ia o?eueo? AOA-A-10. Aeey aecia/aiiy naeioeth a aoiinoa?? aeei?enoiaoaaany iiey?ia?ao?/iee aiae?c, yeee iniiaaiee ia a?aeiiaeaii? ?ii?a naeioeth ia ?oooiiio eaiath/iio aeaeo?iae? ia oii? 2% uaaaeaai? eeneioe ( iiey?ia?ao oi?aa?naeueiee IO-1). Oaaeeoey 1 Eiioeaio?aoe?? oe?aeeeaeo ?a/iaei a aoiinoa?? EiiiiiaioeEiioeaioaoe??, ia/i3?ic?aooieiaaaenia?eiaioaeueia (aeine?aeieoeueea)Ieneae aoaeaoeth (CO)1,950,8...7,0Aoaeaaiaei? (CH)0,150,6...4,7Ieneaee acioo(NOx)0,1920,0196...0.251Ieneaee n??ee (SIx)0,0550,037...0,381Niieoee naeioeth (Pb)0,001490,00021...0,00891 ?acoeueoaoe ?ic?aooie?a (oaae. 1) ii iaoiaeeoe?, cai?iiiiiaai?e o ae?oaiio ?icae?e?, iieacothoue, ui ?ic?aooieia? eiioeaio?aoe?? oe?aeeeaeo ?a/iaei ciaoiaeyoueny a iaaeao, aei??yieo aenia?eiaioaeueii. Aeiyoie neeaaeathoue aoaeaaiaei?, ui iiaeia iiynieoe oei, ui iiaeeco aeine?aeaeoaaiiai ia?ao?anoy ciaoiaeyoueny i?iieneia? aeaea?aea aeeeaeo oeueiai eiiiiiaioa. A /aoaa?oiio ?icae?e? iaaaaeai? ?acoeueoaoe ?ic?aooieiai-oai?aoe/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue ia iaoaiaoe/i?e iiaeae? aieeao aenieoaoaoe?eieo oaeoi??a ia oe?aeeea? aeeeaee ? aeo?aoo iaeeaa ?ooiiei neeaaeii oa aea?? ?aoe?iiaeueieo cia/aiue oeeo oaeoi??a. Aeine?aeaeoaaeenue ne?aeoth/? oaeoi?e: - ia?aiao?e ea?oaaiiy aaoiiia?eai a i?ioean? ?icaaiyiiy c aieo aiae?y; - aeiaaeeia ia?aaiio i?ae ?aaoeueiaaieie ia?ao?anoyie; - oaeaee?noue onoaeaiiai ?ooo o?ainii?oiiai iioieo a oeeee?; - aieea ae?oai?yaeieo o?ainii?oieo iioie?a, ye? i?eieeathoue aei iniiaii? iaa?no?ae?; - neeaae o?ainii?oiiai iioieo ca i?ecia/aiiyi ? aeaeii iaeeaa, yea aeei?enoiao?oueny ?ooiiei neeaaeii. Aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy aoa i?eeiyoee o?ainii?oiee iio?e c oa?aeoa?enoeeaie oeiiaeie aeey iaeiiai ?c ?aeii?a i. Ai?e?aee: ?ioaineai?noue 500 aao/aiae; neeaae - 40% eaaeiaeo aaoiiia?e?a, 30% aaioaaeieo aaoiiia?e?a ? aaoiaon?a c aaiceiiaeie aeaeaoiaie ? 