I?I?NOA?NOAI AA?II?IIENEIAIAI EIIIEAENO OE?A?IE

EOAAINUeEEE AeA?AEAAIEE AA?A?IEE OI?AA?NEOAO

AI?ENAIEI Ieueaa Iao??aia

OAeE 631.162:339.138

CANOINOAAIIss IAOIAe?A IIAeAETHAAIIss OA

AEO?AOII-Oe?IIAIAI AIAE?CO O I?IAIICOAAII? OA AAeAIOEAIIIO IEAIOAAII?
O?IAEAEIINO? CA?IIAEO

(ia iaoa??aeao Eoaainueei? iaeano?)

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 08.07.02 — Aeiiii?ea n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa ? AIE

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii?/ieo iaoe

Eoaainuee — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia o Eoaainueeiio aea?aeaaiiio aa?a?iiio oi?aa?neoao?

I?i?noa?noaa aa?ii?iieneiaiai eiiieaeno Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee : eaiaeeaeao aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Iaoiia TH??e Oaaei?iae/, caa?aeoaa/
eaoaae?e

aeiiii?ee oa i?aei?e?iieoeoaa
Eoaainueeiai

aea?aeaaiiai aa?a?iiai oi?aa?neoaoo

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe : aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

E?iieaei Ieoaeei Oaaei?iae/,
caa?aeoaa/ a?aeae?eii

?ioi?iaoeee ?inoeoooo aa?a?ii?
aeiiii?ee;

eaiaeeaeao aeiiii?/ieo iaoe,

Nieiaeia Ieeiea Oaaei?iae/,
i?ioani? eaoaae?e

i?aai?caoe?? ae?iaieoeoaa oa
aa?ia?ciano Oa?e?anueeiai

aea?aeaaiiai aa?a?iiai oi?aa?neoaoo

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa : ?inoeooo aeiiii?ee IAI Oe?a?ie

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny » 15 » aa?aniy 1999 ?ieo i 12 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E 64.803.01 a Oa?e?anueeiio
aea?aeaaiiio aa?a?iiio oi?aa?neoao? ?i. Aeieo/a?aa ca aae?anith:
312131, i.Oa?e?a, i/a «Eiioi?no-1″, o/aiaa i?noa/ei OAeAO, ei?ion 1,
aoae.213.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Oa?e?anueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai aa?a?iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. Aeieo/a?aa.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee » 12 » na?iiy 1999 ?ieo.

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii?

a/aii? ?aaee
Iaeaaeiinueeee A.A.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Ae?iaieoeoai ca?ia — iniiaa anueiai n?euenueeiai
ainiiaea?noaa. Ca inoaii? ?iee (1992-1998) a Oe?a?i? ? a Eoaainuee?e
iaeano? cia/ii iia??oeeenue aeiiii?/i? iieacieee oe??? aaeoc?. O ca’yceo
c oeei ca?eueoaiiy ae?iaieoeoaa ca?ia ? i?ei?eoaoiith ? aieiaiith
caaea/ath aea?aeaaii? iie?oeee.

A oiiaao ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee o i?aaeaiii-no?aeiiio ?aa?ii? Oe?a?ie ia
aei?aaaeiao? naaa ieaioaaiiy ae?iaieoeoaa ca?ia, i???ioiaaia ia ieioe?
ona?aaeiai? ?acoeueoaoe. I?iaiicoaaiiy oa aaeaioeaia ieaioaaiiy
o?iaeaeiino? ca?iiaeo ? iaeieie c aaaeeea?oeo ooieoe?e oi?aae?iiy, a?ae
yeeo a cia/i?e i??? caeaaeeoue i?aeaeuaiiy aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino?
ae?iaieoeoaa ca?ia. Canoinoaaiiy no/anieo iaoiae?a iiaeaethaaiiy,
aeo?aoii-oe?iiaiai aiae?co oa no/anieo eiii’thoa?ieo oaoiieia?e
aeicaiey? ei?aaoaaoe oi?aae?inuee? ??oaiiy c o?aooaaiiyi oiia
i?e?iaeiiai na?aaeiaeua oa ?eieiaeo /eiiee?a. Aaeaioaoe?y aei ciai?oi?o
/eiiee?a ni?eyoeia iii’yeoaiith aieeao iiaeeeaeo iaaaoeaieo iane?aee?a
ia ?acoeueoaoe ae?iaieoeoaa oa caaacia/eoue no?eea oa aa?aioiaaia
ae?iaieoeoai ca?ia. Aeooaeuei?noue oe??? i?iaeaie iaoiiaeea aea??
iai?yieo ? oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Noai aea/aiiy i?iaeaie. Aeine?aeaeaiith aeiiii?/ieo, i?aai?caoe?eieo,
oaoiieia?/ieo aniaeo?a ?ioaineo?eaoe?? ca?iiaiai ae?iaieoeoaa i?enay/aii
aaaaoi iaoeiaeo i?aoeue a?o/eciyieo ? ca?oa?aeieo a/aieo. Cia/iee aianie
o ?ic?iaeo eiioeaiooaeueieo iieiaeaiue i?iaeaie c?iaeee A.ss.Aia?inia,
E.I.Ai?/ei, A.?.Aieei, I.A.Eiaan, I.I.Ii?uaiei, I.O.Naaeoe,
I.O.Nieiaeia, A.I.Neoiee, E.I.Ooaeie?e, A.I.Oie/ae, I.?.Uo?,
A.A.TH?/eoei. Aeine?aeaeaiith aieeao aeiiii?/ieo /eiiee?a ia ??aaiue
ae?iaieoeoaa i?enayoeee nai? iaoeia? i?aoe? I.ss.Aeai’yiaiei,
TH.N.Eiaaeaiei, I.O.E?iieaei, ?.?.Eoe?iia, I.AIaoioa, Ae.A.Iieicaiie,
I.?.?iiaiaiei, I.O.Naaeoe, ?.I.O??nia, E.I.Ooaeie?e, A.I.Oie/ae,
A.?.Oeyi. Aaaiiee aianie a ?ic?iaeo canoinoaaiiy ??cieo iaoiae?a oa
i?aeoiae?a o aecia/aii? ??aiy o?iaeaeiino? aianee a/ai?, na?aae yeeo
E.?.Aeaio’?aa, A.I.Aeieo?aiei, A.O.?aoiaioeaa, ?.I.?ana?aa,
?.A.Caaaeoia, I.E.Eathiia, A.N.Ei/aoeia, I.A.Eiaan, I.Ae.Iieiaeie?i,
?.Ae.Nieieia, ?.I.O??nia, E.I.Ooaeie?e, A.O.*oaeiianueeee, ?.N.Oao?eia
oa ?io?. Aea, ua ?niothoue ?noioi? ?ica?aeiino? o i?aeoiaeao aei
ae??oaiiy ye iaoiaeieia?/ieo, oae ? i?aeoe/ieo aniaeo?a noaiiaeaiiy
oe??? noa?e aa?ii?iieneiaiai eiiieaeno. Ana oea aeiaaa? nenoaiiino? a
i?aeoiae? aei aea/aiiy i?iaeaie ? i?aeoaa?aeaeo? aeooaeuei?noue oaie
aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Oaia
aeine?aeaeaiiy aoiaeeoue aei ieaio iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo ?ia?o c i?iaeaie
«Noai?aiiy ?ioaa?iaaii? nenoaie A?I oao?aoe?a n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo
i?aei?e?inoa, ui ooieoe?iio? o eieaeuei?e ia?aae? AII» ca caiiaeaiiyi
I?i?noa?noaa n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa ? AIE (?a?no?aoe?eiee iiia?
UAI1001533?), ui ?ic?iaey?oueny o Eoaainueeiio aea?aeaaiiio aa?a?iiio
oi?aa?neoao?.

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoith i?iaaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy ?
?ic?iaea iaoiaeeee i?iaiicoaaiiy ??aiy o?iaeaeiino? oa aaeaioeaiiai
ieaioaaiiy a?iaea?a ca?iiaeo c canoinoaaiiyi iaoiae?a iiaeaethaaiiy oa
aeo?aoii-oe?iiaiai aiae?co, ui aeicaieeoue oe?eani?yiiaaii oa iia?aoeaii
oi?aaeyoue i?ioeanaie ae?iaie/i? ae?yeueiino? o aaeocyo ca?iiaiai
ae?iaieoeoaa.

Aeinyaiaiiy iinoaaeaii? iaoe ia?aaeaa/a? ae??oaiiy oaeeo caaea/:
iaa?oiooaaiiy oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/ieo i?eioeei?a ieaioaaiiy oa
i?ia?aioaaiiy o?iaeaeiino? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo eoeueoo?; aiae?c
/eiiee?a, ui aecia/athoue ??aaiue o?iaeaeiino? ca?iiaeo eoeueoo?;
?ic?iaea ooieoe?e aieeao iiaiaeieo oiia ia i?ieea?noue oa ia’?ie
ae?iaieoeoaa ca?ia; oi?ioaaiiy i?aeoiae?a aei eeaneo?eaoe?? aeo?ao o
?ineeiieoeoa?, ui i???ioiaai? ia iia?aoeaia oi?aae?iiy aeo?aoaie;
oaeineiiaeaiiy iaoiaeeee ieaioaaiiy oa i?iaiicoaaiiy aeo?ao o
?ineeiieoeoa?; ?ic?iaea nenoaie iiaeaeae c iioei?caoe?? o?iaeaeiino?
ca?iiaeo eoeueoo? c o?aooaaiiyi aa?iee?iaoe/ieo oiia ?
aeo?aoiiai-oe?iiaiai iaoai?cio ia an?o aoaiao ? ??aiyo ieaioaaiiy
o?iaeaeiino? eoeueoo?; ai?iaaoe?y iaoiaeeee i?iaiicoaaiiy oa
aaeaioeaiiai ieaioaaiiy a?iaea?a ca?iiaeo ?c canoinoaaiiyi iaoiae?a
iiaeaethaaiiy oa aeo?aoiiai-oe?iiaiai aiae?co; ?ic?iaea ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e c
oaeineiiaeaiiy ieaioaaiiy ia iniia? i?ia?aioaaiiy o?iaeaeiino? aeey
eiaeiiai iiey c canoinoaaiiyi aaoiiaoeciaaii? ?ioi?iaoe?eii? nenoaie
«?ineeiieoeoai».

I?aaeiao oa ia’?eo aeine?aeaeaiiy. I?aaeiaoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ?
aa?iaeiiii?/i? eaoaai??? o?iaeaeiinoae ca?iiaeo eoeueoo? oa
iaoiaeieia?/i? ? i?aeoe/i? ieoaiiy i?iaiicoaaiiy oa aaeaioeaiiai
ieaioaaiiy ??ai?a o?iaeaeiino? ca?iiaeo i?ae aieeaii aeo?aoii-oe?iiaiai
iaoai?cio.

Ia’?eoaie aeine?aeaeaiiy ? ainiiaea?noaa Eoaainueei? iaeano? ??cii?
oi?ie aeaniino?, cie?aia Eoooaeinueeiai ?aeiio. Aaciaei
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeei i?aei?e?inoaii iaoiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ?
O/aiai-aeine?aeia ainiiaea?noai EAeAO.

