Iaoe?iiaeueia Aeaaeai?y iaoe Oe?a?ie

?inoeooo ?noi??? Oe?a?ie

OAeE. 930.9.943.7.086

Aaaao Ieeiea Ieeieaeiae/

Caea?iaooy a eiioaeno?

oeaio?aeueii?a?iiaenueei? iie?oe/ii? e?ece

iaia?aaeiaei? Ae?oai? na?oiai? a?eie

07.00.02 — Anana?oiy ?noi??y

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy aeieoi?a ?noi?e/ieo iaoe

Ee?a-1998

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? iie?oieia?? Oaeai?iaenueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
oi?aa?neoaoo

Iaoeiaee eiinoeueoaio: aeieoi? ?noi?e/ieo iaoe,

noa?oee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee

A?aeiyinueeee Noaiai Aaneeueiae/,

caa?aeoaa/ a?aeae?eii anana?oiuei? ?noi???

oa i?aeia?iaeieo a?aeiinei ?inoeoooo

?noi??? Oe?a?ie IAI Oe?a?ie

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? ?noi?e/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?,

caneoaeaiee ae?y/ iaoee Oe?a?ie

Eoeue/eoeueeee Noai?neaa Aeaaeeneaaiae/,

canooiiee aee?aeoi?a ?inoeoooo ?noi???

Oe?a?ie IAI Oe?a?ie

aeieoi? ?noi?e/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Ei?ieue ?aai Oaaei?iae/,

I?ioani? eaoaae?e iiai? ? iia?oiuei? ?noi???

oa ?noi??ia?ao?? Oaeai?iaenueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo

aeieoi? ?noi?e/ieo iaoe

O?iueinueeee Aieiaeeie? Iaaeiae/

aieiaiee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee

?inoeoooo nioe?ieia?? IAI Oe?a?ie

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: *a?i?aaoeueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao

?i. TH.Oaaeueeiae/a, eaoaae?a ?noi??? ia?iae?a

No?aeii? ?a?iie

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “25” aa?aniy 1998 ?. i 10 aiae. ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee

Ae 50.17.01 a ?inoeooo? ?noi??? Oe?a?ie IAI Oe?a?ie (252001, Ee?a-1,
aoe. A?ooaanueeiai, 4)

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? ?inoeoooo ?noi???
Oe?a?ie IAI Oe?a?ie

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “25” na?iiy 1998 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Oei I.A.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Noaiiaeua Caea?iaooy iaia?aaeiaei? ae?oai? na?oiai? a?eie iaiao?aeii
?icoe?ithaaoe a aeaio ieiueiao: ye noa’?eoa iie?oe/ieo i?ioean?a, ui
a?aeaoaaeeny iai?ee?ioe? 30-o ?ie?a o Oeaio?aeuei?e ?a?ii?, ? ye iaeei c
aoai?a ai?ioueae oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeo ca a?aeiiaeaiiy aeanii?
aea?aeaaiino?, a?aoiaoth/e i?e oeueiio oie oaeo, ui iiaa eaea i?i ie?aio
/anoeio oe?a?inueeeo caiaeue.

Ooai?aiiy Ea?iaoi-oe?a?inueei? aea?aeaae — ?acoeueoao aaaaoi??/ii?
ae?yeueiino? oe?a?inueeeo iao??ioe/ieo nee o an?o noa?ao
noni?eueii-iie?oe/iiai aeeooy. Iaeiae, ia iiaeaii ia aeacaoe, ui
ei?ioei/ania ?nioaaiiy aaoiiiiiiai, a caiaeii naiino?eiiai Caea?iaooy
(I?aeea?iaonueea ?onue, Ea?iaonueea Oe?a?ia) ni?aiaei c aino?ith
iie?oe/iith e?ecith a Oeaio?aeuei?e ?a?ii?, yea iaea i?noea
iaia?aaeiaei? ae?oai? na?oiai? a?eie. Caeiiii??ii, ui i?aeia?iaeiee
oaeoi? ?iaea na?e a?aeaeoie ia noni?eueii-iie?oe/i? i?ioeane, ye?
a?aeaoaaeeny a ?a?ii? acaaae?, *aoineiaa//ei? oa Caea?iaoo? — neeaaeia?e
?? /anoei?, cie?aia. Iacaaaeath/e ia neeaaei?noue oiai/anii?
i?aeia?iaeii? ianoaiiaee, Caea?iaooy aeai?iei aaoiiiii? i?aaa e
aoaeoaaei naith aea?aeaai?noue o nithc? c /aoaie ? neiaaeaie.

C’ynoaaiiy oeeo, oa aeayeeo ?ioeo i?iaeai, ia’?eoeaia ? anaa?/ia
aea/aiiy i?noey ? ?ie? Caea?iaooy a eiioaeno? oeaio?aeueii?a?iiaenueei?
iie?oe/ii? e?ece iaia?aaeiaei? ae?oai? na?oiai? a?eie caneoaiao?
niaoe?aeueiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy. A?aeaeath/e iaeaaeia aaoi?ai ci?noiaieo
i?aoeue c ?noi??? Caea?iaooy, iaiao?aeii eiinoaooaaoe, ui c’yaeeany
aaee/acia e?euee?noue ioae?eaoe?e, ye? ia o?eueee a??oaoue oaeoe/ieie
iiieeeaie, aea e caiie?oeciaai?noth, ui ia??aeei i?ecaiaeeoue aei
niioai?aiiy caaaeueiiai ?noi?e/iiai i?ioeano ? i?noey a iueiio
Caea?iaooy. Aia?oa aaaaeai? aei iaoeiaiai ia?ao aeieoiaioe aeicaieythoue
ii-iiaiio iiaeeaeoeny ia iiae?? i?aa?eiai? aeaaiino?, ia?ainieneeoe
iiia?aaei? ioe?iee, iiaa?iooe ?c caaoooy aeanyoee ?iai.

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Aeaaaeoeyoe??/ia ia?aaoaaiiy a neeaae?
aeaiie?aoe/ii? *aoineiaaoeueei? ?anioae?ee noai?eei iioeiaeuei? oiiae
aeey ??ciia?/iiai iaoe?iiaeueii-eoeueoo?iiai ?icaeoeo Caea?iaooy, oi/a
ia aa?oi eiai ?aeaae?coaaoe. Caaaeyee aeoeai?e ae?yeueiino?
oe?a?inueeeo ia?o?e, oiaa?enoa, ie?aieo a?iiaaenueei-eoeueoo?ieo ae?y/?a
iinooiiai c?inoaea iaoe?iiaeueia na?aeii?noue e?ayi, ye?, oaeoe/ii,
i?ieoee nai???aeio aaiethoe?th a?ae oai?nueeeo ?onei?a aei
caea?iaonueeeo oe?a?ioe?a, naiiona?aeiieaiiy nai?? ?aeaioe/iino?, aei
?aea? iie?oe/ii? ?aeiino? c on?i oe?a?inueeei ia?iaeii.

Noaaeaiiy *aoineiaa//eie aei Caea?iaooy e oe?a?inueei? i?iaeaie caaaeii
nooo?ai a?ae??ciyeiny a?ae iie?oeee uiaei oe?a?inueei? ?aea? ?ioeo
e?a?i ?a?iie, ia?o ca ana Iieueu?. Oeae oaeo, aacia?a/ii, ni?eya o
i?iaaaeaii? A. Aieioeiii /?oeiai oe?a?inueeiai eo?no, oi/a e c
i???ioaoe??th ia iie?iaeoaeuenoai I?ia//eie, a aaoiiiii? o?yaee
Caea?iaooy iaea?aeoaaee anaa?/io i?aeo?eieo c aieo oe?a?ioe?a No?aeii?
Aaee/eie, ?a?iiaenueeeo e?a?i, NOA ? Eaiaaee, ye? aa/eee a aaoiiiii?e
aea?aeaa? ca?iaeie iaeaooiuei? niai?ii? Oe?a?ie. C’ynoaaiiy oe???
i?iaeaie ia? iacaia?a/ia iaoeiai-i?ciaaaeueia cia/aiiy. Iaaaeeea a?eea
oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeo, iaea?aeaaoe iaoa??aeueio ? ii?aeueio i?aeo?eieo
oe?a?inueei? ae?anii?e, aeeeeeaaoe caeeaoaaiiy a oe?eiio na?o?, caeiaoea
iiaeeea?noue a iaai?e i??? i?iaiaeeoe aeanio aioo??oith ? ciai?oith
iie?oeeo, iane?aeeii yei? aoea ni?iaa oi?ioaaiiy oe?a?inueei?
aea?aeaaiino?. Oaei? iiaeeeaino? ia iaee oe?a?ioe?, ye? ciaoiaeeeeny
i?ae oioae?oa?iei ?aaeeiii a N?N?, o neeaae? Iieueu? oa ?oioi??.

Aeooaeuei?noue aeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? oaeiae o iaiao?aeiino?
?ica?i/oaaiiy oaa?aeaeaiue no/anieo oai?aoee?a iai?oneinoaa, ye?
noaaeyoue i?ae noii?a iaeaaei?noue e?ath aei Oe?a?ie. Aiie an?eyei
caia?a/othoue caeiiii??i?noue iie?oe/ieo i?ioean?a, ui iaee ooo i?noea a
1918 -1919 ??. ?, iniaeeai, iai?ee?ioe? 30-o ?ie?a, ?iaeyoue ni?iao
aeiaanoe, ui ?aeay naiino?eiino? Ea?iaonueei? Oe?a?ie aoea i?eaianaia ia
Caea?iaooy cciai?, cie?aia c Aaee/eie. Aeei?enoai? aaoi?ii aeaea?aeuei?
iaoa??aee ?yaeo a?o/eciyieo ? ca?oa?aeieo a?o?a?a a?aoiaioiaaii
aeiaiaeyoue anth aaci?aenoaai?noue ? inaaaeiiaoeia?noue oaeeo
naia?aoenonueeeo oeoia/aiue. Aiie, iaaiaee, ia?aeiiothoue, ui
Ea?iaonueea Oe?a?ia aoea oai??iiyi i?noeaaeo /eiiee?a, oi/a ia ia? iaee
aieea ?yae i?aeia?iaeieo ? aioo??oi?o oaeoi??a.

I?aaeiaoii iaoeiaiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ? aea/aiiy ? aiae?c i?aeia?iaeiiai
noaiiaeua Caea?iaooy, eiai iie?oe/iiai ? eoeueoo?iiai ?icaeoeo
iaia?aaeiaei? ae?oai? na?oiai? a?eie. Ia iniia? /eneaiieo a?o?aieo ?
iioae?eiaaieo aeaea?ae aia?oa a ?noi??ia?ao?? ?iaeoueny ni?iaa
eiiieaeniiai aeine?aeaeaiiy an??? noeoiiino? aeuaiacaaieo i?iaeai.
Ia’?eoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? aeieoiaioe iie?oe/ieo ia?aae Oe?a?inueeiai
Iaoe?iiaeueiiai Ia’?aeiaiiy, noaiia?aie can?aeaiue i?i?noa?noa
I?aeea?iaonueei? ?on?-Ea?iaonueei? Oe?a?ie, aeiiii?/i? aeiaiai?e
aaoiiiiieo o?yae?a e?ath c I?ia//eiith, ?oioi??th ? Oai?ueiith oiui.

O?iiieia?/i? iaae? ?iaioe ioiieththoue ia??iae a?ae aa?aniy-aeiaoiy
1938?., eiee iie?oe/i? neee Caea?iaooy aeoea?coaaee naith ae?yeuei?noue
a ai?iouea? ca aaoiiiii? i?aaa ? iacaaa?ii ?o caeiaoee, aei e?ioey
aa?aciy 1939 ?. — i?iaieioaiiy iacaeaaeiino? Ea?iaonueei? Oe?a?ie oa
ii/aoeiaee ia??iae ieoiaoe?? e?ath a?enueeaie ai?oenonueei? Oai?ueie.
Aeey oiai, uia i?inoaaeeoe caeiiii??i?noue ? nenoaiaoe/i?noue oeo
/e ?ioeo i?ioean?a (ae?yeuei?noue oai?nueei? ??aaeaioe* a Caea?iaoo?),
?iaeoueny aeneo?n a ieioea. Oea noino?oueny oaeiae ai?a?aionueei?
ae?yeueiino? A.Aieioeia oa ie?aieo /eai?a eiai o?yaeo i?ney ieoiaoe??
e?ath. Oaeee a?aeo?ae a?ae o?iiieia?/ieo ?aiie aeine?aeaeaiiy ?iaeoueny
aeeeth/ii aeey oiai, uia i?ine?aeeoaaoe aaiethoe?th iiaeyae?a
caea?iaonueeeo iie?oe/ieo ae?y/?a i?ney ii?acee aecaieueieo ciaaaiue
1938-1939 ??. Iacaaaeath/e ia iacia/iee a?ae??cie /ano, yeee
aiae?co?oueny a aeine?aeaeaii?, naia iai?ee?ioe? 30-o ?ie?a o Caea?iaoo?
a?aeaoaaeeny iiae??, ui c?iaeee aaee/aciee ?aciiain aeaeaei ca eiai
iaaeaie. O 1938–1939 ??. oe?a?inueeee ia?iae Caea?iaooy a /a?aiaee ?ac
ia?aeiiaany, ui o?eueee iacaeaaeia Oe?a?ia iiaea aooe aa?aioii aaciaee
e?ath. Aeoiaey/e c oeueiai, iacaia?a/iei aoaea oaa?aeaeaiiy, ui
?nioaaiiy Ea?iaonueei? Oe?a?ie ye aaoiiiiii?, a caiaeii ? iacaeaaeii?
aea?aeaae, i?enei?eei i?ioean aicc’?aeiaiiy an?o oe?a?inueeeo caiaeue a
?aeeiiio aea?aeaaiiio iaoai?ci?.

Ia’?eoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? aeieoiaioe iie?oe/ieo ia?aae Oe?a?inueeiai
Iaoe?iiaeueiiai Ia’?aeiaiiy, noaiia?aie can?aeaiue i?i?noa?noa
I?aeea?iaonueei? ?on?-Ea?iaonueei? Oe?a?ie, aeiaiai?e aaoiiiiieo o?yae?a
e?ath c I?ia//eiith, ?oioi??th, Oai?ueiith, ia?aienea o?yaeo A. Aieioeia
c i?aaenoaaieoeoaii Ea?iaonueei? Oe?a?ie a I?ac?, aeiaia??, i?aeienaiee
ai?a?aionueeei o?yaeii A. Aieioeia c ea??aieoeoaii I?iaiaeo Oe?a?inueeeo
Iaoe?iiae?no?a o Aaiaoe?? (?oae?y), aeieoiaioe c a?o?aieo oiiae?a
Oe?a?ie, ?in??, Oai?ueie, *ao??, ?oioi?? oiui.

Ia’?eoaie aea/aiiy ? iaoeiaiai aiae?co aeena?oaoe?? ? e?eueea
aca?iiiia’ycaieo neeaaeiaeo ia?aii? oaie, ye? aeicaieythoue ?icaeyiooe
i?iaeaio a eiiieaen?:

1) i?aeia?iaeia noaiiaeua e?ath iai?ee?ioe? 30-o ?ie?a, o/anoue
aaoiiiiieo o?yae?a A. A?iae?y oa A. Aieioeia a i?aeienaii? aeiaiai??a c
I?ia//eiith, ?oioi??th, Oai?ueiith;

2) aieea ciai?oiueiiie?oe/iiai oaeoi?o ia aioo??oiueiiie?oe/iee ?
eoeueoo?iee ?icaeoie Caea?iaooy;

3) aaiethoe?y aea?aeaaii-i?aaiaiai noaoono Caea?iaooy.

Iaoiaeieia?/io iniiao aeena?oaoe?? neeaaeathoue i?eioeeie ?noi?ecio,
ye? aeicaieythoue ia’?eoeaii i?ae?eoe aei aea/aiiy noni?eueieo
i?ioean?a, iiae?e ? oaeo?a. A ?iaio? aeei?enoaii aiae?oe/iee,
ii??aiyeueiee, nenoaiiee ? eiie?aoii-?noi?e/iee iaoiaee. Ii?yae c ieie
ia?aeaeueii canoiniaothoueny ye?ni? oa e?euee?ni? iaoiaee aiae?co. Aeaia
aeine?aeaeaiiy ? aaaaoiieaiiaei, yea ia?aie?oa?oueny c oe?eei ?yaeii
eiie?aoieo aeenoeeie?i, cie?aia, ?noi???th i?aeia?iaeieo a?aeiinei,
iie?oieia??th, eoeueoo?ieia??th, i?aaiciaanoaii ? aeo?iae?noeeith.

