OA?E?ANUeEEE AeA?AEAAIEE OI?AA?NEOAO

I?aiaiei Na?a?e Ieeieaeiae/

OAeE 537.871: 621.396

Aca?iiae?y iaiaaeaieo o i?inoi?? ianoaoe?iia?ieo iie?a ?c
ae?aeaeo?e/ieie oa iaoaeaaiae?aeaeo?e/ieie no?oeoo?aie

01.04.03 — ?aae?io?ceea

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe

Oa?e?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Oa?e?anueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oi?aa?neoao?

I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi? o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe, noa?oee

iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee Eie/ea?i Ieeiea

Ieeieaeiae/, Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee

oi?aa?neoao, a. i. caa?aeoaa/a eaoaae?e oai?aoe/ii?

?aae?io?ceee — i?ioani?.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Aeieo???a A?oae?e Ieoaeeiae/,

O?ceei-oaoi?/iee ?inoeooo iecueeeo oaiia?aoo?

IAI Oe?a?ie, caa?aeoaa/ a?aeae?eo iaaei?ia?aeiino?

(i. Oa?e?a),

eaiaeeaeao o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe,

noa?oee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee

Ei/?i Aaea??e Ieeieaeiae/,

?aae?iano?iiii?/iee ?inoeooo IAI Oe?a?ie,

noa?oee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee a?aeae?eo

ia/enethaaeueii? iaoaiaoeee (i. Oa?e?a)

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: ?inoeooo ?aae?io?ceee oa aeaeo?ii?ee

IAI Oe?a?ie, a?aeae?e ?io?ineii?? (i. Oa?e?a)

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “ 1 ” eeiiy 1999 ?. i 15.30 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 64.051.02 Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ca aae?anith: 310077, i. Oa?e?a, ie. Naiaiaee 4, aoae. 3-9.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o Oeaio?aeuei?e iaoeia?e
a?ae?ioaoe? Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ca aae?anith:
310077, i. Oa?e?a, ie. Naiaiaee 4.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “ 1 ” /a?aiy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Eyoianueeee A. O.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

?iaioa i?enay/aia oai?aoe/iiio oa aenia?eiaioaeueiiio aeine?aeaeaiith
ni?yiiaaiiai aei?ii?ithaaiiy iaiaaeaieo o i?inoi?? ianoaoe?iia?ieo iie?a
(?iioeuenieo oaeeueiaeo io/e?a) oa ?o ?icn?yiiy ia oa?oaaoeo
ae?aeaeo?e/ieo ? iaoaeaaiae?aeaeo?e/ieo no?oeoo?ao ?c ao?aoaie.

Nooo?ao ?ieue a i?aeaeuaii? ?ioa?ano aei aeine?aeaeaiiy ? aeei?enoaiiy
ianoaoe?iia?ieo neaiae?a a?athoue c?inoath/? i?aeoe/i? iio?aae,
iia’ycai? c iaiao?aei?noth i?aeaeuaiiy oaeaeeino? ia?aaea/? aeaieo,
oe?ieinioaiaei aeine?aeaeaiiyi a?ieia?/ieo ia’?eo?a ? iiaeeiath/eo
iaoa??ae?a, aeenoaioe?eiei ciiaeoaaiiyi na?aaeiaeua, ?ic?iaeith cania?a
iiooeo ? ?ici?ciaaaiiy ia’?eo?a o a?eueiiio i?inoi?? oa iiaeeco a?aieoe?
?icae?eo aeaio na?aaeiaeu, ia?oeioth/ei eiio?ieai yeino? iaoa??ae?a.
Canoinoaaiiy aeey oeeo oe?eae ianoaoe?iia?ieo iaaeoe?ieinioaiaeo
neaiae?a ia? ?yae ia?aaaa o ii??aiyii? c n?ioni?aeaeueieie neaiaeaie.
Ianoaoe?iia?i? iaaeoe?ieinioaia? neaiaee iathoue aenieo ?icae?eyth/o
caeaoi?noue, ui aeicaiey? aeine?aeaeoaaoe aioo??oith no?oeoo?o oa?oaaoeo
ia’?eo?a, aeeaoa i?iieeathoue a na?aaeiaeua c ao?aoaie, ui aeicaiey?
aeyaeyoe ? ?ici?ciaaaoe i?aeiiaa?oiaa? ia’?eoe. I?ioean aei??o
oa?aeoa?enoee iaoa??ae?a iiaea aooe cia/ii i?enei?aiee caaaeyee
oe?ieinioaiaino? ianoaoe?iia?ieo neaiae?a. Oaeei /eiii, c’yaey?oueny
iiaeeea?noue cae?enithaaoe iioi/iee eiio?ieue ? aei??thaaoe
oa?aeoa?enoeee iaoa??ae?a, ia?aiao?e yeeo oaeaeei ci?iththoueny c /anii.
? ia?aoo?, ca aeiiiiiaith ianoaoe?iia?ieo neaiae?a iiaeia aeyaeyoe
ia’?eoe c iiaeeiath/eie iie?eooyie, ine?eueee inoaii? cacae/ae ? aeia?a
iiaeeiath/eie eeoa a iaiaaeai?e nioc? /anoio.

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. I?e iienaii? aca?iiae?? ianoaoe?iia?iiai
aeaeo?iiaai?oiiai iiey c iaoa??aeueiei na?aaeiaeuai eeth/iaith ? caaea/a
i?i iaae?iiy ianoaoe?iia?iiai iiey ia a?aieoeth ?icae?eo a?eueiiai
i?inoi?o oa oa?oaaoiai iaai?oiae?aeaeo?e/iiai na?aaeiaeua ?c ao?aoaie.
Caaea/a i?i i?ioiaeaeaiiy oa a?aeaeooy ieinei? ianoaoe?iia?ii? oaee?
a?ae a?aieoe? ?icae?eo aeaio na?aaeiaeu aac ao?ao ? eeane/iith,
?ica’ycie yei? ? aeia?a a?aeiiei. Iaea?aeai? oaeiae ?ica’ycee aeey
caaea/ ?icn?yiiy ieineeo ianoaoe?iia?ieo oaeeue ia oa?oaaoeo
na?aaeiaeuao, na?aaeiaeuao c aeenia?n??th oa na?aaeiaeuao ?c ao?aoaie.
Iaeiae i?e iienaii? ?aaeueieo iie?a, aei?ii?iaieo aioaiaie, ?o /anoi ia
iiaeia i?aaenoaaeyoe ye ieine? oaee?, iai?eeeaae, aiane?aeie aeecueeino?
aioaie, ui aei?ii?ith?, ? ia’?eoo ?icn?yiiy. A oeueiio aeiaaeeo iiea, ui
iaaea?, aeioe?eueii ?icaeyaeaoe ye ?iioeueniee oaeeueiaee io/ie, oiaoi
ye iiea, ui iaiaaeaia o /an? oa a i?inoi??. Aeoiaey/e c oeueiai,
?ica’ycie caaea/? i?i ?icn?yiiy ?iioeueniiai iiey aioaie, ui
ciaoiaeeoueny iiaeeco ?icn?thaa/a, i?aaenoaaey? iaoeiaee ? i?aeoe/iee
?ioa?an.

Canoinoaaiiy ?iioeuenieo iaaeoe?ieinioaiaeo neaiae?a aeey aei??thaaiue
? eiio?ieth ia?aiao??a iaoa??ae?a — ae?aeaeo?e/ii? i?iieeiino?,
i?ia?aeiinoe, iaeii??aeiino? — aeicaiey? cia/ii i?enei?eoe i?ioean
aei??thaaiue ? a?aeiiaeoeny a?ae aei?iaeo iaa?aeaeaath/eo eaia?. Aeey
a??ii? ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? ?acoeueoao?a aenia?eiaioaeueieo aei??thaaiue,
iaa?oiooaaiiy iaoiaeeee aei??thaaiue ? ?ic?iaee aeai?eoio ia?iaee
aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo iaiao?aeiei ? ?ica’ycie iiaeaeueii? caaea/?
i?i a?aeaeooy ?iioeueniiai iiey, ui iaiaaeaia o /an? oa a i?inoi??, a?ae
oa?oaaoeo na?aaeiaeu ?c ao?aoaie.

I?aeoe/ia canoinoaaiiy iaaeoe?ieinioaiaeo neaiae?a oo?oaeiy?oueny
neeaaei?noth ?o aei?ii?ithaaiiy, i?eeiio ? ianooiii? ia?iaee. Iia’ycaia
oea, aieiaiei /eiii, c iaiiaeeea?noth i?yiiai canoinoaaiiy aeia?a
a?aeiieo i?eeaae?a ? aoce?a, ?ic?iaeaieo aeey iiiio?iiaoe/ieo oa
aocueeinioaiaeo neaiae?a. Oaeei /eiii, iaiao?aei? iiaeaeueo?
aeine?aeaeaiiy, ni?yiiaai? ia ?ic?iaeo iiaeo i?eeaae?a, niaoe?aeueii
i?ecia/aieo aeey ?iaioe c ianoaoe?iia?ieie neaiaeaie, aai ia
aaeineiiaeaiiy ?nioth/eo i?eeaae?a.

