OA?EIANUeEEE AeA?AEAAIEE OIIAA?NEOAO

IOAA*IAA I?EIA IEAAIAIA

OAeE 801.703

CAAAEUeIA OAI?Iss AeIAEIAO O AI?OIAAIIIO OAENOI

(1-e oii ei?eee I.Aeiea)

Niaoeiaeueiinoue 10.02.02 — ?inienueea iiaa

AAOI?AOA?AO AeENA?OAOeI(

IA CAeIAOOOss IAOEIAIAI NOOIAIss

EAIAeEAeAOA OIEIEIAI*IEO IAOE

OA?EIA 1998 Aeena?oaoei(th ( ?oeiien.

?iaioo aeeiiaii ia eaoaae?i ?inienueei( iiae oieieiai/iiai oaeoeueoaoo
Oa?eianueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oiiaa?neoaoo Iiiinoa?noaa inaioe Oe?a(ie.

Iaoeiaee ea?iaiee —

eaiaeeaeao oieieiai/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Aeeiaa Eieiy Ieaeni(aia

eaoaae?a ?inienueei( iiae oieieiai/iiai oaeoeueoaoo Oa?eianueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oiiaa?neoaoo

Ioioeieii iiiiaioe —

aeieoi? oieieiai/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Noeaeaiei Iiia Iaaiiaia

eaoaae?a caaaeueiiai i i?eeeaaeiiai iiaiciaanoaa o(eieia(/iiai
oaeoeueoaoo Oa?eianueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oiiaa?neoaoo

eaiaeeaeao oieieiai/ieo iaoe

Aoeae (aaai Aiaoieieiae/

eaoaae?a ?inienueei( iiae Oa?eianueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaee/iiai
oiiaa?neoaoo, noa?oee aeeeaaea/

I?iaiaeia onoaiiaa —

Oa?eianueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaeaaiai/iee oiiaa?neoao ii. A.N.Neiai?iaee,
eaoaae?a iiaiciaanoaa oieieiai/iiai oaeoeueoaoo, Iiiinoa?noai inaioe
Oe?a(ie, i. Oa?eia.

Caoeno aiaeaoaeaoueny “23” aeiaoiy 1998 ?. i 14:00 aiaeeii ia
caniaeaiii niaoeiaeiciaaii( a/aii( ?aaee E 64.051.07 a Oa?eianueeiio
aea?aeaaiiio oiiaa?neoaoi ca aae?anith: i. Oa?eia, iaeae. Naiaiaee, 4,
aoae. 2-37.

C aeena?oaoei(th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o Oeaio?aeueiie iaoeiaie
aiaeiioaoei Oa?eianueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oiiaa?neoaoo ca aae?anith: i.
Oa?eia, iaeae. Naiaiaee, 4.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?icineaii “23” aa?aniy 1998 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoeiaeiciaaii( a/aii( ?aaee

eaiaeeaeao oieieiai/ieo iaoe, i?io. ____________ Io?iioeaa
I.A. CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Oaia aeena?oaoeieii( ?iaioe iaoiaeeoueny a ?onei eiiaainoeee oaenoo oa
iioaa?o( iioa?ane, iaoiaeieiaith i aeaii aaaaoueio noiiaeieo iaoe —
iiaiciaanoaa (cie?aia, oai?i( iiaeaiaaeo aeie i aeiaeiao), oieinioi(,
anoaoeee (c (o aeciaiiyi “aeiaeiai/iinoi” ye iaei((( c oiiaanaeueieo
aooo(aeo oa?aeoa?enoee), ineoieia((, eiaiee (ui aeineiaeaeothoue,
cie?aia, i?iaeaie ?icoiiiiy ye oaeoi?o, ui coiiaeth( “oniioiinoue”
aeiaeiao), nai(ioeee (o iaaeao yei( iinooeth(oueny ciaeiaee oa?aeoa?
ni(eeoaaiiy oa cae(eniththoueny ni?iae ((?a?o(caoe(( oa iieno oeeo
“ciae(a”), eioa?aoo?iciaanoaa, i?aaeiaoii yeiai ( ooaeiaeiie (o oiio
/enei ai?oiaaiee) oaeno. ?acoeueoaoii aca(iiae(( coneeue ( ii(aeiaiiy
aeine(aeieoeueeeo (ioa?an(a oeeo iaoe neeaeiny oyaeaiiy i?i ae(aeia ye
i?i oi?io iiaii( eiiioi(eaoe((, ie?aiee can(a i?aai(caoe(( iiaeaiiy,
yeee ( ?acoeueoaoii aaciina?aaeiueiai ethaenueeiai ni(eeoaaiiy, a ia?oo
/a?ao iiaii( aca(iiae((.

Ia aeoieo aaoi?a, aeey aea/aiiy aeiaeiao o ai?oiaaiiio oaenoi ?aiiy
ei?eea I.Aeiea ( iaea(eueo i?eaeaoiei ( oeieaaei ia’(eoii,
aeine(aeaeaiiy yeiai noai?th( oiiae aeey oai?aoe/ieo ocaaeueiaiue.
Ianaiia?aae, oiio, ui a e(?eoe( I.Aeiea noai?aiee ia?ac ei?e/iiai
“ia-ss”, caeaoiiai aenooiaoe a no?oeoo?i ai?oiaaiiai oaenoo ye iiaaoeue,
caaaeyee /iio /eneai( oi?ie aae?aniaaii( oa aaoiaae?aniaaii( iiae o
a(?oiaaieo oaenoao e(?eee I.Aeiea iiaeia aaaaeaoe iaeiei (c niaoeeo(/ieo
aeya(a eiai ooaeiaeiuei( (iaeea(aeoaeueiino( e, aiaeii/an, oaenooaeueiei
cae?(ieaiiyi oai?/iai iioaioe(aeo e(?eee ye nai(ioe/ii( cenoaie.

Aeooaeueiinoue aeena?oaoeieiiai aeineiaeaeaiiy aecia/a(oueny, ia?o ca
ana, aiaenooiinoth oeieinii(, /ioei no?oeoo?iaaii( eiioeaioei( aeiaeiao
a ooaeiaeiueiio oaenoi acaaaei i, ye ianeiaeie, — iaaeinoaoiii
aenaioeaiiyi iniaeeainoae ae(aeiao (eiai oi?i, cania(a ?aae(caoe(() a
iiaoe/iiio (a(?oiaaiiio) oaeno(. E?(i oiai, iiaeia eiinoaooaaoe
a(aeiinio iaaeine(aeaeai(noue iiaoeee I.Aeiea a aniaeo( ae(aeiao,
iacaaaeath/e ia aaeeeo e(euee(noue i?aoeue c aeieiciaanoaa, ui iathoue (
e(iaa(noe/io, ( e(oa?aoo?iciaa/o ni?yiiaai(noue.

I?e/eia oaeiai noaio i?iaeaie “Ae(aeia ye aeaiaio iiaoeee oa no?oeoo?e
a(?oiaaieo oaeno(a”, ia iao iiaeyae, iieyaa( a na(aeii(e /e iana(aeii(e
i(aei(i( yaeu a(eueo aenieiai ?(aiy, ui iathoue aeo(ae ( aei e(iaa(noeee
( aei e(oa?aoo?iciaanoaa, ie?aieie iiaieie aai aeai?iaeie iniaeeainoyie.
Iaeiae i?aaiaiiy iiaa/eoe ocaaaeueithth/( caeiiii(?iino(, ui
i(aeii?yaeeiaothoue ie?ai( iiai( oaeoe, iiaeiii noaoe, ye oyaey(oueny,
aieiaiei i?aai(coth/ei i?eioeeiii aoaeue-yeeo aeine(aeaeaiue
e(iaainoee(noe/-iiai oa?aeoa?o.

Oae, iai?eeeaae, aieiaieie iniaeeainoyie aeie(anueeiai (ae(inoeeth
o?aaeeoe(eii aaaaeathoue “aioeoaoe/i(noue” ia?ac(a (aeeth/ath/e
“aea(eieoeoai” ye ie?aiee aeiaaeie) ( “aeaina(ooy” ye i?iya “iiaoeee
eiio?anoo”(aeea., iai?eeeaae, i?aoe( I.Aaia?iaa, E.ss.A(icao?a,
E.E.Aeieaiiieiaa, TH.I.Eioiaia, Ae.(.Iaeneiiaa, C.A.I(ioe oa (i.), ui
iiaeia aaaaeaoe i( /ei (ioei, ye ?aae(caoe((th caaaeueiiai i?eioeeio
“ae(aeia(/iino(“ eiai e(?eee.

Aiae(c a(?oiaaieo oaeno(a, ui i(noyoue ae(aeia(/i( eiino?oeoe((, aea(
iiaeeea(noue iaaeeceoenue aei ?icoi(iiy oiai iniaeeaiai eaaeo (aeae (
ia?acieo ia?aaeeaaiue, ye( ooai?ththoue o noeoiiino( iiaoeeo ?aiiuei(
e(?eee I.Aeiea ( aeeeeeathoue aeine(aeieoeueeee (ioa?an
e(oa?aoo?iciaaoe(a. E?(i oiai, iiae(aiee aiae(c aeicaiey( c?iaeoe
caaaeuei( aeniiaee i?i iniaeeaino( ae(aeiao o a(?oiaaiiio oaeno(.

Aeae(eaiiy ie?aieo ?(ai(a o iaaeao oe(eiai oaenoo — iaoiaee/-iee
i?eeii, ine(eueee aeey ni?eyooy /eoa/ai (o iaaeaii iaeii/anii. Iaeiae
aiae(c eiie?aoiiai a(?oiaaiiai oaenoo ca eiai ci(noiaei ( oi?iaeueiei
e?eoa?(yie ( iaieio/ith oiiaith cae(eniaiiy nenoaiiiai, oe(e(niiai
aeine(aeaeaiiy oai?/i( (iaeea(aeoaeueiino( iiaoa, aeyaeaiiy iniaeeainoae
eiai (ae(inoeeth, ye( aeaoa?i(iothoue i(noea iiaoa a (aeeiiio oe(eiio
eiioaeno( eoeueoo?e.