Aieiaia iaoa aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?y noaaeoue nai?th iaoith
ia’?eoeaii, a eiiieaen?, aeine?aeeoe i?ioean noni?eueii-iie?oe/iiai ?
iaoe?iiaeueii-eoeueoo?iiai ?icaeoeo Caea?iaooy iaia?aaeiaei? ae?oai?
na?oiai? a?eie. Aeey ?? aeinyaiaiiy aaoi? iaiaaaany ?ica’ycaoe ?yae
eiie?aoieo caaaeaiue:

— i?iaiae?coaaoe aianie a?o/eciyieo ? ca?oa?aeieo ?noi?ee?a o
aeine?aeaeaiiy ??ciiiai?oieo i?iaeai ?noi??? Caea?iaooy iai?ee?ioe? 30-o
?ie?a, iaaieineoe ia ieoaiiyo, ye? a/aieie iaaeinoaoiuei aea/ai?, aai
ia?ae?o/oaaeenue oa oaeueneo?eoaaeenue;

— c?iaeoe e?eoe/iee aiae?c iaioa?ii? e?oa?aoo?e i?i Ea?iaonueeo Oe?a?io;

— ie?aneeoe i?aeia?iaeia noaiiaeua Caea?iaooy – neeaaeiai? /anoeie
*aoineiaa//eie, aeoeaiooth/e oaaao ia eiai aca?iia?aeiineiao c
I?ia//eiith, Oai?ueiith, Iieueuath, ?oioi??th, THaineaa??th oa ?ioeie
aea?aeaaaie, aena?oeeoe “caea?iaonueeo i?iaeaio” i?ae /an ?iaioe
eiioa?aioe?e o Ithioai? ? Eiia?ii oa A?aeainueeiio a?a?o?aae? (1938 ?.);

— ooi/ieoe iioeaaoe?th i???ioaoe?? aaoiiiiieo o?yae?a e?ath ia
I?ia//eio, c’ynoaaaoe aaiethoe?th ciai?oiueiiie?oe/iiai eo?no O?aoueiai
?aeoo uiaei Caea?iaooy;

— iieacaoe ?ieue i?aai?caoe?e oe?a?inueei? ae?anii?e a i?aeo?eioe?
iaoe?iiaeueii-aecaieueieo ciaaaiue caea?iaonueeeo oe?a?ioe?a o 1938-1939
??.;

— iieacaoe cia/aiiy ? ?ieue eoeueoo?ii-i?ina?oieoeueei? i?aoe?
aaoiiiiieo o?yae?a, ia?o ca ana eaa?iaoo A. Aieioeia, a
iaoe?iiaeueii-eoeueoo?iiio a?ae?iaeaeaii? caea?iaonueeeo oe?a?ioe?a,
aena?oeeoe ?icaeoie ina?oe, iaoee, e?oa?aoo?e, oaao?o oa ?yaeo ?ioeo
eoeueoo?ieo /eiiee?a, c’ynoaaoe ?ieue oe?a?inueeeo ai?a?aio?a o
iaoe?iiaeueii-eoeueoo?iiio a?ae?iaeaeaii? e?ath;

— i?inoaaeeoe ?ae?a?ei? a?aeiineie o Ea?iaonuee?e Oe?a?i? cie?aia, ?
Caea?iaoo? acaaae?;

— aeine?aeeoe aieea ciai?oiueiiie?oe/iiai oaeoi?o ia
aioo??o-iueiiie?oe/ia noaiiaeua Caea?iaooy;

— aecia/eoe iaoo ? iai?yie iie?oeee aaoiiiiieo o?yae?a Caea?iaooy a
iaoe?iiaeueiiio ieoaii?;

— ioa?aeoa?ecoaaoe aeaiie?aoe/i? i?ioeane a e?a?, a?aoiaiooaaoe
i?e/eie a?aeoiaeo o?yaeo A.Aieioeia a?ae aeaiie?ao?? oa anoaiiaeaiiy
aaoi?eoa?iiai ?aaeeio;

— aeaoe ioe?ieo ca?ieieo nee Ea?iaonueei? Oe?a?ie – IIIEN, c’ynoaaoe
ieoaiiy ?o e?euee?niiai neeaaeo, ica?i?iiy, iieacaoe ?ieue IOI a
ooai?aii? n?/iaeo caaii?a;

— iieacaoe aaiethoe?th aea?aeaaii-i?aaiaiai noaoono e?ath
(I?aeea?iaonueea ?onue – aaoiiiiia aea?aeaaa a neeaae? *aoineiaa//eie,
I?aeea?iaonueea ?onue (Ea?iaonueea Oe?a?ia) – neeaaeiaa /anoeia
oaaea?aoeaii? *aoi-Neiaaoeueei? ?anioae?ee, Ea?iaonueea Oe?a?ia –
iacaeaaeia aea?aeaaa), aena?oeeoe aea?aeaaii-i?aaiao ae?yeuei?noue
o?yaeo A.Aieioeia;

— i?inoaaeeoe ae?yeuei?noue o?yaeo Ea?iaonueei? Oe?a?ie a aecee?,
aeoeaiooth/e oaaao ia aeeieiiaoe/ieo noinoieao c I?ia//eiith oa
I?iaiaeii Oe?a?inueeeo Iaoe?iiae?no?a (IOI);

— anaa?/ii ?icoe?eoe oaeoia?ao?/io ? aeaea?aeueio aaco aeine?aeaeaiiy
?noi??? Ea?iaonueei? Oe?a?ie ? cai?iiiioaaoe ?yae iiaeo i?aeoiae?a ?
iai?yi?a ?o iiaeaeueoiai anaa?/iiai aea/aiiy;

— aeoiaey/e c iaoeiaiai ocaaaeueiaiiy aeine?aeaeoaaiiai iaoa??aeo,
c?iaeoe aeniiaee ? noi?ioethaaoe i?iiiceoe?? oa ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? ii
aeaeueoiio aea/aiith ?noi??? oe?a?inueeeo
aecaieueieo ciaaaiue o XX no.

Aeaea?aeueia aaca aeena?oaoe??. Aeei?enoaaoe caeiaooee ?noi?e/ii?
iaoee c aeine?aeaeoaaii? i?iaeaie, aaoi? aaaaeaa iaeiei ?c aaaeeea?oeo
nai?o caaaeaiue iiooe, aeyaeaiiy ? aaaaeaiiy o iaoeiaee ia?a iiaeo
a?o?aieo aeaea?ae. Cie?aia iei ii?aoeueiaai? aeieoiaioe, ye?
caa??aathoueny a Aea?aeaaiiio a?o?a? Caea?iaonueei? iaeano? (AeACI) a i.
Oaeai?iae? oa Aa?aaia?, Oeaio?aeueiiio aea?aeaaiiio ?noi?e/iiio a?o?a? o
Eueaia? (OeAe?A o Eueaia?), Oeaio?aeueiiio a?o?a? I?i?noa?noaa
aea?aeaaii? aaciaee ?in?? a Iinea? (OeAIAeA ?in??), iniaenoeo a?o?aao
caea?- iaonueeiai nayuaieea O.Ai?aaoa ? /eaia ?aa?c?eii? eii?n?? OII
I.Aaiaeonyea, a?o?a? I?i?noa?noaa caei?aeiiieo ni?aa *anueei? ?anioae?ee
(AIZV) ? a?enueeiai-?noi?e/iiio a?o?a? *anueei? ?anioae?ee (VIA) a
I?ac?, Aea?aeaaiiio a?o?a? Oai?ueie (IL) oa a?enueeiai-?noi?e/iiio
a?o?a? Oai?ueie (IL) a Aoaeaiaoo?, a?o?aao i. Eeoae ? Aay Ia?a
(Arhivele Niuj-Na?ika I.J.; Aah?vala statulni Aa?a-Iaaa) a ?oioi??.

Iaea?eueoee iaoeiaee ?ioa?an aeey ian neeaaeaee oiiaee AeACI. Iniaeeaa
?noi?eei-i?ciaaaeueia oe?ii?noue i?noeoueny o o?aoueiio oiiae? i?ae
iacaith “I?aceae?y o?yaeo Ea?iaonueei? Oe?a?ie”. Oea nioi? aeieoiaio?a
i?i aioo??oiueiiie?oe/io ae?yeuei?noue o?yaeo Ea?iaonueei? Oe?a?ie,
??ciiiai?oi? ?icii?yaeaeaiiy, aee?aeoeae, iinoaiiae ? caa?iaiiy, a
oaeiae iaoa??aee 17-ai oiiaeo “I?aceae?y I?i?noa?noaa aioo??oi?o ni?aa
Ea?iaonueei? Oe?a?ie”, ui aein? aea/aeeny eeoa /anoeiai, ?oi?e aiae?c
aea? iiaeeea?noue c’ynoaaoe oae? neeaaei? ieoaiiy, ye ae?yeuei?noue
oai?nueei? ??aaeaioe, a?aeiineie i?ae /aoineiaaoeueeei ? oe?a?inueeei
o?yaeaie oiui. O oiiae? 1148 i?ae iacaith “Oeaio?aeueia ?aaea a Oono?”
iniaeeao oe?ii?noue yaey? niaith ni?aaa ?2, a ye?e i?noeoueny
aeiiia?aeia caienea I.Aaiaeonyea i?i ni?iao aea?aeaaiiai ia?aai?ioo c
iaoith neeiaiiy o?yaeo A.Aieioeia.

O ae?oaiio oiiae? “I?aceae?y e?aeiaiai oi?aae?iiy ? I?aceae?y cainueeiai
o?yaeo I?aeea?iaonueei? ?on? (1928-1938)’’, oiiae? 4n/18 “I?i?noa?noai
aioo??oi?o ni?aa Ea?iaonueei? Oe?a?ie “, oiiae? 14 “Ia?iaeia ?aaea
Caea?iaonueei? Oe?a?ie”, oiiae? 63 “Oeea?eueia oi?aae?iiy
I?aeea?iaonueei? ?on?” i?noyoueny oe?eaa? iaoa??aee i?i ae?yeuei?noue
oai?nueeeo aaaio?a ia oa?eoi??? Caea?iaooy, /eneaii? oai?nuee? oa
iieuenuee? eeno?aee, a yeeo i?noeaaa ianaeaiiy caeeeeaeinue aei ca?ieii?
ai?ioueae i?ioe caeiiiiai oe?a?inueeiai o?yaeo oiui. O 72-io oiiae?
iii?uai? iaoa??aee, ye? aeicaieythoue i?inoaaeeoe o/anoue /eai?a
oiaa?enoaa “I?ina?oa” a ?icaoaeia? Ea?iaonueei? Oe?a?ie.

Oe?iiei aeaea?aeii aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy a?iiaaenueei-iie?oe/ieo a?aeiinei
i?ae iie?oe/ieie i?aai?caoe?yie No?aeii? Aaee/eie ? Caea?iaooy ?
iaoa??aee 205 oiiaeo “I?ieo?i? Aiaeyoe?eiiai noaeo o Eueaia?” OeAe?A o
Eueaia?. A ieo eaeaoueny i?i iania? iaeaaaeuei? ia?aoiaee
iieuenueei-/aoineiaaoeueeiai ei?aeiio oe?a?ioeyie No?aeii? Aaee/eie oa
i?i noaeia? i?ioeane iaae ia?aa?ae/eeaie. Aeei?enoai? aaoi?ii aeieoiaioe
aeiiiiaaathoue e?aua c’ynoaaoe ?ieue IOI a i?aai?caoe?? oa ea??aieoeoa?
iaeaaaeueieie ia?aoiaeaie.

O oiiae? I-17681 OeAIAeA ?in?? a Iinea? i?noeoueny “Iniaiaa ni?aaa
A.?.Aieioeia”, c yei? ii/a?iiooi oe?eaa? ? iaeia?aeii? oaeoe i?i
iie?oe/io ae?yeuei?noue A.Aieioeia a 1938-1939 ??. I?aceaeaioo
Ea?iaonueei? Oe?a?ie aeiaiaeeeinue a?aeiia?aeaoe ia /eneaii? caieoaiiy
ne?ae/iai IAeA N?N? iaei?a Aaeiaei?oa. Ia?oee aeiieo aoa i?iaaaeaiee 22
o?aaiy, i?ney /iai iine?aeoaaee ianooii? — 24 o?aaiy, 5,9,12,14,19 ? 20
/a?aiy 1945 ?. Iiiaae noinoi??ieiaa “Iniaiaa ni?aaa A.?.Aieioeia” aeaea
ciiao c’ynoaaoe oae? aeeneon?ei? ieoaiiy, ye iioeae i???ioaoe?? o?yaeo
Ea?iaonueei? Oe?a?ie ia I?ia//eio, a?aeiineie i?ae iie?oe/ieie neeaie
Caea?iaooy ? IOI, /anoeiao ci?io i???ioaoe?? A.Aieioeia oa /eai?a eiai
eaa?iaoo i?ney ieoiaoe?? e?ath Oai?ueiith. A.Aieioei aeaoaeueii iienaa
o?ae ia?aaiai??a c ea??aieoeoaii IOIo o Aaiaoe?? (?oae?y) 21 eeiiy
1939?. Oe? iaoa??aee cia/ii ooi/ieee iao? iiia?aaei? aeniiaee.

O aeine?aeaeaii? aeei?enoai? ena?ieii?? oa i?e?io?eueie aeieoiaio?a
3-ai oiiaeo AIZV, iaeeieoe? caa??aaiiy (ea?oiie): 606, 620 – iie?oe/i?
ni?aae; 642 – aioeaea?aeaaia aa?oaoe?y i?ioe *N?; 655 – ia?o?? a *N?
(1921–1939). A oeeo aeieoiaioao i?noyoueny aaaeeea? aeai? i?i iie?oe/io
neooaoe?th a *aoineiaa//ei? ? ia oa?eoi??? Caea?iaooy, i?aeaea?aeaai?
noinoiee *N? c Oai?ueiith, Iieueuath, ?oioi??th. Caaaeai?
a?o?ai? oiiaee oa?aeoa?ecothoue iie?oe/i? i?aai?caoe??, ui
neiiaoecoaaee Oai?uei?, aena?oeththoue ae?yeuei?noue oe?a?inueeeo
ai?a?aionueeeo i?aai?caoe?e, aiae?cothoue ie?aieo iie?oe/ieo ae?y/?a
e?ath. Oe?eaaeie o oeueiio ieai? aeaeathoueny ni?aae i?i aioe/anueeo ?
aioeoe?a?inueeo ae?yeuei?noue iieuenueeeo oa oai?nueeeo oa?i?eno?a,
oai?nueeo ??aaeaioo a Caea?iaoo?. Iaiaeiaaaeia cia/aiiy iathoue oaeiae
iaoa??aee i?i ?ieue oe?a?inueeiai ianaeaiiy No?aeii? Aaee/eie o
noaiiaeaii? oa ?icaeoeo Ea?iaonueei? Oe?a?ie.

Aeieoiaioe VIA a I?ac?, cie?aia, ea?oiie 24 – ni?aaa i?i inoaii?
iiae??, 23 – Aieiaiee ooaa a?i??, i?ieeaathoue na?oei ia ??aaiue
a?enueeiai? i?aeaioiaee ca?ieieo nee *aoineiaa//eie aei caoenoo
ei?aeii?a e?a?ie, i?i iai?iii? ai? 14-18 aa?aciy 1939 ?. Aiie yne?aai
na?ae/aoue, ui /aoineiaaoeueea a?i?y iaea an? iiaeeeaino? aei a?aeaeooy
iaiaaeo ai?iaa, iaeiae ieaiii??ii a?aenooiaea, aeeiioth/e iaeac aaia?aea
E.I?oaee i?i aaaeoaoe?th. O iacaaieo ea?oiiao iaaiaeyoueny nioi?
na?ae/aiue i?i ca?iei? nooe/ee i?ae /aoineiaaoeueeeie
i?eei?aeiiieeaie oa oai?nueeeie oa?i?enoaie. Aeieoiaioe VIA
aena?oeththoue a?aeiineie i?ae caea?iaonueeeie iaoe?iiae?noaie oa
ea??aieoeoaii I?ia//eie. Iniaeeai? oaaae caneoaiaothoue iaoa??aee ni?aae
“I?ia//eia”, ye? aeiaiaeyoue, ui aaea c eenoiiaaea 1938 ?. anoaiiaeeeny
o?ni? noinoiee i?ae ea??aieoeoaii Ea?iaonueei? N?/? oa i?iaoeueeeie
neoaeaaie aaciaee. Ea?iaonueea N?/ nenoaiaoe/ii i?ioiaeeea aeoe?e a
I?ia//ei?, a a?oia n?/iaee?a aiooaaeany aei aaaeaiiy aeoeaieo aieiaeo
ae?e ia aioe? I?ia//eie i?ioe Iieueu?.

Aaaeeea? oaeoe/i? aeai? i?i i?aeaioiaeo iaiaaeo Oai?ueie ia Caea?iaooy
ciaoiaeyoueny o oiiaeao IL. Oea, cie?aia, uiaeaii? caiene oai?nueeeo
io?oea??a i?i nai o?ae ianooio, ai? c /aoineiaaoeueeeie a?enueeaie oa
ea?iaonueeeie n?/iaeeaie, ??ciiiai?oi? a?enueeia? iia?aoeai? ieaie.
Iaaaeyeee ?ioa?an aeeeeeathoue aeiiia?aei? caienee oai?nueeeo aaaio?a
“Eiooe”, “A” oa ?ioeo i?i iaoe?iiaeueii-aecaieueiee ?oo a Caea?iaoo?,
?ioi?iaoeai? iia?aeiieaiiy i?i ae?yeuei?noue “iaaeaaiiaae?eieo”
iie?oe/ieo ae?y/?a e?ath. O oiiaeao IL ciaoiaeyoueny ii?iaii? nienee
“ai?ia?a nayoinoaoainueei? ei?iie”, ye? i?ney caoiieaiiy Caea?iaooy
iiaeii? aoee aooe ?ai?aniaai?. Oai?nuee? a?o?ai? aeieoiaioe
a?aoiaioiaaii aeiaiaeyoue, ui ai?oenoe cacaeaeaa?aeue aiooaaeeny aei
?ai?aneaieo ae?e oa ianiaeo ?icno??e?a. Oea iai aea? i?aenoaao
ia?aaeyiooe aeniiaee aeayeeo ?noi?ee?a, ui, i?aeoi, ?ai?an?? aoee
aeeeeeai? iii?ii i?ioe aa?ani?a c aieo ea?iaonueeeo n?/iaee?a. Nioi?
na?ae/aiue i?i ae?yeuei?noue oai?nueei? ??aaeaioe i?noyoueny o oiiaeao
IL a Aoaeaiaoo?. Ie?ai? ni?aae, a?aeiaeaeai? aaoi?ii a ?oioinueeeo
a?o?aao Eeoaea ? Aay Ia?a, ia?aeiiothoue, ui oai?nuee? oa?i?enoe ia iaio
aeoeaii ae?yee a ?oioinueeeo naeao Caea?iaooy (“Cae?cia aaa?ae?y”,
caaiie Aayoa), ui cioooaaei i?noeaaa ianaeaiiy ao?eaoe ia oa?eoi??th
?oioi??.

