Aeiiaanueea aea?aeaaia iaoeiiaoae?aia aeaaeai?y

Ia i?aaao ?oeiieno

Eoci?oeia Ieeiea Ieeieaeiae/

OAeE 621.7. 044.7

CANOINOAAIIss ?IIOEUeNIIAI IAAI?OIIAI IIEss AeEss

ciai?oeithaaiiy IAOAE?A oa NIEAA?A O

OAOIIEIA?*IEO I?IOeANAO

OIEIAeII? Ia?iaee IAOAE?A OENEII

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 05.03.05 – «I?ioeane oa iaoeie ia?iaee oeneii»

Aaoi?aoa?ao aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe

E?aiaoi?nuee – 1999

Aeena?oaoe?y ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Aeiiaanuee?e aea?aeaai?e iaoeiiaoae?ai?e

aeaaeai?? (AeAeIA), I?i?noa?noai ina?oe Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee:

aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Nieieia Eaa Ieeieaeiae/, Aeiiaanueea
aea?aeaaia iaoeiiaoae?aia aeaaeai?y, i?ioani? eaoaae?e «Ia?iaea iaoae?a
oeneii».

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio ?ya?/aaa Ethaeieea Ieaenaiae??aia,
No?aeii-Oe?a?inueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao, i. Eoaainuee, i?ioani?
eaoaae?e «Iaeaaeiaiiy aeey ia?iaee iaoae?a oeneii» ;

eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio ?oaeue A?eoi? ?aaiiae/, Oa?e?anueeee
aea?aeaaiee iie?oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao, i. Oa?e?a, aeioeaio eaoaae?e
«Ia?iaea iaoae?a oeneii».

Aieiaia i?aei?e?inoai:

Aeiiaoeueeee o?ceei-oaoi?/iee ?inoeooo IAI Oe?a?ie, i. Aeiiaoeuee.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny «30» ea?oiy 1999 ?. i 10 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae12.105.01 o Aeiiaanuee?e aea?aeaai?e
iaoeiiaoae?ai?e aeaaeai?? (343913, i.E?aiaoi?nuee, aoe. Oeaaeeiiaa, 72,
1-e o/. ei?ion).

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny o a?ae?ioaoe? Aeiiaanueei?
aea?aeaaii? iaoeiiaoae?aii? aeaaeai?? (343913, i.E?aiaoi?nuee, aoe.
Oeaaeeiiaa, 72, 1-e o/. ei?ion).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee «30» aa?aciy 1999 ?.

O/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii?

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. ?icaeoie oaoi?ee ia no/aniiio ??ai? a
a?eueoino? aeiaaee?a aecia/a?oueny aeei?enoaiiyi iiaeo iaoa??ae?a
?c aecia/aieie oaoiieia?/ieie ? eiino?oeoe?eieie oa?aeoa?enoeeaie, a
oaeiae ?ioaineo?eaoe??th oaoiieia?/ieo i?ioean?a ia?iaee iaoae?a ?
nieaa?a. Aeey ia?iaee ye o?eueee noai?aieo, oae ? aeaaii
aeei?enoiaoaaieo iaoa??ae?a o?aaeeoe?ei? iaoiaee noathoue
iaeiaoaeoeaieie, ia caaeiaieueiyth/e aei?noeei aenieoaoaoe?eiei
aeiiaai, ye? noaaeyoue aei i?iaeoeoe??. Oiio aeooaeueiith i?iaeaiith a
aeaiee /an ? ?ic?iaea aoaeoeaieo iaoiae?a ciai?oiueiai
aia?aaoe/iiai aieeao ia i?oei?noue ? ieanoe/i?noue iaoa??ae?a, oa
noai?aiiy ia oe?e iniia? iiaeo aenieii?iaeoeoeaieo oaoiieia?/ieo
i?ioean?a ia?iaee iaoae?a oeneii (IIO). ?ic?iaea oaeeo
oaoiieia?/ieo i?ioean?a aaaeaoueny ??cieie oeyoaie e iaeiei c ieo
? aiei/?iiy ?acii c neeueiei ?iioeueniei no?oiii aeniei? aonoeie.
Ia?yaeo c cacia/aiei iaoiaeii aiaeia?/ia ciai?oeithaaiiy iaoae?a ?
nieaa?a o oiae? oieiaeii? ieanoe/ii? aeaoi?iaoe?? iiaeeeai
aeinyaoe ca ?aooiie iaaaaeaiiy a ciio oi?iici?ie ?iioeueniiai
iaai?oiiai iiey.

O ca’yceo c oeei, aeine?aeaeaiiy i?ioeano ieanoe/ii? aeaoi?iaoe?? c
iaeii/aniei aeiaeaoeii ?iioeueniiai aeaeo?iiaai?oiiai iiey ? noai?aiiy
ia oe?e iniia? iiaeo oaoiieia?/ieo i?ioean?a IIO, a oaeiae ?ic?iaea
i?aeoe/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e c ?ic?aooieo nee aeaoi?ioaaiiy, ?aaeei?a
ia?iaee ? oaoiieia?/ii? inianoee ? aeooaeueiith caaea/ath.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Aeaia ?iaioa,
a naia aeine?aeaeaiiy yaeua ciai?oeithaaiiy i?ae aieeaii
?iioeueniiai iaai?oiiai iiey ? no?oio i?e ieanoe/i?e aeaoi?iaoe??
? neeaaeiaith /anoeiith IAe?, i?iaaaeaieo Aeiiaanueeith aea?aeaaiith
iaoeiiaoae?aiith aeaaeai??th. Caeiaoaa/ a?aa o/anoue o aeeiiaii?
aea?aeathaeaeaoii? ?iaioe: «Aeine?aeaeaiiy aieeao iaai?oiiai iiey ?
neeueieo ?iioeuenieo no?oi?a ia ieanoe/io aeaoi?iaoe?th iaoae?a ?
nieaa?a»(1992-1995 ?., iiia? aea?aeaaii? ?a?no?aoe?? ?0194U015529),
a?aeiia?aeaeueiei aeeiiaaoeai, a oaeiae a?aeiia?aeii aei oaiaoeee
iaoeiai — aeine?aeieoeueeeo ?ia?o, ye? i?iaiaeeeeny ia eaoaae??
«Ia?iaee iaoae?a oeneii» AeAeIA: «Aeine?aeaeaiiy oaoiieia?/ieo
?aaeei?a aeaoi?ioaaiiy ? ?ic?iaea ?ano?ninaa??aath/eo i?ioean?a
oi/iiai ia’?iiiai ooaiioaaiiy a ?ic’?iieo iao?eoeyo» ( 1996-1997 ?.,
iiia? aea?aeaaii? ?a?no?aoe?? ?0196U15991); « ?icaeoie oai???
i?ioean?a eiia?iiaaii? ieanoe/ii? oa/?? oa aeine?aeaeaiiy
oaoiieia?/ieo ?aaeei?a ? yeino? oi?iici?iaiiy iaoa??ae?a, ye?
ciai?oeiththoueny» (1998 ?., iiia? aea?aeaaii? ?a?no?aoe??
?0198U004241).

