EE?ANUeEEE OI?AA?NEOAO ?I. OA?ANA OAA*AIEA

Ia i?aaao ?oeiieno

NOAIAIssI NA?OEAIA AIEIAeEIE??AIA

OAeE (556.55:53((282.247.32)

CAEIIII??IINO? OA AEIEIA?*IA CIA*AIIss A?Ae?IEIA?*IEO OA A?Ae?IO?I?*IEO
OA?AEOA?ENOEE AANAEIO ?.N?AA?NUeEIAI Ae?IOess

11.00.07 — a?ae?ieia?y noo?, aiaei? ?ano?ne, a?ae?io?i?y

Aaoi?aoa?ao aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa aaia?ao?/ieo iaoe

Ee?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Oa?e?anueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oi?aa?neoao? ?
Oa?e?anueeiio aea?aeaaiiio iaaeaaia?/iiio oi?aa?neoao? ?i. A.N.
Neiai?iaee I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

1) aeieoi? aaia?ao?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Iieue/ae ss?ineaa Ieaenaiae?iae/,
Aieeinueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao ?i. Ean? Oe?a?iee, caa. eaoaae?ith
o?ce/ii? aaia?ao??

2) eaiaeeaeao aaia?ao?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio Ni?aeei Na?a?e ?aaiiae/,
Ee?anueeee oi?aa?neoao ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea, aeioeaio eaoaae?e
a?ae?ieia?? ? a?ae?io?i??

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Oe?a?inueeee iaoeiai-aeine?aeiee ?inoeooo
aeieia?/ieo i?iaeai I?iaeiaaciaee Oe?a?ie, i. Oa?e?a

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny «25» ethoiai 1999 ?. i 12 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.001.22 i?e aaia?ao?/iiio oaeoeueoao?
Ee?anueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i.Oa?ana Oaa/aiea ca aae?anith: 252022,
Ee?a-22, aoe. Aaneeuee?anueea, 90

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? aaia?ao?/iiai
oaeoeueoaoo Ee?anueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. Oa?ana Oaa/aiea ca aae?anith:
252022, Ee?a-22, aoe. Aaneeuee?anueea, 90

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee 19 n?/iy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee

eaiaeeaeao aaia?ao?/ieo iaoe,

noa?oee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee

I.?.?iianue

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. ??no ianaeaiiy oa c?inoath/a ainiiaea?/a
ae?yeueiinoue a aanaeiao ??/ie Oe?a?ie, ?ioaineo?eaoe?y aeei?enoaiiy ?o
aiaeieo ?ano?n?a, neeae no?/ieo aiae aeeeeeathoue cia/i? ci?ie
i?e?iaeieo oiia ?icaeoeo ??/ie, ca yeeo ii?ooo?oueny ?aaeei noieo,
ci?ith?oueny oa?aeoa? ?oneiaeo i?ioean?a ? aeeoo?ae?yeueiino?
oa?oioaaiue aiaeieo i?aai?ci?a ? o. ?.

O oeeo oiiaao iniaeeai aeooaeueiei ? aeyaeaiiy aeieia?/iiai noaio
aanaeio ??/ee ? ?ic?iaea cania?a ?? icaei?iaeaiiy. Aeey aeinyaiaiiy
oeueiai iaiao?aeia cia/ia e?euee?noue iaoa??aeueieo, o?oaeiaeo oa ?ioeo
cao?ao. Cia/io aeiiiiiao o ae??oaii? oeueiai caaaeaiiy iiaea aeaoe
iayai?noue aaaaoi??/ieo caaaeueiiaeinooiieo, a oaeiae aaaaoi/enaeueieo
iioae?eiaaieo aeaieo c a?ae?ieia?/iiai ?aaeeio ??/ie. Naia aiie
a?aee?eaathoue iiaeeea?noue anoaiiaeaiiy ?ie? a?ae?ieia?/ieo
oa?aeoa?enoee ?, a ia?oo /a?ao, ?oneioi?ioth/eo aeo?ao o i?ioean?
ia?aiino iiethoaio?a, iaoaiaoe/ii ia(?oioiaaieo caeiiii??ieo ca(yce?a ?
ia ?o iniia? aeyaeaiiy iaoai?cio io?eiaiiy a??ia?aeieo i?iaiic?a
aeieia?/iiai noaio ??/eiaeo aiae i?e ??cieo oiiaao caa?oaeiaiiy.

Nueiaiaei? noai?aii oai?aoe/i? iniiae ? aecia/aii caeiiii??iino?
a?ae?ieia?/ieo ? a?ae?io?i?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee noiniaii aaeeeeo ??/ie.
Aeey aanaei?a iaeeo ??/ie oea ieoaiiy ?ic?iaeaii iaaeinoaoiuei. Noiniaii
aeei?enoaiiy o?aaeeoe?eieo a?ae?ieia?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee aeey ioe?iee
aeieia?/iiai noaio aiae, oi oaeeo ?ia?o i?aeoe/ii iaia. Iaiao?aeii
i?aee?aneeoe, ui a?ae?io?i?/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee, a iniiaiiio, aeciathoueny
a yeino? aeieia?/ieo, /iai ia neaaeao i?i eeane/i? a?ae?ieia?/i?
ia?aiao?e. I?e oeueiio cia/ii iaioa oaeoe/ieo aeaieo ? e?oa?aoo?e c
ye?nieo iieaciee?a, i?ae c e?euee?nieo.

Ca(ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. ?iaioa ?
neeaaeiaith /anoeiith iaoeiai? oaiaoeee eaoaae?e aaiaeieia?? oa
eiino?oeoeaii? aaia?ao?? Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo,
?aa?no?aoe?eiee iiia? 18-17-97.

Iaoa ? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoith aeaiii? ?iaioe ? aecia/aiiy
no/anieo a?ae?ieia?/ieo ? a?ae?io?i?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee oa ?o
caeiiii??iinoae a aanaei? ?. N?a. Ae?ioey; aeyaeaiiy iiaeeeaino? ?o
aeei?enoaiiy aeey ioe?iee ? i?iaiicoaaiiy aeieia?/iiai noaio aanaeio.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy iinoaaeaii? iaoe aoei ae??oaii oae? caaaeaiiy:

aeyaeaii i?e?iaei? ia?aaeoiiae oi?ioaaiiy ye?niiai ? e?euee?niiai
neeaaeo aiae aanaeio, ?o ?ieue a ioe?ioe? aeieia?/iiai noaio aanaeio
??/ee;

ioe?iaii ?ieue nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo ia?aaeoiia o oi?ioaaii?
aeieia?/iiai noaio aanaeio;

aeyaeaii caeiiii??iino? aeeiai?ee ?nioth/eo a?ae?ieia?/ieo ?
a?ae?io?i?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee;

aecia/aii aeieia?/io cia/ei?noue a?ae?ieia?/ieo ? a?ae?io?i?/ieo
oa?aeoa?enoee;

noai?aii nenoaiio iiaeaeue aeey ioe?iee ? i?iaiicoaaiiy ?icaeoeo
aeieia?/iiai noaio aannaeio.

Aeey aeeiiaiiy iinoaaeaieo caaaeaiue, ?. N?a. Aeiiaoeue ia?aia ye
iiaeaeue ??/ee Oe?a?ie c na?aaei?ie iieacieeaie, ia i?eeeaae? yei?
ii?aoeueiaoaaeanue iaoiaeeea iii?oi?eiao aeey aeinyaiaiiy aeieia?/ii?
aaciaee aiaeii? nenoaie aanaeio aeaii? ??/ee ? aanaei?a ??/ie-aiaeia?a.

Ine?eueee a aeieia?/iiio iii?oi?eiao iaea?eueo i?eeiyoiei ? aanaeiiaee
i?eioeei (Eiioeaioe?y aeieia?/iiai ii?ioaaiiy, 1997, n.7.(, oi
?ic?iaeai? aeai? iiaeooue aooe iniiaith ?aa?iiaeueiiai iii?oi?eiao
Oe?a?ie.

Iieiaeaiiy, ui aeiinyoueny ia caoeno. Caoeuathoueny aeieia?/ia
cia/ei?noue ? aeyaeai? caeiiii??iino? a?ae?ieia?/ieo ? a?ae?io?i?/ieo
oa?aeoa?enoee o oi?ioaaii? no/aniiai noaio aanaeio; nenoaia ioe?iee
aeieia?/iiai noaio aanaeio ia iniia? ?nioth/eo a?ae?ieia?/ieo ?
a?ae?io?i?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee.

