Iaeanueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao ?i. ?.?.Ia/ieeiaa

E a a o ?

Ieueaa Aieiaeeie??aia

OAeE 941/949(477).15/17*-055.2

AE?II*EE OAEOI? A NENOAI? NONI?EUeIEO

A?AeIINEI A OE?A?I?

(XVI-XVIII no.)

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 07.00.01 ?noi??y Oe?a?ie

A A O I ? A O A ? A O

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa ?noi?e/ieo iaoe

Iaeana- 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? ?noi??? Iaoe?iiaeueiiai oaoi?/iiai
oi?aa?neoaoo Oe?a?ie (EI?)

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi? ?noi?e/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Eeoieao Ieaenaiae? Aaneeueiae/

eaoaae?a ?noi??? IOOO (EI?)

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? ?noi?e/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Ei?ie/ Ethaeieea ?aai?aia,

caa. eaoaae?e nioe?aeueieo oai??e Iaeanueei? aea?aeaaii?

th?eaee/ii? aeaaeai??

eaiaeeaeao ?noi?e/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio

Ai?iaeiaa Aaeeia Aieiaeeie??aia,

aeioeaio eaoaae?e ?noi??? ? aoiia?ao?? Oe?a?ie

Iaeanueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iie?oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Ee?anueeee iaoe?iiaeueiee oi?aa?neoao

?i. O.A.Oaa/aiea, eaoaae?a aeaaiuei? oa iiai?

?noi??? Oe?a?ie

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “25” o?aaiy 1999 ?. i 14 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E 41.051.08 a Iaeanueeiio aea?aeaaiiio
oi?aa?neoao? ?i. ?.?.Ia/ieeiaa ca aae?anith: 270057, i. Iaeana, aoe.
Uaie?ia, 12, aoae. 9

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Iaeanueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. ?.?.Ia/ieeiaa ca aae?anith: 270100, i.
Iaeana, aoe. I?aia?aaeainueea, 24

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “24” ea?oiy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee,

eaiaeeaeao ?noi?e/ieo iaoe Eicianueeee A.E.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aeioe?euei?noue iaoeiaiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy ae?ii/iai /eiieea a ?noi?e/iiio ieioeiio oe?a?inueeiai
noni?euenoaa iaoiiaeaia no/anieie i?iaeaiaie oai?aiiy oe?a?inueei?
iaoe?iiaeueii? aea?aeaae, nioe?aeueii? i?aai?caoe?? noni?euenoaa, eiai
aeaiie?aoecaoe?? oa aoiai?caoe?? noni?eueieo a?aeiinei, a?ae?iaeaeaiiy
iaoe?iiaeueii-eoeueoo?iiai aeeooy. sse ? a ieioeiio, iei? c?inoa? ?ieue
ae?ii/iai oaeoi?a a aeeoo? iaoiai noni?euenoaa. No/aniee ae?ii/ee ?oo
iaae?a? ana a?eueo i?aai?ciaaiiai oa?aeoa?o: ia a?ai? noni?eueiiai
aeeooy iinoaee aea? ae?ii/? iie?oe/i? ia?o??, o?eiaaeoeyoue
anaoe?a?inueeeo oa a?ey naieaeanyoe ?aa?iiaeueieo ae?ii/eo i?aai?caoe?e.
AE?ii/? i?iaeaie aeaaeae? noathoue i?aaeiaoii oaaae ia o?eueee
iaoeiaoe?a, a?iiaaenueeino?, aea ? aea?aeaaieo i?aai?a aeaaee oa
oi?aae?iiy.

Iaeiae c?inoath/ee ?ioa?an aei iecee i?iaeai, iia`ycaieo ?c “ae?ii/ei
ieoaiiyi”, aeaye? ni?iae ?o ae??oaiiy iaooiaoothoueny ia a?aenooi?noue
?noi?e/iiai aeina?aeo, iaaieo ciaiue, iaoeiai? ?ioi?iaoe??, oe?e?nieo
aeine?aeaeaiue, ye? a ia`?eoeaii a?aeoai?thaaee ?ieue oa cia/aiiy ae?iee
a ?noi??? iaoiai ia?iaeo. Oai?aoe/i? oa ?noi?e/i? iaa?oiooaaiiy ae?ii/i?
i?iaeaiaoeee a?aenoaee a?ae i?aeoe/ieo iio?aa /ano. Oea coiiaeth?
iaiao?aei?noue iaoeiaiai iiooeo, iiaiai inieneaiiy iaoe?iiaeueii?
?noi??? Oe?a?ie a eiioaeno? na?oiai? ?noi???, cie?aia ?ie? oa i?noey a
ieo oe?a?inueei? ae?iee.

Iaiao?aei?noue iaoeiaiai aeine?aeaeaiiy oaie aecia/a?oueny oaeiae
aeii?ioaaiiyi o noni?eueieo iaoeao iaoa?iae?nonueeeo i?aeoiae?a i?e
aena?oeaii? i?ioean?a ? yaeu noni?eueiiai aeeooy, oae caaii? “/ieia?/i?
iiaeae?” iaoiai noni?euenoaa c eiai /ieia?/eie i??i?eoaoaie. Oaea
oeoia/aiiy ?noi??? iaiaaeo? nai? iaoeia? aeine?aeaeaiiy, iiaea? iaiiaio
ea?oeio ?noi?e/ii? ?aaeueiino?, iaeiiaiei aieeaa? ia oi?ioaaiiy
?noi?e/ii? na?aeiiino?. Oiio o iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiiyo, ye ? a
iie?oe/i?e ae?yeueiino?, ia? iaioaaoe aaiaea?iee i?aeo?ae, oiaoi
??aiiaaae /ieia?/iai ? ae?ii/iai /eiieea a noni?eueieo i?ioeanao
Oe?a?ie, ?? ?noi???.

Niieiia?/ii oe?a?inueea ae?iea iinoaaaea ye iacaeaaeia iniaeno?noue, yea
iaea iaeaea iaeiaeia? c /ieia?eii i?aaa ? naiaiaee, aoea aeoeaiith
o/anieoeath ?noi?e/iiai oai?aiiy. Iniaeeai oea noino?oueny oaeiai
aaaeeeaiai aoaio oe?a?inueei? ?noi???, yeei ? aeiaa i?ciueiai
na?aaeiueia?//y – XVI-XVIII noie?ooy.

Aeey Oe?a?ie oea aoa ia??iae a?ae/aeaeooii? ai?ioueae ia?iaeo ca nai?
nioe?aeueia oa iaoe?iiaeueia aecaieaiiy, aeieeiaiiy oe?a?inueeiai
eicaoeoaa, Caii?icueei? N?/? oa Aaoueiainueei? eicaoeueei? aea?aeaae.
Oe? iiae?? noi?iaiaeaeoaaeeny oi?ioaaiiyi oe?a?inueei? iaoe?iiaeueii?
naiina?aeiiino?, iaoe?iiaeueii-eoeueoo?iei i?aeianaiiyi, iioe?aiiyi
ina?oe oa iaoeiaeo ciaiue, ?aeae Aoiai?cio oa ?a?iiaenueeiai
A?ae?iaeaeaiiy, ?icaeoeii oe?a?inueei? iiae, caa?aaeaiiyi oa caaaa/aiiyi
iaoe?iiaeueieo cae/a?a, o?aaeeoe?e oa ia?yae?a oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeo,
caoenoii aaouee?anueei? i?aaineaaii? a??e. Oa?aeoa?ieie iciaeaie
oiai/aniiai oe?a?inueeiai aeeooy aoee iaioaaiiy a e?a?i? aeooo naiaiaee
? aie?, a oaeiae iaeaea ??ai? i?aaa /ieia?ea ? ae?iee. Naia oiio ae?iee,
ia??ai? c /ieia?eaie, aoee o ae?? an?o noni?eueieo i?ioean?a, /ooeeai
a?aeaoeoaaeeny ia a?yiiy /ano ? eiie?aoi? iiae??, aeoeaii aieeaaee ia
iie?oeeo, noni?eueia ae?iaieoeoai, ?icaeoie ina?oe, a?iiaaenueea oa
aeooiaii-eoeueoo?ia aeeooy Oe?a?ie.

Aea/aiiy ae?ii/iai oaeoi?o a oiai/ani?e ?noi??? iaoi? e?a?ie,
aena?oeaiiy ?noi?e/ieo iinoaoae aeaeaoieo oe?a?inueeeo ae?iie ni?eyoeia
ona?aeiieaiith aeeaeiieo ca`yce?a i?ae ieioeei ? nueiaiaeaiiyi,
?icoi?iith iniia oe?a?inueei? iaioaeueiino?.