Oa?aeoa?enoeea a(?oiaaiiai oaenoo ye no?oeoo?ii-naiaioe/iiai oe(eiai ca
ie?aieie eiai ?(aiyie /anoi ia i?eiineoue aaaeaieo ?acoeueoao(a. O
oeueiio aeiaaeeo iiaeia io?eiaoe eeoa iine(aeiaiee iien iiaieo
iaeeieoeue “ia iaoa?(ae(“ oiai /e (ioiai oaenoo /e noeoiiino( oaeno(a
(oeeeeo, eieae a(?o(a, ca(?ee oiui) — aea ia e(iaainoee(noe/iee aiae(c
oaeno(a iaeiiai aaoi?a c oi/ee ci?o a(aeaeooy a ieo eiie?aoieo
iniaeeainoae (ae(inoeeth a eiai aeeiai(oe(.

Oiio (aeeii iiaeeeaei niiniaii e(iaainoee(noe/iiai aeine(aeaeaiiy
a(?oiaaieo oaeno(a iai oyaey(oueny oaeee no?oeoo?iee aiae(c, yeee
ia?aaeaa/a( ?icaeyae oe(eiai (( oaenoo ie?aiiai a(?oo, ( oeeeeo a(?o(a
ye iaeeieoe( a(eueo aenieiai nai(ioe/iiai ii?yaeeo) ye nenoaie, ui ia
noiaeeoue aei i?inoi( noie aeaiaio(a. I?e oeueiio ca oe(eei (nenoaiith)
aecia(oueny caeaoi(noue ci(ithaaoenue (, aiaeii/an, o oiae( ci(ithaaiiy
(naii?aaoeyoe(() caa?(aaoe nai( aeanoeaino(.

sse aeaiiino?o( aiae(c ae(aeiao (iniaeeai i(aeoaenoiaiai), oi?ia ye
ie?aiiai a(?oa, oae ( oeeeeo acaaae( iana a nia( aieea o?aaeeoe(( (
a(aeaeoie eoeueoo?iiai eiioaenoo aiioe. Oiio iien ooieoe(iioaaiiy
iiaoe/iiai i?eeiio ye i?eeiyoiai a neio?iiii ?icoaoiaaieo iiaoe/ieo
oaenoiaeo nenoaiao a oaeiae a nenoaiao, ca’ycaieo /aniaith
iine(aeiai(noth, ( iaeiei c oeyo(a, ui aeathoue iiaeeea(noue inieneeoe
aaiethoe(th iiaoe/ii( iiae a o(niiio ca’yceo c ?icaeoeii iiaoe/ieo oe(e
oa iai?yie(a. I?e oeueiio no?oeoo?iee aiae(c iiaeiai noi?iaiaeaeoaaoenue
aiae(cii o(eieia(/iei, yeee ia( aeeiioaaoe i(ae ?ieue “eiiaioa?y”, a
(iiae( ( aiineoe ei?aeoeae.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, oaiaie iieyaa( o ((
a(aeiia(aeiino( caaaeuei(e iaoeia(e i?iaeai( aeine(aeaeaiiue eaoaae?e
?in(enueei( iiae o(eieia(/iiai oaeoeueoaoo Oa?e(anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
oi(aa?neoaoo: “Naiaioeea, no?oeoo?a oa ooieoe(iioaaiiy iaeeieoeue
?in(enueei( iiae a eiioaenoao ?(cieo oei(a”. Aianeiaeie ?ic?iaee oei((
oaie aea/athoueny ieoaiiy oai?aoe/ii( oa i?aeoe/ii( eiiaainoeeinoeee,
aiaeico(oueny ooieoeiiioaaiiy iaeeieoeue ?icieo ?iai(a ca’yciiai oaenoo,
o oiio /enei e iiaoe/iiai (ai?oiaaiiai), ui aea( iiaeeeainoue
aeineiaeaeaiiy iniaeeainoae iaeiinoeeth ienueiaiieeia.

Iaoa ?iaioe — /a?ac aiaeic aeiaeiao ye noeeaooai?thth/i( oa
oaenoiooai?thth/i( eaoaai?i( a aniaeoi eiioiieaoeaii( eiiaainoeee oa
eiiaainoeeinoeee aeineiaeeoe iniaeeainoi iiaoeee 1-ai oiio ei?eee
I.Aeiea i aeiaanoe, ui aeiaeiai/iicoue ( oiiaa?naeueiei i?eioeeiii
no?oeoo?ii-naiaioe/ii( i?aaiicaoei( ai?oiaaieo oaenoia acaaaei,
iiaeii?yaeeiaoth/ei niai iioi (ui aiaeiiaiaeathoue o?aaeeoeieiei
iaoeiaei oyaeaiiyi) oi?ie, i?iya yeeo iiaea iaoe iiiaeeiieee,
ia?aaoey?iee oa?aeoa?.

Aeinyaiaiiy noi?ioeueiaaii( iaoe ia?aaeaa/a( ?ica’ycaiiy oaeeo
caaaeaiue:

1) iienaoe iiaii oi?ie aeiaeiao a eiaeiiio c oeeeeia, ui neeaaeathoue
1-e oii ei?eee I.Aeiea, a oa?iiiao oai?i( iiaieo aeie i o
aiaeiiaiaeiinoi c oeiieiai(th aeaeia aeiaeiao o ai?oiaaiiio oaenoi, ui
i( cai?iiiiiaaii aaoi?ii o aeaiie ?iaioi oa ia cono?i/a(oueny ?aiioa a
aeineiaeaeaiiyo iiaeiaiiai ?iaeo a oe(e(niiio aeaeyae(;

2) ia?aaenoaaeoe iiaeaeue iiaieo noa’(eoia o aeie(anueeeo ai?oiaaieo
oaenoao, ?iciaaeiaoth/e “ss” ( “ia-ss” oaenoia (aeinoaoiuei /ioei
ie?aneaieo iiaeeaiaeoaeiciaaiith oa?aeoa?ecaoei(th, i?inoi?iai-/aniaeie,
ia?aoeaieie oa iioeie eii?aeeiaoaie oaenoo) ye “iiethne” aioo?ioiueiai
eiioiieaoeaiiai i?inoi?o oa aiaeianoe aei yeiai-iaaoaeue c ieo “aieine”,
“aeaieieeia” oa iioeo noa’(eoia ei?eee I.Aeiea, caeaoieo aenooiaoe a
no?oeoo?i oaenoo ye iiaaoeue i neooa/;

3) cinoaaeoe oeeeee, ui aiaeicothoueny o ?iaioi, a aniaeoi oi?i iiaiiai
niieeoaaiiy a eiaeiiio c ieo c oi/ee ci?o iiaeiaiinoi oa aiaeiiiiinoi,
ui iaaeanoue iiaeeeainoue aeyaeoe iniaeeainoi aeeiaiiee nthaeaoiiai
?icaeoeo aiae oeeeeo aei oeeeeo;

4) aecia/eoe iinoea aeiaeiao a i?aaiicaoei( ooaeiaeiueiai i?inoi?o
oaenoia (caia ianyao aeiaeiao oa oaenoo, (nioaaiiy aeiaeiao ye
neeaaeiai( /anoeie oaenoo oa ii.) i, yeui iiaeeeai, aeyaeoe i?e/eie
eiiaai-noee(noe/iiai oa?aeoa?o, ui coiiaeththoue o eiaeiiio eiie?aoiiio
aeiaaeeo niiaaiaeiioaiiy ianyao iiiyoue “oaeno” oa “aeiaeia”;

5) aeyaeoe aeiaeiai/iinoue (ui ae?aaeaia aenieioeeoii oa iiieioeeoii)
iaaeiaeiai/ieo (c oi/ee ci?o o?aaeeoeieiiai “i?e?iaeiiai” aeiaeiao)
eiiiiiaioia ai?oiaaiiai oaenoo (oaeeo, ye caaieiaie, i?enay/aiiy,
oeeoaoei(, ?aiiiinoeaioei(, aethci( oiui) oa aeyaeoe aiaeiiaiaeiinoue
oe((( aeanoeaino( oeiai ae(aeiao o a(?oiaaieo oaenoao.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia ?iaioe iieyaa(, ia?aaeon(i, o i?aeoe/iiio canoinoaaii(
(aeae I.I.Aaoo(ia oa eiai a(o/eciyieo ( ca?oa(aeieo iine(aeiaiee(a
(TH.I.Eioiaia, I.E.Iaia?aeaoa(e(, ?.Aa?oa, TH.E?eno(ai() i?i ae(aeia ye
oi?io aoooy ethaeeie a eoeueoo?iiio i?inoi?(, ooai?aiiio “nai(ie” oa
“/oaeeie” oaenoaie, a naia:

1) o aeena?oaoe(( ciaeoea na(e iiaeaeueoee ?icaeoie caaaeueia oai?(y
ae(aeiao a ia?aaeeai( no/anieo oyaeaiue i?i ae(aeia(/io ni?yiiaai(noue
aoaeue-yeiai oaenoo (( iniaeeai ooaeiaeiueiai) ye yaeua eoeueoo?e. Oea,
cie?aia, aeyaey(oueny a oaeineiiaeaii( (nioth/i( a no/ani(e e(iaa(noeoe(
eeaneo(eaoe(( oei(a ae(aeiao a ooaeiaeiueiio oaeno(, (( aeeeaaeaii( a
noeneiio, oe(e(niiio aeaeyae( c o?aooaaiiyi oe(ii(nii-nieneiai(
a?aaeaoe(( cacia/aieo oei(a ae(aeiao;

