IIEOAANUeEEE AeA?AEAAIEE OAOI?*IEE

OI?AA?NEOAO ?IAI? TH??ss EIIAe?AOTHEA

EI?OOOIA IAAEI A?EAI?IAE*

OAeE 624.016.5

AOCEE C’?AeIAIIss O?OAIAAOIIIEO NOIssE?A

?C IIIIE?OIEI CAE?CIAAOIIII

05.23.01 — aoae?aaeuei? eiino?oeoe??, aoae?ae? oa nii?oaee

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe

Iieoaaa — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? eiino?oeoe?e ?c iaoaeo, aea?aaa oa ieanoian
Iieoaanueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? TH??y
Eiiae?aothea.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee — aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Noi?iaeaiei Eaii?ae ?aaiiae/

i?ioani? eaoaae?e eiino?oeoe?e ?c iaoaeo,
aea?aaa

oa ieanoian Iieoaanueeiai aea?aeaaiiai

oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? TH??y
Eiiae?aothea

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: — aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

*eoeaaeca Aeaoaeaea Aeaaeaeiae/

i?ioani?, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e
aoae?aaeueii? iaoai?ee

oa a?ae?aae?ee Oa?e?anueei? aea?aeaaii?
aeaaeai??

cae?cie/iiai o?ainii?oo.

— eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio

Aineiaieiee Iaaei Iaaeiae/

aeioeaio eaoaae?e cae?ciaaoiiieo oa
eai’yieo

eiino?oeoe?e Iieoaanueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
oaoi?/iiai

oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? TH??y Eiiae?aothea.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa — Iaoeiai-aeine?aeiee ?inoeooo aoae?aaeueieo

eiino?oeoe?e Aea?aeaaiiai Eii?oaoo Oe?a?ie
o

ni?aaao aoae?aieoeoaa, a?o?oaeoo?e ?
aeeoeiai?

iie?oeee, i. Ee?a.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny » 27 » ea?oiy 1999 ?. i 13 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 25-01-02 Iieoaanueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? TH??y Eiiae?aothea ii
niaoe?aeueiino? 05.23.01 «aoae?aaeuei? eiino?oeoe??, aoae?ae? oa
nii?oaee» ca aae?anith: 314601, i. Iieoaaa, Ia?oio?aaiaaee i?iniaeo, 24,
aoae. 234.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Iieoaanueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? TH??y Eiiae?aothea.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee » 26 » aa?aciy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Naiei
I.A.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. No/aniee ??aaiue aoae?aieoeoaa aeiaaa? canoinoaaiiy
aoaeoeaieo iaoiae?a caaaeaiiy aoae?aaeue ? aeiiii?/ieo aoae?aaeueieo
eiino?oeoe?e. Oeei oiiaai iiaiith i??ith caaeiaieueiythoue iiiie?oiee
cae?ciaaoii ? eiino?oeoe?? c o?oaiaaoiio.

O?oaiaaoiii? eiino?oeoe?? i?e a?aeiinii iaeiio iiia?a/iiio ia?aoei?
caeaoi? aeo?eioaaoe cia/i? coneeey, a aaoii ca ?aooiie ia’?iiiai
iai?oaeaiiai noaio ni?eeia? iai?oae, ui ia?aaeuothoue eiai i?eciiao
i?oei?noue. I?e caaaeaii? o?oaiaaoiiieo eiino?oeoe?e ia iio??ai?
a?iaoo?i? ea?eane, iiaeoaea ? caeeaaei? aeaoae?. A?aenooi?noue iiaeoaieo
? a?iaoo?ieo ?ia?o ?iaeoue aea?aeiei canoinoaaiiy o?oaiaaoiiieo no?eie a
iiiie?oieo cae?ciaaoiiieo ea?eanao aoae?aaeue ? nii?oae, aea iaea?eueo
a?aeiia?aeaeueieie ? aocee c’?aeiaiiy no?eie c iiiie?oiei cae?ciaaoiiii.

A aeaiee /an ?iaioa aeania o?oaiaaoiiieo aeaiaio?a aeineoue aeeaiei
aea/aia, a eiino?oeoeai? ??oaiiy ? aeine?aeaeaiiy aoce?a c’?aeiaiiy
o?oaiaaoiio c iiiie?oiei cae?ciaaoiiii i?aeoe/ii a?aenooi?. Oiio caaea/a
ii ?ic?iaoe? eiino?oeoeaieo ??oaiue ? aeine?aeaeaiith aoce?a c’?aeiaiiy
o?oaiaaoiiieo no?eie ?c iiiie?oiei cae?ciaaoiiii ? aeoaea aeooaeueiith.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie. ?iaioa cae?enithaaeanue o
a?aeiia?aeiino? aei ieaio eaoaae?e eiino?oeoe?e ?c iaoaeo, aea?aaa ?
ieanoian Iieoaanueeiai AeOO «Aeine?aeaeaiiy iai?oaeaii-aeaoi?iiaaiiai
noaio ? i?oeiino? o?oaiaaoiiieo eiino?oeoe?e oa ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?o o
aoae?aieoeoai».

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy:

— ?ic?iaea eiino?oeoeaieo ??oaiue aoce?a c’?aeiaiiy o?oaiaaoiiieo no?eie
?c iiiie?oiei cae?ciaaoiiii;

— aenia?eiaioaeueia aeine?aeaeaiiy i?oeiino? ? aeaoi?iaoe?e aeaiaio?a
aoce?a c’?aeiaiiy o?oaiaaoiiieo no?eie ?c iiiie?oiei cae?ciaaoiiii ?
aeyaeaiiy iaea?eueo aoaeoeaiiai oeio c’?aeiaiiy;

— ioe?iea iiaeeeaino? canoinoaaiiy aeey ioe?iee iano/i? caeaoiino?
iaoiaeee ii?i ? ?ioeo i?iiiceoe?e oa ?ic?iaea ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e uiaei
?ic?aooieo ? i?iaeooaaiiy aoce?a c’?aeiaiiy.

Aaoi? caoeua?:

— ?acoeueoaoe aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue i?oeiino? ?
aeaoi?iaoeaiino? aoce?a c’?aeiaiiy o?oaiaaoiiieo no?eie ?c iiiie?oiei
cae?ciaaoiiii;

— iaoiaeeeo aecia/aiiy iano/i? caeaoiino? aoce?a c’?aeiaiiy
o?oaiaaoiiieo no?eie ?c iiiie?oiei cae?ciaaoiiii;

— ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeiiai i?iaeooaaiiy oa aoae?aieoeoaa nii?oae c
aeine?aeaeaieie aoceaie c’?aeiaiiy.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia ?iaioe:

— cai?iiiiiaai? iia? eiino?oeoeai? ??oaiiy aoce?a c’?aeiaiiy
o?oaiaaoiiieo no?eie ?c iiiie?oiei cae?ciaaoiiii;

— aia?oa aenia?eiaioaeueii aeine?aeaeaia ?iaioa cai?iiiiiaaieo aoce?a
c’?aeiaiiy o?oaiaaoiiieo no?eie ?c iiiie?oiei cae?ciaaoiiii;

— cai?iiiiiaaia iaoiaeeea aecia/aiiy iano/i? caeaoiino? aoce?a
c’?aeiaiiy o?oaiaaoiiieo no?eie ?c iiiie?oiei cae?ciaaoiiii ?
noi?ioeueiaai? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei ?ic?aooieo ? i?iaeooaaiiy.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ?iaioe:

— cai?iiiiiaai? iia? eiino?oeoeai? ??oaiiy aoce?a c’?aeiaiiy
o?oaiaaoiiieo no?eie ?c iiiie?oiei cae?ciaaoiiii;

— cai?iiiiiaaia iaoiaeeea aecia/aiiy iano/i? caeaoiino? aoce?a
c’?aeiaiiy o?oaiaaoiiieo no?eie ?c iiiie?oiei cae?ciaaoiiii;

— ia iniia? cai?iiiiiaaii? iaoiaeeee noi?ioeueiaai? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei
?ic?aooieo ? i?iaeooaaiiy aoce?a c’?aeiaiiy o?oaiaaoiiieo no?eie ?c
iiiie?oiei cae?ciaaoiiii;

— i?iaaaeaia aeine?aeia i?iaeooaaiiy ? aoae?aieoeoai eiino?oeoe?e ?c
aeei?enoaiiyi o?oaiaaoiia ? cai?iiiiiaaieo aoce?a c’?aeiaiiy.

