AIEEINUeEEE AeA?AEAAIEE OI?AA?NEOAO

?IAI? EAN? OE?A?IEE

IOEss? Aaaeei Iao?iae/

OAeE 371.31:530.145

CANIAE ?IOI?IAOe?EIEO OAOIIEIA?E O AEA*AII? IEOAIUe EAAIOIAI? O?CEEE A
NA?AAeI?E OEIE?

13.00.02 — oai??y ? iaoiaeeea iaa/aiiy o?ceee

AAOI?AOA?AO

ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe

Ee?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia o Aieeinueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oi?aa?neoao? ?i. Ean?
Oe?a?iee, I?i?noa?noai ina?oe Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: eaiaeeaeao iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe,

i?ioani?

Eaeaiooa Eaii?ae ?iiaiiae/

Aieeinueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao

?i. Ean? Oe?a?iee, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e caaaeueii? o?ceee oa iaoiaeeee

aeeeaaeaiiy o?ceee;

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Aoaaeia Ieaenaiae? ?aaiiae/,

?inoeooo iaaeaaia?ee AII Oe?a?ie,

aieiaiee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee;

eaiaeeaeao iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Naa/aiei A?oae?e Oaaei?iae/,

*a?i?a?anueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaeaaia?/iee ?inoeooo ?i. O. A. Oaa/aiea,
caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e iaoiaeeee

aeeeaaeaiiy o?ceee ? iaoaiaoeee.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Oa?iii?euenueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaeaaia?/iee

oi?aa?neoao ?i. Aieiaeeie?a Aiaothea,

eaoaae?a o?ceee oa iaoiaeeee aeeeaaeaiiy

o?ceee, I?i?noa?noai ina?oe Oe?a?ie,

i. Oa?iii?eue.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 12 aeiaoiy 1999 ?ieo i 13 aiae. 45 oa. ia
can?aeaii?

ciaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E.01.33.01 a Iaoe?iiaeueiiio
iaaeaaia?/iiio

oi?aa?neoao? ?i. I.I. Ae?aaiiaiiaa (252601, i. Ee?a, aoe. Ie?iaiaa, 9).

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Iaoe?iiaeueiiai

iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. I. I. Ae?aaiiaiiaa.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee 7 aa?aniy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee
?.A.Ei?oae

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE.

Aeooaeuei?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aenieee ??aaiue aea/aiiy o?ceee
caeaaeeoue a?ae oaeineiiaeaiiy ?nioth/eo oa iiooeo iiaeo iaoiae?a ?
cania?a iaa/aiiy. Iaeiei ?c eiino?oeoeaieo i?eioeei?a iiaoaeiae
oe?eueiiai eo?no o?ceee ca ?nioth/ith eiioeaioe??th ? ?ic?iaea
iaaeaaia?/ieo i?ia?aiieo cania?a (IIC) aeey aeei?enoaiiy ia o?ieao
o?ceee a?aeai- ? eiii’thoa?ii? oaoi?ee.

I?iaeaia aaeineiiaeaiiy iaoiae?a, cania?a oa i?aai?caoe?eieo oi?i
aea/aiiy o?ceee aoea a oeaio?? oaaae aaaaoueio aeine?aeiee?a
(A.?.Aoaeiiai, I.?.Aoaaeiaa, A.I.Ao?iaa, N.O.Aii/a?aiea, A.N.Cai?ee?ia,
E.?.Eaeaioo?, N.?.Eaiaiaoeueeiai, ?.A.Ei?oaea, A.TH.Ie?ai?iaenueeiai,
A.A.Ieaeieea, I.A.Iuei?eoe?ia, A.A.I?inueeiai, I.A.Iie?ianueeiai,
E.?.?aci?eiaa, I.E.?icaiaa?aa, A.O.Naa/aiea, I.A.Na?aa?aa oa ?ioeo).

Aeei?enoaiiy AII i?e aea/aii? o?ceee a na?aaei?e oeie? aaea
aeine?aeaeoaaeinue o iaoiaeeoe? aeeeaaeaiiy o?ceee. I. N. Ae?icaeia
aecia/ea ?ieue ? iiaeeeaino? aeei?enoaiiy AII ia iniia? iiaeoeueiiai
iaa/aiiy. Ie?ai? ieoaiiy iiaoaeiae ? aeei?enoaiiy eiii’thoa?ieo iiaeaeae
o?ce/ieo yaeu o iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiiio i?ioean? aeine?aeaeaii a
aeena?oaoe?? I.E.Oie?ia. I?aeaeuaiith aoaeoeaiino? naiino?eii? ?iaioe
o/i?a i?e aea/aii? o?ceee ia iniia? aeei?enoaiiy eiii’thoa?ii? oaoi?ee
i?enay/aii ?iaioo I.I.Iaeaithea.

Aeniei ioe?ithth/e cia/aiiy ?nioth/eo aeine?aeaeaiue, ye?
aaeineiiaeththoue aea/aiiy ?icae?eo «Eaaioiaa o?ceea», ie aaaaea?ii, ui
ie?ai? aniaeoe oe??? i?iaeaie ua ia ciaeoee aeinoaoiueiai aena?oeaiiy a
iaoiaeeoe? aeeeaaeaiiy o?ceee. Iniiai? c ieo:

 oiiae aeei?enoaiiy AII i?e aea/aii? eaaioiai? o?ceee;

 noai?aiiy iaa/aeueieo eiii’thoa?ieo iiaeaeae oa ?ioeo iaaeaaia?/ieo
i?ia?aiieo cania?a aeey aea/aiiy eaaioiai? o?ceee a na?aaei?e oeie?;

 aeei?enoaiiy iaa/aeueieo eiii’thoa?ieo iiaeaeae a yeino? ia’?eoa
aeine?aeieoeueei? ae?yeueiino? o/iy;

 oiiae eiiieaeniiai aeei?enoaiiy AII oa ?ioeo cania?a iaa/aiiy i?e
aea/aii? eaaioiai? o?ceee a na?aaei?e oeie?.

Iaiao?aei?noue ?ica’ycaiiy aeacaieo aeua i?iaeai ? na?ae/aiiyi
aeooaeueiino? aeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy, ui e coiiaeei aea?? oaie
aeena?oaoe??.

Ia’?eoii iaoiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ? iaa/aeueiee i?ioean c o?ceee a
na?aaei?e oeie?.

I?aaeiaoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? aeei?enoaiiy cania?a ?ioi?iaoe?eieo
oaoiieia?e o nenoai? aeeaeaeoe/ieo cania?a o aea/aii? ieoaiue eaaioiai?
o?ceee a na?aaei?e oeie?.

Iaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? o aaeineiiaeaii? iaoiaeeee aea/aiiy
eaaioiai? o?ceee a na?aaei?e oeie? ia iniia? aeei?enoaiiy eiii’thoa?ii?
oaoi?ee.

Oai?aoe/iee aiae?c i?iaeaie ? aea/aiiy iaaeaaia?/iiai aeina?aeo
aeicaieeee aenoiooe oaeo a?iioaco: aeei?enoaiiy cania?a ?O i?e aea/aii?
eaaioiai? o?ceee noai?eoue ia?aaeoiiae aeey oe?e?niiai ni?eeiaiiy o/iyie
ci?noo iaa/aeueiiai iaoa??aeo; coiiaeoue i?aeaeuaiiy ?o ??aiy ciaiue,
oi?iue ? iaae/ie; ni?eyoeia oi?ioaaiith a oeiey??a oai?/iai ieneaiiy.

I?iaeaia oa a?iioaca, ui c ia? aeieeaa?, aecia/eee oae? iniiai?
caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy:

1. I?iaiae?coaaoe noai aeei?enoaiiy AII o i?aeoeoe? oe?eueiiai iaa/aiiy
o?ceoe? oa nooi?iue ?ic?iaee aeaii? i?iaeaie a ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/i?e
e?oa?aoo??.

