2

EE?ANUeEEE IAOEIAI-AeINE?AeIEE ?INOEOOO

AAIAOIEIA?? OA IA?AEEAAIIss E?IA?

IIC OE?A?IE

EOEAAAOeUeEEE Eanue Ie?iiiae/

OAeE 615.155.3:614.73+615.155.392:614.876

CAOAI?THAAI?NOUe IA EAEEAI?? OA E?IOIIE IA

CAA?OAeIAIEO ? IACAA?OAeIAIEO ?AAe?IIOEE?AeAIE OA?EOI??ssO

AIANE?AeIE AAA??? IA *I?IIAEEUeNUeE?E AAN

14.01.31 — Aaiaoieia?y oa o?ainooc?ieia?y

A a o i ? a o a ? a o

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe

Ee?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia o Euea?anueeiio o?e?ae? Ee?anueeiai iaoeiai-aeine?aeiiai
?inoeoooo aaiaoieia?? oa ia?aeeaaiiy e?ia? IIC Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeia? ea??aieee — aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

AEAIANUeEA ss?ineaaa ?ee?aia,

caa?aeoaa/ a?aeae?eaiiy aaiaoieia??

Euea?anueeiai o?e?aeo Ee?anueeiai iaoeiai-aeine?aeiiai ?inoeoooo
aaiaoieia?? oa

ia?aeeaaiiy e?ia?

— aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe

I?ENssAEITHE Aiaoie?e ?aoeo?eiae/,

ea??aiee eaai?aoi??? ai?aeai?ieia?? ?aae?aoe?eieo noioanoe/ieo
iane?aee?a ?inoeoooo ai?aeai?ieia?? oa i?io?eaeoeee i?iiaiaaeo
ooeiaeaeaiue Iaoeiaiai oeaio?o ?aae?aoe?eii? iaaeeoeeie AII Oe?a?ie

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe — aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

I?I*OE Ethaeieea Ai?en?aia,

i?ia?aeiee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee oeaio?o aeieia?/ieo i?iaeai aoiiii?
aia?aaoeee ?inoeoooo yaea?ieo aeine?aeaeaiue IAI Oe?a?ie

— eaiaeeaeao iaaee/ieo iaoe

OAAeI?AIEI Ciy Iaae?aia,

caa?aeoaa/ a?aeae?eo iaoeiaeo iniia i?aai?caoe??

i?ioe?aeiai? ai?ioueae Oe?a?inueeiai iaoeiai-aeine?aeiiai ?inoeoooo
iieieia?? oa ?aae?ieia?? IIC Oe?a?ie

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa — ?inoeooo aenia?eiaioaeueii? iaoieia??,

iieieia?? oa ?aae?ia?ieia?? ?i. ?.?. Eaaaoeueeiai

IAI Oe?a?ie, a?aeae?e ?ioiioeeoio?i??, i. Ee?a

Caoeno aeena?oaoe?? a?aeaoaeaoueny «24» aa?aciy 1999 ?. i 14 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.612.01 a Ee?anueeiio IAe?
aaiaoieia?? oa ia?aeeaaiiy e?ia? (254060, i.Ee?a, aoe. I.
Aa?e?inueeiai, 12).

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Ee?anueeiai IAe?
aaiaoieia?? oa ia?aeeaaiiy e?ia?.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee «27» n?/iy 1999 ?.

Caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea ?iaioe

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. ??no caoai?thaaiino? ia ceiye?ni? iiaiooai?aiiy
e?iaioai?ii? oa e?ioaoe/ii? nenoaie ca inoaii? ?iee i?aeoaa?aeaeaiee
aeine?aeieeaie aaaaoueio e?a?i na?oo (Aoneeoea? E.I., 1988; Call T.G. et
al.,1994; Dockerty J.D. et al., 1996; McMichael A.J., Giles G.G., 1996;
Nordstrom Marie, 1996).

Caoe?eaaeai?noue oe??th i?iaeaiith ia ? aeiaaeeiaith, caaaeath/e, a
ia?oo /a?ao, ia iniaeeaa nioe?aeueia cia/aiiy caoai?thaaiino?
aaiiaeanoicaie.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy ai?aeai?ieia?? eaeeai?e oa e?ioii ia iiioeyoe?eiiio ??ai?
? nai???aeiei ?iaeeeaoi?ii noni?eueiiai caei?ia’y, aieeao ia iueiai
??ciiiai?oieo /eiiee?a.

Ia iaio aaaeeeaei ? oaeiae noai iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua, oiaoi
aeieia?/i? iaaa?acaee, ye? ia iiaeooue ia aieeaaoe ia i?aai?ci ethaeeie
? ia iiioeyoe?th a oe?eiio. Ia iiaea ia i?eaa?iooe oaaao a/aieo
eaoano?ioa, ui noaeany ia *i?iiaeeuenuee?e aoiii?e aeaeo?inoaioe?? a
1986 ?. ? i?eaaea aei ?aae?aoe?eiiai caa?oaeiaiiy cia/ieo oa?eoi??e.
Aaeeea iiioeyoe?y ianiiae?aaii iio?aieea i?ae aieea iaaaoeaieo oaeoi??a
aaa??? (?cioiie o?eaaei? ae??, ui ni?e/eieee o?eaaea ciai?oi? oa
aioo??oi? ii?ii?iaiiy, no?an), e??i oeo oaeoi??a, ye? ae?yee ia
ianaeaiiy ? aei aaa??? (o?i?/i?, o?ce/i?, oiui). Eia?/ii i?eionoeoe, ui
eiiieaenia ae?y oeeo oaeoi??a iiaea aieeiooe ia eaioea?iaaiac, cie?aia
ia eaeeiaaiac.

Iiaeeaeaia aea/aiiy caoai?thaaiino? ia aaiiaeanoice ia ?ai?acaioaoeaieo
oa?aiao Oe?a?ie o ??aiainuee?e oa ?aaii-O?aie?anuee?e iaeanoyo ?
aeinoaoiuei a?aoiaioiaaiei: oe? iaeano? a?ae??ciythoueny ??ciei
?aae?iioee?aeiei caa?oaeiaiiyi. sse a?aeiii, aiane?aeie eaoano?ioe ia
*A?N, o?noue i?ai?/ieo ?aeii?a ??aiainueei? iaeano? caa?oaeiai?
?aae?iioee?aeaie. Ia oeeo oa?aiao ia?aaaaeathoue i?uai? oa oi?oyi?
a?oioe, ui ni?ey? aeoeai?e i?a?aoe?? ?aae?iioee?ae?a ii oa?/iaeo
eaioethaeeao a i?aai?ci ethaeeie oa oaa?ei, coiiaethth/e aeiaeaoeiai
aioo??oi? ii?ii?iaiiy. Iacaaaeath/e ia iacia/io ciai?oith ae?th
?aae?iioee?ae?a o caa?oaeiaieo ?aeiiao ??aiaiueie, ia ia?oee ieai
aenooia? aieea aioo??oiueiai ii?ii?iaiiy, ae?y yeiai ia i?aai?ci
ethaeeie o ianooaa? iiioeyoe??, i?aeoe/ii, ia aeine?aeaeoaaeanue.

Ianaeaiiy ?aaii-O?aie?anueei? iaeano? i?iaeeaa? ia iacaa?oaeiaieo
?aae?iioee?aeaie caieyo (ca aeiyoeii aeae?eueeio n?e Niyoeinueeiai
?aeiio), ui aeicaieeei aeine?aeaeoaaoe eiai ye eiio?ieueio iiioeyoe?th.

Oaeei /eiii, aea/aiiy caoai?thaaiino? ia aaiiaeanoice ia iacaa?oaeiaieo
oa caa?oaeiaieo ?aae?iioee?aeaie oa?eoi??yo, ii??aiyeueiee aiae?c
iieaciee?a, iiooe oa aeyaeaiiy caeiiii??iinoae oa iiaeeeaiai aieeao
?ioeo oaeoi??a iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua ia aaeeeo, iaeii??aeio
iiioeyoe?th ethaeae i?ioyaii o?eaaeiai oa?i?io — ? aeooaeueiei oa
aeioe?eueiei ye aeey ?icaeoeo iieiaaiaoieia?/ii? iaoee, oae ? ioi?iie
caei?ia’y ianaeaiiy.

Aeieeaaeia ciaiiy ai?aeai?ieia?/ii? neooaoe?? o ?aa?ii? caaacia/eoue
?aoe?iiaeueia ieaioaaiiy ?icaeoeo niaoe?ae?ciaaii? iieiaaiaoieia?/ii?
aeiiiiiae, aeicaieeoue iaoeiai iaa?oioiaoaaoe iio?aao a aei?iaeo
niaoe?aeueieo iaaeeeaiaioao oa aenieieaae?o?eiaaieo iaaee/ieo eaae?ao.
Noai?aia aaca aeaieo aaiiaeanoic?a ? iniiaith aeey aeiaaio?eaaeiai
iii?oi?eiao oa ii??aiyiiy c ?ioeie iieiaaiaoieia?/ieie ?a?no?aie.

Cay`cie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie.

Ia?aiee iai?yiie aeine?aeaeaiiy aaciina?aaeiuei iia’ycaiee c
iaoeiai-aeine?aeieie ?iaioaie Euea?anueeiai o?e?aeo Ee?anueeiai IAe?AIE
(NN Aea?ae?a?no?aoe?? 01.91.0027644 oa 01.93. U 034013).

Iaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Aeyaeoe caeiiii??iino? caoai?thaaiino? ia aaiiaeanoice ianaeaiiy
oa?eoi??e ?c ??ciei nooiaiai caa?oaeiaiiy ?aae?iioee?aeaie (??aiainueea
oa ?aaii-O?aie?anueea iaeano?) aei oa i?ney aaa??? ia *AAN, a oaeiae
aeynieoe iiaeeeaee aieea ie?aieo oaeoi??a iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua ia
ai?aeai?ieia?th aaiiaeanoic?a.

Caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy.

1. I?iaanoe ca?? ia?aeiii? a?o?aii? oa iioi/ii? iaaee/ii? ?ioi?iaoe??
i?i caoai?thaai?noue ia eaeeai?? oa e?ioiie oa nia?oi?noue a?ae ieo o
ianaeaiiy aeaio iaeanoae i?ioyaii 1981-1994 ??.

2. C iaoith aeyaeaiiy iiaeeeaeo caeiiii??iinoae i?iaiae?coaaoe iieacieee
caoai?thaaiino? ia aaiiaeanoice oa nia?oiino? a?ae ieo i?ioyaii
aeine?aeaeoaaiiai /ano.

