1

Oa?e?anueeee ?inoeooo oaeineiiaeaiiy e?ea??a

ETHAA?NUeEEE

Aiae??e Aieiaeeie?iae/

OAeE 57.02:618. – 009: 616.69 — 009

CANOINOAAIIss AOIEIA?*IIAI IAOIAeO

A IAAeE*I?E NAENIEIA??

(O iiae?oaei?o ia? c ia?aeiiith naenoaeueiith aeenooieoe??th)

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 14.01.16 – ineo?ao??y

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy a/aiiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe

Oa?e?a – 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioo aeeiiaii o E?einueeiio aea?aeaaiiio iaaee/iiio oi?aa?neoao?
?i. N.?.Aai?a??anueeiai IIC Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee — aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? E?eooaeue
Aaeaioei Aaeaioeiiae/, caa?aeoth/ee eaoaae?ith iaaee/ii? naenieia?? ?
iaaee/ii? ineoieia?? Oa?e?anueeiai ?inoeoooo oaeineiiaeaiiy e?ea??a

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe — aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Niiiee A?eai??e
O?ioeiiae/, caa?aeoth/ee eaoaae?ith ineo?ao???, ia?eieia?? ? iaaee/ii?
ineoieia?? Oe?a?inueei? iaaee/ii? noiiaoieia?/ii? aeaaeai??, i. Iieoaaa;

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Ieoaeeia Ai?en Aieiaeeie?iae/, i?ioani?
eaoaae?e ineo?ao???

Oa?e?anueeiai ?inoeoooo oaeineiiaeaiiy e?ea??a

I?ia?aeia i?aai?caoe?y — eaoaae?a ineo?ao??? Oe?a?inueeiai
iaoe?iiaeueiiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo
?i. I.I.Aiaiiieueoey IIC Oe?a?ie, i. Ee?a

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny «17»ethoiai 1999 ?. i 10 aiae. ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 64.609.01 i?e Oa?e?anueeiio
?inoeooo? oaeineiiaeaiiy e?ea??a ca aae?anith:

310176, i. Oa?e?a, aoe. Ei?/aa?ioe?a, 58.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a a?ae?ioaoe? ?inoeoooo ca
aae?anith:

i. Oa?e?a, aoe. Ei?/aa?ioe?a, 58.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaii «5»n?/iy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee,

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoeA?eai?iaa ?.A.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Ii?ooaiiy naenoaeueiiai caei?ia’y yaey? niaith aaeueie aeooaeueio
i?iaeaio, ui ia? ia o?eueee iaaee/ia, a e aaeeea nioe?aeueia cia/aiiy,
ine?eueee naenoaeueia aeenaa?iii?y iiae?oaeiuei? ia?e, c iaeiiai aieo,
oyaeei ia?aaeeaa?oueny iiae?oaeaeyi, aae aei ?icaeoeo iaa?ico, c ?ioiai
– ineaaeth? i?oei?noue oethao, ia??aeei ni?e/eiyth/e ?iciaae n?i’?.
I?e?iaeii, ui ii?ooaiiy naenoaeueiiai caei?ia’y, caeaa?eueoiai ca ??cieo
ineo?/ieo aai niiaoe/ieo caoai?thaaiue, i?eaa?oaei oaaao aaaaoueio
aeine?aeiee?a, ye? canoiniaoaaee, ianoaaeoth/e iaoe??io?a, oae? no/ani?
iaoiaee, ye nenoaiii-no?oeoo?iee aiae?c naenoaeueiiai caei?ia’y,
iaoiineoieia?/iee, aio?iiiiao?e/iee, ia?aee?i?/iee oa ?i.
(A.A.E?eooaeue, 1988, 1996; A.N.Ei/a?yi, I.N.Ei/a?yi, 1994;
I.A.Eooeaiei, 1996). I?ioa caeeoa?oueny ia?ica’ycaiith i?iaeaia
aeine?aeaeaiiy iaaa?aaeueii? iiaaae?iee iaoe??io?a i?e naenoaeuei?e
aeenaa?iii??, a?ae ?acoeueoao?a yei? iiaeooue caeaaeaoe oa?aeoa? ?
aeeiai?ea ei?aeoe?? inoaiiuei?.

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. A aeine?aeieoeueeeo i?aoeyo inoaii?o ?ie?a aeaaeae?
/ano?oa aeei?enoiaothoueny a?ieia?/i? iiaeae? aaeaioeaiiai ?aaaoaaiiy
ethaeeie, ?ioaa?iaaia ineoioa?ai?y (I.A.Aieioei, O.I.Ai?iaeiaa,
I.I.Ia?ooa, 1995; A.A.Ieoaeeia, 1995; ?.?.Eooueei, A.?.Aeieaaiia, 1995;
A.O.Niiiee, 1996; O.E.Aoiaaeia, 1998). Iaeiei ?c iai?yie?a a?ieia?/iiai
i?aeoiaeo iiaea aooe aoieia?/iee iaoiae, ui iaaoa iaaiiai ?icaeoeo o
ineo?ao??? ye niin?a ia’?eoea?caoe?? noaio ineo?ee iaoe??io?a
(A.I.Naiioaaeia, 1996; I.I.Ei?i?oia c? ni?aaao., 1990). Aoieia?/ia
ineo?ao??y, ca aecia/aiiyi A.I.Naiioaaeiaa (1993), – aaeocue
aaiethoe?eii-a?ieia?/ii? ineo?ao???, iieeeeaia ?ica’ycoaaoe caaaeaiiy
aea/aiiy oeiieia?? ? no?oeoo?e iaaa?aaeueii? iiaaae?iee aeey
ae?aaiinoeee ? i?iaiico, aeyaeaiiy i?e/ei eiie?aoii? iiaaae?iee aeey
ea?oaaiiy iath oa aeine?aeaeaiiy aaiethoe?? iaoieia?/ii? iiaaae?iee o
o?ei-iioi-?noi??iaaiac?.

O naenieia?? aoieia?/iee iaoiae canoiniaoaaany eeoa a ie?aieo i?aoeyo
(A.I.Naiioaaeia, 1986; N.O.Aaa?eia, 1987; A.?.Aaaaeainueeee, 1994). Oei
/anii aoieia?/iee iaoiae iiaea aooe aeoaea i?iaeoeoeaiei o
aeine?aeaeaii? ii?ooaiue naenoaeueiiai caei?ia’y, ine?eueee a?i
a?aee?eaa? ia?niaeoeae ia’?eoeaiiai aecia/aiiy oeiieia?? ? no?oeoo?e
naenoaeueii? iiaaae?iee ethaeeie.

Ona neacaia aecia/eei aeooaeuei?noue i?iaeaie ? iaiao?aei?noue
i?iaaaeaiiy oeueiai aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Aeine?aeaeaiiy
i?iaaaeaii a iaaeao oaie, aeeth/aii? aei ieaio iaoeiai-aeine?aeii?
i?ia?aie I?i?noa?noaa ioi?iie caei?ia’y Oe?a?ie (? aea?ae. ?a?no?aoe??
01.95U015779).

Iaoa ? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoa ?iaioe – ia iniia? aea/aiiy
iniaeeainoae neeaaeieo oi?i iaaa?aaeueii? iiaaae?iee /ieia?e?a ? ae?iie
?c ia?aeiiith naenoaeueiith aeenooieoe??th ?ic?iaeoe aoieia?/ii
iaa?oioiaaio nenoaio ineoioa?aiaaoe/ii? ei?aeoe?? naenoaeueii?
aeenaa?iii?? iiae?oaeiuei? ia?e ca aeaii? iaoieia?? a iaeiiai c
iiae?oaeaey.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy cacia/aii? iaoe ? a ?iaio? aoei iinoaaeaii oae?
caaaeaiiy:

1. Aea/eoe iniaeeaino? iaaa?aaeueii? iiaaae?iee oai?eo ?c ia?aeiieie
oi?iaie naenoaeueii? aeenooieoe?? oa ?oi?o /ieia?e?a ? ae?iie,
canoiniaoth/e aoieia?/iee iaoiae aeine?aeaeaiiy iiae?oaei?o ia?.

2. Aeine?aeeoe iniaeeaino? naenoaeueiino? iaoe??io?a ca aeiiiiiaith
iaoiaeo nenoaiii-no?oeoo?iiai aiae?co.

3. I?iaanoe ee?i?ei-aoieia?/iee aiae?c iaaa?aaeueii? iiaaae?iee i?e
naenoaeueieo ii?ooaiiyo o /ieia?e?a ? ae?iie.

4. Aeine?aeeoe aeeiai?eo neeaaeieo oi?i ?iaeea?aeoaeueii? iaaa?aaeueii?
iiaaae?iee iiae?oaeaey oa ?? ca’ycie ?c a?aei?iiinoyie iniaenoino?
ianoaaeaieo.

5. Aea/eoe aoieia?/i? iaoai?cie aeacaaeaioaoe?? naenoaeueii? iiaaae?iee
iiae?oaeaey ca iayaiino? a iaeiiai c ieo naenoaeueii? aeenooieoe??.