Ae??oaiiy iinoaaeaieo caaaeaiue aacoaaeiny ia aeei?enoaii? iaoiae?a
aaia?aoi-a?ae?ieia?/ieo ocaaaeueiaiue, aaeainiaeo, noaoenoe/ieo
iaoiae?a, i?eioeei?a aea/aiiy ?oneiaeo i?ioean?a, ?ic?iaeaieo I.?.
Iaeeaa??aei ? ?.N.*aeiaei, a?ae?io?i?/ia ioe?iea aacoaaeanue ia
aeei?enoaii? iaoiae?a, cai?iiiiiaaieo E.I. Ai??aei, A.?. Iaeaoaieii.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia ?iaioe iieyaa? o eiiieaeni?e ioe?ioe? aeine?aeaeaiiy
?aaeueieo, ia(?eoeaieo a?ae?ieia?/ieo ? a?ae?io?i?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee
aanaeio ?. N?a. Ae?ioey ca no/anieie aeaieie ia iniia? nenoaiiiai
i?aeoiaeo; o aeei?enoaii? iaea?aeaieo aeaieo aeey ?aa?iiaeueiiai
aeieia?/iiai iii?oi?eiao Oe?a?ie; o aecia/aii? cia/eiino? a?ae?ieia?/ieo
? a?ae?io?i?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee aeey ioe?iee aeieia?/ieo ia?aiao??a; o
noai?aii? nenoaiii? iiaeae? ioe?iee ? i?iaiicoaaiiy aeieia?/iiai noaio
ca io?eiaieie e?euee?nieie ? ye?nieie oa?aeoa?enoeeaie.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? a oiio, ui
aeena?oaoe?ei? ?ic?iaee aeicaieeee ia o?eueee anoaiiaeoe oa?aeoa? ?
aeeiai?eo iniiaieo a?ae?ieia?/ieo iieaciee?a oa oa?aeoa?enoee aaaeeeai?
aeey oe?a?inueei? aea?aeaae aiaeii? a?oa???, aea ? iaea?aeaoe
iaaecae/aeii aaaeeeaee ? cia/iee aaie aeaieo aeey ioe?iee ?
i?iaiicoaaiiy aeieia?/iiai noaio aanaeio. I?aeoe/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe??
iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? aeey aeinyaiaiiy aeieia?/ii? aaciaee aiaeii?
nenoaie aanaeio ?. N?a. Ae?ioey, a oaeiae aeey iaoeiaiia(?oioiaaiiai
oaeineiiaeaiiy nenoaie cania?a oa aeinyaiaiiy aeieiai-a?ae?ieia?/ii?
??aiiaaae a aanaei? N?a.Ae?ioey ? aanaeiao-aiaeiaao, caaaeyee ciaiiyi
?aaeueieo no/anieo a?ae?ieia?/ieo ? a?ae?io?i?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee; i?e
i?iaeooaaii? ? aoae?aieoeoa? ??cieo a?ae?ioaoi?/ieo ?
ia?iaeii-ainiiaea?nueeeo ia(?eo?a c o?aooaaiiyi ?o iiaeaeueoi?
aeieia?/ii? aaciaee; i?e iiaeaeueoeo i?iaiicao ?acaeoeo nenoaie aanaeio.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. A iniiao ?iaioe iieeaaeaii aeai?, ui
iaea?aeai? aaoi?ii i?ioyaii 1990 — 1997 ??. Aaoi? ii?aoethaaea aaeeeo
e?euee?noue aaaaoi??/ieo a?ae?ieia?/ieo niinoa?aaeaiue. On?
caeiiii??iino? aeyaeaii aaciina?aaeiuei aeena?oaioii. Neeaaeaii cia/io
e?euee?noue ea?o, o oiio /ene? i?iaaaeaii ?aeiioaaiiy, c?iaeaii
eeaneo?eaoe?? ? oaeiae aaoi?nueeeie. Ia?iaea an??? ?ioi?iaoe?? ia AII
aeeiiaia aeena?oaioii. Aiae?c ? ocaaaeueiaiiy iaiao?aeieo oiiaeiaeo ?
e?oa?aoo?ieo iaoa??ae?a, ia?iaea aeaieo ?ioeo aeine?aeiee?a iaeaaeaoue
aaoi?ia?.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe??
aeiiia?aeaeenue ? iaaiai?thaaeenue ia 6 eiioa?aioe?yo a Ee?a?,
Iinea?, Eacai?, Oa?eia?. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy ?aae?ciaaii a
iaoeiai-aeine?aei?e ?iaio? OAeO ? 12-17-94 “Aeine?aeaeaiiy ii?oieia??,
aeeiai?ee ? oiia oi?ioaaiiy ?onae ??/ie aanaeio N?a.Ae?ioey ye
iaa?ae(?iia neeaaeiaa ioe?iee ? i?iaiico caeiiii??iinoae aieeao
caa?oaeiaiue ia ?o aeieia?/iee noai”; o iaa/aeueiiio i?ioean? i?e
aeeeaaeaii? o Oa?e?anueeiio aea?aeaaiiio iaaeaaia?/iiio oi?aa?neoao? ?
Oa?e?anueeiio aea?aeoi?aa?neoao?, a aeeieiiieo ?iaioao nooaeaio?a
Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo.

Ioae?eaoe??. Ii oai? aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii 9 ae?oeiaaieo i?aoeue o
aeaeyae? noaoae, iaoa??ae?a eiioa?aioe?e, oac aeiiia?aeae, iaoiaee/ieo
?ic?iaie.

No?oeoo?a oa ianya ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c anooio, 5
?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo e?oa?aoo?e.Caaaeueiee ianya ?iaioe 130
noi?., o o./. 106 noi?. iniiaiiai oaenoo, 18 ?ethno?aoe?e, 16
oaaeeoeue. Nienie e?oa?aoo?e ianyaii 8 noi?. aeeth/a? 89 iaeiaioaaiue
a?o/eciyieo oa ca?oa?aeieo aaoi??a.

Aaoi? ue?i aaey/iee ca anaa?/io i?aeo?eieo i?e aeeiiaii?
aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy i?io.*aeiao ?.N., i?io. Oeuaieo I.A.,
i?io. Ai??ao E.I., i?io. Cae?aanueeiio Ae. A., i?io. A?eoeaieo A.A., a
oaeiae eieaaai OAeO ? OAeIO ca aeiiiiiao ? eiinoeueoaoe??.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

Ia?oee ?icae?e i?enay/aii noaio aea/aiiy ieoaiiy. A aeieia?/ieo
neiaieeao I.O. ?aeia?na, E.I. Neoieea oa ?ioeo aiaeiee oaeoi?
a?aoiao?oueny na?aae aeieia?/ieo, aea, a iniiaiiio, aa?ooueny aei oaaae
ye?ni? ia?aiao?e (a?ae?io?i?/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee). ?c a?ae?ieia?/ieo
oa?aeoa?enoee caaaeothoueny eeoa no?e ? eaeaiooi?noue, caaaeath/e, ui
a?eueoa /anoeia c ieo iaeaaeeoue aei e?i?ooth/iai, a ?ieiee iaa?oue aei
e?oaeueiiai oaeoi??a.

A?aecia/aii, ui iaei??th c iaea?eueo aaaeeeaeo oa?aeoa?enoee
a?ae?ieia?/iiai ?aaeeio ? ?oneioi?ioth/? aeo?aoe, ye? aein? ia
?icaeyaeaeeny i?e ioe?ioe? aeieia?/iiai noaio. A?aoiaoaath/e aieea on?o
oaeoi??a ia i?inoi?iai-/aniao aeeiai?eo a?ae?ieia?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee, ui
oi?iothoue aeieia?/iee noai aanaeio ?. N?a. Aeiiaoeue, aiie iiae?eai? ia
2 eaoaai???: ( — i?e?iaeie/?; (( — nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/i?.

Aieiaiith iaoiaee/iith iniiaith i?iaaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue ? iaoiae
aaia?aoi-a?ae?ieia?/ieo ocaaaeueiaiue.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? ?icaeyaeathoueny iniiai? i?e?iaei? ia?aaeoiiae
oi?ioaaiiy ye?niiai ? e?euee?niiai neeaaeo ??/eiaeo aiae aanaeio N?a.
Ae?ioey. Caaaeyee nai?i iaaaeeeei ?ici??ai, iae? ??/ee aanaeio N?a.
Ae?ioey ? iaea?eueo /ooeeaeie aeaiaioaie a?ae?in?oee, ? ia ?o
ae?yeueiinoue aieeaathoue oae? oaeoi?e, ye? a a?eueoino? ?aii?othoueny
i?e aiae?c? ci?i, ui i?ioiaeyoue ia aaeeeeo ??/eao. Aeineoue
aeaoaeueii o ?icae?e? ?icaeyiooi aieea i?inoi?iai-/aniaeo
aaieiai-aaiii?oieia?/ieo, a?ae?ieia?/ieo (a o./. a?ae?aae?/ieo ?
aaiiao?e/ieo), ee?iaoe/ieo, a?oioiai-?ineeiieo oaeoi??a.

?onei aoaeue-yei? ??/ee c /anii i?aeeyaa? aeineoue cia/iei ci?iai, ye?
i?ioiaeyoue aeinoaoiuei iia?eueii ? noathoue iii?oieie eeoa /a?ac
cia/iee a?ae??cie /ano, oiio aeieiae /anoi iaooothoue ci?iaie oi?ie,
?aeue?oo, iaae?iiy ? ia?enaie, oiaoi ?icaeyaeathoue ??/eo ye noaoe/io
nenoaio.

A?aeiii, ui aeey a?eueoino? ??/ie oa?aeoa?i? aacia?a?ai? ci?ie
iieiaeaiiy, oi?ie ?onea ? aa?aa?a aiane?aeie ae?? ia ieo a?ae?aae?/ieo
nee. A iniiaiiio oea ?acoeueoao ui??/ieo eieeaaiue noieo, ye? coiiaeai?
ee?iaoe/ieie i?e/eiaie.