Ca`ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie oa aea?aeaaieie i?ia?aiaie. Iaoeiaa
aeine?aeaeaiiy ae?ii/iai oaeoi?o a nenoai? noni?eueieo a?aeiinei a
Oe?a?i? i?ioyaii XVI-XVIII noie?oue cae?eniaii o a?aeiia?aeiino? c
iaoa??aeaie, aeieoiaioaie oa aeiiaaie /ioe?ueio Anana?oi?o
eiia?an?a-eiioa?aioe?e c? noaiiaeua ae?iie, i?iaaaeaieo i?ae aa?aeith
III i?ioyaii 1975?. – 1995?.; ?yaeo i?aeia?iaeieo iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo
eiioa?aioe?e oa nai?ia??a: o A?aei? (1994?.), a Iaean? (1994?., 1995?.,
1997?.), o Ee?a? (1995?., 1996?.); Ia?eaiaionueeeo neooaiue o Aa?oiai?e
?aae? Oe?a?ie (eeiaiue 1995?.) i?i ?aae?caoe?th iieiaeaiue Eiiaaioe?e
III; “I?ia?aie ae?e a Oe?a?i?”, ?ic?iaeaii? a?iiaaenueeeie ae?ii/eie
i?aai?caoe?yie Oe?a?ie ca o/anoth aea?aeaaieo i?aai?a aeaaee (/a?aaiue
1996?.) ia aeeiiaiiy “Iae?inueeeo no?aoaa?e”; caoiae?a o ca`yceo c
i?iaieioaiiyi III 1994 ?ieo – ?ieii n?i`?, a 1995 ?ieo – i?aeia?iaeiei
?ieii ae?iee. O aeieoiaioao icia/aieo oi?oi?a iaaieiooaaeany
iaiao?aei?noue anaa?/iiai iaoeiaiai aea/aiiy ? aiae?co ?noi?e/iiai
aniaeoo i?noey, ?ie?, cia/aiiy, noaiiaeua ? noaoono oe?a?inueei? ae?iee,
cie?aia, “iaienaiiy i?aoeue c ?noi??? ae?iioeoaa, aena?oeaiiy
?noi?e/iiai a?oioo no/anii? ae?iee”. Iae?inuee? no?aoaa??: I?ia?aia ae?e
a Oe?a?i? / Iaoa??aee anaoe?a?inueei? eiioa?aioe?? “No?aoaa?? IV
Anana?oiuei? eiioa?aioe?? c? noaiiaeua ae?iie ? I?ia?aia ae?e a Oe?a?i?.
– E.: AE?ii/a A?iiaaea, 1996. – n.215.

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoith aeine?aeaeaiiy ? iaoeiaa
iaa?oiooaaiiy nioe?aeueii-noaiiaiai oa?aeoa?o ae?yeueiino? oa aeeoo?ai?
iiceoe?? ae?iie a nenoai? noni?eueieo a?aeiinei a Oe?a?i? i?ioyaii
XVI-XVIII noie?oue.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy iinoaaeaii? iaoe o aeena?oaoe?? aecia/ai? ianooii?
caaea/?:

— aeine?aeeoe i?aaa oa iiaeeeaino? ae?iie ??cieo aa?noa ianaeaiiy
aieeaaoe ia a?iiaaenueei-iie?oe/ia oa nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ia aeeooy
oe?a?inueeiai noni?euenoaa, ?ice?eoe oi?ie oa caniae ?o ?aae?caoe??;

— aena?oeeoe iniaeeaino? noaiiaeua ae?iee a nenoai? ?iaeeiieo a?aeiinei
oe?a?inueei? ni?eueiioe;

— ?icaeyiooe i?iyae aeooo naiaiaee ? aie? a ae?yo oe?a?inueeeo ae?iie oa
iioeaaoe?th ?o aieiaie/i? iiaaae?iee;

— ocaaaeueieoe iai?yie, oi?ie oa iaoiaee eoeueoo?ii-i?ina?oieoeueei?
ae?yeueiino? ae?iie, iieacaoe ?o aeoeai?noue o aeooiaii-oea?eiaiiio
aeeoo? oa ?ieue o iaoe?iiaeueii-eoeueoo?iiio a?ae?iaeaeaii? Oe?a?ie;

— aeyaeoe iniiai? i?e/eie, ye? cioooaaee oe?a?inueeeo ae?iie caeeoaoe
??aeio caieth oa ?ice?eoe ?o ae?yeuei?noue ca iaaeaie Aaouee?aueie /a?ac
ciaethaaiiy ie?aieo aecia/ieo ae?ii/eo iinoaoae.

Oai?aoe/iith oa iaoiaeieia?/iith iniiaith aeine?aeaeaiiy ? iaoeia?
i?eioeeie i?ciaiiy oa aea/aiiy noni?eueieo i?ioean?a ? yaeu. Oea,
ianaiia?aae, i?eioeei ?noi?ecio, yeee aeiaaa? eiaeia yaeua (o iaoiio
aeiaaeeo a?iiaaenueei-iie?oe/io oa eoeueoo?io aeoeai?noue ae?iie)
?icaeyaeaoe ye i?ioean noaiiaeaiiy oa ?icaeoeo c o?aooaaiiyi
eiie?aoii-?noi?e/ii? neooaoe??, o aca?iica`yceo c ?ioeie i?ioeanaie
(iie?oe/ieie, nioe?aeueieie, aeiiii?/ieie, aeooiaieie). Oaeee i?aeo?ae
aea? ciiao i?ine?aeeoaaoe aaciina?aaei?e ca`ycie ieioeiai ?
nueiaiaeaiiy, cie?aia, nooiino? oe?a?inueei? ae?iee, iioeaaoe?? ??
a/eie?a ? ae?e, ?ie? ? i?noey a noni?euenoa?, ?? iaioaeueiino?.

Iaoeiaee i?eioeei nenoaiiino? iio?aao? ?icaeyaeaoe ae?yeuei?noue
oe?a?inueeeo ae?iie ye iaaio nenoaio c aeanieie caeiiii??iinoyie,
oa?aeoa?ieie iniaeeainoyie, iiaoaeaeoth/eie iioeaaie, oi?iaie oa
iaoiaeaie, i?eoaiaiieie ae?ioe?. Aiaeii/an, ae?yeuei?noue ae?iie ?
/anoeith ?ioeo nioe?aeueieo nenoai. Aei ieo iiaeia a?aeianoe
ae?yeuei?noue ?iaeeie, a?iiaaee, oe?a?inueeiai noni?euenoaa a oe?eiio.

Oe? oa ?io? iaoeia? i?eioeeie i?ciaiiy aeiiiiaaathoue eiiieaeniiio
aea/aiith noni?eueii? aeoeaiino? ae?iie aeine?aeaeoaaiiai ia??iaeo.

Iniiaieie iaoiaeaie iaoeiaiai iiooeo aenooiathoue: o?iiieia?/iee,
ii??aiyeueii-?noi?e/iee, ?ao?iniaeoeaiee oa e?euee?ni? iaoiaee.

Iniiao aeaea?aeueii? aace aeine?aeaeaiiy neeaaeathoue aeieoiaioe ?
iaoa??aee ?oeiieniiai ? ae?oeiaaiiai iioiaeaeaiiy. Na?aae ?oeiienieo
eiiieaen?a a oiae? iaienaiiy aeena?oaoe?? aeei?enoai? a?o?ai? oiiaee
Oeaio?aeueiiai Aea?aeaaiiai ?noi?e/iiai A?o?ao (OeAe?A) Oe?a?ie oa
?inoeoooo ?oeiieno Iaoe?iiaeueii? A?ae?ioaee Oe?a?ie (??IAO)
?i.Aa?iaaenueeiai. Anueiai aaoi?ii aeei?enoaii aeanyoue a?o?aieo
oiiae?a.

Aaaeeeaei aeaea?aeii aeey iaienaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy noaee ae?oeiaai?
ca??ee aeieoiaio?a ? iaoa??ae?a, ye? oiiaii iiaeia iiae?eeoe ia
iaeii?acia? oa eieaeoe?ei? aeaeaiiy. Na?aae eieaeoe?eieo aeaeaiue
iaea?eueoeie aoee ca??ee ??ciiiai?oieo iaoa??ae?a, aeaeai?
A?oaia?ao?/iith Eii?n??th a Ee?a?, A?eainueeith eii?n??th aeey ?icai?o
aeaai?o aeo?a oa A?oaia?ao?/iith eii?n??th Anaoe?a?inueei? Aeaaeai??
Iaoe (AOAI). E??i oiai, aeei?enoai? aeieoiaioaeuei? ca??ee c A?o?ao
Ee?anueeiai Aoaa?inueeiai i?aae?iiy, ?onueei? ?noi?e/ii? a?ae?ioaee oa
?io?.

Aaaeeeaei aeaea?aeii aeey iaienaiiy ?iaioe noaee iaoa??aee ? aeieoiaioe
37-ie ie?aieo ca??iee?a, ui aeaeaaaeeny i?ioyaii 1853-1997 ?ie?a. Oea,
ia?aaaaeii, ii?iaoeai? aeoe caeiiiaeaa/iai ? i?eaaoii-ioae?/iiai
oa?aeoa?o, noaeia? aeoe (a?iaenueeeo, iaa?no?aonueeeo noae?a,
Aaia?aeueiiai ne?aenoaa i?i ia?oiino?). A i?ioean? ?iaioe iaae
aeine?aeaeaiiyi aaoi?ii aeei?enoai? ia?aoeai? aeaea?aea (iaioa?i? oai?e
? e?oiieni? iiia?ae? no/aniee?a oeo iiae?e, na?aae yeeo oaeiae caienee
ca?oa?aeieo aaoi??a). Ie??i oiai, aeena?oaioii aeei?enoaii ai?a?ao?/iee
iaoa??ae (i?eaaoi? eenooaaiiy ? ainiiaea?/? ?icii?yaeaeaiiy aecia/ieo
ae?y/?a aea?aeaaiiai oa i?noeaaiai ??ai?a).

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a ianaiia?aae iieyaa? a oiio, ui
aaoi?ii iaoeiai aeine?aeaeaii ?yae iaei a?aeiieo i?iaeai
na?aaeiueia?/ii? ?noi??? Oe?a?ie oa ?? ia?iaeo. Cie?aia, aia?oa
cae?eniaii aiae?c ae?yeueiino? oe?a?inueeeo ae?iie o ae?iaie/?e noa?? oa
oi?aiaaeueieo ni?aaao, ?o o/anoue o iaoe?iiaeueii-aecaieueieo ?ooao oa
ai?iouea? ca nioe?aeuei? naiaiaee. Aia?oa oaeiae ?icaeyaea?oueny nenoaia
ea?iiai noaei/einoaa uiaei ae?iie.

Aaoi?ii i?iaiae?ciaaii oa ocaaaeueiaii iaaeinoaoiuei aea/aiee aeina?ae
o/ano? ae?iie o a?iiaaenueei-iie?oe/iiio aeeoo? i?no, i?noa/ie,
a?eo?anoa oa ?ioeo iinaeaiue.