30% aaioaaeieo aaoiiia?e?a ? aaoiaon?a c aeecaeyie. I?e oeueiio o?eaae?noue oeeeeo na?oeioi?iiai ?aaoethaaiiy neeaaeaea 70 n; o?eaae?noue aoaeoeaii? oace - 45 n; caaaioaaeaiiy aaoiiia?e?a i?eeiaeinue iii?iaeueiei. Aeine?aeaeaiiy ii ?icaaiyiith eaaeiaeo ? aaioaaeieo aaoiiia?e?a c aaiceiiaeie aeaeaoiaie iieacaee, ui aeo?aoa iaeeaa ? aeeeaee oe?aeeeaeo ?a/iaei iioieii aaoiiia?e?a a cia/i?e noaiai? aecia/athoueny i?ioan?eiei ??aiai aiae??a. Aeo?eioaaiiy aiae?yie iioeiaeueieo ia?aiao??a a i?ioean? ?icaaiyiiy (ae?inaeuei? cane?iee ea?ath?aoi?a eaaeiaiai aaoiiia?ey aeioe?eueii a?aee?eaaoe ia aaee/eio aeecueeo aei 50%, aaioaaeiiai aaoiiia?ey ia 60 - 80% ?o iiaiiai a?aee?eooy ? ia?aieeaoe ia?aaea/? i?e /anoioao iaa?oaiiy 2300 - 2500 oa-1, aeey aaioaaeieo aaoiiia?e?a c aeecaeyie, i?ae /an ?icaaiyiiy, aeioe?eueii anoaiiaethaaoe aaae?eue ea?oaaiiy iaeeaiiiaea/ath a ae?aiacii? 70 - 80% ? ia?aieeaoe ia?aaea/? i?e naeki aeecueei aei 1700 oa-1) i?eaiaeeoue aei nooo?aiai cieaeaiiy aeo?aoe iaeeaa ? oe?aeeeaeo aeeeae?a o?ainii?oiei iioieii. Iioeiaeuei? ia?aiao?e ea?oaaiiy i?e ?icaaiyii? iiaeii? ca iiaeeea?noth aeo?eioaaoeny aiae?yie i?e ?on? a o?ainii?oiiio iioioe?. ?aoe?iiaeueiei i?eeiiai ea?oaaiiy aaoiiia?eyie aiae?? iiaeii? iaa/aoeny a i?ioean? iaa/aiiy ? ia?ai?aeaioiaee. Cia/iee aieea ia oe?aeeea? aeeeaee ? aeo?aoo iaeeaa iioieii aaoiiia?e?a ia? oaeaee?noue ?ooo a ia?aaii?. Cieaeaiiy oaeaeeino? aei 50 ei/aiae, aeicaieeoue cieceoe iania? aeeeaee oe?aeeeaeo ?a/iaei c a?aooaaiiyi aa?aneaiino? ia 16,3% ? aeo?aoo iaeeaa ia 20,4% a ii??aiyii? c ?ooii o?ainii?oiiai iioieo c? oaeaee?noth 60 ei/aiae. Iaeiei ?c iaoiae?a cieaeaiiy oe?aeeeaeo aeeeae?a o?ainii?oiei iioieii, iiaea aooe ?aeiiaiaeaoe?y ia iaa?no?aeyo c ?ioaineaiei ?ooii, ye? i?ioiaeyoue iiaeeco aeeoeiai? ciie, aeae?eyoe nioao ?ooo aeey aaioaaeieo aaoiiia?e?a c iaiaaeaiiyi oaeaeeino? aei 40 ei/aiae. Oea i?eaaaea aei cieaeaiiy aeo?aoe iaeeaa ? noia?ieo oe?aeeeaeo aeeeae?a o?ainii?oiiai iioieo. A?aenioie cieaeaiiy caeaaeeoue a?ae ?ioaineaiino? o?ainii?oiiai iioieo. Aiae?c iieaco?, ui i?e ?ioaineaiino? 500 aao/aiae, aeo?aoa iaeeaa cieaeo?oueny ia 12,3%, noia?i? oe?aeeea? aeeeaee c a?aooaaiiyi aa?aneaiino? ia 8,9%, a i?e ?ioaineaiino? o?ainii?oiiai iioieo 1300 aao/aiae, aeiiii?y iaeeaa neeaaea? 