I?ioyaii cia/iiai /ano ??/eiaa nenoaia i?enoiniao?oueny aei i?e?iaeieo
eieeaaiue noieo, iaaoaath/e ia?en?a, ui caaacia/othoue
eaac?noaoe?iia?iee, aea ana oaee aeeiai?/iee noai. Ii?ooaiiy
eaac?noaoe?iia?iiai ?aaeeio aeeeeea? ae?yeuei?noue ethaeeie, ? ia
o?eueee a yeiionue eiie?aoiiio i?noe?, aea ?ieiee aeaeaei ca eiai
iaaeaie. O ?iaio? aeiaaaeaii, ui an? oaeoi?e, ye? aieeaathoue ia
aeieia?/iee noai aanaeio, aeioe?eueii ?icae?eeoe ia «ciai?oi?» oa
«aioo??oi?».

O i?ioean? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeyaeaii, ui iaei??th c iaea?eueo aaaeeeaeo
aeieia?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee, ui ? e??i oiai aeineoue aeoeaiith ae?th/ith
neeith, ? aaee/eia, e?euee?noue ? caaacia/ai?noue ?oneioi?ioth/eo
aeo?ao, caaaeyee yeei a aaaaoi??/iiio ieai? i?ioiaeyoue iaea?eueo?
ia?ai?uaiiy iaiin?a ? cae?eniththoueny nooo?a? ?oneia? aeaoi?iaoe??.
Aeiaaaeaii, ui naia oea ? ?ioaa?aeueiei iieacieeii eiiieaeno
o?ceei-aaia?ao?/ieo oiia ?, ye iane?aeie, ?ioaa?aeueiith
oa?aeoa?enoeeith “ciai?oiueiai” aeieia?/iiai noaio aanaeio ??/ee.

Oaeei /eiii, aeey aeayeeo a?ae?ieia?/ieo iieaciee?a ?, ia?o ca ana, aeey
?oneioi?ioth/eo aeo?ao anoaiiaeaii aeiaeaoeiao — aeieia?/io ooieoe?th,
aeyaeaii aecia/aeueio ?o ?ieue o oi?ioaaii? aeieia?/iiai noaio ??/eiai?
nenoaie.

?icae?e 3 i?enay/aii ?icaeyaeo aieeao ainiiaea?/i? ae?yeueiino? ia
oi?ioaaiiy aeieia?/iiai noaio ??/ie aanaeio N?a. Ae?ioey. Iieacaii, ui
ainiiaea?/a aeei?enoaiiy ??/ie noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny ci?iaie iai?yieo oa
?ioaineaiino? ?oneiaeo i?ioean?a. Iaea?eueo iieaciaei o ci?i? iai?yieo
?oneiaeo i?ioean?a ? ci?ia oi?ie aith?e, a a ?ioaineaiino? —
iiaoi?thaai?noue ? /anoioa i?ioiaeaeaiiy ?oneioi?ioth/eo aeo?ao. Ia
iaeeo ??/eao iniiaiei aieeaii aio?iiiaaiiiai oa?aeoa?o ? caioeaiiy oa
aeaa?aaeaoe?y ?onae, ui iia(ycaii c a?ic??th (?oio?a, iia??oaiiyi noaio
caieaa i?ae aieeaii n?euenueei-ainiiaea?nueeiai oa i?iieneiaiai
ae?iaieoeoaa.

O ?icae?e? 4 a?aecia/a?oueny cia/aiiy no/anieo a?ae?ieia?/ieo oa
a?ae?io?i?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee, aeyaeaii ?o aaaeeea?noue ? aecia/aii 13
aieiaieo caeiiii??iinoae. Iaea?eueo nooo?a? na?aae iaea?aeaieo oae?:

O aanaei? niinoa??aa?oueny caeiiii??ia cieaeaiiy iaeneiaeueieo oa
i?aeaeuaiiy i?i?iaeueieo aeo?ao o aaaaoi??/iiio aniaeo?.

I?aeaeuaiiy na?aaeiuei? oaiia?aoo?e aiaee c 60-eo ?ie?a.