Iaoiaeieia?y ? iaoiaeeea aeine?aeaeaiue. Oai?aoe/iith ? iaoiaeieia?/iith
iniiaith aeine?aeaeaiue ? ae?aeaeoe/ia oai??y i?ciaiiy oa nenoaiiee
i?aeo?ae aei aea/aiiy aeiiii?/ieo yaeu, oai?aoe/ia niaaeueia eeanee?a
aeiiii?/ii? iaoee, oai?aoe/i? iieiaeaiiy a?o/eciyieo oa ca?oa?aeieo
a/aieo c ieoaiue aaeaioeaiiai ieaioaaiiy o?iaeaeiino?, aeiiii?/ii?
aoaeoeaiino? ae?iaieoeoaa ca?ia, aieeao aeo?aoii-oe?iiaiai iaoai?cio ia
ieaioaaiiy ??aiy o?iaeaeiino?, canoinoaaiiy eiii’thoa?ieo oaoiieia?e o
n?eueneiainiiaea?nueeiio ae?iaieoeoa?. Iinoaaeai? o aeena?oaoe?ei?e
?iaio? caaaeaiiy ae??ooaaeeny ca aeiiiiiaith oaeeo iaoiae?a
aeine?aeaeaiiy: iiiia?ao?/iiai, aano?aeoii-eia?/iiai,
?ic?aooieiai-eiino?oeoeaiiai, aeiiii?ei-noaoenoe/iiai, a?ao?/iiai,
iaoaiaoe/iiai iiaeaethaaiiy c aeei?enoaiiyi IAII.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia aeine?aeaeaiue:

?ic?iaeai? oaeineiiaeai? oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/i? i?aeoiaee aei
eeaneo?eaoe?? aeo?ao o ?ineeiieoeoa?;

cai?iiiiiaaia eeaneo?eaoe?y iae?eo aeo?ao, ui i???ioiaaia ia oi?aae?iiy
aeo?aoaie;

?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea ieaioaaiiy oa i?iaiicoaaiiy aeo?ao, aea ia’?eoii
ieaioaaiiy ? ia’?eo «iiea+eoeueoo?a», a ia’?eoii aeo?ao — «iiea»,
«i?iaeoeoe?y», «oaoiieia?/i? iaoa??aee», «i?aoe?aiee», «iniiai? oiiaee»;

oaeineiiaeaia iaoiaeeea ieaioaaiiy o?iaeaeiino? ca?iiaeo ?c
aeei?enoaiiyi eiii’thoa?ieo oaoiieia?e;

ia i?aenoaa? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeeiai?ee o?iaeaeiino? ca?iiaeo eoeueoo?
aeaaaeai? noaoenoe/i? caeaaeiino? aieeao i?e?iaeieo /eiiee?a ia ??aaiue
a?iaeath;

c o?aooaaiiyi aeyaeaieo caeaaeiinoae ?ic?iaeaiee eiao?oe??io ni?eyiiy
?ieo, ui aeicaiey? ei?aaoaaoe ??aaiue o?iaeaeiino?;

cai?iiiiiaaii nenoaio iiaeaeae aeey iiaoaiiiai ieaioaaiiy o?iaeaeiino?
ca?iiaeo eoeueoo?;

cai?iiiiiaaii ii?yaeie ?aae?caoe?? iaoiaeeee aaeaioeaiiai ieaioaaiiy
o?iaeaeiino? ca?iiaeo o caeaaeiino? a?ae iiaeeeaeo ci?i iiaiaeieo oiia ?
i?iaiicieo neooaoe?e ia ?eieo o ?aieao ?ic?iaeaii? aaoiiaoeciaaii?
?ioi?iaoe?eii? nenoaie «?ineeiieoeoai»;

?ic?iaeaii ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? c ?ioi?iaoe?eii-eiinoeueoaoe?eiiai
ianeoaiaoaaiiy i?aei?e?inoa c ieoaiue ieaioaaiiy o?iaeaeiino? ca?iiaeo
o cii? ?eceeiaaiiai caiea?ianoaa.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Iaa?oioiaai? o
aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? i?aeoiaee ? iaoiaee i?e i?aeoe/iiio aeei?enoaii?
aeiiiiiaeooue o ieaioaaii? ?aaeueiiai ??aiy o?iaeaeiino?, eiio?ie? ca
ae?iaie/eie ?ano?naie, ui aeo?a/athoueny, oa aiae?c? ??aiy ae?iaie/eo
aeo?ao. Ana oea ni?eyoeia ca?eueoaiith ia’?i?a ae?iaieoeoaa ca?ia,
cieaeaiith eiai nia?aa?oino?, i?aeaeuaiith yeino? i?iaeoeoe??,
cieaeaiith iai?iaeoeoeaieo aeo?ao ia an?o noaae?yo oaoiieia?/iiai
oeeeeo. Ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue a i?aeoeeo
ieaioaaiiy ni?eyoeia i?aeaeuaiith iaa?oioiaaiino? ieai?a c o?aooaaiiyi
aieeao i?e?iaeiiai oa ?eieiaiai na?aaeiaeua ia ?acoeueoaoe ae?iaieoeoaa
i?iaeoeoe??, aeinyaiaiith iioeiaeueii?, a?aeiia?aeii aei oiia
ciai?oiueiai na?aaeiaeua, o?iaeaeiino? ca?iiaeo.

?ic?iaeaia aaoi?ii i?ia?aiia caaacia/aiiy ?aae?caoe?? cai?iiiiiaaieo
i?aeoiae?a iiaea aooe aeei?enoaia oao?aoeyie n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo
i?aei?e?inoa aeey i?ia?aioaaiiy o?iaeaeiino? an?o iniiaieo eoeueoo? i?e
neeaaeaii? ae?iaie/eo ieai?a, a?cian-ieai?a, ?iaanoeoe?eieo i?iaeo?a.

?ic?iaeai? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai?
iaoeiai-eiinoeueoaoe?eieie neoaeaaie i?e aeeiiaii? iineoa c ieoaiue
?aoe?iiaeueiiai ieaioaaiiy a?iaea?a ca?iiaeo eoeueoo? oa ia?niaeoea
caaeiaieaiiy iiieoo o ca?i?.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Aaoi?ii aeine?aeaeaiue i?iaaaeaia:

eiiieaenia aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaeaie ieaioaaiiy o?iaeaeiino? ia ??ai?
ainiiaea?noaa, iiey, eoeueoo?e;

?ic?iaeai? ooieoe?? caeaaeiino? o?iaeaeiino? ca?iiaeo o oe?eiio, iceii?
ioaieoe?, ai?ioo oa y/iaith o Eoaainuee?e iaeano? a?ae eiiieaeno
iiaiaeieo oiia;

ia i?aenoaa? io?eiaieo caeaaeiinoae ?ic?iaeaiee eiao?oe??io ni?eyiiy
?ieo aeey iniiaieo ca?iiaeo eoeueoo? o Eoaainuee?e iaeano?;

noai?aii i?ia?aiia caaacia/aiiy aaoiiaoeciaaii? nenoaie «?ineeiieoeoai»,
ui noino?oueny i?iaeai i?ia?aioaaiiy o?iaeaeiino? eoeueoo?;

?ic?iaeaii eeaneo?eaoe?th aeo?ao, i???ioiaaieo ia oi?aae?iiy aeo?aoaie
o ae?iaie/iio i?ioean?;

cai?iiiiiaaii oaeineiiaeaiee i?aeo?ae aei ieaioaaiiy oa iae?eo aeo?ao o
?ineeiieoeoa?;

noai?aii nenoaio iiaeaeae aeey aecia/aiiy o?iaeaeiino? ca?iiaeo eoeueoo?
ia aoaiao oaeoe/iiai oa iia?aoeaiiai ieaioaaiiy.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a ?iaioe. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy oa ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe
aeine?aeaeaiue aeiiia?aeaeenue ia Anaoe?a?inuee?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e
eiioa?aioe?? «?ioi?iaoe?ei? ?ano?ne oa ?o aeei?enoaiiy a
aa?ii?iieneiaiio ae?iaieoeoa? Oe?a?ie (Ee?a, ?inoeooo aa?a?ii?
aeiiii?ee, 21-22 aeiaoiy 1998 ?.), iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo
Eoaainueeiai aea?aeaaiiai aa?a?iiai oi?aa?neoaoo (i. Eoaainuee, 1995 ?.,
1996 ?.,1997 ?., 1998 ?.,1999 ?.), neiiic?oi? «Iaoea Eoaaiueie a
eiioaeno? ?icaeoeo ?aa?iio» (Eoaainuee, 21-23 ea?oiy 1999 ?.)

Ioae?eaoe??. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy
iioae?eiaai? ia noi??ieao aeaeaiue o 12 iaoeiaeo i?aoeyo caaaeueiei
ia’?iii 2,0 ae?oea?nueeeo noi??iee, a?n?i c yeeo iioae?eiaai? a oaoiaeo
aeaeaiiyo, caoaa?aeaeaieo AAE Oe?a?ie.

Ianya ? no?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?y iaienaia ia 203 noi??ieao
eiii’thoa?iiai oaenoo, neeaaea?oueny c anooio, o?ueio ?icae?e?a,
aeniiae?a, nieneo 179 aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae ? aeiaeaoe?a.

No?oeoo?a ?iaioe.

Anooi.

?icae?e 1. Oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/i? aniaeoe iaa?oiooaaiiy oe?eae ?
iaoiae?a ieaioaaiiy oa i?ia?aioaaiiy o?iaeaeiino?. 1.1. O?iaeaei?noue ye
aa?ia?ieia?/ia oa aeiiii?/ia eaoaai??y. 1.2.I?e?iaei? oa aeiiii?/i?
/eiieee, ui aieeaathoue ia o?iaeaei?noue, ?o ioe?iea ? iiaeeeaino?
canoinoaaiiy. 1.3. Iaoiaee i?iaiicoaaiiy o?iaeaeiino?. 1.4.Iaoiaee ?
caaea/? aaeaioeaiiai ieaioaaiiy a?iaeath oa oi?aae?iiy eiai oi?ioaaiiyi.
Aeniiaee aei ?icae?eo 1.

?icae?e 2. Aeine?aeaeaiiy oa ?ic?iaea iiaeaeae ieaioaaiiy oa
i?iaiicoaaiiy o?iaeaeiino? ca?iiaeo ia aeaieo Eoaainueei?
iaeano?.2.1.Canoinoaaiiy iaoiae?a noaoenoe/iiai aiae?co oa aenia?oieo
ioe?iie aeey aecia/aiiy aieeao i?e?iaeieo /eiiee?a ia ??aaiue oi?ioaaiiy
a?iaeath. 2.2.Oi?ioaaiiy i?aeoiae?a aei eeaneo?eaoe?? aeo?ao o
?ineeiieoeoa?. 2.3. Iaoiaeeea ieaioaaiiy oa i?iaiicoaaiiy aeo?ao o
?ineeiieoeoa?. 2.4.Aoaie ? iaoiaee ieaioaaiiy oa i?iaiicoaaiiy
o?iaeaeiino? c o?aooaaiiyi aeo?aoii-oe?iiaeo /eiiee?a. 2.5. Iai?yiee ?
iaoiaee iioei?caoe?? aeo?aoiiai-oe?iiaiai iaoai?cio.
2.6.Aeiiii?ei-iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue ieaioaaiiy oa i?iaiicoaaiiy
o?iaeaeiino? c o?aooaaiiyi aeine?aeaeoaaieo /eiiee?a. Aeniiaee aei
?icae?eo 2.

?icae?e 3.Iaoiaeeea i?aeaiooaaiiy ae?iaie/i-aeiiii?/ieo ?ic?aooie?a c
ieaioaaiiy oa i?iaiicoaaiiy o?iaeaeiino? ca?iiaeo ia i?eeeaae?
o/aiai-aeine?aeiiai ainiiaea?noaa EAeAO.3.1.Aeiiii?/ia oa?aeoa?enoeea
aoaeoeaiino? ae?iaieoeoaa ca?ia o Eoaainuee?e iaeano? oa Eoooaeinueeiio
?aeii?.3.2.Aeiiii?/ia oa?aeoa?enoeea aoaeoeaiino? ae?iaieoeoaa ca?ia a
O/aiai-aeine?aeiiio ainiiaea?noa? EAeAO Eoooaeinueeiai ?aeiio
Eoaainueei? iaeano? c canoinoaaiiyi iaoiaeeee i?iaiicoaaiiy oa
aaeaioeaiiai ieaioaaiiy o?iaeaeiino? ca?iiaeo. 3.2.1.Aeiiii?/ia
oa?aeoa?enoeea aoaeoeaiino? ae?iaieoeoaa ca?ia. 3.2.2. Ai?iaaoe?y
iaoiaeeee ieaioaaiiy oa i?iaiicoaaiiy o?iaeaeiino? ca?iiaeo ia i?eeeaae?
o/aiai-aeine?aeiiai ainiiaea?noaa EAeAO. Aeniiaee aei ?icae?eo 3.

Aeniiaee?.

Nienie aeei?enoaii? e?oa?aoo?e.

Aeiaeaoee.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

O anooi? iaa?oioiao?oueny aeooaeuei?noue oaie, oi?ioeththoueny caaaeaiiy
aeine?aeaeaiiy, aecia/a?oueny eiai i?aaeiao, ia’?eoe, iaoiaeieia?/ia
iniiaa oa iaoiaee, a?aeia?aaeathoueny iaoeiaa iiaecia oa i?aeoe/ia
oe?ii?noue aeine?aeaeaiue, ai?iaaoe?y oa ?aae?caoe?y ?o ?acoeueoao?a.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? «Oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/i? aniaeoe iaa?oiooaaiiy
oe?eae ? iaoiae?a ieaioaaiiy oa i?ia?aioaaiiy o?iaeaeiino?» aena?oeaii
oai?aoe/i? aniaeoe iaa?oiooaaiiy oe?eae ? iaoiae?a ieaioaaiiy oa
i?ia?aioaaiiy o?iaeaeiino?.

Aeey aenieiaoaeoeaii? i?aai?caoe?? ae?iaieoeoaa ca?ia a oiiaao ?eieiai?
aeiiii?ee iaiao?aeii ieaioaaoe o?iaeaeiino? ca?iiaeo eoeueoo? c
i???ioaoe??th ia ia ona?aaeiai? ?acoeueoaoe ieioeeo ?ie?a, a ia
i?ia?aiiaai? o?iaeaeiino? iaaieo eoeueoo? ia eiie?aoiiio iie? c
o?aooaaiiyi iioaioe?eieo iiaeeeainoae iiey oa iniaeeainoae eoeueoo?e ?
ni?oo. O ca’yceo c oeei ie aeae?ey?ii ianooii? eaoaai??? o?iaeaeiinoae:
iioaioe?eii-iiaeeeaa o?iaeaei?noue, ae?enii-iiaeeeaa o?iaeaei?noue,
ii?iaoeaia o?iaeaei?noue, a?iaeae o ae?iaieoeoa? aai i?ia?aiiaaia
o?iaeaei?noue. I?ia?aiiaaia o?iaeaei?noue ?ic?aoiao?oueny ia i?aenoaa?
iioaioe?eii-iiaeeeai?, ae?enii-iiaeeeai? oa ii?iaoeaii? o?iaeaeiinoae ?
aecia/a? ??aaiue i?iaeoeoeaiino? iiey ? eoeueoo?e ia iueiio, o
?ic?aooieo ia yeee aeioe?eueii ieaioaaoe aa?ioaoiieia?th oa
?ic?aoiaoaaoe iniiai? aa?ioaoi?/i? caoiaee.