Aeooaeueiith oaeiae ? caaea/a i?i aei?ii?ithaaiiy aia?oo?ii? aioaie,
caoaeaeaii? ianoaoe?iia?iei neaiaeii c aeia?eueieie /aniaith
caeaaei?noth oa aiie?ooaeiei ?iciiae?eii u?eueiino? no?oio ii aia?oo?? c
o?aooaaiiyi aeia?eueii? ianeio?iiiino? ooieoe?? caoaeaeaiiy ii aia?oo??.
O?aooaaiiy ianeio?iiiino? caoaeaeaiiy aia?oo?e aeicaieeoue
i?iiiaeaethaaoe ieceo oe?eaaeo ? ei?enieo o i?aeoe/iiio a?aeiioaii?
aoaeo?a, oaeeo ye aeaeo?iiia neaioaaiiy i?ii?ith ae?aa?aie ni?yiiaaiino?
? oieone?iaeo ianoaoe?iia?iiai iiey aei?ii?ithaaiiy a aeeaei?e cii?.

Aiane?aeie neeaaeiino? oa ia’?iiino? iiaeaeueieo caaea/ aei?ii?ithaaiiy
oa ?icn?yiiy ianoaoe?iia?ieo neaiae?a, a oaeiae o ca’yceo c
iaiao?aei?noth ?ic?iaee i?aeoe/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e uiaei ?o canoinoaaiiy
iio??aia i?iaaaeaiiy aenia?eiaio?a, ye? i?aeoaa?aeyoue aeinoia??i?noue
oa oi/i?noue ?acoeueoao?a /eneiaiai iiaeaethaaiiy.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. I?iaaaeaia
?iaioa aeeiiaia a ?aieao iniiaiiai iai?yieo aeine?aeaeaiiy
?aae?io?ce/iiai oaeoeueoaoo OAeO ? eaoaae?e oai?aoe/ii? ?aae?io?ceee
“Ia?niaeoeai? ?ioi?iaoe?ei? oaoiieia??, i?eeaaee eiiieaenii?
aaoiiaoecaoe?? nenoai ca’yceo”, a oaeiae ? neeaaeiaith /anoeiith
aea?aeathaeaeaoieo IAe?, ui aeeiioaaeenue ia eaoaae?? oai?aoe/ii?
?aae?io?ceee (iiia?e aea?ae?a?no?aoe?? 0194U018557, 0197U015768).

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoith aeaii? ?iaioe ? aeyaeaiiy
o?ce/ieo caeiiii??iinoae aca?iiae?? iaiaaeaieo o i?inoi??
ianoaoe?iia?ieo iie?a c ae?aeaeo?e/ieie no?oeoo?aie ? ?ic?iaea
?aeiiaiaeaoe?e uiaei aei?ii?ithaaiiy ? i?aeiiaa?oiaaiai ciiaeoaaiiy.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy iinoaaeaii? iaoe iaiao?aeii oai?aoe/ii ?
aenia?eiaioaeueii ?ica’ycaoe oae? caaea/?:

1. ?icn?yiiy iaiaaeaiiai ye o /an? oae ? a i?inoi?? iiey ia a?aieoeyo
?icae?eo ae?aeaeo?e/ieo no?oeoo? ?c ao?aoaie.

2. Aei?ii?ithaaiiy aia?oo?ii? aioaie, caoaeaeaii? ianoaoe?iia?iei
neaiaeii c aeia?eueiith /aniaith caeaaei?noth ? aiie?ooaeiei ?iciiae?eii
u?eueiino? no?oio ii aia?oo??, c o?aooaaiiyi aeia?eueii? ianeio?iiiino?
ooieoe?? caoaeaeaiiy ii aia?oo??.

3. Noai?aiiy aenia?eiaioaeueii? onoaiiaee ia iniia?
iaoaeaaiae?aeaeo?e/ieo u?eeiieo e?i?e ?c canoinoaaiiyi a?aeai?iioeuen?a
? aeine?aeaeaiiy ia’?eo?a a e?i?yo ia?aaea/? ? o a?eueiiio i?inoi??.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia. A oiae? aeeiiaiiy ?iaioe iaea?aeai? ianooii? iia?
?acoeueoaoe:

1. Iaea?aeai? ?ica’ycee aeaiaei??ii? oa o?eaei??ii? caaea/ i?i a?aeaeooy
?iioeueniiai oaeeueiaiai io/ea ia a?aieoe? ?icae?eo a?eueiiai i?inoi?o ?
iaai?oiae?aeaeo?e/iiai iai?ai?inoi?o ?c ao?aoaie. Anoaiiaeai?
caeaaeiino? oa?aeoa?enoee a?aeaeoeo iie?a a?ae iaoa??aeueieo eiinoaio
no?oeoo?e, ui ?icn?th?. Aecia/ai? oiiae ?ici?uaiiy aei?ii?ithaa/a aeey
oi?ioaaiiy caaeaiiai ?iciiae?eo iiey c iaoith aee?eooy ia’?eoo iiaeeco
iiaa?oi?.

2. Aeey aeiaaeeo a?aeaeooy o?eaei??iiai ?iioeueniiai oaeeueiaiai io/ea
a?ae oa?o ae?aeaeo?eea ?c ao?aoaie, ui ?icoaoiaaiee ia iaeii??aeiiio
iai?ai?inoi??, a yaiiio aeaeyae? iaea?aeaii ae?ac aeey a?aeaeoiai iiey c
o?aooaaiiyi iaeeo ao?ao a oa??. Aaeineiiaeaii iaoiaeeeo aei??thaaiue ?
cai?iiiiiaaii aeai?eoi aecia/aiiy iaoa??aeueieo ? ?ici??ieo ia?aiao??a
no?oeoo?e, ui a?aeaeaa?, ? oe?ieinioaiai? /anoioii? caeaaeiino?
eiao?oe??ioo a?aeaeooy aeey e?eueeio cia/aiue eooo iaae?iiy ca iaeia
aei??thaaiiy. ?ic?iaeai? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? ii o?aooaaiith eooiaeo ?
niaeo?aeueieo caeaaeiinoae, a oaeiae iiey?iino? ?iioeuenieo neaiae?a a
caaea/ao i?aeiiaa?oiaaiai ciiaeoaaiey.

3. A caaaeueiiio aeaeyae? iaea?aeaii ?ica’ycie caaea/? i?i
aei?ii?ithaaiiy aia?oo?ii? aioaie, caoaeaeaii? ianoaoe?iia?iei neaiaeii
c aeia?eueieie /aniaith caeaaei?noth ? aiie?ooaeiei ?iciiae?eii
u?eueiino? no?oio ii aia?oo??, c o?aooaaiiyi aeia?eueii? ianeio?iiiino?
ooieoe?? caoaeaeaiiy ii aia?oo??. Iaea?aeaii aiae?oe/iee ae?ac
aei?ii?iaiiai iiey aeey eiie?aoiiai aeiaaeeo ianeio?iiiino? caoaeaeaiiy
(e?i?eia cao?eiea). I?iaaaeaia /eneiaa iiaeaethaaiiy aei?ii?ithaaiiy
ianoaoe?iia?iiai iiey ? aecia/ai? caeaaeiino? oa?aeoa?enoee
aei?ii?iaiiai iiey i?e noa?e/i?e ? e?i?ei?e ianeio?iiiino? ooieoe??
caoaeaeaiiy.

4. Noai?aia aenia?eiaioaeueia onoaiiaea aeey aeine?aeaeaiue a /ania?e
iaeano? a e?i?yo ia?aaea/? oa o a?eueiiio i?inoi?? c aeei?enoaiiyi
iaoaeaaiae?aeaeo?e/ieo aioai ?c u?eeiith, ui ?icoe?th?oueny.
Aenia?eiaioaeueii aei??ai? oa?aeoa?enoeee (eiao?oe??io a?aeaeooy ?
ae?aa?aie ni?yiiaaiino?) iaoaeaaiae?aeaeo?e/ieo aioai c iaiaeii??aeiith
ae?aeaeo?e/iith i?aeeiaeeith oa c aeniiiaioe?aeueii ?
eoneiai-ai?ieneiiaaiith u?eeiith, ui ?icoe?th?oueny, i?e caoaeaeaii?
noaiaiinaeoiaeieie a?aeai?iioeuenaie.