Aeyaeaii 3 ciie noieo iaiin?a a aanaei?: <10 o/ei2; 11-20 o/ei2; 21-30 o/ei2. Aeey a?eueoino? ??/ie oa?aeoa?ia ca?eueoaiiy aiec ca oa/??th ia(?io noieo iaiin?a oa cieao iaoa??aeo c (?oioo. Neeaaeaii noaio eaeaiooiino?, aea a?aecia/aii o?e ciie: 100 - 250 a/i3, 250 - 500 a/i3, 500 - 1000 a/i3. Ciia na?aaeiuei? eaeaiooiino? i?aeoe/ii iiaoi?th? iaae? ?aeiio ?iciianthaeaeaiiy ea?noiaeo i?ioean?a. Ae?aooaaii iieaciee nooiaiy m o oi?ioe? noieo iaiin?a o aanaei? N?a. Ae?ioey. Ca iaoeie aeaieie a?i ci?ith?oueny a?ae 1,4 aei 2,4. O i?ioean? aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy neeaaeaii noaio oa?aeoa?o i?ioiaeaeaiiy ?oneioi?ioth/eo aeo?ao, ia ye?e aeae?eaii o?e ?aeiie: aanaeie ?.?. Oaee oa Iae?; na?aaeiy oa/?y ?. N?a. Ae?ioey; inoaiiy /anoeia aanaeio ?. N?a. Ae?ioey. Anoaiiaeaii, ui a aanaei? N?a. Ae?ioey ia?aaaaeathoue ?onea c naaiaioieie ? iaoeaiiae?aieie eie?iaie (52% an?o ?onae ??/ie aanaeio), cono??/athoueny a??cai? eie?ia (7% ), a oaeiae aeiooai? ? aaeaioiaai? (13% ). ?aae?on e?eaecie eie?i eieeaa?oueny a?ae 10 aei 900 i. Anoaiiaeaii ui aeey iaeeo ??/ie aanaeio ?.N?a.Ae?ioey ca(ycie r = ( (Qo) e?i?eiee ? ia?aoiaeeoue o nooiaiaaee. Ieoiia aaaa aio?iiiaaiii? neeaaeiai? o oi?ioaaii? i?ia?aeueii? /anoeie ?a/iaei, ui ?ic/eiai? o ??/eiaeo aiaeao, neeaaea? 34,3%. Ca inoaii? 10 ?ie?a aaee/eia aio?iiiaaiii? neeaaeiai? cieceeanue iaeaea ia 23%. Aiae?c a?ae?ieia?/ieo ? a?ae?io?i?/ieo iieaciee?a aeicaieea aia?oa aeyaeoe cia/io e?euee?noue caeiiii??iinoae ?o aeeiai?ee oa iieacaa, ui na?aae a?ae?ieia?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee, ui aecia/athoue “ciai?oi?e” noai aiaeii? nenoaie ? ?oneioi?ioth/? aeo?aoe ? aeyaeaii ia?aaaaeath/ee aieea aio?iiiaaiii? neeaaeiai? o oi?ioaaii? “aioo??oiueiai” aeieia?/iiai noaio aanaeio ??/ee iacaeaaeii a?ae eieeaaiue aiaeiino?. A ?acoeueoao? noeoiiiai aiae?co a?ao?e?a aiaeiino? ? niiy/ii? aeoeaiino? aeyaeaii 11-??/io ? 33-??/io oeeee?/iino?. I?inoaaeo?oueny caeiiii??i?noue: na?aaei? cia/aiiy aeo?ao aiaee ia i?aeeii? ia?oiai 11-??/iiai oeeeeo o 33-??/iiio neeaaea? 68,2-68,4 i3/n; na?aaei? cia/aiiy aeo?ao aiaee ia niaae? e?eai? caeiiii??ii ?inoa. Na?aaei? cia/aiiy eaeaiooiino? o 33-??/iiio oeeee? ia i?aeeii? e?eai? caeiiii??ii ciaioothoueny a?ae 39,9 aei 13,4 ia/e, o oie /an, ye na?aaei? cia/aiiy eaeaiooiino? ia niaae? caeeoa?oueny i?aeoe/ii iino?eiei - 32-33 ia/e. A oe?eiio, niinoa??aa?oueny nii/aoeo i?aeaeuaiiy na?aaeieo oeeee?/ieo cia/aiue eaeaiooiino? aei 1945 ?ieo (35,1 ia/e), iio?i ?o cieaeaiiy. Noenei ia(?oioo?ii aeua iaaaaeaia. Coieieiinue ia aeua aeeeaaeaieo caeiiii??iinoyo oa aeniiaeao a?eueo aeaoaeueii. A aanaei? N?a. Ae?ioey niinoa?aaa?oueny caeiiii??ia cieaeaiiy iaeneiaeueieo aeo?ao. Ca inoaii? 40 ?ie?a aaee/eia iaeneiaeueieo aeo?ao iaaea? a na?aaeiueiio i?eaeecii ia 16 i3/n a ?aeii? i. Ci??aa, i. ?cthi? cieaeaiiy neeaaea? a?ey 6 i3/aiae. Ia ?. Ineie iaeneiaeuei? aeo?aoe ciaioothoueny iaeaea o 5 ?ac?a, oa?aeoa?iei ? oaeiae cia/ia ca?eueoaiiy e?eueeino? i?i?iaeueieo aeo?ao, ui iiyniy?oueny c?inoaiiyi ca?aaoeueiaaiino? ??/ie. I?i?iaeuei? aeo?aoe ?. N?a. Aeiiaoeue o i. Ci??a a oe?eiio ca?eueoeeenue o 3 ?ace, c i?aeaeuaiiyi aaee/eie aei 1985 ?ieo, cieaeaiiyi o 1985 ?ioe? ? iiaeaeueoei ca?eueoaiiyi. Aeey i. ?cthia oea ca?eueoaiiy neeaei 4,6 ?ace, c aeoaea ??ceei iaae?iiyi i?i?iaeueieo cia/aiue o 1984 ?ioe? (aeno?aiaeueii nooee ??e) ? iaeneioiii o 1986 ?ioe?. Aeiyoeii ? iaio? ??/ee, aeey aanaei?a yeeo oa?aeoa?ia iaio ?icaeiaia i?iieneia?noue. Oae, iai?eeeaae, aeey ?. Ineie c 1956 ii 1966 ??e i?inoaaeo?oueny caeiiii??ia ciaioaiiy i?i?iaeueieo aeo?ao iaeaea o 2 ?ace, ui coiiaeth?oueny i?e?iaeiei, a ia aio?iiiaaiiei oa?aeoa?ii. Aiae?c oaiia?aoo?iiai ?aaeeio c ie?aieo noai??a, ca naciiaie i?aeoaa?aeea caeiiii??iinoue caaaeueiiai cieaeaiiy oaiia?aoo?e aei 60-o ?ie?a. I?e/eiith oaei? aeeiai?ee oaiia?aoo?e iiaeooue aooe ci?ie a?ieia?/iiai ?aaeeio ??/eiaeo aiae aiane?aeie aacia?a?aiiai ca?eueoaiiy neeaeo no?/ieo aiae. ?ioa i?e/eia iieyaa? a caaaeuei?e aaaaoi??/i?e ci?i? oaiia?aoo?e iia?o?y. Iiaeeeai, ui iaeaea? i?e/eie a?aeaoaathoueny iaeii/anii ? oi?iothoue caeiiii??i?noue, yea oae /?oei i?inoaaeo?oueny. Ia noai? iiaeoey noieo iaiin?a, yea aoea neeaaeaia aeey aanaeio ?.N?a.Ae?ioey ca no/anieie aeaieie, aeae?eaii 3 ciie: <10 o/ei2; 11-20 o/ei2; 21-30 o/ei2. ??/iee no?e caaeneeo iaiin?a ca?eueoo?oueny i?iii?oe?eii i?aeaeuaiith ??aeeiiiai noieo. Aeey a?eueoino? ??/ie oa?aeoa?ia ca?eueoaiiy aiec ca oa/??th ia(?io noieo iaiin?a. Aiane?aeie i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue neeaaeaii noaio ?iciiae?eo eaeaiooiino?, aea a?aecia/aii o?e ciie: ciia iacia/ii? eaeaiooiino? (100 - 250 a/i3), ciia na?aaeiuei? eaeaiooiino? (250 - 500 a/i3), ciia aaeeei? eaeaiooiino? (500 - 1000 a/i3). Aeey eiaeii? ciie aecia/ai? iaea?eueo oa?aeoa?i? iciaee. Iai?eeeaae, ciia na?aaeiuei? eaeaiooiino? i?aeoe/ii iiaoi?th? iaae? ?aeiio ?iciianthaeaeaiiy ea?noiaeo i?ioean?a o ii?iaeao aa?oiueie?aeaeyiiai a?eo i?aaeaiii-cao?aeiiai noeeo Ai?iiacueeiai ianeao. Aia?oa ae?aooaaii iieaciee nooiaiy m o oi?ioe? noieo iaiin?a o aanaei? N?a.Ae?ioey. Ca iaoeie aeaieie, a?i ci?ith?oueny a?ae 1,4 aei 2,4 ? caeaaeeoue a?ae aaiii?oieia?/ieo iniaeeainoae oa?eoi???. O i?ioean? aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy neeaaeaii noaio oa?aeoa?o i?ioiaeaeaiiy ?oneioi?ioth/eo aeo?ao, ia ye?e aeae?eaii o?e ?aeiie. A?eueoa /anoeia aanaeio N?a. Ae?ioey oa?aeoa?eco?oueny iayai?noueth aeaio ae?aiacii?a ?oneioi?ioth/eo aeo?ao. I?ioiaeaeaiiyi o?eueee iaeiiai ae?aiaciio ?oneioi?ioth/eo aeo?ao oa?aeoa?eco?oueny i?ai?/ii-cao?aeia /anoeia aanaeio. O na?aaei?e oa/?? N?a. Ae?ioey niinoa??aa?oueny o?e ?ioa?aaee ?oneioi?ioth/eo aeo?ao. Aeey a?eueoi? /anoeie aanaeio N?a. Ae?ioey oa eiai i?eoie oa?aeoa?iei ? iniaeeaee aeae aith?e ?oneioi?ioth/eo aeo?ao c iaeneiaeueiei cia/aiiyi aeiaooeo G(Qm(P(I i?e eiai i?i?iaeueiiio caaacia/aii?, ui iia(ycaii c iniaeeainoyie a?ae?ieia?/iiai ?aaeeio. Ia iniia? c?iaeaieo aei???a ??cieo ii?oieia?