?aae?caoe?y ?iaioe. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue aaoi?a aeei?enoai? a
i?iaeooaaii? ? aoae?aieoeoa? i?aei??ii? no?iee a ea?’??? Iieoaanueeiai
ACEa a i. Eiiniiieueneo ? i?e iineeaii? iano/eo eiino?oeoe?e oeaoo
AEiaoiaaiai nie?ocaaiaeo a i. Ea?eiaea Iieoaanueei? iaeano?.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. ?ic?iaea eiino?oeoe?e aoce?a c’?aeiaiiy oa
iaoiaeeee aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue, aeaioiaeaiiy ? aei?iaoaaiiy
aeine?aeieo c?ace?a, ia?iaea aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo, oai?aoe/i?
aeine?aeaeaiiy aeeiiai? aaciina?aaeiuei naiei aaoi?ii. Aeine?aeia
i?iaeooaaiiy cae?eniaia eieaeoeaii, aea aaoi?ii aeeiiai? ?ic?aooiee ?
?iai/? e?aneaiiy aoce?a c’?aeiaiiy o?oaiaaoiiieo eieii ?c iiiie?oieie
cae?ciaaoiiieie eiino?oeoe?yie, a oaeiae cae?eniaiee aaoi?nueeee iaaeyae
ca aoae?aieoeoaii.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe
aeiiia?aeaeeny e iaaiai?thaaeeny ia 47-50-o iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?yo
Iieoaanueeiai AeOO ?i. TH. Eiiae?aothea (i. Iieoaaa 1995-1998 ??.), ia
i?aeia?iaei?e eiioa?aioe?? ii ooiaeaiaioao (i. Iieoaaa 1995 ?.),
eiioa?aioe?? «Noaeacae?ciaaoiii? eiino?oeoe??: aeine?aeaeaiiy,
i?iaeooaaiiy ? aoae?aieoeoai» (i. E?eaee ??a 1996 ?.), eiioa?aioe??
«I?iaeaie oai??? ? i?aeoeee aoae?aieoeoaa» (i. Euea?a 1997 ?.),
i?aeia?iaeiiio neiiic?oi? «No/ani? aoae?aaeuei? eiino?oeoe?? c iaoaeo ?
aea?aaeie» (i. Iaeana 1997 ?.), eiioa?aioe?? «I?iaeaie oai??? ? i?aeoeee
cae?ciaaoiio» (i. Iieoaaa 1997 ?.), eiioa?aioe?? «Noaeacae?ciaaoiii?
eiino?oeoe??: aeine?aeaeaiiy, i?iaeooaaiiy, aoae?aieoeoai,
aenieoaoaoe?y» (i. E?eaee ??a 1998 ?.).

Ioae?eaoe??. Iniiaiee ci?no aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe iioae?eiaaii a 17
iaae?oeiaaieo ?iaioao o o./. io?eiaii 2 iaoaioe ia aeiaoiaee ? 1
iiceoeaia ??oaiiy ia aeaea/o iaoaioo.

Ianya oa no?oeoo?a ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio, i’yoe
?icae?e?a, caaaeueieo aeniiae?a ? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e, nienea aeei?enoaieo
aeaea?ae c 205 iaeiaioaaiue oa 2 aeiaeaoe?a. Aiia i?noeoue 179 noi??iie
iaoeiiieno, 55 ?enoie?a, 7 oaaeeoeue.

INIIAIEE CI?NO

O anooi? iaa?oioiaaia aeooaeuei?noue, iaoeiaa iiaecia oa i?aeoe/ia
oe?ii?noue ?iaioe, iiaeaia ?? caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? i?iaaaeaii aiae?c eiino?oeoe?e ?c o?oaiaaoiio ?
iaoiae?a ?o ?ic?aooieo. A?aecia/ai? ia?aaaae oa iaaeie?ee o?oaiaaoiio.
C?iaeaii iaeyae a?o/eciyii? oa ca?oa?aeii? e?oa?aoo?e c ieoaiue
oai?aoe/ieo oa aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue ?iaioe aoce?a
c’?aeiaiiy a iiiie?oiiio cae?ciaaoii? oa o?oaiaaoii?.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy a aaeoc? o?oaiaaoiiieo eiino?oeoe?e i?iaiaeeee I.I.
Aeia??ia, TH.A. Aiiaea?aiei, A.?. Aa?aa?nueeee, A.A. Aaiaa?ia, A.A.
Aai??a, I.A. Aeieaeaiei, I.A. Aeiaoaeiaei, A.?. ?o?iaiei, Ae.A.
??iieaiei, I.I. AEa?a?i, A.A. Eayaea?an, I.?. E?e?i, E. Eeaiaeue, N.A.
Eonyaaae??a, A.O. E?iaoia, E.E. Eoeoa, I.?. Eiiaooi, A.?. Ia?aeooea,
A.O. Iaioe, A.I. Ia?aaea??e, A.I. Ia?iyeia, A.A. ?iniianueeee, ?.N.
Naiaea?ianueeee, I.O. Neai?oeia, E.?. Noi?iaeaiei, A.I. No?ae?i, A.A.
O?oeeue, A.I. Oiiia, A.Ae. *?oeaaeca, I.E. Oaa?i, ?. N. ss?iaee oa ?io?
aeine?aeieee.

Anoaiiaeaii, ui o?oaiaaoiii? eiino?oeoe?? iaae?ei? a aenieoaoaoe??. O
a?aie/iiio noai? aiie ia ao?a/athoue iano/o caeaoi?noue ieoo?ai, a ua
aeiaaee /an ni?iiiaei? aeo?eioaaoe cia/i? iaaaioaaeaiiy. Ii??aiyii c
cae?ciaaoiiieie o?oaiaaoiii? eiino?oeoe?? a?eueo ?iaeono??aeuei? i?e
aeaioiaeaii? ? iiioaae?, aeia?a i?ioeae?thoue iaoai?/iei iioeiaeaeaiiyi.
I?e ?o aeaioiaeaii? ia iio??ai? a?iaoo?i? ea?eane, caeeaaei? aeaoae?,
iiaeoaea. Oe? ia?aaaae ?iaeyoue aeioe?eueiei canoinoaaiiy o?oaiaaoiio a
iiiie?oiiio cae?ciaaoii?, aea iaea?eueo a?aeiia?aeaeueieie ? aocee
c’?aeiaiiy o?oaiaaoiiieo no?eie ?c iiiie?oieie cae?ciaaoiiieie
eiino?oeoe?yie. A aeaiee /an ?iaioa o?oaiaaoiiieo no?eie aeineoue
aea/aia, a eiino?oeoeai? ??oaiiy ? aeine?aeaeaiiy ?iaioe aoce?a
c’?aeiaiiy o?oaiaaoiiieo no?eie ?c iiiie?oiei cae?ciaaoiiii i?aeoe/ii
a?aenooi?.