Oe?eue ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiue. ?icoe?aiiy oaoiieia?/ieo iiaeeeainoae
i?ioean?a ia?iaee iaoae?a oeneii ia iniia? aeei?enoaiiy e oaeineiiaeaiiy
iaoiaeo ciai?oeithaaiiy iaoae?a ? nieaa?a i?e ?o oieiaei?e ieanoe/i?e
aeaoi?iaoe?? a ?iioeueniiio iaai?oiiio iie?.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy iinoaaeaii? oe?e? noi?ioeueiaai? e ?ica’ycai?
ianooii? caaea/?:

aeine?aeaeaiiy aoaeoeaiino? iaoiaeo ciai?oeithaaiiy, iaea?aeoaaiiai
ca aeiiiiiaith ?iioeueniiai iaai?oiiai iiey, a ii??aiyii? c
?nioth/eie iaoiaeaie o i?ioeanao ia?iaee iaoae?a oeneii;

ooi/iaiiy caeaaeiino? ciai?oeithaaiiy o oiae? oieiaeii? ieanoe/ii?
aeaoi?iaoe?? c iaeeaaeaiiyi ?iioeuen?a iaai?oiiai iiey a?ae
ia?aiao??a ciai?oiueiai aia?aaoe/iiai aieeao ia iniia? ?nieoo ?icoyaii;

?ic?iaea iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeae? i?ioeano ieanoe/ii? aeaoi?iaoe?? c
iaeeaaeaiiyi ?iioeuen?a iaai?oiiai iiey ? no?oio; ?ic?iaea ia
iniia? oe??? iiaeae? a?aeiia?aeieo i?ia?aiieo cania?a;

?ic?iaea ia iniia? aenia?eiaioaeueieo ? oai?aoe/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue
ciai?oeithaaiiy iaoae?a ? nieaa?a ca ?aooiie ?iioeueniiai
iaai?oiiai iiey i?aeoe/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e ii eiai ai?iaaaeaeaiith
? oaeineiiaeaiith o oaoiieia?/ieo i?ioeanao.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Iaoeiaa iiaecia aeaii?
?iaioe iieyaa? a ianooiiiio:

ooi/iaii caeaaei?noue cieaeaiiy iii?o aeaoi?iaoe?? a?ae
iai?oaeaiino? iaai?oiiai iiey ? nooiaiy aeaoi?iaoe??;

?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeeo ?ic?aooieo aaee/eie ciai?oeithaaiiy no?oiiaei
? iaai?oiei aieeaii o oiae? oieiaeii? ieanoe/ii? aeaoi?iaoe?? c
iiaeyaeo aeieeiaiiy a ieo oa?iii?oaeieo iai?oa i?e i?ioiaeaeaii?
ia??aiii??ii ?iciiae?eaiiai no?oio;

i?iaiae?ciaaii ? aecia/ai? oiiae aeei?enoaiiy ciai?oeithaaiiy ca
aeiiiiiaith iaeeaaeaiiy ?iioeuen?a iaai?oiiai iiey a ciio
ieanoe/ii? aeaoi?iaoe?? i?ioeano aiei/?iiy;

cai?iiiiiaaii iaoiaeeeo ?ic?aooieo oaoiieia?/ieo ia?aiao??a,
iaiao?aeieo aeey i?iaaaeaiiy i?ioeano aiei/?iiy c iaeeaaeaiiyi
?iioeuen?a iaai?oiiai iiey.

I?aeoe/ia oe?ii?noue io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Ia iniia? ?acoeueoao?a,
i?iaaaeaieo oai?aoe/ieo ? aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue:

?ic?iaeaii ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? ii i?iaeooaaiith ? ?aae?caoe?? i?ioeano
aiei/?iiy i?ae aieeaii neeueieo ?iioeuen?a iaai?oiiai iiey, ye?
aeicaieythoue aecia/eoe iaiao?aei? ia?aiao?e ?iioeueniiai iaai?oiiai
aieeao; iaeneiaeueiee ae?aiao? ia?iaethaaiiai ae?ioo; ?ino?oiaio, o
yeiio cae?enith?oueny i?ioean aeaoi?iaoe??; aaiiao?e/i? ia?aiao?e
?iioeueniiai nieaii?aea;

?ic?iaeaii eiiieaen i?ia?aiieo cania?a c aaoiiaoeciaaiiai
i?iaeooaaiiy oaoiieia?/ieo ?aaeei?a i?ioeano aiei/?iiy c?
noeioeyoe??th ?iioeueniei iaai?oiei iieai, ui caaacia/o? i?aeaeuaiiy
i?iaeoeoeaiino? ? eiao?oe??ioa aeoiaeo i?eaeaoiiai ca ?aooiie cieaeaiiy
ia?eaiino?.