Aei aeaea?aeueii? aace aeena?oaoe?? oa?eoee ioae?eaoe?? aeieoiaio?a ?
iaoa??ae?a (Aaia?ey e aoi?ay ie?iaay aieia: Nae?aoiua
aeeieiiaoe/aneea aeieoiaiou ii enoi?ee eaioia e ia?eiaea aieiu. – I.:
Iaoea, 1962; Aeieoiaiou e iaoa?eaeu eaioia aoi?ie ie?iaie aieiu. –
O . 1. Iiya?ue 1937 – aeaeaa?ue 1938 a.a. Ec A?oeaa Ieienoa?noaa
Eiino?aiiuo Aeae Aa?iaiee. – I.: Iieeoecaeao, 1981; O. 2. ssiaa?ue –
aaaono 1939 a. – I.: Iieeoecaeao, 1981; Aeieoiaiou e iaoa?eaeu ii
enoi?ee niaaonei-/aoineiaaoeeeo ioiioaiee O. 3 (Ethiue 1934 a. –
ia?o 1939 a.). – I.: Iaoea, 1978; Aeieoiaiou ii enoi?ee Ithioaineiai
naiai?a. 1937–1939. – I.: Iieeoecaeao, 1979; Iiaua aeieoiaiou ii enoi?ee
Ithioaia. – I.: Iaoea, 1958.). Oi/a ia?aaaaeia ?o a?eueo?noue aeaeaia ca
?iee ?aaeyinueei? aeaaee, i?ioa a ieo iii?uai? i?ea?iaeuei? aeieoiaioe,
ye? i?ieeaathoue na?oei ia ciai?oiueiiie?oe/io ae?yeuei?noue I?ia//eie,
Iieueu?, ?oioi??, Oai?ueie, ?oae??, THaineaa?? a?aeiinii *aoineiaa//eie
? Caea?iaooy. Ie?ai? aniaeoe aioo??oiueiiie?oe/iiai aeeooy e?ath
iai?ee?ioe? 30-o ?ie?a a?aeia?aaeai? o ca??ieeao aeieoiaio?a,
i?aeaioiaeaieo a/aieie Oaeai?iaenueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo
(Aeieoiaioe na?ae/aoue. – Oaeai?iae: Ea?iaoe, 1985; Oeyoii AEiaoiy. —
O. IV. 1934-1938. Ai?ioueaa o?oaeyueo Caea?iaooy ca nioe?aeueia ?
iaoe?iiaeueia aecaieaiiy, ca aicc’?aeiaiiy c ?aaeyinueeith Oe?a?iith. –
Oaeai?iae: Ea?iaoe, 1964; O.O. 1938-1944. Ai?ioueaa o?oaeyueo
Caea?iaooy ca nioe?aeueia ? iaoe?iiaeueia aecaieaiiy, ca aicc’?aeiaiiy c
?aaeyinueeith Oe?a?iith. – Oaeai?iae, 1967.). A inoaii? ?iee c’yaeeeny
ca??ee aeieoiaioaeueieo iaoa??ae?a c aeine?aeaeoaaii? oaie, ye?
aeicaieythoue ii-iiaiio iiaeeaeoeny ia ??ci? noi?iie
noni?eueii-iie?oe/iiai aeeooy Caea?iaooy iaia?aaeiaei? ae?oai? na?oiai?
a?eie (Eoeueoo?ia aeeooy a Oe?a?i?. Cao?aei? caie?: Aeieoiaioe ?
iaoa??aee.-O. 1. 1939-1953. — E.: Iaoeiaa aeoiea, 1995; E?oiien
Ianei?aii? Oe?a?ie: Aeieoiaioe, iaoa??aee, niiaaaee. — Eieaa 1. —
Euea?a, 1993.). Caneoaiaothoue ia oaaao ca??ieee aeieoiaio?a i?i
ciai?oiueiiie?oe/io ae?yeuei?noue Oai?ueie, aeaeai? oai?nueeeie
?noi?eeaie. A ieo i?noeoueny cia/iee oaeoe/iee iaoa??ae i?i
oieaoinueeo ae?yeuei?noue A.A?iae?y, iieuenueei-oai?nuee? oa?i?enoe/i?
aeoe?? i?ioe Caea?iaooy, noaaeaiiy I?ia//eie aei e?ath, i?aeaioiaeo
ai?oeno?a aei aoi?aiaiiy oa ieoiaoe?th ieie oe?eiai Caea?iaooy. Ie?aiiai
?icaeyaeo caneoaiao? uiaeaiiee a?aeiiiai oe?a?inueeiai ienueiaiieea ?
aeoeaiiai o/anieea iiae?e 1938-1939 ??. A.A?aiaeae?-Aeiinueeiai “Uanoy ?
ai?a Ea?iaonueei? Oe?a?ie” (A?aiaeaea-Aeiinueeee A. Uanoy ? ai?a
Ea?iaonueei? Oe?a?ie: Uiaeaiiee//Oai?e Aaneey A?aiaeae?-Aeiinueeiai. —
O.VO. — Aao?iaoii: Ea?iaonueeee Nithc, 1987.). A?i neeaaea?oueny c aeaio
aaeeeeo ca ianyaii ?icae?e?a, ye? aeiiiaiththoue iaeei iaeiiai. O
ia?oiio — “C aaeeeeo aei?a Ea?iaonueei? Oe?a?ie” – iienai? iiae?? c 7
aeiaoiy 1938 ?., eiee iie?oe/i? neee e?ath aeai?iee aaoiiiii? i?aaa, aei
15 aa?aciy 1939 ?., eiee caaa?oea naith ?iaioo Niei Ea?iaonueei?
Oe?a?ie, yeee i?iaieinea iacaeaaei?noue ? ia?aa i?aceaeaioii A.Aieioeia.
Aaoi? o ia?oiio ?icae?e? uiaeaiieea aeaoaeueii iienaa i?eo?ae aei aeaaee
A.A?iae?y, eiai a?aoo ? i?ecia/aiiy i?ai’??-i?i?no?ii A.Aieioeia,
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/io ? iie?oe/io ae?yeuei?noue aaoiiiiieo o?yae?a. Ia
noi??ieao oeueiai ?icae?eo iii?uaii aaeeeee oaeoe/iee iaoa??ae i?i
iaiaaee oai?nueeeo ? iieuenueeeo oa?i?eno?a, aioeoe?a?inueeo
ae?yeuei?noue i?ioai?nueei? “i’yoi? eieiie”. A.A?aiaeaea-Aeiinueeee ia
caiia/o? oaeiae eiioe?eoe, ye? aeieeaee a oe?a?inueeiio oaai??. Ae?oaee
?icae?e uiaeaiieea — “I?ae /iaioii ieoiaioa” — i?enay/aiee o?aaaae??
Ea?iaonueei? Oe?a?ie oa ?? caoeniee?a. Eiai o?iiieia?/i? ?aiee
ioiieththoue ia??iae c 15 aa?aciy aei e?ioey na?iiy 1939 ?., eiee
A.A?aiaeaea-Aeiinueeee ai?a?oaaa aei Neiaa//eie. Oeae ?icae?e,
oaeoe/ii, iaaeioaa/o? ca??noaa oai?nueeeo aiiaaae?a oa oa?i?eno?a iaae
i?noeaaei ianaeaiiyi. Iaaaeyeo oe?ii?noue noaiiaeoue aeiaeaoie aei
uiaeaiieea, a yeiio iii?uaii nienie caaeaeeo n?/iaee?a. A?i ia?aoiao?
116 /ieia?e.

A?o?ai? oa iioae?eiaai? aeieoiaioe aeiiiaiththoueny iaoa??aeaie
caea?iaonueei? oa aaeeoeueei? ia??iaeeee — oe?iiei aeaea?aeii o
aena?oeaii? noni?eueii-iie?oe/iiai oa eoeueoo?iiai noaiiaeua
Ea?iaonueei? Oe?a?ie aeine?aeaeoaaiiai ia??iaeo. Ia oiaeueoao o?yaeiai?
?acaoe “Iiaa naiaiaea” aeae?oeiaaiee aaeeeee oaeoe/iee iaoa??ae i?i noai
?icaeoeo i?iieneiaino?, n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa, oi?a?ae? oa o?iain?a
uieiinoai?aii? aea?aeaae. O /eneaiieo noaooyo, ?aii?oaaeao,
iia?aeiieaiiyo eaeaoueny i?i aioo??oiueiiie?oe/ia noaiiaeua e?a?ie:
aeieeiaiiy ? ae?yeuei?noue Ea?iaonueei? N?/?, ?oei?ai? ae?? oai?nueeeo ?
iieuenueeeo oa?i?eno?a, ae?yeuei?noue oai?nueei? ??aaeaioe oiui. “Iiaa
naiaiaea” iino?eii iia?aeiieyea nai?o /eoa/?a i?i o?iainiao ? ii?aeueio
i?aeo?eieo Caea?iaooy c aieo ae?anii?e. Iaoa??aee oa iia?aeiieaiiy
“Iiai? naiaiaee” nooo?ai aeiiiaith? “Ea?iaoi-Oe?a?inueea Naiaiaea”, yea
aeaeaaaeany a I?ac?.

I?aeia?iaeia, iie?oe/ia ? eoeueoo?ii-aeooiaia noaiiaeua Caea?iaooy
ciaeoei anaa?/ia aena?oeaiiy ia noi??ieao ia??iaee/ieo aeaeaiue No?aeii?
Aaee/eie. Aaeeoeuee? aacaoe ? aeo?iaee “Ae?ei”, “Iiaa ci?y”, “E?oiien
*a?aiii? Eaeeie”, “Naiaiaea”, “AE?ii/a aiey”, “AE?ii/a aeiey”,
“Aaaiaa?ae”, “Oe?a?inueea thiaoeoai” oa ?yae ?ioeo aenooiaee aeoeaieie
e?oiienoeyie Caea?iaooy. Iia?aeiieaiiy, noaoo?, ?aii?oaae? oa eiiaioa??
aaeeoeueeeo aeo?iae?no?a ciaeiieee oe?a?inueea ianaeaiiy No?aeii?
Aaee/eie c iie?oeeith aaeeeeo ?a?iiaenueeeo e?a?i ii a?aeiioaiith aei
Caea?iaooy. Aaeeoeueea ia??iaeeea iaeiicia/ii canoaeeea oa?eoi??aeuei?
i?aoaic?? Oai?ueie oa Iieueu? noiniaii e?ath. Aiia i?aeo?eiaea
i???ioaoe?th A.Aieioeia ia I?ia//eio.

Iaeaea any ?a?iiaenueea i?ana e?ioey 30-o ?ie?a i?eoeeueii noaaeeany aei
Ea?iaonueei? Oe?a?ie. Noaoo? e iia?aeiieaiiy i?i ?icaeoie iie?oe/ieo
iiae?e o e?a? iioae?eoaaee ae?oeiaai? i?aaie Aaeeeia?eoai??, O?aioe??,
?oae??, THaineaa??, ?oioi??, ??eaiae??, Oaaoe??, I?ia//eie. Aeiyoie
noaiiaeoue oai?nueea ? iieuenueea ia??iaeeea. A oai?nueeeo ? iieuenueeeo
aeaeaiiyo /e ia iaea?eueoa aeac?ioi?iaoea- iiai iaoa??aeo. “Iiaa
naiaiaea” iino?eii aeaaaea nai? iiyniaiiy c oeueiai i?eaiaeo.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia ? oai?aoe/ia cia/aiiy aeena?oaoe?? aecia/athoueny
oei, ui aeena?oaio aia?oa o a?o/eciyi?e ?noi?e/i?e iaooe? ia iniia?
anaa?/iiai aea/aiiy ? e?eoe/iiai aiae?co iaoeiai? e?oa?aoo?e, iaioa??a
oa aeei?enoaiiy cia/ii? e?eueeino? i?ea?iaeueieo aeaea?aeueieo
aeieoiaio?a, a?aeooeaieo o a?o?aao Oe?a?ie, ?in??, Oai?ueie, *ao?? oa
?oioi??, c?iaea ni?iao ocaaaeueithth/iai aeine?aeaeaiiy i?noey ? ?ie?
Caea?iaooy a eiioaeno? oeaio?aeueii-?a?iiaenueei? iie?oe/ii? e?ece
iaia?aaeiaei? ae?oai? na?oiai? a?eie. Oaeee eiiieaeniee aiae?c
ii?aeio?oueny ?c c’ynoaaiiyi oe?eiai ?yaeo eiie?aoieo i?iaeai, ye? aai
cian?i ia aea/aeeny, aeine?aeaeoaaeeny o?aaiaioa?ii, aai
acaaae? ia?ae?o/oaaeenue ? oaeueneo?eoaaeenue.

O aeine?aeaeaii? aia?oa c?iaeaii ??oioiaiee aiae?c a?o/eciyii? ?
ca?oa?aeii? ?noi??ia?ao?? oaie oa ?yae aaaeeeaeo ocaaaeueiaiue,
aeniiae?a ? ioe?iie, cai?iiiiiaaii iia? i?aeoiaee ? iai?yie iiaeaeueoiai
aea/aiiy i?iaeaie. Ii?aoethaaiiy iiaeo a?o?aieo aeaea?ae cioneei aaoi?a
a?aeiiaeoeny a?ae oe?eiai ?yaeo aeniiae?a ? iieiaeaiue, i?eoeeueieeii
yeeo a?i aoa aei oeueiai /ano.

Aaoi?, aaiaey/e aei iaoeiaiai ia?ao oe?eo ieceo aeaea?ae, aia?oa
aena?oeth? ?noi??th Caea?iaooy a eiioaeno? oeaio?aeueii-?a?iiaenueei?
iie?oe/ii? e?ece iaia?aaeiaei? ae?oai? na?oiai? a?eie, aeoeaiooth/e
oaaao ia aca?iia?aeiineiao o?yaeo A.Aieioeia c aaaaoueia oe?a?inueeeie
aeaiie?aoe/ieie i?aai?caoe?yie ae?anii?e, aeiaiaey/e, ui iiae??
1938-1939 ??. o e?a? ni?aaeee aaee/aciee ?aciiain ia oe?a?inueeo
i?iaeaio acaaae? ? ni?eyee c?inoaiith oe?a?inueei? na?aeiiino? na?aae
ianaeaiiy Caea?iaooy.

sseui a aeine?aeaeaiiyo a?o/eciyieo oa ca?oa?aeieo ?noi?ee?a ?iaeoueny
aeoeaio ia c’ynoaaii? ia?o ca ana ciai?oiueiiie?oe/iiai noaiiaeua
Caea?iaooy iai?ee?ioe? 30-o ?ie?a, oi aeena?oaio c?iaea ni?iao a?oioiaii
aena?oeeoe oaeiae aioo??oiueiiie?oe/iee oa eoeueoo?ii-iaoe?iiaeueiee
?icaeoie Caea?iaooy. Ie iaaea?ii i??i?eoaoiiai cia/aiiy aea/aiith oaeeo
eiie?aoieo ieoaiue, ye “?ae?a?ei? a?aeiineie o Ea?iaonuee?e Oe?a?i?”,
“aea?aeaaii-i?aaiaee noaoon Caea?iaooy”, “o?yae Ea?iaonueei? Oe?a?ie ?
i?iaeaia ae??oaiiy iaoe?iiaeueiiai ieoaiiy” oiui. A ?iaio? i?aeoe/ii
aia?oa cae?eniaii aeeaieee aiae?c iiaeyae?a A.Aieioeia — i?aceaeaioa
Ea?iaonueei? Oe?a?ie, yeee i?ieoia oeyo a?ae iie?oe/iiai ae?y/a
i?i/aoineiaaoeueei? i???ioaoe?? aei i?eoeeueieea niai?iino? an?o
oe?a?inueeeo caiaeue.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy aeena?oaoe?? iieyaa? a oiio, ui ae??oaiiy a
eiiieaen? aaaeeeai? iaoeiai? i?iaeaie aea? iiaeeea?noue caiiaieoe
nooo?ao i?iaaeeio a ?noi??? Oe?a?ie, aeicaiey? ii-iiaiio i?ae?eoe aei
?ica’ycaiiy iecee i?iaeai a?o/eciyii? ?noi???. Aeei?enoai? iaoa??aee
iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? a iaa/aeueiiio i?ioean?, cie?aia, i?e aea/aii?
eo?no ?noi??? Oe?a?ie, *aoineiaa//eie, i?aeia?iaeieo a?aeiinei, o
a?aeiia?aeieo niaoeeo?nao c oe?a?iiciaanoaa oa ?noi?e/iiai e?a?ciaanoaa.
E??i oiai, ?acoeueoaoe iaoeiai? ?iaioe c aeaii? oaie aeei?enoai? i?e
i?aeaioiaoe? eieaeoeaii? iiiia?ao?? “Ia?ene ?noi??? Caea?iaooy” (O.2) oa
“Iaeiai neiaieea ?noi??? Oe?a?ie”, i?aeaioiaeaiiai aei ae?oeo
?inoeoooii ?noi??? Oe?a?ie IAI Oe?a?ie.

Ai?iaaoe?y aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeaiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy aeeeaaeaeeny aaoi?ii ia a?eueo i?ae aeaaaeoeyoe
i?aeia?iaeieo, ?anioae?eainueeeo, i?ae?aa?iiaeueieo eiioa?aioe?yo,
cie?aia ia i?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe??
“Aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie ?icaeoeo i?no oa i?nueeiai naiia?yaeoaaiiy: ?noi??y
? no/ani?noue” (??aia, 1993), i?aeia?iaei?e iaoeia?e eiioa?aioe??
“Oe?a?inuee? Ea?iaoe: aoiin, ?noi??y, eoeueoo?a” (Oaeai?iae, 1991),
i?aeia?iaei?e iaoeia?e eiioa?aioe?? “Eoeueoo?a Oe?a?inueeeo Ea?iao:
o?aaeeoe?? ? no/ani?noue” (Oaeai?iae, 1993), i?aeia?iaei?e iaoeia?e
eiioa?aioe?? “Ea?iaonueea Oe?a?ia — i?ieia a?ae?iaeaeaiiy oe?a?inueei?
aea?aeaae” (Oaeai?iae, 1994), i?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e
eiioa?aioe??, i?enay/ai?e 56-?e ??/ieoe? ooai?aiiy Ea?iaonueei? N?/?
(Oaeai?iae, 1995), i?aeia?iaei?e iaoeia?e eiioa?aioe??, i?enay/ai?e
30-??//th c aeiy nia?o? A.Aieioeia (Oaeai?iae, 1995), II-io
I?aeia?iaeiiio Eiia?an? Oe?a?i?no?a (Euea?a, 1993), V Anaoe?a?inuee?e
eiioa?aioe?? “?icaeoie ?noi?e/iiai e?a?ciaanoaa a eiioaeno?
iaoe?iiaeueiiai ? eoeueoo?iiai a?ae?iaeaeaiiy Oe?a?ie”
(Eai’yiaoeue-Iiae?euenueeee, 1991), Oino?e Anaoe?a?inuee?e iaoeia?e
eiioa?aioe?? “I?aai?caoe?y Oe?a?inueeeo Iaoe?iiae?no?a ? Oe?a?inueea
Iianoainueea A?i?y: ?noi??y, o?iee, no/ani?noue” (?aaii-O?aie?anuee,
1993), Ia?o?e iaoeia?e eiioa?aioe??, i?enay/ai?e aeeooth ? ae?yeueiino?
A.A?aiaeae?-Aeiinueeiai (Oaeai?iae, 1994), iaoeia?e eiioa?aioe??,
i?enay/ai?e 30-??//th aecaieaiiy Caea?iaooy a?ae oaoecio oa 50-??//th
Ia?oiai c’?caeo Ia?iaeieo Eii?oao?a Caea?iaonueei? Oe?a?ie (Oaeai?iae,
1994), iaoeia?e eiioa?aioe??, i?enay/ai?e 30-??//th Ia?aiiae iaae
oaoeciii oa 30-??//th aicc’?aeiaiiy Caea?iaooy c Oe?a?iith
(Oaeai?iae, 1995), Anaoe?a?inuee?e iaoeiai-e?a?ciaa/?e eiioa?aioe??
“Iaeeiueia o i?inoi?? ? /an?” (Iaeei, 1996) oa ?i. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy
aeine?aeaeaiiy aeeeaaeai? o 35 ioae?eaoe?yo aaoi?a caaaeueiei ianyaii
iiiaae 70 ae?oe. a?e., ia ye? ? iiceoeai? ?aoeaic??, iineeaiiy a
ca?oa?aeieo oa a?o/eciyieo iaoeiaeo aeaeaiiyo. Na?aae i?aoeue,
iieeaaeaieo a iniiao aeena?oaoe?? 2 ?iaeea?aeoaeuei? oa 5 eieaeoeaieo
iiiia?ao?e, iiiaae 10 a?ioo?, oeeee oaiaoe/ieo noaoae, iioae?eiaaieo a
“Oe?a?inueeiio ?noi?e/iiio aeo?iae?” (1995), aeo?iaeao “No/ani?noue”
1993, 1995, 1997), “Iaoea ? noni?euenoai” (1991), “Aeca?i” (1991, 1994),
“Aecaieueiee oeyo” (1993), “Ii?iae” (1997), “Oe?a?inueeee ?noi?ee”
(1997), iaoeia? ioae?eaoe?? a NOA ? Eaiaae?.