2. A?ae?a?aoe o?ce/i? yaeua ? ia’?eoe eaaioiai? o?ceee, aeey yeeo aoaea
aeioe?eueiei noai?aiiy ? aeei?enoaiiy eiii’thoa?ieo iiaeaeae oa ?ioeo
iaaeaaia?/ieo i?ia?aiieo cania?a.

3. Iaa?oiooaaoe oiiae aea/aiiy ?icae?eo «Eaaioiaa o?ceea» ia iniia?
aeei?enoaiiy eiii’thoa?ii? oaoi?ee.

4. Ia iniia? oiia, ye? caaacia/othoue aoaeoeaia aeei?enoaiiy AII i?e
aea/aii? eaaioiai? o?ceee, ineoieiai-aeeaeaeoe/ieo aeiia aei
eiii’thoa?ieo i?ia?ai iaa/aeueiiai i?ecia/aiiy, ?ic?iaeoe nenoaio
iaa/aeueieo eiii’thoa?ieo iiaeaeae oa ?ioeo iaaeaaia?/ieo i?ia?aiieo
cania?a aeey aea/aiiy eaaioiai? o?ceee a na?aaei?e oeie?.

5. ?ic?iaeoe iaoiaeeeo aeei?enoaiiy nenoaie iaaeaaia?/ieo i?ia?aiieo
cania?a aeey i?iaaaeaiiy ??cieo oei?a caiyoue ?c eaaioiai? o?ceee.

6. O oiae? aenia?eiaioaeueiiai iaa/aiiy ia?aa??eoe iaaeaaia?/io
aoaeoeai?noue cai?iiiiiaaii? iaoiaeeee aeei?enoaiiy AII i?e aea/aii?
eaaioiai? o?ceee.

Iaoiaeieia?/iith iniiaith aeine?aeaeaiiy ? ae?aeaeoeei-iaoa??ae?noe/ia
oai??y i?ciaiiy, caeiiii??iino? ? i?eioeeie iaa/aiiy.

Aeey ae??oaiiy oeeo caaaeaiue aeei?enoiaoaaeeny oae? iaoiaee
aeine?aeaeaiiy:

 aiae?c o?einionueei?, ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/ii?, iaoeiai-iaoiaee/ii? oa
oaoi?/ii? e?oa?aoo?e c iaoith aea/aiiy noaio aeine?aeaeoaaii? i?iaeaie ?
oai?aoe/ieo iniia ?? ae??oaiiy;

 aiae?c aeina?aeo ai?iaaaeaeaiiy eiii’thoa?ii? oaoi?ee a iaa/aeueiee
i?ioean;

 aea/aiiy ? ocaaaeueiaiiy aeina?aeo aeeeaaeaiiy ?icae?eo «Eaaioiaa
o?ceea» a na?aaei?e oeie?;

 aiae?c ienueiiai? oe?eueii? aeieoiaioaoe??, ienueiiaeo ?ia?o o/i?a,
ye? anooiaee aei Aieeinueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. Ean?
Oe?a?iee;

 aan?aee, niinoa?aaeaiiy, aieaooaaiiy na?aae o/i?a, ca aeiiiiiaith yeeo
iiaeia aoei aeyaeoe oiiae i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? aea/aiiy eaaioiai?
o?ceee;

 iniaenoa ?iaioa a yeino? o/eoaey o?ceee oa ?ioi?iaoeee a na?aaei?e
oeie? n. Caai?ieue, Eooeueeiai ?aeiio;

 iaaeaaia?/iee aenia?eiaio, yeee aeicaieea aea/eoe noai
aeine?aeaeoaaii? i?iaeaie a oe?euei?e i?aeoeoe? oa aenia?eiaioaeueii
ai?iaoaaoe cai?iiiiiaaio iaoiaeeeo aeei?enoaiiy AII i?e aea/aii?
eaaioiai? o?ceee;

 ia?iaea ?acoeueoao?a iaaeaaia?/iiai aenia?eiaioo c aeiiiiiaith
iaoaiaoe/ii? noaoenoeee;

 iaaiai?aiiy ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy ia eiioa?aioe?yo, niaoeeo?nao,
nai?ia?ao, i?aeoe/ieo caiyooyo ?c nooaeaioaie o?ce/iiai oaeoeueoaoo
Aieeinueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. Ean? Oe?a?iee.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? o ianooiiiio:

 aeine?aeaeaii oiiae aeei?enoaiiy AII i?e aea/aii? eaaioiai? o?ceee a
na?aaei?e oeie?;

 a?aoiaoth/e aeiiae aei eiii’thoa?ieo i?ia?ai iaa/aeueiiai i?ecia/aiiy,
?ic?iaeaii nenoaio iaaeaaia?/ieo i?ia?aiieo cania?a aeey aea/aiiy
iniiaieo yaeu oa i?ioean?a eaaioiai? o?ceee;

 cai?iiiiiaaii nenoaio aeaiiino?aoe?eieo iiaeaeueieo aeine?ae?a oa
eaai?aoi?ieo ?ia?o ia iniia? aeei?enoaiiy AII, ye? nooo?ai ?icoe?ththoue
ci?no iaa/aeueiiai aenia?eiaioo c eaaioiai? o?ceee;

 ?ic?iaeaii no?oeoo?o oaoiieia?/ii? ea?oe o?ieo c o?ceee, yea aeicaiey?
?aae?coaaoe eiiieaeniee i?aeo?ae aei aeei?enoaiiy cania?a ?O oa ?ioeo
cania?a iaa/aiiy, iioei?coaaoe iaa/aeueiee i?ioean o?ceee.

Oai?aoe/ia cia/aiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy:

 iaa?oioiaaii ?acoeueoaoeai?noue aeei?enoaiiy eiii’thoa??a aeey
i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? aea/aiiy eaaioiai? o?ceee a na?aaei?e oeie?;

 iaa?oioiaaii eiiieaeniee i?aeo?ae aei aeei?enoaiiy cania?a ?O oa ?ioeo
cania?a iaa/aiiy o aea/aii? ieoaiue eaaioiai? o?ceee.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ?iaioe iieyaa? a ?ic?iaoe? nenoaie iaaeaaia?/ieo
i?ia?aiieo cania?a ?c ?icae?eo «Eaaioiaa o?ceea» c iaoith ?aae?caoe??
iiaeaeueieo aeine?ae?a oa aeine?aeieoeueeeo eaai?aoi?ieo ?ia?o i?e
aea/aii? eaaioiai? o?ceee, ye? iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? a/eoaeyie oe?e,
i?ioan?eii-oaoi?/ieo o/eeeu, aeeeaaea/aie o?ceee oaoi?eoi?a, aeueo
iaa/aeueieo caeeaae?a, o/iyie aeey naiino?eiiai aea/aiiy ieoaiue aeaiiai
?icae?eo, aaoi?aie iaoiaee/ieo iin?aiee?a aeey a/eoae?a o?ceee.

