2

A?eioea?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee aa?a?iee oi?aa?neoao

*A?IssE Na?a?e Aieiaeeie?iae/

OAeE
619:617. 3 636.2.053

Ci?ie neiia?ioeeoia?aie, ooieoe?iiaeueii? aeoeaiino? iaeo?io?e?a ?
e?ioioeeo?a i?e anaioe/ieo a?o?eoao o oaeyo (ee?i?ei-aenia?eiaioaeuei?
aeine?aeaeaiiy)

16.00.05 — aaoa?eia?ia o??o?a?y

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa aaoa?eia?ieo iaoe

A?ea Oea?eaa — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia a A?eioea?e?anueeiio aea?aeaaiiio aa?a?iiio oi?aa?neoao?

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee aeieoi? aaoa?eia?ieo iaoe, i?ioani? ?caeainueeee
A?oae?e Eineiiae/, Iieoaanueeee aea?aeaaiee n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeee
?inoeooo, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e o??o?a?? oa aeooa?noaa

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

aeieoi? aaoa?eia?ieo iaoe, i?ia?aeiee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee,Ieaenaiae?
Aai?a?eiae/, ?inoeooo ciieia?? ?i. Oiaeueaaocaia IAI Oe?a?ie.

eaiaeeaeao aaoa?eia?ieo iaoe, aeioeaio Nooiiin A?eoi? Iao?iae/,
Iaoe?iiaeueiee aa?a?iee oi?aa?neoao, eaoaae?a oe?o?a??.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa

Eo?nueea aea?aeaaia n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueea aeaaeai?y ?in?enueei?
Oaaea?aoe??, eaoaae?a o??o?a??, i. Eo?nuee

Caoeno aeena?oaoe?? a?aeaoaeaoueny “24.06 ” 1999 ?. i 15.00 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 27.821.02 i?e
A?eioea?e?anueeiio aea?aeaaiiio aa?a?iiio oi?aa?neoao? ca aae?anith:
256400 , Ee?anueea iae., i. A?ea Oea?eaa, aoe. Noaaeuainueea, 126;
iaa/aeueiee ei?ion ? 5 , aoae.?1.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? A?eioea?e?anueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai aa?a?iiai oi?aa?neoaoo: i.A?ea Oea?eaa , Niai?ia ieiua ,
8/1

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “21” o?aaiy 1999 ?ieo.

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee,

eaiaeeaeao aaoa?eia?ieo iaoe
I.I.Noaaeiee

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. O eieaeoeaieo ainiiaea?noaao cia/iiai iioe?aiiy
na?aae iiaie?ay aaeeei? ?iaaoi? ooaeiae inoaii?i /anii iaaoee oai?iae
iii?ii-?ooiaiai aia?aoo (Naiaiia A.N., 1981, 1983, 1985; Ai?en?ae/ A.A.,
1990, 1991;Iae?oaanueeee E.A, 1991; ?aeaeea E.A, 1991; Eaeaoi?e ?.A,
1991; Iaiueei ?.N, 1993; Iaiueei ?.N., Noaaeiee I.I., 1995; ?oaeaiei
N.A., 1997), na?aae yeeo cia/ia i?noea iin?aeathoue a?o?eoe
?ioaeoe?eiiai oa ia?ioaeoe?eiiai iioiaeaeaiiy. Caeaaeii a?ae oiia
oo?eiaiiy, caoai?thaai?noue ia a?o?eo iiaea noaiiaeoe a?ae 6 aei 11,2%
(Naiaiia A.N., 1985). I?e/eiaie caoai?thaaiue caeaa?eueoiai aaaaeathoue
aenieee ??aaiue o?aaiaoecio, iniaeeai i?e oo?eiaii? oaa?ei ia i?aeeic? c
oaa?aeei iie?eooyi, nainea?e?caoe?th i?aai?cio aiane?aeie cia/iiai
aioeaaiiiai iaaaioaaeaiiy oa cieaeaiiy ?ioiieia?/ii? ?aaeoeaiino?
i?aai?cio (Naiaiia A.N., 1985; ?oaeaiei N.A., 1997).

Ioaea, a?o?eoe o aaeeei? ?iaaoi? ooaeiae ? aeooaeueiith i?iaeaiith
no/aniiai neioa?noaa. Oni?o o ae??oaii? oeueiai ieoaiiy cia/iith i??ith
caeaaeeoue a?ae ciaiiy iaoai?ci?a ?icaeoeo oa ia?aa?ao a?o?eo?a.

Aei aea/aiiy iaoiaaiaco a?o?eo?a o oaa?ei aoea i?eaa?iooa oaaaa
aaaaoueio aeine?aeiee?a. Oea aeicaieeei aecia/eoe ii?oieia?/i?
iniaeeaino? noaeiaiai? iaoieia??, ci?ie neiia?aeueii? ??aeeie (Eoci?oeia
A.N., 1955 ; Iaoa??a A.I., 1968; Oeoiithe E.A., 1985; ?caeainueeee A.E.,
1993; ?oaeaiei N.A., 1997; *i?iicoa I.I., 1998). Aea caeeoathoueny
iaaeinoaoiuei aea/aieie ee?oeiiee neeaae neiia?aeueii? ??aeeie,
oa?iaioaoeaii-aia?aaoe/ia aeoeai?noue eaeeioeeo?a, ?ioiieia?/i? oaeoi?e
caoenoo oa ?ioa .

Caycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. ?iaioa
aeeiioaaeany ca?aeii c eaoaae?aeueiith oaiaoeeith iaoeiai-aeine?aeii?
?iaioe.

Iaoa ?iaioe.Iaoith aeine?aeaeaiiy aoei aea/aiiy neiia?ioeeoia?aie oa
ooieoe?iiaeueii? aeoeaiino? iaeo?io?e?a ? e?ioioeeo?a i?e anaioe/ieo
a?o?eoao ? ?ic?iaea iaoiaaiaoe/ii iaa?oioiaaieo iaoiae?a e?eoaaiiy
a?o?eo?a.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy iaoe iaiao?aeii aoei ae??oeoe ianooii? caaaeaiiy:

· aea/eoe ee?oeiiee neeaae neiia?aeueii? ??aeeie a ii?i? oa a aeeiai?oe?
anaioe/ieo a?o?eo?a o iieiaeiyeo aaeeei? ?iaaoi? ooaeiae;

· aea/eoe oa?iaioaoeaii-aia?aaoe/io nenoaio eaeeioeeo?a ia?eoa?e/ii?
e?ia? oa neiia?aeueii? ??aeeie a ii?i? oa i?e anaioe/ieo a?o?eoao;

· aea/eoe aeaye? oaeoi?e ?ioiiiai caoenoo i?aai?cio a ii?i? oa a
iaoiaaiac? anaioe/ieo a?o?eo?a (O-? A-e?ioioeeoe oa oee?eoethth/? ?ioii?
eiiieaene);

· ii?aoethaaiiy aeayeeo iaoiae?a e?eoaaiiy i?e anaioe/ieo a?o?eoao o
iieiaeiyeo aaeeei? ?iaaoi? ooaeiae c aeei?enoaiiyi i?aia?ao?a
i?ioecaiaeueii?, ?ioiinoeioethth/i? oa aeanainea?e?coth/i? ae??.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Ia iniia? aea/aiiy aeeiai?ee
ee?oeiiiai neeaaeo neiia?aeueii? ??aeeie, oa?iaioaoeaiiaia?aaoe/ii?
aeoeaiino? eaeeioeeo?a neiia?aeueii? ??aeeie oa e?ia?, ai?noo Oe?E
?ice?eo? iia? iaoai?cie iaoiaaiaco anaioe/ieo a?o?eo?a o iieiaeiyeo
aaeeei? ?iaaoi? ooaeiae, ui aeaei ciiao aenia?eiaioaeueii ? oai?aoe/ii
iaa?oiooaaoe aoaeoeaiee iaoiae e?eoaaiiy oai?eo ia a?o?eo oaa?ei
aioo??oiueinoaeiaiaeie ?i?eoe?yie 1015 ie 25%-iiai ?ic/eio aeeiaeneaeo,
i?eaioiaeaiiai ia 0,5 %iiio ?ic/ei? iao?ii?aeacieo.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy aeeiiaii? ?iaioe iieyaa? a oiio, ui anoaiiaeai?
ii?iaoeae neiia?ioeeoia?aie oa iieaciee?a oa?iaioaoeaiiaia?aaoe/ii?
aeoeaiino? eaeeioeeo?a o ee?i?/ii caei?iaiai iieiaeiyeo 46-i?ny/iiai
a?eo, ye? iiaeooue aooe iniiaith aeey iiaeaeueoiai aea/aiiy ??cieo
iaoieia?/ieo i?ioean?a o noaeiaao. Anoaiiaeai? ci?ie oeeo iieaciee?a o
i?ioean? ?icaeoeo a?o?eo?a oa i?ae /an e?eoaaiiy iiaeia aeei?enoiaoaaoe
aeey iinoaiiaee ae?aaiico oa aeey eiio?ieth ca aoaeoeai?noth oa?ai??.

?ic?iaeaiee, ai?iaiaaiee ? ai?iaaaeaeaiee o i?aeoeeo aoaeoeaiee iaoiae
e?eoaaiiy anaioe/iiai a?o?eoo oeyoii aioo??oiueinoaeiaiaiai aaaaeaiiy
1015 ie 25%-ai ?ic/eio aeeiaeneaeo, i?eaioiaeaiiai ia 0,5% -iiio ?ic/ei?
iao?ii?aeacieo.

Iaea?aeai? ?acoeueoaoe aeei?enoiaothoueny i?e /eoaii? eaeoe?e oa
i?iaaaeaii? eaai?aoi?ii-i?aeoe/ieo caiyoue c o??o?a?? ia oaeoeueoaoao
aaoa?eia?ii? iaaeeoeeie A?eioea?e?anueeiai AeAO, IAO, Iieoaanueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai ?inoeoooo, a ?inoeooo?
i?neyaeeieiiiiai iaa/aiiy ea??aiee?a ? niaoe?ae?no?a aaoa?eia?ii?
iaaeeoeeie i?e AAeAO, a oaeiae i?e e?eoaaii? oaa?ei a ainiiaea?noaao
Ee?anueei? oa E??iaia?aaenueei? iaeanoae.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Aaoi?ii naiino?eii aeeiiaiee aanue ianya
aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue, c?iaeaii aiae?c oa ocaaaeueiaiiy
iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue
aeiiia?aeaeeny oa iaaiai?thaaeeny ia ui??/ieo iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo
eiioa?aioe?yo i?ioani?nueei-aeeeaaeaoeueeiai neeaaeo A?eioea?e?anueeiai
AeAO, ia i?aeia?iaei?e eiioa?aioe?? iieiaeeo o/aieo (i.Oa?e?a, 12 ea?oiy
1997 ?.), iaoeiaiiaoiaee/iiio nai?ia?? (i.??aia, 56 ethoiai 1998 ?.) oa
??e i?aeia?iaei?e eiioa?aioe?? c i?iaeai ia?ioaeoe?eii? iaoieia?? oaa?ei
(i.A?ea Oea?eaa, 45 /a?aiy 1998 ?.).

