2

IIIINOA?NOAI IOI?IIE CAeI?IA’ss OE?A?IE

OA?III?EUeNUeEA AeA?AEAAIA IAAeE*IA AEAAeAI?ss

?i. ?.ss. AI?AA*AANUeEIAI

Eeoaenueeee Na?a?e ?aaaiiae/

OAeE 616.379-008.64-002.3-08:615.849.19

canoinoaaiiy o?ceei-o?i?/ii? aeaoieneeaoe?? a eiiieaeniiio e?eoaaii?
ai?eieo oneeaaeiaiue oeoe?iaiai ae?aaaoo

14.01.03 – o??o?a?y

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe

Oa?iii?eue — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia o Iaeanueeiio aea?aeaaiiio iaaee/iiio oi?aa?neoao? IIC
Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Oi?a?inueeee Aiaoie?e Ieoaeeiae/,

Iaeanueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaee/iee oi?aa?neoao,

i?ioani? eaoaae?e caaaeueii? o??o?a??.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

Aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Eyi?n Ieoaeei Ieaenaiae?iae/,
Oa?iii?euenueea iaaee/ia aeaaeai?y ?i. ?.ss. Ai?aa/aanueeiai, caa?aeoaa/
eaoaae?e caaaeueii? o??o?a??;

Aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe Aa?e/ ?ai? Aeeii?c?eiae/, Euea?anueeee
aea?aeaaiee iaaee/iee oi?aa?neoao ?i. Aeaieea Aaeeoeueeiai, aeioeaio
eaoaae?e caaaeueii? o??o?a??.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa:

Ee?anueea iaaee/ia aeaaeai?y i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe ?i. I.E. Ooieea IIC
Oe?a?ie, eaoaae?a o??o?a?? ? ii?eiai? oai?iae.

Caoeno aiaeaoaeaoueny “20” o?aaiy 1999 ?ieo i 12 aiaeeii ia caniaeaiii
niaoeiaeiciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E58.601.01 o Oa?iii?euenuee?e aea?aeaai?e
iaaee/i?e aeaaeai?? ?i. ?.ss. Ai?aa/aanueeiai (282001, i. Oa?iii?eue,
iaeaeai Aie?, 1).

C aeena?oaoei?th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o aiaeiioaoei Oa?iii?euenueei?
aea?aeaaii? iaaee/ii? aeaaeai?? ?i. ?.ss. Ai?aa/aanueeiai (282001, i.
Oa?iii?eue, aoe. ?onueea, 12).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?iciceaiee “20” ea?oiy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?
E?o I.I.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Iino?eia c?inoaiiy caoai?thaaiino? ia oeoe?iaee
ae?aaao (OeAe) i?ecaiaeeoue aei cia/iiai ca?eueoaiiy oneeaaeiaiue, ui
aeieeathoue o aeaiiai eiioeiaaioo oai?eo. Na?aae ieo iaeaea ia ia?oa
i?noea caeiathoue ai?eii-caiaeuei? caoai?thaaiiy i’yeeo oeaiei (I.E.
Aaeaaieeei 1994; I.A. O?oniaa e niaao., 1996; O.TH. Aeaieaeiaa, A.N.
Aiaoia, 1996; McCarty D., Zimmet P., 1994).

Oeoe?iaee ae?aaao – caaaeueia caoai?thaaiiy, i?e yeiio ia oii?
iaoieia?/ieo ci?i a on?o eaieao aiiainoaco caeiiii??ii ?icaeaathoueny
ai?eii-caiaeuei? i?ioeane (ACI), ye? iiaeeaeththoue oe? ?iceaaee. Oe?eee
?yae ee?i?oeeno?a aeoeaioothoue oaaao ia o?aaeaiiyo i?e?ioee?eoeyoi?iiai
?onea aiane?aeie ?icaeoeo aia?iiao?e, iaoaaie?/ii? ?ioiiaeai?an??,
?ioaineo?eaoe?? i?ioean?a a?eueii?aaeeeaeueiiai ieeneaiiy e?i?ae?a,
ai?iiiaeueiiai aeenaaeaino, ui a?aeaoaathoueny o oai?eo ia OeAe (?.I.
Oaeoia e niaao., 1992; I.E. Oeoei e niaao., 1993; I.I.Aaeaoeeay, 1995;
N.I. Aaiee, I.I. A?ooaoeueeee, 1996). Noeoii?noue oeeo ii?ooaiue
a?ae?a?a? iniiaio ?ieue o ?icaeoeo ai?eii-caiaeueieo oneeaaeiaiue OeAe.
Aeieeath/a i?e ACI aiaeiaaiia ?ioieneeaoe?y i?ecaiaeeoue aei ?icaeoeo
“oeaiiai eiea” (A.A. Eoeaoia, 1990; A.A. Ei?uiania e niaao., 1991).
Iaeiae aei nueiaiaei? ia aea/aii iane?eueee nooi?iue ii?ooaiue o
nenoaiao aiiainoaco iia’ycaia c aaaee?noth aiaeioieneeico (AO ).

E?eoaaiiy oai?eo c aca?iiiaoyaeaiith iaoieia??th, yeeie ? OeAe ? ACI,
yaey? niaith aaaeeo caaea/o, yeo ia caaaeaee iiaeia ae??oeoe. Oea
iia’ycaii c iniaeeainoyie ia?aa?ao ai?eii? ?ioaeoe?? o oai?eo ia OeAe,
noeeuei?noth aei aaia?ae?caoe?? c ianooiiei iaoaaie?/iei “c?eaii”
aiiainoaco, aaeeeei nooiaiai ?iaae?aeecaoe??, aenieith eaoaeuei?noth,
cia/ieie aeiiii?/ieie caeoeaie (O.A. Aeoaioeia, A.A. Aaaiia, 1991; I.I.
Eyi?n ? ni?aaao., 1993, A.A. Eciaeeia e niaao., 1998; Songer T., 1992).
O ca’yceo c oeei, ?ic?iaea ? ai?iaaaeaeaiiy iiaeo iaoiae?a e?eoaaiiy
oe??? iaoieia?? ? aeoaea aeooaeueieie.

A inoaii?e /an a eiiieaenia e?eoaaiiy ACI o oai?eo ia OeAe
aeeth/athoueny iaiaaeeeaiaioici? iaoiaee e?eoaaiiy: aioo??oiueinoaeeiia
eaca?ia ii?ii?ithaaiiy e?ia? (AEIE) ? iai?yia aeaeo?io?i?/ia
aeaoieneeaoe?y i?aai?cio (AAeI) (A.A. Aaeiiieueneee e niaao., 1996; E.A.
Etheueei e niaao., 1996; TH.N.Aeiiee e niaao., 1996; A.A. Neeaeai e
niaao., 1996). I?ioa aei nueiaiaei? ia ae??oaii ieoaiiy i?i
aoaeoeai?noue oeeo iaoiae?a e?eoaaiiy o oai?eo c ??cieie nooiaiyie
ii?ooaiue nenoai aiiainoaco. C’ynoaaiiy oeueiai ieoaiiy aeicaieeoue
oe?eani?yiiaaii ? iaa?oioiaaii canoinoaaoe oie /e ?ioee iaoiae aeey
ei?aeoe?? ?nioth/eo ii?ooaiue.

A?aoiaoth/e iiceoeaiee aieea eiaeiiai c iaoiae?a ia ia?aa?a ACI o
oai?eo ia OeAe, c’yaeeany aeioe?euei?noue c’ynoaaoe aoaeoeai?noue
ii?aeiaiiai canoinoaaiiy AEIE oa AAeI a eiiieaeniiio e?eoaaii? aeaiiai
eiioeiaaioo oai?eo ia iniia? ioe?iee ?o aieeao ia ??ci? eaiee aiiainoaco
a caeaaeiino? a?ae nooiaiy aeieeath/eo ii?ooaiue.

Caycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie. Aeena?oaoe?y ? o?aaiaioii
Aea?aeathaeaeaoii? IAe? eaoaae?e caaaeueii? o??o?a?? IAeIO “?ic?iaea
iaoiae?a eiiieaenii? ei?aeoe?? aiaeioieneeico oa ii?ooaiue aeeoocii?
aiaeie?eii? nenoaie o oai?eo c ai?eiith o??o?a?/iith iaoieia??th ia oii?
oeoe?iaiai ae?aaaoo” (?01954022687), yea aoiaeeoue o Aea?aeaaio
Iaoe?iiaeueio i?ia?aio Oe?a?ie “?ic?iaea iiaeo iaoiae?a ae?aaiinoeee,
i?io?eaeoeee ? e?eoaaiiy oneeaaeiaiue oeoe?iaiai ae?aaaoo”.

Iaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iie?aueoe ?acoeueoaoe o??o?a?/iiai ?
eiina?aaoeaiiai e?eoaaiiy oai?eo ia OeAe c ACI ia iniia? ?ic?iaee
iaoiaaiaoe/ii iaa?oioiaaiiiai iaoiaeo eiiieaeniiai e?eoaaiiy, yeee
aeeth/a? ii?aeiaia canoinoaaiiy AEIE ? AAeI.

Caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy:

1. C’ynoaaoe oa?aeoa? ii?ooaiue aiiainoaco, ye? aeieeathoue o oai?eo ia
OeAe c ACI ? aecia/eoe caeaaei?noue aaaeeino? AO a?ae nooiaiy aeyaeaieo
ii?ooaiue.

2. Noaa?aeeoe aieea AEIE ia aeine?aeaeoaai? eaiee aiiainoaco oai?eo ia
OeAe c ACI oa ioe?ieoe aoaeoeai?noue eiai canoinoaaiiy a caeaaeiino?
a?ae aaaeeino? AO.

3. Ie?aneeoe aieea AAeI ia aeine?aeaeoaai? eaiee aiiainoaco oai?eo ia
OeAe c ACI c ??ciei nooiaiai aaaeeino? AO oa ioe?ieoe aoaeoeai?noue eiai
aeeth/aiiy a eiiieaenio oa?ai?th.

4. C’ynoaaoe aieea ii?aeiaiiai canoinoaaiiy AEIE ? AAeI ia iieacieee
aiiainoaco oai?eo ia OeAe c ACI c AO ??ciiai nooiaiy aaaeeino? oa
ioe?ieoe aoaeo eiai aeeth/aiiy a eiiieaenia e?eoaaiiy oe??? iaoieia??.

5. Ia i?aenoaa? ii??aiyiiy aieeao cai?iiiiiaaieo iaoiae?a ia
aeine?aeaeoaai? eaiee aiiainoaco oai?eo ia OeAe c ACI c AO ??ciiai
nooiaiy aaaeeino? ?ic?iaeoe ? iaa?oiooaaoe iaeaoaeoeai?oee niin?a
e?eoaaiiy oa ai?iaaaeeoe eiai a i?aeoeeo ioi?iie caei?ia’y.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a.

Aia?oa anoaiiaeaia caeaaei?noue aaaeeino? AO, yeee ?icaeaa?oueny o
oai?eo ia OeAe c ACI, a?ae oa?aeoa?o ? nooiaiy ii?ooaiue o nenoaiao
aiiainoaco.

Aia?oa c’yniaaii aieea AEIE ia ??ci? eaiee aiiainoaco oai?eo ia OeAe c
ACI c AO ??ciiai nooiaiy aaaeeino? oa aecia/ai? iieacaiiy aeey eiai
iaea?eue aoaeoeaiiai canoinoaaiiy.

Noaa?aeaeaii aoaeoeai?noue aeeth/aiiy AAeI a eiiieaenia e?eoaaiiy oai?eo
ia OeAe c ACI a caeaaeiino? a?ae nooiaiy aaaeeino? AO oa aeyaeaii eaiee
aiiainoaco, ia ye? aeaiee iaoiae ni?aaey? a?eueo nooo?aee aieea.

