IAOe?IIAEUeIA AEAAeAI?ss IAOE OE?A?IE

?INOEOOO ?AA?IIAEUeIEO AeINE?AeAEAIUe

Oiea?nueeee Oa?an Aiaaeaiiae/

OAeE 658.310 (477+569,4)

Caeiyo?noue OA nioe?aeueiee caoeno ianaeaiiy

(ia iaoa??aeao Oe?a?ie oa ?c?a?eth)

Niaoe?aeuei?noue: 08.09.01 —

Aeaiia?ao?y, aeiiii?ea i?aoe?,

nioe?aeueia aeiiii?ea ? iie?oeea

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii?/ieo iaoe

Euea?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a ?inoeooo? ?aa?iiaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue IAI Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?,
Caneoaeaiee ae?y/

iaoee ? oaoi?ee Oe?a?ie
Ceoiei Noaiai

Ieeieaeiae/,

Euea?anueeee aea?aeaaiee
oi?aa?neoao

?i. ?.O?aiea, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

I?othee/ Ieoaeei ?aaiiae/,

Oaeai?iaenueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao,

caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e;

eaiaeeaeao aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio

Iai/ei Ie?ineaaa Ieoaee?aia,

Aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao “Euea?anueea

iie?oaoi?ea”, aeioeaio eaoaae?e.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Iaoeiai-aeine?aeiee aeiiii?/iee ?inoeooo

I?i?noa?noaa aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie,

a?aeae?e i?iaeai i?aoe?, iie?oeee aeioiae?a ?

nioe?aeueiiai caoenoo ianaeaiiy, i. Ee?a.

Caoeno aeena?oaoe?? a?aeaoaeaoueny “ 9 ” eeiiy 1999?. i 15 aiae. ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 35.154.01 ii caoenoo
aeena?oaoe?e ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy aeieoi?a iaoe a ?inoeooo?
?aa?iiaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue IAI Oe?a?ie ca aae?anith: 290026, i.
Euea?a, aoe. Eicaeueieoeueea, 4.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny o a?ae?ioaoe? ?inoeoooo
?aa?iiaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue IAI Oe?a?ie.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “8” /a?aiy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii?

a/aii? ?aaee,

eaiaeeaeao aeiiii?/ieo iaoe
AEiaoaiaoeueeee A.?.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy. Ia ii?ic? o?aoueiai oeny/ie?ooy
cia/ii aeoea?coaaeeny nioe?aeuei? i?iaeaie. Aei ieo, c-iii?ae
iaeaaaeeea?oeo, iaeaaeaoue i?iaeaie caeiyoino? oa nioe?aeueiiai caoenoo
ianaeaiiy. Aiie noinothoueny on?o e?a?i, on?o ia?iae?a, iacaeaaeii a?ae
noaio ?o aeia?iaooo ? ??aiy nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo. O Ca?o?
Na?oiaiai Aaieo ca 1995 ??e cacia/a?oueny: ”Oaeaee? ci?ie i?eiee ia
a?aeaoaathoueny eaaei. ? a a?aeieo, ? a aaaaoeo aea?aeaaao aeieea?
iaaaciaea c?inoaiiy iaaecia/aiino? a i??o oiai, ye oaoiieia?/iee
i?ia?an, aeoea?caoe?y i?aeia?iaeii? oi?a?ae? ? ?iciaae o?aaeeoe?eieo
i?noeaaeo no?oeoo? ii/eia? caa?iaeoaaoe caeiyoino?, ??aith ca?ia?oe?a ?
aeia?iaooo noa?oeo. I?iaeaie a?aeiino? ? ceeaei?a caa??aathoue naith
aeooaeuei?noue, iacaaaeath/e ia aeiiii?/ia c?inoaiiy ? iiaeaeueoo
?ioaa?aoe?th”.11 Io/ao i ie?iaii ?acaeoee – 1995. O?oaeiaua ?ano?nu e
aeiaaeecaoeey yeiiiieee. Anaie?iue Aaie // Aeaeiaie Ec?aeeue. – 1996. —
?6. – N. 167-169.

? oea ia aeeaii, ine?eueee nioe?aeuei? i?iaeaie iino?eii c?inoathoue oa
o??ciiiai?oiththoueny. Neacaia i?aeoaa?aeaeo? aeina?ae on?o e?a?i, aea
iniaeeai oeo, ye? iaaeaaii noaee ia oeyo naiino?eiiai aea?aeaaioai?aiiy.
O oeueiio iiaeia, cie?aia, ia?aeiiaoeny ia i?eeeaae? Oe?a?ie oa
?c?a?eth, ye? ii/aee ?icaoaeiaoaaoe iaoe?iiaeueio aeiiii?eo a ??ci?
ia??iaee ? ca iaiaeiaeiaeo oiia, aea ni?eueiei i?ae ieie ? oa, ui
iaeaea? aea?aeaae c’yaeeeny ia iie?oe/i?e ea?o? na?oo a iia?oith aeiao,
a ?noi?e/iiio a?aeoeieo — eeoa i?anoie?ooy. Iaeaea? e?a?ie aeoiaeeee ia
oeyo iaoe?iiaeueiiai aoae?aieoeoaa, iano/e ia nia? iooa eieii?aeueii?
niaaeueie a ??cieo noa?ao aeeoo?ae?yeueiino?. Inue /iio ii??aiyiiy oeeo
e?a?i o aoaeue-yeiio a?aeiioaii? noaiiaeoue cia/iee oai?aoe/iee ?
i?aeoe/iee ?ioa?an, aeicaiey? i?ciaoe aeeaeii? i?ioeane ia o?eueee
ie?aieo yaeu, aea e iaoe?iiaeueieo noni?eueii-aeiiii?/ieo nenoai. E??i
oiai, iaaaeyea cia/aiiy ia? aea/aiiy aeina?aeo ?c?a?eth o noa??
caeiyoino? oa nioe?aeueiiai caoenoo ianaeaiiy, ai naia oeae aeina?ae
i?noeoue /eiaei oe?iiiai, oaeiai, ui iiaeia ? aa?oi aeei?enoaoe o
noaa?aii?e Oe?a?i?. On?i oeei aecia/a?oueny aeooaeuei?noue aeaiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Aea/aiiy caeiyoino? oa nioe?aeueiiai caoenoo ia? /eiae? iaoeia?
o?aaeeoe??, ine?eueee ethaeeia, ?? i?aoey, aeaeeaaiiy ia iiaee ia
oo?aoaaoe aeiiii?no?a ? nioe?ieia?a a ??ci? aiioe. Iaeiae o?eueee a
inoaii? ?iee aeoea?coaaeeny aeine?aeaeaiiy caeiyoino? oa nioe?aeueiiai
caoenoo ianaeaiiy ?c a?aooaaiiyi o?ainoi?iaoe?eieo i?ioean?a. A?eueoa o
aeaiiio iai?yi? c?iaeaii a aaeoc? aea/aiiy i?iaeaie caeiyoino?, iaioa —
o c’ynoaaii? nioe?aeueiiai caoenoo ianaeaiiy. Ie?aeii ?ic?iaeythoue
??ci? aniaeoe oe??? i?iaeaie oe?a?inuee? a/ai? N.Aaiaeo?, Ae.Aiaeiy,
?.Aiiaea?ue, N.Aiaeaie/, I.Aeie?oi?e, N.Ceoiei, TH.E?aniia, A.E?aaiiaa,
A.Ii?e??iei, N.Ie?iaeeia, N.Iena?aiei, I.I?othee/ oa ?i. Ui noino?oueny
aeine?aeaeaiiy caeiyoino? oa nioe?aeueiiai caoenoo ianaeaiiy o eiioaeno?
?icaeoeo Oe?a?ie oa ?c?a?eth, oi oea ?iaeoueny aia?oa. Iaei??th c i?e/ei
oiai oaeoo ? oa, ui aeena?oaio iaaiee /an i?aoethaaa a ?c?a?e? ? oei
naiei iaa ciiao aaciina?aaeiuei aea/aoe eiai ae?eni?noue.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie ieaiaie, oaiaie. Aeena?oaoe?eia
aeine?aeaeaiiy cae?eniaii a i?ioean? aeeiiaiiy iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo ?ia?o
?inoeoooo ?aa?iiaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue IAI Oe?a?ie ca oaiaie: “O?oaeiaee
iioaioe?ae a oiiaao ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei: oai?aoe/i? iniiae ? ?aa?iiaeuei?
iniaeeaino? aeaiia?ao?/ii? iie?oeee, caeiyoino?, nioe?aeueiiai caoenoo
ianaeaiiy” (iiia? aea?ae?a?no?aoe?? 0193O024924), “O?oaeiaee iioaioe?ae
Oe?a?ie oa eiai ?aae?caoe?y a oiiaao noaiiaeaiiy iaoe?iiaeueii?
aeiiii?ee” (iiia? aea?ae?a?no?aoe?? AO-270A).

Iaoa ? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoa aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe iieyaa? o
aeyaeaii? caaaeueieo caeiiii??iinoae aeeiai?ee caeiyoino? oa
nioe?aeueiiai caoenoo ianaeaiiy ia no/aniiio aoai? ?c a?aooaaiiyi
aeiiii?/ieo iniaeeainoae ?icaeoeo ie?aieo e?a?i, ocaaaeueiaiiy aeina?aeo
a oe?e noa??.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy aeacaii? a aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? iaoe iinoaaeaii oae?
caaaeaiiy, ye? aeiinyoueny ia caoeno:

— ?ice?eoe nooue caeiyoino? a oiiaao o?ainoi?iaoe?? aeiiii?ee ?
oi?ioaaiiy iaoe?iiaeueii? aeiiii?ee.

— Iaa?oiooaaoe ci?no ? iniiai? eiiiiiaioe iaoai?ci?a nioe?aeueiiai
caoenoo ianaeaiiy.

— I?iaiae?coaaoe ca’ycie caeiyoino? c i?ioeanaie iae?iaeiiii?/ii?
aeeiai?ee.

