EUeA?ANUeEEE AeA?AEAAIEE IAAeE*IEE OI?AA?NEOAO

?i. AeAIEEA AAEEOeUeEIAI

Eoiianueeee Aieiaeeie? Aieiaeeie?iae/

OAeE 616.5 – 002.3 – 089 – 085349.19 (362.123.62)

CANOINOAAIIss IIAIAI E?EA?NUeEIAI CANIAO

OEOIAENEAeO O EIIIEAENIIIO O??O?A?*IIIO

E?EOAAII? AI?EII–CAIAEUeIEO CAOAI?THAAIUe OE??E

OA I?AeOE??II? INIIAE

(ee?i?ei-aenia?eiaioaeueia aeine?aeaeaiiy)

14.01.03 – o??o?a?y

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe

EUeA?A – 1998

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia o Euea?anueeiio aea?aeaaiiio iaaee/iiio oi?aa?neoao?

?i. Aeaieea Aaeeoeueeiai

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe,
i?ioani?

AIAe?THUAIEI A?EOI? IAO?IAE*

i?ioani? eaoaae?e oaeoeueoaonueei? ? caaaeueii? o??o???? Euea?anueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i.Aeaieea Aaeeoeueeiai

Iaoeiaee eiinoeueoaio aeieoi? oa?iaoeaaoe/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

IAO?OO ETHAIA ?AAI?AIA

i?ioani?, caa?aeoaa/ea eaoaae?e oa?iaoeaaoe/ii? oai??

oaeoeueoaoo i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe Euea?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaee/iiai
oi?aa?neoaoo

?i. Aeaieea Aaeeoeueeiai

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe : aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe,
i?ioani?

EA*I?IANUeEEE A.A.

caa. a?aeae?eii o??o?a?? Euea?anueeiai o?e?aeo
Ee?anueeiai

Iaoeiai-aeine?aeiiai ?inoeoooo aaiaoieia?? oa ia?aeeaaiiy
e?ia?

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo
iaoe, i?ioani?

EO?EI A.N.

i?ioani? eaoaae?e oaeoeueoaonueei?
o??o?a??

Oa?iii?euenueei? iaaee/ii? aeaaeai?? ?i. ?. ss.
Ai?aa/aanueeiai

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa Oa?e?anueeee iaoeiai-aeine?aeiee
?inoeooo

caaaeueii? oa iaa?aeeeaaeii? o??o?a??
IIC Oe?a?ie

Caoeno aeena?oaoe?? a?aeaoaeaoueny “27” eenoiiaaea 1998 ?. i 12
aiae. ia can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae35.600.01 o
Euea?anueeiio aea?aeaaiiio iaaee/iiio oi?aa?neoao? (290010, i.Euea?a,
aoe. Iaea?nueea, 69),

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Euea?anueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ( 290008, i.Euea?a, aoe.
N?/iaeo no??eueoe?a, 6)

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “27” aeiaoiy 1998 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee
*oee?i N.I.

1

C a a a e ue i a o a ? a e o a ? e n o e e a ? i a i o e

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. I?iaeaia e?eoaaiiy ai?eii-caiaeueieo
caoai?thaaiue oe??e oa i?aeoe??ii? iniiae (ACCOII) caeeoa?oueny iaei??th
c iaea?eueo aeooaeueieo a aiaoeaoi?i?e o??o???? [A.I. Eieania e niaao.,
1989; A.A. A?eai?yi e niaao., 1978; A.I. Aeaoeaiei e niaao., 1993;
A.A. Iaooia e niaao., 1991; I.E. Eocei e niaao., 1990]. Oea coiiaeaia
aaaaoueia ianoaaeiaie. Ii-ia?oa, e?euee?noue oai?eo c ACCOII, ye?
caa?oathoueny a iie?ee?i?ee, aiaoeaoi??? oa iaaeeei-nai?oa?i? /anoeie
(IN*) i?aei?e?inoa noaiiaeoue cia/io ieoiio iano [A.A.Anaoeaiei e
niaao., 1993; A.A.Aeaayoia e niaao., 1993; Eioiie Ae., 1978] ? a
caaaeuei?e no?oeoo?? aiaoeaoi?ii? iaaee/ii? aeiiiiiae nyaa? iiiaae 30%
[I.E. Eocei e niaao., 1981; TH.A. Oaiioieeia e niaao., 1984]. Ii-ae?oaa,
na?aae caaaeueiiai eiioei?aioo oeeo iaoe??io?a ia?aaaaeathoue iniae
i?aoeacaeaoiiai a?eo [A.I. Aeaoeaiei e niaao., 1985; I.E. Eocei e
niaao., 1987], ui iia’ycaia o iaai?e i??? c? oe?aeeeainoyie i?ioan?eiiai
oa?aeoa?o [TH.A. Oaiioieeia e niaao., 1984]. Ii-o?ao?, aeiiii?/i?
ao?aoe, coiiaeai? ia?aaoaaiiyi oai?eo ia e?eoaaii? ? cia/ieie ? ia
iathoue no?eei? oaiaeaioe?? aei cieaeaiiy [I.E.Eocei e niaao., 1990]. O
ca’yceo c oeei, ca inoaii?e /an c’yaeythoueny ye ie?ai? ioae?eaoe??, oae
? niaoe?aeuei? iaoeia? aeine?aeaeaiiy, i?enay/ai? ?ica’ycaiith ??cieo
aniaeo?a oe??? i?iaeaie. A ieo ?icaeyaeathoueny ieoaiiy i?io?eaeoeee
ACCOII [A.A. Iaooia e O.I. ?icianeay, 1991; A.E. No?o/eia e niaao.,
1984; Alexander J.W., 1970; Baiby H., 1991], iniaeeainoae
aaeoa??aeueiiai iaecaaeo ? /ooeea?noue i?e?ioei?e [Aaeaia A.A., 1993;
A.N. Naaaeueaa e niaao., 1976; Kogan M.K., 1980; Eisenberg R., 1991],
aeaye? aeaiaioe nooi o??o???/ieo ao?o/aiue [A.I. Aeaoeaiei e niaao.,
1993; I.E. Eocei e niaao., 1980], aeiiii?/i? iieacieee [I.E. Eocei e
niaao., 1990] oa ?io?. Iniaeeaa oaaaa iaaea?oueny ieoaiiyi eiieaeniiai
e?eoaaiiy ACCOII, ui ia?aaeaa/a? ii?yae c iia?aoeaiei ao?o/aiiyi
aeei?enoaiiy aeiaeaoeiaeo oa?aiaaoe/ieo eiiiiiaio?a [A.A. Aeaooi e
niaao., 1983; A.N. Nieie., 1981; Artz C.P., 1979]. Na?aae ieo
caneoaiaothoue ia oaaao o?ce/i? oaeoi?e, cie?aia, aae?e-iaiiiaa
eaca?ioa?ai?y [A.I. Aeaoeaiei ? niaao., 1989; A.E. Ei?aiaeia e niaao.,
1989; I.E. Oienouo e niaao., 1990; A.A. Oiaein e niaao., 1990],
oeueo?acaoeiaa eaa?oaoe?y [I.I. Aiiaea?aiei e niaao., 1985; ?.A.Eoeeaa,
1985; E.I. Ianaiyi e niaao., 1990; N.A. N/anoiue e niaao., 1983], a
oaeiae i?noeaaa canoinoaaiiy iiaeo iaaeeeaiaioicieo cania?a [A.A.
Ia?oeenia e niaao., 1992; A.A. Iao?ea e

2

niaao., 1989; I.A. O?oiei e niaao., 1982]. Ie?ai? aeine?aeieee
aeiaiaeyoue aoaeoeai?noue i?ei?iaiiy o oai?eo c aeaiith iaoiei???th
aiaei?ic/eiieo iacaaeo i?aia?ao?a [A.I. Eaeeie/aiei, 1983],
??ciiiai?oieo ni?aaio?a [A.A. A?aoeeay e niaao., 1989; A.I. Nieo?a e
niaao., 1994; E.Ae. Oa?aiaiei e niaao., 1984] oa ?ioeo.