Iaoiaaiaoe/ii iaa?oioiaaii eiiieaeniee iaoiae e?eoaaiiy ACI o oai?eo ia
OeAe, yeee aeeth/a? ii?aeiaia canoinoaaiiy AEIE ? AAeI.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Aeiaaaeaii, ui
aoaeoeai?noue AEIE a eiiieaeniiio e?eoaaii? oai?eo ia OeAe c ACI
cieaeo?oueny i?e iiaeeaeaii? AO. Iaeaoaeoeai?oee aieea AEIE
niinoa??aa?oueny o oai?eo c AO ? no. O oai?eo c AO ?? no. ? AO ??? no.
AEIE aoaeoeaii aieeaa? ia?aaaaeii ia noai ?ioiii? nenoaie.

Noaa?aeaeaii, ui canoinoaaiiy AAeI a eiiieaeni?e oa?ai?? ACI o oai?eo ia
OeAe ni?ey? cieaeaiith yaeu AO oa a?ia?eiaaoeyoe??, ii?iae?co? i?ioeane
IIE, eiiiaino? OeAe, ia? ?ioiiiiaeoethth/ee aieea. AAeI ? aoaeoeaiith
i?e ??cieo nooiaiyo AO.

Anoaiiaeaii, ui iae?ioaineai?oa ei?aao? ii?ooaiiy nenoai aiiainoaco
oai?eo ia OeAe c ACI iaoiae eiiieaenii? oa?ai??, ye?e aeeth/a? ii?aeiaia
canoinoaaiiy AEIE ? AAeI. I?e oeueiio, iaoiae ? aoaeoeaiei i?e AO
aoaeue-yeiai nooiaiy aaaeeino?. Cai?iiiiiaaiee iaoiae nei?i/o?
o?eaae?noue e?eoaaiiy, cieaeo? e?euee?noue aenieeo aiiooaoe?e ieaei?o
e?ioe?aie, ciaioo? aa?o?noue e?eoaaiiy ca ?aooiie nei?i/aiiy e?eueeino?
aeei?enoiaoaaieo e?ea?nueeeo i?aia?ao?a.

?ic?iaeaiee iaoiae e?eoaaiiy ACI o oai?eo ia OeAe ai?iaaaeaeaiee a
e?eoaaeueio i?aeoeeo o??o?a?/ieo noaoe?iia??a i. Iaeane (IEE ?1, IEE ?2,
IEE ?11). ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue aeei?enoiaothoueny a o/aiaiio
i?ioean? ia eaoaae?ao IAeIO (caaaeueii? o??o?a??, oaeoeueoaonueei? oa
aini?oaeueii? o??o?a??, o??o?a?/ieo oai?ia c i?neyaeeieiiiith
i?aeaioiaeith).

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Caeiaoaa/ai iniaenoi i?iaaaeaii e?eoaaiiy
90 oai?eo ia OeAe c ACI, i?iaaaeaii? on? iaoiaeeee AEIE ? AAeI oa
eaai?aoi?i? aeine?aeaeaiiy. I?iaaaeaii iaoeiaee aiae?c, noaoenoe/io
ia?iaeo ? ocaaaeueiaiiy ?acoeueoao?a. Ia iniia? iaea?aeaiieo aeaieo
iaa?oioiaai? iaoeia? aeniiaee ? i?aeoe/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe??. O
ioae?eaoe?yo, aeeiiaieo a ni?aaaoi?noa? iniiai? ?ic-?iaee oa iaoa??aee
iaeaaeaoue caeiaoaa/aa?.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe??
i?aaenoaaeai? oa iaaiai?ai? ia o/aiai-iaoiaee/ieo oa iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo
eiioa?aioe?yo caa?aeoth/eo eaoaae? caaaeueii? o??o?a?? iaaeaoc?a Oe?a?ie
(Iaeana, 1993, 1998; A?iieoey, 1998; Iieoaaa, 1998); i?aeia?iaeieo
eiioa?aioe?yo “I?eiaiaiea eaca?ia a aeieiaee e iaaeeoeeia“ (Ee?a, 1995,
1998); Ia?oiio A?ei?onueeiio i?aeia?iaeiiio eiia?an? o??o?a?a
(A?oaanuee, 1996); eiia?an? NOOEO (Iaeana, 1996); eiioa?aioe??
“I?ia?ann e i?iaeaiu a ea/aiee caaieaaaiee na?aeoea e ninoaeia“
(Naieo-Iaoa?ao?a, 1997); iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “Aii?inu
eeeie/aneie iaaeeoeeiu” (Neioa?iiieue, 1997); eiia?an? NOOEO
(Oaeai?iae, 1998); iaoeia?e eiioa?aioe?? “Aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie
iaie?aaoiaaiaoia?e?a?ii? oa noaeeiii? o??o?a??“ (Ee?a, 1998); eiia?an?
o??o?a?a Oe?a?ie (Aeiiaoeuee, 1998); can?aeaiiyo Iaeanueei? ni?eee
o??o?a?a (Iaeana, 1997, 1998); can?aeaii? i?iaeaiii? eii?n?? ii
o??o?a?/ieo niaoe?aeueiinoyo IAeIO ( Iaeana, 1998).

Ioae?eaoe??. Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaai? o 33 ae?oeiaaieo
?iaioao, ?c ieo 7 – o oaoiaeo iaoeiaeo aeaeaiiyo, 4 – o iaoa??aeao
eiia?an?a, 3 – o iaoa??aeao i?aeia?iaeieo eiioa?aioe?e, 19 – o
iaoa??aeao iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo eiioa?aioe?e, io?eiaii 3 iina?ae/aiiy ia
?aoe?iiae?caoi?nuee? i?iiiceoe??.

No?oeoo?a oa ianya aeena?oaoe??. Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeai? ia
144 noi??ieao iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c?
anooio, iaeyaeo e?oa?aoo?e, ?icae?eo iienaiiy iaoa??ae?a ? iaoiae?a
aeine?aeaeaiiy, /ioe?ueio ?icae?e?a ?acoeueoao?a aeanieo aeine?aeaeaiue,
aiae?co oa ocaaaeueiaiiy, aeniiae?a, i?aeoe/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e, nieneo
aeei?enoaieo e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae oa aeiaeaoeo. ?iaioa ?ethno?iaaia 63
oaaeeoeyie, 70 a?ao?eaie, a oaeiae aeoyaaie c ?noi??e oai?ia.
Aeei?enoaii 340 aeaea?ae e?oa?aoo?e (242 – e?a?i NIAe, 98 –
ca?oa?aeieo).

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

Iaoa??aee ? iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy. ?iaioa aaco?oueny ia aea/aii?
?acoeueoao?a ianoaaeaiiy ? e?eoaaiiy 110 oai?eo ia ?inoe?iiacaeaaeiee
OeAe na?aaeiueiai oa aaaeeiai nooiaiy (AIIC, 1981) c ACI i’yeeo oeaiei.
A?e ianoaaeaieo iaoe??i-o?a eieeaaany a?ae 37 aei 83 ?ie?a. *ieia?e?a
aoei 41 (37,3%), ae?iie – 69 (62,7%). A?eueo?noue in?a (52,7%)
no?aaeaeaee ia OeAe i?ioyaii 6-10 ?ie?a. 81,8% oai?eo no?aaeaeaee
ai?eii-iae?ioe/ieie o?aaeaiiyie ieaei?o e?ioe?aie. I?e aecia/aii?
nooiaiy aaaeeino? AO aeei?enoaia eeaneo?eaoe?y i?io. A.I. Oi?a?inueeiai
(1994). Oai?eo c AO ? no. aoei 59 /ieia?e (53,6%), c AO ?? no. – 35
(31,8%), c AO ??? no. – 16 (14,6%). ?c caaaeueii? e?eueeino?
ianoaaeaiieo iaoe??io?a o??o?a?/iiai ao?o/aiiy caciaee 90 /ieia?e
(81,8%). Aiiooaoe?th ieaei?o e?ioe?aie ia ??ai? noaaia aeeiiaii o 32
(35,6%) oai?eo, aiiooaoe?th noiie – o 5 (5,6%), aiiooaoe?th oa
aeca?oeeoeyoe?th iaeueoe?a – o 24 (26,6%), iae?naeaano?aeoii?th – o 18
(20%), ?ice?eooy oeaaiii oa aanoean?a – o 11 (12,2%) /ieia?e. Anueiai
iiia?ei 5 (4,5%) iaoe??io?a.

On? oai?? a caeaaeiino? a?ae iaoiae?a e?eoaaiiy aoee ?iciiae?eai? ia 4
a?oie: ? a?oia – 20 (19%) oai?eo, yeei cai?iaaaeaeoaaany
caaaeueiii?eeiyoee eiiieaen e?eoaaiiy; ?? a?oia – 30 (27%) oai?eo, yeei
a eiiieaenia e?eoaaiiy aeeth/aii AEIE; ??? a?oia – 30 (27%) oai?eo, yeei
a eiiieaenia e?eoaaiiy aeeth/aii AAeI; IV a?oia – 30 (27%) oai?eo, yeei
a eiiieaeniiio e?eoaaii? canoiniaaii ii?aeiaia canoinoaaiiy AEIE ? AAeI.
Aeey aecia/aiiy ii?ie iieaciee?a, ye? aeine?aeaeothoueny, ianoaaeaiii 20
i?aeoe/ii caei?iaeo ethaeae (aeiii??a).

AEIE i?iaiaeeee aia?aoii AEIO – 2 (aacia?a?aia aei?ii?ithaaiiy
aae?e-iaiiiaiai eaca?o c aeiaaeeiith oaee? 0,63 iei). Iiooaei?noue
eaca?iiai aei?ii?ithaaiiy ia e?ioe? na?oeiaiaeo 1,5 iAo. O?eaae?noue
ii?ii?ithaaiiy 3 oaee. Aeica ii?ii?iaiiy ca iaeei naain 90 Aeae/ni2.
E?euee?noue naain?a – 7 (1 ?ac ia aeiao).

Aeey ?aae?caoe?? iaoiaeo iai?yiiai aeao?io?i?/iiai ieeneaiiy c iaoith
io?eiaoe a?iioei?eo iao??th aeei?enoaii aia?ao AAeI — 3I. ?iooc?th
a?iioei?eoo iao??th (eiioeaio?aoe?y 600 ia/e, a ia’?i? 500 ie)
cae?enithaaee uiaeaiii, iaeei ?ac ia aeiao, i?ioyaii 7 aei?a. ?ic/ei
a?iioei?eoo iao??th canoiniaoaaee oaeiae i?noeaai i?e ia?aeiieo
naiaoe?yo ai?eiiai ina?aaeeo a eiioeaio?aoe?? 1200 ia/e, a i?ney
a?aeoi?aiaiiy iae?ioe/ieo ian a eiioeaio?aoe?? 600 ia/e.