— C’ynoaaoe iniaeeaino? caeiyoino? oa oi?ioaaiiy ?eieo i?aoe? a
ia?ao?aei?e aeiiii?oe?.

— Aeyaeoe oeyoe, caniae, ?ano?ne nioe?aeueiiai caoenoo ianaeaiiy a
oiiaao oi?ioaaiiy iaoe?iiaeueii? nioe?aeueii-?eieiai? aeiiii?ee.

— Aeyaeoe aieea ciai?oiuei? i?a?aoe?? o oi?ioaaii?
iaoe?iiaeueiiai ?eieo i?aoe?.

— I?iaiae?coaaoe aoaeoeai?noue nioe?aeueieo iaoai?ci?a aaeaioaoe??
ianaeaiiy aei ?eieiaeo oiia.

— Ocaaaeueieoe aeina?ae i?aai?caoe?? caeiyoino? oa nioe?aeueiiai
caoenoo ianaeaiiy a e?a?i? c ia?ao?aeiith aeiiii?eith oa a e?a?i? c
?icaeiooith aeiiii?eith.

— Cae?enieoe oeiieia?caoe?th caeiyoino? a e?a?iao c ??ciei ??aiai
aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo ? ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei.

I?aaeiao ? ia’?eo aeine?aeaeaiue. I?aaeiaoii aeena?oaoe?eiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy ? nenoaia caeiyoino? oa nioe?aeueiiai caoenoo ianaeaiiy
ia no/aniiio aoai?, ?o caeiiii??iino?, ca’ycie c aeiiii?/ieie
i?ioeanaie, oi?ioaaiiy iaoe?iiaeueieo aeiiii?e c ??ciei ??aiai ?icaeoeo
?eieiaeo iaoai?ci?a, iaoe?iiaeueieo ainiiaea?nueeeo ? eoeueoo?ieo
o?aaeeoe?e, i?aeia?iaeieo eiioaeo?a oa ?iaanoeoe?eieo iiaeeeainoae.

Ia’?eoii aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ? caeiyo?noue ? nioe?aeueiee
caoeno ianaeaiiy ia no/aniiio aoai? a Oe?a?i? oa ?c?a?e?, ?o
ni?eueiino?, a?aei?iiino? e eiiieaiaioa?i?noue.

Iaoiaeieia?y ? iaoiaeeea aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iniiaith aeena?oaoe?eiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy ? nenoaiiee iiaeyae ia ethaenueeee ? nioe?aeueiee
eai?oae, eiai ?ieue o iaoe?iiaeueiiio oa caaaeueiioeea?e?caoe?eiiio
iinooi?. Aaiaoeei-aaiethoe?eia ia?aaeeaia aca?iiiaoiiaeaieo aeiiii?/ieo
? eoeueoo?ieo i?ioean?a, ca’ycie ieioeiai, no/aniiai ? iaeaooiueiai –
ana oea noaiiaeoue iaoiaeieia?/i? canaaee aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Iaoiaeieia?/iith ? iaoiaee/iith iniiaith aeine?aeaeaiiy iineoaeeee
oai??? a?aie/iino?, iae?iaeiiii?/iiai ?aaoethaaiiy, aea?aeaaii?
aeiiii?/ii? ? nioe?aeueii? iie?oeee, ii??aiyeueieo aeiiii?/ieo nenoai,
aeiiii?ee ia?ao?aeiiai ia??iaeo, ooieoe?iioaaiiy ?eieiaeo nenoai. O
i?ioean? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeei?enoaii ?yae iaoiae?a: aiae?co ? neioaco,
ii??aiyiiy, ocaaaeueiaiiy, nenoaiiiai i?aeoiaeo, nioe?aeueiiai
iiaeaethaaiiy.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Iaoeiaa iiaecia aeine?aeaeaiiy
iieyaa? o ianooiiiio:

Cae?eniaii e?eoe/iee aiae?c aeine?aeaeaiue caeiyoino? ianaeaiiy ?
aecia/aii iai?yie ?o ?icaeoeo.

C iiceoe?e nenoaiiiai aiae?co c’yniaaii i?e?iaeo caeiyoino? a
ia?ao?aei?e aeiiii?oe?.

Aecia/aii nooi?noue, iniiai? iai?yie ? oi?ie caeiyoino? ianaeaiiy a
oiiaao oi?ioaaiiy ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee a Oe?a?i? oa ?c?a?e?.

?ice?eoi iaoe?iiaeuei? iniaeeaino? caeiyoino?, ?eieo i?aoe? oa
nioe?aeueiiai caoenoo ianaeaiiy.

Aeeiiaiee aiae?c aoaeoeaiino? caeiyoino? oa nioe?aeueiiai caoenoo
ianaeaiiy o ??cieo aeiiii?/ieo nenoaiao.

Cai?iiiiiaaii iniiai? iai?yie nioe?aeueii? iie?oeee aea?aeaae a
oi?aae?ii? caeiyo?noth ? nioe?aeueiei caoenoii ianaeaiiy.

Iaa?oioiaaii aieea ciai?oiuei? i?a?aoe?? ia iaoe?iiaeueiee ?eiie i?aoe?
oa nenoaio nioe?aeueiiai caoenoo ianaeaiiy.

Oai?aoe/ia oa i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a
aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe iieyaa? a oiio, ui iniiai? iieiaeaiiy oa
?acoeueoaoe iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? aeey oaeineiiaeaiiy nenoaie
caeiyoino? oa nioe?aeueiiai caoenoo ianaeaiiy o e?a?iao c ??ciei ??aiai
aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo. Oaeee i?aeo?ae canoiniaaii aia?oa, a?i i?noeoue
aoaeo eiiieaiaioa?iino? iaoe?iiaeueieo aeiiii?/ieo nenoai, eiai
?acoeueoaoe aeei?enoiaothoueny i?e aea/aii? eo?n?a “Ii??aiyeuei?
aeiiii?/i? nenoaie”, “O?oaeiaee iioaioe?ae, caeiyo?noue ? ?eiie i?aoe?”,
“Iaoe?iiaeueia aeiiii?ea”.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Aei iniiaieo iaoeiaeo ?acoeueoao?a, ye?
noaiiaeyoue iniaenoee caeiaooie aeena?oaioa, iaeaaeaoue:

— Eiioeaiooaeuei? iniiae caeiyoino? oa nioe?aeueiiai caoenoo ianaeaiiy
a ia?ao?aei?e aeiiii?oe? c o?aooaaiiyi eiiieaiaioa?iino? iaoe?iiaeueieo
aeiiii?/ieo nenoai.

— Aecia/aiiy ca`yceo ?icaeoeo nenoaie caeiyoino? oa nioe?aeueiiai
caoenoo ianaeaiiy c iae?iaeiiii?/iith aeeiai?eith.

— Iniiai? oa?aeoa?enoeee caeiyoino? oa ?eieo i?aoe? a ia?ao?aei?e
iinoeiioi?noe/i?e aeiiii?oe?.

— Aeyaeaiiy iaoe?iiaeueieo iniaeeainoae ciai?oiuei? i?a?aoe??, ?? ?ie?
a naaiaioiino? ?eieo i?aoe? oa nioe?aeueiiio caoeno? ianaeaiiy.

— Iaa?oiooaaiiy ca`yceo aeiiii?/iiai c?inoaiiy, aeia?iaooo ianaeaiiy ?
nioe?aeueiiai caoenoo ie?aieo eaoaai??e ianaeaiiy.

— Eiiieaiaioa?i?noue ? oe?ii?noue iaoe?iiaeueiiai aeina?aeo
i?aai?caoe?? caeiyoino? oa nioe?aeueiiai caoenoo ianaeaiiy.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe
aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aoee a?aoiaai? a ?aeiiaiaeaoe?yo
i?aeia?iaeii? iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioe?? “?aa?iiaeueia aeiiii?ea:
iaoeia? iniiae, iaoiaee, iaoai?cie” (Euea?a, 1998 ?.), i?aeia?iaeii?
iaoeiai? eiioa?aioe?? “O?oaeiaee iioaioe?ae Oe?a?ie ? eiai ?aae?caoe?y a
oiiaao noaiiaeaiiy iaoe?iiaeueii? aeiiii?ee” (Euea?a, 1997 ?.), o
aeiiia?aeyo ia ?ioeo anaoe?a?inueeeo ? a?aeii/eo iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?yo,
aena?oethaaeeny ia oai?aoe/iiio nai?ia?? c i?iaeai iaoe?iiaeueii?
aeiiii?ee i?e aeiiii?/iiio oaeoeueoao? Euea?anueeiai aea?aeoi?aa?neoaoo
?i. ?a.O?aiea.

Ioae?eaoe??. ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ciaeoee
a?aeia?aaeaiiy a i’yoe ioae?eaoe?yo, c ieo 2 iiiia?ao?? ? o?e noaoo?
(caaaeueiee ianya ioae?eaoe?e 37,5 ae. a., c ieo 8,5 ae.a. iaeaaeaoue
iniaenoi aaoi?ia? aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy).

No?oeoo?a oa ianya aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c?
anooio, o?ueio ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaii? e?oa?aoo?e (197
iaeiaioaaiiy) ? 8 aeiaeaoe?a. Ci?no ?iaioe aeeeaaeaii ia 153 noi??ieao
eiii’thoa?iiai oaenoo, i?i?ethno?iaaii o 25 oaaeeoeyo, 6 ?enoieao.

Iniiaiee ci?no ?iaioe

?icae?e 1. Oai?aoe/i? iniiae caeiyoino? oa nioe?aeueiiai caoenoo
ianaeaiiy a aeiiii?oe? ia?ao?aeiiai ia??iaeo.

Aeaia iaoeiai-e?eoe/ia ioe?iea oai??e ? iiaeyae?a ia caeiyo?noue ?
nioe?aeueiee caoeno ianaeaiiy a ?o ?noi?eei-eia?/i?e iine?aeiaiino?,
?ice?eoi nooi?noue ? eiiiiiaioe caeiyoino? oa nioe?aeueiiai caoenoo
ianaeaiiy, ?o ca’ycie c ??aiai aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo ? ooieoe?iioaaiiyi
??cieo noni?eueieo nenoai.