2) a(aeiia(aeii aei i?eeiyoiai a ?iaio( ?icoe?aiiai nai(ioe/iiai
noaoono eaoaai?(( “ae(aeia”, ui, ia aeoieo aaoi?a, iieyaa( o aeciaii(
?(aiicia/ii( oe(iiino( aenie(oeeoieo oa (iie(oeeoieo oi?i ( aeaiaio(a
ae(aeiao, aia?oa aeiaiaeeoueny oi(aa?naeueiee oa?aeoa? ae(aeia(/iino(
oaenoo oa aei?a/i(noue aeeth/aiiy i(aeoaenoiaiai ae(aeiao aei caaaeueii(
nenoaie ae(aeia(/ieo a(aeiinei i(ae ooaeiaei(ie (cie?aia, iiaoe/ieie)
oaenoaie;

3) c?iaeaii ni?iao iaa?oiooaaiiy iniaeeai( cia/ouino( (iie(oeeoieo,
iaaa?aae(ciaaieo aai iicaoaenoiaeo iieaciee(a ae(aeiao; iienaii iaoai(ci
aeeth/aiiy ie?aieo a(?o(a aei i(aeoaenoiaiai ae(aeiao a nenoai(
eoeueoo?e a ae(ao?ii(/iiio oa neio?ii(/iiio aniaeo(, oiaoi a?aoiaoth/e
aanue ianea “ia?aae-” oa “i(neyoaeno(a”, ye( iiaeooue aooe i?aaenoaaeai(
a no?oeoo?( oaenoo o aeaeyae( oaeeo eiai aeaiaio(a, ye caaieiaie,
oeeoaoa, aethc(y, ?ai(i(noeaioe(y, i?enay/aiiy, caa?iaiiy aei ?aaeueiiai
aae?anaoo oiui;

Oe( (aea( ?aae(cothoueny a aeena?oaoe(eiiio aeine(aeaeaii( a
iine(aeiaiiio, nenoaiiiio no?oeoo?ii-naiaioe/iiio aiae(c( ?aiiuei(
e(?eee I.Aeiea a aniaeo( noa?, ?(ai(a, oi?i ae(aeiao oa cania(a eiai
?aae(caoe((.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy aeine(aeaeaiiy iieyaa( a iiaeeeaino( aeei?enoaiiy
eiai ?acoeueoao(a aeey i?iaeiaaeaiiy iiooe(a oeyo(a ( iaoiae(a
e(iaaiiiaoe/ii( (ioa?i?aoaoe(( a(aeiia(aeieo yaeu iiaoe/ii( iiae a
iaeneiaeueii oe?ieiio ae(aiacii( (o ooieoe(iioaaiiy a nenoai(
ooaeiaeiuei i?aai(ciaaieo oaeno(a, ye a oai?(( e(iaa(noeee, oae ( i?e
aeine(aeaeaii( (ae(inoee(a (ioeo aaoi?(a.

Iaoa?(ae aeena?oaoe(( iiaea oaeiae /eoaoeny ye niaoeeo?n “E(iaa(noe/iee
aiae(c iiaoe/iiai (a(?oiaaiiai) oaenoo”, a cai?iiiiiaai( aaoi?ii
iaoiaeeea aeine(aeaeaiiy oa oeiieia(/ia eeaneo(eaoe(y ae(aeiao iiaeooue
aeei?enoiaoaaoeny i?e oaenoieia(/iiio aiae(c( oa eiiaiooaaii(
aoaeue-yeeo a(?oiaaieo oaeno(a.

Ai?iaaoe(y ?iaioe oa (( ?acoeueoao(a. Ie?ai( ?icae(ee aeena?oaoe((
iaaiai?thaaeeny ia can(aeaiiyo iaoeiaiai nai(ia?o eaoaae?e ?in(enueei(
iiae o(eieia(/iiai oaeoeueoaoo Oa?e(anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi(aa?neoa-oo.
Iniiai( iieiaeaiiy oa aeniiaee aeena?oaoe(eiiai aeine(aeaeaiiy aoei
aeeeaaeaii ia o(einionueeiio neiiic(oi( nooaeaio(a, ani(?aio(a (
aeeeaaea/(a OAeO “Ciaiiy. Eoeueoo?a. Aeaaea: I?iaeaie o(einionueeiai
inieneaiiy” (Oa?e(a, aeiaoaiue 1993), ia V i(aeia?iaei(e iaoeia(e
eiioa?aioe(( “Naiaioeea iiae ( oaenoo” (Iaaii-O?aie(anuee, aeiaoaiue
1996), ia iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i(e eiioa?aioe(( “Aeeeaaeaiiy iia o aoc( ia
no/aniiio aoai(. I(aei?aaeiaoi( caycee: Iaoeia( aeine(aeaeaiiy,
aeina(ae, iiooee” (OAeO, /a?aaiue 1998). Iaoa?(aee aeine(aeaeaiiy
ciaeoee a(aeia?aaeaiiy a /ioe?ueio ioae(eaoe(yo.

No?oeoo?a ?iaioe coiiaeaia iniiaiith iaoith oa caaea/aie aeine(aeaeaiiy
( aeeth/a( anooi, o?e ?icae(ee, aeniiaee ( nienie aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae
(e(euee(noue iaeiaioaaiue — 227). Iiaiee ia’(i aeena?oaoe(( — 169
noi?(iie.

INIIAIEE CIINO ?IAIOE

O anooi( iaa?oioiaaii aeooaeuei(noue oaie aeine(aeaeaiiy, aiae(co(oueny
nooi(iue (( iaoeiai( ?ic?iaee, oi?ioeththoueny iaoa oa caaea/(
aeine(aeaeaiiy, aecia/a(oueny iiaecia, oai?aoe/ia oa i?aeoe/ia
oe(ii(noue ?iaioe.

?icae(e 1: “Oaiiiai “ae(aeia” a aniaeo( no/anieo o(einionueeeo (
e(iaa(noe/ieo aio?iiioeaio?e/ieo eiioeaioe(e”.

?icae(e neeaaea(oueny c aeaio i(ae?icae(e(a:

I(ae?icae(e 1: “Aoiai(oa?eci” ( “ae(aeia(/i(noue” — iniiai(
aca(iiiaoiiaethth/( oi(aa?nae(( no/anii( eoeueoo?e”. I(noeoue
o(einionueea iaa?oiooaaiiy i?eeiyoiai a ?iaio( ?icoe?aiiai oeoia/aiiy
ae(aeiao. Ae(aeia o ?iaio( ?icoi((oueny ye niin(a (nioaaiiy iniaenoino(
a inai(iiio iath i?inoi?( eoeueoo?e, aei yeiai iniaeno(noue iaeaaeeoue
(, aiaeii/an, oi?io( eiai. Ae(aeiaii ( aoaeue-yea oi?ia ?aaeoe((
iniaenoino( (ieney/iai noa’(eoa) ia ?(ciiiai(oi(noue oi?i iaaeieeoiuei(
ae(eniino(, aoaeue-yea aeooiaia oa (ioaeaeooaeueia ae(yeuei(noue
(aiioeaia, ineo(/ia, iiaii?icoiiaa, aoiieoeueoo?ia oa (i.).
A(aeiia(aeii, oi?ie i?iyao ae(aeia(/iino( ia caiaeyoueny eeoa aei
aa?aae(ciaaieo, ye( ia?aaaaeii aea/athoueny o(eieiaaie.

Oai?aoe/iei iaa?oiooaaiiyi i?eeiyoiai a ?iaio( i(aeoiaeo i?eneoaeeeeny
(aea( I.I.Aaoo(ia i?i oa, ui “Aeeaeiae/aneay ?aaeoeey ia?niieoeoee?oao
anyeia auneacuaaiea, ia eioi?ia ?aaae?oao“. Ae(enii, aoaeue-yea
?aaaoaaiiy, ia eeoa aa?aae(ciaaia, — oea oi?ia aca(iiae(( “ss” (iiaoey
oa ae(th/i( iniaenoino() oa “(ioiai”, aei oiai ae oeae “(ioee”, o
a(aeiia(aeiino( aei “ss”-eiioeaioe((“ no/anii( o(einio((, — ia
iaia’yceiai eiie?aoia iniaeno(noue, aea e acaaae( aoaeue-yeee “(ioee”,
a(aei(iiee a(ae “iiai” na(o ((ioa eoeueoo?a, (ioa, a(aei(iia a(ae
“ii((”, aeeoo(aa iiceoe(y, ia?aoo(, noai?aiee eeiinue, iaoae iaa(oue
aiii(iiee, aea ia “i(e” oaeno oa (i.). Oiae( oiiaith (nioaaiiy ae(aeiao
aoaea iayai(noue oa aca(iiae(y uiiaeiaioa aeaio “iniaeeaeo na(o(a” —
oi/ie ci?o, nenoaie ioe(iie, iaaiiai iaai?o aoiieoeueoo?ii oa
nioe(aeueii-ineoieia(/ii iioeaiaaieo i?aaee iiaaae(iee (a oiio /ene( e
iiaii(), ye( aecia/athoue o noeoiiino( ia(aeaioe/i(noue “ss” oa “(ioiai”
ye ia?aaeoiiao e noeioe ae(aeia(/ieo a(aeiinei, ui aeieeathoue i(ae
ieie.