6. C o?aooaaiiyi aeyaeaieo oi?i ii?ooaiiy iaaa?aaeueii? iiaaae?iee
?ic?iaeoe nenoaio ineoioa?aiaaoe/ii? ei?aeoe?? ii?ooaiiy naenoaeueiiai
caei?ia’y ca ??cieo oi?i ia?aeiii? naenoaeueii? aeenooieoe?? o /ieia?ea
/e ae?oaeeie.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a. O ?iaio? aia?oa aeei?enoaii
i?eioeeiiai iiaee aoieia?/iee i?aeo?ae aei aiae?co iaaa?aaeueii?
iiaaae?iee i?e naenoaeuei?e aeenooieoe?? ? naenoaeuei?e aeenaa?iii??
iiae?oaeiuei? ia?e. Aeena?oaoe?y yaey? niaith ia?oa ee?i?/ia
aeine?aeaeaiiy iniaeeainoae iaaa?aaeueii? iiaaae?iee /ieia?e?a ? ae?iie
i?e naenoaeuei?e aeenaa?iii?? a aoieia?/iiio eiioaeno?. Iiaei ? e
i?iaaaeaiiy ineoioa?aiaaoe/ii? ei?aeoe?? naenoaeueii? aeenaa?iii?? c
a?aooaaiiyi iaaa?aaeueii? iiaaae?iee iiae?oaeaey.

Oia?oa anoaiiaeaii, ui a aeeiai?oe? aeieeiaiiy aeenaa?iii??
a?aeaoaathoueny ci?ie iaaa?aaeueii? iiaaae?iee iaoe??io?a, ye? iia’ycai?
c naenoaeueiith aeenooieoe??th ? caeaaeaoue a?ae iniaeno?nieo
a?aei?iiinoae iiae?oaeaey, ?o noaoaai?ieueiai? iiaaae?iee, naenoaeueii?
iioeaaoe??, a oaeiae a?ae ?aaeoe?? eiaeiiai c iiae?oaeiuei? ia?e ia
iiaaae?ieo ae?oaiai. Iaaa?aaeueia iiaaae?iea ci?ith?oueny a?ae
aoieia?/ii a?eueo aeioe?eueii? c oi/ee ci?o naenoaeueii? ?i?oe?aoe?? aei
iaio aeioe?eueii?. Anoaiiaeai? caeiiii??iino? noaee iniiaith aeey
?ic?iaee iaoiaaiaoe/ii? ? aoieia?/ii iaa?oioiaaii? nenoaie
ineoioa?aiaaoe/ii? ei?aeoe?? naenoaeueii? aeenaa?iii?? c aeei?enoaiiyi
?ic?iaeaiiai iaie iaaa?aaeueiiai ineoinaenoaeueiiai o?ai?iao.

I?aeoe/io cia/ou?noue iathoue ?ic?iaeaia nenoaia ioe?iee neeaaeieo oi?i
iaaa?aaeueii? iiaaae?iee /ieia?e?a ? ae?iie ca naenoaeueii? aeenaa?iii??
oa nenoaia ineoioa?aiaaoe/ii? ei?aeoe?? ii?ooaiiy naenoaeueiiai
caei?ia’y, cie?aia i?iiiiiaaiee aaoi?ii iaaa?aaeueiee ineoinaenoaeueiee
o?ai?ia. Nenoaia ei?aeoe?? iiaea aooe aeei?enoaia a ee?i?/i?e i?aeoeoe?
ye e?ea?yie naeniiaoieiaaie, oae ? oao?aoeyie noi?aeieo aaeocae
(ineo?ao?aie, ineoioa?aiaaoaie, iaa?icieiaaie).

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Ca ia??iae c 1991 ii 1997 ??e iniaenoi
aaoi?ii i?iaaaeaii ee?i?/ia, ineoieia?/ia, nioe?ieia?/ia,
ee?i?ei-aoieia?/ia ? aenia?eiaioaeueii-iiaaae?ieiaa ianoaaeaiiy 122
iiae?oaei?o ia?, c yeeo o 96 ia?ao niinoa??aaeany naenoaeueia
aeenaa?iii?y iiae?oaeaey. An?i iaoe??ioai aaoi?ii iaaeaii
e?eoaaeueii-eiinoeueoaoeaio oa ineoioa?aiaaoe/io aeiiiiiao.

Noaoenoe/ia ia?iaea ? iaoeiaa ?ioa?i?aoaoe?y an?o caeiaooeo o
aeine?aeaeaii? aeaieo i?iaaaeai? naiei aaoi?ii.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe??
aeiiia?aeaeeny ia i?iaeaii?e eii?n?? «O?c?ieia?y ? iaoieia?y ia?aiai?
nenoaie» E?einueeiai iaaee/iiai ?inoeoooo (1994); ia ui??/ieo E?einueeeo
aoieia?/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo c i?aeia?iaeiith o/anoth (1994-1997); ia
Oe?a?inueeeo eiioa?aioe?yo ?c naenieia?? c i?aeia?iaeiith o/anoth (Ee?a,
1994-1996); ia eiioa?aioe?yo ?c i?aeia?iaeiith o/anoth c i?iaeai
?ioaa?aoeaii? aio?iiieia?? ? n?i’? (Naaanoiiieue, 1994-1996); ia
nai?ia?ao ?c i?iaeai ineo?/iiai caei?ia’y ? ianeeuenoaa (Iaeana, 1994,
1996; ?aiaoi??y, 1995); ia ia?oiio Iaoe?iiaeueiiio eiia?an? iaa?ieia?a,
ineo?ao??a ? ia?eieia?a Oe?a?ie (Oa?e?a, 1997); ia eiioa?aioe??
naenieia?a ?c i?aeia?iaeiith o/anoth, i?enay/ai?e 10-??//th eaoaae?e
iaaee/ii? naenieia?? O?OE (Oa?e?a, 1997); ia E?einuee?e eiioa?aioe??
naeniiaoieia?a ? ineoioa?aiaao?a (Neioa?iiieue, 1997).

Ca iaoa??aeaie aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii 15 ae?oeiaaieo i?aoeue (11 o
i?an?, 4 o ca??eao iaoeiaeo i?aoeue). ? iiceoeaia ??oaiiy ia aeiao?ae
(iaoaio 25792A, 1998 ?.).

Ianya ? no?oeoo?a ?iaioe. Ci?no aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeaiee ia 208 noi?.
iaoeiiieno ? neeaaea?oueny c? anooio, iaeyaeiai? aeaae, 5 aeaa aeanieo
aeine?aeaeaiue, caeeth/aiiy, aeniiae?a ? aeiaeaoe?a (ia 60 noi?.).
Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe?? i?i?ethno?iaaii 28 oaaeeoeyie.

Nienie aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae i?noeoue 254 iaeiaioaaiiy (150 ?in?enueei-
oa oe?a?iiiiaieo, 104 – ?ioiiiai? aeaea?aea).

Ci?no ?iaioe

i?ae niinoa?aaeaiiyi ia?aaoaaee 122 iiae?oaei? ia?e, ui caa?oaeeny a
??ciee /an aei E?einueeiai oeaio?o ieaioaaiiy n?i’? oa ?io? iaaee/i?
oeaio?e i. Neioa?iiiey. Caaaeath/e ia iiaeeea? ?aniai-aoi?/i?
iniaeeaino? a iaaa?aaeuei?e iiaaae?ioe?, ianoaaeoaaee eeoa in?a
?in?enueei? oa oe?a?inueei? iaoe?iiaeueiino?.

Iiae?oaei? ia?e c naenoaeueiith aeenaa?iii??th aoee ?icae?eai? ia aea?
ee?i?/i? a?oie: ia?oo c ieo neeaee 65 (465%) ia? c naenoaeueieie
ii?ooaiiyie o /ieia?e?a; aei ae?oai? a?oie aa?eoea 31 (254%) iiae?oaeiy
ia?a c naenoaeueiei ?iceaaeii o ae?iie.

Aeey oeueiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aoei niaoe?aeueii a?ae?a?aii iaoe??io?a eeoa
c ia?aeiieie oi?iaie naenoaeueii? aeenooieoe??, ine?eueee ca aoi?eiieo
?? oi?i iiaaae?iea iiaea aooe ci?iaia aiane?aeie iayaiiai iniiaiiai
ineo?/iiai aai niiaoe/iiai caoai?thaaiiy. Oea aeaei iiaeeea?noue aea/eoe
iniaeeaino? neeaaeieo oi?i ?iaeea?aeoaeueii? iaaa?aaeueii? iiaaae?iee,
?icoaiaeaeaiino? iaaa?aaeueieo eiioi?eaoe?e ? naenoaeueii? aca?iiae?? a
/enoiio aeaeyae?, aac aieeao /eiiee?a, ui iiaeeo?eothoue iaaa?aaeueio
iiaaae?ieo.

