OA?E?ANUeEA AeA?AEAAIA AEAAeAI?ss

CAE?CIE*IIAI O?AINII?OO

Naaeiaee Einoyioei A?oae?eiae/

OAeE 621.39.037.372:621.373.121

CAAACIA*AIIss AOAEOEAII? AAOIIIIII? ?IAIOE

CAAeATH*EO EAA?OeIAEO AAIA?AOI??A NENOAI OAEOIAI?

NEIO?II?CAOe?? OeEO?IAEO IA?AAE CA’ssCEO IA INIIA? IIAeOEssOe?EIIAI
IAOIAeO

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 05.12.02 — Oaeaeiioi?eaoe?ei? nenoaie oa oi?aae?iiy
ieie

Aaoi?aoa?ao aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe

Oa?e?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia o Oa?e?anueeiio a?enueeiaiio oi?aa?neoao?, I?i?noa?noai
Iai?iie Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?, i?ioani? eaoaae?e

i?eeiaeueieo oa ia?aaeath/eo i?eno?i?a OAO

Oiae?e TH??e Naiaiiae/

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?, caa?aeoth/ee

eaoaae?ith aaaaoieaiaeueiiai
aeaeo?ica’yceo OAeOO?A

Iiiianueeee Aieiaeeie? Aieiaeeie?iae/

eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe, noa?oee
iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee,

ia/aeueiee eaai?aoi??? o?ainii?oieo ia?aae
OIAe?C

Naa/oe Ieaenaiae? Aaneeueiae/

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Oe?a?inueeee iaoeiai-aeine?aeiee ?inoeooo ?aae?i ?

oaeaaa/aiiy, Aea?aeaaiee eii?oao ca’yceo
Oe?a?ie, i. Iaeana.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny » 30 » /a?aiy 1999?. i 10-00 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae02.15.04 o Oa?e?anuee?e aea?aeaai?e
aeaaeai?? cae?cie/iiai o?ainii?oo (310050, i. Oa?e?a, ie. Oae??aaoa 7).

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Oa?e?anueei?
aea?aeaaii? aeaaeai?? cae?cie/iiai o?ainii?oo.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee » 21″ o?aaiy 1999?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Eieoaa I.I.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. O inoaii? aeanyoe??//y ao?oeeaee ?icaeoie io?eiaee
oeeo?ia? caniae ca’yceo, caniiaai? ia aeene?aoecaoe?? oa oeeo?ia?e
ia?iaoe? iia?aeiieaiue, ui ia?aaeathoueny, ? ye? iathoue c oe??? i?e/eie
aaeueie ?noioi? ia?aaaae a ii??aiyii? c aiaeiaiaeie caniaaie ca’yceo.

O oie aea /an iaeii/ania aoaeoeaia ooieoe?iioaaiiy ??cieo ca
i?ecia/aiiyi oeeo?iaeo ia?aae ca’yceo aeinyaa?oueny aieiaiei /eiii
oeyoii i?ea’ycee ?o iioie?a ?ioi?iaoe?? ? aioo??oi?o oaeoiaeo
aaia?aoi??a aei ?aeeii? /aniai? oeaee. Neio?ii?caoe?y iiaeiia
cae?enithaaoeny ii ???a?o?/i?e no?oeoo?? nenoai neio?ii?caoe??,
?icae?eai?e ia ??ai?, ui a?ae??ciythoueny iioeaeith i?ea’ycee ca /anii.

I?aoeec?ei? eaa?oeia? aaia?aoi?e (EA) ? aaciaeie aeaea?aeaie /ano ?
/anoioe aeey nenoai neio?ii?caoe?? ae?oaiai ? o?aoueiai ??ai?a. I?e/iio,
?aeeiei ia?aiao?ii, ca yeei eaa?oeiaee aaia?aoi? ia ia? ia?aaaae a
ii??aiyii? c eiai iaeaeeae/ei eiieo?aioii — eaaioiaei ?oa?ae??aei
noaiaea?oii /anoioe, ? eiai aeiaaino?ieiaa ianoaa?euei?noue /anoioe
(noa??iiy). I?ioa, ?aae?caoe?y EA c? noa??iiyi /anoioe iaio i?ae 10-9 ca
i?nyoeue aeicaiey? aoaeoeaii aeei?enoiaoaaoe ?o a nenoaiao
neio?ii?caoe?? ae?oaiai ? o?aoueiai ??ai?a cai?noue ?oa?ae??aeo
aaia?aoi??a o ?aaeei? aaoiiiiii? ?iaioe.

Ii/aoeia? ?iaioe c oaciai? neio?ii?caoe?? ? noaa?e?caoe?? /anoioe
a?aeiineoueny aei 20…30-o ?ie?a, ine?eueee naia ia ii/aoeo 1930-o
?ie?a ?ic?iaeai? iniiae oai??? neio?ii?caoe??, ui aacothoueny ia ?iaioao
Aai aea? Iiey, Aiae?iiiaa ? A?ooa. Iaaeae? iniiaiee aianie a ?icaeoie
oai??? eieeaaiue, ?o neio?ii?caoe?? ? noaa?e?caoe?? c?iaeee E.?.
Iaiaeaeueoai, I.Ae. Iaiaeaen?, I.I. Aiaiethaia, TH.A. Eiaca?ueia, N.?.
?aoyiia, A.A Aeueoooeea?, A.A. Oaoa?eueaeyi, AE.AE. Aaiueiaei, ?.
Aannii, A. E?aeniae, Aeae. A?a oa ?io?.