O oeueiio i(ae?icae(e( ?iaioe c?iaeaii ni?iao iaaanoe ((?a?o(th oei(a
ae(aeiao ia iniia( (aeae i?i (nioaaiiy nieneiai( oa oe(ii(nii(
a?aaeaoe(( ae(aeia(/ii( aca(iiae((. I(aenoiiaoth/e (aea( Aaoo(ia (ye(
aoei iaaeae( ?icaeiooi, iai?eeeaae, I.Eo/einueeei, I.(eue(iei,
TH.E?eno(-aith), iiaeia iaaanoe ((?a?o(th oei(a ae(aeiao o aeaeyae(
iine(aeiaiino(. Ia iaoo aeoieo, aiia ia( cae?(ieaiee oa?aeoa?, /a?ac oa
ui a(aeia?aaeo( c?inoaiiy nieneiai( ((ioi?iaoeaii() “oe(iiino(“ e
“neeaaeiino(“ ae(aeiao a eiai “?on(“ c aaeoc( “/enoi(“ e(iaa(noeee, aea
a(i ni?eeia(oueny aeeeth/ii ye uinue i?eoaiaiia neiaaniiio, aa?aaeueii
ae?aaeaiiio oaenoo, aei iia?ai(/ieo noa? (ioeo aoiai(oa?ieo iaoe:

1) ae(aeia ?aie(e (aeania ae(aeia), iciaeith yeiai ( iayai(noue oaeeo
neioaene/ieo oi?i, ye caa?iaiiy, 2-aa iniaa (nenoaia aeaeeoe/ieo
aeaiaio(a acaaae(), iaeac ( caieoaiiy. Ae(aeia ?aie(e, aeania, (
neiaaniei ao(eaiiyi, aenie(eiaaiei eiiiiiaioii ae(aeiao a ooaeiaeiueiio
oaeno(, aea a(i ia ae/a?io( ae(aeiao;

2) ae(aeia nieneiaeo iiceoe(e, oiaoi “eiioeaiooaeueieo nenoai”
noa’(eo(a ae(aeia(/iiai ni(eeoaaiiy. A i(ae?icae(e( 1.2 ?icae(eo 1
(“Oaiiiai “ae(aeia” o nenoai( iniiaieo iiiyoue eiioi(eaoeaii(
e(iaa(noeee”) iiaea(oueny oa?aeoa?enoeea “Iiaoey” ( “Neooa/a” ye
noa’(eo(a ae(aeiao, ui aca(iiiai(iththoueny eiioi(eaoeaieie ?ieyie, a
oa?i(iao oai?(( iiaieo aeo(a. A aeine(aeaeaii( i(aee?aneth(oueny iaca(a
nieneiaeo iiceoe(e ye “noeioe” aeey ?icaeoeo ae(aeiao (, a caeaaeiino(
a(ae nooiaiy oeueiai iaca(ao, aeae(eythoueny e aiae(cothoueny oae(
?(ciiaeaee ae(aeiao, ye ae(aeia-eiioe(eo, ae(aeia-nia?a/aiiy oa
ae(aeia-oi(nii;

3), 4) ia(aeaioe/i(noue noa’(eo(a ae(aeiao iiaea iiynithaaoenue ia
o(eueee (o (iaeea(aeoaeueii-ineoieia(/ieie a(aei(iiinoyie, aea e
i?eiaeaaei(noth aei ?(cieo eoeueoo?ieo noni(euenoa, ui noai?th(
ia?aaeoiiae aeey ?iciaaeoaaiiy ae(aeiao iniaenoinoae ( ae(aeiao
eoeueoo?.

O aeena?oaoe(( i(aee?aneth(oueny iaiaei(iia (nioaaiiy ca’yceo i(ae
aenie(eiaaiei ci(noii ae(aeiao oa eiai eiioaenoii. O aeiaaeeo, eiee
oi?iith (nioaaiiy ae(aeiao ( ooaeiaei(e oaeno, ianya eiioaenoo
aeyaey(oueny oe?oei, i(ae “i?anoiiiceoe(y” (cie?aia, neooaoe(y,
ianoaaeie ni(eeoaaiiy) o “i?e?iaeiiio” ae(aeic(. Oiae( ?icoi(iiy (
iiaeaeueoa (ioa?i?aoaoe(y ae(aeiao iio?aao( caeo/aiiy ?(ciiai ?iaeo
eiioaeno(a.

Ca(aeii c caaea/aie aeine(aeaeaiiy, iaea(eueo nooo(aeie aaoi? aaaaea(
oae( oeie eiioaeno(a:

1) neiaaniee aai iiaiee eiioaeno — o?aaiaio oaenoo, neiaan-ia ioi/aiiy,
ui i(noeoue iiaio iaeeieoeth, yea ooieoe(iio( a eiai iaaeao. Oea ( (
aeania e(iaa(noe/ia aaeeaaiiy oa?i(io “eiioaeno”, aocueeee eiioaeno;

2) iiaia neooaoe(y (eiineooaoe(y) — aca(iiae(y iiaiiai eii-oaenoo c
ianoaaeiaie ni(eeoaaiiy, aoooy iiaiiai eiioaenoo;

3) eiioaeno eoeueoo?e (iicaoaenoiaee aai aa?oeeaeueiee eii-oaeno:
a(ia?ao(/iee, na(oiaeyaeiee, (noi?eei-o(eieia(/iee, eoeueoo?-iee) —
oiiae (ioa?i?aoaoe(( iiaiiai eiioaenoo (i?eiaeaaei(noue aei
e(oa?aoo?iiai aeai?o, e(oa?aoo?ii-anoaoe/i( iiaeyaee ( i?eno?ano(
aaoi?a, /an ( oiiae iaienaiiy oaenoo). Aaoi? ?iaioe aeiaea?aeo(oueny
oi/ee ci?o, ui iaeiei c iaeaaaeeea(oeo eiiiiiaio(a aa?oeeaeueiiai
eiioaenoo aeey ooaeiaeiueiai oaenoo ( nenoaia anioe(aoe(e, ye( iia’ycai(
c( niaoeeo(eith na(oiaeyaeo oiai /e (ioiai aaoi?a i?ioyaii on((( eiai
oai?/ino(, ine(eueee eiaeai oa(? io?eio( nai( ae(enia cia/aiiy (
iniaeeaee ?aciiain eeoa ia oe( (ioeo oai?(a oeueiai ae aaoi?a, o
eiioaeno( eiai oai?/ino( caaaeii.

O oeueiio i(ae?icae(e( aeena?oaoe(( iaaiaeeoueny a noeneiio aeaeyae(
oeiieia(y ae(aeiao a e(?eoe(. sse eeaneo(eoth/o iciaeo ia?aii
ni(a-a(aeianaiiy iiaoey ( neooa/a c o((th ae naiith iniaith oa (o
i?eiaeaaei(noue aei aioo?(oiueiai i?inoi?o oaenoo.

Iaea(eueo caaaeueiei ( ?iciaaeoaaiiy aioo?eoaenoiaiai ( i(aeoaenoiaiai
ae(aeiao. Ine(eueee ?aie(ee iaeiiai ae(aeiao a e(?eoe( iiaeooue aooe
cina?aaeaeai( a ?(cieo a(?oiaaieo oaenoao, oaenoii o ?iaio( aoei c?o/ii
iaceaaoe ie?aiee e(?e/iee oeeee (iiaeeea(noue ( aei?a/i(noue oaeiai
i(aeoiaeo iaa?oioiao(oueny a ?iaio( c e(oa?aoo?iciaa/i( oa e(iaa(noe/ii(
oi/ie ci?o). Oiae( aeiaaeee ae(aeia(/ieo ia?aeeee(a ia ?(cieo
no?oeoo?ii-naiaioe/ieo ?(aiyo oaeno(a I.Aeiea, ui iaeaaeaoue aei ?(cieo
oeeee(a, iiaeooue aooe eaae(o(eiaai( ye iaeei (c ?(ciiaeae(a
i(aeoaenoiaiai ae(aeiao — aioo?enenoaiiee ae(aeia, o ii?(aiyii( c (ioei
aeyaii (ioa?oaenooaeueiino( — i(aenenoaiiei ae(aeiaii.

?(ciiaeaeaie aioo?eoaenoiaiai ae(aeiao ( oae(:

— ciai(oi(e ae(aeia — i(ae aaniethoii iaiiae(aieie (ia(aeaioe/-ieie)
“ss” oa “ia ss” (ie?aiee aeiaaeie — “Oe”) — aieiaieie ia?niiaaeaie
e(?eee I.Aeiea. Aiae(c oe((( oi?ie ae(aeiao a ?iaio( cae(eniaii a
eaoaai?(yo o?aaeeoe(eii( oai?(( ae(aeiao;

— aioo?(oi(e ae(aeia (aai yaeua aaoieiioi(eaoe(() — iiaia oi?-ia
aca(iiae(( ?(cieo oi/ie ci?o, nieneiaeo iiceoe(e, ui ia?aaeathoueny
aa?aaeueii e iaeaaeaoue iaeiiio (iaeea(aeia(.

E?(i oiai, aeena?oaoe(y i(noeoue aiae(c a(eueo neeaaeieo aeiaaee(a
neie?aoe/iiai ae(aeiao, ui ii(aeio( a nia( oeiieia(/i( iciaee iaio
?(ciiaeae(a ae(aeiao: eiee iaea?aeoaa/ — ?aaeueia iniaa ( aaciina?aaei(
ni(eeoaaiiy iiaoa c iei aenooia( ye (iioeuen aei ?icaeoeo
aioo?eoaenoiaiai ae(aeiao aai eiee iaea?aeoaa/ — “?aaeueiee oei”, aea
iaeaaeeoue aei no?oeoo?e oaenoo.

Oaeei /eiii, eeaneo(eaoe(y aeae(a ae(aeiao, ui (( i?iiiio( aaoi?
?iaioe, ia( oaeee aeaeyae:

AEAeE Ae(AEIAO O A(?OIAAIIIO OAENO(

aioo?eoaenoiaee ae(aeia ( neie?aoe/iee ae(aeia ( i(aeoaenoiaee ae(aeia

ciai(oi(e ae(aeia

aioo?(oi(eae(aeia

aioo?e-nenoaiiee ae(aeia

i(ae-nenoaiiee

ae(aeia

O ?iaio( iaaieioo(oueny, ui aeae(eaiiy neie?aoe/iiai ae(aeiao a ie?aiee
oei ia( oa?aeoa? oiiaiiai i?eiouaiiy, oiio ui eaeaoueny eeoa i?i
i(aena(aeiio, noa’(eoeaii (ioa?i?aoiaaio “ia?aaaao” iciae ciai(oiueiai
/e aioo?eoaenoiaiai e aioo?(oiueiai ae(aeiao a eiaeiiio c /eneaiieo
aeiaaee(a aca(iiia?aoiaeo oeeo iniiaieo aeae(a ae(aeiao iaeei aei
iaeiiai.