Iia?aoeai?noue oaeeo ?ic?aooie?a caaacia/o?oueny aaoiiaoeciaaiith
nenoaiith «?ineeiieoeoai», ?ic?iaeaiith ia eaoaae?? e?aa?iaoeee EAeAO.

A?iaeae o ae?iaieoeoa? aai oaeoe/iee a?iaeae, ui ciaoiaeeoueny ia iiiaio
ii/aoeo cae?aiiy ia iie?, cia/ii a?ae??ciy?oueny a?ae a?iaeath ia iiiaio
eiai ?aae?caoe??. Oea iia’ycaii c ao?aoaie i?e cae?aii?, caa?aaeaii?,
aei?iaoe? ca?ia o n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo ? caaio?aaeueieo
i?aei?e?inoaao. Oiio, uia iineeeoe eiio?ieue ca ao?aoaie ae?iuaiiai
a?iaeath oa i?e/eiaie ?o aeieeiaiiy, aeioe?eueii i?e ieaioaaii? oa o
ca?oao iieacieee ieaiiaaii? ? oaeoe/ii? o?iaeaeiino? iiaeaaaoe o o?ueio
??aiyo: o?iaeaei?noue o?aiei-iiey, o?iaeaei?noue o?aiei-oieo,
o?iaeaei?noue o?aiei-neeaaeo.

Aecia/aiiy iiaeeeainoae ?icaeoeo ca?iiaiai ae?iaieoeoaa a oiiaao
iaiaaeaiino? ?ano?n?a aeiaaa? a?aeiia?aeieo iaoiaee/ieo i?aeoiae?a aei
ioe?iee /eiiee?a, ui aieeaathoue ia oi?ioaaiiy a?iaeath, ?o aiae?co,
ioe?ioe? aieeao.

O ??oaii? caaea/ ieaioaaiiy o?iaeaeiino? oa oi?aae?iiy i?ioeanii ??
iaea?aeaiiy e??i ciaiue /eiiee?a, ui aecia/athoue o?iaeaei?noue,
iaiao?aeii aecia/eoe iaoiaee, ye? aeicaieythoue: ia aoai?
i?iaiicoaaiiy — aeinyaoe oi/iino? ?ic?aooieo ??aiy o?iaeaeiino? ia
ia?niaeoeao oa ia?aoe i?aaeeueio no?aoaa?th oi?aae?iiy ae?iaieoeoaii
ca?ia a?ae ie?aiiai ae?iaieea aei aa?iae?iaie/iai eiiieaeno Oe?a?ie; ia
?oai? iia?aoeaiiai ieaioaaiiy oa oi?aae?iiy oi?ioaaiiyi o?iaeath —
caaacia/eoe iiaeeea?noue aaeaeaaoiiai ?aaaoaaiiy ia ci?ie oiia
ae?iaieoeoaa o ?aaeueiiio /an?.

O i?ioean? ?ic?iaee aoei aeine?aeaeaii ?nioth/? iaoiaee i?iaiicoaaiiy oa
ieaioaaiiy. C ieo a?aeie?aieai? o?, ui aeicaieythoue aoaeoeaii
oi?aaeyoue ae?iaieoeoaii a oiiaao canoinoaaiiy eiii’thoa?ieo oaoiieia?e.
Aeey i?iaiicoaaiiy o?iaeaeiino? aoee ia?ai? iaoiaee noaoenoe/iiai
aiae?co, aenia?oieo ioe?iie, a iia?aoeaiiio ieaioaaii? — iaoiae
aaeaioeaiiai ieaioaaiiy, yeee ciathoue o ?ineeiieoeoa? ye iaoiae
i?ia?aioaaiiy o?iaeaeiino?. A?i ia?aaeaa/a? iaoeiaa ??oaiiy caaea/?
iaea?aeaiiy a?iaeath a oiiaao eiie?aoiiai iiey, aa?iee?iaoe/ieo oa
aeiiii?/ieo /eiiee?a.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? «Aeine?aeaeaiiy oa ?ic?iaea iiaeaeae ieaioaaiiy oa
i?iaiicoaaiiy o?iaeaeiino? ca?iiaeo ia aeaieo Eoaainueei? iaeano?»
aeine?aeaeaii /eiieee, ui aecia/athoue ??aaiue o?iaeaeiino? ia i?eeeaae?
ainiiaea?noa Eoaainueei? iaeano?, noi?iiaaii iaoiaee/i? i?aeoiaee aei
ieaioaaiiy oa i?iaiicoaaiiy ca?iiaiai ae?iaieoeoaa.

Ia iniia? noaoenoe/ii? ia?iaee aeaieo o?iaeaeiino? ca?iiaeo eoeueoo?
Eoaainueei? iaeano? ca 47 ?ie?a aoea aecia/aia caaaeueia caeiiii??i?noue
ci?i na?aaeiueiiaeanoiiai ??aiy o?iaeaeiino? iceii? ioaieoe?, y/iaith,
ai?ioo oa ca?iiaeo o oe?eiio. Anth i?ieea?noue o?iaeaeiino? ca?iiaeo
iiaeia i?ae?icae?eeoe ia o?e eiiiiiaioe: ca?eueoaiiy na?aaeiueiai ??aiy
o?iaeaeiino?, ia??iaee/i? ci?ie, ye? aecia/athoue 14-??/iee ia??iae ?c
ca?eueoaiiyi aiie?ooaee, aeiaaeeia? ci?ie (a?aeoeeaiiy a?ae o?aiaeo).

Ooieoe?y i?ieeaino? o?iaeaeiino? iceii? ioaieoe? ia? aeaeyae:

O=-980,5715+0,5083*x-5,083*sin((x-x0)*(2p/14))-0,6684*cos((x-x0)*(2p/14)
).

A?ao?ee ooieoe?? i?ieeaino? o?iaeaeiino? iceii? ioaieoe?, oaeoe/ieo
aeaieo oa e?i?? o?aiaeo i?aaenoaaeaii ia ?en.1.

?en.1. Aeeiai?ea o?iaeaeiino? iceii? ioaieoe? o Eoaainuee?e iaeano?

Ca?ac ?aea iaai?aia??iae ?c naie iaio ni?eyoeeaeo ?ie?a (1993-1999?.).
O 1996 ?ioe? e?eaa ia??iaee/ii? i?ieeaino? ooai?th? «yio», ?c yei? ie
ii/aee i?aei?iaoeny a 1997 ?ioe?. ssnii, ui e??i oeeee?/ieo ci?i iathoue
i?noea ? neeuei? iaia?aaeaa/oaai? eieeaaiiy o?iaeaeiino? ii ?ieao. Aea,
on? aeai? aiai?youe i?i oa, ui oiiae iaea?aeaiiy a?iaeath a 1999 ?ioe?
aoaeooue o na?aaeiueiio iaioa ni?eyoeeaeie, i?ae o 1986 — 1992 ?.
I?e/eiaie oeeee?/ieo ci?i o?iaeaeiino? ca?iiaeo ? o a?eueoiio nooiai?
eini?/i? /eiieee, ui ae?thoue ia ?ineeie. Aieea oeeo /eiiee?a iiaea
a?aeaoaaoeny i?yii aai iia?/ii (ianaiia?aae /a?ac e?euee?noue iiaae?a oa
?o ?iciiae?e o /an?) ? ?aaoethaaiith ia i?aeeyaa?.

Aeyaeaiiy no?eei? ia??iaee/ii? caeaaeiino? ca?iiaeo eoeueoo? aeicaieeei
iai aecia/eoe eiao?oe??io-iii?aaeo ia eini?/i? /eiieee a caeaaeiino?
a?ae iieiaeaiiy eiie?aoiiai ?ieo o oeeee? i?ieeaino? o?iaeaeiino?
eoeueoo?e, yeee ie iacaaee eiao?oe??ioii ni?eyiiy ?ieo. Nooue eiai
iieyaa? o oiio, ui ?ici?? iciaee ni?eyoeeaiai aai iani?eyoeeaiai ?ieo
aeey ae?iuoaaiiy aeaii? eoeueoo?e aecia/a?oueny a /anoeao a?ae
oai?aoe/ii? o?iaeaeiino?. Oeae eiao?oe??io iniaenoee aeey eiaeii?
eoeueoo?e oa ?ioaa?iaaiee iieaciee onueiai eiiieaeno iiaiaeieo oiia.

Aecia/aiiy ??aiyiue ?aa?an?? aeicaieeoue c aeinoaoiueith ae?ia?aei?noth
i?iaiicoaaie ??aaiue o?iaeaeiino? aeey ainiiaea?noa Eoaainueei? iaeano?
ii ?ieao o na?aaeei? oeeeeo. Oea ? aaaeeeaei o i?eeiyoo? no?aoaa?/ieo
??oaiue o iaeano? ca?iiaiai ae?iaieoeoaa ia ia?niaeoeao. I?e oi?ioaaii?
a?iaeath aaaeeeai iaea?aeoaaoe i?iaiic o?iaeaeiino? ia o?eueee ia
ae?iaie/ee oeeee, a e ii oacao ?icaeoeo ?ineei. O i?ioean?
aeine?aeaeaiue ?ic?iaeai? ?aa?an?ei? iiaeae? i?iaiico o?iaeaeiino?
ca?iiaeo ia iniia? aa?iee?iaoe/ieo ?ano?n?a, ui neeaeeny, ii oacao
?icaeoeo ?ineei, ui aea? ciiao aiineoe ei?aeoeae o cai?ia?aiiaaio
o?iaeaei?noue oa iia?aoeaii oi?aaeyoue iath o iaaiee iiiaio ia eiaeiiio
iie?. Oaea aca?iia niieo/aiiy aeaio ??ai?a i?iaiic?a — ia ae?iaie/ee
oeeee ? ii oacao ?icaeoeo ?ineei, ?iaeoue i?ioean oi?ioaaiiy a?iaeath
a?eueo oi?aaey?iei ? e?euee?nii aei??thaaeueiei.

Aeey eiaeii? noeoiiino? i?e?iaeii-aeiiii?/ieo oiia ?nio? iioeiaeueia
ni?aa?aeiioaiiy i?ae a?iaea?i oa iaoa??aeueieie aeo?aoaie ia eiai
iaea?aeaiiy. I?e aaeaioeaiiio ieaioaaii? oa oi?aae?ii? aeieea?
iaiao?aei?noue ioe?iee aeo?ao c oi/ee ci?o ?o aeiiii?/ii? aeioe?eueiino?
i?e ieaioaaii? eiaeii? oaoiieia?/ii? iia?aoe?? /e ?ano?no c o?aooaaiiyi
iniaeeainoae eiie?aoiiai iiey oa eoeueoo?e, a oaeiae aa?iee?iaoe/ieo oa
aeiiii?/ieo /eiiee?a, ui aanue /an ci?iththoueny. Aaeaioeaia ieaioaaiiy
i?eionea? aacia?a?aiee ia?a?aooiie aeo?ao neio?iiii aei ci?ie oiia, a
oea iiaeeeaa eeoa i?e iayaiino? /?oeiai aeai?eoio caeaaeiino? aeo?aoiiai
iaoai?cio ii eiaeiiio c eiai aeaiaio?a a?ae ia’?io oa oiia ae?iaieoeoaa.
O?aaeeoe?ei? iaoiaee aecia/aiiy aeo?ao, ui neeaeeny, ia a?aeiia?aeathoue
oeei aeiiaai, oiio ?ic?iaeaia iaie iaoiaeeea aeo?aoii-oe?iiaiai aiae?co
aeicaieeoue i?e ieaioaaii? oa oi?aae?ii? iia?aoeaii ioe?ieoe aeiiii?/io
aeaiaeo oeo /e ?ioeo aa?iiii?/ieo oa oaoiieia?/ieo caoiae?a.