Eiioeaiooaeuei? canaaee caaaeaee oeoia/eeeny o eiioaeno? ?icaeoeo
noni?euenoaa, yea aecia/aei aeaoa?i?iaioe caeiyoino?. Iai?eeeaae, a
aioe/iino? c ?? ?aaiaeanieoeueeith no?oeoo?ith iiaeyaee ieneeoae?a aoee
ni?yiiaai? ia caaacia/aiiy aoaeoeaii? i?aoe? ?aa?a. C ia?aoiaeii a?ae
?aaiaeanieoeoaa aei eieiiaoo ? e??iinieoeoaa na?aaeiueia?/ia niaoeeo?/ia
aeoiea iaea o nai?e i?a?o? naeyinoai, yeiio a?aeiia?aeaee iiaeiiino?.
Ii?yae c oeei aeieeaei ?ai?nieoeoai, yea a i?noao i?aai?ciaoaaeiny a
oeaoe. Oeaoiaa i?aai?caoe?y ?aianea aoea nai???aeiith nenoaiith
caeiyoino? a na?aaeiueia?/ieo i?noao.

Nooo?aith i?eeiaoith aioe/iino? e na?aaeiueia?//y a iiaeyaeao ia
caeiyo?noue aoea nioe?aeueia ia??ai?noue, a iaeaieiai?oa — oea
a?aenooi?noue aac?ia?ooy. C?icoi?ei, ui a oeeo oiiaao i?iaeaie
caeiyoino? ia caeiaee iino?eiiai i?noey a aeiiii?/ieo iiaeyaeao
oiai/anieo ieneeoae?a. Oai??? ia?eaioee?cio, ui aeieeee ia aoai?
ca?iaeaeaiiy oi?aiaaeueii-eai?oae?noe/ieo a?aeiinei, oaeiae ia o?enoaaee
nai?o iiaeyae?a ia caeiyo?noue.

C ia?oeie i?iyaaie oeeee?/iino? a aeiiii?/iiio ?icaeoeo ? neiioiiaie
aac?ia?ooy ?ioa?an aei ni?aa?aeiioaiiy ianaeaiiy, caeiyoino? oa
ae?iaieoeoaa c?inoa?. I?aaaea, ia iano?eueee, uia iaa?aoe aino?eo oi?i.
Iaee?auei oiio i?aeoaa?aeaeaiiyi ? eeane/ia iie?oe/ia aeiiii?y,
i?aaenoaaieee yei? ia aa/eee caa?ice ianiaiai aac?ia?ooy. Aiie aaaaeaee,
ui ?eieiaa aeiiii?ea aieiae?? aioo??oi?ie caeiiaie a??aiiaaaeaiiy
i?iiiceoe?? oa iiieoo ia ?iai/o neeo.

Aia?oa oeae iioei?ci ii?ooea O.Iaeueoon, yeee aea?a caeii
iaa?aeiia?aeiino? c?inoaiiy ianaeaiiy caeiiai ae?iaieoeoaa. O ia?o?e
iieiaei? O?O no. o e?a?iao ?a?iie nioe?aeueia iai?oaa ia a?oio? ianiaiai
coaiae?iiy iano?eueee c?inea, ui ii noo? i? iaeia oa/?y aeiiii?/ii?
aeoiee ia iaieioea i?iaeai caeiyoino? oa nioe?aeueiiai caoenoo
ianaeaiiy. Ia oe?e nioe?aeuei?e aac? aeieeei /eiaei nioe?ae?noe/ieo
aeieo?ei, na?aae yeeo ia?eneci i?aeiya i?iaeaio aac?ia?ooy aei ??aiy
iacaeieaiii? a oiiaao eai?oae?noe/ii-?eieiai? aeiiii?ee.

Caeiyo?noue, aac?ia?ooy, nioe?aeueiee caoeno ianaeaiiy aoee a a?naiae?
a?aoiaioaoe?? iaiao?aeiino? i?iaaaeaiiy ?aaiethoe?eiiai ia?aai?ioo ?
iiaoaeiae nioe?ae?cio. A oiiaao ieaiiai-aee?aeoeaii? nenoaie a Oe?a?i?,
ye ? a onueiio N?N?, aaaaeaeiny, ui i?iaeai aac?ia?ooy ia ?nio?, c iei
iie?i/aii iiai?noth ? iacaaaeaee. Iani?aaae? ae oea aoea ?ethc?y, ai
iaa?oue aenoaineaia aeiiii?/ia nenoaia ia aoea a?eueia a?ae aac?ia?ooy,
yea io?oe?eii ia aeciaaaeiny.

Iaeiae iai?oaeai?noue aaeaino ?iai/i? neee, iecueea i?iaeoeoeai?noue
i?aoe? a e?a?iao nioe?ae?noe/iiai aeieo niiioeaee aeine?aeaeaiiy
i?iaeai caeiyoino?, aeoea?caoe?y ? niaeo? yeeo iniaeeai c?inoaee a
inoaii? aeaaaeoeyoe??//y. O oie /an a Oe?a?i? aeiee ?yae
iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo ina?aaee?a, a yeeo aea/aeeny i?iaeaie o?oaeiaeo
?ano?n?a ? caeiyoino?.

Iacaaaeath/e ia iaiao?aei?noue aeio?eiaiiy iaeiii??ieo oai?aoe/ieo
canaae, ni?yiiaai?noue aeine?aeaeaiue ia i?aeo?eieo ieaiiai-aee?aeoeaii?
aeiiii?/ii? nenoaie, a ie?aieo c ieo i?noeeeny iiaaoi?nuee? iieiaeaiiy
oa iaoeia? ?aea?, ui aeoiaeeee ca iaae? io?oe?eii? aeieo?eie ? aeiia.
Naia oea iineoaeeei i?aeio??aeii aeey ?icai?oaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue o noa??
caeiyoino? oa nioe?aeueiiai caoenoo ianaeaiiy ia iiaeo oai?aoe/ieo oa
iaoiaeieia?/ieo canaaeao.

Aeoiaey/e c oeeo canaae, o aeena?oaoe?? noaa?aeaeo?oueny, ui caeiyo?noue
ia no/aniiio aoai? iiaeiia aooe aoaeoeaiith ? aeeiai?/iith,
a?aeiia?aeaoe e?eoa??yi ? aeiiaai nioe?aeueii-?eieiai? aeiiii?/ii?
nenoaie, a?aoiaoaaoe iaaeaaiiy iaoe?iiaeueii? aeiiii?/ii? eoeueoo?e ?
iioeaaoe?ei? iaoai?cie. Eaoaai??y caeiyoino? ia ? aaniethoiith, a
a?aeiiniith ?noeiith – c iiaeyaeo noaio ? caaaeaiue ia o?eueee
iaoe?iiaeueii? aeiiii?ee, aea e ie?aieo ?aa?ii?a. O oeueiio ca`yceo
nenoaio caeiyoino? ie?aieo e?a?i iiaeia ii??aithaaoe, aea ia
ioioiaeithaaoe. Nenoaia caeiyoino? neeaaea?oueny ia ?aioiai, a a
i?ioean? aaiethoe?eii-aaiaoe/iiai ?icaeoeo.

Caeiyo?noue – oea ia o?eueee iayai?noue ?iaioe, ?aei?noue i?aoe?aieea ?
?iai/iai i?noey, aea e caeaoi?noue iaoa??aeueii caaacia/eoe ?nioaaiiy
ethaeeie, ?? aeooiaii-eoeueoo?iee ?icaeoie. Ioaea, eaeaoueny ia i?i
aaeiaa aeeth/aiiy i?aoeacaeaoiiai ianaeaiiy a aeiiii?/iee i?ioean, a i?i
iiaeeeaino? ?aae?caoe?? cae?aiinoae ? i?aaiaiue ethaeeie.

Oea noino?oueny oaeiae ? nioe?aeueiiai caoenoo ianaeaiiy, ci?no yeiai
aecia/a?oueny ye ??aiai aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo e?a?ie, oae ? oe?iiinoyie,
yeeie aiia ea?o?oueny. Iai?eeeaae, o oioae?oa?i?e nenoai?
aei?eo?eoaaeany ?iciiae?eue/a ??ai?noue, yei? i?eiee a ?aaeueiino? ia
?nioaaei. Aiia aoea iaoyaeaia ieceith i?ea?ea?a aea?aeaaii-ia?o?eiiai
aia?aoo i?e caaaeuei?e a?aeiino? oe?ieeo aa?noa ianaeaiiy.

O nioe?aeueii-?eieia?e nenoai? nioe?aeueiee caoeno ianaeaiiy ne?ae
oeoia/eoe ?icoe?aii. Eiai i??eeii ia? aooe ia eieaeoea, a
?iaeea?aeoaeuei?noue, ethaeeia, ai aiia ? e?eoa???i ? i??ith
nioe?aeueiiai caoenoo. A?aeiia?aeii aei oiai iiaeiia aooe ia?aaoaeiaaia
any nenoaia nioe?aeueiiai caoenoo ianaeaiiy, yea ia? ioiiethaaoe a o?e
/e ?io?e i??? an? aa?noae ianaeaiiy i?ioyaii onueiai aeeooy.

O no/anieo oiiaao niaeo? nioe?aeueiiai caoenoo ianaeaiiy cia/ii
?icoe?eany, cie?aia, o ca’yceo c iia??oaiiyi aeiae?eey, yea iniaeeai
aeioeoeueii iicia/a?oueny ia aeeoo? ethaeae a Oe?a?i?. Anooi o
iino?iaeono??aeueio oeea?e?caoe?th a?aeiia?aeii aeooae?coaaa ? caaino?ea
i?iaeaie nioe?aeueiiai caoenoo ianaeaiiy, ye? aein? oeoia/eeeny
caoaeaii, iath/e ia oaac? iain?iia??a, iai?aoeacaeaoieo ? o.i.
Iani?aaae? niaeo? nioe?aeueiiai caoenoo cia/ii oe?oee, a?i iniaeeai
o?nii iia’ycaiee ?c caeiyo?noth, yea, o naith /a?ao, ia?aaoaa? o
aca?iicaeaaeiino? c ?icaeoeii nioe?aeueieo, aeiiii?/ieo, aeieia?/ieo oa
iaoeiai-oaoi?/ieo iniia aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? ianaeaiiy.