13,1%, a noia?i? oe?aeeea? aeeeaee ciaioothoueny ia 16,2%, a ii??aiyii? c ?ooii anueiai o?ainii?oiiai iioieo c? oaeaee?noth 50 ei/aiae. A?aenoaiue i?ae ia?ao?anoyie ? na?oeioi?aie nooo?ai aieeaa? ia aeo?aoo iaeeaa ? caa?oaeiaiiy iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua o?ainii?oiei iioieii. Iniaeeai ??cea ca?eueoaiiy aeo?aoe iaeeaa ? oe?aeeeaeo aeeeae?a ia? i?noea i?e oeyoo oeeeeo iaioa 500 i. Cieaeaiiy oeyoo oeeeea c 500 i aei 300 i i?eaiaeeoue aei i?aeaeuaiiy aeo?aoe iaeeaa o?ainii?oiei iioieii ia 16%, aeeeae?a CO - ia 23%, CH - ia 22,2%, NOx - ia 13,6%, SOx - ia 18 %, niieoe naeioeth 14%, naae? ia 34%, caaaeaieo aei CO noia?ieo aeeeae?a - ia 21,5%. I?e cieaeaii? oeyoo oeeeeo c 700 i aei 500 i ca?eueoaiiy aeo?aoe iaeeaa neeaaea? 7,3%, aeeeae?a CO - 14%, CH – 13,5%, NOx - 6%, SOx - 9%, niieoe naeioeth - 7%, naae? – 12,4%, caaaeaieo aei CO noia?ieo aeeeae?a – 7,4%, oiaoi ??cieoey iieaciee?a nooo?ai ciaioo?oueny. Ca?eueoaiiy oeyoo oeeeea a?eueoa 700 iao??a i?eaiaeeoue aei iiaeaeueoiai, aea iacia/iiai cieaeaiiy aeo?aoe iaeeaa ? oe?aeeeaeo aeeeae?a. Noai?aiiy iaa?no?aeae aacia?a?aiiai ?ooo aei?aaaeaii ia o?eueee c iiceoe?? aeiiii?? iaeeaa, aea ? c iiceoe?? cieaeaiiy caaaeueiiai aieeao ?ooiiiai neeaaeo aaoiiia?eueiiai o?ainii?oo ia iaaeieeoi? na?aaeiaeua. Aeine?aeaeaiiy aeiiii?/ieo ? aeieia?/ieo iieaciee?a ae?oai?yaeiiai o?ainii?oiiai iioieo (?ioaineaiinoue 200 aao/aiae), yeee i?eieea? aei iniiaii? iaa?no?ae? iieacaee, ui ??cea ca?eueoaiiy oe?aeeeaeo aeeeae?a ? aeo?aoe iaeeaa caaaeueiei iioieii niinoa??aa?oueny ia oeyoo oeeeeo ae?oai?yaeiiai iioieo aei 200 i aei ia?ao?anoy. Oeei iaiao?aeii ea?oaaoeny i?e i?iaeooaaii? aoee/ii-aei?iaeiuei? ia?aae?. Neeaae o?ainii?oiiai iioieo cia/ii aieeaa? ia oe?aeeea? aeeeaee ? aeo?aoo iaeeaa aaoiiia?eyie. I?ae /an aeine?aeaeaiiy /anoea eaaeiaeo aaoiiia?e?a a o?ainii?oiiio iioioe? ci?ithaaeanue a?ae 0% aei 100%, a aaioaaei? aaoiiia?ee ?icae?eyee ?aooo a?aenioe?a iaai?e i?ae aeecaeyie oa aaiceiiaeie aeaeaoiaie. Eiee /anoea eaaeiaeo aaoiiia?e?a neeaaea? 20% a o?ainii?oiiio iioioe?, noia?i? oe?aeeea? aeeeaee cieaeothoueny ia 4,72%; 40% - a?aenioie cieaeaiiy neeaaea 9,63%; 60% - 14,5%, 80% - 19,4%. sseui o?ainii?oiee iio?e neeaaea?oueny o?eueee c eaaeiaeo aaoiiia?e?a, oi oea i?eaaaea aei cieaeaiiy noia?ieo oe?aeeeaeo aeeeae?a, a ii??aiyii? c aaioaaeiei o?ainii?oiei iioieii, iaeaea ia 25% i?e aeei?enoaii? ?oeeueiaaiiiai aaiceio ? iaeaea a 1,5 ?ace i?e aeei?enoaii? iaaoeeueiaaiiai