Ae?noaea iiaeeaeaiiai aea/aiiy eoeueoo?ii-i?ina?oieoeueea oa ?ae?a?eia
aeoeai?noue oe?a?inueeeo ae?iie a aeine?aeaeoaaiee ia??iae, aeae?eai?
iia? iai?yie, oi?ie oa caniae ae?yeueiino? ae?iie o ni?aaao ina?oe,
oea?eae, ae?oea?noaa, oi?ioaaii? oe?a?inueei? iiae, e?oa?aoo?e,
iaoe?iiaeueii? na?aeiiino?.

Iiaecio aeaii? i?aoe? neeaaea? oaeiae iiaeaeueoa ?ic?iaea noaoono ae?iee
o nenoai? nioe?aeueii? no?aoeo?eaoe?? noni?euenoaa.

Aeiiiaiaii aeaea?aeueio aaco aeine?aeaeaiiy ca ?aooiie aaaaeaiiy o
iaoeiaee ia?a iaaeei?enoaieo ?ai?oa a?o?aieo aeieoiaio?a, ae?oeiaaieo
ca??iee?a oa iaoa??ae?a.

Ia?aoo?, oea ia?oa ni?iaa eiiieaeniiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ae?yeueiino?
ae?iie o an?o noa?ao noni?eueiiai aeeooy aaaeeeaiai ? neeaaeiiai
ia??iaeo ?noi?e/iiai ?icaeoeo Oe?a?ie c XVI ii XVIII noie?ooy.

Ia caoeno aeiinyoueny ianooii? iieiaeaiiy:

1. AEeoo?aa iiceoe?y oe?a?inueeeo ae?iie aeine?aeaeoaaeueiiai ia??iaeo,
??aaiue ? oa?aeoa? ?o noni?eueii? aeoeaiino? aecia/aeeny nioe?aeueiith
no?aoeo?eaoe??th noni?euenoaa, iaeaaei?noth aei iaaiiai noaio
nioe?aeueii? ???a?o??.

2. I?ioyaii XVI – XVIII no. oe?a?inuee? ae?iee aenooiaee ye aeoeai?
noa`?eoe noni?eueii-iie?oe/iiai aeeooy ??cieo ??ai?a:
aea?aeaaii-oi?aae?inueeiai, aaei?i?no?aoeaii-oa?eoi??aeueiiai,
i?noeaaiai naiia?yaeoaaiiy.

3. Oaiaeaeueii-noaiia? iniaeeaino? ae?iaie/eo a?aeiinei aecia/aee i?aaa
? iiaeeeaino?, oa?aeoa? ? oi?ie o/ano? ae?iie o i?ioean? iaoa??aeueiiai
ae?iaieoeoaa ? ?iciiae?eo. Aaaeeeaei oaeoi?ii noni?eueii-ae?iaie/iai
i?ioeano aoei oa, ui ae?iee aeoeaii aieeaaee ia ca?iaeaeaiiy oa
iioe?aiiy a oe?a?inueeiio noni?euenoa? iiaeo eai?oae?noe/ieo a?aeiinei.

4. Oa?aeoa?iith iciaeith nioe?aeueii-i?aaiaiai noaoono oe?a?inueei?
ae?iee aoea ?? caoeuai?noue oaiaeaeueiei caeiiiaeaanoaii oa ae?th/eie
ii?iaie cae/a?aiai i?aaa. Ia??ai? c /ieia?eaie aiie aenooiaee
iiaiioe?iieie noa`?eoaie i?aaa, a a aeayeeo aeiaaeeao iaee iaa?oue
ia?aaaae. O noaeiaiio ii?yaeeo caoeuaeeny i?aaa, /anoue, a?aei?noue ?
naiaiaea ae?iee.

5. Iniaeeai iiaiith i??ith aoea ?aae?ciaaia aeoeai?noue oe?a?inueeeo
ae?iie o aeooiai?e noa?? aeeooy noni?euenoaa. AE?iee aenooiaee iin?yie
oe?a?inueei? eoeueoo?e oa aeooiaieo oe?iiinoae, aa?aaeiyie
iaoe?iiaeueieo cae/a?a ? o?aaeeoe?e, iaoe?iiaeueii? iaioaeueiino?. Aiie
/ooeeai ?aaaoaaee ia i?aeeiioan?ei? ?ae?a?ei? i?ioenoiyiiy ? an?eyei
iaiaaaeeny i?aeo?eioaaoe oa caoeuaoe aaouee?anueeo i?aaineaaio a??o.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? a oiio, ui oaeoe/iee
iaoa??ae aeena?oaoe??, ocaaaeueiaiiy, aeniiaee oa ?aeiiaiaeaoe??
iaoeiaiai aeine?aeaeaiiy iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? o ae?yeueiino?
ae?ii/eo iie?oe/ieo ia?o?e, a?iiaaenueeeo i?aai?caoe?e oa ia`?aeiaiue, o
iaa/aeueii-aeoiai?e ?iaio? na?aaei?o oe?e, a?iiac?e, eieaaeae?a, aeueo
caeeaae?a ina?oe. Iaoa??aee aeine?aeaeaiiy iiaeooue aooe ei?enieie aeey
neeaaeaiiy iaoeiaeo oa aea?aeaaieo i?ia?ai uiaei noaiiaeua ae?iee a
noni?euenoa?.

Ai?iaaoe?y. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue ii?eethaeiaii? aaoi?ii o
aenooiao ia i?aeia?iaeieo iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo c ae?ii/iai
ieoaiiy a i. Iaean? (1994?., 1995?.) oa iaoeiai-iaoiaee/i?e eiioa?aioe??
c ?noi??? Oe?a?ie a i. Ee?a?, i?iaaaeaii? eaoaae?ith ?noi??? IOOO (EI?)
(1996?.). Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe iioae?eiaai? a iaoeiaeo
ca??ieeao ? aeo?iaeao.

NO?OEOO?A ? INIIAIEE CI?NO AeENA?OAOe??

?iaioa iiaoaeiaaia ca i?iaeaiii-o?iiieia?/iei i?eioeeiii. Caaaeueiee
ianya aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe – 148 noi??iie. E?euee?noue aeei?enoaieo
aeaea?ae – 10 a?o?aieo oiiae?a, 82 iaeeieoe? ae?oeiaaieo a?o?aieo
iaoa??ae?a oa 229 iaeiaioaaiue e?oa?aoo?e. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny ?c
anooio, /ioe?ueio ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a oa nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae ?
e?oa?aoo?e.

O anooi? iaa?oioiao?oueny aeooaeuei?noue oaie, oi?ioeththoueny iaoa ?
caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy, eiai iaoeiaa iiaecia oa i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy,
aeeeaaea?oueny iaoiaeieia?/ia iniiaa aeena?oaoe??, aeaia ei?ioea
oa?aeoa?enoeea aeaea?aeueii? aace.

A ia?oiio ?icae?e? – “?noi??ia?ao?/iee iaeyae i?iaeaie” – aiae?co?oueny
noai iaoeiai? ?ic?iaee i?iaeaie a oe?a?inuee?e oa ca?oa?aei?e
?noi??ia?ao??.

Cacia/a?oueny, ui i?iaeaia ?ie? ? i?noey ae?iee a noni?eueiiio aeeoo?
oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeo XVI – XVIII noie?oue ua ia ciaeoea /?eueiiai
i?noey na?aae iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue noni?eueii-aoiai?oa?iiai
ni?yioaaiiy, aea ?ioa?an oa caoe?eaaeai?noue a/aieo aei oeueiai yaeua
?nioaaee ua ii/eiath/e c XVII– XVIII noie?oue.

A?oiooth/enue ia aoiai?noe/ieo o?aaeeoe?yo noaaeaiiy aei ae?iee ca /an?a
Ee?anueei? ?on? oa i?ae aieeaii ?aeae Aoiai?cio ? ?aoi?iaoe?? aiioe
?a?iiaenueeiai A?ae?iaeaeaiiy, a/ai?-iieai?noe, i?iiia?aeieee, ae?y/?
a?aonueeiai ?ooo aia?oa a Oe?a?i? i?iaieineee a caaaeueiiethaenueeiio
eiioaeno? ?aeath i?i ??aiii?aai?noue ? ??aiioe?ii?noue ae?iee a
noni?euenoa? ? n?i`?. Eaooaa I.A. Aeaaiuei?onuee? o?aaeeoe?? o?aeooaaiiy
ia?aco ae?iee oa ?o i?iaeiaaeaiiy ia Oe?a?i?. // Ee?anueea ?onue:
eoeueoo?a o?aaeeoe??: ca. iaoe. i?aoeue. — E.: Iaoe. aeoiea, 1982.-
n.88; Ieeyaaoeue E. Aoiai?noe/i? oaiaeaioe?? a iiaeyaeao ia ethaeeio e
noni?euenoai Ee?eea O?aiea?e?iia-Noaa?iaaoeueeiai. // ?a?iiaenueea
a?ae?iaeaeaiiy oa oe?a?inueea e?oa?aoo?a XIV — XVIII no. — E, 1993.-
n. 186; Eiooaa A. Caai?iiaia ?aaiaae??.// Ethaeeia ? na?o. — 1978.- ?
10.- n.42-44; Iaoeianueea I. Euea?anueea a?aonoai: eoeueoo?a ?
o?aaeeoe?? (e?iaoeue XV – ia?oa iieiaeia XVII noie?oue). – Euea?a:
Eaiaiy?, 1996. – n.58; Eaooaa I. Aoiai?noe/i? oa ?aoi?iaoe?ei? ?aea? a
Oe?a?i? a ae?oa?e iieiaei? XVII no. // ?a?iiaenueea a?ae?iaeaeaiiy oa
oe?a?inueea e?oa?aoo?a XIV — XVIII no.: ca. no. — E, 1993.- n.62-63.