3. Aeine?aeeoe iniaeeaino? caoai?thaaiino? ia eaeeai?? oa e?ioiie oa
nia?oiino? a?ae ieo aei oa i?ney aaa??? ia *AAN ia iacaa?oaeiaieo oa
caa?oaeiaieo ?aae?iioee?aeaie oa?aiao.

4. I?iaanoe aiae?c aieeao ie?aieo oaeoi??a iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua ia
caoai?thaai?noue aaiiaeanoicaie.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a.

Aia?oa ia oa?eoi??? aeaio iaeanoae Oe?a?ie c ??ciei ??aiai caa?oaeiaiiy
?aae?iioee?aeaie aiane?aeie aaa??? ia *AAN iieacaii c?inoaiiy
caoai?thaaiino? ia aaiiaeanoice oa nia?oiino? a?ae ieo i?ioyaii
1981-1994 ??. ?, a iniiaiiio, a 1987-1994 ??. Aeyaeaii, ui ca inoaii?
?iee c?inea caoai?thaai?noue ia iaaiaeaee?inueeo e?ioiio (IAE), i??eiiio
oai?iao (IO) oa o?ii?/io e?ioi?aeio eaeeai?th (OEE). Iieacaii, ui ??no
caoai?thaaiino? oeeie iicieia?/ieie oi?iaie niinoa??aaany na?aae
/ieia?/iai oa ae?ii/iai ianaeaiiy noa?oeo a?eiaeo a?oi (iiiaae 60
?ie?a). Aia?oa anoaiiaeaii, ui ??no caoai?thaaiino? ia IAE, oa OEE a
1987-1994 ??. niinoa??aaany na?aae ianaeaiiy ye caa?oaeiaieo, oae ?
iacaa?oaeiaieo ?aae?iioee?aeaie oa?ai?a. Aeyaeaii, ui ia
aeine?aeaeoaaieo oa?aiao caoai?thaai?noue ia aino?? eaeeai?? (AE),
o?ii?/io i??ei?aeio eaeeai?th (OIE) oa e?ioiio Aiaeaee?ia (EA) a
1981-1994 ??. aoea noaa?eueiith. Ia aeyaeaii ia?aeiieeaeo aeaieo i?i oa,
ui c?inoaiiy caoai?thaaiino? ia aaiiaeanoice o aeine?aeaeoaaieo iaeanoyo
coiiaeaia iaeiei oaeoi?ii (a oiio /ene? ?aae?aoe?eiei), ui cana?ae/o?
neia?a?ci aieeao ??cieo iaaaoeaieo /eiiee?a.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a.

Noai?aia eiiithoa?ia aaca aeaieo, ye iniiaa aeey aeiaaio?eaaeiai
ai?aeai?ieia?/iiai iii?oi?eiao, oa ii??aiyiiy io?eiaieo aeaieo c ?ioeie
iieiaaiaoieia?/ieie ?a?no?aie. Oey aaca aeaieo iiaea aooe neeaaeiaith
/anoeiith aaiaoieia?/iiai ?a?no?o Oe?a?ie. Ia iniia? iaea?aeaieo aeaieo
iiaoaeiaaii i?iaiic caoai?thaaiino? ia aaiiaeanoice aei 2005 ?ieo, ui
oiiaeeeaeth? ?aoe?iiaeueia ieaioaaiiy iieiaaiaoieia?/ii? aeiiiiiae,
o?iainiaeo ?ano?n?a oa ooao?a niaoe?ae?no?a.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a.

Ca??, nenoaiaoecaoe?y, ca??ea aeaieo ii caoai?thaaiino? ia eaeeai?? oa
e?ioiie ia oa?aiao aeaio iaeanoae ca ia??iae 1981-1994 ??. Aaaaeaiiy
aeaieo a eiii’thoa?io aaco, aaaeaiiy aace aeaieo, ?? ei?eaoaaiiy oa
iiiiaiaiiy. ?ic?iaea iiaeae? aiae?co, ia?iaea i?iaiae?ciaaieo
iaoa??ae?a. Ca?? aeaieo i?i oaeoi?e iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua oa
aio?iiiaaii? oaeoi?e. ?ic?iaea aeai?eoio aiae?co aieeao oaeoi??a ia
ai?aeai?ieia?/i? iieacieee. Ioe?iea, aiae?c oa ?ioa?i?aoaoe?y io?eiaieo
iieaciee?a.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??.

Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe aeiiia?aeaeenue ia
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo: *i?iiaeeue oa caei?iay ethaeae, Ee?a,
1993 ?., *i?iiaeeue oa caei?ia’y ethaeeie (10 ?ie?a i?ney aaa???), Ee?a,
1996 ?., I??eiaeenieanoe/iee neiae?ii: ae?aaiinoeea ? e?eoaaiiy, ??aia,
1996 ?.; ia V, VI oa VII Eiia?anao na?oiai? oaaea?aoe?? Oe?a?inueeeo
e?ea?nueeeo oiaa?enoa (Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, 1994; Iaeana, 1996; Oaeai?iae,
1998); ia 3-io Oe?a?inueeiio c’?cae? aaiaoieia?a oa o?ainooc?ieia?a
(Noie, 1995); ia eiioa?aioe?? «A?ieia?y oa e?eoaaiiy i??eiiii? oai?iae»
(Ethae?i, Iieueua, 1997); ia XVII c’?cae? iieuenueeiai oiaa?enoaa
aaiaoieia?a oa o?ainooc?ieia?a (E?ae?a, Iieueua, 1997); ia
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? iieiaeeo a/aieo oa oao?aoe?a «No/ani?
i?iaeaie aaiaoieia?? oa o?ainooc?ieia??» (Ee?a, 1998); ia I?aeia?iaeiiio
eiia?an? «Aoaeoe iaeeo aeic ?ii?coth/i? ?aae?aoe??» (Ithinoa?,
I?ia//eia, 1998), ia eiioa?aioe?? «O?ii?/i? e?ioioeeoa?i? eaeeai??»
(Ethae?i, Iieueua, 1998).

Ioae?eaoe??.

?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaai? o 8 noaooyo o iaoeiaeo aeo?iaeao
oa ca??ieeao, 10 oacao c’?cae?a ? eiioa?aioe?e.

Ianya ? no?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??.

Aeena?oaoe?y aeeeaaeaia ia 171 noi??ieao iaoeiiieno ? neeaaea?oueny c?
anooio, iaeyaeo e?oa?aoo?e, oanoe ?icae?e?a aeanieo aeine?aeaeaiue,
aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae ( 230 aeaea?ae). ?iaioa
?ethno?iaaia 42 oaaeeoeyie oa 28 ?enoieaie.

Iniiaiee CI?NO ?IAIOE

IAOA??AE ? IAOIAeE AeINE?AeAEAIIss

Aea/aiiy caoai?thaaiino? ia aaiiaeanoice oa nia?oiino? a?ae ieo
i?iaiaeeeinue ia oa?aiao ?aaii-O?aie?anueei? oa ??aiainueei? iaeanoae
Oe?a?ie. O?noue i?ai?/ieo ?aeii?a ??aiainueei? iaeano? (Aa?aci?anueeee,
Aieiaeeie?aoeueeee, Aeoa?iaeoeueeee, Ca??/iyinueeee, ?ie?oiyinueeee,
Na?iainueeee) caciaee caa?oaeiaiiy ?aae?iioee?aeaie aiane?aeie aaa??? ia
4-io aeioe? *i?iiaeeuenueei? AAN o ea?oi? 1986 ?. Ca 10 i?neyaaa??eieo
?ie?a noia?ia aeica ii?ii?iaiiy a?ae ?aae?aoe?eieo /eiiee?a
*i?iiaeeuenueei? eaoano?ioe o ??aiainuee?e iaeano? aei??aithaaea 7277
ethae.Ca, c yeeo ia aeieth ciai?oiueiai i?eiaei 1062, a ia aeieth
aioo??oiueiai — 6215 ethae.Ca, ui iaeaea o 6 ?ac?a a?eueoa.

O i?ai?/ieo ?aeiiao ??aiainueei? iaeano? ia?aaaaeathoue oi?oyii-i?uai?
a?oioe, ui ni?ey? aeoeai?e i?a?aoe?? ?aae?iioee?ae?a, iniaeeai
no?iioe?th oa oeac?th, ii oa?/iaeo eaioethaeeao a i?aai?ci ethaeeie.
Oea, a naith /a?ao, i?eca

iaeeoue aei ia?aaaaeaiiy o?ii?/iiai aioo??oiueiai ii?ii?iaiiy iaae
ciai?oi?i ii?ii?iaiiyi (yea o aeaiiio ?aa?ii? ia ? cia/iei).
?aaii-O?aie?anueea iaeanoue aoea aeine?aeaeaia ye eiio?ieueia c iaeyaeo
ia oa, ui aiia ca i?e?iaeii-aeiiii?/ieie oa?aeoa?enoeeaie iiae?aia aei
??aiainueei? iaeano? ? ia caciaea ?aae?iioee?aeiiai caa?oaeiaiiy, ca
aeiyoeii aeae?eueeio n?e.

Aea/aiiy caoai?thaaiino? ia eaeeai?? ? e?ioiie, a oaeiae nia?oiino? a?ae
ieo ioiiethaaei ia??iae c 1981 ?. aei 1994 ?. aeeth/ii. Na?aaeiuei??/ia
ianaeaiiy ??aiainueei? iaeano? ca ia??iae niinoa?aaeaiiy — 1 iei. 167
oen. /ieia?e, a a?aeiia?aeiee iieaciee a ?aaii-O?aie?anuee?e iaeano? — 1
iei. 412 oen.

O ??aiainuee?e oa ?aaii-O?aie?anuee?e iaeanoyo ca 14 ?ie?a (1981-1994
??.) aeyaeaii 5331 aeiaaeie caoai?thaaiiy ia aaiiaeanoice (2429 oa 2902
a?aeiia?aeii).