Ai?iaiaai? ? ai?iaaaeaeai? iaoiaeeee c ?ic?aooieo ? i?iaeooaaiiy
oaoiieia?/ieo ?aaeei?a i?ioeano oieiaeiiai aiei/?iiy c?
noeioeyoe??th ?iioeuenaie iaai?oiiai iiey ? no?oio ia
Oe?IAe?Iaoaeo?aIao? (i. Neia’yinuee),a oaeiae ia ae?eyioe? oiieiai
ae?ioo a?aeae?eo oaoiieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue i?ioean?a
a?ae?ii?anoaaiiy AeiiOO? IAIO (i. Aeiiaoeuee) i?e ?ic?iaoe? oaoiieia??
? ae?iaieoeoa? aeaeo?iaeiiai ae?ioo.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. On? i?eioeeiia? iaoeia? ?acoeueoaoe,
io?eiai? a aeena?oaoe??, iniiaai? ia ?ic?iaeao ? aeine?aeaeaiiyo,
i?iaaaeaieo aaoi?ii. Iniaenoi caeiaoaa/ai i?iaiae?ciaai? e iaa?oioiaai?
oeyoe canoinoaaiiy ciai?oeithaaiiy ?iioeueniei iaai?oiei iieai a
i?ioeanao ia?iaee iaoae?a oeneii; ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeeo i?iaaaeaiiy
aenia?eiaio?a; i?iaiae?ciaai? e ocaaaeueiai? io?eiai?
aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeai?; ?ic?iaeaia iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue i?ioean?a
ieanoe/ii? aeaoi?iaoe?? c iaeeaaeaiiyi ?iioeuen?a no?oio ?
iaai?oiiai iiey; noi?ioeueiaaii i?aeoe/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? ? aeaia
iaoiaeeea ?ic?aooieo oaoiieia?/ieo ?aaeei?a i?ioeano aiei/?iiy c?
noeioeyoe??th ?iioeueniei iaai?oiei iieai.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeaii?
?iaioe aoee aeeeaaeai? e iaaiai?ai? ia ianooiieo eiioa?aioe?yo:
iaoeiai-oaoi?/ia eiioa?aioe?y «Iaae?ei?noue ??caeueiiai ?ino?oiaioa
e iioei?caoe?y oaoiieia?/ieo nenoai» ( i. E?aiaoi?nuee, aeiaoaiue 1995
?.); i?aeaoc?anueea iaoeiai-oaoi?/ia eiioa?aioe?y iieiaeeo a/aieo ?
oao?aoe?a «I?iaeaie oaoi?ee, oaoiieia?? e aeiiii?? iaoeiiaoae?aiiai
ae?iaieoeoaa» ( i. E?aiaoi?nuee, o?aaaiue 1996 ?.); iaoeiai-oaoi?/ia
eiioa?aioe?y iieiaeeo a/aieo ? ani??aio?a «Ia?niaeoeai? oaoiieia??
e iaeaaeiaiiy ia?iaee iaoae?a oeneii» ( i. E?aiaoi?nuee, aa?acaiue
1997 ?.); iaoeiai-oaoi?/ia eiioa?aioe?y «I?iaeaie ?icaeoeo
iaoeii?noeeo ? iaeia?aeo?aeieo i?ioean?a ia?iaee iaoae?a oeneii»
(i. E?aiaoi?nuee, ethoee 1997 ?.); Anaoe?a?inueea iaoeiai-oaoi?/ia
eiioa?aioe?y «Ia?niaeoeai? oaoiieia?? e iaeaaeiaiiy ia?iaee oeneii
o iaoaeo?a?? ? iaoeiiaoaeoaaii?» ( i. E?aiaoi?nuee, ea?oaiue 1998 ?.)
? ia ia’?aeiai?e iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e ?aae? oaeoeueoaoo «Aaoiiaoecaoe?y
i?ioean?a ia?iaee iaoae?a oeneii» Aeiiaanueei? aea?aeaaii?
iaoeiiaoae?aii? aeaaeai??, ethoee 1999 ?.

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca oaiith aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii 5-oue noaoae, a oiio
/ene? 3 noaoo? a niaoe?ae?ciaaieo iaoeiaeo aeaeaiiyo AAE.

No?oeoo?a oa ianya ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?y ia?aaoaa? c oaaaeaiiy,5- oe
iiae?e?a, aeaiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae, eio?ee aeeth/a? 94
iaeiaioaaiiy ? 2-o aeiaeaoe?a. Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeai? ia
107 noi??ieao ae?oea?nueeiai oaenoo, iathoue 45 iaethie?a, 5
oaaeeoeue.

Caeiaoaa/ aeneiaeth? iiaeyeo ? aaey/i?noue ae.o.i., i?io. Nieieiao
E.I., ae.o.i., i?io. Ae??ao ?.N., e.o.-i.i., aeioe. Aaeeo A.A.,
e.o.-i.i., aeioe. Ooeoiaiei A.I., e.o.i., aeioe. Naoii?io I.A. ca
iaoeia? eiinoeueoaoe??, i?aeo?eieo ? aeiiiiiao i?e ?iaio? iaae
aeena?oaoe??th.

INIIAIee ci?no ?IAIOE

O Anooi? iaa?oioiaaia aeooaeuei?noue ?iaioe, oeacaia oe?eue ?
caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy, iniiai? iaoeia? ? i?aeoe/i? ?acoeueoaoe, a
oaeiae iniiai? iieiaeaiiy, aeianai? ia caoeno.

I?IOeANE CI?OeITHAAIIss — ciai?oeithaaiiy

O IAOAEAO I?E IEANOE*I?E AeAOI?IAOe??

(aiae?c noaia ieoaiiy)

O oeueiio ?icae?e? i?iaaaeaii aiae?c i?ioean?a ci?oeithaaiiy
-ciai?oeithaaiiy i?e aa?y/?e ieanoe/i?e aeaoi?iaoe??, i?e aieea?
?iioeuen?a no?oio aeniei? aonoeie (aeaeo?iieanoe/iee aoaeo) oa
neeueieo ?iioeuen?a iaai?oiiai iiey ia ieanoe/io aeaoi?iaoe?th
iaoae?a ? nieaa?a. Ia iniia? oeueiai aiae?co anoaiiaeaii, ui ii?yae
?c ciai?oeithaaiiyi, iaea?aeoaaiei ca aeiiiiiaith ?iioeuen?a no?oio,
?nio? aoaeoeaiee niin?a ciai?oeithaaiiy, caniiaaiee ia aieea?
?iioeuen?a iaai?oiiai iiey, yeee ia? ?yae ia?aaaa o ii??aiyii? c
no?oiiaei ciai?oeithaaiiyi: iaeiioaeoiee aieea, i?inoioa iaaaaeaiiy,
eieaeuei?noue ae??. Anoaiiaeaii, ui aeine?aeaeaiiy i?ioean?a,
ca’ycaieo ?c ciai?oeithaaiiyi noeioeueiaaieo ?iioeueniei iaai?oiei
iieai, i?iaiaeeeenue o a?eueoino? aeiaaee?a aeey aecia/aiiy
e?eoe/ii? iai?oae oa/?? iaoa??ae?a i?e e?eiaaiieo oaiia?aoo?ao, a
ia a ieai? ?oiueiai ianooiiiai canoinoaaiiy o oaoiieia?/ieo
i?ioeanao IIO. Aiae?c ?nioth/eo oaoiieia?/ieo niinia?a IIO ?c
canoinoaaiiyi ciai?oi?o aia?aaoe/ieo aieea?a oeaco? ia oa, ui
aeei?enoiao?oueny eeoa neeiaa ae?y ?iioeueniiai iaai?oiiai iiey (
iaai?oi-?iioeuenia ia?iaea ), a eiai ciai?oeithaaeueiee aieea ia
aeei?enoiao?oueny. Oea ? aecia/eei oe?eue, a oaeiae caaea/? aeaiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy.