A?aoiaoth/e oea iaie aoei cai?iiiiiaaii ianooii? oeie eiino?oeoe?e
aoce?a c’?aeiaiiy o?oaiaaoiiieo no?eie ?c iiiie?oiei cae?ciaaoiiii ?c
canoinoaaiiyi o yeino? niieo/iiai aeaiaioa: no?eaeiy, aeeiiaiiai c
o?oa/aoiai aeaiaioa (?en. 1,a); no?eaeiy, aeeiiaiiai c a?iaoo?iiai
ea?eana (?en. 1,a); aiea?ieo no?eaei?a, i?eaa?aieo aei iiaa?oi? o?oae
(?en. 1,a); aiea?ieo a?aeaei?a, i?eaa?aieo aei iiaa?oi? o?oae (?en. 1,a,
ae).

A?aenooi?noue aeine?aeaeaiue ? eiino?oeoeaieo ??oaiue aoce?a c’?aeiaiiy
o?oaiaaoiiieo no?eie ?c iiiie?oiei cae?ciaaoiiii aeicaieeee
noi?ioethaaoe caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue.

Ae?oaee ?icae?e i?enay/aii iaoiaeeoe? i?iaaaeaiiy aenia?eiaioo ?
aeine?aeaeaiith o?ceei-iaoai?/ieo aeanoeainoae i?eeiyoeo aei
aeaioiaeaiiy iaoa??ae?a.

I?e neeaaeaii? i?ia?aie aenia?eiaioo aoei iinoaaeaia caaaeaiiy
aeine?aeeoe ?iaioo aoce?a c’?aeiaiiy o?oaiaaoiiieo no?eie ?c iiiie?oiei
cae?ciaaoiiii o caeaaeiino? a?ae aaiiao?e/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee aeaiaio?a ?
oei?a eiino?oeoeaiiai ae??oaiiy aocea, i?e ??cieo aeaeao caaaioaaeaiiy.
I?ia?aia aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue iaaaaeaia a oaae. 1.

Aenia?eiaioaeuei? c?acee neeaaeathoueny ?c ei?ioeiai o?oaiaaoiiiiai
(aeiaaeeia 4D) ? iiiie?oiiai cae?ciaaoiiiiai aeaiaioa, ui aei iueiai
i?eieea?.

O yeino? o?oae-iaieiiee o?oaiaaoiiiiai aeaiaioa aoee i?eeiyo?
nooe?eueiioyaioo? ? i?yiioiai? o?oae ae?aiao?ii 152, 159 ? 168 ii c
oiaueiith no?iee 4, 5 ? 7 ii. Iiiie?oiee cae?ciaaoiiiee aeaiaio
i?eeiyoee aeey an?o na??e aeiaaeeiith 480 ii, oe?eiith 190 ii ? aenioith
300 ii (aeey na??e OAO) ? 150 ii (aeey na??e OAI), a?iiaaiee ieaeiueith
? aa?oiueith a?iaoo?ieie n?oeaie c? no?eaeiyie c a?iaoo?iiai ae?ioo
eeano A?-I ae?aiao?ii 4 ii. O yeino? niieo/ieo aeaiaio?a aoce?a
c’?aeiaiue o?oaiaaoiiieo no?eie ?c iiiie?oiei cae?ciaaoiiii i?eeiyoee:
niieo/iee no?eaeaiue ?c o?oa/aoiai aeaiaioa ae?aiao?ii 114 ii ?
oiaueiith no?iee 5 ii ? c a?iaoo?iiai ea?eana c 10 no?eaei?a a?iaoo?e
eeano AIII ae?aiao?ii 12 ii; a?iaoo?i? aiea?i? no?eaei?, i?eaa?ai? aei
o?oae, c a?iaoo?e eeano AIII ae?aiao?ii 14 ii; a?iaoo?i?

a) a)

a)

a) ae)

?en. 1. Cai?iiiiiaai? eiino?oeoe?? aoce?a c’?aeiaiiy o?oaiaaoiiieo
no?eie ?c iiiie?oiei cae?ciaaoiiii

Oaaeeoey 1

I?ia?aia aenia?eiaioo ? iano/a caeaoi?noue c?ace?a aoce?a c’?aeiaiiy
o?oaiaaoiiieo no?eie ?c iiiie?oiei cae?ciaaoiiii

Na??yNiieo/iee aeaiaioIano/a caeaoi?nouewmetafile8? ??ae???A????????
gU/??? i+  ???????????ue???????????-??
???u?????yyy?»????-?N???$%?uathudue?uZue?unue‘uuuevuueau?ueSu

wmetafile8? ??¬????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? 
`???&??yyyy?????Ayyy¬yyy ??I?? ???&?
?MathType??P????u?th??????eI

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???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? 
????&??yyyy?????Ayyy¬yyy@??I?? ???&?
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???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
`????&??yyyy?????Ayyy¬yyyA?? ?? ???&? ?MathType??a?
???u?????????»????-????? @???? ®???u?th??????aiea?i?
a?aeaeie (i?ae eooii 90 ? 45), i?eaa?ai? aei o?oae, c a?iaoo?e eeano
AIII ae?aiao?ii 12 ii.

On? na??? c?ace?a aoce?a c’?aeiaiiy aaoiioaaeeny iaeii/anii c iaeiiai
cai?no aaoiiii? noi?o?, i?eaioiaeaii? i?iieneiaei niiniaii. Iaeii/anii
aoee caaaoiiiaai? eoae ? i?ecie aeey eiio?ieth o?ceei-iaoai?/ieo
aeanoeainoae aaoiio. I?eciiaa i?oei?noue aaoiio neeaea wmetafile8?
??????????????? ???????????yyy????.????1??????
???????  A???&??yyyy?????Ayyy¬yyy???I?? ???&?
?MathType??P????u?th??????C?acee aei?iaoaaeeny i?ney aeinyaiaiiy
i?iaeoii? i?oeiino? aaoiio, aea ia ?ai?oa i?ae /a?ac 28 ae?a i?ney
aaoiioaaiiy. Aei?iaoaaiiy c?ace?a iniiaieo na??e ?iaeeiny ia i?an?
OEI-50 a eaai?aoi??? eaoaae?e CA?EE Iieoaanueeiai AeOO ?i. TH.
Eiiae?aothea. C?acee aei?iaoaaeeny i?e neiao?e/iiio e aneiao?e/iiio
caaaioaaeaii?, i?e oeueiio iaaaioaaeaiiy ia o?oaiaaoiiiee aeaiaio
ia?aaeaaaeiny ia eiiieaeniee ia?aoei, a cae?ciaaoiiiee aoa nia?oee ia
oa?i??i? iii?e, i?ie?o i?ae yeeie neeaaeaa 360 ii i?e neiao?e/iiio (ii
180 ii a?ae in? neiao???) ? 300 ii i?e aneiao?e/iiio caaaioaaeaii? (120
ii ? 180 ii a?ae in? neiao???).