I?e iinooieaii? a noaoe?iia?, a i?ioean? e?eoaaiiy (5, 10 aeiaa) oa i?e
aeienoaaii? oai?? i?aeeyaaee ananoi?iiiueiio ianoaaeaiith. Aiii
aeeth/aei caaaeueiiee?i?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy: oaiia?aoo?a o?ea, /anoioa
aeeoaiiy, a?oa??aeueiee oa oeaio?aeueiee aaiiciee oene, aeiaiaee
ae?o?ac, caaaeueiee aiae?c e?ia? oa na/?. Nooi?iue aaaeeino? oa
eiiiainaoe?? OeAe anoaiiaethaaee ia iniia? aecia/aiiy: aetheice
ne?iaaoee e?ia?, e?eueeino? aetheice a na/?, eaoiiiaeo o?e a na/?. Aeey
ioe?iee ?ioieneeaoe?eiiai neiae?iio aecia/aee: eaeeioeeoa?iee ?iaeaen
?ioieneeaoe?? (E??), aaiaoieia?/iee iieaciee ?ioieneeaoe?? (AI?),
??aaiue “na?aaei?o iieaeoe” (NI), caeeoeiaee acio, na/iaeio, e?aaoei?i
e?ia?. Aea/ath/e nenoaio aaiinoaco aecia/aee: e?euee?noue o?a?eiiaaio,
/an cai?oaiiy e?ia?, i?io?iia?iiaee ?iaeaen, o?a?eiie?oe/io aeoeai?noue
e?ia?, oiea?aioi?noue oeeo?aoii? ieacie aei aaia?eio. I?e aea/ai?
nenoaie IIE aecia/aee: e?euee?noue a a?eo?ioeeoao ae??iiaeo eii’thaao
(AeE), iaeiiiaiai aeeaeueaeaa?aeo (IAeA), caaaeueio aioeieneaeaioio
aeoeai?noue (CAA). Ioe?iea ?ioiieia?/iiai noaio i?iaiaeeeany ca
?ioiia?aiith ? ??aiy: i?ioeaioia e?euee?noue ? aaniethoia /enei
e?ioioeeo?a, O- ? A-e?ioioeeo?a, O-oaeia??a ? O-noi?ani??a, oaaioeeoa?ia
aeoeai?noue iaeo?io?e?a (OAI), oee?eoethth/? ?ioii? eiiieaene (Oe?E),
??aaiue ?ioiiaeiaoe?i?a eeano G, A, M. ?aae?i?ioiieie iaoiaeaie
aecia/aee ??aaiue aiaeiaaiiiai ?inoe?io, aetheaaiio, niiaoinoaoeio,
ei?oecieo, AEOA. I?e i?e?ia?ieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiiyo ?iaeee: iin?a
aeae?eaiue c ?aie; aeae?eaiiy oa ?aeaioeo?eaoe?th ianii?iooai?thth/eo
aiaa?ia?a; iinoaaeaiiy aeeneiai? aioea?ioeeia?aie.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue i?aeaeaaaeenue aa??aoe?eii-noaoenoe/i?e
ia?iaoe? c aeei?enoaiiyi eiao?oe??ioa No’thaeaioa ca aeiiiiiaith iaeaoo
noaiaea?oieo noaoenoe/ieo i?ia?ai ia ia?niiaeueiiio eiiithoi?? SIS 486
PCI/ISA.

?ACOEUeOAOE INIAENOEO AeINE?AeAEAIUe OA ?O IAAIAI?AIIss

I?e aini?oae?caoe?? a noaoe?iia? o an?o oai?eo a?aecia/aii a??ia?aeia
c?inoaiiy caaaeueiioiene/ieo oano?a (E??, AI?, NI). ??aaiue oiene/ieo
iaoaaie?o?a a??ia?aeii ia?aaeuoaaa aeiionoeio ii?io o?eueee o oai?eo c
AO ?? no. ? AO ??? no. I?e iiaeeaeaii? nooiaiy AO a??ia?aeii c?inoaee
aeine?aeaeoaai? iieacieee.

A on?o oai?eo i?e iinooieaii? a noaoe?iia? a?aecia/aii i?aeaeuaiiy
eiaaoeyoe?eii? aeoeaiino? e?ia? oa aeai?an?th aioecai?oaeueieo
iaoai?ci?a ? o?a?eiie?co: a?ia?o?a?eiiaaiai?th, nei?i/aiiy /ano
cai?oaiiy, c?inoaiiy i?io?iia?iiaiai ?iaeaeno, oiea?aioiino? ieacie aei
aaia?eio, ciaioaiiy o?a??iie?oe/iiai iioaioe?aeo ieacie. Ae?aaeaii?noue
ii?ooaiue caeaaeaea a?ae aaaeeino? AO.

I?e aini?oae?caoe?? a noaoe?iia? o an?o oai?eo a?aecia/aii ii?ooaiiy
i?ioean?a IIE a a?e ia?ieneaeaoe??, yea oa?aeoa?ecoaaeiny a??ia?aeiei
c?inoaiiyi ai?noo a e?ia? AeE ? IAeA oa cieaeaiiyi CAA. I?e c?inoaii?
aaaeeino? AO aeyaeai? ii?ooaiiy i?ia?anoaaee. Oea iiynith?oueny ? oei,
ui i?e iiaeeaeaii? AO i?ia?ano? aeaeiiiainaoe?y OeAe, yea oaeiae
i?ecaiaeeoue aei aeoeaaoe?? IIE ? i?eai?/aiiy CAA.

I?e aea/aii? ?ioiia?ai anoaiiaeaii, ui i?e iiaeeaeaii? AO iineethaaeeny
iciaee ?ioiiaeao?oeeoo: i?ia?anoaaea O-?ioiiiaaeinoaoi?noue,
ciaiooaaeany e?euee?noue A-e?ioioeeo?a, ni?aa?aeiioaiiy Oo/On, c?inoaa
??aaiue Oe?E, i?eai?/oaaeany OAI.

O an?o oai?eo i?e aini?oae?caoe?? niinoa??aaeiny cieaeaiiy ??aiy
aiaeiaaiiiai ?inoe?io oa i?aeaeuaiiy aeoeaiino? eiio??inoey?ieo
ai?iii?a. ??aaiue aiaeiaaiiiai ?inoe?io oa niiaoinoaoeio o oai?eo c AO
??ciiai nooiaiy aaaeeino? a??ia?aeii ia a?ae??ciyeeny. A??ia?aeieo
??cieoeue a eieeaaii? aeoeaiino? eiio??inoey?ieo ai?iii?a o oai?eo c AO
?? no. ? AO ??? no. ia niinoa??aaeiny. ??aaiue aetheaaiio e ei?oecieo o
oai?eo c AO ? no. aoa a??ia?aeii ieae/ei, i?ae o oai?eo c AO ?? no. ? AO
??? no., a ??aaiue AEOA a??ia?aeii ieae/ei o?eueee a ii??aiyii? c ??aiai
o oai?eo c AO ??? no.

I?e aiae?c? io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a ii?ooaiue aiiainoaco oai?eo ia OeAe
c ACI anoaiiaeaii, ui nooi?iue oeeo ii?ooaiue iaoiiaeth? aaaee?noue AO ?
oa?aeoa?eco? ?o iaoiaaiaoe/iee aca?iica’ycie.

Ie ioe?ieee aoaeoeai?noue canoiniaaieo iaoiae?a e?eoaaiiy (AEIE, AAeI,
AEIE + AAeI) i?e ??cieo nooiaiyo aaaeeino? AO.

A i?ioean? e?eoaaiiy in?a c AO ? no. anoaiiaeaii, ui iae?ioaineai?oa
cieaeaiiy caaaeueiioiene/ieo oano?a ? oiene/ieo iaoaaie?o?a a?aeaoaaeiny
o oai?eo IV a?oie. Ia 10-o aeiao e?eoaaiiy o iaoe??io?a oe??? a?oie
eaai?aoi?ieo iciae ?ioieneeaoe?? ia niinoa??aaeiny. O oai?eo ??? a?oie
aenieei caeeoaany o?eueee AI?, aea a?i aoa a??ia?aeii ieae/ei, i?ae o
oai?eo ? ? ?? a?oi. O oai?eo ?? a?oie ii?iae?coaaany o?eueee ??aaiue NI,
i?ioa iieacieee E?? ? AI? aoee ieae/eie, i?ae o iaoe??io?a ? a?oie. O
oai?eo ? a?oie caaaeueiioiene/i? oanoe caeeoaeeny aenieeie. I?e
aeienoaaii? ?c noaoe?iia?o o oai?eo IV, ??? ? ?? a?oi niinoa??aaeiny
iiaia i?eieiaiiy AO, o oai?eo aea ? a?oie iiaii? ii?iae?caoe??
iieaciee?a AO ia eiinoaoiaaii (caa??aaany aenieei AI?).

I?e AO ?? no. ia 5-o aeiao oa?ai?? o oai?eo on?o a?oi caa??aaeeny yaeua
oienai??. I?e oeueiio o oai?eo IV a?oie niinoa??aaeiny iae?ioaineai?oa
cieaeaiiy iieaciee?a AO, yea i?iaeiaaeoaaeiny ? ia 10-o aeiao oa?ai??. A
?ioeo a?oiao ??aaiue oienai?? cieaeoaaany iaioa ? a?aeiia?aeaa ianooii?e
caeiiii??iino?: ??? a?oia ?? a?oia ? a?oia. Oaeei /eiii o oai?eo ?
a?oie ia 10-o aeiao oa?ai?? ??aaiue oienai?? aoa iaeaeuee. I?e
aeienoaaii? o oai?eo IV a?oie (AEIE + AAeI) a?aei?/aeany iiaia
ii?iae?caoe?y iieaciee?a AO. Aiaeia?/ia ea?oeia a?aecia/aia o iaoe??io?a
??? a?oie, oi/a ??aaiue oiene/ieo iaoaaie?o?a aoa cao?eniaaiee ia
aa?oi?e iaae? ii?ie. O oai?eo ?? ? ? a?oi iiaii? e?ea?aeaoe?? AO ia
ianoaaaei (caa??aaeeny aenieeie iieacieee E?? ? AI? ).

I?e AO ??? no. o iaoe??io?a on?o a?oi ia 5-o aeiao oa?ai?? caa??aaeeny
yaeua oienai??. Iaeiae iaee?auee aeaoieneeaoe?eiee aoaeo niinoa??aaany a
IV a?oi?. ??aaiue aoaeoeaiino? cai?iaaaeaeaii? aeac?ioieneeaoe?eii?
oa?ai?? oo?eioaaany a cacia/ai?e aeua caeiiii??iino? (iieacieee AO – ???
a?oie ?? a?o-ia ? a?oia). Ia 10-o aeiao caa??aaeany cacia/aia
caeiiii??i?noue aoaeoo cai?iaaaeaeaiii? oa?ai?? (iieacieee AO – ? a?oia
?? a?oia ??? a?oia IV a?oia). I?e aeieno-aaii? o oai?eo IV a?oie
a?aecia/aia iiaia ii?iae?caoe?y caaaeueiioiene/ieo oano?a ? oiene/ieo
iaoaaie?o?a. O oai?eo ??? a?oie oaeiae a?aecia/aii e?ea?aeaoe?th AO, aea
c aeuei ??aiai oiene/ieo iaoaaie?o?a a ii??aiyii? c IV a?oiith O in?a ??
a?oie i?e aeienoe? iiaii? ii?iae?caoe?? AO ia niinoa??aaeiny,
caa??aaeany a??ia?aeia ??cieoey a ??aiyo oiene/ieo oano?a o ii??aiyii? c
caei?iaeie ethaeueie. O oai?eo ? a?oie aoaeoeai?noue aeaoieneeaoe?eii?
oa?ai?? i?e AO ??? no. aoea iaeiaioith, ca /eneaiieie eaai?aoi?ieie
iieacieeaie, caa??aaeeny yaeua iii??iiai AO.

Oaeei /eiii, aoei anoaiiaeaii, ui iaeaoaeoeai?oei iaoiaeii ei?aeoe?? AO
o oai?eo ia OeAe c ACI ? iaoiae eiiieaenii? oa?ai??, ui aeeth/a?
ii?aeiaia aeei?enoaiiy AEIE ? AAeI.

I?e ioe?ioe? aeeiai?ee ci?i ae?eai?? oa aetheico??? (ca aeaieie
ae?eai?/iiai oa aetheico?e/iiai i?io?e?a) anoaiiaeaii, ui o oai?eo IV
a?oie, o ii??aiyii? c iaoe??ioaie ?ioeo a?oi, ?ioain?ai?oa cieaeoaaeeny
a?ia?ae?eai?y oa aetheico??y, e?ea?aeoaaany eaoiaoeeaeic. I?e oeueiio ia
niinoa??aaeiny ??ceeo eieeaaiue ??aiy aetheice i?ioyaii aeiae. Aeaiee
aoaeo iiaeia iiynieoe aaciina?aaei?i ieeneaiiyi aetheice a?iioei?eoii
iao??th, ?ioaineai?oith e?ea?aeaoe??th ?ioieneeaoe??, c?inoaiiyi ??aiy
aiaeiaaiiiai ?inoe?io oa cieaeaiiyi aeoeaiino? eiio??inoey?ieo ai?iii?a.

Ie aea/eee aeeiai?eo ci?i iieaciee?a aaiinoaco a i?ioean? e?eoaaiiy o
oai?eo ??cieo a?oi.