5. Ii ?ic?iaeaiiio aeai?eoio c aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo aei??thaaiue a
/ania?e iaeano? ?ic?aoiaai? oa?aeoa?enoeee (ae?aeaeo?e/ia i?iieei?noue,
oiaueia oa?o, /anoioii-eooiaa caeaaei?noue eiao?oe??ioo a?aeaeooy)
e?eueeio aeae?a oa?oaaoeo iaoaeaaiae?aeaeo?e/ieo no?oeoo? ?
?aae?iiiaeeiath/eo iaoa??ae?a.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Iaea?aeai? oai?aoe/i?
?acoeueoaoe iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? aeey ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? aeaieo
aenia?eiaioaeueieo aei??thaaiue ia?aiao??a iaoa??ae?a, i?e ia?oeioth/iio
eiio?ie? oa?oaaoeo ? iiaeeiath/eo iaoa??ae?a. Cai?iiiiiaai?
aaeineiiaeaia iaoiaeeea aei??thaaiue ? aeai?eoi ia?iaee
aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo i?e aecia/aii? ae?aeaeo?e/ii? i?iieeiino?,
i?ia?aeiino? ? /anoioii? caeaaeiino? eiao?oe??ioo a?aeaeooy oa?o
ae?aeaeo?eea aeicaieythoue cia/ii i?enei?eoe i?ioean aei??thaaiue,
cae?enithaaoe iioi/iee eiio?ieue yeino? iaoa??aeo, ui aeaioiaey?oueny.
Iaea?aeaiee a caaaeueiiio aeaeyae? ?ica’ycie caaea/? i?i ianoaoe?iia?ia
aei?ii?ithaaiiy ianeio?iiii caoaeaeaii? aioaie aoaea ei?eniei i?e
i?iaeooaaii? ?iioeuenieo i?aeiiaa?oiaaeo ?aae?ieieaoi??a, iiaeaethaaii?
? neioac? iiaeo oei?a aioai aeey ianoaoe?iia?ieo neaiae?a.
Aenia?eiaioaeueii aeine?aeaeai? aioaie ? ia?niaeoeaieie aeey
ni?yiiaaiiai aei?ii?ithaaiiy ianoaoe?iia?ieo neaiae?a ? iiaeooue ciaeoe
canoinoaaiiy o ??cieo aaeocyo iaoee ? oaoi?ee — o aei??thaaiiyo, o
i?aeiiaa?oiaaiio ciiaeoaaii?, a ia?oeioth/iio eiio?ie? yeino? iaoa??ae?a
oiui. ?acoeueoaoe i?iaaaeaieo oai?aoe/ieo ? aenia?eiaioaeueieo
aeine?aeaeaiue iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? a iaa/aeueieo eo?nao aeey
nooaeaio?a o?ce/ieo ? ?aae?io?ce/ieo oaeoeueoao?a.

?acoeueoaoe oai?aoe/ieo ?ic?aooie?a ?iciiae?eo iiey iiaeeco iiaa?oi?
aoee aeei?enoai? i?e ?ic?iaoe? ? ?aae?caoe?? nenoaie iiia?aaeaeaiiy
ia?caeo aeaa?aceiiieo iaoei ia ethaeeio, ui i?aeoaa?aeaeaia aeoii i?i
aeei?enoaiiy ia “Aaae??anueeiio eienio?i?/iiio caaiae?”.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. A ?iaioao, ui iioae?eiaai? ?c
ni?aaaoi?aie, caeiaoaa/o iaeaaeaoue: [1, 2, 4, 6, 7, 9] — ?ica’ycee
caaea/ ?icn?yiiy, ?ic?iaea i?ia?aiiiai caaacia/aiiy, /eneiaa
iiaeaethaaiiy ? aiae?c o?ce/ieo caeiiii??iinoae ?icn?yiiai iiey, [3, 10]
— ?ica’ycee caaea/, /eneiaa iiaeaethaaiiy i?ioeano ?icn?yiiy, ?ic?iaea
aeai?eoio ia?iaee aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo, [5, 8] — iinoaiiaea ?
i?iaaaeaiiy aenia?eiaio?a, ia?iaea aeaieo, aiae?c iaea?aeaieo
?acoeueoao?a.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe. ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe iaaiai?thaaeeny ia iaoeiaeo
nai?ia?ao eaoaae?e oai?aoe/ii? ?aae?io?ceee, ia eiioa?aioe?yo iieiaeeo
a/aieo ?aae?io?ce/iiai oaeoeueoaoo OAeO, a oaeiae aoee i?aaenoaaeai? ia
eiioa?aioe?yo: IEEE International Antennas and Propagation Symposium and
URSI National Radio Science Meeting (Montreal, Canada, 1997),
International Conference on Electromagnetics in Advanced Applications
(Torino, Italy, September 15-18, 1997), International Conference on
Mathematical Methods in Electromagnetic Theory (Kharkov, June 2-5,
1998).

Ioae?eaoe??. Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeai? a 10 iaoeiaeo
ioae?eaoe?yo. C ieo 5 noaoae a oe?a?inueeeo ? ca?oa?aeieo iaoeiaeo
aeo?iaeao, 1 aeaiiiiaaiee ?oeiien, 4 oace aeiiia?aeae ia eiioa?aioe?yo.

No?oeoo?a ? ianya aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c anooio,
/ioe?ueio ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae. Caaaeueiee
ianya ?iaioe — 140 noi?., c ieo iniiaiiai oaenoo — 129 noi?., 45
?ethno?aoe?e, 4 oaaeeoe?. Nienie aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae ia 11 noi?.
ia?aoiao? 109 iaeiaioaaiue.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

A Anooi? aeeeaaea?oueny aeooaeuei?noue ? iaa?oioiao?oueny
iaiao?aei?noue aeeiiaiiy ?iaioe, aecia/aia iaoa aeine?aeaeaiue,
ia?a?aoiaai? iaiao?aei? aeey aeinyaiaiiy iinoaaeaii? iaoe caaea/?,
iaea?aeai? iia? ?acoeueoaoe, aaeoc? ?oiueiai iiaeeeaiai canoinoaaiiy.

A ?icae?e? 1 i?iaaaeaiee iaeyae e?oa?aoo?e ii oai? aeine?aeaeaiue,
ia?a?aoiaai? iniiai? ?ica’ycai? ia oaia??oi?e /an caaea/?, aecia/ai?
iniiai? i?eiouaiiy, i?eeiyo? i?e ?oiueiio ??oaii?, aeacai? neooaoe??, a
yeeo aeiaaa?oueny o?aooaaiiy iaiaaeaiino? ianoaoe?iia?ieo iie?a.
Aecia/aia eiei iaae??oaieo aai iaaeinoaoiuei ?icaeyiooeo ieoaiue ?
aeae?eai? iai?yiee, ui aeiaaathoue iiaeaeueoiai aeine?aeaeaiiy.

A ?icae?e? 2 “?icn?yiiy eiioeueniiai oaeeueiaiai io/ea ia
ieinei-oa?oaao?e no?oeoo?? ?c ae?aeaeo?eeo c ao?aoaie” ?icaeyaeathoueny
aeaiaei??ia ? o?eaei??ia caaea/? i?i a?aeaeooy iiey ?iioeueniiai
oaeeueiaiai io/ea (?OI) a?ae a?aieoe? ?icae?eo a?eueiiai i?inoi?o oa
oa?oaaoiai iaai?oiae?aeaeo?e/iiai na?aaeiaeua c ao?aoaie. Iiea
?iioeueniiai oaeeueiaiai io/ea iiaeaeth?oueny ca aeiiiiiaith
iane?i/aiii? u?eeie aai i?yiieooii? aia?oo?e ?c caaeaiei ?iciiae?eii
aeaeo?e/iiai iiey c aeia?eueiith /aniaith ? aiie?ooaeiith caeaaei?noth.
Caaea/? ?ica’ycothoueny iaoiaeii ?iceeaaeaiiy iiey io/ea ia i?inoi?ia? ?
/ania? iiiio?iiaoe/i? aa?iii?ee, ui aeicaiey? aeei?enoiaoaaoe a?aeii?
?ica’ycee, ui iaea?aeai? aeey ieineeo oaeeue. I?ney aca?iiae??
ia?oe?aeueieo oaeeue c a?aieoeath ?icae?eo no?oeoo?e aeine?aeaeo?oueny
i?inoi?iai-/anoioiee niaeo? iiaiiai a?aeaeoiai iiey. ?ioaa?ae ii
oaeeueiaiio /eneo aneiioioe/ii ioe?iaiee a aeaeuei?e cii? ?c
canoinoaaiiyi iaoiaeo n?aeeiai? oi/ee. Iiea a?aeaeoiai ?OI a oi/oe? c
eii?aeeiaoaie r, (0, (0 a nenoai? eii?aeeiao Xr, Yr, Zr, ca’ycaii? c
a?aeaeoei iieai, iaea?aeaia a ianooiiiio aeaeyae?:

,

aea V((, (0, (0) — eiao?oe??io a?aeaeooy O?aiaey aeey iiiio?iiaoe/ii?
ieinei? oaee? c /anoioith (, ui iaaea? ia iai?ai?ino?? i?ae
eooii (,

( = t ( r/c — cao?eiaiee /an, U ((, (0, (0) — Oo?ue?-ia?ac iiey, ui
iaaea?. A ie?aiiio aeiaaeeo, eiee a?aeaeaath/ee iai?ai?ino?? ?
na?aaeiaeuai aac ao?ao ? eiao?oe??io a?aeaeooy ia caeaaeeoue a?ae
/anoioe, a?aeaeoa iiea aeey /aniai? caeaaeiino? iiey caoaeaeaiiy o
aeaeyae? aaoniai? ooieoe?? ciaeaeaia a aiae?oe/iiio aeaeyae?. A
caaaeueiiio aeiaaeeo a?aeaeooy a?ae na?aaeiaeu ?c ao?aoaie ?ioaa?ae
?ic?aoiaoaaany ca aeiiiiiaith /eneiaeo iaoiae?a.