Oaia aeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ? iaeiei ?c iai?yie?a iaoi? iaoeiai?
ae?yeueiino?. Anueiai c i?iaeai ?noi??? Oe?a?ie ? *aoineiaa//eie
i?aeai?iiiai ia??iaeo aaoi?ii iioae?eiaaii iiiaae 150 iaoeiaeo ?ia?o
caaaeueiei ianyaii aeecueei 150 ae?oe. a?e.

?iaioa aeeiioaaeany a Oaeai?iaenueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oi?aa?neoao? oa
iaaiai?thaaeany o a?aeae?e? anana?oiuei? ?noi??? oa i?aeia?iaeieo
a?aeiinei ?inoeoooo ?noi??? Oe?a?ie IAI Oe?a?ie oa ia ni?eueiiio
can?aeaii? eaoaae? iie?oieia?? oa iiai? ? iia?oiuei? ?noi??? oa
?noi??ia?ao?? Oaeai?iaenueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?
?aeiiaiaeiaaia ieie aei caoenoo.

No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??. Aeine?aeaeaiiy iiaoaeiaaia ia iniia?
i?iaeaiii-o?iiieia?/iiai i?eioeeio ? neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio, /ioe?ueio
?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae oa e?oa?aoo?e. Ianya
aeena?oaoe?? neeaaea? 340 n., nieneo aeaea?ae oa e?oa?aoo?e – 39 n. (497
iaeiaioaaiue).

INIIAIEE CI?NO AeENA?OAOe??

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? aeena?oaoe?? – “Caea?iaooy 1938-1939 ??. a
?noi??ia?ao?? oa iaioa?ao’’– aeeeaaeathoueny iaeaaaeeea?o? caeiaooee
a?o/eciyieo ? ca?oa?aeieo ?noi?ee?a c aeine?aeaeoaaii? i?iaeaie, a
oaeiae ?iaeoueny aiae?c iaioa?ii? e?oa?aoo?e.

Aeena?oaio eiinoaoo?, ui ia?o? i?aoe? c ?noi??? Caea?iaooy e?ioey 30-o
?ie?a c’yaeeeny ua oiae?, eiee iieiaea aaoiiiiia e?a?ia ?iaeea nai?
ia?o? e?iee. Ca iacia/iei aeiyoeii, an? aiie iaee caaaeueiee ?
iaoeiai-iiioey?iee oa?aeoa?. Aaoi?ii oe?eiai ?yaeo ioae?eaoe?e aoa
i?ai’??-i?i?no? I?aeea?iaonueei? ?on? (Ea?iaonueei? Oe?a?ie) A.Aieioei.
Ia ii/aoeo 1939 ?. o Eueaia? aeeoea ae?oeii ia?oa iaoeiaa i?aoey
“Ea?iaonueea Oe?a?ia: aaia?ao?y-?noi??y-eoeueoo?a”, aaoi?aie yei?
aoee a?aeii? a/ai? ?a?iiaenueeeo oi?aa?neoao?a A.Eoa?eiae/,
I.A?eaithe, N.Ianoa?iae, I.Aiae?onye, ?.Iaeainueeee oa ?i. Ua ?ai?oa,
iai?ee?ioe? 1938 ?., o Eueaia? iiaa/eea na?o iaoeiai-iiioey?ia eieaa
A.Ia/ianueeiai “N??aia Caiey. Oeny/ie?ooy Ea?iaonueei? Oe?a?ie”,
iaienaia a oe?eani?yiiaaiiio iaoe?iiaeueiiio aeon?. Iai?ee?ioe? 30-o
?ie?a c’yaeeeny i?aoe? ?.O?aieeaiai, I.*aia?einueeiai,
I.Eieiaec?inueeiai, Ae.Aeiioeiaa oa ?i. C eiioi?noe/ieo iiceoe?e
ioa?aeoa?ecoaaa i?aeia?iaeia noaiiaeua Caea?iaooy iaia?aaeiaei? ae?oai?
na?oiai? a?eie oiae?oi?e nae?aoa? e?aeeiio EI* I.Ai?eaithe (aeao. aeea.:
Aeena?oaoe?y. – N. 23–29).

I?ney aicc’?aeiaiiy e?ath c ?aaeyinueeith Oe?a?iith ia oeth oaio aoei
iaeeaaeaii oaao. A 50-80-o ?ieao c’yaeeeny i?aoe? N.A?eaea, A.Ni?aaea
(Ia?ene c ?noi??? ?aaiethoe?eii? ai?ioueae o?oaeyueo Caea?iaooy a 1930 –
1945 ?ieao. – Euea?a, 1963), I.Aieaeeaea?a, Ae.Aoeiae/a, I.?ioiaia,
A.Oaeiana, ?.A?ai/aea, a yeeo a?aeaeaaaany i??i?eoao aena?oeaiith
ae?yeueiino? caea?iaonueeeo eiioi?no?a iai?ee?ioe? 30-o ?ie?a. A oeae
aea /an iiaa/eee na?o aeine?aeaeaiiy ?.Iiia (*aoi-neiaaoeei-aaiaa?neea
ioiioaiey. 1935– 1939. – I.: Iaoea, 1973), A.Iooeaoa (Aaia?ey ai aoi?ie
ie?iaie aieia. Aiaoiyy iieeoeea Aaia?ee (1938 – 1944 aa.). – I.: Iaoea,
1963), TH.Neeaee (I?aenooie i?aeia?iaeii? ?aaeoe?? ia Caea?iaoo?. –
Euea?a, 1966), A.Aai/eia, I.Oaeona, I.Oaaaoeyea (Oe?aeia a
yeniaineiienoneeo ieaiao aa?iaineiai oaoecia (1933 – 1939 aa.). – E.:
Iaoeiaa aeoiea, 1983), a yeeo noaiiaeua e?ath aena?oethaaeiny ia oii?
ciai?oiuei? iie?oeee Oai?ueie, Iieueu?, *aoineiaa//eie, ?oioi??,
I?ia//eie. Iacaaaeath/e ia iaaio ca?aeaieia?ciaai?noue, aeine?aeaeaiiy
iacaaieo ?noi?ee?a iaiao?aeii ?icoe?ithaaoe ye cia/iee aianie o ?icaeoie
a?o/eciyii? ?noi??ia?ao?? Caea?iaooy. Aiie aeineoue ne?oioeueicii
aena?oeeee ?icaeoie iie?oe/ieo iiae?e a?ae Ithioainueei? eiioa?aioe??
aei ieoiaoe?? e?ath a?enueeaie Oai?ueie a aa?aci? 1939 ?. Aeineoue
ia’?eoeaii aeine?aeaeaii oai?nueei-iieuenuee?,
oai?nueei-/aoineiaaoeuee?, oai?nueei-i?iaoeuee? a?aeiineie iai?ee?ioe?
30-o ?ie?a. Ie?ai? aniaeoe eoeueoo?ii-ina?oiuei? ae?yeueiino? aaoiiiiieo
o?yae?a Ea?iaonueei? Oe?a?ie i?aei?iaeeny a i?aoeyo A.Aiiiiiay,
A.?aiaoa, TH.Aaeaae (Aeena?oaoe?y.–N. 29-38).

sseui aeey i?aoeue ?aaeyinueeeo ?noi?ee?a aoei i?eoaiaiia caiia/oaaiiy,
a ia??aeei e aaciina?aaeiy oaeueneo?eaoe?y ?noi??? Caea?iaooy e?ioey
30-o ?ie?a, oi ii/eiath/e c 1990 ?. c’yaeeeny a?eueo-iaio ia’?eoeai?
iaoeia? aeine?aeaeaiiy. ?o aaoi?e, aiae?coth/e a?o?ai? aeieoiaioe,
ye? i?ioyaii aeanyoee?oue iaioaaiiy iaeiiia?o?eii? nenoaie aoee
aeey ieo cae?eo?, c?iaeee ni?iae aena?oeeoe i?aeia?iaeia,
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ia ? aioo??oiueiiie?oe/ia noaiiaeua e?ath
iaia?aaeiaei? ae?oai? na?oiai? a?eie. Oi/a ia?aaaaeia a?eueo?noue
i?aoeue a?o/eciyieo ?noi?ee?a, iioae?eiaaieo o 90-o ?ieao, aoea
i?enay/aia ia?aaeon?i aioo??oiueiiie?oe/iiio noaiiaeuo Caea?iaooy,
i?ioa i?iaeiaaeoaaeany ?ic?iaea ieoaiue ?noi??? i?aeia?iaeiiai
noaiiaeua e?ath. Iiiia?ao??, a?ioo?e ? noaoo? ia oeth oaiaoeeo
iioae?eoaaee I.Aieaeeaea? (Caea?iaooy i?ae aeaiia na?oiaeie a?eiaie. –
Oaeai?iae, 1993), ?.Iii, ?.A?ai/ae, A.Ooaeaie/, A.O?oaae/oe oa ?i.
Iaeiiai?oa i?iaeaia “Caea?iaooy a i?aeia?iaeieo a?aeiineiao iai?ee?ioe?
30-o ?ie?a” aena?oeaia ia noi??ieao ae?oaiai oiio “Ia?en?a ?noi???
Caea?iaooy” (Oaeai?iae, 1995). Aniaeoe nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai oa
eoeueoo?iiai ?icaeoeo Caea?iaooy aeine?aeeee I.Aieaeeaea?, A.I?uaiei,
A.Aiiiiiae, Ae.Aeaieethe, I.Eeyi, ?.E?ooae, I.Oeaioa, N.A?aeiyinueeee oa
?i. ?icaeoie iaoe?iiaeueieo iaioei e?ath aea/aee A.Iaaeaiei, A.Ia?eia,
O.Eoey.

Iaeiiai?oa a?o/eciyieie aeine?aeieeaie aea/aia i?iaeaiaoeea
aioo??oiueiiie?oe/iiai noaiiaeua Caea?iaooy c aeiaoiy 1938 ?. aei
na?aaeeie aa?aciy 1939 ?. A oeaio?? oaaae I.Aieaeeaea?a, A. Eaiaea,
A.Aai/eia, A.Ooaeaie/a, A.Aiaeia?a, ?.A?ai/aea, ?.Io?oeeinueeiai,
?.Iiia, I.Oeaioe, A.sseeiiae/a oa ?i. ciaoiaeeeeny oae? ieoaiiy, ye
ai?ioueaa ??cieo iie?oe/ieo nee ca aaoiiiii? i?aaa ? i?eo?ae aei aeaaee
o?yae?a A.A?iae?y ? A.Aieioeia; iie?oe/i? ia?o?? oa ia’?aeiaiiy
Caea?iaooy; aeai?e aei Nieio Ea?iaonueei? Oe?a?ie oa ioe?iea ??oaiue
oe?a?inueeiai ia?eaiaioo a e?a?; aeieeiaiiy ? ae?yeuei?noue Ea?iaonueei?
N?/?; IOI ? Ea?iaonueea Oe?a?ia; aieea ia aioo??oi? noaiiaeua
ciai?oiueiai oaeoi?o; o/anoue oe?a?ioe?a No?aeii? Aaee/eie a ?icaoaeia?
Caea?iaooy; iaoa??aeueia oa ii?aeueia i?aeo?eiea caea?iaonueeeo
oe?a?ioe?a na?oiaith a?iiaaenuee?noth; iai?iii? ai? ea?iaonueeeo
n?/iaee?a; ?noi?e/i? iinoao? e?ath; i?ana i?i Caea?iaooy; Ea?iaonueea
Oe?a?ia oa ?aeaieia?y iie?oe/iiai ?oneinoaa.

Aaaiiee aianie o aeine?aeaeaiiy ?noi??? Caea?iaooy c?iaeee ca?oa?aei?
a/ai?. Oi/a a?eueo?noue ?o i?aoeue ia? ia?aaaaeii iaioa?iee oa?aeoa?,
iaeiae o ieo aeei?enoaii aaeeeo e?euee?noue aeaea?ae, ia a?aeiieo
a?o/eciyiei ?noi?eeai. Aeey oe?eiai ?yaeo oeeo i?aoeue oa?aeoa?ia iaaia
?aeaae?caoe?y iiae?e, a yeeo aaoi?e a?aee aaciina?aaeith o/anoue. Iaeiae
ie ia ia?ii i?aaa ia a?aoiaoaaoe oie oaeo, ui “eeoa oai iiaeia aoei
ienaoe a?eueii” (ss.Aeaoeaae/).

Iaeia c ia?oeo i?aoeue, a ye?e eaeaoueny i?i Caea?iaooy, iaeaaeeoue ia?o
i?iaoeueeiai a/aiiai, ui ia?aaoaaa o aeeieiiaoe/i?e i?n?? eiinoea
I?ia//eie a Oono? A.Aioiaia, A.Oi?aeoa. Eiai eieaa “Oe?a?ia. E?a?ia
iaeaooiueiai” (Aa?e?i, 1939) aeaea i?iaoeueeiiiaiiio /eoa/o aeinoaoiuei
oe?e?nio oyao i?i ?icaeoie iiae?e o Caea?iaoo? iaia?aaeiaei? ae?oai?
na?oiai? a?eie. A 30-40-o ?ieao c’yaeeeny i?aoe? A.Aaeue?aeoa,
E?aoca-Na?aiee ? I.Ei?ne?, a yeeo aeaaaeany ioe?iea iiae?yi 1938-1939
??. o eiioaeno? caaaeueii?a?iiaenueeiai ?noi?e/iiai i?ioeano.
Iiioey?iee oa?aeoa? iineoue i?aoey I.*oethe?aeca “Oe?a?ia”, yea
c’yaeeany ia i?iaoeueeiio eieaeeiaiio ?eieo a ethoiio 1939 ?.
Aeuaiacaai? aaoi?e aeniei ioe?ieee nai oaeo ooai?aiiy iacaeaaeii?
Ea?iaonueei? Oe?a?ie, iaeiae aeey ieo ? oa?aeoa?iei iaeiinoi?iii?e
i?aeo?ae aei oeueiai oi?eaeueiiai yaeua. Ia a?aei?io a?ae ieo, o
i?ioai?nueeiio aeon? iaienai? ?iaioe ea??aieea oa?i?eno?a I.Eicie,
O.I?oooay, A.Aaeia-Aa??y oa ?i. (Aeena?oaoe?y.– N. 68-72).

A 50-90-o ?ieao aeine?aeaeaiiy c ??ciiiai?oieo i?iaeai ?noi???
Caea?iaooy c’yaeeeny a I?ia//ei?, O?aioe??, Oai?uei?, Iieueu?, *ao??,
Neiaa//ei?, eieeoi?e THaineaa??, NOA, Eaiaae?, Aaoeeai?. Iii?oiith
noi??ieith i?iaoeueeiiiaii? ?noi??ia?ao?? i?i Caea?iaooy ? i?aoe?
I.Eioeaoa?a, ?.Oeyeooaoa?, Ae.Ceaiea, E.Ai?ioa, ?.AEaaooea, I.Eaaoiueea
oa ?i. A ieo i?noeoueny aaeeeee oaeoe/iee iaoa??ae i?i i?aeia?iaeia
noaiiaeua Caea?iaooy. Aiaeia?/io i?iaeaio aeine?aeaeoaaee
oai?nuee? ?noi?eee Ae.?aie?, I.Aaeai, I.?onei oa ?i. I.Aaeai, cie?aia,
iioae?eoaaea iaa?aeii? ?ai?oaa a?o?ai? aeieoiaioe,ye? i?ieeaathoue
na?oei ia oe?eee ?yae i?iaeai ?noi??? Caea?iaooy. Aeiiaaeaaia aiie
caeeoaeeny aeeneon?eieie. Aiae?coth/e ciai?oith iie?oeeo Oai?ueie
a?aeiinii Caea?iaooy, I.Aaeai aena?oeeea oaeiae oai?nueei-?oae?enuee?,
oai?nueei-i?iaoeuee? oa oai?nueei-iieuenuee? a?aeiineie iai?ee?ioe?
30-o ?ie?a. ?noi??y Caea?iaooy a eiioaeno? ae?oai? na?oiai? a?eie
caeia? /?eueia i?noea a i?aoe? A.Eineea “Oe?a?ia ? I?ia//eia o ae?oa?e
na?oia?e a?ei?” (Ia?eae–Iueth-Ei?e–Euea?a, 1993).