Aei o?aouei? a?oie aoei aeeth/aii 26 (214%) iiae?oaei?o ia? c
aa?iii?eieie naenoaeueieie noinoieaie, ui caa?ioeeny ii eiinoeueoaoe?th
c ieoaiue ineoia?a??ie noaoaaiai aeeooy ? iiaiaeeeeny ia naenieia?/ia
ianoaaeaiiy ye eiio?ieueia a?oia.

Ianoaaeai? iiae?oaei? ia?e aoee a?eii a?ae 21 aei 45 ?ie?a ? o
a?eueoino? c ieo /ieia?e ? ae?oaeeia aoiaeeee aei iaei??? a?eiai? a?oie.
Aeaai?noue ia?aaoaaiiy iiae?oaeaey o oetha? noaiiaeea a?ae 1 aei 18
?ie?a. O?eaae?noue naenoaeueii? aeenaa?iii?? neeaaeaea a?ae 1 i?n. aei 5
?ie?a.

A?eueo?noue ianoaaeaieo (73, aai 604%, /ieia?e?a ? 82, aai 674%, ae?iie)
iaea na?aaeith aai na?aaeith niaoe?aeueio ina?oo. Ca oa?aeoa?ii
o?oaeiai? ae?yeueiino? ia?aaaaeaee i?aoe?aieee noa?e ianeoaiaoaaiiy ?
oi?a?ae? (65, aai 535%, /ieia?e?a ? 70, aai 575%, ae?iie).

On?i iiae?oaei?i ia?ai aoei i?iaaaeaii anaa?/ia eiiieaenia ianoaaeaiiy
ca aeiiiiiaith nenoaiii-no?oeoo?iiai aiae?co naenoaeueiiai caei?ia’y ca
A.A.E?eooaeai (1988), aei yeiai aoiaeeee caaaeueia ee?i?/ia,
niaoe?aeueia naenieia?/ia, ee?i?ei-ineoieia?/ia, aoieia?/ia,
nioe?ieia?/ia aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Ca?aeii c a?aeiiith noaiith aoieia?/iiai aiae?co ia?aeiaeoaaiiy
iaaa?aaeueii? iiaaae?iee ethaeeie (A.I.Naiioaaeia, 1985),
caaaeueiii?eeiyoieie uiaei oeueiai ? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeaiaioa?ieo
iaeeieoeue iaaa?aaeueii? iiaaae?iee; i?inoeo ?? eiiieaen?a ? oei?a
neeaaeieo oi?i ?iaeea?aeoaeueii? iaaa?aaeueii? iiaaae?iee (ca e?eoa??yie
i?i?ea, iica, aeanoe). Ie aiae?coaaee oeie neeaaeieo oi?i iiaaae?iee, ui
ioe?iththoueny ca niaoe?aeueiei iiaeeo?eiaaiei aeina???i.

Aoieia?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy (aea/aiiy iaaa?aaeueii? iiaaae?iee iaoe??io?a)
i?iaiaeeee ca aeiiiiiaith iiaeeo?eiaaiiai iaie aeina??th aeine?aeaeaiiy
neeaaeieo oi?i ?iaeea?aeoaeueii? iaaa?aaeueii? iiaaae?iee ? niaoe?aeueii
?ic?iaeaii? oi?o?eiaaii? ?ino?oeoe?? aei iueiai, ui aea? iiaeeea?noue
aeeoa?aioe?eiaaii ioe?ieoe iiaaae?ieo. E??i oiai, eiaeiiai c
ianoaaeoaaieo ?ioa?a’thaaee c iaoith c’ynoaaoe, iane?eueee, ia eiai (??)
aeoieo, ? aaeaeaaoiith iaaa?aaeueia iiaaae?iea /ieia?ea (ae?oaeeie) a
oe?eiio ? iniaeeai o iiia?aaei?e ia??iae noaoaai? aeecueeino? c iiiaioo
iiyae ianoaiiae ia noaoaaee aeo ? aei eiai ii/aoeo. ?acoeueoaoe
iieooaaiiy ii??aithaaeeny ca aoaiaie ni?eueiiai aeeooy, ii/eiath/e c
ia??iaeo, eiee noinoiee iiae?oaeaey aoee a?eueo /e iaio aa?iii?eieie.
Ia?aeaeueii c eiiieaeniei naenieia?/iei ianoaaeaiiyi iiae?oaeaey
i?iaiaeeeany ioe?iea ?oiuei? iaaa?aaeueii? iiaaae?iee aaciina?aaeiuei ?
ca aeiiiiiaith ?ioa?a’thaaiiy, ioe?iea aaeaeaaoiino? nioe?aeueii?
iiaaae?iee, aeiaeaoeiaa aeine?aeaeaiiy aca?iini?eeiyooy iaaa?aaeueii?
iiaaae?iee iiae?oaeaey a iiia?aaei?e ia??iae noaoaai? aeecueeino?. Ia
oeueiio aoai? i?iaiaeeee ii??aiyeueiee aiae?c iaaa?aaeueii? iiaaae?iee
iiae?oaeaey a ?o ?aaeueiiio ? ia?aaeueiiio (o ?aeaaeueieo oyaeaiiyo)
aca?iini?eeiyoo?. Iaaa?aaeueio naenoaeueio iiaaae?ieo aeine?aeaeoaaee ca
e?eoa??yie ioe?iee neeaaeieo ?? oi?i, i?i iiaaae?ieo a iiaooia?e noa??
aeniiaoaaee ca aeneiaethaaiiyi iiae?oaeaey iaeia i?i iaeiiai.
Ioe?ithth/e iiaaae?ieo a iiia?aaei?e ia??iae, ii??aithaaee
aeenaa?iii?eiee aoai oethao, aa?iii?eiee (o ieioeiio) eiai aoai ?
iiaaae?ieo a ?aeaaeueieo aca?iieo oyaeaiiyo c i?eaiaeo iaeei iaeiiai. Ia
oeueiio aoai? i?iaiaeeee iiaeaethaaiiy eiioe?eoieo neooaoe?e –
n?iaeii-iiaooiaeo ? naenoaeueii-a?ioe/ieo eeoa c iaaa?aaeueiith
aca?iiae??th, oa ?o iiaeaeueoa iaaiai?aiiy c ineoioa?aiaaoii.

Ineoinaenoaeuei? oeie /ieia?ea ? ae?iee aea/aee ca N.N.E?a?oii (1983),
oeie naenoaeueii? iioeaaoe?? – ca A.N.Aaneeue/aieii (1983),
aeoeaiooaoe?? oa?aeoa?o – ca A.?.Ee/ei (1983).