O oe?eiio, oaiaeaioe?y aei aeei?enoaiiy no/anieo e?e?a aeey i?noeaaiai
canoinoaaiiy iaaoaa? nueiaiaei? iniaeeaiai cia/aiiy [A.I. Aeaoeaiei e
niaao., 1994; A.A. Ia?oeenia e niaao., 1992; A.A. Oa?aeaiia e niaao.,
1988; I.A. O?oiei e niaao., 1982].

Ana aeuacaaaeaia cana?ae/o? aeooaeuei?noue ? aeioe?euei?noue
iiaeaeueoiai aea/aiiy i?iaeaie eiiieaeniiai o??o???/iiai e?eoaaiiy
ai?eii-caiaeueieo caoai?thaaiue oe??e oa i?aeoe??ii? iniiae.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie.
Aeena?-oaoe?y aeeiiaia ca?aeii ?c oaiith IAe? eaoaae?e oaeoeueoaonueei?
oa caaaeueii? o??o???? c eo?nii i?ieoiei??? Euea?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ca ? 0196V013958 “?ic?iaeoe ae?aaiinoe/io oa
e?eoaaeueio i?ia?aio i?e ai?eii-caiaeueieo i?ioeanao, iniiaaio ia
aea/aii? iniaeeainoae ao?ieia??, iaoiaaiaco oa ee?i?ee no/anii?
o??o?a?/ii? ?ioaeoe??” (1996 – 1999 ?.?.).

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy – iie?aueoe
?acoeueoaoe o??o???/iiai e?eoaaiiy oai?eo ia ACCOII ia iniia?
aeei?enoaiiy iiaiai i?aia?aoo oeoiaeneaeo.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy oe??? iaoe aoee noi?ioeueiaai? ianooii? caaaeaiiy:

1. ?ic?iaeoe iiaee e?ea?nueeee can?a aeey e?eoaaiiy ACCOII ia iniia?
a?aeiieo aioeaaeoa-??eieo i?aia?ao?a – oeo?ai?ceaeo oa aeeiaeneaeo.

2. I?iaanoe aeiee?i?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy oeoiaeneaeo a?aeiia?aeii aei
aeiia Oa?iaeiei??/iiai eii?oaoo IIC Oe?a?ie c iaoith io?eiaoe aeica?e ia
I oaco ee?i?/ii? ai?iaaoe??.

3. Cai?iiiioaaoe iaoiaeeeo e?eoaaiiy ACCOII c aeei?enoaiiyi
oeoiaeneaeo.

4. I?iaanoe ii??aiyeueiee aiae?c aoaeoeaiino? e?eoaaiiy ACCOII
?aaeeoe?eiei iaoiaeii, c canoinoaaiiyi aeeiaeneaeo oa iiaiai i?aia?aoo
oeoiaeneaeo ia i?aenoaa? ?acoeueoao?a niaoe?aeueieo iaoiaeee –
ieai?iao?e/iiai, aaeoa??iei??/iiai oa oeeoiei??/iiai aeine?aeaeaiue.

5. Ee?i?/ii ioe?ieoe aoaeoeai?noue aeei?enoaiiy iiaiai i?aia?aoo
oeoiaeneaeo o eiiieaen-iiio o??o???/iiio e?eoaaii? ACCOII.

3

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. ?ic?iaeaii iiaee e?ea?nueeee
can?a oeoiaeneae aeey e?eoaaiiy ai?eii-caiaeueieo o?aaeaiue oe??e oa
i?aeoe??ii? iniiae. I?iaaaeaii aeiee?i?/i? aenia?eiaioaeuei?
aeine?aeaeaiiy iiaiai i?aia?aoo ia i?aenoaa? ?acoeueoao?a yeeo
Iinoaiiaith Oa?iaeiei??/iiai eii?oaoo IIC Oe?a?ie [i?ioieie ?3 a?ae
30.03.1995 ?.] io?eiaii aeica?e ia i?iaaaeaiiy I oace ee?i?/ii?
ai?iaaoe??. A?aeiia?aeii aei iiia?aaeiueiai iia?aeiieaiiy [?592/A a?ae
26.03.1998 ?.] Oa?iaeiei??/iei eii?oaoii IIC Oe?a?ie i?eeiyoi iiceoeaia
??oaiiy [i?io. ?2 a?ae 26.02.1998 ?.] uiaei i?iaaaeaiiy II oace
ee?i?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue i?aia?aoo oeoiaeneae. Cai?iiiiiaaii iaoiaeeeo
i?noeaaiai canoinoaaiiy oeoiaeneaeo aeey e?eoaaiiy ai?eii-caiaeueieo
caoai?thaaiue oe??e oa i?aeoe??ii? iniiae. Oeoiaeneae oia?oa aeei?enoaii
a eiiieaeniiio o??o???/iiio e?eoaaii? aeaiiai eiioei?aioo oai?eo.
Aeiaaaeaii eiai aoaeoeai?noue o ii??aiyii? c o?aaeeoe?eieie iaoiaeaie
e?eoaaiiy.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. ?ic?iaeaii iiaee
iaaeeeaiaioiciee i?aia?ao oeoiaeneae aeey canoinoaaiiy o o??o???/i?e
i?aeoeoe? [Iaoaio Oe?a?ie ia aeiao?ae ? 195034 A. Athe. ?6 a?ae
25.12.97?.]. Oeoiaeneae aeiiiaith? iia?aoeaia ao?o/aiiy ? ni?ey?
aoaeoeai?oiio e?eoaaiith oai?eo ia ACCOII. I?noeaaa aeei?enoaiiy
i?aia?aoo ?aeiiaiaeiaaii i?e an?o iiciei??/ieo oi?iao ai?eii-caiaeueieo
o?aaeaiue oe??e oa i?aeoe??ii? iniiae.

Cai?iiiiiaaia iaoiaeeea e?eoaaiiy ? ianeeaaeiith, caaaeueiiaeinooiiith ?
iiaeeeaith aeey aeei?enoaiiy o ?iaio? o??o???/ieo e?eoaaeueieo caeeaae?a
i?aeoe/ii? ioi?iie caei?ia’y.

I?ney ?ic?iaee i?aia?aoo eiai ai?iaaaeaeaii o i?aeoe/io ?iaioo iaaeeei —
nai?oa?ii? /anoeie AAO Euea?anueeee caaiae «Aaoiiaaaioaaeoaa/» ?
eaoaae?e oaeoeueoaonueei? oa caaaeueii? o??o???? c eo?nii i?ieoiei???
EAeIO. Ca?aeii c ?aeiiaiaeaoe?yie Oa?iaeiei??/iiai eii?oaoo I?i?noa?noaa
ioi?iie caei?ia’y Oe?a?ie i?iaaaeaii I oaco ee?i?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue
oeoiaeneaeo o Ee?anueeiio IAe? ee?i?/ii? oa aenia?eiaioaeueii? o??o????,
ia eaoaae?? oe??ieo oa aaia?e/ieo oai?ia Ea?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo, Oa?e?anueeiio ?inoeooo? aea?iaoiei??? oa
aaia?iei???.