Caaaioaaeaiiy cae?enithaaeiny nooiaiyie ?c e?ieii 0.1-0.05 a?ae
a?aie/iiai iaaaioaaeaiiy. Oiio ui aenia?eiaioaeuei? c?acee aoce?a
c’?aeiaiiy o?oaiaaoiiieo no?eie ?c iiiie?oiei cae?ciaaoiiii aoee
cai?iaeoiaai? oae, uia ?oeioaaiiy a?aeaoaaeiny ii cae?ciaaoiiiiio
aeaiaioo, oi a?aie/ia iaaaioaaeaiiy aecia/aeiny c i?oeiino? inoaiiueiai.
Ia an?o nooiaiyo caaaioaaeaiiy aei??thaaeeny iicaeiaaei? ? iiia?a/i?
aeaoi?iaoe?? o?oaiaaoiiiiai aeaiaioa, a oaeiae ioe?ithaaany ?icaeoie
aeaoi?iaoe?e o aaoii? aocea ? ci?uaiiy o?oaiaaoiiiiai aeaiaioa uiaei
cae?ciaaoiiiiai. Aeaoi?iaoe?? o?oaiaaoiiiiai aeaiaioa aei??thaaeeny
aeaeo?ioaici?acenoi?aie ia aac? 20 ii, ?icoaoiaaieie a i?eii??i?e
/anoei? o?oaiaaoiiiiai aeaiaioa ia a?aenoai? 100 ii a?ae oi?oey o?oae o
/ioe?ueio oi/eao ii aeiaaeei? eiea a iiacaeiaaeiueiio oa iiia?a/iiio
iai?yieo. Aeaoi?iaoe?? o aaoii? aocea aei??thaaeeny
aeaeo?ioaici?acenoi?aie ia aac? 20 ii, ui aoee iaeea?i? eaioethaeeaie ii
aenio? cae?ciaaoiiiiai aeaiaioa (5 eaioethaee?a aeey na??e OAO, 4 — aeey
na??e OAI). Ci?uaiiy o?oaiaaoiiiiai aeaiaioa uiaei cae?ciaaoiiiiai
aei??thaaeinue ?iaeeeaoi?aie aiaeeiieeiaiai oeio, ?icoaoiaaieie a
i?eii??i?e /anoei? o?oaiaaoiiiiai aeaiaioa ia a?aenoai? 150 ii a?ae
cae?ciaaoiiiiai.

Ia?aae aei?iaoaaiiyi c?acee aoee ?aoaeueii i?aeaioiaeai?. Ia?aae
iaeeaeeith aeaeo?ioaici?acenoi??a iiaa?oiy c?ace?a ca/euaeanue,
iaacaee?thaaeanue aoeaoiiii oa a?oiooaaeanue eea?i AO-2.
Aeaeo?ioaici?acenoi?e iaeeathaaeenue ia a?oioiaaio iiaa?oith i?ney 24
aiaeei ca aeiiiiiaith eeath AO-2. Aeey ciyooy iieac?a c
aeaeo?ioaici?acenoi??a aeei?enoiaoaaany i?eeaae A?Ae-4.

O?ao?e ?icae?e aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe i?enay/aiee aiae?co ?acoeueoao?a
aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue aoce?a c’?aeiaiiy o?oaiaaoiiieo no?eie
?c iiiie?oiei cae?ciaaoiiii.

I?e aei?iaoaaii? o?enoaaeiny aeaa coneeey: wmetafile8?
??¬???????????? ???????????yyy????.????1??????
???????  `???&??yyyy?????Ayyy¬yyy ??I?? ???&?
?MathType??P????u?th??????Ni?aa?aeiioaiiy wmetafile8?
??¬???????????? ???????????yyy????.????1??????
???????  `???&??yyyy?????Ayyy¬yyy ??I?? ???&?
?MathType??P????u?th??????Iano/a caeaoi?noue ? oa?aeoa? ?oeioaaiiy
c?ace?a aoce?a c’?aeiaiiy caeaaeeoue aieiaiei /eiii a?ae a?aeiiniiai
i?ieueioo c??co wmetafile8? ??*????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? 
????&??yyyy?????Ayyy¬yyy@??I?? ???&?
?MathType??P????u?th??????I?e aneiao?e/iiio caaaioaaeaii? caaaeueia
iano/a caeaoi?noue aoce?a c’?aeiaiiy o?oaiaaoiiieo no?eie ?c iiiie?oiei
cae?ciaaoiiii cieaeo?oueny. O oeueiio aeiaaeeo ?oeioaaiiy cae?ciaaoiio
a?aeaoaaeiny a?ae ae?? iaeneiaeueii? iiia?a/ii? neee.

Eiino?oeoeaia ??oaiiy aoce?a c’?aeiaiiy o?oaiaaoiiieo no?eie ?c
iiiie?oiei cae?ciaaoiiii ia aieeaa? ?noioii ia iano/o caeaoi?noue. Ana
ae iaea?eueo aoaeoeaiei oeiii ii i?oeiino? ? aocie c’?aeiaiiy ?c
aeei?enoaiiyi o yeino? niieo/iiai aeaiaioa aiea?ieo a?aeaei?a,
a?ae?aiooeo i?ae eooii 45°.

O caaaeueiiio aeiaaeeo ?oeioaaiiy c?ace?a a?aeaoaaeiny ii iioee?e
o??uei?, ?icoaoiaai?e ia i?yi?e a?ae iii?e aei oi/ee i?eeeaaeaiiy
iaaaioaaeaiiy.

Ia ?en. 2 iiaeai? a?ao?ee ?icaeoeo iicaeiaaei?o aeaoi?iaoe?e o aaoii?
aoce?a (o cae?ciaaoiiiiio aeaiaio?). Aeaoi?iaoe?? aei??thaaeenue
eaioethaeeaie aeaeo?ioaici?acenoi??a ii aenio? aeaiaioa. Ia ?en. 2
i?eaaaeai? caeaaeiino? ca iieacieeaie eiaeiiai aeaeo?ioaici?acenoi?a
eaioethaeea ia i?aa?e iieiaei? cae?ciaaoiiiiai aeaiaioa. Oe? a?ao?ee
a?aeaeaathoue oa?aeoa? ?oeioaaiiy. Iica ciiith o??ueiiooai?aiiy
aeaoi?iaoe?? iacia/i?, ui aiai?eoue i?i eieaeueiee oa?aeoa? ?oeioaaiiy
ii iaaacia/i?e o??uei?. Aeaoi?iaoe?? noeneo o aa?oei? o??ueie ia
aeinyaaee a?aie/ieo cia/aiue, ui oa?aeoa?ii i?e ?oeioaaii? a?ae c??co
aaoiio iaae iioeeith o??ueiith.

Ia ?en. 3 iiaeai? a?ao?ee ci?uaiiy o?oaiaaoiiiiai aeaiaioa uiaei
cae?ciaaoiiiiai. C ?inoii iaaaioaaeaiiy ci?uaiiy a?aeaoaaeiny ieaaii aei
? i?ney iiiaioo iiyae o??ueie, eiee a?aeaoaaany no?eaie o cia/aii?
ci?uaiiy. Iaeneiaeueia cia/aiiy ci?uaiiy o?oaiaaoiiiiai aeaiaioa uiaei
cae?ciaaoiiiiai aeey an?o c?ace?a neeaei 0.2 ii.

*aoaa?oee ?icae?e i?enay/aiee iaoiaeo ?ic?aooieo aoce?a c’?aeiaiiy
o?oaiaaoiiieo no?eie ?c iiiie?oiei cae?ciaaoiiii.

?ic?aooiie aoce?a c’?aeiaiiy o?oaiaaoiio ?c iiiie?oiei cae?ciaaoiiii
?icaeyiooee ?c iiaeyaeo iniaeeainoae ?iaioe a?iaoo?e

(aeiaaeie aenieeoaaiiy c aaoiio, c?ooaiiy ii?iaeueieo oa iioeeeo
no?eaei?a) ? i?eeyaath/iai aaoiio (aeiaaeie iioeeeo ia?aoei?a,
i?iaeaaethaaiiy, c??co) aocea.

Caaaeuei? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? c ?ic?aooieo i?oeiino? aoce?a c’?aeiaiiy
o?oaiaaoiiieo no?eie ?c iiiie?oiei cae?ciaaoiiii i?eaaaeai? a oaae. 2.