Caeiaoo? ca ?acoeueoaoaie i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue aeai? aoei
ia?iaeaii ca oaaeeoeath a?aenioe?a oa ?o iiieeie (A.N.Aaian, 1967).
?acoeueoaoe aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue i?aeaeaaaeeny noaoenoe/i?e
ia?iaoe? ca iaoiaeii Nouethaeaioa c? nooiaiai a??ia?aeiino? p<0,05. Iaoi?aoeaeoi?io oi?io naenoaeueii? aeenooieoe?? aoei ae?aaiinoiaaii o 14 (2215%) /ieia?e?a ? 6 (97%) ae?iie, aeen?aaoeyoi?io – a?aeiia?aeii o 4 (63%) ? 2 (65%), aanoeiaioio – o 12 (185%) ? 2 (65%), eiinoeoooe?iiaeueii-aaiaoe/io – o 2 (32%) ? 2 (65%), ?aoa?aeaoe?eio – o 2 (65%) ae?iie, aeac?ioi?iaoe?eio – o 21 (326%) ? 10 (328%), aeaeneoei?/io – o 10 (154%) ? 7 (226%) ianoaaeaieo. Na?aae iaa?ioe/ieo noai?a, ui aeieeaee o iiae?oaeaey ee?i?/ieo a?oi aiane?aeie naenoaeueii? aeenaa?iii??, iii?oii ia?aaaaeaa iaa?ic i/?eoaaiiy iaaaea/? – o 54 (565%) /ieia?e?a ? 31 (325%) ae?iee, /ano?oa ca iaoi?aoeaeoi?ii? ? aeac?ioi?iaoe?eii? oi?i naenoaeueii? aeenooieoe??. Ia ae?oaiio i?noe? ca /anoioith aoea iaa?anoai?y – a?aeiia?aeii o 23 (244%) ? 19 (204%) ianoaaeaieo, /ano?oa ca aeaeneoei?/ii? ? aeen?aaoeyoi?ii? oi?i. ?noa?e/iee iaa?ic niinoa??aaany ca aanoeiaioii? oi?ie naenoaeueii? aeenooieoe?? o ae?iie. ?acoeueoaoe aea/aiiy aaeueie cia/oueo aeey aoieia?/iiai aiae?co iniaeeainoae noaoaai?ieueiai? iiaaae?iee iieacaee, ui o 28 (295%) /ieia?e?a ? 27 (285%) ae?iie ee?i?/ieo a?oi iaea i?noea ?? o?ainoi?iaoe?y, a?ia??ieueiaa iiaaae?iea niinoa??aaeany a?aeiia?aeii o 40 (425%) ? 30 (315%) ethaeae. O eiio?ieuei?e a?oi? oe? a?aeoeeaiiy cono??/aeeny iaaaaaoi ??aeoa, iniaeeai a /ieia?e?a. O?ainoi?iaoe?y noaoaai?ieueiai? iiaaae?iee a?aecia/aeany o 3 (126%) /ieia?e?a ? o 6 (238%) ae?iie; a?ia??ieueiaa iiaaae?iea – a?aeiia?aeii o 5 (198%) ? 4 (157%) ianoaaeaieo. Ca?aeii ?c caeiaooeie aeaieie, ia?aaaaeia a?eueo?noue iaoe??io?a ?inee a eiioe?eoieo (41, aai 435% /ieia?e?a ? 42, aai 445%, ae?iie) /e iaiiaieo n?i’yo (48; 505% /ieia?e?a ? 33; 345% ae?iie), ui iaaaoeaii aieeaaei ia oi?ioaaiiy ?oiuei? noaoaai?ieueai? iiaaae?iee ? iaaa?aaeueii? eiioi?eaoe??. Ca aeaieie ianoaaeaiiy eiio?ieueii? a?oie, a eiioe?eoieo n?i’yo ?inee 8 (319%) /ieia?e?a ? 10 (3810%) ae?iie, o iaiiaieo n?i’yo – a?aeiia?aeii 6 (238%) ? 7 (279%). C i?aii?a?aeieo iniaeeainoae o ianoaaeaieo aoei aeyaeaii iano?ee?, noai?/i?, aoaeoeai?, ?noa?i?aei?, anoai?/i? ?ene. O /ieia?e?a ia?aaaaeaa anoai?/iee oei aeoeaiooaoe?? oa?aeoa?o, ui niinoa??aaany o 29 (305%) ianoaaeaieo, ? iano?eeee – o 26 (275%), o ae?iie – iano?eeee (25, aai 265%) ? ?noa?i?aeiee (22, aai 234%) oeie, ui iaaaoeaii iicia/aeeny ia ni?eeoaaii? iiae?oaeaey, ia a?aei?io a?ae eiio?ieueii? a?oie, aea ia?aaaaeaa o??aiiaaaeaiee oa?aeoa? (11, aai 4210%, /ieia?e?a ? 9, aai 3510% ae?iie) ? a?ia?oeiiee oei aeoeaiooaoe?? – o 7 (279%) /ieia?e?a ? 7 (279%) ae?iie. Aecia/aiiy ineoinaenoaeueieo oei?a iaoe??io?a ee?i?/ieo a?oi iieacaei, ui na?aae /ieia?e?a ia?aaaaeaa ianeaii-i?aeii?yaeeiaoaaiee aa??aio oeio /ieia?e-/ieia?e – 53 (555%) ? oei /ieia?e-nei – 22 (234%). A?eueo?noue ae?iie – 53 (555%) iaeaaeaee aei aa?aneaiiai aa??aioa oeio ae?iea-ae?iea ? oeio ae?iea-iaoe – 24 (254%). O eiio?ieuei?e a?oi? na?aae /ieia?e?a ia?aaaaeaa oei /ieia?e-aaoueei (13; 5010%) ? aa?aneaiee aa??aio oeio /ieia?e-/ieia?e (6; 238%), a na?aae ae?iie – ianeaii-i?aeii?yaeeiaoaaiee aa??aio oeio ae?iea-ae?iea (9; 3510%) ? oei ae?iea-iaoe (7; 279%). Ca oeaeith oe?ii?nieo i???ioaoe?e o /ieia?e?a ee?i?/ieo a?oi ia?aaaaeath/ith aoea naenoaeueia noa?a (o 66; 695% ianoaaeaieo), ia ae?oaiio i?noe? noiyee ae?iaie/? ?ioa?ane (19; 204%); o ae?iie oaeiae aeii?ioaaea naenoaeueia noa?a (52; 545%), ae?oaa i?noea iin?aeaa iiaoo (35; 365%). O eiio?ieuei?e a?oi? iii?oii ia?aaaaeaea naenoaeueia noa?a o /ieia?e?a (19; 739%) ? o ae?iie (13; 5010%). Na?aae oei?a naenoaeueii? iioeaaoe?? a ee?i?/ieo a?oiao o /ieia?e?a aeii?ioaaee aai?oaeueiee (46; 485%) ? oaaeiiii-?aaeaiaioiaaiee (30; 315%) oeie, o ae?iie a?aeiia?aeii – o 28 (295%) ? 48 (505%) ia a?aei?io a?ae eiio?ieueii? a?oie, aea ia?aaaaeaa ?a?iaee oei ye o /ieia?e?a (48; 5010%), oae ? a ae?iie (56; 5810%). I?aeaeuaia eiioeaio?aoe?y oaaae iiae?oaeaey ia naenoaeuei?e noa?? c oi?iae?ciaaiei i?aeoiaeii aei noaoaaiai aeeooy iia??ooaaea ?o aca?iiae?th a ?ioeo noa?ao, o oiio /ene? ia ??ai? iaaa?aaeueii? eiioi?eaoe??. O i?ioean? aea/aiiy niiaoinaenoaeueiiai ?icaeoeo iaoe??io?a aeyaeeiny, ui a /ieia?e?a ee?i?/ieo a?oi ia?aaaaeaa ii?iaeueiee eiai oaii – o 60 (625%), o 27 (285%) a?i aoa oiia?eueiaiee; i?eaeecii oaea naia ni?aa?aeiioaiiy iaei i?noea o ae?iie – 65 (685%) ? 25 (264%). O ?aooe iaoe??io?a niiaoinaenoaeueiee ?icaeoie aoa i?enei?aiee. O eiio?ieuei?e a?oi? oaeiae aeii?ioaaa ii?iaeueiee oaii o /ieia?e?a (18; 699%) ? o ae?iie (20; 778%). Ineoinaenoaeueiee ?icaeoie o /ieia?e?a ? ae?iie ee?i?/ieo a?oi iae/ano?oa aoa ii?iaeueiee – a?aeiia?aeii o 72 (754%) ? 69 (725%) ethaeae. ?aoa?aeaoe?th ineoinaenoaeueiiai ?icaeoeo aoei aeyaeaii o 18 (194%) /ieia?e?a ? 20 (214%) ae?iie. O ?aooe – 6 (63%) /ieia?e?a ? 7 (73%) ae?iie a?i aoa i?enei?aiei. O eiio?ieuei?e a?oi? ii?iaeueiee ineoinaenoaeueiee ?icaeoie a?aecia/aany o 24 (925%) /ieia?e?a ? 23 (886%) ae?iie, o ?aooe (a?aeiia?aeii o 85 ? 126%) a?i aoa i?enei?aiee. O 46 (485%) /ieia?e?a ? 45 (475%) ae?iie ee?i?/ieo a?oi aecia/aeeny aneio?ii?? noaoaaiai ?icaeoeo, iae/ano?oa i?ino?. Na?aae iiae?oaeaey eiio?ieueii? a?oie aneio?ii??, caeaa?eueoiai i?ino?, niinoa??aaeeny cia/ii ??aeoa – o 7 (279%) /ieia?e?a ? 5 (198%) ae?iie. O a?eueoino? /ieia?e?a – 62 (655%) aecia/aany na?aaei?e oei noaoaai? eiinoeoooe??, o 23 (244%) – neaaeee oei, neeueia noaoaaa eiinoeoooe?y a?aecia/aeany a ie?aieo aeiaaeeao. AE?iee ee?i?/ieo a?oi oaeiae caeaa?eueoiai iaeaaeaee aei na?aaeiueiai oeio noaoaai? eiinoeoooe?? – 65 (685%), ??aeoa – aei neaaeiai – 24 (254%). Iaa?aeiia?aei?noue oei?a noaoaai? eiinoeoooe?? iaea i?noea o 26 (275%) iiae?oaei?o ia?, ui iineethaaei aeenaa?iii?th iiae?oaeaey, cie?aia ia ??ai? iaaa?aaeueii? eiioi?eaoe??. A eiio?ieuei?e a?oi? na?aae /ieia?e?a ? ae?iie ia?aaaaeaa na?aaei?e oei noaoaai? eiinoeoooe?? (19; 739 ? 21; 818%), ia ae?oaiio i?noe? aoa neeueiee ?? oei (4; 157 ? 3; 126%). Na?aae naenoaeueieo ?iceaae?a o /ieia?e?a niinoa??aaeeny a?iia?aeoe?y (o 23 /ieia?e?a, 356%), aia?aeoe?y (o 7; 114%) ? a?iie?a?aeai?y (o 5; 84%), ia?aae/ania ayeoeyoe?y (o 6; 94%) ? ii?aeiaiiy oeeo ?iceaae?a (o 24; 376% niinoa?aaeaiue). O ae?iie a?aecia/aeany aii?aaci?y (o 13, aai 429%) ? ii?aeiaiiy aii?aaci?? c ae?a?aeai??th (o 8; 268%), a?ianoac?? c a?iii?aaci??th (o 10; 328%). Nenoaiii-no?oeoo?iee aiae?c naenoaeueiiai caei?ia’y iiae?oaeaey aeaa iiaeeea?noue aecia/eoe ye aaciina?aaeith i?e/eio eiai ii?ooaiiy no?eaeiaaa o?aaeaiiy i?e iaoi?aoeaeoi?i?e oi?i? naenoaeueii? aeenooieoe?? ? iaa?ic? i/?eoaaiiy iaaaea/? o /ieia?ea aai ae?iee – ineo?/ii? neeaaeiai? aiaoiii-o?c?ieia?/iiai eiiiiiaioa; i?e aeen?aaoeyoi?i?e oi?i? – ineo?/ii? oa ayeoeyoi?ii? neeaaeiaeo oeueiai eiiiiiaioa; i?e aanoeiaioi?e oi?i? – eiai ineo?/ii?, iae?iaoii?aeueii? ? ayeoeyoi?ii? neeaaeiaeo; i?e eiinoeoooe?iiaeueii-aaiaoe/i?e oi?i? – iae?iaoii?aeueii? neeaaeiai?; i?e ?aoa?aeaoe?ei?e oi?i? – iae?iaoii?aeueii? oa ineo?/ii? neeaaeiaeo. I?e aeaeneoei?