Ni?yiiaai?noue aoiai?noe/ieo ?aeae na?aaeiueia?/ieo i?ina?oeoae?a ia
nioe?aeueio i?aeoeeo cia/iith i??ith ni?eyea oi?ioaaiith na?aae ??cieo
aa?noa oe?a?inueeiai noni?euenoaa iiaaaeiiai noaaeaiiy aei
ae?iee-ae?oaeeie, iaoa??, o?oae?aieoe?. Ia aeaeue, aeiaeii? ?noi?e/ii?
i?aoe? aeine?aeaeoaaiiai ia??iaeo a?aeooeaoe ia aaeaeiny.

A?eueo ie?aeieie uiaei ?noi??? oe?a?inueei? ae?iee aoee aeine?aeaeaiiy
XIX noie?ooy, eiee iio?aae noni?eueiiai ?icaeoeo aecaaee aei aeeooy
i?aeaeuaiee ?ioa?an aei ieioaoeie oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeo, eiai
naiiaooiino? oa a?aei?iiinoae a?ae ia?iae?a non?aei?o e?a?i, cie?aia,
?in?? oa Iieueu?. Oe? ?aea? ciaeoee a?aeia?aaeaiiy o i?aoeyo
I.Einoiia?iaa, N.Oaoeiaa, I.Aeaaeeie?nueeiai-Aoaeaiiaa, Eineoa ?ieea
(Aioii?y I). Einoiia?ia I.E. I/a?e aeiiaoiae aeecie e i?aaia
aaeeei?onneiai ia?iaea a XVI – XVII noieaoeyo. – I.: ?anioaeeea, 1992. –
303n.; Einoiia?ia I.E. Enoi?e/aneea i?iecaaaeaiey. Aaoiaeia?aoey. – E.:
Ecae-ai i?e Eeaa. oieaa?neoaoa, 1989. – n.123-130; Einoiia?ia I.E.
Nia?aiea ni/eiaiee . — NIa, 1903. — Ei. 1, o.1: Enoi?e/aneea iiiia?aoee
e ni/eiaiey. – n.57-58; Aeaaeeie?neee-Aoaeaiia I.O. I/a?ee ec enoi?ee
Eeoianei-?onneiai i?aaa (iooene ec A?oeaa THai-Caiaaeiie ?innee, /.8,
o.6). – E., 1907. – 224n.; Aeaaeeie?neee-Aoaeaiia I.O. *a?ou naiaeiiai
i?aaa Caiaaeiie ?innee a iieiaeia OVI a.// *oaiey iauanoaa Ianoi?a
Eaoiienoea. — 1890.-aui. VI. — c.42-78; Oaoeia N. N. I/a?e enoi?ee
?onneie aeaiueiu. — NIa., 1872.; ?ieea E. (Aioiiie I). Oe?aeineea
aeaiueiu. // Eeaaneay noa?eia. — 1883.- ethiue, o. VI. — n. 268-309;
?ieea E. (Aioii?e I.) AE?iee i?e *eae?einueeiio aeai??. – E.: Oe?a?ia,
1994. – 58n.; ?ieea A.E. Oaoaeueia e?anoiy. Iiia?ae? ieioeiai Iiae?eey /
A?iieoeueea iae. i?a-oe?y ethaeoae?a eieae O?N? oa ?io. – A?iieoey:
Iaeoi?aae?iiy ii i?an?, 1990. – 56n.

O i?aoeyo I.Eaca?aanueeiai ?icaeyioo? i?iaeaie iiaooo, cae/a?a,
iniaeeainoae n?iaeii-oethaiiai aeeooy, iiaaae?iee i?aaenoaaieoeue ??cieo
noai?a noni?euenoaa. Eaca?aaneee A. Aeanoiay aaoueiaioa. // Eeaaneay
noa?eia. — 1882 .- o. 1.- n.213-214; Eaca?aaneee A. Ethaee noa?ie
Iaei?innee. // Eeaaneay noa?eia.- 1882.- ia?o, o.1.- n.101-125;
Eaca?aaneee A. Iienaiea noa?ie Iaei?innee a 2 oiiao. — O. 1: Iiee
Noa?iaeoaneee. — E., 1888. — 470n. — O.2: Iiee Iaaeeineee. — E., 1893. —
521n.; Eaca?aaneee A. I/a?ee, caiaoee e aeieoiaiou ii enoi?ee
Iaei?innee. — E., 1895. — aui. 2. — 146n.

Ie?aii ne?ae aeae?eeoe i?aoe? oe?a?inueeiai ?noi?eea oa
e?oa?aoo?iciaaoey I.Eaaeoeueeiai, yeee ia aaaaoiio oaeoe/iiio
aeaea?aeueiiio iaoa??ae? ?icaeyioa ae?ii/a ieoaiiy a Oe?a?i? XVI-XVII
no. a eiioaeno? ?noi?e/iiai i?ioeano. A/aiee iaeiei ?c ia?oeo
i?iaiae?coaaa nooi?noue n?iaeii-oethaieo a?aeiinei a Oe?a?i? oa i?noea a
ieo ae?iee, ?ice?ea nioe?aeueii-noaiiaee oa?aeoa? noni?eueii? aeoeaiino?
ae?iie, ciaethaaa aaea?ath iinoaoae aeaeaoieo oe?a?iie. Eaaeoeeee I.
Aini?auaiea iiaai/aiiui aeeoue a?icue aei naaaeueau. // Eeaaneay
noa?eia. — 1900.- yiaa?ue, o.LXVIII. — n.65-68; Eaaeoeeee I. I naiaeiuo
ioiioaieyo a THai-Caiaaeiie ?one a XVI-XVII aaeao. // ?onneay noa?eia.
-1880.- iiya?ue, o. XXIX. — n.549 – 574; Eaaeoeeee I. Iau/iay oi?ia
caeeth/aiey a?aeia a THaeiie ?one a XVI-XVII aa. // Eeaaneay
noa?eia.-1900.- yiaa?ue, o.LXVIII. — n. 1-15; Eaaeoeeee I. I/a?ee
ia?iaeiie aeecie a Iaei?innee. // Eeaaneay noa?eia. — 1901.- o.LXXIV. —
n. 69-209; .Eaaeoeeee I. I/a?ee ia?iaeiie aeecie a Iaei?innee. //
Eeaaneay noa?eia .- 1901.- iiya?ue-aeaeaa?ue, o.LXXV. — n.222-255,
424-471; Eaaeoeeee I.E. Aiia-Aeieca, eiyaeea Ino?iaeneay (iooene ec
iiya?. eieaeee “Eeaaneie noa?eiu” ca 1883 aiae). – E.: Oei.
Ei?nae-Iiaeoeueeiai, 1883. – 45n.; Eaaeoeeee I.E. Aaiia Iiioiao.
Enoi?eei-auoiaie i/a?e ec aeecie Aieuineiai aeai?yinoaa a XVI aaea. –
E., 1888. – 69n.; Eaaeoeeee I.E. ?aeia Iiaeeyiea, eiyaeiy Aeoiaaaoeeay.
– E.: Oeiia?. A.Aeaaeaeaiei, 1887. – 10n.

Nooo?aei aeiiiaiaiiyi aei cia?aaeaiiy aeaeaoieo oe?a?inueeeo ae?iie ca
iaaeaie Aaouee?aueie noaee ?iaioe E.Ae?eeia, N.Eaeaeaoa, ?.E?oaiiaa,
A.E?einueeiai. Ae?eei E. A?aiaiueee e oaai?eoee (XVI, XVII e XVIII
noieaoee). — I.: Aaoi?, 1992. — Ei.1. — 272n.; Eaeaeao N. Neea neaauo.
AEaiueiu a enoi?ee ?innee (XI – XIX aaeia). – I.: Nia. ?inney, 1989. –
287n.; Eeoaiia A. Eiai A?iciue. // AEaiueiu a aeecie aaeeeeo ethaeae.-
I.: Yeeen Eae, 1996.- n. 63-70; E?einueeee Aa. ?noi??y Oo?a//eie. –
Ee?a-Euea?a: Ie??, 1996.; E?einueeee A.A. I?i aeieth oe?a?inueeeo
iieiiyiee?a o E?einueeiio oainoa?. // Nooae?? c E?eio, I-IX. Ca??iee
?noi?eei-o?eieia?/iiai a?aeae?eo Anaoe?a?inueei? Aeaaeai?? iaoe. — ? 89,
/.2.- E,1930. — n.14-17. No/ani? a/ai? I.Aiaiiae/, TH.Ieoeee ciaeoee
iia? a?aeiiino? i?i ae?iie Oe?a?ie XVI-XVIII noie?oue, ui aieath aeie?
iieieeeny a ?ioeo e?a?iao, aea ae?yee ia ei?enoue naiai ia?iaeo.
Aiaiiae/ I.I. ?iciia?ae? i?i caii?icueeeo eicae?a. – E.: Aei?i?i, 1991.
– n.63-68; Ieoeee TH. Ua iaeia ?ienieaia. // AEiaoaiue.- 1985.- ? 3. —
n.135-136.