Aea/aiiy caoai?thaaiino? ia aaiiaeanoice oa nia?oiino? a?ae ieo
i?iaiaeeeinue iiioeyoe?eiei iaoiaeii nooe?eueiiai niinoa?aaeaiiy. O
aaiaoieia?/ieo a?aeae?eaiiyo, iie?ee?i?eao oa a?o?aao iaeanieo ee?i?/ieo
e?ea?aiue, iaeanieo iieieia?/ieo aeeniaina?ao, iaeanieo aeeoy/eo
e?ea?iyo, a oaeiae ?aeiiieo e?ea?iyo oa iie?ee?i?eao ?aaii-O?aie?anueei?
oa ??aiainueei? iaeanoae c 1981 ii 1994 ??. aeeth/ii, aeaoaeueii
aeeii?thaai? aeai? c ia?aeiieo (a?o?aieo oa iioi/ieo) iae?eiaeo
iaaee/ieo aeieoiaio?a oai?eo c aia?oa iinoaaeaiei ae?aaiicii
«aaiiaeanoic». Aeeii?thaaiiy i?iaiaeeeiny c oaeeo iaaee/ieo aeieoiaio?a:
aiaoeaoi?i? ea?oee (o.25), eiio?ieuei? ea?oe aeeniaina?iiai
niinoa?aaeaiiy (o.30), aeo?iaee aini?oae?caoe?? oai?eo, ?noi??? oai?iae,
i?ioieiee ?icoei?a (o.218), iia?aeiieaiiy i?i oai?eo ceiye?nieie
caoai?thaaiiyie (o.281, oa iiaeeo?eiaaia o. O/090). E??i oiai, o
i?nueeeo, ?aeiiieo oa iaeanieo a?aeae?eao CAANo, ?aoaeueii ia?aaeyioo?
an? aeoe ?a?no?aoe?? nia?o? ca oeae ia??iae ? a?ae?a?ai? aeiaaeee
nia?oae a?ae aaiiaeanoic?a.

C?a?aiee oa i?aeaioiaeaiee iaoa??ae aaiaeeee a eiii’thoa?io aaco aeaieo.
Ca aeiiiiiaith noai?aii? i?ia?aie i?iaaaeaii aaaaoinoi?iii?e aeaoaeueiee
aiae?c aeaieo ca iicieia?/ieie iaeeieoeyie, a?eii, noaooth, i?noeai
i?iaeeaaiiy (i?noi, naei), aeaoith acyooy ia aeeniaina?iee iae?e oa
aeaoith nia?o?.

Ia/eneaii ?ioaineai? (cae/aei?), iia?eia?, a oaeiae noaiaea?oeciaai?
iieacieee caoai?thaaiino? oa nia?oiino? ia 100 oeny/ ianaeaiiy aeey
eiaeiiai ?ieo niinoa?aaeaiiy. Noaiaea?oecaoe?y i?iaaaeaia i?yiei
iaoiaeii, ca noaiaea?o i?eeiaee ?a?iiaenueeee ?iciiae?e ianaeaiiy.

Noaiaea?oeciaaiee iieaciee, ?ic?aoiaaiee i?yiei iaoiaeii (NIi),
ia/eneth?oueny ca oi?ioeith:

N i c

NIi = Pi = E (n i) = E (n),

N c

aea

P i — /anoioa aeine?aeaeoaaii? iciaee a i-e a?aaeaoe??
ae?i?iiaaiiai oaeoi?a;

N i c — /enei niinoa?aaeaiue noaiaea?oo

a i-e a?aaeaoe?? ae?i?iiaaiiai oaeoi?a;

N c — caaaeueia /enei niinoa?aaeaiue o noaiaea?o?;

E (n i) — i/?eoaaia e?euee?noue ethaeae c aeine?aeaeoaaiith iciaeith a
i-e a?aaeaoe??

ae?i?iiaaiiai oaeoi?a;

E (n) — caaaeueia i/?eoaaia e?euee?noue ethaeae c aeine?aeaeoaaiith
iciaeith.

Aeey oieeiaiiy iaoi/iinoae i?yiiai iaoiaeo noaiaea?oecaoe?? i?e aiae?c?
ie?aieo oi?i aaiiaeanoic?a, iniaeeai oai, aea ? iaaaeeea e?euee?noue
aeiaaee?a caoai?thaaiue, noaiaea?oecaoe?y i?iaaaeaia iai?yiei iaoiaeii.
Ca noaiaea?o i?eeiyoi iia?eiao caoai?thaai?noue ianaeaiiy Oe?a?ie a
1990-1996 ??.

Noaiaea?oeciaaiee iieaciee, ?ic?aoiaaiee iai?yiei iaoiaeii (NIi aai
SIR), ia/eneth?oueny ca oi?ioeith:

D

NIi = 100 %,

E*

aea

D — /enei in?a, ui caoai??ee;

E* — i/?eoaaia /enei in?a, ui caoai??ee.

I/?eoaaia /enei in?a, ui caoai??ee aecia/a?oueny oae:

n

E* = N i x i* ,

i=1

aea

n — e?euee?noue a?eiaeo a?oi;

Ni — e?euee?noue ianaeaiiy i-i? a?eiai? a?oie aeine?aeaeoaaii?
oa?eoi???;

i* — iieaciee caoai?thaaiino? i-i? a?eiai? a?oie ianaeaiiy, i?eeiyoi?
ca noaiaea?o.

I?iaaaeaii ei?aeyoe?eii-?aa?an?eiee aiae?c, io?eiaii aeeiai?/i? o?aiaee
caoai?thaaiino? ye a aeiaaa??eiiio ia??iae?, oae ? a ia??iae i?ney
aaa??? ia *AAN aeey eiaeii? iicieia?/ii? iaeeieoe?.

I?iaaaeaia noaoenoe/ia ioe?iea io?eiaieo aeeiai?/ieo ?yae?a c
aecia/aiiyi aaniethoiiai i?e?inoo, na?aaeiuei??/iiai aaniethoiiai
i?e?inoo, oaiio ?inoo. I?iaaaeaii oaeiae ii??aiyeueia aea/aiiy iia?eiaeo
eiao?oe??io?a caoai?thaaiino? a?oi in?a iaeaeaio iaeanoae, ui ia iiiaio
aaa??? ia *AAN iaee a?ae 0 aei 19 ?ie?a, a caeaaeiino? a?ae noao?.

Ia i?aenoaa? io?eiaieo aeaieo iiaoaeiaai? /ania? iiaeae? caoai?thaaiino?
ia aaiiaeanoice a ?ioa?aaeao /ano 1981-1985 oa 1987-1994 ??.

?ic?aoiaaii na?aaeiuei??/iee iieaciee caoai?thaaiino? ii ie?aieo
iicieia?/ieo iaeeieoeyo aeey aeiaaa??eiiai oa i?neyaaa??eiiai ia?

?iae?a, aeey aecia/aiiy nooo?aino? ??cieoe? cia/aiue oeeo iieaciee?a
aeei?enoaii e?eoa??e Nouethaeaioa.

I?iaaaeaii aeine?aeaeaiiy ca’yceo iieaciee?a caoai?thaaiino? ia
aaiiaeanoice c ie?aieie oaeoi?aie iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua, cie?aia
u?euei?noth ianaeaiiy, ?ioaineai?noth canoinoaaiiy ianoeoeeae?a oa
i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea, i?iieneiaeie aeeeaeaie a aoiinoa?o, na?aaeiueith
e?noeiaiiiceiaith aeicith ?aioaaiae?aaiinoe/ieo i?ioeaaeo?, a oaeiae o
caeaaeiino? a?ae io?oe?eiiai a?aeianaiiy ianaeaieo ioieo?a ??aiainueei?
iaeano? aei caa?oaeiaieo oa iacaa?oaeiaieo ?aeii?a. Ca aeaieie 1992 ?.
??/ia noia?ia AAAe noaiiaeea a ianaeaieo ioieoao, a?aeianaieo aei
caa?oaeiaieo, a?ae 50 aei 1159 iaa?.

Aeey aeyaeaiiy aieeao ioi/oth/iai na?aaeiaeua ia caoai?thaai?noue
aaiiaeanoicaie i?iaaaeaii ei?aeyoe?eiee aiae?c (iiaoaeiaaii
ooieoe?iiaeuei? caeaaeiino? caoai?thaaiino? a?ae ie?aieo oaeoi??a
?eceeo).

Iaie ?ic?aoiaai? eiao?oe??ioe ei?aeyoe?? aeey an?o iicieia?/ieo oi?i ia
oa?aiao 2-o iaeanoae o caeaaeiino? a?ae noao? i?ioyaii 1981-1994,
1981-1985 oa 1987-1994 ??.

I?iaaaeaii aaaaoioaeoi?iee ?aa?an?eiee aiae?c aeey aecia/aiiy aianeo
ciai?oiueiai aieeao o oi?ioaaiiy iiioeyoe?eiiai ?eceeo caoai?thaaiino?
ia aaiiaeanoice. Oi?ioea ooieoe?? ia? aeaeyae:

Y = k i x i+ b,

i=1

aea

Y — caoai?thaai?noue ia eaeeai?? oa e?ioiie;

k i — eiao?oe??io ?aa?an??;

b — a?eueiee /eai.

?ic?aooiie eiao?oe??io?a ?aa?an?? i?iaiaeeany iaoiaeii iaeiaioeo
eaaae?ao?a.

?aioaaiiae?aaiinoe/i? iaaaioaaeaiiy ianaeaiiy iaeanoae ae?aoiaaii ia
i?aenoaa? aeaieo ?a?no?aoe?? ?aioaaiiae?aaiinoe/ieo oa
?aioaaiii?io?eaeoe/ieo i?ioeaaeo? (o. N 1). Ca iaoiaeeeith
Eai?ia?aaenueeiai IAe? ?aae?aoe?eii? a?a?aie, i?aenoiiaai? ?acoeueoaoe
ca an?ia aeaeaie ?aioaaiiae?aaiinoe/ieo oa ?aioaaiii?io?eaeoe/ieo
i?ioeaaeo?:

d = d i = p i c i ,

i

aea

d i — aaee/eia aianeo a NEIAe a?ae i?ioeaaeo?e aeaeo i;

p i — /anoioa i?ioeaaeo? aeaeo i, ?ic?aoiaaia ia iaeiiai iaoeaioey;

c i — aaee/eia na?aaeiueiai aeiciaiai eiao?oe??ioa.

Aeey aecia/aiiy ??aiy aieeao o?i?/ieo oaeoi??a (ianoeoeeae?a oa
i?ia?aeueieo aeia?ea), ae?aooaaia iaaaioaaeaiiy oeeo ?a/iaei ia eiaeiiai
iaoeaioey iaeanoae, c a?aooaaiiyi u?eueiino? ianaeaiiy oa ieiu? ??ee?.
Iieaciee ia? aeaeyae:

ea2

ethae aa

Aeey ?ic?iaee aaeaeaaoiiai i?iaiico caoai?thaaiino? ia eaeeai?? oa
e?ioiie aea?aii iaoiae aeno?aiieyoe?? oa iaoaiaoe/iiai i?iaiicoaaiiy.
Iniiaia oaiaeaioe?y ci?ie caoai?thaaiino? iiaea aooe i?aaenoaaeaia
e?i?eiith iiaeaeeth ? iieno?oueny ??aiyiiyi i?yiie?i?eii? ?aa?an??:

Y = a + bx ,

aea

Y — iieacieee caoai?thaaiino?;

a — aeo?aeia aaee/eia a?ae?aooieo ?yaeo Y;

x — oiiaia ioia?aoe?y ?ie?a, yea ii/eia?oueny c 0 oa eaea a cae/aeiiio

ii?yaeeo c?inoaiiy /enae: 0,1,2,3….;

b — eiao?oe??io ?aa?an?? aeeiai?/iiai ?yaeo Y (caoai?thaai?noue)
a?aeiinii ?yaeo x.