/ieo oa ?ioeo oa?aeoa?enoee aeae?eaii o?e iniiai? ??ciiaeaeiino? ?onae o aanaei? N?a. Ae?ioey: iaaiae?oth/?, ?icaaeoaeai? ia ?oeaae ? ia?icaaeoaeai?, a?aeiinii i?yiie?i?ei?. Anoaiiaeaii, ui a aanaei? N?a. Ae?ioey ia?aaaaeathoue ?onea c naaiaioieie ? iaoeaiiae?aieie eie?iaie (52% an?o ?onae ??/ie aanaeio). Cono??/athoueny a??cai? eie?ia (7% an?o ?onae ??/ie aanaeio), a oaeiae aeiooai? ? aaeaioiaai? (13% an?o ?onae ??/ie aanaeio). I?yiie?i?ei? ia?acaaeoaeai? ?onea neeaaeathoue 13% aeiaaeeie on?o ?onae ??/ie. ?ici??e a?eueieo eie?i ci?iththoueny a aanaei? N?a. Ae?ioey a oe?ieeo iaaeao. ?aae?on e?eaecie ?o eieeaa?oueny a?ae 10-15 i aei 800-900 i. Ia a?aei?io a?ae caeaaeiino?, io?eiai?e I.?.Iaeeaa??aei aeey on?o ??/ie aac o?aooaaiiy ?o ?ici???a r = ( ((Qo), iaie anoaiiaeaii, ui aeey iaeeo ??/ie aanaeio ?.N?a.Ae?ioey oeae caycie e?i?eiee: r = ( (Qo) ? ia?aoiaeeoue a nooiaiaaee, i?e cia/aiiyo ?oneioi?ioth/eo aeo?ao, ye? ia?aaeuothoue 600-700 i3/n. Oaeei /eiii, cia/aiiy ?oneioi?ioth/eo aeo?ao iiaea aooe iaeiei ?c e?eoa???a aeey iiae?eo iaeeo ? na?aaei?o ??/ie ca ?oneiaeie iieacieeaie. Ieoiia aaaa aio?iiiaaiii? neeaaeiai? o oi?ioaaii? i?ia?aeueii? /anoeie ?a/iaei, ui ?ic/eiai? o ??/eiaeo aiaeao neeaaea? 34,3%. Ca ?aooiie ainiiaea?/i? ae?yeueiino? oi?io?oueny 31,7% ?ii?a oei?o, 42,6% noeueoao?a ? 22,3% ?ii?a iao??th ? eae?th. Ca inoaii? 10 ?ie?a aaee/eia aio?iiiaaiii? neeaaeiai? cieceeanue iaeaea ia 23%, ui iiaeia iiynieoe caaaeueiith oaiaeaioe??th aei cieaeaiiy aiaeiino? oa niaaeii ae?iaieoeoaa. Aeine?aeaeaiiy iieacaee, ui iaea?eueoa /anoeia eiiiiiaio?a, ui oa?aeoa?ecothoue nieueiaee neeaae aiae (noeueoaoe, oei?eaee, eaeueoe?e, iaai?e) i?e ci?iao, ui eieeaathoueny, iathoue caaaeueio oaiaeaioe?th aei cieaeaiiy o 80-90-eo ?.?.. A?ae?iea?aiiaoe ? oaiiee ia oii? eieeaaeueiiai oa?aeoa?o ?o ci?i caeeoathoueny a?aeiinii noaa?eueieie. Ia iaaaaaoi i?aeaeuothoueny cia/aiiy eenith ? ?I o aiaeao aanaeio N?a. Ae?ioey o 80-90-eo ??.. Cia/aiiy iaooii?iaeoeo?a, i?o?eo?a, i?o?ao?a iathoue oaiaeaioe?th aei ca?eueoaiiy ia e?iaoeue 80-o ?ie?a. Iaeiae, o 90-o ?.?. ?o ai?no o aiae? a?aeiinii noaa?e?co?oueny ? iaa?oue niinoa??aa?oueny aeayea cieaeaiiy, yea iia(ycaii c? niaaeii ae?iaieoeoaa. Ai?no i?ae? o aiaeao ??/ie aanaeio N?a. Ae?ioey ia? /?oeo oaiaeaioe?th aei i?aeaeuaiiy ia i?ioyc? 80-90-eo ?.?. Eieeaaiiy a?eueoino? a?ae?io?i?/ieo iieaciee?a, ca aeeeth/aiiyi aeaiaio?a nieueiaiai neeaaeo, ia caeaaeeoue a?ae ci?i aeo?ao aiaee. Oea aea? ciiao aenoiooe ia ia?oee ieai aio?iiiaaiio neeaaeiao oi?ioaaiiy ye?niiai neeaaeo aiae aanaeio N?a. Ae?ioey. Aiae?c a?ae?ieia?/ieo ? a?ae?io?i?/ieo iieaciee?a aeicaieea aia?oa aeyaeoe cia/io e?euee?noue caeiiii??iinoae oa iieacaa, ui na?aae a?ae?ieia?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee, ui aecia/athoue “ciai?oi?e” noai aiaeii? nenoaie, ? ?oneioi?ioth/? aeo?aoe ? aeyaeaii ia?aaaaeiee aieea aio?iiiaaiii? neeaaeiai? o oi?ioaaii? “aioo??oiueiai” aeieia?/iiai noaio aanaeio ??/ee iacaeaaeii a?ae eieeaaiue aiaeiino?. I(yoee ?icae?e i?enay/aii ieoaiiyi i?iaiicoaaiiy aeieia?/iiai noaio aanaeio N?a. Ae?ioey, ?icaeyiooi ?nioth/? oai?aoe/i? ?ic?iaee c aeaiiai ieoaiiy. Anoaiiaeaii, ui aeey oaei? e?euee?nii? oa?aeoa?enoeee, yeith ? i?e?iaeiee no?e, ia ?nio? ?ic?iaeaieo a?aie/ieo cia/aiue caai?o aiaee o aecia/aiiiio noai?? ??/ee. Iioeiaeueieie ia?aiao?aie noieo ie i?iiiio?ii aaaaeaoe oie ?ioa?aae aeo?ao aiaee, ieaeiy iaaea yeiai a?aeiia?aea? ??aiyi aiaee o ??/oe?, yeee caaacia/o? ?nioaaiiy aiaeii? oei?e ? oaoie, a aa?oiy iaaea iiaeiia a?aeiia?aeaoe ??aiyi, ca yeeo ia a?aeaoaa?oueny caoiieaiiy n?eueaini- oa?aeue, aeeoeiaeo aoae?aaeue ? o.?. I?e oeueiio aa?oiy iaaea, a iniiaiiio, ia ia?aaeuo?oueny ca ?aooiie ca?aaoeueiaaiino? a?eueoino? ??/ie. Iioeiaeuei? oa?aeoa?enoeee ye?niiai neeaaeo aiae aoee aecia/ai? ca iaoiaeeeith aea?aeaa/eai?a ?AA. Oea aoei c?iaeaii aeey iiaeeeaino? ni?anoaiiaeaiiy c iiia?aaei?ie aeine?aeaeaiiyie. Aeey aecia/aiiy iioeiaeueieo cia/aiue i?aenoieiaiai ?iiiiai noieo ??/eiaeo aiae aanaeio N?a. Ae?ioey aeei?enoai? noaoenoe/ii ioe?iai? na?aaeiuei??/i? eiioeaio?aoe?? aieiaieo ?ii?a ca ia??iae c 1937 aei 1953 ??. Iioeiaeuei? iieacieee eaeaiooiino? i?ae?aoiaoaaeeny ca caeaaeiinoyie aeo?ao aiaee ? aeo?ao iaiin?a ca oie aea ia??iae, ca yeeie iio?i aoea aia?oa neeaaeaia noaia iioeiaeueieo iieaciee?a eaeaiooiino? aanaeio N?a. Ae?ioey. Aeey ioe?iee ? i?iaiicoaaiiy aeieia?/iiai noaio aanaeio ??/ee ?ic?iaeaii nenoaiio iiaeaeue (iae.1). Nooi?noue ?? iieyaa? a ioe?ioe? ia o?eueee ye?niiai oa e?euee?niiai neeaaeo aiae, ui iia(ycaii c ?o ainiiaea?/ei aeei?enoaiiyi, aea e a aeieia?/i?e ioe?ioe? no?eeino? aeania ?onea ? caieaae, oiaoi ciai?oiueiai noaio aiaeiiai ia(?eoo, ye eaioethaa aeinenoaie ca aeiiiiiaith a?ae?ieia?/ieo ? a?ae?io?i?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee. Aeey oa?eoi??? aanaeio N?a. Ae?ioey i?iaaaeaii ?aeiioaaiiy ca oaeoi?ii no?eeino? caieaae ca?aeii c iaoiaeeeith E.A. Ceio?ii?, A.A. ?aaiiaa (iae. 2). Iaeiei ?c aaaeeeaeo iieaciee?a aeieia?/iiai noaio aanaeio ?.N?a. Ae?ioey ? y?oaeia a?ic?y. C?iaeaii ioe?ieo nooiaiy no?eeino? aei y?oaiooai?aiiy ye iieacieea aeieia?/ii? iai?oae ca oaeoi?ii y?oaeii? a?ic?? o aanaei? ? neeaaeaii a?aeiia?aeio noaio. Aiia iaea?aeaia ?ac?aooieiaei oeyoii ? ? i?iaiiciaith. Anoaiiaeaii, ui aeey iaeeo ??/ie aaeeea cia/aiiy iathoue ci?ie oa?aeoa?o caieaei?enooaaiiy ia ?o aiaeicai?ao. Naia aiie aecia/athoue ?aaeei noieo aiaee ? iaiin?a, ui naia i?ecaiaeeoue aei caioeaiiy ? iaa?oue ia?aneoaiiy iaeeo ??/ie. Ca iaoiaeeeith E.I. Aa?eiae/a, A.TH. Neaei?/oea neeaaeaii noaio no?eeino? ?onae ??/ie aanaeio N?a. Ae?ioey (iae.3). Aeyaeaii, ui noai aiaeii? nenoaie iaeiaeiaeo oac ??cieo oeeee?a niiy/ii? aeoeaiino? aoaea iaoe aecia/i? oaiaeaioe?? aei ci?i, a naia, yeui noai o oac? ciaioaiiy niiy/ii? aeoeaiino? a iaeiiio oeeee? ? oaiaeaioe?? aei ci?i a?ae?ieia?