/i?e oi?i? naenoaeueii? aeenooieoe?? iaei i?noea no?eaeiaaa o?aaeaiiy ineoieia?/iiai eiiiiiaioa ? iae?iaoii?aeueii? neeaaeiai? aiaoiii-o?c?ieia?/iiai, a i?e aeac?ioi?iaoe?ei?e oi?i?–o?aaeaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?eii-ioe?iii? neeaaeiai? nioe?aeueiiai eiiiiiaioa naenoaeueiiai caei?ia’y. Ii?ooaiiy ?aooe eiiiiiaio?a ? neeaaeiaeo ni?eyei aeieeiaiith naenoaeueii? aeenaa?iii?? iiae?oaeaey ? iineethaaei ?? ia?aa?a. O i?ioean? ioe?iee ?iaeea?aeoaeueii? iaaa?aaeueii? iiaaae?iee aeae?eyeeny ia?aaaaei?, neeaaei? ?? oi?ie a ii??aiyii? ca /anii ? nooiaiai ae?aaeaiino? c ?ioeie oi?iaie. I?e ianoaaeaii? iiae?oaei?o ia? ee?i?/ieo a?oi aoei aeyaeaii oae? caeiiii??iino?. A iaio a?oiao iaea?eueo eiioi?eaoeaii aoaeoeaia ? naenoaeueii ?i?oe?thth/a iiaaae?iea iiae?oaeaey a?aecia/aeany ia aa?iii?eiiio aoai? n?iaeiiai aeeooy, a oaeiae a ?aeaaeueieo oyaeaiiyo ianoaaeaieo. Ia aeenaa?iii?eiiio aoai? iiae?oaei? eiioi?eaoe?? ? a naenoaeuei?e, ? a iiaooia?e noa?ao iaee ia ??ai? iaaa?aaeueii? iiaaae?iee iaio naenoaeueii ?i?oe?thth/ee ? a?eueo aeano?oeoeaiee oa?aeoa?. Naenoaeueii ?i?oe?thth/a iaaa?aaeueia iiaaae?iea noaaaea i?ae iaio aeioe?eueiith aeey iaio c iiae?oaeaey ? ?? iaaaeaeaaoi? oi?ie (naenoaeueia, a?iinaenoaeueia, aa?aneaia iiaaae?iea) noi?iaiaeaeoaaee ?icaeoie aeenaa?iii??. Oei /anii o o?ao?e, eiio?ieuei?e a?oi? iiae?oaei?o ia? aoei aeyaeaii ii??aiyii aenieee ??aaiue aaeaeaaoii? eiioi?eaoeaiino? c naenoaeueiei eiioaenoii, i?e/iio a iae??ciiiai?oieo noa?ao aca?iiae??. Iiia?aaei?e ia??iae naenoaeueii? aca?iiae?? oa?aeoa?ecoaaany naenoaeueii ?i?oe?thth/ith iiaaae?ieith ia?oia??a. Aiae?c a?aei?iiinoae neeaaeieo oi?i ?iaeea?aeoaeueii? iaaa?aaeueii? iiaaae?iee aeaa ciiao aecia/eoe, ui iaaa?aaeueia iiaaae?iea oai?eo /ieia?e?a ? ae?iie ?c naenoaeueiith aeenooieoe??th aoea aeoaea noiaeith c iiaaae?ieith ?o caei?iaeo /ieia?e?a /e ae?iie. A iaio ee?i?/ieo a?oiao iaaa?aaeueia iiaaae?iea aoea naenoaeueii iaaeoeaiith. A eiio?ieuei?e a?oi? iaaaaaoi /ano?oa a?aecia/aeany naenoaeueii ?i?oe?thth/a iaaa?aaeueia iiaaae?iea ? /ieia?e?a, ? ae?iie; iiaaae?iea iiae?oaeaey a iiaooia?e oa ?ioeo noa?ao oaeiae iaea aaeeeee naenoaeueiee eiioaeno. Ioe?ithth/e noaoenoe/io a??ia?aei?noue a?aei?iiinoae iaaa?aaeueii? iiaaae?iee a ianoaaeaieo a?oiao iiae?oaei?o ia?, iiaeia aoei a?aecia/eoe aeineoue aenieee nooi?iue noiaeino? ?? iniaeeainoae i?ae ia?oith ? ae?oaith a?oiaie. Oea na?ae/eoue i?i ii?ooaiiy iaaa?aaeueieo eiioi?eaoe?e o aeenaa?iii?ei?e ia?? a oe?eiio, a ia o?eueee a oiai c iiae?oaeaey, a eiai niinoa??aa?oueny ia?aeiiee naenoaeueiee ?iceaae. Iaa??ia?aei?noue a?aei?iiinoae i?ae ee?i?/ieie a?oiaie ca aeenaaeainii iaaa?aaeueieo eiioi?eaoe?e aeicaiey? ae?eoe aeniiaeo i?i iiaeeea?noue ? iaiao?aei?noue ei?aeooaaoe oeth noa?o aca?iiae?? a iaio c iiae?oaeaey. Aea/aiiy iaaa?aaeueieo eiioi?eaoe?e iiae?oaeaey ca iiaeeo?eiaaiei aeina???i ia aeaei ciiae aeyaeoe a??ia?aeieo a?aei?iiinoae neeaaeieo oi?i ?iaeea?aeoaeueii? iaaa?aaeueii? iiaaae?iee a caeaaeiino? a?ae ii?ooaiiy eiiiiiaio?a ? neeaaeiaeo naenoaeueiiai caei?ia’y ? iicioi?ie naenoaeueii? aeenooieoe??. Ii?ooaiiy naenoaeueii? ooieoe??, i/aaeaeii, ni?e/eiy? iiaaae?ieia? ci?ie, a oiio /ene? ia iaaa?aaeueiiio ??ai?. Naenoaeueia iiaaae?iea a oe?ieiio ?icoi?ii?, aeeth/ath/e iaaa?aaeueio eiioi?eaoe?th, aaaaoi a /iio ? a?ieia?/ii aeaoa?i?iiaaiith, ui i?aeoaa?aeaeothoue aoieia?/i? niinoa?aaeaiiy o oaa?eiiiio na?o? (N.Tinbergen, 1975). Ca?aeii c iaaaaeaieie aeua iaoeie aeaieie, a iiae?oaei?o ia?ao c? naenoaeueiith aeenaa?iii??th a?aecia/a?oueny iii?oia ?icaaeainiaai?noue iaaa?aaeueieo eiioi?eaoe?e ?c caeo/aiiyi aei oe??? ?icocaiaeaeaiino? ae?oaiai c iiae?oaeaey. I/aaeaeii, c aoieia?/ii? oi/ee ci?o noaoaaee aeo o aeenaa?iii?ei?e ia?? ? iaio aeioe?eueiei ? a?ieia?/ii iaaeiiii?/iei /a?ac aenie? aeo?aoe aia?a?? ia iaeii?iaeoeoeaiee eiioaeo, /a?aiao iaaaea/o. Iaaaaaoi aeioe?euei?oa a oeueiio ?icoi?ii? ia?a?aaoe caeeaeaiiy ua ia aoai? iai?io iiaeyaeaie, oiaoi ca aeiiiiiaith iaaaeaeaaoiiai c oi/ee ci?o ieaiiaaiiai naenoaeueiiai eiioaeoo iaaa?aaeueii? iiaaae?iee (D.Dewsbury, 1981). ?acoeueoaoe i?iaaaeaiiai aoieia?/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy iaaaaeaii a oaaeeoe?, a ye?e a?aeaeoi aea??eia? aeai? i?i iaeoa?aeoa?i?o? iciaee iaaa?aaeueii? iiaaae?iee (o /enaeueieeo – e?euee?noue /ieia?e?a, o ciaiaiieeo – e?euee?noue ae?iie; a??ia?aei?noue a?aei?iiinoae ?1 – ia?oi?, ?2 – ae?oai? a?oie a ii??aiyii? c eiio?ieai). Ca?aeii c iaaaaeaieie aeaieie, iaea?eueo iaoiaiiiii?/i? aeey ee?i?/ieo a?oi ? iciaee ci?ie iaaa?aaeueii? iiaaae?iee a ?aa?no?? naenoaeueii? iiaaae?iee a iiia?aaei?e ia??iae noaoaai? aeecueeino? aeenaa?iii?eiiai aoaio. Ioaea, oeae ?aeo?n iiaaae?ieiai? oeiieia?? oyaey?oueny iaea?eueo noeeueiei aei aeaeici?ie i?e ii?ooaii? naenoaeueiiai caei?ia’y. Iaaaaeai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy iaaa?aaeueii? iiaaae?iee iiae?oaeaey aeathoue i?aenoaao aeey canoinoaaiiy ineoioa?aiaaoe/ii? ei?aeoe?? c a?aooaaiiyi oei?a iaaa?aaeueii? eiioi?eaoe?? ia?oia??a, ine?eueee oea aeoaea a?aceeaa eaiea ioneiaiai iaoai?cio ii/aoeo aoaeoeaiiai naenoaeueiiai caeeaeaiiy. I?e oeueiio ia?aeeth/aiiy oaaae naenoaeueieo ia?oia??a ia iaaa?aaeuei? eaiaee eiioi?eaoe??, iiao aoieia?/ieo iaoaoi? cieaeo? iai?oaeaiiy i/?eoaaiiy aaeaeaaoiino? naenoaeueieo ?aaeoe?e ? a?aee?eaa? iiaae iiao noa?o aca?iiae?? iiae?oaeaey, i?eaiiny/e aei iueiai iia? eiiiiiaioe oai?/ino? ? ??ciiiai?oiino?. O oe?eiio ?acoeueoaoe ianoaaeaiiy iiae?oaeaey iieacaee, ui ia iaaa?aaeueio iiaaae?ieo ni?aaeythoue aieea nioe?aeuei? /eiieee (caaaeueia ? naenoaeueia eoeueoo?a, ii?ioi?iiaai?noue o ieoaiiyo naeno), ineoieia?/i? (iniaeeai naenoaeueia iioeaaoe?y ? iioeae noaoaaiai aeoo, aioo??oiy ea?oeia aeenaa?iii??), nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/i? (oa?aeoa? i?aeiniaeno?nieo noinoie?a) ? a?ieia?/i? (oei aeui? ia?aiai? ae?yeueiino?, oaiia?aiaio). Ci?ia iaaa?aaeueii? iiaaae?iee i?e ii?ooaii? naenoaeueiiai caei?ia’y ?, oaeei /eiii, ?ioaa?aoeaiei oaiiiaiii, ui ne?ae o?aoiaoaaoe i?e eiai ae?aaiinoeoe? ? ?ic?iaoe? iaoiae?a ineoioa?aiaaoe/ii? aoieia?/ii? ei?aeoe??. Iaie aoei ?ic?iaeaii nenoaio ineoioa?aiaaoe/ii? ei?aeoe?? naenoaeueii? aeenaa?iii?? c o?aooaaiiyi iaaa?aaeueii? iiaaae?iee ia?oia??a a aoieia?/iiio eiioaeno?. Ei?aeoe?y i?iaiaeeeany i?ney iiia?aaeiueiai (ae?aaiinoe/iiai) aoaio o aeaa iniiaieo aoaie. Ia ia?oiio c ieo – aoai? ?ioi?iaoe?? ? ae?iaeaiiy ianoaiiae – iiae?oaeaey a aeinooii?e oi?i? ?ioi?ioaaee i?i iniiae ineoia?a??ie noaoaaiai aeeooy, i?i ??ci? noa?e ia?oia?nueei? aca?iiae??, a oiio /ene? e aoieia?/ii iaoiiaeaii?; ciaeiieee c aaiethoe?eiith ioe?ieith ?ae?eoiaiai eaiaeo iiae?oaeiuei? eiioi?eaoe??, ye aeineoue aeaaiueiai, aaceniiai, a ioaea, e oaeiai, ui iaae?eii caaacia/o? aaaiio /anoeio oni?oo. I?e oeueiio ?ic’ynithaaee Neeaaei? oi?ie ?iaeea?aeoaeueii? iaaa?aaeueii? iiaaae?iee ianoaaeaieo iiae?oaei?o ia? Oi?ie iaaa?aaeueii? iiaaae?ieeNeooaoe?? aeyaeaiiyA?oie iiae?oaei?o ia?A??ia?aei?noue a?aei?iiinoaeia?oa, n=65ae?oaa, n=31o?aoy, n=26aan./.%aan./.%aan./.%?1?21234567?aa?no? aaii?noe/ii? iiaaae?ieeAa?aneaii-iiia?aaeaeo-aaeueiee aoai aa?an??o iiaooia?e noa??38 32586 49610 12328 3897 2279 85>0,05