?ic?aooiee oa ia?iaea aeaieo i?iaaaeai? ia eiii’thoa?ao oeio IBM PC
486-DX4 o Euea?anueeiio iaeaniiio oeaio?? iaaee/ii? noaoenoeee
Euea?anueei? iaeanii? ee?i?/ii? e?ea?i? i?ae ea??aieoeoaii Ioaie/iiai
?.N.

?ACOEUeOAOE AeINE?AeAEAIUe OA ?O IAAIAI?AIIss.

Aea/aiiy aeeiai?ee /anoioe iniiaieo iieiaaiaoieia?/ieo caoai?thaaiue
aeyaeei, ui cae/aei? (?ioaineai?) iieacieee caoai?thaaiino? ia an?
aaiiaeanoice a ?aaii-O?aie?anuee?e iaeano? a 1981-1994 ??. na?aae
/ieia?e?a eieeaaeenue c 14,06 aei 22,43 (i?e o 1993 ?.), na?aae ae?iie c
10,68 aei 14,49 (i?e o 1994 ?.) a?aeiia?aeii. O ??aiainuee?e iaeano?
a?aeiia?aei? iieacieee ci?ithaaeenue na?aae ianaeaiiy /ieia?/i? noao? c
13,23 aei 23,54 (i?e o 1990 ?.), na?aae ae?iie eieeaaeenue c 8,99 aei
15,50 ( i?e o 1993 ?.).

Aiae?c na?aaeiuei??/ieo noaiaea?oeciaaieo iieaciee?a caoai?thaaiino? ia
aaiiaeanoice a ?aaii-O?aie?anuee?e iaeano? aeyaea ?o c?inoaiiy c 13,65
(1981-1985 ??.) aei 15,91 (1987-1994 ??.), a o ??aiainuee?e iaeano? c
13,28 aei 16,83 a?aeiia?aeii (p < 0,05). Noaoenoe/ii aeinoia??ia c?inoaiiy a?aeiia?aeieo iieaciee?a eiinoaoiaaii oaeiae ie?aii aeey /ieia?/iai oa ae?ii/iai ianaeaiiy iaeaeaio oa?ai?a niinoa?aaeaiiy. Iiae?aio oaiaeaioe?th aei c?inoaiiy iieaciee?a a?aei?/a? ? Kwiatkowski A. (1995), eiinoaooth/e ??no caoai?thaaiino? ia an? oeie eaeeai?e o Iieueu?. Ca aeaieie Aenaey A.I. e niaao. (1992), i?e??no noaiaea?oeciaaieo iieaciee?a (na?oiaee noaiaea?o) caoai?thaaiino? ia aaiiaeanoice o ianaeaiiy ?in?? c 1980 aei 1992 ?ieo aei??aithaaa o /ieia?e?a 19,6 % , a o ae?iie - 18,3 %. Aeine?aeaeaiiy, i?iaaaeai? ni?a?ia?oieeaie Euea?anueeiai ?inoeoooo aaiaoieia?? oa ia?aeeaaiiy e?ia? o 1968-1974 ??. iieacaee, ui na?aaeiuei??/iee noaiaea?oeciaaiee iieaciee caoai?thaaiino? aaiiaeanoicaie a ?aaii-O?aie?anuee?e iaeano? aei??aithaaa 10,60 ia 100 oeny/ ianaeaiiy (Oioeiaa I.I. e niaao., 1977). Ca?aeii c iaea?aeaieie iaie aeaieie o 1987-1994 ??. a?aeiia?aeiee iieaciee caoai?thaaiino? a ?aaii-O?aie?anuee?e iaeano? c??n aei 15,91 ia 100 oeny/ ianaeaiiy. Ca ?aooiie yeeo iicieia?/ieo oi?i a?aeaoaa?oueny ??no caoai?thaaiino? ia aaiiaeanoice ? A oaaeeoe? i?aaenoaaeai? na?aaeiuei??/i? noaiaea?oeciaai? iieacieee caoai?thaaiino? ia aaiiaeanoice ianaeaiiy ?aaii-O?aie?anueei? oa ??aiainueei? iaeanoae o 1981-1985 oa 1987-1994 ?ieao. A inoaii? ?iee c?inoa? caoai?thaai?noue ia iaaiaeaee?inueeo e?ioiio (IAE), oa o?ii?/io e?ioi?aeio eaeeai?th (OEE), caoai?thaai?noue ia i??eiiio oai?iao c?inoa? na?aae ianaeaiiy noa?oeo a?eiaeo a?oi (p < 0,05). Ne?ae a?aecia/eoe, ui caoai?thaai?noue ia aino?? eaeeai?? (AE), o?ii?/io i??ei?aeio eaeeai?th (OIE), ca aeine?aeaeoaai? ia??iaee ia ci?ieeanue, oi/a c?inoaiiy caoai?thaaiino? naia ia oe? iicieia?/i? iaeeieoe? ?iaeoeo?oueny ?ii?coth/ei ii?ii?iaiiyi. O iaoiio aeine?aeaeaii? ia i?iaaaeaii ?iciiae?eo AE ca oeeoio?i?/ieie aa??aioaie c iaeyaeo ia oa, ui a /anoei? ia?aeiieo aeieoiaio?a aeeoa?aioe?aoe?y aa??aio?a aino?eo eaeeai?e ia i?iaiaeeeanue. Caoai?thaai?noue e?ioiiith Aiaeaee?ia (EA) a ?aaii-O?aie?anuee?e oa ??aiainuee?e iaeanoyo ciaoiaeeoueny ia oiio ae ??ai?, ye ? o ?icaeiooeo e?a?iao ?a?iie, oa ca inoaii? ?iee i?aeoe/ii ia ci?ieeanue. I?iaaaeaii aea/aiiy caoai?thaaiino? ia eaeeai?? oa e?ioiie o ianaeaiiy ??aiainueei? iaeano? a caeaaeiino? a?ae caa?oaeiaiiy oa?eoi??? ?aae?iioee?aeaie. Oae, na?aaeiuei??/i? iieacieee caoai?thaaiino? ia aaiiaeanoice na?aae ianaeaiiy iacaa?oaeiaieo ?aeii?a c?inoathoue c 14,07 (1981-1985 ??.) aei 17,37 (1987-1994 ??.), p < 0,05. Oaaeeoey Na?aaeiuei??/i? iieacieee caoai?thaaiino? ia aaiiaeanoice ianaeaiiy ?aaii-O?aie?anueei? oa ??aiainueei? iaeanoae o 1981-1985 oa 1987-1994 ?ieao oa ?o noaoenoe/ia ioe?iea (ia 100 oen. ianaeaiiy) ?AAII-O?AIE?ANUeEA IAEANOUe??AIAINUeEA IAEANOUeIicieia?/i? iaeeieoe?A?oia ianaeaiiy*an niinoa-?aaeaiiyNoaiaea?oeciaaiee iieaciee oa eiai noaiaea?oia iiieeeaNoaiaea?oeciaaiee iieaciee oa eiai noaiaea?oia iiieeeaAN?*ieia?/a 1981-8517,56 ± 0,56 17,24 ± 0,85AAII-ianaeaiiy1987-9421,17 ± 0,77 22,64 ± 1,05 AEANOICEAE?ii/a1981-8511,04 ± 0,18 10,62 ± 0,77?ACIIianaeaiiy1987-9412,52 ± 0,34 13,24 ± 0,41 AN?*ieia?/a 1981-853,60 ± 0,383,34 ± 0,48AINO??ianaeaiiy1987-943,93 ± 0,354,12 ± 0,39EAEEAI??AE?ii/a 1981-852,91 ± 0,263,01 ± 0,14ianaeaiiy1987-942,96 ± 0,293,09 ± 0,24O?II?*IA*ieia?/a 1981-851,35 ± 0,19 1,06 ± 0,28 I??EI?AeIAianaeaiiy1987-941,22 ± 0,14 1,22 ± 0,25 EAEEAI?ssAE?ii/a 1981-851,19 ± 0,20 1,11 ± 0,19 ianaeaiiy1987-940,73 ± 0,10 0,93 ± 0,17 O?II?*IA*ieia?/a 1981-853,62 ± 0,31 5,27 ± 0,43 E?IOI?AeIAianaeaiiy1987-946,17 ± 0,34 6,89 ± 0,57 EAEEAI?ssAE?ii/a 1981-851,59 ± 0,2 1 2,34 ± 0,08 ianaeaiiy1987-942,44 ± 0,10 2,52 ± 0,45 *ieia?/a 1981-851,33 ± 0,36 0,96 ± 0,15 I??EIIIAianaeaiiy1987-941,71 ± 0,27 1,74 ± 0,27 OAI?IAAAE?ii/a 1981-850,72 ± 0,19 0,30 ± 0,09 ianaeaiiy1987-941,00 ± 0,09 1,26 ± 0,23 IAAIAeAE-*ieia?/a 1981-853,74 ± 0,60 3,03 ± 0,55 E?INUeE?ianaeaiiy1987-944,63 ± 0,37 5,12 ± 0,28 E?IOIIEAE?ii/a 1981-851,44 ± 0,22 1,55 ± 0,22 ianaeaiiy1987-942,47 ± 0,25 2,55 ± 0,16 *ieia?/a 1981-853,45 ± 0,26 2,98 ± 0,56 E?IOIIAianaeaiiy1987-942,64 ± 0,19 2,78 ± 0,37 AIAeAEE?IAAE?ii/a 1981-852,66 ± 0,30 1,79 ± 0,22 ianaeaiiy1987-942,34 ± 0,22 2,17 ± 0,16 I ? e i ? o e a. — ii??aiyiiy a?aeiia?aeieo iieaciee?a aei- oa i?neyaaa??eiiai ia??iaeo aeyaey? ??cieoeth c p < 0,05 a na?aae ianaeaiiy caa?oaeiaieo ?aeii?a a?aei?/aii ??no a?ae 11,64 aei 15,39 (p > 0,05). Caoai?thaai?noue aino?ith eaeeai??th o ?aeiiao, ui ia
iino?aaeaeaee, aeaeyaea? oae: 3,40 o aeiaaa??eiee ia??iae oa 3,32 o
i?neyaaa??ei? ?iee, ia caa?oaeiaieo oa?aiao aei aaa??? — 2,60, i?ney —
3,68 (p > 0,05). Iieacieee caoai?thaaiino? ia OIE oa EA i?ioyaii
ia??iae?a niinoa?aaeaiiy ci?iththoueny ianooo?ai.