Ioae?eaoe??. ?acoeueoaoe aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue iioae?eiaai?
o 4 noaooyo , ui aeeoee o “A?nieeo A?eioea?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
aa?a?iiai oi?aa?neoaoo” 3 oa ca??ieeo “Eaai?aoi?ia aaoa?eia?ia
iaaeeoeeia” 1 ? a iaoa??aeao eiioa?aioe?? 1.

No?oeoo?a oa ianya aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa neeaaea?oueny c?
anooio, iaeyaeo e?oa?aoo?e, aeeeaaeaiiy ?acoeueoao?a aeanieo
aeine?aeaeaiue, iaaiai?aiiy ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue, aeniiae?a oa
i?aeoe/ieo i?iiiceoe?e, nieneo aeei?enoaieo e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae.
?iaioa aeeeaaeaia ia 158 noi??ieao iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo, ?ethno?iaaia 18
oaaeeoeyie oa 8 ?enoieaie. Nienie aeei?enoaieo e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae
neeaaea?oueny c 303 iaeiaioaaiue, o oiio /ene? 83 ?iicaiieo.

AEA?? IAI?ssIE?A AeINE?AeAEAIIss, IAOA??AE OA IAOIAeE AEEIIAIIss ?IAIOE.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy aeeiioaaeenue o ENI “Iaye” oa ?i. Aaooo?ia Ee?anueei?
iaeano?, iaa/aeueii-aeine?aeiiio ainiiaea?noa? oa ia eaoaae?? o??o?a??
A?eioea?e?anueeiai AeAO. Iaoa??aeii aeey aeeiiaiiy aeena?oaoe?eii?
?iaioe aoee ae/ee /i?ii-?yai? ii?iaee 4–6 — i?ny/iiai a?eo,
nainea?e?ciaai? ne?iaaoeith e?ia? eiiy. A?aeiia?aeii aei iinoaaeaieo
caaaeaiue aoei noi?iiaaii o?e a?oie ee?i?/ii caei?iaeo oaa?ei, ii 12
aie?a o eiaei?e.

Nainea?e?caoe?th i?aai?cio i?iaiaeeee ca iaoiaeeeith A.N.Naiaiiaa
(1985). Aeey oeueiai oaa?eiai i?aeoe??ii aaiaeeee na?aeo ne?iaaoeo e?ia?
eiiy ii 20 ie o?e/?, c ?ioa?aaeii o aea? aeiae.

A?o?eoe aeeeeeaee ia 20-e aeaiue i?ney inoaiiuei? nainea?e?coth/i?
?i?eoe?? oeyoii aaaaeaiiy o ii?iaeieio caieaniaaiai noaeiaa 10 ie
20%-iiai ?ic/eio iao??th oei?eaeo c 0,3 ie oa?iaioeiiai? ie??.

Iieacieee neiia?aeueii? ??aeeie ? ia?eoa?e/ii? e?ia? aecia/aee nii/aoeo
o ee?i?/ii caei?iaeo ae/e?a, ia oii? nainea?e?caoe??, a iio?i o oeeo
naieo oaa?ei ia 3-th, 7-o oa 11-o aeiao ia?aa?ao anaioe/iiai a?o?eoo.

O ae?oa?e na??? aeine?ae?a aea/aeany aoaeoeai?noue ??cieo iaoiae?a
e?eoaaiiy. Aeey oeueiai aoei noi?iiaaii aeine?aeio oa eiio?ieueio a?oie
oaa?ei (ii 12 aie?a o eiaei?e) ?c anaioe/ieie a?o?eoaie. Oaa?eiai
aeine?aeii? a?oie i?ney iii?iaeithth/i? ioieoe?? a ii?iaeieio noaeiaa
aaiaeeee 10 15 ie 25%-iiai ?ic/eio aeeiaeneaeo ia 0,5%-iiio ?ic/ei?
iao?ii?aeacieo ia 3-oth aeiao caoai?thaaiiy, a oaa?eiai eiio?ieueii?
a?oie canoiniaoaaee aioo??oiueinoaeiaiaa aaaaeaiiy 125150 ia
a?ae?iei?oeciio aoeaoaoo ia 0,5%-iiio ?ic/ei? iiaiea?io ia 3-oth, a ca
iaiao?aei?noth ? ia 7-o aeiao caoai?thaaiiy.

Ee?i?/ia aeine?aeaeaiiy, aiae?c i?ia e?ia? oa neiia?aeueii? ??aeeie
aeeiioaaee aei ii/aoeo e?eoaaiiy, ia 5-oo ? 8-io aeiao e?eoaaiiy.

A iaio na??yo aeine?aeaeaiue o ia?eoa?e/i?e e?ia? aecia/eee :

– e?euee?noue a?eo?ioeeo?a, eaeeioeeo?a, ??aaiue aaiiaeia?io oa
eaeeia?aio (caaaeueiii?eeiyoeie iaoiaeaie); e?euee?noue O- ? A-
e?ioioeeo?a (ca ?aaeoe??th ?icaoeiooai?aiiy ca Jondob et all; 1972 o
iiaeeo?eaoe?? Ae.E. Iiaeeiaa ? A.?.Iiaeeiai?, 1981); ??aaiue
oee?eoethth/eo ?ioiieo eiiieaen?a (Oe?E) o ne?iaaooe? e?ia? ( ca TH.A
A?ei?ae/ai ? I.?. Aeoa?iaith, 1984); oeeoio?i?/io aeoeai?noue
i??eiia?ieneaeace (III) o iaeo?io?eao (ca iaoiaeii W. Loele, 1936);
oeeoio?i?/io aeoeai?noue ae?eiaaio e?ioioeeoao oa iaeo?io?eao (ca J. Mc.
Manus, 1946 ? R. Hothkiss, 1948).

O neiia?aeuei?e ??aeei? aecia/aee : ee?oeiiee neeaae (ca I.N. Ai?eniaei,
1988); oeeoio?i?/io aeoeai?noue ae?eiaaio o e?ioioeeoao (ca J. Manus,
1946 ? R. Hotchkiss, 1948); ??aaiue oee?eoethth/eo ?ioiieo eiiieaen?a
(ca TH.A. A?ei?ae/ai ? I.?. Aeoa?iaith, 1984).

Ioe?ieo oeeoio?i?/ieo ?aaeoe?e o ee?oeiao i?iaiaeeee ca iaoiaeii Z.
Kaplov (1955), iiaeeo?eiaaiei G.Astaldy, Z.Verda (1957), i?e oeueiio
ia/enethaaee i?ioeaio iiceoeaii ?aaaoth/eo ee?oei ( I?E), iieaciee
oeeoio?i?/ii? aeoeaiino? (IOeAI) a oiiaieo iaeeieoeyo oa na?aaei?e
oeeoio?i?/iee eiao?oe??io (NOeE). C iaoith aeyaeaiiy na?aae eaeeioeeo?a
ee?oei c aenieith /e iecueeith ?ioaineai?noth ?aaeoe?? aeiaeaoeiai aaaee
aeeoa?aioe?eiaaiee oeeoio?i?/iee eiao?oe??io (AeOeE), yeee a?eueoith
i??ith a?aeia?aaea? ?o ?noeiiee iioaioe?ae.

Io?eiaiee oeeo?iaee iaoa??ae ia?iaeaiee ca i?ia?aiaie, neeaaeaieie ?.E.
Nieieiaei (1987).

?ACOEUeOAOE AeINE?AeAEAIUe OA ?O AIAE?C

Iniaeeaino? ia?aa?ao anaioe/ieo a?o?eo?a ia oii? nainea?e?caoe?? o
ae/e?a

I?e ee?i?/iiio aeine?aeaeaii? 1432 aie?a aaeeei? ?iaaoi? ooaeiae aoei
aeyaeaii 246 oaa?ei (17,18%) c o??o?a?/ieie caoai?thaaiiyie o ae?eyioe?
e?ioe?aie, o oiio /ene? 49 aie?a (19,9%) c iaoieia??th noaeia?a.
O?aaeaiiy caieaniaaeo noaeia?a cono??/aeenue o 8,54% aeiaaee?a,
ea?iaeueieo — o 3,66%, caiaeaiiy noaeia?a iaeueoey- o 7,72% aeiaaee?a.
Ia?aaaaeii oea aoee anaioe/i? (63,20%) oa ai?ei? (36,80%) a?o?eoe.
Ae?aaiinooaaeenue a?o?eoe ia ??cieo noaae?yo caoai?thaaiiy, oiio
ee?i?/i? iciaee ia?aa?ao oai?iae iienoaaeeny a eiaeiiio eiie?aoiiio
aeiaaeeo, aea oea ia aeaaaei ciiae aea/aoe aeeiai?eo caiaeueiiai
i?ioeano oa ci?i neiia?aeueii? ??aeeie. Oiio iniiai? aeine?aeaeaiiy
i?iaiaeeee ia oaa?eiao c aenia?eiaioaeueii aeeeeeaieie a?o?eoaie.

C ?icaeoeii aenia?eiaioaeueiiai anaioe/iiai a?o?eoo iaea?eueoa
?ioaineai?noue caiaeueii? ?aaeoe?? a?aei?/aeanue ia 3-oth aeiao
caoai?thaaiiy: o oeae /an caaaeueiee noai oaa?ei aoa i?eai?/aiee, aiie
a?eueoa eaaeaee, ei?i i?eeiaee iaioi/a, oaiia?aoo?a o?ea 39,6 40,0 0N,
/anoioa ioeueno 100 110, aeeoaiiy– 27–32 ca 1 oa. O aeeiai?oe?
niinoa??aaee eoeueaaa?noue aenieiai nooiaiy, i?e iaeueiaoe?? o?aaeaiiai
noaeiaa aeyaeyee i?eiooe?noue o?nooaaoi? eiinenoaioe??, aieth/o oa
aa?y/o ia aeioee. Neiia?aeuei? aeai?ioe aeiiaiai?, oeoeoothoue. I?e
ioieoe?? noaeia?a io?eioaaee neiia?th a?ae nieiiyii-aeiaoiai aei
oaiii-aeiaoiai eieuei?o c aeii?oeaie o?a?eio, iaio oyao/o ? eeaeeo,
ii??aiyii c ee?i?/ii caei?iaeie oaa?eiaie.