Aeei?enoaiiy iaoa??aeo aeine?aeaeaiiy o iaa/aeueiiio i?ioean?
aeiiiaieoue iaoiaeeeo aeeeaaeaiiy ?icae?eo «Eaaioiaa o?ceea», aeiiiiiaea
a/eoaeth onoiooe o? o?oaeiiu?, ye? aeieeathoue i?e aea/aii? eaaioiai?
o?ceee, ni?eyoeia oi?ioaaiith a o/i?a no?eeiai ?ioa?ano ye aei aea/aiiy
o?ceee, oae ? aei eo?no «Iniiae ?ioi?iaoeee oa ia/enethaaeueii?
oaoi?ee». Iniiai? ?aea? aeena?oaoe?? iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? oaeiae
a/eoaeyie ?ioeo oe?eueieo aeenoeeie?i.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeeeny c 1992 ii 1998 ??e.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy cae?enithaaeanue ia
Anaoe?a?inueeiio iaoeiai-iaoiaee/iiio nai?ia?? c i?iaeai aeeeaaeaiiy
o?ceee (i. Ee?a, Iaoe?iiaeueiee iaaeaaia?/iee oi?aa?neoao
?i. I. I. Ae?aaiiaiiaa, 1998 ?.), ia ?aa?iiaeuei?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e
(i. Eooeuee, 1995 ?.) oa Anaoe?a?inuee?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e (i. ??aia,
1996 ?.) eiioa?aioe?yo, ia I?aeia?iaeiiio nai?ia?? (i. *a?i?a?a,
1996 ?.), ia iaa/aeueii-iaoiaee/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo o/eoae?a o?ceee o
Aieeinueeiio iaeaniiio iaa/aeueii-iaoiaee/iiio ?inoeooo? i?neyaeeieiiii?
ina?oe iaaeaaia?/ieo eaae??a, ia iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?yo
i?ioani?nueei-aeeeaaeaoeueeiai neeaaeo ? nooaeaio?a Aieeinueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. Ean? Oe?a?iee (1994-1998 ??.), o i?aeoeoe?
?iaioe oe?e i. Eooeueea, Aieeinueei? oa Euea?anueei? iaeanoae.

Ia caoeno aeiinyoueny oae? iniiai? iieiaeaiiy oa ?acoeueoaoe:

1. Oai?aoe/ia iaa?oiooaaiiy oiia aeei?enoaiiy AII i?e aea/aii?
eaaioiai? o?ceee a na?aaei?e oeie?;

2. Iaoiaeeea aeei?enoaiiy cania?a ?ioi?iaoe?eieo oaoiieia?e i?e
aea/aii? eaaioiai? o?ceee.

3. Oiiae eiiieaeniiai aeei?enoaiiy AII oa ?ioeo cania?a iaa/aiiy i?e
aea/aii? eaaioiai? o?ceee a na?aaei?e oeie?.

4. ?acoeueoaoe aenia?eiaioaeueii? ia?aa??ee, ye? a?aeia?aaeathoue
aoaeoeai?noue cai?iiiiiaaii? iaoiaeeee aeei?enoaiiy cania?a ?O i?e
aea/aii? eaaioiai? o?ceee.

Oai?aoe/i? iieiaeaiiy oa iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy
a?aeia?aaeai? o 8 ioae?eaoe?yo.

No?oeoo?a ? ia’?i ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c? anooio, o?ueio
?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaii? e?oa?aoo?e (162 iaeiaioaaiiy).
Oaeno aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeaiee ia 179 noi??ieao iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo ?
i?noeoue 17 ?enoie?a, 8 oaaeeoeue ? aeiaeaoee.

CI?NO ?IAIOE

O anooi? iaa?oioiaaii aeooaeuei?noue oaie, aecia/aii ia’?eo ? i?aaeiao
aeine?aeaeaiiy, noi?ioeueiaaii iaoo, a?iioaco, caaaeaiiy oa iaoiaee
aeine?aeaeaiiy, ?ice?eoi iaoeiao iiaecio ? i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ?iaioe,
iaaaaeaii a?aeiiino? i?i ai?iaaoe?th ? ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?? ?acoeueoao?a,
noi?ioeueiaaii iniiai? iieiaeaiiy, ye? aeiinyoueny ia caoeno.

Ia?oee ?icae?e i?enay/aiee aiae?co ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/ieo iniia
aeei?enoaiiy AII a iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiiio i?ioean?, noaio aeei?enoaiiy
cania?a ?ioi?iaoe?eieo oaoiieia?e o a?o/eciyieo oa ca?oa?aeieo oeieao. O
iueiio i?iaaaeaii aiae?c iaoiaee/ii? nenoaie aea/aiiy eaaioiai? o?ceee a
na?aaei?e oeie?.

I?iaaaeaiee iaie aiae?c iaoiaee/ii? nenoaie aea/aiiy eaaioiai? o?ceee a
na?aaei?e oeie? ca inoaii? i’yoaeanyo ?ie?a iieacaa, ui ianya iaoa??aeo
?icae?eo “Eaaioiaa o?ceea” iaaieiii c?inoa?. Iaeii/anii c ?icaeoeii
ci?noo iaa/aeueiiai iaoa??aeo c eaaioiai? o?ceee ?icaeaa?oueny ?
aaeineiiaeth?oueny iaoiaeeea eiai aea/aiiy. I?ioa a iaoiaee/iiio ieai? o
a/eoae?a o?ceee aeieeathoue cia/i? o?oaeiiu?. Iaie anoaiiaeaii i?e/eie
oaeiai noaio:

a) iaoa??ae aeaiiai ?icae?eo i?noeoue aaeeeo e?euee?noue iiaeo iiiyoue ?
yaeu, ye? ia iathoue nai?o aiaeia?a o iae?ina?o?;

a) neeaaei? ooieoe?iiaeuei? caeaaeiino?, ye? iathoue i?noea i?ae
a?aeiia?aeieie o?ce/ieie aaee/eiaie, ia aeicaieythoue aeei?enoiaoaaoe ?o
ia o?ieao o?ceee;

a) a?aenooi? iaeaaeiaiiy (iiaeae?, iaeaoe, i?eeaaee) aeey cae?eniaiiy a
oiiaao na?aaeiuei? oeiee aoaeoeaieo iaa/aeueieo aeine?ae?a;

a) iaa/aeueiee aenia?eiaio c eaaioiai? o?ceee a na?aaei?e oeie?
iaaeinoaoiuei ?ice?eaa? iniaeeaino? ? e?euee?ni? caeiiii??iino? yaeu
i?e?ina?oo;

ae) o i?ia?ai? c o?ceee iaei oaaae i?eae?ey?oueny ?ica’ycoaaiith caaea/,
ye? niiioeaee a o/i?a aei oai?/iai ieneaiiy.

A?aoiaoth/e ia?a?aoiaai? o?oaeiiu? i?e aea/aii? eaaioiai? o?ceee a
oeie?, a aeaiiio ?icae?e? ?iaeoueny aeniiaie i?i aeioe?euei?noue
aeei?enoaiiy oe?ieeo iiaeeeainoae eiii’thoa?ii? oaoi?ee a nenoai? c
?ioeie caniaaie iaa/aiiy.

Ae?oaee ?icae?e. Aeine?aeaeoth/e aeei?enoaiiy cania?a ?O o aea/aii?
eaaioiai? o?ceee, iaie iaa?oioiaaii oiiae aeioe?eueiiai ?o aeei?enoaiiy.
Cie?aia, iieacaii, ui aoaeoeaia aeei?enoaiiy AII i?e aea/aii? eaaioiai?
o?ceee a na?aaei?e oeie? aeiaaa? caaacia/aiiy oaeeo oiia:

a) a?aeiia?aeiee ??aaiue i?aeaioiaee a/eoaey aei oaei? ?iaioe a oeie?
(aeeaiea ciaiiy ci?noo iaoa??aeo, aieiae?iiy iaoiaeaie i?ia?aioaaiiy,
ciaiiy iaoiaeeee aeeeaaeaiiy oiui);

a) iayai?noue iaiao?aeii? iaoa??aeueii? aace (eiii’thoa?e, eean oa ?i.);

a) iayai?noue ye?nieo iaa/aeueieo eiii’thoa?ieo i?ia?ai;

a) iiia?aaeiy i?aeaioiaea o/i?a aei ?iaioe c eiii’thoa?ii;

ae) ia?ciai?noue o/i?a c aeaiaioaie iaoiaeo iiaeaethaaiiy;

a) eiiieaeniee i?aeo?ae aei aeei?enoaiiy ??cieo cania?a aea/aiiy
eaaioiai? o?ceee;

?) aeio?eiaiiy aeiia oaoi?ee aaciaee, nai?oa??? oa a?a??ie.