Caaea/a ii caaacia/aiith aoaeoeaii? ?iaioe (noaa?e?caoe?? /anoioe)
caaeath/eo eaa?oeiaeo aaia?aoi??a nenoai neio?ii?caoe?? oeeo?iaeo ia?aae
ca’yceo ia iniia? aeei?enoaiiy iiaeoeyoe?eiiai iaoiaeo eaa?oeiai?
noaa?e?caoe?? /anoioe (IIEN*), cai?iiiiiaaiiai i?ioani?ii Oiae??i TH.N.,
aecia/a? aeoaoeuei?noue oe??? ?iaioe.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie. ?iaioa aeeiioaaeanue
ca?aeii i?ia?aie I?iiaoee “Eanoiaea” ? i?ia?aie Aea?aenoaiaea?oo
“Iao?ieia?y 2.4”, aea?aeaaii? iaoeiai-oaoi?/ii? i?ia?aie “?ic?iaea
noaiaea?oo /anoioe eaa?oeiaiai i?aoeec?eiiai” (iinoaiiaa Aea?aeeii?oaoo
c ieoaiue iaoee ? oaoiieia?? Oe?a?ie N12 a?ae 4 o?aaiy 1992 ?ieo), a
oaeiae a ?aieao i?ia?aie Aieiaii? ano?iiii?/ii? iana?aaoi???
“Iao?eea-EAI” .

Iaoa ?iaioe: caaacia/aiiy i?aeaeuaiiy aeiaaino?ieiai? noaa?eueiino?
/anoioe caaeath/eo eaa?oeiaeo aaia?aoi??a nenoai oaeoiai? neio?ii?caoe??
ia iniia? aiae?co oa aeei?enoaiiy ?o noaoe/ieo ? aeeiai?/ieo
iiaeoeyoe?eieo oa?aeoa?enoee, ui i?eaiaeeoue aei ca?eueoaiiy /ano
aoaeoeaii? aaoiiiiii? neio?ii?caoe?? oeeo?iaeo ia?aae ca’yceo.

Caaea/?, ??oaiiyi yeeo aeinyaa?oueny iinoaaeaia iaoa:

— iiaoaeiaa iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeae? AeIO c o?aooaaiiyi aieeao aioo??oi?o ?
ciai?oieo ooi?a eiea oi?aae?iiy eaa?oeiaiai aaoiaaia?aoi?a;

— aeine?aeaeaiiy aieeao neeaaeieo e?e oi?aae?iiy ia AeIO o?eueo?iaeo ?
inoeeeyoi?ieo noai i?e iiaeoeyoe?? ?iiino? aa?eeaia;

— aeine?aeaeaiiy ei?aeyoe?eiiai aca?iica’yceo i?ae ci?iaie /anoio
iniiaiiai ? aiaa?iii?eiiai eiioo??a i?e noaoe/iiio oi?aae?ii?;

— aenia?eiaioaeueia aeine?aeaeaiiy iiaeoeyoe?eieo oa?aeoa?enoee
aaoiaaia?aoi?a c eaa?oeiaei ?aciiaoi?ii SC-c??co;

— aeine?aeaeaiiy aeaeo?e/ieo ? ?aciiainieo aeanoeainoae i’?ciieanoei
eaioai-aae??aiai nee?eaoo (eaiaaneoo, La3Ga5SiO14) ? iiaeeeaino? ?o
aeei?enoaiiy aeey o?eueo?aoe?? neaiae?a iniiaii? oa aiaa?iii?eii? /anoio
EA.

Iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiue, ui aeei?enoiaothoueny i?e ae??oaii? iinoaaeaieo
caaea/: iaoiaee noaoenoe/ii? oai??? ?aae?ioaoi?eeee, iaoaiaoe/ii?
noaoenoeee, iaoaiaoe/iiai aiae?co, aeaiaio?a oai??? aeaeo?i- ?
?aae?ie?e. Aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy i?aeoaa?aeaeothoue
oai?aoe/i? iieiaeaiiy.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia aeine?aeaeaiue iieyaa? a oiio, ui:

— io?eiaia iiaa iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue AeIO EA a nioc? aiaa?iii?eiiai
eiioo?a;

— oai?aoe/ii aeine?aeaeai? iiaeoeyoe?ei? oa?aeoa?enoeee aaia?aoi??a,
iiaoaeiaaieo ii noai? Aaoea?a ? Eiei?ooea, c ??cieie noaiaie oi?aae?iiy
/anoioith aeo?aeiiai ? ea?oth/iai neaiaeo ? i?iaaaeaiee ?o ii??aiyeueiee
aiae?c;

— aeine?aeaeaii aieea oi?aae?iiy ?ii?noth aa?eeaia ia /anoioe iniiaiiai
oa aiaa?iii?eiiai ?aciiain?a i?e ??cieo noaiao oi?aae?iiy, ia iniia?
/iai c?iaeai? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? ii ?o aeei?enoaiith;

— c?iaeaiee aiae?c aieeao oi?aae?iiy ?ii?noth aa?eeaia ia AeIO
eaa?oeiaiai aaia?aoi?a c ??cieie noaiaie oi?aae?iiy;

— oaeineiiaeaia iaoiaeeea ? i?iaaaeaiee aenia?eiaio ii aeine?aeaeaiith
AeIO EA c ?aciiaoi?ii SC-c??co, i?aeoaa?aeaeoth/ee oai?aoe/i?
aeine?aeaeaiiy;

— aenia?eiaioaeueii aeine?aeaeaiee aieea oiia oaiia?aoo?ii? ia?iaee ?
b-ii?ii?ithaaiiy ia aeaeo?e/i? ia?aiao?e i’?ciieanoei eaiaaneoo oa
iiaeai? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei aeei?enoaiiy aeaeo?e/ieo o?eueo??a ia ?o
iniia? aeey o?eueo?aoe?? neaiae?a c /anoioaie iniiaiiai oa
aiaa?iii?eiiai ?aciiain?a.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Io?eiai? a aeena?oaoe??
?acoeueoaoe i?iaaaeaieo oai?aoe/ieo ? aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue
aeicaieythoue canoinoaaoe ia?niaeoeaiee IIEN* aeey ??oaiiy caaea/?
i?aeaauaiiy noaa?eueiino? caaeath/iai aaia?aoi?a nenoaie neio?ii?caoe??
a ianoaoe?iia?iiio oeoeooth/iio iie? aeanoaa?e?coth/eo oaeoi??a ?c
canoinoaaiiyi neeaaeieo noai oi?aae?iiy iniiaiith oa aiaa?iii?eiith
/anoioaie.

Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue ? oaoi?/i? ??oaiiy, ui
iaaiai?ththoueny a aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio?, aoee aeei?enoai? a
iaoeiai-ae?iaie/iio oeaio?? “N?o?ii” (i. Oa?e?a) ? a?aee?eoiio
aeoe?iia?iiio oiaa?enoa? “??AA” (i. Ee?a) i?e ?ic?iaoe? noaiaea?o?a
/anoioe eaa?oeiaeo ? iii?ieo aaia?aoi??a ii i?ia?ai? I?iiaoee
“Eanoiaea” (aeiaia?? N2/781-97 a?ae 13 na?iiy 1997 ?ieo) ? i?ia?ai?
Aea?aenoaiaea?oo “Iao?ieia?y 2.4” (aeiaia?? N196 a?ae 1 n?/iy 1996
?ieo), i?e aeeiiaii? aea?aeaaii? iaoeiai-oaoi?/ii? i?ia?aie “?ic?iaea
noaiaea?oo /anoioe eaa?oeiaiai i?aoeec?eiiai” (oeo? 6.08.00/276-92
“Eaeaea”, iinoaiiaa Aea?aeeii?oaoo c ieoaiue iaoee ? oaoiieia?? Oe?a?ie
N12 a?ae 4 o?aaiy 1992 ?ieo), aiane?aeie yei? aoa ?ic?iaeaiee noaiaea?o
/anoioe eaa?oeiaee *1-88, a oaeiae a i?ioean? noai?aiiy oi?o?eiaaiiai
?yaeo i?aoeec?eieo eaa?oeiaeo aaia?aoi??a aeey eaa?oeiaeo i?? /anoioe ?
?ioi? aia?aoo?e neoaea /ano ? ca’yceo a ?aieao i?ia?aie Aieiaii?
ano?iiii?/ii? iana?aaoi??? “Iao?eea-EAI” .

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a o aeeiiaio ?iaioo ? ioae?eaoe?? iieyaa? a
?ic?iaoe? iaoaiaoe/ieo iiaeaeae, i?iaaaeai? oa aiae?co ?ic?aooie?a ?
aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue, oi?ioaaii? aeniiae?a ?
?aeiiaiaeaoe?e. Iniiai? iai?yiee ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiue oi?ioaaeenue
iaoeiaei ea??aieeii i?ioani?ii Oiae??i TH.N., o ni?aaaoi?noa? c yeei
iioae?eiaaia a?eueo?noue ?ia?o aaoi?a.

Iniiai? iaoeia? iieiaeaiiy, ui aeiinyoueny ia caoeno:

— iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue AeIO EA a nioc? aiaa?iii?eiiai eiioo?a c
o?aooaaiiyi aieeao ooi?a eiea oi?aae?iiy;

— ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy iiaeoeyoe?eieo oa?aeoa?enoee o?eueo?iaeo ?
inoeeeyoi?ieo noai eaa?oeiaeo aaia?aoi??a c? neeaaeieie noaiaie
oi?aae?iiy /anoioith oa ?o ii??aiyeueiee aiae?c;

— noaie neeaaeieo e?e oi?aae?iiy /anoioith ? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei ?o
aeei?enoaiiy a EA, iiaoaeiaaieo ia iniia? IIEN*;

— iaoiaeeea ? ?acoeueoaoe aenia?eiaioaeueiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy
iiaeoeyoe?eieo oa?aeoa?enoee eaa?oeiaiai aaoiaaia?aoi?a;

— ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy i’?ciieanoei eaiaaneoo ? ?aeiiaiaeaoe??
uiaei aeei?enoaiiy aeaeo?e/ieo o?eueo??a ia ?o iniia? aeey o?eueo?aoe??
neaiae?a iniiaii? oa aiaa?iii?eieo /anoio.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue aeieeaaeaeeny ia 5-io ?in?enueeiio neiiic?oi?
“Iao?ieiaey a?aiaie e i?ino?ainoaa” (i.Iaiaeaea?ai, ?in?y, 1994?.), 1-e
Oe?a?ine?e iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “Iao?ieia?/ia caaacia/aiiy a
aaeoc? aeaeo?e/ieo, iaai?oieo ? ?aae?ioaoie/ieo aei??thaaiue” (i.Oa?e?a,
1994?.), Oe?a?inuee?e iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “Iao?ieia?y oa
aeii?thaaeueia oaoiiea” (i.Oa?e?a, 1995?.), International Symposium
“Acoustoelectronics, Frequency Control and Siqnal Generation” (a.Iineaa,
?in?y, 1996a.), 50-th IEEE International Frequency Control Symposium
(Honolulu, USA, 1996), 2-e I?aeia?iaei?e eiioa?aioe?? “Oai??y ? oaoi?ea
ia?aaea/?, i?eeiio oa ia?iaee ?ioi?iaoe??” (i.Ooaina, ?in?y, 1996?.).

Ioae?eaoe??. Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe iioae?eiaai? a 2 noaooyo,
4 aeiiia?aeyo a iaoa??aeao neiiic?oi?a, 4 oacao aeiiia?aeae, aeeeaaeai?
a 9 ca?oao i?i IAe?.

No?oeoo?a ? ia’?i aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c aaaaeaiiy,
i’yoe ?icae?e?a, aeniiaeo ? i?noeoue 141 noi??ieo iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo,
84 ?enoiea, 18 oaaeeoeue ? nienea aeei?enoiaaiie e?oa?aoo?e ?c 137
iaeiaioaaiue.

CI?NO ?IAIOE

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? i?eaaaeai? ?acoeueoaoe aiae?co no/aniiai noaio
ieoaiiy oaeoiai? neio?ii?caoe?? oeeo?iaeo ia?aae ca’yceo ? noaa?e?caoe??
/anoioe. Aiae?c i?iaaaeaiee ii aeaea?aeai iaoeiai-oaoi?/ii? ?ioi?iaoe??
a iai?yi? iiooeo oeyo?a noai?aiiy i?aoeec?eieo eaa?oeiaeo aeaea?ae
iii?ieo eieeaaiue (aaia?aoi??a ? noaiaea?o?a /anoioe ? /ano), a oaeiae
no/anieo iaoiae?a noaa?e?caoe?? /anoioe ? oeyo?a ?o ?aae?caoe??.