O e?ia? a?aei?/aee ciaioaiiy e?eueeino? a?eo?ioeeo?a c 6,61 0,49 aei
4,62 0,19 O/e (?0,05) oa ca?eueoaiiy e?eueeino? eaeeioeeo?a c 7,720,45
aei 10,290,56 A/e (?0,001), ??aaiue aaiiaeia?io ciaiooaaany c 105,257,43
aei 78,914,97 a/e (?0,05). A eaeeia?ai? a?aei?/a?oueny i?aeaeuaiiy
i?ioeaioa iaee/eiyaea?ieo iaeo?io?e?a (?0,001) oa cieaeaiiy
naaiaioiyaea?ieo (c 35,500,52 aei 16,760,65%; ?0,001). ?acii c oei
c?inea e?euee?noue iiiioeeo?a oa e?ioioeeo?a a?aeiia?aeii c 1,250,32 aei
4,500,31 (?0,001) oa c 58,630,62 aei 69,310,63% (? 0,001) ? aiceiio?e?a
c 1,310,26 aei 2,250,20% (?0,01).

O neiia?ioeeoia?ai? (oaae. 1) niinoa??aa?oueny ??cea cieaeaiiy
e?eueeino? neiia?ioeeo?a oa ca?eueoaiiy a?no?ioeeo?a, e?ioioeeo?a,
iiiioeeo?a oa iaeo?io?e?a (?0,001).

O iiaeaeueoiio ia 7-o aeiao caoai?thaaiiy caaaeueiee noai o a?eueoino?
oai?eo oaa?ei ?noioii ia ci?ieany, eeoa o 33% oaa?ei a?aei?/aee
eoeueaaa?noue iia?oi? e?ioe?aee na?aaeiueiai nooiaiy oa aeaye? ni?iae
iie?aiiy a noaoeoe?. Ianeai? ?ooe ni?e/eiyee a?eue. I?e iaeueiaoe??
o?aaeaiiai noaeiaa aeyaeyee iacia/io oeoeooaoe?th oa cieaeaiiy
aieth/ino? ? i?noeaai? oaiia?aoo?e, neiia?aeueia ??aeeia aoea aeaui
oyao/?oith (i?ae ia ii/aoeo caoai?thaaiiy), aeiaoiai eieuei?o c eaaeith
iiaeanoeaioe??th.

Oaaeeoey 1

Neiia?ioeeoia?aia oai?eo ia anaioe/iee a?o?eo ae/e?a ia oii?
nainea?e?caoe?? i?aai?cio

Ia??iae aeine?ae-aeaiiyEe?oeie oeaieiiiai iioiaeaeaiiy

Ee?oeie e?ia?Iaeeane-o?eiaai?
ee?oeieNeiia?i-oeeoeA?no?ioeeoee?ioioeeoeiiiioeeoeiaeo?io?eeEe?i?/ii
caei?ia?42,11±0,558,66±0,2443,75±0,721,16±0,101,16±0,143,16±0,10Noai
nai-nea?e?caoe??28,50±0,262,58±0,2960,60±0,452,25±0,230,91±0,125,16±0,21
3-y aeiaa
caoai?tha.6,08±0,1313,08±0,4556,80±0,821,83±0,1015,30±0,616,91±0,427-a
aeiaa caoai?tha.4,16±0,1514,60±0,4261,08±0,472,91±0,1217,25±0,30–11-a
aeiaa
caoai?tha.12,91±0,349,08±0,1567,00±0,281,66±0,109,35±0,17–I?ei?oee: * —
p>0,05 ii??aiyii c ee?i?/ii caei?iaeie oaa?eiaie

Ci?ie ?aooe iieaciee?a a??ia?aei?.

I?e ii?oieia?/iiio aeine?aeaeaii? e?ia? cia/ieo ci?i oaeiae ia
a?aei?/aee. Eaeeia?aia o ae/e?a iaaoaa? aeaeyaeo, oa?aeoa?iiai aeey
anaioe/iiai na?icii-o?a?eiiciiai caiaeaiiy: i?aeaeueany i?ioeaio
naaiaioiyaea?ieo c 16,760,65 aei 30,750,53% oa thieo c 1,180,21 aei
3,50,22% (?0,001) iaeo?io?e?a i?e cieaeaii? i?ioeaioa e?ioioeeo?a c
69,310,63 aei 53,581,10% ? iiiioeeo?a c 4,50,31 aei 3,00,22% (?0,001) oa
ca?eueoaii? e?eueeino? aiceiio?e?a c 2,250,20 aei 3,170,22% (?0,05).

O neiia?ioeeoia?ai? oai?eo ae/e?a a?aei?/a?oueny iiaeaeueoa ca?eueoaiiy
e?eueeino? e?ioioeeo?a, iiiioeeo?a, iaeo?io?e?a, a?no?ioeeo?a oa
ciaioaiiy neiia?ioeeo?a (?0,001.

Ia 11-o aeiao ee?i?/ieo niinoa?aaeaiue a?aei?/aee cia/ia iie?auaiiy
caaaeueiiai noaio oai?eo oaa?ei. O 67% ?c ieo i?ae /an ?ooo niinoa??aaee
eoeueaaa?noue iecueeiai nooiaiy, o noaoeoe? oai?a e?ioe?aea /anoeiai
a?aea o/anoue a iii??. Ia?i noaeia?a ciaioeany, ?o eiioo?e noaee a?eueo
ae?acieie, niinoa??aaeany iacia/ia aieth/?noue oa i?aeaeuaiiy i?noeaai?
oaiia?aoo?e. I?e ?o ioieoe?? aeae?eyeany aeinoaoiy e?euee?noue ??aeei?,
eaeaiooii? neiia??, ui iaea eie?? a?ae aeiaoiai aei na?oei —
ei?e/iaaiai.

O 33% oai?eo oaa?ei o oeae /an aeyaeyee eoeueaaa?noue iia?oi? e?ioe?aee
na?aaeiueiai nooiaiy oa iacia/ia iie?aiiy o noaoeoe?. I?noeaai
a?aei?/aee aeayea ciaioaiiy noaeia?a a ia?i?, ?o eiioo?e aoee iaae?aci?,
i?eiooe?noue u?eueii? eiinenoaioe??, aieth/a. Ia?aaei? aeai?ioe
aeiy/ai?. I?e iaaaioaaeaii? noaeia?a a?ae/oaaee o?one?o, coiiaeaiee
iaoa?oaaiiyi o?a?eio.

O oeae /an niinoa??aaeany oaiaeaioe?y aei ca?eueoaiiy e?eueeino?
a?eo?ioeeo?a, eaeeioeeo?a ? ??aiy aaiiaeia?io ii??aiyii c 7-th aeiaith
caoai?thaaiiy. O eaeeia?ai? na?aae iaeo?io?e?a a?aei?/a?oueny
oaiaeaioe?y aei cieaeaiiy e?eueeino? iaee/eiyaea?ieo ? thieo
iaeo?io?e?a(?0,05) oa a??ia?aeia ciaioaiiy e?eueeino? naaiaioiyaea?ieo
oi?i (?0,001), a e?euee?noue e?ioioeeo?a i?aeaeueeany c 53,581,1 aei
61,000,53% (?0,001).

Ioaea, ii?oieia?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy iieacaee, ui i?e aenia?eiaioaeueii
aeeeeeaieo a?o?eoao ia oii? nainea?e?caoe?? a?aeaoaa?oueny i?eai?/aiiy
a?eo?iiiaoe/ii? ooieoe??, a eaeeia?ai? oa?aeoa?iei ? ca?eueoaiiy
e?eueeino? iieiaeeo oi?i iaeo?io?e?a, e?ioioeeo?a, iiiioeeo?a oa
aiceiio?e?a i?ioyaii onueiai ia??iaeo caoai?thaaiiy.

O neiia?ioeeoia?ai? ia 11-o aeiao caoai?thaaiiy, ii??aiyii c 7-th
aeiaith, niinoa??aa?oueny ca?eueoaiiy e?eueeino? neiia?ioeeo?a ia 8,75%,
e?ioioeeo?a ia 5,92% oa ciaioaiiy e?eueeino? iaeo?io?e?a ia 7,9%,
iiiioeeo?a ia 1,25%, a?no?ioeeo?a ia 5,52%(?0,001).

Ioaea, aeine?aeaeaiiy neiia?ioeeoia?aie iieacaee, ui o ee?i?/ii
caei?iaeo oaa?ei aei neeaaeo neiia?aeueii? ??aeeie aoiaeyoue ee?oeie
e?ia? oa ee?oeie oeaieiiiai iioiaeaeaiiy. C ?icaeoeii caiaeaiiy
e?euee?noue ee?oei e?ia?, iniaeeai iaeo?io?e?a ? e?ioioeeo?a, c?inoa?, a
e?euee?noue neiia?aeueieo ee?oei ciaioo?oueny. ? eeoa ia 11o aeiao
caoai?thaaiiy a?aei?/a?oueny noaa?e?caoe?y a?no?ioeeo?a oa iacia/ia
i?aeaeuaiiy neiia?ioeeo?a.Oiaoi, nainea?e?ciaai? anaioe/i? a?o?eoe
oa?aeoa?ecothoueny oeiiaei e?ioiiae?ioaaaeueiei caiaeaiiyi, yea
ia?aa?aa? ca a?ia?a?a?/iei oeiii.

O iiaeaeueoiio ia 1525-oo aeiao ee?i?/ieo niinoa?aaeaiue o 50% oaa?ei
a?aei?/aee aeia?ee caaaeueiee noai. Aiie iiai?noth iie?aeeny oai?ith
e?ioe?aeith, i?noeaaeo iciae caiaeueii? ?aaeoe?? ia niinoa??aaeiny,
eiioo?e noaeia?a aoee ae?aaeaieie, aea ?o ia?i caeeoaany iacia/ii
ca?eueoaiei, a oeaieie a ae?eyioe? noaeiaa — ou?eueiai?. I?ioa o /anoeie
oaa?ei ua caa??aaeeny iciaee caiaeaiiy oa aeaye? ii?ooaiiy
noaoi-aeeiai?/ii? ooieoe?? oai?i? e?ioe?aee.

O 33% oaa?ei ee?i?/ia iaeoaeoaaiiy ianoaaaei o ia??iae c 25 — ? aei 35 —
? aeiae a?ae ii/aoeo caoai?thaaiiy, a o 17% iacia/io eoeueaaa?noue
iia?oi? e?ioe?aee niinoa??aaee ? ia 45 — oo aeiao.

Ioaea, ca ?acoeueoaoaie i?iaaaeaieo ee?i?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue iiaeia
c?iaeoe aeniiaie, ui anaioe/iee neiia?o o a?eueoino? oaa?ei (67%)
ia?aa?aa? aeia?iye?nii ? cae?i/o?oueny a?aeiiaeaiiyi ooieoe?? noaeiaa, a
o 33% oaa?ei a?i iiaea oneeaaeithaaoeny ia?aa?oeeoey?iei o?a?iceoii, i?e
yeiio ou?eueith?oueny eainoea noaeiaa, ciaioo?oueny e?euee?noue
neiia?aeueii? ??aeeie ?, ye iane?aeie, ii?ooo?oueny eiai ooieoe?y.