4

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Iniaenoi aaoi?ii iiaiiaai? iaiao?aei?
iaoiaeeee aenia?eiaioaeueiiai oa ee?i?/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy iiaiai
e?ea?nueeiai caniao. I?e eiai aaciina?aaei?e o/ano? ?ic?iaeaii oa
cae?eniaii aeiee?i?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy iiaiai i?aia?aoo – oeoiaeneae.
I?iaaaeaii ioi?ieaiiy iaiao?aeii? aeieoiaioaoe?? aeey iiaeaiiy o
Oa?iaeiei??/iee eii?oao IIC Oe?a?ie. Cai?iiiiiaaii niin?a e?eoaaiiy
??cieo iiciei?/ieo oi?i ai?eii-caiaeueieo o?aaeaiue oe??e oa i?aeoe??ii?
iniiae c aeei?enoaiiyi oeoiaeneaeo. ?ic?iaeaii ?ino?oeoe?th ii
i?noeaaiio canoinoaaiith i?aia?aoo, yeo caoaa?aeaeaii Oa?ia-eiei??/iei
eii?oaoii IIC Oe?a?ie [i?ioieie ?3 a?ae 30.03.1995 ?ieo]. Aea/aii
aoaeoeai?noue canoinoaaiiy oeoiaeneaeo o ii??aiyii? c o?aaeeoe?eieie
e?eoaaeueieie iaoiaeeeaie. Ni?aaaoi?noai ?ioeo aeine?aeiee?a o iaoeiaeo
i?aoeyo iioae?eiaaieo ca iaoa??aeaie aeena?oaoe?? iieyaa? ia?aaaaeii o
?o eiinoeueoaoeai?e ni?ai?aoe?. Aeiyoie noaiiaeoue eeoa Iaoaio Oe?a?ie,
yeee ? ?acoeueoaoii ni?eueii? ?iaioe eieaeoeao aaoi??a.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. ?acoeueoaoe i?iaaaeaieo
aeine?aeaeaiue oa iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? aena?oeai? o
aeiiia?aeyo ia can?aeaii? eaoaae?e oaeoeueoaonueei? oa caaaeueii?
o??o???? c eo?nii i?ieoiei??? Euea?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaee/iiai
oi?aa?neoaoo (1992 — 1997 ?.?.), Ieaioi? i?aae?iiy iaoeiaiai oiaa?enoaa
o??o???a Oe?a?ie [*a?i?aoe?, 1992 ?.], I Eiia?an? Na?oiai? Oaaea?aoe??
Oe?a?inueeeo Oa?iaoeaaoe/ieo Oiaa?enoa [Euea?a, 1994 ?.], I c’?cae?
o??o???a Oe?a?ie [Euea?a, 1994 ?.], Anaoe?a?inuee?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e
eiioa?aioe?? “Iaaee/ia ae?aaiinoeea, i?aai?caoe?y ? oi?aae?iiy, iaoiaee
? caniae aeai?eoie ? iaa/aiiy, oaoiieia?? ? eiii’thoa??caoe?y
[i.Ciei/?a, 1992 ?.], iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “No/ani? aniaeoe
iaa?aeeeaaeii? iaaee/ii? aeiiiiiae” [Euea?a, 1997 ?.].

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca iaoa??aeaie aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii n?i iaoeiaeo
i?aoeue, o oiio /ene? 2 noaoo? o ?anioae?eainueeeo oaoiaeo aeo?iaeao, 4
o iaoa??aeao iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo eiioa?aioe?e ? c’?cae?a, io?eiaii 1
Iaoaio Oe?a?ie ia aeiao?ae.

5

No?oeoo?a oa ianya aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa aeeeaaeaia ia
165 noaiaea?oieo noi??ieao (a oiio /ene? 137 noi??ioe? oaenoo), iaa?aia
ia ?AI-noi?niiio eiii’thoa??. Neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio, 4 ?icae?e?a,
ocaaaeueiaiiy ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue, aeniiae?a, a?ae?ia?ao?/iiai
iieacieea e?oa?aoo?e, yeee aeeth/a? 267 a?o/eciyieo ? ca?oa?aeieo
aeaea?ae oa aeiaeaoeo. ?iaioa ?ethno?iaaia 33 oaaeeoeyie, 13 ?enoieaie,
8 ae?aa?aiaie, a oaeiae aeoyaaie c aiaoeaoi?ieo ea?oie.

C i ? n o ? i a i o e

Iaoa??aee oa iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aeey ?aae?caoe?? iinoaaeaii? iaoe
oa ae??oaiiy eiie?aoii aecia/aieo caaaeaiue iaoeiaiai aeine?aeaeaiiy
iaie aoei i?aeaeaii eiiieaeniiio oa anaa?/iiio ianoaaeaiith 155 oai?eo
ia ai?eii-caiaeuei? caoai?thaaiiy oe??e oa i?aeoe??ii? iniiae (ACCOII).
Aanue eiioei?aio iaoe??io?a neeaaeaee i?aoe?aieee AAO
«Aaoiiaaaioaaeoaa/» i. Euea?a. A caeaaeiino? a?ae iaoiaeo e?eoaaiiy aiie
aoee iiae?eai? ia o?e a?oie. Ia?oa a?oia (1 eiio?ieueia) ia’?aeioaaea 66
oai?eo, ye? e?eoaaeenue o?aaeeoe?eieie iaoiaeaie ?c aeei?enoaiiyi
iiaiioe?iiiai iia?aoeaiiai ao?o/aiiy ? canoinoaaiiyi aioeaaeoa??aeueieo
na?aaeiee?a oa o?c?ioa?aiaaoe/ieo eiiiiiaio?a a?aeiia?aeii aei
caaaeueiii?eeiyoeo iaoiaeee. E?eoaaiiy 28 oai?eo oe??? a?oie
i?iaiaeeeinue o IN* AI «Aaoiiaaaioaaeoaa/», a 38 iaoe??io?a o ?ioeo
iaaee/ieo onoaiiaao i?noa ? iaeano?. Ae?oaa a?oia (iniiaia) aeeth/aea 67
oai?eo ia ACCOII. E?eoaaiiy iaoe??io?a oe??? a?oie ii?aeioaaei
iia?aoeaia ao?o/aiiy ?c i?noeaaei aeei?enoaiiyi iiai? e?ea?nueei? oi?ie
– noniaic?? 2% oeo?ai?ceaeo o 30% aeeiaeneae? (oeoiaeneae). Aei o?aouei?
(2 eiio?ieueia) a?oie aa?eoei 22 oai?eo o eiiieaen? o??o???/iiai
e?eoaaiiy yeeo aeei?enoiaoaaee o?eueee 30% ?ic/ei aeeiaeneaeo.

Na?aae on?o oai?eo /ieia?e?a aoei 141, ae?iie 14. A?e iaoe??io?a
eieeaaany a?ae 20 aei 65 ?ie?a, i?e/iio cia/ia e?euee?noue ?o (128;
82,3%) aoea o i?aoeacaeaoiiio a?oe? (26-55 ?ie?a).

O ia?aaaaeii? a?eueoino? oai?eo niinoa??aaeenue ianooii? oi?ie ACCOII:
ea?aoieoe – 20, oo?oieoe – 18, iaia?eoe?e – 27, aanoean – 23 ? oea?iiia
– 20 aeiaaee?a. Caaaeueia e?euee?noue oaeeo iaoe??io?a noaiiaeea 108
niinoa?aaeaiue (69,7%).

I?e aiae?c? ?iciiae?eo oai?eo ca?aeii i?ioan?eieo eaoaai??e a?aei?/aia
iaaia caeiiii??i?noue. Oae, cia/ia /anoeia iaoe??io?a ( 84;

6

54,2%) i?aoethaaea o i’yoe iniiaieo ae?iaie/eo oeaoao i?aei?e?inoaa –
i?aniai-caaio?aaeueiiio – 12, iaoai?/ii-neeaaeaeueiiio – 17,
?ino?oiaioaeueiiio – 11, aeaeo?icaa?thaaeueiiio – 23, aeiiii?aeiiio –
21. Oea a?aeca?eaethaaei aca?iica’ycie caoai?thaaiiino? ia ACCOII ?c
oa?aeoa?ii ae?iaieoeoaa oa oiiaaie i?aoe?.