?en. 2. A?ao?ee ?icaeoeo iicaeiaaei?o aeaoi?iaoe?e a aaoii? aocea na???
OAI-11

?en. 3. Ci?uaiiy o?oaiaaoiiiiai aeaiaioa uiaei cae?ciaaoiiiiai: 1 —
OAO-11; 2 — OAO-21; 3 — OAO-22; 4 — OAO-31; 5 — OAI-11; 6 — OAI-21; 7 —
OAI-31; 8 — OAI-41; 9 — OAI-51

Oaaeeoey 2

?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei ?ic?aooieo i?oeiino? aoce?a c’?aeiaiiy
o?oaiaaoiiieo no?eie ?c iiiie?oiei cae?ciaaoiiii

Ane?c aocea Oi?ioee, ui ?aeiiaiaeothoueny121.?ic?aooiie a?iaoo?ieo
aiea?ieo no?eaei?a:

1) i?e aenieeoaaii? c aaoiio

wmetafile8? ??’???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
`A???&??yyyy?????Ayyy¬yyy??? ?? ???&?
?MathType??p????u?th??????2) i?e cnoa?

wmetafile8? ??i???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? 
????&??yyyy?????AyyycyyyA??A?? ???&? ?MathType????
???u?????????»????-?????1/4e???1/41/2???1/4=???1/4
• ???u?th??????Iai?oaa c/aieaiiy a?iaoo?e c aaoiiii

wmetafile8? ??‰???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? `
???&??yyyy?????Ayyy?yyya???? ???&? ?MathType??a?
???u?????????»????-????? Y??? e??? Q??? /
???u?th??????Aeiaaeeia aiea?iaee

wmetafile8? ??1. Ii iioeeiio ia?aoeio.Aeaiaioe c iiia?a/iith
a?iaoo?ith:i?e wmetafile8? ?????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????  
???&??yyyy?????Ayyy¬yyya??I?? ???&?
?MathType??P????u?th??????Aeaiaioe aac iiia?a/ii? a?iaoo?e:i?e
wmetafile8? ?????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????  
???&??yyyy?????Ayyy¬yyya??I?? ???&?
?MathType??P????u?th??????123.i?e wmetafile8? ?????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????  
???&??yyyy?????Ayyy¬yyya??I?? ???&?
?MathType??P????u?th?????? wmetafile8? ??a????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? 
????&??yyyy?????Ayyy¬yyyA??I?? ???&?
?MathType??P????u?th??????

Ni?anoaaeaiiy aenia?eiaioaeueieo oa oai?aoe/ieo cia/aiue iano/i?
caeaoiino? aoce?a iieacaei, ui aiie ni?aiaaeathoue caaeia?eueii.

I’yoee ?icae?e i?enay/aiee aeine?aeiiio i?iaeooaaiith o?oaiaaoiiieo
eiino?oeoe?e ?c aeei?enoaiiyi cai?iiiiiaaieo aoce?a c’?aeiaiiy
o?oaiaaoiia c iiiie?oiei cae?ciaaoiiii.

Ia Iieoaanueeiio ACE a i?no? Eiiniiieuenueeo Iieoaanueei? iaeano?
aeieeioea iaiao?aei?noue o aoae?aieoeoa? i?aei??ii? no?iee. ?ic?iaeaiee
iaie aa??aio i?aei??ii? no?iee ia?aaeaa/aa canoinoaaiiy cae?cenoeo
eaa?oeeo?a o yeino? caneiie, noaeaaeo o?oa, ui aoee a aenieoaoaoe??,
caiiaiaieo aaoiiii, o yeino? iano/eo eiino?oeoe?e — ?ai, a oaeiae
aeei?enoaieo oei ea?’??ieo aaoinaiineeae?a o yeino? eeoeueiaiai
iai?iaeaeaiiy.

I?aei??ia no?iea neeaaea?oueny ?c nenoaie noaoe/ii iaaecia/aieo
o?oaiaaoiiieo ?ai aenioith 12 i, ia’?aeiaieo o ieaei?e ? aa?oi?e /anoei?
iiiie?oieie cae?ciaaoiiieie ieeoaie. Iiiie?oi? cae?ciaaoiii? ieeoe
iathoue oe?eio 6000 ii ? aenioo: ieaeiy ieeoa — 1000 ii; aa?oiy — 800
ii. Aeey a?ioaaiiy ieeo canoiniaai? a?iaoo?i? n?oee c? no?eaeiyie
ae?aiao?ii 2025 ii. Ia?aaeiy ? caaeiy o?oaiaaoiii? no?eee ia’?aeiai?
ai?eciioaeueieie ?eaaeyie aeaooaa?iaiai ia?aoeio. E?ie iiia?a/ieo ?ai
(3100 ii) caeaaeeoue a?ae ae?aiao?a oei. Aeey ia’?aeiaiiy no?eie ?c
aa?oiueith ? ieaeiueith ieeoith aoa canoiniaaiee cai?iiiiiaaiee oei
eiino?oeoeaiiai ??oaiiy aocea c’?aeiaiiy o?oaiaaoiia c iiiie?oiei
cae?ciaaoiiii ?c aeei?enoaiiyi o yeino? niieo/iiai aeaiaioa aiea??a c
a?iaoo?e ae?aiao?ii 25 ii, i?eaa?aieo aei o?oae. Aeey c’?aeiaiiy
o?oaiaaoiiieo no?eie ?c aa?oiueith ieeoith o aeiaaeeo i?eieeaiiy ??
caieo aoa canoiniaaiee cai?iiiiiaaiee oei eiino?oeoeaiiai ??oaiiy aocea
c’?aeiaiiy o?oaiaaoiio c iiiie?oiei cae?ciaaoiiii ?c aeei?enoaiiyi o
yeino? niieo/iiai aeaiaioa a?ae?aiooeo i?ae eooii 90 aiea??a c a?iaoo?e
ae?aiao?ii 25 ii.

I?e /a?aia?e ?aeiino?oeoe?? a 1978 ?ioe? i?iieneiaiai aoaeeieo
AEiaoiaaiai nie?ocaaiaeo a i. Ea?eiaea Iieoaanueei? iaeano? iiaee
ae?iaie/ee ei?ion aoa iiaoaeiaaiee ia ooiaeaiaioao ? no?iao noa?iai (a?e
a?eueoa 130 ?ie?a) aoaeeieo. O ?acoeueoao? iai?aaeeueii ae??oaiiai aocea
i?eieeaiiy ia?ae?eooy noa?iai ? iiaiai aoaeeieo ooai?eany «ni?aiaee
i?oie» i?ae no?iith caaaeueiith aenioith a?eueoa 17 i ?c ia?aiaaeii
aenio iaae «i?oeii» a?ey 9 i ? a ?acoeueoao? iino?eiiai caiieaiiy no?ie
a?ae ia?ae?eooy, ui i?io?ea? a ?aeii? «i?oea», a?aeaoeiny ?oeioaaiiy
eeaaeee no?ie. Aoei cai?iiiiiaaii ia?aaeaoe iaaaioaaeaiiy a?ae
iac?oeiiaaii? /anoeie no?ie (aeua a?aei?oee +5.0 i) /a?ac noaeaao aaeeo
c aeaio oaaea??a ?40 ia aea? o?oaiaaoiii? no?eee aenioith 9.0 i,
iaia?oeo ia iiiie?oio cae?ciaaoiiio ieeoo-ooiaeaiaio ?ici??ii 2.06.0 i.
Aeey c’?aeiaiiy o?oaiaaoiiieo no?eie ?c iiiie?oiith cae?ciaaoiiiith
ieeoith-ooiaeaiaioii canoiniaaiee cai?iiiiiaaiee oei eiino?oeoeaiiai
??oaiiy aocea c’?aeiaiiy o?oaiaaoiia ?c iiiie?oiei cae?ciaaoiiii ?c
aeei?enoaiiyi o yeino? niieo/iiai aeaiaioa a?iaoo?iiai ea?eana, ui
caaiaeeoueny o ooiaeaiaio ? aaoiiia yae?i no?eee.