Noai oa?iaioaoeaii-aia?aaoe/ii? aeoeaiino? nenoaie iaeo?io?eueieo
a?aioeioeeo?a ia oii? nainea?e?caoe?? oa i?e anaioe/ieo a?o?eoao o
ae/e?a

C ?icaeoeii nainea?e?caoe?? i?aai?cio a?aeaoaa?oueny i?aeaeuaiiy
aeoeaiino? III o iaeo?io?eao e?ia? ca an?ia oeeoio?i?/ieie iieacieeaie
ia 20% (?0,001), ca aeiyoeii AeOeE, yeee caeeoa?oueny ia ??ai? ee?i?/ii
caei?iaeo oaa?ei (oaae. 2).

Oaaeeoey 2

Ci?ie aeoeaiino? i??eiia?ieneaeace i?e nainea?e?caoe?? oa anaioe/ieo
a?o?eoao o ae/e?a

Ia??iae

aeine?aeaeaiiy I?E (%)IOeAI (oi.iae.)NOeE (oi.iae.)AeOeE
(oi.iae.)Ee?i?/ii caei?ia?72,00±0,93133,0±2,181,33±0,023,04±0,16Noai
nainea?e?caoe??92,00±1,48160,0±4,161,60±0,043,18±0,203-y aeiaa
caoa.94,70±0,37162,2±3,500,62±0,033,58±0,297-a aeiaa
caoa.99,80±0,08208,2±2,652,08±0,027,04±0,4711-a aeiaa
caoa.97,90±0,75193,2±3,881,93±0,037,10±0,66I?ei?oea. * — p>0,05,
ii??aiyii c ee?i?/ii caei?iaeie oaa?eiaie

O oeae /an iieacieee oeeoio?i?/ii? aeoeaiino? ae?eiaaio oaeiae
i?aeaeueeeny (oaae. 3), e??i i?ioeaioa iiceoeaii ?aaaoth/eo ee?oei
(I?E), yeee caeeoeany ia ??ai? ee?i?/ii caei?iaeo oaa?ei, oiaoi
i?aeaeuaiiy aeoeaiino? ae?eiaaio ia oii? nainea?e?caoe?? i?aai?cio
a?aeaoeiny ia ca ?aooiie ca?eueoaiiy e?eueeino? ee?oei, a aiane?aeie
??ceiai caaaa/aiiy ee?oei ae?eiaaiii. I?aeaeuaiiy aeoeaiino?
i??eiia?ieneaeace a?aeaoeiny a ?acoeueoao? c?inoaiiy e?eueeino?
iiceoeaii ?aaaoth/eo ee?oei ? ??aiii??iiai caaaa/aiiyi ?o oa?iaioii.

?icaeoie caiaeaiiy a noaeia? noi?iaiaeaeoaaany cia/iith aeoea?caoe??th
i??eiia?ieneaeace oa ae?eiaaio. Oae, ia 3-th aeiao caoai?thaaiiy
aeoeai?noue III c?inea ia 22%, a ae?eiaaio ia 46% (?0,001); I?E– aeey
ae?eiaaio i?aeaeueany ia 18,2%, a aeey i??eiia?ieneaeace ia 19,5%
(?0,001). O oeae /an niinoa??aaeany oaiaeaioe?y aei ca?eueoaiiy AeOeE ia
0,54 oi.iae (?0,05) aeey i??eiia?ieneaeace ? a??ia?aeia ia 1,37 oi.iae.
(?0,001) – aeey ae?eiaaio.

A iiaeaeueoiio (ia 7-o aeiao caoai?thaaiiy) c ?ioaineo?eaoe??th
i?ioean?a aenoaeaoe??, aeoeai?noue i??eiia?ieneaeace i?iaeiaaeoaaea
c?inoaoe: IOeAI ? NOeE ia 28% , I?E ia 5,1% , AeOeE ia 3,46 oi.iae.(
?0,001).

Io?eiai? aeai? na?ae/aoue, ui c ?icaeoeii oai?iae o oee?eoethth/?e e?ia?
c?inea e?euee?noue iaeo?io?e?a c aenieith aeoeai?noth oa?iaioo. Iaoa
i?eiouaiiy i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny i?e ii??aiyii? io?eiaieo aeaieo c
aiaeia?/ieie o ee?i?/ii caei?iaeo oaa?ei, aea a?aei?/a?oueny a??ia?aeia
i?aeaeuaiiy an?o iieaciee?a oeeoio?i?/ii? aeoeaiino? i??eiia?ieneaeace.

Oaaeeoey 3

Ci?ie oeeoio?i?/ii? aeoeaiino? ae?eiaaio iaeo?io?e?a o ae/e?a ia oii?
nainea?e?caoe?? i?aai?cio oa i?e anaioe/ieo a?o?eoao

Ia??iae aeine?aeaeaiiy I?E (%)IOeAI (oi.iae.)NOeE (oi.iae.)AeOeE
(oi.iae.)Ee?i?/ii caei?ia?69,60±0,70101,70±1,251,01±0,011,26±0,04Noai
nainea?e?caoe??69,40±1,44112,60±2,931,12±0,022,39±0,093-y aeiaa
caoa.87,80±0,69149,00±1,551,49±0,012,63±0,067-a aeiaa
caoa.82,10±1,63146,00±3,921,46±0,033,67±0,2111-a aeiaa
caoa.80,40±1,80142,20±4,291,42±0,043,54±0,23

Aea a oeae /an, ii??aiyii c 3-th aeiaith caoai?thaaiiy, niinoa??aaeany
oaiaeaioe?y aei ciaioaiiy aeoeaiino? ae?eiaaio iaeo?io?e?a: IOeAI ? NOeE
ia 2% ( ?0,05) , I?E ia 5,7%, AeOeE ia 28% (?0,001).

Ia 11-o aeiao caoai?thaaiiy a?aei?/aeinue cieaeaiiy
oa?iaioaoeaii-aia?aaoe/ii? aeoeaiino? iaeo?io?e?a ca an?ia
oeeoio?i?/ieie iieacieeaie yea, i/aaeaeii, iiaycaii c aeayeei
aeniaaeaiiyi i??eiia?ieneaeacii? aeoeaiino? oa c ao?aoith aia?aaoe/ieo
caian?a o iaeo?io?eao, ui aoei ni?e/eiaii nainea?e?caoe??th i?aai?cio oa
caiaeueiei i?ioeanii o noaeia?.

Noai aia?aaoe/ii? aeoeaiino? e?ioioeeo?a e?ia? ? neiia?aeueii? ??aeeie
ia oii? nainea?e?caoe?? oa i?e anaioe/ieo a?o?eoao

C ?icaeoeii nainea?e?caoe?? i?aai?cio i?aeaeuo?oueny aeoeai?noue
ae?eiaaio o e?ioioeeoao ye e?ia?, oae ? neiia?aeueii? ??aeeie ca an?ia
eiai oeeoio?i?/ieie iieacieeaie: IOeAI ? NOeE aeey e?ioioeeo?a e?ia?
c?inee ia 13% ( ?0,001) , a aeey e?ioioeeo?a neiia?aeueii? ??aeeie ia
14% ( ?0,001), AeOeE a?aeiia?aeii ia 43% (?0,001) ? ia 18% (?0,001). O
oeae /an niinoa??aaeanue oaiaeaioe?y aei ca?eueoaiiy I?E aeey
e?ioioeeo?a neiia?aeueii? ??aeeie ia 3,6% ( ?0,05), a aeey e?ioioeeo?a
e?ia? a?i caeeoeany ia ??ai? iieaciee?a ee?i?/ii caei?iaeo oaa?ei.Oaeei
/eiii, nainea?e?caoe?y i?aai?cio ni?eyea iaa?iiaaeaeaiith ae?eiaaio a
e?ioioeeoao ia ca ?aooiie c?inoaiiy e?eueeino? ee?oei, a ca ?aooiie
i?aeaeuaiiy aeoeaiino? ae?eiaaio a ieo.

C?inoaiiy oeeoio?i?/ii? aeoeaiino? ae?eiaaio o e?ioioeeoao e?ia?
a?aeaoaaeiny c ?icaeoeii caiaeueiiai i?ioeano o noaeia? oaa?ei. Oae,
AeOeE c??n ia 84% (c 1,350,40 aei 2,490,03 ?0,001) Aiaeii/an AeOeE aeey
e?ioioeeo?a neiia?aeueii? ??aeeie caeeoeany ia iiia?aaeiueiio ??ai?,
iacaaaeath/e ia c?inoaiiy e?eueeino? e?ioioeeo?a, oiaoi aeoeai?noue
iaa?iiaaeaeaiiy ae?eiaaio a ieo caeeoeeany iaci?iiith, ui iiaycaii c
?aaeoeaiei aeeeaeii o ia?eoa?e/ia ?onei c??eeo ee?oei c aenieith
aeoeai?noth ae?eiaaio.

O iiaeaeueoiio ia?aa?ao anaioe/iiai a?o?eoo (ia 7-o aeiao caoai?thaaiiy)
a?aei?/aeiny cieaeaiiy oeeoio?i?/ii? aeoeaiino? ae?eiaaio ca an?ia eiai
iieacieeaie, ca aeiyoeii AeOeE, yeee aeeiai?/ii c?inoaa ye aeey
e?ioioeeo?a e?ia?, oae ? aeey e?ioioeeo?a neiia?aeueii? ??aeeie. Oea,
i/aaeaeii, iiaycaii c iineeaiiyi aioeaaiii? ae?? ia i?aai?ci oaa?ei oa
ae?eiaaiie?cii, ui ca?aa?oueny c iia?aeiieaiiyi S. Mackienicz c
ni?aaao.(1992).

Ia 11-o aeiao caoai?thaaiiy aeoeai?noue ae?eiaaio ??cei c?inea: I?E aeey
e?ioioeeo?a e?ia? ia 10,4% (c 79,901,51 aei 90,300,80; ?0,001) ? ia
6,8% (c 84,400,85 aei 91,200,38; ?0,001) aeey neiia?aeueii? ??aeeie;
AeOeE — a?aeiia?aeii i?aeaeueany ia 33% (c 3,110,19 aei 4,160,19 ?0,001)
? ia 25% (c 2,330,03 aei 2,930,05; ?0,001), a IOeAI ? NOeE a?aeiia?aeii
c?inee ia 15% ? 13%. Oea, ia iaoo aeoieo, iiaycaii c aeai?an??th
ae?eiaaiaco oa ianooiiith a?ia?aeoeaaoe??th e?ioi?aeii? oeaieie
aiane?aeie nainea?e?caoe?? i?aai?cio.

