IAOe?IIAEUeIA AEAAeAI?ss IAOE OE?A?IE

AIEIAIA ANO?IIII?*IA IANA?AAOI??ss

OAeE 512-7

Na?a??a Na?a?e Aaiiaae?eiae/

CI?II?NOUe OE?IEEO AI?N?EIEO E?I?E A

AEOEAIEO ssAe?AO AAEAEOEE

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 01.03.02 –ano?io?ceea, ?aae?iano?iiii?y

A A O I ? A O A ? A O

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa
o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe

Ee?a-1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a E?einuee?e Ano?io?ce/i?e Iana?aaoi??? I?i?noa?noaa
Oe?a?ie

o ni?aaao iaoee oa oaoiieia?e.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee:

eaiaeeaeao o?c.-iao. iaoe, noa?oee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee,

I?IIEE AIEIAeEIE? ?AAIIAE*,

E?einueea Ano?io?ce/ia Iana?aaoi??y,

i?ia?aeiee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

aeieoi? o?c.-iao. iaoe, noa?oee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee,

?CIOIA TH??E ?AAIIAE*,

Aieiaia Ano?iiii?/ia Iana?aaoi??y IAI Oe?a?ie,

caa?aeoaa/ eaai?aoi???th

eaiaeeaeao o?c.-iao. iaoe, noa?oee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee,

AIEIAAOEE AIEIAeEIE? AIEIAeEIE?IAE*,

Euea?anueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao ?i. ?aaia O?aiea,

aeioeaio eaoaae?e ano?io?ceee

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa:

O?ce/iee ?inoeooo ?i. E?a?aeaaa, ?in?enueea Aeaaeai?y iaoe,

Ano?ieini?/iee oeaio?, i. Iineaa

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny: “22” ea?oiy 1999?. ia can?aeaii? Niaoe?ae?ciaaii?
A/aii? ?aaee

Ae 26.208.01 i?e Aieiai?e Ano?iiii?/i?e Iana?aaoi??? Iaoe?iiaeueii?
Aeaaeai?? Iaoe Oe?a?ie

(252127, i. Ee?a, Aiein??a). Ii/aoie can?aeaiue i “10” aiaeei?.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Aieiaii?
Ano?iiii?/ii? Iana?aaoi??? IAIO.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “20” aa?aciy 1999?.

A/aiee nae?aoa? Niaoe?ae?ciaaii? A/aii? ?aaee

eaiaeeaeao o?c.-iao. iaoe
Aon?aa I.A.

Anooi.

Naeoa?o?anuee? aaeaeoeee aoee aeae?eai? a ie?aiee oei, ye ia’?eoe, ui
iathoue oe?ie? ai?n?ei? e?i?? a niaeo??. Iaeiae, aaeeeee iaoeiaee
?ioa?an aiie i?eaa?ioee o?eueee i?ney oiai, ye aoea aeyaeaia ?o
ci?ii?noue ? i?ney a?aee?eooy nii??aeiaieo ?i ia’?eo?a a?eueo aeniei?
na?oeiino? — eaaca??a. Ca?ac i?ae aaeaeoeeaie c aeoeaieie yae?aie (AssA)
?icoi?thoue Naeoa?o?acuee? oa ?aae?i aaeaeoeee. Aiie iathoue
ci?yiiiiae?aia yae?i c aieiiao?e/iith na?oei?noth ( 1044 — 1045 a?anae
-1, yea ii??aiyia c? na?oei?noth an??? aaeaeoeee. Iio?e a?ae yae?a
ci?ith?oueny ia ianooaaao /ano a?ae e?eueeio ?ie?a aei aeae?eueeio
aiaeei. Oea oeaio?aeueia aeaea?aei (OeAeae), yea aeae?ey? aaee/acio
e?euee?noue aia?a?? a aeoaea iaaaeeeiio ia’?i?, ? iaea?eueo caaaaeeiaei
oaiiiaiii AssA. A aeaiee /an iaea?eueo iioe?aiei ? iiaeyae ia OeAeae ye
ia eiiiaeoia o?ei (/i?ia ae??a) c ianith 106 — 109 M(, ae?aoe?eiee aeene
yeiai aeicaiey? iiynieoe aenieo aoaeoeai?noue aia?aiaeae?eaiiy.

Iaeanoue aena?/oaaiiy oe?ieeo ai?n?eieo e?i?e (OAE) aaciina?aaeiuei
i?eieea? aei OeAeae. Oe?eie e?i?e ( 3 ( 103 -104 ei nae-1 na?ae/aoue
i?i iayai?noue aenieeo oaeaeeinoae ?ooo aaco a oe?e iaeano?. A aaaaoueio
oai?aoe/ieo aeine?aeaeaiiyo iieacaii, ui niinoa?aaeoaai? a?aeiioaiiy
?ioaineaiinoae oe?ieeo ai?n?eieo e?i?e iiaeia iiynieoe aei?ii?ithaaiiyi
ie?aieo u?eueieo (ne ( 109- 1010,ni-3) o?aaiaio?a aaco, oia?, ui
ina?oeththoueny OeAeae. E?iaiaoeea oia?, iaeiae, ? iei? caeeoa?oueny
iac?icoi?eith. sse iieacothoue niinoa?aaeaiiy, ? ei?aeyoe?y i?ae ci?iaie
iioieo a eiioeiooi? oac /anii i?ioiaeaeaiiy na?oea aei oeeo iaeanoae.
Aiae?coth/e na?oeia? e?ea? eiioeiooio oa oe?ieeo e?i?e, iiaeia i?e
aeayeeo ii/aoeiaeo i?eiouaiiyo aecia/eoe ?ici?? oa iiea oaeaeeinoae
iaeano? OAE. Ia oeueiio ? aaco?oueny oae caaiee iaoiae ?aaa?aa?aoe?eiiai
ea?ooaaiiy. sse i?aaeei, aaaaea?oueny, ui e?i?y e?i?eii aai, a
e?aeiueiio ?ac?, iaeiicia/ii a?aeaoeo?oueny ia ci?ie iioieo a
eiioeiooi?. Aoee, iaeiae, iii?/ai? aeiaaeee iaaaeaeaaoiiai a?aeaoeo
e?i?e ia ie?ai? iiae?? a eiioeiooi?, a iaoiae ?aaa?aa?aoe?eiiai
ea?ooaaiiy e?eoeeoaaany a oiio a?aeiioaii?, ui ye?nue i?eiouaiiy,
iieeaaeai? a eiai iniiao, ia caaaeaee aeeiiothoueny.

Aeooaeuei?noue ?iaioe.