?icae?e 2. Caeiyo?noue ? nioe?aeueiee caoeno ianaeaiiy a Oe?a?i?.

C’yniao?oueny aeeiai?ea caeiyoino?, ?? no?oeoo?a ? ia?aiao?e, oi?ioaaiiy
?eieo i?aoe? oa eiai ?aaoethaaiiy, ca?ia?oia ieaoa ? nioe?aeueiee caoeno
ianaeaiiy, ?ieue ciai?oiuei? i?a?aoe?? a ie?aneaieo i?ioeanao. A Oe?a?i?
aeai? i?ioeane oa?aeoa?ecothoueny niaaeieie oaiaeaioe?yie, ui
ii?iaeaeai? e?ecith noni?eueii? nenoaie, ye? iaeaeioeoeuei?oa
iicia/athoueny o noa?? aeiiii?ee, yea ioiieth? iio?aae oa ?ioa?ane
oe?ieiai caaaeo. Ia oaiaeaioe?yo niaaeo a aeiiii?oe? Oe?a?ie iicia/eeeny
aea? a?oie i?e/ei: ii-ia?oa, iaoyaeeea? iane?aeee ieaiiai-aee?aeoeaii?
nenoaie; ii-ae?oaa, — iane?aeee iai?iaeoiaiiai ?aoi?ioaaiiy oioae?oa?ii?
aeiiii?ee a nioe?aeueii-?eieiao. Oea, a?aeiia?aeii, oaeiae iicia/a?oueny
ia niaaeiino? aeeiai?ee caeiyoino? a Oe?a?i?, ui aeaeii c aeaieo,
iaaaaeaieo ia ?en. 1.

wmetafile8? ??!?? ?-???????? ???????yyy????????????
™5???

?-???/???????????????????????????????AAA?AUeA?¦E??yu??  ¤?????y????y??
yy????y?y?y??yy?yyy????4?????5????’yy??? ???????

????yyy???? ???????uay???????en. 1. Caeiyo?noue a aeiiii?oe?
Oe?a?ie o 1985-1998 ??.11 Eaa?oaeuei? ia?aaeaa/aiiy. – E., 1997. –
a?oae. – N. 73. (iei. /ieia?e)

Iaaaaeai? aeai? na?ae/aoue i?i iino?eia ciaioaiiy e?eueeino? caeiyoeo a
Oe?a?i?, yea noaiiaeoue ca?ac 21,5 iei. /ieia?e. Ciaioaiiy e?eueeino?
caeiyoeo noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny ca?eueoaiiyi aac?ia?ooy, ??aaiue yeiai ca
io?oe?eieie noaoenoe/ieie aeaieie ia e?iaoeue 1998 ?ieo neeaa ii Oe?a?i?
3,1%. I?aaaea, noaoenoe/i? aeai? ia a?aoiaothoue cia/iiai i?eoiaaiiai
aac?ia?ooy, yea, ca?aeii c aenia?oieie ioe?ieaie, nyaa? e?eueeio
i?eueeii?a /ieia?e, a ??aaiue aac?ia?ooy ca aeaieie i?aeia?iaeii?
noaoenoeee nyaa? ca 11 i?ioeaio?a. E??i oiai, noaoenoeea ia ia? oi/iiai
iae?eo ciai?oiuei? i?a?aoe?? a caaaeueiiiaoe?iiaeueiiio ? ?aa?iiaeueiiio
?ic??cao. Eiie?aoi? aeine?aeaeaiiy na?ae/aoue, ui a ciai?oi?e i?a?aoe??
aa?ooue o/anoue aeiiii?/ii aeoeai? oa iieiae? iieie?iiy ethaeae. Oea
i?ecaiaeeoue aei ao?aoe iaoe?iiaeueiiai o?oaeiaiai iioaioe?aeo ? i?e
niaaeieo i?e?iaeieo i?e?inoao ianaeaiiy ni?e/eiy? eiai iinoa??iiy, c
yeei iia`ycai? an? ?io? iaaaoeai? i?iyae aeaiii?ioeano ? nioe?aeueiiai
caoenoo ianaeaiiy.

C iaaaaeaiiai aeieeaa? ? oaiaeaioe?y aei ae??aithaaiiy iain?e, ui c
aeiiii?/iiai ? nioe?aeueiiai iiaeyaeo ? oe?aeeeaei yaeuai. Nai???aeia
iain?eia c??aiye?aea i?aaeth? ?ieue o?oaeiaiai aianeo a ?icaeoie
aeiiii?ee, ia a?aoiao? i?ioan?eiee, ?ioaeaeooaeueiee aeeaae ethaeeie, ia
a?aoiao? iioeaaoe?ei? noi?iie ethaenueei? ae?yeueiino?, ui ii?iaeaeo?
aaca?aeiia?aeaeuei?noue, oain oa iayai? nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/i?
iane?aeee.

O oeeo oiiaao i?iaeaie caeiyoino?, noai?aiiy aeiaeaoeiaeo ?iai/eo
i?noeue, i?aeaeuaiiy ca?ia?oe?a, i?iaaaeaiiy aoaeoeaiiai nioe?aeueiiai
caoenoo ianaeaiiy iaae?athoue iciae iaoe?iiaeueii? aaciaee e?a?ie,
aeoiaeyoue ca iaae? /anoeiaeo aeiiii?/ieo ? nioe?aeueieo caoiae?a.
Iacaaaeath/e ia oea, ?icoi?iiy aeaieo i?iaeai ia ??ai? aeacaii?
cia/eiino? ua ia i?iieeei a on? a?aeiia?aeaeuei? ca noai o aea?aeaa?
neoaeae ? no?oeoo?e. Oae, ??aaiue ca?ieaoe oi/ a inoaii? ?iee ? aeaui
c??n, aea caeeoeany iaeiei ?c iaeieae/eo o ?a?ii?. Oea ae noino?oueny ?
iain?eiiai caaacia/aiiy, aeieao aaaaoiae?oiei n?i`yi, noeiaiae?e ? o.i.

Aiaeii/an iio??aii a?aecia/eoe, ui Oe?a?ia iaeaaeeoue aei e?a?i c
iaea?eueoith ieoiiith aaaith iain?iia??a o no?oeoo?? ianaeaiiy.
E?euee?noue iain?iia??a a Oe?a?i? a 1997 ?ioe? nyaaea iaeaea 14,5 iei.
/ieia?e, aai ia 1000 /ieia?e i?eiaaeaei 286 iain?iia??a, oiaoi iaeaea
o?aoeia an?o iaoeaioe?a aea?aeaae.

Ui noino?oueny na?aaeiueiai ?ici??o iain?e, oi a?i ia? oae? iniaeeaino?:

Oaaeeoey 1

Na?aaei?e ?ici?? i?ny/ii? iain??

(ia ii/aoie ?ieo, a?i.)

Eaoaai??? iain?iia??a19961997Na?aaei?e ?ici?? i?ny/ii? iain??,

o oiio /ene?:38,151,9ca a?eii, ca ?iaae?aei?noth aai /a?ac
i?ioan?eia caoai?thaaiiy56,554,3? a?oie55,564,0?? a?oie71,256,2???
a?oie46,952,1o ?ac? ao?aoe aiaeoaaeueieea30,739,4

Iaaaaeai? o oaae. 111 Noaoenoe/iee ui??/iee Oe?a?ie ca 1996 ??e. – E.,
1997. – N. 129. aeai? na?ae/aoue i?i iecueeo eoi?aaeueio ni?iiiaei?noue,
a ioaea, ? nioe?aeueio iacaoeuai?noue iain?iia??a ??cieo eaoaai??e. O
ca’yceo c oeei iain?eia ? nioe?aeueia caaacia/aiiy a Oe?a?i? aeiaaa?
aeiei??iiiai iie?ioaiiy, iniiaith yeiai ? i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino?
aeiiii?ee ? ia?aaoaeiaa naii? iain?eii? nenoaie a on?o ?? aei??ao. O
oeueiio iai?yi? cae?eniththoueny ie?ai? caoiaee oe?a?inueeiai o?yaeo,
aea aiie iiee ui ia ? aeinoaoiuei aoaeoeaieie. O noa?? nioe?aeueiiai
caoenoo ianaeaiiy iio??aia aeiei??iia ia?aaoaeiaa ianaiia?aae o iai?yi?
oe?ieiai aeei?enoaiiy aa?o?nii-oe?iiaeo iaoai?ci?a ? e?ea?aeaoe??
c??aiye?aee, aeei?enoaiiy aeina?aeo e?a?i c ?icaeiooith ?eieiaith
aeiiii?eith. Iaiao?aeii a?aecia/eoe, ui ia aeaiiio aoai? i?e ?ic?iaoe?
aea?aeaaieo caoiae?a nioe?aeueiiai caoenoo ianaeaiiy iiceoeaiei
eeoa?oueny oa, ui aiie ui?aco ? ia’?eoii oe?eani?yiiaaii? iie?oeee
Oe?a?inueei? aea?aeaae. I?i oea na?ae/eoue ye oaea caaaeoaai? Oeace
I?aceaeaioa Oe?a?ie, oae ? noaaeai? iei “Iniiai? iai?yie nioe?aeueii?
iie?oeee ia 1997-2000 ?iee”, ?io? aaaeeea? aeieoiaioe ? i?iaeoe,
ni?yiiaai? ia noai?aiiy iaeaaeieo nioe?aeueieo oa aeiiii?/ieo oiia
aeeoo?ae?yeueiino?, caaacia/aiiy niie?eii? noa?ino?. .

?icae?e 3. Caeiyo?noue ? nioe?aeueiee caoeno ianaeaiiy a ?c?a?e?.