Anoaiiaeaii, ui i?e AO ? no. o iaoe??io?a IV a?oie ia 5-o aeiao
ii?iae?coaaeeny on? aeine?aeaeoaai? iieacieee aaiinoaco. O oai?eo ?ioeo
a?oi ia oeae /an caa??aaeeny yaeua a?ia?eiaaoeyoe??, aea iaeiaioee
??aaiue ?? a?aecia/aany o in?a ??? a?oie. Ia 10-o aeiao oa?ai??
a?aecia/aia e?ea?aeaoe?y a?ia?eiaaoeyoe?? ua a ??? ? ?? a?oiao. O oai?eo
? a?oie yaeua a?ia?eiaaoeyoe?? aoee e?ea?aeiaai? o?eueee i?e aeienoaaii?
c? noaoe?iia?o.

I?e AO ?? no. ia 5-o aeiao oa?ai?? yaeua a?ia?eiaaoeyoe??
niinoa??aaeeny a on?o a?oiao, iaeiae iaeiaioee ??aaiue ca?a?no?iaaii o
oai?eo IV a?oie, a iaea?eueoee – o ? a?oi?. Ia 10-o aeiao oa?ai??
aecia/aiee oa?aeoa? ci?i nenoaie aaiinoaco caa??aaany. I?e oeueiio o
oai?eo IV a?oie a?aecia/aia ii?iae?caoe?y iaeaea on?o iieaciee?a
eiaaoeia?aie, e??i o?a?eiiaaio. A ?ioeo a?oiao aeeiai?ea cieaeaiiy yaeu
a?ia?eiaaoeyoe?? aoea ianooiiith: ??? a?oia ?? a?oia ? a?oia. I?e
aeienoaaii? o oai?eo on?o a?oi, ie??i ? a?oie, yaeua a?ia?eiaaoeyoe??
aoee e?ea?aeiaai?. A ? a?oi? caa??aaany aenieee ??aaiue o?a?eiiaaio.

I?e iiaeeaeaii? AO (AO ??? no.) ei?aeoe?y ii?ooaiue aaiinoaco
i?ioiaeeea iia?euei?oa, aea o oae?e aea caeaaeiino? a?ae iaoiae?a
e?eoaaiiy. Ia 5-o ? 10-o aeiao e?eoaaiiy iaeiaioee ??aaiue
a?ia?eiaaoeyoe?? ca?a?no?iaaii o IV a?oi?, aeae? iieacieee iinooiiai
c?inoaee a?ae ??? a?oie aei ? a?oie. I?e aeienoe? ii?iae?caoe?y
iieaciee?a aaiinoaco a?aecia/aia o oai?eo IV ? ??? a?oi. O in?a ?? a?oie
caa??aaeany a?ia?o?a?eiiaaiai?y. O iaoe??io?a ? a?oie ii?iae?caoe?y
iniiaieo iieaciee?a aaiinoaco ia a?aeaoaaeany.

Aoaeoeaia cieaeaiiy a?ia?eiaaoeyoe?? o oai?eo IV ? ??? a?oie
iiynith?oueny aieeaii a?iioei?eoo iao??th ia ??ci? eaiee nenoaie
aaiinoaco. O iaoe??io?a IV a?oie a?iieiaaoeyoe?eiee aoaeo a?iioei?eoo
iao??th iineethaaany aieeaii AEIE. Oaeei /eiii, ii?aeiaiia canoinoaaiiy
AEIE ? AAeI a eiiieaeniiio e?eoaaii? oai?eo ia OeAe c ACI aoei
iaeaoaeoeai?oei iaoiaeii ei?aeoe?? a?ia?eiaaoeyoe?? a ii??aiyii? c
?ioeie aeine?aeaeoaaieie iaoiaeaie.

Ie aea/eee aieea cacia/aieo iaoiae?a e?eoaaiiy ia i?ioeane IIE.

I?e AO ? no. o oai?eo IV ? ??? a?oi aaea ia 5-o aeiao oa?ai??
ii?iae?coaaeeny iieacieee CAA i?e a?aeiinii aaeeeeo oeeo?ao ai?noo a
e?ia? AeE ? IAeA. O iaoe??io?a ?? ? ? a?oi caa??aaeiny ii?ooaiiy
i?ioean?a IIE – c?ooaiiy a a?e ia?ieneaeaoe?? (aenie? ??ai? AeE ? IAeA
i?e iecuee?e CAA). Ia 10-o aeiao oa?ai?? o oai?eo IV ? ??? a?oi
niinoa??aaeany ii?iae?caoe?y i?ioean?a IIE. O in?a ?? a?oie a?aecia/aia
oaiaeaioe?y aei ii?iae?caoe?? IIE (ii?iae?caoe?y CAA i?e aenieeo
iieacieeao AeE ? IAeA). Aiaeii/an o oai?eo ? a?oie caa??aaeeny yaeua
ia?ieneaeaoe??. I?e aeienoe? ii?iae?caoe?y i?ioean?a IIE aecia/aeany ? o
in?a ?? a?oie. O oai?eo ? a?oie caa??aaany i?aeaeuaiee ai?no i?iaeoeo?a
IIE i?e ii?iae?caoe?? CAA.

I?e AO ?? no. cacia/aia caeaaei?noue ci?i i?ioean?a IIE a?ae iaoiae?a
e?eoaaiiy caa??aaeany, iaeiae oaiie ii?iae?caoe?? aoee ieae/eie. Ia 5-o
aeiao oa?ai?? o oai?eo on?o a?oi niinoa??aaeeny yaeua ia?ieneaeaoe?? e
i?eai?/aiiy aioe?aaeeeaeueiiai caoenoo, ye? aoee iaeiaio ae?aaeai? o
iaoe??io?a IV a?oie, iio?i ii c?inoath/?e: ??? a?oia ?? a?oia ? a?oia.
Ia 10-o aeiao oa?ai?? iieacieee IIE ii?iae?coaaeeny o?eueee o oai?eo IV
a?oie. O in?a ??? a?oie i?e ii?iae?caoe?? ii-eacieea CAA caa??aaany
i?aeaeuaiee ??aaiue a e?ia? i?iaeoeo?a IIE. O iaoe??io?a ? ? ?? a?oi, ia
caaaeath/e ia oa?ai?th, caa??aaeeny yaeua ia?ieneaeaoe??. I?e aeienoe?
ii?iae?coaaeeny iieacieee IIE ua o oai?eo ??? a?oie O iaoe??io?a ? ? ??
a?oi i?e ii?iae?caoe?? iieacieea CAA caa??aaany aenieee ??aaiue a e?ia?
AeE ? IAeA.

I?e iiaeeaeaii? AO (AO ??? no.) e?eoaaeueia ei?aeoe?y i?ioean?a IIE
i?ioiaeeea iaio aoaeoeaii. Ia 5-o aeiao e?eoaaiiy o oai?eo on?o a?oi
a?aecia/ai? yaeua ia?ieneaeaoe??, iaeiae iaeiaioee ??aaiue noaa?aeaeaii
o iaoe??io?a IV a?oie, aeae? ii c?inoath/?e: ??? a?oia ?? a?oia ?
a?oia Ia 10-o aeiao oa?ai?? o?eueee o oai?eo IV a?oie ii?iae?coaaany
iieaciee CAA, i?e a?aeiinii aaeeeiio ai?noo i?iaeoeo?a IIE. I?e aeienoe?
ii?iae?caoe?y i?ioean?a IIE a?aecia/aia o?eueee o in?a IV a?oie. O
oai?eo ??? a?oie i?e ii?iae?caoe?? CAA caa??aaany aenieee ??aaiue AeE ?
IAeA. O iaoe??io?a ? ? ?? a?oi i?e aeienoe? a?aecia/ai? yaeua
ia?ieneaeaoe?? (iecueea CAA i?e aenieiio ai?no? AeE ? IAeA ).

I?aenoiiaoth/e, iiaeia c?iaeoe aeniiaie, ui ii?aeiaia canoinoaaiiy AEIE
? AAeI a eiiieaeniiio e?eoaaii? oai?eo ia OeAe c ACI aoei
iaeaoaeoeai?oei iaoiaeii ii?iae?caoe?? i?ioean?a IIE i?e on?o ??aiyo AO.

Ie aea/eee aoaeoeai?noue ei?aeoe?? ii?ooaiue ?ioiiiai noaio oai?eo ia
OeAe i?ae aieeaii ??ciiiai?oieo iaoiae?a oa?ai?? i?e ??cieo nooiaiyo AO.

I?e aiae?c? ?ioiia?ai oai?eo c AO ? no. ia 5-o aeiao e?eoaaiiy
anoaiiaeaii, ui o iaoe??io?a ? a?oie caa??aaeeny ii?ooaiiy, ye? aoee
aeyaeai? i?e aini?oae?caoe??. O oai?eo ?ioeo a?oi a?aecia/aeany
oaiaeaioe?y aei ii?iae?caoe?? ?ioiii? a?aeiia?ae? (c?inoaiiy
O-e?ioioeeo?a, cieaeaiiy ??aiy Oe?E, ii?iae?caoe?y OAI oa eiao?oe??ioo
Oo/On). Ia 10-o aeiao oa?ai?? o in?a ??, ??? ? IV a?oi i?aeoe/ii on?
aeine?aeaeoaai? ia?aiao?e aeinyaaee iieaciee?a caei?iaeo ethaeae, o
oai?eo aea ? a?oie ii?iae?coaaany o?eueee eiao?oe??io Oo/On. I?e
aeienoe? ?c noaoe?iia?o o iaoe??io?a ??, ??? ? IV a?oi iieacieee
?ioiia?ai a??ia?aeii ia a?ae??ciyeeny a?ae ii?ie. O oai?eo ? a?oie
iiaii? ii?iae?caoe?? iieaciee?a ?ioiia?ai ia a?aeaoaaeiny (caa??aaany
cieaeaiee ai?no e?ioioeeo?a ? O-e?ioioeeo?a, i?aeaeuaiee ai?no
A-e?ioioeeo?a).

O oai?eo on?o a?oi c AO ?? no. ia 5-o aeiao oa?ai?? caa??aaany cieaeaiei
ai?no e?ioioeeo?a ? O-e?ioioeeo?a, aeenaaeain i?ae oaeia?aie oa
noi?ani?aie, i?aeaeuaiee ??aaiue Oe?E oa cieaeaiiy OAI. O iaoe??io?a ?
a?oie a?aeiiniee ai?no A-e?ioioeeo?a ia a?ae??ciyany a?ae ii?ie, a o
oai?eo ?ioeo a?oi aoa a??ia?aeii aeuei. O in?a ?? a?oie a?aeiiniee ai?no
e?ioioeeo?a aoa aeua, i?ae o oai?eo ? a?oie. O iaoe??io?a ??? ? IV a?oi
a?aeiiniee ai?no e?ioioeeo?a ? iieaciee OAI aoee a??ia?aeii aeueie, i?ae
o oai?eo ? a?oie, a ??aaiue Oe?E ieae/ei, i?ae o oai?eo ? ? ?? a?oi. Ia
10-o aeiao e?eoaaiiy o in?a ? a?oie caa??aaeeny yaeua ?ioiiaeao?oeeoo. O
oai?eo ?? a?oie on? aeine?aeaeoaai? iieacieee, e??i ??aiy Oe?E, aoee
a??ia?aeii aeueie, i?ae o oai?eo ? a?oie. O iaoe??io?a ??? a?oie
a?aecia/aeanue oaea ae aeeiai?ea, aea ??aaiue Oe?E aoa ieae/ei, i?ae o
oai?eo ? a?oie, a iieaciee OAI aeinyaaa iieacieea caei?iaeo ethaeae. O
oai?eo IV a?oie eiao?oe??io Oo/On ? OAI ia a?ae??ciyeeny a?ae ii?ie,
a?aeiiniee ai?no e?ioioeeo?a, O- ? A-e?ioioeeo?a aoee aeueie, i?ae o
oai?eo ? a?oie, a ??aaiue Oe?E ieae/ei, i?ae o oai?eo ? ? ?? a?oi. I?e
aeienoe? o oai?eo IV a?oie iieacieee ?ioiia?ai ia a?ae??ciyeeny a?ae
iieaciee?a caei?iaeo ethaeae. O iaoe??io?a ??? a?oie caa??aaany
cieaeaiei ai?no e?ioioeeo?a ? i?aeaeuaiee ai?no A-e?ioioeeo?a. O oai?eo
?? a?oie niinoa??aaany cieaeaiee ai?no e?ioioeeo?a, O-e?ioioeeo?a,
i?aeaeuaiee ai?no A-e?ioioeeo?a ? aenieee ??aaiue Oe?E. O in?a ? a?oie
caa??aaeeny yaeua iii??iiai ?ioiiaeao?oeeoo.