Noai O — ? A — e?ioioeeo?a ia oii? nainea?e?caoe?? oa i?e anaioe/iiio
a?o?eo? o iieiaeiyeo aaeeei? ?iaaoi? ooaeiae

C ?icaeoeii nainea?e?caoe?? i?aai?cio cieaeo?oueny e?euee?noue O- ? A-
e?ioioeeo?a o ia?eoa?e/i?e e?ia?. A?aeiinia e?euee?noue O-e?ioioeeo?a
ciaioeeany c 20,600,42% aei 13,970,71% (?0,001), A — e?ioioeeo?a c
16,83 0,32 aei 6,50 0,55% (?0,001), a aaniethoia — a?aeiia?aeii c
0,920,04 aei 0,610,04 A/e oa c 0,750,03 aei 0,300,02
A/e(?<0,001).A?aeiinia e?euee?noue O - aeoeaieo e?ioioeeo?a iaea eeoa oaiaeaioe?th aei cieaeaiiy (?0,05), a aaniethoia ciaiooaaeany a??ia?aeii (?0,001). C ?icaeoeii anaioe/iiai a?o?eoo a?aei?/aee iiaeaeueoa cieaeaiiy a?aeiinii? ? aaniethoii? e?eueeino? O - ? A - e?ioioeeo?a. Eeoa ia 7 - o aeiao caoai?thaaiiy, ii??aiyii ?c 3-th, a?aeiinia e?euee?noue O- ? A- e?ioioeeo?a c?inea iaeaea aaea?/? (? 0,01), aea aaniethoia caeeoeeany ia iiia?aaeiueiio ??ai?.? ana ae e?euee?noue iaio iiioeyoe?e caeeoaeany iaioith, i?ae o ee?i?/ii caei?iaeo oaa?ei. Iinooiiai (ia 11- o aeiao) a?aei?/aeany ii?iae?caoe?y oeeo iieaciee?a, ui aeaco? ia ?icaeoie ?aaeoeaieo ci?i o e?ioi?aei?e oeaiei? i?aai?cio. Ioaea, nainea?e?caoe?y i?aai?cio oa ?icaeoie caiaeaiiy i?ecaiaeyoue aei cieaeaiiy aaniethoii? ? a?aeiinii? e?eueeino? O - ? A - e?ioioeeo?a, aea a iiaeaeueoiio ia?aa?ao oai?iae ?oiy e?euee?noue i?aeaeuo?oueny ? ia 11-o aeiao caoai?thaaiiy ii?iae?co?oueny. Aeeiai?ea oee?eoethth/eo ?ioiieo eiiieaen?a ia oii? nainea?e?caoe?? oa i?e anaioe/iiio a?o?eo? Na?aae ?ioiieia?/ieo oaeoi??a, ui aecia/athoue ia?aa?a caoai?thaaiiy, ?noioia cia/aiiy iathoue oee?eoethth/? ?ioii? eiiieaene (Oe?E). Anoaiiaeaii, ui o ee?i?/ii caei?iaeo ae/e?a ?o ??aaiue o ne?iaaooe? e?ia? noaiiaeoue 125,451,89 oi. iae., a o neiia?aeuei?e ??aeei? 41,041,44 oi. iae. C ?icaeoeii nainea?e?caoe?? i?aai?cio ?o ai?no o neiia?? cieceany ia 16, a o ne?iaaooe? e?ia? ia 38 oi.iae. I?e ?icaeoeo anaioe/iiai a?o?eoo (3-y ? 7a aeiae caoai?thaaiiy) a iaio noano?aoao niinoa??aaeinue i?aeaeuaiiy ??aiy Oe?E ii??aiyii c? noaiii nainea?e?caoe?? (?0,001). Ia 11-oo aeiao caoai?thaaiiy ??aaiue Oe?E aoa a?eueoei, i?ae ia nueiio, o ne?iaaooe? e?ia? a 1,33 ?ace ( c 176,902,38 aei 235,003,88 oi. iae;?0,001), a a neiia?aeuei?e ??aeei? a 1,4 ?ace ( c 95,900,94 aei 133,331,65 oi. iae;?0,001). Ioaea, nainea?e?caoe?y i?aai?cio i?eai?/o? ?ioiio ?aaeoeai?noue, ui i?ecaiaeeoue aei ?icaeoeo ?ioiieia?/ieo ii?ooaiue oa cieaeaiiy ??aiy Oe?E o e?ia? oa neiia?aeuei?e ??aeei?, a ?icaeoie caiaeaiiy a noaeia? i?aeaeuo? ai?no Oe?E. IAA?OIOOAAIIss CANOINOAAIIss 25%-IIAI ?IC*EIO AeEIAENEAeO C 0,5%IEI ?IC*EIII IAO?II?AeACIEO I?E ANAIOE*IEO A?O?EOAO AAEEEI? ?IAAOI? OOAeIAE Ee?i?/i?, aaiaoieia?/i? oa neiia?ioeeoieia?/i? aeai? I?e ee?i?/iiio ianoaaeaii? aeine?aeii? a?oie oaa?ei oaea ia 2-o aeiao i?ney aioo??oiueinoaeiaiaiai aaaaeaiiy aeeiaeneaeo ? iao?ii?aeacieo cia/ii iie?aueany ?o caaaeueiee noai , ii?iae?coaaeeny iieacieee ioeueno, aeeoaiiy oa oaiia?aoo?e o?ea, a?aei?/aee i?aeaeuaiiy ?ooiai? aeoeaiino? oaa?ei oa ciaioaiiy noaeia?a a ia?i?, cieaeaiiy aieth/ino? ? caiaeueii? ?aaeoe?? a ieo. Ia 5-o aeiao e?eoaaiiy oaa?eie aoee ee?i?/ii caei?iaeie. O oaa?ei eiio?ieueii? a?oie iie?auaiiy caaaeueiiai noaio, aeayeo ii?iae?caoe?th ooieoe?? e?ioe?aie, iieaciee?a ioeueno, aeeoaiiy, a a ie?aieo oaa?ei – ? oaiia?aoo?e o?ea a?aei?/aee ia 45-o aeiao e?eoaaiiy. O 25% oai?eo iie?ioaiiy caaaeueiiai noaio aoei iacia/iei, ? oiio a?ae?iei?oeciio aoeaoao aoa aaaaeaiee iiaoi?ii. Iciaee caiaeueii? ?aaeoe?? o oaa?ei cieeaee iinooiiai, a iiaia aeaeoaeaiiy ianoaaaei ia 89-o aeiao e?eoaaiiy. I?e ioieoe?? noaeia?a o 25% eiio?ieueieo oaa?ei, yeei canoiniaoaaee iiaoi?ia aaaaeaiiy a?ae?iei?oeciio, ia aaeaeiny io?eiaoe neiia?aeueio ??aeeio, oiae? ye o ?aooe oaa?ei iaio a?oi neiia?y aeae?eyeany a aeinoaoi?e e?eueeino?. Aiae?coth/e ii?oieia?/iee neeaae e?ia? a i?ioean? e?eoaaiiy, ie a?aei?/aee aeayeo ??cieoeth i?ae iieacieeaie aeine?aeii? ? eiio?ieueii? a?oi oaa?ei. Oae, ia 5-o aeiao e?eoaaiiy o aeine?aeieo oaa?ei niinoa??aaeany oaiaeaioe?y aei ca?eueoaiiy e?eueeino? a?eo?ioeeo?a, canoinoaaiiy ae a?ae?iei?oeciio eiio?ieueiei oaa?eiai ia a?aeiiaethaaei a?eo?iiiac, a iaaiaee, o ieo i?iyaeyeany oaiaeaioe?y aei cieaeaiiy e?eueeino? a?eo?ioeeo?a. O eaeeia?ai? oaa?ei iaio a?oi o oeae /an niinoa??aaeinue ca?eueoaiiy e?eueeino? iaeo?io?e?a ? aiceiio?e?a oa ciaioaiiy iiiioeeo?a ? e?ioioeeo?a. O i?ioean? e?eoaaiiy a?aei?/aee ca?eueoaiiy ee?oei oeaieiiiai iioiaeaeaiiy o neiia?aeuei?e ??aeei? noaeia?a o oaa?ei iaio a?oi: neiia?ioeeo?a c 6,080,13 aei 9,100,33% o aeine?aeieo ? c 6,080,13 aei 15,500,36% o eiio?ieueieo (?0,001), a e?euee?noue a?no?ioeeo?a a?aeiia?aeii c?inea c 13,080,45 aei 16,160,20% ? c 13,08 aei 17,660,54% (?0,001). O e?ia? oaa?ei aeine?aeii? a?oie ca?eueoeeany e?euee?noue iaeo?io?e?a c 15,300,61 aei 18,660,24% (?0,001), iiiioeeo?a c 1,830,10 aei 5,080,13% (?0,001), a o eiio?ieueieo oaa?ei a?aeiia?aeii c 15,300,61 aei 17,580,52% (?0,001) ? c 1,830,10 aei 10,580,28%(?0,001). Aiaeii/an e?euee?noue e?ioioeeo?a o iaio a?oiao ciaioeeanue, iniaeeai o eiio?ieuei?e (?0,001). Ia 8-o aeiao e?eoaaiiy o oaa?ei aeine?aeii? a?oie ii?iae?coaaeany e?euee?noue a?eo?ioeeo?a ? eaeeioeeo?a, naaiaioiyaea?ieo iaeo?io?e?a oa e?ioioeeo?a, aea ?io? iieacieee eaeeia?aie caeeoaeeny aenieeie; o aeine?aeieo oaa?ei aoa a?eueo aeecueeei aei ee?i?/ii caei?iaeo, a o eiio?ieueieo e?euee?noue oi?iaieo aeaiaio?a e?ia? caeeoeeany cia/ii ieae/ith. O neiia?ioeeoia?ai? ae/e?a aeine?aeii? a?oie ia 8-o aeiao e?eoaaiiy a?aei?/aeany oaiaeaioe?y aei ii?iae?caoe?? e?eueeino? ee?oei e?ia?, a?no?ioeeo?a ? neiia?ioeeo?a. Aiaeii/an o eiio?ieueieo oaa?ei e?euee?noue iaeo?io?e?a, iiiioeeo?a oa a?no?ioeeo?a cia/ii ia?aaaaeaea aiaeia?/i? iieacieee ee?i?/ii caei?iaeo; iaioith aoea ? e?euee?noue e?ioioeeo?a oa neiia?ioeeo?a. Ioaea, e?eoaaiiy iieiaeiyeo aaeeei? ?iaaoi? ooaeiae, oai?iai ia anaioe/iee a?o?eo, ?c canoinoaaiiyi 25%-iiai ?ic/eio aeeiaeneaeo c 0,5% - iei iao?ii?aeacieii, caaaeyee ?oi?e i?ioecaiaeuei?e, ?ioiinoeioethth/?e oa aeanainea?e?coth/?e ae??, i?eaaei aei ciaioaiiy oa?i?io e?eoaaiiy ia 4-5 aei?a, ii??aiyii ?c eiio?ieueieie oaa?eiaie, yeei aaiaeeee a?ae?iei?oeciio aoeaoao, a oaeiae aei ii?iae?caoe?? o neiia?ioeeoia?ai? e?eueeino? ee?oei oeaieiiiai iioiaeaeaiiy. Ci?ie ooieoe?iiaeueii-aia?aaoe/iiai noaoono iaeo?io?e?a e?ia? o i?ioean? e?eoaaiiy Ia ii/aoeo e?eoaaiiy (3y aeiaa oai?iae) iaie a?aei?