Caoai?thaai?noue i??eiiiith oai?iaith a 1981-1985 oa 1987-1994 ??.
c?inoa? ye ia iacaa?oaeiaieo (c 0,61 aei 1,50) oae ? ia caa?oaeiaieo
oa?eoi??yo ( c 0,51 aei 1,29), p < 0,05. Aiaeia?/ia oaiaeaioe?y niinoa??aa?oueny ? o caoai?thaaiino? ia IAE: a iacaa?oaeiaieo ?aeiiao ??no c 2,24 (aei aaa???) aei 3,76 (i?ney aaa???), a caa?oaeiaieo ?aeiiao a?aeiia?aeii c 2,03 aei 3,25 i?e p < 0,05. Aiae?c aeaieo o a?eiaiio aniaeo? iieacaa, ui ye o /ieia?e?a, oae ? o ae?iie ??aiainueei? iaeano? caoai?thaai?noue a 1987-1994 ??. i?e ii??aiyii? c aeiaaa??eieie ?ieaie c?inoa? (p < 0,05) o ethaeae noa?oeo a?eiaeo a?oi (60 ?ie?a oa aeua). Iiae?aia caeiiii??i?noue aeyaeaia ? aeey ianaeaiiy ?aaii-O?aie?anueei? iaeano?. Iao? aeine?aeaeaiiy ni?aiaaeathoue c aeaieie ?ioeo aaoi??a (Aenaeue A.I. e niaao.,1994). Aeinoia??ia c?inoaiiy iieaciee?a aeyaeaii ye o /ieia?e?a, oae ? o ae?iie noa?oeo a?eiaeo a?oi ??aiainueei? iaeano?, ye? caoai??ee ia OEE, IAE oa IO. Iiae?aia neooaoe?y aeyaeaia iaie i?e aiae?c? iieaciee?a caoai?thaaiino? ia eaeeai?? oa e?ioiie o caeaaeiino? a?ae a?eo iiioeyoe?? ?aaii-O?aie?anueei? iaeano?. A ie?aieo a?eiaeo a?oiao iaeaeaio iaeanoae caoai?thaai?noue ia OEE a i?neyaaa??ei? ?iee ca?eueoo?oueny a?eueoa, i?ae oaea?/?. Aeyaeaia c?inoaiiy caoai?thaaiino? ia aaiiaeanoice ia aeine?aeaeoaaieo oa?aiao o 1987-1994 ??. i?aeoaa?aeaeaii ? aiae?cii nia?oiino? a?ae oeeo caoai?thaaiue. C?inoaiiy iieaciee?a nia?oiino? o i?neyaaa??eiee ia??iae a?aeaoeinue o ??aiainuee?e iaeano? ye ia caa?oaeiaieo, oae ? ia iacaa?oaeiaieo ?aae?iioee?aeaie oa?aiao, a iniiaiiio, na?aae ianaeaiiy noa?oeo a?eiaeo a?oi. Oae, na?aaeiuei??/i? noaiaea?oeciaai? iieacieee nia?oiino? aeinoia??ii c?inee na?aae ianaeaiiy ?aaii-O?aie?anueei? iaeano? c 8,40 aei 12,08, na?aae ianaeaiiy ??aiainueei? iaeano? a?aeiia?aeii c 7,25 aei 10,48. Aiaeia?/ia c?inoaiiy nia?oiino? a?ae eaeeai?e oa e?ioii niinoa??aaeinue na?aae ianaeaiiy iacaa?oaeiaieo oa caa?oaeiaieo ?aae?iioee?aeaie oa?ai?a ??aiainueei? iaeano?: ia o?aaeaieo oa?aiao iieacieee c?inee c 7,08 aei 9,63, a ia “/enoeo” c 7,32 aei 10,78. Iieacieee nia?oiino? a?ae aaiiaeanoic?a a inoaii? ?iee c?inoathoue ia?aaaaeii na?aae ianaeaiiy noa?oeo a?eiaeo a?oi. Oaea aeeiai?ea caoai?thaaiino? ia aaiiaeanoice oa nia?oiino? a?ae ieo na?ae/eoue i?i ci?io ai?aeai?ieia?/ii? neooaoe?? a inoaii? ?iee. Ia??iae noaa?e?caoe?? caoai?thaaiino? ia eaeeai?? oa e?ioiie, eio?ee a?aei?/aany ia oa?aiao eieeoiueiai N?N?, cie?aia, a ?aaii-O?aie?anuee?e iaeano? o 60-70 ?ieao (Ina/eineee E.A. e niaao., 1977; Oioeiaa I.I. e niaao., 1977; Oioeiaa I.I., 1979), i/aaeaeii, cae?i/eany, ? oaia? ie eiinoaoo?ii c?inoaiiy caoai?thaaiino?. Morgan G.J. et al. (1996), aea/ath/e caoai?thaai?noue ia ceiye?ni? e?ioiie a ie?aieo iiioeyoe?yo ianaeaiiy Cao?aeii? ?a?iie a 1972-1996 ??. aaaaeathoue, ui no?eea c?inoaiiy caoai?thaaiino? ?icii/aeiny c na?aaeeie 80-o ?ie?a. O?aiaee caoai?thaaiino? ia aaiiaeanoice ia oa?aiao iaeaeaio iaeanoae o /ieia?e?a oa ae?iie o aeiaaa??eieo ?ieao aeyaeee oaiaeaioe?th aei cieaeaiiy caoai?thaaiino? ia aaiiaeanoice, a o i?neyaaa??eieo ?ieao niinoa??aa?oueny oaiaeaioe?y aei c?inoaiiy caoai?thaaiino?. I?e aea/aii? aieeao ie?aieo oaeoi??a iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua ia caoai?thaai?noue eaeeai?yie oa e?ioiiaie ia aeyaeaii eiie?aoiiai oaeoi?a, eio?ee aaccaia?a/ii coiiaea ae c?inoaiiy caoai?thaaiino? ia aaiiaeanoice. Aiae?c caoai?thaaiino? ia eaeeai?? oa e?ioiie o caeaaeiino? a?ae i?noey i?iaeeaaiiy iieacaa c?inoaiiy iieaciee?a caoai?thaaiino? o n?euenueeiai ianaeaiiy. A ?aaii-O?aie?anuee?e iaeano? aeyaeaii aeinoia??ia (p < 0,05) ia?aaaaeaiiy caoai?thaaiino? ia aaiiaeanoice ianaeaiiy n?e i?e ii??aiyii? c iaoeaioeyie i?no, a o ??aiainuee?e iaeano? iieacieee a?ae??ciythoueny iacia/ii (p > 0,05).

Aiae?c aieeao ii?ii?iaiiy a?ae ?aioaaiii?io?eaeoe/ieo i?ioeaaeo?
(na?aaeiy e?noeiai-iiceiaa aeica aai NEIAe) ia aeyaea cayceo i?ae NEIAe
oa caoai?thaai?noth ia aaiiaeanoice, a ie?aii aeey caoai?thaaiino? OEE,
IAE oa IO eiao?oe??ioe ei?aeyoe?? aoee a?ae?iieie.

Iaea?aeai? aeai? ia ni?aiaaeathoue c aeyaeaiei Ina/eineei E.A. (1981) ?
Oeaiaeeiie O.I. (1983) iiceoeaiei ca’yceii /anoioe eaeeai?e c
iaeiie/aiiyi NEIAe ?aioaaiiae?aaiinoe/iiai ii?ii?iaiiy.

Iiaeeeaa ?ioa?i?aoaoe?y aeyaeaiiai oaeoo, ia iaoo aeoieo, iieyaa? o
oiio, ui aianie NEIAe o nooi?iue ci?ie caoai?thaaiino? ia
aeine?aeaeoaaieo oa?aiao ? iacia/iei, oiio iaa?oue ciaioaiiy e?eueeino?
?aioaaiiae?aaiinoe/ieo i?ioeaaeo?, oiaoi nooiaiy ii?ii?iaiiy e?noeiaiai
iiceo i?ae aieeaii ?ioeo ae?th/eo oaeoi??a aaaea aei c?inoaiiy
caoai?thaaiino? ia aaiiaeanoice.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy ca’yceo i?ae ?ioaineai?noth canoinoaaiiy ianoeoeeae?a oa
??aiai caoai?thaaiino? ia eaeeai?? oa e?ioiie ia aeyaeei oaei?
caeaaeiino? ia oa?aiao aeaio iaeanoae, oi/a o ??aiainuee?e iaeano?
ianoeoeeaee canoiniaothoueny aeineoue ?ioaineaii.

O ??cieo aeine?aeaeaiiyo eiinoaoiaaii c?inoaiiy iieaciee?a
caoai?thaaiino? ia IAE, aieineiaiee?oeiio eaeeai?th, IO i?ae aieeaii
ianoeoeeae?a, iaeiae o iaoeo aeine?aeaeaiiyo oaei? caeiiii??iino? ia
niinoa??aaeinue.