I?e AO ??? no. a on?o oai?eo ia 5-o aeiao e?eoaaiiy caa??aaeeny yaeua
?ioiiaeao?oeeoo. Ia 10-o aeiao e?eoaaiiy o iaoe??io?a ??, ??? ? IV a?oi
??aaiue e?ioioeeo?a, O- ? A-e?ioioeeo?a, eiao?oe??io Oo/On aoee
a??ia?aeii aeueie, i?ae o oai?eo ? a?oie. Ie??i oeueiai, a?aeiiniee
??aaiue A-e?ioioeeo?a o oeeo a?oiao aoa a??ia?aeii aeuei, i?ae o
caei?iaeo ethaeae. O oai?eo ??? ? IV a?oi iieaciee OAI aoa a??ia?aeii
aeuei, a ??aaiue Oe?E – ieae/ei, i?ae o iaoe??io?a ? ? ?? a?oi. I?e
aeienoe? c? noaoe?iia?o o oai?eo IV a?oie iieacieee ?ioiia?ai ia
a?ae??ciyeeny a?ae iieaciee?a ii?ie. O oai?eo ??? a?oie ii?iae?coaaeeny
eiao?oe??io Oo/On, iieaciee OAI, ??aaiue Oe?E, a ai?no e?ioioeeo?a,
O-e?ioioeeo?a ia aeinyaaa ii?ie. O iaoe??io?a ?? a?oie aeiaeai c
iieaciee?a ia aeinyaaa ii?ie, aea ai?no e?ioioeeo?a, O- ? A-e?ioioeeo?a,
iieaciee OAI, eiao?oe??io Oo/On aoee a??ia?aeii aeueie, a ??aaiue Oe?E
ieae/a, i?ae o oai?eo ? a?oie. O in?a c ? a?oie caa??aaeeny yaeua
?ioiiaeao?oeeoo.

Aiae?coth/e iaea?aeai? aeai? iiaeia c?iaeoe aeniiaie, ui iaoiae
e?eoaaiiy oai?eo ia OeAe c ACI, ui aeeth/a? ii?aeiaia canoinoaaiiy AEIE
? AAeI, aoa iaeaoaeoeai?oei niiniaii ei?aeoe?? ?ioiieia?/ieo ii?ooaiue,
ye? aeieeathoue o aeaiiai eiioeiaaioo oai?eo, o ii??aiyii? c ?ioeie
iaoiaeaie.

I?iaaaeaia aea/aiiy ai?iiiaeueiiai aiiainoaco oai?eo ia OeAe na?ae/eoue
i?i ??cio aoaeoeai?noue canoiniaaiieo iaoiae?a e?eoaaiiy.

I?e AO ? no. ia 5-o aeiao e?eoaaiiy ii?aeiaia canoinoaaiiy AEIE ? AAeI
(IV a?oia) i?ecaiaeeei aei iaeaea iiaii? ii?iae?caoe?? ai?iiiaeueiiai
aeenaaeaino – ??aaiue aiaeiaaiiiai ?inoe?io oa eiio??inoey?ieo ai?iii?a
(e??i aetheaaiio) a?aeiia?aeaa ii?i?. O oai?eo ??? a?oie ii?iae?coaaany
o?eueee ??aaiue aiaeiaaiiiai ?inoe?io. O iaoe??io?a ? ? ?? a?oi
caa??aaany aeao?oeeo aiaeiaaiiiai ?inoe?io oa i?aeaeuaiee ai?no
eiio??inoey?ieo ai?iii?a. ??aaiue niiaoinoaoeio o in?a c on?o a?oi
a??ia?aeii ia a?ae??ciyany a?ae ??aiy caei?iaeo ethaeae. Ia 10-o aeiao
oa?ai?? o oai?eo IV, ??? ? ?? a?oi ??aaiue aeine?aeaeoaaieo ai?iii?a,
e??i aetheaaiio, aeinyaaa ??aiy ii?ie. O iaoe??io?a ? a?oie caa??aaany
aenieee ??aaiue aetheaaiio ? AEOA. I?e aeienoe? ?c noaoe?iia?o o?eueee
??aaiue aetheaaiio o oai?eo on?o a?oi caeeoaany a??ia?aeii aenieei.

I?e AO ?? no. ii?iae?caoe?y ai?iiiaeueiiai aeenaaeaino ianooiaea
i?ci?oa. Ia 5-o aeiao e?eoaaiiy o oai?eo ? ? ?? a?oi caa??aaany iecueeee
??aaiue ?inoe?io oa i?aeaeuaiee ai?no eiio??inoey?ieo ai?iii?a. O
iaoe??io?a ??? ? IV a?oi niinoa??aaeiny a?eueo ?ioaineai?oa cieaeaiiy
??aiy eiio??inoey?ieo ai?iii?a, i?ae o oai?eo ?ioeo a?oi. I?e oeueiio
ii?iae?coaaany ??aaiue niiaoinoaoeio, a o in?a IV a?oie oaeiae
aiaeiaaiiiai ?inoe?io. Ia 10-o aeiao oa?ai?? o oai?eo on?o a?oi ??aaiue
niiaoinoaoeio ia a?ae??ciyany a?ae ia?aiao??a ii?ie. O oai?eo ??? ? IV
a?oi ianoaaaea iaeaea iiaia ii?iae?caoe?y ai?iiiaeueiiai aeenaaeaino
(caa??aaany o?eueee aenieei ??aaiue aetheaaiio). O oai?eo ? ? ?? a?oi
iniaeeainoae aeeiai?ee iieaciee?a ia niinoa??aaeiny. Ii?iae?caoe?y
ai?iiiaeueieo ii?ooaiue (e??i aetheaaiio) o in?a ?? a?oie ianooiaea
o?eueee aei iiiaioo aeienee. O oai?eo ? a?oie i?e aeienoe? caa??aaany
i?aeaeuaiee ??aaiue eiio??inoey?ieo ai?iii?a (aetheaaiio, AEOA,
ei?oecieo).

I?e aaaeeiio AO (AO ??? no.) aoaeoeai?noue canoiniaaieo iaoiae?a
oa?ai?? c iaoith ii?iae?caoe?? ai?iiiaeueiiai aeenaaeaino i?iyaeyeany
iia?euei?oa oa i?ci?oa. Ia 5-o ? 10-o aeiao e?eoaaiiy o oai?eo on?o a?oi
caa??aaany aeao?oeeo aiaeiaaiiiai ?inoe?io e i?aeaeuaiee ai?no
eiio??inoey?ieo ai?iii?a. ? o?eueee o iaoe??io?a IV a?oie ia 10-o aeiao
ii?iae?coaaany ??aaiue ?inoe?io oa niiaoinoaoeio. Cieaeaiiy
eiio??inoey?ieo ai?iii?a o oai?eo ??? ? IV a?oi a?aeaoaaeiny
?i-oaineai?oa, i?ae o ? ? ?? a?oiao. I?e aeienoe? ?c noaoe?iia?o o
iaoe??io?a ? ? ?? a?oi caa??aaeeny yaeua ai?iiiaeueiiai aeenaaeaino, a o
oai?eo ??? ? IV a?oi a??ia?aeii aenieei caeeoaany o?eueee ??aaiue
aetheaaiio.

Oaeei /eiii, ii?aeiaia canoinoaaiiy AEIE ? AAeI aeyaeeiny
iaeaoaeoeai?oei iaoiaeii ei?aeoe?? ai?iiiaeueiiai aeenaaeaino o oai?eo
ia OeAe c ??ciei nooiaiai aaaeeino? AO.

C on??? e?eueeino? i?iaaaeaieo iia?aoeaieo ao?o/aiue a?eueo?noue
(35,6%) neeaaeaee aenie? aiiooaoe?? ieaei?o e?ioe?aie. O oai?eo ? a?oie
aenie? aiiooaoe?? ieaei?o e?ioe?aie ia ??ai? noaaia neeaaeaee 47,1%, ??
a?oie – 45,8%, ??? a?oie – 32%, IV a?oie – 20,8%. Oaeei /eiii,
aeeth/aiiy a eiiieaenio oa?ai?th oai?eo ia OeAe c ACI ii?aeiaiiai
canoinoaaiiy AEIE ? AAeI ciaioeei e?euee?noue aenieeo aiiooaoe?e a?eueo
i?ae a 2 ?ace.

Ii??aithth/e o?eaae?noue ia?aaoaaiiy oai?eo o noaoe?iia?? caeaaeii a?ae
iaoiae?a e?eoaaiiy, ie anoaiiaeee, ui aeeth/aiiy a eiiieaenia e?eoaaiiy
AEIE ni?eyei a??ia?aeiiio ciaioaiith na?aaeiueiai e?aeeiaeiy, a
ii??aiyii? c eiio?ieueiith a?oiith, o?eueee o oai?eo c AO ? no. (ia
21%). Canoinoaaiiy AAeI a eiiieaeniiio e?eoaaii? i?ecaiaeeei aei
a??ia?aeiiai cieaeaiiy ia?aaoaaiiy oai?eo o noaoe?iia?? iacaeaaeii a?ae
aaaeeino? AO (i?e AO ? no. – ia 35%; i?e AO ?? no. – ia 43%; i?e AO ???
no. – ia 37%). Na?aaei?e e?aeeiaeaiue o iaoe??io?a IV a?oie aoa
a??ia?aeii ieae/ei, i?ae o oai?eo ?ioeo a?oi i?e yaeuao AO aoaeue-yeiai
nooiaiy aaaeeino?: (a ii??aiyii? c ? a?oiith: i?e AO ? no. – ia 47%; i?e
AO ?? no. – ia 58%; i?e AO ??? no. – ia 54%; a ii??aiyii? c ?? a?oiith:
i?e AO ? no. — ia 33%; i?e AO ?? no. — ia 50%; i?e AO ??? no. — ia 49%;
a ii??aiyii? c ??? a?oiith: i?e AO ? no. – ia 19%; i?e AO ?? no. — ia
27%; i?e AO ??? no. — ia 27%).

Aeey oiai, uia aecia/eoe aa?o?noue e?eoaaiiy oai?eo ia OeAe c ACI c AO
??ciiai nooiaiy aaaeeino? ie i?ae?aooaaee aa?o?noue aeei?enoaieo
e?ea?nueeeo i?aia?ao?a. Oe? ?ic?aooiee c?iaeai? c o?aooaaiiyi aa?oino?
i?aia?ao?a ia /an iaienaiiy ?iaioe. O?aaeeoe?eia oa?ai?y oai?eo c AO ?
no. ia?aaeaa/aea canoinoaaiiy e?ea?nueeeo i?aia?ao?a ia noio i?eaeecii
600 a?i., c AO ?? no. – 1000 a?i., c AO ??? no. – 1500-2000 a?i.
Aeei?enoaiiy AEIE a eiiieaeni?e oa?ai?? ni?eyei cieaeaiith aa?oino?
e?eoaaiiy o?eueee o oai?eo c AO ? e ?? no. (AO ? no. – 400 a?i., AO ??
no. – 800 a?i., AO ??? no. – 1500-2000 a?i.). Aeeth/aiiy AAeI a
eiiieaenio oa?ai?th aeicaiey? cieceoe aa?o?noue e?eoaaiiy i?e AO
aoaeue-yeiai nooiaiy aaaeeino? (AO ? no. – 300 a?i., AO ?? no. – 500
a?i., AO ??? no. – 1000 — 1500 a?i.). Iaea?eueoee aeiiii?/iee aoaeo
niinoa??aaany i?e ii?aeiaiiio canoinoaaii? a eiiieaeni?e oa?ai?? AEIE ?
AAeI (AO ? no. – 200 a?i., AO ?? no. – 300 a?i., AO ??? no. – 500 — 800
a?i.). Cieaeaiiy aa?oino? e?eoaaiiy iia’ycaii c? ciaioaiiyi e?eueeino?
canoiniaaieo e?ea?nueeeo i?aia?ao?a.