Aecia/aiiy /ano cai?ciaiiy oe?ieeo ai?n?eieo e?i?e ? aeooaeueiei,
ine?eueee (oa?aeoa?eco? iaeei c iaeaaaeeea?oeo ia?aiao??a iaeano? OAE-
?? ?ici??. Ciaiiy ?ici??o oe??? iaeano? aea? iiaeeea?noue ioe?ieoe iano
oeaio?aeueii? /i?ii? ae??e, a iath/e oae? ioe?iee aeey ??cieo ia’?eo?a,
io?eiaoe caeaaei?noue iana-na?oei?noue aeey AssA. Aei iaaeaaiueiai /ano
?ici?? iaeano? OAE aoa a?aeiiee, ye i?aaeei, aeoaea iaiaae?eii o?eueee
aeey aeae?eueeio AssA. A aeaiee /an, a ?acoeueoao? ye i?aeia?iaeii?
eiiia?aoe??, oae ? coneeue ie?aieo iana?aaoi??e (a oiio /ene? E?AI) oeae
?ici?? a?aeiiee aeey a?eueo i?ae 20 ia’?eo?a, ? oea /enei aacia?a?aii
c?inoa?.

Iaeiae, ia oeyoo aecia/aiiy ?ici??o ? a?aeoai?aiiy e?iaiaoeee iaeano?
OAE ? o?oaeiiu? i?eioeeiiaiai oa?aeoa?o, ine?eueee oi?ia i?io?eae
oe?ieeo e?i?e ? ia?aaeaoi/ia ooieoe?y, ui oa?aeoa?eco? ca’ycie i?ae
ci?iaie a e?i?yo ? eiioeiooi?, i?iythoueny c /anii. Aeine?aeaeaiiy
aca?iica’yceo e?i?y-eiioeiooi, eiai aaiethoe?y, a oaeiae aaiethoe?y
oi?ie i?io?eae oe?ieeo ai?n?eieo e?i?e a AssA aaaeeeaa aeey ?icoi?iiy
no?oeoo?e iaeano? OAE ? o?ce/ieo i?ioean?a, ui i?ioiaeyoue a
oeaio?aeueiiio aeaea?ae?, a oaeiae aeey anoaiiaeaiiy iaae canoinoaaiiy
iaoiaeo ?aaa?aa?aoe?eiiai ea?ooaaiiy.

Ca’ycie c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a?aeiia?aeii c iaoeiaei ieaiii E?einueei? Ano?io?ce/ii?
Iana?aaoi??? a ?aieao iaoeiai? oaie «Aaeaeoeea» eaai?aoi??? o?ceee
c??ie oa aaeaeoee. Niaeo?aeuei? niinoa?aaeaiiy aeayeeo AssA
i?iaiaeeeenue ca?aeii c i?aeia?iaeiith i?ia?aiith ne?aeeoaaiiy ca AssA,
yeo i/ieth? i?ioani? A. Iaoa?nii (oi?aa?neoao ooaoo Iaaei, NOA).

Iaoa ?iaioe.

Iaoith ?iaioe ?:

Aaeineiiaeaiiy iaoiaeeee niinoa?aaeaiue oa ia?iaee aeaieo c iaoith
iaeneiaeueiiai i?aeaeuaiiy oi/iino? aecia/aiiy iioie?a a e?i?yo oa
eiioeiooi? aeine?aeaeoaaieo AssA.

Iaeiie/aiiy o?eaaeeo ?yae?a niinoa?aaeaiue, ye? aeicaieyoue aeaoaeueii
aeine?aeaeoaaoe ci?ii?noue oe?ieeo ai?n?eieo e?i?e a aea?aieo AssA ia
i?ioyc? ?yaeo ?ie?a.

Aecia/aiiy ?ici???a iaeano? OAE ie?aieo AssA, aeey yeeo iayai? iaea?eueo
u?euei? a /an? ?yaee niaeo?aeueieo niinoa?aaeaiue.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy ca’yceo i?ae ci?iaie a eiioeiooi? oa a?aeaoeii ia oe?
ci?ie oe?ieeo ai?n?eieo e?i?e, c aeei?enoaiiyi iaea?eueo i?ioyaeieo a
/an? na?oeiaeo e?eaeo e?i?e H(, H( oa iioe/iiai eiioeiooio, a oaeiae
aeine?aeaeaiiy aaiethoe?? oi?ie i?io?e?a oeeo e?i?e.

Iiooee i?e/ei ianoaoe?iia?iino? ca’yceo e?i?y-eiioeiooi ? aaiethoe??
oi?ie i?io?e?a oe?ieeo e?i?e ia /aniaeo oeaeao ??aieo i?nyoeyi.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia.

Aia?oa aai iacaeaaeii c?iaeai? ioe?iee /ano cai?ciaiiy e?i?? H( ?/aai
H( a 6-oe AssA. A aeaiee /an oae? ioe?iee ? a iayaiino? aeey i?eaeecii
20-oe AssA, aeeth/ath/e o?noue aeuacaaaeaieo. Cie?aia, aia?oa, ? c
aenieith oi/i?noueth, ioe?iaii /an cai?ciaiiy e?i?e H( ? H( a Mrk 6.

Aeey ?yaeo AssA io?eiaii aaeeeee ia’?i iaoa??aeo niinoa?aaeaiue, ui
ioiieth? o?eaaeee ia??iae /ano.

Cai?iiiiiaaii naiiocaiaeaeaiee iaoiae ei?aeoe?? niinoa?aaeoaaieo iioie?a
a e?i?yo oa eiioeiooi? ca ye?noue cia?aaeaiiy.

?acaeiooi i?eioeeiiai iia? niiniae aeaeiiiiceoe?? noeoiiino?
niinoa?aaeoaaieo niaeo??a, iniiaai? ia ??ciiio oa?aeoa?? ci?iiino?
ie?aieo niaeo?aeueieo eiiiiiaio.

A?aee?eoi iaa?aeii? ?ai?oa ci?ii? e?i?? iiaeeiaiiy aae?th (He ?
(4471,(7065), ui iaeaaeaoue yae?o NGC 4151.

Cai?iiiiiaaii iia? iaoai?cie ii?ooaiiy ca’yceo e?i?y-eiioeiooi ?
aaiethoe?? i?io?e?a oe?ieeo ai?n?eieo e?i?e.

Aeey ?yaeo ia’?eo?a (8 AssA), ye? niinoa??aaeenue ia i?ioyc? 4-8 ?ie?a,
aeyaeaii ii?ooaiiy aca?iica’yceo e?i?y-eiioeiooi oa i?ine?aeaeaii
aaiethoe?th i?io?e?a oe?ieeo ai?n?eieo e?i?e.