O iaoiaeeoe? ?ic?iaeaiee oaeineiiaeaiee i?aeo?ae aei eeaneo?eaoe??
aeo?ao — ooieoe?iiaeueii-oaoiieia?/iee, yeee aeicaieea ca’ycaoe
aeai?eoiii eiaeai aeae aeo?ao c o?iaeaei?noth oa, a?aeiia?aeii,
iia?aoeaii ioe?ieoe aieea aeo?ao ia ??aaiue o?iaeaeiino? oa ??
nia?aa?o?noue (?en. 2). Ca?aeii c oaeith ooieoe?iiaeueii-oaoiieia?/iith
eeaneo?eaoe??th ie eiio?ieth?ii ia o?eueee iano aeo?ao, iia’ycaio c?
ci?iith ??aiy o?iaeaeiino?, a e nia?aa?o?noue i?iaeoeoe?? a ca’yceo c?
ci?iith e?eueeino? oaoiieia?/ieo iaoa??ae?a, ?ia?oiee?a, i?iaeoeoe?? oa
iniiaieo oiiae?a. Aaaeeeaei oaeiae ? aecia/aiiy a?oie i?ei?eoaoieo
i?iaeoeoeaieo aeo?ao, ye? iaea?eueoa aieeaathoue ia o?iaeaei?noue
ca?iiaeo. Oaea aecia/aiiy ni?eyoeia noaiiaeaiith /?oeiai eiio?ieth ca ?o
aei??ii. A oiiaao aaeaioeaiiai ieaioaaiiy i?iiiio?oueny ?icaeyae aeaio
??ai?a ia’?eo?a:

oi?ioaaiiy ia’?eoo «iiea+eoeueoo?a», yeee aeicaiey? ieaioaaiiy aeo?ao c
o?aooaaiiyi aeanoeainoae iiey oa eoeueoo?e ia oeueiio iie?;

o ia’?eo? «iiea+eoeueoo?a» a?oioaaiiy ia’?eo?a aeo?ao o ?o aeai?eoi?/i?e
caeaaeiino? a?ae o?iaeaeiino?.

?en. 2. Eeaneo?eaoe?y aeo?ao o ?ineeiieoeoa?

Oaea eeaneo?eaoe?y aeo?ao aeanoue ciiao caaacia/eoe oe?eani?yiiaaia,
ye?nia, iaoeiai iaa?oioiaaia ? nai?/ania oi?aae?iiy aeo?aoaie ia ??cieo
aoaiao ae?iaieoeoaa i?iaeoeoe?? oa c?iaeoe eaae?o?eiaaiee oa iia?aoeaiee
aiae?c /eiiee?a, ui aieeaathoue ia oi?ioaaiiy aeo?ao, cae?enieoe
eiio?ieue ca ?aoe?iiaeueiei oa aeiiiiiei niiaeeaaiiyi iaoa??aeueieo,
o?oaeiaeo oa o?iainiaeo ?ano?n?a, a oaeiae ciaeoe oeyoe aei cieaeaiiy
nia?aa?oino? iaeeieoe? i?iaeoeoe?? ye o oe?eiio ii ainiiaea?noao, oae ?
ia eiaeiiio iie?.

I?ioean oi?ioaaiiy aeo?ao o ?ineeiieoeoa? neeaaeiee. Aeey i?aaeeueii?
aeiiii?/ii? ioe?iee ??aiy caieaiiaaii? o?iaeaeiino? iaiao?aeii
i?aai?coaaoe ianooii? ??ai? ieaioaaiiy aeo?ao:

ieaioaaiiy aeo?ao ia ii?iaoeaio o?iaeaei?noue ca?iiai? eoeueoo?e ia
aeaiiio iie? (ii?iaoeaia o?iaeaei?noue – i?i?ioi aeo?ao);

ieaioaaiiy aeo?ao ia ae?enii-iiaeeeao o?iaeaei?noue ca?iiai? eoeueoo?e
ia aeaiiio iie? (iaeneioi o?iaeaeiino? – iaeneioi aeo?ao);

ieaioaaiiy aeo?ao ia i?ia?aiiaaio o?iaeaei?noue ca?iiai? eoeueoo?e ia
aeaiiio iie? ca e??oa???i iaeneioio i?eaooeo;

aaeaioeaia ieaioaaiiy aeo?ao i?e ci?i? oiia ae?iaieoeoaa ca e??oa???i–
«i?i?ioi ao?ao a?ae iani?eyoeeaeo iiaiaeieo oiia ? iaeneioi aeiiii?/iiai
aoaeoo a?ae ni?eyoeeaeo oiia ae?iaieoeoaa».