Aeae(eaiiy i(aeoaenoiaiai ae(aeiao ye iniaeeaiai aeaeo iio?aao(
aeiaeaoeiaeo iiyniaiue aiane(aeie a(aeiinii( iiaecie naii( i?iaeaie
(ioa?oaenooaeueiino( a oiio (( ?icoe?aiiio (oiaoi ia iaiaaeaiiio
aeae(eaiiyi ca(aeieo o?aaiaio(a ?(cieo oaeno(a) ?icoi(ii(, yea aeanoeaa
no/aniei aeine(aeaeaiiyi oaeno(a o eiioaeno( eoeueoo?e, aei yei( aiie
iaeaaeaoue.

Ethaenueea eoeueoo?a ?icoi((oueny a aeena?oaoe(( ye (aeeiee nai(ioe/iee
i?ino(?, yeiio i?eoaiaiia (ioa?oaenooaeuei(noue, eiee a eiaeiiio oaeno(
i?enooi( (io( ia ?(cieo ?(aiyo no?oeoo?e a a(eueo /e iaiueo
iai?eoiaaiiio aeaeyae( (oae caaiee “i?ioioaeno” aai “i?aoeaaeaioiee
oaeno”).

O no/ani(e e(iaainoee(noeoe( aca(iiae(y oaenoo e i?ioioaenoo a aniaeo(
(o (iaa?(aioiino(, aacia?a?aiino(, oioiaeiino( oa a(aei(iiino(
o?aaeeoe(eii aiae(co(oueny ye ieoaiiy i?i cia/aiiy e(oa?aoo?ieo aieea(a,
nthaeaoieo (ioa?i?aoaoe(e, o?aaeeoe(eieo iioea(a, e(eueeio aa?(aio(a
oai?o iaeiiai e oiai ae aaoi?a, oeeoao, aethc(e oa (ioeo noee(noe/ieo
cania(a, ca aeiiiiiaith yeeo cae(enith(oueny aeo(ae ca iaae( oaenoo. O
?iaio( cacia/a(oueny, ui a(aei(ii(noue, iaiaeiaeia(noue eiiiiiaio(a
(ioa?oaenoiai( ei?aeyoe(( naia ( ( ciaeii (o aeeth/aiiy aei
i(aeoaenoiaiai ae(aeiao (aai, nei?(oa, e(eueeino( ae(aeia(a, a?aoiaoth/e
iie(aaiaoe/i(noue “/oaeeo” aeaiaio(a ye iciaeo aoaeue-yeiai oaenoo, ia?o
ca ana ooaeiaeiueiai).

?icae(e 2 “?aiiy e(?eea I.Aeiea a (noi?eei-e(oa?aoo?iiio eiioaeno(“
neeaaea(oueny c aeaio i(ae?icae(e(a. I(ae?icae(e 1-e — “A(?oiaaiee oaeno
a aniaeo( e(iaainoee(noe/iiai aeine(aeaeaiiy” i(noeoue (ioi?iaoe(th i?i
iniaeeaino( eiioeaioe(( iniaenoino(, ui noai?th(oueny e(?eeith (,
cie?aia, e(?eeith neiaie(cio; o oeueiio i(ae?icae(e( oaeiae iaaiaeeoueny
iaa?oiooaaiiy ?icoe?aiiai ?icoi(iiy ae(aeiao a e(?eoe(. Ocaaaeueiai(
?acoeueoaoe iaeyaeo e(oa?aoo?e, ui ?ice?eaa( nooi(noue e(?eee ye
e(oa?aoo?iciaa/iai ia’(eoo (?iaioe E.A(icao?a, TH.I.Eioiaia,
O.(.N(eueiai, TH.I.Oeiyiiaa oa (i.), aeaee i(aenoaae oaa?aeeoe, ui naia
iayai(noue e(?e/iiai aa?iy ye iaiao(aeia oiiaa no?oeoo?ii-naiaioe/ii(
(aeiino( a(?oiaaiiai oaenoo ( oaeiae ae(aeiaiooai?thth/ei oaeoi?ii. “ss”
— e(?e/iee aa?ie — i?aai(co( c( nai(o iiceoe(e oaanue oaeno,
aaciina?aaeiuei oa ?(ciiiai(oii ae?aaea( naaa, aea iiaea e ia iaoe
aa?aaeueiiai cae?(ieaiiy a oaeno( a(?oa. Iiceoe(y e(?e/iiai aa?iy o
i?eoiaaiiio aeaeyae( iiaea (nioaaoe caaaeyee iayaiino( ae?oaiai oeaio?o
(“Oe”) — oiai, aei eiai caa?oathoueny. A oea icia/a( (nioaaiiy o
aioo?(oiueiio i?inoi?( oaenoo iniae, ui caa?oa(oueny aei “Oe”.
Iiaiaeaeoth/enue c oacith I.I.Aaoo(ia, ui “aeaa aieina — yoi ieieioi
auoey” (oiaoi ae(aeia), iiaeia noaa?aeaeoaaoe, ui iaa(oue iayai(noue
aeaio naiaioe/ieo oeaio?(a (“ss” ( “Oe” — “ia ss”) a e(?eoe( ?iaeoue
aoaeue-yeee e(?e/iee a(?oiaaiee oaeno iioaioe(eii ae(aeia(/iei. Oae,
ine(eueee oi?iith no?oeoo?ii-naiaioe/ii( i?aai(caoe(( a(?oiaaieo oaeno(a
I.Aeiea ( oeeee, iiaeia noaa?aeaeoaaoe, ui iaa(oue iiiieia(/iee ca
oi?iith oaeno, oiaoi oie, ui ia i(noeoue aa?aaeueii ae?aaeaieo oi?i
ae(aeiao, aeyaey( naith ae(aeia(/i(noue, eiee aeeth/a(oueny aei oaeno(a
iiia?aaei(o oa/aai ianooiieo.

O i(ae?icae(e( 2-io — “Iiaoeea oeeee(a 1-ai oiio e(?eee I.Aeiea o
eiioaeno( anoaoeei-o(einionueeeo i?eioeei(a ?in(enueeiai neiaie(cio”
?icaeyiooi oeeee(/io i?aai(caoe(th a(?o(a ye niaoeeo(/io aeanoea(noue
neiaie(cio. I(ae neiaie(ciii, a(aeiia(aeii aei (aeae N.N.Aa(?(ioeaaa,
A.A(eiai, Ay/.An.(aaiiaa, I.O.Ein(aa, o aeine(aeaeaii( ?icoi((oueny,
ia?o ca ana, nenoaia anoaoe/ieo i?eioeei(a, o(einionueea oeiea,
no?eaeiai yei( iiaeia aaaaeaoe i?eioeei aaoia(ia?ao(cio, eiee iiaoe/ia
iiaeaeue na(oo noai?th(oueny ia i(aenoaa( ?a/ae, ineoieia(/ieo,
aiioe(eieo ia?aaeeaaiue o (o (iaeea(aeoae(ciaaieo ?aeo?nao, iane(aeeii
/iai ( iiaeeea(noue (aeaioeo(eaoe(( ia?niiaae(a e(?eee (ianaiia?aae ((
e(?e/iiai aa?iy) c iniaith aaoi?a.

“Eiain i(oo” (I.O.Ein(a), aai ona(aeiieaiiy ae(eniino( ye i(o(/ii(, ui
ia( iniaeeaee niene ye o iaaeao aeiaaeueiiai Aoooy ethaenoaa, oae ( a
(nioaaii( ie?aii( ethaenueei( iniaenoino(, ?iaeoue i(o ( neiaie
eaoaai?(yie, ui (iiaiaioii iia’ycai( c( na(oiaith eoeueoo?ith ye o
neio?iiiiio, oae ( a ae(ao?iiiiio aniaeoao caaaeyee ?aae(caoe((
i?eioeeio “Ana(aeiino(“, ui eiai i?iaieinea A.Nieiaeia. Iaaieioo(oueny
oioiaei(noue /anoeie ( oe(eiai, (o ?(aiicia/i(noue ia?aae iaee//yi
iicai?inoi?iaiai ( iica/aniaiai Aoooy, a(ae/oooy ethaeeie ye i(e?ieinio,
aea “any anaeaiiay, an? i?ioaaeoaa e a?yaeouaa” (VII, 349)* :

An? auoea e nouaa niaeanii

A aaeeeie, iai?anoaiiie oeoeia.

Niio?e ooaea o/anoii, aaco/anoii, —

Iia an? ?aaii — anaeaiiay ai iia (I, 88).

Ca(aeii c o?aaeeoe(eiith oai?((th “i?e?iaeiiai” ae(aeiao, iiaia
ni(eeoaaiiy i(ae noa’(eoaie ae(aeiao iiaeeeaa eeoa a neooaoe(( “Ooo (
Ca?ac”, oiaoi ca oiiae ca(ao i?inoi?iai-/aniaeo oa?aeoa?enoee iiaoey (
neooa/a. sseui aca(ii?icoaooaaiiy iiaoey ( neooa/a ia a(aeiia(aea( oeei
aeiiaai, ae(aeia o nthaeaoiiio oaia?(oiueiio a(?oiaaiiai oeeeeo ( eeoa
?aeiino?oeoe((th noni(eueiiai ieioeiai aa?i(a, eiee aoei iiaeeeaei
aaeeaaiiy (ieethceaiiai “Ie”, oiaoi oaei( aeaeeoe/ii( oi?ie, ui aeeth/a(
ye noa’(eoa, oae ( aae?anaoa ae(aeiao. O ?aii(e e(?eoe( I.Aeiea o
iaaeao iaeiiai oaenoo (ye ?icaeoie iaei((( nthaeaoii( e(i(() iiaeooue,
iai?eeeaae, ni(a(nioaaoe aa?aaeuei( oi?ie ae(aeiao, cae?(ieaiiai ca
nthaeaoiei ieioeei, oaia?(oi(i oa iaeaooi(i iaeii/anii. Oea noa(
iiaeeeaei a ianoaiiaoe( ni(a, eiee ieei /ano iai(aeaeaaeiee eiai
i?e?iaeiei caeiiai, cie?aia, ?icaeaa(oueny ia e(iaa?ii, a oeeee(/ii, ca
ni(?aeeth:

Ia ou eue a iieo ia/oao, iaao/ay, i?ioea?..