Ia caoeno aeiinyoueny:

A?eueoa 1000 eae?a?iaaieo ii iioieo, aeniei? yeino? ICC niaeo??a
aea?aieo AssA, io?eiaieo a E?AI ia 2.6-i oaeaneii? ?i.Oaeia, ui
caieythoue aeaoaeueii aeine?aeaeoaaoe ci?ie, ye? a?aeaoaathoueny a oeeo
niaeo?ao ia i?ioyc? a?ae aeae?eueeio ?ie?a aei iaeaea aeanyoea ?ie?a.

?ic?iaeai? iaoiaee oa i?ia?aiia caaacia/aiiy ia?iaee ? aiae?co niaeo??a
AssA: naiiocaiaeaeaiee iaoiae ei?aeoe?? iioie?a a e?i?yo ? eiioeiooi? ca
ye?noue cia?aaeaiiy ? iaoiae aeaeiiiiceoe?? niaeo??a, ui aaco?oueny ia
oa?aeoa?? ci?iiino? ? ia aeiaaa? i?yei? ai??i?ii? ?ioi?iaoe?? i?i oi?io
i?io?e?a ie?aieo eiiiiiaio.

Aei??yi? aaniethoi? cia/aiiy iioie?a a aeayeeo aocueeeo e?i?yo
aeine?aeaeoaaieo AssA.

Aia?oa c?iaeaia ioe?iea ?ici??o iaeano? OAE a Mrk6 oa ioe?iee ?ici??o
oe??? iaeano? aeey i’yoe ?ioeo AssA.

Aeieac ianoaoe?iia?iino? ca’yceo e?i?y-eiioeiooi ye oeiiaiai aeey AssA
yaeua, ia iia’ycaiiai c i?inoi?iaei ia?a?iciiae?eii aei?ii?ithth/iai
aaco.

Aeieac aaiethoe?? oi?ie i?io?eth oe?ieeo ai?n?eieo e?i?e ye oeiiaiai
aeey AssA yaeua, yea /anoi a?aeaoaa?oueny ia /aniaeo ianooaaao iaaaaaoi
iaioeo aeeiai?/iiai /ano.

?ic?iaea eiioeaioe?? noeoiiino? iacaeaaeieo niaeao?a, oi?ia niaeo?o yeeo
caeaaeeoue a?ae ?o o?eaaeino?, ye iaeiiai c iaoai?ci?a, ui i?eaiaeeoue
aei ianoaoe?iia?iino? ca’yceo e?i?y-eiioeiooi.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ?iaioe.

?ic?iaeaia i?ia?aiia caaania/aiiy iei? ? iniiaiei ?ino?oiaioii ia?aeiii?
ia?iaee iaeiii??ieo niaeo??a a E?einuee?e Ano?io?ce/i?e Iana?aaoi???.

I?eaaaeaiee a ?iaio? iaoiae aeaeiiiiceoe?? niaeo??a iiaea aooe
aeei?enoaiee a ?yae? caaea/, aea iaiao?aeii aeae?eeoe neeaaeia? niaeo?a,
ye? i?iythoueny ??ciei /eiii.

Aei??thaaiiy aaniethoiiai iioieo a aeayeeo aocueeeo e?i?yo ??cieo AssA
iiaeooue aeei?enoiaoaaoenue aeey aaniethoiiai eae?a?oaaiiy niaeo??a oeeo
ia’?eo?a ca aocueeeie e?ieyie.

Iioae?eiaai? na?oeia? e?ea? aeayeeo oe?ieeo e?i?e oa iioe/iiai
eiioeiooio NGC 4151, NGC 5548, Mrk 6, NGC 7469, Mrk 509, 3C 390.3
iiaeooue aooe ei?eni? aeey oeo, ooi caeia?oueny aeine?aeaeaiiyi oeeo ia
ia’?eo?a.

C?iaeaii cia/iee aianie a i?aeia?iaei? i?ia?aie niinoa?aaeaiue NGC 5548,
NGC 7469 oa 3C 390.3, ye? aeicaieeee i?ine?aeeoe ci?ie a ciaeo?ao oeeo
ia’?eo?a c oi?ioei /aniaei ?icae?eaiiyi ? ioe?ieoe ?ici?? iaeano? OAE
oeeo ia’?eo?a.

Ioe?iee ?ici??o iaeano? OAE iio??ai? aeey ?icoi?iiy o?ceee oe??? iaeano?
oa oeaio?aeueiiai aeaea?aea. Ciath/e ?ici?? OAE aeey ?yaeo ia’?eo?a
iiaeia, iai?eeeaae, io?eiaoe caeaaei?noue iana-na?oei?noue aeey AssA.

Aeine?aeaeai? ii?ooaiiy caeaaeiino? e?i?y-eiioeiooi ? aaiethoe?? oi?ie
i?io?e?a oe?ieeo ai?n?eieo e?i?e iaeeaaeathoue nooo?a? iaiaaeaiiy ia
canoinoaaiiy iaoiaea ?aaa?aa?aoe?eiiai ea?ooaaiiy a AssA.

?icaeoie iiaeyae?a ia ci?ii?noue AssA ye noia?iiceoe?th iacaeaaeieo
niaeao?a ??cii? o?eaaeino?, eieuei?o oa nooiaiy ai?cio?ii??, yeui aiia
a iiaeaeueoiio i?aeoaa?aeeoueny, ia? ia?oi/a?aiaa cia/aiiy aeey
?icoi?iiy i?ioean?a, ui a?aeaoaathoueny a oeaio?aeuei?e iaoei?.

Iniaenoee aeeaae caeiaoaa/a.

I?eeiaa o/anoue a niae?aeueiiio iii?oi??iao aeayeeo AssA c
aeei?enoaiiyi ICC. A?eueoa /anoeia io?eiaieo ICC niaeo??a aoea ia?iaeaia
aaoi?ii. Ai?n iniiaiee aianie a ?icaeoie iaoiaeeee iinoa?aaeaiue ?
i?ia?aiiiai caaacia/aiiy aeey ia?iaee ? aiae?co n niaeo??a. Aaoi?o
iaeaaeeoue ??aia c ni?aaaoi?aie o/anoue a ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? aeaieo
niinoa?aaeaiue. A ?iaio? [2] nooo?aa aeiiiiiaa aaoi?o aoea iaaeaia
iaoeiaei ea??aieeii. ?iaioe [1,3, 4], ii/eiath/e c iinoaiiaee caaea/?,
iiai?noth aeeiiai? aaoi?ii. A ?iaioao [8, 10] aianie aaoi?a aoa
iniiaiei. *anoeia ?iaioe [6], yea noino?oueny aeaeiiiiceoe?? niaeo??a,
aeeiiaia aieiaiei /eiii TH.O.Iaeueeiaei. A ?ioeo ?iaioao aeeaae aaoi?a
aoa nooo?aei, aea ia aieiaiei.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe.

Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe aeiiia?aeaeenue ia nai?ia?ao a E?einuee?e
Ano?io?ce/i?e Iana?aaoi??? (E?AI) oa ia ??ciiiai?oieo eiioa?aioe?yo c
i?iaeai AssA oa iicaaaeaeoe/ii? ano?iiii??: eiioa?aioe?y c aeoeaieo
yaea? aaeaeoee (Aeia-Aoa, 1988); eiioa?aioe?y c aeoeaieo yaea? aaeaeoee
(E?AI, Eaoeeaae?, 1990); eiioa?aioe?y c aeoeaieo yaea? aaeaeoee (E?AI,
Iao/iee, 1992); eiioa?aioe?y c aeoeaieo yaea? aaeaeoee (E?AI, Iao/iee,
1994); The Tenth Rutherford Appleton Laboratory Workshop on Astronomy
and Astrophys?cs, ent?tled «Reverberat?on Mapp?ng of the Broad-L?ne
Reg?on ?n Act?ve Galact?c Nucle?» (Ab?ngdon, Great Br?ta?n, 1994);
C’?cae Oe?a?inueei? Ano?iiii?/ii? Anioe?aoe??, Aiein??a 1996;
romannum{14} oa romannum{15} eiioa?aioe?? «Aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie
iicaaaeaeoe/ii? ano?iiii??», Iou?inueea ?aae?iano?iiii?/ia Iana?aaoi??y
O?AI (Iou?ii, 1997 oa 1998).

Ci?no aeena?oaoe??.

?iaioa neeaaea?oueny c anooio, 5 aeaa oa aeniiae?a. Caaaeueiee ianya
aeena?oaoe?? neeaaea? 175 noi??iee, aeeth/ath/e 70 iaethie?a, 10
oaaeeoeue oa nienie oeeoiaaii? e?oa?aoo?e c 134 iaeiaioaaiue.

O anooi? iienaii no/aniee noai i?iaeaie aeine?aeaeaiue AssA, iiaeaii
iinoaiiaeo caaea/?, iaa?oioiaaii aeooaeuei?noue ?iaioe oa ia?ae?/ai?
iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe, ye? aeiinyoueny ia caoeno.

A ia?o?e aeaa? iaaiai?ththoueny iaoa oa caaea/? niaeo?aeueiiai
iii?oi?eiaa AssA. Iieno?oueny iaoiaeeea niinoa?aaeaiue oa aia?aoo?a, ui
aeei?enoiao?oueny. Aeaoaeueii aiae?cothoueny aia?aoo?i? ? aoiinoa?i?
aoaeoe, i?eaiaeyoueny ioe?iee nooiaiy ?o aieeao ia io?eioaai? niaeo?e ?
iaoiaee ei?aeoe??.

A ae?oa?e aeaa? iieno?oueny noaia ia?aeiii? ia?iaee niaeo??a.
I?eaiaeyoueny ?icaeioo? iaoiaee iiaeaeueoiai aiae?co aeaieo: ?ic?aooiie
na?oeiaeo e?eaeo, e?in-ei?aeyoe?eii? ooieoe??, ia?aaeaoi/ii? ooieoe??,
no?oeoo?ii? ooieoe??, ei?aeoe?y ca ye?noue cia?aaeaiiy, ?icae?e niaeo?a
ia eiiiiiaioe, niiniae ioe?iie iiieeie aei??thaaiue ? o.i. A caaaeueieo
?enao i?eaiaeeoueny ?aeaieia?y i?ia?aiiiai caaacia/aiiy.

A o?ao?e aeaa? i?eaaaeaii iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe niaeo?aeueiiai
iii?oi?eiaa AssA a E?einuee?? Ano?io?ce/i?e Iana?aaoi??? (E?AI). Oey
aeaaa neeaaea?oueny c 8 /anoei, eiaeia c yeeo i?enay/aia iaeiiio c
aeine?aeaeoaaieo ia’?eo?a: NGC 4151, Mrk 6, NGC 5548, NGC 7469, 3C
390.3, Akn 120, Mrk 509 e Arp 102B. Aeey eiaeiiai c ia’?eo?a
iienothoueny niiniae eae?a?oaaiiy ca iioieii a aocueeeo e?i?yo oa
?ic?aooieo na?oeiaeo e?eaeo. Ioe?iththoueny iiieeee aei??thaaiue ? aieea
yeino? cia?aaeaiiy oa iiceoe?eiiai eooa u?eeie niaeo?ia?aoa ia oi/i?noue
aei??thaaiue. I?eaiaeyony aei??thaaiiy aaniethoiiai iioieo a aeayeeo
aocueeeo e?i?yo. ?icaeyaeathoueny caeaaeiino? e?i?y – eiioeiooi oa
caeaaeiino? i?ae iioieaie a ??cieo ae?eyieao i?io?eth e?i?e H( ?/aai H(
oe?eiith 10-50 A. Ioe?ith?oueny /an ia i?ioyc? yeiai i?ioiaeyoue
iii?oi? ii?ooaiiy, oiaoi cia/i? ci?ie caeaaeiinoae, ui ?icaeyaeathoueny.
Aeey aeayeeo ia’?eo?a ?iaeyoueny ioe?iee /ano cai?ciaiiy ?ioaa?aeueiiai
iioieo a oe?ieeo e?i?yo H( ?/aai H(, a oaeiae ie?aieo ae?eyiie ?o
i?io?e?a. A aeayeeo aeiaaeeao, ?icaeyaea?oueny aieea iioe/ieo
ioeueoeieao?a Fe ?? ia aeine?aeaeoaai? i?io?e? oe?ieeo Aaeueia??anueeeo
e?i?e ? eae?a?oaaiiy niaeo??a ii e?i?? [O???] (5007. Aeaui aeaoaeuei?oa
i?eaiaeeoueny iaoa??ae, ui noino?oueny yae?a aaeaeoeee NGC 4151, aeey
yei? io?eiaii iaea?eueoa e?euee?noue iaoa??aeo niinoa?aaeaiue. E??i
anueiai neacaiiai aeua, ooo ii??aith?oueny iiaaae?iea e?i?? He II (4686
oa Aaeueia??anueeeo e?i?e, a oaeiae ?icaeyaea?oueny iiaaae?iea
aani?aoe?eieo e?i?e oa ?o aieea ia oi?ie i?io?e?a oe?ieeo e?i?e.

Ne?ae a?aecia/eoe c?iaeai? aia?oa aai iacaeaaei? ioe?iee /ano cai?ciaiiy
ci?i a oe?ieeo ai?n?eieo e?i?yo H( ?/aai H( a?aeiinii ci?i iioe/iiai
eiioeiooio aeey oanoe AssA, ui oa?aeoa?ecothoue ?ici?? iaeano? OAE oeeo
ia’?eo?a.