Oai?aoe/ia iiaeeea?noue iiaeaethaaiiy aeo?ao o eiiiaeoiiio
a?aeia?aaeaii? i?aaenoaaeaia o iiaeae? (?en.3). C’yno?ii ci?ii?: CC –
caaaeuei? aeo?aoe; IC — iaci?ii? aeo?aoe; II – ci?ii? aeo?aoe; NO –
aeo?aoe c aeio?eiaiiy noaiaea?oii? oaoiieia?? (oiiaii iino?ei?);
AeO-aeo?aoe ia aeiaeaoeia? oaoiieia?/i? iia?aoe??, iaoe?eai? ia
iaea?aeaiiy i?eaaaee a?iaeath (i?iaeoeoeai?); Ci — aeo?aoe ia
aeeiiaiiy i-i? aeiaeaoeiai? oaoiieia?/ii? iia?aoe??; Cij — aeo?aoe ia
aeeiiaiiy iaeeieoe? i-i? aeiaeaoeiai? oaoiieia?/ii? iia?aoe?? ii j-io
oaoiieia?/iiio iaoa??aeo; Tij — e?euee?noue j-ai oaoiieia?/iiai
iaoa??aeo ia aeeiiaiiy i-i? aeiaeaoeiai? oaoiieia?/ii? iia?aoe??; I?i —
i?eaaaea a?iaeath a?ae aeeiiaiiy i-i? aeiaeaoeiai? oaoiieia?/ii?
iia?aoe??; IO-ii?iaoeaiee a?iaeae aai a?iaeae ii aaeo aiieoaoo a?oioo;
O? — a?iaeae ( IO < O? < AeAO), ?ic?aoiaaiee c o?aooaaiiyi canoinoaaiiy k aeiaeaoeiaeo oaoiieia?/ieo iia?aoe?e (1< e < n); AeAO – ae?enii-iiaeeeaee o?iaeae; E - eiyoo?oe??io ni?eyiiy ?ieo; Oe1- oe?ia 1 oe noaiaea?oiiai ca?ia; Ii – i/eeoaaiiee i?eaooie; k-e?euee?noue aeeiiaieo aeiaeaoeiaeo oaoiieia?/ieo iia?aoe?e (e< n); mi - e?euee?noue oaoiieia?/ieo iaoa??ae?a; n - e?euee?noue aeiaeaoeiaeo oaoiieia?/ieo iia?aoe?e o ?ioaineai?e oaoiieia?? ae?iuoaaiiy caaeaii? eoeueoo?e. Oaeei /eiii, iiaeaeue oi?ioaaiiy aeo?ao o ?ineeiieoeoa? aeaeyaea? oae: . n m CC = IC + NO + SS SS Cij*Tij . i=1 j=1 E??oa???i iioeiaeueiino? o aeaiiio aeiaaeeo iiaea aooe iaea?aeaiiy iaeneiaeueiiai i?eaooeo: n n m Ii = (IO+SSI?i )*E *Oei - IC + NO + SS SS Cij*Tij ®® max . i=1 i=1 j=1 Oae? iiaeae? iiaeii? aooe ?ic?aoiaai? ia eiaeio oaco ?icaeoeo ?ineeie /e ia iniiai? e?eoe/i? iiiaioe o i?ioean? ae?iaieoeoaa. Aiie iathoue ia ae?ia?aeiiniee, a ooieoe?iiaeueii-oaoiieia?/iee oa?aeoa?. Oaeee i?aeo?ae aeicaiey? iia?aoeaii, aaoiiaoe/ii ci?ithaaoue aeo?aoe i?e iaea?aeaii? i?iaiic?a ia o?iaeaei?noue ii oacao ?icaeoeo ?ineei /e ci?i? ciai?oi?o aeiiii?/ieo oiia ae?iaieoeoaa (oe?i ia ne?iaeio oa iaoa??aee, ia i?iaeoeoe?th oa ?i.). Aeo?aoe I?eaaaea a?iaeath, oe/aa Aeo?aoe ia caaacia/aiiy ii?iaoeaii? o?iaeaeiino? Aeo?aoe ia caaacia/aiiy o?iaeaeiino?, aeecueei? aei ae?enii-iiaeeeai? Aeo?aoe ia caaacia/aiiy ae?enii-iiaeeeai? o?iaeaeiino? Ci?ii?: - ia aeio?eiaiiy l noaiaea?oieo oaoiieia?/ieo caoiae?a l NO= SS Ci i=1 l NO= SS Ci i=1 l NO= SS Ci i=1 ia aeiaeaoeia? oaoiieia?/i? iia?aoe??, k AeO= SS Ci i=l n AeO= SS Ci i=l o oiio /ene?: 1.ii aeai?o ni?oo ian?iiy I?1 m1 C1 = SS C1j*T1j j=1 m1 C1 = SS C1j*T1j j=1 2. ii ia?iaoe? ian?iiy I?2 m2 C2 = SS C2j*T2j j=1 m2 C2 = SS C2j*T2j j=1 3. ii i?iaaaeaiith aeiaeaoeiaeo aa?ioaoi?/ieo caoiae?a I?3 m3 C3 = SS C3j*T3j j=1 m3 C3 = SS C3j*T3j j=1 i. ii caoenoo ?ineei … I?i mi Ci = SS Cij*Tij j=1 mi Ci = SS Cij*Tij j=1 n.ii aianaiith aeia?ea I?n mn Cn = SS Cnj*Tnj j=1 mn Cn = SS Cnj*Tnj j=1 Anueiai aeo?ao II=NO II=NO+AeO II=NO+AeO O?iaeaei?noue IO*E k O?=(IO+SSI?i )*E i=1 n AeAO=(IO+SSI?i )*E i=1 Oe?ia ?aae?caoe?? Oe1 Oe1 Oe1 I?eaooie I1 I2 I3 ?en.3. Iiaeaeue oi?ioaaiiy aeo?ao o ?ineeiieoeoa? Aeieea? iaiao?aei?noue o aeeiai?/i?e iaoiaeeoe? ieaioaaiiy aeo?ao, yea caaacia/eoue iia?aoeaiee ia?a?aooiie aeo?ao a caeaaeiino? a?ae ci?ie ie?aieo aeaiaio?a oaoiieia??, ia oi?eath/e oeo noaoae aeo?ao, ye? o aeaiee iiiaio ia ci?iththoueny. O i?e a?aoiaothoueny iaoaiaoe/i? caeaaeiino? aca?iiae?? eiaeiiai aeaiaioo aeo?ao c o?iaeaei?noth, oaoiieia??th oa aoiaeaeaiiyi eiai aei nia?aa?oino?. O ca'yceo c oeei i?iiiiothoueny iaoaiaoe/i? ae?ace aeey ?ic?aooieo /anoee o caieaiiaai?e nia?aa?oino?: ia ieiuo Zij= Cij/Upr; ia oaoiieia?/i? iaoa??aee Zij=Uij*R/Upr; Uij=Cij/Kol; ia ?ia?oieea Zij=Vij*Ns/Upr; Vij=Cij/Kch, ia i?iaeoeoe?th Zij= ?ij; ia iniiai? oiiaee Zij= Ai/Upr, aea Zij-/anoea o caieaiiaai?e nia?aa?oino?; Cij- ii?iaoeai? aeo?aoe ia 1 aa; Upr- caieaiiaaia o?iaeaei?noue; Uij-ieoia? aeo?aoe ia 1 ea(o,oe) oaoiieia?/ieo iaoa??ae?a; Vij- ieoii? aeo?aoe ia 1 ?ia?oieea; R-e?euee?noue oaoiieia?/ieo iaoa??ae?a (OI), iaiao?aeieo ia 1aa; Kol-e?euee?noue niiaeeoeo OI; Ns- e?euee?noue ii?iici?i, iaiao?aeieo ia 1aa, oeo ?ia?o, aea i?aoeththoue ethaee; Kch-e?euee?noue i?aoe?aiee?a; ?ij- aeo?aoe ia iaea?aeaiiy 1oe i?iaeoeoe??; Ai - noia aii?oecaoe??, ?ic?aoiaaia ia 1aa; i I I- iiiaeei? oaoiieia?/ieo iia?aoe?e; j I J iiiaeei? noaoae aeo?ao. ?ic?iaeaiee iaoaiaoe/iee aia?ao oi?ioaaiiy aeo?ao ia ae?iaieoeoai ca?ia, aeicaieeoue aaoiiaoe/ii oa iia?aoeaii aeaoe ioe?ieo aeiiii?/i?e aeioe?eueiino? a caeaaeiino? a?ae aieeao ia aeo?aoiee iaoai?ci ye i?e?iaeieo, oae ? aeiiii?/ieo /eiiee?a. Oeae iaoaiaoe/iee aia?ao ?aae?ciaaii o ?aieao aaoiiaoeciaaii? ?ioi?iaoe?eii? nenoaie "?ineeiieoeoai", ui ooieoe?iio? o ?aeeiiio ?ioi?iaoe?eiiio i?inoi?? c aaoiiaoeciaaieie ?ioi?iaoe?eieie nenoaiaie oi?aae?iiy n?eueneiainiiaea?nueeei i?aei?e?inoaii. A oiiaao nueiaiaeaiiy aino?i noi?oue ieoaiiy aoaeoeaiiai aeei?enoaiiy ae?iaie/eo ?ano?n?a. Oea aeaei i?aenoaae aeey oi?ioaaiiy nenoaie iiaeaeae, ui noaiiaeyoue ?aoe?iiaeuei? ae?iaie/? i?iii?oe?? i?ae caieaiiaaiei a?iaea?i oa aeo?aoaie ia eiai iaea?aeaiiy, ui a cia/i?e i??? ni?eyoeia i?eeiyooth iaa?oioiaaieo oi?aae?inueeeo oa i?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/ieo ??oaiue. O aeena?oaoe?? cai?iiiiiaaia aeai?eoi?/ia i?ioeaaeo?a iiaeeeaiai (c o?aooaaiiyi ae?iaie/eo iiaeeeainoae) ia?aoiaeo o ?aieao nenoaie a?ae aaceniiai ??aiy ae?iaieoeoaa ca?ia aei ??aiy, iaoiiaeaiiai aeno?aiaeueiei iaai?ii i?iaeoeoe??. ??ai? Aeaee ieaioaaiiy eaioaaiiy ia?niaeoeaia iioi/ia iia?aoeaia ainii-aea?noai iiaeaeue ii aecia/aiith oaiaeaioe?e ae?iaieoeoaa ca?ia ii eoeueoo?ao i?ae?icae?e 1) iiaeaeue ii aecia/aiith iioe-iaeueieo o?iaeaeiinoae ca?iiaeo eoeueoo? ia iieyo c o?aooaaiiyi aeiia n?aici?ie 2) iiaeaeue ii aecia/aiith iioe-iaeueii? no?oeoo?e iin?aieo ieiu i?ae ca?iia? eoeueoo?e c o?aoo-aaiiyi iioaioe?aeo eiaeiiai iiey iiea iiaeaeue ii iioei?caoe?? ??aiy o?iaeaeiino? eoeueoo? ia eiaei?e noaae?? ?icaeoee ?ineeie c o?a-ooaaiiyi ci?ie iiaiaeieo oa aei-iii?/ieo oiia ca aeiiiiiaith "Ea?oe iioaioe?eieo iiaeeeainoae iiey ? i?iaiicoaaiiy o?iaeaeiino?" ?en.3. No?oeoo?a nenoaie iiaeaeae ii ??aiyi ? aeaeai ieaioaaiiy O ?aieao aeaii? aeai?eoi?/ii? i?ioeaaeo?e i?e iioei?caoe?? ieaio ae?iaieoeoaa ia ie?ai? ia??iaee iiaea aooe ?aae?ciaaia caaea/a - aeinyaoe a?eueo aenieiai ??aiy ae?iaieoeoaa ii on?o aeaeao ca?iiai? i?iaeoeoe??. Nenoaia iiaeaeae, i???ioiaaia ia aeaee ieaioaaiiy, ?aae?caoe?th i?eioeeio aacia?a?aiiai ieaioaaiiy, ??ciee nooi?iue aeaoae?caoe?? ieaiiaeo ?ic?aooie?a ii ??aiyi ieaioaaiiy, i?aaenoaaeaia ia ?en.3. O aeena?oaoe?? ?icaeyioo? ye?ni? iniiae iiaoaeiae nenoaie iiaeaeae i?ia?aiii-oe?eueiaiai ieaioaaiiy a ainiiaea?noa?, iaa?oioiaai? ?? caaaeueia i?aai?caoe?eia no?oeoo?a ? ii?yaeie iiaoaiiiai i?aeoiaeo aei ae??oaiiy ieoaiue ocaiaeaeaiiy ??oaiue iiaeaeae o nenoai?, aecia/aia /a?aia?noue ?ic?iaee iioei?caoe?eieo iiaeaeae ieaioaaiiy ae?iaieoeoaa ca?ia (?en.4). Ia ia?oiio ??ai? i?iaiicothoueny ??ai? o?iaeaeiino? ca?iiaeo eoeueoo? ia e?eueea ?ie?a aia?aae, aecia/athoueny eiao?oe??ioe ni?eyiiy ?ieo. Ia ae?oaiio ??ai? ia?aae ii/aoeii ae?iaie/iai oeeeeo aecia/a?oueny iioeiaeuei? o?iaeaeiino? eoeueoo? c o?aooaaiiyi ae?iaie/eo ?ano?n?a oa iiaeaeth?oueny no?oeoo?a iin?aieo ieiu. Ia o?aoueiio ??ai? cae?enith?oueny iia?aoeaia oi?aae?iiy oi?ioaaiiyi o?iaeaeiino? ca aeiiiiiaith aeeiai?/ii? iiaeae? c iioei?caoe?? ??aiy o?iaeaeiino? eoeueoo?e ia iie? ia eiaei?e noaae?? ?icaeoee ?ineeie c o?aooaaiiyi ci?ie iiaiaeieo oa aeiiii?/ieo oiia. Aeo?aei? aeai? iiia?aaeiuei? iiaeae? ? ao?aeieie aeaieie aeey ianooiii?. Iiaeaeue Ao?aei? aeai? Aeo?aei? aeai? iiaeaeue ii aecia/aiith oaiaeaioe?e ae?iaieoeoaa ca?ia ii eoeueoo?ao ??ai? o?iaeaeiino? ca?iiaeo eoeueoo? ca aeae?eueea 14-oe ??/ieo ia??iaee i?iaiiciaaia o?iaeaei?noue, eiao?oe??io ni?eyiiy ?ieo aeey eoeueoo?e iiaeaeue ii aecia/aiith iioeiaeueieo o?iaeaeiinoae ca?iiaeo eoeueoo? ia iieyo c o?aooaaiiyi aeiia n?aici?ie ae?enii-iiaeeeaa, ii?iaoeaia o?iaeaei?noue, eiao?oe??io ni?eyi-iy ?ieo aeey eoeueoo?e, eiao?oe??io-iii?aaea ia iiia?aaeiee, ii?ia-oeai? aeo?aoe ia ae?iaieoeoai, ae?iaie/? ?ano?ne cai?ia?aiiaai? ??ai? o?iaeaeiino? eoeueoo? ia iieyo n?aici?ie iiaeaeue ii aecia/aiith iioeiaeueii? no?oeoo?e iin?aieo ieiu i?ae ca?iia? eoeueoo?e c o?aooaaiiyi iioaioe?aeo eiaeiiai iiey cai?ia?aiiaai? o?iaeaeiino? eoeueoo? ia iieyo n?aici?ie, ii?iaoeai? aeo?aoe ia ae?iaieoeoai, ae?iaie/? ?ano?ne iioeiaeueia no?oeoo?a n?aici?ie aeey ca?iiaeo eoeueoo? c cai?ia?aiiaaiei ??aiai o?iaeaeiino? Iiaeaeue ii iioei?caoe?? ??aiy o?iaeaeiino? eoeueoo? ia eiaei?e noaae?? ?icaeoee ?ineeie c o?aooaaiiyi ci?ie iiaiaeieo oa aeiiii?