/ii? oa?aeoa?enoeee o oe?e aea oac? o ??cieo oeeeeao, ia?ii iiaeeea?noue aecia/eoe noai aiaeii? nenoaie ia oe?e aea oac? o iaeaooiueiio oeeee? niiy/ii? aeoeaiino?. Aeieacaii, ui i?e?iaeia neeaaeiaa caeaaeeoue a?ae aiaeiino? ? iiaea aooe ni?iaiiciaaia ca?aeii oiaeo niiy/ii? aeoeaiino?. Noiniaii aio?iiiaaiii? neeaaeiai?, oi aeey ?? ioe?iee ? i?iaiico aeei?enoaii iaoiaee, cai?iiiiiaai? E.I. Ai??aei, N.?. Aei?iaoioeiaei, I.A. Oaaneeii. Aeei?enoaaoe iaoiaeeeo E.I. Ai??aa, A.?. Iaeaoaiea, ?ic?aoiaaii i?iaiic ?iiiiai noieo aei 2008 ?ieo ? aio?iiiaaiia neeaaeiaa ?iiiiai noieo ia iaeaooia aeanyoe??//y (oaae. 1,2.). Oaaeeoey 1. I?iaiic na?aaeieo aaaaoi??/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee ?iiiiai noieo aei 2008 ?. (oen.o/??e) Ca2+ Mg2+ Na++K+ HCO3- SO42- Cl- (? 1075 298,7 1154,7 2589,8 2325,2 1472,8 8916,2 Oaaeeoey 2. I?iaiic aio?iiiaaiii? neeaaeiai? ia iaeaeeae/a aeanyoe??//y (oen.o/??e) Ca2+ Mg2+ Na++K+ HCO3- SO42- Cl- (? Iaeneiaeueia aaee/eia 0 71 589 0 1112 910 2682 I?i?iaeueia aaee/eia 0 39 525 0 978 864 2406 Aeey iaeeo ??/ie Aeey na?aaei?o ??/ie A?aoiaoth/e, ui aeeaae aio?iiiaaiii? neeaaeiai? ca ia??iae c 1983 ?. aei 1996 ?. ciaioeany, ? iaae?y ia iiaeaeueoa cieaeaiiy aio?iiiaaiiiai ?iiiiai noieo. Ii/aoie iiaiai oeeeeo niiy/ii? aeoeaiino? (c 1998 ?ieo) ia? aeeeeeaoe ca?eueoaiiy aiaeiino?, ui ua a a?eueo?e i??? cieceoue aianie aio?iiiaaiii? neeaaeiai?. Aiane?aeie noi?niiai aiae?co a?ao?e?a aiaeiino? ? niiy/ii? aeoeaiino? aeyaeaii 11-??/io ? 33-??/io oeeee?/iino?. I?inoaaeoaoueny /?oea caeiiii??iinoue: na?aaei? cia/aiiy aeo?ao aiaee ia i?aeeii? e?eai? ia?oiai 11-??/iiai oeeeeo o 33-??/iiio aei??aith? 68,2 - 68,4 i3/n; na?aaei? cia/aiiy aeo?ao aiaee i?e niaae? e?eai? caeiiii??ii i?aeaeuo?oueny. Eaeaiooi?noue, ne?aeii ca aiaei?noth, iineoue oeeee?/iee oa?aeoa? ? a?aeiia?aeii nooo?ai caeaaeeoue a?ae eieeaaiue niiy/ii? aeoeaiino?. Na?aaei? cia/aiiy eaeaiooiino? o 33-??/iiio oeeee? i?e c?inoaii? e?eai? caeiiii??ii ciaioo?oueny a?ae 39,9 aei 13,4 ia/e, a oie /an, ye na?aaei? cia/aiiy eaeaiooiino? ia niaae? e?eai? caeeoa?oueny i?aeoe/ii iino?eiei - 32-33 ia/e. A oe?eiio niinoa??aa?oueny nii/aoeo i?aeaeuaiiy na?aaei?o oeeee?/ieo cia/aiue eaeaiooiino? aei 1945 ?ieo (35,1 ia/e), a iio?i cieaeaiiy. A E N I i A E E 1. A aanaei? N?a. Ae?ioey niinoa??aa?oueny oaiaeaioe?y aei cieaeaiiy iaeneiaeueieo aeo?ao aiaee; oa?aeoa?iei aeey ??/ie ? oaeiae cia/ia ca?eueoaiiy i?i?iaeueieo aeo?ao. 2. I?aeoaa?aeaeaii /?oei aecia/aio oaiaeaioe?th aei caaaeueiiai cieaeaiiy na?aaeiuei? oaiia?aoo?e aei 60-o ??. 3. Iiaoaeiaaii noaio iiaeoey noieo iaiin?a oa aeae?eaii 3 ciie: <10 o/ei2; 11-20 o/ei2; 21-30 o/ei2. Aeey a?eueoino? ??/ie oa?aeoa?ia ca?eueoaiiy aiec ca oa/??th ia(?io noieo iaiin?a. Aeaye? a?aeoeeaiiy a?ae oe??? oaiaeaioe?? iiyniythoueny ?nioaaiiyi ea?noo. 4. Aiae?c noai “?ioaineai?noue cieao” ? “Noieo iaiin?a” iieacaa, ui iiaeoeue noieo iaiin?a ci?ith?oueny ia i?iii?oe?eii ?ioaineaiino? cieao iaoa??aeo c a?oio?a. Iaeiae, ia iaio noaiao i?inoaaeo?oueny caaaeueia oaiaeaioe?y aei ciaioaiiy iieaciee?a o na?aaei?e ? ieaei?e oa/?yo N?a. Ae?ioey. Aeey a?eueoino? i?eoie oa?aeoa?ia c?inoaiiy oeeo aea iieaciee?a aiec ca oa/??th. ?ioaineai?noue cieao ciaioo?oueny aiec ca oa/??th N?a. Ae?ioey a?ae 10 aei 2-3 o/aa ca ??e. 5. Iiaoaeiaaia noaia eaeaiooiino? ? i?iaaaeaia ?aeiioaaiiy aeicaieeee aeae?eeoe o?e ciie: iaei? eaeaiooiino? (100 - 250 a/i3), na?aaeiuei? eaeaiooiino? (250 - 500 a/i3), aeniei? eaeaiooiino? (500 - 1000 a/i3). 6. ?ac?aoiaaiee iieaciee nooiaiy m o oi?ioe? noieo iaiin?a, ca iaoeie aeaieie, ci?ith?oueny o iaaeao aanaeio a?ae 1,4 aei 2,4. 7. Ca?aeii i?iaaaeaiiai ?aeiioaaiiy aanaeio ca oa?aeoa?ii i?ioiaeaeaiiy ?oneioi?ioth/eo aeo?ao aeae?eaii o?e ciie: ciia c aeaiia ?ioa?aaeaie ?oneioi?ioth/eo aeo?ao (a?eueoa /anoeia aannaeio); ciia c iaeiei ?ioa?aaeii ?oneioi?ioth/eo aeo?ao ( i?ai?/ii-cao?aeia /anoeia aanaeio); ciia c o?ueiia ?ioa?aaeaie ?oneioi?ioth/eo aeo?ao (na?aaeiy oa/?y). 8. A ?acoeueoao? i?iaaaeaieo aei??thaaiue ii?oieia?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee ?onae oa aeine?aeaeaiiy ?iciianthaeaeaiiy aeae?a aeaoi?iaoe?e ?onae aeae?eaii o?e ?o ??ciiaeaeiino? a aanaei?: iaaiae?oth/?, ?icaaeoaeai? ia ?oeaae ? ia?icaaeoaeai?, a?aeiinii i?yiie?i?ei?. Anoaiiaeaii, ui a aanaei? N?a. Ae?ioey ia?aaaaeathoue ?onea c naaiaioieie oa iaoeaiiae?aieie eie?iaie (52% on?o ?onae ??/ie aanaeio). A??cai? eie?ia neeaaeathoue 7% on?o ?onae, a aeiooai? ? aaeaioiaai? 13% . 9. Anoaiiaeaii, ui aeey iaeeo ??/ie, ca(ycie ?aae?ona e?eaeie eie?i ? ?oneioi?ioth/eo aeo?ao e?i?eiee: r = ( (Qo) ? ia?aoiaeeoue o nooiaiaaee i?e cia/aiiyo ?oneioi?ioth/eo aeo?ao, ui ia?aaeuothoue 600-700 i3/n. 10. Ieoiia aaaa aio?iiiaaiii? neeaaeiai? o oi?ioaaii? i?ia?aeueii? /anoeie ?a/iaei, ?ic/eiaieo o ??/eiaeo aiaeao, neeaaea? 34,3%. Ca inoaii? 10 ?ie?a aaee/eia aio?iiiaaiii? neeaaeiai? cieceeanue i?eaeecii ia 23%. I?iaaaeai? aeine?aeaeaiiy iieacaee, ui a?eueoa /anoeia eiiiiiaio?a, ui oa?aeoa?ecothoue nieueiaee neeaae aiae (noeueoaoe, oei?eaee, eaeueoe?e, iaai?e), iathoue caaaeueio oaiaeaioe?th aei cieaeaiiy ?o eiioeaio?aoe?? o 80-90-eo ?.?. A?ae?iea?aiiaoe ? oaiiee ia oii? eieeaaeueiiai oa?aeoa?o ?o ci?ie, caeeoathoueny a?aeiinii noaa?eueieie. Ianooo?ai i?aeaeuothoueny cia/aiiy eenith ? ?I. Cia/aiiy eiioeaio?aoe?? iaooii?iaeoeo?a, i?o?eo?a, i?o?ao?a iathoue oaiaeaioe?th aei c?inoaiiy. Iaeiae, o 90-eo ?.?. ?o ai?no o aiae? a?aeiinii noaa?e?co?oueny ? iaa?oue niinoa??aa?oueny iacia/ia cieaeaiiy, yea iia(ycaia c? niaaeii ae?iaieoeoaa. Ai?no i?ae? o aiaeao aanaeio N?a. Ae?ioey ia? /?oeo oaiaeaioe?th aei i?aeaeuaiiy ia i?ioyc? 80-90-eo ?.?. Eieeaaiiy a?eueoino? a?ae?io?i?/ieo iieaciee?a, ca aeeeth/aiiyi aeaiaio?a nieueiaiai neeaaeo, ia caeaaeaoue a?ae ci?i aeo?ao aiaee. Oea aea? iniiao aenoiooe ia ia?oee ieai aio?iiiaaiio neeaaeiao oi?ioaaiiy ye?niiai neeaaeo aiae aanaeio N?a. Ae?ioey. 11. Aiae?c a?ae?ieia?/ieo ? a?ae?io?i?/ieo iieaciee?a ia?ana?ae/o?, ui na?aae a?ae?ieia?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee, ye? aecia/athoue “ciai?oi?e” noai aiaeii? nenoaie, ? ?oneioi?ioth/? aeo?aoe ? aeyaea ia?aaaaeiee aieea aio?iiiaaiii? neeaaeiai? o oi?ioaaii? “aioo??oiueiai” aeieia?/iiai noaio aanaeio ??/ie iacaeaaeii a?ae eieeaaiue aiaeiino?. 