I?iaaaeaii aeaoaeueiee aiae?c eiaeii? c iacaaieo oiia.

Iaie iieacaii, ui i?e aea/aii? eaaioiai? o?ceee na?aae ??cieo i?ia?aiieo
cania?a iaa/aeueiiai i?ecia/aiiy iniaeeao ?ieue iin?aeathoue iaa/aeuei?
eiii’thoa?i? iiaeae? (IEI). C ?o aeiiiiiaith a/eoaeue iiaea caa?oaoenue
aei oeo aniaeo?a eaaioiai? o?ceee, ye? ?ai?oa aoee iaaeinooii? o/iyi
/a?ac neeaaei?noue, iaaeinoaoith iai/i?noue, a?ii?caee?noue
iaoaiaoe/iiai aia?aoo, iaiaaeai?noue i?iaaaeaiiy oe?eueiiai aenia?eiaioo
oiui.

?icaeyioo? iaie oiiae oa ooieoe?iiaeuei? ca’ycee i?ae ieie iieacaii ia
?en.1.

O oeaio?? aeaii? nenoaie, ye caaaeaee, ? a/eoaeue (1) oa o/aiue (2).
A/eoaeue iiaeiai aeiiiiiaoe o/iaa? i?ciaoe ia’?eo (3). Iaeiae ia’?eo
aea/aiiy iaaeinooiiee aeey aaciina?aaeiueiai i?ciaiiy o/iai ca
aeiiiiiaith i?aai?a a?ae/oooy. Uia i?ciaiiy noaei iiaeeeaei, a
caeaaeiino? a?ae ianoaaei, a/eoaeue iiaea aeei?enoaoe: a?aeiia?aeiee
iaa/aeueiee o?ce/iee aenia?eiaio (10), cae/aei? iaoa??aeuei? oa ieneai?
iiaeae? (5), iaa/aeuei? eiii’thoa?i? iiaeae? (4), ?io? caniae aea/aiiy
eaaioiai? o?ceee (11).

Iaa/aeueia eiii’thoa?ia iiaeaeue (IEI) ?aae?co?oueny /a?ac a?aeiia?aeio
iaa/aeueio eiii’thoa?io i?ia?aio (8), yea a?aoiao? iniiai? aeanoeaino?
ia’?eoa aea/aiiy (3). Ioaea, a aeaiiio aeiaaeeo i?ioean i?ciaiiy
i?ioiaeeoue /a?ac oae? ca’ycee: 3-8, 8-4, 4-2. I?e oeueiio a/eoaeue ia
ianeaiee, a?i ae?? ia iiaeaeue (ca’ycee: 1-4, 1-8) ? aaciina?aaeiuei ia
o/iy (iiynith?, caa?oa? oaaao ia aieiaia, ca’ycie 1-2). A/eoaeue io?eio?
?ioi?iaoe?th oaeiae a?ae o/iy (cai?ioi?e ca’ycie 2-1). Cai?ioi?e ca’ycie
iiaea aooe ?aae?ciaaiee ? /a?ac eiii’thoa? (ia noai? oeae cai?ioi?e
ca’ycie ia iieacaii).

Ca’ycee: 6-1, 7-1, 9-1 aecia/athoue iaiao?aei? oiiae i?ioan?eiiai
c?inoaiiy a/eoaey, i?e yeeo a?i ciiaea caaacia/eoe aoaeoeaia
aeei?enoaiiy AII o aea/aii? ieoaiue eaaioiai? o?ceee, a oaeiae ?ioeo
?icae?e?a o?ceee. Ca’ycie 2-12 aecia/a? oiiae, aeeiiaiiy yeeo aaaea aei
oni?oiiai canai?iiy o/iyie iiaeo ciaiue. A?aenooi?noue ia i?aeoeoe? oi/a
a iaeiiai c oeeo ca’yce?a iiaea i?eaanoe aei iecueei? aai iaa?oue
ioeueiai? ?acoeueoaoeaiino? o?ieo.

Noi?ioeueiaai? oiiae oa iane?aeee, ye? c ieo aeieeaathoue, iathoue
caaaeueia cia/aiiy ? iiaeooue aooe canoiniaai? aei aea/aiiy ?ioeo
?icae?e?a oe?eueiiai eo?no o?ceee.

O aeaiiio ?icae?e? iienai? ?ic?iaeai? iaie iaa/aeuei? eiii’thoa?i?
iiaeae? «Aeine?ae ?aca?oi?aea», “Ieaiaoa?ia iiaeaeue aoiia”, «Ooo/ia
?aae?iaeoeai?noue», «Iiae?e yaea? o?aio», «Eaioethaiaa yaea?ia
?aaeoe?y», “Oeeeeio?ii”, “Aoaeo Eiiioiia”. Iacaai? aeua i?ia?aie
neeaaeai? ia iia? i?ia?aioaaiiy Delphi ? ?ic?aoiaai? aeey aeei?enoaiiy a
a?ao?/iiio na?aaeiaeu? Windows. Aiie i?noyoue: aeia?aeeiaee ?aaeei, yeee
iieno? i?aaeea ?iaioe c i?ia?aiith, oai?aoe/i? a?aeiiino? c oaie
aeine?aeaeaiiy, nenoaio iicia/aiue ia’?eo?a, ye? a ieo
aeei?enoiaothoueny.

Cie?aia, i?ia?aia «Eaioethaiaa yaea?ia ?aaeoe?y» iiaeaeth? aeieeiaiiy ?
i?io?eaiiy eaioethaiai? yaea?ii? ?aaeoe??. Aiia aeicaiey? aeine?aeeoe:
noaoenoe/iee oa?aeoa? yaeua eaioethaiai? ?aaeoe??, caeaaei?noue
eiao?oe??ioa ?iciiiaeaiiy iaeo?ii?a a?ae iane oiaoea o?aio (?ici???a ?
oi?ie nenoaie, a ye?e i?ioiaeeoue eaioethaiaa yaea?ia ?aaeoe?y),
eiioeaio?aoe?? aoii?a o?aio-235, iayaiino? a?aeaeaa/a iaeo?ii?a, nooiaiy
aaaaeaiiy a nenoaio ea?oth/eo noa?aei?a. Caeiiii??iino? yaeua
eaioethaiai? yaea?ii? ?aaeoe?? iathoue noaoenoe/iee oa?aeoa?. Oea
coiiaeaii oe?ieei aeei?enoaiiyi a i?ia?ai? aaia?aoi?a aeiaaeeiaeo /enae
(AA*).

I?ney caioneo i?ia?aie ia ae?ai? aeenieay aeieea? cia?aaeaiiy
aeae?eueeio aeanyoe?a yaea? o?aio. Aeieeiaiiy eaioethaiai? yaea?ii?
?aaeoe?? noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny niiioaiiei ae?eaiiyi iaeiiai c yaea? o?aio.
A i?ioean? eaioethaiai? yaea?ii? ?aaeoe?? eiii’thoa? i?inoaaeo? «aeieth»
eiaeiiai iaeo?iia ? aaoiiaoe/ii ia/eneth? eiao?oe??io ?iciiiaeaiiy
iaeo?ii?a k, yeee a e?ioe? i?ioeano aeaiaeeoueny a a?ei? ae?aeiao.