C’yniaai? iniiai? ia?aiao?e caeiyoino? oa ?eieo i?aoe?, ca’ycie ??aiy
ca?ia?oii? ieaoe c aeiiii?/iei ?icaeoeii e?a?ie, ?ice?eaa?oueny nenoaia
nioe?aeueiiai caoenoo ianaeaiiy, iai?yie ?? aaeineiiaeaiiy, iaoai?cie
nioe?aeueii? aaeaioaoe?? ?ii?a?aio?a, ?ieue inoaii?o o caaacia/aii?
yeino? caeiyoino?.

I?iaeaie caeiyoino? oa nioe?aeueiiai caoenoo ianaeaiiy oo?aothoue ca?ac
on? e?a?ie aai a?eueo?noue c ieo iacaeaaeii a?ae ??aiy aeiiii?/iiai
?icaeoeo. Oea noino?oueny e ?c?a?eth, aeiiii?/i? e nioe?aeuei? oiiae
yeiai aaaaoi a /iio a?aei?ii? a?ae oe?a?inueeeo. Ia?aaeon?i oea e?a?ia
ia niaaeii?, a c?inoath/i? iae?iaeiiii?/ii? aeeiai?ee, ui a?aeiia?aeii
aecia/a? aaeoi? caeiyoino? oa nioe?aeueiiai caoenoo ianaeaiiy. Oea
yne?aai aeaeii c iaaaaeaieo o oaae. 2 aeaieo. Ca?o oi?aiai-aeiiii?/ii?
i?n?? Oe?a?ie a ?c?a?e? ca 1996 ??e. – Oaeue-Aa?a, 1996. – 14 n.

Oaaeeoey 2

Aeeiai?ea aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo ? caeiyoino? a ?c?a?e? (1992-1996 ??.)

? i/i Iieacieee199219931994199519961.AAI, ie?ae. aeie. NOA

( o ii??aiyeueieo oe?iao)62,865,079,991,295,8?iaeaen,
%6,73,56,57,14,42.??aaiue ?ioeyoe??, %9.411,214,58,110,63.Caaaeueia
e?euee?noue i?aoe?aiee?a ainiiaea?noaa, oen.
/ie.18511943203021012158?iaeaen, %5,04,74,33,72,84.??aaiue caeiyoino?,
%11,210,47,56,96,45.Na?aaeiy i?ny/ia ca?ieaoa i?aoe?aiee?a
ainiiaea?noaa, aeie. NOA11471160119112311259?iaeaen, %1,20,32,61,91,56.
?iaeaen ?aaeueii? ca?ieaoe, %0,80,11,81,20,97. ?iii?o, iei. aeie.
NOA2030022492257242803530457?iaeaen, %12,412,810,69,38,18. Aenii?o, iei.
aeie .NOA1260014700153201787918900?iaeaen,
%14,310,611,510,16,09.Naeueaei ciai?oiuei? oi?a?ae?,

ie?ae. aeie NOA-7700-11320-10404-10156-1155710.?iaanoeoe??, iei. aeie.
NOA2478925582331804210044950?iaeaen, %12,53,122,518,57,311.Naeueaei
aea?aeaaiiai athaeaeaoo,

iei. aeie. NOA7210372919779888090184256

Iaaaaeai? aeai? na?ae/aoue, ui AAI a ?c?a?e? o 1992-1996 ??. c??n o
ii??aiyeueieo oe?iao a?eueo, i?ae ia 50 %, a eiai na?aaeiuei??/i? oaiie
noaiiaeee 6-7 %. Ca oie /an c?inea e?euee?noue caeiyoeo c 1851 oen. aei
2158 oen. /ieia?e, iino?eii i?aeaeuoaaeany i?ny/ia ca?ia?oia ieaoa.
Ca?aeii c aeaieie ca 1995 ?., a ?c?a?e? i?iaeeaaei 1503 oen. /ieia?e ?
799 oen. ae?iie a?eii a?ae 15 aei 69 ?ie?a, na?aaeiuei??/iee i?e??no o
1965-1995 ??. noaiiaea 3,23%, a o 1995-2025 ??. noaiiaeoeia 1,28%.
O?oaeiaa aeoeai?noue o a?oe? a?ae 15 aei 69 ?ie?a noaiiaeoue o /ieia?e?a
84%, o ae?iie – 44%, a o iieiae? a?eii a?ae 10 aei 19 ?ie?a a?aeiia?aeii
17 ? 9%. A n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa? ?c?a?eth caeiyoi 5,3%, o
i?iieneiaino? – 8,3%, o noa?? iineoa – 86,4%.11 Io/ao i ie?iaii
?acaeoee, 1995. O?oaeiaua ?ano?nu e aeiaaeecaoeey yeiiiieee. Anaie?iue
aaie. 1995. – N. 167,169.

Iaaaaeai? aeai? a?aaeathoue aenieith ieoiiith aaaith caeiyoeo o noa??
iineoa, ui oa?aeoa?ii aeey e?a?i c ?icaeiooith ? aoaeoeaiith
aeiiii?eith. Ana oea iiceoeaii oa?aeoa?eco? aeiiii?/i? oa nioe?aeuei?
i?ioeane cia/iith i??ith caaaeyee c?inoaiith ?iaanoeoe?e.

Cae/aeii, a ?c?a?e?, ye ? a Oe?a?i?, ia? i?noea aac?ia?ooy. A ie?ai?
ia??iaee (1991-93 ??.) ??aaiue aac?ia?ooy nyaaa iiiaae 10%. Inoaii?i
/anii aac?ia?ooy nyaa? 6-8% i?e c?inoaii? iiieoo ia ?iai/o neeo, cie?aia
i?ia?ai?no?a. Oneeaaeith?oueny ?c?a?euenueeee ?eiie i?aoe? iaieeaii
i?a?aio?a, o oiio /ene? c Oe?a?ie.

I?i ??aaiue aac?ia?ooy a ?c?a?e?, ii??aiyii c ?ioeie e?a?iaie, iiaeia
noaeeoe c ?en. 2.

wmetafile8? ??‘???-????????
???????yyy???????????? f

?en. 2. ??aaiue aac?ia?ooy a aeayeeo aea?aeaaao (1994-1996 ??.), (%)

Aeey ?c?a?eth oa?aeoa?ia aeeiai?ea on?o aeiiii?/ieo iieaciee?a o a?e
c?inoaiiy (AAI, caeiyoino?, ca?ieaoe, iain?eiiai caaacia/aiiy ? o.i.).
Oea iiaeia i?i?ethno?oaaoe a?ao?/ieie ? noaoenoe/ieie aeaieie.

wmetafile8? ??r?????????? ???????yyy????????????
?“???

???/???????????????????????????????AAA?AUeA?¦E?? 
»»»)))UUUMMMBBB999y|?yPPOe?“IiyiOeAEccOe©?en.3. Aeeiai?ea
?aaeueii? ca?ia?oii? ieaoe a a?iiaaenueeiio (aea?aeaaiiio)

? i?eaaoiiio naeoi?ao (1989-1996 ??.).

C iaaaaeaiiai a?ao?ea aeaeii, ui a i?iieneiaiio naeoi?? aeiiii?ee
?c?a?eth ca?ia?oia ieaoa a 1989-1996 ??. cia/ii c?inea, oiae? ye o
i?eaaoiiio aiia aei 1991 ?. cieaeoaaeany ? i?ney oiai, i?aei?iath/enue,
i?eiee ia niaaeaea aei iiia?aaeiueiai ??aiy. I/aaeaeii, aea?aeaaa ooo
ni?e/eieeany aei iie?ioaiiy noaiiaeua i?aoe?aiee?a, caeiyoeo ? o noa??
i?eaaoiiai naeoi?a.

A ?c?a?e? ia? i?noea ??cieoey uiaei iieaoe i?aoe? ia o?eueee o noa?ao
ainiiaea?nueei? ae?yeueiino?, a i?eaaoiiio ? aea?aeaaiiio naeoi?ao, aea
e noiniaii i?aoe?aiee?a ??cieo a?eiaeo eaoaai??e. Oae, iai?eeeaae,
aei?ine? iaea?aeothoue aeuo ca?ia?oio ieaoo, i?ae iieiae? i?aoe?aieee.
Oea iieacaii a oaae. 3, ca?aeii c aeaieie yei? i?ny/ia, aeaiia ?
iiaiaeeiia ca?ia?oia ieaoa aei?ineiai i?aoe?aieea iaaaaaoi aeua, i?ae
iaiiaiie?oiueiai. Uii?aaaea, inoaii?e oaeiae iaea?aeo? ii??aiyii aenieo
ca?ia?oio ieaoo.

Oaaeeoey 3

Aaee/eia ca?ia?oii? ieaoe ?ia?oiee?a ??cieo a?eiaeo eaoaai??e

(e?iaoeue 1996 ?ieo, o oaeaeyo)

A?eCa i?nyoeueCa aeaiueCa aiaeeioAei?ineee2,085.1683.4110.4217
?ie?a1,730.6869.238.6516 ?ie?a1,563.8762.567.8114-16
?ie?a1,459.6158.397.29Iaiiaiie?oi?e1,251.1050.056.25

Aeeoa?aioe?aoe?y o aeiaai?iae? — oea oa?aeoa?ia iciaea ?c?a?euenueei?
nenoaie ?iciiae?eo ia aoaeue-yeiio ??ai? oa a aoaeue-ye?e oi?i?.
Eaeaoueny ianaiia?aae i?i iaeiaio iaoa??aeueii caaacia/aieo ethaeae:
?iaae?ae?a, iain?iia??a, o/i?anueeo iieiaeue, a oaeiae i?i i?a?aio?a,
caaaeyee yeei ?c?a?eue iiiiaith? na?e o?oaeiaee iioaioe?ae.

C iaaaaeaieo o oaae. 4 aeaieo aeaeii, ui, iai?eeeaae, nooi?iue
iain?eiiai caaacia/aiiy ca ?iaae?aei?noth iniaeeai aeeoa?aioe?eiaaiee.11
Neiai eiaaeeaea aieiu. Ea?onaeei. – 1995. – ?11. – N. 198; 1997. – ?160.
– N. 50.