Ia aaeee?e e?eueeino? i?eeeaae?a iieacaii, ui iathoue i?noea iino?ei?
ii?ooaiiy caeaaeiino? e?i?y — eiioeio i, ye? a?aeaoaathoueny ia /aniaeo
ianooaaao yaii iaioeo aeeiai?/iiai /ano oa /anoi iathoue oa?aeoa?
eieaeueii e?i?eieo «iine?aeiaiinoae». O aeiaaeeo NGC 4151 ciaeaeaii,
ui iiiaioe ?icae?eaiiy ia iine?aeiaiino? iaeeiaeia? aeey e?i?e. H(, H(
oa He ?? ( 4686, aea oa?aeoa? ?icae?eaiiy ? nooi?iue ci?ie iaoeeo
ie?aieo iine?aeiaiinoae o e?i?? He?? ( 4686 nooo?ai ?io?, i?ae o
Aaeueia??anueeeo e?i?e.

Iieacaii, ui oi?ia i?io?e?a oe?ieeo e?i?e an?o aeine?aeaeoaaieo a aeai?e
?iaio? AssA aaiethoe?iio?. Caeaaei?noue i?ae iioieaie a ??cieo
ae?eyieao eiioo?o e?i?? /anoi ia? aeaeyae «iine?aeiaiinoae», i?e/iio
aeey aeae?eueeio ia’?eo?a /an, ca yeee a?aeaoaa?oueny ia?ao?ae c iaei???
iine?aeiaiino? ia ?ioo, ii??aiyiee ca ii?yaeeii aaee/eie c /anii
cai?ciaiiy, ui aeeeth/a? aeeiai?/io aaiethoe?th aaco iaeano? OAE ye
i?e/eio aaiethoe?? oi?ie i?io?e?a oe?ieeo ai?n?eieo e?i?e.

A /aoaa?o?e aeaa? ii?ooaiiy ca’yceo e?i?y – eiioeiooi iiynith?oueny a
?aieao oyaeaiue i?i ci?ii?noue AssA ye noia?iiceoe?? aeiaaeeiaeo
iacaeaaeieo niaeao?a c aeiaaeeiaeie o?eaaeinoyie, ?iciiae?eaieie a
aeeiai?/iiio ae?aiacii? a aeae?eueea ii?yaee?a. Ioe?ith?oueny oa?aeoa?
?iciiae?eo niaeao?a ca o?eaae?noth oa aiie?ooaeaie. Iieacaii, ui o
aeiaaeeo, eiee oi?ia niaeo?a niaeaoo noaoenoe/ii caeaaeeoue a?ae eiai
o?eaaeino?, oi oea i?eaiaeeoue aei ii?ooaiiy caeaaeiino? e?i?y —
eiioeiooi, ye?nii iiae?aii? aei niinoa?aaeoaaii?. C?iaeaii aeniiaie, ui
iaea?eueo iii?oi? ii?ooaiiy iiaeii? aooe coiiaeai? iaea?eueo iiooaeieie
oa o?eaaeeie niaeaoaie. Aacoth/enue ia ?acoeueoaoao i?aeia?iaeiiai
iii?oi?eiaa NGC 4151 c?iaeaii ioe?ieo oi?ie niaeo??a oaeaeeeo oa
iia?eueieo niaeao?a a niaeo?aeueiiio ae?aiacii? (1275 A — (4600 A oa
iieacaii, ui oaeaee? niaeaoe ? a?eueo «nei?ie».

A i’yo?e aeaa? ?icaeyaeathoueny iiaeeea? iaoai?cie, ui i?eaiaeyoue aei
aaiethoe?? oi?ie i?io?e?a oe?ieeo e?i?e ia /aniaeo ianooaaao iaioeo
aeeiai?/iiai /ano. Iieacaii, ui aaea iiaeaeue i?io?eth c aeaiia ci?iieie
eiiiiiaioaie aeia?a iiynith? aaiethoe?th oi?ie i?io?e?a Aaeueia??anueeeo
e?i?e yea niinoa??aa?oueny a NGC 4151 ? NGC 5548. A?aecia/aii, ui ?ieiee
a i?io?eyo oe?ieeo e?i?e aeieeathoue ai?n?ei? aeaoae?, ye? iieacothoue
i?iiaiaao oaeaee?noue, ui nenoaiaoe/ii ciaioo?oueny, ? ia aeeaaeathoueny
a ?aiee aeaieiiiiiaioii? iiaeae?. Aeine?aeaeaii ?aaeoe?th i?io?e?a
oe?ieeo e?i?e H( ? H( a NGC 4151 ia oaeaee? oa iia?euei? ci?ie
iioieo a eiioeiooi?. Ciaeaeaii, ui oi?ie i?io?e?a oaeaeeiai oa
iia?eueiiai eiiiiiaioa nooo?ai a?ae??ciythoueny ca oi?iith, oe?eiith oa
aeae?aiaioii Aaeueia??anueei? na???, ca?aeee aeieeaa?, ui ia oaeaee? oa
iia?euei? ci?ie ?aaaothoue i?inoi?iai ??ci? /anoeie aaco OAE c ??cieie
o?ce/ieie oiiaaie. C?iaeaii i?eiouaiiy, ui oea iia’ycaii c noaoenoe/iith
caeaaei?noth i?ae

o?eaae?noth niaeaoo oa nooiaiai ai?cio?ii?? eiai aei?ii?ithaaiiy.

A aeniiaeao noi?ioeueiaaii iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe??:

Aia?oa aai iacaeaaeii c?iaeaii ioe?iee /ano cai?cithaaiiy e?i?? H(
oa/aai H( a 6-oe AssA.

Aeey /ioe?ueio c ainueie aeine?aeaeoaaieo AssA iathoue i?noea iii?oi?
ii?ooaiiy caeaaeiino? e?i?y — eiioeooi, ui a?aeaoaathoueny ia ianooaaao
/ano cia/ii iaioeo ca aeeiai?/iee /an, oa iathoue oa?aeoa? eieaeueii
e?i?eieo iine?aeiaiinoae.

A i?io?eyo oe?ieeo ai?n?eieo e?i?e a?eueoino? aeine?aeaeaieo AssA
a?aeaoaathoueny ci?ie ia ca’ycai? i? c ia?a?iciiae?eii aaco, ui
aei?ii?ith?, i? c aoaeoii cai?cithaaiiy. *anoi, aea a caaaeaee, ci?ie
oi?ie i?io?eth e?i?? oa ii?ooaiiy ca’yceo e?i?y — eiio?iooi
a?aeaoaa?oueny iaeii/anii.