/aii i?aeaeuaiiy aeoeaiino? i??eiia?ieneaeace (ia 29,2 oi.iae.) oa ae?eiaaio (ia 47,3 oi.iae.) o iaeo?io?eao e?ia? oaa?ei iaio a?oi ca an?ia iieacieeaie, ye? oa?aeoa?ecothoue oeeoio?i?/io aeoeai?noue. O iiaeaeueoiio (ia 5-o aeiao e?eoaaiiy), ii??aiyii c 3th, aeoeai?noue III i?aeaeueeany ia 24,3 oi. iae. o aeine?aeieo ? ia 33 oi. iae. o eiio?ieueieo oaa?ei; I?E a?aeiia?aeii c??n ia 2% ? 5% (?0,001),a AeOeE ia 1,8 oi. iae ? 3,57 oi. iae.(?0,001).Ia?aaaaeia c?inoaiiy an?o iieaciee?a o ae/e?a eiio?ieueii? a?oie a?aeaoeiny aieiaiei /eiii ia ca ?aooiie ca?eueoaiiy e?eueeino? iaeo?io?e?a, a ca ?aooiie cia/iiai iaeiie/aiiy oa?iaioo i?ae ae??th a?ae?iei?oeciio. O aeine?aeieo oaa?ei oaeee ??no na?ae/eoue i?i a?ia?aeoeai?noue i??eiiiaoe/ii? ooieoe?? e?noeiaiai iiceo oa i?i ?aaeoeaiee aeeeae o ia?eoa?e/ia ?onei aaia?aoe?? aeic??eeo ee?oei. Aeoeai?noue ae?eiaaio oaeiae i?aeaeueeany a iaio a?oiao: I?E o aeine?aei?e c??n ia 10,2%, o eiio?ieuei?e ia 11% (?0,001); IOeAI ? NOeE ca?eueoeeeny ia 32% (?0,001) a iaio a?oiao, AeOeE i?aeaeueany a?aeiia?aeii ia 5,25 ? ia 4,6 oi. iae. Iacaaaeath/e ia oa , ui I?E aoa aeaui a?eueoei o oaa?ei eiio?ieueii? a?oie, aeoeai?noue ae?eiaaio aoea aeuith o aeine?aeieo, ui aeaeii ca a?eueo aenieei aeeoa?aioe?eiaaiei oeeoio?i?/iei eiao?oe??ioii. Ia 8-o aeiao e?eoaaiiy o iaeo?io?eao e?ia? aeine?aeieo oaa?ei niinoa??aaeany a?eueo aeniea eiioeaio?aoe?y ae?eiaaio i?ae o eiio?ieueieo, ui ae?aaeaeinue a?eueoei I?E (97,300,65% i?ioe 94,000,63 oa AeOeE 5,960,19oi.iae., i?ioe 5,370,24 oi. iae.). Aeoeai?noue III o oaa?ei aeine?aeii? a?oie i?aeaeuoaaeany iinooiiai ? ia i?ee?ioe? e?eoaaiiy (8-a aeiaa) aeinyaea iaeneiaeueiiai ??aiy ( 175,000,75 oi. iae.). O eiio?ieueieo oaa?ei i?ae ae??th a?ae?iei?oeciio aeoeai?noue III ??cei i?aeaeuoaaeanue, ui, i/aaeaeii aoei iiaycaii ?c aeieoaaiiyi i??eiia?ieneaeacii? nenoaie iaeo?io?e?a. Oaeei /eiii, aeeiaeneae o ii?aeiaii? c iao?ii?aeacieii, e??i i?ioecaiaeueieo, ?ioiinoeioethth/eo ? aeanainea?e?coth/eo aeanoeainoae, iiina?aaeeiaaii aieeaa? ia ooieoe?iiaeueiee noaoon iaeo?io?e?a, i?aeaeuoth/e ?o ia?ieneaeacio aeoeai?noue ? neioac ae?eiaaio. Aieea e?eoaaiiy ia aia?aaoe/iee iioaioe?ae e?ioioeeo?a i?e anaioe/ieo a?o?eoao Iaie anoaiiaeaii, ui c ?icaeoeii caoai?thaaiiy aeoeai?noue ae?eiaaio i?aeaeueeanue o e?ioioeeoao neiia?aeueii? ??aeeie ia 39 oi. iae. (aei 147,800,97 ?0,001) ? o e?ioioeeoao ia?eoa?e/ii? e?ia? ia 50 oi. iae. (aei 147,603,20 ?0,001). Canoinoaaiiy e?ea?nueeeo cania?a ni?e/eiyei i?aeaeuaiiy aeoeaiino? ae?eiaaio o e?ioioeeoao neiia?aeueii? ??aeeie o oaa?ei iaio a?oi, aea aiia aoea aeuith o eiio?ieueieo, ui ae?aaeaeiny a a?eueoiio IOeAI (185,100,75 i?ioe 175,001,20 oi. iae. o aeine?aeieo) oa AeOeE (5,060,07 i?ioe 4,160,06 oi. iae. o aeine?aeieo). Aeoeai?noue ae?eiaaio o oeae /an aoea aeuith ? o e?ioioeeoao e?ia? eiio?ieueieo oaa?ei : IOeAI o eiio?ieueieo oaa?ei noaiiaea 193,502,06, o aeine?aeieo 164,000,19 oi. iae., a AeOeE a?aeiia?aeii 6,490,19 ? 4,440,10 oi. iae. Oea, i/aaeaeii, aoei ni?e/eiaii ae??th a?ae?iei?oeciio, yeee a?eueo aeoeai?oa, oi/ ? ei?ioei/anii, aieeaa? ia aia?aaoe/iee noaoon e?ioioeeo?a. Iai?ee?ioe? e?eoaaiiy (8-a aeiaa) a?aei?/aeinue aeayea cieaeaiiy aeoeaiino? ae?eiaaio o e?ioioeeoao e?ia? oa neiia?aeueii? ??aeeie, aea o aeine?aeieo oaa?ei aeoeai?noue eiai aoea a?eueoith, i?ae o eiio?ieueieo. Oaea aeoeai?noue ae?eiaaio o e?ioioeeoao e?ia? aeine?aeieo oaa?ei i?iyaeyeany ca ?aooiie ca?eueoaiiy e?eueeino? iiceoeaii ?aaaoth/eo ee?oei, a oaeiae ca?eueoaiiyi e?eueeino? e?ioioeeo?a o ia?eoa?e/i?e e?ia?. Oea ua ?ac i?aeoaa?aeaeo?, ui aeeiaeneae c iao?ii?aeacieii a?eueo o?eaaei aieeaathoue ia aia?aaoe/iee noaoon e?ioioeeo?a, ui iie?auo? oa ii?iae?co? iai?ii? i?ioeane o cii? o?aaeaiiy, oiae? ye a?ae?iei?oecii ae?? ia aeoeai?noue ae?eiaaio a?eueo ?aaeoeaii, aea aiaeii/an ? ei?ioei/anii. Aeeiai?ea O- ? A-e?ioioeeo?a ia?eoa?e/ii? e?ia? oaa?ei o i?ioean? e?eoaaiiy Aeine?aeaeaiiyie anoaiiaeaii, ui ia ii/aoeo e?eoaaiiy oaa?ei ( 3-y aeiaa caoai?thaaiiy), ii??aiyii c ee?i?/ii caei?iaeie oaa?eiaie a?aeaoeiny ciaioaiiy a?aeiinii? ? aaniethoii? e?eueeino? Oe?ioioeeo?a aei 9,950,14% ? aei 0,640,04 A/e ,Oaeoeaieo aei 8,080,32% ? aei 0,470,02 A/e, A-ee?oei aei 5,45 0,41 % ? 0,350,02 A/e (?0,001). A iiaeaeueoiio (ia 5-o aeiao e?eoaaiiy) a iaio a?oiao a?aeiinia e?euee?noue O-e?ioioeeo?a i?aeaeueeanue: o aeine?aeieo ia 10% (aei 19,910,42 %; ?0,001) , a o eiio?ieueieo oaa?ei ia 11,1% ( aei 21,040,22%; ?0,001), aea ?o aaniethoia e?euee?noue ia ci?ieeany. Ia oeae /an c?inea e?euee?noue O aeoeaieo e?ioioeeo?a: o aeine?aeieo ia 6,6% (aei 14,70 0,32%) ? o eiio?ieuei?e ia 8,8% (aei 16,90 0,23%; ?0,001), oi/ ?o aaniethoia e?euee?noue caeeoeeany ia ??ai? 3-? aeiae caoai?thaaiiy. A?aeiinia e?euee?noue Ae?ioioeeo?a oaeiae c?inea o aeine?aeieo oaa?ei ia 4,25% ( aei 9,70 0,19%), a o eiio?ieueieo ia 4,95% ( aei 10,400,23%; ?0,001), aaniethoia ae ?o e?euee?noue caeeoeeany aac ci?i. Ia e?iaoeue e?eoaaiiy a iaio a?oiao oaa?ei niinoa??aa?oueny ciaioaiiy e?eueeino? Oaeoeaieo e?ioioeeo?a, ii??aiyii c 5-th aeiaith e?eoaaiiy: o aeine?aei?e - ia 1% (c 14,70 0,32 aei 13,70 0,26%; ? 0,05), aaniethoia e?euee?noue ?o ciaioeeany c 0,49 0,01 aei 0,38 0,01 A/e (?0,001), o eiio?ieuei?e a?oi? a?aei?/aeanue eeoa oaiaeaioe?y aei ciaioaiiy a?aeiinii? e?eueeino? c 16,90 0,23 aei 16,50 0,30% (?0,05), aaniethoia e?euee?noue O aeoeaieo e?ioioeeo?a ia ci?ieeany. Oaeei /eiii, iai?ee?ioe? e?eoaaiiy a?aei?/aeanue ii?iae?caoe?y a?aeiinii? e?eueeino? O ? A e?ioioeeo?a o aeine?aeieo oaa?ei, aea aaniethoia e?euee?noue ?o ua aoea aeaui iaioith, i?ae o ee?i?/ii caei?iaeo.A?aeiiaeaiiy ??aiy iiioeyoe?e e?ioioeeo?a iiaycaii c ae??th aeeiaeneaeo oa iao?ii?aeacieo, ye? ii?iae?cothoue i?ioeane ?aaeoeaieo ci?i o e?ioi?aei?e oeaiei?. I?aeaeuaiiy ae a?aeiinii? e?eueeino? O ? A e?ioioeeo?a ia 8-o aeiao e?eoaaiiy o eiio?ieueieo oaa?ei, i/aaeaeii, iiaycaii ?c aeanainea?e?coth/ith ae??th a?ae?iei?oeciio. Oaeei /eiii, iaoai?ci aca?iiae?? aeeiaeneaeo c iao?ii?aeacieii ?aae?co?oueny ia ??ai? aoii?aeueiiai oa ee?oeiiiai eaioethaa ?ioi?oaoo, ui noai?th? a?eueo ni?eyoeea? oiiae aeey eiiia?oaaiiy aca?iiae?? O ? A e?ioioeeo?a, i?aeo?eiaiiy aenieiai ??aiy ooieoe?iioaaiiy anueiai eiiieaeno caoenieo nee i?aai?cio. Ci?ie ??aiy oee?eoethth/eo ?ioiieo eiiieaen?a i?e e?eoaaii? oai?eo ae/e?a Aeine?aeaeaiiyie anoaiiaeaii, ui o oai?eo ae/e?a iaio a?oi ??aaiue Oe?E ia 3-th aeiao oai?iae cieceany o neiia?aeuei?e ??aeei? c 41,041,44 aei 38,500,24 oi.iae., a a ne?iaaooe? e?ia? c 125,450,85 aei 103,631,97 oi.iae (?0,001); i?ioa ia 5-oo aeiao e?eoaaiiy ?o ??aaiue c??n o neiia?aeuei?e ??aeei? aeine?aeieo oaa?ei ia 43,5% , a o eiio?ieueieo ia 65,6%. Ia 8-o aeiao e?eoaaiiy o ae/e?a eiio?ieueii? a?oie anoaiiaeaii iiaeaeueoa c?inoaiiy ai?noo Oe?E ye o neiia?aeuei?e ??aeei? (c 111,951,66 aei 152,273,48 oi.iae; ?0,001), oae ? a ne?iaaooe? e?ia? ia ( c 180,901,84 aei 205,451,63 oi.iae; ?0,001). Aeeiai?