/ieo oiia ca aeiiiiiaith "Ea?oe iioaioe?eieo iiaeeeainoae iiey ? i?iaiicoaaiiy o?iaeaeiino?" iioaioe?ei? iiaeeeaino? iiey, ieaiiaaiee ??aaiue o?iaeaeiino? eoeueoo?e ia iueiio, e?euee?noue ? oe?ia oaoiieia?/ieo iaoa??ae?a, aeaoae?ciaai? ae?iaie/? aeo?aoe aeo?ae i?iaeoeoe??, aeo?aoe ia ae?iaieoeoai i?iaeoeoe?? ia 1 aa, nia?aa?o?noue 1oe i?iaeoeoe??, i?eaooie c 1 aa ?en.4. Ocaiaeaeaiiy ??oaiue iiaeaeae o nenoai? Ca aeiiiiiaith ?i?oaoe?eieo ?ic?aooie?a i?aeae?a?oueny iioeiaeueiee ?acoeueoao. Ia?oo iiaeaeue iaea?aeo?ii ca aeiiiiiaith aiae?co aeeiai?/iiai ?yaeo, ae?oao e o?aoth – ae??oaiiy caaea/? e?i?eiiai i?ia?aioaaiiy, /aoaa?oo – ca aeiiiiiaith aaoiiaoeciaaii? ?ioi?iaoe?eii? nenoaie "?ineeiieoeoai" oa "Ea?oe iioaioe?eieo iiaeeeainoae iiey ? i?iaiicoaaiiy o?iaeaeiino?". EA?OA IIOAIOe?EIEO IIAEEEAINOAE IIEss ? I?IAIICOAAIIss O?IAEAEIINO? 1. Aa?iaeiiii?/ia oa?aeoa?enoeea iiey ? eoeueoo?e Ii?iaoeaia o?iaeaei?noue Ae?enii-iiaeeeaa I?eaaaea o?iaeaeiino? Caieaiiaaia o?iaeaei?noue Iiia? n?aici?ie 1 Iiia? iiey 6 Eoeueoo?a iceia ioaieoeue Iiia?aaeiee ai?io Aae aiieoaoo 88,00 88,00 88,00 88,00 Eiao?oe??io ni?eyiiy ?ieo 0,85 0,85 Eiao?oe??io ia iiia?aaeieea 1,00 1 Eiao?oe??io ia ni?o 1,00 1 Eoeueoo?a caiea?ianoaa na?aaeiy O?iaeaei?noue, oe/aa 27,70 44,90 2,50 30,20 Ii?ia aen?ao ian?iiy, ea 180,00 180,00 E?euee?noue io?ooio?i?eao?a, ea (e) 100,00 100,00 100,00 Oe?ia io?ooio?i?eao?a ca 1 ea, a?i 2,50 2,50 2,50 E?euee?noue aaeoa??aeueieo aeia?ea, ea 30,00 30,00 30,00 Oe?ia aaeoa??aeueieo aeia?ea ca 1 ea, a?i 1,50 1,50 1,50 E?euee?noue iaeueiiai, ea 32,09 37,97 32,93 Aa?o?noue iaeueiiai ca 1 ea, a?i 0,50 0,50 0,50 Oe?ia 1 oe i?iaeoeoe?? 28,10 28,10 28,10 Aeo?aoe ia ae?iaieoeoai ia 1aa, a?i 182,48 189,38 0,98 183,46 Nia?aa?o?noue 1 oe, a?i 17,82 11,21 16,39 Aeo?ae i?iaeoeoe?? c 1 aa, a?i 778,37 1261,69 70,25 848,62 I?eaooie c 1aa, a?i 190,93 749,40 26,79 311,19 Noi?iiaai? nenoaie iiaeaeae noaiiaeyoue ?aoe?iiaeuei? ae?iaie/? i?iii?oe?? i?ae ??aiai o?iaeaeiino?, ui ieaio?oueny, oa ??aiai aeo?ao ia eiai iaea?aeaiiy. Oea aea? ciiao ciaeoe iaoeiai iaa?oioiaai? iioeiaeuei? aa??aioe, ui caaacia/aoue aenieo o?iaeaei?noue oa aoaeoeai?noue ae?iaieoeoaa. Iaeiei ?c oeyo?a ae??oaiiy iinoaaeaieo caaea/ ? ai?iaaaeaeaiiy o n?euenueea ainiiaea?noai eiii'thoa?ieo oaoiieia?e, ye? cia/ii i?aeaeuaoue aoaeoeai?noue, nai?/ani?noue oa iia?aoeai?noue i?eeiyooy oi?aae?inueeeo ??oaiue. Oaeei /eiii, aaeaioeaia ieaioaaiiy o?iaeaeiino? ca?iiaeo eoeueoo? iiaeia ii??aiyoe c i?iaeooaaiiyi a?iaeath i?e iaeneiaeueiiio ? eiiieaeniiio aeei?enoaiith eini?/ieo, a?ieia?/ieo, iaoa??aeueii-oaoi?/ieo /eiiee?a, iaoeiaiai iioaioe?aeo oa i?ia?aneaieo oi?i i?aai?caoe?? ae?iaieoeoaa. O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? "Iaoiaeeea i?aeaiooaaiiy ae?iaie/i-aeiiii?/ieo ?ic?aooie?a c ieaioaaiiy oa i?iaiicoaaiiy o?iaeaeiino? ca?iiaeo ia i?eeeaae? o/aiai-aeine?aeiiai ainiiaea?noaa EAeAO" i?eaaaeaii ae?iaie/i-aeiiii?/i? ?ic?aooiee c ieaioaaiiy oa i?iaiicoaaiiy o?iaeaeiino? ca?iiaeo eoeueoo? a o/aiai-aeine?aeiiio ainiiaea?noa? EAeAO c iaoith ai?iaaoe?? ?ic?iaeaii? iaoiaeeee. Cai?iiiiiaaii aa??aio ieaioaaiiy o?iaeaeiino? ia iniia? ?ic?iaeaii? iaoiaeeee aaeaioeaiiai ieaioaaiiy, ui neeaaea?oueny c i'yoe aoai?a ?ic?aooie?a. Ia ia?oiio aoai? i?iaiaeeeiny i?iaiicoaaiiy o?iaeaeiino? iniiaieo ca?iiaeo eoeueoo? ca aeiiiiiaith aeeiai?/iiai ?yaeo. Ia i?aenoaa? iaea?aeaieo ooieoe?e caeaaeiino? aeey iniiaieo ca?iiaeo eoeueoo? aoei ?ic?aoiaaii ei?o?oe?aioe ni?eyiiy ?ieo, ia ye? aeae? ei?aaoaaeenue ??ai? o?iaeaeiino?. C o?aooaaiiyi aa?io?i?/ii? oa?aeoa?enoeee eaiie oa iiaeeeainoae ca?iiaeo eoeueoo? ca aeiiiiiaith ?ic?iaeaiiai iaeaoo i?ia?ai c aaoiiaoecaoe?? ?iai/iai i?noey aa?iiiia aoei ?ic?aoiaaii ii?iaoeai? o?iaeaeiino? ia eiaeiiio iie?, iioaioe?eii-iiaeeea? oa ae?enii-iiaeeea? o?iaeaeiino?, ia i?aenoaa? yeeo ni?iaiiciaaii o?iaeaeiino? eiaeii? eoeueoo?e ia eaieao n?aiia?ao. O ?aieao aaoiiaoeciaaii? ?ioi?iaoe?eii? nenoaie "?ineeiieoeoai" ia eiaeio cai?ia?aiiaaio o?iaeaei?noue ?ic?aoiaaii nenoaio aeia?ea o ae?th/?e ?a/iaei? oa o?ce/ieo e?eia?aiao. Ia ae?oaiio aoai? i?iaaaeaii ?ic?aooiie oaoiieia?/ieo ea?o aeey ia'?eoo "iiea+eoeueoo?a" oa c?iaeaii ianii?o ia ae?iaieoeoai aeaii? eoeueoo?e ia aeaiiio iie?. Ia o?aoueiio aoai? aecia/aii iioeiaeuei? ??ai? o?iaeaeiino? eiaeii? c eoeueoo? ia on?o iieyo c o?aooaaiiyi iaiaaeaiino? ?ano?n?a i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea oa e?eoa???i iioeiaeueiino? - iaea?aeaiiy iaeneiaeueiiai i?eaooeo a?ae ae?iaieoeoaa ca?iiaeo eoeueoo?. Ia /aoaa?oiio aoai? aecia/aii iioeiaeueio no?oeoo?o iin?aieo ieiu ca?iiaeo eoeueoo? ia i?aenoaa? iaea?aeaieo o?iaeaeiinoae. Oe? /ioe?e aoaie ?ic?aooie?a aoei canoiniaaii ia aoai? ieaioaaiiy ia ii/aoeo ae?iaie/iai oeeeeo. Ianooiiei i'yoei aoaiii noaei aaeaioeaia ieaioaaiiy o?iaeaeiino? ca?iiaeo eoeueoo? o i?ioean? ?? oi?ioaaiiy. Ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?ic?iaeaii? iaoiaeeee aeicaieeei a o/aiai-aeine?aeiiio ainiiaea?noa? EAeAO, o e?ae iani?eyoeeaee c iiaiaeieo oiia 1998 ??e, iaea?aeaoe iceii? ioaieoe? ia 17,5 oeaioia??a c aaeoa?a oa a oe?eiio ca?iiaeo ia 7,4 oeaioia?a a?eueoa, i?ae o ainiiaea?noaao Eoooaeinueeiai ?aeiio, aei yeiai iaeaaeeoue O/aini EAeAO, ? ia 16,0 oeaioia??a iceii? ioaieoe? oa a oe?eiio ca?iiaeo ia 5,6 oeaioia??a a?eueoa, i?ae ii ainiiaea?noaao Eoaainueei? iaeano?. Ae?iaieoeoai ca?ia a o/aiai-aeine?aeiiio ainiiaea?noa? EAeAO i?eaooeiaa: ??aaiue ?aioaaaeueiino? neeaaeaa o 1998 ?ioe? 28,3%, i?ioa ye ii Eoaainuee?e iaeano? oa Eoooaeinueeiio ?aeii? ca?iiaa ae?iaieoeoai caeoeiaa ? neeaei -23,4% oa -31,5% a?aeiia?aeii. AENIIAEE Aeey aenieiaoaeoeaii? i?aai?caoe?? ae?iaieoeoaa ca?ia a oiiaao ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee iaiao?aeii ieaioaaoe o?iaeaeiino? ca?iiaeo eoeueoo? c i???ioaoe??th ia ia ona?aaeiai? ?acoeueoaoe ieioeeo ?ie?a, a ia i?ia?aiiaai? o?iaeaeiino? aecia/aieo eoeueoo? ia eiie?aoiiio iie? c o?aooaaiiyi iioaioe?eieo iiaeeeainoae iiey, iniaeeainoae eoeueoo?e oa ni?oo ? aeiiii?/ieo oiia. Nenoaiia ciaiiy aieeao ia o?iaeaei?noue i?e?iaeieo oa aeiiii?/ieo /eiiee?a ni?eyoeia aacia?a?ai?e aaeaioaoe?? aei ieo c oei, uia ciaioeoe ao?aoe a?ae iani?eyoeeaeo oiia ? iaea?aeaoe iaea?eueoee aeiiii?/iee aoaeo a?ae ni?eyoeeaeo oiia ae?iaieoeoaa. Ieaioaaiiy o?iaeaeiino? c aeuacacia/aii? iiceoe?? ?iaeoue aaaeeeaei i?aeo?ae aei o?iaeaeiino? ye aei neeaaeii? eaoaai??? c aa?iiii?/ii?, aeiiii?/ii? oa oaoiieia?/ii? oi/ee ci?o: c aa?iiii?/ii? - aeae?ey?oueny o?e ??ai? o?iaeaeiino?: iioaioe?eii-iiaeeeaa, ae?enii-iiaeeeaa oa ii?iaoeaia; c aeiiii?/ii? - i?ia?aiiaaia o?iaeaei?noue; c oaoiieia?/ii? – o?iaeaei?noue: "o?aiei-iiea", "o?aiei-o?e" oa "o?aiei-neeaae". Oea aea? ciiao aeei?enoaiiy ia eiaeiiio aoai? i?iaiicoaaiiy oa ieaioaaiiy iaea?eueo aoaeoeaieo aeey oeueiai ??aiy o?iaeaeiino? iaoiae?a ? i?ecaiaeeoue aei ia'?eoeaiiai aecia/aiiy ??aiy i?iaeoeoeaiino? iiey ? eoeueoo?e ia iueiio oa aaeaioeaii? aei iueiai aa?ioaoiieia??. A oiiaao ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee aaaeeeai ciaoue i?iaiice ??aiy o?iaeaeiino? ia an?o aoaiao ieaioaaiiy oa aecia/eoe ? e?euee?nii aei??yoe caeiiii??iino? aieeao ia o?iaeaei?noue i?e?iaeieo /eiiee?a. I?ney i?iaaaeaiiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy o?iaeaeiino? iniiaieo ca?iiaeo eoeueoo? Eoaainueei? iaeano? ca 47 ?ie?a c'yniaaii, ui a oe?eiio any i?ieea?noue o?iaeaeiino? ca?iiaeo ?iciiae?ey?oueny ia o?e eiiiiiaioe: ca?eueoaiiy na?aaeiueiai ??aiy o?iaeaeiino?, ia??iaee/i? ci?ie ?c ca?eueoaiiyi aiie?ooaee eieeaaiue, aeiaaeeia? ci?ie. Aeyaeaiiy no?eei? ia??iaee/ii? caeaaeiino? o?iaeaeiino? ca?iiaeo eoeueoo? a?ae i?e?iaeieo oaeoi??a aeicaieeei aecia/eoe eiao?oe??io-iii?aaeo ia eini?/i? /eiieee a caeaaeiino? a?ae iieiaeaiiy eiie?aoiiai ?ieo o oeeee? i?ieeaino? o?iaeaeiino?, yeee ie iacaaee eiao?oe??ioii ni?eyiiy ?ieo. Oea ni?eyoeia ?ic?iaoe? iioeiaeueii? no?aoaa?? iiaaae?iee a ??ci? ia??iaee oeeeeo ia an?o ??aiyo ieaioaaiiy (iaeanoue, ?aeii, ainiiaea?noai, iiea) c iaoith aecia/aiiy a?aeiia?aeieo caoiae?a aeey iineaaaeaiiy oaea??a i?e?iaeii? noeo??. Aeey iia?aoeaiiai ?aaaoaaiiy ia i?e?iaei? ci?ie o i?ioean? oi?ioaaiiy a?iaeath aecia/ai? noaoenoe/i? caeaaeiino? o?iaeaeiino? a?ae i?e?iaeieo /eiiee?a ia oacao ?icaeoeo ca?iiaeo eoeueoo? oa i?ia?aiia caaacia/aiiy ?o e?euee?niiai aei??thaaiiy, ui aeicaieeoue o i?iaeiaae aaaaoaoe?? i?iaiicoaaoe ??aaiue a?iaeath oa i?iaiaeeoe ei?eaoaaiiy i?ia?aiiaaiiai ??aiy o?iaeaeiino? oa oaoiieia??. A oiiaao iaiaaeaiiino? ?ano?n?a i?ae iino?eiei eiio?ieai iiaeii? ciaoiaeeoenue aeo?aoe ia ae?iaieoeoai ca?ia, ye?noue i?iaeoeoe??, ??aaiue oe?i ia i?iaeoeoe?th oa ?ano?ne, nia?aa?o?noue ca?ia, ??aaiue i/eeoaaiiiai i?eaooeo a?ae ?aae?caoe?? i?iaeoeoe??. Iaoiaeeea ieaioaaiiy, iae?eo, eiio?ieth oa aiae?co aeo?ao, ui canoiniaaia a aa?a?iiio naeoi?? Oe?a?ie, ia a?aeiia?aea? no/aniei aeiiaai ainiiaea?thaaiiy ? ni?yiiaaia aieiaiei /eiii ia eiinoaoaoe?th aeo?ao, a ia ia oi?aae?iiy ieie. Aeey oi?aae?iiy aeo?aoaie iaiao?aeia aeaoaeueia aeeoa?aioe?aoe?y ?o oa i?aai?caoe?y aeaoeaio?ae?ciaaiiai ieaioaaiiy, iae?eo, eiio?ieth oa aiae?co aeo?ao o i?noeyo ?o aeieeiaiiy oa i?eeiyooy ??oaiue. Ianaiia?aae, o?aaa ia?aaeyiooe i?aeo?ae aei ia'?eoo aeo?ao. Ca?ac ia'?eoii aeo?ao ? o?eueee eoeueoo?a, ui aaoiiaoe/ii aeaiaeeoue ?c i?ae eiio?ieth oa oi?aae?iiy iiaeeeaino? iiey, aea aiia ae?iuo?oueny, ? oaoiieia?th ?? ae?iaieoeoaa. I?iiiio?oueny aaaaeaoe ia'?eoii ieaioaaiiy aeo?ao ia'?eo "iiea+eoeueoo?a". I?e ?icaeyaeaii? ia'?eoo aeo?ao iaiao?aeii a?aoiaoaaoe aeai?eoi?