A?aeii? aeai? i?i ca’ycie i?ae caoai?thaai?noth ceiye?nieie iooeeiaie,
cie?aia aaiiaeanoicaie, oa ?iaaeyoe?eiith ae??th ??cieo eaioea?iaaiieo
?a/iaei (aaici??ai, iie?oeeee?/i? a?iiaoe/i? aoaeaaiaei?,
i?o?iciniieoee). Naia oiio ie caa?ioee oaaao ia V a?oio ?aiaeoaaiiy
aoiinoa?ieo aeeeae?a, i?aaenoaaeaio iaeiei Aaeeoeueeei ?aeiiii
?aaii-O?aie?anueei? iaeano?, ia oa?eoi??? yeiai ?icoaoiaaia Ao?ooeinueea
OAN. Iaeei oeae ?aeii aea? 47,206 oeny/ oiii oe?aeeeaeo aoiinoa?ieo
aeeeae?a ia eiaei? 10 oen. ianaeaiiy. I/aaeaeii, ui iieaciee
caoai?thaaiino? ia aaiiaeanoice (19,46 ia 100 oeny/ ianaeaiiy)
iia’ycaiee c oaeith e?euee?noth aeeeae?a a aoiinoa?o, c iaeyaeo ia oa,
ui a ?aoo? ?aeii?a aeaio iaeanoae a?aeianaieo aei a?oi ?aiaeoaaiiy I-IV
eiinoaoothoueny i?aeoe/ii iaeiaeia? ??ai? caoai?thaaiino?: o I a?oi?
?aiaeoaaiiy — 14,80 o ??aiainuee?e oa 14,86 a ?aaii-O?aie?anuee?e
iaeano?, o II a?oi? ?aiaeoaaiiy — 12,59 oa 11,72, a o III a?oi? — 16,44
oa 15,79 a?aeiia?aeii, IV a?oia i?aaenoaaeaia ?aeiiaie o?eueee
?aaii-O?aie?anueei? iaeano?- 15,68 ia 100 oeny/ ianaeaiiy.

sse a?aeiii, o ia?o? 5-10 ?ie?a i?ney aeaooo aoiiii? aiiae a ssiii??
ca?eueooaaeanue /anoioa OIE oa AE, iniaeeai o iieiaeoeo a?eiaeo a?oiao
(oeeoiaaii ca A.A. Aeii?a/aaie e niaao., 1990). A?oiooth/enue ia oeueiio
oaeo?, ie i?iaaee aiae?c caoai?thaaiino? iieiaei? iiioeyoe??
aeine?aeaeoaaieo iaeanoae. Oeae aiae?c ia aeyaea iaaii? oaiaeaioe?? a
ai?aeai?ieia?? aaiiaeanoic?a oa ie?aieo iicieia?/ieo oi?i i?ney aaa???
ia *AAN.

Ia aeaeue, ia nueiaiaei?oi?e aeaiue a?aenooi? iaoiaeeee, ca yeeie iiaeia
aoei a aeyaeoe nooi?iue oe?aeeeaino? oaeoi??a ??ciiiai?oii? i?e?iaee a
aoaeue-yeeo oi?o?eiaaieo iaeeieoeyo aei??o, oiio iaiiaeeeai e?euee?nii
?aiaeoaaoe an? oaeoi?e ca nooiaiai ?o iaaaciaee (Eiaa/?a A.A. e niaao.,
1993).

A?oiooth/enue ia iaoa??aeao iaoeo aeine?aeaeaiue, ie iiae?ey?ii aeoieo
i?i eiia?iiaaiee oa aaeeoeaiee (neia?a?/iee) aieea ia caoai?thaai?noue
aaiiaeanoicaie ??cieo oaeoi??a iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua, a oiio /ene?
? aio?iiiaaiieo (aeeth/ii c ?aae?aoe?eiei). I?i aeinoia??i?noue oeueiai
aeniiaeo aiai?eoue c?inoaiiy iieaciee?a caoai?thaaiino? ye ia
caa?oaeiaieo, oae ? ia iacaa?oaeiaieo ?aae?iioee?aeaie oa?aiao i?ioyaii
ia??iaeo niinoa?aaeaiiy; c?inoaiiy iieaciee?a caoai?thaaiino? oeo
iicieia?/ieo iaeeieoeue, eio?? o?aaeeoe?eii aaaaeaeenue ?acenoaioieie
aei aieeao ?aae?aoe?eiiai oaeoi?o (IAE, OEE).

Oaeei /eiii, ia iieacieee caoai?thaaiino? aaiiaeanoicaie ia oa?eoi???
?aaii-O?aie?anueei? oa ??aiainueei? iaeanoae aieeaathoue oei/ania?
ei?ioei/anii ae?th/? oaeoi?e, eio?? ae?yee ? a ?iee aei 1986 ?ieo.
Ii/eiath/e c 1986-1987 ??. ia ai?aeai?ieia?/i? iieacieee ii/aea aieeaaoe
ua aeiaeaoeiaa iecea oaeoi??a (aeiiii?/i?, nioe?aeuei?, ineoieia?/i?,
?aae?aoe?ei? oa ?io?), c iaeyaeo ia ye?, i/aaeaeii, ? aeieeee iaai?
iniaeeaino?. Naia oiio, iaia i?aenoaa aaaaeaoe, ui aeyaeai? iaie ci?ie o
caoai?thaaiino? aaiiaeanoicaie ianaeaiiy aeine?aeaeoaaieo iaeanoae i?ney
1986 ?. coiiaeai? aeeeth/ii ae??th ?aae?aoe?eiiai oaeoi?o aaa??? ia
*AAN.

Ua iaeei aniaeo aiae?co io?eiaieo aeaieo — iiaoaeiaa i?iaiico ia
iaeaooi?. I?e iiaoaeia? i?iaiico aeei?enoai? o?eueee aeai?, c?a?ai? iaie
ca 1981-1994 ??., a?aoiaoth/e iayai?noue iaaiiai iaaeiiae?eo o
iaoa??aeao io?oe?eii? noaoenoeee aia?oa aeyaeaieo aeiaaee?a
caoai?thaaiue ia aaiiaeanoice a iaeaeaio iaeanoyo. Oeae iaaeiiae?e o
na?aaeiueiio aei??aith? 20-30 %. Ca?aeii c i?iaiicii, caoai?thaai?noue
ia aaiiaeanoice a 2005 ?ioe? o ??aiainuee?e iaeano? aei??aithaaoeia o
/ieia?e?a — 24,94 ± 3,87, o ae?iie — 19,02 ± 2,15, a a
?aaii-O?aie?anuee?e iaeano? a?aeiia?aeii — 23,20 ± 3,19, oa 16,94 ± 1,27
ia 100 oeny/ ianaeaiiy o ??e. I?iaiinoe/i? ioe?iee caoai?thaaiino? ia
eaeeai?? oa e?ioiie, i/aaeaeia ?o c?inoaiiy o iaeaooiueiio aeiaaathoue
aaea nueiaiaei? iaa?oioiaoaaoe ?aoe?iiaeuei? i?aeoiaee aei ae?aaiinoeee
aaiiaeanoic?a oa ?o iiaeaeueoiai e?eoaaiiy.

Oaeei /eiii, i?iaaaeaia aeine?aeaeaiiy aeicaieeei aeyaeoe iniaeeaino?
caoai?thaaiino? ia eaeeai?? oa e?ioiie oa ?? ?noeiiee ??aaiue, aecia/eoe
aieea ie?aieo oaeoi??a ia ??aaiue caoai?thaaiino? aaiiaeanoicaie,
noai?eoe iiaeaeue i?iaiico ia iaeaooi?.

Caaaeath/e ia oa, ui o?eueee aeiaaino?ieia? ai?aeai?ieia?/i?
aeine?aeaeaiiy, ui a?oioothoueny ia aeinoia??ieo ia?aeiieo aeaieo,
iiaeooue aooe i?aenoaaith aeey ia’?eoeaieo aeniiae?a oa i?iaiic?a uiaei
iiaeeeaeo ci?i caoai?thaaiino? ia aaiiaeanoice, aeine?aeaeaiiy iiaeiii
i?iaeiaaeoaaoenue.

AENIIAEE

1. O iiioeyoe?yo ??aiainueei? oa ?aaii-O?aie?anueei? iaeanoae caaaeuei?
caeiiii??iino? caoai?thaaiino? ia aaiiaeanoice oa nia?oiino? a?ae ieo a
1981-1994 ??. iiae?ai?.

2. Iieacieee caoai?thaaiino? ia aaiiaeanoice o aeine?aeaeoaaieo iaeanoyo
c?inoathoue o 1981-1994 ??., a iniiaiiio, ca ?aooiie ca?eueoaiiy /anoioe
eaeeai?e oa e?ioii o /aniaiio ?ioa?aae? 1987-1994 ??. I?e
caoai?thaaiino? ia aaiiaeanoice o ??aiainuee?e iaeano? (19.90) o 1990
?., a a ?aaii-O?aie?anuee?e (18.28) — o 1993 ?ioe?.

3. Nia?oi?noue a?ae aaiiaeanoic?a c?inea ye a ?aaii-O?aie?anuee?e, oae ?
o ??aiainuee?e iaeanoyo a 1987-1994 ??., ia?aaaaeii o ianaeaiiy noa?oeo
a?eiaeo a?oi. Ia aeyaeaii nooo?ai? ??cieoe? a c?inoaii? iieaciee?a
nia?oiino? a?ae eaeeai?e oa e?ioii o caa?oaeiaieo oa iacaa?oaeiaieo
?aae?iioee?aeaie ?aeiiao.

4. Caoai?thaai?noue ia aaiiaeanoice cia/ii aeua o /ieia?e?a, i?e
ii??aiyii? c ae?ieaie, a oaeiae o ianaeaiiy noa?oeo a?eiaeo a?oi. Oey
oaiaeaioe?y noaa?eueia i?ioyaii onueiai ia??iaeo niinoa?aaeaiiy ia
oa?aiao aeaio iaeanoae.

5. Caoai?thaai?noue ia eaeeai?? oa e?ioiie c?inoa? ye ia caa?oaeiaieo,
oae ? ia iacaa?oaeiaieo ?aae?iioee?aeaie oa?aiao i?ioyaii onueiai
ia??iaeo niinoa?aaeaiiy, aea cia/ii oaeaeoa a 1987-1994 ??. Ia aeyaeaii
caeaaeiino? i?ae c?inoaiiyi caoai?thaaiino? ia aaiiaeanoice oa
?aae?iioee?aeiei caa?oaeiaiiyi i?noeaaino?.

6. O 1987-1994 ??. c?inoathoue iieacieee caoai?thaaiino? ia
iaaiaeaee?inueeo e?ioiio, o?ii?/io e?ioi?aeio eaeeai?th oa i??eiiio
oai?iao (o ianaeaiiy ??aiainueei? iaeano?), ia?aaaaeii na?a

ae iaoe??io?a noa?oeo a?eiaeo a?oi (iiiaae 60 ?ie?a).

7. Ia iieacieee caoai?thaaiino? eaeeai?yie oa e?ioiiaie aieeaathoue
oei/aniai ae?th/? oaeoi?e. Ia aeyaeaii iniiaiiai (aaceniiai) oaeoi?o,
eio?ee cia/ii ci?ithaaa ae iieacieee caoai?thaaiino? ia aaiiaeanoice oa
nia?oiino? a?ae ieo i?ioyaii aeine?aeaeoaaiiai ia??iaeo.

8. O iiioeyoe?? iieiaeiai ianaeaiiy (1966-1986 ?ie?a ia?iaeaeaiiy)
aeaio iaeanoae ia aeyaeaii iaaii? oaiaeaioe?? aei ci?i caoai?thaaiino?
ia aaiiaeanoice o 1986-1994 ??.