C ii/aoeo XX noie?ooy aei 70-o ?ie?a iniiaia oaaaa aeine?aeiee?a,
cie?aia ?.*a?eanueeiai, E.Aoneenoiai, I.E?aaoey, A.I.Iiiiia?ueiaa,
I.O.Eoaaiueiai? i?eae?eyeany nioe?aeueii-eeania?e i?e?iae? i?eai?/aiiai
noaiiaeua ae?iee, aia?oa c`yaeythoueny i?aoe? c ?noi??? ae?iie
iai?ea?eaeiaaiiai eeano, ?o aieeao ia nioe?aeueia oa aeiiii?/ia aeeooy,
?ie? oa i?noey o n?iaeii-?iaeeiieo a?aeiineiao. I?aoe? Eii?n?? aeey
aeo/oaaiiy ?noi??? cao?aeiuei-?onueeiai oa oe?a?inueeiai i?aaa. — E.,
1928. — Aei. IV: ?. *a?eanueeee A?iiaaenueeee (eiiiee) noae ia
Oe?a?i?-?on? XV-XVIII aa.; Aoneenoee E. A. Oe?a?ioe?.
?noi?eei-aoiia?ao?/ia iiiia?ao?y. — E.: Aeae-ai AI O?N?, 1959. — o. 1.;
E?aaaoeue I.I. N?iaeiee iiaoo ? cae/a? oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeo.
?noi?.-aoiia?. ia?en. – E.: Iaoe. aeoiea, 1966. – 198n.; Eoaaiueiaa I.O.
A?iiaaenueeee iiaoo oe?a?inueeiai naeyinoaa. ?no.-aoiia?. ia?en. – E.:
Iaoe. aeoiea, 1966. – 135n.; Iiiiia?aa A.I. ?acaeoea naiuee e
a?a/ii-naiaeiuo ioiioaiee ia Oe?aeia. – E.: Iaoe. aeoiea, 1989. – 314n.

A ia??iae 20 — 30-o ?ie?a XX noie?ooy, eiee ia oe?a?inueeeo caieyo
a?aeaoaaany i?ioean oe?a?i?caoe??, cia/ii iineeeeany caoe?eaaeai?noue
noni?euenoaiciaaoe?a aei i?aaiaiai noaoono oe?a?inueei? ae?iee aeiae
i?ciueiai na?aaeiueia?//y, ?? ?ie? ? i?noey a eoeueoo?iiio ? ?ae?a?eiiio
aeeoo?. Oea i?aoe? A.I?/aoe, A.E?enoa?a, N.Ai?enaithea, I.A?ooaanueeiai,
?.Ia??iei. E?enoa? A. Aei ieoaiiy aei aeo/oaaiiy ia?iaeiiai i?aaa
Oe?a?ie. – E.: Aeae-ai AOAI, 1928. – 28n.; E?enoa? A. Aeoo?aieoe? XVI —
XVII aa. // THa?eaeiee ca??iee ia iioaio aeaae. Ae.?. Aaaae?y.- E.,
1927. — n.491-513; I?/aoa A.?. Aei ?noi??? ii?eoinueeiai i?aaa a
Eeoianueeiio Noaooo? 1529 ?. // THa?eaeiee ca??iee ia iioaio aeaae.
Ae.?. Aaaae?y. — E, 1927.- n.476-490; A?ooaanueeee I. N. ?noi??y
Oe?a?ie-?on?: A 11 o., 12 ei. / IAI Oe?a?ie. ?i-o. oe?. a?oaia?ao?? oa
aeaea?aeiciaanoaa ?i. I. N. A?ooaanueeiai. — E.: Iaoe. aeoiea, 1995. —
O. 6: AEeoo? aeiiii?/ia, eoeueoo?ia, iaoe?iiaeueia XIV-XVII a?e?a.;
A?ooaanueeee I.N. Aeooiaia Oe?a?ia: Ca. oai??a. – E.: Eea?aeue, 1994.;
I??iei ?.?. ?noi??y oe?a?inueeiai ae?oea?noaa. – E.: Eea?aeue, 1994.;
Ia??iei ?. ?. Oe?a?inueea oea?eaa a 2 oiiao. — E., 1993. — o. 1-2.

Ie?aeiei o aea/aii? caaaeueiioai?aoe/ieo ? iaoiaeieia?/ieo i?iaeai
i?noey ? ?ie? ae?iee a noni?euenoa?, ?noi??? oe?a?inueei? ae?iee,
ae?ii/iai ?ooo a Oe?a?i? noaea inoaiiy /aa?oue XX noie?ooy.
Caoe?eaaeai?noue a/aieo-noni?euenoaiciaaoe?a aoea aeeeeeaia iineeaiei
?icaeoeii i?aeia?iaeiiai ae?ii/iai ?ooo, oaaaith aei ae?ii/i?
i?iaeaiaoeee na?oiaiai ni?aoiaa?enoaa. A naith /a?ao caeiaoooy Oe?a?iith
iacaeaaeiino? niiioeaei aei ia?ainieneaiiy a?o/eciyii? ?noi???, ?ie? oa
i?noey a i?e ae?iee.

A eiioaeno? iiaeo i?aeoiae?a aei inieneaiiy ieioeiai iaoiai ia?iaeo c
ii/aoeo 90-o ?ie?a XX noie?ooy ca ?i?oe?aoeaith oa aeoeaiith o/anoth
i?ia?aeiiai a/aiiai Oe?a?ie aeieoi?a ?noi?e/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?a
A.?.Oa?auaiea, a/aieo oa i?aeoee?a Iaeane, Ee?aa, ?ioeo i?noeue aoee
i?aai?ciaaii ? i?iaaaeaii ?yae i?aeia?iaeieo oa anaoe?a?inueeeo
eiioa?aioe?e ? iaoeiaeo nai?ia??a, aea ii?yae c ?ioeie ?icaeyaeaeeny
ieoaiiy i?noey ? ?ie? ae?iee a ?noi?e/iiio ieioeiio oe?a?inueeiai
ia?iaeo. AE?ii/ee ?oo a Oe?a?i?: ?noi??y ? no/ani?noue / I?aeia?iaeia
iaoeiai-iaoiaee/ia eiioa?aioe?y. Iaoa??aee ? oace aeiiia?aeae. – Iaeana,
1994; AE?iee Oe?a?ie: ?noi??y ? no/ani?noue / I?aeia?iaeia
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ia eiioa?aioe?y. Iaoa??aee ? oace aeiiia?aeae. – Iaeana,
1995.

E??i ioae?eaoe?e o ca??ieeao ca iaoa??aeaie iacaaieo oi?oi?a a inoaii?
?iee c`yaeee iia? aeine?aeaeaiiy ??cieo aniaeo?a ae?yeueiino?
oe?a?inueeeo ae?iie aeine?aeaeoaaiiai ia??iaeo. Cie?aia, o ?iaioao
A.Aiae?ouaiea, A.E?aa/aiea, ?.Aeaienthea, I.E?eaioey oa ?ioeo
?icaeyaea?oueny oaiiiai caii??cueeiai aioeoai?i?cio c iaeiiai aieo oa
?ieue ae?iee ye aa?aaei? cae/a?a, o?aaeeoe?e, eoeueoo?e – c ?ioiai,
aiaciinoai oe?a?inueeeo ae?iie, oiui. Aeaienthe ?. Aiaciiee ia Iie?nn?.
– Eooeuee: Ianoe?`y, 1993. – 27n.; Ieoeee TH. A., Ieio?e N. A.,
Noi?iaeaiei ?. N. sse eicaee aithaaee. — Aei?i?iiao?ianuee:I?ii?iue,
1990; Ieoeee TH. Ia oo?aoeueeeo aaea?ao XVII no. // Caii?iaeoe?. Aei
?noi??? eicaoeueei? eoeueoo?e. — E, 1993.- n.232-242; E?aa/aiei A.
Eicaoeueea ia?a/aia. // Caii?iaeoe?. Aei ?noi??? eicaoeueei? eoeueoo?e.
— E.: Ienoaoeoai, 1993. — n.214-231; Iaeue/aanueeee I. Iieii?caoe?y
oe?a?inueei? oeyooe (1569 — 1648). // Oe?a?ia a ieioeiio. — aei.1.-
Ee?a-Euea?a, 1992. — n.37-53; Aeaoeaae/ ss?. ?iaeeiee ieai
Oiaeueieoeueeeo. // Ee?anueea noa?iaeia. — 1995.- ? 4.- n. 95-101;
Ieoeee TH. Ua iaeia ?ienieaia. // AEiaoaiue.- 1985.- ? 3.- n.135-136;
Eicoey I. AE?iee a ?noi??? Oe?a?ie. – E.: Oe?a?inueeee oeaio? aeooiaii?
eoeueoo?e, 1993. – 255n.; Aiae?ouaiei A. Caii?iaeoe? ? ae?iioeoai. //
Iaoea ? noni?euenoai.- 1991.- ?7.- n.55-57; E?eaioee I.I. AE?iea a
noni?eueiiio aeeoo? Oe?a?ie ca /an?a eica//eie: ?noi?. ?ica?aeee. —
Caii??aeaey: Iie?a?ao, 1998. — 68n.

Inoaii?ie ?ieaie c`yaeeeny ia?o? aeena?oaoe?ei? aeine?aeaeaiiy ?ie? ?
i?noey ae?iee o XVI-XVIII noie?ooyo. Oea eaiaeeaeaonuee? aeena?oaoe??
A.Ie?nianueei? oa I.E?eaioey, o yeeo iniiaia oaaaa cina?aaeaeaiiy ia
aea/aii? caaaeueiioai?aoe/ieo canaae noaiiaeua oe?a?inueei? ae?iee o
caaaeueiina?oiaiio oa ?a?iiaenueeiio eiioaenoao, a oaeiae
?ice?eaathoueny aeaye? iniaeeaino? noni?eueii-iie?oe/iiai oa aeooiaiiai
aeeooy oe?a?inueei? ae?iee. E?eaioee I. I. AE?iea a noni?eueiiio aeeoo?
Oe?a?ie (ae?oaa iieiaeia XVI-ia?oa iieiaeia XVIIno.): Aeen… eaiae. ?no.
iaoe: 07.00.01. / Caii??cueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao. — Caii??aeaey,
1996. — 246e.; Ieenianeay Y. A. Nioeeieiae/aneee e enoi?e/aneee aiaeec
nioeeaeueiiai noaoona aeaiuei: Aeen… eaiae. nioeeie. iaoe: 22.00.03. /
IAI Oe?aeiu, Einoeooo nioeeieiaee. — Eeaa, 1997. — 255e.