IAOIAeEEA AeINE?AeAEAIUe

O oeueiio ?icae?e? ?ic?iaeai? iaoiaeeee aenia?eiaioaeueieo ?
oai?aoe/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue ? iiaeaii iien aenia?eiaioaeueieo onoaiiaie
ii ?icoyao, a oaeiae aiei/?iith ?acii c ?iioeuenaie no?oio ?
iaai?oiiai iiey.

Aeey ??oaiiy iinoaaeaieo caaea/ aoee, a ii/aoeo, i?iaaaeai?
aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy c aea/aiiy ? ii??aiyiiy i?ae
niaith aoaeo?a ciai?oeithaaiiy iaoae?a ? nieaa?a i?ae aieeaii
?iioeueniiai iaai?oiiai iiey ? no?oio ia iniia? ?nieo?a ?icoyaii.
Aeey ?a?no?aoe?? aoaeoo ciai?oeithaaiiy i?e ieanoe/i?e aeaoi?iaoe??
aoea ?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea aeine?aeaeaiue, ia i?aenoaa? yei? ia?ai?
iniiai? ia?aiao?e ?iioeueniiai iaai?oiiai iiey ? no?oio, a oaeiae
a?aoiaai? iniaeeaino? ?oiueiai iaaaaeaiiy o ciio aeaoi?iaoe??.

Aeey i?iaaaeaiiy aenia?eiaio?a ii ?ic?iaeai?e iaoiaeeoe? aoea
ni?iaeoiaaia ? aeaioiaeaia eaai?aoi?ia onoaiiaea, ia ye?e
i?iaiaeeany ?icoya c?ace?a i?ae aieeaii ?iioeuen?a no?oio ?
iaai?oiiai iiey. ?iioeuene no?oio iiaeaaaeeny ca aeiiiiiaith
aaia?aoi?a no?oio.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy aoee i?iaaaeai? ia iiaeaeueiiio iaoa??ae? i?aeue
I1, a aeei?enoaiiy eaooiae E90 ? E80 ca’ycaii c ianooiiei
oi?iaaaeaeaiiyi.

Iine?aeiai?noue ?ic?aooieo aaee/eie ciai?oeithaaiiy i?ae aieeaii
?iioeuen?a no?oio ? iaai?oiiai iiey ia?aia ianooiia: ?ic?aooiie
ia??aiii??iiai ?iciiae?eo aonoeie no?oi?a, ui aeieeathoue o nooe?eueiiio
oeee?iae?? a ?aieao eeane/ii? oai??? aeaeo?iiaai?oiiai iiey; ?ic?aooiie
?iciiae?eo ia??aiii??ieo oaiia?aoo?ieo iie?a ca aeiiiiiaith ??aiyiiy
oaieii?ia?aeiino?; ?ic?aooiie oa?iii?oaeieo iai?oa ia iniia? oai???
i?oaeiino?; ?ic?aooiie ciai?oeithaaiiy aeey iaeiia?nueiaiai ?icoyao;
?ic?aooiie cieaeaiiy neee aiei/?iiy ia iniia? aeaiaio?a oai???
ieanoe/iino?.

AENIA?EIAIOAEUeI? AeINE?AeAEAIIss I?IOeANO

OIEIAeII? IEANOE*II? AeAOI?IAOe?? I?Ae

AIEEAII ?iioeuen?a no?oio ?

IAAI?OIIAI IIEss

Ia iniia? ?ic?iaeaii? iaoiaeeee aoee i?iaaaeai? aenia?eiaioaeuei?
aeine?aeaeaiiy ieanoe/ii? aeaoi?iaoe??.

Aeine?aee ii ?aeaenaoe?? c iaeeaaeaiiyi ?iioeuen?a no?oio aaee/eiith
j=700-800 A/ii2 aeey i?ae? I1, eaooiae E90 ? E80 iieacaee, ui
a?aeaoaa?oueny ca?eueoaiiy oaeaeeino? ?aeaenaoe?? ia 50% ? 30%
a?aeiia?aeii. Ca?eueoaiiy a?aeiinii? aeaoi?iaoe?? i?e aieea? no?oio
j=400-450 A/ii2 ? /anoioith iineeie ?iioeueno 1 Aoe neeaei aeey
oeeo iaoa??ae?a 10-15%. I?e aieea? ?iioeueniei aeaeo?iiaai?oiei
iieai iai?oaeai?noth I=2,6 IA/i ia i?aeue io?eiaia cieaeaiiy neee
?icoyao ia 20-25%, a aeey eaooiae E90 ? E80 a?aeiia?aeii ia 20% oa
18%, i?e/iio, ?c ca?eueoaiiyi iai?oaeaiino? ?iioeueniiai iaai?oiiai
iiey c?inoa? aaee/eia ciai?oeithaaiiy, a c ?inoii nooiaiy
aeaoi?iaoe?? aiia ciaioo?oueny (iae.1).

Oe? ?acoeueoaoe aeiaiaeyoue, ui ?iioeuenia iaai?oia iiea ca
e?ioeaaei ?acoeueoaoii ii??aiyii c aieeaii oeueo?acaoea e
?iioeuen?a aeaeo?e/iiai no?oio. Ioiae, oea ciai?oeithaaiiy ia?
?aaeueiee aeo?ae aeey ianooiiiai eiai canoinoaaiiy a oaoiieia?/ieo
i?ioeanao ia?iaee oeneii.

I?ney aea/aiiy ciai?oeithaaiiy ia aeina?aeao c iaeiia?nueiaiai
?icoyao aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy aoee i?iaeiaaeai? ia
i?eeeaae? i?ioeano aiei/?iiy.

Aeina?aee ii aiei/?iith c ciai?oi?i aieeaii o aeaeyae?
?iioeueniiai iaai?oiiai iiey iieacaee, ui i?ioean aiei/?iiy
iio??aii i?iaiaeeoe o?eueee c iaiaai?oiei ?ino?oiaioii, iai?eeeaae,
?c neioaoe/iiai ae?aiaioo aai ae ea?ai?ee, a ?ioiio aeiaaeeo any
aia?a?y ?iioeueniiai iaai?oiiai iiey ao?a/a?oueny ia
ia?aiaai?/oaaiiy o?eue’??e, ia aeinyaath/e aeaoi?io?iiai iaoaeo.