Iieacaii, ui i?e cieeiaii? neaiaeo neio?ii?caoe?? (?en.1) a?ae aaaeo/iai
aaia?aoi?a aai aaia?aoi?a nenoaie aeiaaeueii? iaa?aaoe?? GPS
aeei?enoaiiy eieeaaiue ia /anoio? aiaa?iii?eiiai eiioo?a (aeei?enoaiiy
IIEN*) iiaea ca?eueoeoe /an aoaeoeaii? aaoiiiiii? ?iaioe aaaeaiiai
aaia?aoi?a, yeee aecia/a?oueny aeiionoeiith (ii i?aeia?iaeiei
?aeiiaiaeaoe?yi G.811 oa G.812) aaee/eiith iaeneiaeueii? iioeaee
/aniaiai ?ioa?aaeo (II*?) (?en.2).

Ooo oaeiae ?icaeyioo? ooiaeaiaioaeuei? iaiaaeaiiy noaa?eueiino? /anoioe
eaa?oeiaeo aaia?aoi??a ? ?aciiaoi??a.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? io?eiaia iiaeaeue /anoioii- oa
aiie?ooaeiiiiaeoeueiaa- iiai (*I-AI) EA c o?aooaaiiyi aieeao aioo??oi?o
? ciai?oi?o ooi?a, aeeth/ath/e ooie noaie oi?aae?iiy /anoioith, ui
aeicaiey? aiae?coaaoe iiaaae?ieo AeIO a nioc? aiaa?iii?eiiai eiioo?a
(?en.3). Oaeiae io?eiaia noaoenoe/ia iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue aeeiai?/ieo
iiaeoeyoe?eieo oa?aeoa?enoee a nioc? aiaa?iii?eiiai eiioo?a c
o?aooaaiiyi ia?aiao??a eiie?aoii? noaie i?aoeec?eieo EA oa ?o
oeoeooaoe?e, yea i?aaenoaaeaia o aeaeyae? iae?i?eieo ooieoe?iiaeueieo
ia?aoai?aiue aocueeinioaiaiai aeiaaeeiaiai i?ioeano, ae?th/iai c aeoiaeo
aiaa?iii?/iiai eiioo?a ia ao?ae iae?i?eiiai i?eno?ith (II).

Io?eiai? ae?ace aeey iaeiii??ii? u?eueiino? ?iciiae?eo ?iia??iino? (U??)
ooieoe?e AeIO o oi?i? ocaaaeueiaiiai caeiio ?aena:

, (1)

,

(jA,w)=(1/2p)exp(-MA,j /2D){1+2p(MA,j0.5/D0.5)cos(jA,w -fA,w)?
?O[(MA,j/D0.5)cos(jA,w-fA,w)]exp[0.5(MA,j/D)cos2(jA,w -fA,w)]},(2)

p ? jA,w ? -p,

— ?ioaa?ae ?iia??iino?, X1,Y1, X2,Y2 — aeiaaeeia? i?ioeane, ui
oa?aeoa?ecothoue iiaaae?ieo AeIO.

Ciaeaeai? U?? oa?aeoa?ecothoue noaoe?iia?i? noaoenoe/i? aeanoeaino?
ooieoe?e AeIO i?aoeec?eiiai EA i?e ??cieo ni?aa?aeiioaiiyo i?ae
aiie?ooaeith aa?oiuei? neeaaeiai? niaeo?a /anoioii- ?
aiie?ooaeii-iiaeoeueiaaiiai (*I-AI) eieeaaiiy ? na?aaeiueieaaae?aoe/iei
a?aeoeeaiiyi ooio aeey ??cieo ?icno?ithaaiue a?aeiinii /anoioe
aiaa?iii?eiiai eiioo?a.

?ic?iaeaia iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue ooieoe?e AeIO a nioc? aiaa?iii?eiiai
eiioo?a aeicaiey? i?iaanoe /enaeueiee aiae?c iiaaae?iee iiaeoeyoe?eieo
oa?aeoa?enoee eaa?oeiaiai aaia?aoi?a c o?aooaaiiyi neeaaeieo e?e
oi?aae?iiy.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? aoa i?iaaaeaiee /enaeueiee aiae?c ia?aiao??a AeIO ?
i?iaaaeaii ii??aiyiiy aieeao ??cieo noai oi?aae?iiy ia iiaeoeyoe?ei?
oa?aeoa?enoeee o?eueo?iaeo ? inoeeeyoi?ieo noai EA.

Ia iniia? ?ic?iaeaii? ocaaaeueiaii? (?en.4) oa aea?aaeaioii? (?en.5)
noaie oi?aae?iiy /anoioaie iniiaiiai oa aiaa?iii?eiiai eieeaaiue
io?eiai? ae?ace:

(3)

iae?e yeeo i?e ?ic?aooieo iiaeoeyoe?eieo oa?aeoa?enoee aeicaiey?
ioe?ithaaoe aieeae ??cieo noai oi?aae?iiy ia AeIO.

Ia ?en.6 iieacai? AeIO o?eueo?iai? noaie EA c aaciaith noaiith
oi?aae?iiy (aa?eeai), aea aeaeii yaeua ?aaaia?aoeaiiai ?aciiaino i?e
ca?ao /anoioe iiaeoeyoe?? c /anoioith aiaa?iii?eiiai ?aciiaino, ui
iieyaa? a ??ceiio ca?eueoaii? eiao?oe??ioa aiie?ooaeii? iiaeoeyoe?? mA
? e?ooino? oaciai? oa?aeoa?enoeee (aae aei ia?aoiaeo /a?ac oi/eo, aea
oe? oa?aeoa?enoeee oa?ieyoue ?ic?ea), i?e oeueiio oaciaa oa?aeoa?enoeea
jA iiaea ?icaeyaeaoeny ye aeene?ei?iaoe?eia (?en.7), ia iniia? yei?
ae?iaey?oueny neaiae a?aeoiaeo /anoioe a?ae iii?iaeueiiai cia/aiiy.