O ee?i?/i?e ea?oei? ACCOII o iaoe??io?a, ye? e?eoaaeenue a IN*
aeii?ioaaa ae?aaeaiee aieueiaee neiae?ii (103 niinoa?aaeaiiy) c
eieae?caoe??th aieth o ae?eyioe? caiaeaiiy, a oaeiae i?aeaeuaiiy
oaiia?aoo?e o?ea (91). Eieeaaiiy oaiia?aoo?ii? e?eai? eiinoaoiaaii o
iaaeao a?ae 37,0 ( 0,4 aei 39,2 ( 0,6 (N. I?e ee?i?/iiio ianoaaeaii?
niinoa??aaeenue ianooii? neiioiie: noo?noue neeciaeo (54), aieiaiee
a?eue (55), oao?ea?ae?y (67). I?noeaa? i?iyae caiaeueiiai i?ioeano
eiinoaoiaaii o an?o iaeyiooeo oai?eo. O 96 aeiaaeeao niinoa??aaeanue
ciia ?io?eueo?aoe?? oeaiei c /?oeith a?ia?ai??th oe??e, i?noeaaei
i?aeaeuaiiyi oaiia?aoo?e. O 88 niinoa?aaeaiiyo a?aei?/aeenue iciaee
oetheooaoe??, ye? noi?iaiaeaeoaaeenue iayai?noth «ioeuenoth/iai» aieth.

Aeey caaacia/aiiy nenoaiiino? ianoaaeaiiy oa e?eoaaiiy oai?eo aoei
canoiniaaii ae?a?iinoe/ii-e?eoaaeueiee aeai?eoi c oaeith iine?aeiai?noth
ae?a?iinoe/ieo caoiae?a: caaaeueia ioe?iea noaio oai?iai (a?eue,
oaiia?aoo?a o?ea, oao?ea?ae?y); aecia/aiiy o?aaioth/iai oaeoi?o (aeai?
aiaiiaco); ioe?iea iciae ia?eoieaeueiiai caiaeaiiy; nooi?iue ? aeeaeia
iioe?aiiy ai?eiiai i?ioeano; iayai?noue ai?eieo eeoaiue; ?ici?uaiiy o
cii? caiaeaiiy aaeeeeo ia??no?aeueieo noaeei ? ia?aiaeo noiaao??a;
iayai?noue ? e?euee?noue ai?eiiai aenoaeaoo, eiai oa?aeoa? ?
eiinenoaioe?y.

E?eoaaeueii-oaeoe/iee i?aeo?ae ioiiethaaa oae? eiiiiiaioe: aea??
iaoiaeo e?eoaaiiy (eiina?aaoeaia, iia?aoeaia); ?ic?iaeaiiy ieaio
iia?aoeaiiai ao?o/aiiy; iioeiaeueia cia/oeaiiy; aecia/aiiy
eieae?caoe?? iiaeeeaeo eiio?aia?oo?; ioe?iea aeeoo?caeaoiino? o?aaeaieo
oeaiei (eie??, ioeuenaoe?y noaeei, ?aaeoe?y ia iiae?aciaiiy); aea??
iaoiaeo ae?aioaaiiy ?aie; aecia/aiiy aeiaeaoeiaeo iaoiae?a
o?c?ioa?aiaaoe/iiai aieeao ia ?aio.

O??o???/ia e?eoaaiiy oai?eo ia ACCOII iieyaaei o iiaiioe?iiiio ?ice?eoo?
ai?eii-caiaeueiiai aiaieua c ianooiiei i?noeaaei aeei?en-oaiiyi
aioeaaeoa??aeueieo cania?a. On? o??o???/i? iai?ioeyoe?? i?iaiaeeee i?ae
i?noeaaith ?io?eueo?aoeaiith oa i?ia?aeieeiaith aianoac??th. Iiaiioe?iia
a?aeo?eaiiy ai?eiiai aenoaeaoo caaacia/oaaei aeei?enoaiiy ae?aiaae?a o
aeaeyae? aoiiaeo aeioneiee?a, iie?oei?a?i?eiaeo o?oaie oa ia?eaaeo
oaiiii?a.

7

O i?neyiia?aoe?eiiio ia??iae? iaoe??io?a ia?oi? a?oie e?eoaaee ca?aeii
?c caaaeueiii?eeiyoeie iaoiaeeeaie, o oai?eo ae?oai? a?oie canoiniaoaaee
iiaee i?aia?ao oeoiaeneae, iaoe??ioai o?aouei? a?oie o i?noeaaiio
e?eoaaii? aeei?enoiaoaaee aie?eaoe?? 30% ?ic/eio aeeiaeneaeo.

I?e i?iaaaeaii? ianoaaeaiue oai?eo aoee aeei?enoai? caaaeueiii?eeiyo?
ee?i?/i? ? eaai?aoi?i? iaoiaee, aeiiiaiai? iaoiaeeeaie ca?aeii
oe?eueiaeo ianoaiia ?iaioe. Aei ieo a?aeiineeenue: aaeoa??i-ei??/i?
aeine?aeaeaiiy c aecia/aiiy oa?aeoa?o iaoi?aiii? i?e?ioei?e oa ??
e?euee?niith ioe?ieith a?aeiia?aeii aei iaeaco IIC N?N? ?535 a?ae
22.04.1985 ?. «Ia oieoeeaoeee iee?iaeieiae/aneeo (aeieiae/aneeo)
iaoiaeia enneaaeiaaiey, i?eiaiyaiuo a eeeieei–aeeaaiinoe/aneeo
eaai?aoi?eyo, ea/aaii–i?ioeeaeoe/aneeo o/?aaeaeaiee» oa aecia/aiiy
/ooeeaino? i?e?iaieo anioe?aoe?e aei ?yaeo iniiaieo aioea?ioee?a [ca
A.I.Iaeueieeiaith,1970]; iaoiaeeea ieai?iao?e/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy [ca
E.I.Iiiiaith, 1942 o iiaeeo?eaoe?? R.Gatty, 1965]; oeeoiei??/i?
aein-e?aeaeaiiy a?iin?eiiai iaoa??aeo c aiaieua caiaeaiiy [ca
I.O.Eaia?aui, 1954].

Ine?eueee aea/aiiy iiaiai i?aia?aoo ia?aaeaa/aei iaaiee ia’?i
aeiee?i?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue aoei aeeiiaii aenia?eiaioaeueiee o?a?iaio
iaoeiai? ?iaioe. Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeeenue a?aeiia?aeii c
«Iaoiaee/ieie ?aeiiaiaeaoe?yie, uiaei aenia?eiaioaeueiiai oa ee?i?/iiai
aea/aiiy iiaeo e?ea?nueeeo cania?a», aeiia aei aeiee?i?/iiai
canoinoaaiiy ? aea/aiiy caaaeueiioiene/ii? ae?? iiaeo oa?iaeiei??/ieo
?a/iaei. Aeey aenia?eiaioo aeei?enoai? aacii?iaei? a?e? uo??, ye? ia?aae
i?iaaaeaiiyi aeine?aeaeaiue ciaoiaeeeenue 14 aei?a ia ea?aioei? [ca?aeii
aei «Nai?oa?ieo i?aaee uiaei no?oeoo?e ? oo?eiaiiy aenia?eiaioaeueieo
a?ieia?/ieo ee?i?e (a?aa???a)», iaeac ?755 a?ae 12.08.1977 ?.]. I?ae /an
i?iaaaeaiiy aenia?eiaioo oaa?eie ia?aaoaaee ia cae/aeiiio ?aoe?ii?
oa?/oaaiiy c iaai?o iaoo?aeueieo ei?i?a ?c o?aooaaiiyi ii?i aiaeoaaiiy
eaai?aoi?ieo oaa?ei [a?aeiia?aeii aei aeiiiaiaiiy a?ae 04.12.1978 ?. aei
iaeaco ?163 a?ae 10.03.1966 ?. «I?i aeiaia? ii?ie aiaeoaaiiy
eaai?aoi?ieo oaa?ei ? i?iaeooeaio?a»]. Oaa?eie oo?eioaaeenue o
noaiaea?oieo ee?oeao-oa??a??oiao.