12. Aeey i?e?iaeiiai noieo ia ?nio? ?ic?iaeaieo a?aie/ieo cia/aiue caai??a aiaee o aecia/aiiio noai?? ??/ee. Iioeiaeueieie e?eoa??yie noieo cai?iiiiiaaii aaaaeaoe oie ?ioa?aae aeo?ao aiaee, yeee caaacia/o? ?nioaaiiy aiaeii? oei?e ? oaoie (ieaeiy iaaea), a aa?oiy iaaea, oa, ca yei? ia cae?enith?oueny caoiieaiiy n?eueainioa?aeue, aoae?aaeue ? o.?i. 13. Aeey ioe?iee eaeaiooiino?, ye iieacieea yeino? aiaee, aoei neeaaeaii noaio iioeiaeueieo iieaciee?a, ye? ci?iththoueny ca ci?iith aiaeiino?. 14. ?ic?iaeaii ? cai?iiiiiaaii nenoaiio iiaeaeue aeey ioe?iee ? i?iaiicoaaiiy aeieia?/iiai noaio aanaeio ??/ee. Nooi?noue ?? iieyaa? a aeieia?/i?e ioe?ioe? no?eeino? aeania ?onea ? caieaae, oiaoi "ciai?oiueiai" noaio aiaeiiai ia(?eoo ye eaioethaa aeinenoaie. 15. Aeey oa?eoi??? aanaeio N?a. Ae?ioey i?iaaaeaii ?aeiioaaiiy ca oaeoi?ii no?eeino? caieaae. No?eeinoue caieaae aecia/a?oueny oiiaaie i?ioiaeaeaiiy ?oneioi?ioth/eo aeo?ao. 16. C?iaeaii ioe?iea nooiaiy no?eeino? oa?eoi??? aanaeio aei y?oaeii? a?ic?? ? neeaaeaii ?ac?aooieiaei oeyoii noaio aeieia?/ii? iai?oae ca ia?aiao?aie aonoeie oa u?euei?no? y?oaeii? n?oee. 17. Neeaaeaii noaio no?eeino? ?onae ??/ie aanaeio N?a.Ae?ioey aei caioeaiiy. Aeyaeaii, ui aieiaiei e?eoa???i i?e oeueiio ? o?ainii?ooth/a caeaoi?noue. 18. A ?acoeueoao? noeoiiiai aiae?co a?ao?e?a aiaeiino? ? niiy/ii? aeoeaiino? aeyaeaii 11-??/io ? 33-??/io oeeee?/iino?. I?inoaaeo?oueny caeiiii??i?noue: na?aaei? cia/aiiy aeo?ao aiaee ia c?inoaii? e?eai? ia?oiai 11-??/iiai oeeeeo o 33-??/iiio neeaaea? 68,2-68,4 i3/n; na?aaei? cia/aiiy aeo?ao aiaee ia niaae? e?eai? caeiiii??ii ?inoa. Na?aaei? cia/aiiy eaeaiooiino? o 33-??/iiio oeeee? ia i?aeeii? e?eai? caeiiii??ii ciaioo?oueny a?ae 39,9 aei 13,4 ia/e, o oie /an, ye na?aaei? cia/aiiy eaeaiooiino? ia niaae? caeeoa?oueny i?aeoe/ii iino?eiei- 32-33 ia/e. A oe?eiio niinoa?aaa?oueny nii/aoeo i?aeaeuaiiy na?aaei?o oeeee?/ieo cia/aiue eaeaiooiino? aei 1945 ?ieo (35,1 ia/e), iio?i ?o cieaeaiiy. 19.Cae?eniaii i?iaiic i?e?iaeii? neeaaeiai? aiaeiino? ia aac? oeeee?a niiy/ii? aeoeaiino?. Aio?iiiaaiia neeaaeiaa ni?iaiiciaaia ca iaoiaeeeith E.I. Ai??aa, N.?. Aei?iaoioeiaa, I.A. Oaaneea. ?ic?aoiaaii i?iaiic ?iiiiai noieo aei 2008 ?ieo ? aio?iiiaaiia neeaaeiai? ?iiiiai noieo ia iaeaooi? aeanyoe??//y. Iaiao?aeii iaoe ia oaac?, ui ae?y oaeoi??a, ye? oi?iothoue aio?iiiaaiiee ?iiiee no?e, ia ? caeiiii??iith ? caeaaeaoue a?ae ?icaeoeo aeiiii?ee, ci?i i?e?iaeieo oiia, aeei?enoaiiy aiaeieo ?ano?n?a. Nienie ae?oeiaaieo i?aoeue ca oaiith aeena?oaoe?? Iaein N.A. (Noaiaiyi). Noie iaiinia e ?oneiaua i?ioeannu ia ?aeao aannaeia Aeiia // Aaiii?oieiaey. - 1997. - ?2. - N. 61-70. (ni?aaaoi? *aeia ?.N.) Noaiaiyi N.A. Aeieia?/ia cia/aiiy a?ae?ieia?/ieo oa a?ae?io?i?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee aanaeio ?. N?aa?nueeee Aeiiaoeue ? ?o aea/aiiy.// A?niee Oa?e?anueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo: Aaieia?y - Aaia?ao?y - Aeieia?y. - 1998. - ?402. - N. 197-198. Iaein N.A. (Noaiaiyi). Caeiiiia?iinoe ?acaeoey y?iceiiiuo i?ioeannia ia naaa?i-ainoiea Oe?aeiu // Yeciaaiiua i?ioeannu e ie?oaeathuay n?aaea. - I.: Iaoea, 1990. - N.102. (ni?aaaoi? Aeaianaae/ A.I.) Iaein A.TH., Iaein N.A., Noaiaiyi N.A., Ooeueaeaiei E.N. Iniaeeaino? i?e?iaeiiai na?aaeiaeua oa aaia?ao?/iee ia?en Neiaiaeaiueie/ / ?noi??y Neia?aenueei? Oe?a?ie. Iaa/. iin?aiee c ia?iaeiciaanoaa oa e?a?ciaanoaa/ Ca ?aaeaeoe??th A.?. Oi?eaothea, I.E. Neaei?aiea. - O.: Iniiaa, 1998. - N. 8 - 37. Iaein N.A. (Noaiaiyi). Caeiiiia?iinoe ?acaeoey y?iceiiiuo i?ioeannia ia naaa?i-ainoiea Oe?aeiu. A ei."Yeciaaiiua i?ioeannu e ie?oaeathuay n?aaea" I. Iaoea, 1990, no. 156-162. (ni?aaaoi? Aeaianaae/ A.I.) Iaein N.A. (Noaiaiyi). ?ieue y?iceiiiie naoe a oi?ie?iaaiee yeieiae/aneie ianoaiiaee oa??eoi?ee. A na. “Y?iceiaaaeaiea, oai?ey, yenia?eiaio”. Oac. aeiee. Anan. iao/i. eiio. Iineaa, 26-28 aeae. 1991. - I.: IAO, 1991 a. - n. 48. (ni?aaaoi? Aeaianaae/ A.I.) Iaein N.A. (Noaiaiyi). I?iaeaiu eco/aiey ninoiyiey e ?ac?aaioee iooae icaei?iaeaiey ea/anoaa aiae iaeuo ?ae aannaeia ?. Naa.Aeiiaoe. A ca. “?aaiiiaeueii i?iaeaie i?e?iaeiei?enooaaiiy oa aeieiaii a Oe?a?i?” Oac. aeii. Iiae?aaiiiaeueii? iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioeii, Oa?eia, aa?acaiue 1994. - Oa?eianueeee aea?ae. oiiaa?neoao, 1994 a. n. 97 Noaiaiyi N.A. Aieea aaiii?oieiai/ieo oaeoi?ia i i?ioeania ia oi?ioaaiiy aeieiai/iiai noaio aanaeio ?.Niaa?nueeee Aeiiaoeue/ / "No/aniee noai oa ia?niaeoeae ?icaeoeo aaiii?oieiaii, iaioaeoiiiee, aaieiaii oa iaeaiaaia?aoii aio?iiiaaio Oe?aiie” Oac. aeii. iaoe. eiio. - E.: AIOe “Ee?anueeee oiiaa?neoao”, 1996 ?. n. 107. Noaiaiyi N.A. Iaoiaee/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? aei i?aeoe/ieo ?aa?o c eo?no “Caaaeueia a?ae?ieia?y”. - Oa?e?a, 1998. - 49 n. AIIOAOe?ss Noaiaiyi N.A. Caeiiii??iino? oa aeieia?/ia cia/aiiy a?ae?ieia?/ieo oa a?ae?io?i?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee aanaeio ?. N?aa?nueeiai Ae?ioey.- ?oeiien. Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa aaia?ao?/ieo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 11.00.07 - a?ae?ieia?y noo?, aiaei? ?ano?ne, a?ae?io?i?y.- Ee?anueeeeoi?aa?neoao ?i. O.A. Oaa/aiea, 1998. Aeena?oaoe?th i?enay/aii aeyaeaiith caeiiii??iinoae a?ae?ieia?/ieo oa a?ae?io?i?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee aanaeio ?. N?a. Aeiiaoeue, ?o ?ie? o oi?ioaaii? no/aniiai noaio aanaeio,nenoai? ioe?iee oeueiai noaio ia iniia? no/anieo a?ae?ieia?/ieo ? a?ae?io?i?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee. Eeth/ia? neiaa: a?ae?ieia?/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee, a?ae?io?i?/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee, ?oneioi?ioth/? aeo?aoe, no?e, eaeaiooi?noue, aeieia?/i? ooieoe??, aeieia?/iee noai. Aiiioaoeey Noaiaiyi N.A. Caeiiiia?iinoe e yeieiae/aneay cia/eiinoue aeae?ieiae/aneeo e aeae?ioeie/aneeo oa?aeoa?enoee aannaeia ?. Naaa?neiai Aeiioea.- ?oeiienue. Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa aaia?aoe/aneeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 11.00.07 - aeae?ieiaey nooe, aiaeiua ?ano?nu, aeae?ioeiey.