I?e aiei/?ii? /a?ac ae?aiaioiao aieieo c ciai?oi?i aieeaii
?iioeuen?a iaai?oiiai iiey io?eiaia no?eaeiiiae?aia cieaeaiiy neee
aiei/?iiy aeey i?ae? ia 15-20%, a aeey eaooiae E80 ? E90
a?aeiia?aeii 7% ? 10%, ui ii??aiyii c ?acoeueoaoaie, io?eiaieie i?e
aiei/?ii? i?ae aieeaii ?iioeuen?a no?oio.

TAI?AOE*IEE AIAE?C OIEIAeII? IEANOE*II?

AeAOI?IAOe?? IAOAE?A ? NIEAA?A C IAEEAAeAIIssI

?IIOEUeN?A IAAI?OIIAI IIEss ? no?oio

O oeueiio ?icae?e? iieacaii, ui i?e aieea? ei?ioei/anieie
?iioeuenaie no?oio ? iaai?oiiai iiey ii ia?aoeio c?acea
anoaiiaeth?oueny iaiaeii??aeiee ?iciiae?e oaiia?aoo?e. I?aenoaaith
aeey oaeiai aeaiaeo ? ianooiia: i?e iaeeaaeaii? iaeeii/ieo
?iioeuen?a no?oio aai iaai?oiiai iiey no?oie ii ia?aoeio c?acea
?iciiae?eythoueny iaiaeii??aeii, iacaeaaeii a?ae eiai ?ici???a,
i?e/iio, iaeneiaeueia cia/aiiy no?oio aeinyaa?oueny ia iiaa?oi?
c?acea. Iaiaeii??aeiee ?iciiae?e no?oio i?eaiaeeoue aei
ia??aiii??iiai ?ic?a??ao c?acea, a oea o naith /a?ao, iiaea i?eaanoe
aei iiyae a iueiio oa?iii?oaeieo iai?oa, ye? ? ? iniiaiith i?e/eiith
i?ioeano ciai?oeithaaiiy i?ae /an aeaoi?iaoe?? i?e aieea?
aeaeo?iiaai?oiiai iiey ia iaoae.

?icaeyiaii aea? neooaoe??: ia?oa — oeee?iae?e/iee c?acie
i?aeaea?oueny aieeao iaeeii/ieie ?iioeuenaie no?oio i?yiieooii?
oi?ie; ae?oaa — c?acie i?aeaea?oueny aieeao iaeeii/ieie ?iioeuenaie
iaai?oiiai iiey (iai?oaeai?noue iaai?oiiai iiey ia?aeaeueii a?n?
c?acea). C iiaeyaeo oai??? aeaeo?iiaai?oiiai iiey oe? aea?
neooaoe?? a?ae??ciythoueny o?eueee iai?yieii aeo?iaeo no?oi?a,
aeieeath/eo o c?aceo.

?iciiae?e aeaeo?e/ieo ? iaai?oieo iie?a o c?aceo iieno?oueny
??aiyiiyie Iaenaaeea, o yeeo ciaaaaea?ii no?oiaie ci?uaiiy a
ii??aiyii? c? no?oiaie i?ia?aeiino?:

(1)

-aeaeo?ii?ia?aei?noue iaoa??aeo c?acea.

:

. (2)

I?e aieea? ?iioeueniiai no?oio a?aie/i? oiiae aeey ??aiyiiy (2)
iathoue aeaeyae:

,

ianooiia:

. (3)

.

?iciiae?e oaiia?aoo?e a c?aceo iieno?oueny ??aiyiiyi
oaieii?ia?aeiino?:

, (4)

-iia?aoi? Eaieana ( caaea/a ae??oo?oueny a oeee?iae?e/ieo
eii?aeeiaoao ? a?nue Z ni?yiiaaia ocaeiaae in? c?acea ).

). O oeeo ia?ai?iieo ??aiyiiy oaieii?ia?aeiino? caieoaoueny o
aeaeyae?:

. (5)

aaaaoi a?eueoa /ano i?iieeiaiiy aeaeo?iiaai?oiiai iiey o c?acie.
A oeueiio iaaeeaeaii? ?iciiae?e oaiia?aoo?e o c?aceo i?ney
?iioeueno aoaea iienoaaoeny oi?ioeith (iae. 2):

, (6)

— ia?ai?iia, ui ia? ci?no /ano).

. ?ic?a??a c?acea i?eaiaeeoue aei iiyae oa?iii?oaeieo iai?oa,
aaee/eio yeeo iiaeia ia/eneeoe ii oi?ioe?:

, (7)

— iiaeoeue i?oaeiino?.

?acoeueooth/o iai?oao i?ae aieeaii ?iioeuen?a no?oio ? iaai?oiiai iiey
i?e ?icoyao iiaeia i?aaenoaaeoe o aeaeyae?:

(8)

Io?eiai? o ?acoeueoao? ?ic?aooie?a cia/aiiy iai?oa ? oaiia?aoo?e
iiaiaeaeothoueny c aenia?eiaioaeueieie aeaieie ii ciai?oeithaaiith ?
aei??aie oaiia?aoo?e iiaa?oi? c?acea. ?ic?aooiie iai?oa aiei/?iiy c
/eiieeii , ui ciai?oeithaa? , o aeae? ?iioeueniiai iaai?oiiai iiey aoa
i?iaaaeaiee ia iniia? /enaeueiiai ??oaiiy e?ioeaai-??cieoeaai? oi?ie
oiiae noaoe/ii? ??aiiaaae aeae?eaiiai aeaiaioa?iiai ia’?io iaoaeo o cii?
eiai ieanoe/ii? aeaoi?iaoe??. ?ic?aooiie ?aae?ciaaiee ia IYAI o
i?eeeaaeiiio iaeao? Mathcad 7.0.

?AEIIAIAeAOe?? II I?IAEOOAAIITH

OAOIIEIA?*II? INIANOEE ? AAAeAIITH

I?IOeANO AIEI*?IIss I?Ae AIEEAII

?IIOEUeN?A IAAI?OIIAI IIEss

Aeey i?iaeooaaiiy ? i?iaaaeaiiy i?ioeano aiei/?iiy noi?ioeueiaai?
?aeiiaiaeaoe??, ye? aecia/athoue iniaeeaino? oeueiai i?ioeano:
ia?aiao?e ?iioeueniiai iaai?oiiai aieeao; iaeneiaeueiee ae?aiao?
ia?iaethaaiiai ae?ioo; iaea?eueo i?eionoeiee iaoa??ae ?ino?oiaioo ?
aaiiao??th nieaii?aea aeey aeei?enoaiiy a i?ioean? aiei/?iiy.