Aiae?c iiaeoeyoe?eieo oa?aeoa?enoee EA c ??cieie noaiaie oi?aae?iiy
/anoioith iieacaa, ui i?e aaaaeaii? a?aeiia?aeieo e?e oi?aae?iiy
noaa?e?coth/? aeanoeaino? inoeeeyoi?ieo noai aaia?aoi??a ? aaia?aoi??a,
iiaoaeiaaieo ii o?eueo?ia?e noai?, iathoue iaeiaeiao oaiaeaioe?th aei
ci?ie, aea noaa?e?coth/? aeanoeaino? inoeeeyoi?ieo noai aeu?, i?ae o
o?eueo?iaeo (?en.8). I?e oeueiio aaaaeaiiy a noaio oi?aae?iiy
i’?cio?eueo?a a eiei aiaa?iii?/ii? /anoioe ca?eueoo? aaee/eio aeno?aioia
aiie?ooaeieo AeIO ? e?oo?noue oaciaeo AeIO, ui i?aea?uo? noaa?e?coth/?
aeanoeaino? oeeo oa?aeoa?enoee.

Iieacaii, ui oai?aoe/ii ?ic?aoiaai? AeIO EA ? aei??yi? a o?ce/i?e
iiaeae? aaia?aoi?a c oaeeie ae ia?aiao?aie (ii iaoiaeeoe?, i?eaaaeai?e o
/aoaa?oiio ?icae?e?) i?aeoe/ii ni?aiaaeathoue aeey a?aeiia?aeieo
aiaa?iii?e, ui aiai?eoue i?i aaeaeaaoi?noue ?ic?iaeaieo oai?aoe/ieo
iieiaeaue ?aaeueiei i?ioeanai, ui a?aeaoaathoueny i?e iiaeoeyoe?? ia
/anoio? aiaa?iii?e.

O /aoaa?oiio ?icae?e? i?eaaaeai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy
ei?aeyoe?eiiai aca?iica’yceo i?ae iniiaiith oa aiaa?iii?eiith /anoioaie
i?e ei?aeoe?? aeey ??cieo noai oi?aae?iiy. I?e oeueiio iieacaii, ui
iaee?auith noaiith, c oi/ee ci?o iacaeaaeiino? oi?aae?iiy, ? noaia ui
i?noeoue i’?cio?eueo?e a eieao iniiaiiai oa aiaa?iii?eiiai eieeaaiue
(?en.9).

Ooo oaeiae aoea oaeineiiaeaia iaoiaeeea, yea aeicaieeea ia iniia?
cai?iiiiiaaii? no?oeoo?ii? noaie aenia?eiaioaeueii? onoaiiaee aeey
aeine?aeaeaiiy AeIO (?en.10), i?aeoe/ii aea/eoe iiaaae?ieo
iiaeoeyoe?eieo oa?aeoa?enoee i?e oi?aae?iiy ? ci?i? ?aaeei?a ?iaioe
(aaee/ei iai?oae aeeaeaiiy ? ??aiy iiaeoeyoe??).

Oaiia?aoo?ii-/anoioi? oa?aeoa?enoeee (O*O) iniiaii? oa aiaa?iii?eieo
iiae eaa?oeiaiai ?aciiaoi?o SC-c??co a?ae??ciythoueny oei, ui a iaaiiio
?ioa?aae? oaiia?aoo?, aea e?oo?noue O*O iniiaii? /anoioe ??aia ioeth
(?aeii oi/ee oa?iinoaooaaiiy), e?oo?nue O*O aiaa?iii?eieo iiae a?aei?iia
a?ae ioey ? ia? aaee/eie a?ae iaeeieoeue (iiaee h513 ? h531) aei nioaiue
(B-iiaea oa ?? aiaa?iii?ea) Aoe/oC, ui aea? iiaeeea?noue aeei?enoaiiy
aeaieo iiae ye aaeueie /ooeeaeo aeao/ee?a oaiia?aoo?iiai a?aeoiaeo
/anoioe iniiaiiai eieeaaiiy i?e aeei?enoaii? IIEN*.

O i’yoiio ?icae?e? aeine?aeaeoaaeanue iiaeeea?noue aeei?enoaiiy
eaiaaneoiaeo o?eueo??a a noai? oi?aae?iiy /anoioith caaeath/eo
eaa?oeiaeo aaia?aoi??a.

Aeine?aeaeai? ieanoeie eaiaaneoo Y-c??co cae?eniththoue oiaueiii-cnoioo?
eieeaaiiy ia ia?o?e iaoai?/i?e aa?iii?oe? ? iathoue aaeueie aaaaoee
/anoioiee niaeo?, ?ioaineai?noue iiae yeiai caeaaeeoue a?ae iayaiino?
aeii?oie, e?euee?noue yeeo caeaaeeoue a?ae ?aaeei?a a?aeiaeo.

Ia?aiao?e aeaieo ieanoei eaioai-aae??aiai nee?eaoo eaaeaoue a iaaeao:
Rq=60..360 Ii, Lq=30…130 iAi, Nq=80…210*10-3iO, Q=1000…20000 (a
caeaaeiino? a?ae i??e ia?iaee i?e aeaioiaeaii?), c /iai ne?aeo? , ui
iiaeeeai ia iniia? aeaiiai i’?ciaeaeo?eea ?aae?coaaoe i’?ciaeaeo?e/i?
o?eueo?e c aeia?ioi?noth a?ae nioaiue iaeeieoeue aei aeanyoe?a oeny/
iaeeieoeue ia /anoioao a e?eueea iaaaaa?oe. C oe??th iaoith iaeeaaei?
oaoiieia?/i? aeaeo?iaee (ye? aeei?enoiaoaaeenue i?e aeine?aeaeai?)
cai?i?thoueny iaieeaieie, ye?, ia a?aei?io a?ae iaeeaaeieo,
ca?eueoothoue ii?? ao?ao ia iaaaaaoi. E??i oiai, aoei anoaiiaeaii, ui
eaiaaneo Y-c??co iaei/ooeeaee aei b-ii?ii?ithaaiiy (aei aeic 1.4*106
?aae).

AENIIAEE

Io?eiai? oai?aoe/i? oa aenia?eiaioaeuei? ?acoeueoaoe, ui caaacia/othoue
iiaeeea?noue ciaioaiiy aeiaaino?ieiai? ianoaa?eueiino? /anoioe EA ia
iniia? aeei?enoaiiy iiaeoeyoe?eiiai iaoiaeo. I?e oeueiio:

1.?ic?iaeaia iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue eaa?oeiaiai aaia?aoi?a, iiaoaeiaaiiai
ia iniia? IIEN* ? ui ia? a nai?io neeaae? eiei oi?aae?iiy /anoioith, c
o?aooaaiiyi aioo??oi?o ? ciai?oi?o ooi?a.