Ia iniia? iaea?aeaieo ?ica’yce?a aeaiaei??ii? oa o?eaei??ii? caaea/
i?iaaaeaii aiae?c aieeao ae?aeaeo?e/ii? i?iieeiino? ? i?ia?aeiino?
a?aeaeaath/iai iai?ai?inoi?o ia oi?io, o?eaae?noue oa aiie?ooaeii-eooia?
oa?aeoa?enoeee a?aeaeoeo iie?a. Iieacaii aieea iaoa??aeueieo ia?aiao??a
i?aenoeeath/i? iiaa?oi? ia ?OI, ui ?iciianthaeaeo?oueny acaeiaae ia?: a
caeaaeiino? a?ae iiey?ecaoe?? iiey ?OI a?aeiinii i?aenoeeath/i? iiaa?oi?
? aenioe oi/ee niinoa?aaeaiiy aoaea niinoa??aaoeny aai aca?iia
eiiiainaoe?y aai ca?eueoaiiy noia?ii? aiie?ooaee ?iioeuena ca ?aooiie
neeaaeaiiy a oi/oe? niinoa?aaeaiiy i?yiiai ?iioeuena oa ?iioeuena,
a?aeaeoiai a?ae i?aenoeeath/i? iiaa?oi?.

Aeey aeiaaeeo a?aeaeooy o?eaei??iiai ?OI a?ae oa?o ae?aeaeo?eea c
ao?aoaie ia iaeii??aeiiio iai?ai?inoi?? ae?ac aeey a?aeaeoiai iiey
iaea?aeaiee a yaiiio aeaeyae? c o?aooaaiiyi iaeeo ao?ao a oa??:

,

.

O?aooaaiiy eooiaeo oa?aeoa?enoee ?iioeueniiai iiey, aei?ii?iaiiai
aia?oo?iith aioaiith, i?e iiaeaethaaii? i?ioeano a?aeaeooy a?ae
oa?oaaoi? no?oeoo?e aeicaieeei aaeineiiaeeoe iaoiaeeeo aei??thaaiue ?
cai?iiiioaaoe aoaeoeaiee aeai?eoi ia?iaee aeaieo aenia?eiaioaeueieo
aei??thaaiue aeey aecia/aiiy ia?aiao??a oa?oaaoeo no?oeoo? ?
?aae?iiiaeeiath/eo iaoa??ae?a — ae?aeaeo?e/ii? i?iieeiino?, oiaueie
oa?o, oaiaaina eooo ao?ao iaoa??aeo oa?o ? /anoioii-eooiai? caeaaeiino?
eiao?oe??ioo a?aeaeooy.

Aecia/ai? ianooii? aeiiae aei aei??thaaeueii? onoaiiaee. Ciiaeoth/a
aioaia iiaeiia iaoe oe?ieo ae?aa?aio ni?yiiaaiino? ? ?ici?uaia oaeei
/eiii, uia eoo i?ae iai?aaeaiiyi iaeneioia ae?aa?aie ni?yiiaaiino?
aioaie ? ii?iaeeth aei ieiueie no?oeoo?e, ui aeine?aeaeo?oueny,
neeaaeaa i?eaeecii 45(. E?eueea i?eeia/?a iathoue aooe ?ici?uai? ia
??cieo a?aenoaiyo a?ae ciiaeoth/i? aioaie oaeei /eiii, uia ioiieoe
iio??ai? cia/aiiy eoo?a iaae?iiy. Ca /an iaeiiai aei??thaaiiy io?eio?ii
iaa?? /ani-eooiaeo oa?aeoa?enoee a?aeaeoiai iiey aeey e?eueeio cia/aiue
eoo?a iaae?iiy. Ine?eueee ia?aiao?e (, d ? tg( no?oeoo?e, ui
aeine?aeaeo?oueny, ia caeaaeaoue a?ae eooo iaae?iiy, aeey ?oiueiai
aecia/aiiy iiaeia aeei?enoaoe aoaeue-yeo c iaea?aeaieo /ani-eooiaeo
oa?aeoa?enoee ca?aeii c ianooiiei aeai?eoiii:

C a?aeiioaiiy aiie?ooaee ?iioeuena, a?aeaeoiai a?ae aa?oiuei? a?aieoe?
?icae?eo no?oeoo?e, ui aeine?aeaeo?oueny, aei aiie?ooaee ?iioeuena,
a?aeaeoiai a?ae ?aeaaeueii i?ia?aeii? iiaa?oi? (iaoae), ui ?icoaoiaaia
ia i?noe? a?aieoe? ?icae?eo, iiaeia aecia/eoe ae?aeaeo?e/io i?iieei?noue
iaoa??aeo oa?o;

C /ano cao?eiee ?iioeuena, a?aeaeoiai a?ae ieaeiuei? a?aieoe? oa?o,
a?aeiinii ?iioeuena, a?aeaeoiai a?ae a?aieoe? ?icae?eo no?oeoo?e, ui
aeine?aeaeo?oueny, aecia/a?oueny oiaueia oa?o;

Aeey a?aeiieo o?eaaeino? ?iioeuena, ia?aiao??a oa?o d ? ( , a oaeiae
a?aeiioaiiy aiie?ooaee ?iioeuena, a?aeaeoiai a?ae ieaeiuei? a?aieoe?
oa?o, aei aiie?ooaee ?iioeuena, a?aeaeoiai a?ae a?aieoe? ?icae?eo
no?oeoo?e, ui aeine?aeaeo?oueny, aecia/a?oueny oaiaain eooo ao?ao
iaoa??aeo oa?o.

Canoiniaoth/e aei iaea?aeaieo /ani-eooiaeo oa?aeoa?enoee i?ioeaaeo?o
ia?aoai?aiiy Oo?ue? c aeei?enoaiiyi «/aniaiai a?eia» aeey aeae?eaiiy
iaiao?aeiiai neaiaeo, iaea?aeo?ii iaa?? /anoioii-eooiaeo oa?aeoa?enoee
a?aeaeoiai iiey a oe?ie?e nioc? /anoio oa aeey e?eueeio cia/aiue eoo?a
iaae?iiy. *anoioii-eooia? oa?aeoa?enoeee iiey, ui iaaea?, iaea?aeo?ii
aiaeia?/iei /eiii, aeei?enoiaoth/e ?aeaaeueii a?aeaeaath/o iiaa?oith.
Ii?ioth/e /anoioii-eooia? oa?aeoa?enoeee iiey, a?aeaeoiai a?ae
no?oeoo?e, ui aeine?aeaeo?oueny, ia a?aeiia?aei? oa?aeoa?enoeee iiey, ui
iaaea?, iaea?aeo?ii /anoioio caeaaei?noue eiao?oe??ioo a?aeaeooy
no?oeoo?e, ui aeine?aeaeo?oueny, a oe?ieiio ae?aiacii? /anoio aeey ?yaeo
cia/aiue eoo?a iaae?iiy.

?icae?e 3 “Aei?ii?ithaaiiy aia?oo?e c ianeio?iiiei ?iioeueniei
caoaeaeaiiyi” i?enay/aiee ?ica’yceo caaea/? i?i aei?ii?ithaaiiy
i?yiieooii? aia?oo?ii? aioaie, caoaeaeaii? ianoaoe?iia?iei neaiaeii c
aeia?eueieie /aniaith caeaaei?noth ? aiie?ooaeiei ?iciiae?eii u?eueiino?
no?oio ii aia?oo?? c o?aooaaiiyi aeia?eueii? ianeio?iiiino? ooieoe??
caoaeaeaiiy ii aia?oo??. Aaaaeath/e, ui aaeoi? u?eueiino? no?oio
iai?aaeaiee acaeiaae in? Ox, ae?ac aeey iiey a cii? O?aiaey (R0 >> a, b,
aea 2a, 2b — ?ici??e aia?oo?e) iaea?aeaiee o aeaeyae?:

,

, ( = t ( R0 /c.

A cii? O?aoiaioa?a R0 >> a2/ 2cT (T — o?eaae?noue ?iioeuena):

.

?icaeyiooi ie?aiee aeiaaeie ci?ie aiie?ooaeiiai ?iciiae?eo ? /aniai?
cao?eiee ooieoe?? caoaeaeaiiy acaeiaae iaei??? eii?aeeiaoe ii aia?oo??.
Aeey aeiaaeeo e?i?eii? caeaaeiino? ooieoe?? /aniai? cao?eiee td(() =
(nT/a)( (n — eiao?oe??io, ui aecia/a? aaee/eio e?i?eii? cao?eiee ia
e?ath aia?oo?e) iiea a ieiuei? Ox iaea?aeaia a aiae?oe/iiio aeaeyae?:

,

. I?e B ( 0 e?ioeaaa ??cieoey ia?aeaea a iio?aeio:

.

Oiiaa x/R0n ( nT/a = 0 aecia/a? eoo iiai?ioo i?ii?ith iiey
aei?ii?ithaaiiy. Iaea?aeaiee aiae?oe/iee ae?ac aeicaieea i?iaanoe
aaciina?aaei?e aiae?c aieeao e?i?eii? ianeio?iiiino? ia
i?inoi?iai-/aniaee ?iciiae?e iiey aei?ii?ithaaiiy. ?en. 1 ?ethno?o?
caeaaei?noue ii?iiaaii? aia?a?? aei?ii?iaiiai iiey a?ae eooo
niinoa?aaeaiiy( (( = 0, A-ieiueia) aeey ??cieo cia/aiue ia?aiao?o
e?i?eii? /aniai? cao?eiee n.