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359—-aeioe?euei?noue a?eueo aeoeaiiai i?e?aeiaiiy aei aoieia?/ii
iaa?oioiaaieo eaiae?a i?aeia?oia?nueeeo eiioi?eaoe?e, a oaeiae
i?eaa?oaee oaaao iiae?oaeaey aei i?aaeeueii? iianyeaeaiii? iaaa?aaeueii?
aca?iiae?? a ethaenueeiio nioe?oi? ? o oaa?eiiiio na?o?, aeei?enoiaoth/e
aoieia?/i? iaoaoi?e ? a?aeai?ethno?aoe??. ?ic’ynithaaee oaeiae o?niee
aca?iica’ycie noaio naenoaeueii? ooieoe??, a oiio /ene? an??? aaie
naenoaeueieo a?ae/ooo?a, c? iaaa?aaeueiith iiaaae?ieith ethaeeie.

Ia aoai? iaa/aiiy iniiaiei caaaeaiiyi aoei noai?aiiy iiaeae? ?aeaaeueii?
iiae?oaeiuei? aa?iii??, ui a?oioo?oueny ia ?aaeueieo ia?aaeoiiaao aeey
iioeiaeueii? iaaa?aaeueii? naenoaeueii ?i?oe?thth/i? iiaaae?iee,
i???ioiaaii? ia iiae?oaei? aca?iini?eeiyooy. I?e oeueiio a?aoiaoaaee
i?aii?a?aei? iniaeeaino? iiae?oaeaey, i?ioan?ei? aeaoi?iaoe??, ai?ciaee
iicaoethaieo ca’yce?a aai aeioethaiiai ia??iaeo naenoaeueiiai
aeaaiiieo//y. Ia oeueiio aoai? aeei?enoiaoaaee ?ic?iaeaiee iaaa?aaeueiee
ineoinaenoaeueiee o?ai?ia. Iiae?oaeaey iaa/aee aeioe?eueii? naenoaeueii
?i?oe?thth/i? iiaaae?iee, iaea?eueo i?eeiyoii? aeey ia?oia?a (c
o?aooaaiiyi ii/aoeiaiai ??aiy iaaa?aaeueieo eiioi?eaoe?e ia iiiaio
caa?oaiiy ii aeiiiiiao); aaeaeaaoii? iaaa?aaeueii? iiaaae?iee c
ianoaiiaith ia ae?ac aeia?ice/eeaino?, aca?ii?icoi?iiy ? aca?iii?
iiaaae, ae?ac ethaia? ? i?aaiaiiy iaeia aei iaeiiai.

Caaa?oaeueiee aoai ei?aeoe?? noaiiaeea i?aeo?eioth/a ineoioa?ai?y, ui
iaea ia iao? cae??ieaiiy aeinyaiooiai ??aiy iioeiaeueieo iaaa?aaeueieo
eiioaeo?a.

O i?ioean? ei?aeoe?? canoiniaoaaee ?aoe?iiaeueio ? iiaaae?ieiao
ineoioa?ai?th, ?ieueiaee o?ai?ia, a oaeiae aooio?ai?ia, a?iiinoaano?th,
a?a?e?ioa?ai?th, oa?ai?th oai?/ei naiiae?acii oa ?io? iaoiaee. Cia/ia
/anoeia ei?aaoaaeueieo caoiae?a cae?enithaaeany o aeaeyae? aeiiaoi?o
caaaeaiue, ui i?yii /e iina?aaeiuei aeieeaaee c eiaeiiai /a?aiaiai
naaino ineoioa?ai??. Aanue i?ioean aaeaioaoe?? iiae?oaeaey ca eaiaeii
iaaa?aaeueieo eiioi?eaoe?e a aoieia?/iiio eiioaeno? aoa ?ic?aoiaaiee ia
1-3 caiyooy c e?ea?ai ia oeaeaeaiue i?ioyaii 2-7 oeaei?a caeaaeii a?ae
i?aii?a?aeieo iniaeeainoae iaoe??io?a, iaa/aiiy ? nooiaiy oyaeeino?
naenoaeueieo ii?ooaiue.