AENIIAEE

1. ACI o oai?eo ia OeAe ni?e/eiythoue aeeaie? ii?ooaiiy aiiainoaco
(ai?iiiaeueiee aeenaaeain, aeoeaaoe?th i?ioean?a IIE, a?ia?eiaaoeyoe?th,
i?eai?/aiiy ?ioiiiai noaio, iaeaea aei ?icaeoeo ?ioiiaeao?oeeoo), ui
i?ecaiaeeoue aei ?icaeoeo AO ??ciiai nooiaiy aaaeeino?.

2. Aeeth/aiiy AEIE o eiiieaenio oa?ai?th ACI ia oii? OeAe ni?e/eiy?
aoaeoeai?oo ei?aeoe?th ii?ooaiue aiiainoaco, i?ae o?aaeeoe?eia oa?ai?y,
ui iniaeeai aeyaey?oueny ?ioiiei?eaoth/ei aoaeoii AEIE.

3. Canoinoaaiiy AAeI i?e e?eoaaii? ACI o oai?eo ia OeAe i?iyaey?oueny
aeaoieneeaoe?eiei, a?iieiaaoeyoe?eiei oa ?ioiiiiaeoethth/ei aoaeoaie,
ii?iae?co? i?ioeane IIE, ni?ey? eiiiainaoe?? OeAe.

4. Eiiieaenia canoinoaaiiy AEIE ? AAeI a e?eoaaii? ACI a ia oii? OeAe
ii?aeio? iiceoeai? noi?iie aieeao oeeo iaoiae?a ia ??ci? eaiee
aiiainoaco, ui cia/ii ca?eueoo? oa?aiaaoe/iee aoaeo ?o ae??,
iaoiiaethth/e aoaeoeai?noue iaoiaeo i?e aoaeue-ye?e aaaeeino? AO.

5. Canoinoaaiiy iaoiaeo o?ceei-o?i?/ii? aeaoieneeaoe?? i?e ae?aaaoe/ieo
aia?iiao?yo aea? iiaeeea?noue ca?eueoeoe e?euee?noue i?aaiicaa??aath/eo
iia?aoe?e oa ciaioeoe e?euee?noue aenieeo aiiooaoe?e a 2 ?ace.

6. Ii?aeiaia canoinoaaiiy AEIE ? AAeI a oa?ai?? ACI ia oii? OeAe
cieaeo? o?eaae?noue ia?aaoaaiiy oai?eo o noaoe?iia?? (i?e AO ? no. – ia
47%, i?e AO ?? no. – ia 58%, i?e AO ??? no. – ia 54%), ni?ey?
o?ee?aoiiio cieaeaiith aa?oino? canoiniaaiiai e?eoaaiiy.

i?aeoe/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe??

1. Aeey oni?oiiai e?eoaaiiy ACI o oai?eo ia OeAe ne?ae a?aoiaoaaoe
aeieeath/o aiaeiaaiio ?ioieneeaoe?th ??ciiai nooiaiy aaaeeino? oa
ii?ooaiiy aiiainoaco, ye? i?e oeueiio ?icaeaathoueny.

2. O??o?a?/ia ia?iaea ai?eiiai ina?aaeea c aeaeaeaii?i iaaeeoo?caeaoieo
oeaiei i?iaiaeeoueny i?ney i?aaeiia?aoe?eii? i?aeaioiaee: iaia’yceiaa
?inoe?iioa?ai?y a ?aaeei? iaeeo aeic, aioeaaeoa??aeueia oa?ai?y oe?ieiai
niaeo?o ae?? c o?aooaaiiyi iayaiino? aiaa?iaii? i?e?ioei?e,
aeac?ioieneeaoe?eia oa aioeeiaaoeyoe?eia oa?ai?y, ei?aeoe?y oiiiaeo
caoai?thaaiue.

3. Iia?aoe?y iiaeiia cae?i/oaaoeny aaeaeaaoiei ae?aioaaiiyi ai?eiiai
ina?aaeeo, noai?aiiyi oiia aeey iino?eiiai c?iooaaiiy ?ai ?ic/eiii
a?iioei?eoo iao??th (eiioeaio?aoe?y 1200 ia/e).

4. I?e ae?aaaoe/ieo aia?iiao?yo ieaei?o e?ioe?aie iioeiaeueiei oeyoii
oaaaeaiiy e?ea?nueeeo cania?a ? aioo??oiueia?oa??aeuei? ?iooc??.

5. A eiiieaenia e?eoaaiiy oai?eo ia OeAe c ACI ne?ae aeeth/aoe
ii?aeiaia canoinoaaiiy AEIE ? AAeI. I?ney aioo??oiueiaaiii? ?iooc?? 500
ie a?iioei?eoo iao??th a eiioeaio?aoe?? 600 ia/e i?iaiaeeoueny AEIE
(iiooaei?noue ia e?ioe? na?oeiaiaeo 1,5 iAo, o?eaae?noue ii?ii?ithaaiiy
3 oaee). Aeaio oa?ai?th cae?enithaaoe uiaeaiii, 1 ?ac ia aeiao, i?ioyaii
7 aei?a.

6. Aiiooaoe?? ieaei?o e?ioe?aie ia ??ai? noaaia ne?ae aeeiioaaoe i?e
i?ia?anoaaii? aieiai? aaia?aie oa ieethc?? iaa?no?aeueieo a?oa??e c
?oai??th ???-?V nooiaith.

7. E?eoaaiiy oai?eo ia OeAe c ACI ne?ae i?iaiaeeoe ?acii c
aiaeie?eiieiaii o niaoe?ae?ciaaieo a?aeae?eaiiyo o??o?a?/ii? ?ioaeoe??,
ui aeicaiey? ciaioeoe ae?aaiinoe/i?, e?eoaaeuei? oa oaeoe/i? iiieeee.

nienie iioae?eiaaieo i?aoeue ca oaiith aeena?oaoe??

1. Ea/aaiay oaeoeea i?e oe?o?ae/aneeo ineiaeiaieyo naoa?iiai aeeaaaoa /
Aeieo?eaa A.E., Oi?aeineee A.I., Aeaieaeia A.I., Eueaia E.O., Eeoaeneee
N.A., Ia?eia A.I., Aieioaieiaa I.Ae. // Ee?i?/ia o??o?a?y. – 1996. — ? 2
— 3. – N. 73.

2. Iniaeeaino? ia?aa?ao o??o?a?/ii? iaoieia?? o oai?eo ia oeoe?iaee
ae?aaao / Aeieo???a A.?., Oi?a?inueeee A.I., Aeaieaeia A.I.,
Eeoaenueeee N.?., Ia?eia A.I. // Iaoeiaee a?niee Oaeai?iaenueeiai
oi?aa?neoaoo, na??y “Iaaeeoeeia”. – 1996. – Aei. 3. – N. 112 — 115.

3. O??o?a?/i? caoai?thaaiiy oa oeoe?iaee ae?aaao (aniaeoe ee?i?ee oa
e?eoaaiiy) / Aeieo???a A.?., Oi?a?inueeee A.I., Aeaieaeia A.I.,
Eeoaenueeee N.?., Naaaia A.?., AEo?aaie I.?., Eueaia ?.O. // Iaeanueeee
iaaee/iee aeo?iae. – 1997. — ? 2. – N. 15 — 17.

4. I?noeaaa oa?ai?y ai?eii-caiaeueieo i?ioean?a o oai?eo ia oeoe?iaee
ae?aaao / Oi?a?inueeee A., Aeieo???a A., Aeaieaeia A., Eeoaenueeee N. //
AEo?iae Anaoe?a?inueeiai E?ea?nueeiai Oiaa?enoaa “Oe?a?inuee? Iaaee/i?
A?no?” – 1998. — ? 1-2. — *. 2. — N. 66.

5. Iniaaiiinoe eeeie/aneiai oa/aiey e oa?aiee aeeaaaoe/aneie aiaeiiaoee
ieaeieo eiia/iinoae / Aeieo?eaa A.E., Oi?aeineee A.I., Aeaieaeia A.I.,
Eeoaeneee N.A. // Ca??. ?ia?o iaoe. eiio. “Aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie
iaie?aaoia?e?a?ii? oa noaeeiii? o??o?a??. — Ee?a, “Ee?i?/ia o??o?a?y”,
1998. – N. 213 — 215.

6. Iniaeeaino? ee?i?/iiai ia?aa?ao oa ae?aaiinoeee o??o?a?/ii? iaoieia??
ia oii? oeoe?iaiai ae?aaaoo / Oi?a?inueeee A.I., Aeieo???a A.?.,
Aeaieaeia A.I., Eeoaenueeee N.?. // Aeiaeaoie aei “Iaeanueeiai
iaaee/iiai aeo?iaeo”. — Iia? oaoiieia?? o iaa/aeueiiio i?ioean?,
oai?aoe/i?e oa ee?i?/i?e iaaeeoeei?. – Iaeana, 1999. – N. 298 — 299.

7. Eeoaenueeee N.?., Oi?a?inueeee A.I. O?ceei-o?i?/ia ei?aeoe?y
ii?ooaiue aaiinoaco o oai?eo c ai?eieie oneeaaeiaiiyie oeoe?iaiai
ae?aaaoo // Aeiaeaoie aei “Iaeanueeiai iaaee/iiai aeo?iaeo”. – Iia?
oaoiieia?? o iaa/aeueiiio i?ioean?, oai?aoe/i?e oa ee?i?/i?e iaaeeoeei?.
– Iaeana, 1999. – N. 259 — 260.

8. Aeieo???a A.?., Oi?a?inueeee A.I., Eeoaenueeee N.?. No/ani? iaoiaee
e?eoaaiiy ai?eii-iae?ioe/ieo oneeaaeiaiue ae?aaaoe/ieo aia?iiao?e
ieaei?o e?ioe?aie // Aeiaeaoie aei “Iaeanueeiai iaaee/iiai aeo?iaeo”. –
Iia? oaoiieia?? o iaa/aeueiiio i?ioean?, oai?aoe/i?e oa ee?i?/i?e
iaaeeoeei?. – Iaeana, 1999. – N. 247 — 248.

9. Ianoiia ea/aiea aiieii-ainiaeeoaeueiuo i?ioeannia o aieueiuo naoa?iui
aeeaaaoii / Aeieo?eaa A.E., Oi?aeineee A.I., Aeaieaeia A.I., Eeoaeneee
N.A., Oaeeaee N.I. // O?oaeu Ia?aiai Aaei?onneiai iaaeaeoia?iae.
eiia?anna oe?o?aia. – Aeoaane, 1996. – N. 394-395.

10. Oaeoeea oe?o?aa i?e aeeaaaoe/aneie aiaeiiaoee ieaeieo eiia/iinoae /
Oi?aeineee A.I., Aeieo?eaa A.E., Eeoaeneee N.A., Oaeeaee N.I. // Ca??.
iaoe. ?ia?o Eiia?ano o??o?a?a Oe?a?ie. – Ee?a — Aeiiaoeuee, “Ee?i?/ia
o??o?a?y”, 1998. – N. 350 — 351.

11. No/ani? iaoiaee e?eoaaiiy ai?eieo oneeaaeiaiue oeoe?iaiai ae?aaaoo /
Aeieo???a A.?., Oi?a?inueeee A.I., Aeaieaeia A.I., Eueaia ?.O., Naaaia
A.?., Eeoaenueeee N.?. // Oac. aeiiia. Eiia?ano Na?oiai? Oaaea?aoe??
Oe?a?inueeeo E?ea?nueeeo Oiaa?enoa. – Iaeana, 1996. – N. 219 — 220.

12. Oi?a?inueeee A.I., Eeoaenueeee N.?. O?ceei-oei?/ia aeaoieneeaoe?y a
eiiieaeni?e oa?ai?? ai?eieo oneeaaeiaiue oeoe?iaiai ae?aaaoo // Oac.
aeiiia. Eiia?ano Na?oiai? Oaaea?aoe?? Oe?a?inueeeo E?ea?nueeeo
Oiaa?enoa. – Iaeana, 1996. — N. 219-220.