Cai?iiiiiaai? eiino?oeoeai? ??oaiiy c canoinoaaiiyi o?oaiaaoiio ?
iiiie?oiiai cae?ciaaoiio aeicaieeee io?eiaoe cia/iee oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/iee
aoaeo.

CAAAEUeI? AENIIAEE ? ?AEIIAIAeAOe??

1. Cai?iiiiiaai? oeie aoce?a c’?aeiaiiy o?oaiaaoiiieo no?eie ?c
iiiie?oiei cae?ciaaoiiii ?iaeyoue a?eueo aoaeoeaiei canoinoaaiiy
o?oaiaaoiiieo no?eie o iiiie?oiiio cae?ciaaoii?, ui ?icoe?th? iaeanoue
canoinoaaiiy o?oaiaaoiio a aoae?aieoeoa?.

2. Aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy i?oeiino? ? aeaoi?iaoeaiino?
aeaiaio?a aoce?a c’?aeiaiue o?oaiaaoiiieo no?eie ?c iiiie?oiei
cae?ciaaoiiii aeicaieeee aenoiooe ia?aaeoiiae aeey ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e uiaei
?ic?aooieo oeeo aoce?a. Onoaiiaeaii, ui ?oeioaaiiy a?aeaoaa?oueny a?ae
ae?? iiia?a/ii? neee ii cae?ciaaoiiiiio aeaiaioo. Ia iano/o caeaoi?noue
? oa?aeoa? ?oeioaaiiy iniiaiee aieea ?iaeoue a?aeiiniee i?ie?o c??co.
I?e aneiao?e/iiio caaaioaaeaii? aoce?a c’?aeiaiiy o?oaiaaoiiieo no?eie
?c iiiie?oiei cae?ciaaoiiii cieaeo?oueny caaaeueia iano/a caeaoi?noue
aoce?a. Eiino?oeoeaia ??oaiiy aoce?a c’?aeiaiiy ?noioii ia aieeaa? ia ?o
iano/o caeaoi?noue.

3. Cai?iiiiiaaii iaoiae ?ic?aooieo iano/i? caeaoiino? aoce?a c’?aeiaiue
o?oaiaaoiiieo no?eie ?c iiiie?oiei cae?ciaaoiiii ?c o?aooaaiiyi
iniaeeainoae ?iaioe a?iaoo?e ? i?eeyaath/iai aaoiio. Noi?ioeueiaaii
?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei ?ic?aooieo i?oeiino? aeaiaio?a (a?iaoo?e ? aaoiio)
aoce?a c’?aeiaiiy o?oaiaaoiiieo no?eie ?c iiiie?oiei cae?ciaaoiiii aeey
eiaeiiai oeio aoce?a.

4. Cai?iiiiiaaiee iaoiae ?ic?aooieo iano/i? caeaoiino? aoce?a c’?aeiaiiy
o?oaiaaoiiieo no?eie ?c iiiie?oiei cae?ciaaoiiii caaacia/o?
caaeia?eueiee ca?a oai?aoe/ieo ? aenia?eiaioaeueieo cia/aiue.

5. Niieo/i? aeaiaioe a cai?iiiiiaaieo oeiao aoce?a c’?aeiaiiy
o?oaiaaoiiieo no?eie ?c iiiie?oiei cae?ciaaoiiii caaacia/othoue iaae?eia
c’?aeiaiiy e iaeii/anii aeeiiothoue ?ieue iineeaiiy i?eii??ii? /anoeie
no?eee.

6. Ca ?acoeueoaoaie aeine?aeiiai i?iaeooaaiiy c?iaeaiee aeniiaie i?i
aeioe?euei?noue ? oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/io aoaeoeai?noue canoinoaaiiy o
aoae?aieoeoa? o?oaiaaoiiieo eiino?oeoe?e ?c aeei?enoaiiyi cai?iiiiiaaieo
oei?a aoce?a c’?aeiaiue.

Noaoo? o iaoeiaeo aeaeaiiyo

1. Noi?iaeaiei E.?., ??iieaiei Ae.A., Ei?oooia I.A. Iano/? eiino?oeoe??
c o?oaiaaoiio // Ca??iee iaoeiaeo noaoae «I?iaeaie oai??? ? i?aeoeee
aoae?aieoeoaa», oii II.-Euea?a,1997.-N.27-31.

2. Noi?iaeaiei E.?., ??iieaiei Ae.A., Ei?oooia I.A. Aeina?ae
canoinoaaiiy o?oaiaaoiio i?e aoae?aieoeoa? // Ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue
(aaeocaaa iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy, aoae?aieoeoai), aeione 1.-Iieoaaa, 1998. —
N. 63-72.

3. Ei?oooia I.A. Aenia?eiaioaeueia aeine?aeaeaiiy aoce?a ni?yaeaiiy
iiiie?oieo cae?ciaaoiiieo aeaiaio?a c o?oaiaaoiiii // Ca??iee iaoeiaeo
noaoae «I?iaeaie oai??? ? i?aeoeee cae?ciaaoiio».-Iieoaaa, 1997.-N.
252-255.

4. Ei?oooia I.A. ?ic?aooiie aoce?a ni?yaeaiiy iiiie?oieo cae?ciaaoiiieo
eiino?oeoe?e c o?oaiaaoiiieie no?eeaie // Ca??iee iaoeiaeo noaoae
«I?iaeaie oai??? ? i?aeoeee cae?ciaaoiio».-Iieoaaa, 1997.-N. 256-259.

5. Ei?oooia I.A. I?oei?noue ? aeaoi?iaoeai?noue aoce?a ni?yaeaiiy
iiiie?oieo cae?ciaaoiiieo aeaiaio?a c o?oaiaaoiiii // Ca??iee iaoeiaeo
noaoae «Noaeacae?ciaaoiii? eiino?oeoe??: aeine?aeaeaiiy, i?iaeooaaiiy,
aoae?aieoeoai, aenieoaoaoe?y».-E?eaee ??a,1998.-N.104-107.

Iaoa??aee oa oace eiioa?aioe?e

6. Noi?iaeaiei E.?., Ei?oooia I.A. O?oaiaaoiii? eieiie a iiiie?oieo
cae?ciaaoiiieo ea?eanao aoae?aaeue oa nii?oae // Oace aeiiia?aeae 47
iaoe. eiio. Iieoaanueeiai oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo.- Iieoaaa, 1995,
/anoeia 3. — N. 21.

7. Noi?iaeaiei E.?., Naiei I.A., ??iieaiei Ae.A. Canoinoaaiiy
o?oaiaaoiiieo noa?aei?a i?e i?aeneeaii? no?ie i?iieneiai? aoae?ae? //
Oace aeiiia?aeae 48 iaoe. eiio. Iieoaanueeiai oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo.-
Iieoaaa, 1996, /anoeia 3. — N. 45.

8. Ei?oooia I.A. Aocee ni?yaeaiiy o?oaiaaoiiieo eieii c iiiie?oiei
cae?ciaaoiiiei ia?ae?eooyi // Oace aeiiia?aeae 48 iaoe. eiio.
Iieoaanueeiai oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo.- Iieoaaa, 1996, /anoeia 3. — N.
55.

9. Ei?oooia I.A. ?ic?aooiie aoce?a ni?yaeaiiy iiiie?oieo cae?ciaaoiiieo
aeaiaio?a c o?oaiaaoiiii // Oace aeiiia?aeae 50 iaoe. eiio.
Iieoaanueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? TH??y
Eiiae?aothea.- Iieoaaa, 1998. — N. 116.