Ie?aii ne?ae a?aei?oeoe ?iaioe iaoeiaoe?a oe?a?inueei? ae?anii?e
I.Eoaiaiai, I.Iieiinueei?-Aaneeaiei, I.Oii`ye-Aiaa/aanueei?, I.I??oeaea.
A ?o aeine?aeaeaiiyo cia?aaeai? iinoao? neaaieo aei/ie Oe?a?ie ??cieo
aiio c o?aooaaiiyi iniaeeainoae ?icaeoeo oe?a?inueeiai noni?euenoaa oa
eiai a?ae?iaeaeaiiy o oa?aeoa?? ? ae?yo oe?a?inueeeo ae?iie. Eoaiaee I.
Aecia/ia ae?iioeoai Oe?a?ie: ?noi?e/i? aeeoo?iene. – E.: Aei?i?i, 1994.
– 335n.; Iieiinueea-Aaneeaiei I. Aeaeaoi? ae?iee Oe?a?ie. –
A?ii?iaa-Ithioai, 1969. – 160n.; Aiaa/aanueea I. Aeoia Oe?a?ie –
ae?ii/iai ?iaeo. – E.: Aine?an?iiy, 1993 –109n.; I??oeae I. ?aai Iacaia
? eiyaeiy Aeieuenueea. // Iacaia. Ca??iee. I?aoe? Oe?a?inueeiai
Iaoeiaiai ?inoeoooo. — o. XLVII, /. 2.- Aa?oaaa.- n. 102-117.

Ioaea, aiae?c ?noi??ia?ao?? i?iaeaie na?ae/eoue i?i oa, ui aeaye?
aniaeoe ?ie? oa i?noey ae?iee a oe?a?inueeiio noni?euenoa? XVI-XVIII
noie?ooyo aoee i?aaeiaoii oaaae aaaaoueio a/aieo-noni?euenoaiciaaoe?a.
I?ioa, aeine?aeaeoaaia oaia ia iaaoea oa?aeoa?o ie?aiiai oe?e?niiai
aea/aiiy.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? – “?ieue ae?iee a noni?eueii-iie?oe/ieo i?ioeanao
Oe?a?ie” – ?icaeyaea?oueny a?iiaaenueei-iie?oe/ia aeoeai?noue ae?iie,
aeyae eicaoeueeiai aeooo naiaiaee ? aie? o ae?yo oe?a?inueeeo ae?iie,
ae?yeuei?noue oe?a?iie ca iaaeaie Aaouee?aueie.

Iaa?oioiao?oueny iieiaeaiiy i?i oa, ui ae?ii/a aeoeai?noue aecia/aeany
i?noeai ae?iee a nioe?aeuei?e no?aoeo?eaoe?? noni?euenoaa. AE?iee ??cieo
noai?a noni?euenoaa iaee iaiaeiaeia? i?aaa ? iiaeeeaino?. Ia?aaeon?i
caeii iaa??aaa ? iaaeaaaa cia/i? i?aaa i?aaenoaaieoeyi eiyc?anueeeo oa
oeyoaoieo ?iaeei, eicaoeueei? aa?o?aee. Cacia/aii, ui iacaaaeath/e ia
iaai? iaiaaeaiiy (ae?iee ia iiaee ia?eiaoe aenie? aea?aeaai? oa o?yaeia?
iinaaee), ae?iee iai?aieo e?e (eiyaei?, oeyooyiee, ae?oaeeie aaoueiai?a
oa eicaoeueei? noa?oeie) noni?euenoaa iaee cia/iee aieea ia i?ioeane
noni?eueiiai aeeooy: a) iiaee i?aeienoaaoe aaaeeea? oaiaee
aea?aeaaii-iie?oe/iiai oa?aeoa?o; a) a?aee o/anoue o
aaei?i?no?aoeaii-ainiiaea?nueeeo i?ioeanao a?iiaaenueeiai aeeooy; a)
i/iethaaee i?noeaa? i?aaie naiia?yaeoaaiiy oa ??ci?
aaei?i?no?aoeaii-oa?eoi??aeuei? ia`?aeiaiiy (i?noa, i?noa/ea,
a?eo?anoaa, noa?inoaa); a) aoee o/anieoeyie ??cieo iie?oe/ieo ?io?ea oa
caai?ooaiue, cae?enithaaee iaai? oa?ii? aei?o/aiiy oiui. Oeueiio ni?eyea
?nioth/a oiae? o?aaeeoe?y i?i ia?aaea/o aeaaee oa aaoi?eoaoo a ?iaeei?
a?ae /ieia?ea ae?oaeei?. A ?ac? a?aenooiino? /ieia?ea naia ae?iea, a ia
aei?ine? neie, noaaaea ia /ie? ?iaeo ? ae??ooaaea an? i?iaeaie
?iaeeiiiai aeeooy.

?ice?eaathoueny iniiai? iai?yie oa oi?ie aeyaeaiiy aieaethaiiai
oa?aeoa?o oe?a?inueeeo ae?iie. Oea, ianaiia?aae, aa?i?/ia ai?ioueaa ca
aecaieaiiy Aaouee?aueie a?ae /oaeicaioe?a. Iai?eie?aii?noue c an?eyeeie
nioe?aeueieie ooeneaie i?ecaiaeeea aei aeoeaii? o/ano? i?aaenoaaieoeue
ieae/eo aa?noa (i?uaiie, naeyiie, eica/ie) o naeyinueei-eicaoeueeeo
iianoaiiyo. Nai???aeiei “i?ea?ea?i” caiiaeieo ae?iie (oeyooyiie, ciaoieo
eica/ie) aoee iia?aaoaaiiy oa aaaeoiai? ia?caee ia non?ae?a ?c
caaieiaieoeueeeie oe?eyie, noai?aiiy oe?eeo a?aa?aeieoeueeeo oaai??a.
Ioe?ithth/e i?iyae aieaethaiiai oa?aeoa?o oe?a?inueeeo ae?iie,
cacia/a?oueny, ui ?o aieiaie/a aeoeai?noue oa aiaciinueeee aeoo aoee
iane?aeeii oeo noni?eueii-iie?oe/ieo i?ioean?a, ye? a?aeaoaaeeny
i?ioyaii XVI – XVIII no. ia oe?a?inueeeo caieyo.

Oa?aeoa?ecoth/e ae?yeuei?noue oe?a?inueeeo ae?iie ca iaaeaie ??aeii?
caie? (?in?y, Iieueua, Eeoaa, Iniainueea ?iia??y, E?einueea oainoai oa
?io?), ?ice?eaathoueny iniiai? i?e/eie, ye? niiioeaee iaoeo
na?aaeiueia?/ieo ni?aa?o/ecieoeue caeeoaoe ??aeiee e?ae oa i?iaiaeeoe
aeeooy ia /oaeei?. Oea: a) aeeianoe/i? oethae; a) oaoa?nueei-oo?aoeueea
iaa?eueieoeoai. Iieacaii, ui caaaeyee nai?i iniaenoei yeinoyi,
i?e?iaei?e iaaea?iaaiino?, aieaethaiiio oa?aeoa?o, ?icoio oa cae?aiinoyi
aiie iiaee aieeaaoe ia iie?oe/ia aeeooy oeo e?a?i, eoaee ?o caianea
aeiey, ii iiaeeeaino? aeiiiiaaaee nai?e Aaouee?auei? oa ni?aa?o/ecieeai
o ai?iouea? c /oaeicaiieie iiiaaiethaa/aie, ni?eyee aecaieaiith ?c
iaaie? iieiiaieo.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? – “Nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ia noaiiaeua ae?iie o
na?aaeiueia?/iiio oe?a?inueeiio noni?euenoa?” – aena?oeth?oueny
nioe?aeueiee noaoon ae?iee a nenoai? oaiaeaeueieo a?aeiinei,
aiae?cothoueny iniiai? iai?yie, iniaeeaino? oa oi?ie o/ano?
i?aaenoaaieoeue ??cieo aa?noa ianaeaiiy o ae?iaieoeoa? oa ?iciiae?e?
iaoa??aeueieo aeaa. ?icaeyaeathoueny ??ci? i?aeoiaee oaiaeaeueii?
noaei/eiii? nenoaie uiaei ae?iie iaaieo noai?a.