Cai?iiiiiaaii iaoiaeeeo c ?ic?aooieo ? i?iaeooaaiiy oaoiieia?/ieo
?aaeei?a i?ioeano aiei/?iiy c? noeioeyoe??th ?iioeueniei iaai?oiei
iieai, eio?a ?aae?ciaaia i?ia?aiii ? iieyaa? a ianooiiiio:
?ic?aoiao?oueny iaiao?aeia aeey ciai?oeithaaiiy aaee/eia iai?oaeaiino?
iaai?oiiai iiey ia iniia? ?ic?aooieo oa?iii?oaeieo iai?oa, a iio?i
/anoioa iiaea/? ?iioeuen?a ? ?o aaee/eia, aaiiao?e/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee
nieaii?aea, aeo?aei? aeai? aeey i?iaeooaaiiy aaia?aoi?a no?oio
(?ii?noue eiiaeainaoi??a, aeo?aeia iai?oaa o?ainoi?iaoi?a). Aeaiee
?ic?aooiie ?iaeoueny a caeaaeiino? a?ae iaoa??aeo, oaeaeeino?
aeaoi?ioaaiiy ? nooiaiy aeaoi?iaoe??.

CAAAEUeI? Aeniiaee

1. Aeyaeaii aoaeo ciai?oeithaaiiy ?iioeueniei iaai?oiei iieai ?
aeiaaaeaii, ui eiai ae?y ii??aiyia ca e?ioeaaei ?acoeueoaoii ?c aieeaii
oeueo?acaoea e ?iioeuen?a aeaeo?e/iiai no?oio i?e oieiaei?e ieanoe/i?e
aeaoi?iaoe??. A?aecia/aia na?ae/eoue i?i oa, ui aeaiee aoaeo
ciai?oeithaaiiy, yeee aeinyaa? 20-25%, ia? ?aaeueiee aeo?ae aeey
ianooiiiai canoinoaaiiy a oaoiieia?/ieo i?ioeanao ia?iaee iaoae?a
oeneii. I?e/iio, a?i ia? ?yae ia?aaaa o ii??aiyii? c no?oiiaei aieeaii,
a naia, iaeiioaeoia iaaaaeaiiy, eieaeuei?noue ? i?inoioa iaeeaaeaiiy o
ciio aeaoi?iaoe??.

2. ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeeo aeine?aeaeaiiy ciai?oeithaaiiy, ia i?aenoaa?
yei? ae?iaeai? iniiai? ia?aiao?e ?iioeueniiai iaai?oiiai iiey e
iniaeeaino? eiai iaeeaaeaiiy o ciio aeaoi?iaoe??: iai?oaeai?noue
?iioeueniiai iaai?oiiai iiey iiaeiia neeaaeaoe ia iaioa 2-3 IA/i ?c
o?eaae?noth ?iioeueno 1,5-3 in.

3. I?iaaaeaii ii??aiyeueiee aiae?c aieeao ?iioeueniiai iaai?oiiai iiey c
a?aeiiei iaoiaeii, caniiaaiiio ia canoinoaaii? ?iioeueniiai no?oio ?
anoaiiaeaii, ui ye?nii oe? aeaa iaoiaee ciai?oeithaaiiy ?aeaioe/i?.
I?aeoaa?aeaeaii, ui c? ca?eueoaiiyi iai?oaeaiino? iiey c?inoa? aaee/eia
cieaeaiiy neee aeaoi?ioaaiiy, a oaeiae onoaiiaeaii caeaaei?noue
cieaeaiiy aaee/eie ciai?oeithaaiiy c ?inoii nooiaiy aeaoi?iaoe??.

4. ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeeo ?ic?aooieo oa?iii?oaeieo iai?oa, ui aeieeathoue
o oeee?iae?e/iiio i?ia?aeieeo i?e i?ioiaeaeaii? /a?ac iueiai ?iioeueno
aeaeo?e/iiai no?oio ? i?e iaaaaeaii? ?iioeueno iaai?oiiai iiey, a oae
naii c?iaeaia ioe?iea aaee/eie oeeo iai?oa aeey aeine?aeaeoaaieo
iaoa??ae?a, ?c eio?i? aeaeii, ui oa?iii?oaei? iai?oae ? iaei??? c
iniiaieo i?e/ei, ui aeeeeeathoue ciai?oeithaaiiy. ?ic?iaeaii iaoaiaoe/io
iiaeaeue ?ic?aooieo i?ioeano aiei/?iiy c aieeaii ?iioeuen?a iaai?oiiai
iiey ? no?oio, ui aeicaiey? ?ic?aooaaoe neeo aiei/?iiy ? ae?th/? o cii?
aeaoi?iaoe?? iai?oae.

5. ?ic?iaeaii ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? ii i?iaeooaaiith ? ?aae?caoe?? i?ioeano
aiei/?iiy i?ae aieeaii neeueieo ?iioeuen?a iaai?oiiai iiey, ui
aecia/athoue iaiao?aei? ia?aiao?e ?iioeueniiai iaai?oiiai aieeao;
ae?aiao? ia?iaethaaiiai ae?ioo, eio?ee ia aeiiee ia?aaeuoaaoe 1 ii ?
iaiaaieoiee iaoa??ae ?ino?oiaioa, ui aeaoi?io?.

6. ?ic?iaeaii i?ia?aii? caniae c aaoiiaoeciaaiiai i?iaeooaaiiy
oaoiieia?/ieo ?aaeei?a i?ioeano aiei/?iiy c? noeioeyoe??th ?iioeueniei
iaai?oiei iieai, ye? iieyaathoue o ianooiiiio: ?ic?aoiao?oueny
iaiao?aeia aeey ciai?oeithaaiiy aaee/eia iaai?oiiai iiey ia iniia?
?ic?aooieo oa?iii?oaeieo iai?oa, a iio?i /anoioa iiaea/? ?iioeuen?a oa
?o aaee/eia, aaiiao?e/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee nieaii?aea, aeo?aei? aeai? aeey
i?iaeooaaiiy aaia?aoi?a no?oio (?ii?noue eiiaeainaoi??a, aeo?aeia
iai?oaa o?ainoi?iaoi?a).