Ci?iaiiy oi?ie i?io?eth oe?iei? e?i?? H( a NGC 4151 oa NGC 5548
iiaeia iienaoe a ?aieao aeaoo ci?iieo eiiiiiaio, ye? iathoue iino?eio
oi?io i?io?eth. Aea, a oe? ?aiee ia aeeaaeathoueny ai?n?ei? aeaoae?, ui
niinoa??aaeeny a aeaio aeiaaeeao, eiee i?iiaiaaa oaeaee?noue
nenoaiaoe/ii ciaiooaaeany c /anii. Iiaeeeai, iiyaa oaeeo aeaoaeae a
i?io?e? e?i?? iia’ycaia c ?aaeueiith aeeiai?/iith aaiethoe??th aaco,
aeeeiooiai c yae?a.

Ciinoa?aaeoaaia ci?ii?noue AssA iiaea aooe iienaia ye aeiaaeeiaee
i?ioean, iaoiiaeaiee noia?iiceoe??th iacaeaaeieo niaeao?a, o?eaaeino?
yeeo ?iciiae?eai? ii noaiaiaaiio caeiio, a caeaaei?noue aiie?ooaee a?ae
o?eaaeino? oaae ia? noaiaiaaee aeaeyae. Ioe?iaii cia/aiiy iieacieea
noaiaiy.

Iiioa-Ea?ei iiaeaethaaiiy ae?aa?ai e?i?y — eiioeiooi a ?aieao iiaeae?
iacaeaaeieo niaeao?a aea? ea?oeio, ye?nii iiae?aio o?e, ui
niinoa??aa?oueny. Iaea?eueo iii?oi? ii?ooaiiy caeaaeiino? e?i?y —
eiioeiooi a oe?e iiaeae? iathoue aooe iaoiiaeaieie iaea?eueo iiooaeieie
oa o?eaaeeie niaeaoaie.

E?i?y He ?? (4686 a niaeo?? NGC 4151 cia/ii e?aua a?aeaoeo?oueny ia
oaeaee? ci?ie eiioeiooio, a Aaeueia??anuee? e?i?? — ia iia?euei?.
I?io?e? e?i?e oaeaeeiai oa iia?eueiiai eiiiiiaioa nooo?ai
a?ae??ciythoueny ca oi?iith, oe?eiith oa aeae?aiaioii Aaeueia??anueei?
na???, ca?aeee ne?aeo?, ui ia oaeaee? oa iia?euei? ci?ie ?aaaothoue
i?inoi?iai ??ci? /anoeie aaco c ??cieie o?ce/ieie oiiaaie.

Aenoiooi aeiiouaiiy, ui aaiethoe?y i?io?eth iia’ycaia ?c ci?iith
nooiaith ai?cio?ii?? ?ii?coth/iai aei?ii?ithaaiiy.

A niaeo?? NGC 4151 ciaeaeaii iaa?aeii? ?ai?oa ci?ii? e?i?? iiaeeiaiiy
aae?th (((4471, 7065 A), ui iaeaaeaoue aei yae?a. Iayai?noue ci?iieo
Aaeueia?ianueeeo e?i?e iiaeeiaiiy aieeaa? ia oi?io i?io?eth
a?aeiia?aeieo oe?ieeo ai?n?eieo e?i?e.

A ?yae? AssA aei??yii aaniethoi? iioiee a e?i?yo [ O ???] ( 5007, [S
??] ( 6717, (6731 oa [O ?] (6300.

Ioae?eaoe?? ca oaiith aeena?oaoe??

Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeaii a ianooiieo ?iaioao (ca
?ieaie):

Na?aaaa N.A. Eeiey Fe X e aa ia?aiaiiinoue a niaeo?a yae?a
Naeoa?oianeie aaeaeoeee NGC 4151 // Ienueia a “Ano?ii. AEo?i.”- 1990 —
16 — n. 884-892.

Na?aaaa N.A. Eciaiaiea eiioo?a eeiee H( ha e eeiaiaoeea aaca a
yae?a Naeoa?oianeie aaeaeoeee NGC 4151 // Ecaanoey E?AI — 1991 — 83
— n.205-216.

Sergeev S.G. Var?at?ons of the broad H( l?ne prof?le ?n NGC 4151 as
ev?dence for the complex k?nemat?cs of gas ?n the nucleus // Astrophis.
and Space Sci. — 1992 — 197 — p. 77-86.

Na?aaaa N.A. Eeiaiaoeea aaca, ioeaiee ?acia?a BLR e iannu oeaio?aeueiiai
enoi/ieea ec ia?aiaiiinoe i?ioeey eeiee H( a NGC 4151 // Ano?ii.
AEo?i. — 1994 — 71 — n.189-199.

Aei?ioaiei A.O., Na?aaaa N.A., *oaaaa E.E. Enneaaeiaaiea niaeo?a NGC
7469 ii iaaethaeaieyi n YII a 1972-1990aa. // // Ano?ii. AEo?i. —
1994 — 71 — n.200-215.

Sergeev S.G., Malkov Yu.F., Chuvaev K.K., Pron?k V.?. Analys?s of the
Broad-L?ne Var?ab?l?ty: Reverberat?on Mapp?ng and Decompos?t?on ?nto
Several Components // Reverberat?on Mapp?ng of the Broad-L?ne Reg?on ?n
Act?ve Galact?c Nucle? / eds. Gondhalekar P.M., Horne K., Peterson B.M.
— ASP Conference Ser?es — 1994 — 69 — p. ,199-209.

*oaaaa E.E., Aei?ioaiei A.O., Na?aaaa N.A., I?iiee A.E., Iaeueeia TH.O.
Niaeo?ioioiiao?ey Naeoa?oianeie aaeaeoeee I oeia Ia?ea?yi 509 a
1972-1993aa. iaeanoue H( // Ienueia a “Ano?ii. AEo?i.”- 1997 — 23 —
n. 409-425.

Sergeev S.G., Pron?k V.?., Malkov Yu.F., Chuvaev K.K. [O ???] (5007 w?ng
var?at?ons and changes of Fe ?? opt?cal mult?plets ?n NGC 5548 //
Astron. and Astrophys. — 1997 — 320 — p.405-414.

Malkov Yu.F, Pron?k V.?., Sergeev S.G. Complex var?ab?l?ty pattern ?n
NGC 4151. I Sequences on the l?ne-cont?nuum d?agram // Astron. and
Astrophys. — 1997 — 324 — p.904-914.

Sergeev S.G., Pron?k V.?., Malkov Yu.F., Sergeeva E.A. Complex
var?ab?l?ty pattern ?n NGC 4151. II. Var?able ab -sorp -t?on features //
// Astron. and Astrophys. — 1999 — 341 — p.740-750.