Oaaeeoey 4

Iain?eia caaacia/aiiy caeaaeii a?ae nooiaiy ?iaae?aeiino? (o oaeaeyo)

Nooi?iue ?iaae?aeiino?, %?ici?? cae/aeii? aeiiiiiae1.03.1995
?.1.06.1997 ?.10 221.53
263

15 332.30 393

19 420.91 498

20 443.06 523

30 664.59 787

40 886.12 1049

50 1107.66 1310

60 1329.19 1572

70 1550.72
1834

80 1772.25
2095

90 1993.78
2356

100 2215.31
2621

E??i iain?e, ?iaae?aee oa ?io? eaoaai??? iaeicaoeuaieo aa?noa ianaeaiiy
iathoue on?eye? i?eueae. Oea iaeiae ia icia/a?, ui a ?c?a?e? a?aenooiy
a?aei?noue. O aeayeeo i?noao ? i?noeaainoyo aiia aeiaie? aeniea.
I?iaeaie a?aeiino? aiinyoue iai?oao a ?eiie i?aoe?, nioe?aeueiee caoeno
ianaeaiiy oa aeioe/i? ?i yaeua (cie?aia, ciai?oiy i?a?aoe?y,
?ioaineai?noue yei? c?inea i?ney ?iciaaeo N?N?). I?ioyaii 1989-1997 ??.
aei ?c?a?eth i?eaoei c e?a?i NIAe 720 oen. /ieia?e. I?eaeecii 300 oen.
aeo?aeoe?a c Oe?a?ie – oea aaaeeeaee /eiiee oe?a?ii-?c?a?euenueei?
ni?ai?aoe?. Iiaia aeecuee?noue, eoeueoo?ia eiiieaiaioa?i?noue, iai?i
?ioi?iaoe??th, i?iaeiaaeaiiy o?aaeeoe?e, aioiai?noue aei ni?ai?aoe? —
ana oea caeeaeo? Oe?a?io oa ?c?a?eue ia a?oio? caeiyoino? e
nioe?aeueiiai caoenoo ianaeaiiy.

?c?a?euenueeee o?yae iaiaaa?oueny noai?eoe iaeaaei? oiiae aeey
nioe?aeueii? aaeaioaoe?? ?aiao??aio?a. E??i ??ciiai ?iaeo aeiiiiia, aeey
?aiao??aio?a noai?ththoue a?aeiia?aei? i?ia?aie c iaoith aoaeoeaiiai
aeei?enoaiiy ina?oiueiai ? oaoiaiai iioaioe?aeo i?a?aio?a. Naia oiio a
?c?a?eue i?eaoaathoue eaae?o?eiaai? i?aoe?aieee oeny/aie eaaaeueiei ?
iaeaaaeueiei oeyoii. Oea iiooaeia neea aeiiii?/iiai c?inoaiiy.

Oaeei /eiii, caeiyo?noue ? nioe?aeueiee caoeno ianaeaiiy ? i?aenenoaiaie
aeiiii?ee, aeeiai?ci yei? caaea? ia?aiao?e aeia?iaooo. Oeei ianaiia?aae
iiynith?oueny e?aua iaeaaiaeaeaia nenoaia caeiyoino? oa nioe?aeueiiai
caoenoo ianaeaiiy a ?c?a?e?, i?ae a Oe?a?i?.

Aeniiaee

I?iaaaeai? iaoeia? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeicaieythoue c?iaeoe a?aeiia?aei?
ocaaaeueiaiiy, aeniiaee ? i?iiiceoe??, ye? iathoue oai?aoe/ia ?
i?eeeaaeia cia/aiiy. Aiie caiaeyoueny aei ianooiiiai:

1) Aeiiii?/ia iaoea, nioe?ieia?y, i?aai oa ?io? aaeoc? ciaiue, iia’ycai?
c ethaeeiiciaanoaii, iieeeeai? aeoeai?oa, ianooaai?oa ? i?ene?ieea?oa
?ic?iaeyoe ieoaiiy caeiyoino? oa nioe?aeueiiai caoenoo ianaeaiiy a
??cieo aeiiii?/ieo nenoaiao c iaoith ocaaaeueiaiiy aeina?aeo ie?aieo
e?a?i o aaeoc? nioe?aeueii? iie?oeee. Oaea iaiao?aei?noue aeieeaa? ye ?c
aeooaeueiino? i?iaeaie, oae ? c? noaio ?? aea/aiiy. Iaoeiai-e?eoe/ia
ioe?iea ie?aieo ioae?eaoe?e, ?ioeo aeae?a ?ioi?iaoe?? na?ae/eoue, ui
i?iaeaie caeiyoino? ? nioe?aeueiiai caoenoo aea/athoueny iaaeinoaoiuei,
c /anoei aeei?enoaiiyi iaoa??ae?noe/ieo oai?aoe/ieo aeaoa?i?iaoe?e
iaeiii??iino? nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo eaoaai??e, ui ia?aoeiaeaea?
iiaeeaeaiiio ?icoi?iith i?iaeaie a on?e ?? neeaaeiino? oa aeeiai?oe?.
I?iaeoeoeai?noue ii??aiyeueii-nenoaiieo aeine?aeaeaiue cana?ae/o?
iaoa??ae aeaii? aeena?oaoe??.

2) Iiiyooy caeiyoino? oa nioe?aeueiiai caoenoo ianaeaiiy, ye ? an? ?io?
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/i? eaoaai???, ? a?aeiinieie, ?o ci?no ? nooi?noue
?ice?eaathoueny /a?ac iniaenoo iiaaae?ieo oa ooieoe?iioaaiiy aeiiii?/ieo
nenoai. Iaei? niiae?aathoueny ia aea?aeaao, ?io? a?eueoa aeyaeythoue
aeiiii?/ii? naii/eiiino?.

Ii??aiyiiy aeaio e?a?i c iaeiaeiaeie ? aiaeii/an ??cieie ca iai?oaith
i?iaeaiaie caeiyoino? oa nioe?aeueiiai caoenoo ianaeaiiy ?
iiaaoi?nueeei, a oiio iaoeiai ? i?aeoe/ii oe?iiei. *ei a?eueoa e?a?i
aoaea i?aeaeaii oaeiio ii??aiyeueiiio aiae?co, oei aaaii?oei noaia
aianie o iaoeo, c’yaey?oueny iiaeeea?noue a?aeia?aceoe ana ??ciiiai?ooy
aaaeeeaeo i?ioean?a. Oea ia? cia/aiiy ia o?eueee c iiaeyaeo
?ioaa?aoe?eiiai ?icaeoeo, a e c iiaeyaeo eiai ??ciiiai?ooy, a yeiio
i?noeoueny aeaea?aei caaaeueiioeea?e?caoe?eiiai iinooio.

3) Iaeiaae?ei?oei aa?aioii nioe?aeueii? caoeuaiino? ianaeaiiy, ye
cana?ae/o? aea/aiiy aeina?aeo ?c?a?eth, ? aoaeoeai?noue ooieoe?iioaaiiy
aeiiii?/ii? nenoaie, ai naia aeiiii?ea aecia/a? iaae? iaoa??aeueiiai
aeia?iaooo. Caeiyo?noue, yea eaaeeoue a iniia? aeiiii?/iiai c?inoaiiy, ?
caniaii ? oi?iith nioe?aeueiiai caoenoo ianaeaiiy. *a?ac oa aeeiai?ea,
ianooaae, aoaeoeai?noue caeiyoino? aecia/athoue ? oa?aeoa? nioe?aeueiiai
caoenoo ianaeaiiy. Ca?aene aeieeaa?, ui a Oe?a?i? iaiao?aeii
noeioethaaoe aeiiii?/iee ?icaeoie, cae?enithaaoe aeoeaio ?iaanoeoe?eio
iie?oeeo, cie?aia ia no?aoaa?/ieo iai?yiao c iaeaeuith aoaeoeai?noth.

4) C iiaeyaeo oai??? nenoai, aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie oa ?c?a?eth
oa?aeoa?ecothoueny a?aei?iieie iciaeaie, oi/ ? ia iicaaaeai? ni?eueieo
?en. Oae, aeiiii?ea Oe?a?ie iaoyaeaia, ye ? ana noni?euenoai,
eieii?aeueii-?iia?nueeith niaaeueiith, ui iicia/eeiny ia c?oeioaaii? ia
o?eueee aeiiii?ee, aea ? aeiiii?/ii? na?aeiiino?. Iino?eia cieaeaiiy
ianya?a ? aoaeoeaiino? caeiyoino? a oaeeo oiiaao iaieio/a, a
aoaeoeai?noue nioe?aeueiiai caoenoo ianaeaiiy i?i?iaeueia. Uia aeeoe c
oe??? neooaoe??, iio??aii ??oo/?oa i?iaiaeeoe aeiiii?/i? ?aoi?ie ?
oi?ioaaoe aeeiai?/io iaoe?iiaeueio aeiiii?eo.

5) Aaeineiiaeaiiy nenoaie caeiyoino? aeanoeaa aeeiai?/i?e aeiiii?oe?,
yea oa?aeoa?ia aeey ?c?a?eth. sseui c Oe?a?ie iaiaaathoueny aenii?ooaaoe
eai?oae ca ei?aeii, a ca?oa?aei? eai?oaee aeei?enoiaothoueny /anoi ia ca
i?ecia/aiiyi, iica noa?ith ae?iaieoeoaa, oi a ?c?a?eue aeeaathoueny
aaeee? noie ca?oa?aeieo eai?oae?a, ui ? aeaea?aeii aeiiii?/ii?
iae?iaeeiai?ee. Aiie aeicaieythoue noai?thaaoe aeiaeaoeia? ?iai/?
i?noey, a oea o naith /a?ao aaaea aei ?icoe?aiiy caeiyoino? ?c
o?aooaaiiyi ?? naeaeoeaiino? oa aoaeoeaiino?. Oeei aeina?aeii ia?
nei?enoaoeny Oe?a?ia, uia i?aeiyoe na?e ?aeoeia a ciai?oiueiaeiiii?/ieo
ca’yceao, caeo/aii? ?iicaiiiai eai?oaeo, aeey /iai iaiao?aeii
oaeineiiaeeoe i?aaiaa iiea, nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/i? iaoai?cie,
ia?aaoaeoaaoe ia ?o iniia? anth nenoaio aeiiii?/ieo ? nioe?aeueieo
a?aeiinei oa cie?aia o?iainiai-e?aaeeoio, iiaeaoeiao ? oe?iiao iie?oeeo
? iie?oeeo caeo/aiiy ?iicaiiiai eai?oaeo.