I?e i?iaaaeaii? ineoioa?aiaaoe/ii? ei?aeoe?? eiaeio ee?i?/io a?oio aoei
iiae?eaii ia aea? i?aea?oie, c yeeo iaei?e (aenia?eiaioaeuei?e)
i?iaiaeeeany ei?aeoe?y ca ?ic?iaeaiith iaie iienaiith aeua nenoaiith, a
ae?oa?e (eiio?ieuei?e) – ca i?eeiyoeie a naenieia?/i?e i?aeoeoe?
iaoiaeeeaie, aac ei?aeoe?? iaaa?aaeueii? iiaaae?iee a aoieia?/iiio
eiioaeno?. O ia?o?e a?oi? aenia?eiaioaeueio i?aea?oio neeaee 44,
eiio?ieueio – 21 iiae?oaeiy ia?a, o ae?oa?e – a?aeiia?aeii 21 ? 10
iiae?oaei?o ia?.

I?i aoaeoeai?noue ineoioa?aiaaoe/ii? ei?aeoe?? naenoaeueii? aeenaa?iii??
ie noaeeee ii ?acoeueoaoao eiio?ieueieo ianoaaeaiue iiae?oaeaey, ui
i?iaiaeeeeny /a?ac 1, 3, 6 ? 12 i?nyoe?a i?ney cae?i/aiiy eo?no
e?eoaaiiy, a a /anoeie iiae?oaei?o ia? – ia iniia? aeai??/iiai
eaoaiiaco.

Aiae?c caeiaooeo ?acoeueoao?a iieacaa cia/io ia?aaaao ineoioa?aiaaoe/ii?
ei?aeoe?? c aeei?enoaiiyi aoieia?/iiai iaoiaeo. Iiaiiai a?aeiiaeaiiy
naenoaeueii? aa?iii?? aoei aeinyaiooi o 42 c 65 iiae?oaei?o ia?
aenia?eiaioaeueieo i?aea?oi, oiaoi o 656%, ? cia/iiai iie?ioaiiy o 18
(286%), /anoeiaa ei?aeoe?y a?aecia/aeany o 3 (53%) ianoaaeaieo ia? ? o 2
(32%) – ia aaeaeiny aeinyaiooe oni?oo.

Oei /anii ?c 31 iiae?oaeiuei? ia?e eiio?ieth iiaiiai ? cia/iiai
oa?aiaaoe/iiai aoaeoo aoei aeinyaiooi a?aeiia?aeii o 13 (429%) ? 4
(136%) iiae?oaei?o ia?, /anoeiai? ei?aeoe?? – o 6 (196%), oni?o aoa
a?aenooi?e o 8 (268%) iiae?oaei?o ia?. Oaeei /eiii, oa?aiaaoe/iee aoaeo
c iiaiith ei?aeoe??th ? cia/iei iie?ioaiiyi a aenia?eiaioaeueieo a?oiao
iiae?oaei?o ia? ia?aaeuoaaa aoaeo o eiio?ieuei?e a?oi? ia 37%.

O oe?eiio a?aeiiaeaiiy naenoaeueii? aa?iii?? aai cia/iiai iie?ioaiiy a
?acoeueoao? i?iaaaeaiiai eiiieaeniiai aieeao aoei aeinyaiooi o 77 (804%)
iiae?oaei?o ia?. ?aoeeaeeae naenoaeueii? aeenaa?iii?? ca ia??iae
niinoa?aaeaiiy a?aecia/aeeny o 14 (144%) ia?. Ioaea, no?eeee
oa?aiaaoe/iee aoaeo aoa caeiaooee o 666% iiae?oaei?o ia?.

AENIIAEE

1. I?e naenoaeuei?e aeenaa?iii?? iiae?oaeiuei? ia?e aeaeici?ith?oueny
oeiieia?y iaaa?aaeueii? iiaaae?iee eiaeiiai c iiae?oaeaey: aeieea?
?icaaeainiaai?noue iaaa?aaeueieo eiioi?eaoe?e ? cieaeo?oueny ?oiy
naenoaeueii ?i?oe?thth/a aeoeai?noue. Ia?aaaaeathoue oae? neeaaei? oi?ie
iaaa?aaeueii? iiaaae?iee, ye anaenoaeueia, a?iinaenoaeueia ? aa?aneaia
iiaaae?iea.

2. I?e naenoaeuei?e aeenaa?iii?? ?niothoue ocaaaeueiai? oaiaeaioe??
ci?ie ia?aaaaeath/eo oei?a neeaaeieo oi?i ?iaeea?aeoaeueii?
iaaa?aaeueii? iiaaae?iee iaio c iiae?oaeiuei? ia?e a a?e ?aa?no?o
aaii?noe/ii? iiaaae?iee, iniaeeai aa?an??. Caaaeath/e ia oa, ui, c
iaeiiai aieo, iaaa?aaeuei? iaoai?cie aa?an?? ? naenoaeueiino? ? aeineoue
aeecuee?, a c ae?oaiai – aa?an?y, ia i?ioeaaao naenoaeueiino?, ?
iiooaeiei «a?aeooiaooth/ei» /eiieeii, ne?ae aeciaoe, ui cacia/aia
aeeiai?ea iiaaae?iee iiae?oaeaey ni?ey? oieeiaiith naenoaeueii?
aeecueeino?.

3. Aeey ioe?iee neeaaeieo oi?i ?iaeea?aeoaeueii? iaaa?aaeueii?
iiaaae?iee iiae?oaeaey i?e naenoaeuei?e aeenaa?iii?? iaeaeioe?euei?oei ?
aeei?enoaiiy iiaeeo?eiaaiiai aeina??th ca o?ueiia ?aa?no?aie:

a) aaii?noe/ia iiaaae?iea: aa?aneaii-iiia?aaeaeoth/ee aoai aa?an??,
aa?aneaii-eiioe?eoiee aoai aa?an??, aa?aneaii-eiioaeoiee aoai aa?an??,
?i?oe?aeueiee aoai aa?an??, aeano?oeoeaiee aoai aa?an??;

a) aeine?aeieoeueea iiaaae?iea — iiaaae?iea oaaae;

a) naenoaeueia iiaaae?iea: anaenoaeueia, a?iinaenoaeueia ? aeaa?aioia
noaoaai?ieueiaa iiaaae?iea.

4. Iacaaaeath/e ia aeineoue oe?ieee niaeo? oi?i naenoaeueii?
aeenooieoe?? o ianoaaeaiiai iiae?oaeaey, a ieo iathoue i?noea noiae?
iaoa?ie iaaa?aaeueii? iiaaae?iee. A?aecia/a?oueny cieaeaiiy aaeaeaaoii?
eiioi?eaoeaii? aeoeaiino? ca ?aa?no?aie ?? ioe?iee, ui aiai?eoue i?i
ni?euei?noue aoieia?/ii iaa?oioiaaieo iaoai?ci?a aeacaaeaioaoe??. Oea
aea? ciiao ia’?eoeaii ioe?ithaaoe a aeeiai?oe? ?acoeueoaoe
cae?enithaaii? ineoioa?aiaaoe/ii? ei?aeoe?? naenoaeueii? aeenaa?iii??.

5. A?aeiia?aeii aei iaoai?ci?a eiioi?eaoe?? naenoaeueieo ia?oia??a oni?o
cia/iith i??ith caeaaeeoue a?ae iiia?aaeiueiai ia??iaeo noaoaai?
aeecueeino?, nooiaiy aaeaeaaoiino? naenoaeueii ?i?oe?thth/i? aeoeaiino?
iaaa?aaeueii? iiaaae?iee iiae?oaeaey. Iaaa?aaeuei? eiioi?eaoe?? a
eiioaeno? naenoaeueii? iiaaae?iee caeaaeaoue ia o?eueee a?ae a?ieia?/ieo
/eiiee?a, noaoaai? eiinoeoooe?? (oaiia?aiaioo), aea e a?ae nioe?aeueieo
(??aiy naenoaeueii? ? caaaeueii? eoeueoo?e, ii?ioi?iiaaiino? a ieoaiiyo
naeno), ineoieia?/ieo (iniaeno?nieo a?aei?iiinoae) ?
nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/ieo (a?aei?iiinoae i?aeiniaeno?nieo noinoie?a
iiae?oaeaey).

6. Nenoaia ineoioa?aiaaoe/ii? ei?aeoe?? naenoaeueii? aeenaa?iii??
iiae?oaeiuei? ia?e ia? aeeth/aoe, ii?yae ?c ?icoiiaith noaanoeaiith
oa?ai??th, naen-o?ai?iaii, noaoaai?ieueiaei o?ai?iaii oa ?ioeie caniaaie
aieeao, iaaa?aaeueiee ineoinaenoaeueiee o?ai?ia.