A aeena?oaoe?? aeiaiaeeoueny, ui nioe?aeueiee noaoon ae?iee, ye ?
eiaeiiai /eaia noni?euenoaa, aecia/aany ?? i?noeai o oaiaeaeuei?e
???a?o??. Inoaiiy, a naith /a?ao, caeaaeaea a?ae caiaeueii-iaeiiai?
aeaniino?. AE?iee io?eioaaee caieth oa ?io? ia?oiino? o ??ci? niiniae:
a) ii niaaeeiaiio i?aao; a) ca ?inoeoooii a?ia o oethaieo a?aeiineiao;
a) ia a?ee a?/i? aai aeia?/ii ei?ie?anueeeie a?aiioaie /e oi?aa?naeaie
oe?a?inueeeo aaoueiai?a; a) oeyoii eoi?ae?-i?iaeaaeo aai canoaaiei
i?aaii. Eiaeia ?c oeeo /ioe?ueio oi?i io?eiaiiy, aieiae?iiy oa
?icii?yaeaeaiiy ia?ooii?noth canoiniaoaaeanue uiaei ae?iie ??cieo
nioe?aeueieo aa?noa ? na?ae/eea i?i iaeaaei?noue o??? /e ?ioi? iniae aei
iaaiiai ?iaeo oa noaio. Aiaeii/an, a oe?a?inueeiio noni?euenoa? ae?yea
/?oea nenoaia niaaeeiaiai aieiae?iiy, ca yeith ae?ii/a /anoeia ianaeaiiy
iaea i?aai oae caaii? “iaoa?ecie” (iaoa?einueea iaeii /e iaeii, yea
niaaeeoaaeiny ii iaoa?einuee?e e?i??). Aiii yaeyei niaith ie?aiee
iaeiiaee ?inoeooo, iaaeaaaei ae?ioe? aaeeei? aaae a noni?euenoa? oa
ni?eyei ona?aeiieaiith naaa ye iiaiioe?iiiai /eaia noni?euenoaa,
nioe?aeueii-oai?/o iniaeno?noue. Oa?aeoa?iith iciaeith nioe?aeueiiai
noaoono ae?iee oaeiae aoea ??aiioe?ii?noue ? ??aiii?aai?noue o oethaieo
noinoieao: ye ? /ieia?e ae?iea iaea iaaio ?i?oe?aoeao o oethaieo
a?aeiineiao oa i?aai aeai?o nia? noiooieea aeeooy. Iaaieioo?oueny, ui a
oe?a?inueeiio noni?euenoa? aeine?aeaeoaaiiai ia??iaeo iniaeeai oaiiaeeaa
oa iiaaaeia noaaeaiiy aoei aei iaaeia?eeo ae?iie – aiie aoee caoeuai?
caeiiiaeaa/i. Ii nia?o? /ieia?ea ae?iea aieiae?ea an?i ?ooiiei ?
ia?ooiiei iaeiii, /anoi noaaaea ia /ie? an??? ?iaeeie. Iie?oeea
a?aeiinii nioe?aeueiiai caoenoo aae?a ae?yea oi?iaeiaae an???
eeoianueei-iieuenueei? aeiae ? iniaeeai ca /an?a Eicaoeueei? aea?aeaae:
aaeiaai iaaeaaaeeny ei?ie?anuee? a?aiioe, aaoueiainuee? i?ioaeoe?ei? oa
iai?iii? oi?aa?naee, ye? ca?eueiyee ae?iie a?ae eiiiaoaioe?? i?noeaaiai
noaeo c iiaeaeueoei i?aeii?yaeeoaaiiyi iaeaeuiio noaeiaiio i?aaio,
cie?aia eicaoeueeiio Aaia?aeueiiio noaeo.

Aiae?coth/e o/anoue ae?iie o iaoa??aeueiiio ae?iaieoeoa? oa ?iciiae?e?,
aaoi? cacia/a?, ui i?aaenoaaieoe? iai?aiiai noaio ianaeaiiy caeiaeeny
ia?aaaaeii oi?aae?inueeeie, o?iainiaeie ni?aaaie oa iina?aaeieoeueeith
ae?yeuei?noth. *eiia caeiiiaeaanoai oiai /ano caai?iiyei oaiaeaeuei?e
ciao? caeiaoeny ae?iaieoeoaii i?iaeoeoe?? ca iaaeaie nai?o oa
i?aiaeiaaieo aieiae?iue, a oaeiae oi?aoaaoe i?iaeoeoe??th iaaeaniiai
ae?iaieoeoaa. Aiie aeei?enoiaoaaee o?eueee i?aoeth nai?o i?aeeaaeeo.

AE?iee na?aaei?o oa ieae/eo nioe?aeueieo aa?noa a?aee aaciina?aaeith
o/anoue o ae?iaie/iio i?ioean?. I?e/iio, caiiaei? i?uaiee ? naeyiee
iiaee aeei?enoiaoaaoe iaeiaio i?aoeth, caeiaoeny ia?aeoiieoeoaii oa
eeoaa?noaii. Oea ni?eyei iaeiie/aiith eai?oaeo, ?icoe?aiith oa
niaoe?ae?caoe?? ae?iaieoeoaa, ui i?ecaiaeeei aei ca?iaeaeaiiy iiaeo
eai?oae?noe/ieo a?aeiinei.

Oaiaeaeueii caeaaei? ae?iee i?aoethaaee ia iieyo oa naaeeaao, aeeiioaaee
iiaeiiino? o iainueeeo ia?oeao, oo?eioaaee aeani? aeiiaoi?
ainiiaea?noaa. Ia ?o iea/? i?eiaaeaa iniiaiee oyaa? anueiai
noni?eueii-ae?iaie/iai i?ioeano.

Ia?aaaaeii ae?ii/a /anoeia ianaeaiiy aoea caeiyoa o n?euenueeiio
ainiiaea?noa?, oeaoeueeiio oa iaea?nueeiio ae?iaieoeoaao, oeiea?noa?.

A?ae nioe?aeueiiai noaoono ae?iee, ?? iioiaeaeaiiy, ?ici???a aieiae?iue
oa i?eaooe?a caeaaeaea i??a i?aaicaoeuaiino? oa a?aeiia?aeaeueiino? ca
o? /e ?io? ae??. Oi?iaeueii ae?iee an?o noni?eueieo noai?a aoee i?ae
caoenoii oaiaeaeueiiai caeiiiaeaanoaa, cae/a?aeo ii?i oa aenooiaee ye
naiino?ei? noa`?eoe i?aaa (o noaeiaeo i?ioeanao aoee a yeino? iiceaa/?a,
na?aee?a, a?aeiia?aea/?a).

O /aoaa?oiio ?icae?e? – “Aeooiaia aeeooy Oe?a?ie oa ae?iea” –
?ice?eaa?oueny eoeueoo?ii-i?ina?oieoeueea ae?yeuei?noue ae?iie oa ?o
o/anoue o ?ae?a?eiiio aeeoo?.

Aaoi? iieaco?, ui ae?iee aeoeaii ni?eyee ?icaeoeo iaoe?iiaeueii?
eoeueoo?e oa ina?oe ia oe?a?inueeeo caieyo – noai?thaaee iaeaaei? oiiae
aeey caii/aoeoaaiiy oe?e oa ?ioeo ina?oi?o caeeaae?a, a?ae?ioae;
caniiaoaaee ae?oea?i?, iaeaaiaeaeoaaee eieaiaeaeaiiy. Aiae?coth/e
??aaiue ina?oe o ae?ii/i? /anoeie ianaeaiiy, o ?iaio? aeae?eythoueny
oae? iniiai? oi?ie ina?oe ae?iie: a) aeiiaoi? iaa/aiiy; a) oeiee i?e
iiianoe?yo ? oea?eaao; a) iaa/aiiy a in?aieo ae?ii/eo oeieao.

Aiaeii/an cacia/aii, ui ia ?icaeoie eoeueoo?e oa ina?oe iaaaoeaii
aieeaaei i?aeeiioan?eia i?ioenoiyiiy i?ae o?enoeyinueeeie oea?eaaie
(i?aaineaaieie, eaoieeoeueeeie, i?ioanoaionueeeie, oi?aonueeeie). Oea
i?ecaiaeeei aei ?oeioaaiiy ?nioth/eo ina?oi?o ? eoeueoo?ieo caeeaae?a,
caoeiaeaeoaaei aeooiaiiio ?icaeoeia? oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeo, eiai
iaoe?iiaeuei?e eiinie?aeaoe??. Aeoeaio o/anoue a oeueiio i?ioean? a?aee
? oe?a?inuee? ae?iee. *eiaei na?aae ieo aoei eaoiee/ie, i?ioanoaioie oa
oi?aoie. Aea ia?aaaaeia /anoeia ae?iie iaiaaaeany niia?aeoaaoe
aaouee?anueeo i?aaineaaio a??o oa iioe?thaaoe ?? ia oe?a?inueeeo caieyo.
I?aee?aneth?oueny, ui a?aeiia?aeii aei naiai nioe?aeueiiai noaoono,
ae?iea iaea ??ci? iiaeeeaino? aieeaaoe ia i?ioeane ?ae?a?eiiai aeeooy.

Caiiaei? ae?iee (oeyooyiee, eiyaei?) aeae?eyee caie? ? eiooe ia
canioaaiiy oa oo?eiaiiy i?aaineaaieo oea?eia ? iiianoe??a, ao?o/aeeny a
o?iainia? oa i?aai?caoe?ei? ni?aae naieo oea?eia, aenooiaee ?o
i?aaenoaaieeaie o noaeiaeo can?aeaiiyo, iaaeaaaee oea?eiaiei a?aonoaai
oeyoaonuee? i?aaa ? a?eueiino?, cae?enithaaee ?io? ei?eni? ni?aae.
Aaeeeo oaaao iaoeaiaoee caa?oaee ia ??aaiue ina?/aiino?
oea?eiaiineoaeaiaoe?a oa ?o ii?aeuei? yeino?. Iniaeeai oea noino?oueny
oeo iiianoe??a oa oea?eia, i?e yeeo caii/aoeiaoaaeeny oa ae?yee oeiee,
oieoae? oa i?eooeee aeey aaiaeo.

AE?iee i?aeoe/ii an?o aa?noa ianaeaiiy aoee aeoeaieie o/anieoeyie
a?aonueeiai oea?eiaiiai ?ooo. Ae?yeuei?noue ae?iie o a?aonueeeo
i?aai?caoe?yo cina?aaeaeoaaeany ia caoeno? oa iiiaeai? i?aaineaaii?
a??e, aeio?eioaaii? ii?yaeeo oa ia?yaeiaeo o?aaeeoe?e o oea?eaao,
aeaioiaeai? ??ciiiai?oiiai oea?eiaiiai iaeia oa oa?aiiy.

O aeniiaeao ocaaaeueiththoueny iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy,
i?aeaiaeyoueny eiai i?aenoiee, oi?ioeththoueny eiie?aoi? ?aeiiaiaeaoe??
uiaei ?o iaoeiaiai oa i?aeoe/iiai aeei?enoaiiy.