9. I?iaaaeai? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeathoue ciiao ieaioaaoe iieiaaiaoieia?/io
aeiiiiiao ianaeaiith oa ?aoe?iiaeueii aeei?enoiaoaaoe iayai? ooaoe
niaoe?ae?no?a.

I?AEOE*I? ?AEIIAIAeAOe??

I?e ieaioaaii? ianyao iieiaaiaoieia?/ii? aeiiiiiae o iaaeao ?aeiio,
i?noa, iaeano?, ?aa?iio a?aoiaoaaoe aeyaeai? iniaeeaino? caoai?thaaiino?
ia aaiiaeanoice oa nia?oiino? a?ae ieo.

I?e ioe?ioe? aeaieo noaoenoe/ieo ca?o?a ii iieiaaiaoieia?/i?e iaoieia??
a?aoiaoaaoe /anoeo iiaeeeaiai iaaeiiae?eo aeiaaee?a caoai?thaaiue (a
na?aaeiueiio a?ey 25 %).

Iayaio eiii’thoa?io aaco aeaieo i?i aeiaaeee caoai?thaaiue ia
aaiiaeanoice oa nia?o? a?ae ieo aeeth/eoe, ye neeaaeiao /anoeio, o
Iaoe?iiaeueiee ?a?no? aaiiaeanoic?a.

I?iaeiaaeeoe aea/aiiy ai?aeai?ieia?? aaiiaeanoic?a, ine?eueee eeoa
aeiaaio?eaaeee iii?oi?eia aeanoue iiaeeea?noue aeyaeoe iaai?
caeiiii??iino?.

NIENIE IIOAE?EIAAIEO I?AOeUe

1. Aeaianueea ss.?., Ea/i?ianueeee A.A., Iaco?ie A.A., Eoeaaaoeueeee
E.I., I?eee A.A. Caoai?thaai?noue ia aaiiaeanoice a ?aeiiao ??aiainueei?
iaeano?, o?aaeaieo ?aae?iioee?aeaie aiane?aeie aaa??? ia
*i?iiaeeuenuee?e AAN // Aaiaoieiaey e ia?aeeaaiea e?iae /
?anioaeeeaineee iaaeaaaeiinoaaiiue nai?iee.- E: Caei?iay, 1993. — Auione
28.- N. 111-114.

2. Auaianeay ss.E., Ea/i?ianeee A.A., Iaco?ie A.A., Eoeaaaoeeee E.I.
Caaieaaaaiinoue aaiiaeanoicaie a ?iaaineie iaeanoe Oe?aeiu aei e iinea
aaa?ee ia *a?iiaueueneie AYN // Aaiaoieiaey e o?ainooceieiaey.- 1994.- N
3. — N. 22-24.

3. Aeaianueea ss.?., Ea/i?ianueeee A.A., Iaco?ie A.A., Eoeaaaoeueeee
E.I., I?eee A.A., Ioaie/iee ?.N. Iieacieee nia?oiino? a?ae aaiiaeanoic?a
a ??aiainuee?e iaeano? aei oa i?ney aaa??? ia *i?iiaeeuenuee?e AAN //
E?ea?nueea ni?aaa.- 1995.- N 3-4.- N. 23-25.

4. Aeaianueea ss.?., Ea/i?ianueeee A.A., Iaco?ie A.A., Eoeaaaoeueeee
E.I., I?eee A.A., Ianeye C.A., Ioaie/iee ?.N. Caoai?thaai?noue
iaoiaeaee?inueeeie e?ioiiaie oa nia?oi?noue a?ae ieo o ??aiainuee?e
iaeano? Oe?a?ie aei oa i?ney aaa??? ia *i?iiaeeuenuee?e AAN //
Aenia?eiaioaeueia iieieia?y.- 1995.- N 3.- N.220-223.

5. Aeaianueea ss.?., Iaco?ie A.A., Eoeaaaoeueeee E.I., Ianeye C.A.,
Oeeiaaethe ?.I. Ai?aeai?ieia?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy o?ii?/iiai e?ioieaeeico
a ??aiainuee?e iaeano? Oe?a?ie // Acta Medica Leopoliensia.- 1995.- N
2-3.- N. 34-36.

6.

Eoeaaaoeueeee E.I., Aeaianueea ss.?., Iaco?ie A.A., Ianeye C.A., Oeyiea
I.I., Ea?ithe E.I. Caoai?thaai?noue o?ii?/iith i??ei?aeiith eaeeai??th
oa nia?oi?noue a?ae ia? a ??aiainuee?e oa ?aaii-O?aie?anuee?e iaeanoyo
aei oa i?ney aaa??? ia *AAN / Nia?aiaiiua i?iaeaiu ?aaeeaoeeiiiie
iaaeeoeeiu.- Nai?iee noaoae.- Eeaa, 1997.- N. 53-55.

7. Eoeaaaoeueeee E.I. Caoai?thaai?noue iaaiaeaee?inueeeie e?ioiiaie oa
nia?oi?noue a?ae ieo a ?aaii-O?aie?anuee?e iaeano? ia?aae oa i?ney
aaa??? ia *i?iiaeeuenuee?e AAN// Acta Medica Leopoliensia.- 1997.- N
3-4.- N. 63-65.

8. Eoeaaaoeueeee E.I. ?aa?iiaeuei? iniaeeaino? iieiaaiaoieia?/ii?
iaoieia?? a Oe?a?i? // AEo?iae i?aeoe/aneiai a?a/a.- 1997.- N 6.- N.
4-6.

9. Aeaianueea ss.?., Ea/i?ianueeee A.A., Iaco?ie A.A., Eoeaaaoeueeee
E.I. Caoai?thaai?noue ia aaiiaeanoice o ??aiainuee?e iaeano? Oe?a?ie aei
oa i?ney aaa??? ia *AAN // Iaoa??aee V eiia?ano na?oiai? oaaea?aoe??
Oe?a?inueeeo e?ea?nueeeo oiaa?enoa.- Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, 1994.- N. 30-31.

10. Iaco?ie A.A., Eoeaaaoeueeee E.I., I?eee A.A., Ea?ithe E.I.
Caoai?thaai?noue ia aaiiaeanoice oa nia?oi?noue a?ae ieo o ??aiainuee?e
iaeano? aei oa i?ney aaa??? ia *i?iiaeeuenuee?e AAN // Oace aeii. III
Oe?. c’?caeo aaiaoieia?a ? o?ainooc?ieia?a (Noie).- E.: A.a., 1995.- N.
118-119.

11. Aeaianueea ss..?., Iaco?ie A.A., Eoeaaaoeueeee E.I., Oeyiea I.I.,
Ai?iaaeue A.A., Eaeenue A.N. Aiae?c caoai?thaaiino? aaiiaeanoicaie a
?aaii-O?aie?anuee?e iaeano? ca inoaii? 25 ?ie?a // Iaoa??aee VI eiia?ano
na?oiai? oaaea?aoe?? Oe?a?inueeeo e?ea?nueeeo oiaa?enoa.- Iaeana, 1996.-
N. 121.

12. ukawecki L., Wyhowska J., Mazurok A., Ciapka O., Fabryka A., Maslak
Z. Zachorowalno na biaaczki i choniaki zoliwe w Riwnenskim i
Iwano-Frankowskim obwodach Ukrainy przed i po katastrofie w Czernobylu
// Acta Haematologica Polonica.- 1997.- 28, Suppl.3.- P. 266.

13. Wyhowska J., ukawecki L., Mazurok A., Ciapka O., Fabryka A. The
multiple myeloma morbidity before and after nuclear catastrophe in
Chernobyl. A study of two administrative districts of the Ukraine:
Rivnensk and Ivano-Frankovsk // Applied Biology Communications.- 1997.-
7, Suppl. 1.- P. 175.

14. Eoeaaaoeueeee E.I. Ai?aeai?ieia?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy
iaoiaeaee?inueeeo e?ioii o ??aiainuee?e iaeano? Oe?a?ie aei oa i?ney
*i?iiaeeuenueei? eaoano?ioe // Oace aeii. iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii?
eiioa?aioe?? iieiaeeo a/aieo oa oao?aoe?a «No/ani? i?iaeaie aaiaoieia??
oa o?ainooc?ieia??».- Ee?a.- 1998.- N. 28.

15. Vygovskaja Ya.I., Lukavezkij L. Epidemiology of Leukemia/lymphoma
in Rovno and Ivano-Frankivsk region (Ukraine) before and after
Chernobyl accident, 1981-1994 // Internationaler Kongress: Die Wirkung
niedriger Strahlendosen: Mnster, Germany, Marz 19-21, 1998. Programm und
Abstracts.- P. 72.

16. Lukavetsky L., Vygovska Y., Prysyazniuk A., Mazurok A., Tsiapka O.,
Masliak Z., Fabryka A. The chronic lymphocytic leukemia morbidity before
and after nuclear catastrophe in Chernobyl // Acta Haematologica
Polonica.-1998.-29,Suppl.1.-P. 119.

17. Y.I. Vygovska, L.M. Lukavetsky, A.A. Mazurok, O.M. Tsiapka, A.V.
Fabryka. Mortality rate caused by leukemia and lymphoma in Ukraine
before and after Chernobyl catastrofe// Brit. J. of Haematology.- 1998.-
102.- P. 36.

18.ss. Aeaianueea, E. Eoeaaaoeueeee, A. I?enyaeithe, A. Iaco?ie, I.
Oeyiea, C. Ianeye, A. Oaa?eea, E. Ea?ithe, A. Eaeenue. Caoai?thaai?noue
aaiiaeanoicaie ia ?ai?acaioaoeaieo oa?aiao Oe?a?ie aei oa i?ney aaa???
ia *i?iiaeeuenuee?e AAN//Oe?a?inuee? iaaee/i? a?no?.-1998.-2,- N 1-2.-
N. 252-253.

AIIOAOe?ss

Eoeaaaoeueeee E.I. Caoai?thaai?noue ia eaeeai?? oa e?ioiie ia
caa?oaeiaieo ? iacaa?oaeiaieo ?aae?iioee?aeaie oa?eoi??yo aiane?aeie
aaa??? ia *i?iiaeeuenuee?e AAN.- ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 14.01.31 — aaiaoieia?y ? o?ainooc?ieia?y.-
Ee?anueeee iaoeiai-aeine?aeiee ?inoeooo aaiaoieia?? oa ia?aeeaaiiy
e?ia?, Ee?a, 1999.