/ia aoiaeaeaiiy ie?aieo aeo?ao o nia?aa?o?noue i?iaeoeoe??. C oe??? iiceoe?? iai caea?oueny aeioe?eueiei i?e ieaioaaii? aeo?ao ia'?eoo "iiea+eoeueoo?a" - ia'?eoaie aeo?ao aaaaeaoe iiea, i?iaeoeoe?th, oaoiieia?/i? iaoa??aee, i?aoe?aieea oa iniiai? oiiaee, a ia'?eoaie eaeueeo-ethaaiiy nia?aa?oino? - iiea ? i?iaeoeoe?th. Oaeee i?aeo?ae aei aecia/aiiy ia'?eoo aeo?ao aeicaieeoue aaeaioeaii i?iaiicoaaoe, ieaioaaoe oa eiio?iethaaoe nia?aa?o?noue ca?ia ia eiaeiiio aoai? eiai ae?iaieoeoaa c aeei?enoaiiyi eiii'thoa?ieo oaoiieia?e. Aiae?c ae?th/i? eeaneo?eaoe?? aeo?ao aeicaiey? eiinoaooaaoe, ui aiia ia a?aoiao? aaeeeiai aieeao i?e?iaeieo /eiiee?a ia oi?ioaaiiy a?iaeath ca?iiaeo ?, a?aeiia?aeii, aeiiii?/ieo aeo?ao. Oea aeeeth/a? iiaeeea?noue aaeaioeaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy aeo?ao i?e ci?i? i?e?iaeieo /eiiee?a. Oiio, a ?iaio? iaie cai?iiiiiaaiee oaeineiiaeaiee i?aeo?ae aei eeaneo?eaoe?? aeo?ao, yeee ie aaaaea?ii ooieoe?iiaeueii-oaoiieia?/iei. Iniiaiee ci?no eiai iieyaa? o oiio, ui i?yi? aeo?aoe iiae?eythoueny ia oiiaii iino?ei? oa i?iaeoeoeai?. Oiiaii iino?ei? - aeo?aoe ia aeeiiaiiy noaiaea?oii? oaoiieia?? i?e iaea?aeaii? ii?iaoeaii? o?iaeaeiino?. I?iaeoeoeai? - aeo?aoe, ni?yiiaai? ia iaea?aeaiiy /anoee a?iaeath iiiaae ii?iaoeaiee ??aaiue. A?aoiaoth/e aaeeeo caeaaei?noue aa?a?iiai ae?iaieoeoaa a?ae i?e?iaeieo oa aeiiii?/ieo ci?i ? iaiao?aei?noue iia?aoeaiiai ?aaaoaaiiy ia ieo ne?ae aeae?eyoe aeo?aoe, ui aeieeathoue i?e niaoeeo?/ieo oiiaao ia iie? aai ia i?aei?e?inoa?: ia?aaeaa/ai? oa iaia?aaeaa/ai?. Oea aeicaieeoue cina?aaeeoe oaaao ia inoaii?o aeo?aoao ? ia i?eeiyo? uiaei ieo ??oaiiue, a oaeiae i?e aeei?enoaii? eiii'thoa?ieo oaoiieia?e noai?eoe aenia?oio nenoaio aoaeoeaieo ?aaeoe?e ia iaia?aaeaa/ai? aeo?aoe. Aiae?coth/e i?e/eie aeieeiaiiy iaia?aaeaa/aieo aeo?ao, aaaaea?ii ca iaiao?aeia ?icae?eeoe ?o ia aeo?aoe, ui aeieeee a?ae ci?ie i?e?iaeii? neooaoe?? ia iie?, oa aeo?aoe, ui caeaaeaoue a?ae ci?ie aeiiii?/ii? neooaoe?? ia i?i?e?inoa? aai o ciai?oiueiio na?aaeiaeu?. Cai?iiiiiaaia ooieoe?iiaeueii-oaoiieia?/ia eeaneo?eaoe?y aeo?ao noai?th? iiaeeeaino? aeey ?i?oaoe?eieo ?ic?aooie?a ? ni?ey? aeei?enoaiith eiii'thoa?ieo oaoiieia?e a ieaioaaii? o?iaeaeiino? ca?iiaeo. Ia iniia? aeua i?eaaaeaieo iaoeiaeo eiioeaioe?e a aeine?aeaeaiiyo ?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea i?iaiicoaaiiy oa aaeaioeaiiai ieaioaaiiy o?iaeaeiino? ca?iiaeo. Iniiai? ?? iieiaeaiiy oae?: 1.Aaaeeeaei iiiaioii o ieaioaaii? o?iaeaeiino? ? aecia/aiiy ieaei?o oa aa?oi?o ??ai?a i?iaeoeoeaiino? iiey, nei?aaiaaieo ia eiao?oe??io ni?eyiiy ?ieo aeey aeaiii? eoeueoo?e, ye? aoaeooue c o?aooaaiiyi aeiiii?/iiai /eiieea aecia/aoe ??aaiue i?ia?aiiaaii? o?iaeaeiino?, ui a?aeiia?aea? iioaioe?eiei iiaeeeainoyi eiie?aoiiai iiey, i/?eoaaiei aa?iiaoai?ieia?/iei oiiaai aeaiiai ?ieo ? caaacia/o? i?i?ioi ao?ao i?e ci?i? oiia ae?iaieoeoaa, ui ia a?aeiia?aeathoue oei, ia ye? ieaioaaeanue o?iaeaei?noue. 2.I?e ieaioaaii? o?iaeaeiino? ia ianooiiee ??e i?iiiio?oueny ciaioeoe iaaaoeaiee aieea eiao?oe??ioo ni?eyiiy ?ieo ii ie?aieo ca?iiaeo eoeueoo?ao ci?iaie a no?oeoo?? iin?aieo ieiu ca aeiiiiiaith ??oaiiy caaea/? iioei?caoe?? no?oeoo?e ieiu. 3.Aeey i?aaeeueii? aeiiii?/ii? ioe?iee ??aiy i?ia?aiiaaii? o?iaeaeiino? i?iiiio?ii i?aai?coaaoe ianooii? ??ai? ieaioaaiiy aeo?ao: ieaioaaiiy aeo?ao ia ii?iaoeaio o?iaeaei?noue ca?iiai? eoeueoo?e ia aeaiiio iie?; ieaioaaiiy aeo?ao ia ae?enii-iiaeeeao o?iaeaei?noue ca?iiai? eoeueoo?e ia aeaiiio iie?; ieaioaaiiy aeo?ao ia i?ia?aiiaaio o?iaeaei?noue ca e?eoa???i iaeneioio i?eaooeo; aaeaioeaia ieaioaaiiy aeo?ao i?e ci?i? oiia ae?iaieoeoaa ca e?eoa???i "i?i?ioi ao?ao a?ae iani?eyoeeaeo oiia oa iaeneioi aeiiii?/iiai aoaeoo a?ae ni?eyoeeaeo oiia ae?iaieoeoaa". 4.Aeey iia?aoeaiiai oi?aae?iiy aeo?aoaie aaoi?ii ?ic?iaeaia "Ea?oa iioaioe?eieo iiaeeeainoae iiey ? i?iaiicoaaiiy o?iaeaeiino?", a ye?e neiioeaio?iaai? i?iaeoeoeai? iiaeeeaino? iiey, aeiiii?/i? oiiae ae?iuoaaiiy (oe?ie), oaoiieia?y, aeo?aoe o i?ioean? aeeiiaiiy noaiaea?oii? oaoiieia??, a oaeiae ? iiaeeea?noue ioe?iee aeiaeaoeiaeo aeo?ao c oi/ee ci?o iie?eooy ?o i?eaaaeith o?iaeath. Aeey oaeeo ?ic?aooie?a o ea?oo aaaaeai? iaoaiaoe/i? caeaaeiino? o?iaeaeiino? oa aeo?ao, a oaeiae iiaeeeaino? aeei?enoaiiy aenia?oieo ioe?iie. 5.I?iaiicoaaiiy oa aaeaioeaia ieaioaaiiy o?iaeaeiino? ca?iiaeo ca iienaiith iaoiaeeeith ia iiaeeeaa aac aeei?enoaiiy eiii'thoa?ieo oaoiieia?e. Oea a?aoiaaii aaoi?ii ? oai?aoe/i? oa i?aeoe/i? ?ic?iaee noaee iniiaith noai?aiiy aaoiiaoeciaaii? ?ioi?iaoe?eii? nenoaie "?ineeiieoeoai", yea i?aoeth? o ?aieao ?ioaa?iaaii? ?ioi?iaoe?eii? nenoaie aaoiiaoeciaaieo ?iai/eo i?noeue n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo oao?aoe?a, ui ?ic?iaey?oueny ia eaoaae?? e?aa?iaoeee EAeAO. Oaeei /eiii, ai?iaaaeaeaiiy i?iiiceoe?e aaoi?a uiaei i?iaiicoaaiiy, ieaioaaiiy oa iia?aoeaiiai oi?ioaaiiy o?iaeaeiino? ca?iiaeo, aei??aith?oueny aei ?ic?iaee oa cae?eniaiiy iaoeiai iaa?oioiaaiiai i?iaeoo a?iaeath i?e nenoaiiiio aeei?enoaii? eini?/ieo, a?ieia?/ieo oa aeiiii?/ieo /eiiee?a Nienie iioae?eiaaieo i?aoeue ca oaiith aeena?oaoe?? 1. Oeuaaieiaa N.A., Ai?enaiei I.I. Nicaeaiea aaoiiaoece?iaaiiie eioi?iaoeeiiiie nenoaiu "?anoaieaaiaenoai"// Oacenu aeieeaaeia iao/iie eiioa?aioeee ENOE, 1993a.-n.55 (0,1 ae?.a?e., a o./. aaoi?a – 0,1 ae?.a?e.)(Iniaenoi aaoi?o iaeaaeeoue ?ic?iaea i?ia?aiiiai caaacia/aiiy) 2. Oeuaaieiaa N.A., Ai?enaiei I.I., Iiiuo/aiei E.I. Eniieueciaaiea aa?iiaoai?ieiae/aneie eioi?iaoeee a aaoiiaoece?iaaiiie nenoaia "?anoaieaaiaenoai" // Oacenu aeieeaaeia iao/iie eiioa?aioeee ENOE, 1994a. -n.37-38 (0,1 ae?.a?e., a o./. aaoi?a – 0,1 ae?.a?e.) (Iniaenoi aaoi?o iaeaaeeoue aaoiiaoecaoe?y ?ic?aooieo ??aiy o?iaeaeiino? a caeaaeiino? a?ae aieeao iaoaioiia) 3. Nieieia ?.Ae., ?aoaoiye I.A., Ai?enaiei I.I. Ia?eiaee/aneea eciaiaiey o?iaeaaa iiaenieia/ieea a Oe?aeia//Oacenu aeieeaaeia iao/iie eiioa?aioeee ENOE, 1995a. -n.31 (0,1 ae?.a?e., a o./. aaoi?a – 0,1 ae?.a?e.)(Iniaenoi aaoi?o iaeaaeeoue ?ic?aooieiaa /anoeia aeyao ooieoe?e caeaaeiino? o?iaeaeiino? niiyoieea a?ae eiiieaeno iiaiaeieo oiia) 4. Nieieia ?.Ae., Oa?aiaoia ?.O., Ai?enaiei I.I. Aeeiai?ea a?iaea?a ca?iiaeo oa ?o i?iaiic// A?niee aa?a?ii? iaoee.-1996.-?9.-n.41-43.(0,2 ae?.a?e., a o./. aaoi?a – 0,1 ae?.a?e.)(Iniaenoi aaoi?o iaeaaeeoue ?ic?aooieiaa /anoeia aeyao ooieoe?e caeaaeiino? o?iaeaeiino? ca?iiaeo a?ae eiiieaeno iiaiaeieo oiia) 5. Nieieia E.Ae., Ai?enaiei I.I. Iiaeaee?iaaiea aeeiaieee o?iaeaaa iceiie ioaieoeu ia thai-ainoiea Oe?aeiu//Oacenu aeieeaaeia iao/iie eiioa?aioeee ENOE, 1995a. -n.31-32 (0,1 ae?.a?e., a o./. aaoi?a – 0,1 ae?.a?e.)(Iniaenoi aaoi?o iaeaaeeoue ?ic?aooieiaa /anoeia aeyao ooieoe?e caeaaeiino? o?iaeaeiino? iceii? ioaieoe? a?ae eiiieaeno iiaiaeieo oiia) 6. Oeeaaieiaa N.I., Ai?enaiei I.I. Aeei?enoaiiy eiii'thoa?ieo oaoiieia?e o i?ia?aioaaii? e oi?ioaaii? a?iaeath ca?iiaeo //Aeiiii?ea AIE.- 1997.-?10.-n.32-35.(0,2 ae?.a?e., a o./. aaoi?a – 0,1 ae?.a?e.) (Iniaenoi aaoi?o iaeaaeeoue iaoiaeeea canoinoaaiiy eiii'thoa?ieo oaoiieia?e o i?ia?aiioaaii? o?iaeaeiino? eoeueoo?). 7. Ai?enaiei I.I. Eniieueciaaiea ooieoeeiiaeueiuo noaoenoe/aneeo iiaeaeae aeey i?iaiica o?iaeaeiinoe ca?iiauo ia thai-ainoiea Oe?aeiu // Ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue Eoaainueeiai n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai ?inoeoooo. *anoeia 3.-Eoaainuee,1997.-n.41-42 (0,1 ae?.a?e.). 8. Ai?enaiei I.I. I?aaiecaoeey eiio?iey ca oiaeii i?iaeoeoeeiiiiai i?ioeanna e i?iaiic o?iaeaeiinoe // Iao/iua o?oaeu Iaaeaeoia?iaeiie iao/ii-i?aeoe/aneie eiioa?aioeee o/?iuo Iineianeiai ainoaea?noaaiiiai aaoiiiaeeueii-aei?iaeiiai einoeoooa (Oaoie/aneiai oieaa?neoaoa) e Eoaaineiai naeueneioicyenoaaiiiai einoeoooa. -Iineaa-Eoaaine,1997.-n.129-131(0,2 ae?.a?e.). 9. Oeeaaieiaa N.I., Ai?enaiei I.I., Ca?ea ?.I. Noai?aiiy ?ioaa?iaaii? nenoaie aaoiiaoeciaaieo ?iai/eo i?noeue niaoe?ae?no?a// Aeiiii?ea AIE.