Cai?iiiiiaaii iaoiaeeeo aeei?enoaiiy aeaieo iiaeaeae i?e aea/aii?
?icae?eo “Eaaioiaa o?ceea”. Iienai? a aeena?oaoe?eiiio aeine?aeaeaii?
i?ia?aie iiaeooue aeei?enoiaoaaoenue ye i?e aea/aii? iiaiai iaoa??aeo,
oae ? i?e iiaoi?aii?. Aiie aeicaieythoue ia eeoa niinoa??aaoe
a?aeiia?aei? yaeua ? i?ioeane i?e?ina?oo, a e aeine?aeaeoaaoe ?o. Iaie
oaeiae ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeeo aeei?enoaiiy noai?aieo i?ia?ai i?e
i?iaaaeaii? ia ?o iniia? ?ia?o o?ce/iiai i?aeoeeoio (??aaiue N).

Aeey anoaiiaeaiiy ??aiy canai?iiy oa iiaeaeueoi? ei?aeoe?? ciaiue o/i?a
c eaaioiai? o?ceee, aeyaeaiiy i?iaaeei o ?o ciaiiyo iaie ?ic?iaeaia
i?ia?aia «Eiio?ieue». Caaaeaiiy c aeai?ii a?aeiia?ae?, ye? ?aae?ciaai? a
aeai?e i?ia?ai?, aeicaieythoue i?iaiaeeoe ye i?aenoieiaee oae ?
oaiaoe/iee eiio?ieue ciaiue o/i?a, aeyaeyoe oeiia? iiieeee o ni?eeiaii?
iaa/aeueiiai iaoa??aeo c ?icae?eo «Eaaioiaa» o?ceea /e i?e aeeiiaii?
?ic?aooie?a.

Aeei?enoiaoth/e aeaio i?ia?aio, o/aiue ia? iiaeeea?noue /?oei oyaeoe
nia? ianya iaia’yceiaeo aeiia aei iaieiae?iiy ciaiiyie c eiaeii? oaie
?icae?eo «Eaaioiaa o?ceea», ia’?eoeaii ioe?ieoe nai? oni?oe, io?eiaoe
eiie?aoi? aeac?aee aeey aeiaeaoeiai? ?iaeea?aeoaeueii? ?iaioe.

Aeey nenoaiaoecaoe?? oa ocaaaeueiaiiy ciaiue o/i?a c ?icae?eo «Eaaioiaa
o?ceea», iiaeaiiy ??ciiiai?oii? ?ioi?iaoe?? aeia?aeeiaiai ci?noo c
aeaiiai ?icae?eo cai?iiiiiaaii ?ic?iaeaio iaie ?ioi?iaoe?eii-iiooeiao
nenoaio «Eaaio». A ?? iniia? eaaeeoue ci?no ?icae?eo «Eaaioiaa o?ceea» ?
no?oeoo?a oi?ioaaiiy oaeeo iniiaieo eiiiiiaio?a ciaiue, ye: o?ce/i?
yaeua, o?ce/i? aeine?aee, o?ce/i? iiiyooy ? aaee/eie, o?ce/i? caeiie,
o?ce/i? oai???, i?eeaaee.

Cai?iiiiiaaii iaoiaeeeo aeei?enoaiiy aeaii? nenoaie ia o?ieao
ocaaaeueiaiiy oa nenoaiaoecaoe?? ciaiue c ?icae?eo «Eaaioiaa o?ceea».

C iaoith iioeiaeueiiai aeei?enoaiiy ia o?ioe? ??cieo aeae?a iai/iino? oa
cania?a iaa/aiiy (a oiio /ene? ? AII), iaie ?ic?iaeaia oaoiieia?/ia
ea?oa o?ieo (?en.2). A ?? iniia? eaaeeoue no?oeoo?a o?ieo, eiiiiiaioe
yei? aecia/athoue ci?no (aeaiaioe ciaiue oa niiniae ae?e) ? niiniae
iaa/aiiy. I?e ?? ?ic?iaoe? ie a?aooaaee aeinyaiaiiy aeeaeaeoeee ?
iaoiaeeee o?ceee, oaiaeaioe?? ?icaeoeo oai??? ? i?aeoeee i?ioeano
iaa/aiiy ? o?ceee cie?aia.

O?ao?e ?icae?e i?enay/aiee i?aai?caoe??, i?iaaaeaiith oa aiae?co
?acoeueoao?a iaaeaaia?/iiai aenia?eiaioo.

Aenia?eiaioaeueio ia?aa??eo iniiaieo iieiaeaiue aeine?aeaeaiiy
cae?eniaii a o?e aoaie: eiinoaooth/ee aenia?eiaio, aoai iiooeiaiai
aenia?eiaioo, aoai oi?ioth/iai aenia?eiaioo.

Ia ia?oiio aoai? (1992 — 1994 ??.) aea/aii ??aaiue noi?iiaaiino?
eaaioiaeo oyaeaiue a o/i?a 11 eean?a oa aecia/aii aeioe?euei?noue
aeei?enoaiiy cania?a ?O i?e aea/aii? eaaioiai? o?ceee a na?aaei?e oeie?.
Iniiaieie ae?aaiinoe/ieie iaoiaeaie eiinoaooth/iai aenia?eiaioo aoei
ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/ia niinoa?aaeaiiy oa aenia?oi? ioe?iee a/eoae?a.

Eiinoaooth/ei aenia?eiaioii aoei ioiieaii 730 o/i?a oe?e Aieeinueei? oa
Euea?anueei? iaeanoae. Ia iniia? iaaeaaia?/ieo niinoa?aaeaiue ca
iaa/aeueiei i?ioeanii, iniaenoiai aeina?aeo ?iaioe c o/iyie
Caai?ieuenueei? NO Eooeueeiai ?aeiio Aieeinueei? iaeano?, ni?eeoaaiiy c
a/eoaeyie-i?aaeiaoieeaie, iaie aeyaeaii iaaeie?ee o?aaeeoe?eii?
iaoiaeeee aeeeaaeaiiy ?icae?eo «Eaaioiaa o?ceea» oa iaaeei?enoai?
iiaeeeaino? cania?a ?O i?e aea/aii? eaaioiai? o?ceee a na?aaei?e oeie?.
Aeai? eiinoaooth/iai aenia?eiaioo iaeneiaeueii a?aoiaai? i?e ?ic?iaoe?
i?iiiiiaaieo eiii’thoa?ieo i?ia?ai ? iaoiaeeee ?o aeei?enoaiiy.

Aeyaeaiiy oaeiai noaio aecia/eei iaoo oa caaaeaiiy iiooeiaiai
aenia?eiaioo. Iiooeiaee aenia?eiaio i?iaiaeeany a i?nueeeo ? n?euenueeeo
oeieao Aieeinueei? iaeano? (NO ?1, ?2, ?4, ?9, ?25, ?26 i. Eooeueea,
oe?e n?e Caai?ieue oa I?aeaaeoe? Eooeueeiai ?aeiio). Caaaeueia /enei
o/i?a, caae?yieo ia ae?oaiio aoai? aenia?eiaioo, noaiiaeei 420 oeiey??a.

Oi?ioth/ee aenia?eiaio i?iaiaeeany a cae/aeieo oiiaao iaaeaaia?/iiai
i?ioeano. Iei aoei ioiieaii 423 o/i? na?aaei?o oe?e ?1, ?4, ?9, ?25, ?26
i. Eooeueea, ?2 i. Ai?ioiaa, n?e Caai?ieue, I?aeaaeoe?, i. Oi?/ei
Eooeueeiai ?aeiio Aieeinueei? iaeano?, nio. Noiyi?a Euea?anueei? iae.
Iaa/aiiy a aenia?eiaioaeueieo eeanao a?ae??ciyeiny a?ae iaa/aiiy a
eiio?ieueieo eeanao anaa?/iei aeei?enoaiiyi AII a i?ioean? aea/aiiy
eaaioiai? o?ceee. Ca ?acoeueoaoaie ae?aaiinoe/ieo eiio?ieueieo ?ia?o,
i?iaaaeaieo ia?aae ii/aoeii oi?ioth/iai aenia?eiaioo, ia iniia?
noaoenoe/iiai e?eoa??th x2 ia?aa??aii ??aiii??i?noue ?iciiae?eo o/i?a o
eiio?ieueieo oa aenia?eiaioaeueieo eeanao.