A aia?eeainuee?e ?noi??ia?ao?? aaoi?aie i?aoeue i?i Ea?iaonueeo Oe?a?io
? I.Iaai/?e, ?.Eenye-?oaeieoeueeee, A.Ia?eonue, I.Noa?/i, A.Oaiaei?,
I.Iai oa ?i. Eaiaaenueeee ?noi?ee I.Aa?ai — aaoi? oe?eiai ?yaeo ?ia?o, a
yeeo iaiaaaany c’ynoaaoe aca?iia?aeiineie i?ae oe?a?ioeyie ? /aoaie a
neeaae? ?aeeii? oaaea?aoeaii? aea?aeaae oa ieoiaoe?th e?ath a?enueeaie
Oai?ueie. ?ae?a?ei? a?aeiineie o Ea?iaonuee?e Oe?a?i? aeine?aeaeoaaa
A.Iaea? (?ei, ?oae?y). I?iaoeueei-iieuenuee? oa i?iaoeueei-oai?nuee?
a?aeiineie iaia?aaeiaei? ae?oai? na?oiai? a?eie aeine?aeaeoaaee
iieuenuee? a/ai? I.Eici?inueeee ? I.Aieoeeoianueeee. ??ciiiai?oi?
i?iaeaie ?noi??? Caea?iaooy i?aei?iaeeny a i?aoeyo /anueeeo ?
neiaaoeueeeo ?noi?ee?a A.E?aea, O.Eoeaoa, ?.Eaa/aea, ?.Aaiaoa, E.Nooea,
ss.Eieioee, I.Iooeiee. A oeaio?? oaaae thaineaanueeeo a/aieo ?.Iecy,
A.Iaieaoeea, I.Oeaia, ss.Ieay?a, Ae.Eaoyea ciaoiaeeeenue ieoaiiy
aca?iia?aeiinei i?ae Caea?iaooyi ? THaineaa??th (Aeena?oaoe?y. – N.
79-93).

I?ney ieoiaoe?? Caea?iaooy oai?nueeeie a?enueeaie eiai caoenieee
ai?a?oaaee ca ei?aeii, aea aeaeaee niiaaaee i?i iiae?? e?ioey 30-o
?ie?a. Ci?noiaieie o an?o a?aeiioaiiyo ? iaioa?e I.Ieueaee/a,
TH.Oeieioey, A.A?aiaeae?-Aeiinueeiai, I.Aaiaeonyea, N.?inioe,
N.?o?aiiaa, ss .Aieioe, N.Iaia oa ?i. Oi?eaeueieie ? niiaaaee A.Oaiaei?a
— oiae?oiueiai i?aaenoaaieea o?yaeo Ea?iaonueei? O?a?ie o I?ac?. Iaoeiaa
oe?ii?noue ?o iieyaa? a oiio, ui A.Oaiaei? aeei?enoaa aaeeeo e?euee?noue
a?o?aieo aeieoiaio?a, cie?aia oeo, ye? caa??aathoueny a eiai iniaenoiio
a?o?a?. (Aeena?oaoe?y. – N. 93-105).

Aeaiee ?noi??ia?ao?/iee iaeyae aea? iiaeeea?noue noaa?aeaeoaaoe, ui
a?o/eciyieie ? ca?oa?aeieie ?noi?eeaie c?iaeaii /eiaei a ieai?
aeine?aeaeaiiy ?noi??? Caea?iaooy. Aeei?enoiaoth/e caeiaooee
?noi??ia?ao??, caeo/ath/e iia? a?o?ai? aeaea?aea, iioae?eiaai?
aeieoiaioe, iaiao?aeii i?aeaiooaaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy ?noi??? Caea?iaooy, a
yeiio a ?iaeany eiiieaeniee aiae?c i?aeia?iaeiiai noaiiaeua,
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai, aioo??oiueiiie?oe/iiai ? eoeueoo?iiai ?icaeoeo
e?ath iai?ee?ioe? 30-o ?ie?a.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? — “Caea?iaooy o i?aeia?iaeieo a?aeiineiao (1938
–1939 ??.)” — c?iaeaii aiae?c i?aeia?iaeiiai noaiiaeua *aoineiaa//eie ?
Caea?iaooy iaia?aaeiaei? ae?oai? na?oiai? a?eie. ?c iueiai aeaeii, ui
iai?ee?ioe? 30-o ?ie?a o Oeaio?aeuei?e ?a?ii? ??cei caaino?eeany
i?aeia?iaeia ianoaiiaea, a na?o ciaoiaeeany iaia?aaeiaei? a?eie.
*aoineiaa//eia ia?aaoaaea a oeaio?? noia?a/iinoae, ye? ia?inoaee c
eiaeiei aeiai. Aaeeeia?eoai?y ? O?aioe?y iinooiiai ao?a/aee ea??ai?
iiceoe?? a ?a?ii?, ye? caeiaee i?ioyaii anueiai i?aeai?iiiai ia??iaeo.
Iaoii?noue I?ia//eia ia?aoai?eeany o aieiaiiai a?a?o?a, c yeith ciooai?
aoee ?aooaaoenue ea??aieee o?yae?a on?o ?a?iiaenueeeo noieeoeue.
Ca?o/eaoenue i?aeo?eieith ?oae??, Aa?e?i ana ?iaea aeey oiai, uia
e?ea?aeoaaoe *aoineiaa//eio. Iaeiae, cae?eniaiiy oeeo iai???a aoei
iiaeeeaa o?eueee o oiio aeiaaeeo, yeui O?ao?e ?aeo caaeia?eueieoue
oa?eoi??aeuei? i?aoaic?? Oai?ueie, ?oioi?? oa Iieueu?. E?ea?aeaoe??
*aoineiaa//eie oaeiae ni?eyea oaiaeianueea iie?oeea Aaeeeia?eoai?? ?
O?aioe??, o?yaee yeeo, oaeoe/ii, caioi/oaaee aa?ani?a. I?/ei ia
aeiiii?a *aoineiaa//ei? iaeo?ae?oao NOA. Ni?iaa N?N? aeiiiiiaoe ca?ieiei
oeyoii ? oei naiei a?aeaa?iooe ni?eueiee oai?nueei-?aaeyinueeee ei?aeii,
ia oa?i/aeany oni?oii.

*aoineiaa//eia e?ea?aeiaoaaeanue e?eueeiia aoaiaie. ??oaiiy
Ithioainueei? eiioa?aioe?? ? A?aeainueeiai a?a?o?aaeo
(aa?anaiue-eenoiiaae 1938 ?.) na?ae/eee ia o?eueee i?i ii/aoie ??
?iciaaeo, aea e cia/ii oneeaaeieee i?aeia?iaeia noaiiaeua Ea?iaonueei?
Oe?a?ie – neeaaeiai? /anoeie oaaea?aoeaii? *N?, yea ia oie /an caeiaoea
aaoiiiii? i?aaa. ??oaiiy oeeo eiioa?aioe?e ne?ae ?icoe?ithaaoe, ia?o ca
ana, ye cia/iee oni?o oai?nueei? aeeieiiao?? a cae?eniaii? ??
?aaaioenonueeeo ieai?a uiaei Caea?iaooy. Iaeiae, iaa?oue iane?aeee
A?aeainueeiai a?a?o?aaeo, aiane?aeie yeiai a?ae Caea?iaooy aei Oai?ueie
a?ae?eoee i?aaeaii? ?aeiie, ia caaeia?eueieee Aoaeaiaoo. Oai?ueia
aeiaaaea i?e?aeiaiiy anueiai Caea?iaooy. Ia?aeiiaaoenue, ui I?ia//eia
iiee ui ia iiaiaeaeo?oueny ia aiaen?th Ea?iaonueei? Oe?a?ie, Oai?ueia
ii/aea i?aai?ciaoaaoe oa?i?enoe/i? aeoe??. O oeueiio ieai? aiie iaee
iaae?eiiai nithcieea a inia? Iieueu?, yea aeiiaaaeany anoaiiaeaiiy
ni?eueiiai c Oai?ueiith ei?aeiio, a a?i aoa iiaeeeaee o?eueee a
?acoeueoao? e?ea?aeaoe?? *aoineiaa//eie. Iacaaaeath/e ia ni?iae o?yae?a
*N? ? Ea?iaonueei? Oe?a?ie caoenoeoe i?eei?aeiii? ?aeiie, iaiaaee
oai?nueeeo ? iieuenueeeo oa?i?eno?a caaaeaaaee aaeeei? iaoa??aeueii? ?
ii?aeueii? oeiaee, ae?ae iaaaoeaii aieeaaee ia aioo??oiueiiie?oe/ia
noaiiaeua e?ath.

A.Aieioei, i/ieeaoe o?yae aaoiiiiii? Ea?iaonueei? Oe?a?ie, ia a?aei?io
a?ae naiai iiia?aaeieea A.A?iae?y – ieaoiiai aaaioa Oai?ueie, c ia?oeo
aei?a ii/aa i???iooaaoeny ia I?ia//eio – ?aeeio e?a?io, yea eiio
ia?oeyea i?ioaeoi?ao. Iaiao?aeii noaa?aeaeoaaoe, ui aeueoa?iaoeae a?i ia
iaa. I?ioe?a?inueea iiceoe?y o?yaeo A.Aieioeia ia yeiionue aoai? aoea
aea?aeia I?ia//ei?, yea cae?eiyea aaean c i?eaiaeo ooai?aiiy iaeaeeae/ei
/anii Niai?ii? oe?a?inueei? aea?aeaae, I’?iiioii yei? iiaea noaoe
Ea?iaonueea Oe?a?ia. Oaeith iie?oeeith I?ia//eia, ii-ia?oa, aaiaeeea a
iiaio o?yae A.Aieioeia, a, ii-ae?oaa, oaioaaeoaaea Oai?ueio, Iieueuo ?
iaa?oue ?aaeyinueeee Nithc. Iaiao?aeii a?aecia/eoe, ui ?aeay noai?aiiy
Aaeeeioe?a?inueei? aea?aeaae ia aac? Ea?iaonueei? Oe?a?ie, iaioaaea
oaeiae a na?aaeiaeu? iaaieo iie?oe/ieo nee oe?a?inueeiai ni?yioaaiiy,
cie?aia IOI. Nie?aea?i?noue aaee/ai ?c iaoe?iiaeueii-aecaieueiith
ai?ioueaith caea?iaonueeeo oe?a?ioe?a i?iyaeeany a ??ciiiai?oieo aeoe?yo
i?ioanoo i?ioe iieuenueei-oai?nueeiai aeueyino, ianiaeo ia?aoiaeao
iieuenueei-/anueeiai ei?aeiio thiaeaie ? ae?a/aoaie c Aaee/eie, aaaeaii?
aaee/ai ?c ca?i?th a ?oeao caoeuaoe ei?aeiie e?ath. ?o aianie a iai?iio
Ea?iaonueei? Oe?a?ie aaaeei ia?aioe?ieoe. O?yaee ?oioi?? oa THaineaa??
eiyeueii a?aeiineeenue aei iie?oeee, yeo i?iaiaeeea *aoineiaa//eia oa
aaoiiiii? o?yaee e?ath. Nai? oa?eoi??aeuei? i?aoaic?? aei *N? ?oioi?y
aenoioea o?eueee oiae?, eiee Oai?ueia aoi?aeanue ia oa?eoi??th
Caea?iaooy ? aeiey oaaea?aoe?? aoea ae??oaia (Aeena?oaoe?y. – N.
108-165).

Iai?ee?ioe? 30-o ?ie?a Caea?iaooy ia?aaoaaei a oeaio?? oaaae aaaaoueio
?a?iiaenueeeo e?a?i, i?ia?aneai? neee yeeo ni?a/oaaee
iaoe?iiaeueii-aecaieuei?e ai?iouea? caea?iaonueeeo oe?a?ioe?a.
Ooai?aiiy Ea?iaoi-oe?a?inueei? aea?aeaae aoei ?aaei ni?eeiyoi
oe?a?ioeyie, yeeo aeiey ?iceeaeaea a ??ci? eooi/ee na?oo. Oe?a?inuee?
ai?a?aioe noai?thaaee ??ciiiai?oi? “Aeiiiiiaia? eii?oaoe”,
“Iaoe?iiaeuei? oiiaee aeiiiiiae Ea?iaonuee?e Oe?a?i?”, i?aai?ciaoaaee
ca?? eioo?a, iaaeeeaiaio?a, i?iaeiaieuenoaa. Ana oea na?ae/eei i?i oa,
ui a oe?a?inueeiio ia?iae? ia aia?ea iaae?y ia a?ae?iaeaeaiiy
oe?a?inueei? aea?aeaae. A Ea?iaonuee?e Oe?a?i? aiie aa/eee ca?iaeie
iaeaooiuei? Niai?ii? Oe?a?ie.

Iniaeeai a?ae/ooiith aoea o?iainiaa aeiiiiiaa, yea ?aaoey?ii iaaeoiaeeea
c NOA oa Eaiaaee, cie?aia a?ae “I?aai?caoe?? Aeaiie?aoe/iiai
A?ae?iaeaeaiiy Oe?a?ie”, “Aeiiiiiaiaiai Eii?oaoo Ea?iaonueei? Oe?a?ie”,
“Oe?a?inueeiai Iaoe?iiaeueiiai Ia’?aeiaiiy”. ?acii c oei, iaiao?aeii
eiinoaooaaoe, ui oe?a?inueea ai?a?aoe?y ca ieaaiii aoea aeineoue
??ciioa?noiith. Ui noino?oueny caea?iaooe?a, oi aiie, ye i?aaeei,
i?aaenoaaeyee aeaa oaai?e – ?onio?euenueeee oa ia?iaeiaaoeueeee
(oe?a?inueeee). sseui ia?o? i?aeo?eioaaee ooai?aiiy aaoiiiiiiai o?yaeo
A.A?iae?y, oi inoaii? c ?aae?noth cono??ee ca?noeo i?i eiai iiaaeaiiy ?
i?ecia/aiiy i?ai’??-i?i?no?ii A.Aieioeia. Oeei iiynith?oueny
??ciiiai?oi?noue i?aeoiae?a aei ioe?iee naiiai ooai?aiiy Ea?iaonueei?
Oe?a?ie oa iie?oeee, yeo i?iaiaeea ?? o?yae. Iacaaaeath/e ia oea,
oe?a?ioe? NOA ? Eaiaaee ?icoe?ieee aoi?aiaiiy oai?nueeeo a?enuee a
Ea?iaonueeo Oe?a?io ye iii?aiiy i?aa oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeo ia naiino?eia
aea?aeaaia aeeooy (Aeena?oaoe?y. – N. 165-189).

Oai?nueea aa?an?y ia oa?eoi??th Ea?iaonueei? Oe?a?ie ia cono??ea
na?eiciiai iii?o c aieo /anueeeo a?enuee. Ni?aaa iieyaaea ia a
ai?caeaoiino? ca?ieieo nee *ao??. Oea iiynithaaeiny oei, ui
*aoineiaa//eia ye aea?aeaaa aaea ia ?nioaaea. I?ioyaii 15-18 aa?aciy
1939 ?. /anuee? a?enueea ieaiii??ii ? aeenoeeie?iiaaii iieeaeaee
oa?eoi??th e?ath, caeeoeaoe neaaiica?i?ieo n?/iaee?a a?/-ia-a?/ c
aa?ani?ii. Oaeoe/ii, Ea?iaonueea N?/ ia?oith a ?a?ii? aeaea a?e oaoecio,
oi/a no?eiaoe i?inoaaiiy ai?iaa, ca?nii, ia iiaea. 18 aa?aciy ai?oenoe
ieoioaaee anth oa?eoi??th e?ath. ?aeeia e?a?ia, yea cayaeea i?ioano
i?ioe ieoiaoe?? Ea?iaonueei? Oe?a?ie – N?N?. Ia aeaeue, iai iaa?aeiii,
ye ni?eeiyee o??oio ? o?aaaae?th e?ath a ?aaeyinuee?e Oe?a?i?. Oai
?nioaaa aei?noieee eiiaiaeii-aaei?i?no?aoeaiee ?aaeei ? aoaeue-ye?
i?iyae ni?a/oooy aei iaoe?iiaeueii-aecaieueieo ciaaaiue caea?iaonueeeo
oe?a?ioe?a, aoee iaaacia/ieie e oaeeie, ui iiaee i?eaanoe aei ianiaeo
?ai?an?e. Aaeee? ?a?iiaenuee? e?a?ie ? NOA o?eueee a 1940 ?. aeciaee,
ui an? ??oaiiy i?aeia?iaeieo eiioa?aioe?e, ye? ainaie 1938 ?. ae?eeee
*aoineiaa//eio, ? iaae?enieie.

Aiae?c i?aeia?iaeieo a?aeiinei e?ioey 30-o ?ie?a o Oeaio?aeuei?e ?a?ii?
aea? iiaeeea?noue noaa?aeaeoaaoe, ui aiia ciaoiaeeeany a aino??e
iie?oe/i?e e?ec?, a Ea?iaonueea Oe?a?ia ia iaea iiaeeeaino? ?nioaaoe ye
naiino?eia aea?aeaaa.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? — “Noni?eueii-iie?oe/iee ?
iaoe?iiaeueii-eoeueoo?iee ?icaeoie Caea?iaooy iaia?aaeiaei? ae?oai?
na?oiai? a?eie’’ – i?inoaaeo?oueny ai?ioueaa iie?oe/ieo nee e?ath ca
caeiaoooy aaoiiiiieo i?aa o neeaae? *aoineiaaoeueei? ?anioae?ee
(aa?anaiue-aeiaoaiue 1938 ?.), aiae?co?oueny iie?oe/ia ae?yeuei?noue
ia?oiai ? ae?oaiai aaoiiiiieo o?yae?a, ye? i/iethaaee A.A?iae?e ?
A.Aieioei. Aeoeaioo?oueny ia aaaeeeaino? aeai??a ? can?aeaiiyo Nieio
Ea?iaonueei? Oe?a?ie — ia?oiai oe?a?inueeiai ia?eaiaioo a ?noi??? e?ath.
Oey iiae?y iaea aaeeea ?noi?e/ia cia/aiiy, iacaaaeath/e ia oa, ui
naiino?eia Ea?iaoi-oe?a?inueea aea?aeaaa i?i?nioaaea anueiai aeae?eueea
aiaeei (Aeena?oaoe?y. – N. 217-239).