Aeine?aeaeaii aieea noa?e/ii? ianeio?iiiino? caoaeaeaiiy aia?oo?e, ui
iieno? caoaeaeaiiy aia?oo?e OAI-?oii?a, ia i?inoi?iai-/ania? oa
aia?aaoe/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee iiey aei?ii?ithaaiiy. Iaea?aeaia oiiaa, ui
aecia/a? iaeneiaeueia aee?eaeaiiy oaeeueiaiai o?iioo — i?e caaeai?e
iaae? ciaioaiiy aia?a?? aei?ii?iaiiai ?iioeuena aee?eaeaiiy oaeeueiaiai
o?iioo ia iiaeiii ia?aaeuoaaoe iaaii? aaee/eie. Aeine?aeaeaia
iiaeeea?noue oieone?iaee ?iioeuena a aeeaei?e cii? aia?oo?ii? aioaie.
Aecia/aia caeaaei?noue iieiaeaiiy oi/ee oieone?iaee a?ae cia/aiiy
ia?aiao?o iaaaoeaii? noa?e/ii? /aniai? cao?eiee (?en. 2.).

A ?icae?e? 4 “Aenia?eiaioaeueia aeine?aeaeaiiy aei?ii?ithaaiiy ?
aca?iiae?? ei?ioeeo ?iioeuen?a ?c oa?oaaoeie ae?aeaeo?e/ieie oa
iaoaeaaiae?aeaeo?e/ieie no?oeoo?aie” iienaii ?ic?iaeaio ? noai?aio
onoaiiaeo aeey aenia?eiaioaeueiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy a /ania?e iaeano?
??ciiiai?oieo i?eeaae?a oa aoce?a o e?i?yo ia?aaea/? ? ia’?eo?a o
a?eueiiio i?inoi?? ca aeiiiiiaith a?aeai?iioeuen?a o?eaae?noth nioi?
i?einaeoiae. Onoaiiaea neeaaea?oueny c oaeeo aeie?a: aaia?aoi? ei?ioeiai
a?aeai?iioeuena, oe?ieinioaiaee ae?eueiee iiooaeiino?, i?eeiaeueia
aioaiia-ciiae, no?iaineii?/iee inoeeeia?ao, aiaeiaiai-oeeo?iaee
ia?aoai?thaa/, ia?niiaeueiee eiii’thoa?. Onoaiiaea aeicaiey? aei??thaaoe
eiao?oe??io a?aeaeooy oa i?ioiaeaeaiiy /ioe?eiiethnieea, ae?aa?aie
ni?yiiaaiino? aioai, ?iioeueni? oa?aeoa?enoeee ?icn?yiiy ia’?eo?a o
a?eueiiio i?inoi??. Aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy ia’?eo?a o a?eueiiio i?inoi??
canoiniaothoueny niaoe?aeueii ?ic?iaeai? iaoaeaaiae?aeaeo?e/i? aioaie ?c
u?eeiith, ui ?icoe?th?oueny.

Aoei aeine?aeaeaii e?eueea oei?a u?eeiieo aioai a ?aaeei? ?iioeueniiai
caoaeaeaiiy: c eoneiai-iaiaeii??aeiith u?eeiith, ui ?icoe?th?oueny, oa c
ieaaiith ci?iith oe?eie u?eeie ii aeniiiaioe?eiiio caeiio ia
iaeii??aei?e i?aeeiaeoe?; c ieaaiith ci?iith oe?eie u?eeie ii
aeniiiaioe?eiiio caeiio ia caaino?ai?e i?aeeiaeoe? (oiaueia i?aeeiaeee
ieaaii ciaioo?oueny iiaeeco aia?oo?e aioaie ia aeiaaeei? (/5, ( —
o?eaae?noue ?iioeuena); c eoneiai-iaiaeii??aeiith u?eeiith, ui
?icoe?th?oueny, ia iiaeiaaeai?e i?aeeiaeoe? (aeiaaeeia i?aeeiaeee aac
iie?eooy noaiiaeoue (/4); c ieaaiith ci?iith oe?eie u?eeie ii
aeniiiaioe?eiiio caeiio ia iiaeiaaeai?e i?aeeiaeoe?.

A /ania?e iaeano? aei??thaaeeny eiao?oe??ioe a?aeaeooy ? ae?aa?aie
ni?yiiaaiino? oeeo aioai ii i?eia?e aiie?ooae? a aeaio ieiueiao ?
??aaiue e?in-iiey?ecaoe??. Oe?eia ae?aa?aie ni?yiiaaiino? aioai ii
i?eia?e aiie?ooae? noaiiaeoue 52 — 58( a A-ieiuei? ? 70 — 88( a
I-ieiuei?. ??aaiue i?eeiyoiai neaiaeo ii e?in-iiey?ecaoe?? (i?eiaa
aiie?ooaea) ia ia?aaeuo? (10 aeA a I-ieiuei? ? (12 aeA a A-ieiuei? aeey
an?o oei?a aeine?aeaeaieo aioai. C iaea?aeaieo /aniaeo aeaieo
?ic?aoiaai? /anoioi? caeaaeiino? eiao?oe??ioo a?aeaeooy aioai a oe?ie?e
nioc? /anoio. Ieaaia ciaioaiiy oiaueie i?aeeiaeee iiaeeco aia?oo?e, a
oaeiae iiaeiaaeaiiy i?aeeiaeee (aac iaoae?caoe??) aeicaiey? ciaioeoe
eiao?oe??io a?aeaeooy aioai. ?ic?aoiaai? c iaea?aeaieo /aniaeo aeaieo
cia/aiiy eiao?oe??ioo i?aeneeaiiy aioai noaiiaeyoue 7 — 8 aeA.

A /ania?e iaeano? aei??thaaeeny eiao?oe??ioe a?aeaeooy oa i?ioiaeaeaiiy
aeey ia?aoiae?a i?ae eiaen?aeueiith oa u?eeiiith e?i?yie ia?aaea/?.
Iieacaii, ui eiaen?aeueii-u?eeii? ia?aoiaee iathoue iaaaeeea caoooaiiy
((1 aeA ia iaeei ia?ao?ae) ? iae? ao?aoe ia a?aeaeooy (ia a?eueo (17
aeA a /ania?e iaeano?) aeey aeiaaeeo ia?aaea/? ei?ioeeo a?aeai?iioeuen?a
c o?eaae?noth 0.3 — 0.5 in. Aeaa oeio ia?aoiae?a — ia?iaiaeeeoey?iee oa
ni?aa?niee, iathoue aeecuee? oa?aeoa?enoeee ? iiaeooue cai?ithaaoe iaeei
iaeiee.

Iaaaaeaii ?acoeueoaoe aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue ?icn?yiiy iiey
?iioeueniiai oaeeueiaiai io/ea ia ianooiieo oa?oaaoeo
iaoaeaaiae?aeaeo?e/ieo no?oeoo?ao: oa? aea?aaeie oiaueiith 22 ni ia
iaoaeaa?e ieiuei?, oa? i??nii? aiaee oiaueiith 7 ii ia iaoaeaa?e
ieiuei?, aeaa oeie ?aae?iiiaeeiath/eo iaoa??ae?a (oa?oaaoee oa
aeeoociee) ia iaoaeaa?e ieiuei?. Aoee aei??ai? /ania? caeaaeiino? iiey
?OI, a?aeaeoiai a?ae ?aeaaeueii i?ia?aeii? iiaa?oi? oa a?ae oa?oaaoeo
no?oeoo?, ui aeine?aeaeothoueny, aeey o?ueio cia/aiue eooo iaae?iiy.
?acoeueoaoe oai?aoe/ieo ?ic?aooie?a a?aeaeoiai iiey ?OI a?ae oa?oaaoeo
iaoaeaaiae?aeaeo?e/ieo no?oeoo? oa iaea?aeai? aenia?eiaioaeuei?
?acoeueoaoe aeoaea aeia?a ca?aathoueny. C aei??aieo /ani-eooiaeo aeaieo
ii cai?iiiiiaaiiio a ae?oaiio ?icae?e? aeai?eoio ?ic?aoiaai?
oa?aeoa?enoeee oa?o ae?aeaeo?eea — oiaueia ? ae?aeaeo?e/ia i?iieei?noue.
Aeey aeiaaeeo, eiee i?inoi?iaa o?eaae?noue aei?ii?iaiiai ?iioeuena iaioa
oiaueie oa?o, a?aeoeeaiiy ?ic?aoiaaii? oiaueie oa?o a?ae ?noeiiiai
cia/aiiy ia ia?aaeuo? 6,3%. Oi/i?noue aei??thaaiue iia??oo?oueny, yeui
i?inoi?iaa o?eaae?noue ciiaeoth/iai ?iioeuena a?eueoa oiaueie oa?o. C
aei??aieo /ani-eooiaeo oa?aeoa?enoee iiey ?OI, a?aeaeoiai a?ae
?aae?iiiaeeiath/eo iaoa??ae?a, ?ic?aoiaai? /anoioii-eooia? caeaaeiino?
eiao?oe??ioo a?aeaeooy aeey oeeo iaoa??ae?a o oe?ie?e nioc? /anoio.