Ioe?ieo ?acoeueoao?a aenia?eiaioaeueiiai iaa/aiiy i?iaaaeaii ia iniia?:

a) e?euee?niiai ? ye?niiai aiae?co ?acoeueoao?a aeeiiaiiy o/iyie
eiio?ieueii-ia?aa??yth/eo caaaeaiue;

a) nenoaiaoe/ieo niinoa?aaeaiue ca i?ioeanii iaa/aiiy, aan?ae,
aieaooaaiiy o/i?a, a?aeaoe?a a/eoae?a-aenia?eiaioaoi??a i?i iniiai?
?acoeueoaoe aenia?eiaioaeueiiai iaa/aiiy.

?acoeueoaoe iaaeaaia?/iiai aenia?eiaioo aeiaaee aeioe?euei?noue
aeei?enoaiiy cania?a ?O i?e aea/aii? ?icae?eo “Eaaioiaa o?ceea”, a
oaeiae i?aeoaa?aeeee aoaeoeai?noue cai?iiiiiaaii? iaoiaeeee aeei?enoaiiy
AII. Canoinoaaiiy iaa/aeueieo eiii’thoa?ieo i?ia?ai aeicaiey? o/iyi
e?aua ?icoi?oe iaa/aeueiee iaoa??ae, ni?ey? oi?ioaaiith o?ce/ieo
oyaeaiue i?i yaeua, ye? aea/athoueny, i?ioeane i?e?ina?oo, aeiiiiaaa?
nenoaiaoecoaaoe ? ocaaaeueieoe ?oi? ciaiiy, i?aeaeuo? ?ioa?an aei
aea/aiiy eaaioiai? o?ceee. Aeei?enoaiiy oaoiieia?/ieo ea?o o?ieo
aeicaiey? a/eoaeth e?aua i?iaeoiaoe o?ae o?ieo, iioei?coaaoe
ni?aa?aeiioaiiy i?ae o?aaeeoe?eieie ? eiii’thoa?ieie oi?iaie i?iaaaeaiiy
o?ieo, i?aai?coaaoe o?ie oaeei /eiii, uia eiaeai aeae iai/iino? caeiya
nai? i?noea a nenoai? ?ioeo cania?a iaa/aiiy.

AENIIAEE

1. Aiae?c ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/ieo aniaeo?a ai?iaaaeaeaiiy cania?a ?O o
iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiee i?ioean iieacaa, ui oai?aoe/iei ooiaeaiaioii aeey
iiaoaeiae aoaeoeaiiai eiii’thoa?iiai iaa/aiiy ? aei?aaaeai? i?aeoeeith
ineoieia?/i? oai??? oa iaaeaaiiy iaaeaaia?/ii? aeoiee, a iniia? yeeo
eaaeeoue ae?yeuei?niee i?aeo?ae.

2. Ocaaaeueiaiiy aeina?aeo aeei?enoaiiy AII o a?o/eciyieo oa
ca?oa?aeieo oeieao aeyaeei aenie? aeeaeaeoe/i? iiaeeeaino? cania?a ?O
i?e aea/aii? o?ceee.

3. Aiae?c iaoiaee/ii? nenoaie aea/aiiy eaaioiai? o?ceee a na?aaei?e
oeie? iieacaa, ui o a/eoae?a a iaoiaee/iiio ieai? aeieeaee ? aeieeathoue
oaia? cia/i? o?oaeiiu?. Ia iniia? aiae?co iieacaia aeioe?euei?noue
oi?ioaaiiy iniiaieo iiiyoue eaaioiai? o?ceee c aeei?enoaiiyi
iiaeeeainoae eiii’thoa?ii? oaoi?ee.

4. Iaa?oioiaaii iaiao?aei?noue aeei?enoaiiy iaa/aeueieo eiii’thoa?ieo
iiaeaeae o oi?ioaaii? o?ce/ieo oyaeaiue i?i iaa/aeuei? ia’?eoe, i?ioeane
? yaeua eaaioiai? o?ceee.

5. Ia iniia? aiae?co aeeaeaeoe/ieo iiaeeeainoae ?O o iaa/aeueiiio
i?ioean? noi?ioeueiaaii oiiae aeei?enoaiiy AII i?e aea/aii? eaaioiai?
o?ceee.

6. Aeoiaey/e c i?iaaaeaiiai aiae?co oiia aeei?enoaiiy AII i?e aea/aii?
eaaioiai? o?ceee, aeiia aei eiii’thoa?ieo i?ia?ai iaa/aeueiiai
i?ecia/aiiy ? ia iniia? ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/ieo e?eoa???a aei ?o
noai?aiiy, iaie ?ic?iaeaii ? aei?iaiaaii nenoaio iaa/aeueieo
eiii’thoa?ieo iiaeaeae oa ?ioeo iaaeaaia?/ieo i?ia?aiieo cania?a aeey
aea/aiiy eaaioiai? o?ceee a na?aaei?e oeie?. Aeei?enoaiiy iaa/aeueieo
eiii’thoa?ieo iiaeaeae aeicaiey? oiai/ieoe iaoa??ae ?icae?eo “Eaaioiaa
o?ceea”, ?ice?eoe aioo??oi?e iaoai?ci yaeu ? i?ioean?a eaaioiai? o?ceee,
iiynieoe o?ce/i? caeiiii??iino?, ye? iathoue i?noea i?ae a?aeiia?aeieie
aaee/eiaie.

7. Cai?iiiiiaaii nenoaio aeine?aeieoeueeeo eaai?aoi?ieo ?ia?o, yea
iiaea aooe ?aeiiaiaeiaaia aeey aeei?enoaiiy i?e aea/aii? eaaioiai?
o?ceee ia ??aiyo A ? N, a oaeiae ia oaeoeueoaoeaieo caiyooyo.

8. ?ic?iaeaii ? aenia?eiaioaeueii ai?iaiaaii iaoiaeeeo aeei?enoaiiy
eiii’thoa?ieo i?ia?ai o iaa/aeueiiio i?ioean? i?e aea/aii? eaaioiai?
o?ceee, yea aeicaiey? aeoea?coaaoe ieneaiiy o/i?a, a?eueo iiaii
?aae?coaaoe aeeaeaeoe/i? ooieoe?? aeei?enoiaoaaieo i?ia?ai ? i?aeaeueoe
a oe?eiio ca ?aooiie oeueiai aoaeoeai?noue aea/aiiy ?icae?eo “Eaaioiaa
o?ceea”.

9. ?ic?iaeaii no?oeoo?o oaoiieia?/ii? ea?oe o?ieo c o?ceee, yea
aeicaiey? ?aae?coaaoe eiiieaeniee i?aeo?ae aei aeei?enoaiiy ??cieo
aeae?a iai/iino? ? cania?a iaa/aiiy, iioei?coaaoe iaa/aeueiee i?ioean
i?e aea/aii? eaaioiai? o?ceee a na?aaei?e oeie?.

Ia?niaeoeao ?icaeoeo iniiaieo ?aeae aeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ie aa/eii a:

— ?aoe?iiaeueiiio ni?aa?aeiioaii? ?aaeueieo ? eiii’thoa?ieo
aenia?eiaio?a i?e aea/aii? eaaioiai? o?ceee;

— aea/aii? eaaioiai? o?ceee ia iniia? ai?iaaaeaeaiiy a i?aeoeeo
oe?eueiiai eo?no o?ceee iaaeaaia?/ieo i?ia?aiieo cania?a o yeino?
ia’?eoa aeine?aeieoeueei?, oai?/i?, iiooeiai? ?iaioe o/iy c a?aooaaiiyi
??aiaai? oa i?io?eueii? aeeoa?aioe?aoe??;

— aeei?enoaii? oaoiieia?/ieo ea?o o?ie?a aeey iioei?caoe?? iaa/aeueiiai
i?ioeano c ?ioeo ?icae?e?a oe?eueiiai eo?no o?ceee.