Oaaa iith, i, aea! Ii i?ineye oaie naao

E aae?oa en/ac — a aeaeaeea ooiaiu…

Oaay ia aeaeo y, e aeieai aiaa iao.

Ii aa?th, ou acieae?oue, e aniuoiao noi?ae aeue,

Niueay oaeiue e?oa, a aeaeaeaiuee

caiicaeaeue (I,109).

Ae(aeia(/ia neooaoe(y, ui (( a(aeoai?aii o oeeoiaaiiio aeua a(?o(, oa
iiae(ai( aei ia( iiaeia aaaaeaoe ae(aeiaii eeoa ia i(aenoaa( i?eeiyoeo o
?iaio( oai?aoe/ieo canaae. Naia iioea “caieeaiiy eiea”, “iiaa?iaiiy” o
aaaaoueio aa?(aoe(yo (“iu aioo?e/ Ia?aciueaaiiai e?oaa” — I, 208; ”iie
iooue ii?ieeiaony/ E y aica?auonue e Oaaa” — I, 196 oa (i.) aeeiio(
aiaeii/an oeeeeiooai?thth/o ooieoe(th oa aenooia( oaeoi?ii
ae(aeia(caoe(( ciai( iiiieia(/iiai a(?oiaaiiai oaenoo.

Aeieeaaei(oa ?(ci( oi?ie ae(aeiao o oeeeeao I.Aeiea aiae(cothoueny a
ianooiiiio ?icae(e( aeena?oaoe((.

?icae(e 3 — “ Aiae(c aeae(a ae(aeiao, oi?i, ?(ai(a ( cania(a eiai
?aae(caoe(( o a(?oiaaieo oaenoao 1-ai oiio e(?eee I.Aeiea” i(noeoue
iine(aeiaiee aiae(c aeae(a ae(aeiao a oeeeeao “Ante lucem”, “Noeoe i
I?ae?aniie Aeaia” oa “?anioouey”. Ia iaoa?(ae( aiae(co iiae(aieo
aeiaaee(a o aeena?oaoe(( aeae(eaii oi?ie ae(aeiao, ui ( aeii(ioth/eie a
eiaeiiio oeeee(. Iai?yiie aiae(co — a(ae aeine(aeaeaiiy oiai, ui
eaaeeoue ia iiaa?oi(, oiaoi aenie(eiaaieo oi?i ciai(oiueiai ae(aeiao
(caa?iaiiy, 2-aa iniaa, iaeac ( caieoaiiy) — aei iiooe(a (iiae(
o?aaiaioa?ieo, iiiaeeiieeo “ciae(a” (iie(oeeoii ae?aaeaiiai ae(aeiao.

Iia/aiiy eiainue c noa’(eo(a ae(aeiao (, aacoiiaii, iniaeeai aaaeeeaei
(iie(oeeoiei iieacieeii ana ae (nioth/iai ae(aeiao, ai o a(eueoino(
aeiaaee(a na(ae/eoue i?i a(aenooi(noue i?ioeae((, iai?eyooy iiceoe((
iiaoey, ui noai?th( oiiae e iiaeeeaino( aeey iiaeaeueoiai ae(aeiao. Oae,
a(aeiineie i(ae “ss” ( “Oe” oeeeeo “Ante lucem”, ye( iiao iicia/a(
oi?ioeith “Servus — Reginae”, (, oaeoe/ii, iiiieiaii, ui caeeoa(oueny
aac a(aeiia(ae(: “Ou a iie/aiuee aeaaeaea oieiie” (I, 60) aai “Ii ou a
iie/aiee i?ioea ia?aaei iiie”(I, 61), aea iiiieiaii c aeineoue
noaa(eueiith iiceoeaiith iiaeaeuei(noth:

Eiaaea a y iia aeioiooue ae a aeooo

Aanaiiei n/anoueai a ceiiee aeaiue!

I, iao, ca/ai, ca/ai ?ac?ooo

A? ieaaeai/aneoth eaiue? (I, 10).

Aea, iaa(oue yeui a(aeiia(aeue ( ( aiia ia( aa?aaeueia cae?(ieaiiy a
oaeno(, — aeey aa?iy “iaynai e niooai ioaao”(I, 93). Ioaea, eia(/iei
?icaeoeii aca(iei i(ae noa’(eoaie e(?eee iinooiiai (aeaaeae( a(eueoa oa
/ano(oa a(ae “Noeoia i I?ae?aniie Aeaia” aei oeeeeo “?anioouey”) noa(
ia?ao(ae a(ae caa?iaiue /ieia(/iai ia?niiaaeo “ss” aei ae(ii/i( aa?i(i(,
caeeee(a ( caieoaiue aei ia( ye iaeaea (aeeieo oi?i ae(aeiao (“Ou ee,
aeaeaiuea iayniia?”, “Oi/aoue iaiyoue ia i?iuaiea? I?ioeia aniiiieoue
aaeai?i?”, “Ieii, aeaeaiuea eaco?iia!” — I, 38) aei oaeeo oi?i ae(aeiao,
ui na(ae/aoue i?i ?icaoaeai(noue aieiaiiai ia?niiaaeo, eiai ia?icoi(iiy
aeaniiai i(noey a iae?i- ( i(e?ieini(, aei yeiai a(i iaeaaeeoue. Oaeeie
ae(aeia(/ieie oi?iaie, ia?aaaaeia e(euee(noue yeeo iaeaaeeoue aei
aioo?(oiueiai ae(aeiao (aaoieiioi(eaoe((), ( ieoaiiy-?icaeoie, i?e/iio
/anoi aiie noinothoueny i?aeoe/ii eiaeiiai eiiiiiaioo
neioaeoeei-naiaioe/ii( no?oeoo?e ?a/aiue. Ae(aeia o oeueiio ?ac( /anoi
aenie(eo(oueny ye ceeaa caieoaiue, i?e/iio iano(eueee (ioaineaia, ui
iiaeeea(noue ?aie(e-a(aeiia(aeae na(aeiii aeeeth/a(oueny naiei iiaoeai:

*oi nia?ony? Ii? ee, acaeuoathuaa,

Ii? ee na?aeoea ?aaeinoii aue?ony?

Aania ee ca ieiaie — ?iciaay, niiiay?

Eee yoi ssniay iia oeuaaaony?

Eee oieueei na?aeoea iia aethae?iiia?

Eee oieueei eaaeaony? Eee an? ocia?ony?(I,272).

Aaca(aeiia(aei(noue (ia oioiaeia, iaeia/a, ?eoi?e/iino() caieoaiue (
iaeac(a iiaea aooe iiooiaoii ?icoe?aiiy noa’(eoii( noa?e, eiee iiaaoeue
io?eio( a(aeaoe (cie?aia, aa?aaeueio a(aeiia(aeue) a(ae iniae, yea ia
aoea ?ai(oa caeo/aia aei ae(aeiao. Iai?eeeaae, aae?anaoaie ( iiaoeyie
ae(aeiao noathoue o “?aniooueyo“ /eneaii( “aieine”, “aea(eieee”
e(?e/iiai aa?iy (“A?eaeei”, “i?eoaeaoe”, “eiycue”, “iaeoi a /a?iii
o?aea” oa (i. ) ( eiai iino(eiiai ae(aeia(/iiai ia?oia?a — ae(ii/iai
ia?niiaaeo “ia-ss” (“Eieiiaeia”, “aeaaeoea”, “oea?aaia”,
“aeaia-a?enoie?aoea”). A(aeoai?thth/e oeiiao aeey e(?eee I.Aeiea
(“/ieia(/i(“ iiac(( acaaae() ae(aeia(/io neooaoe(th, aea
iiaoeai-(i(oe(aoi?ii ( /ieia(/ee ia?niiaae “ss”, oe( “iia(“ noa’(eoe
i?aai(cothoue naiai ?iaeo “aeueoa?iaoeai(“ nthaeaoe, a(aeoai?thth/e a
ae(aeiaao aa?(aioe iiaeeeaiai ?icaeoeo aca(iiae(( a(ia?ao(e aa?i(a.

Iai?eeeaae, ianiiae(aaia ci(ia iii(iaoe(eieo naiioa?aeoa?en-oee
aieiaiiai ia?niiaaeo aeieianueei( e(?eee, ye( ( nai(?(aeiith
“aeniiceoe((th” aioo?eoaenoiaiai ae(aeiao (cai(noue o?aaeeoe(eiiai
“eiie”, “neoaa” — iiyaa iii(iaoe(e “iooiee”, “anaaeiee” oa (ioeo
naii(aeaioeo(eaoe(e aa?iy, ia canoeaeiai “a iaeeiieii iieeiiaiuee”, a
oiai, ui ooea( iiaeo (aeaae(a), na(ae/eoue i?i ci(ie eiai
aca(ii-i?((ioaoe(( c (ioei noa’(eoii aioo?eoaenoiaiai ae(aeiao (,
a(aeiia(aeii, i?i iiaeaeueo( ci(ie iiaeaeueiino(, o?eaaeino( oa (ioeo
oa?aeoa?enoee ae(aeiao: “Ieii/o naaoeue iooue, ia aoaeo aeaeaoue
naeaeaiee,/ Eae oae ooaea, — e aueaeo iaciaeii”(I, 95).