Io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue i?aeaeaaaee iaoaiaoe/iiio
ia/eneaiith oa aiae?co ca?aeii ?c caaaeueiii?eeiyoeie iaoiaeaie
aa??aoe?eii? noaoenoeee (e?eoa???i Nouethaeaioa-O?oa?a).

8

?acoeueoaoe i?iaaaeaieo aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue. I?iaaaeaiiy
aeiee?i?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue ia?aaeaa/aei aea/aiiy ianooiieo e?eoa???a:

– aino?i? oiene/iino? i?aia?aoo;

– oe??ii-?aciaoeaii? ae??;

– ?aiicaaith/i? ae??;

– ae?? oeoiaeneaeo ia caai?iiy ai?eii? ?aie.

Aecia/aiiy aino?i? oiene/iino? i?aia?aoo i?iaiaeeeinue o aeaio a?oiao
oaa?ei (eiio?ieuei?e oa i?aeaeine?aei?e), oeyoii i?aeoe??iiai aaaaeaiiy
o?c?iei??/iiai ?ic/eio oa oeoiaeneaeo o aeic? 25 ie/e? iane uo?a.
Caaaeueia o?eaae?noue niinoa?aaeaiiy noaiiaeea 14 ae?a. I?iaaaeai?
aeine?aeaeaiiy aeyaeee, ui oeoiaeneae ? iaeioiene/iei ine?eueee
ee?i?/ieo neiioii?a ?ioieneeaoe?? oa caaeaae? oaa?ei ia
niinoa??aaeinue,a i?e??no iane o eiio?ieuei?e oa i?aeaeine?aeieo a?oiao
oaa?ei aoa i?aeoe/ii iaeiaeiaei. Oae ia ii/aoie aenia?eiaioo aaaa
eiio?ieueieo oaa?ei neeaaeaea 181,0 ( 6,0 ?, a ia eiai cae?i/aiiy 201,0
± 4,71 ? (p < 0,02), o i?aeaeine?aei?e a?oi? a?aeiia?aeii 182,0 ( 4,8 ? oa 203,0 ± 4,21? (p < 0,01). Aeine?aeaeaiiy oe??ii-?aciaoeaii? ae?? i?iaiaeeeinue oeyoii caio?aiiy oaino?a ia 2/3 ?o aeiaaeeie o o?c?iei??/iee ?ic/ei (eiio?ieuei? oaa?eie) oa o 2% noniaic?th oeo?ai?ceaeo ia 30% aiaeiiio ?ic/ei? aeeiaeneaeo – oeoiaeneae (i?aeaeine?aei? oaa?eie) ?c o?eaae?noth aeniiceoe?? 4 aiaeeie. Aiane?aeie niinoa?aaeaiue anoaiiaeaii, ui, ca aeiyoeii i?aeaeuaii? ?ooeeaino? ? ianiieith o ia?o? aiaeeie i?ney i?iaaaeaiiy aenia?eiaioo, ?ioeo ee?i?/ieo iciae ?ioieneeaoe?? ia a?aecia/aeinue. Ca aea? aiaeeie i?ney cae?i/aiiy aenia?eiaioo iiaaae?iea oaa?ei a i?aeaeine?aei?e a?oi? iiai?noth ii?iae?coaaeanue ? o ianooii? aei? ia a?ae??ciyeanue a?ae eiio?ieueii?. Aea/aiiy ?aiicaaith/i? ae?? i?iaiaeeeinue ia 20 aacii?iaeieo a?eeo uo?ao. Iiaeaeue iaoneeaaeiaii? ?ioaeoe??th ?aie noai?thaaee oaeei /eiii. I?ae ?aenaiaeiaei ia?eicii (80 i?/e?) ia niei? o oaa?ei, i?ney ciyooy aieinyiiai iie?eao ae??caee ae?eyieo oe??e c i?aeoe??iith iniiaith oa iiaa?oiaaith oanoe??th. Iiaa?oiy ?aie o an?o aeine?aeao aoea iaeiaeiaith ? neeaaeaea ca oaaeiiii 20o20 ii. O eiio?ieuei?e a?oi? ?aie caaithaaeenue i?ae no?oiii naiino?eii aac e?eoaaiiy. I?aeaeine?aeiei oaa?eiai iaiineee aie?eaoe?? oeoiaeneaeo uiaeaiii, ii/eiath/e c ia?oi? aeiae ? aei iiaiiai caai?iiy ?aie. Ieiua ?aie oaa?ei eiio?ieueii? a?oie ia 10 aeiao aenia?eiaioo neeaaeaea 144,0 ± 0,6 ii2 i?aeaeine?aeii? 90,0 ± 0,7 ii2 (p < 0,001), a ia 15 aeiao o eiio?ie? noaiiaeea 84,0 ± 0,6 ii2 o oie /an 9 ye o an?o i?aeaeine?aeieo oaa?ei oe??i? ?aie caai?eenue i?aeoe/ii iiai?noth. O oaa?ei, oe??i? ?aie eio?eo ia?iaeyeenue oeoiaeneaeii, ai?oae?caoe?y iiaa?oi? ?aie ? a?aeoi?aeaiiy no?oia niinoa??aaeinue ia 7 – 8 aeiao, o oie /an, ye o eiio?ieuei?e a?oi? – eeoa ia 12 – 14 aeiao. Oaeei /eiii oeoiaeneae aeinoia??ii i?enei?thaaa ?ioaineai?noue ?a?aia?aoeaieo i?ioean?a i?e caai?ii? ?ai oe??e i?aeaeine?aeieo oaa?ei o ii??aiyii? c eiio?ieueieie a na?aaeiueiio ia 4 – 5 ae?a. Aea/aiiy aieeao oeoiaeneaeo ia caai?iiy ai?eii? ?aie i?iaiaeeeinue ia 16 a?eeo uo?ao iiae?eaieo ia aea? a?oie (eiio?ieueio ? i?aeaeine?aeio). Iiaa?oiy ?aie aoea iaeiaeiaith ? noaiiaeea ca oaaeiiii 400 ii2. Aeey io?eiaiiy ?io?eiaaii? ?aie o aenia?eiaioaeueieo oaa?ei aoei aeei?en-oaii aenoaeao oai?iai ia ACCOII (ea?aoieoe). Ai?eiee aenoaeao ?icai-aeeany o?c?iei??/iei ?ic/eiii oa iaiineany ia iiaa?oith iaoe??ii? ?aie. I?e aaeoa??iei??/iiio aeine?aeaeaii? a eiio?ieuei?e oa i?aeaeine?aei?e a?oiao o 14 niinoa?aaeaiiyo (82,5%) io?eiaii anioe?aoe?? cieioenoiai noa-o?eieieo ?c no?aioieieii ? eeoeiaith iaee/eith. I?iaaaei? ieai?-iao?e/i? aeine?aeaeaiy aeicaieeee c?iaeoe caeeth/aiiy, ui oeoiaeneae aeinoia??ii i?enei?thaaa caai?iiy ?io?eiaaieo ?ai i?aeaeine?aeieo oaa?ei, o ii??aiyii? c eiio?ieueieie. Oae ia 15 aeiao ieiua ?aie o eiio?ieuei?e a?oi? noaiiaeea 111,0 ± 1,15 ii2, o i?aeaeine?aei?e - 63,0 ± 0,96 ii2 (p < 0,001). Ia 20 aeiao aenia?eiaioo ieiua ?io?eiaaieo ?ai o eiio?ieue-ieo oaa?ei neeaaeaea 41,0 ± 1,1 ii2 o oie /an ye o an?o i?aeaeine?aeieo oaa?ei ai?ei? oe??i? ?aie caai?eenue iiai?noth. Eiinoaoiaaii, ui i?e e?eoaaii? oeoiaeneaeii ai?oae?caoe?y ?io?eiaaii? oe??ii? ?aie ? a?aeoi?aeaiiy no?oia niinoa??aaeinue ia 18,6 ± 0,2 aeiao , o oie /an ye o eiio?ieueieo oaa?ei – ia ?ai?oa 22,6 ± 0,5 aeiae (p < 0,001). I?ney aeeiiaiiy aenia?eiaioaeueiiai o?a?iaioo ?iaioe oa i?aaenoaaeaiiy io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a o Oa?iaeiei??