Aeena?oaoe?th i?enay/aii iiaeeaeaiiio aea/aiith iieaciee?a
caoai?thaaiino? ia aaiiaeanoice (eaeeai?? oa e?ioiie) oa nia?oiino? a?ae
ieo i?ioyaii 1981-1994 ?ie?a ia oa?aiao ?aaii-O?aie?anueei?, a oaeiae
??aiainueei? iaeano?, o?noue i?ai?/ieo ?aeii?a yei? caciaee o?aaeaiiy
?aae?iioee?aeaie aiane?aeie aaa??? ia *i?iiaeeuenuee?e AAN. Ianaeaiiy
iino?aaeaeaeeo ?aeii?a cacia? aieeao, ia?aaaaeii, aioo??oiueiai
?ii?coth/iai ii?ii?iaiiy. Aeyaeaii c?inoaiiy iieaciee?a caoai?thaaiino?
oa nia?oiino? o aeaio iaeanoyo, ia?aaaaeii a /aniaiio ?ioa?aae?
1987-1994 ??. iacaeaaeii a?ae caa?oaeiaiiy oa?ai?a ?aae?iioee?aeaie.
C?inoaiiy caoai?thaaiino? eiinoaoiaaii na?aae ianaeaiiy noa?oeo a?eiaeo
a?oi, a na?aae ie?aieo iicieia?/ieo oi?i c?inoa? caoai?thaai?noue ia
iaaiaeaee?inueeo e?ioiio, o?ii?/io e?ioi?aeio eaeeai?th oa i??eiiio
oai?iao. Ia aeyaeaii iniiaiiai (aaceniiai) oaeoi?o, eio?ee aieeaaa ae ia
caoai?thaai?noue aaiiaeanoicaie oa nia?oi?noue a?ae ieo i?ioyaii
aeine?aeaeoaaiiai ia??iaeo ia oa?aiao aeaio iaeanoae. ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe
aeei?enoai? aeey noai?aiiy aace aeaieo iieiaaiaoieia?/ieo caoai?thaaiue
? aeey ?aoe?iiaeueiiai ieaioaaiiy aaiaoieia?/ii? neoaeae.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: caoai?thaai?noue, eaeeai??, e?ioiie, ?aae?iioee?aeia
caa?oaeiaiiy, *i?iiaeeuenueea eaoano?ioa.

AIIIOAOeEss

Eoeaaaoeeee E.I. Caaieaaaaiinoue eaeeicaie e eeioiiaie ia caa?yci?iiuo e
iacaa?yci?iiuo ?aaeeiioeeeaeaie oa??eoi?eyo aneaaenoaea aaa?ee ia
*a?iiaueueneie AYN.- ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeeoeeineeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 14.01.31 — aaiaoieiaey e o?ainooceieiaey.- Eeaaneee
iao/ii-enneaaeiaaoaeueneee einoeooo aaiaoieiaee e ia?aeeaaiey e?iae,
Eeaa, 1999.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia oaeoae?iiiio eco/aieth iieacaoaeae
caaieaaaaiinoe aaiiaeanoicaie (eaeeicaie e eeioiiaie) e nia?oiinoe io
ieo ia i?ioyaeaiee 1981-1994 aa. ia oa??eoi?ee Eaaii-O?aieianeie, a
oaeaea ?eaiaineie iaeanoe, oanoue naaa?iuo ?aeiiia eioi?ie iino?aaeaee
io ?aaeeiioeeeaeiiai caa?yciaiey aneaaenoaea aaa?ee ia *a?iiaueueneie
AYN. Ianaeaiea iino?aaeaaoeo ?aeiiia iiaeaa?aeaii, a iniiaiii,
aeaenoaeth aioo?aiiaai eiiece?othuaai iaeo/aiey ca n/?o aeoeaiie
iea?aoeee ?aaeeiioeeeaeia ii ieuaaui oeaii/eai ec caa?yci?iiie ii/au a
i?aaieci /aeiaaea. A yoeo iaeanoyo ca 14 eao (1981-1994 aa.) auyaeai
5331 neo/ae caaieaaaiey aaiiaeanoicaie. Eco/aiea caaieaaaaiinoe
aaiiaeanoicaie e nia?oiinoe io ieo i?iaaaeaii iiioeyoeeiiiui iaoiaeii
nieioiiai iaaethaeaiey. Nianoaaiii?o/ii nia?aiiue e niioaaonoaaiii
ia?aaioaiiue iaoa?eae aaaae?i a eiiiuethoa?ioth aaco aeaiiuo e i?e
iiiiue nicaeaiiie i?ia?aiiu i?iaaae?i iiiainoi?ii

iee aeaoaeueiue aiaeec ianneaa aeieoiaioia ii iicieiae/aneei aaeeieoeai,
aic?anoo, iieo, ianoo aeeoaeuenoaa (ai?iae, naei), aeaoa acyoey ia
aeeniaina?iue o/?o e aeaoa nia?oe. Au/eneaiu eioaineaiua (iau/iua),
aic?anoiua, a oaeaea noaiaea?oece?iaaiiua iieacaoaee caaieaaaaiinoe e
nia?oiinoe ia 100 ouny/ ianaeaiey aeey eaaeaeiai aiaea iaaethaeaiey.
Noaiaea?oecaoeey i?iaaaeaia i?yiui iaoiaeii ( aa?iiaeneee noaiaea?o).
I?iaaaeaii eco/aiea aiciiaeiie nayce iieacaoaeae caaieaaaaiinoe
aaiiaeanoicaie n ioaeaeueiuie oaeoi?aie, a /anoiinoe ieioiinoueth
ianaeaiey, eioaineaiinoueth i?eiaiaiey ianoeoeeaeia e ieia?aeueiuo
oaeia?aiee, i?iiuoeaiiuie aua?inaie a aoiinoa?o, n?aaeiae einoiiiicaiaie
aeicie ?aioaaiiaeeaaiinoe/aneeo i?ioeaaeo?, a oaeaea a caaeneiinoe io
ioeoeeaeueiiai ?ani?aaeaeaiey ianae?iiuo ioieoia ?eaiaineie iaeanoe
(caa?yci?iiue e iacaa?yci?iiue). Auyaeaii oaaee/aiea iieacaoaeae
caaieaaaaiinoe e nia?oiinoe a aeaoo iaeanoyo, i?aeiouanoaaiii ai
a?aiaiiii eioa?aaea 1987-1994 aa., iacaaeneii io caa?yciaiey oa??eoi?ee
?aaeeiioeeeaeaie. N?aaee ioaeaeueiuo iicieiae/aneeo oi?i aic?anoaao
caaieaaaaiinoue iaoiaeaeeeineie eeioiiie, o?iie/aneei eeioieaeeicii e
ieaeiiiie aieaciueth. Iieacaii, /oi yoio ?ino i?ienoiaeeo ca n/?o
oaaee/aiey caaieaaaaiinoe n?aaee ioaeneiai e aeaineiai ianaeaiey noa?oeo
aic?anoiuo a?oii (60 eao e noa?oa). Aia?aua onoaiiaeaii, /oi ?ino
caaieaaaaiinoe iaoiaeaeeeineeie eeioiiaie e o?iie/aneei eeioieaeeicii a
1987-1994 aa. iaaethaeaeny n?aaee ianaeaiey eae caa?yci?iiuo, oae e
iacaa?yci?iiuo ?aaeeiioeeeaeaie oa??eoi?ee. Auyaeaii, /oi ia eco/aaiie
oa??eoi?ee caaieaaaaiinoue ino?uie eaeeicaie, o?iie/aneei ieaeieaeeicii
e eeioiiie Oiaeaeeeia a 1981-1985 aa. e a 1987-1994 aa. auea
noaaeeueiie. Ia auyaeaii iniiaiiai (aaceniiai) oaeoi?a, eioi?ue
aicaeaenoaiaae au ia caaieaaaaiinoue aaiiaeanoicaie e nia?oiinoue io ieo
ia i?ioyaeaiee ia?eiaea iaaethaeaiey a iaaeo iaeanoyo. Nicaeaia
eiiiuethoa?iay aaca aeaiiuo, eae iniiaa aeey aeieaia?aiaiiiai
yieaeaieieiae/aneiai iiieoi?eiaa e n?aaiaiey iieo/aiiuo aeaiiuo n
ae?oaeie iieiaaiaoieiae/aneeie ?aaeno?aie. I?e ioeaiea aeaiiuo
ioeoeeaeueiuo noaoenoe/aneeo io/?oia ii iieiaaiaoieiae/aneie iaoieiaee
?aeiiaiaeiaaii o/eouaaoue auyaeaiioth aeieth aiciiaeiiai iaaeio/?oa
neo/aaa caaieaaaiee ( a n?aaeiai ieiei 25 %). Ia iniiaaiee iieo/aiiuo
aeaiiuo iino?iai i?iaiic caaieaaaaiinoe aaiiaeanoicaie aei 2005 aiaea,
/oi aeaeaao aiciiaeiui ?aoeeiiaeueii ieaie?iaaoue iieiaaiaoieiae/aneoth
iiiiuue, ?ani?aaeaeaiea oeiainiauo ?anno?nia e ooaoia niaoeeaeenoia.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: caaieaaaaiinoue, eaeeicu, eeioiiu, ?aaeeiioeeeaeiia
caa?yciaiea, *a?iiaueueneay eaoano?ioa.

ANNOTATION

Lukavetsky L.M. Leukemias and Lymphomas morbidity in contaminated and
uncontaminated by radionucleades areas caused by Chornobyl
catastrophe.-Manuscript.

Thesis for a candidate’s degree of medical sciences by speciality
14.01.31 — Hematology and transfusiology.- Research Institute of
Hematology and Blood Transfusion, Kyiv, 1999.

The dissertation is devoted to the thorough study of the Leukemias and
Lymphomas (LL) morbidity and mortality rate during the period of
1981-1994 in the Ivano-Frankivsk as well as in the Rivne region, six
northern areas of which were contaminated by radionucleades as a result
of the Chornobyl catastrophe. The population of the contaminated areas
is mainly influenced by the inner ionizing radiation. The study has
revealed that the LL morbidity and mortality rate increased mainly
during the period of 1987-1994 in both regions irrespective of their
being or not being contaminated by radionucleades. We have ascertained
the increase of LL morbidity in the people of older age groups, as well
as among separate nosological forms the growth of non-Hodgkin`s
lymphoma, chronic lymphocytic leukemia and multiple myeloma sickness
rate. The study has not revealed the main (basic) factor which
influenced the LL morbidity and mortality rate during the investigated
period in the studied areas. The results of the work have been used for
making up the data base on oncohematological diseases and the rational
planning of hematological service.

Key words: morbidity, Leukemia, Lymphoma, radionucleades contamination,
Chornobyl catastrophe.

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