/ia c?inoaiiy ??aiy Oe?E o eiio?ieueieo oaa?ei na?ae/eoue i?i iaiiaia caoooaiiy caiaeueiiai i?ioeano o noaeia?, ui ocaiaeaeo?oueny c aeaieie O.A Aeoaioeia (1990), yeee iia?aeiiey?, ui iayai?noue Oe?E o cia/ieo e?eueeinoyo i?ecaiaeeoue aei i?aeo?eiee ? i?aeneeaiiy caiaeueieo i?ioean?a ? iiaea noaoe i?e/eiith ??cieo oneeaaeiaiue. O oaa?ei aeine?aeii? a?oie ??aaiue Oe?E ciaioeany o neiia?? ia 20% ( c 68,182,09 aei 56,810,26oi.iae.), a a ne?iaaooe? e?ia? ia 5% (c 135,451,60 aei 128,770,21oi.iae; ?0,001), oiaoi niinoa??aaeany oaiaeaioe?y aei ii?iae?caoe?? ?o ??aiy, ui iiaycaii c aeanainea?e?coth/ith oa aioea?noai?iiith ae??th aeeiaeneaeo. AENIIAEE 1. Caiaeaiiy noaeia?a o iieiaeiyeo aaeeei? ooaeiae ?a?no?o?oueny o 2,3-3,5% a?ae ianoaaeaiiai iiaie?ay, c ieo anaioe/i? a?o?eoe noaiiaeyoue63,20%, ai?ei? 36,80%. 2. Neiia?aeueia ??aeeia ee?i?/ii caei?iaiai iieiaeiyeo aaeeei? ?iaaoi? ooaeiae i?noeoue: ee?oeie oeaieiiiai iioiaeaeaiiy ( 50,77%, c yeeo 42,11% neiia?ioeeoe ? 8,66% a?no?ioeeoe), ee?oeie e?ia? (46,07%, o oiio /ene? 43,75% e?ioioeeo?a, 1,16% iiiioeeo?a ? 1,16% iaeo?io?e?a) oa 3,16% iaeeaneo?eiaaieo ee?oei. 3. Nainea?e?caoe?y i?aai?cio ni?e/eiy? ciaioaiiy e?eueeino? neiia?ioeeo?a ia 13,6% ? a?no?ioeeo?a ia 6,08% (?0,001) oa ca?eueoaiiy e?eueeino? e?ioioeeo?a (c 43,750,72 aei 60,600,45%;?0,001) ? iiiioeeo?a (c 1,160,10 aei 2,250,23%, ?0,001). C ?icaeoeii caiaeaiiy o noaeia? ciaioaiiy ai?noo neiia?ioeeo?a i?iaeiaaeo? i?ia?anoaaoe ( c 42,110,55 aei 6,08 0,13% ?0,001), a e?euee?noue iaeo?io?e?a c?inoaoe ( c 1,16 0,14 aei 15,300,61% ?0001). 4. Oeeoio?i?/ia aeoeai?noue i??eiia?ieneaeace o iaeo?io?eao e?ia? ci?ith?oueny caeaaeii a?ae ?aaeoeaiino? i?aai?cio; aiane?aeie nainea?e?caoe?? I?E c??n ia 20% ( c 72,000,93 aei 92,001,48% ?0,001), IOeAI ? NOeE ia 16,08%, ?0,001), niinoa??aaeany oaiaeaioe?y (?0,05) aei ca?eueoaiiy AeOeE . C ?icaeoeii anaioe/iiai a?o?eoo a?aei?/aeany oaiaeaioe?y aei c?inoaiiy an?o iieaciee?a III (?0,005). 5. Nainea?e?caoe?y i?aai?cio oaa?ei i?aeaeuo? oeeoio?i?/io aeoeai?noue ae?eiaaio iaeo?io?e?a ? e?ioioeeo?a e?ia? oa neiia?aeueii? ??aeeie, a ?icaeoie anaioe/iiai a?o?eoo ni?ey? c?inoaiith aeoeaiino? ae?eiaaio o ee?oeiao e?ia?: I?E ca?eueoo?oueny ia 18,2% (c 69,60 0,70 aei 87,80 0,69%; ?0,001) o iaeo?io?eao ? ia 19,3%o e?ioioeeoao (c 67,700,66 aei 87,000,91; ?0,001), AeOeEo iaeo?io?eao ia 1,37oi.iae. (c 1,260,04 aei 2,63 0,66 ?0,001) ? ia 1,14 oi.iae.(c 1,350,40 aei 2,490,11 ?0,001)o e?ioioeeoao, a NOeE ? IOeAI a?aeiia?aeii ia 46 ? 51% (?0,001). 6. C ?icaeoeii caoai?thaaiiy i?aeaeuo?oueny aeoeai?noue ae?eiaaio a e?ioioeeoao neiia?aeueii? ??aeeie: I?E ia 15,2% (c 75,300,73 aei 90,500,28% ?0,001), NOeE ? IOeAIia 15,7% (?0,001). 7. Ia oii? nainea?e?caoe?? i?aai?cio ciaioo?oueny a?aeiinia ia32,1% (c 20,601,41 aei 13,970,71%) oa aaniethoia e?euee?noue Ocaaaeueieo (c 0,920,04 aei 0,610,03A/e;?0,001) ? Oaeoeaieo e?ioioeeo?a a?aeiia?aeii ia 20% ( c 13).13 aei 10,411,36%) ? c (0,590,03 aei 0,440,03A/e;?0,001), A-e?ioioeeo?a a?aeiinia ciaioeeany ia 10,33% (c 16,830,32 aei 6,500,55%) ? aaniethoia c 0,750,03 aei 0,340,02A/e (?0,001). C ?icaeoeii anaioe/iiai a?o?eoo niinoa??aa?oueny iiaeaeueoa ciaioaiiy a?aeiinii? ? aaniethoii? e?eueeino? an?o aeine?aeaeaieo noaiiioeyoe?e e?ioioeeo?a. 8. ??aaiue Oe?E ia oii? nainea?e?caoe?? cieaeo?oueny ia 43,3% o ne?iaaooe? e?ia? ? ia 64,1% (?0,001) o neiia?aeuei?e ??aeei?. Ia ii/aoeo anaioe/iiai caiaeaiiy o noaeia? ?o ??aaiue i?aeaeuo?oueny ia 15,5% ( c 87,545,58 aei 103,631,97 oi.iae. (?0,001) o ne?iaaooe? e?ia? ? ia 35% ( c 25,001,15 aei 38,500,24oi.iae.(?0,001)o neiia?aeuei?e ??aeei?. C iiaeaeueoei ?icaeoeii caoai?thaaiiy ??aaiue Oe?E i?iaeiaaeo? c?inoaoe aei 235,003,88 oi.iae (?0,001) o ne?iaaooe? e?ia? ? aei 133,331,65oi.iae. (?0,001)o neiia?aeuei?e ??aeei?. 9. Aioo??oiueinoaeiaiaa canoinoaaiiy 25%-iiai ?ic/eio aeeiaeneaeo, i?eaioiaeaiiai ia 0,5%-iiio ?ic/ei? iao?ii?aeacieo, a aeic? 1015 ie ni?ey? ii?iae?caoe?? ee?oeiiiai neeaaeo neiia?aeueii? ??aeeie, i?aeaeuaiith aeoeaiino? i??eiia?ieneaeace oa ae?eiaaio eaeeioeeo?a e?ia? ? neiia?aeueii? ??aeeie, ui ? na?ae/aiiyi i?ioecaiaeueii? oa aeanainea?e?coth/i? ?o ae??. 10. I?ae aieeaii 25%-iiai ?ic/eio aeeiaeneaeo c 0,5%-iei iao?ii?aea-cieii a?aeiiaeth?oueny e?euee?noue O ? Ae?ioioeeo?a o e?ia? oa ii?iae?co?oueny ??aaiue Oe?E ye o ne?iaaooe? ia?eoa?e/ii? e?ia?, oae ? a neiia?aeuei?e ??aeei?. 11. 25%-iee ?ic/ei aeeiaeneaeo c 0,5%-iei iao?ii?aeacieii ni?ey? ii?iae?caoe?? oeeoieia?/ieo, oeeoio?i?/ieo e ?ioiieia?/ieo iieaciee?a e?ia? oa neiia?aeueii? ??aeeie, ui nei?i/o? oa?i?i e?eoaaiiy oai?eo oaa?ei ia 45 aei?a, ii??aiyii c o?aaeeoe?eiei iaoiaeii e?eoaaiiy. I?IIICEOe?? AE?IAIEOeOAO Aeey e?eoaaiiy oaa?ei, oai?eo ia anaioe/iee a?o?eo, ?aeiiaiaeo?ii canoiniaoaaoe aioo??oiueinoaeiaia? ?i?eoe?? 1015 ie 25%-iiai ?ic/eio aeeiaeneaeo, i?eaioiaeaiiai ia 0,5%-iiio ?ic/ei? iao?ii?aeacieo c ?ioa?aaeii o 72 aiaeeie. NIENIE INIIAIEO I?AOeUe,IIOAE?EIAAIEO CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe?? 1. *a?iye N.A. Aieea nainea?e?caoe?? i?aai?cio iieiaeiyeo aaeeei? ?iaaoi? ooaeiae ia aeoeai?noue e?ioioeeo?a oa ee?oeiiee neeaae neiia?aeueii? ??aeeie // A?niee A?eioea?e?a. aea?ae. aa?a?. oioo.Aei.2. *.1. A?ea Oea?eaa, 1997. N. 118119. 2. *a?iye N.A. Aeoeai?noue i??eiia?ieneaeace oa noai O ? A ee?oeiiiai ?ioi?oaoo i?e nainea?e?caoe?? oa anaioe/ieo a?o?eoao o iieiaeiyeo aaeeei? ?iaaoi? ooaeiae // A?niee A?eioea?e?a.aea?ae. aa?a?. oi-oo. Aei.3.*.1. A?ea Oea?eaa, 1997. N. 163167. 3. *a?iye N.A. Aieea ??cieo iaoiae?a e?eoaaiiy nainea?e?ciaaieo a?o?eo?a o iieiaeiyeo aaeeei? ?iaaoi? ooaeiae ia noai O ? A ee?oeiiiai ?ioi?oaoo oa aeoeai?noue i??eiia?ieneaeace // A?niee A?eioea?e?a. aea?ae. aa?a?. oioo.Aei.5 *.1. A?ea Oea?eaa, 1998. N.227232. 4.?oaeaiei I.A., ?caeainueeee A.E., *a?iye N.A. Ae?aaiinoe/ia oa i?iaiinoe/ia cia/aiiy oeeoio?i?/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy iaeo?io?e?a o oaa?ei i?e caiaeueieo i?ioeanao // Eaai?aoi?ia aao. iaaeeoeeia: o?ceeio?i?