/iee eii?oao Oe?a?ie aoei io?eiaii aeica?e ia ? oaco ee?i?/ieo aei?iaoaaiue i?aia?aoo [??oaiiy Oa?iaeiei??/iiai eii?oaoo IIC Oe?a?ie a?ae 30.03.1995 ?.; i?ioieie ?3]. ?acoeueoaoe ee?i?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue.Ine?eueee iniiaia iaoa iaoeiaiai aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaaea o aea/aii? aoaeoeaiino? i?noeaaiai ee?i?/iiai canoinoaaiiy iiaiai iaaeeeaiaioiciiai i?aia?aoo oeoiae-neaeo iaie aoei ia?aii ianooiiee iaoiaeiei??/iee i?aeo?ae. Ia ia?oiio aoai? cae?eniaii ii??aiyeueiee aiae?c ?acoeueoao?a o?aaeeoe?eiiai e?eoaaiiy oai?eo (1-a eiio?ieueia a?oia) ? e?eoaaiiy c 10 aeei?enoaiiyi aeeiaeneaeo (2-a eiio?ieueia a?oia), yeee aoiaeeoue aei neeaaeo iiaiai iaaeeeaiaioiciiai i?aia?aoo. Ianooiiee aoai aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaaa o ioe?ioe? aoaeoeaiino? canoinoaaiiy oeoiaeneaeo (iniiaia a?oia) o ii??aiyii? ?c aeeiaeneaeii. Oea iaaeaaaei i?aenoaae aeiaanoe, ui aeanoeaino? iiaiai i?aia?aoo ia coiiaeai? nooi aeeiaeneaeii, a i?iyaeythoueny aiane?aeie eiia?iiaaii? ? neia???/ii? ae?? aeeiaoeenoeueoieneaeo oa oeo?ai?ceaeo. Ioe?iea ?acoeueoao?a e?eoaaiiy i?iaiaeeeanue ia iniia? ni?anoaaeaiiy ee?i?/ieo, eaai?aoi?ieo iieaciee?a, aeaieo niaoe?aeueieo iaoiaeee ianoaaeaiiy oa a?aooaaiiy oa?i?i?a ia?aaoaaiiy iaoe??io?a ia eenoeo iai?aoeacaeaoiino?. Ii??aiyeueiee aiae?c ?acoeueoao?a e?eoaaiiy oai?eo 1-i? eiio?ieueii? oa 2-i? eiio?ieueii? a?oi aeicaieea c?iaeoe caeeth/aiiy, ui ia caaaea-th/e ia iiae?ai?noue o oa?aeoa?? o?aaeaiiy i’yeeo oeaiei, iaeiaeia?noue ee?i?/ii? ea?oeie ? eaai?aoi?ieo iieaciee?a i?e iinooieaii?, caai?iiy ai?eieo ?ai i?ae aieeaii aeeiaeneaeo aoee a?eueo aoaeoeaiei, i?ae i?e aeei?enoaii? o?aaeeoe?eieo aioeaaeoa??eieo i?aia?ao?a. Oae, aiae?c aeaieo ieai?iao??? aeicaieea eiinoaooaaoe, ui ciaioaiiy ieiu? ?aie ca aeiao ((t) a 1-?e eiio?ieuei?e a?oi? eieeaaeinue a?ae 6,3% i?e ea?aoieoe? ? aei 9,5% i?e aanoean?, a o 2-?e eiio?ieuei?e a?oi? a?ae 7,4% i?e iaia?eoe?? ? aei 12,6% i?e aanoean? . Na?aaeiy aaee/eia ciaioaiiy ieiu? ?aie ii an?o iiciei??/ieo oi?iao noaiiaeea 7,8% ca aeiao aeey 1-i? eiio?ieueii? ? 9,9% aeey 2-i? eiio?ieueii? a?oie. Aiane?aeie i?iaaaeaiiy aaeoa??iei??/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue anoaiiaeaii, ui ia ii/aoie e?eoaaiiy ye o ye?niiio, oae ? o e?euee?niiio a?aeiioaii? a?aei?iiinoae i?e?ioei?e o iaio a?oiao ia niinoa??aaeinue. Iniiaiei ia-oi?aiiei caoaeieeii o iaio a?oiao aoa noao?eieie, ye o iiiieoeueoo?? (1-a eiio?ieueia a?oia 10 niinoa?aaeaiue, 35,7%; 2-a eiio?ieueia a?oia – 12 aeiaaee?a, 54,5%), oae ? o aeaeyae? i?e?iaieo anioe?aoe?e (a?aeiia?aeii o 15; 53,6% oa 5; 22,7% niinoa?aaeaiue). I?e aecia/aii? /ooeeaino? iaoi?aiii? i?e?ioei?e aei ?yaeo iniiaieo aioea?ioee?a eiinoaoiaaia aeniea /ooeea?noue ?? aei ?aioai?oeeio (1-a eiio?ieueia a?oia a 15, 2-a eiio?ieueia – o 13 aeiaaeeao) oa ienaoeee?io (a?aeiia?aeii o 14 ? 9 niinoa?aaeaiiyo). No?eeith i?e?ioei?a aoea aei ea?aai?oeee?io (a?aeii-a?aeii o 19 ? 12 aeiaaeeao) oa eaiai?oeeio (o 15 ? 11 niinoa?aaeaiiyo). ?acii c oei,i?e canoinoaaii? aeeiaeneaeo e?euee?noue i?e?ioei?e a 1 ? oeaieiiiai a?iioaoo ciaiooaaeanue oaeaeoa i?ae i?e aeei?enoaii? o?aaeeoe?eieo 11 aioeaaeoa??eieo i?aia?ao?a ? ia o?aoth-/aoaa?oo aeiao e?eoaai-iy aoea ia ii?yaeie iaioith – a?aeiia?aeii 107 oa 106. O ?acoeueoao? oeeoiei??/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue anoaiiaeaii, ui i?e aeei?enoaii? aeeiaeneaeo aaea ii/eiath/e c o?aouei? aeiae niinoa??aaeinue ciaioaiiy e?eueeino? iaoi?aiii? i?e?ioei?e aei ?? iiaiiai cieeiaiiy ia i’yoo aeiao a 77% niinoa?aaeaiue. I?e eiiaaioe?eiiio e?eoaaii? a oeeoi??aiao, acyoeo c ?aie ia i’yoo aeiao eeoa o 11% niinoa?aaeaiiyo i?e?ioei?a ia cono??/aeanue. Aaea ii/eiath/e c o?aouei? aeiae o oeeoi??aiao oai?eo 2-i? eiio?ieueii? a?oie aeyaeyeenue iiiaeeiie? ee?oeie ai?oae?th, a ia i’yoo aeiao o 12 niinoa?aaeaiiyo (55%) aiie aaea cono??/aeenue o an?o iieyo ci?o i?aia?aoo. O oai?eo 1-i? eiio?ieueii? a?oie ai?oae?aeuei? ee?oeie ia i’yoo aeiao niinoa??aaeenue eeoa o 10 aeiaaeeao (36%), ui aeacoaaei ia niia?eueiaiiy ?a?aia?aoeaieo i?ioean?a. O yeino? ?ioaa?aeueiiai iieacieea aoaeoeaiino? e?eoaaiiy oai?eo aoei i?iaaaeaii aiae?c oa?i?i?a ia?aaoaaiiy iaoe??io?a ia eenoeo iai?aoeacaeaoiino?. I?e oeueiio eiinoaoiaaii, ui na?aaei? oa?i?ie ii an?o iiciei??/ieo oi?iao ACCOII noaiiaeee aeey 2-i? eiio?ieueii? a?oie 9,9 ( 1,2 , aeey 1-i? eiio?ieueii? 