- 1998.-?1.-n.17-20 (0,3 ae?.a?e., a o./. aaoi?a – 0,1 ae?.a?e.).( Iniaenoi aaoi?o iaeaaeeoue ?ic?iaea A?I aa?iiiia: i?ia?aiioaaiiy oa i?iaiicoaaiiy o?iaeaeiino?). 10. Ai?enaiei I.I. Eniieueciaaiea iaoiaea eieoaoeeiiiiai iiaeaee?iaaiey a iioeiecaoeee cao?ao e iiauoaiee yeiiiie/aneie yooaeoeaiinoe oi?ie?iaaiey o?iaeay // Ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue Eoaainueeiai n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai ?inoeoooo. Aeiiii?/i? iaoee.-Eoaainuee,1998.-n.135-138 (0,2 ae?.a?e.). 11. Oeuaaieiaa N.A.,Ai?enaiei I.I., Caeea E.I.,*a?ooieia I.I. ?ac?aaioea iaoiaeia, iiaeaeae e aeai?eoiia aeey aaoiiaoecaoeee aiaeeca e i?iaiice?iaaiey oicyenoaaiiie aeayoaeueiinoe naeueneioicyenoaaiiiai i?aaei?eyoey. Ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue Eoaainueeiai n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai ?inoeoooo // Aeaeaaieoeoai ENA?.1998.-?2(5), .n.127-131(0,3 ae?.a?e., a o./. aaoi?a – 0,1 ae?.a?e.) (Iniaenoi aaoi?o iaeaaeeoue ?ic?iaea iiaeae? aeo?aoii-oe?iiaiai aiae?co o ?ineeiieoeoa?). 12. Ai?enaiei I.I. Aeine?aeaeaiiy ? ioe?iea aieeao aeo?aoii-oe?iiaiai iaoai?cio ia caieaiiaaio o?iaeaei?noue oa eiai ?ioi?iaoe?eii-i?ia?aiia caaacia/aiiy // ?ioi?iaoe?ei? ?ano?ne oa ?o aeei?enoaiiy a aa?ii?iieneiaiio ae?iaieoeoa?/ Ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue, ?1. E.:?AA, 1999.-n.141-142 (0,1 ae?.a?e.). AIIOAOe?? Ai?enaiei I.I. Canoinoaaiiy iaoiae?a iiaeaethaaiiy oa aeo?aoii-oe?iiaiai aiae?co o i?ia?aioaaii? oa aaeaioeaiiio ieaioaaii? o?iaeaeiino? ca?iiaeo (ia iaoa??aeao Eoaainueei? iaeano?).- ?oeiien. Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii?/ieo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 08.07.02 - aeiiii?ea n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa ? AIE.- Eoaainueeee aea?aeaaiee aa?a?iee oi?aa?neoao, Eoaainuee, 1999. Aoaeoeai?noue ooieoe?iioaaiiy ca?iiaiai ainiiaea?noaa o cia/i?e i??? caeaaeeoue a?ae yeino? ieaioaaiiy. Aoaeoeaiino? ieaioaaiiy o?iaeaeiino? ca?iiaeo eoeueoo? ni?eyoeia canoinoaaiiy i?iaiicieo oa i?ia?aiiaaieo iieaciee?a ??aiy o?iaeaeiino?, oe?i ia i?iaeoeoe?th oa ?ano?ne, ??ai? aeo?ao oa nia?aa?oino?. A aeena?oaoe?? i?iaaaeaia eiiieaenia aeine?aeaeaiiy iiaeeeainoae canoinoaaiiy iaoiae?a iiaeaethaaiiy oa aeo?aoii-oe?iiaiai aiae?co o i?iaiicoaaii? oa aaeaioeaiiio ieaioaaii? o?iaeaeiino? ca?iiaeo a oiiaao ia?aoiaeo aei ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei, oaeineiiaeaia iaoiaeeea oa ?ic?iaeaia ?? eiii'thoa?ia caaacia/aiiy, aeeiiaii ai?iaaoe?th ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy ia eiie?aoiiio ainiiaea?noa?. Eeth/ia? neiaa: o?iaeaei?noue, ieaioaaiiy, i?iaiicoaaiiy, ae?iaieoeoai ca?ia, oeeee?/ii? caeaaeiino?, aaeaioeaia ieaioaaiiy, iia?aoeaia oi?aae?iiy, aeo?aoii-oe?iiaee iaoai?ci. Borisenko O.P."Application of modelling methods and nost and price analysis in prognozing and adaptive planning of grain yields productivity (on Lugansk region materials )" – Manuscript. Dissertation for candidate of economic science academic degree by speciality 08.07.02. Economy of Agriculture and AIC. – Lugansk State Agrarian University. Lugansk,1999. The efficiency of grain husbandry operation depends largely on a gliding ratio. The efficiency of planning the productivity of grain cultures will be promoted by application prognosed and programmed parameters level of yield productivity, produce prices and resources, levels of the expenditures and cost price. The thesis gives the complex investigation of possibilities for applying the methods of modelling and cost and price analysis in prognozing and adaptive planning for grain yields under market transition conditions, the methods and its computering is done and the results of its introduction into practice on the basis of a farm. Key words: productivity, planning, prognozing, production of a grain, circular references, adaptive planning, operating control, cost and price mechanism. Ai?enaiei I.I. I?eiaiaiea iaoiaeia iiaeaee?iaaiey e cao?aoii-oeaiiaiai aiaeeca a i?iaiice?iaaiee e aaeaioeaiii ieaie?iaaiee o?iaeaeiinoe ca?iiauo (ia iaoa?eaeao Eoaaineie iaeanoe).-?oeiienue. Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea iao/iie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa yeiiiie/aneeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 08.07.02 - yeiiiieea naeueneiai oicyenoaa e AIE.- Eoaaineee ainoaea?noaaiiue aa?a?iue oieaa?neoao, Eoaaine, 1999. I?iaiice?iaaiea e aaeaioeaiia ieaie?iaaiea o?iaeaeiinoe ca?iiauo yaeythony aaaeiaeoeie ooieoeeyie oi?aaeaiey, io eioi?uo a cia/eoaeueiie noaiaie caaeneo iiauoaiea yeiiiie/aneie yooaeoeaiinoe i?iecaiaenoaa ca?ia. Eniieueciaaiea iaoiaeia iiaeaee?iaaiey, cao?aoii-oeaiiaiai aiaeeca e nia?aiaiiuo eiiiuethoa?iuo oaoiieiaee iicaieeo ei??aeoe?iaaoue oi?aaeai/aneea ?aoaiey n o/aoii oneiaee i?e?iaeiie n?aaeu e ?uii/iuo oaeoi?ia. Aaeaioaoeey e aiaoiei oaeoi?ai aoaeao niinianoaiaaoue niya/aieth aeeyiey aiciiaeiuo iaaaoeaiuo iineaaenoaee ia ?acoeueoaou i?iecaiaenoaa e iaania/eo onoie/eaia e aa?aioe?iaaiiia i?iecaiaenoai ca?ia. Oeaeueth i?iaaaeaiey enneaaeiaaiey noaea ?ac?aaioea iaoiaeeee i?iaiice?iaaiey o?iaiy o?iaeaeiinoe e aaeaioeaiiai ieaie?iaaiey o?iaeaeiinoe ca?iiauo n i?eiaiaieai iaoiaeia iiaeaee?iaaiey e cao?aoii-oeaiiaiai aiaeeca, eioi?ay iicaieeea au oeaeaiai?aaeaiii e iia?aoeaii oi?aaeyoue i?ioeannaie i?iecaiaenoaaiiie aeayoaeueiinoe a io?aneyo ca?iiaiai i?iecaiaenoaa. A caaea/e enneaaeiaaiey aoiaeeei: ia iniiaa eco/aiey e ioeaiee nia?aiaiiuo iaoiaeieiae/aneeo i?eioeeiia i?iaiice?iaaiey, ieaie?iaaiey e i?ia?aiie?iaaiey o?iaeaeiinoe, aiaeeca oaeoi?ia, ii?aaeaeythueo o?iaeaeiinoue ca?iiauo eoeueoo?, oniaa?oainoaiaaoue iaoiaeeeo ieaie?iaaiey e i?iaiice?iaaiey o?iaeaeiinoe n o/aoii aa?ieeeiaoe/aneeo oneiaee e cao?aoii-oeaiiaiai iaoaiecia e ?ac?aaioaoue ?aeiiaiaeaoeee ii niaa?oainoaiaaieth ieaie?iaaiey o?iaeaeiinoe aeey eaaeaeiai iiey n i?eiaiaieai eiiiuethoa?iuo oaoiieiaee. A ?aaioa enneaaeiaaeenue oai?aoe/aneea e iaoiaeieiae/aneea aniaeou ieaie?iaaiey e i?iaiice?iaaiey o?iaeaeiinoe naeueneioicyenoaaiiuo eoeueoo?. Aaoi?ii auaeaeaiu iniiaiua eaoaai?ee o?iaeaeiinoae: iioaioeeaeueii-aiciiaeiay, aeaenoaeoaeueii-aiciiaeiay, ii?iaoeaiay, o?iaeaeiinoue a i?iecaiaenoaa eee i?ia?aiie?oaiay o?iaeaeiinoue, /oi a aeaeueiaeoai iicaieeei enneaaeiaaoue i?e?iaeiua e yeiiiie/aneea oaeoi?u, aeeythuea ia o?iaeaeiinoue, ioeaieoue eo n oi/ee c?aiey aiciiaeiinoe o/aoa e aicaeaenoaey ia ieo i?e i?iaiice?iaaiee, ieaie?iaaiee e oi?aaeaiee oi?ie?iaaieai o?iaeay. I?e ?aoaiee caaea/ ieaie?iaaiey o?iaeaeiinoe e oi?aaeaiey i?ioeannii aa iieo/aiey, e?iia ciaiey oaeoi?ia, ii?aaeaeythueo o?iaeaeiinoue, iaiaoiaeeii ii?aaeaeeoue iaoiaeu, eioi?ua iicaieyo: ia yoaia i?iaiice?iaaiey - aeinoe/ue oi/iinoe ?an/aoa o?iaiae o?iaeaeiinoe ia ia?niaeoeao e aua?aoue i?aaeeueioth no?aoaaeth oi?aaeaiey i?iecaiaenoaii ca?ia; ia yoaia iia?aoeaiiai ieaie?iaaiey e oi?aaeaiey oi?ie?iaaieai o?iaeay - iaania/eoue aiciiaeiinoue aaeaeaaoiiai ?aaae?iaaiey ia eciaiaiey oneiaee i?iecaiaenoaa ai a?aiaie. Aeey i?iaiice?iaaiey o?iaeaeiinoe auee aua?aiu iaoiaeu noaoenoe/aneiai aiaeeca e yenia?oiuo ioeaiie, a iia?aoeaiii ieaie?iaaiee iaoiae aaeaioeaiiai ieaie?iaaiey, eioi?ue ecaanoai a ?anoaieaaiaenoaa eae iaoiae i?ia?aiie?iaaiey o?iaeaaa. Ii i?aaeoniao?eaaao iao/iia ?aoaiea caaea/e iieo/aiey o?iaeay a oneiaeyo eiie?aoiiai iiey, aa?ieeeiaoe/aneeo e yeiiiie/aneeo oaeoi?ia. Aeaeaa enneaaeiaaeenue oaeoi?u, ii?aaeaeythuea o?iaaiue o?iaeaeiinoe ca?iiauo eoeueoo? e noi?ie?iaaeenue iaoiaee/aneea iiaeoiaeu e ieaie?iaaieth e i?iaiice?iaaieth ca?iiaiai i?iecaiaenoaa. I?e aaeaioeaiii ieaie?iaaiee e oi?aaeaiee aicieeaao iaiaoiaeeiinoue ioeaiee cao?ao n oi/ee c?aiey eo yeiiiie/aneie oeaeaniia?aciinoe i?e ieaie?iaaiee eaaeaeie oaoiieiae/aneie iia?aoeee eee ?ano?na n o/aoii iniaaiiinoe eiie?aoiiai iiey e eoeueoo?u e eciaiythueony aa?ieeeiaoe/aneeo e yeiiiie/aneeo oaeoi?ia. A iaoiaeeea ?ac?aaioai oniaa?oainoaiaaiiue iiaeoiae e eeanneoeeaoeee cao?ao - ooieoeeiiaeueii-oaoiieiae/aneee, eioi?ue iicaieee naycaoue aeai?eoie/anee eaaeaeue aeae cao?ao n o?iaeaeiinoueth e, niioaaonoaaiii, iia?aoeaii ioeaieoue aa aeeyiea ia o?iaaiue o?iaeaeiinoe. Oaeie iiaeoiae iicaieyao iia?aoeaii, aaoiiaoe/anee eciaiyoue cao?aou i?e iieo/aiee i?iaiicia ia o?iaeae ii oacai ?acaeoey ?anoaiee eee eciaiaiee aiaoieo yeiiiie/aneeo oneiaee i?iecaiaenoaa. Eeth/aaua neiaa: o?iaeaeiinoue, ieaie?iaaiea, i?iaiice?iaaiea, i?iecaiaenoai ca?ia, oeeeee/aneea caaeneiinoe, aaeaioeaiia ieaie?iaaiea, iia?aoeaiia oi?aaeaiea, cao?aoii-oeaiiaie iaoaieci.

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