10. Noi?iaeaiei E.?., Ei?oooia I.A., Aineia?eiee N.I. Aenia?eiaioaeueia
aeine?aeaeaiiy aoce?a ni?yaeaiiy iiiie?oieo cae?ciaaoiiieo aeaiaio?a c
o?oaiaaoiiii // Oace aeiiia?aeae 50 iaoe. eiio. Iieoaanueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? TH??y Eiiae?aothea.- Iieoaaa,
1998. — N. 117.

11. Noi?iaeaiei E.E., A?iieaiei Ae.A., Ei?oooia I.A. Ianouea
eiino?oeoeee iiaeii?iie noaiee n eniieueciaaieai o?oaiaaoiia e iooiaeia
i?iecaiaenoaa // O?oaeu aoi?ie iao/ii-oaoie/aneie eiioa?aioeee ii
iaoaieea a?oioia e ooiaeaiaioino?iaieth, oii II. — Iieoaaa, 1995. — N.
125-127.

12. Noi?iaeaiei E.E., A?iieaiei Ae.A., Ei?oooia I.A. Ianouea
eiino?oeoeee ec noaeueiuo o?oa, caiieiaiiuo aaoiiii // Nai?iee
aeieeaaeia Iaaeaeoia?iaeiiai neiiiceoia «Nia?aiaiiua no?ieoaeueiua
eiino?oeoeee ec iaoaeea e ae?aaaneiu». — Iaeanna,1997.-N. 208-212.

13. Naiei A.A., A?iieaiei Ae.A., Ei?oooia I.A. No?ieoaeuenoai ec
o?oaiaaoiiiuo eiino?oeoeee // Nai?iee o?oaeia eiioa?aioeee
«Noaeaaeaeaciaaoiiiua eiino?oeoeee: enneaaeiaaiea, i?iaeoe?iaaiea e
no?ieoaeuenoai». — E?eaie ?ia, 1996. — N. 20.

14. Ei?oooia I.A. ?an/ao oceia nii?yaeaiey iiiieeoiuo aeaeaciaaoiiiuo
ieeo n o?oaiaaoiiiuie noieeaie // Nai?iee o?oaeia eiioa?aioeee
«Noaeaaeaeaciaaoiiiua eiino?oeoeee: enneaaeiaaiea, i?iaeoe?iaaiea e
no?ieoaeuenoai». — E?eaie ?ia, 1996. — N. 32.

Iaoaioe ia aeiao?ae

15. Iaoaio ia aeiao?ae ? 20131 A, IIE A 04 A 1/38. Aocie niieo/aiiy
o?oaiaaoiiii? eieiie c iniiaith. Noi?iaeaiei E.?., Ei?oooia I.A.
Iioae?eiaaii 25.12.97. Athe. ?6.

16. Iaoaio ia aeiao?ae ? 20130 A, IIE A 02 D 29/02. I?aei??ia no?iea.
Noi?iaeaiei E.?., ??iieaiei Ae.A., Ei?oooia I.A. Iioae?eiaaii 25.12.97.
Athe. ?6.

17. ??oaiiy i?i aeaea/o iaoaioo ia aeiao?ae ? 95031448 a?ae 31.03.95.
Aocie o?oaiaaoiiii? eieiie ea?eana aoaeeieo. Noi?iaeaiei E.?., Ei?oooia
I.A.

AIIOAOe??

Ei?oooia I.A. Aocee c’?aeiaiiy o?oaiaaoiiieo noiye?a ?c iiiie?oiei
cae?ciaaoiiii.

Aeena?oaoe?y-?oeiien ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa
oaoi?/ieo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 05.23.01-Aoae?aaeuei? eiino?oeoe??,
aoae?ae? oa nii?oaee. Iieoaanueeee aea?aeaaiee oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao
?iai? TH??y Eiiae?aothea, i.Iieoaaa, 1999.

Cai?iiiiiaai? iia? eiino?oeoeai? ??oaiiy aoce?a c’?aeiaiiy o?oaiaaoiiieo
no?eie ?c iiiie?oiei cae?ciaaoiiii. Aenia?eiaioaeueii aeine?aeaeaii?
iniaeeaino? ?iaioe cai?iiiiiaaieo aoce?a c’?aeiaiiy, cai?iiiiiaaia
iaoiaeeea aecia/aiiy iano/i? caeaoiino? aoce?a c’?aeiaiiy o?oaiaaoiiieo
no?eie ?c iiiie?oiei cae?ciaaoiiii oa noi?ioeueiaai? ?aeiiaiaeaoe??
uiaei ?ic?aooieo ? i?iaeooaaiiy. Cai?iiiiiaai? aocee c’?aeiaiiy
o?oaiaaoiiieo no?eie ?c iiiie?oiei cae?ciaaoiiii cai?iaeoiaai? ?
ai?iaaaeaeai? i?e aoae?aieoeoa? o?oaiaaoiiieo eiino?oeoe?e.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: o?oaiaaoiiia no?eea, iiiie?oiee cae?ciaaoii, aocie
c’?aeiaiiy, no?eaeaiue, aiea?, aeaiaio, eiino?oeoeaia ??oaiiy, iano/a
caeaoi?noue.

Ei?oooia I.A. Oceu niaaeeiaiey o?oaiaaoiiiuo noiae n iiiieeoiui
aeaeaciaaoiiii.

Aeenna?oaoeey-?oeiienue ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa
oaoie/aneeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 05.23.01-No?ieoaeueiua eiino?oeoeee,
caeaiey e nii?oaeaiey. Iieoaaneee ainoaea?noaaiiue oaoie/aneee
oieaa?neoao eiaie TH?ey Eiiae?aothea, a.Iieoaaa,1999.

Niaea?aeaiea aeenna?oaoeee. Aaaaeaiea. Iainiiaaia aeooaeueiinoue,
iao/iay iiaecia e i?aeoe/aneay oeaiiinoue ?aaioe, aeaia aa iauay
oa?aeoa?enoeea.

A ia?aii ?acaeaea i?iaaaeai aiaeec eiino?oeoeee ec o?oaiaaoiia e
iaoiaeia eo ?an/aoa. Ioia/aiu i?aeiouanoaa e iaaeinoaoee o?oaiaaoiiiuo
eiino?oeoeee, iaeanoue i?eiaiaiey. Naeaeai iaci? ioa/anoaaiiie e
ca?oaaaeiie eeoa?aoo?u ii aii?inai oai?aoe/aneeo e aenia?eiaioaeueiuo
enneaaeiaaiee ?aaiou oceia niaaeeiaiey a iiiieeoiii aeaeaciaaoiia e
o?oaiaaoiia. I?aaeeiaeaiu iiaua oeiu eiino?oeoeee oceia niaaeeiaiey
o?oaiaaoiiiuo noiae n iiiieeoiui aeaeaciaaoiiii.

Aoi?ie ?acaeae iinayuai iaoiaeeea i?iaaaeaiey aenia?eiaioa e
enneaaeiaaieth oeceei-iaoaie/aneeo naienoa i?eiyouo iaoa?eaeia.