Oaeei /eiii, ?acoeueoaoe aenia?eiaio?a i?aeoaa?aeeee ?ica’ycie
oai?aoe/ii? caaea/? i?i a?aeaeooy iiey aia?oo?ii? aioaie, caoaeaeaii?
ei?ioeei ?iioeuenii, a?ae oa?oaaoi? iaoaeaaiae?aeaeo?e/ii? no?oeoo?e,
ooai?aii? oa?ii ae?aeaeo?eea c ao?aoaie, ui ?icoaoiaaiee ia
ae?aeaeo?e/iiio aai ?aeaaeueii i?ia?aeiiio iai?ai?inoi??, ? iaa?oiooaaee
a??ia?aei?noue ? oi/i?noue cai?iiiiiaaiiai aeai?eoio ia?iaee
aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo, ui aeicaiey? ?ic?aoiaoaaoe ia?aiao?e
a?aeaeaath/i? no?oeoo?e — ae?aeaeo?e/ii? i?iieeiino?, oiaueie oa?o,
oaiaaina eooo ao?ao iaoa??aeo oa?o ? /anoioii-eooiai? caeaaeiino?
eiao?oe??ioo a?aeaeooy.

AENIIAEE

Ca aeiiiiiaith niaeo?aeueiiai iaoiaeo iaea?aeai? ?ica’ycee caaea/
?icn?yiiy aeaiaei??ieo oa o?eaei??ieo ?iioeuenieo oaeeueiaeo io/e?a
(?OI) ia ae?aeaeo?e/ieo oa iaoaeaaiae?aeaeo?e/ieo no?oeoo?ao ?c
ao?aoaie. Ae?ace aeey a?aeaeoiai iiey a /ania?e iaeano? iaea?aeai? o
aeaeyae? iaeiie?aoieo ?ioaa?ae?a ii /anoio?. Aeey aeiaaeeo a?aeaeooy
o?eaei??iiai ?OI a?ae oa?o ae?aeaeo?eea ?c ao?aoaie, ui ?icoaoiaaiee ia
iaeii??aeiiio iai?ai?inoi??, a yaiiio aeaeyae? iaea?aeaiee ae?ac aeey
a?aeaeoiai iiey c o?aooaaiiyi iaeeo ao?ao a oa??.

I?iaaaeaiee aiae?c aieeao iaoa??aeueieo ia?aiao??a a?aeaeaath/iai
iai?ai?inoi?o ia i?inoi?iai-/ania? oa?aeoa?enoeee a?aeaeoiai iiey ?OI
iieacaa, ui aeey eoo?a iaae?iiy aeecueeeo aei eooo A?thnoa?a
niinoa??aathoueny ?noioi? a?aei?ie i?ae a?aeaeoeie A- oa
I-iiey?eciaaieie iieyie ?OI. A eooia?e caeaaeiino? I-iiey?eciaaiiai iiey
?OI, a?aeaeoiai a?ae na?aaeiaeua ?c ao?aoaie, ? i?i?ioi aia?a??,
coiiaeaiee iayai?noth eooo A?thnoa?a. Iieiaeaiiy ? aeeaeia i?i?ioio
aia?a?? a?aeaeoiai I-iiey?eciaaiiai iiey aecia/athoueny ni?aa?aeiioaiiyi
i?ia?aeiino? na?aaeiaeua ? o?eaaeino? ?iioeuena iaaeath/iai iiey (eiai
niaeo?aeueiei neeaaeii). Iiey?i?noue a?aeaeoiai I-iiey?eciaaiiai
?iioeuena ii ??ci? noi?iie a?ae eooo A?thnoa?a i?ioeeaaeia. sseui
na?aaeiaeua ia? aeeneiaoe?th, ci?ia iiey?iino? a caeaaeiino? a?ae eooo
niinoa?aaeaiiy a?aeaoaa?oueny iinooiiai. sseui i?ia?aei?noue
a?aeaeaath/iai na?aaeiaeua iaea, iiey?i?noue ci?ith?oueny no?eaeii, a a
iai?yieo eooo A?thnoa?a a?aeaeoa I-iiey?eciaaia iiea aei??aith? ioeth.
Eooiaa caeaaei?noue a?aeaeoiai A-iiey?eciaaiiai iiey ?OI iaeaea
ni?aiaaea? ?c eooiaith caeaaei?noth iaaeath/iai iiey. Iieacaii aieea
iaoa??aeueieo ia?aiao??a i?aenoeeath/i? iiaa?oi? ia i?inoi?iai-/ania?
oa?aeoa?enoeee ?OI, ui ?iciianthaeaeo?oueny acaeiaae ia?.

Ia iniia? ?ica’yceo caaea/? i?i a?aeaeooy iiey ?OI a?ae oa?oaaoiai
na?aaeiaeua c ao?aoaie cai?iiiiiaaii aaeineiiaeaiiy iaoiaeeee
aei??thaaiue ? aeai?eoi aecia/aiiy ia?aiao??a a?aeaeaath/i? no?oeoo?e
(ae?aeaeo?e/ii? i?iieeiino?, i?ia?aeiino?, oiaueie oa?o) ? /anoioii?
caeaaeiino? eiao?oe??ioo a?aeaeooy aeey e?eueeio cia/aiue eooo iaae?iiy
ca iaeia aei??thaaiiy. Aecia/ai? aeiiae aei aei??thaaeueii? onoaiiaee.

A caaaeueiiio aeaeyae? iaea?aeaiee ?ica’ycie caaea/? i?i
aei?ii?ithaaiiy i?yiieooii? aia?oo?ii? aioaie, caoaeaeaii?
ianoaoe?iia?iei neaiaeii c aeia?eueieie /aniaith caeaaei?noth ?
aiie?ooaeiei ?iciiae?eii u?eueiino? no?oio ii aia?oo??, c o?aooaaiiyi
aeia?eueii? ianeio?iiiino? ooieoe?? caoaeaeaiiy ii aia?oo??.

Aeine?aeaeaii aieea noa?e/ii? ianeio?iiiino? caoaeaeaiiy aia?oo?e, ui
iieno? caoaeaeaiiy aia?oo?e OAI-?oii?a, ia i?inoi?iai-/ania? ?
aia?aaoe/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee iiey aei?ii?ithaaiiy. Iieacaii, ui c?
ca?eueoaiiyi aee?eaeaiiy oaeeueiaiai o?iioo aia?a?y aei?ii?iaiiai
?iioeuena ciaioo?oueny a ii??aiyii? c aia?a??th ?iioeuena, aei?ii?iaiiai
neio?iiiith aia?oo?ith. Aoaeo noa? iniaeeai ae?aaeaiei aeey aia?oo?e c
iaeeie cia/aiiyie ni?aa?aeiioaiiy i?inoi?iai? o?eaaeino? ?iioeuena aei
oe?eie aia?oo?e. Iaea?aeaia oiiaa iaeneiaeueiiai aee?eaeaiiy oaeeueiaiai
o?iioo — i?e caaeai?e iaae? ciaioaiiy aia?a?? aei?ii?iaiiai ?iioeuena
aee?eaeaiiy oaeeueiaiai o?iioo ia iiaeiii ia?aaeuoaaoe iaaii? aaee/eie.

C i?iaaaeaiiai aiae?co aieeao e?i?eii? ianeio?iiiino? iaea?aeaia oiiaa,
ui aecia/a? eoo iiai?ioo i?ii?ith iiey aei?ii?ithaaiiy a caeaaeiino?
a?ae ia?aiao?o e?i?eii? ianeio?iiiino? ooieoe?? caoaeaeaiiy ?
ni?aa?aeiioaiiy i?ae i?inoi?iaith o?eaae?noth ?iioeuena ? ?ici??ii
aia?oo?e.

Aeey aeiaaeeo oieone?iaee aei?ii?iaii? aia?a?? iiey aecia/aia
caeaaei?noue iieiaeaiiy oi/ee oieone?iaee a?ae cia/aiiy ia?aiao?o
iaaaoeaii? noa?e/ii? /aniai? cao?eiee. Aoaeo oieone?iaee aia?a?? ?
iniaeeai ae?aaeaiei aeey iaeeo cia/aiue ni?aa?aeiioaiiy i?inoi?iai?
o?eaaeino? ?iioeuena aei oe?eie aia?oo?e.

Iienaii ?ic?iaeaio ? noai?aio aenia?eiaioaeueio onoaiiaeo aeey
aeine?aeaeaiue a /ania?e iaeano? ca aeiiiiiaith a?aeai?iioeuen?a
o?eaae?noth nioi? i?einaeoiae ia’?eo?a oa aoce?a a e?i?yo ia?aaea/? oa o
a?eueiiio i?inoi??.

A /ania?e iaeano? aei??ai? eiao?oe??ioe a?aeaeooy ? ae?aa?aie
ni?yiiaaiino? iaoaeaaiae?aeaeo?e/ieo aioai ?c u?eeiith, ui
?icoe?th?oueny, ii i?eia?e aiie?ooae? a aeaio ieiueiao ? ??aaiue
i?eeiyoiai neaiaeo ii e?in-iiey?ecaoe??. Iieacaii, ui
iaoaeaaiae?aeaeo?e/ia u?eeiia aioaiia c ?ici??ii aia?oo?e aeecueei 2( ?
aeiaaeeiith aeecueei 3( (( — o?eaae?noue ?iioeuena) ? aoaeoeaiei
ni?yiiaaiei aei?ii?ithaa/ai a?aeai ? ?aae?i?iioeuen?a.