- Eeaaneee oieaa?neoao ei. O.A. Oaa/aiei, 1998. Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia aeooaeueiie i?iaeaia ainnoaiiaeaiey yeieiae/aneiai ?aaiiaaney ?ae. Iaioeaieioth iiiiuue a yoii iiaoo ieacaoue iiiaieaoiea aeaiiua ii aeae?ieiae/aneiio ?aaeeio. A i?ioeanna aeenna?oaoeeiiiiai enneaaeiaaiey ii?aaeaeaiu i?e?iaeiua e nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneea oneiaey oi?ie?iaaiey ea/anoaaiiiai e eiee/anoaaiiiai ninoaaa aiae aannaeia, auyaeaia eo ?ieue a ioeaiea yeieiae/aneiai ninoiyiey aannaeia ?aee. Ioia/aia oeaeaniia?aciinoue iiae?acaeaeaiey yeieiae/aneiai ninoiyiey anao oa?aeoa?enoee, aeey oaeianoaa ioeaiee, ia "aiaoiea" e "aioo?aiiea". Aeieacaii, /oi iniiaiie "aiaoiae" yeieiae/aneie oa?aeoa?enoeeie yaeyaony ?oneioi?ie?othuee ?anoiae, a iniiaiay ?ieue a oi?ie?iaaiee "aioo?aiiaai" ninoiyiey aiaeiie nenoaiu i?eiaaeeaaeeo aio?iiiaaiiie ninoaaeythuae. A ?aaioa i?aaenoaaeaiu nia?aiaiiua cia/aiey aeae?ieiae/aneeo e aeae?ioeie/aneeo oa?aeoa?enoee aannaeia Naa. Aeiioea: onoaiiaeaiu caeiiiia?iinoe eciaiaiey iaeneiaeueiuo e ieieiaeueiuo ?anoiaeia, oaiia?aoo?u aiaeu; eciaiaiey noiea a niioaaonoaee n eciaiaieai eioaineaiinoe niuaa ii/a n iiaa?oiinoe aiaeinai?a e noaiaiueth caia?aaeaiiinoe oa??eoi?ee aannaeia. Ninoaaeaiu noaiu noiea iaiinia e iooiinoe aannaeia ?. Naa. Aeiiaoe. Aeey ooi/iaiey oa?aeoa?a nayce ii a?aoeeai ?anoiaeia aiaeu e iaiinia auee ?ann/eoaiu iieacaoaee noaiaie m a oi?ioea noiea iaiinia. Ia oa??eoi?ee aannaeia auaeaeaii 3 ?aeiia ni n?aaeieie aeey ieo cia/aieyie eiyooeoeeaioa m : 1,44; 1,85; 2,35. Ii oa?aeoa?o i?ioiaeaeaiey ?oneioi?ie?othueo ?anoiaeia aannaei iiae?acaeaeai ia o?e ciiu, niioaaonoaothuea ?acee/iiio eiee/anoao aeeaiaciiia ?oneioi?ie?othueo ?anoi-aeia aei auoiaea ia iieio e iinea. Aieueoay /anoue aannaeia Naa. Aeiioea oa?aeoa?ecoaony iaee/eai aeaoo aeeaiaciiia ?oneioi?ie?othueo ?anoiaeia. A naaa?i-caiaaeiie /anoe aannaeia i?ioiaeeo iaeei ?oneioi?ie?othuee ?anoiae ?acee/iie iaania/aiiinoe n i?aiaeaaeaieai ?aaiou iaaeaie iaae ?aaioie iieiaiaeuey. A n?aaeiai oa/aiee Naa. Aeiioea iaaethaeaaony o?e eioa?aaea ?oneioi?ie?othueo ?anoiaeia, iaeei ec eioi?uo niioaaonoaoao auoiaeo ia iieio, n?aaeiee i?ioiaeeo iaiiiai ieaea a?iaee iieiu, a ieaeiee niioaaonoaoao aunioa iiaa?oiinoe ianeia, neaaathueo iiai/ie ia?aeaoia. Aeey aieueoae /anoe aannaeia Naa. Aeiioea e aai i?eoieia oa?aeoa?ai iniaue aeae yith?u ?oneioi?ie?othueo ?anoiaeia n iaeneiaeueiui cia/aieai i?iecaaaeaiey G(Qm(P(I i?e aai ieieiaeueiie iaania/aiiinoe, naycaiiie n iniaaiiinoyie aeae?ieiae/aneiai ?aaeeia. Onoaiiaeaii, /oi aeey iaeuo ?ae iaeaieueoay naycue ?oneioi?ie?othuaai ?anoiaea e ?aaeeona e?eaeciu eceo/eiu iaaethaeaaony n aa?oiei eioa?aaeii ?oneioi?ie?othueo ?anoiaeia. ?aaeeon e?eaeciu eceo/eiu eciaiyaony io 10 aei 900 i. Aeey iaeuo ?ae naycue r = f ( Qo ) yaeyaony noaiaiiie. A aannaeia Naa. Aeiioea i?aiaeaaeatho ?onea n naaiaioiuie e iaoeaia?aciuie iaaiae?aie (52% anao ?onae ?ae aannaeia). Aeiey aio?iiiaaiiie ninoaaeythuae a oi?ie?iaaiee ea/anoaaiiiai ninoaaa aiae ninoaaeyao 34,3%. Aeey ioeaiee iooiinoe, eae iieacaoaey ea/anoaa aiaeu, auea ?ac?aaioaia noaia iioeiaeueiuo iieacaoaeae. I?aaenoaaeaiiay nenoaiiay iiaeaeue i?aaeeiaeaia a ea/anoaa iniiau aeey i?iaiice?iaaiey ?acaeoey aannaeia. Ioee/eai aa io nouanoaothueo yaeyaony eniieueciaaiea a yeieiae/aneie ioeaiea ninoiyiey ?aee oa?aeoa?enoee onoie/eainoe ?onea e iieiu. Noaiu ii yoei ia?aiao?ai i?aaenoaaeaiu a aeenna?oaoeee. Onoie/eainoue ?onea e iieiu a cia/eoaeueiie noaiaie caaeneo io eioaineaiinoe ia?aaeiie y?icee. A ?aaioa i?aaenoaaeaia oaeaea noaia yeieiae/aneie iai?yaeaiiinoe ii oaeoi?o ia?aaeiie y?icee e aeai i?iaiic ?acaeoey aannaeia ia iniiaa onoie/eainoe oa??eoi?ee e ia?aaeiie y?icee. A ?acoeueoaoa niaianoiiai aiaeeca a?aoeeia aiaeiinoe e nieia/iie aeoeaiinoe auyaeaiu neaaeothuea caeiiiia?iinoe: n?aaeiaa cia/aiea ?anoiaea aiaeu ia iiaeuaia ia?aiai 11-eaoiaai oeeeea a 33-eaoiai ?aaia 68,2 - 68,4 i3/n; n?aaeiaa cia/aiea ?anoiaea aiaeu ia niaaea caeiiiia?ii aic?anoaao. Ioiioaiey iauaiia aiaeu a aannaeia ?. Naa. Aeiiaoe ia iiaeuaia e ia niaaea e?eaie nieia/iie aeoeaiinoe ia?auo iaeeiiaaeoeaoeeaoieo a 33-eaoieo oeeeeao e n?aaeiea a 33-eaoieo oeeeeao niioaaonoaotho 0,4. Iooiinoue, aneaae ca aiaeiinoueth, iineo oeeeee/aneee oa?aeoa? e niioaaonoaaiii caaeneo io eieaaaiee nieia/iie aeoeaiinoe. N?aaeiea cia/aiey iooiinoe a 33-eaoiai oeeeea ia iiaeuaia caeiiiia?ii oiaiueoathony io 39,9 aei 13,4 ia/e, a oi a?aiy eae n?aaeiaa cia/aiea iooiinoe ia niaaea inoaaony i?aeoe/anee iinoiyiiui 32-33 ia/e. A oeaeii iaaethaeaaony iiauoaiea n?aaeieo oeeeee/iuo cia/aiee iooiinoe aei 1945 aiaea (35,11 ia/e), caoai eaeao iiieaeaiea. A caeeth/aiea a ?aaioa aeai i?iaiic n?aaeieo iiiaieaoieo oa?aeoa?enoee eiiiiai noiea e aio?iiiaaiiie eo ninoaaeythuae ia aeeaeaeoaa aeanyoeeaoea. Eeth/aaua neiaa: aeae?ieiae/aneea oa?aeoa?enoeee, aeae?ioeie/aneea oa?aeoa?enoeee, ?oneioi?ie?othuea ?anoiaeu, noie, iooiinoue, yeieiae/aneea ooieoeee, yeieiae/aneia ninoiyiea. ANNOTATION Stepanan S.V. Dynamics regularities and ecological significance of hydrological and hydrochemical characteristics in the Siversky Donets basin. Thesis for candidate’s degree (Geography) on the speciality 11.00.07 - Hydrology of land,water resources, hydrochemistry. Geographical faculty of the Kyev National University by name of Taras Shevchenko, Kyev,1998. This thesis is devoted to the found of dynamics regularities of hydrological and hydrochemical characteristics in the Siversky Donets basin, to its role in the creating of the present basin condition, to the estimate system of the basin condition on the grounds of the present hydrological and hydrochemical characteristics. Key words: hydrological characteristics, hydrochemical characteristics, channel discharge, discharge, ecological function, ecological condition of water body, flow, silt load. PAGE 10 PAGE 16

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