I?e ninoaaeaiee i?ia?aiiu yenia?eiaioa auea iinoaaeaia caaea/a
enneaaeiaaoue ?aaioo oceia niaaeeiaiey o?oaiaaoiiiuo noiae n iiiieeoiui
aeaeaciaaoiiii a caaeneiinoe io aaiiao?e/aneeo oa?aeoa?enoee yeaiaioia e
oeiia eiino?oeoeaiiai ?aoaiey ocea, i?e

?acee/iuo aeaeao caa?oaeaiey. I?eaaaeaiu eiino?oeoeee yenia?eiaioaeueiuo
ia?acoeia e iienaia oaoiieiaey eo ecaioiaeaiey. Yenia?eiaioaeueiua
ia?acoeu ninoiyo ec o?oaiaaoiiiiai, aeaeaciaaoiiiiai e niaaeeieoaeueiiai
yeaiaioa. Iienaiu niiniau ecia?aiey aeaoi?iaoeee e ia?aiauaiee e ianoa
?aniieiaeaiey ecia?eoaeueiuo i?eai?ia. Aeaoi?iaoeee o?oaiaaoiiiiai
yeaiaioa caia?yeenue a i?eiii?iie /anoe yeaeo?ioaici?acenoi?aie,
?aniieiaeaiiuie a /aou?ao oi/eao ii aeeeia ie?oaeiinoe o?oau.
Aeaoi?iaoeee a aaoiia ocea caia?yeenue oeaii/eaie
yeaeo?ioaici?acenoi?ia, iaeeaaiiuie ii aunioa aeaeaciaaoiiiiai yeaiaioa.
Niauaiea o?oaiaaoiiiiai yeaiaioa ioiineoaeueii aeaeaciaaoiiiiai
ecia?yeinue eiaeeeaoi?aie /aniaiai oeia.

O?aoee ?acaeae aeena?oaoeeiiiie ?aaiou iinayuai aiaeeco ?acoeueoaoia
yenia?eiaioaeueiuo enneaaeiaaiee oceia niaaeeiaiey o?oaiaaoiiiuo noiae n
iiiieeoiui aeaeaciaaoiiii. Yenia?eiaioaeueiua enneaaeiaaiey i?i/iinoe e
aeaoi?iaoeaiinoe yeaiaioia oceia niaaeeiaiee o?oaiaaoiiiuo noiae n
iiiieeoiui aeaeaciaaoiiii iicaieeee auaeaeiooue i?aaeiinueee aeey
?aeiiaiaeaoeee ii ?an/aoo yoeo oceia. Onoaiiaeaii, /oi ?ac?ooaiea
i?ienoiaeeo io aeaenoaey iiia?a/iie neeu ii aeaeaciaaoiiiiio yeaiaioo.
Ia ianouoth niiniaiinoue e oa?aeoa? ?ac?ooaiey iniiaiia aeeyiea
ieacuaaao ioiineoaeueiue i?ieao n?aca. I?e aneiiao?e/iii caa?oaeaiee
oceia niaaeeiaiey o?oaiaaoiiiuo noiae n iiiieeoiui aeaeaciaaoiiii
nieaeaaony iauay ianouay niiniaiinoue oceia. Eiino?oeoeaiia ?aoaiea
oceia niaaeeiaiey ia ieacuaaao nouanoaaiiiai aeeyiey ia ianouoth
niiniaiinoue.

*aoaa?oue ?acaeae iinayuai iaoiaeo ?an/aoa oceia niaaeeiaiey
o?oaiaaoiiiuo noiae n iiiieeoiui aeaeaciaaoiiii. ?an/ao oceia
niaaeeiaiey o?oaiaaoiiiuo noiae n iiiieeoiui aeaeaciaaoiiii ?anniio?ai n
oi/ee c?aiey iniaaiiinoae ?aaiou a?iaoo?u (neo/ae auaea?aeaaiey ec
aaoiia, naeaeaa ii?iaeueiuo e iaeeiiiuo noa?aeiae) e i?eeaaathuaai
aaoiia (neo/ae iaeeiiiuo na/aiee, i?iaeaaeeaaiey, n?aca) ocea.
I?aaeeaaaaiua iaoiaeu ?an/aoa ianouae niiniaiinoe oceia niaaeeiaiey
iaania/eaatho oaeiaeaoai?eoaeueiia niaiaaeaiea oai?aoe/aneeo e
yenia?eiaioaeueiuo cia/aiee.

Iyoue ?acaeae iinayuai iiuoiiio i?iaeoe?iaaieth o?oaiaaoiiiuo
eiino?oeoeee n eniieueciaaieai i?aaeeaaaaiuo oceia niaaeeiaiey
o?oaiaaoiia n iiiieeoiui aeaeaciaaoiiii. Enneaaeiaaiiua oceu niaaeeiaiey
o?oaiaaoiiiuo noiae n iiiieeoiui aeaeaciaaoiiii i?eiaiaiu a ianoueo
o?oaiaaoiiiuo eiino?oeoeee i?e no?ieoaeuenoaa iiaeii?iie noaiee a
ea?uea?a Iieoaaneiai AIEa a ai?iaea Eiiniiieuenea Iieoaaneie iaeanoe e
i?e oneeaiee ianoueo eiino?oeoeee oeaoa Ieoya?ueneiai nie?ocaaiaea a a.
Ea?eiaea Iieoaaneie iaeanoe. Ii ?acoeueoaoai iiuoiiai i?iaeoe?iaaiey
naeaeai auaiae i oeaeaniia?aciinoe e oaoieei-yeiiiie/aneie yooaeoeaiinoe
i?eiaiaiey a no?ieoaeuenoaa o?oaiaaoiiiuo eiino?oeoeee n eniieueciaaieai
i?aaeeaaaaiuo oeiia oceia niaaeeiaiee.

?acoeueoaou aeenna?oaoeee. I?aaeeiaeaiu iiaua eiino?oeoeaiua ?aoaiey
oceia niaaeeiaiey o?oaiaaoiiiuo noiae n iiiieeoiui aeaeaciaaoiiii.
I?aaeeiaeaiu iaoiaeu ?an/aoa ianouae niiniaiinoe oceia niaaeeiaiee
o?oaiaaoiiiuo noiae n iiiieeoiui aeaeaciaaoiiii n oi/ee c?aiey
iniaaiiinoae ?aaiou eiino?oeoeee ocea niaaeeiaiey. Noi?ioee?iaaiu
?aeiiaiaeaoeee ii ?an/aoo i?i/iinoe oceia niaaeeiaiey o?oaiaaoiiiuo
noiae n iiiieeoiui aeaeaciaaoiiii aeey eaaeaeiai oeia oceia.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: o?oaiaaoiiiay noieea, iiiieeoiue aeaeaciaaoii, ocae
niaaeeiaiey, noa?aeaiue, aiea?, yeaiaio, eiino?oeoeaiia ?aoaiea, ianouay
niiniaiinoue.

Kortushov P.G. The connection joints of concrete filled steel tubular
columns with monolithic ferro-concrete.

Dissertation for degree of Candidate of Technical of Sciences on
Speciality 05.23.01-Building Structures, Buildings and Structures.

Poltava Technical University, named after Yriy Kondratyuk, Poltava,
1999.

Proposed new constructive desisions for connection joints of concrete
for concrete filled steel tubular columns with monolithic
ferro-concrete. Work of proposed connection joints is exsperimentally
researched, both the estimation method for estimation of limit strength
and recomendation for colculation and design has been proposed. Proposed
structures of connection joints of concrete filled steel tubular columns
with monolithic ferro-concrete are designed and implemented in the
construction of concrete structures of filled steel tubes.

Key words: concrete filled steel tubular column, monolithic
ferro-concrete, connection joints, bar, anchor, element, constructive
desisions, limit strength.

_______________

(I?aeien aaoi?a)

I?aeienaii aei ae?oeo 25.03.99 ?.

Oe?aae 100 i?. Oiia. ae?oe. a?e. 1.0.

Cai. ?172. Oi?iao 60o84 1/16

Aeaeaaieoeoai Iieoaanueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oaoi?/iiai

oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? TH??y Eiiae?aothea

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