Ii ?acoeueoaoao aei??thaaiue a /ania?e iaeano? aecia/ai? ia?aiao?e
e?eueeio ae?aeaeo?ee?a, ui ?icoaoiaai? ia ?aeaaeueii a?aeaeaath/?e
iiaa?oi?, — oiaueia ? ae?aeaeo?e/ia i?iieei?noue; c aei??aieo
/ani-eooiaeo oa?aeoa?enoee ?ic?aoiaai? /anoioii-eooia? caeaaeiino?
eiao?oe??ioo a?aeaeooy ?aae?iiiaeeiath/eo iaoa??ae?a. Aeey aeiaaeeo,
eiee i?inoi?iaa o?eaae?noue aei?ii?iaiiai ?iioeuena iaioa oiaueie oa?o,
a?aeoeeaiiy ?ic?aoiaaii? oiaueie oa?o a?ae ?noeiiiai cia/aiiy ia
ia?aaeuo? 6.3%.

Aenia?eiaioaeuei? ?acoeueoaoe i?aeoaa?aeeee a??ia?aei?noue ? oi/i?noue
cai?iiiiiaaiiai aeai?eoio oaeaeeeo aei??thaaiue iaoa??aeueieo ?
?ici??ieo ia?aiao??a oa?oaaoeo no?oeoo? a oe?ieiio ae?aiacii? eoo?a
iaae?iiy aac iiai?ioo aei?ii?ithth/i? aioaie c oe?ieith ae?aa?aiith
ni?yiiaaiino?.

?ic?iaeaii ieceo i?aeoe/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e ii canoinoaaiith
?acoeueoao?a ?ic?aooie?a ?iciiae?eo iiey i?e ae??oaii? i?iaeai
i?aeiiaa?oiaaiai ciiaeoaaiiy oa ?iciianthaeaeaiiy ?iioeueni?o neaiae?a
oacaeiaae i?aenoeeath/i? iiaa?oi?.

NIENIE IIOAE?EIAAIEO I?AOeUe CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe??

Kolchigin N. N., Lomakin V. M., Pivnenko S. N. Distinctive Features of a
Pulsed Beam Scattering on a Plane Surface (Two-Dimensional Case) //
Intern. Journal of Infrared and Millimeter Waves. — 1997. — Vol.18,
no.10. — P.2019-2030.

Eie/eaei I. I., Eiiaeei A. I., Ieaiaiei N. I. Aeeyiea iioa?ue a
aeeyeaeo?e/aneii iieoi?ino?ainoaa ia oa?aeoa?enoeee io?aaeaiiiai
o?aoia?iiai eiioeueniiai aieiiaiai io/ea // ?aaeeioeceea e
?aaeeiano?iiiiey. — 1997. — O.2, N3. — N.318-322.

Ieaiaiei N. I. Iainiiaaiea eiioeueniiai iaoiaea ecia?aiey ia?aiao?ia
aeeyeaeo?eeia a naiaiaeiii i?ino?ainoaa // Aanoiee Oa?ueeianeiai
oieaa?neoaoa — ?aaeeioeceea e yeaeo?iieea. — 1998. — ?405. — N.91-95.

Aoo?ui A. TH., Eie/eaei I. I., Ieaiaiei N. I. Eceo/aiea aia?oo?u n
ianeio?iiiui eiioeueniui aicaoaeaeaieai // Aanoiee Oa?ueeianeiai
oieaa?neoaoa — ?aaeeioeceea e yeaeo?iieea. — 1999. — ?427. — N.61-63.

Ieaiaiei N. I., Eie/eaei I. I. Ianoaoeeiia?iia aicaoaeaeaiea
?anoe?ythueony uaeaauo aioaii ia aeeyeaeo?e/aneie iiaeeiaeea // Aanoiee
Oa?ueeianeiai oieaa?neoaoa — ?aaeeioeceea e yeaeo?iieea. — 1999. — ?427.
— N. 91-94.

?annayiea aieiiaiai eiioeueniiai io/ea ia a?aieoea ?acaeaea aeaoo
iaoaeeiaeeyeaeo?e/aneeo n?aae / Eie/eaei I. I., Eiiaeei A. I., Ieaiaiei
N. I. — Oa?ueeia, 1997. — 21n. — ?on. — Aeai. a Oe?IIOAI 05.02.97,
?115-Oi97.

Kolchigin N. N., Lomakin V. M., Pivnenko S. N. Remote Sensing of a Flat
Surface by an Electromagnetic Pulsed Beam // Proceedings of the IEEE
Antennas and Propagation Society Intern. Symposium. — Montreal, Canada.
— 1997. — P.2609-2612.

Kolchigin N. N., Pivnenko S. N. Short Video Pulse Radiation by a Slot
Metal-Dielectric Antenna // Proceedings of the URSI North American Radio
Science Meeting. — Montreal, Canada. — 1997. — P.224.

Kolchigin N. N., Lomakin V. M., Pivnenko S. N. Pulsed Beam Scattering
from a Plane Surface (Three-Dimensional Case) // Proceedings of the
Intern. Conference on Electromagnetics in Advanced Applications. —
Torino, Italy. — 1997. — P.229-232.

Kolchigin N. N., Pivnenko S. N. Numerical Modeling of Measurements of
Dielectric Material Characteristics Using Non-Sinusoidal Signals //
Proceedings of the Intern. Conference on Mathematical Methods in
Electromagnetic Theory. — Kharkov, Ukraine. — 1998. — P.346-348.

AIIOAOe?ss

I?aiaiei N. I. Aca?iiae?y iaiaaeaieo o i?inoi?? ianoaoe?iia?ieo iie?a
?c ae?aeaeo?e/ieie oa iaoaeaaiae?aeaeo?e/ieie no?oeoo?aie. ( ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa
o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 01.04.03 — ?aae?io?ceea. —
Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao, i. Oa?e?a, 1999.

Oai?aoe/ii oa aenia?eiaioaeueii aeine?aeaeaii ni?yiiaaia
aei?ii?ithaaiiy iaiaaeaieo a i?inoi?? ianoaoe?iia?ieo iie?a (eiioeuenieo
oaeeueiaeo io/e?a) oa ?o ?icn?yiiy ia a?aieoeyo ?icae?eo oa?oaaoeo
iaoaeaaiae?aeaeo?e/ieo no?oeoo? ?c ao?aoaie. Cai?iiiiiaaii aeai?eoi
ia?iaee i?inoi?iai-/aniaeo aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo aeey aecia/aiiy
ae?aeaeo?e/ii? i?iieeiino?, i?ia?aeiino?, oiaueie oa?o oa
/anoioii-eooiai? caeaaeiino? eiao?oe??ioo a?aeaeooy oa?oaaoeo no?oeoo?.

A caaaeueiiio aeaeyae? iaea?aeaiee ?ica’ycie caaea/? i?i
aei?ii?ithaaiiy i?yiieooii? aia?oo?ii? aioaie, ui caoaeaeaia
ianoaoe?iia?iei neaiaeii c aeia?eueieie /aniaith caeaaei?noth ?
aiie?ooaeiei ?iciiae?eii u?eueiino? no?oio ii aia?oo?? c o?aooaaiiyi
aeia?eueii? ooieoe?? ianeio?iiiino? caoaeaeaiiy.

Noai?aii onoaiiaeo aeey aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue a /ania?e
iaeano? ca aeiiiiiaith a?aeai?iioeuen?a o?eaae?noth nioi? i?einaeoiae ?c
canoinoaaiiyi ?ic?iaeaieo aioai ?c u?eeiith, ui ?icoe?th?oueny. C
aei??aieo /ani-eooiaeo oa?aeoa?enoee aecia/ai? ia?aiao?e e?eueeio oei?a
oa?oaaoeo ae?aeaeo?ee?a oa ?aae?iiiaeeiath/eo iaoa??ae?a.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: ?iioeueniee oaeeueiaee io/ie, ?icn?yiiy, niaeo?aeueiee
iaoiae, i?inoi?iai-/aniaa oa?aeoa?enoeea, oa?oaaoa no?oeoo?a,
aenia?eiaio, u?eeiia aioaia, iaoiae aei??thaaiiy, aei?ii?ithaaiiy,
ianeio?iiia caoaeaeaiiy.

SUMMARY

Pivnenko S. N. Interaction of restricted in space transient fields with
dielectric and metal-dielectric structures. — Manuscript.

Thesis for candidate’s degree by speciality 01.04.03 — radiophysics. —
Kharkov State University, Kharkov, 1999.

A directed radiation of restricted in space transient fields (pulsed
wave beams) and their scattering on boundaries of layered
metal-dielectric lossy structures is investigated both theoretically and
experimentally. An algorithm for processing space-time experimental data
to determine permittivity, conductivity, slab thickness and
frequency-angular dependence of reflection coefficient of layered
structures is proposed.

A general solution to the problem of radiation from rectangular
aperture antenna excited with transient signal of arbitrary time
dependence and amplitude distribution of current density along the
aperture is obtained taking into account an arbitrary function of
non-synchronous excitation.

A setting for experimental investigations in time domain using
videopulses of hundreds of picosecond duration and developed tapered
slot antennas is created. Parameters of several types of layered
dielectrics and radio-absorbing materials are determined from the
measured time-angular characteristics.

Key words: pulsed wave beam, scattering, spectral method, space-time
characteristic, layered structure, experiment, slotline antenna, method
of measurement, radiation, non-synchronous excitation.