13. Eaca?iia iaeo/aiea a eiiieaeniii ea/aiee aiieiuo ii?aaeaiee iyaeeo
oeaiae o aieueiuo naoa?iui aeeaaaoii / Aeieo?eaa A.E., Eueaia E.O.,
Eieioue E.A., Eeoaeneee N.A. // Iaoa?. iaaeaeoia?. eiio. “Ia?niaeoeaiua
iai?aaeaiey eaca?iie iaaeeoeeiu”. – Iineaa — Iaeanna, 1992. — N. 147 —
148.

14. Aeieo?eaa A.E., Oi?aeineee A.I., Eeoaeneee N.A. Eaca?iay oa?aiey
aiieiuo ineiaeiaiee naoa?iiai aeeaaaoa // Iaoa?. iaaeaeoia?. eiio.
“I?eiaiaiea eaca?ia a aeieiaee e iaaeeoeeia”. – Eeaa, 1995. – N. 40 —
41.

15. Aeieo?eaa A.E., Oi?aeineee A.I., Eeoaeneee N.A. Eaca?iay oa?aiey
aiieiuo ineiaeiaiee naoa?iiai aeeaaaoa // Nai?iee iaoiae. ?aeiiaiae.
“I?eiaiaiea eaca?ia a aeieiaee e iaaeeoeeia”. – Eeaa,1996. – N. 130 —
134.

16. Eeoaeneee N.A. Oeceei-oeie/aneay aeaoieneeaoeey aiieiuo ineiaeiaiee
naoa?iiai aeeaaaoa // Nai?iee iao/. aeieeaae. iaaeaeoia?iae. eiio.
“I?eiaiaiea eaca?ia a aeieiaee e iaaeeoeeia”. – Eeaa, 1997. – N. 61.

17. Ea/aiea aiieii-iae?ioe/aneeo ineiaeiaiee naoa?iiai aeeaaaoa /
Oi?aeineee A.I., Aeieo?eaa A.E., Aeaieaeia A.I., Eeoaeneee N.A. //
Nai?iee iao/. ?aaio “Iiaua oaoiieiaee a oe?o?aee”. – Eeaa, 1997. – N.
175 — 176.

18. Eiiieaeniay oa?aiey aiieii-iae?ioe/aneeo ineiaeiaiee aeeaaaoe/aneeo
aiaeiiaoee / Oi?aeineee A.I., Aeieo?eaa A.E., Aeaieaeia A.I., Eeoaeneee
N.A., Naaaia A.E., AEo?aaie A.E. // Iaoa?. eiio. “I?ia?ann e i?iaeaiu a
ea/aiee caaieaaaiee na?aeoea e ninoaeia”. – Naieo-Iaoa?ao?a, 1997. – N.
298.

19. Iniaaiiinoe eciaiaiee iaoaaieecia e aiiainoaca o aieueiuo n
eieaeueiie aiieiie eioaeoeeae ia oiia naoa?iiai aeeaaaoa / Aeieo?eaa
A.E., Oi?aeineee A.I., Aeaieaeia A.I., Eeoaeneee N.A. // Aeooaeueiua
i?iaeaiu iaoieiaee. – Iaeanna, 1997. — O. 1. – N. 174 — 178.

20. Eaca?iay oa?aiey aiieii-ainiaeeoaeueiuo i?ioeannia o aieueiuo
naoa?iui aeeaaaoii / Eueaia E.O., Oi?aeineee A.I., Eeoaeneee N.A.,
Oi?aeineee A.A., Eieioue E.A. // Iaoa?. ?anioa. o/aa.-iaoiae. iao/.
eiio. “Iaoiaee/aneea aniaeou i?aiiaeaaaiey iauae oe?o?aee, aeooaeueiua
i?iaeaiu aiieiie oe?o?aee”. – Iaeanna, 1993. – N. 60 — 62.

21. Eeeie/aneia i?eiaiaiea oioiaeeiaie/aneie oa?aiee o aieueiuo n
aiieii-ainiaeeoaeueiuie caaieaaaieyie ia oiia naoa?iiai aeeaaaoa /
Eeoaeneee N.A., Eueaia E.O., Oi?aeineee A.I., Aainiae/ A.A., Oi?aeineee
A.A. // Iaoa?. ?anioa. o/aa.-iaoiae. iao/. eiio. “Iaoiaee/aneea aniaeou
i?aiiaeaaaiey iauae oe?o?aee, aeooaeueiua i?iaeaiu aiieiie oe?o?aee”. –
Iaeanna, 1993. – N. 46 — 48.

22. Oaeoeea o??o?aa i?e ai?eii-iae?ioe/i?e oa aaia?aiici?e noaae??
ae?aaaoe/ii? aia?iiao?? / Oi?a?inueeee A.I., Aeieo???a A.?., Aeaieaeia
A.I., Eeoaenueeee N.?. // Iaoa?. tha?eaeii? iaoe.-i?aeoe/. eiio.
“No/ani? aniaeoe iaa?aeeeaaeii? iaaee/ii? aeiiiiiae. – Euea?a, 1997. –
N. 170.

23. Ea/aaiay oaeoeea i?e ino?ie oe?o?ae/aneie iaoieiaee o aieueiuo
naoa?iui aeeaaaoii / Aeieo?eaa A.E., Oi?aeineee A.I., Eueaia E.O.,
AEo?aaie A.E., Naaaia A.E., Aeaieaeia A.I., Eaeeaa?aea N.A., Aieioaieiaa
I.Ae., Ia?eia A.I., Eeoaeneee N.A. // Oac. aeieeaae. iao/.-i?aeoe/.
eiio. “Aeooaeueiua i?iaeaiu aei?iaeiie iaaeeoeeiu”. – Iaeanna, 1997. –
N. 69.

24. Eeoaeneee N.A. Iai?yiay yeaeo?ioeie/aneay aeaoieneeaoeey i?aaiecia a
eiiieaniii ea/aiee aieueiuo aiieii-ainiaeeoaeueiuie i?ioeannaie ia oiia
naoa?iiai aeeaaaoa // Oac. aeieeaae. iao/. — i?aeoe/. eiio. “Aeooaeueiua
i?iaeaiu aei?iaeiie iaaeeoeeiu”. – Iaeanna, 1997. – N. 70 — 71.

25. Oi?aeineei A.I., Eeoaeneee N.A. I?eiaiaiea oeceei-oeie/aneie
aeaoieneeaoeee i?e ea/aiee aiieiuo ineiaeiaiee naoa?iiai aeeaaaoa //
Iaoa?. iao/.-i?aeo. eiio. “Nia?aiaiiua aeinoeaeaiey aaeaieiaee e
nii?oeaiie iaaeeoeeiu. – Eeaa, 1997. – N. 234.

26. Eiiieaeniay oa?aiey aiieii-ainiaeeoaeueiuo i?ioeannia ia oiia
naoa?iiai aeeaaaoa / Oi?aeineee A.I., Aeieo?eaa A.E., Aeaieaeia A.I.,
Eeoaeneee N.A. // Iaoa?. iao/.-i?aeo. eiio. “Aii?inu eeeie/aneie
iaaeeoeeiu”. – Neioa?iiieue, 1997. – N. 163 — 164.

27. Oi?a?inueeee A.I., Eeoaenueeee N.?. Ci?ie ai?iiiaeueiiai aiiainoaco
i?e ai?ei?e o??o?a?/i?e iaoieia?? ia oii? oeoe?iaiai ae?aaaoo // Iaoa?.
tha?eaeii? iaa/.-iaoiae. oa iaoe.-i?aeoe/. eiio. caa. eao. o??o?a.
oai?ia noiiao. oae. iaaeaoc?a Oe?a?ie. – Iieoaaa, 1998. – N. 55 — 56.

28. Oi?a?inueeee A.I., Eeoaenueeee N.?. ?ioiiee noai i?e eieaeueieo
ai?eieo i?ioeanao o oai?eo oeoe?iaei ae?aaaoii // Iaoa?. tha?eaeii?
iaa/.-iaoiae. oa iaoe.-i?aeoe/. eiio. caa. eao. o??o?a. oai?ia noiiao.
oae. iaaeaoc?a Oe?a?ie. — Iieoaaa, 1998 — N. 56 — 57.

29. Eeoaenueeee N.?. Canoinoaaiiy o?ceei-o?i?/ii? aeaoieneeaoe?? a
oa?ai?? ai?eieo oneeaaeiaiue oeoe?iaiai ae?aaaoo // Iaoa?.
iaoe.-i?aeoe/. ? iaa/aeueii-iaoiae. eiio. eaoaae? caaaeueii? o??o?a.
iaaeaoc?a Oe?a?ie. – Iaeana, 1998. – N. 57 — 58.

30. Oi?a?inueeee A.I., Eeoaenueeee N.?. Iaoiaee e?eoaaiiy
ai?eii-iae?ioe/ieo oneeaaeiaiue ae?aaaoe/ieo oneeaaeiaiue ae?aaaoe/ieo
aia?iiao?e ieaei?o e?ioe?aie // Iaoa?. iaoe.-i?aeoe/. ?
iaa/aeueii-iaoiae. eiio. eaoaae? caaaeueii? o??o?a. iaaeaoc?a Oe?a?ie. –
Iaeana, 1998. – N. 75 — 76.

31. Oaeoeea o??o?aa i?e ae?aaaoe/i?e aia?iiao?? / Oi?a?inueeee A.I,
Aeieo???a A.?., Aeaieaeia A.I., Eeoaenueeee N.?. // Iaoa?.
iaoe.-i?aeoe/. oa iaa/.-iaoiae. eiio. caa. eao. caaaeueii? o??o?a.
iaaeaoc?a. – A?iieoey, 1998. – N. 138 — 139.

32. Iniaeeaino? ci?i iaoaaie?cio o oai?eo oeoe?iaei ae?aaaoii c ai?eiith
?ioaeoe??th / Aeieo???a A.?., Oi?a?inueeee A.I., Aeaieaeia A.I.,
Eeoaenueeee N.?., Naaaia A.?., AEo?aaie I.?., Eueaia ?.O. // Iaoa?.
iaoe.-i?aeoe/. oa iaa/.-iaoiae. eiio. caa. eao. caaaeueii? o??o?a.
iaaeaoc?a. – A?iieoey, 1998. – N. 111 — 112.

33. Eeoaenueeee N.?. Aeei?enoaiiy o?ceei-o?i?/ii? aeaoieneeaoe?? a
e?eoaaii? ai?eieo oneeaaeiaiue oeoe?iaiai ae?aaaoo // Iaoa?.
iaoe.-i?aeoe/. oa iaa/.-iaoiae. eiio. caa. eao. caaaeueii? o??o?a.
iaaeaoc?a. – A?iieoey, 1998. – N. 120 — 121.

AIIOAOe?ss

Eeoaenueeee N.?. Canoinoaaiiy o?ceei-o?i?/ii? aeaoieneeaoe?? a
eiiieaeniiio e?eoaaii? ai?eieo oneeaaeiaiue oeoe?iaiai ae?aaaoo. —
?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 14.01.03. – o??o?a?y. – Oa?iii?euenueea aea?aeaaia
iaaee/ia aeaaeai?y ?i. ?.ss. Ai?aa/aanueeiai, Oa?iii?eue, 1999.