E??i oeueiai, aeaye? aeai? niinoa?aaeaiue iioae?eiaai? a na??? ?ia?o ii
aeoeaiei yae?ai aaeaeoee, aeeiiaieo a ?aieao i?aeia?iaeii? i?ia?aie
ne?aeeoaaiiy ca oeeie ia’?eoaie.

Eiaeia c ?ia?o ia? aeae?eueea aeanyoe?a ni?aaaoi??a aeeth/ath/e iaia:

11. Peterson B.M. et all., Astrophys.J 1994, 425, p.622-634.

12. Kor?sta, K.T. et all., Astrophys.J 1995, 97, p.285-330.

13. Coll?er S.J. et all., Astrophys.J 1998, 500, p.162-172.

14. D?etr?ch M. et all., Astrophys.J, 1998, 115, p.185-202.

Aiioaoe?y.

Na?a??a N.A. Ci?ii?noue oe?ieeo ai?n?eieo e?i?e a aeoeaieo yae?ao
aaeaeoee.

Aeena?oaoe?y a oi?i? ?oeiieno ia caeiaoooy a/aiiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa
o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 01.03.02 — ano?io?ceea oa
?aae?iano?iiii?y. Aieiaia ano?iiii?/ia iana?aaoi??y IAI Oe?a?ie, Ee?a,
1999.

Caoeua?oueny 14 iaoeiaeo ?ia?o, ye? i?noyoue ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy
niaeo?aeueii? ci?iiino? ainueie aeoeaieo yaea? aaeaeoee (AssA). ICC
niaeo?e oeeo ia’?eo?a aoei io?eiaii a E?AI ia i?ioyc? ainueie ?ie?a.
Aeey oanoe AssA aecia/aii /an cai?ciaiiy ?aaeoe?? e?i?? H( oa/aai H(
ia ci?io iioieo a eiioeiooi?. Iieacaii, ui caeaaei?noue e?i?y –
eiioeiooi aeey /ioe?ueio AssA ianoaoe?iia?ia a /aniaeo ianooaaao ( 100
aei?a oa ?iciaaea?oueny ia eieaeueii e?i?ei? iine?aeiaiino?. Oa?aeoa?iee
aeaeyae ae?aa?aie e?i?y — eiioeiooi, io?eiaii? a ?aieao iiaeae?
iacaeaaeieo niaeao?a ni?aiaaea? c oei, ui niinoa??aa?oueny. Ciaeaeaii,
ui a i?io?eyo oe?ieeo ai?n?eieo e?i?e a?aeaoaathoueny ci?ie, ia
iia’ycai? i? c aoaeoii cai?cithaaiiy, i? c ia?a?iciiae?eii aaco, yeee
aei?ii?ith?oueny, aea, iiaeeeai, aeeeeeai? ci?iith nooiaiy ai?cio?ii??
?ii?coth/iai aei?ii?ithaaiiy. Iienaii oa aeei?enoaii iiaee iaoiae
aeaeiiiiceoe?? i?io?eae e?i?e. Iieacaii, ui eiiiiiaioe i?io?eae e?i?e,
ui a?aeaoeothoueny ia oaeaee? oa iia?euei? ci?ie eiioeiooio, nooo?ai
a?ae??ciythoueny ca oi?iith, oe?eiith oa aeae?aiaioii Aaeueia??anueei?
na???. Aeine?aeaeaii iiaaae?ieo e?i?e iiaeeiaiiy a NGC 4151 oa ?o aieea
ia oi?io i?io?eae oe?ieeo ai?n?eieo e?i?e.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: Naeoa?o?anuee? aaeaeoeee, aeoeai? aaeaeoeee, ai?n?ei?
e?i??, /eneia? iaoiaee.

Aiiioaoeey.

Na?aaaa N.A. Ia?aiaiiinoue oe?ieeo yienneiiiuo eeiee a aeoeaiuo
yae?ao aaeaeoee. Aeenna?oaoeey a oi?ia ?oeiiene ia nieneaiea o/aiie
noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oeceei-iaoaiaoe/aneeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe
01.03.02 — ano?ioeceea e ?aaeeiano?iiiiey. Aeaaiay ano?iiiie/aneay
iana?aaoi?ey IAI Oe?aeiu, Eeaa, 1999.

Caueuaaony 14 iao/iuo ?aaio, niaea?aeaueo ?acoeueoaou enneaaeiaaiey
niaeo?aeueiie ia?aiaiiinoe ainueie aeoeaiuo yaea? aaeaeoee (AssA).
Aeenna?oaoeey iniiaaia ia niaeo?aeueiii iaoa?eaea, iieo/aiiii a
oa/aiee 8 eao ia 2.6-i oaeaneiia ei. Oaeia E?uineie Ano?ioece/aneie
Iana?aaoi?ee (E?AI), i?e iaiin?aaenoaaiiii o/anoee aaoi?a.

A ?aaioa auei eniieueciaaii aieaa 1000 ICN niaeo?ia eaeea?iaaiiuo ii
iioieo. Aeey ia?aaioee e aiaeeca niaeo?ia eniieueciaaii i?eaeiaeueiia
i?ia?aiiiia iaania/aiea ?ac?aaioaiiia aaoi?ii. Ouaoaeueiaeoei ia?acii
enneaaeiaaii aeeyiea iiiaeanoaa aaiia?aoo?iuo e aoiinoa?iuo yooaeoia ia
ea/anoai e oi/iinoue iieo/aaiuo niaeo?ia.Aeey iiauoaiey oi/iinoe
ecia?aiee iioieia a eeieyo e eiioeiooia, aaoi?ii aue ?ac?aaioai e
i?eiaiai naiiniaeaniaaiiue iaoiae ei??aeoeee iaaethaeaaiuo iioieia ca
ea/anoai ecia?aaeaiee, ia o?aaothuee eioi?iaoeee i ?ani?aaeaeaiee
iiaa?oiinoiie y?einoe.

A aeenna?oaoeee enneaaeiaaia niaeo?aeueiay ia?aiaiiinoue neaaeothueo
AssA: NGC 4151, Mrk 6, NGC 5548, NGC 7469, 3C 390.3, Akn 120, Mrk 509 e
Arp 102B. Aeey eaaeaeiai ec yoeo iauaeoia iienaiu niiniau eaeea?iaee ii
iioieo a oceeo eeieyo e iieo/aiu naaoiaua e?eaua iioe/aneiai eiioeiooia,
oe?ieeo yienneiiiuo eeiee H( , H( e iaeioi?uo ae?oaeo eeiee.