AIIIOAOeEss

Ieaiaiei N. I. Acaeiiaeaenoaea ia?aie/aiiuo a i?ino?ainoaa
ianoaoeeiia?iuo iieae n aeeyeaeo?e/aneeie e iaoaeeiaeeyeaeo?e-/aneeie
no?oeoo?aie. ( ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa
oeceei-iaoaiaoe/aneeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 01.04.03 — ?aaeeioeceea. —
Oa?ueeianeee ainoaea?noaaiiue oieaa?neoao, a. Oa?ueeia, 1999.

A ?aaioa oai?aoe/anee e yenia?eiaioaeueii enneaaeoaony iai?aaeaiiia
eceo/aiea ia?aie/aiiuo a i?ino?ainoaa ianoaoeeiia?iuo iieae (eiioeueniuo
aieiiauo io/eia) e eo ?annayiea ia neienouo aeeyeaeo?e/aneeo e
iaoaeeiaeeyeaeo?e/aneeo no?oeoo?ao n iioa?yie. Iiea eiioeueniiai
aieiiaiai io/ea iiaeaee?oaony n iiiiuueth aaneiia/iie uaee eeai
i?yiioaieueiie aia?oo?u n caaeaiiui ?ani?aaeaeaieai yeaeo?e/aneiai iiey
n i?iecaieueiie a?aiaiiie e aiieeooaeiie caaeneiinoueth. Caaea/a
?aoaaony iaoiaeii ?aceiaeaiey iiey eiioeueniiai aieiiaiai io/ea ia
i?ino?ainoaaiiua e a?aiaiiua iiiio?iiaoe/aneea aa?iiieee, /oi iicaieyao
eniieueciaaoue ecaanoiua ?aoaiey, iieo/aiiua aeey ieineeo aiei. A iauai
neo/aa io?aaeaiey io iieoi?ino?ainoaa n iioa?yie ?aoaiea iieo/aii a
aeaea iaeiie?aoiiai eioaa?aea ii /anoioa. Aeey /anoiiai neo/aa, eiaaea
io?aaeathuaa iieoi?ino?ainoai yaeyaony n?aaeie aac iioa?ue e
eiyooeoeeaio io?aaeaiey ia caaeneo io /anoiou, io?aaeaiiia iiea aeey
a?aiaiiie caaeneiinoe iiey aicaoaeaeaiey a aeaea aaonniaie ooieoeee
iaeaeaii a aiaeeoe/aneii aeaea.

Ia iniiaa iieo/aiiuo ?aoaiee aeaoia?iie e o?aoia?iie caaea/ i?iaaaeai
aiaeec aeeyiey aeeyeaeo?e/aneie i?iieoeaaiinoe e i?iaiaeeiinoe
io?aaeathuaai iieoi?ino?ainoaa ia oi?io, aeeeoaeueiinoue e
aiieeooaeii-oaeiaua oa?aeoa?enoeee io?aaeaiiuo iieae. Iieacaii aeeyiea
iaoa?eaeueiuo ia?aiao?ia iiaenoeeathuae iiaa?oiinoe ia iiea
?ani?ino?aiythuaainy aaeieue iaa eiioeueniiai aieiiaiai io/ea.

Aeey neo/ay io?aaeaiey o?aoia?iiai EAI io neiy aeeyeaeo?eea n iioa?yie
ia iaeii?iaeiii iieoi?ino?ainoaa ?aoaiea aeey io?aaeaiiiai iiey iieo/aii
a yaiii aeaea n o/aoii iaeuo iioa?ue a neia. O/ao oaeiauo oa?aeoa?enoee
eiioeueniiai iiey, eceo/aiiiai aia?oo?iie aioaiiie, i?e iiaeaee?iaaiee
i?ioeanna io?aaeaiey io neienoie no?oeoo?u iicaieee oniaa?oainoaiaaoue
iaoiaeeeo ecia?aiey e i?aaeeiaeeoue yooaeoeaiue aeai?eoi ia?aaioee
aeaiiuo yenia?eiaioaeueiuo ecia?aiee aeey ii?aaeaeaiey ia?aiao?ia
neienouo no?oeoo? e ?aaeeiiiaeiuathueo iaoa?eaeia — aeeyeaeo?e/aneie
i?iieoeaaiinoe, oieueiu neiy, oaiaaina oaea iioa?ue iaoa?eaea neiy e
/anoioii-oaeiaie caaeneiinoe eiyooeoeeaioa io?aaeaiey.

A iauai aeaea iieo/aii ?aoaiea caaea/e ia eceo/aiee i?yiioaieueiie
aia?oo?iie aioaiiu, aicaoaeaeaiiie ianoaoeeiia?iui neaiaeii n
i?iecaieueiuie a?aiaiiie caaeneiinoueth e aiieeooaeiui ?ani?aaeaeaieai
ieioiinoe oiea ii aia?oo?a n o/aoii i?iecaieueiie ianeio?iiiinoe
ooieoeee aicaoaeaeaiey ii aia?oo?a. ?anniio?ai /anoiue neo/ae eciaiaiey
aiieeooaeiiai ?ani?aaeaeaiey e a?aiaiiie caaea?aeee ooieoeee
aicaoaeaeaiey aaeieue iaeiie eii?aeeiaou ii aia?oo?a. Aeey neo/ay
eeiaeiie caaeneiinoe ooieoeee a?aiaiiie caaea?aeee au?aaeaiea aeey iiey
eceo/aiey iieo/aii a aiaeeoe/aneii aeaea, /oi iicaieeei i?iaanoe
iaiin?aaenoaaiiue aiaeec aeeyiey eeiaeiie ianeio?iiiinoe ia
i?ino?ainoaaiii-a?aiaiiia ?ani?aaeaeaiea iiey eceo/aiey. Ii?aaeaeaia
caaeneiinoue oaea iiai?ioa eo/a iiey eceo/aiey io ia?aiao?a eeiaeiie
ooieoeee ianeio?iiiinoe aicaoaeaeaiey e niioiioaiey iaaeaeo
i?ino?ainoaaiiie aeeeoaeueiinoueth eiioeuena e ?acia?ii aia?oo?u.

Enneaaeiaaii aeeyiea noa?e/aneie ianeio?iiiinoe aicaoaeaeaiey aia?oo?u,
eioi?ay iienuaaao aicaoaeaeaiea aia?oo?u OAI-?oii?a, ia
i?ino?ainoaaiii-a?aiaiiua e yia?aaoe/aneea oa?aeoa?enoeee iiey
eceo/aiey. Iieo/aii oneiaea, ii?aaeaeythuaa iaeneiaeueiia eneaaeaiea
aieiiaiai o?iioa — i?e caaeaiiii i?aaeaea oiaiueoaiey yia?aee
eceo/aiiiai eiioeuena eneaaeaiea aieiiaiai o?iioa ia aeieaeii i?aauoaoue
ii?aaeaeaiiie aaee/eiu. Enneaaeiaaia aiciiaeiinoue oieone?iaee eiioeuena
a aeeaeiae ciia aia?oo?iie aioaiiu. Onoaiiaeaia naycue iieiaeaiey oi/ee
oieone?iaee e ia?aiao?a io?eoeaoaeueiie noa?e/aneie a?aiaiiie
caaea?aeee.

?ac?aaioaia e nicaeaia onoaiiaea aeey yenia?eiaioaeueiiai enneaaeiaaiey
ai a?aiaiiie iaeanoe n iiiiuueth aeaeaieiioeuenia aeeeoaeueiinoueth
nioie ieeinaeoiae a eeieyo ia?aaea/e e a naiaiaeiii i?ino?ainoaa. Aeey
enneaaeiaaiey iauaeoia a naiaiaeiii i?ino?ainoaa i?eiaiythony
niaoeeaeueii ?ac?aaioaiiua iaoaeeiaeeyeaeo?e/aneea ?anoe?ythueany
uaeaaua aioaiiu. Ii ?acoeueoaoai ecia?aiee ai a?aiaiiie iaeanoe
ii?aaeaeaiu ia?aiao?u neiy aeeyeaeo?eea ia eaeaaeueii io?aaeathuae
ieineinoe — oieueia e aeeyeaeo?e/aneay i?iieoeaaiinoue; ec ecia?aiiuo
a?aiy-oaeiauo oa?aeoa?enoee ?ann/eoaiu /anoioii-oaeiaua caaeneiinoe
eiyooeoeeaioa io?aaeaiey ?aaeeiiiaeiuathueo iaoa?eaeia.

Yenia?eiaioaeueiua ?acoeueoaou iiaeoaa?aeeee aeinoiaa?iinoue e
oi/iinoue i?aaeeiaeaiiiai aeai?eoia auno?iai ecia?aiey iaoa?eaeueiuo e
?acia?iuo ia?aiao?ia neienouo no?oeoo? a oe?ieii aeeaiaciia oaeia
iaaeaiey aac iiai?ioa eceo/athuae aioaiiu n oe?ieie aeeaa?aiiie
iai?aaeaiiinoe.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: eiioeueniue aieiiaie io/ie, ?annayiea, niaeo?aeueiue
iaoiae, i?ino?ainoaaiii-a?aiaiiay oa?aeoa?enoeea, neienoay no?oeoo?a,
yenia?eiaio, uaeaaay aioaiia, iaoiae ecia?aiey, eceo/aiea, ianeio?iiiia
aicaoaeaeaiea.

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