Aeena?oaoe?y i?enay/aia i?iaeai? e?eoaaiiy ai?eii-caiaeueieo
oneeaaeiaiue oeoe?iaiai ae?aaaoo (OeAe). A ?iaio? anoaiiaeaii
aca?iica’ycie i?ae nooiaiai ii?ooaiue o nenoaiao aiiainoaco oa
aaaee?noth aiaeioieneeico, ui ?icaeaa?oueny o oai?eo ia OeAe c
ai?eii-caiaeueieie i?ioeanaie. C’yniaaii aieea ??cieo iaoiae?a e?eoaaiiy
(aioo??oiueinoaeeiia eaca?ia ii?ii?ithaaiiy e?ia? – AEIE, aeaeo?io?i?/ia
aeaoieneeaoe?y i?aai?cio – AAeI, ii?aeiaia aeei?enoaiiy AEIE oa AAeI) ia
ii?ooaiiy a nenoaiao aiiainoaco caeaaeii a?ae aaaeeino? aiaeioieneeico ?
aeyaeaii ia ye? eaiee eiaeiee ?c iaoiae?a iaeaoaeoeai?oa aieeaa?.
?ic?iaeaii oa ai?iaaaeaeaii a i?aeoeeo iaoiaaiaoe/ii iaa?oioiaaiee
iaoiae e?eoaaiiy ai?eii-caiaeueieo i?ioean?a o oai?eo ia OeAe, iniiaith
yeiai ? eiiieaenia oa?ai?y c ii?aeiaiei canoinoaaiiyi AEIE ? AAeI.
Iaoiae aoaeoeaiee i?e ??cieo nooiaiyo aaaeeino? aiaeioieneeico, nei?i/o?
o?eaae?noue ia?aaoaaiiy oai?eo o noaoe?iia??, ciaioo? e?euee?noue
aenieeo aiiooaoe?e, cieaeo? aa?o?noue e?eoaaiiy.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: oeoe?iaee ae?aaao, aiaeioieneeic, ai?eii-caiaeuei?
i?ioeane, aioo??oiueinoaeeiia eaca?ia ii?ii?ithaaiiy e?ia?,
aeaeo?io?i?/ia aeaoieneeaoe?y i?aai?cio.

AIIIOAOeEss

Eeoaeneee N.A. I?eiaiaiea oeceei-oeie/aneie aeaoieneeaoeee a
eiiieaeniii ea/aiee aiieiuo ineiaeiaiee naoa?iiai aeeaaaoa. – ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeeoeeineeo iaoe ii
niaoeeaeueiinoe 14.01.03 – oe?o?aey. – Oa?iiiieueneay ainoaea?noaaiiay
iaaeeoeeineay aeaaeaiey ei. E.ss. Ai?aa/aaneiai, Oa?iiiieue, 1999.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia ?aoaieth iaeiiai ec aeooaeueiuo aii?inia
oe?o?aee – ea/aieth aiieii-ainiaeeoaeueiuo i?ioeannia o aieueiuo
naoa?iui aeeaaaoii (NAe).

?aaioa iniiaaia ia eco/aiee ?acoeueoaoia ianeaaeiaaiey e ea/aiey 110
aieueiuo einoeeiiacaaeneiui NAe n aiieii-ainiaeeoaeueiuie i?ioeannaie
iyaeeo oeaiae.

Ana aieueiua i?e iinooieaiee a noaoeeiia?, a i?ioeanna ea/aiey (5, 10
nooee) e i?e auienea iiaeaa?aaeenue ananoi?iiiaio ianeaaeiaaieth. Iii
aeeth/aei iauaeeeie/aneea e niaoeeaeueiua enneaaeiaaiey a aeeiaieea.
Aeey ioeaiee noaiaie oyaeanoe e eiiiainaoeee NAe ii?aaeaeyee: aetheico
e?iae (aeeeaie/aneee i?ioeeue), eiee/anoai aetheicu ii/e, eaoiiiaua oaea
a ii/a. I?e ioeaiea eioieneeaoeeiiiiai neiae?iia eco/aee: EEE, AIE,
o?iaaiue NI, inoaoi/iue acio e?iae, ii/aaeio e e?aaoeiei e?iae. Eco/ay
aaiinoac ii?aaeaeyee: niaea?aeaiea oea?eiiaaia, a?aiy naa?ouaaiey e?iae,
i?io?iiaeiiaue eiaeaen, oea?eiieeoe/aneoth aeoeaiinoue e?iae,
oiea?aioiinoue ieaciu e aaia?eio. I?e eco/aiee nenoaiu IIE ii?aaeaeyee:
niaea?aeaiea a y?eo?ioeeoao AeE e IAeA, IAA. Aeey ioeaiee
eiioiieiae/aneiai noaoona ii?aaeaeyee: niaea?aeaiea eeioioeeoia, O- e
A-eeioioeeoia, O-oaeia?ia e O-noi?anni?ia, OAI, o?iaaiue OeEE,
niaea?aeaiea eiioiiaeiaoeeiia G, A, M. I?e eco/aiee ai?iiiaeueiiai
noaoona ii?aaeaeyee o?iaaiue a e?iae: yiaeiaaiiiai einoeeia, aetheaaiia,
niiaoinoaoeia, ei?oeciea, AEOA. I?e iee?iaeieiae/aneii enneaaeiaaiee
i?iecaiaeeee: iinaa ?aiaaiai ioaeaeyaiiai; auaeaeaiea e eaeaioeoeeaoeeth
ianii?iia?acothueo aiay?iaia, iinoaiiaeo aeeneiaie aioeaeioeeia?aiiu.

A ?aaioa onoaiiaeaii, /oi ?acaeoea aiieii-ainiaeeoaeueiuo i?ioeannia o
aieueiuo NAe aucuaaao ia?ooaiey nenoai aiiainoaca (ai?iiiaeueiue
aeenaaeain, aeoeaaoeeth i?ioeannia IIE, aeia?eiaaoeyoeeth, oaiaoaiea
eiioiiiai noaoona, aeaeiiiainaoeeth naoa?iiai aeeaaaoa). Noaiaiue yoeo
ia?ooaiee iaoneiaeeaaao oyaeanoue, ?acaeaathuaainy yiaeioieneeica e
oeacuaaao ia eo iaoiaaiaoe/aneoth acaeiinaycue.

Eco/aii aeeyiea ?acee/iuo iaoiaeia ea/aiey (aioo?eninoaeenoia eaca?iia
iaeo/aiea e?iae – AEIE, yeaeo?ioeie/aneay aeaoieneeaoeey i?aaiecia –
YAeI, ni/aoaiiia i?eiaiaiea AEIE e YAeI) ia ia?ooaiey a nenoaiao
aiiainoaca a caaeneiinoe io oyaeanoe yiaeioieneeica e auyaeaii ia eaeea
caaiuey eaaeaeue ec iaoiaeia iaeaieaa yooaeoeaii aicaeaenoaoao.

AEIE i?iaiaeeee aiia?aoii AEIO-2 (iai?a?uaiia eceo/aiea aaeee-iaiiiaiai
eaca?a n aeeeiie aieiu 0,63 iei). Iiuiinoue eaca?iiai eceo/aiey ia
eiioea naaoiaiaea 1,5iAo, aeeeoaeueiinoue iaeo/aiey 3 iei, aeica
iaeo/aiey ca iaeei naain 90 Aeae/ni2. Eiee/anoai naainia – 7 (iaeei ?ac
a nooee).

YAeI i?iaiaeeee iooai eioocee ?anoai?a aeiioei?eoa iao?ey, iieo/aiiiai
i?e yeaeo?iieeneaiee 0,9% ?anoai?a oei?eaea iao?ey ia aiia?aoa YAeI-3I.
Eiooceth aeiioei?eoa iao?ey (eiioeaio?aoeey 600 ia/e, a iauaia 500 ie)
i?iaiaeeee aaeaaeiaaii, 1 ?ac a aeaiue, ia i?ioyaeaiee 7 aeiae.

Aeeth/aiea AEIE a eiiieaeniia ea/aiea aieueiuo NAe n
aiieii-ainiaeeoaeueiuie i?ioeannaie iiauoaao yooaeoeaiinoue i?iaiaeeiie
o?aaeeoeeiiiie oa?aiee: niinianoaoao nieaeaieth yaeaiee eioieneeaoeee,
aeia?eiaaoeyoeee. Au?aaeaiiiai ei??eae?othuaai aeaenoaey ia nenoaio IIE
aioo?eninoaeenoia eaca?iia iaeo/aiea e?iae ia ieacuaaao. Ia aeeiaieeo
eciaiaiee iieacaoaeae ai?iiiaeueiiai noaoona (yiaeiaaiiue einoeei,
aetheaaii, niiaoinoaoei, ei?oecie, AEOA) aeeth/aiea AEIE a eiiieaeniia
ea/aiea ia aeeyao. Iaeaieaa yooaeoeaii AEIE ei??eae?oao eiioiieiae/aneea
ia?ooaiey.

I?eiaiaiea YAeI a eiiieaeniii ea/aiee aiieii-ainiaeeoaeueiuo i?ioeannia
o aieueiuo NAe ieacuaaao au?aaeaiiia aeaceioieneeaoeeiiiia,
aeiieiaaoeyoeeiiiia, eiioiiiiaeoee?othuaa aeaenoaea, eoie?oao
ia?ieneaeaoeeth, niinianoaoao eiiiainaoeee NAe.

Ni/aoaiiia eniieueciaaiea AEIE e YAeI a eiiieaeniii ea/aiee
aiieii-ainiaeeoaeueiuo ineiaeiaiee o aieueiuo NAe iaeaieaa yooaeoeaii
ei??eae?oao aicieeathuea ia?ooaiey aiiainoaca iacaaeneii io oyaeanoe
yiaeioieneeica, ii n?aaiaieth n ae?oaeie eco/aaiuie iaoiaeaie, ni/aoay
iieiaeeoaeueiua noi?iiu aicaeaenoaey yoeo iaoiaeia.

Ia iniiaaiee iieo/aiiuo ?acoeueoaoia ?ac?aaioai e aiaae?ai a
i?aeoe/aneia cae?aaiio?aiaiea iaoiaaiaoe/anee iainiiaaiiue iaoiae
ea/aiey aiieii-ainiaeeoaeueiuo i?ioeannia o aieueiuo NAe, aeeth/athuee
ni/aoaiiia i?eiaiaiea AEIE e YAeI. Iaoiae i?ino, aaciianai, ia o?aaoao
aieueoeo iaoa?eaeueiuo cao?ao e iiaeao i?eiaiyoueny a ethauo ea/aaiuo
o/?aaeaeaieyo. I?eiaiaiea ?ac?aaioaiiiai iaoiaea ea/aiey iicaieeei
nie?aoeoue aeeeoaeueiinoue i?aauaaiey aieueiuo a noaoeeiia?a, iacaaeneii
io oyaeanoe yiaeioieneeica, nieceoue noieiinoue i?iaiaeeiiai ea/aiey a 3
?aca ca n/ao oiaiueoaiey eiee/anoaa eniieuecoaiuo eaea?noaaiiuo
i?aia?aoia, oiaiueoeoue /enei aunieeo aiiooaoeee ieaeieo eiia/iinoae a 2
?aca.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: naoa?iue aeeaaao, yiaeioieneeic,
aiieii-ainiaeeoaeueiua i?ioeannu, aioo?eninoaeenoia eaca?iia iaeo/aiea
e?iae, yeaeo?ioeie/aneay aeaoieneeaoeey i?aaiecia.

Annotation

S.Ye. Kitaisky. Use of physical and chemical detoxication in complex
treatment of purulent complications in diabetes mellitus. – Manuscript.

Thesis for the competition of candidate’s degree in medicine by
speciality 14.01.03. – Surgery. – Ternopol State Medical Academy named
after I. Gorbachevsky, Ternop?l, 1999.

Thesis is devoted to the treatment of purulent and inflammatory
complications in diabetes mellitus. Relationship between degree of
disorders in the homeostasis systems and severity of developing
endotoxicosis in diabetes mellitus with purulent and inflammatory
processes had been revealed. They had learnt influence of different
methods of treatment (intravenous laser irradiation of blood – ILIB,
electrochemical detoxication – ECD and combined use of ILIB and ECD) on
the disorders of homeostasis system, their dependence on endotox?cosis
severity and revealed what method influence is more effecient on one or
another links. Pathogenically validated method of purulent and
inflammatory processes treatment in diabetes mellitus had been worked
out and reduced to practice. It consists of combined use of ILIB and
ECD. Method is effective in endotoxicoses of different severety,
shortens the term of staying in in-patient department, decreases number
of high amputations, makes the treatment cheaper.

Key words: diabetes mellitus, endotoxicosis, purulent process,
inflammatory process, intravenous laser irradiation of blood,
electrochemical detoxication.

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