I?eaaaeaiu ecia?aiey aaniethoiiai iioiea a iaeioi?uo oceeo eeieyo.
Aeaoaeueiue aiaeec eciaiaiee oi?iu i?ioeeae oe?ieeo yienneiiiuo eeiee
enneaaeoaiuo AssA e ?aaeoeee yoeo eeiee ia eciaiaiey iioiea a
eiioeiooia aue auiieiai iooai iino?iaiey aeeaa?aii «iioie-iioie», a
oaeaea n iiiiuueth ?ac?aaioaiiiai aaoi?ii n niaaoi?aie iaoiaea
aeaeiiiiceoeee niaeo?ia, iniiaaiiiai ia ?aciii oa?aeoa?a iiaaaeaiey
ioaeaeueiuo niaeo?aeueiuo eiiiiiaio. Aeey ioeaiee ?acia?ia iaeanoe
naa/aiey oe?ieeo eeiee a ?yaea AssA e ii?aaeaeaiey a?aiaie
caiacaeuaaiey a ?aciuo o/anoeao i?ioeey eeiee eniieueciaaeny
noaiaea?oiue e?inn-ei??aeyoeeiiiue aiaeec. Aeey oanoe AssA ioeaiaii
a?aiy caiacaeuaaiey ?aaeoeee eeiee H( e/eee H( ia eciaiaiey iioiea a
eiioeiooia. A /anoiinoe, aia?aua, e n aunieie oi/iinoueth ioeaiaii a?aiy
caiacaeuaaiey eeiee H( e H( a Mrk 6. Iieacaii, /oi caaeneiinoue
eeiey-eiioeiooi aeey /aou?ao AssA ianoaoeeiia?ia ai a?aiaiiuo ianooaaao

( 100 aeiae e ?aniaaeaaony ia eieaeueii eeiaeiua
«iineaaeiaaoaeueiinoe». Iieacaii, /oi iaaethaeaaiay ia?aiaiiinoue
AssA, iiaeao auoue iienaia eae neo/aeiue i?ioeann, iaoneiaeaiiue
noia?iiceoeeae iacaaeneiuo aniuoae, aeeeoaeueiinoe eioi?uo ?ani?aaeaeaiu
ii noaiaiiiio caeiio, a caaeneiinoue aiieeooaeu io aeeeoaeueiinoe oiaea
eiaao noaiaiiie aeae. Ioeaiaiu cia/aiey iieacaoaeae noaiaie. Oa?aeoa?iue
aeae aeeaa?aii eeiey-eiioeiooi, iieo/aiiue a ?aieao iiaeaee iacaaeneiuo
aniuoae, niaiaaeaao n iaaethaeaaiui. Iaeaeaii,

/oi a i?ioeeyo oe?ieeo yienneiiiuo eeiee i?ienoiaeyo eciaiaiey, ia
naycaiiua ie n yooaeoii caiacaeuaaiey, ie n ia?a?ani?aaeaeaieai
eceo/athuaai aaca, ii, aiciiaeii, aucaaiiua eciaiaieai noaiaie
aiecio?iiee eiiecothuaai eceo/aiey. Iienai e i?eiaiai iiaue iaoiae
aeaeiiiiceoeee i?ioeeae eeiee. Iieacaii, /oi eiiiiiaiou i?ioeeae eeiee,

ioeeeeathueany ia auno?ua e iaaeeaiiua eciaiaiey eiioeiooia, nouanoaaiii
?acee/iu ii oi?ia, oe?eia e aeae?aiaioo Aaeueia?ianeie na?ee. Eeiey
He ?? , ( 4686 a niaeo?a NGC 4151 cia/eoaeueii eo/oa ioeeeeaaony
ia auno?ua eciaiaiey eiioeiooia, a Aaeueia?ianeea eeiee — ia iaaeeaiiua.
Enneaaeiaaii iiaaaeaiea eeiee iiaeiuaiey a NGC 4151 e eo aeeyiea ia
oi?io i?ioeeae oe?ieeo yienneiiiuo eeiee.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: Naeoa?oianeea aaeaeoeee, aeoeaiua aaeaeoeee,
yienneiiiua eeiee, /eneiaua iaoiaeu.

Abstract.

Sergeev S.G. Var?ab?l?ty of the broad em?ss?on l?nes ?n act?ve
galact?c nucle?. — Manuscr?pt. Thes?s for a sc?ent?f?c degree of
cand?date by spec?al?ty 01.03.02 — astrophys?cs and rad?oastronomy. —
Ma?n Astronom?cal Observatory of the Nat?onal Academy of Sc?ences of
Ukra?ne, Ky?v, 1999.

The thes?s ?s based on the 14 papers conta?n?ng results on the spectral
var?ab?l?ty of 8 act?ve galact?c nucle? (AGN). The CCD spectra of these
targets were obta?ned ?n the Cr?mean astrophys?cal Observatory over 8
years. The t?me delay of the H( or/and H( l?ne var?at?ons relat?ve to
the cont?nuum ?s measured for s?x AGNs. ?t ?s shown that the
l?ne-to-cont?nuum dependence for 4 AGNs ?s not stat?c, but var?able on
t?me scales of ( 100 days and cons?sts of the separate l?near
«sequences». Typ?cal patterns of the observed l?ne-to-cont?nuum
d?agrams are s?mulated ?n the terms of a model of ?ndependent flares. ?t
?s found that there are changes ?n the broad em?ss?on prof?les related
to ne?ther the matter red?str?but?on nor the reverberat?on effects, but
probably dr?ven by the changes ?n the an?sotropy of the ?on?z?ng
rad?at?on. A new method for the l?ne prof?le decompos?t?on ?s descr?bed
and ut?l?zed. ?t ?s shown that the components of the l?ne prof?les whose
respond to the fast and slow changes ?n the cont?nuum flux are
s?gn?f?cantly d?fferent ?n the shapes, w?dths, and Balmer decrements.
The behav?or of the absorpt?on l?nes ?n NGC 4151 and the?r contr?but?on
to the broad em?ss?on l?ne prof?les are stud?ed.

Keywords: Seyfert galax?es, act?ve galax?es, em?ss?on l?nes, numer?cal
methods.

Na?a??a Na?a?e Aaiiaae?eiae/

Ci?ii?noue oe?ieeo ai?n?eieo e?i?e a aeoeaieo yae?ao aaeaeoee

Caeaii aei iaai?o 01.03.99. I?aeienaii aei ae?oeo 13.03.98.

Oi?iao 60(84. Iai?? ienueiiaee. Ae?oe ?ioai?eioiee.

Oiia. ae?oe. a?e. 1,5. Oe?aae 100 i?ei.

Iiiaeeeueia Ae?eyiea E?AI, 334413, E?ei, Iao/iee

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