7. Ia iniia? i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue aoee ai?iaiaai? ? ai?iaaaeaeai?
iaoiaeeee c ?ic?aooieo ? i?iaeooaaiiy oaoiieia?/ieo ?aaeei?a i?ioeano
oieiaeiiai aiei/?iiy c? noeioeyoe??th ?iioeuenaie iaai?oiiai iiey ?
no?oio ia Oe?IAe?Iaoaeo?aIao? ? ia ae?eyioe? oiieiai ae?ioo a?aeae?eo
oaoiieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue i?ioean?a a?ae?ii?anoaaiiy AeiiOO? IAIO i?e
?ic?iaoe? oaoiieia?? ? ae?iaieoeoa? aeaeo?iaeiiai ae?ioo. Aeei?enoaiiy
?acoeueoao?a ?iaioe aeicaieeei ?ioaineo?eoaaoe oaoiieia?/iee ?aaeei
i?ioeano aiei/?iiy c iaeii/aniei i?aeaeuaiiyi aeoiaeo i?eaeaoiiai ca
?aooiie cieaeaiiy ia?eaiino?.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? a?aeia?aaeai? a ianooiieo iioae?eiaaieo
iaoeiaeo i?aoeyo:

1. Eociaoeia I.I., Nieieia E.I., Aaeuo A.A. Aeeyiea oiea aunieie
ieioiinoe ia ieanoe/aneoth aeaoi?iaoeeth iaoaeeia // Na. iao/. no.
AeAIA.- E?aiaoi?ne, -1993.-Aui 1.- N.70-79.

2. Eociaoeia I.I., Nieieia E.I., Ooeoiaiei A.I. ?anoyaeaiea oiieie
iaaeiie i?iaieiee iiae aicaeaenoaeai neeueiiai eiioeueniiai iaaieoiiai
iiey // Na. iao/. no. AeAIA.- E?aiaoi?ne, -1994.-Aui 2.- N.68-72.

3. Eociaoeia I.I., Nieieia E.I., Ooeoiaiei A.I. ?anoyaeaiea oiieie
iaaeiie i?iaieiee iiae aicaeaenoaeai neeueiuo eiioeuenia oiea // Na.
iao/. no. AeAIA.- E?aiaoi?ne, -1994.-Aui 2.- N.72-76.

4. ?an/ao ?ani?aaeaeaiey oaiia?aoo?iuo iieae a iaoaeea i?e aicaeaenoaee
eiioeuenia oiea e iaaieoiiai iiey / Nieieia E.I., Aaeuo A.A., Eociaoeia
I.I., ?oaai A.A.// Niaa?oainoaiaaiea i?ioeannia e iai?oaeiaaiey
ia?aaioee iaoaeeia aeaaeaieai a iaoaeeo?aee e iaoeiino?iaiee: Na. iao/.
no. AeAIA.- E?aiaoi?ne, -1998.-Aui 4.- N 212-217.

5. Aaeuo A.A., Eociaoeia I.I., Ouoeaae/ A.A. ?an/ao oa?iioi?oaeo
iai?yaeaiee a iaoaeea i?e aicaeaenoaee eiioeuenaie iaaieoiiai iiey //
Niaa?oainoaiaaiea i?ioeannia e iai?oaeiaaiey ia?aaioee iaoaeeia
aeaaeaieai a iaoaeeo?aee e iaoeiino?iaiee: Na. iao/. no. AeAIA.-
E?aiaoi?ne, -1998.-Aui 4.- N. 282-287.

[1] — aaoi?ii i?iaaaeaiee aiae?c aieeao no?oio aeniei? aonoeie
ia ieanoe/io aeaoi?iaoe?th iaoae?a ? nieaa?a;

[2]–aaoi?ii iiaeaii onoaiiaeo e aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeai? ii ?icoyao
a ?iioeueniiio iaai?oiiio iie?;

[3]–aaoi?ii iiaeai? aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeai? e onoaiiaea ii ?icoyao
i?ae aieeaii ?iioeuen?a no?oio;

[4]–aaoi?ii cai?iiiiiaaia iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue i?ioeano ciai?oeithaaiiy
ia iniia? oa?iii?oaeieo iai?oa, ui aeieeathoue /a?ac iiyao
iaiaeii??aeiiai oaiia?aoo?iiai iiey a ne?aenoa? iaiaeii??aeiiai
?iciiae?eo no?oio o i?ia?aeieeo.

[5] — aaoi?ii aeeiiaiee ?ic?aooiie oa?iii?oaeieo iai?oa o iaoae? i?e
aieea? ia iueiai ?iioeueniei iaai?oiei iieai.

AIIOAOe?ss

Eoci?oeia I.I. Canoinoaaiiy ?iioeueniiai iaai?oiiai iiey aeey
ciai?oeithaaiiy iaoae?a ? nieaa?a o oaoiieia?/ieo i?ioeanao oieiaeii?
ia?iaee iaoae?a oeneii. – ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 05.03.05 – I?ioeane oa iaoeie ia?iaee oeneii. —
Aeiiaanueea aea?aeaaia iaoeiiaoae?aia aeaaeai?y, E?aiaoi?nuee, 1999.

Aeena?oaoe?y i?enay/aia ieoaiith aeei?enoaiiy i?ioeano ciai?oeithaaiiy
iaoae?a ? nieaa?a i?ae aieeaii ?iioeueniiai iaai?oiiai iiey aeey
?ioaineo?eaoe?? oaoiieia?/ieo i?ioean?a oieiaeii? ia?iaee iaoae?a
oeneii. A ?iaio? ?icaeyiooi canoinoaaiiy ?iioeueniiai iaai?oiiai iiey o
oaoiieia?/iiio i?ioean? ia ye neeiaiai /eiieea, a ye cieaeoth/iai ii??
aeaoi?iaoe?? iaoae?a ? nieaa?a. Iieacaii, ui aeaiee niin?a
ciai?oeithaaiiy ? aiaeia?/iei ciai?oeithaaiith, iaea?aeoaaiiio i?ae
aieeaii ?iioeuen?a no?oio. Cai?iiiiiaaii iaoiaeeeo ?ic?aooieo
ciai?oeithaaiiy i?ae aieeaii ?iioeueniiai iaai?oiiai iiey ? no?oio ia
iniia? ?ic?aooieo oa?iii?oaeieo iai?oa, ye? aeieeathoue o
oeee?iae?e/iiio i?ia?aeieeo. Iieacaii, ui oe? iai?oae ? iniiaiith
i?e/eiith ?icaeyiooiai ciai?oeithaaiiy. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe
ciaeoee i?iieneiaa canoinoaaiiy i?e ?ic?aooieo ? i?iaeooaaii?
oaoiieia?/ieo ?aaeei?a i?ioeano aiei/?iiy c? noeioeyoe??th ?iioeuenaie
iaai?oiiai iiey.