6) Naeaeoeai?noue a?aaoethaaiiy caeiyoino? c o?aooaaiiyi naaiaioaoe??
caaaeueiiiaoe?iiaeueiiai oa ?aa?iiaeueiiai ?eie?a i?aoe? iiaeiia noaoe
aaaeeeaith neeaaeiaith nioe?aeueii? iie?oeee aea?aeaae, ui
i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny aeina?aeii ?c?a?eth. A Oe?a?i?, i?ioeane aac?ia?ooy
a ye?e ia?inoathoue, ia noai?aii iaeaaeia eiieo?aioia na?aaeiaeua ia
?eieo i?aoe?. Oeae oaeo ia? ??ci? i?e/eie, a oiio /ene? e oa, ui aeey
aaaaoueio i?aoe?aiee?a, noi?iiaaieo o ia??iae iiia?aaeiuei? nenoaie,
aeanoeaa iiceoe?y nioe?aeueii? aac?i?oe?aoeaiino?, cae/ea ae?yoe i?ae
aieeaii ciai?oi?o eiiaiae. Oey iciaea aeanoeaa i?a?aioai a ?c?a?e?, yeee
i?aaia aeoea?coaaoe ?o ae?yeuei?noue.

7) Aieiaiei noa’?eoii aeiiii?/iiai c?inoaiiy ? ethaeeia, ?? ye?ni?
iciaee. Ioae??noue aea?aeaae iieyaa? a oiio, iane?eueee aiia ai??
nei?enoaoeny iioaioe?aeii eiaeiiai naiai ?iaeea?aeooia. I?iaaaeaiee
aiae?c, ii??aiyiiy nenoai caeiyoino? oa nioe?aeueiiai caoenoo a iaio
e?a?iao na?ae/aoue, ui c oeei caaaeaiiyi oni?oi?oa ni?aaey?oueny
?c?a?eue, caeo/ath/e aei aeoeai?oi? ae?yeueiino? ye nai?o a?iiaaeyi, oae
? ?ii?a?aio?a-?aiao??aio?a, na?aae yeeo a?aaea? aeniea ieoiia aaaa
ia?oieeanieo niaoe?ae?no?a. ?c?a?euenueeee o?yae, ??ci? a?iiaaenuee?
i?aai?caoe??, i?iaeoe ? oiiaee ci???ioiaai? ia yeiiiaa iiai?oa
aeei?enoaiiy iioaioe?aeo ethaeae, ?aiao??aio?a o ei?eni?e aeey aea?aeaae
ni?aa?. A Oe?a?i? oaeiae iiaeii? ae?yoe nenoaia caoenoo ?eieo i?aoe?,
niaoe?aeuei? i?ia?aie ? oiiaee caeiyoino?. Aeioe?eueii a eiaeiiio
?aa?ii? iaeaniiai ??aiy, i?noao ? aaei?i?no?aoeaieo ?aeiiao ?ic?iaeyoe
oe?eueia? eiiieaeni? i?ia?aie i?aeaeuaiiy yeino? aeeoo?ae?yeueiino?
ianaeaiiy, i?eae?eeaoe iniaeeao oaaao nioe?aeueiiio caoenoo a?aceeaeo
aa?noa ianaeaiiy: iain?iia??a, ?iaae?ae?a oa ae?oae. Oe? ieoaiiy iiaeii?
ciaeoe a?aeia?aaeaiiy ? ao?eaiiy a I?ia?ai? «Oe?a?ia – 2010” /a?ac
?ic?iaeo eiino?oeoeaieo i?iiiceoe?e ? iai?yi?a a noa?? caeiyoino?,
iain?eiiai oa ?ioeo aeae?a nioe?aeueiiai caaacia/aiiy, aeiiiiiae ii
aea?aeaaiiio nioe?aeueiiio no?aooaaiith, aeiiiiiae n?i’yi c ae?oueie,
caaacia/aiith iain?eieo aeo?ao oa nioe?aeueieo aa?aio?e a aaeoc? ioi?iie
caei?ia’y, ina?oe ? a eoeueoo??.

8) A ?c?a?e? iaoa?iae?nonuee? ooieoe?? aea?aeaae aeia?a ?aaeaiaioiaai?
naia c aea?aeaaieoeueeeo iiceoe?e, ui iiaea aooe i?eeeaaeii aeey
iane?aeoaaiiy. Iniaeeai oea iio??aii a Oe?a?i?, aea i?ae ??cieie
i?eaiaeaie cae?eniththoueny noia?a/eea? e iaeiaoaeoeai? nioe?aeuei?
caoiaee, ye? oeiaeyoue eiinie?aeaoe?? noni?euenoaa, iane?aeee /iai
iaaaoeaii iicia/athoueny ia aeiiii?/iiio c?inoaii?, ooieoe?iioaaii?
nenoaie caeiyoino? oa nioe?aeueiiio caoeno? ianaeaiiy. ?c?a?euenueeee
o?yae aeaa? i?i ei??iieo iaoeaioe?a. A?i ?icaeyaea? caeiyo?noue ?
nioe?aeueiee caoeno nai?o iaoeaioe?a /a?ac i?ecio ci?oeiaiiy iniia
iacaeaaeiino? aea?aeaae. Oea noino?oueny athaeaeaoii?, ca?ieaoii? oa
?ioi? iie?oeee e?a?ie, yea i???ioo?oueny ia oe?iiino? o?aoueiai
oeny/ie?ooy. A Oe?a?i? aeey canoinoaaiiy ?c?a?euenueeiai aeina?aeo ?
aaeee? ?aca?ae, aea a oeueiio iai?yi? iathoue ocaiaeaeaii ae?yoe an?
a?eee aeaaee ? noni?euenoai a oe?eiio. C oe??th iaoith iaiao?aei?
aea?aeaaioai?/? caaaeaiiy ? caoiaee iathoue aooe aeii?ioth/eie iaae
on?ia ?ioeie.

9) An? aeaiaioe caeiyoino?, o?oaeiaeo a?aeiinei, nioe?aeueiiai
caaacia/aiiy a ?c?a?e? iathoue aa?o?nii-oe?iiaee ci?no ? oei naiei
a?aeiia?aeathoue i?e?iae? nioe?aeueii-?eieiai? aeiiii?/ii? nenoaie. A
Oe?a?i? nenoaia caeiyoino? oa nenoaia nioe?aeueiiai caoenoo ianaeaiiy o
i?aaiaiio caaacia/aii?, a ua a?eueoa a aeiiii?/iiio, aoaeo?oueny ia
iaoo?ae?noe/ieo, a ia oe?iiaeo canaaeao. Oei naiei aiie noia?a/aoue
?eieiaei e?eoa??yi, ia iiaeooue aooe aoaeoeaieie i? aeey ie?aieo
a?iiaaeyi, i? aeey aeiiii?/iiai ? noni?eueiiai iinooio acaaae?. Oea
icia/a?, ui ?icoe?aii o?aeoiaaia nenoaia nioe?aeueiiai caoenoo
ianaeaiiy, yea aeeth/a? ? a?aeiineie caeiyoino?, aeiaaa? a Oe?a?i?
aeiei??iiiai aaeineiiaeaiiy ia?aaeon?i o iai?yi? i?enoinoaaiiy aei
caaaeaiue ?icaoaeiae iaoe?iiaeueii? nioe?aeueii-?eieiai? aeiiii?ee. Aeey
oeueiai iio??aii an?eyei noeioethaaoe noai?aiiy iiaeo ?iai/eo i?noeue,
eoeueoeaoaaoe i?aei?e?iieoeoai ? naiicaeiyo?noue, aeiei??iii
ia?aaoaeoaaoe nenoaio nioe?aeueiiai caoenoo ianaeaiiy, i?enoinoaaaoe ??
aei aeiia nioe?aeueii-?eieiai? aeiiii?ee ? canaae nioe?aeueii?
ni?aaaaeeeaino?.

Nienie iioae?eiaaieo aaoi?ii i?aoeue ca oaiith aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe

1. Ceoiei N.I., Oiea?nueeee O.A. Oe?a?ia oa ?c?a?eue: caeiyo?noue ?
nioe?aeueiee caoeno ianaeaiiy. — Euea?a: ??Ae IAI Oe?a?ie, 1999. –
138 n.

Iniaenoee aianie aaoi?a: iaa?oiooaaiiy nooiino? caeiyoino? oa
nioe?aeueiiai caoenoo ianaeaiiy, aeine?aeaeaiiy ?o iniaeeainoae a
Oe?a?i? oa ?c?a?e?.

2. O?oaeiaee iioaioe?ae, caeiyo?noue ? ?eiie i?aoe? / I.?.Aeie?oi?e,
N.I.Ceoiei, O.N.Ceoiei, O.A.Oiea?nueeee. – Euea?a: ??Ae IAI Oe?a?ie,
1997. — 340 n.

Iniaenoee aianie aaoi?a: iaa?oioiaaii ?ieue iaoe?iiaeueii?
ainiiaea?nueei? eoeueoo?e a i?aai?caoe?? caeiyoino?, ?? aaeaioaoe?? aei
iia?oi?o oaoiieia?e ? ?eieiaeo iaoai?ci?a, o oi?ioaaii? iioeaaoe?? aei
i?aoe? a aeeiai?/i?e aeiiii?oe?.

3. Oiea?nueeee O.A. Caeiyo?noue ? nioe?aeueiee caoeno ianaeaiiy (ia
i?eeeaae? ?c?a?eth) // A?niee Iaeanueeiai ?inoeoooo aioo??oi?o ni?aa. –
1997. — ?3. – N. 96-102.