Nienie iniiaieo ae?oeiaaieo i?aoeue ca oaiith aeena?oaoe??:

1. Ioey? A.I. Aeei?enoaiiy iiaeo ?ioi?iaoe?eieo oaoiieia?e i?e aea/aii?
ieoaiue eaaioiai? o?ceee a na?aaei?e oeie? // O?ceea ? ano?iiii?y a
oeie?. — ?3. — 1997. — N.15-16.

2. Eaeaiooa E.?., Ioey? A.I. Eiii’thoa?ia iiaeaethaaiiy aoaeoo Eiiioiia
// O?ceea ? ano?iiii?y a oeie?. — ?3. — 1998. — N.19-22.

3. Eaeaiooa E.?., Ioey? A.I. Eiii’thoa?ia iiaeaeue aeine?aeo
?aca?oi?aea // Iaoeiaee a?niee AAeO. — ?6. — 1998. — N.67-68

4. Ioey? A.I. Iiaeaethaaiiy iiae?eo yaea? o?aio oa eaioethaiai?
yaea?ii? ?aaeoe?? // Iaoeiaee a?niee AAeO. — ?6. — 1998. — N.69-70.

5. Eaeaiooa E.?., Ioey? A.I. Aeaye? iniaeeaino? aea/aiiy eaaioiai?
o?ceee a na?aaei?e oeie? // Iaoa??aee 41 iaoeiai? eiioa?aioe??
i?ioani?nueei-aeeeaaeaoeueeiai neeaaeo ? nooaeaio?a AAeO ?i.Ean?
Oe?a?iee (na??y o?ce/ia). — Eooeuee, 1995. — N.18.

6. Ioey? A.I. Eiii’thoa?ia iiaeaethaaiiy ye can?a aeoea?caoe??
i?ciaaaeueii? ae?yeueiino? o/i?a i?e aea/aii? ?icae?eo “Eaaioiaa o?ceea”
// Iaoa??aee iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioe?? “I?ciaaaeueiee ?ioa?an ?
eiai aieea ia i?ioean iaa/aiiy ? naiiaeoiaaiiy oeiey??a”. — Eooeuee,
1995. — N.12-13.

7. Ioey? A.I. Iioei?caoe?y o?ieo c o?ceee ia iniia? aeei?enoaiiy
oaoiieia?/ieo ea?o // Iaoa??aee Anaoe?a?inueei? iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii?
eiioa?aioe?? “Ae?yeuei?niee i?aeo?ae o iaa/aeueii-iiooeiaiio i?ioean? c
o?ceee ? iaoaiaoeee”. – ??aia, 1996. — N.82-83.

8. Ioey? A.I. Eiii’thoa?ia iiaeaethaaiiy ia o?ieao o?ceee ye can?a
oi?ioaaiiy oai?/eo cae?aiinoae o/i?a // Iaoa??aee i?aeia?iaeiiai
nai?ia?o “?icaeoie oai?/eo cae?aiinoae o/i?a o i?ioean? iaa/aiiy
o?ceoe?”. — *a?i?a?a, 1996. — N.20-22.

AIIOAOe?ss

Ioey? A.I. Caniae ?ioi?iaoe?eieo oaoiieia?e o aea/aii? ieoaiue eaaioiai?
o?ceee a na?aaei?e oeie?. — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeaaia?/ieo
iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 13.00.02 — oai??y ? iaoiaeeea iaa/aiiy o?ceee.
— Iaoe?iiaeueiee iaaeaaia?/iee oi?aa?neoao ?i. I.I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa.

Aeena?oaoe?th i?enay/aii ?ic?iaoe? ? ai?iaaaeaeaiith nenoaie iaa/aeueieo
eiii’thoa?ieo i?ia?ai aeey aea/aiiy eaaioiai? o?ceee a na?aaei?e oeie?.
Iaa?oioiaaii aeioe?euei?noue oi?ioaaiiy iniiaieo iiiyoue eaaioiai?
o?ceee c aeei?enoaiiyi iiaeeeainoae eiii’thoa?ii? oaoi?ee.
Noi?ioeueiaaii oiiae aeei?enoaiiy AII i?e aea/aii? eaaioiai? o?ceee.
?ic?iaeaii ? ai?iaiaaii nenoaio iaa/aeueieo eiii’thoa?ieo iiaeaeae oa
?ioeo iaaeaaia?/ieo i?ia?aiieo cania?a aeey aea/aiiy eaaioiai? o?ceee a
na?aaei?e oeie?. Cai?iiiiiaaii nenoaio aeine?aeieoeueeeo eaai?aoi?ieo
?ia?o, yea iiaea aooe ?aeiiaiaeiaaia aeey aeei?enoaiiy i?e aea/aii?
eaaioiai? o?ceee ia ??aiyo A ? N, a oaeiae ia oaeoeueoaoeaieo caiyooyo.
?ic?iaeaii ? aenia?eiaioaeueii ai?iaiaaii iaoiaeeeo aeei?enoaiiy
eiii’thoa?ieo i?ia?ai o iaa/aeueiiio i?ioean? i?e aea/aii? eaaioiai?
o?ceee, yea aeicaiey? aeoea?coaaoe ieneaiiy o/i?a, ?aae?coaaoe
aeeaeaeoe/i? ooieoe?? aeei?enoiaoaaieo i?ia?ai ? i?aeaeueoe a oe?eiio ca
?aooiie oeueiai aoaeoeai?noue aea/aiiy ?icae?eo “Eaaioiaa o?ceea”.
?ic?iaeaii no?oeoo?o oaoiieia?/ii? ea?oe o?ieo o?ceee, yea aeicaiey?
?aae?coaaoe eiiieaeniee i?aeo?ae aei aeei?enoaiiy ??cieo aeae?a
iai/iino? ? cania?a iaa/aiiy, iioei?coaaoe iaa/aeueiee i?ioean i?e
aea/aii? eaaioiai? o?ceee a na?aaei?e oeie?.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: ?ioi?iaoe?ei? oaoiieia??, iiaeaethaaiiy, iaa/aeueia
eiii’thoa?ia iiaeaeue, eaaioiaa o?ceea, oaoiieia?/ia ea?oa o?ieo.

AIIIOAOeEss

Ioey? A.I. N?aaenoaa eioi?iaoeeiiiuo oaoiieiaee a eco/aiee aii?inia
eaaioiaie oeceee a n?aaeiae oeiea. — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea iao/iie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeaaiae/aneeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 13.00.02 — oai?ey e iaoiaeeea i?aiiaeaaaiey
oeceee. — Iaoeeiiaeueiue iaaeaaiae/aneee oieaa?neoao ei.
I.I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa.