2.Io?eiaia noaoenoe/ia iiaeaeue aeeiai?/ieo iiaeoeyoe?eieo oa?aeoa?enoee
c o?aooaaiiyi eiie?aoieo ia?aiao??a EA ? noai oi?aae?iiy /anoioith, ia
iniia? yei? iiaeeeaee eiia??iinoiee aiae?c aeanoeainoae AeIO.

3.Oai?aoe/ii aeine?aeaeai? aeeiai?/i? iiaeoeyoe?ei? oa?aeoa?enoeee
iniiaieo oei?a eaa?oeiaeo aaia?aoi??a i?e ??cieo noaiao ei?aeoe??
/anoioe. ?ic?iaeai? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? ii aeai?o oeio EA ? eiea oi?aae?iiy c
oi/ee ci?o e?aueo noaa?e?coth/eo aeanoeainoae AeIO.

4.Aeine?aeaeaiee ei?aeyoe?eiee aca?iica’ycie a ci?i? /anoio ??cieo
eieeaaiue i?e oi?aae?ii?. Iieacaii, ui iaeiaioee aieea ia /anoioo
non?aeiueiai eieeaaiiy iiaeia io?eiaoe i?e aeei?enoaii? aeaeo?e/ieo
o?eueo??a ia iniia? i’?ciaeaiaio?a a eie? oi?aae?iiy eiaeii? /anoioe.

5.I?iaaaeaii oai?aoe/ia aeine?aeaeaiiy aieeao oi?aae?iiy ?ii?noth
aa?eeaia ia AeIO oa io?eiaii i?aeoe/ia i?aeoaa?aeaeaiiy oa?aeoa?o ci?i
iiaeoeyoe?eieo oa?aeoa?enoee i?e ei?aeoe??.

6.Ia iniia? i?iaaaeaiiai aenia?eiaioa ii aeine?aeaeaiith aeeiai?/ieo
iiaeoeyoe?eieo oa?aeoa?enoee ?ii?niiai o?ueiooi/iiai EA io?eiaii
i?aeoaa?aeaeaiiy i?aaeeueiino? io?eiaii? iiaeae? AeIO-aeene?ei?iaoi??a.

7.Aeine?aeaeaii aieea oaiia?aoo?ii? ia?iaee ? b-ii?ii?ithaaiiy ia
ia?aiao?e ??cieo c?ace?a i’?ciieanoei eaiaaneoo. Aiae?c ci?ie
aeeiai?/ieo ia?aiao??a iieacaa, ui i?io?eaiiy aioo??oi?o i?ioean?a a
??cieo c?aceao ni?aiaaea? o iai?yi? ci?i, aea ii ?ioaineaiino? ?
a?aei?iiiino?. E??i oiai, io?eiai? aeai? eaaeooue i?i iecueeo
/ooeea?noue c?ace?a aei b-ii?ii?ithaaiiy.

8.Io?eiai? aeai? ii aeine?aeaeaiith i’?ciieanoei eaiaaneoo eaaeooue i?i
iiaeeea?noue aeei?enoaiiy ?o a i’?ci?aciiaoi?ao ye aeaeo?e/i? o?eueo?e
aeey noai?aiiy e?e iacaeaaeiiai oi?aae?iiy /anoioaie iniiaiiai oa
aiaa?iii?eiiai ?aciiain?a a EA, iiaoaeiaaieo ia iniia? IIEN*.

NIENIE IIOAE?EIAAIEO CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe?? I?AOeUe

1.Naaeiaue E.A. Aeeyiea aiaa?iiie/aneeo ?aciiainia ia aeeiaie/aneea
iiaeoeyoeeiiiua oa?aeoa?enoeee i?aoeeceiiiiai eaa?oeaaiai
aaoiaaia?aoi?a // Iao/iua o?oaeu 5-ai ?inneeneiai neiiiceoia
«Iao?ieiaey a?aiaie e i?ino?ainoaa», Iaiaeaeaaai EIAI AI AIEEOO?E, 1994.
— C.294-298. — caeiaoaa/ ? ?aeeiei aaoi?ii.

2.Oiaeee TH.N., ?iiaiueei A.I., Naaeiaue E.A. Enneaaeiaaiea
aeaa?aaeaoeeiiiuo i?ioeannia aiaa?iiie/aneiai niaeo?a eieaaaiee
eaa?oeaaiai ?aciiaoi?a // Iao/iua o?oaeu 5-ai ?inneeneiai neiiiceoia
«Iao?ieiaey a?aiaie e i?ino?ainoaa», Iaiaeaeaaai EIAI AI AIEEOO?E,
1994. — C. 299-305. — aaoi?ii i?iaaaeaiee aenia?eiaioaeueiee iai??
niaeo?o eieeaaiue eaa?oeiaiai ?aciiaoi?a.

3.Naaeiaue E.A. Ii?aaeaeaiea yeaeaaeaioiuo aeeiaie/aneeo ia?aiao?ia
iniiaiie iiaeu eieaaaiee iueaciieanoei Y-n?aca n iaeeaaeiuie
yeaeo?iaeaie // Nai?iee iao/iuo o?oaeia OAO. Auione 6. — Oa?ueeia, 1996.
— N.39-46. — caeiaoaa/ ? ?aeeiei aaoi?ii.

4.Oiaeee TH.N., Naaeiaue E.A., Aeoaiaee I.O. Yeaeo?e/aneea naienoaa
aaoiiiiiuo iueaciieanoei eaiaaneoa Y-n?aca // Nai?iee iao/iuo o?oaeia
OAO. Auione 6. — Oa?ueeia, 1996. — N.47-54. — aaoi?ii cai?iiiiiaaia
aenia?eiaioaeueia onoaiiaea aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy aeaeo?e/ieo ia?aiao??a
eaiaaneoiaeo ieanoei oa io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe oeeo aeine?aeaeaiue
iaia?iaeaieo ieanoei.