Ia caoeno iacaeaaeii? Ea?iaonueei? Oe?a?ie noaea Ea?iaonueea N?/, yea
aeieeioaoe a eenoiiaae? 1938 ?. ye iai?ai?e?oa?ia i?aai?caoe?y, i?ieoea
aaiethoe?th aei ca?ieieo nee e?ath a aa?aci? 1939 ?. ?? iiyaa iia’ycaia
c ?oei?aiith ae??th i?aeia?iaeieo oaeoi??a. Ca?iei? neee Ea?iaonueei?
Oe?a?ie iaee naith no?oeoo?o, iaeaeuei uaaaeai yei? aoea Aieiaia
Eiiaiaea. ?nioaaee iie?oe/iee (Ae.Eeeiioo) ? a?enueeiaee
(I.Eieiaec?inueeee) ooaae Ea?iaonueei? N?/?, a iaia’ycee a?enueeiaiai
i?i?no?a o ae??oaeueiee iiiaio aeeiioaaa N.Eei/o?ae. Iacaaaeath/e ia
ni?iae o?yaeo oa coneeey oe?a?inueei? ae?anii?e iineeeoe ai?caeaoi?noue
Ea?iaonueei? N?/?, aiia i? a e?euee?niiio, i? o a?enueeiaiio
a?aeiioaiiyo ia aoea caeaoiith aeaoe a?aen?/ aa?ani?o. I?ioa aiia
a?ae?a?aea iiceoeaio ?ieue o caoeno? ei?aeii?a e?ath a?ae iaiaae?a
oa?i?eno?a. O aeena?oaoe?? eaeaoueny i?i /eneaii? eiioe?eoe, ye?
aeieeaee i?ae ea?iaonueeeie n?/iaeeaie ? /anueeei a?enueeii, aiai?eoueny
i?i o/anoue IOI a iai?ii? Ea?iaonueei? Oe?a?ie (Aeena?oaoe?y. – N.
240-268).

I?ioyaii anueiai i?aeai?iiiai ia??iaeo ia oa?eoi??? Caea?iaooy ia
i?eieiyeany aioeoe?a?inueea ? aioe/anueea ae?yeuei?noue oai?nueei?
??aaeaioe, yea nai?? eoeuei?iaoe?? aeinyaea iai?ee?ioe? 30-o ?ie?a.
Caea?iaooy iaaiaeieee oai?nuee? aaaioe, ye? cae?aee i?aeiene ca
i?e?aeiaiiy e?ath aei Oai?ueie, ?iciianthaeaeoaaee eeno?aee
aioeoe?a?inueeiai ci?noo, iia?aeiieyee a?no? i?i ae?yeuei?noue
iao??ioe/iiiano?i?ieo ae?y/?a Ea?iaonueei? Oe?a?ie. Nenoaiaoe/iith ?
oe?eani?yiiaaiith aoea oai?nueea ? iieuenueea ?aae?ii?iiaaaiaea.
*aoineiaaoeueeee ? oe?a?inueeee o?yaee aeieeaaeaee an?o coneeue, uia
/eieoe ii?? ai?iae?e i?iiaaaiae?, iaeiae ia iiaee c iath ia ?aooaaoeny.
Ae?yeuei?noue oai?nueei? ??aaeaioe i?enei?eea anoaiiaeaiiy a e?a?
aaoi?eoa?iiai ?aaeeio( Aeena?oaoe?y. – N. 269-284).

Oai?nueea ?ica?aeea oaaaeii ne?aeeoaaea ca ?icaeoeii iiae?e a
Caea?iaoo?. Ca?aeii c oaeaoaeiiiai iia?aeiieaiiy Eiooe (eee/ea
oai?nueeiai aaaioa — I. A.) a?ae 14 n?/iy 1939 ?., ?c e?ath iinooieei
iiiaae 740 aeiianaiue a?ae ??cieo oai?nueeeo oieaoi?a. Na?aae caaaeaiue,
ye? aoee iinoaaeai? ia?aae oai?nueeith aaaioo?ith, aoa ca??
eiii?iiaooth/eo iaoa??ae?a ia “iaaeaaiiaae?eieo” iie?oe/ieo ae?y/?a,
iaoeiaoe?a ? iaaeaaia?a e?ath. Oae, aaaio “A” aeiiia?aeaa i?i iayai?noue
o naaeyanueeiai e?ea?y I. ??caei?oa?a ea?oe Aaeeei? Oe?a?ie, yea “e??i
oe?a?inueeeo caiaeue o Iieueu?, ?aaeyinuee?i Nithc? oaeiae aeeth/a? ?
oa?eoi??th I?ai?/ii-No?aeii? Oai?ueie ii Aeaa?aoeai”. Ai?oenoai aoei
a?aeiii, ui nayuaiee A. Ea? o i?ei?uaii? aeiia?aae?anueei?
a/eoaeuenueei? nai?ia??? ?icaeaaaa ca?ith thiaeai ? ae?a/aoai aeey
ai?ioueae i?ioe oai?oe?a. Na?aae iaaeaaiiaae?eieo iaceaaeeny i??caeua
TH. Ia?aaocieea, I. Aeieeiay oa ?ioeo, ye?, ia i?aaaeeeee aeaeue
oai?nueeeo aaaio?a, i?ney ieoiaoe?? e?ath oai?oeyie iieeioee Caea?iaooy.
A/eoaeue iaethaaiiy E. Aieoae oi/ ? caeeoeany ia ieoiiaai?e oa?eoi???,
iaeiae aeiaaaa oe?a?inueeiai a?iiaaeyinoaa, a a?aei-eaoieeoeueeee
nayuaiee Aa/einueeee i?ae /an aiaineoae?iiy ia caoio?a aeeiiaoe a?ii
Oai?ueie.

A?o?ai? aeieoiaioe na?ae/aoue, ui ianooi oai?nueeeo aeanoae ia
oe?a?inueeo ?aeath a Caea?iaoo? a i?aeai?ii? ?iee ia i?eieiyany. Aeaye?
c ieo iai/ii iieacaee aeeiai?eo ? oaoiieia?th oeueiai ianooio,
?ice?eaathoue niaoe?aeuei?noue oieaoinueeeo neoaea, iaceaath/e
eiie?aoieo in?a, c yeeie iaiaaaeenue ?ici?aaeoeny oai?nuee? ?ai?aneai?
i?aaie iaia?aaeiaei? ae?oai? na?oiai? a?eie, cie?aia c inai? 1938 ii
aanio 1939 ??. Ia nueiaiaei?oi?e aeaiue a a?o?aao a?aeiaeaeaii aeaa
nienee, aei yeeo caianai? i??caeua 140 in?a. An? aiie aaaaeaeeny
caiaeeeie ai?iaaie Oai?ueie ? i?aeeyaaee cieuaiith. Nienee aoee
neeaaeai? 10 eenoiiaaea 1938 ?., oiaoi a?ae?aco i?ney A?aeainueeiai
a?a?o?aaeo ? caaeiaai aei aoi?aiaiiy oai?nueeeo a?enuee ia oa?eoi??th
Ea?iaonueei? Oe?a?ie. Ioaea, iaiao?aeii ia?aaeyiooe oaa?aeaeaiiy ie?aieo
?noi?ee?a, ui oai?nuee? ?ai?an?? i?ioe i?noeaaiai ianaeaiiy aoee
aeeeeeai? iii?ii Ea?iaonueei? N?/? a aa?aci? 1939 ?. Caea?iaonuee?
oe?a?ioe? ana-??aii ia oieeioee a oeueiai.

Aaoiiiii? o?yaee e?ath cia/io oaaao caa?oaee ia ??ciia?/iee ?icaeoie
iaoe?iiaeueieo iaioei e?ath. Noaiii ia 13 ethoiai 1939 ?. i?iaoeueea
iaoe?iiaeueia iaioeia o Caea?iaoo? noaiiaeea 3714, aai 1,60% ianaeaiiy.
O?yae A. Aieioeia ana ?iaea aeey oiai, uia i?iaoeueea ianaeaiiy ia
a?ae/oaaei i?yeeo i?iaeai. A?i iaa?oue aeaeaa ?icii?yaeaeaiiy, ca?aeii c
yeei “an?i a?iiaaeyiai i?iaoeueei? iaoe?iiaeueiino? aac iaeyaeo ia ?o
aea?aeaaio i?eiaeaaei?noue aeicaieaii i?aai?coaaoeny a “i?iaoeuee?e
ia?o??”. ?iaeaia? A. Ieueaeio?aae?, ye i?aaenoaaiee i?iaoeueei?
iaoe?iiaeueii? iaioeie, 27 n?/iy 1939 ?. aoa aeeth/aiee aei nieneo
iaeaooi?o iine?a oe?a?inueeiai ia?eaiaioo.

Noaiii ia ethoee 1939 ?. a e?a? i?iaeeaaei 15 oeny/ /ao?a. O?yae A.
Aieioeia aeieeaaeaa on?o coneeue, uia aca?iia?aeiineie i?ae oe?a?ioeyie
? /aoaie, ye? i?iaeeaaee a Caea?iaoo?, caeeoaeeny aeia?inon?aenueeeie.
Ia aeaeue, eiio?iioaoe?? iiai?noth oieeiooe ia aaeaeiny. *aoe ia
ni?eeiaee oe?a?inueeo aeaaeo oa ?? ??oaiiy, a oe?a?ioe? iaiaaaeeny
iicaooeny “ii?ee”, ia??aeei aeei?enoiaoth/e aeey oeueiai iaoiaee, ye?
noia?a/eee /aoineiaaoeuee?e eiinoeoooe??.

?oioinueea iaoe?iiaeueia iaioeia an?eyei i?aeo?eioaaea o?yae A.
Aieioeia. ?oioinueea i?ana iia?aeiieyea: “…?oioinueeee ia?iae, yeee
aeeaa a naeao Nieioaeii, Ieaeiy Aioa, Na?aaeiy Aioa ? A?ea Oea?eaa,
caaeiaieaiee nai?i noaiiaeuai, ai ei?enoo?oueny iiaieie a?iiaaenueeeie e
iie?oe/ieie i?aaaie”.

28 a?oaeiy 1938 ?. A. Aieioei i?eeiya aeaeaaaoe?th ?a?aenueeeo
iaoe?iiaeueieo iaioei (neeaaeaee 12% anueiai ianaeaiiy), ea??aieee yeeo
cayaeee i?i naith eiyeuei?noue aei aeaaee. O a?aeiia?aeue ia oea
i?ai’??-i?i?no? cayaea: “ss aei aeeae?a, ye? oaiothoue naith ?ae?a?th ?
iaoe?iiaeuei?noue, caaaeaee noaaeany i?eoeeueii. Uiaei eoeueoo?ieo
iio?aa aeeae?anueeiai ianaeaiiy, oi aiie aoaeooue ii iiaeeeaino?
niiaiai?”. Iaei??th c oi?i ia?ane?aeoaaiiy ?a?a?a oai?nueeei
ieoiaoe?eiei ?aaeeiii aoei aeaeai?aiiy ?o c e?ath. Oey aeoe?y
?icii/aeany a?ae?aco i?ney anoaiiaeaiiy ia Caea?iaoo? ieoiaoe?eiiai
?aaeeio. I?i oea na?ae/aoue /eneaii? i?eeeaaee c e?ei?iaeueieo ni?aa
?a?a?a.

Iai?ee?ioe? 30-o ?ie?a aea?aeaaii-i?aaiaee noaoon Caea?iaooy i?ieoia
nai???aeio aaiethoe?th. Aei i?eeiyooy /aoineiaaoeueeei ia?eaiaioii
Eiinoeoooe?eiiai Caeiio a?ae 22 eenoiiaaea 1938 ?. i?i oaaea?aoeaiee
ono??e aea?aeaae /ao?a, neiaae?a ? caea?iaonueeeo oe?a?ioe?a, ia
oa?eoi??? e?ath ae?yea Eiinoeoooe?y *N? a?ae 29 ethoiai 1920 ?., a
iniia? yei? ciaoiaeeeenue ??oaiiy Nai-AEa?iainueeiai ie?iiai aeiaiai?o.
C i?iaieioaiiyi 14 aa?aciy 1939 ?. iacaeaaeiino?, a 15 aa?aciy
?aoeo?eaoe?? oeueiai ??oaiiy Nieiii, Ea?iaonueea Oe?a?ia ia?anoaea aooe
noa’?eoii oaaea?aoe??, ia?aoai?eaoenue o iacaeaaeio aea?aeaao.
“I?iaieioaiiy iiaii? iacaeaaeiino? Ea?iaonueei? Oe?a?ie, — ienaa
i?aaenoaaiee o?yaeo A.Aieioeia a I?ac? A. Oaiaei?, — aoei aaaeeeaei
aea?aeaaii-iie?oe/iei aeoii, oi/ ia iaei i?aeia?iaeiiai aeciaiiy, ai ia
oea ia aoei /ano. Aiii aoei iaeaeuei i?iyaii aie? ianaeaiiy, ca?aeii c
i?aaii ia naiiaecia/aiiy, yea iaeaaeeoue oe?a?inueeiio ia?iaeia? oae, ye
? iai?aiei aea?aeaaioai?/ei ia?iaeai. Oea noino?oueny an?o oe?a?inueeeo
caiaeue ? anueiai oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeo. O nee? ?noi?e/ieo oiia
iiiaeeiie? oa?eoi??? Oe?a?ie aoee aeiaaeie a?eaie a?aeie?aieai? a?ae
naaa ? a?ae naiai iao??iiai oeaio?o Ee?aa. Anoia?a/ oiio Anaia?iaei?
Cai?e a Oono? a 1919 ?., iiae?aii ye ? ia?eaiaio Cao?aeiioe?a?inueei?
Ia?iaeii? ?anioae?ee a 1919 ?., Iaoe?iiaeuei? ?aaee Aoeiaeie e Aana?aa??
a 1918-1919 ??. a nai?o iie?oe/ieo ??oaiiyo aeaeea?oaaee naith
niai?ii-aea?aeaaio ?aei?noue c oeaio?aeueiith Oe?a?iith. Oae? i?iyae
aea?aeaaiino? oe?a?ioe?a ia an?o caieyo Oe?a?ie aeaiiino?othoue
na?eiciee i?aeia?iaeii-i?aaiaee a?aoiaio ? neeo aea?aeaaii-aecaieueii?
ai?ioueae” (Oaiaei? A. Niiieie. — O.?. Ea?iaonueea Oe?a?ia. 1938-1939.
-Oaeai?iae, 1996 .-N. 351).

O aeiaoi? 1938 – aa?aci? 1939 ??. ia i?eieiyeiny eoeueoo?ia aeeooy a
Caea?iaoo?. Iaeiae ? a oeueiio ieai? a?aeaoeeny iaai? ci?ie i?ney ao?aoe
i?aaeaiieo ?aeii?a e?a?ie. Aeieeea i?iaeaia c i?ei?uaiiyi aeey
oiaa?enoaa “I?ina?oa”, oi/a ae?yeuei?noue oe??? ianiai? i?aai?caoe?? i?
ia ieoue ia i?eieiyeany. A?aee?eaaeeny iia? oeiee (Neiaae?nueea Iieyia,
Eiei/aaa oa ?i.). Iaaiai?thaaeiny ieoaiiy i?i a?aee?eooy oi?aa?neoaoo,
i?i ia?aianaiiy a Ea?iaonueeo Oe?a?io Oe?a?inueeiai a?eueiiai
oi?aa?neoaoo. Iaeiae, oe? ieoaiiy iiceoeaii ae??oai? ia aoee. Aaaeeeao
?ieue i?iaeiaaeoaaea a?ae?a?aaaoe i?ana, oi/a o ii??aiyii? c
iiia?aaei?ie ?ieaie, aiia cia/ii ca?aei?ea. Oaeoe/ii, ianiaei oe?aaeai
aeaeaaaany o?eueee uiaeaiiee, yeee ?aaeaaoaaa A.A?aiaeaea-Aeiinueeee.
I/iethaaia iei “Iiaa naiaiaea” ia?aoai?eeany a i?aai OII. E??i oeueiai
i?aaio iaoe?iiae?noe/ia iieiaeue aeaeaaaea aacaoo “Ianooi” (?aaeaeoi? –
N.?inioa), a naeyie iaee na?e i?aai “Ea?iaonueeo Oe?a?io” (?aaeaeoi?
TH.Oa?eiae/). Oni?oii i?ieoiaoe iacia/io oeaico?o, iaea?aeaa
iiaeeea?noue aeaeaaaoe na?e ?ae?a?eiee aeueiaiao i.N.Naaie
(Ci?aneaa).

Aei Oonoo i?e?oaee a?aeii? oe?a?inuee? ienueiaiieee I.Ieanue,
O.Nai/oe, TH.Ai?e?n-Ai?nueeee. C ?i?oe?aoeae iacaaieo ienueiaiiee?a, a
oaeiae A.A?aiaeae?-Aeiinueeiai, ?.?ioea-??eyanueeiai oa
A.Iao?ona-Ea?iaonueeiai o Oono? aoei noai?aii e?oa?aoo?ii-ienoaoeueea
oiaa?enoai “Aiaa?ey”. Oiaa?enoai aeaeaaaei iaeiieiaiiee i?ny/iee,
?aaeaeoi?ii yeiai aoei ia?aii I.Ieueaee/a. ?in?enueeiiiai? ienueiaiieee
ia /ie? c A.Ea?aaaeaoai noai?eee aiaeia?/ia ienueiaiieoeueea oiaa?enoai.
C Oaeai?iaea aei Oonoa i?e?oaa aea?aeaaiee oaao? “Iiaa Noeaia’’
(?aaeena? TH. Oa?aa?e). Iai?ee?ioe? eenoiiaaea 1938 ?. oaao? aaea aeaa
ia?oo a Oono? aenoaao “Caii?iaeaoeue ca Aeoia?i”. A oie aea /an
oe?a?inueea ae?anii?a, a inia? aaoueea ? neia Eenthe?a, ii/aea ?iaioo
iaae noai?aiiyi ia?oi? a Caea?iaoo? e?iinooae??, yeo iiaeiai aoa i/ieeoe
?.I?oeaae/. A?aeiiee oe?a?inueeee ?aaeena? A. Aeaneaa, ui i?iaeeaaa o
Ia?eae?, aiooaaany ciyoe o?euei i?i Ea?iaonueeo Oe?a?io. Eaeaiee ? Iao?i
Eenthee ii/aee ?iaioo iaae o?eueiii, yeee i?ci?oa iacaaee “O?aaaae?y
Ea?iaonueei? Oe?a?ie”. E??i oiai, aiie ?icii/aee ?iaioo iaae aeaiia
ienoaoeueeeie o?eueiaie “Ca a??oe aaouee?a” ? “Ca caieth ? aieth”.