Eeth/iaa neiai: ieanoe/ia aeaoi?iaoe?y, ii?? aeaoi?iaoe??, ?iioeuenia
iaai?oia iiea, ciai?oeithaaiiy, /enaeuei? iaoiaee.

AIIIOAOeEss

Eociaoeia I.I. I?eiaiaiea eiioeueniiai iaaieoiiai iiey aeey
?acoi?i/iaiey iaoaeeia e nieaaia a oaoiieiae/aneeo i?ioeannao oieiaeiie
ia?aaioee iaoaeeia aeaaeaieai.–?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oaoie/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 05.03.05 – I?ioeannu e iaoeiu ia?aaioee aeaaeaieai. –
Aeiiaanneay ainoaea?noaaiiay iaoeiino?ieoaeueiay aeaaeaiey, E?aiaoi?ne,
1999.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia aii?ino eniieueciaaiey i?ioeanna ?acoi?i/iaiey
iaoaeeia e nieaaia iiae aicaeaenoaeai eiioeueniiai iaaieoiiai iiey aeey
eioaineoeeaoeee oaoiieiae/aneeo i?ioeannia oieiaeiie ia?aaioee iaoaeeia
aeaaeaieai. A ?aaioa ?anniio?aii i?eiaiaiea eiioeueniiai iaaieoiiai iiey
a oaoiieiae/aneii i?ioeanna ia eae neeiaiai oaeoi?a, a eae nieaeathuaai
nii?ioeaeaiea aeaoi?iaoeee iaoa?eaeia. Iieacaii, /oi aeaiiue niinia
?acoi?i/iaiey yaeyaony aiaeiae/iui ?acoi?i/iaieth, iieo/aaiiio iiae
aicaeaenoaeai eiioeuenia oiea.

I?aaeeiaeaia iaoiaeeea ?an/aoa ?acoi?i/iaiey iiae aicaeaenoaeai
eiioeueniiai iaaieoiiai iiey e oiea ia iniiaa ?an/aoa oa?iioi?oaeo
iai?yaeaiee, aicieeathueo a oeeeeiae?e/aneii i?iaiaeieea. Iieacaii, /oi
yoe iai?yaeaiey yaeythony iniiaiie i?e/eiie ?anniao?eaaaiiai
?acoi?i/iaiey. ?ac?aaioaia iaoaiaoe/aneay iiaeaeue ?an/aoa i?ioeanna
aiei/aiey n aicaeaenoaeai eiioeuenia iaaieoiiai iiey e oiea, eioi?ay
iicaieyao ?ann/eoaoue neeo aiei/aiey e aeaenoaothuea a i/aaa
aeaoi?iaoeee iai?yaeaiey.

Aeey i?iaeoe?iaaiey e i?iaaaeaiey i?ioeanna aiei/aiey noi?ioee?iaaiu
?aeiiaiaeaoeee, eioi?ua o/eouaatho iniaaiiinoe yoiai i?ioeanna:
ia?aiao?u eiioeueniiai iaaieoiiai aicaeaenoaey; iaeneiaeueiue aeeaiao?
ia?aaaouaaaiie i?iaieiee e iaeaieaa i?eaieaiue aeaoi?ie?othuee
eino?oiaio.

Ia iniiaa i?iaaaeaiiuo enneaaeiaaiee auee ai?iae?iaaiu e aiaae?aiu
iaoiaeeee ii ?an/aoo e i?iaeoe?iaaieth oaoiieiae/aneeo ?aaeeiia
i?ioeanna oieiaeiiai aiei/aiey ni noeioeyoeeae eiioeuenaie iaaieoiiai
iiey e oiea a Oe?IEEIaoaeeo?aIaoa e ia o/anoea oiieie i?iaieiee ioaeaea
oaoiieiae/aneeo enneaaeiaaiee i?ioeannia aeae?ii?anniaaiey AeiiOOE IAIO
i?e ?ac?aaioea oaoiieiaee e i?iecaiaenoaa yeaeo?iaeiie i?iaieiee.
Eniieueciaaiea ?acoeueoaoia ?aaiou iicaieeei eioaineoeoee?iaaoue
oaoiieiae/aneee ?aaeei i?ioeanna aiei/aiey n iaeiia?aiaiiui iiauoaieai
auoiaea aiaeiiai ca n/ao nieaeaiey ia?uaiinoe.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: ieanoe/aneay aeaoi?iaoeey, nii?ioeaeaiea aeaoi?iaoeee,
eiioeueniia iaaieoiia iiea, ?acoi?i/iaiea, /eneaiiua iaoiaeu.

THE SUMMARY

Kuznetsov M. The use of impulsive magnetic field for weakening of metals
and alloys in cold working processes. – Manuscript.

Thesis on competition of a scientific degree of the candidate of
engineering science on speciality 05.03.05 – processes and state
machine-building academy, 1999.

The thesis refers to the use weakening of metals and alloys process
under the effect of impulsive magnetic field for intensification of cold
metal working technological processes. The use of the impulsive
magnetic field in the technological process is considered not as a force
factor but as the factor of reducing metal and alloys deformation
resistance. It is shown that the given method of weakening is similar to
that obtained under the effect of current impulses. The technique of
weakening calculation under the effect of impulsive magnetic field and
the current on the basis of computation of thermo-elastic stresses,
occurring in cylindrical conductor is proposed. These stresses are shown
to be the main reason of the weakening being under consideration. The
main results of the work found commercial application when calculating
and designing technological modes of cold drawing processes with
magnetic field impulses stimulation.

Key words: plastic deformation, deformation resistance, impulsive
magnetic field, weakening, numerical methods.

I?aei. aei ae?oeo Oi?iao 60 SYMBOL 180 \f «Symbol» \s 14 ? 90/16
Ionaoiee ae?oe

Oiia. ae?oe. a?e. – 1,2 Oe?aae 50 i?ei. Caiiaeaiiy ?

AeAeIA, 343913, i. E?aiaoi?nuee, aoe. Oeaaeeiiaa, 72

17

5

Похожие записи