Oe?a?inueea ae?iea XVI – XVIII noie?oue yaeyea niaith nioe?aeueii-oai?/o
iniaeno?noue, aenooiaea aeoeaiei noa`?eoii noni?eueiiai ?icaeoeo.
Nioe?aeueiee noaoon ae?iie, ?o aeoeai?noue oa aeeoo?aa iiceoe?y
aecia/aeeny oaiaeaeueii-noaiiaith no?aoeo?eaoe??th oiai/aniiai
oe?a?inueeiai noni?euenoaa.

Oaiaeaeueia caeiiiaeaanoai, cae/a?aa i?aai oa any aaei?i?no?aoeaia
nenoaia oi?iaeueii caoeuaee a?aei?noue, /anoue ? naiaiaee ae?iie an?o
aa?no noni?euenoaa, iaaeaaaee ?i iaeaea ??aieo i?aa ?c /ieia?eaie.
Iaiaaeaiiy oi?eaeeny eeoa i?aa ia?eiaoe aenie? aea?aeaai? oa o?yaeia?
iinaaee, iane?aeoaaiiy ii aaouee?anuee?e e?i?? (ia?aaaaa iaaeaaaeany
neiai, ui aoei iia`ycaii ?c ianaiiyi a?enueeiai? neoaeae).

?acii ?c nai?ie /ieia?eaie, aaoueeaie oa a?aoaie oe?a?inuee? ae?iee iaee
aaaiiee aieea ia a?iiaaenueei-iie?oe/ia aeeooy oa nioe?aeuei? ?ooe,
noni?eueia ae?iaieoeoai oa ?iciiae?e iaoa??aeueieo aeaa,
eoeueoo?ii-i?ina?oieoeueeo ni?aao oa ?ae?a?ei? i?ioeane, ?icaeoie
iaoe?iiaeueii? naiina?aeiiino? oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeo.

Iaeiie/aiee aeina?ae noni?eueii? aeoeaiino? ae?iie na?aaeiueia?/iiai
ieioeiai iiaea aooe aeei?enoaiee a no/anieo oiiaao o ae?yeueiino?
iie?oe/ieo ia?o?e, a?iiaaenueeeo i?aai?caoe?e, i?aai?a aeaaee oa
oi?aae?iiy Oe?a?ie, a oaeiae a o/aiaeo i?ioeanao caeeaae?a ina?oe.

NIENIE IIOAE?EIAAIEO I?AOeUe

1. Eaao? I.A. Aeaeaoi? ae?iee Ee?anueei? ?on? / AE?ii/ee ?oo a Oe?a?i?:
?noi??y ? no/ani?noue/ I?aeia?iaeia iaoeiai-iaoiaee/ia eiioa?aioe?y.
Oace aeiiia?aeae. — Iaeana, 1994. – n.69-70.

2. Eaao? I.A. Ae?iaeyee e i?iaeaaaee oeyooyiee, i?uaiee, naeyiee … //
A?/a. — E., 1999. — ?3. – n.146-150.

3. Eaao? I.A. Aieea ae?iie ia noni?eueii-iie?oe/ia aeeooy Oe?a?ie
XVI-XVIII no. // Aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie iie?oeee: Ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue.
— Iaeana, 1998. – Aei. 3-4. – n.61-66.

4. Eaao? I.A. AE?iea a i?aaiaiio eiioaeno? noni?eueieo a?aeiinei a
Oe?a?i? (XVI-XVIII no.) // Noi??iee ?noi???. — E., 1997. — ?9. –
n.63-68.

5. Eaao? I.A. AE?iee o ?ae?a?eiiio aeeoo? Oe?a?ie i?ioyaii XVI-XVIII no.
// Aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie iie?oeee: Ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue. Iaeana, 1997.
– Aei. 1-2. – n.243-246.

6. Eaao? I.A. Eoeueoo?ii-i?ina?oieoeueea ae?yeuei?noue ae?iie Oe?a?ie o
XVI-XVIII no. / AE?iee Oe?a?ie: no/aniee noaoon ? ia?niaeoeae.
/I?aeia?iaeia iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ia eiioa?aioe?y. Iaoa??aee. – Iaeana, 1995.
– n.127-128.

7. Eaao? I.A. ?ieue oeyoaoieo ae?iie o ?ae?a?eiiio aeeoo? Oe?a?ie
(e?iaoeue XVI-XVII no.) // Noi??iee ?noi???. — E., 1996. — ?8. –
n.90-91.

8. Eaao? A.I., Eaao? I.A. ?noi??inio?y I.Iieiinueei?-Aaneeaiei /
AE?ii/ee ?oo a Oe?a?i?: ?noi??y ? no/ani?noue. I?aeia?iaeia
iaoeiai-iaoiaee/ia eiioa?aioe?y. Iaoa??aee. — Iaeana, 1994. — n.55-59.

9. Ieenianueea A.A., Eaao? I.A. I?aaei?eieiaoaeuenoai a Oe?aeia:
i?iaeaiu aaiaea?iiai iiaeoiaea / AE?iee Oe?a?ie: no/aniee noaoon ?
ia?niaeoeae. /I?aeia?iaeia iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ia eiioa?aioe?y. Oace
aeiiia?aeae. — Iaeana, 1995. – n.248-250.

AE?ii/ee oaeoi?, aaiaea?iee i?aeo?ae, nioe?aeueiee noaoon ae?iee,
oaiaeaeueii-noaiiaa no?aoeo?eaoe?y, iaoa??aeueia ae?iaieoeoai ?
?iciiae?e, iaoe?iiaeueia naiino?ei?noue, i?aeeiioan?eia ai?ioueaa

AEaineee oaeoi?, aaiaea?iue iiaeoiae, nioeeaeueiue noaoon aeaiueiu,
oaiaeaeueii-eeanniaay no?aoeoeeaoeey, iaoa?eaeueiia i?iecaiaenoai e
?ani?aaeaeaiea, iaoeeiiaeueiia naiiniciaiea, iaaeeiioanneiiiay ai?ueaa

The female factor, gender approach, social status of a woman,
feudal-class stratification, production and distribution of material
values, national consciousness, interconfessi struggle

A aeena?oaoe?? ?ice?eaa?oueny a?iiaaenueei-iie?oe/ia ae?yeuei?noue
oe?a?inueeeo ae?iie, ?o aeoeai?noue o iaoe?iiaeueii-aecaieueieo oa
nioe?aeueieo ?ooao, o/anoue o noni?eueiiio ae?iaieoeoa? oa ?iciiae?e?
iaoa??aeueieo aeaa, aieea ia i?ioeane eoeueoo?ii-i?ina?oieoeueeiai oa
?ae?a?eiiai aeeooy Oe?a?ie XVI – XVIII no. I?aee?aneth?oueny, ui
nioe?aeueiee noaoon, aeeoo?aa iiceoe?y oa iiaeeeaino? aieeao ae?iie ia
i?ioeane noni?eueiiai aeeooy caeaaeaee a?ae oaiaeaeueii-noaiiai?
no?aoeo?eaoe?? oiai/aniiai oe?a?inueeiai noni?euenoaa. Cacia/a?oueny, ui
oe?a?inueea ae?iea aeiae i?ciueiai na?aaeiueia?//y yaeyea niaith
nioe?aeueii-oai?/o iniaeno?noue, iaea oe?ie? i?aaa ? naiaiaee, aenooiaea
aeoeaiei noa`?eoii noni?eueiiai ?icaeoeo.

Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? o ae?yeueiino? ae?ii/eo
iie?oe/ieo ia?o?e oa a?iiaaenueeeo i?aai?caoe?e, a neeaaeaii? i?aoeue oa
iaa/aeueieo i?ia?ai c ?noi?e/ii? i?iaeaiaoeee.

A aeenna?oaoeee ?ane?uaathony iauanoaaiii-iieeoe/aneay aeayoaeueiinoue
oe?aeineeo aeaiuei, eo aeoeaiinoue a iaoeeiiaeueii-inaiaiaeeoaeueiuo e
nioeeaeueiuo aeaeaeaieyo, o/anoea a iauanoaaiiii i?iecaiaenoaa e
?ani?aaeaeaiee iaoa?eaeueiuo aeaa, aeeyiea ia i?ioeannu
eoeueoo?ii-i?inaaoeoaeueneie e ?aeeaeiciie aeecie Oe?aeiu XVI – XVIII
aa. Iiae/a?eeaaaony, /oi nioeeaeueiue oaeoi?, aeeciaiiay iiceoeey e
aiciiaeiinoe aeeyiey aeaiuei ia i?ioeannu iauanoaaiiie aeecie caaenaee
io oaiaeaeueii-eeanniaie no?aoeoeeaoeee oiaaeaoiaai oe?aeineiai
iauanoaa. Ioia/aaony, /oi oe?aeineay aeaiueia ia?eiaea iicaeiaai
n?aaeiaaaeiauey i?aaenoaaeyea niaie nioeeaeueii-oai?/aneoth ee/iinoue,
eiaea oe?ieea i?aaa e naiaiaeu, aunooiaea aeoeaiui noauaeoii
iauanoaaiiiai ?acaeoey.

Iniiaiua ?acoeueoaou iiaoo auoue eniieueciaaiu a aeayoaeueiinoe aeaineeo
iieeoe/aneeo ia?oee e iauanoaaiiuo i?aaiecaoeee, a ninoaaeaiee ?aaio e
iao/iuo i?ia?aii n enoi?e/aneie i?iaeaiaoeee.

The dissertation exposes the political activity of Ukrainian women,
their role in the national liberation and social movements,
participation in public production and distribution of the material
values, influence on the processes of cultural, educational and
religious life in Ukraine in XVI – XVIII centuries. It is emphasized
that the social factor, social values and the potential influence of
women on processes of public life depended on the feudal-class
stratification of the Ukrainian society at that time. It is noted that
the Ukrainian woman of the period of the late middle ages was a socially
creative person, had broad rights and freedom, was an active subject of
progress of society.

The basic results can be used in the activity of female political
parties and public organizations, in putting together publications and
scientific programs on historical subjects.

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