Iacaaaeath/e ia oa, ui eoeueoo?ia aeeooy a Ea?iaonuee?e Oe?a?i?
i?iaeiaaeoaaeiny, a?ae/oaaany cia/iee niaae ii??aiyii c i?aeai?iiei
ia??iaeii. Aaaaea?ii, ui i?e/eiith oeueiai aoea aeoeaia iie?oe/ia
ae?yeuei?noue o?yaeo Ea?iaonueei? Oe?a?ie. Neeaaeia i?aeia?iaeia
ianoaiiaea, ne?ooia aeiiii?/ia noaiiaeua oa aeaye? ?io? aaaii? /eiieee
a?aenoaaee ia caaei?e ieai iie?oeeo o?yaeo ii a?aeiioaiith aei eoeueoo?e
( Aeena?oaoe?y. – N. 297-316).

A ?acoeueoao? A?aeainueeiai a?a?o?aaeo i?ae Oai?ueiith caeeoeeinue 35
a?aei-eaoieeoeueeeo ia?ao?e ia /ie? c ?ieneiiii I.Noieeith, yeee
caeeoeany a Oaeai?iae?. A Ea?iaonuee?e Oe?a?i? caeeoeeinue 280 ia?ao?e,
ye? ia iaee ?ieneiia. Aaea 3 eenoiiaaea 1938 ?. a?ae ?iai? Ioea/?anueei?
a?aei-eaoieeoeueei? ?ia?o?? oa ?yaeo iie?oe/ieo ia?o?e ? ia’?aeiaiue,
aoa neeaaeaiee iaii?aiaeoi, ia?aaeaiee o?yaeai *aoineiaa//eie, Aiae??,
O?aioe??, I?ia//eie, ?oae??, Iieueu?, ?oioi??, Oai?ueie oa THaineaa??, a
yeiio A?aeainueeee a?a?o?aae aoa canoaeaeaiee. ?ieneii I.Noieea c?iaea
ni?iao i?aeii?yaeeoaaoe nia? a?aei-eaoieeoeuee? ia?ao?? Ea?iaonueei?
Oe?a?ie, iaeiae Aaoeeai caiaee ia aeaa. Iaia’ycee aiinoieuenueeiai
aaei?i?no?aoi?a aoee iieeaaeai? ia ?ieneiia Ae.Iy?aae?, yeee
a?aecia/aany nai?th /?oeith oe?a?inueeith i???ioaoe??th. Anoaiiaeeeny
o?ni? a?aeiineie i?ae Ioea/?anueeith ?ia?o??th, ?icae?eaiith ia oie /an,
? Aaeeoeueeith Ieo?iiie??th a inia? A. Oaioeoeueeiai. Aaeeoeueeee
Ieo?iiieeo i?ea?oaa aeieeiaiiy Ea?iaoi-oe?a?inueei? aea?aeaae. O?yae
Ea?iaonueei? Oe?a?ie aeieeaaeaa an?o coneeue aeey oiai, uia ia aeieeaee
eiioe?eoe i?ae a??ieeaie a?aei-eaoieeoeueei? oa i?aaineaaii? eiioan?e,
i?aaenoaaieee yei? iaeaaeaee aei Na?anueei? I?aaineaaii? Ieo?iiie??.
I?aaineaaia oea?eaa eiyeueii a?aeiineeany aei o?yaeo A.Aieioeia oa
iie?oeee, yeo i?iaiaeea eiai eaa?iao. Ioea/?anueeee ?ieneii I.Noieea,
yeee caeeoeany ia ieoiiaai?e Oai?ueiith oa?eoi???, a??ii neoaeea
ieoiaioai, caeeeeath/e ?o aei iiaii? ieoiaoe?? Caea?iaooy. Iaiao?aeii
oaeiae a?aecia/eoe, ui /eiaei a?aei-eaoieeoeueeeo nayuaiee?a
ciaoiaeeeeny a iiiceoe?? aei oe?a?inueei? aeaaee, a i?ioe ie?aieo ?c ieo
aoea ?icii/aoa e?ei?iaeueia ni?aaa. C ieoiaoe??th Caea?iaooy a?enueeaie
Oai?ueie a e?a? anoaiiaeany aei?noieee ?ai?aneaiee ?aaeei, a?ae yeiai
iino?aaeaeaee i?aaenoaaieee aeooiaainoaa iaeaeaio eiioan?e
(Aeena?oaoe?y. – N. 316-332).

Aeena?oaoe?y caaa?oo?oueny aeniiaeaie, o yeeo i?aeaaaeai? i?aenoiee
aeine?aeaeaiiy, c?iaeaii ocaaaeueiaiiy.

Ei?ioei/ania ?nioaaiiy aaoiiiiiiai Caea?iaooy, a caiaeii iacaeaaeii?
Ea?iaonueei? Oe?a?ie ni?aiaei c ??ceei caaino?aiiyi i?aeia?iaeii?
ianoaiiaee a Oeaio?aeuei?e ?a?ii?, eiee na?o ciaoiaeeany iaia?aaeiaei?
ae?oai? na?oiai? a?eie. Nei?enoaaoenue ao?aoith Aaeeeia?eoai??th ?
O?aioe??th ea??aieo iiceoe?e a ?a?ii?, ?ieue a?a?o?a ia?aeoea aei
I?ia//eie. Inoaiiy iinoaaeea ia?aae niaith iaoo ?ic/eaioaaoe ?
e?ea?aeoaaoe *aoineiaa//eio, neeaaeiaith /anoeiith yei? aoei Caea?iaooy.
E?ea?aeaoe?? *N? oaeiae ni?eyea oaiaeianueea iie?oeea Aaeeeia?eoai?? oa
O?aioe??, o?yaee yeeo, oaeoe/ii, caioi/oaaee aa?ani?a. *aoineiaa//eia
e?ea?aeiaoaaeanue e?eueeiia aoaiaie, na?aae yeeo iaiao?aeii aeae?eeoe
??oaiiy Ithioainueei? eiioa?aioe?? 29-30 aa?aniy 1938 ?. ? A?aeainueeiai
a?a?o?aaeo 2 eenoiiaaea 1938?. I?aeia?iaeia noaiiaeua Caea?iaooy cia/ii
oneeaaeithaaee iino?ei? iaiaaee oai?nueeeo ? iieuenueeeo oa?i?eno?a, ye?
aeanoaa?e?coaaee aioo??oiueiiie?oe/ia noaiiaeua e?ath. Aeei?enoai?
a?o?ai? oa iioae?eiaai? aeieoiaioe aeathoue iiaeeea?noue noaa?aeaeoaaoe,
ui, ia iath/e aeueoa?iaoeae, o?yae A.Aieioeia i???iooaaany ia I?ia//eio
– ?aeeio e?a?io, yea ia?oeyea eiio na?e i?ioaeoi?ao. Oe? ieoaiiy ciaeoee
aena?oeaiiy o ia?oiio oii? iiiia?ao?? aeena?oaioa “Ea?iaonueea Oe?a?ia
1938-1939 ??. o caaaeueii?a?iiaenueeiio ?noi?e/iiio eiioaeno?”
(Oaeai?iae, 1997). – N. 133-177.

Caea?iaooy ciaoiaeeeiny a oeaio?? oaaae aaaaoueio ?a?iiaenueeeo
e?a?i, i?ia?aneai? neee yeeo ni?a/oaaee iaoe?iiaeueii-aecaieuei?e
ai?iouea? caea?iaonueeeo oe?a?ioe?a. I?iaieioaiiy iacaeaaeii?
Ea?iaonueei? Oe?a?ie aoei ?aaei ni?eeiyoi oe?a?ioeyie ?a?iie, NOA,
Eaiaaee ? Ac??, ye? noai?thaaee ??ciiiai?oi? “Iaoe?iiaeuei? oiiaee”,
“Aeiiiiiaia? eii?oaoe”, i?aai?ciaoaaee o?iainiao aeiiiiiao, ni?eyee
?icaoaeia? ca?ieieo nee e?ath. Ana oea na?ae/eei i?i oa, ui a
oe?a?inueeiio ia?iae? ia aia?ea iaae?y ia a?ae?iaeaeaiiy oe?a?inueei?
aea?aeaae. A Ea?iaonuee?e Oe?a?i? aiie aa/eee ca?iaeie iaeaooiuei?
niai?ii? Oe?a?ie. Aeoiaey/e c oeueiai, Ea?iaonueeo Oe?a?io 1938-1939 ??.
iaiao?aeii ?icoe?ithaaoe ye /a?aiaee aoai o ai?iouea? ca oe?a?inueeo
aea?aeaai?noue (Aeao. aeea.: Aaaao I., Aia?a I. I?aeia?iaeia noaiiaeua
Ea?iaonueei? Oe?a?ie (1938-1939 ??.). — Oaeai?iae, 1997. — N. 10-58.

Aaoiiiii? o?yaee Caea?iaooy i?eae?eyee cia/io oaaao ?icaeoeo ina?oe ?
eoeueoo?e e?ath. Aaeeeo i?ina?oieoeueeo ?iaioo na?aae ianaeaiiy
i?iaeiaaeoaaei i?iaiaeeoe oiaa?enoai “I?ina?oa”. ?icaeaaeeny iaoea,
e?oa?aoo?a, ienoaoeoai, iaeiae o ii??aiyii? c iiia?aaei?ie
aeaaaeoeyoueia ?ieaie, eoeueoo?iee ?icaeoie i?oia ia niaae. I?e/eia
iieyaaea a oiio, ui o?yae A.Aieioeia iino?eii iieiyany ia?aae
aeiiii?/ieie ? i?aeia?iaeieie i?iaeaiaie, ye? aeiaaaee iaaaeiiai
ae??oaiiy.

O?yae A.Aieioeia iaiaaaany noai?eoe iioeiaeuei? oiiae aeey ii?iaeueiiai
ooieoe?iioaaiiy ? ni?aaeeooy ??cieo ?ae?a?eieo eiioan?e o e?a?.
Ia?aaaaeia a?eueo?noue ianaeaiiy Ea?iaonueei? Oe?a?ie aoea
a?aei-eaoieeoeueeiai a??iniia?aeaiiy. Aiinoieuenueeee aaei?i?no?aoi?
Ea?iaonueei? Oe?a?ie ?ieneii Ae.Iy?aae? a?aecia/aany /?oeith
oe?a?inueeith i???ioaoe??th. O?yae A.Aieioeia ana ?iaea aeey oiai, uia
ia aeieeaee eiioe?eoe i?ae a??ieeaie a?aei-eaoieeoeueei? oa i?aaineaaii?
eiioan?e. I?aaineaaia oea?eaa, ui a?aeiineeany aei Na?anueei?
I?aaineaaii? Ieo?iiie??, eiyeueii a?aeiineeany aei o?yaeo Ea?iaonueei?
Oe?a?ie. ?ieneii I.Noieea, caeeoeaoenue ia ieoiiaai?e oa?eoi???
Caea?iaooy, a??ii neoaeea ieoiaioai, caioi/oth/e ?o aei iiaiiai
caoiieaiiy e?ath. Oe? i?iaeaie aena?oeai? aaoi?ii o ae?oaiio oii?
iiiia?ao?? “Ea?iaonueea Oe?a?ia 1938-1939 ??. o caaaeueii?a?iiaenueeiio
?noi?e/iiio eiioaeno?” (Oaeai?iae, 1997). — N. 35-76 oa a ae?oaiio oii?
eieaeoeaii? i?aoe? “Ia?ene ?noi??? Caea?iaooy” (Oaeai?iae, 1995). — N.
373-384, 388-395).

Aioo??oiueiiie?oe/iee ?icaeoie Caea?iaooy c aa?aniy 1938 ?. aei
na?aaeeie aa?aciy 1939 ?. aoa iaiaeiicia/iei, noia?a/eeaei ? neeaaeiei.
Iaea?eueoei oni?oii iie?oe/ieo nee e?ath aoei caeiaoooy aaoiiiiieo i?aa
o neeaae? *aoineiaa//eie. Cai?ia eaa?iaoo A.A?iae?y o?yaeii A.Aieioeia
na?ae/eea i?i ?aaeeeaeueio ci?io iie?oe/ii? i???ioaoe??. I?ai’??-i?i?no?
Ea?iaonueei? Oe?a?ie acya /?oeee eo?n ia oe?a?i?caoe?th anueiai
noni?eueiiai aeeooy e?ath. Aaaeeeaith a?oith a aeeoo? caea?iaooe?a aoee
aeai?e ? can?aeaiiy Nieio Ea?iaonueei? Oe?a?ie, ye?, iaeiae, aeyaeeeny
oi?iaeueieie, ai ieoiaoe?y e?ath Oai?ueiith ia aeaea iiaeeea?noue
ao?eeoe ?o a aeeooy.

Ia aioo??oiueiiie?oe/ia noaiiaeua Caea?iaooy iaaaoeaii aieeaaea
aioeoe?a?inueea ? aioe/anueea ae?yeuei?noue oai?nueei? ??aaeaioe, yea ia
i?eieiyeany i?ioyaii anueiai i?aeai?iiiai ia??iaeo, a a 1938-1939 ??.
iaaoea nai?? eoeuei?iaoe??. Caea?iaooy iaaiaeieee oai?nuee? aaaioe, ye?
cae?aee i?aeiene ca i?e?aeiaiiy e?ath aei Oai?ueie, ?iciianthaeaeoaaee
eeno?aee aioeoe?a?inueeiai ci?noo oiui. Ae?yeuei?noue oai?nueei?
??aaeaioe i?enei?eea anoaiiaeaiiy a Ea?iaonuee?e Oe?a?i? aaoi?eoa?iiai
?aaeeio (Aeao. aeea.: Aaaao I. Ea?iaonueea Oe?a?ia (1938-1939):
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iee ? iie?oe/iee ?icaeoie. — Oaeai?iae, 1993. — N.
49-85).

Iaia?aaeiaei? ae?oai? na?oiai? a?eie Ea?iaonueea Oe?a?ia i?ieoea iaaio
aaiethoe?th a aea?aeaaii-i?aaiaiio ?icaeoeo. Aei 22 eenoiiaaea 1938 ?.
ia oa?eoi??? e?ath ae?yea Eiinoeoooe?y *N? 1920 ?., ca?aeii c yeith
ianaeaiiy e?a?ie iaei iaai? aaoiiiii? i?aaa. Ca Eiinoeoooe?eiei caeiiii
a?ae 22 eenoiiaaea 1938 ?. Caea?iaooy aaaaeaeiny neeaaeiaith /anoeiith
oaaea?aoeaii? *N?. 14 aa?aciy 1939 ?. A.Aieioei i?iaieinea
iacaeaaei?noue aea?aeaae, yea aoea ?aoeo?eiaaia ianooiiiai aeiy Nieiii
Ea?iaonueei? Oe?a?ie. ? oi/a oeae aeo i?iaieioaiiy iacaeaaeiino? aoa
a?eueoa neiaie?/iei, i?ae ?aaeueiith iie?oeeith, a?i a?ae?a?aa aaeeeo
?ieue o oi?ioaaii? naiina?aeiiino? an??? oe?a?inueei? iaoe??.
Aea?aeaaii-i?aaiaee noaoon Caea?iaooy aena?oeaiee aeena?oaioii o
ae?oaiio oii? iiiia?ao?? “Ea?iaonueea Oe?a?ia 1938-1939 ??. o
caaaeueii?a?iiaenueeiio ?noi?e/iiio eiioaeno?”. — N. 129-150.

Iai?ee?ioe? 30-o ?ie?a Ea?iaonueea Oe?a?ia aeyaeeany ?aeeiith, aea
i?iaeeaaea iaaaeeea a?eea oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeo, yea i?iaieineea naith
iacaeaaei?noue ? cayaeea i?i aaaeaiiy aeeoe aea?aeaaiei aeeooyi. Oaei?
iiaeeeaino? ia iaee i? oe?a?ioe?, ye? ia?aaoaaee o neeaae? N?N?, i?
oe?a?ioe? Iieueu? oa ?oioi??. Iaeiae, aiie aeeaeeeny ia Ea?iaonueeo
Oe?a?io ye ia oa?eoi??th, aea ?iaeoueny a?ae/aeaeooia ni?iaa a?aeiiaeoe
oe?a?inueeo aea?aeaai?noue. Aeoiaey/e c oeueiai, iaiao?aeii
?icoe?ithaaoe ooai?aiiy Ea?iaoi-oe?a?inueei? aea?aeaae ye ae?oaee, i?ney
aecaieueieo ciaaaiue 1918-20-o ?ie?a, aoai o ai?iouea? ca noai?aiiy
oe?a?inueeiai aea?aeaaiiai ooai?aiiy ia ie?aii acyo?e oe?a?inuee?e
oa?eoi???.

INIIAI? I?AOe? AeENA?OAIOA

C AeINE?AeAEOAAII? I?IAEAIE:

Iiiia?ao?? ? a?ioo?e:

1. Ea?iaonueea Oe?a?ia (1938-1939): nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iee ?
iie?oe/iee ?icaeoie.-Oaeai?iae: Iaoaio, 1993.-136 n.

?aoeaic?y: Oaie/ A. Aeine?aeaeaiiy c ?noi??? Ea?iaonueei? Oe?a?ie //
Iieiaeue-Oe?a?i?. Iaoeia? caienee iieiaeeo o/aieo Oaeai?iaenueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo. -O. 5-6. Aei 50-e?ooy Oaeai?iaenueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo. — Oaeai?iae, 1995 .- N. 381-384.

2. Ea?iaonueea Oe?a?ia 1938-1939 ?ie?a o caaaeueii?a?iiaenueeiio
?noi?e/iiio eiioaeno?: A 2-o oiiao. — Oaeai?iae: Eie?? I??io,
1997.–O.?. – 236 n.; O.2. – 198 n.

?aoeaic?y: E?ooae ?. Ea?iaonueea Oe?a?ia 1938-1939 ?ie?a o
caaaeueii?a?iiaenueeiio ?noi?e/iiio eiioaeno? // I?iaeaie ?noi???,
o?einio?? oa e?oa?aoo?iciaanoaa Oe?a?ie. Iaoeia? caienee a/aieo
Oaeai?iaenueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo. – Aei. 3. Oaeai?iae, 1997 .
– N. 195 – 200 .