/i? iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiue / Iaoeia? noaoo? iaoe.iaoiae. nai?ia?o .??aia, 1998. N. 224 227. 5.*a?iye N.A. Neiia?ioeeoia?aia o aaeeei? ?iaaoi? ooaeiae a ii?i? oa i?e anaioe/ieo neiia?oao // Iaoeia? aeinyaiaiiy a aaeoc? aao. iaaeeoeeie: / Iaoa??aee i?aeia?iae. iaoe. - i?aeo. eiio. iieiaeeo o/aieo ( i. Oa?e?a, 12 ea?o. 1997 ?Oa?e?a, 1997.).N. 123124. *a?iye N.A. Ci?ie neiia?ioeeoia?aie, ooieoe?iiaeueii? aeoeaiino? iaeo?io?e?a ? e?ioioeeo?a i?e anaioe/ieo a?o?eoao o oaeyo ( ee?i?eiaenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy ). ?oeiien. Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa aaoa?eia?ieo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 16.00.05aaoa?eia?ia o??o?a?y.A?eioea?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee aa?a?iee oi?aa?neoao, A?ea Oea?eaa, 1999. Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa i?enay/aia aea/aiith aeayeeo ieoaiue iaoiaaiaco anaioe/ieo a?o?eo?a o iieiaeiyeo aaeeei? ?iaaoi? ooaeiae ? ii?aoethaaiith ia oe?e iniia? iaoiaaiaoe/ii iaa?oioiaaieo iaoiae?a e?eoaaiiy. Aia?oa aea/aii ee?oeiiee neeaae , ??aaiue oee?eoethth/eo ?ioiieo eiiieaen?a, oa?iaioaoeaii-aia?aaoe/iee iioaioe?ae e?ioioeeo?a neiia?aeueii? ??aeeie ia oii? nainea?e?caoe?? oa a aeeiai?oe? i?e e?eoaaii? oai?eo ia anaioe/iee a?o?eo. Io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue aeaee ciiao ?aeiiaiaeoaaoe aeey e?eoaaiiy anaioe/ieo a?o?eo?a 25% - iee ?ic/ei aeeiaeneaeo c 0,5%-iei iao?ii?aeacieii , ye? ii?iae?cothoue oeeoieia?/i?, oeeoio?i?/i? oa ?ioiieia?/i? iieacieee ia?eoa?e/ii? e?ia? oa neiia?aeueii? ??aeeie, ui ni?ey? nei?i/aiith oa?i?io e?eoaaiiy oai?eo oaa?ei ia 45 aei?a, ii??aiyii c o?aaeeoe?eiei e?eoaaiiyi (canoinoaaiiy a?ae?iei?oeciio aoeaoaoo ?c 0,5%-iei ?ic/eiii iiaiea?io). Eeth/ia? neiaa: neiia?aeueia ??aeeia, i??eiia?ieneaeaca, ae?eiaai, oa?iaioaoeaii-aia?aaoe/iee iioaioe?ae, anaioe/iee a?o?eo, aeeiaeneae, iao?ii?aeacie, a?ae?iei?oecii, O-? A- e?ioioeeoe, oee?eoethth/? ?ioii? eiiieaene. *a?iye N.A. Eciaiaiey neiiaeioeeoia?aiiu, ooieoeeiiaeueii - yia?aaoe/aneie aeoeaiinoe iaeo?ioeeia e eeioioeeoia i?e anaioe/aneeo a?o?eoao o oaeyo ( eeeieei-yenia?eiaioaeueiua enneaaeiaaiey). ?oeiienue. Aeenna?oaoeeiiiay ?aaioa iinayuaia eco/aieth iaeioi?uo aii?inia iaoiaaiaca anaioe/aneeo a?o?eoia o iieiaeiyea e?oiiiai ?iaaoiai neioa e ia aai iniiaa aiaae?aieth iaoiaaiaoe/anee iainiiaaiiuo iaoiaeia ea/aiey. I?e eeeie/aneii ianeaaeiaaiee 1432 aieia e?oiiiai ?iaaoiai neioa ?aciuo aic?anoiuo a?oii, auei auyaeaii 246 aeeaioiuo (17,18%) n oe?o?ae/aneie iaoieiaeae a iaeanoe eiia/iinoae, a oii /enea 49 aeeaioiuo n ainiaeaieai nonoaaia, i?aeiouanoaaiii yoi auee anaioe/aneea (63,20%) e ?aaea aiieiua (36,80%) a?o?eou. Aia?aua eco/ai eeaoi/iue ninoaa, o?iaaiue oee?eoee?othueo eiioiiuo eiiieaenia, oa?iaioaoeaii-yia?aaoe/aneee iioaioeeae eeioioeeoia neiiaeaeueiie aeeaeeinoe ia oiia naineaeeecaoeee, a aeeiaieea oa/aiey e i?e ea/aiee aeeaioiuo, aieueiuo anaioe/aneei a?o?eoii. Neiiaeaeueiay aeeaeeinoue o eeeie/anee caei?iaiai iieiaeiyea e?oiiiai ?iaaoiai neioa niaea?aeeo eeaoee oeaiaaiai i?ienoiaeaeaiey - 50,77% (ec ieo 42,11% neiiaeioeeou e 8,66% aenoeioeeou), eeaoee e?iae 46,07% ( ec ieo 43,75% eeioioeeou, 1,16% iiiioeeou, 1,16% iaeo?ioeeu) e 3,16% iaeeanneoeoee?iaaiiua eeaoee. Naineaeeecaoeey i?aaiecia i?eaiaeeo e nieaeaieth eiee/anoaa neiiaeaeueiuo eeaoie, aenoeioeeoia e e oaaee/aieth eeioioeeoia, iiiioeeoia, a oaeaea iiauoaao oeeoioeie/aneoth aeoeaiinoue ieaeiia?ieneaeacu, aeeeiaaia iaeo?ioeeia e eeioioeeoia e?iae e neiiaeaeueiie aeeaeeinoe. Naineaeeecaoeey nieaeaao aaniethoiia e ioiineoaeueiia eiee/anoai Oe Aeeioioeeoia, a oaeaea o?iaaiue oee?eoee?othueo eiioiiuo eiiieaenia a e?iae e neiiaeaeueiie aeeaeeinoe. ?acaeoea ainiaeeoaeueiiai i?ioeanna a noaeiaa i?eaiaeeo e nieaeaieth eiee/anoaa neiiaeioeeoia e oaaee/aieth iaeo?ioeeia, iiauoaieth aeoeaiinoe ieaeiia?ieneaeacu e aeeeiaaia, a oaeaea o?iaiy oee?eoee?othueo eiioiiuo eiiieaenia. Aioo?enonoaaiua eiuaeoeee 25% - iiai ?anoai?a aeeiaeneaea n 0,5% - iui iao?iieaeacieii ii?iaeecotho eeaoi/iue ninoaa neiiaeaeueiie aeeaeeinoe, iiauoatho oeeoioeie/aneoth aeoeaiinoue ieaeiia?ieneaeacu, aeeeiaaia o iaeo?ioeeao e eeioioeeoao ia?eoa?e/aneie e?iae e neiiaeaeueiie aeeaeeinoe, ii?iaeecotho aaiethoiia e ioiineoaeueiia eiee/anoai Oe A-eeioioeeoia, a oaeaea o?iaaiue oee?eoee?othueo eiioiiuo eiiieaenia a nuai?ioea e?iae e neiiaeaeueiie aeeaeeinoe, /oi niinianoiaaei nie?auaieth ia?eiaea ea/aiey aieueiuo aeeaioiuo ia 45 aeiae ii n?aaiaieth n o?aaeeoeeiiiui iaoiaeii (i?eiaiaiea aeae?iei?oeciia aoeaoaoa ia 0,5%-iii ?anoai?a iiaieaeia). Iieo/aiiua ?acoeueoaou enneaaeiaaiee iicaieeee ?aeiiaiaeiaaoue i?aeoe/aneei aaoa?eia?iui niaoeeaeenoai aeey ea/aiey anaioe/aneeo a?o?eoia o e?oiiiai ?iaaoiai neioa eniieueciaaoue 25% iue ?anoai? aeeiaeneaea ia 0,5% iii iao?iieaeaciea. Eeth/aaua neiaa: neiiaeaeueiay aeeaeeinoue, ieaeiia?ieneaeaca, aeeeiaai, oa?iaioaoeaii-yia?aaoe/aneee iioaioeeae, anaioe/aneee a?o?eo, aeeiaeneae, iao?iieaeacie, aeae?iei?oecii, Oe A eeioioeeou, oee?eoee?othuea eiioiiua eiiieaenu. Cherniak S.V. The changes of sinoviocytoqrams, functional activity of neutrophyles and lymphocytes at aseptic arthritis in calves (clinical and experimental investiqations ).-Manyscript. The thesis for a candidates deqree of veterinary sciences, speciality 16.00.05 - Veterinary Surqery.- Bila Tserkva State Agrarian University , Bila Tserkva , 1999. The dissertation devoted to the studying some sides of pathoqenesis of asertical arthritis in calves. Based on these results there was developed a new approaching to the treatment of arthritis. For the first time it was studyed cell content, the level of circular immune complex, fermentative and enerqetic potention of limphocytes in sinovial fluid.They were studyed in time of sensibelisation and during the treatment of aseptical arthritis in calves. The obtained results allow us to recommend to use for the treatment of aseptical arthritis in calves 25% Dimexide with 0,5% Methronidasole. They are able to normalize histological , cytochemical and immune indices in peripheral blood of the calves. It allows to decrease the time of the treatment for 4-5 days comparble to using Hydrocortizone acetate. Key words: synovial fluid, mieloperoxidase, qlycoqen, fermentative and eneugetic pothention, asertical arthritis, Dimecsidi, Methronidazole, Hydrocortizoni, T- and B-lymphocytes, circular immune complexes.

Похожие записи