aaiceio. Oea ne?ae a?aoiaoaaoe i?e i?iaeooaaii? aoee/ii-aei?iaeiuei? ia?aae? i?no ? ianaeaieo ioieo?a. ?oo a aonoiianaeaieo ?aeiiao i?noa ne?ae i?aai?ciaoaaoe oae, uia /anoea eaaeiaeo aaoiiia?e?a a o?ainii?oiiio iioioe? aoea iaeneiaeueiith. Aieea aeecae?caoe?? ia iieacieee iioieo aaoiiia?e?a ?icaeyaeaany, ye iiaoaiia ia?aaaaeaiiy aaioaaeieo aaoiiia?e?a, ui i?aoeththoue ia aaicei?, ia aeecaeueia iaeeai (?en. 2). I?e ia?aaaaeaii? ia aeecaeueia iaeeai 25% aaiceiiaeo aaioaaeieo aaoiiia?e?a, aeeeaee CO cieaeothoueny ia 11%, CH - ia 10,8%, NOx - ia 2%, niieoe naeioeth - ia 12,6%, ca?eueoothoueny aeeeaee ieneae?a n??ee ia 8,4%, naae? ia 10,7%. Noia?i? aeeeaee, caaaeai? aei CO i?e aeei?enoiaoaaii? aoeeueiaaiiai aaiceio ciaioothoueny ia 8,8%, aac aeiaaaie Pb ia 2,2%. Aeiiii?y iaeeaa neeaaea 3%. Ia?aaaaeaiiy iieiaeie aaioaaeieo aaiceiiaeo aaoiiia?e?a cieceoue aeo?aoo iaeeaa ia 5,3%, a noia?i? oe?aeeea? aeeeaee ciecyoueny ia 17,1%. sseui an? aaioaaei? aaoiiia?e? c aaiceiiaeie aeaeaoiaie, ye? neeaaeathoue o?ainii?oiee iio?e, cai?ieoe ia aeecae?, oi ieoiia aeo?aoa iaeeaa o?ainii?oiei iioieii cieceoueny ia 16,4%, aeeeaee CO ciecyoueny o 1,8 ?ace. Iaeiae i?e oeueiio c?inoooue aeeeaee ieneae?a n??ee o 1,37 ?ace, naae? o 1,5 ?ace. Noia?i? aeeeaee c a?aooaaiiyi ?o aa?aneaiino? ciecyoueny ia 34% i?e aeei?enoaii? aoeeueiaaiiai aaiceio, i?e ?iaio? ia iaaoeeueiaaiiio iaeea? i?ioeaio cieaeaiiy neeaaea aeecueei 3%. Ia?aaaaeaiiy aaoiiia?e?a ia noeniooee i?e?iaeiee aac oaeiae yaey?oueny aoaeoeaiei iai?yieii cieaeaiiy oe?aeeeaeo aeeeae?a. ?c ?en. 3 aeaeii, ui ia?aaaaeaiiy ia aac 20% aaiceiiaeo aaioaaeieo aaoiiia?e?a i?ecaaaea aei cieaeaiiy oiiaiiai noia?iiai aeeeaeo oe?aeeeaeo ?a/iaei ia 8%, 40% - ia 14,56%, 60% - ia 20,9%, 80% - ia 27%. I?e ia?aoiae? c aaiceio ia noeniooee i?e?iaeiee aac ianiaa aeo?aoa iaeeaa aaioaaeieie aaoiiia?eyie ciaoiaeeoueny i?eaeecii ia oiio ae ??ai?, nooo?ai cieaeothoueny aeeeaee iioieii aaoiiia?e?a ieneaeo aoaeaoeth, oea cieaeaiiy aeecueea 33%, a?eueo i?ae o 2 ?ace cieaeothoueny aeeeaee naeioeth, cieaeaiiy aoaeaaiaei?a ? ieneae?a acioo neeaaea? aeecueei 4%, a ciaioaiiy ieneae?a n??ee aeecueei 7,5%. A ?acoeueoao? noia?i? oe?aeeea? aeeeaee, ye? caaaeai? aei CO, cieaeothoueny