Niaoe(aeueia i(noea a aiae(c( iin(aea( c(noaaeaiiy oeeee(a iaeiiai c
(ioei a aniaeo( nthaeaoieo, ia?acieo ( oaiaoe/ieo ia?aeeee(a ye ciae(a
i(aeoaenoiaiai ae(aeiao aioo?enenoaiiiai oeio. Oae, na?aae oi?i ae(aeiao
a nenoai( (ioa?oaenoo (aaea caaaeoaai( oeeoaoe, caaieiaee a(?o(a,
i?enay/aiiy, ?ai(i(noeaioe(( ( aethc((), ye( i?aaenoaaeai( a
aiae(ciaaieo o aeena?oaoe(( a(?oiaaieo oaenoao iaeaea a on(o iiaeeeaeo
?(ciiaeaeao ( aa?(aoe(yo, iai?eeeaae, iaeii/anii caaieiaie ( ai(a?ao, ui
a(aeneeathoue /eoa/a aei iaeiiai nieneiaiai /e oaeoe/iiai aeaea?aea
(aeea. I, 274; I, 5), aai ai(a?ao-oeeoaoa, ui neeaaeathoue aeae( iniiao
nthaeaoo a(?oa (aeea. I, 9; I, 12, I, 18). Oae, oeeoaoa c “Aeoie”
Ea?iiioiaa “E aeia?o e ceo iinouaeii ?aaiiaeooiu…” o ?ie( ai(a?aoa
iaee?aua a(aeiia(aea( naiini?eeiyooth aa?iy aeie(anueeiai a(?oa, yeee
nthaeaoii (( iaa(oue o ?eii-iao?e/iiio aniaeo() ?icaeaa(oueny ye iecea
anioe(aoe(e, aeeeeeaieo ia?acaie iiac(( I.TH.Ea?iiioiaa:

Caoyioo a aacaeio aeaaee na?aea/iie,

ss — ?aaiiaeooiue na?ue iaethaeei… (I, 18).

Aiae(c aeie(anueeeo oai?(a aeyaea oaeo aeineoue iioe?aio a no/ani(e
iiac(( iiaea?i(cio, aea a(aeiinii iiao oi?io aioo?enenoaiiiai
i(aeoaenoiaiai ae(aeiao, ye aaoiai(a?ao. Ne(ae cacia/eoe, ui aiae(c
oe((( oi?ie i(aeoaenoiaiai ae(aeiao, ye ( aeae(eaiiy eiai a ie?aiee oei,
aein( ia cono?(/aeiny a aeine(aeaeaiiyo, i?enay/aieo i?iaeaiai
(ioa?oaenooaeueiino( ooaeiaeiueiai oaenoo (aeea. ?iaioe A.(.Eiaeooiaa,
I.A.AEe?ioinueei(, A.(.Eooi(eiai( oa (i.).

Iai?eeeaae, aaoiai(a?ao “Oae — ?acioeenue /anu ?annaaoa” (
nai(?(aeiith nthaeaoiith i?iniaeoe((th, i?iaiicii oeo nthaeaoieo
eie(c(e, i?i ye( /eoa/ ae(cia(oueny i(ci(oa c oaenoo a(?oa, — i?i iiooee
e(?e/iei aa?i(i iiaiai (aeaaeo o ca’yceo c aaciaae(ei(noth a(?e a noa?ee
(aeaae:

Oai — iaoa?ue nuia ia ociaao,

Iioooioo no?anoiua na?aeoea…

Oai aaciaae?aeii oaanaao

Ii? neeoaiuea — aac eiioea… (I, 87).

Ioaea, ye na(ae/eoue aiae(c aeie(anueei( e(?eee a aniaeo( ((
ae(aeia(/iino(, /anoi ie?aiee a(?o iiaea aeeiioaaoe ooieoe(th ?aie(ee
ae(aeiao, ui ?icaeaa(oueny o iaaeao oeeeeo, aai i(noeoe oie “i(i(ioi
aii(?e/ieo iiae?iaeoeue”(O.I.Neeueiai), oa?aeoa?enoee noa’(eo(a
ae(aeia(/ii( aca(iiae(( ( ioi/aiiy, a yeiio aiie (niothoue. Ine(eueee
aac oe((( (ioi?iaoe(( ?aie(ee noa’(eo(a ae(aeiao (oaeiae, ye ( (o
o(ce/i( oa aiioe(eii-ineo(/i( ae(( ye iane(aeie aca(iiii?icoi(iiy a
i?ioean( iiaiiai ni(eeoaaiiy) ia iiaeooue aooe ii(aeiaieie a (aeeiee
ae(aeia, iiaeia noaa?aeaeoaaoe, ui ae(aeia(/i(noue ( oi(aa?naeueiith
aeanoea(noth a(?oiaaieo oaeno(a (ia?aaeon(i e(?e/ieo).

AENIIAEE

Aiae(c ?aiiuei( e(?eee I.Aeiea a aniaeo( (( ae(aeia(/iino( aeicaieea
onoaiiaeoe oae( iaea(eueo nooo(a( caeiiii(?iino(, i?eoaiaii( a(?oiaaiiio
oaenoo ye ?(ciiaeaeo oaenoo ooaeiaeiueiai:

1. E?(i o?aaeeoe(eii( aeey e(?eee ”aeaiiiethnii(“ iiaeae( noa’(eoii(
i?aai(caoe(( oaenoo (“ss” ( “ia-ss”), c ?icaeoeii nthaeaoo a(?oiaaieo
oeeee(a (iniaeeai yeui aeii(iothoue iioeae “cono?(/(“, “oiiae(aeaiiy”
aa?i(a) o aioo?(oiueiio eiioi(eaoeaiiio i?inoi?( oaeno(a iiaeooue
c’yaeyoeny (io( noa’(eoe ae(( oa iiaeaiiy. O a(eueoino( aeiaaee(a (o
aaaeei (aeaioeo(eoaaoe c oeie “ss” ( “ia-ss”, ui (o aoei ia?a(nii
caaeaii a “aeniiceoe((“ e(?e/iiai nthaeaoo. Ine(eueee naia ianoiae(noue,
ia(aeaioe/i(noue noa’(eo(a ( noeioeii aeey ?icaeoeo ae(aeiao, ?icoe?aiiy
noa’(eoii( noa?e (ie?aiee aeiaaeie — ci(ia aaoiiii(iaoe(e eeiinue c
ia?niiaae(a) iiaeia aaaaeaoe iaeiei c iaea(eueo ae(eiaeo cania(a
aeoea(caoe(( ae(aeiao.

2. Iacaaeiaieai(noue iiaoey neooa/ai (eiai iniaeno(noth, eiai
iaaaaeaiiyi aeeiioaaoe “i?acoiioe(( ae(aeiao”, oiaoi i?aaeea aca(iiae((
— ye caaaeueiii?eeiyo( noni(euenoaii, oae ( anoaiiaeai( o eieaeueiiio
nioe(oi( — iiaoeai ( neooa/ai, ui ooai?ththoue “na(e” ae(aeia) o
“i?e?iaeiiio” ae(aeic( i?ecaiaeeoue, ia?aaaaeii, aei oaeoe/iiai
cae(i/aiiy ae(aeia(/ii( aca(iiae((. A e(?eoe(, iaaiaee, oe( ianoaaeie
iiaeooue aeeeeeaoe nii/aoeo niia(eueiaiiy aeeiai(ee ae(aeia(/ii(
aca(iiae(( (a oiio /ene( e iiaii(), a iio(i aiaeyoe(th iiaoey aei (ioi(
aoaeeoi?((, ui na(ae/eoue i?i i?iaeiaaeaiiy ae(aeiao.

3. Ie?ai( oaenoe a(?oiaaieo oeeee(a iiaeooue a(aeiia(aeaoe i?eioeeio
ae(aeia(/iino(, iaa(oue yeui aiie ia i(noyoue iiaieo oi?i ae(aeiao,
caaaeyee iayaiino( a ieo (ioi?iaoe(( i?i aiioe(eiee noai noa’(eo(a
ae(aeia(/iiai ni(eeoaaiiy, i?i (o o(ce/i( ae((, aeeiiaiiy yeeo (
iane(aeeii aai ia?aaeoiiaith ae(aeiao. Oiaoi, ?aiee aeiaeiao iiaeooue
aooe aieueoa ca ?aiee ie?aii acyoiai ai?oiaaiiai oaenoo, aeiaeia ia
caaa?oo(oueny (c caeii/aiiyi ai?oa. O cai?iiiiiaai(e a ?iaio(
eeaneo(eaoe(( ae(aeiao oe( aeiaaeee a(aeiia(aeathoue iae/ano(oa aeaii
oeiai: oiio, ui caeia( ia?ao(aeio iiceoe(th i(ae aioo?eoaenoiaei
ae(aeiaii ( aaoieiioi(eaoe((th, aai i(aeoaenoiaiio aioo?enenoaiiiio
ae(aeiao. Ciai( iiiieia(/iee oaeno (, oaeei /eiii, (iie(oeeoiei caniaii
?icaeoeo ae(aeia(/ii( neooaoe((.

4. E?(i oiai, iieacieeii (nioaaiiy aioo?eoaenoiaiai ae(aeiao o
“cai?iooiio”, (iie(eiaaiiio aeaeyae( ( aca(iiae(y cania(a aeeth/aiiy
a(?o(a aei i(aeoaenoiaiai ae(aeiao c( ci(noii oaenoo. Oea iiaea
cae(enithaaoenue e(eueeiia oeyoaie, na?aae yeeo, ye na(ae/eoue aiae(c
e(?eee I.Aeiea, iaea(eueo iioe?aieie (:

— nthaeaoia aa?(thaaiiy aioo?enenoaiiiai oa?aeoa?o — eiee o a(?oao
iaeiiai aai ?(cieo oeeee(a, ii(aeiaieo eia(ei-o?iiieia(/iith
iine(aeiai(noth, iiaoi?ththoueny iaeiaeia( ca iiaeaeeth, aea ia
(aeaioe/i( ca ?icaeoeii ( ?acoeueoaoaie nthaeaoi( neooaoe((, aai
aaniethoia oioiaei(noue nthaeaoo ii?ooo(oueny eeoa aca(iiiai(iii
noa’(eo(a (o iiia?aaei(ie eiioi(eaoeaieie iiceoe(yie;

— aa?(thaaiiy a nenoai( i(aeoaenoiaeo a(aeiinei — ia?ainien-eaiiy
o?aaeeoe(eieo aeey aeaii( eoeueoo?e ia?acieo noa?aioei(a ((iiae( aei
iiaii( i?ioeeaaeiino( (o iio(aeiiio ni?eeiyooth);

— aeei?enoaiiy ia?ac(a i?ioioaenoo a iiii(i(/iiio cia/aii(,
i?enoinoaaiiy (o aei iai?eoaiaiieo (i nthaeaoieo (o oiio /ene( e
ae(aeia(/ieo) neooaoe(e. Oea iiaea aooe aeia(eueia aaoi?nueea cai(ia
cia/aiiy (i(oe(ae(a ( aa?aa(aoo?, a(eueia oeoia/aiiy (ioiiiaieo ne(a (
ae?ac(a oiui.