4. Oiea?nueeee O.A. Caeiyo?noue, ca?ieaoa ? nioe?aeueiee caoeno
ianaeaiiy (?aa?iiaeueiee aniaeo) // A?niee Iaeanueeiai ?inoeoooo
aioo??oi?o ni?aa. – 1997. — ?4. — N. 73-81.

5. Oiea?nueeee O.A. Caeiyo?noue ? ?eiie i?aoe? a ?c?a?e? // Eiiaiaei?. –
1999. – ?2. – N. 16-20.

Oiea?nueeee O.A. Caeiyo?noue oa nioe?aeueiee caoeno ianaeaiiy (ia
iaoa??aeao Oe?a?ie oa ?c?a?eth). – ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii?/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 08.09.01. – Aeaiia?ao?y, aeiiii?ea i?aoe?,
nioe?aeueia aeiiii?ea ? iie?oeea – ?inoeooo ?aa?iiaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue
IAI Oe?a?ie. Euea?a. 1999.

O aeena?oaoe?? aiae?cothoueny i?iaeaie aoaeoeaiino? ooieoe?iioaaiiy
nenoaie caeiyoino? oa nioe?aeueiiai caoenoo ianaeaiiy ia no/aniiio aoai?
ia i?eeeaae? Oe?a?ie e ?c?a?eth. Iaa?oioiaothoueny nooi?noue, iniiai?
eiiiiiaioe ? oaeoi?e caeiyoino? oa nioe?aeueiiai caoenoo ianaeaiiy, c
o?aooaaiiyi iniaeeainoae ?icaeoeo iaoe?iiaeueieo aeiiii?/ieo nenoai.
Aecia/aii oaiaeaioe??, caniae, iaoai?cie, iai?yie, oeyoe ? iaoiaee
aaeineiiaeaiiy caeiyoino? oa nioe?aeueiiai caoenoo ianaeaiiy c
o?aooaaiiyi nioe?aeueiiai aeina?aeo ??cieo e?a?i.

Aaaeeeaei iai?yiii oaeineiiaeaiiy caeiyoino? ? ca?eueoaiiy ?iaanoeoe?e ?
noai?aiiy iiaeo ?iai/eo i?noeue, ci???ioiaaieo ia aeeiai?/i?
aenieioaoi?/i? ae?iaieoeoaa. Ui noino?oueny nenoaie nioe?aeueiiai
caoenoo ianaeaiiy, oi aiia iiaeiia a?aeiia?aeaoe aeiiaai
?eieiai-oe?iiaeo iaoai?ci?a. Naia oea i?aeoaa?aeaeo? ae?eni?noue
?c?a?eth, aeina?aeii yeiai aeioe?eueii nei?enoaoeny Oe?a?i?.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: caeiyo?noue, ?eiie i?aoe?, nioe?aeueiee caoeno,
i?a?aoe?y, ca?ieaoa, aeia?iaoo, oi?aae?iiy, aeiiii?/ia ? nioe?aeueia
iie?oeea, aeiiii?/ia nenoaia, nioe?aeueia aaeaioaoe?y.

Oiea?neee O.A. Caiyoinoue e nioeeaeueiay caueoa ianaeaiey (ia iaoa?eaeao
Oe?aeiu e Ec?aeey). – ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa yeiiiie/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 08.09.01. – Aeaiia?aoey, yeiiiieea o?oaea,
nioeeaeueiay yeiiiieea e iieeoeea. – Einoeooo ?aaeiiaeueiuo
enneaaeiaaiee IAI Oe?aeiu, Eueaia, 1999.

A aeenna?oaoeee aiaeece?othony i?iaeaiu caiyoinoe e nioeeaeueiie caueou
ianaeaiey ia nia?aiaiiii yoaia ia iaoa?eaeao Oe?aeiu e Ec?aeey. Aeaia
iao/ii-e?eoe/aneay ioeaiea oai?ee, eiioeaioeee, ioaeaeueiuo ioaeeeaoeee,
ioiinyueony e caiyoinoe e nioeeaeueiie caueoa ianaeaiey, ii?aaeaeaiu
nouiinoue, iniiaiua eiiiiiaiou e oaiaeaioeee ?acaeoey caiyoinoe e
nioeeaeueiie caueou ianaeaiey n o/aoii iniaaiiinoae ?acee/iuo
yeiiiie/aneeo nenoai, yooaeoeaiinoe eo ooieoeeiie?iaaiey.

I?iaiaeece?iaaia acaeiinaycue nenoaiu caiyoinoe n iae?iyeiiiie/aneie
aeeiaieeie, ?ane?uou i?e/eiu e?eceniuo oaiaeaioeee a yeiiiieea Oe?aeiu e
io?aaeaii eo aeeyiea ia nieaeaiea iauaiia caiyoinoe, oi?ie?iaaiea ?uiea
o?oaea, i?ioeannu iea?aoeee ianaeaiey, iieacaia ieceay yooaeoeaiinoue
nenoaiu nioeeaeueiie caueou ianaeaiey. Eco/aiu iniaaiiinoe yeiiiie/aneie
aeeiaieee, ?acaeoey e ?aaoee?iaaiey nenoaiu caiyoinoe, yooaeoeaiinoe
nioeeaeueiie caueou ianaeaiey a Ec?aeea. I?iaaaeai eiiia?aoeaiue aiaeec
nenoaiu caiyoinoe e nioeeaeueiie caueou ianaeaiey a ?acee/iuo
yeiiiie/aneeo nenoaiao, ii?aaeaeaiu iai?aaeaiey eniieueciaaiey iiuoa
Ec?aeey a niaa?oainoaiaaiee caiyoinoe e nioeeaeueiie caueou ianaeaiey
Oe?aeiu.

Ii?aaeaeaiu i?e/eiu e?eceniuo oaiaeaioeee a yeiiiieea Oe?aeiu ca ia?eiae
aa ainoaea?noaaiiie iacaaeneiinoe, eioi?ua yaeythony ianeaaeeai
ieaiiai-aee?aeoeaiie nenoaiu e ionoonoaeai iainiiaaiiie no?aoaaee a
i?iaaaeaiee o?ainoi?iaoeeiiii-?uii/iuo i?aia?aciaaiee. A yoeo oneiaeyo
iaiaoeaoeany ?aiaa oaiaeaioeee i?eia?aee iaaaeueiue oa?aeoa?, /oi i?e
ionoonoaee iaiaoiaeeiuo iaeiieaiee ia?aie/eaaei aiciiaeiinoe
ainoaea?noaaiiuo eaieoaeiaeiaeaiee. *oi eanaaony i?eaaoece?iaaiiiai
naeoi?a, oi ii yeiiiie/anee ia niiniaai nouanoaaiii eciaieoue ?ino
aac?aaioeoeu.

A yoii ioiioaiee a aieaa auaiaeiii iieiaeaiee iaoiaeeony yeiiiieea
Ec?aeey, eioi?ay aeaaiaea?y nianoaaiiui e ca?oaaaeiui eiaanoeoeeyi
aeaiiino?e?oao iinoiyiiia aeeiaie/aneia ?acaeoea. Oai ia iaiaa
yeiiiie/aneia ?acaeoea Ec?aeey oaeaea nii?iaiaeaeaaony aac?aaioeoeae.

A aeenna?oaoeee i?iaiaeece?iaaiu oneiaey caiyoinoe a Ec?aeea, ?aoaiea
nioeeaeueiuo i?iaeai. Iieacaii, /oi nioeeaeueiay nenoaia a ?uii/iie
yeiiiieea yooaeoeaii ooieoeeiie?oao a oii neo/aa, anee iia niioaaonoaoao
o?aaiaaieyi ?uii/iuo noieiinoii-oeaiiauo ioiioaiee. Nenoaia nioeeaeueiie
caueou ianaeaiey a Oe?aeia a yoii ioiioaiee o?aaoao ei?aiiiai oeo/oaiey,
i?eaaaeaiey aa a niioaaonoaea n oaiaeaioeeyie e caeiiiia?iinoyie
nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneeo o?ainoi?iaoeee a oeaeii.

A niioaaonoaee n yoei iainiiauaaaony oi, /oi nenoaia caiyoinoe e
nioeeaeueiie caueou ianaeaiey aeieaeia ?aoaoueny eiiieaenii, a
i?aaie/aneie nayce n iauei iai?aaeaieai yeiiiie/aneiai ?acaeoey no?aiu.
Yoi iiaeoaa?aeaeaao nioeeaeueiue iiuo Ec?aeey e Oe?aeiu.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: caiyoinoue, ?uiie o?oaea, nioeeaeueiay caueoa,
iea?aoeey, ca?ieaoa, aeaaininoiyiea, oi?aaeaiea, yeiiiie/aneay e
nioeeaeueiay iieeoeea, yeiiiie/aneay nenoaia, nioeeaeueiay aaeaioaoeey.

T.Tokarsky. Employment and Social Protection of Population (for example
of Ukraine and Israel). – Manuscript.

This manuscript is presented for obtaining candidate’s degree on
economy. Speciality 08.09.01 – Demography, labour economy, social
economy and policy. – Research Regional Institute under the National
Academy of Science of Ukraine. Lviv. 1999.

In this research work the problems of effective functioning of
employment system and social protection of population in present time
are analysed on examples of Ukraine and Israel.

The nature, basic components, employment factors and social protection
of population are grounded (proved) taking into consideration the
peculiarities of national economic systems. Tendencies, means,
mechanisms, trends, ways and methods of improvement the problems of
employment and Social protection of population are defined. Generalised
experience of different countries is considered.

Increase of investments and creation of new working places oriented on
dynamical hightechnic production is a very important trend in improving
of employment. As to the system of social protection of market and price
mechanisms. That confirms Israel’s reality and it will be expediently
for Ukraine to make use of this experience.

Key word: employment, labour market, social protection, migration,
wages, welfare, management, economic and social policy, economic system,
social adaptation.

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