iaeaea a 1,5 ?ace. INIIAI? AENIIAEE 1. E?euee?noue oe?aeeeaeo aeeeae?a ?ooiiei neeaaeii aaoiiia?eueiiai o?ainii?oo a i?noao ? ianaeaieo ioieoao caeaaeeoue a?ae aaaaoueio oaeoi??a, aieeaath/e ia ye? iiaeia cieceoe aeo?aoo iaeeaa ? caa?oaeiaiiy iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua. 2. Aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy aieeao iniiaieo aenieoaoaoe?eieo oaeoi??a ia aeo?aoo iaeeaa ? aeeeae?a oe?aeeeaeo ?a/iaei o?ainii?oiei iioieii noai?aia iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue, yea aaco?oueny ia iaoaiaoe/ieo iiaeaeyo aeo?aoe iaeeaa ? oe?aeeeaeo aeeeae?a iaeeii/ieie aaoiiia?eyie c a?aooaaiiyi ?aaeei?a ?ooo ii i?nuee?e aoeeoe? ? iniiaieo iieiaeaiue oai??? o?ainii?oiiai iioieo. 3. I?iaaaeaieie aenia?eiaioaeueieie aeine?aeaeaiiyie ii cai??o eiioeaio?aoe?e oe?aeeeaeo ?a/iaei o iia?o?? iiaeeco i?nueei? aoeeoe?, ii ye?e ?ooathoueny aaoiiia?e? ? ?o ii??aiyiiyi c ?ic?aooieiaeie, aeiaaaeaia iiaeeea?noue aeei?enoaiiy iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeae? aeey i?iaaaeaiiy ?ic?aooie?a oe?aeeeaeo aeeeae?a ? aeo?aoe iaeeaa ?ooiiei neeaaeii aaoiiia?eueiiai o?ainii?oo. 4. I?iaaaeai? ia iaoaiaoe/i?e iiaeae? aeine?aeaeaiiy ii ?icaaiyiith eaaeiaeo ? aaioaaeieo aaoiiia?e?a c aaiceiiaeie aeaeaoiaie, iieacaee, ui aeo?aoa iaeeaa ? aeeeaee oe?aeeeaeo ?a/iaei iioieii aaoiiia?e?a a cia/i?e i??? aecia/athoueny i?ioan?eiei ??aiai aiae??a. Aeo?eioaaiiy aiae?yie iioeiaeueieo ia?aiao??a a i?ioean? ?icaaiyiiy (aeey eaaeiaiai aaoiiia?ey ae?inaeuei? cane?iee a?aee?eaaoe ia aaee/eio aeecueeo aei 50%, aeey aaioaaeiiai aaoiiia?ey ia 60 - 80% ?o iiaiiai a?aee?eooy ? ia?aieeaoe ia?aaea/? i?e /anoioao iaa?oaiiy 2300 - 2500 oa-1, aeey aaioaaeieo aaoiiia?e?a c aeecaeyie i?ae /an ?icaaiyiiy anoaiiaethaaoe aaae?eue ea?oaaiiy iaeeaiiiaea/ath a ae?aiacii? 70 - 80% ? ia?aieeaoe ia?aaea/? aeecueei aei 1700 oa-1) i?eaiaeeoue aei nooo?aiai cieaeaiiy aeo?aoe iaeeaa ? oe?aeeeaeo aeeeae?a o?ainii?oiei iioieii. 