3. Ea?iaonueea N?/: noi??iee ?noi??? (1938-1939 ??.). – Oaeai?iae,
1996. – 23 n.

4. Ea?iaonueea Oe?a?ia ? I?ia//eia (1938-1939 ??.). – Oaeai?iae,
1996 . – 22 n.

5. I?aeia?iaeia noaiiaeua Ea?iaonueei? Oe?a?ie (1938-1939 ??.). –
Oaeai?iae, 1997. – 136 n. (o ni?aaao. c I.?. Aia?aei).

Aeena?oaioii iaienai? N. 4-31, 53-136.

6. Ea?iaonueea Oe?a?ia a i?aeia?iaeieo a?aeiineiao (1938-1939). –
Oaeai?iae, 1997. – 135 n. (o ni?aaao. c A.E. Aiaeia?ii).

Aeena?oaioii iaienai? N. 12-105.

7. Aaaonoei Aieioei. – Oaeai?iae: Caea?iaooy, 1995. – 100 n. (o ni?aaao.
c I.?. Ceiii?ath ? A.A. Aiiiiia?i).

Aeena?oaioii iaienai? N. 5-40.

Iaoeia? noaoo?:

8. Ea?iaonueea Oe?a?ia a 1938–1939 ??.: aeaye? aniaeoe
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai e iie?oe/iiai ?icaeoeo // Oe?a?inueeee
?noi?e/iee aeo?iae. –1995. – ?2 – N. 42–51 (o ni?aaao. c
A.?.Caaei?iaeiei).

Aeena?oaioii iaienai? N. 42-48.

9. Nie?aea?i?noue oe?a?ioe?a No?aeii? Aaee/eie c
iaoe?iiaeueii-aecaieueiith ai?ioueaith caea?iaonueeeo oe?a?ioe?a
(1938-39) //No/ani?noue. – 1995 – ?2 . – N. 84-90.

10. Inoaii? aei? aeeooy i?aceaeaioa Ea?iaonueei? Oe?a?ie //
No/ani?noue. –1997. – ?7-8 .– N. 159-164.

11. Aaaonoei Aieioei: Ci?ia i???ioaoe?e //Ii?iae (I?aaa, *. ?.). –
1997. -?2. — N. 21-22.

12. Oe?a?inueea i?ana No?aeii? Aaee/eie i?i Ea?iaonueeo Oe?a?io
(1938-1939 ??.) //Iieiaeue-Oe?a?i?. Iaoeia? caienee iieiaeeo o/aieo
Oaeai?iaenueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo — O.3. — Oaeai?iae, 1994. —
N. 97-116

13. Iiae?? 13-14 aa?aciy 1939 ?. a Ea?iaonuee?e Oe?a?i?
//Iieiaeue-Oe?a?i?. Iaoeia? caienee iieiaeeo o/aieo Oaeai?iaenueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo. -O. 5-6 . — Oaeai?iae , 1995 . — N . 186 —
190.

14. I?iieneia?noue, n?euenueea ainiiaea?noai ? oi?a?aey Ea?iaonueei?
Oe?a?ie iai?ee?ioe? 30-o ?ie?a // I?iaeaie ?noi???, o?einio?? oa
e?oa?aoo?iciaanoaa Oe?a?ie (Iaoeia? caienee a/aieo Oaeai?iaenueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo). -Aei. 1. — Oaeai?iae, 1996. — N. 81-106.

15. Ieo?iiieeo Aiae?ae Oaioeoeueeee (?noi??ia?ao?/i? aniaeoe)

//I?iaeaie oe?a?inueei? ?noi??ia?ao??. Iaoa??aee Anaoe?a?inueei?
iaoeiai? eiioa?aioe??, i?enay/aii? 30-??//th Oe?a?inueeiai ?noi?e/iiai
Oiaa?enoaa ? aeo?iaeo “Oe?a?inueeee ?noi?ee”. — Ioea/aai: Aea?a, 1996. —
N. 80- 88.

16. ?noi??y Ea?iaonueei? Oe?a?ie 1938-1939 ?ie?a o ioe?ioe? Ieaaa
Ieueaee/a // Iaeeiueia o i?inoi?? ? /an?. Iaoa??aee Anaoe?a?inueei?
iaoeiai-e?a?ciaa/i? eiioa?aioe??. 25-27 aa?aniy 1996 ?. — Iaeei , 1996.
— N. 114-116.

17. Ea?iaonueea Oe?a?ia – i?ieia o iiaee /an e?ath // Iaoa??aee iaoeiai?
eiioa?aioe??, i?enay/aii? 30-??//th aecaieaiiy Caea?iaooy a?ae oaoecio
oa 50-??//th Ia?oiai c’?caeo Ia?iaeieo Eii?oao?a Caea?iaonueei? Oe?a?ie
(Oaeai?iae, 18 eenoiiaaea 1994 ?.).-Oaeai?iae: Iaoaio, 1995. — N.
124-129.

18. Aei ieoaiiy i?i ae?yeuei?noue o?yaeo Ea?iaonueei? Oe?a?ie a aecee?
(1939-1941) //Caea?iaonueea Oe?a?ia. 1945 ??e. Iaoa??aee iaoeiai?
eiioa?aioe??, i?enay/aii? 50-??//th Ia?aiiae iaae oaoeciii oa 50-??//th
aicc’?aeiaiiy Caea?iaooy c Oe?a?iith (Oaeai?iae, 26 o?aaiy 1995 ?.).
-Oaeai?iae: Iaoaio, 1995. -N.22-27.

19. Iaiaaee oai?nueeeo ? iieuenueeeo oa?i?eno?a ia Ea?iaonueeo Oe?a?io a
1938-1939 ??. //Eoeueoo?a Oe?a?inueeeo Ea?iao: o?aaeeoe?? ? no/ani?noue.
Iaoa??aee i?aeia?iaeii? iaoeiai? eiioa?aioe?? (Oaeai?iae, 1–4 aa?aniy
1993 ?ieo). — Oaeai?iae: III “Y?aaeaea”, 1994. — N.123-129.

20. Ae?yeuei?noue aaoiiiiieo o?yae?a I?aeea?iaonueei? ?on? —
Ea?iaonueei? Oe?a?ie a aaeoc? aeiiii?ee ? eoeueoo?e // Ia?ene ?noi???
Caea?iaooy: A 3-o oiiao.–O.2 (1918-1945). — Oaeai?iae: Caea?iaooy,
1995. — N. 297-302.

21. E?oa?aoo?a Caea?iaooy 20-30-o ?ie?a //Oai naii. — N. 373-384 (o
ni?aaao. c I. ?.Eeyi). Aeena?oaioii iaienai? N. 375-384.

22. Oaao?e Caea?iaooy 20-30-o ?ie?a // Oai naii. — N. 388-394.

23. Aei ieoaiiy i?i aeieeiaiiy oa ae?yeuei?noue I?aai?caoe?? Ia?iaeii?
Iai?iie Ea?iaonueea N?/ (1938-1939 ??.) //Iaoeiaee ca??iee Oiaa?enoaa
“I?ina?oa” a Oaeai?iae?. — ??/iee ?(OV). — Oaeai?iae: I?ina?oa, 1996.
-N. 147-159.

24. Aei ieoaiiy i?i o/anoue IOI a iai?ii? Ea?iaonueei? Oe?a?ie //
Iaoa??yee iaoeiai? eiioa?aioe?? “I?aai?caoe?y Oe?a?inueeeo
Iaoe?iiae?no?a ? Oe?a?inueea Iianoainueea A?i?y: ?noi??y, o?iee ,
no/ani?noue”. — No?ee: Oa?n, 1993. -N. 36-39.

25. AEeoo?aee ? oai?/ee oeyo Aaneey A?aiaeae?-Aeiinueeiai //Oace
aeiiia?aeae oa iia?aeiieaiue ia?oi? iaoeiai? eiioa?aioe??, i?enay/aii?
aeeooth ? ae?yeueiino? aeaeaoiiai iiaoa ? eoeueoo?ii-a?iiaaenueeiai
ae?y/a Aaneey Noaiaiiae/a A?aiaeae?-Aeiinueeiai (1897-1974). —
Oaeai?iae, 1995. — N .7-12.

26. Oaae?? ?aaae //?noi??y Oe?a?ie a ?noi?e/ieo ii?o?aoao (Ca??iee
iaoeiaeo i?aoeue). — Oaeai?iae, 1996. — N. 84-88.

27. THe?ai ?aaae //Oai naii— N. 89-93.

28. A?eaio?e Oaiaei? //Oai naii. — N.94-97.

29. Iao?i Noa?/i //A/ai?, ienueiaiieee ? iie?oe/i? ae?y/? i?i Oe?a?io
(Ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue). — Aei. ia?oee. -Oaeai?iae, 1996. — N. 83-
86.

30. Aiae?ae Oaioeoeueeee //Oai naii. — Aei. ae?oaee. — Oaeai?iae, 1996.
-N.59-85.

31. Ieaa Ieueaee/ //Oai naii. — N. 101-105.

32. Ea?iaonueea Oe?a?ia a 1938-1939 ?ieao: aaiethoe?y ioe?iie //
Nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/i? oa aoiiiie?oe/i? ci?ie a e?a?iao Oeaio?aeueii? ?
I?aaeaiii-No?aeii? ?a?iie (ae?oaa iieiaeia 80-o – ia?oa iieiaeia 90-o
?ie?a XX no.). Iaoa??aee i?aeia?iaeii? iaoeiai? eiioa?aioe?? 26-27
aa?aniy 1996 ?ieo. — Oaeai?iae, 1997. — N. 96-102.

33. ?icaeoie iie?oe/ieo iiae?e a Caea?iaoo? (aa?anaiue 1938 ?.- ae?oaa
iieiaeia aa?aciy 1939 ?.) //I?iaeaie ?noi???, o?einio?? oa
e?oa?aoo?iciaanoaa Oe?a?ie (Iaoeia? caienee a/aieo Oaeai?iaenueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo). -Aei.3. — Oaeai?iae, 1997. — N. 50-89.

34. I?iaeaie ?noi??? Caea?iaooy a iaoeia?e niaaeuei? ?. A?ai/aea
//I?ioani? ?aai A?ai/ae (Aei 70-??//y a?ae aeiy ia?iaeaeaiiy). –
Oaeai?iae, 1997. – N. 55-61 (o ni?aaao. c Ae.Ae. Aeaieetheii).

Aeena?oaioii iaienai? N. 56-60.

35. Ea?iaonueea Oe?a?ia 1938-1939 a oe?a?inuee?e ?noi??ia?ao?? //
Oe?a?inueeee ?noi?ee. – 1997.– ??e OOOIV. – ? 1-4 (132-135). – N.
137-144.

Aaaao I.I. Caea?iaooy a eiioaeno? oeaio?aeueii?a?iiaenueei? iie?oe/ii?
e?ece iaia?aaeiaei? Ae?oai? na?oiai? a?eie. ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy aeieoi?a ?noi?e/ieo iaoe c?
niaoe?aeueiino? 07.00.02- Anana?oiy ?noi??y. ?inoeooo ?noi??? Oe?a?ie
Iaoe?iiaeueii? aeaaeai?? iaoe Oe?a?ie, Ee?a, 1998.

O aeena?oaoe?? aia?oa a ?noi??ia?ao?? eiiieaenii aeine?aeaeaii i?noea ?
?ieue Caea?iaooy a eiioaeno? oeaio?aeueii?a?iiaenueei? iie?oe/ii? e?ece
iaia?aaeiaei? ae?oai? na?oiai? a?eie. Ia iniia? e?eoe/iiai aiae?co
a?o/eciyii? oa ca?oa?aeii? e?oa?aoo?e ? aaaaeaiiy aei iaoeiaiai ia?ao
i?ea?iaeueieo aeaea?ae nenoaiii aena?oeththoueny aca?iica’ycai? i?iaeaie
eiiieaenii? oaie: i?aeia?iaeia noaiiaeua e?ath iai?ee?ioe? 30-o ?ie?a oa
aieea i?aeia?iaeiiai oaeoi?o ia aioo??oiueiiie?oe/iee ? eoeueoo?iee
?icaeoie Caea?iaooy, aiae?cothoueny aieiai? aoaie aaiethoe??
aea?aeaaii-i?aaiaiai noaoono I?aeea?iaonueei? ?on? – Ea?iaonueei?
Oe?a?ie. Ie?aio oaaao i?eae?eaii aena?oeaiith iie?oe/ii? ae?yeueiino?
aaoiiiiieo o?yae?a A. A?iae?y ? A. Aieioeia, ca?ieiei neeai Ea?iaonueei?
Oe?a?ie – Ea?iaonuee?e N?/?, i?inoaaeaii aioeoe?a?inueeo ?
aioe/aoineiaaoeueeo ae?yeuei?noue oai?nueei? ??aaeaioe a Caea?iaoo?. O
aeena?oaoe?? noaa?aeaeo?oueny, ui Caea?iaooy iaia?aaeiaei? ae?oai?
na?oiai? a?eie ia?aaeeaaei aino?o iie?oe/io e?eco. Oea, aacia?a/ii,
noino?oueny oaeiae *aoineiaa//eie ? an??? Oeaio?aeueii? ?a?iie.
Iacaaaeath/e ia oae? ianoaaeie, Ea?iaonueea Oe?a?ia aeyaeeany ?aeeiith,
yea iai?ee?ioe? 30-o ?ie?a i?iaieineea naith iacaeaaei?noue.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: I?aeea?iaonueea ?onue — Ea?iaonueea Oe?a?ia
(Caea?iaooy), *aoineiaa//eia, iie?oe/ia e?eca, i?aeia?iaei? a?aeiineie,
A?aeainueeee a?a?o?aae, Ea?iaonueea N?/, oai?nueeee ??aaeaioeci.

Aaaao I.I. Caea?iaouea a eiioaenoa oeaio?aeueii-aa?iiaeneiai
iieeoe/aneiai e?ecena iaeaioia aoi?ie ie?iaie aieiu. ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie aeieoi?a enoi?e/aneeo iaoe ii
niaoeeaeueiinoe 07.00.02 — Anaie?iay enoi?ey. Einoeooo enoi?ee Oe?aeiu
Iaoeeiiaeueiie Aeaaeaiee iaoe Oe?aeiu, Eeaa, 1998.

A aeenna?oaoeee, aia?aua a enoi?eia?aoee, eiiieaenii enneaaeiaaiu
ianoi e ?ieue Caea?iaouey a eiioaenoa oeaio?aeueiiaa?iiaeneiai
iieeoe/aneiai e?ecena iaeaioia aoi?ie ie?iaie aieiu. Ia iniiaa
e?eoe/aneiai aiaeeca ioa/anoaaiiie e ca?oaaaeiie eeoa?aoo?u e aaaaeaiey
a iao/iue iai?io i?eaeiaeueiuo enoi/ieeia nenoaiii inaauathony
acaeiinaycaiiua i?iaeaiu eiiieaeniie oaiu: iaaeaeoia?iaeiia iieiaeaiea
e?ay a eiioea 30-o aiaeia e aeeyiea aiaoiaiieeoe/aneiai oaeoi?a ia
aioo?eiieeoe/aneia e eoeueoo?iia ?acaeoea Caea?iaouey, aiaeece?othony
aeaaiua yoaiu yaiethoeee ainoaea?noaaiii-i?aaiaiai noaoona
Iiaeea?iaoneie ?one — Ea?iaoneie Oe?aeiu. Ioaeaeueiia aieiaiea oaeaeaii
inaauaieth iieeoe/aneie aeayoaeueiinoe aaoiiiiiuo i?aaeoaeuenoa A.
A?iaeey e A. Aieioeia, aii?oaeaiiui neeai Ea?iaoneie Oe?aeiu —
Ea?iaoneie Na/e, enneaaeiaaii aioeoe?aeineoth e aioe/aoineiaaoeeoth
aeayoaeueiinoue aaiaa?neie e?aaeaiou a Caea?iaouea. A aeenna?oaoeee
ooaa?aeaeaaony, /oi Caea?iaouea iaeaioia aoi?ie ie?iaie aieiu
ia?aaeeaaei ino?ue iieeoe/aneee e?ecen. Yoi, aaconeiaii, eanaaony oaeaea
*aoineiaaeee e anae Oeaio?aeueiie Aa?iiu. Ianiio?y ia yoe
ianoiyoaeuenoaa, Ea?iaoneay Oe?aeia ieacaeanue aaeeinoaaiiie, eioi?ay a
eiioea 30-o aiaeia i?iaicaeaneea naith iacaaeneiinoue.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: Iiaeea?iaoneay ?onue — Ea?iaoneay Oe?aeia
(Caea?iaouea), *aoineiaaeey, iieeoe/aneee e?ecen, iaaeaeoia?iaeiua
ioiioaiey, Aaineee a?aeo?aae, Ea?iaoneay Na/ue, aaiaa?neee e?aaeaioeci.

Vehesh M.M. Transcarpathia in the context of Central-European Political
Crisis on the eve of the World War II. Manuscript.

The dissertation on acquiring the scientific degree of Doctor of
History, Ukrainian Academy of Sciences, Kyiv, 1998.

The dissertation, for the first time in historiography, is a complex
study of Transcarpathia’s place and role in the context of the
Central-European political crisis on the eve of the World War II. On the
basis of national and foreign literature, original sources, scientific
issues, the interconnected problems of this complex theme are being
investigated, mainly: the foreign political factors’ influence upon
Transcarpathia’s interpolitical and cultural development, the main
periods of Subcarpathian Rus — Carpathian Ukraine state-law status
evolution. Special attention is given to the political role of A.Brody
and A. Voloshin’s autonomous government and Carpathian Ukraine, armed
forces of Carpathian Ukraine — Carpathian Sich, the antiukrainian and
anticzech-slovac activities of Hungarian iredenta in Transcarpathia are
investigated.

The thesis asserts that Transcarpathia on the eve of World War Second
was in sharp political crisis. It evidently concerned Czeckoslovakia and
the whole Central Europe. In spite of difficult conditions Carpathian
Ukraine turned out to be the only one that proclaimed her independence
at the end of the 1930 ies.

Key words: Subcarpathian Rus-Carpathian Ukraine, Czechoslovacia, the
political crisis, international relation, the Vienna Arbitration,
Carpathian Army (Sitch), Hungarian fifth column.

* ??aaeaioa (?oae. irredenta) – iaaecaieaia (caiey). Eaeaoueny i?i ?oo
ca i?e?aeiaiiy oa?eoi??e c ia?aaaaeiith a?eueo?noth oai?nueeiai
ianaeaiiy, ye? ia aa?eoee aei neeaaeo Oai?ueie.

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