7. Canoinoaaiiy aoieia?/iiai iaoiaeo cia/iith i??ith i?aeaeuo?
aoaeoeai?noue ei?aeoe?? caaaeyee oaeei /eiieeai: aoieia?/ii iaa?oioiaaia
aca?iiae?y, ni?eyth/e aa?iii?caoe?? noinoie?a iiae?oaeaey, a oie naiee
/an ?icoe?th? ae?aiacii ?o i?eeiyoiino?, i?aeaeuo? ii/ooo?ao
caoa?aeai?noue naenoaeueiiai caeeaeaiiy; aaeaeaaoia eiioi?eaoeaia
naenoaeueii ?i?oe?thth/a iaaa?aaeueia iiaaae?iea a iiia?aaeiueiio
ia??iae? noaoaai? aeecueeino? ? ianaenoaeuei?e aca?iiae?? iioei?co?
aca?iini?eeiyooy iiae?oaeaey.

NIENIE I?AOeUe, IIOAE?EIAAIEO CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe??

1. E aii?ino iaeioi?uo ia?niaeoea i?eiaiaiey yoieiae/aneiai iaoiaea a
iaaeeoeeineie naenieiaee // Oe?. a?ni. ineoiiaa?ieia??. – Oa?e?a,
1995.–O.3, aei.1. – N. 74-77.

2. Iaeioi?ua aniaeou eco/aiey iniaaiiinoae iaaa?aaeueiiai iiaaaeaiey
ioae/ei n naenoaeueiuie ia?ooaieyie // Oe?. a?ni. ineoiiaa?ieia??. –
Oa?e?a, 1995. – O.3. – N. 141-144.

3. Aei ieoaiiy ee?i?/ieo aniaeo?a canoinoaaiiy aoieia?/iiai iaoiaeo a
naeniiaoieia?? // Oe?. iaoe.-iaae. iieiae?aeiee aeo?iae. – Ee?a, 1995. —
? 3. – N. 33-36.

4. Iaeioi?ua ia?niaeoeau eeeie/aneie ioeaiee iaaa?aaeueiiai iiaaaeaiey
ioae/ei ia naenieiae/aneii i?eaia // Oe?. a?ni. ineoiiaa?ieia??. –
Oa?e?a, 1996. – O.4, aei. 5(12). – N. 284-285.

5. Ieoaiiy ee?i?/ieo aniaeo?a aeei?enoaiiy aoieia?/iiai iaoiaeo o
naeniiaoieia?? // Oe?. a?ni. ineoiiaa?ieia??. – Oa?e?a, 1996. – O.4,
aei.5 (12).–N. 285-286.

6. Yoieiae/anee iainiiaaiiay ineoioa?aiey i?e naenoaeueiuo aeenaa?iiieyo
// Oaa?e/. aeo?i. ineoeao?. – 1997. – O.1, ? 2. – N. 83-89.

7. Iaeioi?ua yoieiae/aneea iniaaiiinoe naenoaeueiiai iiaaaeaiey //
Oaa?e/. aeo?i. ineoeao?. – 1998. – O.2, ? 1. – N. 38-45.

8. Iaeioi?ua naenieiae/aneea aniaeou oaeee/aneiai eoeueoa // Oaa?e/.
aeo?i. ineoeao?. – 1998. – O.2, ? 2(5). – N. 24-27.

9. Iaeioi?ua i?iaeaiu eco/aiey ianouanoaothuaai iauaeoa a ?aieao
naenieiae/aneeo i?iaeai // Oaa?e/. aeo?i. ineoeao?. – 1995. – O.2., ? 4.
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10. Iaeioi?ua iiaeoiaeu a ioeaiea i?aeueiie aeoeaiinoe i?e aeinoeaeaiee
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11. Yoieiae/aneea aniaeou «naenoaeueii-ieuaaiai» iiaaaeaiey aeaiuei //
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– N. 341-344.

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aiae?ieiaey. – 1995. – Aui.2. – N. 109-116.

14. Ioeaiea naenoaeueiie eiioeeeoiinoe noi?oaia n yoieiae/aneeo iiceoeee
// Naenieiaey e aiae?ieiaey. – 1996. – Aui.3. – N. 101-103.

15. Aiciiaeiinoe yoieiae/aneie ioeaiee e ei??aeoeee eiioeeeoiinoe
noi?oaia n naenoaeueiui eiioaenoii // Ia?ooaiea naen. caei?iauey
(aeeaaiinoeea, ei??aeoeey, i?ioeeaeoeea): Iaoa?. iao/.-i?aeo. eiio.,
iina. 10-eaoeth eaoaae?u iaae. naenieiaee OEOA. – Oa?ueeia, 1997. – N.
23-30.

AIIOAOe?ss

Ethaa?nueeee A.A. Canoinoaaiiy aoieia?/iiai iaoiaeo a iaaee/i?e
naenieia??. – ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy a/aiiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe ca
niaoe?aeuei?noth 14.01.16 – ineo?ao??y. – Oa?e?anueeee ?inoeooo
oaeineiiaeaiiy e?ea??a, Oa?e?a, 1999.

Ia iniia? i?eioeeiiai iiaiai aoieia?/iiai i?aeoiaeo aei aiae?co
iiaaae?iee iiae?oaeaey i?e naenoaeuei?e aeenaa?iii?? aeine?aeaeaii
iniaeeaino? ?o iaaa?aaeueii? aca?iiae??. ?ic?iaeaii nenoaio ioe?iee
neeaaeieo oi?i ?iaeea?aeoaeueii? iaaa?aaeueii? iiaaae?iee iiae?oaeaey
i?e naenoaeuei?e aeenaa?iii??. C a?aooaaiiyi aeyaeaieo caeiiii??iinoae
?ic?iaeaii aoieia?/ii iaa?oioiaaio nenoaio ineoioa?aiaaoe/ii? ei?aeoe??
ii?ooaiiy naenoaeueiiai caei?ia’y c aeei?enoaiiyi ?ic?iaeaiiai aaoi?ii
iaaa?aaeueiiai ineoinaenoaeueiiai o?ai?iao.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: naenoaeueia aeenaa?iii?y, aoieia?/iee iaoiae,
iaaa?aaeueia iiaaae?iea, ineoioa?aiaaoe/ia ei?aeoe?y

AIIIOAOeEss

Ethaa?neee A.A. I?eiaiaiea yoieiae/aneiai iaoiaea a iaaeeoeeineie
naenieiaee. – ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeeoeeineeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 14.01.16 – ineoeao?ey. – Oa?ueeianeee einoeooo
oniaa?oainoaiaaiey a?a/ae, Oa?ueeia, 1999.

Ia iniiaa i?eioeeieaeueii iiaiai yoieiae/aneiai iiaeoiaea e aiaeeco
iiaaaeaiey noi?oaia i?e naenoaeueiie aeenaa?iiiee enneaaeiaaiu
iniaaiiinoe eo iaaa?aaeueiiai acaeiiaeaenoaey. ?ac?aaioaia nenoaia
ioeaiee neiaeiuo oi?i eiaeeaeaeoaeueiiai iaaa?aaeueiiai iiaaaeaiey
noi?oaia i?e naenoaeueiie aeenaa?iiiee. N o/aoii auyaeaiiuo
caeiiiia?iinoae ?ac?aaioaia yoieiae/anee iainiiaaiiay nenoaia
ineoioa?aiaaoe/aneie ei??aeoeee ia?ooaiey naenoaeueiiai caei?iauey n
eniieueciaaieai ?ac?aaioaiiiai aaoi?ii iaaa?aaeueiiai ineoinaenoaeueiiai
o?aieiaa.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: naenoaeueiay aeenaa?iiiey, yoieiae/aneee iaoiae,
iaaa?aaeueiia iiaaaeaiea, ineoioa?aiaaoe/aneay ei??aeoeey

SUMMARY

Lyubarsky A.V. Application of an ethological method in medical
sexology. – Manuscript.

Thesis for a candidate of science degree by speciality 14.01.16 —
psychiatry. — The Kharkov Institute for Advanced Training of Doctors,
Kharkov, 1999.

Peculiarities of non-verbal behavior of spouses was investigated on the
basis of a principal new approach to analysis behavior at sexual
disharmony. The system of evaluation complex forms was worked out for
individual non-verbal behavior of spouses at sexual disharmony. An
ethologicaly substantiated system of psychotherapeutic correction of
disorders of sexual health was worked out with taking into account
revealed laws and using offered by author non-verbal psychosexual
training.

Key words: sexual disharmony, ethological method, non-verbal behavior,
psychotherapeutic correction

I?aeienaii aei ae?oeo 14.10.98 ?. Oi?iao 60o84 1/16. Oiia. ae?oe. a?e.
1.0.

Oe?aae – 100 i?. Caiiae. ? 128.

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