5. Iaeiei ?c aoaeoeaieo oeyo?a cieaeaiiy aeo?aoe iaeeaa ? oe?aeeeaeo aeeeae?a ?ooiiei neeaaeii aaoiiia?eueiiai o?ainii?oo, yaey?oueny iaiaaeaiiy oaeaeeino? aei 50 ei/aiae i?e ?on? ii i?nuee?e aoeeoe?, ui aeicaieeoue cieceoe noia?i? aeeeaee oe?aeeeaeo ?a/iaei ia 16,3%, a aeo?aoo iaeeaa ia aaee/eio aeecueei 20% a ii??aiyii? c ?ooii anueiai iioieo aaoiiia?e?a c? oaeaee?noth 60 ei/aiae. 6. Oeyo oeeeeo nooo?ai aieeaa? ia aeo?aoo iaeeaa ? caa?oaeiaiiy ioi/oth/iai na?aaeiaeua ?ooiiei neeaaeii aaoiiia?eueiiai o?ainii?oo, iniaeeai ??cea ca?eueoaiiy aeo?aoe iaeeaa ? oe?aeeeaeo aeeeae?a niinoa??aa?oueny i?e oeyoo oeeeeo iaioa 500 i. Cieaeaiiy oeyoo oeeeea aei 300 i, ca?eueoo? noia?i? oe?aeeea? aeeeaee ia 21,5%, a aeo?aoo iaeeaa ia 16%. 7. Neeaae o?ainii?oiiai iioieo cia/ii aieeaa? ia aeo?aoo iaeeaa ? oe?aeeea? aeeeaee aaoiiia?eyie. sseui o?ainii?oiee iio?e neeaaea?oueny o?eueee c eaaeiaeo aaoiiia?e?a, oi oea i?eaaaea aei cieaeaiiy noia?ieo oe?aeeeaeo aeeeae?a, a ii??aiyii? c aaioaaeiei o?ainii?oiei iioieii, iaeaea ia 25% i?e aeei?enoaii? ?oeeueiaaiiiai aaiceio ? iaeaea a 1,5 ?ace i?e aeei?enoaii? iaaoeeueiaaiiai aaiceio. 8. Aeecae?caoe?y aaoiiia?eueiiai o?ainii?oo aieeaa? ia neeaae aeeeae?a oe?aeeeaeo ?a/iaei iioieii aaoiiia?e?a (cieaeothoueny aeeeaee ieneae?a aoaeaoeth, aoaeaaiaei?a), noia?ia oiene/i?noue cia/ii cieaeo?oueny i?e aeei?enoaii? aaioaaeieie aaoiiia?eyie aoeeueiaaiiai aaiceio. Aeey aeine?aeaeoaaiiai iioieo aaoiiia?e?a cai?ia 25% aaioaaeieo aaoiiia?e?a c aaiceiiaeie aeaeaoiaie ia aeecae?, i?eaiaeeoue aei cieaeaiiy noia?ieo oe?aeeeaeo aeeeae?a ia 9%, i?e 50% - cieaeaiiy neeaaea aeecueei 17%, i?e cai?i? 100% - cieaeaiiy neeaaea aeecueei 34%. I?e aeei?enoaii? iaaoeeueiaaiiai iaeeaa cieaeaiiy noia?ieo oe?aeeeaeo aeeeae?a c a?aooaaiiyi ?o aa?aneaiino? aoaea cia/ii iaioa ? neeaaea anueiai aeecueei 3% i?e cai?i? an?o aaiceiiaeo aeaeaoi?a aaioaaeieo aaoiiia?e?a a iioioe? ia aeecae?. 9. Canoinoaaiiy noeniooiai i?e?iaeiiai aaco, ye iaeeaa aeey aaioaaeieo aaoiiia?e?a cai?noue aaiceio, i?ecaiaeeoue aei cia/iiai cieaeaiiy noia?ieo oe?aeeeaeo aeeeae?a ?ooiiei neeaaeii aaoiiia?eueiiai o?ainii?oo. I?e ia?aaaaeaii? 20% aaiceiiaeo aaioaaeieo aaoiiia?e?a ia noeniooee i?e?iaeiee aac, cieaeothoueny noia?i? oe?aeeea? aeeeaee c a?aooaaiiyi ?o aa?aneaiino? ia 8%, i?e ia?aaaaeaii? 40% - cieaeaiiy neeaaea 15%, i?e ia?aaaaeaii? 60% - 21%, i?e ia?aaaaeaii? 