O?ainoi?iaoe(y o e(?eoe( ianoaaei ae(aeia(/iiai ni(eeoaaiiy,
i?eoaiaiieo “i?e?iaeiiio” ae(aeiao oa ae(aeiao a i?ica(/iiio (
ae?aiaoe/iiio oaenoao ye ?(ciiaeaeao oaenoo ooaeiaeiueiai, i?ecaiaeeoue,
ii-ia?oa, aei noaa(eueiiai ( iine(aeiaiiai c?inoaiiy
eiioi(eaoeaii-naiaioe/iiai iaaaioaaeaiiy (iie(oeeoieo aeaiaio(a ae(aeiao
(, ii-ae?oaa, aei ooieoe(iiaeueieo o?ainoi?iaoe(e iiaieo oi?i ae(aeiao.
A?aoiaoth/e oie oaeo, ui oi?iith (nioaaiiy a(?oiaaieo oaeno(a ( oeeee ye
no?oeoo?ii-naiaioe/ia (aei(noue, ne(ae cacia/eoe, ui ae(aeia(/i(noue o
e(?eoe( iineoue ia o?aaiaioa?iee, o?ea/anoee oa?aeoa?, a yaey( niaith
i?ioeann “ae(aeia(caoe(( — iiiieia(caoe((“ (A.I.Eo/einueeee), oiaoi
“aenie(eaoe(( — (iie(eaoe((“ i?iya(a ae(aeia(/iiai ni(eeoaaiiy.

IOAE(EAOe((

1. Ioaa/?aa E.I. Iiyoeea oeeeea “Ante lucem” A.Aeiea a eiioaenoa
ynoaoeei-oeeinioneeo i?eioeeiia ?onneiai neiaieecia // Ciaiea,
Eoeueoo?a, Aeanoue: I?iaeaiu oeeinioneiai iniuneaiey. — Oa?ueeia: OAO,
1993. — N. 222 — 226.

2. Ioaa/?aa E.I. Noauaeoiay i?aaiecaoeey oeeeea “Ante lucem” A.Aeiea //
Iaoa?(aee V Iaaeaeoia?iaeii( eiioa?aioe(( “Naiaioeea iiae ( oaenoo”. *.
2. — (aaii-O?aie(anuee, 1996. — N. 145-146.

3. Ioaa/?aa E.I. Aiaieaaneea ?aieienoeaioeee eae yeaiaio iaaeoaenoiaiai
aeeaeiaa a ?aiiae ee?eea A.Aeiea // Ainiee Oa?e(anuee. aea?ae. oi-oo.
Aei. 400. Na(oiaeyae I.A.Aiaiey: o(einionueei-?ae(a(ei( ooeaiiy
(noaaeeaie ooeaiue Aiaiey). — Oa?eia — Noie, 1998. — N. 66-74.

4. Ioaa/?aa E.I. Aeeaeiaiia?acothuay “oeaiiinoue” aii?inia a
noeoioai?iii oaenoa // Iaaei?aaeiaoiua nayce: Iao/iua enneaaeiaaiey,
iiuo, iienee: Na. iao/i. o?oaeia.- Oa?ueeia, 1998. — N. 84-87.

AIIOAOeI(

Ioaa/iaa I.I. Caaaeueia oai?(y ae(aeiao o a(?oiaaiiio oaeno( (1-e oii
e(?eee I.Aeiea). — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe(y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa o(eieia(/ieo
iaoe ca niaoe(aeuei(noth 10.02.02 — ?in(enueea iiaa. — Oa?e(anueeee
aea?aeaaiee oi(aa?neoao, Oa?e(a, 1998.

Aeena?oaoe(th i?enay/aii aeine(aeaeaiith noa?, ?(ai(a, oi?i ( cania(a
?aae(caoe(( ?(cieo oei(a ae(aeiao o a(?oiaaiiio oaeno(. O aeena?oaoe((
cai?iiiiiaaii iiao, oe(e(nio oeiieia(th ae(aeiao o a(?oiaaiiio oaeno(,
ia i(aenoaa( yei( i?iaiae(ciaaii aeaee ae(aeiao o oaenoao ?aiiuei(
e(?eee I.Aeiea. Ia iniia( ?icoe?aiiai e(iaai-o(einionueeiai i(aeoiaeo
aei oaiiiaio “ae(aeia” ye niiniao ni(a(nioaaiiy ieney/eo noa’(eo(a o
eoeueoo?iiio i?inoi?(, aeyaeaii iniaeeaa cia/aiiy aeey a(?oiaaiiai
oaenoo (iie(oeeoieo iieaciee(a ae(aeiao oa oaeoi?(a, ui na(ae/aoue i?i
aeeth/aiiy a(?oiaaieo oaeno(a o i(aeoaenoiaee ae(aeia (?icoe?aiiy noa?e
iioaioe(eieo noa’(eo(a ae(aeiao, ci(ia aaoiiii(iaoe(e noa’(eo(a, cia/oua
iia/aiiy, nthaeaoia aa?(thaaiiy, oeeee(caoe(y oiui).

Eeth/ia( neiaa: ae(aeia, a(?oiaaiee oaeno, e(iaai-o(einionueeee
i(aeo(ae, noa’(eoe ae(aeiao, aioo?eoaenoiaee ( i(aeoaenoiaee ae(aeia,
aenie(oeeoi( oa (iie(oeeoi( iieacieee ae(aeiao, oeeee(caoe(y.

Ioaa/?aa E.I. Iauay oai?ey aeeaeiaa a noeoioai?iii oaenoa (1-e oii
ee?eee A.Aeiea). — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea iao/iie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oeeieiae/aneeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 10.02.02 — ?onneee ycue. — Oa?ueeianeee
ainoaea?noaaiiue oieaa?neoao, Oa?ueeia, 1998.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia enneaaeiaaieth noa?, o?iaiae, oi?i e n?aaenoa
?aaeecaoeee ?aciuo oeiia aeeaeiaa a noeoioai?iii oaenoa. A aeenna?oaoeee
i?aaeeiaeaia iiaay, oeaeinoiay oeiieiaey aeeaeiaa a noeoioai?iii oaenoa,
ia iniiaaiee eioi?ie inouanoaeai aiaeec aeaeia aeeaeiaa a ?aiiae ee?eea
A.Aeiea. Enoiaey ec ?anoe?aiiiai eeiaai-oeeinioneiai iiaeoiaea e
oaiiiaio “aeeaeia” eae niiniaa ninouanoaiaaiey iuneyueo noauaeoia a
eoeueoo?iii i?ino?ainoaa, auyaeaii iniaia cia/aiea aeey noeoioai?iiai
oaenoa eiieeoeeoiuo iieacaoaeae aeeaeiaa e oaeoi?ia, eioi?ua
naeaeaoaeuenoaotho i aeeth/aiee noeoioai?iuo oaenoia a iaaeoaenoiaue
aeeaeia (?anoe?aiea noa?u iioaioeeaeueiuo noauaeoia aeeaeiaa, niaia
aaoiiiieiaoeee noauaeoia, cia/eiia iie/aiea, nthaeaoiia aa?uee?iaaiea,
oeeeeecaoeey e ae?).

Eeth/aaua neiaa: aeeaeia, noeoioai?iue oaeno, eeiaai-oeeinioneee
iioiae, noauaeou aeeaeiaa, aioo?eoaenoiaue e iaaeoaenoiaue aeeaeia,
yenieeoeeoiua e eiieeoeeoiua iieacaoaee aeeaeiaa, oeeeeecaoeey.

Pugachova I.O. General theory of dialogue in a poetic text (Lyrics by
A.Block, Vol. 1). — Manuscript.

Thesis for a Candidate of Science degree in Philology (specialty
10.02.02 — Russian language). — Kharkov State University, Kharkov, 1998.

The thesis is devoted to a research on the spheres, levels, forms and
means of realization of different types of dialogue in a poetic text. In
the paper it is suggested a new, integral typology of dialogue in a
poetic text, on the basis of which an analysis of the types of dialogue
in the early lyrics by A.Block is carried out. Proceeding from a
comprehensive linguistic and philosophical approach to the phenomenon of
dialogue as to the way of coexistence of intellectual subjects in a
cultural space, it is revealed the particular importance for a poetic
text of the implicit indices of dialogue as well as of those factors
that are indicative of the inclusion of poetic texts into a intertextual
dialogue (expansion of the sphere of the potential subjects of the
dialogue, change in the subjects’ self-nomination, meaningful silence,
plot modifications, cyclization, etc.).

Key words: dialogue, poetic text, linguistic and philosophical
approach, subjects of dialogue, intratextual and intertextual dialogue,
explicit and implicit indices of dialogue, cyclization.

* Ooo ( aeae( oai?e I.Aeiea oeeoothoueny ca aeaeaiiyi: Aeie A.A.
Nia?aiea ni/eiaiee: A 8 o. — I.-E.: Ain. ecae-ai ooaeiae. eeo.,
1960-1964 c cacia/aiiyi o aeoaeeao oiio ?einueeith oeeo?ith e noi?(iee
a?aanueeith.

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