5.Dubovik M.F., Zagoruiko Yu.A., Korshikova T.I., Shmaly Yu.S.,
Sadovy K.V. Influence of thermal treatment on some electrophysical
parameters of langasite samples // Proceedings 1996 International
Symposium Acoustoelectronics, Frequency Control and Signal Generation. —
Moscow: MPEI Publishers, 1996. — Pp.133-137. — aaoi?ii iaea?aeai?
?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue ci?ie aeeiai?/ieo ia?aiao??a i’?ciieanoei
eaioai-aae??aiai nee?eaoo a caeaaeiino? a?ae aoai?a ?o ia?iaee.

6.Dubovik M.F., Zagoruiko Yu.A., Korshikova T.I., Shmaly Yu.S.,
Sadovy K.V. Influence of thermal treatment and radiation on some
electrophysical parameters of langasite crystals // Proc. of 50th IEEE
IFCS, 1996, pp.84-89. — aaoi?ii i?iaaaeaii iiaeaethaaiiy i?ioeano
aeine?aeaeaiiy ia?aiao??a i’?ciieanoei eaiaaneoo.

7.Oiaeee TH.N., ?iiaiueei A.I., Naaeiaue E.A. ?an/ao aeeiaie/aneeo
iiaeoeyoeeiiiuo oa?aeoa?enoee eaa?oeaaiai aieinoiiai o?aooi/a/iiai
aaoiaaia?aoi?a a iieina aiaa?iiie/aneiai eiioo?a // A ei.: I Oe?a?inueea
iaoeiai-oaoi?/ia eiioa?aioe?y “Iao?ieia?y a aeaeo?ii?oe?” (“Iao?ieia?/ia
caaacia/aiiy a aaeoc? aeaeo?e/ieo, iaai?oieo oa ?aae?ioaoi?/ieo
aei??thaaiue”). Oace aeiiia?aeae. — Oa?e?a. — 1994. — N.169. — aaoi?ii
cai?iiiiiaai? noaie oi?aae?iiy /anoioaie eieeaaiue.

8.Oiaeee TH.N., ?iiaiueei A.I., Naaeiaue E.A. Aeeiaie/aneea
iiaeoeyoeeiiiua oa?aeoa?enoeee i?aoeeceiiiiai eaa?oeaaiai
aaoiaaia?aoi?a // A ei.: I Oe?a?inueea iaoeiai-oaoi?/ia eiioa?aioe?y
“Iao?ieia?y a aeaeo?ii?oe?” (“Iao?ieia?/ia caaacia/aiiy a aaeoc?
aeaeo?e/ieo, iaai?oieo oa ?aae?ioaoi?/ieo aei??thaaiue”). Oace
aeiiia?aeae. — Oa?e?a. — 1994. — N.188. — aaoi?ii oaeineiiaeaia
iaoiaeeea aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue ? ?ic?iaeaia noaia
aenia?eiaioaeueii? onoaiiaee.

9.Aaeaiaiei A.A., Ae?oaeeiaoe A.A., Aaaeieeiaiei TH.E., Eeaeiai A.N.,
Iiiiaa O.A., ?iiaiueei A.I., Naaeiaue E.A., Noa?eoeeee TH.E.,
Oea/aiei A.A., Oiaeee TH.N. ?ac?aaioea ecia?eoaeueiiai
noaiaea e oceia iaeaoia noaiaea?oa /anoiou eaa?oeaaiai. Io/ao i IE?/
IIOe “Neo?ii”. ?aaeno?. ?0193E039141, oeo? “Eaeaea-1”. — Oa?ueeia, 1993.
— 111 n. — aaoi?ii i?iaaaeai? aeine?aeaeaiiy AeIO aaia?aoi??a.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: iiaeoeyoe?eiee iaoiae, iiaeoeyoe?ei? oa?aeoa?enoeee,
i’?cio?eueo?, eaiaaneo, ei?aeyoe?eiee aiae?c.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: iiaeoeyoeeiiiue iaoiae, iiaeoeyoeeiiiua
oa?aeoa?enoeee, iueacioeeueo?, eaiaaneo, ei??aeyoeeiiiue aiaeec.

Keywords: modulation method, modulated crystal oscillator model, piezo
crystal filter, langasite, correlation analysis.

AIIOAOe?ss

Naaeiaee E.A. Caaacia/aiiy aoaeoeaii? aaoiiiiii? ?iaioe caaeath/eo
eaa?oeiaeo aaia?aoi??a nenoai oaeoiai? neio?ii?caoe?? oeeo?iaeo ia?aae
ca’yceo ia iniia? iiaeoeyoe?eiiai iaoiaeo. — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy a/aiiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe ii
niaoe?aeueiino? 05.12.02 “Oaeaeiioi?eaoe?ei? nenoaie oa oi?aae?iiy
ieie” — Oa?e?anueea Aea?aeaaia Aeaaeai?y cae?cie/iiai o?ainii?oo,
Oa?e?a, 1999.

Aeena?oaoe?y i?enay/aia ieoaiiyi aeine?aeaeaiue ii caaacia/aiith
aoaeoeaii? aaoiiiiii? ?iaioe (noaa?e?caoe?? /anoioe) caaeath/eo
eaa?oeiaeo aaia?aoi??a nenoai neio?ii?caoe?? oeeo?iaeo ia?aae ca’yceo ia
iniia? aeei?enoaiiy iiaeoeyoe?eiiai iaoiaeo. Iniiaia oaaaa i?e oeueiio
i?eae?eaia aea/aiith iiaeoeyoe?eieo oa?aeoa?enoee eaa?oeiaeo
aaia?aoi??a, ia iniia? yeeo oi?iothoueny neaiaee aiaa?iii?eieo
aeao/ee?a, ui aeei?enoiaothoueny aeey oi?aae?iiy iniiaiith /anoioith.
?ic?iaeai? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? ii aeei?enoaiith neeaaeieo noai oi?aae?iiy
/anoioith, aei neeaaeo yeeo aoiaeyoue eaiaaneoia? i’?cio?eueo?e. Iniiai?
?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe ciaeoee i?iieneiaa canoinoaaiiy i?e i?iaeooaaii?
iiaeo c?ace?a eaa?oeiaeo aaia?aoi??a.