100% - 33%. Oaeei /eiii oeyoii ?aoe?iiaeueiiai aeai?o aenieoaoaoe?eieo oaeoi??a iiaeia cia/ii ciaioeoe oe?aeeeaee aieea aaoiiia?eueiiai o?ainii?oo ia iaaeieeoi? na?aaeiaeoa. NIENIE IIOAE?EIAAIEO I?AOeUe CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe?? 1. I?oii I. A. Iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue aeeeaeo oe?aeeeaeo ?a/iaei ? aeo?aoe iaeeaa aaoio?ainii?oiei iioieii // Aeni?ann-iiaeie: iaoea, oaoi?ea, ae?iaieoeoai. -Ee?a. - 1997. ?13-14. - N. 25-26. 2. I?oii I. A. Aeine?aeaeaiiy ia iaoaiaoe/i?e iiaeae? aeeeaeo oe?aeeeaeo ?a/iaei ? aeo?aoe iaeeaa aaoio?ainii?oiei iioieii // Aeni?ann-iiaeie: iaoea, oaoi?ea, ae?iaieoeoai. -Ee?a. - 1997. ?13-14. - N. 26-27. 3. Aooa?aae/ TH. O., Ieoii I. A. Ii?aaeaeaiea iooae nieaeaiey a?aaeiuo aua?inia o?ainii?oiuo n?aaenoa // Aaoioeyoiaee Oe?a?ie. - 1998. ?1. - N. 21-23. 4. Ieoii I. A. E aii?ino nieaeaiey a?aaeiiai aicaeaenoaey aaoiiiaeeueiiai o?ainii?oa a. Ai?eiaee Aeiiaoeeie iaeanoe ia ie?oaeathuoth n?aaeo // I?ia?anneaiua oaoiieiaee e nenoaiu iaoeiino?iaiey: Iaaeaeoia?iaeiue na. iao/iuo o?oaeia. -Aeiiaoee: Aeii AOO. - 1998. Aui. 5. - N. 131-133. 5. I?oii I. A., Iieyeia A. I. Ioe?iea aieeao aaoiiia?eueiiai o?ainii?oo ia caa?oaeiaiiy aoiinoa?e a ianaeaieo ioieoao // ca. iaoeiaeo i?aoeue. -Ee?a: E?NA. - 1998., /anoeia ae?oaa - N. 11-12. 6. Ieoii I. A. E ?an/aoo aua?inia a?aaeiuo aauanoa e ?anoiaea oiieeaa aaoiiiaeeyie ia o/anoea ai?iaeneie iaaeno?aee // Iaoa??aee i?aeia?iaeii? iaoeiai-oaoi?/ii? eiioa?aioe?? “I?iaeaie o?ainii?oo oa oeyoe ?o ae??oaiiy”. -Ee?a: OOO. - 1997. - N. 115-116. 7. Aooa?aae/ TH. O., Ieoii I. A. Aeeyiea yenieoaoaoeeiiiuo oaeoi?ia ia oiieeaioth yeiiiie/iinoue e yeieiae/aneea iieacaoaee aaoiiiaeeae // Nai?iee iao/iuo o?oaeia Iaaeaeoia?iaeiie eiioa?aioeee “I?iaeaiu aaciianiinoe o?ainii?oiiai i?ino?ainoaa”. -Eeiaoee: EAOO. - 1998. - N. 10. (E? ? 020317 io 28.11.96 a.) 8. I?oii I. A., Aa?a/oe I. A., A?e?eia I. A. Aei ieoaiiy cieaeaiiy oe?aeeeaeo aeeeae?a ?ooiiei neeaaeii o i?iieneiaeo i?noao // ?oe. aeai a AeIOA Oe?a?ie. 27.04.98, ?218 - Oe 98. 9. Ieoii I. A., Ea?ei N. N. Aaoiiiaeeueiue o?ainii?o eae eneonnoaaiiue enoi/iee caa?yciaiey ai?iaeia e ianaeaiiuo ioieoia // ?oe. aeai a AIOA Oe?aeiu. 27.04.98, ?216 - Oe 98.

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