Aeenna?oaoeeth iinayuaii ?ac?aaioea e aiaae?aieth nenoai o/aaiuo
eiiiuethoa?iuo i?ia?aii aeey eco/aiey eaaioiaie oeceee a n?aaeiae oeiea.
Iainiiaaii oeaeaniia?aciinoue oi?ie?iaaiey iniiaiuo iiiyoee eaaioiaie
oeceee n eniieueciaaieai aiciiaeiinoae eiiiuethoa?iie oaoieee.
Noi?ioee?iaaii oneiaey eniieueciaaiey AI i?e eco/aiee eaaioiaie oeceee.
A /anoiinoe, iieacaii, /oi yooaeoeaiia eniieueciaaiea YAI i?e eco/aiee
eaaioiaie oeceee a n?aaeiae oeiea iaaiciiaeii aac niioaaonoaothuaai
o?iaiy iiaeaioiaee o/eoaey e oaeie ?aaioa a oeiea (aeoaieia ciaiea
niaea?aeaiey iaoa?eaea, iaeaaeaiea iaoiaeaie i?ia?aiie?iaaiey, ciaiea
iaoiaeeee i?aiiaeaaaiey e o.ae.), iaee/ey iaiaoiaeeiie iaoa?eaeueiie
aacu (YAI, eeann e ae?.), ea/anoaaiiuo o/aaiuo i?ia?aii,
i?aaeoanoaothuae iiaeaioiaee o/aueony e ?aaioa n eiiiuethoa?ii,
iciaeiieaiey o/aueony n yeaiaioaie iaoiaea iiaeaee?iaaiey, eiiieaeniiai
eniieueciaaiey ?acee/iuo n?aaenoa eco/aiey eaaioiaie oeceee,
niaethaeaiey o?aaiaaiee oaoieee aaciianiinoe, naieoa?ee e aeaeaiu.

Noi?ioee?iaaiiua oneiaey e neaaenoaey, eioi?ua ec ieo auoaeatho, eiatho
iauaa cia/aiea e iiaoo eniieueciaaoueny i?e eco/aiee ae?oaeo ?acaeaeia
oeieueiiai eo?na oeceee. Iieacaii, /oi i?e eco/aiee eaaioiaie oeceee
n?aaee ?aciuo iaaeaaiae/aneeo i?ia?aiiiuo n?aaenoa iniaaiiay ?ieue
i?eiaaeeaaeeo o/aaiui eiiiuethoa?iui iiaeaeyi. N eo iiiiuueth o/eoaeue
iiaeao ia?auaoueny e oai aii?inai eaaioiaie oeceee, eioi?ua ?aiueoa auee
iaaeinooiiu o/aueiny ec-ca neiaeiinoe, iaaeinoaoi/iie iaaeyaeiinoe,
a?iiicaeeinoe iaoaiaoe/aneiai aiia?aoa, ia?aie/aiey i?iaaaeaiey
oeieueiiai oece/aneiai yenia?eiaioa e o.ae.

Aeey onoaiiaeaiey o?iaiy onaiaiey e iineaaeothuae ei??aeoeee ciaiee
o/aueony ii eaaioiaie oeceea ?ac?aaioaia i?ia?aiia «Eiio?ieue».
Caaeaiey, eioi?ua ?aaeeciaaiu a yoie i?ia?aiia, aeatho aiciiaeiinoue
i?iecaiaeeoue oaiaoe/aneee e eoiaiaue eiio?ieue ciaiee o/aueony,
auyaeyoue oeie/iua ioeaee a onaiaiee o/aaiiai iaoa?eaea ii eaaioiaie
oeceea. Eniieuecoy yoo i?ia?aiio, o/aueeny eiaao aiciiaeiinoue
i?aaenoaaeoue iauai o?aaiaaiee e iaeaaeaieth ciaieyie ii eaaeaeie oaia
?acaeaea «Eaaioiaay oeceea», iauaeoeaii ioeaieoue naie oniaoe, iieo/eoue
eiie?aoiua oeacaiey aeey eiaeeaeaeoaeueiie ?aaiou.

Aeey nenoaiaoecaoeee e iaiauaiey ciaiee o/aueony ii eaaioiaie oeceea
i?aaeeiaeaii ?ac?aaioaiioth aaoi?ii eioi?iaoeeiiii-iieneiaoth nenoaio
«Eaaio». A aa iniiaa eaaeeo niaea?aeaiea ?acaeaea «Eaaioiaay oeceea» e
no?oeoo?a oi?ie?iaaiey iniiaiuo eiiiiiaioia ciaiee: oece/aneea yaeaiey,
iiiyoey e aaee/eiu, caeiiu, oece/aneea oai?ee, i?eai?u, oece/aneea
yenia?eiaiou.

?ac?aaioaii e ai?iae?iaaii nenoaio o/aaiuo eiiiuethoa?iuo iiaeaeae e
ae?oaeo iaaeaaiae/aneeo i?ia?aiiiuo n?aaenoa aeey eco/aiey eaaioiaie
oeceee a n?aaeiae oeiea. I?aaeeiaeaii nenoaio enneaaeiaaoaeueneeo
eaai?aoi?iuo ?aaio, eioi?ay iiaeao auoue ?aeiiaiaeiaaia aeey
eniieueciaaiey i?e eco/aiee eaaioiaie oeceee ia o?iaiyo A e N, a oaeaea
ia oaeoeueoaoeaiuo caiyoeyo. ?ac?aaioaii e yenia?eiaioaeueii
ai?iae?iaaii iaoiaeeeo eniieueciaaiey eiiiuethoa?iuo i?ia?aii a o/aaiii
i?ioeanna i?e eco/aiee eaaioiaie oeceee. I?aaeeiaeaii no?oeoo?o
oaoiieiae/aneie ea?ou o?iea oeceee.

?acoeueoaou iaaeaaiae/aneiai yenia?eiaioa iiaeoaa?aeeee
oeaeaniia?aciinoue eniieueciaaiey n?aaenoa eioi?iaoeeiiiuo oaoiieiaee
i?e eco/aiee ?acaeaea «Eaaioiaay oeceea», a oaeaea yooaeoeaiinoue
i?aaeeiaeaiiie iaoiaeeee eniieueciaaiey YAI. Eniieueciaaiea o/aaiuo
eiiiuethoa?iuo i?ia?aii iicaieyao aeoeaece?iaaoue iuoeaiea o/aueony,
?aaeeciaaoue aeeaeaeoe/aneea aiciiaeiinoe eniieuecoaiuo i?ia?aii e
iiauneoue a oeaeii yooaeoeaiinoue eco/aiey ?acaeaea “Eaaioiaay oeceea”.

Eniieueciaaiea oaoiieiae/aneeo ea?o o?iea oeceee iicaieyao ?aaeeciaaoue
eiiieaeniue iiaeoiae e eniieueciaaieth ?aciuo aeaeia iaaeyaeiinoe e
n?aaenoa iao/aiey, iioeiece?iaaoue o/aaiue i?ioeann i?e eco/aiee
eaaioiaie oeceee a n?aaeiae oeiea.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: eioi?iaoeeiiiua oaoiieiaee, iiaeaee?iaaiea, o/aaiay
eiiiuethoa?iay iiaeaeue, eaaioiaay oeceea, oaoiieiae/aneay ea?oa o?iea.

ANNOTATION

Mulyar V.P. Means of information technologies in studying quantum
physics of secondary school. — Manuscript.

Thesis for the Candidate of science degree by speciality 13.00.02 — on
Theory and methods of teaching physics – M.P.Dragomanov National
pedagogical University, Kiev, 1999.

The dissertation is devoted to elaboration and introduction of the
system of educational computer programmes to study quantum physics at
secondary school. The necessity to form basic concepts quantum physics
with using resources of computing machins was motivated. Condifions of
how to use computer were constituted. System of educational computer
models want other pedagogical programming products for studying quantum
physics of school was worked out and tested. One proposed a system of
research laboratory works, be recomended to be used in studying of
quantum physics on B and C level, and also in optional courses. The
methodology how to make use of computer programmes in the educational
process, was elaborated and tried experimentally. It helps to activate
the physics thinking activities, put into practice pedagogical functions
of the programmes used and improke on the whole, on account the
effectivness of section quantum physics studies. It was worked out a
structure of technological map at a physics class which allows to
realise complex approach to use various visual aids and teaching means
optimise the educational process while teaching quantum physics at
secondary school.

Key words: information technologies, simulation, educational computer
model, quantum physics, technological map of the class.

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