14,3 ( 2,7 aeiae. Oaeei /eiii, ocaaaeueiaiee aiae?c ?acoeueoao?a e?eoaaiiy oai?eo ia ACCOII aeaa i?aenoaao ae?eoe aeniiaeo, ui i?e canoinoaaii? aeeiaeneaeo niinoa??aaany nooo?ai aeuee aoaeo i?ae i?e i?iaaaeaii? o?aaeeoe?eiiai e?eoaaiiy. Ianooiiee aoai aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaaa o i?iaaaeaii? ioe?iee aoaeoeaiino? canoinoaaiiy oeoiaeneaeo o ii??aiyii? c aeei?enoaiiyi aeeiaeneaeo. Oeae aiae?c i?iaiaeeany oaeiae ia i?aenoaa? eiiieaenii? ioe?iee ee?i?/ieo ? eaai?aoi?ieo iieaciee?a oa aeaieo niaoe?aeueieo iaoiaeee ianoaaeaiiy. O ?acoeueoao? i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue anoaiiaeaii, ui aaea ia ae?oao aeiao e?eoaaiiy i?ae aieeaii oeoiaeneaeo o oai?eo iie?auaany caaaeueiee noai, niinoa??aaeenue oa?aeoa?i? ci?ie o cii? caiaeueiiai aiaieua, ye? aeacoaaee ia iayai?noue ?a?aia?aoeaieo i?ioean?a o ?ai?. Iniaeeai nooo?aa ??cieoey a?aeaoaaeanue i?e e?eoaaii? ea?aoieoea ? oea?iiie, aea iieacieee ciaioaiiy ieiu? ca aeiao ((t) ca ?acoeueoaoaie ieai?iao??? o iniiai?e a?oi? noaiiaeee 12,4% ? 12,27%, a oie /an, ye o 2-?e eiio?ieuei?e 7,87% ? 10,57%. Na?aaei? aeai? ii an?o iiciei??/ieo oi?iao caoai?thaaiiy aeey iniiaii? oa 2-i? eiio?ieueii? a?oi noaiiaeee a?aeiia?aeii 10,9% ? 9,9% ca aeiao. 12 I?e i?iaaaeaii? aaeoa??iei??/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue anoaiiaeaii, ui iniiaiith iaoi?aiiith i?e?i-oei?ith o iaio a?oiao aoa noao?eieie, ye o iiiieoeueoo?? (12 niinoa?aaeaiue, 54,5% a 2-?e eiio?ieuei?e a?oi? oa 17 niinoa?aaeaiue, 25,4% o iniiai?e a?oi?), oae ? o aeaeyae? i?e?iaieo anioe?aoe?e (a?aeiia?aeii – 5; 22,7% oa 37; 55,2% aeiaaee?a). I?e aea/aii? /ooeeaino? i?e?ioei?e aei aioea?ioee?a anoaiiaeaii, ui iaea?eueoa ?? /ooeea?noue i?iyaeyeanue aei oao?aoeeee?io ? ?aioai?oeeio (a?aeiia?aeii a 61 oa 41 niinoa?aaeaiiyo). O 57 aeiaaeeao aeae?eai? ooaie i?e?ii??ai?ci?a aoee no?eeeie aei iai?oeee?io ? o 50 – aei ieaaiaeii?oeeio. I?ae aieeaii oeoiaeneaeo aaea ia o?aoth-/aoaa?oo aeiao a?ae ii/aoeo e?eoaaiiy, e?euee?noue i?e?ioei?e a 1 ? a?iioaoo aeey iniiaii? a?oie aoea ia aeaa ii?yaeee iaioa i?ae o 2-i? eiio?ieuei?e ? neeaaeaea a?aeiia?aeii 104 oa 106. O ?acoeueoao? oeeoiei??/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue o oai?eo iniiaii? a?oie ia i’yoo aeiao aeyaeyeanue cia/ia e?eueeinoue ee?oei niieo/ii? oeaieie, a naia i?io?a?iaeanoe (27%) ? o?a?iaeanoe (34%) aeiaaeeao. O oai?eo 2-i? eiio?ieueii? a?oie ia oie naiee oa?i?i oe? ee?oeie aoee eeoa o 18% oa 27% niinoa?aaeaiyo, ui aeacoaaei ia niia?eueiaiiy ?a?aia?aoeaieo i?ioean?a. I?e aeei?enoaii? oeoiaeneaeo ee?oeie ai?oae?th aaea ia o?aoth aeiao cono??/aeenue o 15 aeiaaeeao (22%), o oie /an ye o oai?eo 2-i? eiio?ieueii? a?oie aiie aeyaeyeenue eeoa o 3 niinoa?aaeaiiyo (14%). Ii??aiyeueiee aiae?c ia?aaoaaiith oai?eo ia eenoeo iai?aoeacaeaoiino? i?aeoaa?aeea a?eueoo aoaeoeai?noue e?eoaaiiy i?e canoinoaaiiy oeoiaeneaeo o ii??aiyii? c aeeiaeneaeii. Na?aaei? oa?i?ie iai?aoeacaeaoiino? ii an?o iiciei??/ieo oi?iao ACCOII neeaaeaee aeey iniiaii? a?oie 8,8 ( 1,6 , a aeey 2-i? eiio?ieueii? 9,9 ( 1,2 aeiae. Oaeei /eiii, ocaaaeueiaiee aiae?c aeaieo ee?i?/ieo oa niaoe?aeueieo iaoiaeee ianoaaeaiiy iaaeaa i?aenoaao ae?eoe aeniiaeo, ui i?e eiiieaeniiio o??o???/iiio e?eoaaii? oai?eo ia ACCOII iaee?aeuee e?eoaaeueiee aoaeo niinoa??aaany i?e canoinoaaii? ?ic?iaeaiiai iaie iiaiai iaaeeeaiaioiciiai caniao oeoiaeneaeo. A e n i i a e e 1. ?ic?iaeaii iaaeeeaiaioiciee i?aia?ao oeoiaeneae, yeee yaey? niaith iiaee e?ea?nueeee can?a c ae?aaeaiith aioeaaeoa??aeueiith, i?ioecaiaeueiith oa ?aiicaaithaaeueiith ae??th. 13 2. Ia i?aenoaa? ?acoeueoao?a aeiee?i?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue ??oaiiyi Oa?iaeiei??/iiai eii?oaoo IIC Oe?a?ie oeoiaeneae aeicaieaiee aei ? oace ee?i?/ii? ai?iaaoe??. 3. Cai?iiiiiaaia iaoiaeeea e?eoaaiiy ACCOII c canoinoaaiiyi i?noeaaeo aie?eaoe?e oeoiaeneaeo ? a?eueo aoaeoeaiith ii??aiyii c o?aaeeoe?eiei e?eoaaiiyi oa aeei?enoaiiyi aeeiaeneaeo. 4. Oeoiaeneae ciaioo? ieiuo ?aie ((t) ca aeaieie ieai?iao??? ia 10,9% ca aeiao, o oie /an ye i?e eiiaaioe?eiiio e?eoaaii? oa canoinoaaii? aeeiaeneaeo – a?aeiia?aeii ia 7,8% ? 9,9%. 5. Oeoiaeneae ni?ey? ciaioaiith e?eueeino? i?e?ii??ai?ci?a o 1 ? a?iioaoo oeaiei ?aie ia o?aoth aeiao aei 1 o 104, a i?e ii??aiyeueieo iaoiaeao e?eoaaiiy – a?aeiia?aeii aei 1 o 107 ? 1 o 106 o 1 ? a?iin?eiiai iaoa??aeo. 6. I?ae aieeaii oeoiaeneaeo noeoaiiy caiaeueieo i?ioean?a o aiaieu? o?aaeaiiy i?io?ea? ?ioaineai?oa, ui i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny oa?aeoa?ieie ci?iaie i?e oeeoiei??/iiio aeine?aeaeaii? ?aiaaeo a?aeaeoe?a (cieeiaiiy iaoi?aiii? i?e?ioei?e, o?ainoi?iaoe?y iie?aeano?a o i?io?a?iaeanoe, iiyaa ee?oei ai?oae?th). 