AIIIOAOeEss

Naaeiaue E.A. Iaania/aiea yooaeoeaiie aaoiiiiiie ?aaiou caaeathueo
eaa?oeaauo aaia?aoi?ia nenoai oaeoiaie neio?iiecaoeee oeeo?iauo naoae
nayce ia iniiaa iiaeoeyoeeiiiiai iaoiaea . — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oaoie/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 05.12.02 “Oaeaeiiioieeaoeeiiiua nenoaiu e oi?aaeaiea
eie” — Oa?ueeianeay Ainoaea?noaaiiay Aeaaeaiey aeaeaciiaei?iaeiiai
o?ainii?oa, Oa?ueeia, 1999.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia aii?inai enneaaeiaaiee ii iaania/aieth
yooaeoeaiie ?aaiou (noaaeeecaoeee /anoiou) caaeathueo eaa?oeaauo
aaia?aoi?ia nenoai neio?iiecaoeee oeeo?iauo naoae nayce ia iniiaa
eniieueciaaiey iiaeoeyoeeiiiiai iaoiaea eaa?oeaaie noaaeeecaoeee
/anoiou. Iniiaiia aieiaiea i?e yoii oaeaeaii oai?aoe/aneiio e
yenia?eiaioaeueiiio eco/aieth aeeiaie/aneeo (AeIO) e noaoe/aneeo
iiaeoeyoeeiiiuo oa?aeoa?enoee eaa?oeaauo aaia?aoi?ia ni neiaeiuie
oeaiyie oi?aaeaiey, ia iniiaa eioi?uo oi?ie?othony neaiaeu
aiaa?iiie/aneeo aeao/eeia, eniieuecoaiua aeey oi?aaeaiey iniiaiie
/anoioie. I?e yoii enneaaeiaaeenue iiaeoeyoeeiiiua oa?aeoa?enoeee
eaa?oeaauo aaia?aoi?ia iino?iaiiuo ii noaia Aaoea?a e Eieieooea.

Iieo/aia iiaeaeue EA n o/aoii aeeyiey aioo?aiieo e aiaoieo ooiia,
aeeth/ay ooiu noaiu oi?aaeaiey /anoioie, iicaieythuay aiaeece?iaaoue
iiaaaeaiea AeIO a iieina aiaa?iiie/aneiai eiioo?a, a oaeaea
noaoenoe/aneay iaoaiaoe/aneay iiaeaeue aeeiaie/aneeo iiaeoeyoeeiiiuo
oa?aeoa?enoee a iieina aiaa?iiie/aneiai eiioo?a, n o/?oii ia?aiao?ia
eiie?aoiie noaiu i?aoeeceiiiuo eaa?oeaauo aaia?aoi?ia e eo oeoeooaoeee,
i?aaenoaaeaiiay a aeaea iaeeiaeiuo ooieoeeiiaeueiuo i?aia?aciaaiee
oceiiieiniiai neo/aeiiai i?ioeanna, aeaenoaothuaai n auoiaea
aiaa?iiie/aneiai eiioo?a ia aoiae iaeeiaeiiai ono?ienoaa.

Iieacaii, /oi oai?aoe/anee ?ann/eoaiiua AeIO eaa?oeaaiai aaoiaaia?aoi?a
e ecia?aiiua a oece/aneie iiaeaee aaia?aoi?a n oaeeie aea ia?aiao?aie
i?aeoe/anee niaiaaeatho aeey niioaaonoaothueo aiaa?iiiee, /oi aiai?eo ia
aaeaeaaoiinoe ?ac?aaioaiiuo oai?aoe/aneeo iieiaeaiee ?aaeueiui
i?ioeannai, i?ienoiaeyuei i?e iiaeoeyoeee ia /anoioa aiaa?iiiee.

?ac?aaioaiu ?aeiiaiaeaoeee ii eniieueciaaieth neiaeiuo noai oi?aaeaiey
/anoioie. I?e yoii iieacaii, /oi iaeeo/oae noaiie, n oi/ee c?aiey
iacaaeneiinoe oi?aaeaiey, yaeyaony noaia, niaea?aeauay iueacioeeueo?u a
oeaiyo iniiaiiai e aiaa?iiie/aneiai eieaaaiee.

Auea enneaaeiaaia aiciiaeiinoue eniieueciaaiey eaiaaneoiauo
iueacioeeueo?ia aeey oeeueo?aoeee neaiaeia iniiaiiai e aiaa?iiie/aneiai
eieaaaiee e aeaiu niioaaonoaothuea ?aeiiaiaeaoeee. ?acoeueoaou
enneaaeiaaiee iieacaee, /oi aiciiaeii ia iniiaa aeaiiiai
iueaciyeaeo?eea ?aaeeciaaoue iueaciyeaeo?e/aneea oeeueo?u n
aeia?ioiinoueth io nioai aaeeieoe aei aeanyoeia ouny/ aaeeieoe ia
/anoioao a ianeieueei iaaaaa?oe.

Iniiaiua ?acoeueoaou ?aaiou iaoee i?iiuoeaiiia i?eiaiaiea i?e
i?iaeoe?iaaiee iiauo ia?acoeia aunieinoaaeeueiuo eaa?oeaauo aaia?aoi?ia.

SUMMARY

Sadovy K.V. Provision of effective autonomous operation of slave quartz
oscillators of time synchronization systems of digital communication
network based on the modulation method. — Manuscript.

Dissertation for the degree of Candidate of Technical Science on
specialty 05.12.02 “Telecommunication systems and their control”. —
Kharkiv State Railway Academy, Kharkiv, 1999.

Dissertation is dedicated to the research in direction of providing of
effective autonomous operation (frequency control) of slave quartz
oscillators of digital communication network of time synchronization
systems based on the modulation method. Major attention is given to
study of the modulation model of crystal oscillators and to form on this
base the anharmonic sensor intended for the frequency control. The
recommendations are given for the frequency control circuits use with
langasite piezofilters for effective sensor signal filtering. It is
shown that the major results have been used while industrial production
of precision crystal oscillators and standards.

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