7. Ai?iaaaeaeaiiy cai?iiiiiaaii? iaoiaeeee i?eaiaeeoue aei iie?auaiiy ?acoeueoao?a o??o???/iiai e?eoaaiiy oai?eo ia ACCOII oa nei?i/aiiy oa?i?i?a ia?aaoaaiiy ia eenoeo iai?aoeacaeaoiino? ii a?aeiioaiith aei o?aaeeoe?eiiai iaoiaeo oa aeei?enoaiiy AeINI a?aeiia?aeii ia 5,5 ? 1,2 aeiae. Nienie iioae?eiaaieo i?aoeue ca oaiith aeena?oaoe?? 1. Iao. 195034 A Oe?a?ia, A 61E31/05, A 61J31/00, A 61J9/10. Can?a aeey e?eoaaiiy ai?eieo caiaeaiue oe??e oa i?aeoe??ii? ee?oeiaeie / Iao?oo E.?., Eoiianueeee A.A., Aiae?thuaiei A.I.– ?93007738; Cayaea a?ae 21.12.93 ; Iioae. 25.12.97. Athe. ? 6.– 3 n. 2. Aiae?thuaiei A.I., Eoiianueeee A.A., Na?aaea I.I. Iniaeeaino? e?eoaaiiy ACCOII a oiiaao IN* aaeeeiai i?iieneiaiai i?aei?e?inoaa // Ee?i?/ia o??o?a?y, – 1993. – ?9–10. – N. 68–69. 14 3. Aiae?thuaiei A.I., Iao?oo E.?., Eoiianueeee A.A. Iiaee e?ea?nueeee can?a oeoiaeneae a eiiieaeniiio e?eoaaii? ai?eii-caiaeueieo caoai?thaaiue oe??e oa i?aeoe??ii? iniiae //I?aeoe/ia iaaeeoeeia, – 1998. – ? 5-6 – N. 21-23. 4. Eoiianueeee A.A. Ae?aaiinoe/ii-e?eoaaeueiee aeai?eoi i?e ai?eii-caiaeueieo caoai?thaaiiyo oe??e oa i?aeoe??ii? iniiae // Iaoa?. Anaoe?a?inueei? iaoe. i?aeo. eiio. “Iaaee/ia ae?aaiinoeea, i?aai?caoe?y ? oi?aae?iiy, iaoiaee ? caniae, aeai?eoie ? iaa/aiiy, oaoiieia?? ? eiii’thoa??caoe?y” – Euea?a.– 1992. – N. 243–245. 5. Eoiianueeee A.A. Iiaee can?a aeey o??o?a?/iiai e?eoaaiiy ai?eii-caiaeueieo caoai?thaaiue oe??e oa i?aeoe??ii? iniiae // ? Eiia?an NOOOO: Oace aeiiia. – Euea?a. – 1994. – N. 337–338. 6. Eoiianueeee A.A. Canoinoaaiiy iiaiai i?aia?aoo E? - 11 i?e e?eoaaii? ai?eii-caiaeueieo caoai?thaaiue oe??e oa i?aeoe??ii? ee?oeiaeie // Ia?oee (OY??) c’?cae o??o?a?a Oe?a?ie: Oace aeiiia. – Euea?a.– 1994. – N. 400. 7. Aiae?thuaiei A.I., Iao?oo E.?., Eoiianueeee A.A. Iaoiae e?eoaaiiy ai?eii-caiaeueieo o?aaeaiue eeoeoe? ?c canoinoaaiiyi iiaiai i?aia?aoo oeoiaeneaeo // Iaoa??aee iaoe. i?aeo. eiio. “No/ani? aniaeoe iaa?aeeeaaeii? iaaee/ii? aeiiiiiae” – Euea?a. – 1997. – N. 35–36. A i i o a oe ? y Eoiianueeee A.A. Canoinoaaiiy iiaiai e?ea?nueeiai caniao oeoiaeneaeo o eiiieaeniiio o??o???/iiio e?eoaaii? ai?eii-caiaeueieo caoai?thaaiue oe??e oa i?aeoe??ii? iniiae.– ?oeiien. Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy a/aiiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe ii niaoe?aeueiino? 14.01.03 – o??o???y.– Euea?anueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaee/iee oi?aa?neoao, Euea?a, 1998. Caoeua?oueny iaoeiaa ?iaioa, o ye?e ia iniia? ianoaaeaiiy 155 iaoe??io?a c aeei?enoaiiyi caaaeueiiee?i?/ieo, eaai?aoi?ii-a?io?i?/ieo oa niaoe?aeueieo iaoiaeee aeiaaaeaia aoaeoeai?noue ? aeioe?euei?noue aeei?enoaiiy iiaiai e?ea?nueeiai caniao – oeoiaeneae o eiiieaeniiio o??o???/iiio e?eoaaii? oai?eo c aeaiith iaoiei???th. Eeth/ia? neiaa : ai?ei? caoai?thaaiiy oe??e oa i?aeoe??ii? iniiae, eiiieaenia o??o???/ia e?eoaaiiy, oeoiaeneae. 15 A i i i o a oe e y Eoiianeee A.A. I?eiaiaiea iiaiai eaea?noaaiiiai n?aaenoaa oeoiaeneaea a eiiieaeniii oe?o?ae/aneii ea/aiee aiieii–ainiaeeoaeueiuo caaieaaaiue eiaee e iiaeeiaeiie iniiau.– ?oeiienue. Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeeoeeineeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 14.01.03 – oe?o?aey.– Eueaianeee ainoaea?noaaiiue iaaeeoeeineee oieaa?neoao, Eueaia, 1998. Caueuaaony iao/iay ?aaioa, a eioi?ie ia iniiaaiee ianeaaeiaaiey 155 iaoeeaioia n eniieueciaaieai iauaeeeie/aneeo, eaai?aoi?ii–aeioeie/aneeo e niaoeeaeueiuo iaoiaeee aeieacaia aoaeoeaiinoue e oeaeaniia?aciinoue i?eiaiaiey iiaiai eaea?noaaiiiai n?aaenoaa – oeoiaeneae a eiiieaeniii oe?o?ae/aneii ea/aiee aieueiuo n aeaiiie iaoieiaeae. Eeth/aaua neiaa : aiieiua caaieaaaiey eiaee e iiaeeiaeiie iniiau, eiiieaeniia oe?o?ae/aneia ea/aiea, oeoiaeneae. A n n o t a t I o n Kunovsky V.V. Appling the new medical remedy of flumexidum in complex surgical treatment for festering disease and hypodermic basis.– Manuscript. Thesis for the Candidate of medical science on speciality 14.01.03. - surgery.– The Lviv state medical University, Lviv, 1998. There would be defended the thesis of the scientific work made on the basis of examinations 155 patients with festering and inflammatory skin disease and hypodermic basis in whick using the clinical and special methods was beeng proved the effectiveness and reasonability of using new medical remedy - flumexidum in complex surgical treament the patiens with present patology. Key words : festering diasease of skin and hypodermik basis, complex surgital treatment, flumexidum.

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